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Middletown transcript. [volume] (Middletown, Del.) 1868-current, February 01, 1868, Image 2

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Jrtiddlctoum transcript.
UARY 1, 1806.
To speak of the <rut*bbf
seem to he phrase flfieuflf; i
superfluous ; since history is ta
tory is a narrative of facte ; and
I in the
MiMhirtifm that it ilimT ■ j _u__ n ■
t - -r '- wmmm *» WIYYJïgr» Il UN IBC1 Inu
advances into the realm of fiction, it losos
tha qaality or character of history, and
Wemnra great ttft~ How much of the
ao-aalled history ot this world partakes of
ffio latter character, would form a subject
for curious investigation.
let us illustrate, by turriing over a few
fcaorea of modern history, or what paases
ftnr history. We will go back no further
than the days of the Reformation. Con
template that great moral movement from
a Catholic, and then from a Protestant
atadd-point, and how widely divergent
their respective records. Turn to the his
tory of the times of Cromwell—and read
the narrative of events, os related in the
interest of the Roundheads or the Cavaliere,
• and mark the irreconcilable discrepancies.
Look over the pages of the French Revo
lution, blurred and stained with human
gore. The Jacobins and Girondists toll
their respective stories of the bloody dra
ma, and as Opposite as the poles. Take
Up the histories of the
Read the French and then the British
counts of those stirring events; and ob
serve iu what marked contrast they stand
to each other, variously colored by the
passions and the prejudices which actuated
their respective writers. Tho history of
the last war between England and the U.
States, will further illustrate our subject.
We once met an intelligent Englishman
who supposed that we were beaten thrnugh
aut that oontest—that our Capitol was de
stroyed, and tho country overrun by the
victorious soldiery of the fast-anchored
isle. Jle had read British history, but
the« waa no mention of our victories on
the Lakes, nor had he heard of Ft. George,
Lundy's Lane, Brldgçwater, Platteburg,
North Point, or New Orleans.
We come Upw to the severs] publica
tious, purporting to be histories of the late
tabellion. Lousing, Abbott, Pollard, and
the rest, have all written for the purpose
of money-gettingj »nil a« all unreliable.
The history of that war has not yet been
written ; nor can it -be, until tho passions
sud the préjudices engendered by tl.e un
happy strife, have all subsided. Most of
there works hut illnstrate the truth of the
postulate laid down in the beginning of
this arfyle-rthat is, that much of what
purports to he history, is simply o great
Le. We need pot search any farther than
the cause assigned Itft the war, which all
northetn writers ascribe to slavery. Truth
would compel the admission, that it
the determination of the North to destroy
■I*very, and not slavery itself, Whichenus
ed the war. Had slavery been let alone,
the« would have been no rebellion ; and
no fact iu history is susceptible of
irrefragiblo proof than this ; and yet, it is
fifoely alleged that slavery caused the
of Napoleon.
I*te Klfctloiu.
Geueral John Beatty, Republiean, was
«footed to Congress from tho 8th District
of Ohio, ou Monday last, to fill tl.e
cy caused by the death of Mr. Hamilton.
Hi» majority was over oue thousand, while
jast November tho Republican majority for
Governor, waa only 247. Home of tlie
Republican journals are jubilant over this
result, and arc crowing as lustily over the
joyous report of this "first gun" of the
" Presidential campaign,
of the barn-yard. They seem to regard it
as the reflex movement of the reactionary
fade whieh Set in so Wrongly last fall in
•fcvor of the Democrats and Conservatives,
aM (he result ha» mode them happy. It is
» pRy to disturb their felicity, but the
of truth requires it. Gen. Beatty
stumped tho district on the Pendleton
Butler platform of paying the national debt
in currency. Besides, the friends of Mr.
Vallandigham are said to have voted
against Gen. Burns, his democratic
petitor, because he was in Ame
as any tenant
way unac
ceptable to them. And yet Gen. Beatty
was elected by nearly one thousand votes
less thau Hon. C. 8. Hamilton, his prede
cessor, whose majority was 1,852. Let
the Republican journals oxtraet what
fort they can from these facte and circum
And if their joy be not full over the
»ult of the Ohio eloction, let us endeavor
to increase it, by calling their attention
the result of the municipal eleetion
Wheeling, on Tuesday, which resulted in
ffivor of the Democrats by an average ma
Jkrity of five hundred gain over the vote
at the year previous. How do our Re
yaMfoaa journalists like the reverberations
coming, too, os it does,
from the bank» of the Ohio? Isn't it also
a token of Republican success in the next
Presidential election?
at »im» "gun,
We have received the first number of
new paper entitled the Independrnt, print
44 at Havre do Grace, Md. by Harry Gar
rel. Eaq. We wi*h Mr. CwtpoI abundant
Horace Greeley winds up a strong edi
torial on the coining Presidential contest
with the following declaration :
We cannot via this fight by merely banging
»Way on a drum ; and ber» hi just where we ap
prehend that the managers of the Unuit move
ment ore sadly mistaken.
G reely •o.u»ti.neu liifa the nail ou tin
head, fold has done it -iu this iwstauoe.—
In the approaching campaign, the party t°
. . . , 1 , . . *.,
that wins must do something besides
*■* banging away on a drum.
Mere tnili
tary fame will no longer sway the Aiperi
can people, for that sort of thing, to use a
ÇH- •fa-a-.w
Neither will tho elap-trap cry of # " copper r ul
head," " traitor," or " rebel sympathizer,"
longer attract the public oar. The day
has gone by for all these things, and our
, , ■ .
people need some more substantial food to i
feed upon during an important political
camjtnign. Grave questions of public pol
icy will conic up, and they must be met
_j .. , , .. ,
and dtseussed, and the peoplew.il dee.de
upon them. There will be no such thing
as shirking those issues. That party will
succeed at the next Presidential election,
whieh the people believe can and will, it.
- ,
the speediest manner, redeem the pledges
made when the war began, by restoring
the Union.
Mr. Chassis Greeley's candidate, and
.a jtj . , ., ... . I
the candidate of all th S radmals who are
devoted to principle. Rut Grant is the
candidate of all those who are less devoted
to measures than to mon. They hope to
'succeed with him, without a platform, aud
... ..... .
without any avowal of principles, trusting
to a military furor, which they hope to ex
cite, for sueeeaa. But they will lie disap
pointed. The people want a man whose
. , . . ..
wisdom and experience as a civ.han they
ean rely on to lead the country out of the
n.azes of error into whieh it has fallcu,
and away from the brink of ruin on which *
....... m. , . ....
it is standing. That man is not Ulysses
h' rant -
««Colored People."
•• White people," and ''Colored peo
ple," are conventionalisms in every-doy
uaeand sanctioned by Universal adoption,
which are not altogether correct, strictly
speaking. Nothing is more con...ton thaq
to designato the Caucasian and African
races, which are mingled together here in
curmidst, as " whiteandcolored." Whcre
as, both races are equally colored. Ifjtfre,
it is commonly but erroneously said, is no
color. But like Hack, it is the combina
tion of all the primary colora mixed to
gether in the same proportions iq which the j
exist in the solar rays. Anything color
less, is transparent, or nearly so ; such a»
pure water, or tho atmosphere ; and even
these are not altogether devoid of color.—
The atmosphere is the nearest approach in
nature to transparency. M'e qan perceive
no color iu. that whieh surrouhda us, hut
whcngaiing Into the deaths profound .if
heavens' vnat concave, it presents to the
eye an giure hue, and therefore cannot Lb
said to he entirely colorless, though more
transparent than all the works of nature
beside. Water is the next in transparen
cy to air. But the eye cannot penetrate
far into its depths. Its oolor prevents it.
It is wrong to say that white is not a col
or, since it is a combination of «H colors.
Aud nothing is colorless that is not alto
gether transparent, a something unknown
to this mundane sphere. It would he
more proper, when speaking of the abovo
mentioned races, to say white people and
black peoplo, or whites and negroes. But
our "American citizens of African de
scent," are a littlo averse to being styled
negroes, although they often apply the
term (or its corruption of "nigger,") to
each other, in ungcr or derision. But
they do not like to hear it applied to them
by white people. Hence, we suppose, out
of respect to their sensibility on this point,
they have been called "colored people,"
a designation which would apply as well,
strictly speaking, to every other race of
people, as to the descendants of Ham.
Th. New HuapAIra Election.
A Washington letter writer makes the
following allusion to the approaching elec
tion in New Hampshire ;
Letters received in Washington city from
different points iu Now Hampshire
favorable to the prospects of the democratic
party at the ensuing election. Mr. Sin
clair, the democratic candidate for Govern
or, has recently visited Washington, aud
iB very sanguine of success. Tl.e rcpuhli
cau leaders of the State show their concern
about the result in the numerous circulars
to raise funds which they have sent out.
I learn that Hon. Montgomery Blair, lion.
D. W. Voorhecs, Hon. J.. S. Black, and
other prominent gcntlomen have accepted
invitations of the democratic committee to
address the people of ,New Hampshire upon
the pending issues.
An informal caucus of Senator* took
place on Wednesday morning, and deter
mined, It is said, fo refuse Mr. Thomas,
Senator elect from Maryland, his scat.
We suppose that xny other Democrat that
Maryland might send would be treated in
like manner.
Later account» say the statement that
at an informal meeting of Senators it
agreed to reject Gov. Thomas, of Mary
land, is entirely without foundation. Sena
tors have individually made upktheir minds
on Una aafijeot, but on it there has not,
will there loi, any party concert of
(for the Middletown Truneeript.
Rev. Dr. Patton preached on Sunday
oiling, 12th January, front the 14th
chapter and 20R. verse of 1st Corinthians :
: "Brethren
howbeit, fa
>, h* not children in undCretanding ;
math» be ye children, butta audvr
His djpuowp waa addressed uootM
tieulfely to Jtoung men, and wine.
t° taodfcfagfthon to efforts for'h
»"4 intellectual improvement,
In tlTe
of his remarks lie ■incidentally allu
tted toriw Twww H*n, -which fa re pro
pored to ureet in, this (dace, tujd mentioned,
«ohnteotion 'with , it, thé great impor
gfrff y /ôSX? SSL
ul ,d neighborhood.
The importance of such a provision for
mental and moral advancement of the
l'™"« a "<\ for mcn in paddle life
as well, cannot he over-estimated. Social
i ntCT oo.iiMC or amusement, seems to he a
necessity of onr nature. The young, ospe
o**Hy » vill have it *, andit i* wise to provide
U f or of , a «*or»l ».mI beneficial ohar
aoter. In tho ahsenoeofsueh provision, they
wiU ,eok it for themselves amf often in places
hurtful alike to montai and moral chavac
ter. Dr. Patton deserve» tl.e thanks of
^'* s community, and especially of every
K*" mtrodueii.g the
subject into the pulpit, and m this manner
bringing it so prominently befi.ro tho pub
lie. It in a matter of the highest in.por
tarnte. to the welfare of the oom.nunity, and
'">* which ammals with force and emphasis,
to every right thinking man. Let me ask
oV „ y thk plaî * qnegtion ._ WouW
you not • rathe» sec ymir sons grow up
around you, strong in moral integrity and
mtolleetual developement, than to have
with " ut
advantages? Certainly vou would. Then
pnt t h e means of obtaining those ndvan
tages within their ranch. Givw them a
8 <>0, l Hall Mid a.good IJhrary, where they
f*" !'V® Rp f e " ***** «>"««6 of
knowledge; where they cm. listen to
tcrUil , ing lectures, fore, literary »Hsocia
tiens, and polish each other, by tho attri
tion of mind upon mind. The., you will
* ,aTe cause to ho proud of their position
and their achievements among their fellow
u , cn Lrt rae here roeonnt a few of «be ad
vantages which resulted from the establish
ment of « publie library and a lycOum, in a
certain town in a neighboring State. . The
library was founded by an eniinent divine,
whose nsefiil life was cut short by tho sup
posed • foundering of the ilMHtod steamer
President, at sea. But hie good Works
lived after him. Thor Lyceum was formed
of the youths of the toSVii, from 14 to 20.
They met weekly, tlmih exercises consis
ting of eonqK)9itiffln, ; dpebi.nation, and de
forte 1 . 1 They rubbed o*td> other very- hard
in thidr dcliieM' at rtmesi' and wer e Hrt i eu
to : rcadhih rmd Mndy in order to eouiivte
with eftcH other. A irt.ing them ware boys
of very limited educational advantages ;
but they delved all the harder into the
mines of intellectual lore. Now for the
result —One of these boys became a min
ister, far above mediocrity in his attain
ments. Another, a shoemaker's appren
tice, became a poet, whose -numbers
no discredit to the immortal Nino. He
accumulated wealth,'-«ml retired to the
'quiet of rural life; bftf Was called hence to
represent his 'cOitHty in the legislative
councils of his no tire State. Another rose
to distinction at the bar, became a member
of Coffgrbtts, and was sdnt abroad to rep
resent his country at 4 foreign court.
Another; a tanner arid eurrief, became Ohe
of the moist éloquent men that ever ascen
ded the torüm, In this part of the country .
Tho writer has seen him , side by Side ! With
the taost Cminerit speakers Of trie day, the
peer of them all. Another, a tailor's boy,
attained to all the pathds find power -in
declamation that ever- distinguished n
Gough, in hip happiest efforts. Two
others of that same group of readers and
debaters stand at the head of their profes
sions and are among the ablest advocates
at the bur Of their State,
among the most successful of editors, one
in the west, and -tho other in a northern
State. And yet another, was made a
member of CoflgVess, Governor of his State,
and a Cabinet officer,
others, of that same
Two more, are
1 might mention
rap of boys, who
rose to distinction in their several profes
sions and avocations, mainly through the
influence of that library and debating club.
But 1 have said enough to show the hap
py effect of such associatîons upon the
character and destiny of yonth. Little
they thought, at that time, that in their
intellectual contest* with each other in
that unpretending lyceum ^»Çy.wçrc laying
the foundation of tlieir future usefulness
and eminence. But, so 'it was ; and such
are the haturhl réduits of these schools of
mental and moral discipline. : £
Citizens of Middletown, give jtair sons
a good Hnll-and » good Lilirqyy; and they
too, will have à ' chance to writ« their
names upon the scroll of fame, Snd g
den your hearts will, their moral and
tcllectual progress.
Hard Times in New York.—T he New.
York correspondent of the Philadelphia
Ledger writes :
The past week has been a hard one in
mercantile circles. Seven failures are re
ported. Some of these are called suspen
sions only, and ane or (Wo of the parties
are said ta be compromising with creditors.
The aggregate failures 4ii.ee tho first of
of January are said to be twenty-five,'with
liabilities amounting to $2,050,000.
Iu t\e wholesale market, however, some
kinds of goods have been advancing within
the past few days. Cambrics are 12J
per vurd dearer ; New York Mills are held
at 2a cts. and together with many bleached
and brown goods, are sold ahead of
duction. The manufacturers of pi
have boen tryiugto put up prices lalj
but have not succeeded. In wool flannels
a fair business is doing, but other fabrics,
as a general thing, are hard to move.
Thomas Grady, *n Irishman, died on
Wednesday night, at Buffalo. He was
born in the county Glare, Ireland, in 1760,
and was, consequently, 108 years of age.
Mr. Thornton, the lately appointed
British representative in the United States,
arrived at New York on Monday.
Meeting Of Peach drawer«.
At an adjourned meeting of the Punch
Growers of Delaware aud Maryland, hold
at the hotel of Mr.. Win. T. Chance, in thc
! of Odessa, Delaware, on Saturday
5 th day of January. 1808, in the
—,—I* of the previous officers, Daniel
Corbit was called to the chair, and P. T.
Perry appointed secretary.
So- fslpesties salesmen in
Philadelphia aud to secure the return of
buaksts, submitted the following report, in
the nature of an article of agreement, to
he sighed-by Said Peafch Growers, as fol
WitkitKAs, We, a part of the Peach
OrJVors of Delaware and Maryland, hav
ing for many years suffered great loss by
the nun-return of our Peach Baskets, iu
whieli our fruit has been carried to the
Philadelphia market, and this injustice has
beeri increasing every year, ilntll now sopiC
of us have to^bear the loss of nearly or
quite ime-hidf of the whole nmnber 6f our
Baskets thus forwarded to that market;
therefore, in orderte remedy this great
and growing evil, we, the undersigned,
pledge ourselves, each te the other, to en
torce the following articles of agreement:
Arttcklrt Our salesmen in said city
shall torn, themselves into an association
and have a place of daily meeting for con
8 ~„, „ _ , . . ,, ,
Article Id. No Peaches to be sold by
our salesmen previous to their arrival, with
Ç lce , P° r ÜMkut or Box >*ing
dofimtelv ... .
Artulc SU. All sales made by our vies
men ßhntl be bona fidr y and too deduction
to be made after the fruit leaves tho wharf
ord^ in sanl city.
Article 4th. That in all sales made by
»ur salesmen, there ^ ™ addition
to the price of the fruit the imm of twenty
tive cento for eaChUasItet, and twenty
vente (20) tor each Box or Crate, collected
by Said salesmen, of* the purchaser, the
same pr.ee per Basket Box or Crate to Ik
refunded by said salesmen, on return and
delivery of said Basket Box or Orate to
them, or the persons authorized by them to
rccetVc the same, at said salesmen's place
Tfo, — , .
ArèMe M. In the ew-ht of any pur
chaser failing to comply with these art,el:*,
" r hecon.mg unworthy of eredrt, it shall
be the duty of the Salesmen whet may
be aware of such fart», fa. apprise th/
sulcsmcn of the part.es to this agreement
of the Same, and w<e instruct onr salesmen
to ret use to sell to such delinquent pur
chaser, unt.l he shall comply with the
C0 'Jw •^/ IÔ jSy° r< Téi I - .
! Article bth. Aîi the event of any s4Ick
mau or agent, foiling to comply[with the
ljpu\ e and orogomg «rtiyle* f «t wilL < be
deemtH nulbç^ot ca»i**c for lift* diwnweal,
aud we mud aud pledge oumdve*, *o tto
°V al,t l portormanOe of
euch tiud all ot tho foregoing ui Uelcs ot
" vtlT CrC C, n d7hr r
..ali.es respeotivrty. Biguod by .
Remmldl Berick F'sSai^T'jJkücî
S 11 n G Wtotak ivitr E
Vandegrift C'Fmilmaro* If T IV«™
t W aflK.rii 1 r £ I,
William »l! Vatadegrif/ John Whithv'
Samuel Fenimoru Jos-nhW V.ml^rlo
IBF.niimor, Ant. vlt l*'
On il nt'Ä ' =i
ù '
JtaÄr J332TÎ
^ to J 0,rt * 0l,l * y t|cl . oa of
ÄTtlteX -'-VÄTtT«
lanei ' J X" wamr *
c , . _ , . .
Whereupon, DamH Gurhrt Mi,» cjectwl
it'! éZ
' e ** reu,r J r '>
era '
President; Anthony lieybo
.font; Joseph W". Vamiegr
E. C. Fcnimore Treasurer.
/■iln motion, Ue*nUcd, Xl.at thc follow
ing guntleii.cn : Scwal 0. Biggs, Thomas
J. Shallow!»», lsaau Parsons, Juin. K.
Price, Henry Rowau, David J,-Cummins.
Barney Key bold, James Shewster, 8. F.
taholluroxs, William Polk, Samuel Psn
aingtou, Henry Whitlock, Wilson E.
Vandegrift, and John A. Cavcndor, ho a
nommittee to invite Fruit Growers gen
erally to become member», thus insuring
unity of- action, by their respective signa
tures to the foregoing articles of agreement.
Rewired, That tl.e Secretary shall trans
mit a copy of tho proceedings ef this
meeting to.oseh of the forgoing gentlemen,
who are respectfully solicited to attend
promjAlyto the duties of their appointments,
to collect the sum of one dollar from each
member to defray Sxpenoes of printing,
und transmit their doings to the Secretary
hefl.re the (ith day of Maroh next.
Rrevived. That the Association now ad
journ, to meet at .this place, Odessa,
Saturday the 7th day of March next, at
ore o'clock, P. M. and that the 1'rahkleut
be authorixod to report, on that day, by
laws for tho government of tlie Association.
Joseph W-. Vanuxoiukt, Secretary.
Exciting Incident on the lcc at St. Loala.
A dispatch from St. Louis, dated Jan.
noth, says:.—At four o'clock thw after
noon, while
mainly passengers by the
sippi railroad train, were erasing th« river
on foot, the ice suddenly broke loose from
each shore and began to float down the
stream. Great consternation prevailed,
and the people ran hither and thither in
terrible fright. They could not get off at
oither shore, as the ice had left the river
haqks, and a broad open space of water in
tervened. It seemed as though there
would be a terrible loss of life. Thousands
of ritizens gathered -on the levee and
watched the scene with intense exoitomént.
Luckily the immense field of ioe did not
break up and after floating the distance of
two blocks it'preiued against a steamer on
the Missouri shore, from which gaRg-planks
were put ont and all were rescued.
some 200 or 800 parsons,
Ohio and Missis
Mibcboexation. —The Atlanta (Ga.)
Intelligencer, of Tuesday, rays:
" We arc told that a dashing bridal par
ty from Alabama passed through this eity
on Sunday last. The bridegroom hails
originally from the North, tbs bride being
one of Alabama's sahlest daughters. On
leaving this city they claimed and took
possession of a birth in the sleeping car,
aud weut on their way rejoicing."
The United Intet and England.
The contingency of s wsr with England,
growing out of various questions at issue
between the two countries, is being dis
cussed by the leading public journals, in
a tone which iudioatus that the uravitv ot
such a contest is not'i.uoh appreciated' by
those who talk of.it most flip(Jfritly. Rven
teteran statesmen sometimes seeui to as
The Hon. R. J. Walker, iu s letter on the
annexation of Alaska and St. Thomas, ex
preeBes the opiniou that all future wars iu
which we may bo coucorued must he main
ly lnaratip.» wars, not njdniijg' tbertby
conflicts of single vessels, or even of fleets,
upon flic ocean, but the capture of mer
chant vessels at sea; the destruction of
the commerce of the.enëinÿ, and the block
ade of their port«. He then refers to the
commerce of England iu imports and ex
ports, including what she carries for other
countries, which reaches nearly ten billions
of dollars a year, and says, "destroy this
trade and England falls forever/' We do
not sec the practical value of any of these
speculations. That the House of Repre
sentetives does not anticipate a rupture
very sot,n with England fa shown by the
large lopping off bf the Aaval estimates for
the present year, There are no questions
open between the two countries which can
not be settled by a little common sense and
promoted by the consciousness of each gar
eminent that the differences between them
« 0 'ess Kkely to receive a satisfactory so
*7 WA y V * ny ° iher
ot adjustment. The issues upon which we
went ta war wrth England in 1812 remain
open to this day notwithstanding our na
v.l victories; and tho serious losses to her
commerce which she suffered from our pri
vateers. We ought to remember that we
too have some commerce to be injured,
and that there will be ..juries to endure
as well ns to inflict. There can be no ren
sonaMe apprehensions that the two nations,
both of who.,, are so vitally interested in
the continuance of mutual friendly réla
Bons, and who have, besides, enough on
Ibeir hands to pretftrve domestic tranquilly.
are going to embark m war. In this etm
nectmn it ts gratifying to know that the
new British iMhlster, Mr. Thornton, who
has jrtst arr.rcd in our country, is said to
have the tact and experience and the agree
able personal qual.t.os which will facilitate
his efforts for an amicable adjustment of
the d.ffieah.es between England and the
Umtcd (Mates. '

- •fajsnfaim.
T*Tie f JbUJ tarera tv procedure in cases
of îinpôac-Iimcnt, an attract of which we
piiUi*hûd yebtorttaj}, introduced by Sena
tor Edmunds, of v çrmout, contain* (wo
clause* vrhjoh arc ominous of a disposition
Congress t^ give the finishing touch to
its cneroaehineuts upon the constitution,
and even to arm itself with the power of
«5« «woriffoi-m p'urposc of snstaining its
usurpation. , Quo of these clauses empow
™ TOW Scunte to »„spend an
nnpeaejujl officer .fro.n ips fouettons pen
d<»g tn,!, n„d this |i. h»ee.ot Rm ffirt that
the oonvept.on which framed the oonstitu
*\ ou to confer imv sue-L p.,"e r uixau
t < " u > ru 1 t!B ,'- Rootwoll, wliep he brought
J»W#c*t projet in Do
'M no such power ex
istL ; d i Tl'Äris^tthoofficWteoo^i
- d ^ »Hf carry
into effeof Che orders and judgments of the
^^fimpmiel.inyntl ffiÂteo
was moue Jli.'the
House of Representatives to impoavd. the
* faded by a,vote of 57 for
and t08 agiunst, tt,e nay. comprising (JS
'JT"" 1 '®««* W 40. democrats. Wl,at>!r.
Johnson has done since to warrant a re
newal of the lytenipt, QHjK^iaUy Under such
a desperate apd toyoIui iioruyy prog ramme
h» is, laid down in (he ' hill' or Mr.
jt is hard to divîno.—
i-.ivimn ->,o cases
of impeachment, an abstract of which we
irpiluced jjy Scnn
yrmont, contains (wo
• e.v.j !N*wS*»a of a disposition
ili Congre*» to jive tl.q finishing touch fo
ils cneroaehineuts upon the constitution,
ami even to arm ijself with the power of
tlié sworif foi- the purpose of sustaining its
usurpation. ,Qnq of these clauses empow
t.yy-th.rdsiifthe Senate to suspend an
impeached offjéor from l.is fm.ntions pen
ding trial, arid tjiis in face .of tho foot that
the convention w hich framed tho constitu
tion refuse^! to confer any such power upon
Coiigrus.M." Mr. Bout well, wficp ho brought
forward, his impeachment project in Do
ocn.bor, admitted tha
isted . Tlie other is that th
apd forces of the Çiiifod 8
into effort (he orders and judgments of
cpqrt of impeachment ! It is not quite
months sinçq thq attempt wi.s li.ade Iti'the
llimse of 'Representatives to impeach the
President, and failed by a vote of 57 for
ajjjÿifiï '** ■ '* " **• '
lhlicans ami
Or» Russian Po»sEssi6ns.'— T hé Presl
dont has sent a message to Congres»; «Ü-'
companied by all the correspondence and
other doéuriiétnents, relative to the formal
transfer of the Russian AnierlUan possess
ions 'to the United States. SacrotarV
Seward say*, in his letter of instruction fo
General Rousseau, " it Is expeted that iu
the transaction of tho important business
hereby entrusted to veu, it will be borqc in
mind that in coding the territory the Empe
ror of all the Russia» has been actuated by
a desire of giving a signal proof of that
friendship for the United States which has
characterized his owri reign and that of his
illustrious predecessor."
On the fifth of December General Rouss
eau made a circuniBtontial reporfofthe pro
ceeding* attending the transfer, and trans
mitted to (he Htate Department a copy of
(ho agreement, signed by himself and by
the Russian Governor and Commissioner.
General RousscaO says his ibterebursh with
them, personal and official, was of tl.e most
friendly character, and exactly such as lie
Whs sure the Bccrotary desired, and 1 that
the inhabitants generally are pleased with
the eeemon of the territory to the United
Tiib Central Railroad.— Among the
now improvements recently projected by
tho Central Railroad Company of Niiw'Jer
sey is one for thé greater privacy in travel
ing. Their new oars are divided into five
entirely separate compartments, arranged,
as tha newspaper jfoaoription states, "to
sleep comfortably'»» passengers," and to
eaoh of which the servant attached to every
ear can be summoned by touching aspring.
The innovation, though net now, for
something similar waa used in the early
,dgys »f railroading, i» one, which only need's
to ho found out to hsqome popular among
all who have any fondness in privacy ; and
we are especially, glad to see it on this
road because th« rival line* between New
York and Chicago must in Mme bo forced
into adopting it, when« it will he by de
grees spread into genera] use.
Under the rule of retrenchment between
three and four hundred men have been dis
charged in the last few weeks from
brand, of the Quartermaster's Department
aiéwé; and Secretary Stanton is bring be
sieged by applicants for employment, but
is there fa-no need whatovor of their
vioe», it is impossible to meet She urgent
appeals that are being made.
In the Canadian House of Assembly,
January 2öth, a motion was introduced
to^ake into cousiienJjBn the Dune
emigration of thv InWämantB 'fifthe
in« of Quebec to tlicyUgited Stoics, and
to fiévisp meins for tlm arrest gt the same,
Thft mover spoke at great length in sqp
pogtof hie qiotibh, mil pointed opt
eastern townships, and the want of suffi
cient industrial and manufacturing resour
eus. Agriculture wee. not sufficient to
meet the wants of the population, as du
(ing eight mouths of the year that interest
was entirely suspended, and fainlies were
forced to emigrate to the States in search
of employment. He proposed that the
rfnertion of mauufhcturcB receive their
eiirnest attention, and that a liberal home
stead law, similar to that In operation in
tho United : States , b* enacted. A num
l>cr of members took, part iu the discussion
and the debate was adjourned until Monday,
\ despatch from Naples dated January
29th says, the eruption of Mount Vesu
vius, which has continued with greater or
i,, 89 intensity since its commencement in
the past year, has culminated in an unu
sual and very fatal catastrophe. Yester
day evening the side of Mount Vesuvius
lyfng right opposite to the gate of Gastello
Jfovo, one of the fortifications of this city,
situated between the Roval Palace and the
sea fell tumbling outward The dc
taol'.ed portion buried severai houses lniil
in the vicinity, and overwhelmed carriages
and other conveyance* pawing on tho high
way at that moment? TKfe scene is mol
ancholy and full of ruin The road
nine, In the neighborhood of tho volcano
is filled with melts and earth, which latelv
formed part of the mountain This cx
traordinary event has also l«n attended
her of persons killed lias not yet bcin as
Not oniy in France lmt along the north
ern coast of Africa (ho lack of food is
general According to a recent letter
Ln, Paris, the nnn.hcr o? demhs in AI
geria within the last six months, from star
vallon, exceeds 100,000. This the cor
respondent asserts, is no exaggeration.
In the adjoining government of Tunis,
f r „ m ,ho seacoost to the interior, there are
numerous deaths from starvation. Last
year complainte of the scarcity of food
were seldom heard outside of India,
Tl,c St. Petersburg correspoude-nt of the
London Morning Herald states that the
distress amongst the poorer classes in Rue
sia, owing to the bad harvest, is in many
part« of the country very Rovc'ro, Attic
opening of the Provincial A.«*cnibl y fif
Novgorod, the governor recommended a
liberal vote of money to supply the pca
pants with the moans of Huhsistencc. Thé
Governor of Olonetz opened the Provin
cial AsKemhly of that goverimieut witTi a
similar address.
' Snow in EmÄ the Sth.ul
tiuio the hills of Snrrev Hants nnd Sus
sox were covered wilt, efeep snow, a.ul the
whole, country around presented a most
winterly aspect. The greatest difficulty
prevailed in getting ouUying cattle up
from the grating lands to tie straw yards,
and many farm homorteads arc eompletely
snowed up. In tl.e low a.to hollow lauds
the snow drifted to a considerable depth,
and the bodge, and fences we« bnril
Wi.fe the Lo .nte of suffering in Rwc
den we mro slready femiliar. In Eastern
Frtissia the destitution is «ve« th",
mem hers of the royal family have voluu
leered to obtain «mtrihutton«, ami Farlm
ment has spprop-iated
whieh thus far prove inade»iaato.
OonsideraHe ft-cllng has bee.rcreatod
tho recent resolutions of ti.e I nitsd Staton
O table
considerable sums,
Honse of Representative»; dcelsring the
sympathy of the nation with the Fenians.
The tournai»! of Loudon have editorials
en thé subject, and severely criticise this
expression of nufriendly feeling toward
Information hus been received in Madrid.
Bptain, by the government that another
rising lias been plannod by the Garlists in
Ontatonla anil Aragon, and aotivo meas
ures have been token to thwart the move
ment. ! .
The action of our House of Beprceenta
tives in relation to tlie rights of American
citizens abroad has occasioned considera
ble feeling, and the Loudon journals severc
Iv criticise it os showing an unfriendly
fueling toward England.
The latest advioea received in England
from the -Abywinian expedition state that
King'Theodoras is confronted by rebels in
his own dominion, and that he will have
to fight them as well aa the English forces.
A déspatoh from Havana, dated January
2Ö, says grand religious ceremonies took
ace l »t tho Cathedral to day. A"'l'e
cum" waa sting in thanksgiving tor the
disappearance of the Cholera from the isl
A despatch freri Paris, dried January
25, says ten Of the newspapers of this olty
have been'fined 1,'OttO francs fft'JOO) each,
for printing illegal reports of the prooced
gs of the Coras Legislatif.
The arrest of Mr. Train in England it
is now asserted was made by the local au
thorities at Queenstown and without
d»rs from the General Government.
The London Obaercer , of January 26,
asserts that by the last dispatches exchan
ged between Lord Stanley and Secretary
Beward, on the Alabama claims, the corres
ponden« is finally closed.
PaavALiNoa or Farins in Europe.—
The extent to whioh famine prevails in
rions parts of Europe and on the southern
shore of the Mediterranean it somewhat
remarkable. ■ ■ ■■ * ,
: 1 The Ltrwer House of the Danish Parlia
rifent has unanimously ratMed the treaty
for the sale of the island of St. Thomas-to
the United States.
The French Governrrldnt ha* issued an
official address announcing the passage of
the new army law, and arguing that it is a
pledge of continued peace.
The Crown Prinoess of Prussia is get
ting up an international exhibition of nee
dlework, to be held*at Berlin in October.
The excitement occasined by the Fenian
movement still continues, The
tie» are very vigilant, and arrests are made
every day.
It 1» reported from Havana, that the
Captain General had ordered General San
ta Auna to leave the Island.
of he we.
The Navy Department has just issued
the navy register for 1808, form which it
appears thaï tho bum her of vessels sold
since the publicat ion of the register in 1807,
ffifht). Que was wreaked, the Sacramento,
the Bay of Bengal. Forty -nine iron
da ar*laid up. 'lucre have been during
pas* year 87 registrations. Tl.irty
) «luths havuu jnccui r.-d. There were
e d
a in tha n
and seventeen dismissals
regular navy emelOauumry, 1807.
The Senate Judiciary Gommittoe t *,
asked to bo discharged from (he further
consideration of the petition from tho
Grand Guuneil of the Union League of
Maryland, asking tyat the Reconstruction
laws be cx tended to that State.
A bill has been introduced into the New
York Legislature, making it unlawful for
first cousins to marry ; and subjecting par
ties who violate this law to a lino of jtl.UUU,
or to imprisonment, or to both tine ami
T. H. Haunor, freodmen's bureau agent
at Lake Providence, La. who absconded a
few days ago with $8,000 belonging to
the frccdincn and others, has been arrested
at Chariest-in, 8. 0. and nearly all the
money was recovered.
A skating tournament is to be hold at
Alleghany City, Pa. this mouth. A hur
dle race and $10,000 in prises are among
the features. What if the ioe should fail.
A gentleman who has arrived in Nash
ville, Tcnn. by railroad from New Orleans,
reports that sixty persons died in that citv
from cholera last week, and thut the disease
is on the increase.
Tho steamboat Emerald, with a cargo of
sugar, from New Orleans for Cincinnati,
has been sunk in the Mississippi. Three
lives are reported lost.
Thirty-five persons are reported to have
died in Chicago, Illinois, during 1. gt
week, without medical attendance, being
too poor to employ physicians.
During tl.e past year, the average pro
nimuiH paid for loans in the Mechanics'
Building and Loan Association of Lam
bcrtYfflo, Pa. was $47.70.
Vm. Dim-more, scvuuty-wix years of ape.
ono day last week walked from Ellsworth,
Me. to Harrington, a distance of thirty
miles. , J
iue corps of officers,
of officers of the
ll hito Gunpowder is now manufactured
in France, which leaves no trace in the
gun. It is Iwghly spoken of in French
military circles.
Milwuukie, Wisconsin whieh had no ex
istence thirty years ago, now contains 8<
W0 inhabitant».
Jefferson Davis has been 'nominated for
tho presidency of the Texas Pacific rail
road. He is now in Mississippi.
Tl.e past week has been a h
mercantile circles in New York,
feiiuroa.arc «ported.
The oldest inhabitant of Detroit is » Pè
gre ouc hundred aud fi.iirteen years of age.
There were nearly six hundred buildings
erected in Providence. R. I. fast
a cost of «boat six millions of dollars.
fceveral Gouth American powers are said
to stand ready to purchase onr iron-elada
as «Mill as they an- offer«! for salo.
'llio Allentown (l'a.) Afeirs saya that
all the rolling mills iu that city are portly
idle, owing to a strike among the Pndlers.
The peach trees are blossoming and
the tomatoes ripemng in Florida. ,. .
Tlie Mississippi river is to be bridped at
■St. Louis, ip the shortest time possible.-
nrd ono iu
year, at
Tits Ksnt and (Jt'Ksx Anns'» Rail
KOaU.-* —T he * CcntrcvlllC (Md.) Obeerter,
referring to the fact ,ti|ut this road has
,beou ppt uud£>r contract, remarksi
This railroad will ultimately identify qs
with Philadelphia and Now York, and if
Baltimore loses tho entire Eastern ,Shore
•trade she can attribute it to nothing else
than her indisposition to secure and main
tain it. Appeal after appeal lias been made
to her citizens (o assist this shore in the
building of aroad toeonneotat Elkton, and
thus secure for her for all time the trade
from tliia shore, hut they turned a deaf
oar. and 1'hila.lelpl.in came forward and
built the Delaware railroad, and by the
feeders, which, being short, were easily
built, she now secures tho Eastern Shore
and Dolawarc trade. We would much
rather patronize Baltimore, being our me
tropolis, hut if she does not dosire the trade
of onr peoplo, and her aetions speak for
her. wo must go to Philadelphia, whodoes
dosire it. !
A Wrikki.e About tux auf, op Houses.
A short time ago we inet a gentleman
from Illinois, who gave ns a piece of in
formation iu regard to ascertaining the »ge
trf a horse, after he or she has passed the
ninth ye«r, whieh was new to ns, and will
bo, we nre sure, to most of our readers,
it is this : After the horse is nine years
old, a wrinkle oou.es on the eyelid at the
upper comor of tho lower lit), H nd every
year thsre.ftcr ho has one well-defined
wrinkle for each vear over nine. If for
instance, a horse lias three wrmUes, he is
twelve; if four, he is thirteen. Add tho
number of wrinkle» to nine, and yon will
alwavs get it. So says the gentleman ;
and he is confident it will Sever fail. As
* Çood many people have horsoa over nine,
it is easily tned. If true, the bone den
tist must give np his trade.
Mortality is Charleston. —There were
only fifteen deaths iu the eity
ton, 8. C. for tho week ending a
18th of this month, including Mack
whites. Eight years ago the average mor
tality Was over fifty. This might appeur
like a decided improvement in the sanitary
condition of this city hut for the fact that
in I860 the population ofCharleston num
bered 4ft,0W), while in 1868 it barely
reaches 16,000. The ratio of deaths to
ropulation is therefore about the
before the war.
A Disinfectant. —Attention is hsfog
called to the urn of carbolic arid a» a dis
infectant The Gardiner's Chronicle gives
details of its use at the Lodge F»rm, in
England, during the late prevalence of
the oattle plague, where over one hundred
cows were saved under circumstances which
must otherwise have proved mere or less
fatal. The treatment consisted m admin
istering the dilated acid iatornalty by the
spoonful, and dashing ft »bout externally
by the bucketful. *
of Charlcs
on the
■ and
same a»

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