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,7T uw PP -a» ■ sSe®$5,J?« HJäO|iÄ A A A '♦ P VOL. I. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 11, 1868. no: jêclcd fJoetrg. From the Atlantic Monthly. APRIL. t. HUDSON. BY MISS IT. April has searched the winter land, And found her petted flowers again ; She kissed them to unfold their leaves, She coaxed them with sun and ruin, And filled the grass with green content, And made the weeds and clover vain. Her fairies climb the naked trees. And set green caps on every stalk : Her primroses peep bashfully From borders of the garden walk ; And in the reddening maple toys Her blackbird gossips sit and talk. She greets the patient evergreens, She gets a store of ancient gold; Gives tnâsclcd presents to the breeze, And teaches rivers gongs of old— Then shakes the trees with stolen Mareli winds, And laughs to hear the cuckoo scold. Sometimes to fret the sober sun, She pulls the clouds across his face; But finds the snow drift iu the woods, Grows meek again and prays his grace; Waits till the last white wreath is gone, And drops arbutus in*the place. Her crocuses and violets Give all the world u gay " Good year !" Tull irises grow tired of green. And get themselves a purple gear ; And Tiny buds that lie asleep On hill and field her summons hear. She rocks the saucy meadow cups; The sunset's heart anew she dies ; She fills the dusk of deepest woods With vague, sweet sunshine and surprise, And wakes the periwinkles up To watch her with their wide, blue eyes. At last she deems her work is done, Aud finds a willow rocking-chair, Dons spectacles of apple buds, Kerchief and cap of almonds rare, And sits a very grandmother, .Shifting her sunshine-needles there. And when she sees the deeper sun That iishers in the happy May, She sighs to thiirk her time is past, Aud weeps because she cannot stay, Aud leaves her tears upon the grass, And turns her face, and glides popular THE ISLAND BEAUTY. BY III* HT DAILY. T was very proud of my first indepen dent command, when tho government char tered the yacht Sybil, a ve.-sel of about.six ty tons, and fitting her out for service sent me in her, with only two other officers and a crew of thirty men, to do duty on the coast of Florida. The crews of vessels in that locality had often been innrdercd by the Seininoles, against whom the United States were wa ging a war of extermination. The Florida reefs had been particularly designated in my orders as a part of my crusing ground ; and in obedience thereto, as soon as I had reached the head of them at Cape Florida, I ran inside and took the yacht to an anchorage for tin* night, just to the southward of Soldier Key. The next morning with a breeze ns light as the breath of a baby, wo made sail down the reef, all hands gazing'with delight on the flower}* and luxuriant tropical verdure which met the eye upon the clusters of «small islands inside of our course. With all sail set, the wind was so light that we did not get more than three or four knots an hofir out of the fairy craft, so I concluded to have my gig, a beauti ful boat of six oars, built like a racing •hell alinog*, got out for the purpose of in specting Home of the islands, to see if I could find game or fruit on them. Leaving orders with my first officer to fire a gun for my recall if tho wind fresh ened, I pushed oft' from the vessel, and the boat sped through the water, almost like an arrow through the air, impelled by a crew both young and vigorous, who took a pride in the boat and her speed. Observing about a mile inside a very pretty ltttlo island with half a-dozon tall palms or cocoanut trees, I could not yet tell which, on it, I steered for it. The nearer I got the more beautiful it seemed. Flowering plants and vines be neath the tall palms, a sand beach as white as snow for a border—that was the pic ture Before I reached the heacli my frequent exclamations made the men look over their shoulders to see the beauties which-elicited my admiration, and though they said noth ing, the sparkle in their eyes told that they appreciated the scene. Sceing.a small lagoon or bay making up amid the flowering verdure, I steered into it, and in a few moments we were at a landing-place. Here a new surprise awaited us. A small boat, only large enough for a ■ingle person, and shaped almost like a sea shell—a delieitte frail thing, made of Spanish cedar and tastefully ornamented with shells of various colors—laid on the white sand close by the water. In it were a pair of small oars, also in laid with pieces of pearl-shell. This is surely an enchanted island, and fairies must inhabit it, said T as I leaped ashore, and telling the men to stay by the boat, walked up a narrow path through a small orange and lemon grove, fragrant beyond description. I had got near the centre of the island, which did not contain an area of more than a couple of acres, when I paused sud denly, for before me on a grassy mound hencath a palm-tree lay something that looked too angelic for this earth. It was a young female asleep, so perfect ly beautiful in form and feature that I hardly breathed while my eyes drank in her charms lest I should waken h< r. She seemed very young and slight, yet early womanhood was disclosed in her well-developed chest, rising and falling beneath the bodice of her dress—in the symmetrical limbs shown rather freely by her attitude and a dress Spanish in its style, and suited to the mellow climate in which the wearer lived. Her feet, so small and delicate, bare; so was her head, from which a feet flood of golden curls fell over a neck and shoulders as fair sunny south, with scarce a shade of the suubrown to be seen. A book which she had been holding hail fallen from her grasp, anil lay among scattered flowers by her side. Curious to know what she had been read ing, I stepped lightly forward, and was alsjut to grasp the book, when I beheld a snake with its eyes flashing like sparks of fire, lu the very act of striking with its deadly fangs. It was a huge moccasin snake, all coiled up where it had crept up on its sleeping victim. I had.not worn my sword, but thanks to fortune, a smalj revolver was in my pocket. * To draw and cock it was the work of a second ; to aim at the reptile with the quickness of thought, to fire in the breath was that of another. With a wild scream the girl sprang to her feet, Jier eyes blue as the sea oll-sound iug, distended with terror, to see a man before her with a drawn pistol in his hand, the smoke from its deadly barrel yet curling above his head. " Look" I said pointing to the writhing reptile, the head of which, with extended fangs, lay but a few inches from the body. " 1 fired only to save your life. That hor rible snake was about to strike you even as you slept." " God sent you here," she cried wildly, turning white as snow in her face, while she looked terror-stricken upon the hid eous snake. "I believe Tie did," I responded. Who are you and where do you live?" " My father is a diver for the wreckers, sir," she answered. " We live on an is land a couple of miles down the reef, where there is a settlement of divers and wreck ers. If you see my father, he will almost worship you for saving me. I am his only child—so like my mother was. he says — But I never saw* her. She died when I was quite young." The voice of the girl sounded touchingly mournful when she said this. "Is that your boat at the landin' asked. " Yes," she answered. I come here in it almost every day' ; but I shall never come again ; and she gave another shud dering glance at the serpent. Then, after she paused, she timidly asked. " Do you live near here ?" "I wish that I did,'* said I. But I am the captain of an American w'ar schooner, w hich is nearly becalmed out by the reef, and I live in her. 1 am to cruise on this coast, and l hope 1 shall see you very of ten. Will you tell me your name? " Alice Bond, sir. But are you a Yan kee, sir ? "Not what are generally known as Yan kces-Mhat is. men down East, I replied*— [ am a New Yorker. But why do you ask ?" ."Because father hates Yankees, sir. He was born in England, but he came to Bahama to live, and after mother died came here." "I hope he will like me," I said, shall row down to your settlement. Shall I not take you there in my boat ?" "O, no, no," she nnswered with a look of alarm. "Father gets angry if any man speaks to me. But sir if you côuld onl take that to show him what a terrible deat you had saved me from, I think he would like you. I wish he would, for then you could come to see me sometimes." She pointed to the snake as she spoke. I was so charmed with her artlessness, her peerless beauty, the siren-likd music of her voice, that I could have put the snake into my bosom if she had asked it. But I shouted to the coxswain of my boat to bring up a small bailing bucket which was kept in it. He came aud was "all eyes" when he saw the fuiry of the enchanted isle, but I pointed to the snake and its head, and told him to take a stick and put them in the bucket, and take it back to the boat. I followed with the girl by my side, and when we got to the water-side, launched her little boat for her. Swiftly and gracefully she rowed off, and my wondering oarsmen followed in her wake, fot it would have been quite beneath official dignity to inform them of the par ticulars of my late adventure— On a larger island, partly cultivated, some two miles below, I soon saw the set tlement of which she Rpoke, and observing that the schooner had eotue to an anchor to keep from drifting into danger in the calm, I had no hesitation in paying it a visit. . The girl landed a few yards ahead of us and was met by a largo msucular looking man. middle aged apparently, who embra ced her. The next moment I saw her turn and point to me. and I knew that she speaking of her peril and rescue. As soon as we landed I took the bucket containing the serpent and advanced to wards them. As I came near, I heard him speaking to her, and I thought his tone was unkind and harsh ; and before I reached them she turned off abruptly and went towards the houses. I got but a glitnp* of her face as she were per ever I saw in the some Haine I "I was turned away, but I felt sliurc she wa.s weeping. I did not pause, but walking up to the man, who had turned to look at me with a cold and rather repulsive expression, I turned the dead reptile out at his feet, aud said : " If you are Mr. Bond, your daughter de sired that I should exhibit to you the snake which come very nclir striking her with its deadly fangs." " My name is Bond, and I have to thank you for saving the life of my child," he said very coldly both in tone and manner. " I am poor—only a miserable diver, and unable to reward you substantially." " The happiness of saving your pure and beautiful child is all the reward any man could desire," I exclaimed. " Did you tell her ghe was beautiful?" he asked sharply, almost angrily. "No sir; I havb exchanged but few words with her. But her mirror would tell her that she is handsome." " She never looked in one," he mut tered. " Onec again I thank you sir;" and he turned away. " Stop a moment, Mr. Bond," said I. determined to have an understanding with him, which would enable me to see more of the sweet girl whose image fairly burning into my heart; "I am Lieutenant J.-, i)ommanding the Uni ted States schooner Sybil, a gentleman, I hope, by birth, education and principle. I desire to become better aepuainted with your daughter. My motives are honor able. I request your permission to visit her." was now " A diver's hut is ho place for a gentle man to visit," he replied in a stern tone. " My child is all the comfort I have on earth. No one shall have a chance to win her from me ; and without another word he walked off rapidly in tho same direction which she had taken. I was chilled by lii^ words anil manner, hut not disheartened. She had looked on me kindly—yes, with 1 eyes that reflected the light of love. I made up my mini) that, with or with out his consent, I would knew that, suddenly as it come upon me, I loved her. I therefore returned to the schooner ; hut when an hour later a breeze sprang up, I did not get under way, for I inten ded to go ashore ngaiil on the next mor ning. That night, all I thought of or dreamed of was Alice Bond and her beauty. The next morning opened wild and stor my—so stormy that we were glad to get under way, and find a better ancorago ill among the islands near the settlement. Just after we came to an anchor I no ticed a small sloop-rigged boat standing out from the islands, and wondering at the temerity of any person venturing out in such weather, especially in so small a craft. After breakfast I hail my hont manned, ami went on shore to the settlement. I saw a group of wreckers and divers, near the lunding, and approaching tlieiu asked for the residence Inf Mr. Bond. " There it is, sir," said one of the men, pointing ton neat vine-embowered cottage. But he seems to huve gone clean crazy.— lie iu out yonder in the storm in that lit tle smack with his daughter, and says lie is going over to the Bahamas with her. I took but on« look at the speck of a boat iu the distance, struggling in a storm which was growing worie each moment. The nor» moment I was in my hont, urging the rowers to pull their hardest to get me on hoard. In less than fifteen minutes, with her cable slipped, no time to raise an anchor then, the Sybil, under all the canvass she could carry, was standing nut towards the Gulf sircam, in chase of the little boat. Wcsnw it when we crossed the white foaming surf on the reef, saw it safely on the great rolling waves beyond, and then, all at once, it disappeared O, ho\v wretched I was as we sped on iu the direction where we hlad last seen it. Finding a channel, wc crossed the reef, and soon, all too soon, we canio in sight of a boat, bottom up, with ijs mast and soil floating alongside. But the diver and his daughter had disappeared forever. I towed the boat in, and it * her, for I was recog nised at tho settlement, apd many an hon est face looked sad as they spoke of poor Alice Bond. I loved her then— I love her memory yct. How Soon Forgotten. -i-So lately dead, sot soon forgotten. 'Tis the way of the world. Men take us by t|io hand, and anxious about the health of our bodies, and laugh at our jokes, and wc think, like the fly on the wheel, that have something to, do with the turning of the earth. Some day wc die and are bu ried. The sun does not atop for our fu neral ; everything goes on as usual ; are not missed on the streets, men laugh at others' jokes ; one or two hearts feel the wounds of affliction, one or two members still hold ouf names and forms. But the crowd moves in the daily circle, and in threo days the great wave of time sweeps over our steps aud washes <fut the last ves tige of our lives. really Cere for Sore Throat. —Mix u quar ter of an ounce of saltpeter; finely pulver ize^ with three ounooe of pure honey. Dilute it with vinegar, and use it ns a gar gle. Or take a small spoonful of it into tho mouth, occasionally, and let it dissolve slowly. Lead for pencils is procured at, Eas ton, Pa. Early History of the Eastern Shore. The first settlement made on the shore was on " Kent Island," known then as the "Isle of Kent." tants, it seems, were under Capt. Win. Chiyborno. of the Virginia Colony, who settled there prior to the arrival of Gov ernor Leonard Calvert ant his Colony, in The said Clayborne set tled himself on the Isle of Kent, which is farther np the Bay than tie settlement of Governor Calvert's, (which was in St. Mary's county) fur the purpose of trading with the Indians, and reused to submit to tae ant' ority of Govifnor Calvert, who ppointed Govornor of Maryland by Lord Baltimore when the expedition was fitted out for Maryland. Ypt, it would seem in the latter part of the year 1637. the isle of Kent was in some Measure re duced to the obedienee of Lord'Baltimore —and stops seem now to luivo been taken to put in force the civil authority of the Lord Proprietor over the Island, is a part of the province, and Capt. Georg* Evlyn was commissioned as commander ljy Gov ernor Calvert. In 1639 the isle of Kent was erected in n Hundred and called Kent Hundred,— which Hundred was considered as within the county of St. Mary's (which was then the only county formed,) until another county should be erected on the Eastern Shore. The county of Kcntwus therefore established as the first county on the Eas tern Shore, in 1GÛ9— during tli* adminis tration of affairs by Governor William Stone. At the time Philip Calvert assumed the Government of the colony, in lGtiO, its population was about 12,(lft0 ; and in five years it increased to 16,001); and by the year 1671, to 20,000.—During his term Talbot county was erected as the second on the shore. The third county on the shore was Somerset, which wls erected by order of the Governor (then Charles Cal vert) on the 22d of 1066. county was Dorchester, which was erected by the Legislature of 1609. Tlhc fifth was Cecil, which was originally pa it of Balti more county, but was formed at a separate county in 1074 by the proclamation of Governor Charles Calvert. The sixth was Queen Anne's, was erected as a seperate county in 1700, the seventh was Worcester, formed out of a part of Somerset, in the year 1742. There was a county by this name formed as early as 1072, but the whole of its ter ritory, lying within the present limits of Delaware, it was lost by Maryland, when the boundary of that province was ad justed. The eighth, Caroline co. was formed under an Act of Assembly at the session of 1776 by taking a part of the counties of Dorchester and Talbot. The ninth, Wicomico county, was the last formed, and was erected under provisions of the. Constitution of 1807, subject however to the ratification of a majority of voters within its limits. Tho southern boundry of the Eastern Shore of Maryland has been from the first formation of the Colony at St. Mary's, and is still, in conlention be tween Maryland and Virginia. The ex tent of Maryland was marked out on the "Charter" by five lines—" beginning at a point on the Chesapeake Bay, called "Wat kins' Point" near the river " Wighco"aml running cast to the Ocean, the controversy that first arose with Virgin'»:», actual position of " Watkins" Point," j'he v^oionyof Virginia had denied from the first the validity of the Charter of Maryland— claiming the whole territory of Maryland as belonging to the Charter of Virginia, and continued to do so until the treaty of .1008 —previous to which time she (Virginia) had formed settlements upon the tongue of land now forming Aceomae and North ampton counties. But to secure the pro per footing of Maryland, Governor Cul vert, in 1001, issued commissions to three persons, to make settlements and grant lands on the Eastern Shore in the Its fir.it white inliabi February, 1064. Tho fourth mich was as to the | name of the Provinco of Maryland—which they did, and in a year the number of tithahlcs at Mauokin aud Anaiuessex recited fifty. The Virginians, however, soon becoming restless, demanded the new settlers should submit to their authority. This created a disturbance and the negotiations which followed terminated in the appointment of a Commissioner by each government to ascertain the true position of " Watkins' Point." Philip Culvert was «ppointed on the port of Maryland, and Edmund Se borough on the part of Virginia—who finally adjusted the disputo*on the 25th of June, 1068; and tho line was distinctly indicated, but owing to the washing of the banks and the cutting of the trees on sniil point, the commissioners appointed by the Act of 1867, and who met at Crisfield dur ing the summer of said year, were unable to agree upon any point .—Eastern Shore man. ar Ruiilau Social Maimer«. The following highly colored pictures of ltussian social life wo cut from one of our English exchanges, bly a grain of truth iu it, but Americans will hardly credit the account as it reads. We are told that : " Perhaps tho worst characteristic of Uussian society, when it does not care to put on holiday foreign manners, is its ex treme coarseness. Every one is rude and loud.' All the company who have any thing to say talk together at the top of their voices. No one listens. They tradict each other flatly ; they abuse ; they quarrel ; they make it up over the tea-ta ble. They absolutely take constitutional talking, and their deportment There is proba ('MU - exercise in is so violent that they often ap people possessed. *ar like This y arises from their extreme aversion to all other physical exertion, many of them living U> an old age without ever having got on horseback or taken a healthy walk. They possess no sense of poetry, and seem to have a contempt tor tho beauties of nature, despising the pleasures of country life. They have no love of sport. Shooting, fishing, hunting, racing, are almost un known among them, and there i*s not a single yacht in the Black Sea, where it is summer off the south c- ast all the year round. Their houses, wheu most splen did, are but dec rated with gilding and looking-glass. They rarely boast a pic ture, a statute or a flower. Their reckless expenditure aud unthrift are equal to their covetousness. Nowhere is dress so costly or so soon spoiled. A boyard will give eight hundred guineas for a black fox skin cloak lining, and when he takes it off in the antechamber of a ball-room, his foot man will roll himself up in it until ordered to give it back again. The most costly ladies' dresses made in Paris go to Russia ; but a young Muscovite belle will think nothing of getting into a narrow, open drotzsky and rushing abqut with her train spread over the wheels through the sludge till it is spoilt. There is a British belief that Ru sian dinners are of delict' fire, and made gay by fruits and pretty flowers. Nothing of the kind. The viands arc coarse and ill-assorted ; the cookery is abomina ble. Raw fish, raw ham, mushrooms in oil, strong cheese, fermented cabbage, eaten with sour cream, boiled corn, boiled suck lug-pig, small beer, soup, with oold fish, salt cucumbers inti funnel in it ; thi«, with baked fowls, is the staple food among opulent gentry ; and it is washed down with raw spirits and a beverage called quass, more nauseous that any konwn in the West. A SlrmiKc Slory. Strange stories have been from tune to time related of jewels, rings, and even watches, found in fishes, when bought and opened, aud subsequently returned to their owners. Whether or not these stories be true, we of course, cannot say, but wc vouch for the entire truth of the following, related by a clergyman himself the hero of the story, to a wondering circle of listen ers. Though expectant of something strange as a finale, they wore by no prepared for tho actual denouement : means "It was one summer twilight, said he "that, standing on a rustic bridge which spanned a well known trout stream near my father's house, I won from the girl I promise to be my wife. •She was something of a coquette and I bad a rival in the field ; so. to make the matter sure lo myself and evident to others, I drew from he hand a ring which she had often declared she would only give to her betrothed love - and transferred it to bad long loved th my own finger. " It was my mother's engagement ring" said she, half in earnest, and half playful ly. " and there is a superstition connected wit it ; we are engage 1, but if you lose it, iu any way, the engagement is broken. So take good earc of it." " Some weeks after, she went away on a visit, and then my great consolation was to haunt that favorite ad been our ti pot on tin* bridge tlU 6 : Unec | leaning over the railing, ami thinking of our betrothal, I took from my finger the treasured ring, and gazed fondly on the initials—hcr's as well as her mother's— engraved within. In attempting to re place it the golden circle fell from my grasp and disappeared in the waters be low. " Only a lover under similar circum stances can imagine how I felt. Day and night l mourned disconsolate, my lost treasure, und my great dread was her re turning and finding the ring missing. Yet strange to say, I had a singular presentment or intuition that T should recover it, though by what means I had no idea. "Not long after, fishing in the sartic stream, sonic distance below the bridge, I fell to thinking of mv lost ring. If 1 could fish it up—and just then there was a quiv er, a tug, a pull, and a strûggle at my line, and after some play I drew out a tine trout- At tho sight of him the thoulit suddenly and unaccountably flashed into my mind that the ring—my lost ring —was to lie found in his body. I cannot account for the feeling, hut I know it was heightened into almost a : conviction when, upon grasping the victim 1 perceived on a portion of his body a singular protuber ance, and felt there beneath the skin some thing like a hard foreign substance. " I seized my large pocket elusp-knife. Eagerness had made me cruel, yet not more so than if I had left my victim to die a slow and lingering death. 1 cut off his head, and then, with trembling band, I ripped open his body and explored the suspicious protuberance. My knife graz ed against something hard, and—yes, I caught the glitter of some shining sub stance! Imagine my feelings when, with a beating heart and tiembling hand, I drew forth—" " The ring, uncle?" breathless inquired Nellie. " No, my dear. Only a piece of green glass !" Self-help is the host help in the world when once a man applies to it he will not apply to any other help. A work man, if he devote himself .to the special duty of making home happy, and of improving his condition, will soon raise himself a bovc what demagogues call the oppressed classes. 'ö&it and Humor Bi^cmiR 05 Kiesixe.—The following scene ie from "Norwood":—"It was even ing twilight. They sat alone in the porch. A few late blossoms of the Chinese honey suckle shed down a trace of perfume through the air. There were no locusts singiug, no kutadidi, nor gurgling crick ets, yet some soft sounds I certainly hoard. Not birds, surely ! I think it must have been the plash of one boueyeuckle blown against another. Yet there is no wind to move them. I hear it again. Listen! It is like the falliug of a drop of dew into the rilver lake from some birchen Laf! No, It is as if two dreams, float that is rude, ing in tho uiglit, had clashed ; or like the joining of two prayers of love on their way upward ; or—nay it was a kiss !—pure, .sirred, holy ! It is the soul's symbol, when words fail it. It is tho heart's sigh, or interjection, when it has a feeling for which there is no experience !" Swift's Satire o* Miser. —Dean Swift having dined »Uh a rich miser, pronounced the following grace after din ner : r. . "Thanks for this miracle it is no Than timlinç manna in the wilde In midst of famine we have found relief, tin. wonders of a eliinc of beef ! Chimneys have smoked that never smoked be fore, And we have dined where w c shall dine no more." Aud se The last story, is of two dogs who fell to fighting in a saw mill. In the course ôf tho tussle, one of the dogs went plump agaiust a saw in rapid motion, which eut him iu two instantly, the hind legs run away, but the fore legs continued the fight and whippod the other dog. Wc will not vouch for the truth of this. An editor, noticing the decease of a wealthy gentleman, observes: "He has* died regretted by a numerous circle of friends, and leaving Yi widow as disconso late as any widow need be who has obtain ed the uncontrolled possession of five thousand per annum. More than twenty young men have sent letters of condolence to her." Some person asked Charles James Fox what was the meaning of that passage iu the Psalms, "He clothed hiiuself with cursing as with a garment." " The mean ing," said he, " l think is clear enough, the man had a habit of swearing." An ingenious cobbler, who is known as a man of few words, hit upon the following pluu to save expense in painting all the letters of " Shoe Shop:" E S1IO P A poor fellow protested to his lady love that his two eyes hadn't come together all night for thinking aboui her. Very like ly. replied the sweet plague of his life, "for 1 see your nose is still between them." A crusty old batchelor, not liking the way his landlady's daughter had of appro priating his hair oil, filled the bottle with liquid glue the day before u ball to which the girl was invited. She staid at home in consequence. The power of emphasis aud punctuation, rs well illustrated by the following, in which the comma changes the whole sense of the sentence ; Let the toaet be dear woman. Let the toast be, dear woman. A young woman being asked by a pol itician which party she was most in favor of. replied that she prferred a wedding party. Lkoai... -If possession is nine points of tho law, what is the tenth ?—Disappoint ment, and it is as big ns the nine put to gether, and much more common. There is a G aelie proverb : " If the best mail's faults were written on his forehead, it would make him pull his hat over his eyes." Many a woman thinks she can do noth ing without a huslmud, and when she get* one, fiuds she can do nothing with him. A little boy at Sunday school being asked, What was the chief end of man? replied, The end what's got the head on. Ask yoursolf before speaking ill of any mau first, is it right? second, is it kind? third, is it necessary ? Why aro ladies' drosses about the waist like a general meeting ? Because there is a gathering there. Beer fills many a bottle, and the bottle fills many a hier. " Nary red" has given place, since the introduction of nickles, to " Nary Indian head." Medical men report that the only busi ness not stagnant ie the nursery business. Th« room for improvement is said to be the largest room in the world. Horticultural grp'tmrnt. PEAlt CI LTYRE. The frequent inquiries made with regard to pear culture, show that the attention of cultivator* is turned to this fruit as ket crop. lias been so much greater than the supply that the fruit in our city markets has al ways been at a price far beyond the reach of those of ordinary means. The fruit is temptingly beautiful, but from 5 cents to 25 cents apiece is too much for the major ity of pockats The question generally put by those w ho are thinking of planting pears is : Shall I plant standards or dwarfs ? Our reply is : standards, by all means, with perhaps the single exception of the Duchesse d'Angouleme. The dwarf pear, i. e. the pear on a quince stock, has doue good service, but not in the orchard. As these trees come early into bearing, they have enabled us to test a large num ber of varieties,*in a much shorter time than could have been done if the depen dence had been on standards alone. For gardcu culture, and for those whose space is limited, nothing can be better adapted than the pear upon quince ; here large and paying crops are not looked for, and the trees receive all the earc and culture they require, aud without which they soon become useless. It is claimed by some that if planted deep enough to cover the union of the pear and quiuce, roots will be produced from the pear wood. This ia undoubtedly the case with many varieties, and when it takes place, the tree is no longer a dwarf, but is a pear tree on its clump of decaying quince roots in contuct with them, and which we would much rather not have there. The chief objection urged to the pear on its own roots is the length of time before it comes into bearing. This is a condition which varies very much with the different kinds. Some, like the Dix, make one wait a provokingly loug time, but the most profitable market varieties arc not open to this objection. Had the many plantations that have been made of dwarf trees been of standards, the fruit would uow be much more plenty than it is.— While the dwarf tree has doue much to improve our knowledge of pears, wc think that it has been detrimental to pear cul ture. Some twenty years ago the quince stock was so strongly advocated that many supposed that the finer sorts of pears could only b»* grown upon it. Wc now find ve ry few who recommend its use in an chard planted for profit. A good soil, one that will produce a fair crop of any farm produce, will do for the pear, and it is none the worse if it is of a rather stiff nature. Draining should be doue, if needed, and the grouud well pre pared by plowing and subsoiling. A suc cessful grower recommends preparing the land thoroughly and growing a root crop the year before setting out the trees. This is undoubtedly good practice, as the soil not only gets thoroughly worked, but has the advantage of the liberal manuring giv en to the root crop. There is no task more difficult than to make a selection of varieties of auy kind of fruit that shall aus.wer everywhere. We give here a list of those we should set out were wc about to raise fruit for market. In this case the question of quality is se condary to that of profit. Windsor or Summer Bell. —An old sort, worthless for eating, but profitable as an early market pear and always in de mand fur cooking. Bartlett. —Nothing need be said of this well known and popular variety. Po mologists may discuss whether it is a sec ond or third rate pear ; cultivators know that "there is money in it." Louise Bonne de Jersey. —Succeeds generally ; sometimes astringent, but its beautiful cheek makes it Buerre Claiiuiau. —Handsome, large, and abundant bearer, and profitable. u D' Anùouleme. About the only variety found profitable on quince, on which it generally does better than ou its own roots. Buerre d'Anjou. —First class in all re spects, and keeps well. Lawrence. —A good late autumn va riety. Vicar of Wakefield. —An abundant and regular bearer, excellent as a cooking pear, and when well ripened fair for the table, but it is so uneven in quality that it is unpopular in the market for the latter purpose. Cultivators, however, find it a profitable variety. To this list might be added Sockel, Shel don. and some others. In planting for market, it is n great mistake to have a few trees of many kind* ; the orchard ahould comprise but a few profitable sorts—such as the people know and will buy, or which by their attractive appearance commend themselves at once. Picking and packiug are much facilitated, and the commission merchant has much less trouble with a large lot of one or two kinds, than whero there arc small quantities of a doicu varieties. a mar The demand for fine varieties own roots, with or ■n. Dc The Peach Borer. —It is stated on au thoriiyd semed reliable that to »terminate the peach borer it is only necesiary to pour a small quantity of common sperm oil on the bark of the trees, close to tho roots, without disturbing the earth. Jf the scaly hug infests the bark of your trocs, rub them with an oiled swab, and it will he destroyed also. Oil is the most effec tual poison for insects. It closes theft spiracles or breathing holes, on tho sides of their bodies. Essential oils, such as camphor and turpentine, kill or drive away insects for the samo reason, « gj qo; cause their odor is pungent.