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y? il ♦ SsLSis. V -Cto ' 7#A A —#■ VOL. I. = MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1868. NO. 18. j&flect ^ortrij. poverty coming in at the door and love fly " Yes, that has upborne that and j&flect ^ortrij. From the Atlantic Monthly, for April. THE CLEAR VISION. BY JOHN O. WHITT EH. Î did but dreirti, I never knew What charms our sternest season wore, rer j r et the sky io blue, rhite before, 'Till now I never saw the glow Of sunset on you hills of snow, And never learned the bough's désigna Of beauty iu its leafless lines. Did ever such a morning break As that my eastern windows see? Did ever such a moonlight take Wierd photographs of shrub and tree ? Bang ever bells so wild and fleet The music of the winter street? Was So merry as yon schoolboy's laugh ? O Earth ! with gladness over fraught, No added charm thy face hath found ; Within my heart the change is wrought, My footsteps make enchanted ground. From couch of pain und curtained room Forth to thy light and air 1 mine, To find in all that meets my eves The freshness of a glad surprise. Fair seems those winter days, and soon Shall blow the warm west winds of spring, To set the unbound rills in tune, And hither urge the bluebird's wing, The vales shall laugh in flower -, the woods Grow misty grecu with leafing buds, * And violets and wild flower» sway Against the throbbing heart of May. w \Vas never earth yet a sound by half Break forth, mv lips, in praisp and own The wi Since, richer for its chastening pro' Dliud. , when.: The world, U, Father ! hath not wronged With loss the life by Thee prolonged ; Rut still, with every udded year, More beautiful Thy works appear ! I As Thou hast made Thy world without. Make Thou more fair my world within ; Rhine through its lingering clouds of doubt; Rebuke its haunting sIiujhls of siu ; Fill, brief or long, my granted spau Of life with love to Thee and Strike when Thou wilt the hour of rest, But let my last days he ray best 1 popular fair's. From Arthur'« Ihn Magazine. MARRYING A MINISTFR BY MILS. EMMI K !.. GlUFFITII. 44 So you are going to marry a minister, Carry, after all?" There was a tone of disappointment in the words which made Carrie look up quickly, and stopped the fair fingers which were busily embroidering the wedding slip pers of her lieloved. "Why, Kate, what has the profession to do with the man I love ?" " Much, every way, as you will find out before you have been domesticated in Rock dale parsonage a year. I never thought it of you, Carrie, to go and immure yourself in a little dungeon of a country place, where you will have to talk to the women of their "help" how "awful hard" it is to get a good girl ; and to their husbands of the "weight of pork," and the "prospect t . of crops"—conversation quite worthy of the intellectual and gifted Caroline Dal ton !" and the haughtily-curved mouth of the speaker took on a deeper scorn. 4 ' I'll get an invoice of new books before your yearly visit, Kate, so as to have some talking matter on hand whop you come." Carrie went on quietly with her sewing. " Books, indeed!" retorted her «impul sive companion. " Do you ever expect to get time for reading in that bee-hive? Poor innocent! How little you know!" " Don't think that I am going out of the world, Kate ; besides, Howard Willough by can command salary enough to keep me a servant, I hope." 44 Oh! certainly, provoking girl in her most teasing manner, a« she seuted herself at Caroline Dalton's feet and looked up iu her face, with the Imp of mischief peeping out from -every lineament. "And how much better do S ou think that is going to make it for you ? imply this—it will be, "Mrs. Willough by, come to see us ; wo shall expect you to do the visiting, as you keep a girl and have nothing to do." And so, after you have made the tour of the one hundred and ninety-nine parishoners and think now you jean have a little leisure, and get your sys tem built up after the toilsome round, will come cries from all points, " Really, Mrs. Willoughby, you are not at all social; you have been here four or five months, and pniy beefl to see us once ! Now I should think with your little family, and a girl, too, you might 4rop in often !" And so |>oor little Mrs. Willoughby, anxious to clease the people, aud so iucrease her hus band's usefulness, tries it again, only when wearied out to hear the same complaints, and listen to them smiliugly, like a mar tyr, for she cannot get the people to sec that she has anything to do. Of course they will be able to conceive of no kind of doing but phvticul—the idea of any lcctual labor tor a woman ! Baking, brew ing, sewing—«that is all they can imagine ; if you don't do those, day in and day out, you'll have nothing to do. although you may spin, your brain out writing stories half the night to increase your husband's salary." . 44 What-a picture you do draw, Kate !" ——there was a little impatience in the tone —"one might suppose you had been shut up all your life in Giant Despair's castle ; but dont think to lock me in there, for I have a magic key that will open all the doors." 44 Whieh, In this case, happens to be love ?" 44 Just so ; am I not secure ?" 44 Don't you know the old adage about replied by the was intel poverty coming in at the door and love fly ing out at the wiudow ?" " I don't believe any such doctriue. must be love of verv sickly growth that can be so easily frightened." "Oh! you and Mr. Willoughby have doubtless taken out a patent for the im provement of the article. Well, it tainly needs mending in these degenerate days ; but however perfect it may become, I hope my stars will never throw the spell over me wind in the neighborhood of minister, even should he be as handsome and smart as the Rev. Howard Willough by." Kate walked to the wiudow and mcnced drumming on the pane, and watch ing the great snowflakes as they came quiv ering down on the dark earth. But despite her assumed calmness, she often stole quick glance at Miss Dalton, who sat by the fireside with idle fingers—a tiling un usual for her—and a shade of deeper g ity on her thoughtful brow, startled by a light hand on her shoulder, and, looking up, noticed her friend's eyes, usually tilled with laughter, now shaded over by tears. " Forgive me Carrie, If I have made you sad. I would not blot out one of those bright love-dreams of yours; my heart, too, has had its episode." A sigh, very faint, floated from those haughty lips, but it reached Carrie, who said in unfeigned surprise— " You, Kate, with your troops of lovers! I thought you said you were proof against Cupid ?" y So I am, now. but the past—ah ! well, it is dead, of course, but l may be par doned if I visit its grave sometimes, as I cannot help doing this morning; fori, too, was foolish enough to love ' ter." rav She was a mil) ls "Kate Austin! after all you have said !" But seeing the grave look iu her face Carrie stopped short and said tender ly—"Tell me all about it, Kate; your confidence is sacred ;" and she drew her to her old position at her feet, where, hesita ting a moment, she said— "The story may do you good, Carrie, and 111 tell you. You have heard me speak of my sister Eveline, cousin of mine, and pa adopted her when only four years old, both her • parents beiug swept away iu one week by an epi demic. His twin girls, ho used to call f »r, though very unlike, we loved each other dearly, and our affection grew with our growth; we played together, studied together, aiid when wc were eighteen made our entree into society together, member She was a us, 1 re well how beautifully Eva looked that night ; the white drapery, no becom ing to her blonde complexion, flowed around her in soft, graceful folds, the hazel eyes looked darker from the joy beams dancing over her sweet face, aud the golden hair, which rippled over her white shoulders, I would allow no one to loop up but myself, and wheij I had fast ened the drooping blue hyacinths iu it carelessly, aud stepped back to view the effect, " You look nngelie," burst from my lips. " Angels always dress in white and wear blue hyacinths in their hair," was the demure reply, while the little rose of a mouth was compressed into a rose bud to keep too, but hud time, the angels would not feel annoyed at the comparison I remember, with u thrill of pleasure, I took more interest in her attire than in my own. " She shall be the belle of the evening," I said, fondly, aud she teas. She was soon the centre of a circle, and I forgot my part iu watching the bright gleams come and go on the fair face, and iu listening to the peals of laugh ter that came from the gay throng ; at the wit that leaped from her lips as naturally as bright waters from a fountain. Pres ently I noticed a gentleman leave the cir cle with a wearied air, speak to iny father aud in a moment more I was introduced to the Rev. Hazleton Murford. I will not dwell upon that evening, save to say, of all there Mr. Murford was the only gen tleman for whose good opinion I really eared. , I was not jealous of Eva, but it made me proud that he had turned from her to me. His conversation showed him to be so superior to the coxcombs around was heartily He was a trifle grave, perhaps, hut I liked him all the better for that. There was a spiritual atmosphere around him whieh no one within his influence could help feeling. Yet there was no cant about him; none of your religious whining, which had made me hate more than one of his profession, and yet the most worldly felt, " There walks a Christian man," ami vice sank, abashed, from the purity it could not fail to admire. His sweet, emplury Christian deportment many os his words. " From the hour I first met him I a different being, tjiing more to live for, than a round of gaycty. If ever the ludder, with the angels ascending and descending, was let down to me, it was then. I placed my foot on the first round, and knew I was mounting heavenward, hut it will bo a long way ere I reach the top, Carrie, a long way, for despite all theauglescan do, I will Btop, sometimes, to let fall some tears ou the love which I loft.dead at the foot of that celestial ladder. Could I have only taken that along, the climbing would not have been so hard, it seems to me ; but we all must have erosscs, I sup posa, to bear with us in our heavenward way, and that was mine." Kate turned away to brush some tears that would come, and Carrie whispered— ' 4 But at the Pearly Gate the cross will ish, and in its stead the laugh hack. I laughed, a secret conviction, all the me, of whose insipid talk I sick. ex won as was I felt there was some van- -the immortal crown." " Yes, that has upborne me, that and the angels, for I believe there are good angles to take our hand when the toiling up is hard. I keep looking at that Pearly Gate, and gay as I seem sometime», I know it is left "ajar" for me. I hardly know how it all came about, or why I was so blind. Mr Murford was with every day after that. We walked, rode, we sang together, and in it all Eva mingled, for I would have her share my every joy, and before I knew it my whole heart had gone out to Mr. Murford, as it had before to living man, and as it never can again. I must have been eery blind ; he never spoke to me of love, but I was so all-absorbed in him I thought but that the feeling must be tunl, until one morning Eva came to with those wondrous eyes all ablaze with light and checks with dye of autumn set; she did'ntstop to speak, but ran and buried her face in my bosom, and sobbed her joy out in delicious tears. I needed no word to tell what it meant, for from my window had I seen her and Hazleton Murford walking in the garden together, and he had left without asking for me. I don't know how it was my heart beat on through all that agony, but it did, with a dull, leaden sound like the knell for the dead. One brief, bitter struggle, and I buried it all'—that bright young love, never to know a resurrection. ' ' No one entered into the wedding pre parations so gayly as I ; no one wove such webs of future bliss for the young couple, and I dressed Eva for her bridal—for him, with a smile on my lip, while the only gladness that could come to my heart again was, that she was happy. Dear, idolized Eva, how little she dreamed, in her fondness, she was walking over my shed heart during all those days of bridal preparation ! The only display of my agony was when, at parting, I said to Hazleton—" If you do not make her hap py I shall kill you, for she is a part of myself." And, truly, he could not fail to make any woman's life blessed, and she? —into all his labors she entered with a zeal too strong for her fragile constitution. Say what you will, my dear, people exacting ; and when they found Eva would enter into all the work and care of the parish equally with her husband, they let her do it, and made more and more de mands upon her. Truly, she had "noth ing else to do," which was my text at the outset of this conversation. The poor girl heard that till she began to believe it, and went, from one duty to another until she could go no longer, and so, after a wedded life of three brief years, folded her hands and was at rest, have had the rest when living, she might still have been with us, but now, the girl turned fiercely, and confronted Carrie with blazing eyes that made her tremble, " She lies in that cemetery; she and lie, for her death crushed him. the white shaft of their me we never never mu* eru Could she You can sec common grave from this window, reared bv their people— a mockery of devotion I Thoy will trem ble in the judgment day, when the short ened lives of these two puro beings shall confront them-—" ." Hush, Kate !" Carrie's warning hand laid gently on her own, stopped the girl in her anger, and her old repose hack ; " they did it ignorantly." " And so you will be another victim to ignorance ?" " Not so ; I shall not try to please the people, but God only. I shall try to do mv duly, and nothing more or less than that, whatever people may say. Rockdale parsonage, a year hence, and sec if the roses arc not still blooming my cheek, despite your gloomy proph ecies." And it was so. For many a year there after Kate visited the happy Carrie in her pleasant home, and learned to appreciate and love " the people" and compassionate less the minister's wife. came Come to Tin Chivalry o r Etiiinelte. To introduce persons who are unknown to each other, is to undertake a serious responsibility, and . always involves the indorsement to each of the responsibility ot the other. This responsibility should never be undertaken without first taining whether it will be acceptable to both parties to become acquainted. Al ways introduce the gentleman to the lady —never the contrary. This rule is to be observed everywhere, socially, or other wise. The chivalry of etiquette that the lady is invariably the superior by right of her sex, aud that the gentle man is honored by being presented.— Where the sexes are the same, present the younger to the elder, the unmarried to the niarried, or the inferior in social rank talent to the superior. A gentleman should never be introduced to a lady without first asking permission. asccr assumes or Authors in their Own Times. —Mil ton, while ho lived, was little though^ of; Shakespeare was passed by with a hasty notice; but Waller's easy strains were, in his life time, much esteemed ; Dr. JDarwin was admired ; the satire» of Pope and Churchill excited, in tlim own times, a lively interest ; the pluyqjpf Congreve were rapturously applauded. Posterity has tified the error of popular judgment. Only by a strong effort is Churchill now recalled to mind. Some verses of Pope live, but thoBO only which express pithy sense in terse, apt words. Who now reads the lus cious couplets of Dr. Darwin,*or is famil iar with the conceits of Waller? But Mil ton's poetry of thought and faith—is famil iar to all ; and the painting of nature and of the human heart, by Shakespeare, is admitted by untold thousands. rec pit and gumoif. I I it I a I The Fat Man. Dringet said a lady in the city of Gotham ouc morning as she was reconnoi tering in the kitchen, 44 what a quantity of soap-grease you have got here. We can get plenty of soap for it, and we must exchange it for man, and when he comes along, tell him 1 want to speak to him." " Yes mum," said Bridget. All that morning, Bridget, between each whisk of her dish-cloth, kept'a bright lookout from the kitchen window, and movmg creature escaped her watchful gaze. At last her industry seemed about to be rewarded, for down the street came a large, portly gentleman, flourishing a large cane and looking the very picture of good hu mor. Watch for the fat "Shure, there's the fat thought Bridget ; and when he front of the house, out she flew, and infor med him that her mistress wished to speak to him. "Speak to me, my good girl?" replied the old gentlemen. " Yes, sir; wants to speak to you and says would you bo kind enough to walk in, sir ?" This request, so direct, was not to be refused, so, in a state of wonderment, stairs went the gentleman,' and up the stairs went Bridget, and knocking at the mistress' door, put her head in and ex claimed : man now, was in up hat gentleman's in the parlor, mum." 1 saying, she instautly withdrew to the lower regions. # "In the parlor," thought the lady. " A\ liât can it mean? Bridget must have blundered."— But dawn to the parlor she went, and up rose her tat friend, with his blandest smile and most graceful bow. "Your servant informed me, madam, that you would like to*speak to your service, madam." The mortified mistress saw the state of the case immediately, and a smile wreathed itself about her lips in spite of herself, and she afterward said : " ^ >11 you pardon the terrible blunder of a raw Irish girl, my dear sir? 1 told her to call iu the fat man to take Si me. At r ay the soap-grease, when she saw him, and she has made a mistake, you see." 1 he jolly fat gentleman leaned back in his chair, and laughed such a hearty ha! ha! ha! as never came from any of your lean gentry. •'No apologies needed, madam," said he. 44 It is decidedly the best joke of the Da ! ha ! ha ! so she took me for the soap-grease man, did she? It will Such a season. keep me laughing for months, good joke ! Goino on tue By-Laws. —A jovial, fat friend of ours who semi-occusionally drops into the Sanctum, is always brim full and running over with stories and from whom propose to filch, without giving him opportunity to obtain a writ of quo rauto, relates the following. Jones was, or he believed he his death, and the Doctor calling, lie held a long and earnest conversation with him about, his chances of life, "Why man," said the physician, "you are likely to die any hour. You have been living for the last fifteen years without a constitution, lungs gone, liver diseased, and all that sort of thing." "\ ou don t mean to say," replied Jones, questioningly, "that a man can live for fifteen years without a constitution ?" " Yes I do," retorted the Doctor, "and you are an example." ".Then, Doctor," and a bright smile il luminated the palid face of the doomed man, "then, Doctor, I'll go it ton. years more on the by-laws," and he did ! an was near a if "Porte-Crayon" relates this incident in his last paper of " Personal recollections of the War:" "One of our staff officers, noted for his jovial habits, determined to try the rare experiment of abstaining from spirituous liquors for a season. Late in the evening he met the staff-surgeon who was a theoretical temperanco tor," said he, "haven't I heard you say by abstinence from stimulating drinks a man's days would be prolonged?" " That is my opinion," said the doctor, emphati cally. " I agree with you, fully," said our Colonel, with a lonesome yawn. " I resol ved to drink nothing to-day, and it has been the longest day of my life." man. " Doc as iu it A lady who had read of tho extensive mancfacture of odometers to tell how far a carriage had been run, said she wished some Connecticut genius would invent an instrument to tell how far husbands had been in the evening when they hud just stepped down to the postoffice. it A handsome young bride was observed to be in deep reflection on her wedding day. One of her bridemaids asked her the subject of her meditation. "I was think ing," she replied, " whieh of my old beaux I should marry if I should become a widow." a " Why are old mnide so devoted to their eats ?" asked a young coxcomb of an el derly lady. "Because having no hus bands, they take to the next most treach erous animals," was the reply. " Aw ! how duth you like my mustacho, Miss Laura ?" lisped a dandy to a merry girl, " Oh, very much. It looks like the fur on the hack of a oàterpillar." Nebuchadnezzar's Hanging Garden. The vast structure built by Nebuchad nezzar which has boon celebrated in all ages as one of the wonders of the world, under the name of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, was really an artificial moun tain—or meaut to be such. It was built to gratify the desire of a wife of Ncbu chadezzar, named Amytis, who, having been a native of a mountainous country towards the North, soon grew tired, when she came to Babylon, of the level monot ony of the country there, and, as youug brides on the Western prairies of America often do at the present day, when they remember the green declivities and mits, and the secluded and romantic dells of their native New England, she said to her husband that she longed for the sight of a hill. Her husband therefore uuder of 1 i took to build her one. •"The structure consisted of a scries of platforms or terraces, supported on arches of masonry, placed one above another, and raised so high that the upper one was above the walls of the city, so that the spectator, standing upon it, could not only look down, but could also extend his view beyond the walls, and survey the win le surrounding country. The several terra ces were supported on immense arches of masonry. The lateral thrust of these arches was resisted by a solid wall, twenty two feet thick, which bounded and closed the structure on every side. The plat forms covering the arches and forming the terraces, were constructed of immeuse flat blocks of stone, cemented at the joints with bitumen. Above this pavement was a layer of reeds, and then another of bitu men, upon which, at the top of all, was a flooring of brick, which formed the surface of the platform, dation was laid a thick stratum of garden, mould, deep enough to afford support and nourishment for # the largest trees. The gar dens made upon these terraces were laid out in the most costly and elegant manner, and were provided with statutes aud fountains, and with the choicest fruits and rarest and most beautiful shrubs and trees, and parter res of brilliant flowers, and seats, and bowers and ornamental arbors—with everything, in short, which, the horticulturist of the day could devise to complete the attractive ness of the scene. The ascent from t?ach of these terraces to the one above was by a broad and beau titul flight of steps, and visitors who ascen ded from one to the other saw on each suc cessive platform new and ever-changing beauties, in the varied arrangements of walks und trees and beds of flowers, and in the now views of the surrounding coun try, which became, of course, wider and more commanding the higher they ded. upper On this fouu ascen " There wore spacious and airy apart ments built among the arches below, which opened out upon the successive to These apartments commanded very beauti ful views, both of the gardens before them and of the côuntry beyond. The interior of them was splendidly decorated, and they were fitted with all necessary conveneniees for serving refreshments to guests, and for furnishing them with amusements and entertainments of every kind. On the uper platform was a reservoir of water, supplied by vast engines concealed within the structure. Pipes and other hydraulic machinery-conducted this water to all the lower terraces in order to supply the vari ous fountains and to irrigate the ground. In fact, so vast was the.extent, and so mag nificent the decorations of this artificial rraees. hill, that, as long as it endured, it was con sidered by common consent, as ope of the wonders of the world." Depth of Milk Pans.— My own exper iments have demonstrated that to put milk than three inches deep in the pans, entails a loss in the amount of cream ; the cream is so near of the same specific grav ity as the milk, that it cannot raise through a very great depth ; again in a large body of milk, it requires a longer time for it to lose its animal heat, which must all be des troyed before the cream commences to rise ; if any one will take the trouble to set a shallow pan with not more than three in ches of milk, away with the same kiud, he will find that the buckctfull from pan will raise nearly if not quite as thick cream as the bucket. I would not put away milk deeper than from two and one half to three inches, and have found the increased outlay for pans is more than made up by the iucrease iu butter.— American Fanner. Singular Tree. —In the Island of Goa, near Bombay, there is a singular vegeta ble called "the sorrowful tree," because it only flourishes in the night, set no flowers are to bo seen, and yet, after half an hour the tree is full of them. At suu " Now, put that back where you took it from," as the young lady said when her lover stole a kiss. Dr. Franklin used to say that rich wid ows are the only kind of second-hand goods that sell at prime cost. ' ' Woman, with all thy faults I love thee Hill," was the reply of a husband to a scolding wife. When you go fishiDg be sure and take a "bite" before yeu start, for you may not get one after. An ornithological aspect—a bird's-eye view Female Beauty. The ladies of Arabia stain their fingers and toes red, their eyebrows black, and their lips blue. In Persia they paint black streak around their eyes, and orna ment their faces with various figures.— The Japanese women gild iheir tce*h, cud those of the Indians paint them red. The pearl of the tooth must be dyed black be beautiful in Guzurat. The Hottentot women paint the entire body in compart mont3 of red and black. In Greenland the women color their faces with blue and yel low, and they frequently latoo their bodies by saturating threads in soot, inserting be neath the skin, and then drawing them through. Hindoo families, wheu they wish to appear particularly lovely, smear tljemsclves with a mixture of saffron, tu meric and grease. In nearly all the is lands of the Pacific and Indian oceans, the women, as well as the men, tattoo a great variety of figures on the face, the lips, tongue, and the whole body. Holland, they cut themselves with shells, and keeping the wounds open a long time, form scars in the flesh, which they deem highly ornamental. And another singular mutilation is made among them by taking off, in infancy,- the little finger of the left hand at the second joint. In ancieut Persia, an aquiline nose was often thought worthy of the crowd ; but the Sumatran mother carefully flattens the of her daughter. Among some of the savage tribes of Oregon, and also in Sumatra and Arcan, continual pressure is applied to the skull, iu order to flatten it. give it a new beauty. The modern Persians have a strong aversion to red hair. Turks, ou the contrary, are warm admirers of it. In China, small, round eyes are liked, and the girls are continually plucking their eyebrows, that they may be thin and long. But the great beauty of a Chinese lady is in her feet, which in her childhood compressed by bandages as effectually to prevent any further increase in size, four smaller toes are bent under the foot, to the sole of which they firmly adhc and the poor girl not only endures much pain, but becomes a cripple for life, other mark of beauty consists iu finger nails so long that casings and bamboo necessary to preserve them from injury. An African beauty must have small eyes, thick lips, large fiat nose, and a skin beau tifully black. In New Guinea the nose is perforated, and a large piece of wood bone inserted. In New nose and thus The re ; An »re or In the northwest coast of America an incision more than two inches in length, is made in the lower lip, and then tilled with a wooden plug. In Guin ea the lips arc pierced with" thorns, the heads being inside the mouth, and the points resting on the chin. Crop Prosprets and Priera. The New York World gives a report of the crops, made up from exchanges which represent every region and nearly every State of the Union. On the whole, the future of the farmer is bright. The black frost has destroyed the fruit in parts of Southern Illinois, but the section thus smitten is not large. Wi West is coming up well, button little sown last fall. This defeet seems ia a way to be more than made up by the amount of spring wheat put in the ground. The South is rasing as much corn, wheat, and more vegetables than ever be fore. Their papers say they can he inde pendent of the West for bread, if nothing blasts the present prosp;et. In February and March the plauters were discouraged about cotton, and made small preparation for a crop. But the recent rise to thirty cents, and the disappointment of the sable legislators in not receiving a hundred each under the "new law" has induced them to hire out on fair terms. Texas will make a large crop—a hundred thousand more bales than last year probably. We see little show for a decline in sugar, for Louisiana is not likely to raise more than she did last year, and that was only one tenth of her ante-war crop, suggest to farmers who live where the Oc tober frosts are not severe to plant a good deal of sorgo. As a general rule, when common brown sugar is over twelve cents pound the farmer south of New York City will save money by producing all his own syrup. Fine grades of flour wril tinue to rule high ; first, because the dry white varieties of wheat bear exportation best, and second, because, full wheat crop of all kinds may be, there is no prospect of abatement iu foreigh de mand. The New England States are not putting in much spring wheat, and here they mistake their true policy, can surpass the East more easily inthc pro duction of moat than in growing wheat. We hear of few winter-killed vines, hence the grape and wine crop will be the largest ever seen on the continent. About the po tato there is much discouragement. It is, after all, refreshing to find the ancient round of seed time aud harvest so littleaf fected by our wars and jars and bad laws. Ilow fortunate it is that the clerk of the weather cannot be impeached for any of his little irrcgularties as he swings around the circle of the seasons. r wheat in the niore acres Hence we eon The West "Too near to God for fear or change, He shares the eternal calm," How to Keet Flowers Fresh. — A wri ter in the London Chemical -Ye tes tell» us that flowers can be kept perfectly fresh for two weeks by simply putting into the wa ter every day, when it is changed, a pinch nitre of soda. Saltpetre acta very much the same way. Whichever of these sub stance is used must he in fine powder. letter from Frederick.town. Ccrrttpondmce of the Muldletoxm Trantcript. a Frcdericktown is beautifully located the Sassafras river, and few places of its size can boast of more conveniences for shipping, d well on One of the most commodious built granaries in this section of the country has been erected here, and in connection with it, a large peach wharf, from which was shipped, last summer, (50,000 boxes of pcacnes. For this valu able improvement we arc indebted to Capt. John Walinslcy, who is quite an enterpri sing and energetic young man, who has added greatly to our shipping trade. Our lumber and coal departmeut is in the hands of E. W. Lockwood, Esq. who by his admirable business capacities has won the confidence and the respect of the public. He keeps always on hand a good assortment of lumber for building purpos es, also, hard and soft coal. In connec tion with his lumber yard he has erected a large box factory, where a supply of well-made peach boxes can be had to order. There are two stores in Frcdericktown, lately put up by Mr. Owen Burns, which is quite a neat building. Our mer chants supply their customers with a good assortment of goods of all descriptions. I must say for Mr. Burns that he is worthy to own property, for he has improved it very much within the past two years. Mr. Perry Ruley, our obliging butcher, serves the village and country around with the fiuest beef, and other meats in their Next in order are our house car penter and boat builder, Mr. John Scho field and Mr. John Barneby, both of which are first class workmen. Two steamboats, at present, run from* this place—one to Philadelphia, the other to Baltimore, both of which are well pat ronized. There is a ferry boat also here, and those wishing to cross the Sassafras, from one county to the other, can alwava be accommodated. There is also a well filled ice-house supplying the village and the steamers with that cooling luxury. I must not forget to remind your readers that at nearly all times they find on hand a variety of fresh fish, as a number of fishermen resort to this place. There are some very pretty residences in this town, among which is one lately bought by Mr. David Jervis, which I derstand is to be put in complete repair. The attention of the public is at present attracted to the bridging of the Sassafras river, at this place, which will certainly he one of the most useful improvements of the age, connecting more closely the two counties of Kent and Cecil. I have thus, Mr. Editor, given you a brief notice of our village, and submit it to you for your readers. Yours Truly, A Reader of the Transcript. an ■ seasou. summer un Camden and Amboy. —The charter by whieh the Cauideu and Amboy Railroad Company has exercised a monopoly of steam transportation across the State of New Jersey during the past quarter of a cen tury, expires by limitation at the close of the preedit year. Several attempts have been made during the past few years, to induce the Legislature of the State to re voke this charter,' hut without success. The question naturally arises wether the company possess the power to obtain a renewal of the charter, opoly, if such a thing be possible, petitions are pouring into the Legislature, petitions are couched in emphatic language, aud are very numerously signed by all c'as sess. The petitioners declare that the rail road monopoly has kept New Jersey, for a quarter of a century, from moving on in the n '-tarai highway she pre-eminently pos sesses, of progress and prosperity in inter nal improvements, in the development of her agricultural, mineral aud industrial resources, until it has made the State odi ous end contemptible to the people of all the States in the Union. They urge the Legislature to prevent the State from being further oppressed and laid waste by the extension or renewal of an odious aud des tructive monopoly, and to enact a general railroad law to enable the people in every section of the State to have railroads where ever they are willing to build them. To chock the mon These An Intebesti.no Divorce Case in New Haven. —Mrs. Judd, wife of Rev. Dr. Judd, a Baptist clergyman of New Haven, Connecticut, applies for a divorce on the ground of adultery, misconduct aud elty. Mr. Judd files a cross bill upon the ground of misconduct. This case is now on trial in New Haven, aud excites much interest. Mr. Judd is pogsessod of siderablc property. Mrs. Judd charge« Mr. Judd with adultery with Susannah Reynolds, a young woman who has been and is still residing with Mr. Judd as housekeeper. A son-in-law of Mrs. Judd testified to cruelty on the part of Mr. Judd. Mrs. Judd has been residing in Brooklyn for a year past. She was the widow of E. C. Gray, a lawyer of New York city, by whom she had three children. She way Mr. Judd's second wife. She testified that Mr. Judd, had axhibited great penu riousness in various ways. cru cou Oysters.— The oyster statistics of the Chesapeake are given by a Baltimore pa lt appear« that the Chesapeake Bay and ita tributaries now yield 11,000,000 bushels of these delicious bivalves annually. Over two-thirds of the trade goea to Balti Seventy houses are engaged in the business, whioh gives employment to 15,. 000 persons—men, women and children. Thera are 1700 boats, averaging 50 ton« each, aud about 8,000 eanoes engaged in dredging and tonguing for oysters. » per. more.