MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 2, 1868.
poverty coming in at the door and love fly
" Yes, that has upborne that and
From the Atlantic Monthly, for April.
THE CLEAR VISION.
BY JOHN O. WHITT EH.
Î did but dreirti, I never knew
What charms our sternest season wore,
rer j r et the sky io blue,
'Till now I never saw the glow
Of sunset on you hills of snow,
And never learned the bough's désigna
Of beauty iu its leafless lines.
Did ever such a morning break
As that my eastern windows see?
Did ever such a moonlight take
Wierd photographs of shrub and tree ?
Bang ever bells so wild and fleet
The music of the winter street?
So merry as yon schoolboy's laugh ?
O Earth ! with gladness over fraught,
No added charm thy face hath found ;
Within my heart the change is wrought,
My footsteps make enchanted ground.
From couch of pain und curtained room
Forth to thy light and air 1 mine,
To find in all that meets my eves
The freshness of a glad surprise.
Fair seems those winter days, and soon
Shall blow the warm west winds of spring,
To set the unbound rills in tune,
And hither urge the bluebird's wing,
The vales shall laugh in flower -, the woods
Grow misty grecu with leafing buds,
* And violets and wild flower» sway
Against the throbbing heart of May.
\Vas never earth
yet a sound by half
Break forth, mv lips, in praisp and own
Since, richer for its chastening pro'
The world, U, Father ! hath not wronged
With loss the life by Thee prolonged ;
Rut still, with every udded year,
More beautiful Thy works appear !
As Thou hast made Thy world without.
Make Thou more fair my world within ;
Rhine through its lingering clouds of doubt;
Rebuke its haunting sIiujhls of siu ;
Fill, brief or long, my granted spau
Of life with love to Thee and
Strike when Thou wilt the hour of rest,
But let my last days he ray best 1
From Arthur'« Ihn
MARRYING A MINISTFR
BY MILS. EMMI K !.. GlUFFITII.
44 So you are going to marry a minister,
Carry, after all?"
There was a tone of disappointment in
the words which made Carrie look up
quickly, and stopped the fair fingers which
were busily embroidering the wedding slip
pers of her lieloved.
"Why, Kate, what has the profession
to do with the man I love ?"
" Much, every way, as you will find out
before you have been domesticated in Rock
dale parsonage a year. I never thought it
of you, Carrie, to go and immure yourself
in a little dungeon of a country place,
where you will have to talk to the women
of their "help" how "awful hard" it is to
get a good girl ; and to their husbands of
the "weight of pork," and the "prospect
t . of crops"—conversation quite worthy of
the intellectual and gifted Caroline Dal
ton !" and the haughtily-curved mouth of
the speaker took on a deeper scorn.
4 ' I'll get an invoice of new books before
your yearly visit, Kate, so as to have some
talking matter on hand whop you come."
Carrie went on quietly with her sewing.
" Books, indeed!" retorted her «impul
sive companion. " Do you ever expect to
get time for reading in that bee-hive?
Poor innocent! How little you know!"
" Don't think that I am going out of the
world, Kate ; besides, Howard Willough
by can command salary enough to keep me
a servant, I hope."
44 Oh! certainly,
provoking girl in her most teasing manner,
a« she seuted herself at Caroline Dalton's
feet and looked up iu her face, with the
Imp of mischief peeping out from -every
lineament. "And how much better do
S ou think that is going to make it for you ?
imply this—it will be, "Mrs. Willough
by, come to see us ; wo shall expect you
to do the visiting, as you keep a girl and
have nothing to do." And so, after you
have made the tour of the one hundred and
ninety-nine parishoners and think now you
jean have a little leisure, and get your sys
tem built up after the toilsome round, will
come cries from all points, " Really, Mrs.
Willoughby, you are not at all social; you
have been here four or five months, and
pniy beefl to see us once ! Now I should
think with your little family, and a girl,
too, you might 4rop in often !" And so
|>oor little Mrs. Willoughby, anxious to
clease the people, aud so iucrease her hus
band's usefulness, tries it again, only when
wearied out to hear the same complaints,
and listen to them smiliugly, like a mar
tyr, for she cannot get the people to sec
that she has anything to do. Of course
they will be able to conceive of no kind of
doing but phvticul—the idea of any
lcctual labor tor a woman ! Baking, brew
ing, sewing—«that is all they can imagine ;
if you don't do those, day in and day out,
you'll have nothing to do. although you
may spin, your brain out writing stories
half the night to increase your husband's
. 44 What-a picture you do draw, Kate !"
——there was a little impatience in the tone
—"one might suppose you had been shut
up all your life in Giant Despair's castle ;
but dont think to lock me in there, for I
have a magic key that will open all the
44 Whieh, In this case, happens to be
44 Just so ; am I not secure ?"
44 Don't you know the old adage about
replied by the
poverty coming in at the door and love fly
ing out at the wiudow ?"
" I don't believe any such doctriue.
must be love of verv sickly growth that
can be so easily frightened."
"Oh! you and Mr. Willoughby have
doubtless taken out a patent for the im
provement of the article. Well, it
tainly needs mending in these degenerate
days ; but however perfect it may become,
I hope my stars will never throw the spell
over me wind in the neighborhood of
minister, even should he be as handsome
and smart as the Rev. Howard Willough
Kate walked to the wiudow and
mcnced drumming on the pane, and watch
ing the great snowflakes as they came quiv
ering down on the dark earth. But despite
her assumed calmness, she often stole
quick glance at Miss Dalton, who sat by
the fireside with idle fingers—a tiling un
usual for her—and a shade of deeper g
ity on her thoughtful brow,
startled by a light hand on her shoulder,
and, looking up, noticed her friend's eyes,
usually tilled with laughter, now shaded
over by tears.
" Forgive me Carrie, If I have made
you sad. I would not blot out one of those
bright love-dreams of yours; my heart,
too, has had its episode." A sigh, very
faint, floated from those haughty lips, but
it reached Carrie, who said in unfeigned
" You, Kate, with your troops of lovers!
I thought you said you were proof against
y So I am, now. but the past—ah ! well,
it is dead, of course, but l may be par
doned if I visit its grave sometimes, as I
cannot help doing this morning; fori,
too, was foolish enough to love '
a mil) ls
"Kate Austin! after all you have
said !" But seeing the grave look iu her
face Carrie stopped short and said tender
ly—"Tell me all about it, Kate; your
confidence is sacred ;" and she drew her to
her old position at her feet, where, hesita
ting a moment, she said—
"The story may do you good, Carrie,
and 111 tell you. You have heard me
speak of my sister Eveline,
cousin of mine, and pa adopted her when
only four years old, both her • parents
beiug swept away iu one week by an epi
demic. His twin girls, ho used to call
f »r, though very unlike, we loved each
other dearly, and our affection grew with
our growth; we played together, studied
together, aiid when wc were eighteen made
our entree into society together,
She was a
well how beautifully Eva looked
that night ; the white drapery, no becom
ing to her blonde complexion, flowed
around her in soft, graceful folds, the
hazel eyes looked darker from the joy
beams dancing over her sweet face, aud
the golden hair, which rippled over her
white shoulders, I would allow no one to
loop up but myself, and wheij I had fast
ened the drooping blue hyacinths iu it
carelessly, aud stepped back to view the
effect, " You look nngelie," burst from
my lips. " Angels always dress in white
and wear blue hyacinths in their hair,"
was the demure reply, while the little rose
of a mouth was compressed into a rose
bud to keep
too, but hud
time, the angels would not feel annoyed
at the comparison I remember, with u
thrill of pleasure, I took more interest in
her attire than in my own. " She shall
be the belle of the evening," I said, fondly,
aud she teas. She was soon the centre of
a circle, and I forgot my part iu watching
the bright gleams come and go on the fair
face, and iu listening to the peals of laugh
ter that came from the gay throng ; at the
wit that leaped from her lips as naturally
as bright waters from a fountain. Pres
ently I noticed a gentleman leave the cir
cle with a wearied air, speak to iny father
aud in a moment more I was introduced to
the Rev. Hazleton Murford. I will not
dwell upon that evening, save to say, of
all there Mr. Murford was the only gen
tleman for whose good opinion I really
eared. , I was not jealous of Eva, but it
made me proud that he had turned from
her to me. His conversation showed him
to be so superior to the coxcombs around
He was a trifle grave, perhaps, hut
I liked him all the better for that. There
was a spiritual atmosphere around him
whieh no one within his influence could
help feeling. Yet there was no cant about
him; none of your religious whining,
which had made me hate more than one of
his profession, and yet the most worldly
felt, " There walks a Christian man," ami
vice sank, abashed, from the purity it
could not fail to admire. His sweet,
emplury Christian deportment
many os his words.
" From the hour I first met him I
a different being,
tjiing more to live for, than a round of
gaycty. If ever the ludder, with the
angels ascending and descending, was let
down to me, it was then. I placed my
foot on the first round, and knew I was
mounting heavenward, hut it will bo a
long way ere I reach the top, Carrie, a
long way, for despite all theauglescan do,
I will Btop, sometimes, to let fall some
tears ou the love which I loft.dead at the
foot of that celestial ladder. Could I
have only taken that along, the climbing
would not have been so hard, it seems to
me ; but we all must have erosscs, I sup
posa, to bear with us in our heavenward
way, and that was mine."
Kate turned away to brush some tears
that would come, and Carrie whispered—
' 4 But at the Pearly Gate the cross will
ish, and in its stead
the laugh hack. I laughed,
a secret conviction, all the
me, of whose insipid talk I
I felt there was some
-the immortal crown."
" Yes, that has upborne me, that and
the angels, for I believe there are good
angles to take our hand when the toiling
up is hard. I keep looking at that Pearly
Gate, and gay as I seem sometime», I
know it is left "ajar" for me. I hardly
know how it all came about, or why I
was so blind. Mr Murford was with
every day after that. We walked,
rode, we sang together, and in it all Eva
mingled, for I would have her share my
every joy, and before I knew it my whole
heart had gone out to Mr. Murford, as it
had before to living man, and as it
never can again. I must have been eery
blind ; he never spoke to me of love, but
I was so all-absorbed in him I
thought but that the feeling must be
tunl, until one morning Eva came to
with those wondrous eyes all ablaze with
light and checks with dye of autumn
set; she did'ntstop to speak, but ran and
buried her face in my bosom, and sobbed
her joy out in delicious tears. I needed
no word to tell what it meant, for from
my window had I seen her and Hazleton
Murford walking in the garden together,
and he had left without asking for me. I
don't know how it was my heart beat on
through all that agony, but it did, with a
dull, leaden sound like the knell for the
dead. One brief, bitter struggle, and I
buried it all'—that bright young love,
never to know a resurrection.
' ' No one entered into the wedding pre
parations so gayly as I ; no one wove such
webs of future bliss for the young couple,
and I dressed Eva for her bridal—for him,
with a smile on my lip, while the only
gladness that could come to my heart
again was, that she was happy. Dear,
idolized Eva, how little she dreamed, in
her fondness, she was walking over my
shed heart during all those days of
bridal preparation ! The only display of
my agony was when, at parting, I said to
Hazleton—" If you do not make her hap
py I shall kill you, for she is a part of
myself." And, truly, he could not fail to
make any woman's life blessed, and she?
—into all his labors she entered with a
zeal too strong for her fragile constitution.
Say what you will, my dear, people
exacting ; and when they found Eva
would enter into all the work and care of
the parish equally with her husband, they
let her do it, and made more and more de
mands upon her. Truly, she had "noth
ing else to do," which was my text at the
outset of this conversation. The poor
girl heard that till she began to believe it,
and went, from one duty to another until
she could go no longer, and so, after a
wedded life of three brief years, folded
her hands and was at rest,
have had the rest when living, she might
still have been with us, but now, the girl
turned fiercely, and confronted Carrie
with blazing eyes that made her tremble,
" She lies in that cemetery; she and lie,
for her death crushed him.
the white shaft of their
You can sec
from this window, reared bv their people—
a mockery of devotion I Thoy will trem
ble in the judgment day, when the short
ened lives of these two puro beings shall
." Hush, Kate !" Carrie's warning hand
laid gently on her own, stopped the girl
in her anger, and her old repose
hack ; " they did it ignorantly."
" And so you will be another victim to
" Not so ; I shall not try to please the
people, but God only. I shall try to do
mv duly, and nothing more or less than
that, whatever people may say.
Rockdale parsonage, a year hence, and
sec if the roses arc not still blooming
my cheek, despite your gloomy proph
And it was so. For many a year there
after Kate visited the happy Carrie in her
pleasant home, and learned to appreciate
and love " the people" and compassionate
less the minister's wife.
Tin Chivalry o r Etiiinelte.
To introduce persons who are unknown
to each other, is to undertake a serious
responsibility, and . always involves the
indorsement to each of the responsibility
ot the other. This responsibility should
never be undertaken without first
taining whether it will be acceptable to
both parties to become acquainted. Al
ways introduce the gentleman to the lady
—never the contrary. This rule is to be
observed everywhere, socially, or other
wise. The chivalry of etiquette
that the lady is invariably the superior by
right of her sex, aud that the gentle
man is honored by being presented.—
Where the sexes are the same, present the
younger to the elder, the unmarried to the
niarried, or the inferior in social rank
talent to the superior. A gentleman should
never be introduced to a lady without first
Authors in their Own Times. —Mil
ton, while ho lived, was little though^ of;
Shakespeare was passed by with a hasty
notice; but Waller's easy strains
his life time, much esteemed ; Dr. JDarwin
was admired ; the satire» of Pope and
Churchill excited, in tlim own times, a
lively interest ; the pluyqjpf Congreve were
rapturously applauded. Posterity has
tified the error of popular judgment. Only
by a strong effort is Churchill now recalled
to mind. Some verses of Pope live, but
thoBO only which express pithy sense in
terse, apt words. Who now reads the lus
cious couplets of Dr. Darwin,*or is famil
iar with the conceits of Waller? But Mil
ton's poetry of thought and faith—is famil
iar to all ; and the painting of nature and
of the human heart, by Shakespeare, is
admitted by untold thousands.
pit and gumoif.
The Fat Man.
Dringet said a lady in the city of
Gotham ouc morning as she was reconnoi
tering in the kitchen, 44 what a quantity
of soap-grease you have got here. We can
get plenty of soap for it, and we must
exchange it for
man, and when he comes along, tell him 1
want to speak to him."
" Yes mum," said Bridget.
All that morning, Bridget, between
each whisk of her dish-cloth, kept'a bright
lookout from the kitchen window, and
movmg creature escaped her watchful gaze.
At last her industry seemed about to be
rewarded, for down the street came a large,
portly gentleman, flourishing a large cane
and looking the very picture of good hu
Watch for the fat
"Shure, there's the fat
thought Bridget ; and when he
front of the house, out she flew, and infor
med him that her mistress wished to speak
"Speak to me, my good girl?" replied
the old gentlemen.
" Yes, sir; wants to speak to you and
says would you bo kind enough to walk in,
This request, so direct, was not to be
refused, so, in a state of wonderment,
stairs went the gentleman,' and up the
stairs went Bridget, and knocking at the
mistress' door, put her head in and ex
hat gentleman's in the parlor, mum."
1 saying, she instautly withdrew to the
lower regions. #
"In the parlor," thought the lady.
" A\ liât can it mean? Bridget must have
But dawn to the parlor she went, and up
rose her tat friend, with his blandest smile
and most graceful bow.
"Your servant informed me, madam,
that you would like to*speak to
your service, madam."
The mortified mistress saw the state of
the case immediately, and a smile wreathed
itself about her lips in spite of herself, and
she afterward said :
" ^ >11 you pardon the terrible blunder
of a raw Irish girl, my dear sir? 1 told
her to call iu the fat man to take
r ay the
soap-grease, when she saw him, and she
has made a mistake, you see."
1 he jolly fat gentleman leaned back in
his chair, and laughed such a hearty ha!
ha! ha! as never came from any of your
•'No apologies needed, madam," said
he. 44 It is decidedly the best joke of the
Da ! ha ! ha ! so she took me for
the soap-grease man, did she? It will
keep me laughing for months,
good joke !
Goino on tue By-Laws. —A jovial, fat
friend of ours who semi-occusionally drops
into the Sanctum, is always brim full and
running over with stories and from whom
propose to filch, without giving him
opportunity to obtain a writ of quo
rauto, relates the following.
Jones was, or he believed he
his death, and the Doctor calling, lie held
a long and earnest conversation with him
about, his chances of life, "Why man,"
said the physician, "you are likely to die
any hour. You have been living for the
last fifteen years without a constitution,
lungs gone, liver diseased, and all that
sort of thing."
"\ ou don t mean to say," replied Jones,
questioningly, "that a man can live for
fifteen years without a constitution ?"
" Yes I do," retorted the Doctor, "and
you are an example."
".Then, Doctor," and a bright smile il
luminated the palid face of the doomed
man, "then, Doctor, I'll go it ton. years
more on the by-laws," and he did !
"Porte-Crayon" relates this incident
in his last paper of " Personal recollections
of the War:" "One of our staff officers,
noted for his jovial habits, determined to
try the rare experiment of abstaining from
spirituous liquors for a season. Late in
the evening he met the staff-surgeon who
was a theoretical temperanco
tor," said he, "haven't I heard you say
by abstinence from stimulating drinks a
man's days would be prolonged?" " That
is my opinion," said the doctor, emphati
cally. " I agree with you, fully," said our
Colonel, with a lonesome yawn. " I resol
ved to drink nothing to-day, and it has
been the longest day of my life."
man. " Doc
A lady who had read of tho extensive
mancfacture of odometers to tell how far a
carriage had been run, said she wished
some Connecticut genius would invent an
instrument to tell how far husbands had
been in the evening when they hud just
stepped down to the postoffice.
A handsome young bride was observed
to be in deep reflection on her wedding
day. One of her bridemaids asked her the
subject of her meditation. "I was think
ing," she replied, " whieh of my old
beaux I should marry if I should become
" Why are old mnide so devoted to their
eats ?" asked a young coxcomb of an el
derly lady. "Because having no hus
bands, they take to the next most treach
erous animals," was the reply.
" Aw ! how duth you like my mustacho,
Miss Laura ?" lisped a dandy to a merry
girl, " Oh, very much. It looks like the
fur on the hack of a oàterpillar."
Nebuchadnezzar's Hanging Garden.
The vast structure built by Nebuchad
nezzar which has boon celebrated in all
ages as one of the wonders of the world,
under the name of the Hanging Gardens
of Babylon, was really an artificial moun
tain—or meaut to be such. It was built
to gratify the desire of a wife of Ncbu
chadezzar, named Amytis, who, having
been a native of a mountainous country
towards the North, soon grew tired, when
she came to Babylon, of the level monot
ony of the country there, and, as youug
brides on the Western prairies of America
often do at the present day, when they
remember the green declivities and
mits, and the secluded and romantic dells
of their native New England, she said to
her husband that she longed for the sight
of a hill. Her husband therefore uuder
took to build her one.
•"The structure consisted of a scries of
platforms or terraces, supported on arches
of masonry, placed one above another, and
raised so high that the upper one was
above the walls of the city, so that the
spectator, standing upon it, could not only
look down, but could also extend his view
beyond the walls, and survey the win le
surrounding country. The several terra
ces were supported on immense arches of
masonry. The lateral thrust of these
arches was resisted by a solid wall, twenty
two feet thick, which bounded and closed
the structure on every side. The plat
forms covering the arches and forming
the terraces, were constructed of immeuse
flat blocks of stone, cemented at the joints
with bitumen. Above this pavement was
a layer of reeds, and then another of bitu
men, upon which, at the top of all, was a
flooring of brick, which formed the
surface of the platform,
dation was laid a thick stratum of garden,
mould, deep enough to afford support and
nourishment for # the largest trees. The gar
dens made upon these terraces were laid out
in the most costly and elegant manner, and
were provided with statutes aud fountains,
and with the choicest fruits and rarest and
most beautiful shrubs and trees, and parter
res of brilliant flowers, and seats, and bowers
and ornamental arbors—with everything,
in short, which, the horticulturist of the
day could devise to complete the attractive
ness of the scene.
The ascent from t?ach of these terraces
to the one above was by a broad and beau
titul flight of steps, and visitors who ascen
ded from one to the other saw on each suc
cessive platform new and ever-changing
beauties, in the varied arrangements of
walks und trees and beds of flowers, and
in the now views of the surrounding coun
try, which became, of course, wider and
more commanding the higher they
On this fouu
" There wore spacious and airy apart
ments built among the arches below, which
opened out upon the successive to
These apartments commanded very beauti
ful views, both of the gardens before them
and of the côuntry beyond. The interior
of them was splendidly decorated, and they
were fitted with all necessary conveneniees
for serving refreshments to guests, and for
furnishing them with amusements and
entertainments of every kind. On the
uper platform was a reservoir of water,
supplied by vast engines concealed within
the structure. Pipes and other hydraulic
machinery-conducted this water to all the
lower terraces in order to supply the vari
ous fountains and to irrigate the ground.
In fact, so vast was the.extent, and so mag
nificent the decorations of this artificial
hill, that, as long as it endured, it was con
sidered by common consent, as ope of the
wonders of the world."
Depth of Milk Pans.— My own exper
iments have demonstrated that to put milk
than three inches deep in the pans,
entails a loss in the amount of cream ; the
cream is so near of the same specific grav
ity as the milk, that it cannot raise through
a very great depth ; again in a large body
of milk, it requires a longer time for it to
lose its animal heat, which must all be des
troyed before the cream commences to rise ;
if any one will take the trouble to set a
shallow pan with not more than three in
ches of milk, away with
the same kiud, he will find that the
will raise nearly if not quite as thick cream
as the bucket.
I would not put away milk deeper than
from two and one half to three inches,
and have found the increased outlay for
pans is more than made up by the iucrease
iu butter.— American Fanner.
Singular Tree. —In the Island of Goa,
near Bombay, there is a singular vegeta
ble called "the sorrowful tree," because
it only flourishes in the night,
set no flowers are to bo seen, and yet,
after half an hour the tree is full of them.
" Now, put that back where you took
it from," as the young lady said when her
lover stole a kiss.
Dr. Franklin used to say that rich wid
ows are the only kind of second-hand goods
that sell at prime cost.
' ' Woman, with all thy faults I love
thee Hill," was the reply of a husband to
a scolding wife.
When you go fishiDg be sure and take a
"bite" before yeu start, for you may not
get one after.
An ornithological aspect—a bird's-eye
The ladies of Arabia stain their fingers
and toes red, their eyebrows black, and
their lips blue. In Persia they paint
black streak around their eyes, and orna
ment their faces with various figures.—
The Japanese women gild iheir tce*h, cud
those of the Indians paint them red. The
pearl of the tooth must be dyed black
be beautiful in Guzurat. The Hottentot
women paint the entire body in compart
mont3 of red and black. In Greenland the
women color their faces with blue and yel
low, and they frequently latoo their bodies
by saturating threads in soot, inserting be
neath the skin, and then drawing them
through. Hindoo families, wheu they
wish to appear particularly lovely, smear
tljemsclves with a mixture of saffron, tu
meric and grease. In nearly all the is
lands of the Pacific and Indian oceans, the
women, as well as the men, tattoo a great
variety of figures on the face, the lips,
tongue, and the whole body.
Holland, they cut themselves with shells,
and keeping the wounds open a long time,
form scars in the flesh, which they deem
highly ornamental. And another singular
mutilation is made among them by taking
off, in infancy,- the little finger of the left
hand at the second joint.
In ancieut Persia, an aquiline nose was
often thought worthy of the crowd ; but
the Sumatran mother carefully flattens the
of her daughter. Among some of
the savage tribes of Oregon, and also in
Sumatra and Arcan, continual pressure is
applied to the skull, iu order to flatten it.
give it a new beauty. The
modern Persians have a strong aversion
to red hair. Turks, ou the contrary, are
warm admirers of it.
In China, small, round eyes are liked,
and the girls are continually plucking their
eyebrows, that they may be thin and long.
But the great beauty of a Chinese lady is
in her feet, which in her childhood
compressed by bandages as effectually to
prevent any further increase in size,
four smaller toes are bent under the foot,
to the sole of which they firmly adhc
and the poor girl not only endures much
pain, but becomes a cripple for life,
other mark of beauty consists iu finger
nails so long that casings and bamboo
necessary to preserve them from injury.
An African beauty must have small eyes,
thick lips, large fiat nose, and a skin beau
tifully black. In New Guinea the nose is
perforated, and a large piece of wood
In the northwest coast of
America an incision more than two inches
in length, is made in the lower lip, and
then tilled with a wooden plug. In Guin
ea the lips arc pierced with" thorns, the
heads being inside the mouth, and the
points resting on the chin.
Crop Prosprets and Priera.
The New York World gives a report of
the crops, made up from exchanges which
represent every region and nearly every
State of the Union. On the whole, the
future of the farmer is bright. The black
frost has destroyed the fruit in parts of
Southern Illinois, but the section thus
smitten is not large. Wi
West is coming up well, button little
sown last fall. This defeet seems ia a
way to be more than made up by the
amount of spring wheat put in the ground.
The South is rasing as much corn,
wheat, and more vegetables than ever be
fore. Their papers say they can he inde
pendent of the West for bread, if nothing
blasts the present prosp;et. In February
and March the plauters were discouraged
about cotton, and made small preparation
for a crop. But the recent rise to thirty
cents, and the disappointment of the sable
legislators in not receiving a hundred
each under the "new law" has induced
them to hire out on fair terms. Texas will
make a large crop—a hundred thousand
more bales than last year probably. We
see little show for a decline in sugar, for
Louisiana is not likely to raise more than
she did last year, and that was only one
tenth of her ante-war crop,
suggest to farmers who live where the Oc
tober frosts are not severe to plant a good
deal of sorgo. As a general rule, when
common brown sugar is over twelve cents
pound the farmer south of New York
City will save money by producing all his
own syrup. Fine grades of flour wril
tinue to rule high ; first, because the dry
white varieties of wheat bear exportation
best, and second, because, full
wheat crop of all kinds may be, there is
no prospect of abatement iu foreigh de
mand. The New England States are not
putting in much spring wheat, and here
they mistake their true policy,
can surpass the East more easily inthc pro
duction of moat than in growing wheat.
We hear of few winter-killed vines, hence
the grape and wine crop will be the largest
ever seen on the continent. About the po
tato there is much discouragement. It is,
after all, refreshing to find the ancient
round of seed time aud harvest so littleaf
fected by our wars and jars and bad laws.
Ilow fortunate it is that the clerk of the
weather cannot be impeached for any of his
little irrcgularties as he swings around the
circle of the seasons.
r wheat in the
"Too near to God for fear or change,
He shares the eternal calm,"
How to Keet Flowers Fresh. — A wri
ter in the London Chemical -Ye tes tell» us
that flowers can be kept perfectly fresh for
two weeks by simply putting into the wa
ter every day, when it is changed, a pinch
nitre of soda. Saltpetre acta very much
the same way. Whichever of these sub
stance is used must he in fine powder.
letter from Frederick.town.
Ccrrttpondmce of the Muldletoxm Trantcript.
Frcdericktown is beautifully located
the Sassafras river, and few places of its
size can boast of more conveniences for
One of the most commodious
built granaries in this section of
the country has been erected here, and in
connection with it, a large peach wharf,
from which was shipped, last summer,
(50,000 boxes of pcacnes. For this valu
able improvement we arc indebted to Capt.
John Walinslcy, who is quite an enterpri
sing and energetic young man, who has
added greatly to our shipping trade.
Our lumber and coal departmeut is in
the hands of E. W. Lockwood, Esq. who
by his admirable business capacities has
won the confidence and the respect of the
public. He keeps always on hand a good
assortment of lumber for building purpos
es, also, hard and soft coal. In connec
tion with his lumber yard he has erected
a large box factory, where a supply of
well-made peach boxes can be had to order.
There are two stores in Frcdericktown,
lately put up by Mr. Owen Burns,
which is quite a neat building. Our mer
chants supply their customers with a good
assortment of goods of all descriptions. I
must say for Mr. Burns that he is worthy
to own property, for he has improved it
very much within the past two years.
Mr. Perry Ruley, our obliging butcher,
serves the village and country around with
the fiuest beef, and other meats in their
Next in order are our house car
penter and boat builder, Mr. John Scho
field and Mr. John Barneby, both of which
are first class workmen.
Two steamboats, at present, run from*
this place—one to Philadelphia, the other
to Baltimore, both of which are well pat
ronized. There is a ferry boat also here,
and those wishing to cross the Sassafras,
from one county to the other, can alwava
be accommodated. There is also a well
filled ice-house supplying the village and
the steamers with that cooling
luxury. I must not forget to remind your
readers that at nearly all times they
find on hand a variety of fresh fish, as a
number of fishermen resort to this place.
There are some very pretty residences
in this town, among which is one lately
bought by Mr. David Jervis, which I
derstand is to be put in complete repair.
The attention of the public is at present
attracted to the bridging of the Sassafras
river, at this place, which will certainly
he one of the most useful improvements of
the age, connecting more closely the two
counties of Kent and Cecil.
I have thus, Mr. Editor, given you a
brief notice of our village, and submit it
to you for your readers.
A Reader of the Transcript.
Camden and Amboy. —The charter by
whieh the Cauideu and Amboy Railroad
Company has exercised a monopoly of steam
transportation across the State of New
Jersey during the past quarter of a cen
tury, expires by limitation at the close of
the preedit year. Several attempts have
been made during the past few years, to
induce the Legislature of the State to re
voke this charter,' hut without success.
The question naturally arises wether the
company possess the power to obtain a
renewal of the charter,
opoly, if such a thing be possible, petitions
are pouring into the Legislature,
petitions are couched in emphatic language,
aud are very numerously signed by all c'as
sess. The petitioners declare that the rail
road monopoly has kept New Jersey, for a
quarter of a century, from moving on in
the n '-tarai highway she pre-eminently pos
sesses, of progress and prosperity in inter
nal improvements, in the development of
her agricultural, mineral aud industrial
resources, until it has made the State odi
ous end contemptible to the people of all
the States in the Union. They urge the
Legislature to prevent the State from being
further oppressed and laid waste by the
extension or renewal of an odious aud des
tructive monopoly, and to enact a general
railroad law to enable the people in every
section of the State to have railroads where
ever they are willing to build them.
To chock the mon
An Intebesti.no Divorce Case in New
Haven. —Mrs. Judd, wife of Rev. Dr.
Judd, a Baptist clergyman of New Haven,
Connecticut, applies for a divorce on the
ground of adultery, misconduct aud
elty. Mr. Judd files a cross bill upon the
ground of misconduct. This case is now
on trial in New Haven, aud excites much
interest. Mr. Judd is pogsessod of
siderablc property. Mrs. Judd charge«
Mr. Judd with adultery with Susannah
Reynolds, a young woman who has been
and is still residing with Mr. Judd as
housekeeper. A son-in-law of Mrs. Judd
testified to cruelty on the part of Mr. Judd.
Mrs. Judd has been residing in Brooklyn
for a year past. She was the widow of E.
C. Gray, a lawyer of New York city, by
whom she had three children. She way
Mr. Judd's second wife. She testified
that Mr. Judd, had axhibited great penu
riousness in various ways.
Oysters.— The oyster statistics of the
Chesapeake are given by a Baltimore pa
lt appear« that the Chesapeake Bay
and ita tributaries now yield 11,000,000
bushels of these delicious bivalves annually.
Over two-thirds of the trade goea to Balti
Seventy houses are engaged in the
business, whioh gives employment to 15,.
000 persons—men, women and children.
Thera are 1700 boats, averaging 50 ton«
each, aud about 8,000 eanoes engaged in
dredging and tonguing for oysters. »
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