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TvWA K . <3 VOL. I. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 9, 1868. NO. 19. Jsnkd |û£lrg. LABOR. There's a never-dying chorus Breaking on the human ear, , In the busy town before us— Voices loud, and deep, and clear, This is labor's endless ditty ; This is toil's prophetic voice, Sounding through the town and city, Bidding human hearts rejoice. Sweeter than the poet's singing Is that anthem of the free ; Blither is the anvil's ringing Than the song of bird or bee. glory Fn the rattle els 'mid factory gloom ; 'er snatched From battle, Thcre's a Of whee Richer than e Are the troohicsof the loom. See the skilftil mason raising Gracefully yon towering pile ; Round the forge and furnace blazing Stand the noble men of toil. They are heroes of the people, Who the wealth of nations raise; Every dome, and spire, and steeple Rear their heads in labor's praise. Glorious men of truth and labor, Shepherds of the human fold, That shall lay the brand and sabre With the barbarous things of old. Priests and Bloodless prophets of creation ; heroes in the fight ; Toilers for the world's salvation ; Messen gars of peace aud light. Speed the plow and speed the harrow ; Peace and plenty send abroad ; Better far the spade and barrow Than the can non or the sword. Each invention, each improvement, Rendors weak oppression's rod; Every sign and every movement Brings us nearer truth and God. popular SFalrs. THOUGHTS ABOUT MARRYING. BT MARY y. SPENCER. " And when «re you aud Kate going to be married ?" The speaker was one of two young men smoking segArs in a private room. " If you mean Kate Kelso, never. It's all very well to danco with such a girl, hut no poor man would think of marrying her." "Why not, Frank? She's handsome, accomplished, in the very best set, dresses exquisitely, and will have a fortune when Mr. Kelso dies." " Look here. Charley, do you think I' a fool? I oan't afford to marry Miss Kel so ; and it is just because she is in the fashionable Bet, dresses expensively, and has expectations from her father. I am only beginning to succeed at the bar. It is a long time, as you know from your own experience as a physician, before a large income can he earned in a profession. As yet I am not earniug such an incomo. Miss Kelso has been brought up luxuri ously. Her father keeps a carriage, goes to a walering-place every summer, and tertains constantly when at home. Kate is so accustomed to the excitement of ciety, has been no much admired and flat tered, has had her every wish bo anticipa ted, that the prosaic life of a wife, on a narrow incoma, would soon destroy any little romance with which she might enter the married state. Her very dresses, my dear fellow, would eat up half my ings." earn " I think you are too hard on her. Any true woman, if she marries the man she loves, will cheerfully submit to sacrifices for his sake." So it is said, and so, in justice to tlic sex, most of them, at least, try to do. But Charley, old fellow, you and I know, from our own experience, that habit is stronger than good resolutions. A man brought, up in luxury, can never live as cheaply, if be gets poor« as the son pf a poor man. Nor can woman cither. A nch man's daughter is not the girl for a poor man's wife. It isn't her fault ; it's her misfor tune." " But, you loso sight of the feet, that Kate will inherit a share of her feiher's property." " Not at all. Mr. Kelso is only fifty, hale and hearty. He will live, probably, for "twenty years yet. Not, till ho dies, can his daughter get a cent. Meantime she will spend as much astra, every year, os will represent the interest of the fortune she will inherit. At the end of tho twon ty years, yes ! long before that, I should he ruined, or else broken down in health, In consequeuce of being in debt and over worked." "Well, that's true. See what a scrape Harry Smith has got into ! "Yes, He married the daughter of a man said to be worth a million. Old Mr. Cary did not give her a penny. She had her wedding outfit, but*that was all. On Harry'» part, there wax notbiug to support her with, except wli&t hé made but 6f his business ; and he was hut a young mer chant, with very little realized wealth; Sophy Cary was rtylish and fond of ma king a dash. She bad the reputation of dreasing better than any girl in her set ; which meant that her wardrobe oost the most. Harry took hia wife to the Conti nental Hotel, for even her husband had sense enough to know he oouldn't afford to go to houaekaaping in iba poly, way in whioh Sophy would consent to go—that is, with a house on Walnut street, furniture from Paris, a ball every winter, and all that sort of thing. Heaven knows what he paid for his parlor and chamber, but it waa a fabulons snm ; or what would have been thought so in the days of your fether and mine. In the summer they went to Saratoga—for Sophy wouldn't stoop to country boarding. There she had her po ny-phseton and a dozen Paris dresses. In the fall the hard times came, and Harry failed, partly because he neglected his busi ness to be at Saratoga, and partly because he spent too much money. I understand he owes twioe as much as he can nay. The principal creditor is reported to have said that it would have been cheaper to give Harry the salary of a bank president, and let him do nothing. Now this is, I admit, an exceptional case. Sophy ally extravagant, even, more so than Kate. But she is a typo, after all, of a large class that frighten young men, and keepsnhem from marrying." " But what is to be done ? We all P^ c to marry some day ; and there are no girls except girls like Kate, or Sophy. "I bog your pardon. . There are a plen ty of them. Of course, to find the right kind, you must, I am afraid, generally go outside of the fashionable set.* For it is only the daughters and wives of rich men that can afford to be fashionable. Other women haven't the time to waste in recep tions and parties, day after day and night àfter night. Nor can any but the rich af ford to dress in the extravagant manner in which fashionable women, in great cities like this, dress now-a-days. If you wish a wife, you must look elsewhere for unless, indeed, " Where was unusu GX one, you are a millionaire." would you look ? " There arc plenty of families, thou sands of them in Philadelphia, and tens of thousands in country towns and villages, whero the daughters are well educated, and yet have been brought up to help themselves. I know one where one daugh ter, who has a taste in that direction, makes all the bonnets she and her sisters Another is a capital dress-maker. All attend to household affairs. They make cake, prepare desserts, and could, I've no doubt, bake bread. Yet they quite as intelligent and companionable Kate Kelso and her set. wear. No man, with the right feeling, wishes to make his wife a drudge. But we men have to work, and why should'nt women take their share ?" " Well, since you speak of it, I recall such families also. can But they don't go to halls and danco the Gcrmana." The daughters of such famlies are taught to think home-virtues better than surface accomplishments, trup momen for wives, and uot more but terflies." " I shall be curious, Frank, to see vour wife." " No. Men want "If you will come with me, to-morrow evening, I will introduce you to the young lady w ho has promised to fill that position. She is the daughter of a widow, and has been brought up economically, brought up hke the girls I have been describing to you, She does not go out much into society, because she cannot afford it, though, from the connections, she conld, if she wished, go into the very best. But I do not think she regrets it. As for her real accomp lishments, her knowledge of literature, mu sic and art, she is as far above Miss Kelso as heaven is above carlh. In fact, Char ley, how can merely fasoionahle girls be accomplished ; at least in the true sense of the word ? They are up all night at balls, and bo bave to sleep half tho day. They have no time to read, even if they wished to ; but, as a class, they don't wish to. All they think of, or talk about, is the beaux, or their dresses. It's their, chat ter, chatter, and nothing clso. with them, but wo don't pretend to love them. A littlogossip is all they arc up to. Now and then we make a morning call, but who thiuks of spending an evening with them?" " Come, cdlfte, you aro too severe. A good many of them are rcaily brilliant talk ers, at least, I find them so." "Yes, tho best of them, is at a hall. But if you marry one of them, you will find, my dear fellow, that slio keeps her brilliant talk for society, and is as stupid as stupid can be at home. The champagne foams for the public ; for you the stale wine only is left. I toll you, Charley, I am not a bit moro severe than truth pels mo to be. I don't wonder what is called good society, marry as rare ly. A wife in such circles is too expen sive a luxury. A girl, instead of being your helpmate, i* a clog on you. We have to ao all the work, and they get all the fun. That's why young men don't marry—and there's tile whole of it." So endod the conversation. Harry mar ried to one to whom he introduced his friend; and that friend, after a few months, mar ried hor sister. They certainly aro both than if either had one of her type. But still, as'Charley said, perhaps they were to hard on girls brought up as Kntc tad been. We don't pretend to depid But we wonder sometimes if mothers are not the most'to blame. We dance eom men, in supreme, happy, happier married Miss Kelso, or I E Pluribus Unum. —The origiiwof this motto may not bo known to some of our readers. It is first found, we believe, in the Gentleman '* Magtizine, founded by Edward Cave, in 1731. dense the more important articles of the weeklies into a more substantial month ly. Its deviee on the title page hand grasping a bouquet of flowers, under which is tho motto — " E Pluribus Unum" —one bouquet from many bouquets. The design was a pretty one : Tho motto of our political Union was thence adopted— people from many people. The pres deeadcnce of our federate bouquet may possihly suggest many reflections not less sad than startling— Baltimore Leader. His purpose was to con was a MM ent F. Nicholls Crouch, author of tho beau tiful son •ides at ag " Kathleen Mavourncen Charlottesville, Ya. re Letter from Baltimore. Correspondit cr of the Middletown Transcript. Baltimore, April 28th, 1868. At last the Sun smiles upon us in all his brilliancy, raising the hope high in breasts that Spring has come.- Everyon face seems brighter for the change of weather and there is but little doubt that a beneficial influence is exercised over the hearts of mankind by the genial breath of the vernal season. You, who dwell near er the fields, and woods, and babbling brooks, cun speak more knowingly than I, of the garb that nature has assumed to wel come the advent of the long desired visitor. But if nature has not aroused herself to do proper honor to the event, the feminine portion of the good citizens of Baltimore, ever aware of the great responsibility upon it's fair shoulders, has come forward, and with unanimity of purpose, attired itselfin spring habiliments to that extent of beauty that must do credit to any cause, and which reminds us, of the sterner sex, how unworthy we arc to do aught but bow in devotional admiration, offer up our praises, and pay it's bills. Last Sunday afforded a sight that was truly refreshing after the sombre shades of winter and the miserable clouds of the past month, were literally thronged, and after church service in the morning and during the pleasanter part of the afternoon the fashion able promenade was crowded with the youth and beauty of the ton of this city, so noted for the beauty of it's women. Together with the coming of the spring weather there is some appearance of awake ning among the male portion of our com munity who delight in athletic sports. The base-ball men arc beginning to look to their grounds' in preparation for the spring campaign. The boat-clubs are dis playing some animation, and already one of the clubs has had out several crews in anticipation of making a selection .for a race crew, in the event of a spring regat ta, Although we were disappointed last year, wo have hopes of getting up citing and interesting race this season. It is a pity that the members of the different clubs have taken so little interest for the last year in aquatic sports. As for the turf, (a subject that I know interests a number of your readers) we have every encouragement to anticipate a good trotting season. The track is yet heavy in consequence of the recent rains, but a few days such as we are having will put it in good condition. There will un doubtedly be some trinls of Bpccd before long, and we hope the coming year may chronicle some trotting worthy the palmy days of the turf in this city—the days gone by, when some of the "leviathans of the turf" with a our The streets an cx were still among us and patronized generous open-handodness the sport for whieli our English origin has given a special taste. We expect to see brought out during this spring some horses that will do credit to their stock and training. It js a known fact that no charitable terprise can ever succeed without the help of the Indies, and, also, wherever any good work is projected they ars the first to forward offering a helping hand, backed by our 1 earnest will, to promote it's accom plishment. In their active brains come arc gen erally conceived the most expodient planB for tho attainment of the desired object, and their refined tastes combined with the most indefatigable exertions, almost inva riably enable them to exccuto with satisfac tion to all, that which they have previous ly planned. I observe by your columns that the la dies of Middletown are about to give vies of Tableaux Vivants for the benefit of the Episcopal Sunday School library. I remember witnessine a similar exhibition in your, town last fall, (and for a similar purpose, if I mistake not) and reoall with pleasurable emotion my impressions at the time. The manner in which they gotten up reflected great credit upon the designors and displayed a refinement of taste and artistic talent of no ordinary de gree. Besides, you have the material to work on, ns was shewn, beyond doubt, by the number of beautiful faces and grace ful forms on the stage that evening. The cause is a good one, and the Tableaux will undoubtedly he beautiful and deserving of all success. On Thursday and Friday evenings of last week we had exhibitions of tableaux* in Baltimore, at the Concordia Opera House, for tho benefitof "The Sooiety for the education of Southern Fournie chil dren." Both representations nently successful pecuniarily, almost every seat having been sold the first days of opening the box-sheet, and the tableaux were produced in a style of grandeur and elegance heretofore unequalled in this city. The actors wchc selected from among the highest circles of society and spared pains hor expense'in getting up their ooe tiimes and scenery. "Wo are to be fevered by another exhibition of them on Saturday afternoon next, and from the interest al ready displayed there is every promise of a crowded house. The joint standing committee of the City Council of ways and means, this evening returned their financial budget for the rent year together with the proposed tax levy. The proposed City tax amounts in the aggregate to one dollar . and twenty cents on the hundred dollars, which, with the State tax. Highways and Bridges, Ac. at least fifty-four cents additional, amounts to the neat little sum of one and three quarter per oent. Oh, for the good old days of light taxes and honest politicians 1 The American this morning took up the cry of " increased annual expenses" and, rather thoughtlessly, "gives it" to the pres in for were up were emi no my cur ply ent Council for .what it termed an cxcees of expenditure over that of the radicals who have been ousted from their authority but a short six months. The American evi dently lost sight of the fact that a number of the largest appropriations made by the present Council have been solely for the purpose of repairing the damage and plun der committed by the late retiring employ ees, and to pay the debts that the radicals left the city encumbered with when they made their exit. Athos. of of I, a THe Family Farm of John C. Calhoun. A correspondent of a southern paper says: ''At Pendleton, South Carolina, is the family farm of the celebrated John C. Calhoun, and at the present time the home of his widow and children, and comfortable residence, pleasantly em bowered in trees, and commanding a beau tiful view of the mountains. Around it lie large and fertile fields of meadow land, in a high state of cultivation, stretching along the banks of Seneca. I am told that Mr. Calhoun, during his lifetime, was accustomed to superintend the culture of this farm with the greatest care and inter Near the dwelling-house, and shaded by beautiful oaks, stands his library and study, with a portico which commands extensive view of the country. From the top of the hill on which the house stands, one can trace the windings of the river for several miles. Several gentlemen's houses, all embowered in trees, can be seen from Fort Hill, to each belonging many hun dred acres of rich rivor land. It is a neat c*st. The American Farmer, published Baltimore, by Worthington & Lewis, at $2 per annum, is one of the best agricul tural works in the country, appropriate the following articles : The "Japan Spring Wheat," tised to produce 60 bushels to the at From it we adver aere, is no wheat at all,, hut a vriety of the Sor ghum Vulgare, known in some of the Sou thern States by the name of Doura —in other places called Indian Millet and Gui lt seems impossible that any one should have been deceived as to the character of this plant. A diligeut reader of the Farmer, promp ted no doubt by its suggestions, planted Goodrich potatoes last year on very poor ground, using twÄons of Peruvian guano. !Ie has sold from the crop $960 worth, and is not done yet. Let us say, that it is very unwise to be planting the old rot ting kinds, when the Goodrich, Harrison, Montori, Ac. can be had, and do not rot. nea Corn. Interestino Facts.— A legal stone is 14 pounds in England, and 16 pounds in Holland. A fathom, 6 feet, is derived from the highth of a full grown hand, in horse-measure, is 4 inches. Irish mile 2,240 yards ; a Scotch mile is 1,984; a German, 1,806; a Turkish', 1,026. An acre is 4,840 square yards, 1 foot, and 3J inches. A square mile, 1760 yards each way, contains 640 acres. The human body consists of 240 bones, nine kinds of articulation or joinings, 100 car tilages or ligaments, 400 muscles or ten dons, and 100 nerves. Potatoes planted below three feet do not vegetate ; at one foot they grow thickest, and at two feet they are retarded two or three months. There are no solid rocks in the Arctic gions, owing to the severe frosts. The surface of the sea is estimated at 150,000, 000 square miles, taking the whole face of the globe at 190,000,000 square tnilca. Its greatest depth is supposed to be equal to the highth of the highest mountain, or four miles. man. A An re sur Rush of Emigrants to tiik United States.— According to the Genoa papers, twelve vessels left that port for America in the month of March, taking out 1,066 emigrants, nearly all of them from North ern Italy—that is to say, from the best iart of the population. A letter from Ireland says: Tho steamers belonging to the various companies calling at Queenstown have been found inadequate for tho number of emigrants offering for transportation to Uncle Sam's territory. Although four emigrant steamers sailed that week, over five hundred persons have been shut out for want of accommodation." a The editor of the Macon Home Journal says :—" After tho surrender of the rebel armies we visited Petersburg, and picked up betwoen our own and the rebel works a musket now in our loaded at the time, an It was tho ser vices of a gunsmith to remove the charge. There were two bullets inside, and had gone partly through and was embed; ded in the other. It was the opinion of those who saw it, that one of them must have been fired into the muzzle of the gun which alone could account for tho condi tion in which they were found." possession, d requirod to Newspaper Influence.— Mr. Charles Dickens, in the course of his speeoh at the banquet with which he was honored just before his departure for Europe by the Nqw York press, said:—"To the whole some training of severe newspaper work when I was a very young mail I attribute my first success in life, and my sons will hereafter testify of thçir father that he always persistently proud of that ladder by which he rose—the press, without whose advancement no advancement oan take place anywhere." a Contentment is more satisfying than exhiliration ; and contentment means aim ply the sum of small and quiet pleasures. of !®it and ^untor. An hotcl-keeper, when giving Christ mas boxes to his servants, told one of his porters, a smart Irishman, that he was the best man round the house, and therefore he should give him the most costly pres ent. "Sure," said Patrick, rubbiqg his hands with delight " I always mane to do my juty." "I believe you," replied his employer, "and therefore I shall makeyou a present of all you have stolen from me during the year." ' • Thank yer honor, plied Pat ; "and may all yer friends and acquaintances träte you as liberally." " re is it A benevolent lady went to visit a family who were said to be almost starving. She found them half clad, cold, and not sei of food to eat in the house. " What do you most need ? w hat would you like to have?" she asked the mother of the family. "Why, I did a'most want a head dress, they're so becoming !" This, with a little flour and meat and a photograph album, would have completed the poor man's happiness. a mor WO An exchange tells young ladies what to beware of if they would have a fresh, healthy and youthful appearance: Late hours, large crinoline, tight corsets, con fectionery, hot bread, cold draughts, pas try, decollette dress, modern novels, fur nace registers, easy carriages, late suppers, thin shoes, fear of knowledge, nibbling between meals, ill temper, haste to marry, dread of growing old. " As I was going," said an Irishman, "over a bridge the other day, I met Pat Riley. Says I, "how are ye ? "Pretty, well, thank ye, Dolly," says he. Says I. "That's not " - more is mine Pat Riley," says he. one another we looked, and faitn it turned out to be neither of us." "Faith, no So at me name. A young lady, after reading attentively the title of the novel called the " Last Man," exclaimed : " Bless me! if such a thing were to happen, what would become of the women?" A more pertinent inqui ry would, he: "What would become of the poor man ?" An Indiana paper proposes that hereaf ter, instead of saying "Let us sing the doxology, the minister shall say, " Let us put on overcoats, adjust furs, slip on gloves, seize oilr hats, and be dismissed." " Weigh your words before you speak," said a man to a mean fellow who was blus tering away, the other day, in a towering passion. " They wont weigh much if he does,' quietly said a by-sfender. Isn't a woman wet enough with a cata ract in her eye, a waterfall on her hoad, a creek in her hack, flirty springs in her skirt, high tied shoes, and a notion in her head. Thcpc is said to be living in Winchester a mau who is possessed of such a erful memory that he is employed by the various benevolent societies to "remember the poor." wer Bridal.- —What every female neck bends to willingly, as long as there is no curb. Brute. —A husband who uses the curb after the bridal. An editor out west, who had served four days as a juryman, says : " I am so full of law, that it is with great difficulty I refraiu from oheating somebody." Why do people affix the words "no cards" at the end of marriage notices? Because they have played all their cards before marriage. Mrs. Muffles says it is " drefful hard to lose a husband." She never got used to it until she lost her fourth. Practice makes perfect. is is Young ladies at an evening party are like arrows, for they cannot go off without a beau, and are in a quiver until they get one. Happy. —Taking a littlo walk with Hen rietta Jane, and not being able to find a single thing to say to her. Miss Joy says she is glad she is not "a thing of beauty," for she would not like to be "a Joy forever." Women should remember that men would often ring tbeir tender fingers only to wring their tender hearts. What is the difference between a spend thrift and a feather bed? One is hard up, and the other is soft down. of An Irishman remarked of a lady who had been very kind to him, " Bedad, she's a perfect gentleman." "If all the world were blind, what a melancholy sight it would be," said an Irish clergyman. Can the bakers on a strike be properly termed loafers ? The London Atkcemessm remarks in the course of a review of a reoent American volume : Baltimore will live in the traveler's mind as a city of lovely girls, of passion ate song, and of perfeot terrapin. It will keep its place, when things of higher in terest may have passed away, by the color of its streets, by the dash of its peo ple, ' by the heat of its payements, by the frolic of its quays. Other cities of the Union have their charm. Boston is very massive, Richmond is very picturesque. New York abounds in riches, Chicago in enterprise. New Orleans in wicked ness, St. Louis is fervid, Philadelphia nobly built; but Baltimore haa a charm beyond nearly all cities in America, which many a visitor has felt without being able to describe. The streets are very sunny, the citizens ver these things may be seen e places of which you do not feel the in stant charm. Perhaps the secret lies in a certain combination of brightness and thoughtlessness in the city and the peo ple, which is rather Siciliau than Amer ican. New York and New Orleans are far more dissipated cities than Baltimore, yet for a kind of decorous excess in the ways of vioe—for dancing and dicing, for driving and drinking, for all the delights which are supposed to hang about wine, woman and song—this city on the Ches apeake bears away the bell. Female Scferage. —A letter from Washington says : An unusually strong movement is developing itself in favour of female suffrage in the District of Columbia and petitions in furtherance of that object will soon be presented to Congress in great numbers. The petitioners urge that the District being under the absolute control of Congress furnishes excellent experimen tal ground, and insist, among other thing that the women are as capable of voting as freedmen. The municipal eleotion which takes plaoe in Washington early in June is already the occasion of great excitement. Transplanting Tries. —Mark the north side of trees with red chalk before they are taken up, and when set out have the north side to the North, in its natural position. Ignoring this law of nature is the cause of so many transplanted 'trees dying. If the north side is exposed |p the South, the heat of the sun is too great for that side of the tree to bear, and therefore it dries up and decays. The Geneva Chamber of Commerce, in Switzerland, has sent Congress an address, which was presented to the House this week, asking the United States to discon tinue, as speedily as possible, the use of paper money. It says the Swiss have never tolerated the existence of any kind of paper money, and would have us profit by their example. An old bachelor in New York offered a young lady a pony for a kiss ; she gave him the kiss; he refused her the pony; she sued him ; he pleaded "no considera tion ;" the court decided that a kiss was a legal consideration, and made him " pony over." • A Richmond paper says a gentleman recently found a gold Louis d'or, valued at $14, and bearing date 1573, embeded in the shell of a York River oyster. It is Supposed to have been lost overboard from the French fleet during the siege of York town. An English paper has discovered the line which divides a distinction from a difference. Itsaystnat "a little difference frequently makes many enemies ; while a [' " little distenotion aetracts hosts of friends ly But ere, in y g ft y* lsewhc Hotel rents in New York ore decidedly large. The Aator House, when reopened, is to rent for $55,000.00 ; the St Nich olas is rented for $78.000.00 ; the Me tropolitan for $75,000.00 ; and the Fifth Avenue some where near $80,000.00. The Petersburg Fxpress announces that within the last ten days twenty-ono per sons from Pennsylvania have settled with in the immediate vicinity of that city, up on farms purchased for cash or its equiva lent, all being practical fermera. to the person on whom it ia conferred." Then and Now.— Farmers in 1776— Man at plow, wife at cow, girl at yarn, boy at barn, and all dues settled. Far mers in 1868—Man at show, girl at piano, boy at latin, and dues unsettled. The new Paria style of wearing the hair is ealled the "out of water" head-dress. It is simply a whole head of bair brushed back over the ears without the slightest ornament. There ia some difference between hap piness and wisdom—he that thinks him self the happiest man, really ia so, but he that thinks himself the wisest man is most generally found to be a fool. It is said that the famous " Hutchinson Family" are to sing no more, having sung their way to fortune as wall as feme, and settled down in Minnesota. it There is hut one road to permanent hap piness and prosperity; and that ia the path of unspotted integrity, of high,-aouled hon or, of the most transparent honesty. By chemical process, knife handles and fine-toothed combs are make from patato >ulp, and better wines from petroleum than 'rom grapes. Ten thousand dollar« were recently paid New Jersey for 16ft bushels of seed po tatoes of the "Roae" variety. There were 101 aeeidenta on the New Jersey railways last year, #1 of whioh terminated fatally. as lortirnllural gejrartmfiti the will in the the the Comparative Demand and Supply of rnstt. There is not one-twentieth put of the fruit produced that we should have, and everybody everywhere, and more especial ly iu the cities, is gratified to learn that there is a growing determination manifest ing itself among farmers in all parts of the country to pay more attention to orchards and berries. The last few years bave wit nessed a demand for fruit far exceeding the supply, and thousands of poor people are denied the healthy luxury entirely, from exorbitant prices. Fruit, judiciously cultivated and marketed, is very profitable to the grower, and every reader of The Transcript who has an acre or more of land, will heed the wisdom of the fol lowiug article from Whitlock's Horticultu ral Advertiser . It is from S. Edwards Todd, Esq. of the New York Times, a gentleman who has given much attention to farm matters : There is an imperative demand for a far more bountiful supply of all kinds of fruit, than is produced. The demand is tran scendently greater than the supply. The supply 1ms been increasing for more than thirty consecutive years, with a regular annual increase ; and the demand has also increased in a far greater ratio, mense supplies of small fruits that are thrown iuto the markets of our populous cities, are utterly inadequate to the de mand. For this reason prices continue to rise, almost every season, was a time before, when the attention and efforts of such a large number of people were directed to the cultivation of cranber ries. And a season like the past, was never before known, when there was such active, cash demand for that kind of fruit. The same facts are true with pears. How few among the hundreds of thousands of people in New York and Broyklyn are supplied with pears ! The poor people can have none at all, as they cost too much. Persons who possess only a fair compe tence, can indulge in the luxury of a good pear occasionally. The wealthy have them when the supply is-not exhausted. And so it is with grapes, and with almost every other kind of fruit. There is not over half enough to supply an active demand. If there were hurried into our markets, just twice as many barrels of apples, three times as many pears, and four times the quantity of cliMcc grapes that dealers now receive, the prices would be more firm and sales quicker than they limited receipts. Our pears cost too much. The person who eats pears pays more than twice as much per lb. as wheat flour oosts. This should not bo so. The mob who pur chases grapes for his family, them with a most expensive luxury, price of fruit is too exorbitant. They ought to be lower by just one half. And if the cultivators of the soil would put out more trees and vines, and cultivate them with proper'oare, they could produce than double the quantity that is now raised, at the same amount of expense, and on the same area of ground. This system of management would bring the producers more ready oash, and supply consumers with delicious fruit at ble, yet remunerative prices. There is no danger of raising too much of anything in the fruit line. Farmers cannot get too many choice apples. One bushel of good Tallman Sweetings, when fed to domestic animals, in connection with meal, is worth as much us a bushel of oats. •The great mass of the people are almost destitute of fruit. More than five hun dred thousand people in New York, Brooklyn and other cities scarcely get a taste of apples from day to day. The cry is more fruit and better fruit. People in the country never before had s ? mu ? h encouragement to plant more '' ,ne9 > hushes and trees, than they have at . P resei,t «ay. Our old orchards need [' e J uvcnat,n g î two new ones need to tr . a JL s P* antft «> where there is now but one. Lvcry farmer and fruitgrower, who has only seventeen bearing grape vines, should have seventeen hundred, in order to bring the price of this kind of fruit within the reach of every family. Much of the fruit we eat, costs twice as much, pound for pound, as beef steak, ormutton. Fruit • can be produced cheaper than any kind of cereal grain. Producers alone Ire to blame for the lack of fruit products. Real ly excellent fruit always has been, and ever w ill be at a premium ; while poor fruit, like miserable butter and tough, half-fattened beef, must be sold at low figures. Let all the fruit that is marketed be of a choice quality, and we shall hear grumbling about low prices. in The im There never an now are with the treats The more raaaona no more In New Jersey, the cranberry culture is rapidly becoming a leading industry, and it is said that the people of Ocean county are'this spring going into the oranbsrry * business with a vigor that surpasses au previous efforts in that line. Large swamps are being eleared, and tha pros pects are that thousands of sores of new land will this year be planted with the cranberry. A Farmer's Toast. —At an agricultural dinner the following toast waa given:_ "The game of fortune ; shuffle the cards as you will, spades must win." It has been said that whether spring be early or late, vegetation haa attalnod about the same progress by the 15th of June.