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If ■*■ •VOL. I. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE 6, 1868. NO. 23. „ % iltci "* »fv (©riflinal Çodrg. STRAY LEAVES. Written for the Middletown Transcript. 014) DIARY Good bye, good bye, I'll not upbraid theo With thy broken vow, Though thy fatal love betray'd me 'Tis forgiven now; Thoguh tlie bitter tear is starting, Memory bids it flow, Not for present grief at parting, But for long ago— For the days of young affection When a glance would say More than could escape detection, More than words betray; For the hours of blissful meeting 'Neath the home~ro*if tree, When thy sternest mode of greeting Was a'kissfor me. False one, is the red lip paler, Is the blue eye dim? Doth my young bride's bright cheek fail her, 8611 her heart's with him— Him who first that pale lip tasted In its yenthfu] bloom, llim fur whom that cheek liatlt wasted To a timeless gloom. Thou hast loved me, simple beauty Of a desert flower, Which, forgetful of its duty, Left its native bower. For a time, that beauty flourished 'Neath my kindly eye, But withdrawn, the light that nourished It must pine and die. Good bye, good bye, I'll not upbraid tlico With thy broken v:*.", Though thy fatal love betray'd me, 'Tis forgiven now ; Though the bitter tear is starting, Memory bids it flow, Not for present griefs at parting, But, for long-ago. fjoputar Sfatfa. THE THREE BATCHELORS BY SIIIItLEY BROWNE. " And it is really so very beautiful up there ?" • * Tho prettiest spot, you ever saw tie cottage, all covered with roses and hon ey-suckic and that sort of thing—a modern Paradise. -a rus Miss Clifford looked like a Peri, lovely enough to haunt the bonndaries of any Paradise, ancient or modern, as she sat there in her dress of violet crape and the golden luxuriance of lier hair falling in a glimmering cascade down over her shoul ders. She was fair, a sweet-pea complex ion, blue, dreamy eyes, and lips like the velvet petals of a searlct geranium—while Barbara Eldon, her gay guest, made you think of a glanoing fire-fly or a tropic bird, in the dark Inez Cliffo royal statue—Barbara fluttered about., the pretty impersonation of perpetual Inez spoke but little, and you treasured her words as you would jewels—Barbara chattered away liko the perpetual ripple of a dancing mountain stream. They were a* unlike, physically is possible for two women to be, yet some how they acted ns uncouscious foils, one to the other, and the mutual charm was heightened by contrast. "A modern Paradise, eh?" said Bar bara, mischievously, " and you aud Basil Glenn are a pair of Adams without the temptress Eve. But how do you subsist? oil roots, berries, aud clear, cold water from ; piquant brilliancy of her style, rd sat still and lovely, like a motion. and mentally, as it the spring ?" " Nothing of tho sort said Hugh Tracy, confidently, "broiled birds, venison steaks, and the nicest coffee you over tasted, we ain't a set of Carmelite friars, by any means. Really you ladies ought to come up there, a la picnic, aud scu bow royally we keep house." "Certainly—of courso you ought," chimed in Morris Bergen—while Mr. Bas il Glenn, who had Bat silont during tho an imated little colloquy, glanced from one to tho other with a curious expression of doubt aud amusement in his face. " You pair of wholesale humbugs," he ejaculated, when the threo had finally hid den adieu to Miss Clifford, and the spicy little Barbara. " What did you mean by telling them such lies about the tumble down old shanty in the woods, and describ ing a regular Dclmonico set-out., when you know very well that bread aud cheese and half raw steaks cooked by your own bands arc the best you can boast." " Truth isn't to be spoken on all occa sions," said Tracy, " and it's as well to Ç 've 'em the idea we are living in clover. he foot is I'm outrageously sick of this camping-out experiment, and if it wasn't for the girls I'd give it up to-morrow." " We have only killed one possum and two squirrels since wo went out there," observed Morris Bergen, disconsolately, " and if it wasn't for a strong fish or two, ont of the river and tho henroosts at' night" Oh, " Hold your tonguo about the hen roosts," indignantly interposed Tracy, " I never saw such fellows for talk." "Wfill, it's a foot," said Morris, defi antly burying his hands in his trousers pockets. "Come—make haste, or we shall lose the train, and the owls and whip poor-wills out there would be lonesome without us." * * * * * ****** ' ' Dear me—what an oppressively day!" Inez Clifford threw the window wide open, to catch the faint breath of air that was stirring without. Barbara fanned herself vigorously. " Inez, I've an idea it cools me al ready." "Then, for charity's sake, share it with wann me. "Let's go out to the camp cottage." Inez blushed as delicate a rose color as the coral at her throat. " What a fancy, Barbara." ' ' Didn't they invite us ? I say it would be very rude not to go. I can smell the fragrance of the roses already, and feel the fresh mountain air on my cheeks. It's only ten minutes walk from the railroad station in the woods, aud Morris told me the way exactly." ' ' But they never dreamed that wo would conic." " Did not they ? then it's high time administer to them a lesson iu truthfulness. Come, you dear* darling Inez, you will "5 Just to plear~ — " Inez laughed, we hesitated and appeared charmingly uncertain. Barbara tied the strings of tho little hat under her friend's chin, wrapped tho white grenadine shawl round her shoulders, and brought the azurc lined parcel. " Now we are all ready. " But it is such a Quixotic expedition, Barbara." "Just exactly the reason I enjoy it. Isn't it Leap Year besides, and aren't we specially privileged ? Of course they'll give us a delicious little lunch—champagne and venison, or something of the sort, and sec us home by moonlight. It will be splen did. Inez Clifford, you shall come." And Barbara, as usual triumphed. The noonday sun was pouring down, like a rain of molten fire in a clearing of rag ged, half-charred stumps on the bald moun tain side. Originally it had been used for a charcoal burner's shanty—but now it stood deserted, save when, as now, a " camping out" party from the city possession of its forlorn domains. T' three crows sat on the fork of the blasted pine tree, dubiously eyeing the wary foot steps of Morris Bergen, who was toiling up the steep ascent with a cedar pail half full of water—the other half having be stowed itself in his shoes, and on his trou ser-legs, and a veteran rooster, tied by one leg to the nearest stump, croaked dismally and made various efforts to escape. " There," aaid Mr. Bergen, depositing the water on a rickety pine box, with an energy that aroused Basil Glenn from his siesta, and made even Hugh Tracy start, " if jyou fellows aren't a little more eco nomical with the crystal element, you may fetch it yourself—that's all. ■ Sodom and Gomorrah, how hot it is—and I do believe that hill grows steeper every day." " Or you lazier," said Tracy. "Me! lazy," shouted Morris, and was just about to commence a retaliatory dia tribe, when Glenn started to his feet. " Boys, hohl your tongues—some one is coming up the hill, and ladies too. Shut the door— quiek." Morris took a hurried peep through one of the cracks in the logs. "Angels and ministers of grace defend us! it's the royal Clifford_and her spark ling little friend. They've taken us at our word ; they're coming to see us. Isn't thore a crack in the floor wide enough for me to sink through ? I'd put for the woods, if I thought there was any ohanco of reaching 'em before the fair enemy should be upon us. I say boys—they've come to lunch—-what's to be done ?" Hugh and Basil Btood looking at one another—then, without a word, they began to sweep up the ash-bestrewn hearth, to toss the old boots into tho cupboard, fold up straw newspapers and throw blackened clay pipes out of tho window. "The Philistines bo upon ye!" cried Bergen, with a deepening glance first at the forlorn apartment, then at his own somewhat dilapidated costume, as he went to open thé door. " An unexpected pleasuro," ho cried, with a hypocritical smile. "Ladies, walk in. Excuse Basil's morning wrapper—he tore tho skirts off, listening to nightingales by moonlight, last evening, fellow, set some chairs, has only three logs—nor the splint-bottom one with the back dropping oft'. Batchel or accommodation, ladies,, but the best we have. Lay off your bonnets—of course you will spend the day with us." " But where arc your roses and lioney suokles?" demanded demure Inez, looking around her. Hugh found it convenient not to hear the questions. " Is this a cottage ? I should call it a hovel ?" said Barbara, elevating her small nose. Como." took wo or Hugh, old Not that one—it Basil Glenn was deputed to entertain the ladies, while Tracy afltl Bergen retired into the back shod—verandah, they poeti cally called it,-—to deliberate on the possi bilities of action. " Hugh, just wring that rooster's neck, while I get together a lid of good hot coals —and I Bay, old follow—tho bread is mouldy !" "No crackers left?" "Deuce a cracker ! I'll stir some corn meal up and bake a corn pone—my corn pones would be beautiful if they didn't sack down in tho middle so—but what are we to do for drink. I suppose it wouldn't do to offer them brandy ?" " Not exactly. There is one bottle of lemon pop left." "No thore isn't—I drank it up this morning." ' ' There is a pound of coffee—can you make coffee ?" » " Just about as well as I can make a steam ongino." ' " Put on the sauoepan of water and pour in your coffee, and keep stirring it like the mischief, until it lx>ils—and in the mcunwhilo I'll get tho roostor ready to broil. _Hallo ! thore he goes witii the red string tied to his leg." And then commenced a vigorous cliaBC, the rooster making the most of feet, wings, and cackling apparatus, although sorely hampered by the " red string," which kept perpetually attaching itself to stumps, briers and underbrush, aud Hugh madly pursuing him with a blessed unconscious ness that he was watched from the window by the amused girls. At length the feath ered biped made a sudden dive into the woods, which effectually ended tho skir mish. Tracy returned to the house, wip ing his brows. " It's no go, Morris—he's off." " Off! well, wo shall have to fall back on corn cako alid coffee. Ahd after all your talk of pate Je foie gras and West phalia hams." " My talk!" echoed the injured Tracy. " Didn't you invent no end of lies about venison steaks and champagne? I never thought of it, Until you began." Bergen became suddenly absorbed in tho turning of his cake. "I say, Tracy, what makes tho coffee so muddy and thick !" " I'm sure I don't know. What arc we to do for a table ?" " Turn the pine box upside down." " Hugh, you're the very fellow for an emergency—now if you could only sug gest an appropriate table-cloth. The bed quilt won't do, for its patchwork—and—" " Pin four handkerchiefs together, and set the coffee pot on the middle seam. Let me see—what are we to drink out of. There's a cocoanut shell and a tin dipper, and a bowl and two cracked cups—we'll have to take turn and turn about with the knife and fork—and the butter is strong enough to lift the roof of the shed off. Oh, dear." For, Mr. Tracy, stepping delightedly bnckward, to view tho effect of the four pocket-handkerchiefs, spread in festal ar ray, (only two of them had colored bor ders ) had unwittingly retired upon the corn-cake just set off to cool ; planting his, by no means fairy foot, in the very centre of it. One moment he stared hopelessly at the ruined fragments of the centre-dish of the feast—then, throwing himself on the ground, he burst into peal after peal of irrepressible laughter. " Laugh! yes, laugh if you can," cried Morris Bergen in a piteous howl, "but I'd like to know what is to become of our dinner?" At this eventful moniont the saucepan of coffee boiled over with a hissing sound, and an odor not like the spices of Araby the blest. Tracy rose to his feet, stiff shaken with merriment, and flung the door wide open. " Miss Inez—Barbara—Basil—oomc and sympathise with our misfortunes. The rooster has run away—the coffeo is boiling over—and I've stepped on tho corn rake." ' ' But where is the venison steak and champagne!" wickedly pressed Inez. " Well, you—you see this isn't market day, and wo weren't expecting company. I say, boys—we'll have just time for the three o'dook train—let's all go down to New York and have lunch together. ' ' And we are not to taste your bach elor hospitality?" asked Barbara, with dancing eyes. . "I don't seo how you can'very well taste it, after my boot has been in it, Miss Barbara—and as for that rooster, I don't believe tho racehorse .Kentucky is any cir cumstance at all to him. Come, ladies— allow mo to help you down this steep hill. Never,mind looking up, Glenn—the but ler will see to the plate andBovres china." " Now confess," said Barbara, suddenly turning round, on tho slopo of the side hill, and confronting tho three discomfitted bachelors, " confess that your stories about rose-twined cottages and delicious banquets wore only invented to impress us with an altogether false idea. Own that you arc found out at least." The threo bachelors looked sheepishly on one another and capitulated, without reserve. They took tho three o'clock train to New York, landed in royal stylo in a "marble palace," of a restaurant, and went home to spend tho evening with their vanquishers. , "Isay, boys," said Glenn, as they walked together to the St. Mario Hotel, in the mellow beamy moonlight of that July night. " I'm not going back tothat shanty. Inez Clifford has promised to keep house for me .next year—ns my wife." " You don't say so," cried Tracy. " So that's what you wcre.so busy about behind the curtains on the balcony. And , how were you entertaining little Barbara, Mor ris Bergen ?" , " I was asking her tobe Mrs. Morris Bergen," coolly answered that young man. " And what did she say?" " She said yes." " So this is the'end of bachelor life the mountains, or anywhere else," replied Tracy. " Well, I can't say that I blame you boys." And the owls and tho whip-poor-wills have large cottages all to themselves, now. For the trio of hunters frankly confess they have had quite enough of camping out. on Romantic.— A young fellow in Michigan dreamed that he went to Fremont, Ohio, pretty girl whom he had !, and, acting on his mo ther's advice, he packed up his trunk and started for Ohio. He soarched two days in Fremont without seeing the face ho had Heen in his dream, and then lio saw it in the post-office, told bis story, popped the question, received nn affirmative answer at once, was married next day, and took his bride back to Michigan. Romantic and speedy. and married a never seen before, 'Sttlit and |§umoi[. Too Good to be bout. At an election in the State of New York, a lad presented hiniBelf at the polls to claim the benefit of the elective franchise. Feeling a deep interest in a favorite candidate, the father, who was opposed to. the hoy's preference, stood at the ballot box, and challenged his right to vote, on the ground of his not being of age. The young man declared that he was tweuty ono years old ; that he know it, and insis ted upon his right to vote. The father becoming indignant, and wishing, as the saying is, to " bluff him off" before tho judges, said: Will you stand up there and contradict me? Don't I know how old you are? Wasn't I there ?" Tho son, for a moment, looked a little disconcerted, but recovering himself he triumphantly exclaimed : "Well, wasn't I there too ?" . A Man ms own Grandfather. —The following complication is curious, at least: " I married a widow who hud a grown up daughter. My father visited our house very often, fell in love with my step-daugh ter and married her. Ho my father be came my son-in-law, and my step-daugh ter my mother ; because she was my fath er's wife. Sometime afterward my wife had a sou,—he was my father's brother in-law, and my uncle, for he was the brother of my step-mother. My father's wife, (my step-mother,) had also a son ; he was of course my brother, and also my grand-child, for he was the son of my daughter. My wife was my grand-mother, because she was my mother's mother, i was my wife's hushand and grand-cliild— at the same time. And as the husband of a person's grand-mother is his grand father, I was my own grand-father. How he kept his word. —Dr. Glen, a rich miserly old widower, made a proposi tion of marriage to a young girl. He pro mised her everything she wanted if she would have him "Will you let mo keep my carriage!" asked she. "Yes," was the re ply. They were married, and a carriage was purchased. "Where's the horses?" " That's more than I bargained for." said the stingy old doctor, "I promised that you might keep your carriage. There it is. Keep it where you please, my dear!'. Deliciously Modest. —" Martha, dost theo love me?" asked a Quaker youth, of odo at whoso shrine bis heart's fondest feelings bad been offered. " Why, Seth," answered she, we are commanded to love one another, are we not?"—" Ah, Mar tha ! but dost thou regard me with that feeling the world calls love?" I hardly know what to tell thee, Seth- I have tried to bestow my love on all ; but I have sometimes thought, perhaps, that tbee was getting more than thy share." A gentleman was teaching school in a quiet country village. Tho second mor ning of the session he found leisure to note bis surroundings, and among the scanty furniture he ospiod a tliroe-loged stool. "Is that the dunce-block ?" he said to a lit tle girl of five. The eyes sparkled, and the curls nodded assent, while the lips rip pled out : I guess so : the teachers always sit on that. A gentleman, it is said, had a hoard put on one part of his land, on which was written, " I will give this field to any one who is really contented," and when an ap plicant came he always said, " Are you contented ?" Tho general reply was I am. Then, rejoined the gentleman, what do you want with my field ? A celebrated lawyer once said that the threo most troublesome clients he ever had wore a young lady who wanted to be mar ried, a married lady who wanted a divorce, and an old maid who didn't know what she wanted. "Did your wife have an income last year " asked an internal revenue officer of a citizen at Carlinsville, 111. " Yes, she had twins—both girls, eluded that it was a pretty liberal income. The officer con A German writer says a young girl is a fishing rod. Tho eyes are the hook, the smile the bait, tho lover the gudgeon, and the marriage tho butter in which be is fried. Considering how many idiotic men there are in the world with whom good women have to live, it is a blessing to good women that they should not he able to know an idiot when they see one. An eccentric clergyman lately said in one of his sermons that "about tho com monest proof we have that man is made of clay, is the brick so often found in the hat." A lady who was startled out of sleep by some one trying to enter the house, cried out, " Who is there ?' band." ,was the reply. " Your late hus Stage Manager.— " John go sec if the ballet are all dressed, for it is time to ring up tho curtain." Boy returns. "About ready, sir; got most of their Clothes off." Tho " ringing" of belles qften proclaims a wedding. Presidents anil Vice Presidents. The following list of Presidents, Vice Presidents, and candidates for thcscofliccs since the formation of our government, is worth preserving. 1789. George Washington and John Adams, two terms, no opposition. 1797. John Adams, opposed by Thomas Jefferson, who, having the next highest electoral vote, becatno Vice-Presdcnt. 1801 . Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr ; beating John Adams and Chas. C. Pinckney. 1804. Thos. Jefferson and Geo. Clinton ; beating Chas. C. Pinckney aud llufus King. 1808. James Madison and Goo. Clinton ; beating Chas C. Pinckney. 1813. Jas. Madison and Klbridge Ger ry ; beating De Witt Clinton. 1817. James Monroe and Daniel D. Tomkins ; beating John Quincy Adams. 1825. John Quincy Adams and John 0. Calhoun ; beating Andrew Jackson, Hen ry Clay, and Wm. II. Crawford, there being four candidates for President, and Albert Gallatin for Vico President. 1829. Andrew Jackson and John C. Calhoun ; beating John Quincy Adams and Bichard Bush. 1833. Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren ; beating Henry Clay, John Floyd, and William Wirt, for President, and Wm. Wilkins, John Sergeant, aud Henry Lee, for Vice President. 1837. Martin Van Buren and Bichard M. Johnson ; beating Wm. II. Harrison, Hugh L. White, and Daniel Webster, for President, and John Tyler for Vice Pres ident. 1841. William n. Harrison and John Tyler ; beating Martin Van Buren and Littleton W. Tazewell. [Harrison died one month after his inauguration, apd John Tyler became President for the rest of the term,] 1845. James K. Polk and Geo. M. Dallas ; beating Henry Clay and Theodore Frelinghuysen. 1849. Zachary Taylor and Millard Fil mnre ; beating Lewis Cass and Martin Van Buren, for President, and Wm. O. Butler and Charles F. Adams for Vico President. [Taylor died July 6,1850, and Filmorc be came President.] 1853. Franklin Pierce and W. R. King; beating Winfield Scott and N. A. Graham. 1857. Jas. Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge ; beating John C. Fremont and Millard Filmore, for President, and Wm. L. Dayton and A. J. Donclson, for Vice President. 1801. Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal TTamlin; beating John Boll, Stephen A. Douglas, and John C. Breckinridge, for President, Edward Everett, Hcrschcll V. Johnson, and Joseph Lane for Vice Pres ident. 1805. Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson ; beating George B. McClellan and George H. Pendleton. [Lincoln as sassinated April 14, 1865, and Johnson as sumed the Presidency.] Crops In Lancaster County. Lancaster county producod, in 1860, 2,125,722 bushels of wheat, which is about tho one-sixth of tho whole crop of the state which was 13,042,165. The crop in the "Old Guard" was aboqt one eightieth of the whole crop of the United States; it was 1,042,529 bushels more than was raised in the six Now England States, and as much as those six States ad ded to Delaware, Florida, Louisiana, Kan sas and the District of Columbia. It'excoedod the crops of either of the fol lowing seventeen States, viz : Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Vermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut, - New Jersey, Delaware, South Carolina, Florida, Arkan sas, Texas, Mississippi, Alabama, Kansas, Oregon, Louisiana. The average of the crop in this county was eighteen and ciglity-three one-hun dredth bushels to each inhabitant, the av erage of the United States, being 5J bush els; of New Englaud States 11 j quarts ; of the Middle States 2J bushels, and of the wheat-growing States of the West 10 bush els. Our county raised in* 1860, 2,648, 398 bushels of corn, or twenty-threo bush els aud a half to each inhabitant. Lan caster county produced very nearly as much wheat and corn as nine of tho- most fertile counties in that fatuous wheat-growing country, the Valley of tho Shenandoah, Ya. The cash value of farms, in 1860, in Lan caster county was £52,599,461, which is an average of one hundred and fifteen dol lars and seventy-five cents per acre for the improved land. There was also produced in 1860, 2,001,547 pounds of tobacco. Truly our county is au empire within it self. Snails ab Food. —Of all the sights in Paris, nono is more curious than the suail seller. He trundles a large and shallow hand-cart through the streets, covered with huge snails crawling all over the side of the cart, with horns extended aud house on back. A dozen ean be purchased for the small sum of two sous ; you cau select them yourself and carry them away in a paper bag. Some people eat them raw, liko oysters ; others roast them with savo ry herbs. The best snails oome from Burgundy in the autumn, and are fattened on the vine leavoB. Those now selling, are gathered in ovory ditch outside the oity, tho several cemeteries yielding the largest supplies. Scientific men in Franoe, have demon strated that cast-iron stoves are injurious to health, as east-iron permits the escape of gas, when sufficiently heated. At A correspondent sends us the following in relation to the Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights : The Aurora has been carefully observed found to be for many years. It has been an Electrical light. During a bright dis play of it, many telegraph operators have usedit instead of electro magnetism—opch ing their machine, and letting the electric ity of the sky operate them. When there is a northern light, there is also a corres ponding one in the Southern sky, called çurora australes. It is most active from sunset to midnight. It is abundant in April and September. Then it has also a habit of returning in periods of 60 years, displays increase annually for about thirty years, thon decline, so that for the latter part of the 30 years, there will be but few exhibitions. This periodicity of 60 years in the Aurora agrees with the changes of the spots on the sun, and with the changes in the magnetic pole of the earth, and with the conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn. The Aurora has been measured as to its height. Its range is from 50 miles to 500 nearly. Its displays are variod by the latitude. The inhabitants of the tropics scarcely ever see the Aurora of northern climes. Between*40 and 50 degrees of latitude, there may be 40 annual exhibitions. Be tween 50 and 60 twice as many. Between 60 and 70 they have 40, and farther north, over tho great polar sea they have more. The electricity of tho tropicul regions is supposed to descend to the earth in their abundant and heavier thunder Btorms.— But the electricity gathered in northern latitudes not having such a means of re turning to the earth, is shot down in auro ral streams. The theory is, that evapora tion carries off from the earth the electric ity which superabounds in the air. In warm latitudes when the rainfall is very copious, there is not a superabundance of electricity left to make an aurora. Besides it is floated off from tropical latitudes with those largo clouds of vapor which pass to cooler regions. Over tho Poles of the earth the eleetricity cannot extend, be cause it must revolve in the air around the earth. The Be Pellte at Hi >. £ There are few families, we imagine, in which love is not abused as furnishing a license for impoliteness. A husband, fath er or brother, will speak harsh words to thoso whom he loves best, simply bocause the security of love and family pride keeps him from getting his head broken. It is a shaine that a man will speak more impo litely at tiiiice, to his wife or sister, than he would dare to any other female, except a low and vicions one. It is thus that the holiest affections of man's nature prove to be a weaker protection to women in the family circle than the restraints of society, and that a woman usually is indebted for the kindest politeness of iifo to those not be longing to her own household. This ought not to be so. The man who because it will not be resented, inflicts his spleen and bad temper npon those of bis hearthstone, is a small coward and a mean man. Kind words are the circulating me dium between true gentlemen and ladies at home, and no polish exhibited in society ean atone for the harsh language and dis respectful treatment, too often indulged in, between those bound together by the tioB of blood, or the still more sacred bonds of con jugal love. Don't Kill the Birds. —One of our cotemporaries enters the following plea for the birds :—" Don't kill the birds that run up and down your apple trees. Tehy are the conservators of orchards, and the urch enemies of bugs, grubs aud worms. Home one told us, the other day, that the farm ers' boys were shooting woodpeckers and sap-suckers, as if they were birds of prey; but wbat is their meat is poison to orchard trees. If you see row after row of round holes encircling an apple tree trunk, don't be alarmed, but thank Providence for the birds whiob took a grab out of every bole, perhaps. Many insects deposit their eggs in the interstices of the bark, and when they hatch out, they bore into the soft, spongy bark. The "sap-sucker," as be is erroneously called, seeks out the hidden places of these pests, and gobbles them np. The wood-pecker alights on a tree trunk, and darting sidewise, taps on .the bark with his beak. He is sounding the bark, and when be detects a hollow—and it must be a very small one If ho don't de tect it—ho borcB his way into the cavity and devours the tenant. You lose ten bushels of apples when you shoot a wood pecker. So don't kill the wood-peckers. Kit Carson died at Fort Lynn, in Colo rado, on the 23d of April, of the rupture of an artery, no was born in Kentucky, m 1809, and wag raised in Mississippi. In 1824 he was apprenticed to a saddler, and in 1826 began his life as a hunter. Up to 1834 he oontinued this career, principally as a trapper. Then he served as a hunter to Bent's Fort for eight years. General Fremont next engaged him as a guide in the Rocky Mountains, and his skill gave success to the undertaking. He wag made a lieutenant in the rifle corps in 1847 when to Washington with dispatches, he drove a flock of 7000 sheep to California and was made Indian Agent for New Mexico. His distinction is chiefly that of a hunter. In sent 1853 Herr Kerpen is exhibiting at Pittsburgh the longest beard in the world. It is sev en feet eight inches long, and is the growth of eight years. Death of Et>PiT*i4cBt BhcIuumb. Hon. James Buchanan, Ex-President of the United States, died at his residence near Lancaster, Pa. on Monday morning last, in the 77th year of his age. He was born in Franklin county, Pa. on the 22d of April, 1791. His father emigrated to this couutry from Ireland aud comuenoed . life as a hardy pioneer, but managed to acquire a competency that enabled him to give his son a classical education. lu 1809 Mr. Buchanan graduated with high honors at Dickinson College. In Decem ber of that year he uommeuced the study of law. He was admitted to the bar No vember 17, 1812, being then little more than 24 years old. So successful was he as a lawyer, that at the age of 40 he was enabled to retire from the profession. At the age of 23 Mr. Buchanan became a member of the Pennsylvania Legislature. During the war of 1812 he marched to the defence of Baltimore as a private sol dier in a company of voluntccrsfcomuianded by Judge Henry Shippen. In 1820 Mr. Buchanan entered Congress, and in 1831, at the end of his fifth term, was sent as En voy Extraordinary to St. Petersburg. On his return in 1833 he was elected to the United States Senate, and under the Ad ministration of Mr. Polk he filled the office of Secretary of State, retiring to private life at the close of tho Administration. One of the first acts of President Pieroe'B administration was to a an Minister to Englan the United States in 1856, received the nomination of the Democratic Convention at Cincinnatti in June, and on the 4th of March, 1827, was inaugurated President of the United States. At the close of his term of oflice in 1861, Mr. Buchanan re tired to his estate at Whcatlands, where he passed the remainder of his life. Appoint Mr. Buchsn d. He returned to Dental Association. —The Delaware Dental Association met in convention at Milford, on Thursday 14th ult. continu ing until the 15th. The meeting was cal led to order at 3 o'clock, P. M. Dr. Smith, of Salisbury, in the chair. After the reading and adoption of minutes of the last session, the Association went into an eieotion for officers for the ensuing year, resulting as follows: President, Dr. Jeff eris; Vice President, Dr. Lewis; Rec. Sce'y. Dr. Marshal ; Corresponding Seo'y Dr. Uegister; Treasurer, Dr. Jones; Li brarian, Dr. Smithers; Executive Com mittee, Drs. Bonwell, Vauderford, and Slielp. Delegates to the American Den tal Convention, Drs Bonwell, Marshal, and Shelp. Dr. Bonwell read an essay on general practice. Dr. Jcffcrjs also presented an essay 9b "fang filling, committee appointed for essayists at the next regular meeting Drs. Jefferis, Smith and Register ; the chair appointing far Clinic demonstrators. Doctors Bonwell and Register. The association adjourned to meet in Wilmingtuu the second Tuesday in October, to continue two days. The Executive To Consumptives.— Having seen much suffering front consumption, and knowing thonsands of dollars are yearly spent by invalids traveling for their health, and medicines and physicians, we propose a simple recipe by which patients may be come their own physicians, and if not too far gone, will guarantee a perfect cure if made und regularly taken according to di rections. The ingredients are hourhound, mullein aud molasses—ingredients that in reach of all, the mullein growing wild in every field, the hoarhouud in almost every garden, aud the molasses to be had at auy grocery. The directions for making arc to take a large liandfull of hoarhound and boil as strong a tea as possibly can be made. Take up, then boil an equal quan tity of mullein in the same way. cupfuil of the tea of the hoarhouud, cupfull of the tea of the mullein aud mix together a suitable vessel, then add a cupfull of molasses and stew a syrup—tho the better. Take n table-spoonful!, or a largo swallow, three times a day. Be par ticular in following directions us to making and also to taking it, and we will guaran tee relief in all cases not too far advanoed. on Take a thicker Deceased. —Mathew Newkirk, Rsq. an old and wealthy citizen of Philadelphia, died on Sunday, He was for many years a director of the old United States Bank, and at that time was on intimate relations with such men as Daniel Webster,- Henry Clay, Amos Lawrence and others, was tho first president of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railrod Com pany, and the monument that now stands outucliucofthulroud, near Gray's Ferry, was erected to commemorate his invalua ble servioos to tho company. Ho leaves an estate estimated at over one million dol lars. He formerly owned the Brandywine Springs property, which ho made hia summer residence. He The Jersey City Young Men's Christian Association has just provided a gymnasium for its members. Their Christianity is likely to be of the muscular sort. It is not until the flower has fallen off that the fruit begins to ripen. So in life, it is when the romance is past that the practical usefulness begins. Mm. Partington says there must besom* sort of kin botwcu poets and pullets, for they arc always cliauting their " lays." Pedantry crams our heads with learned lumber, and takes out our brains to make room for it.