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9 w ms* !/< fe. D V! 9 K A <4 NO. 27. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, JULY 4, 1868. VOL. I. In tho countries of the cast, where polyg amy is almost universal, marriage is not tho sacrcd tie which it is held to be in Chris tian countries. In Persia men marry either for life or for a determinate time. Travel ers or merchants commonly apply to the magistrate for a wife during residence in any place, and the cadi produces a number of girls for selection, whom ho declares to be honest aud healthy. Four wives are permitted to each husband in Persia, and the same number is allowed by the Mo hamedan law to the Mussulman. In Chinese Tartary a kind of male polyg amy is practiced, and a plurality of bus bands is highly respected. In Thibet it is customary for brothers of a family to have a wife in common, and they generally live in harmony and comfort with her.— Among the Calmucks, the ceremony of marriage is performed on horseback. The girl is first mounted, and permitted to ride off at full speed, when her lover takes a horse and gallops after her. If he overtakes the fugitive she becomes his wife, and the marriage is consummated on tho spot. It is said that no instance is known of a Gal muok cirl ever being overtaken uulcss she is reafly fond of her pursuer The Arabs divido their affections be tween their horses and their wives, and rc gard tho purity of the blood in tho former quite as much os in their offspring. Polyg amy is practiced only by the rich, and di ypypos aro rare. In Ceylon tho marriage ,proposal is brought about by tho man first sending to her whom he wishes to become his wife, to purohaso her clothing. These she sells for a stipulated sum, generally asking as much as she thinks requisite for them to begin tho world with. In the evening he calls on her, with the wardrobe, at her father's house, and they pass the night in each other's company. Next morning, if mutually satisfied, they appoint the day of marriage. They are permitted to separate whenever they please, and so frequently avail themselves of this privi lege that they sometimes change a doicn times before their inclinations are wholly suited. In Hindoostan the women have a peculi ar veneration tor marriage, as is is a popu lar oreed that those females who die vir gins are excluded from the ioys of paradise. In that precious country tho women begin to bear children at about the age of twclvo tome even at eleven. The proximity of sho natives of India, to tho burning sun, which ripens men as well as plants, at the earliest period in their tropical latitudes, is assigned as thc oause The distinguish-1 (Drijjinal |wtrg. TUB PRINTER. Written fur the MMldown Tramerijit, BY THH ODK88A BARD. A sonn for the Printer ! who rank» nmon* Aa the Oak in the forest—-the Press with the I The Sun with the Planet«, «Uspenslng his I «h». Day for the darkness of Night. ■What volumes of Transcripts, Lodgers and Times! Gaxettud and Index'd, he marshals lu line! What Journals he Poslis! how Ills Heralds delight! Whilst his Suns shine by day & his Stars )ieam atnight ! The poet may sing and philosopher write, The artist may paint and the warrior light, The scholar, historian, statesman, may scrawl, But the Printer's the peer, nay,—the Prince of them all. " Of Art« preservative," his 1 h the Art! The fountain, the life blood, the head and tho heart Of all scienoe that profits, and love that adorns, Enjoyments that please and genius that charm«. When he «peaks, how the millions bend at his nod, Like devotees bow'd at the shrine of their God! How Vice and his cognates pink buck and grow pale, And cowards and tyrants tremble and quail i How Virtue and Justice and Mercy rejoice, At the clear-ringing sound of his eloquent voice! And Innocence triumphso'er Guilt And giving <1 Hli And Purity hallow» the Printer'» name. How the tyi*e» «pringto "form" In thc magical "stick!" At hi» bid, con spirito , with inu»ical click ! And that Archimedean lever, tlie Pre»p, I« his engine, that move» the world from its rest! The Printer'« the friend If a farm you would buy And whatever wc Or the wide-world If a bachelor prospers in quest of a wife To gladden tilw home and comfort hl» life He hafltens, in rapture, a Printer to find Who will pub!i»h his bliss d the servant of nil, , on tlie Printer you call ; ; wi»h the public to know, learn, to the Printer we go. of mankind I the howl, I the soul Then a «ong for the Printer!—come fill u| Bpring deep fro For of all of Gods workmen I'm sorely afraid That the Printer's And let the loud cho often the lust ami least paid I Odsssa, July 4th 1868. popular cPifiCcltana. Curtosltleg of Marriage. IIow different Nations regard the Marital Rela tion— Interesting resume. Marriage is the first and most ancient of all institutions. As the foundation of so ciety and the fniniiy, it is universally ob served throughout the globc^ no nation having been discovered, however barbar ous, which does not celebrate the union of sexes by ceremony and rejoicing. Thc abuses of tho institution, as polygamy, in fidelity, and divorces, have in no manner touched its existence, however they may have vitiated its purity. The condition of women in all countries • lias afforded a fruitful theme for the obser vation of the traveler, and the speculations of the philosopher and the novelist . It lias been uniformly found that the savage is the tyrant of tho femalo sox, while the position and consideration given to women is ad vanced in proportion to tho refinement of social life. Under tho laws of Lycurgus, Nunm, and even later law givors, tho pow er of the husband over his wifo was abso lute, sometimes even including thc power over life or death. The wife was always defined and treated as a thing, not as a per son—tho absolute property of her lord. In the earlier ages a man might sell his chil dren or his wifo indifferently, and relics of this rudo custom still survive, even among nations called civilized and Christian. ing mark of the Hindoo wife is the most profound fidelity, submission and attach ment to her husband. On the banks of the Senegal, and among many African tribes, tho matrimonial prize most sought after is abundance of flesh,— To obtain corpulcnco is regarded as tho only real comeliness. A female who can move with the aid of two men is but a moderate beauty, while tho lady who can not stir, is only to bo nioved on a camel, is esteemed a perfect paragon. Nor is this queer fancy for obesity in women confined to tho savages of tho tor rid zone, Binco wo read in Wraxall's trav els in Russia, that * 'in order to possess any preeminent degree of loveliness, must weigh at least two hundred weight." The Empresses Elizabeth, and Catherine IT. both accounted very fine women, were of this massive kind. In Ttaly matches are made with prover bial levity, and marriage" vows, if report speaks truly, nre easily broken. Young virgins aro systematically bartered and sold by their parents, and. young people are married every day who never saw one an other before. Concubinage is a constant remedy for these ill-devised and deceitful marriages, and the peculiar term cecilbeo indicates tho idomnity which custom pro scribes for tho fair sex fettered to husbands unloved. In France, as has often been remarked, women monopolize all the society and a largo share of the business of life. The coffeo houses, the theatres, the shops, ca barets, or drinking shops, are filled with women. Women lord it at all assemblies, and are better informed and more capable managers than men. Marriage is looked upon not sot so much as a matter of affec tion as of interest, and the sacrcdness of the tie is proportionately slender. Marriage in Sweden is commonly gov erned wholly by the will of the parents, and is founded on interest. A stolen match is almost unheard of, and persons ofeithor sex seldom marry before tho ago of twen ty-five or thirty. Divorces are, very raro. Russia appears to be the most preposter ous country in Europe in treatment of wo men. Tho nuptial ceremonies, all and singular, are based upon the idea of the degredation of the fëmalo. When the pa rents have agreed upon tho match, the bride is examined by a number of women to see if she has any bodily defect. On her wedding day she is crowned with a garland of wormwood, to denote thebitter uess of tho marriage state. She is exhorted tobe obedient to her husband, and it is a custom in some districts for tho newly married wifo to present tho bridegroom with a whip, in token of submission, and with this ho seldom fails to show his au thority. In this cold and cruel country husbands arc known to torture their wives to death without any punishment for the murder. If a woman proves barren, the husband generally prevails on her to retire into a convent and leave him at liberty. If he fails in persuations ho is permitted to whip her into condescension. Such is the slavery in which the Musco vites nre kept by their parents and guar dians, that they aro not allowed to dispute any union agreed upon by their elders, Jvj'y fiver odious or incompatible it, may be. " 118 vx tends so far that officers m tho nr are not permitted to marry without the c , onf, '' r j f ' of t,ie sovereign, and wives whom * "°y l '° w ant are even sometimes forc cd upon them. in " bother it be the result of this system oppression, or of their savage climate, to ? r of unnatural h .°' alr of *! 10 ?*>▼« hoatc,J apartments, it is certain that a ™ ore . ™ce of women than the Russians would be difficult to find They want says an English traveller, the gen m ne flavor which only nature can give J charming firinnesH and elasticity of is " C ?V° indispensably requisite to consti tu< i° neauty, and so delicious to the touch, ? xlsts n *J fc among the Russian females, or m very few of them. t of Wo are told of tho Aleutian Islanders, . 0 * orm a .P a . rfc °* °J* r new Russian Ame j' lcan acquisition, that they marry one, a wo ' or 4 ,rcc wives, as they have the moans of supporting them. The bridc 8™ om V* 0 ® th ® bndc u P on t f ,al ; an <* It J'°^ urn > bcr to her parents, should he not )0 satisfied, but cannot demand his pres CTd,s »gain. No man is allowed to sell his wife without her consent; hut ho ma y' an(1 often l,oes > assi K u hur ovcr to rc- anothcr - This custom, it is said, is avail ® d , of ?y thc U,,sfilan . hunters who take Aleutian women or girls to wife for a tipio di- for a tr,fl,n K compensation, for the the so vir of the — of woman of Female Suffrao«.— There is one insu perable obstacle in tho way of femalo suf frage. I approach tho subject with- fear and trembling, but it must out. À woman would never vote because she would have to tell her ago at tho polls. And even if sho did daro to vote dtice or twice, whed sho was just of ago, you know, what dire results would flow from " putting this and that together," in "after times. For metknoe, iu an unguarded moment, Miss A. says she voted for Mr. Smith. Hor auditor, Mho knows that it has been seven years since Smith ran for anything, easily cyphcrB out that sho is at least seven years over ago, instead of tho young pallet sho has been making herself out to fle. No, this now fashion of registering the namo, age, rcBidenco and occupation of every voter is a fatal bar to female suffrage. The meaning of tho word "mOerschaum" is tca-fixim. It derives its name from the peouliar clay out of which meerschaums qrore originally made, which is white, and foam in a le sea. The Wonders of California« The Geysers of California nre unequaled among the hot spriugs of tho world. They arc reached by steamer across the bay from San Francisco to Petaluma, thence by stage fur about 50 miles over one of the finest farming regions in the State. From Foss's Station—a favorite resort among the mountains—the Geysers aro twelve miles distant, and are reached by a wild, romantic road. For two miles it winds along the Hog-baek, a mountain summit like the ridge-pole of a steep roof. It has been leveled until barely wide enough for carriage wheels, and on each side one looks down precipitous banks for one or two thousand feet. If the wheels diverge ten inches fram the track the' load of passen gers would reach the bottom much in the condition of a bushel of apples after pass ing through a cider mill. The ridges display the denso shrubbery of the maziucta, or mountain mahogany, upon whose red juicy berries grizzly bears subsist and travelers quench their thirst ; the strongly spiced bay or pepper wood, which has the virtue of driving away fleas, and the exquisite madrona with a round fruit tasting liko the dried thimbleberry. Here bears and antelopes offer great temp tations to hunters. Tho roar of the Geysers is hoard, and their smoko seen two miles away, in favor able conditions of tho atmosphere. After being whirled along the road which pitch es down sixteen hundred feet, with 35 sharp turns in two miles, the visitor finds himself in a narrow valley, viewing hun dreds of steam-jets puffing up from the ground. They are chiefly in a ravine half a mile long, known as the Devil's Canon. Steep walls rise from 50 to 150 feet, bare, spongy, ashey, clayey soil without the faintest sign of grass or shrub. -There are fully one thousand places where steam issues from the soil. Hot water often bub bles up above tho surface ; but much more startling and impressive is tho boiling within hundreds of cavities under ground. Ono feels that only the flimsiest shell pro tects him from some vast subterranean cauldron. At times tho ground vibrates so as to rattle crockery in the hotel one third of a mile away. Hot, cold, and boiling springs are found side by side, each with its own individual hue—blue, brown, black, red, green, yellow, pink, or gray. Their constituents vary greatly, though soda, magnesia, cpsom salts, and various salts of iron, predominate. In passing up the canon, tho visitor burns his fingers and receives stifling blasts from natural hot furnaces. He must be cautious where he steps, unless ho would break through the crust into some of the seething pools below. Steamboat Spring is the grandest of all. It has no water but consists entirely of steam puffing through an aperature as large aB the body of a man, with a roar like a great steamship, tho col umn rising up for hundreds of feet. The vent holes nre two Springs, a few feet apart, which will boil an egg in a minute aud a half, and from which the steam es capes with great force. A stone as large as a man's fist, thrown into ono of them, rebounds three or four feet, like an India rubber ball. These Springs aro numerous for six miles along the Fluton river ; and travel ers declare that they far surpass tho fam ed Geysers of Iceland. They are not vol canic biit result from chemical action. The smeli of brimstone, the hissing steam, throbbing waters, and underground roar ing and trembling, arc peculiarly diaboli cal. Indians regard them with wildest terror, and some white visitors never dare to enter the canon. They are among the most curious and wonderful of the many curiosities and wonders of the Pacific coast. No other region of equal area can boast half the natural beauties and marvels of California. Yosemite, tho Sierras, Mount Shastor, the Big Trees, the Geysers and Lake Tahoe—tho brightest gem in her mountain "coronot—all are worthy of note among the impressive features of the visi ble universe. Already they are sought annually by hundreds of foreigners ; and the completion of tho Pacific Railroad will make them tho pleasure grounds of the world. «* The Old Oaken Bucket«** Tlie song of " Tho Old Oaken Bucket" was written by Samuel B. Woodworth, while yet he was a journeyman printer, working in an office on the corner of Chambers and Chatham streets, New York. Near by, in Frankfort street, was a drinking houso, kept by a man namod Mallory, where Woodworth and several particular friends used to resort. One afternoon the liquor was pronounced super excellent. Woodworth seemed inspired by it, for, after taking a draught, he set his glass upon the table, and »mackine his lips, declared that Mallory's eau fie vit was superior to anything he hid ever tasted. " No," said Mallory, "you aro mis taken, thore was ônè which In both our estimations far 'surpasoe'd this as a drink." " What was tljat? asked Woodworth, dubiously. " The draughts of pure, fresh, spring water that we used to drink from the çld oaken bucket that hung in tho well, on our return from the labors of the field ; ç a sultry day In summer." The tear drops glistened for a moment }u Woqd^prth'seye, if True! true!" he replied, and shortly after quitted the place, Ho immediately returned to the offioc, grasped a pen, and in half an hour tho "Old Oaken Bucket," one of tho moBt delightful compositions in our language, was ready in manuscript to be embalmed in the memories of succeeding generations. it grifft |oftrg. A SUMMER'S DAT. BY JAMKS N. HUDSON. Now gently blow tho summer winds, Now sollest odors rise, And sweetest smiles of nature's love Float down from June's bright skies. The days come early—linger late, Thejnights Ami sweetest music softly breathes gently rippling streams. Beneath the trees upon the hills The drowsy cattle lie; And watch with dull, unmeaning gaze The floating clouds and sky. These are the days of olden time— The mellow, golden days That warmed the poet's heart, and woke The singer's sweetest lays. Beyond the meadow and the stream, The countless acres lie ; Those far off borders seem to touch The azure-tinted sky. The air is filled with silent song, And unseen fingers play Low plaintive strains ot nature's psalm Through all the hours of day. Slow sinking in the golden west Declines the regal sun ; The night with glorious pomp comes on The summer's day is done. blissful dreams Fr Hortknltural Diriment. From the Cultivator and Country Gentleman. Delaware Fruit» and Vcgstnbleg. I want to call public attention to the great success which is attending fruit cul ture in the above State. The "little fruit State," as she is some times called, possesses a wonderful capaci ty for raising every description of berry, fruit or vegetable, not only excelling all other States in abundance, but beauty, size, vigor, color, taste, Oarliness, aud freedom from disease, to an extent little known or appreciated by those who have paid no at tention to the subject. Tho distinguishing features ofDclaware, are warm, rich soil, aud tho early season. A large portion of it is from one week to ten days earlier than New Jersey, and, in the Southern portions of tlie Peninsula, some crops aro harvested two weeks or moro before they ripen at Philadelphia. To a gardener or fruit grower an advan tage of this kind is worth thousands of dollars. Sooner or later tho entire Peninsula must become tlie groat fruit and vegetable garden for early products for New York and Northern markets, and there are many excellent opportunities for those ivho like a life among fruits and flowers. I will give you a few instances of suc cess. Apple trees thrive as if they knew or de sired no more favorable locality. Nothing can exceed tlie beauty of tho trees, tlieir healthiness, freedom from disease, vigor of growth and production. Trees yield here from one to two years earlier than further North, and for early summer apples thc prices received are almost fabulous. From a seven year old apple tree, $7 worth have boon taken, and from a 12 year old $30 havo been realized. Largo orchards are exceedingly profiablo. Pear trees yield early and in perfect lux uriance ; all kinds succeed to admiration, and are troubled with no disease, worms or leaf-blight whatever. An orchard of 100 dwarf pear trees on ly 4 years old, averaged, last fall, ono bas ket per tree : and from one tree threo bas kets ; all were sent to New York, and av eraged $G per basket, or $2,400 for tlie entire aero. Two pear trees at Milford yielded the owner $56. Peaches, which form the largest orobnrd product of tho State, arc exceedingly profit able, whether grown on small or largo farms. Some idea of the magnitude of this production can bo gained from tho fact that last year the entire crop sent to mar ket by railroad and water communication reached the figure of 2,108,000 baskets by railroad, and 750,000 by water. James Fcnnimore of New Castle Co. sold from an orchard of 100 acres 10,000), in four consecutive years, $87,000 worth of peaches. This is a positive fact. Ano ther case is truo, where an orchard of less than 2000 trees yielded in one season $4, 000 net profit. Another near Dover, which I myself saw in crop-time, yields from 70 acres a profit of $10,000 yearly—the purchaser buying the crop on the trees. There are other instances where a place of 40 acres yields $2,000 per year ; one of 3 J acres yields $500 per year ; ono of 5 acres $1,300—ono of 20 acres yielding fruit to tb6 amount, of $4,300 annually, and ono of five acres also where the income from the poaches is greater than from tho rest of tlie entire farm of 350 acres. At Milford,between $8,000 and $0,000 have been oleared in three seasons from 2,500 trees. Orchards in two lower counties range from 5,000 to 20,000 trees, and one gen tleman in Sussex county put out 60,000 the last season- It is generally estimated that peaches will averago at least $1 per tree prunv. , . , . . Strawberries ftud an n,H ds °f ^ err _„ promise to be a most prolific and profitable crop, Last spring strawberries, shipped in small quantities to Now York, brought $1,25 and $1 per quart, the price grad ually declined to 75 o. then 60c. and 40c. was the lowst price obtained, th .0 last ber ries bringing the same prie;, which tho ear liest from Ilaminonton obtaruod. From one- third of an acre at Dover, one there were Bold, net, the handsome little value of $680. Three acres yielded $2, 000 over all expenses ; 4 acres at .Smyrna brought $4,000, the purchaser doing his picking. At Milford 4.\ acres yiel ded one year $2,800—another $3,000. .The secret ofthcBC prices is in their good Pickers can pick till 3 or 5 p. m. put their fruit on an express train, and it is in Washington market before 0 the next morning, sweet, fresh and uninjured. It is safe to say, for a series of years to come, 35c. per quart will be ns low as pri ces will go. With good cultivation, $500 and $1000 per acre will be common re sults for'Delaware. Currants and Gooseberries have not been tried on a large scale, but they thrive splendidly wherover grown in gardens. I think either will be a success, and give munificent returns. Cherries are exceedingly early. From a single young Morello $8 worth have been taken. No disease has yet afflicted this treo hero. Apricots and Plums will pay to raise and hire a man to do nothing else but pick over the trees every day to keep them free from disease or insects. Mr. James Lord, of Camden, in 1807, had a small apricot treo about six years old, that bore four bushels of apricots. The first bushel was sent to a commission merchant of New York, who gave him one dollar per quart. Had tho entire fruit been carefully picked and marketed, tho tree would have yielded $128. Tho Concord and Hartford Prolific are tho only grapes that will succeed. All others are failures. Extraordinary results are aecomplished in vegetables. One grower told the wri ter that from three-fourths of an acre, without manure, lie had taken 275 bushels of Irish potatoes. Another planted Irish potatoes after spring frosts, gathered the ripe tubers in Juno, planted the same ground to cabbage, and gathered the crop before frost came again in tho fall. Sweet potatoes yield 300 bushels, orlOO barrels and upward per acre. Early pota toes bring $t to $t 50 per bushel, and there are many farmers who clear every year the value of the land devoted to po tatoes. We saw one farm of 200 acres, leased with buildings on the half-share plan, which netted to the tenant over his expen ses, for his own portion, tho good sum of $10,000; and the produce was solely grass, corn, potatoes and wheat. Tomatoes will eventually be a big thing. At St. George's a grower sent to New York and Boston the tomatoes raised from an acre of ground, and the net result was $700. Ono grower near Dover realized $400 per acre, for. tomatoes sold at 25 cents per basket to the canning establish ment ; the tomatoes were described as own condition. being so thick that it was impossible t<* pass over tlie ground without stepping on them. A case occurred at Camden of a man who cultivated ono and a half acres on half-shares with the owner. The to matoes were sold for 25 cents per basket, and at thc end of the season ho handed the owner $275, $100 more than the land was worth. Such results are remarkable,» but are not safe enough to form estimates upon for large culture, ; 400 to 500 bush els can bo considered a good yield per acre. The first shipments realize perhaps $5 per orate, then the price falls steadily to $1, then tlie majority over 50 cents. Beets have been exhibited at an Agri cultural Fair weighing fourteen pounds, and four fillod a bushel basket. One thou sand bushels of corn have boon raised from fifteen acres ; one acre eighty-eight bush els—one hill, two stalks, together contain ing eleven ears. There is no reason why, by tho same energy as thc Bergen truck-growers, all kinds of vegetables may not he grown in Delaware, and successfully supply New York two weeks earlier than they now do. Rhubarb and asparagus will pay finely. Cucumbers, beets, lettuce, spinach, cab bages, cauliflowers, egg plant, onions, all will do well. Rail road transportation is easy and quick, and rates arc fair. I can hardly sec what there is to prevent the State from rising from her position as one of tlie smallest in the Union, to one whore she can claim eminence on account of her wealth and successful fruit and garden cultivation. Roses. —The rose among the ancients was held in high consideration—was used to adorn the temple and palace, the solemn rites of religion and the festive gay eties of thc banquet. Cleopatra, at a feast given to Mark Anthony, expended up wards of $1,000 in tho purchase of roses alone. Suetonius relates that he Bpent four millions of sesterces, equal to $150, 000, on roses for ono supper ! The por ticos and courtyards of the palace, as well as the couches, were thickly strewed with them. A thousand roses yield two and a half pounds of rose water. From a film that rises on this water the otto is taken with a feather. Ten thousand roses pro duce 180 grains of otto, and one drop is worth its weight in gold. Hammer or Anvil. —Go, boy, obey thy master's stern behest, the scales of fortune "»"»* «-« at rest: make no ùeîâÿ, to Wis dom's call attend : rise in the balance, or you else descend | make your election sure, 'tis as you choose, to govern and to gam, or servo und lose ; to bear defeat, or win the victory ; hammer or anvil you must Burely be !__ ~ Every ono can master a grief, but ho that has it. Agricultural Department. Medicinal Qualities or the Pumpkin. —At a recent discussion in the New York Farmers' Club, a correspondent writes of the virtues of the pumpkin : "I will give you a simple yet very val uable cure for inflammatory rheumatism. A woman's arm was swelled to an enor mous size and painfully inflamed. A poul tice was made of stewed pumpkin, which was renewed every fifteen minutes, and in a short time produced a perfect cure. The fever drawn out by the poultices made them extremely offensive ns they wore taken off. I knew a man cured of severe inflamma tion of tho bowels by the same kind of ap plication. I think such subjects ns this proper for discussion in a farmers' club." . In my travels in Syria I found pumpkin seeds almost universally eaten by the peo ple on account of their supposed medicini al qualities. Not because they aro diure tic, but as ai) antidote against anininlcuiæ wkicb infest tho bowels. They are sold in the streets as apples and nuts arc here. It is a medical fact that persons have been cured of tlic tape-worm by tlie use of pumpkin seeds. The outer skin being re moved, tlie meats are bruised in a morter into an oily, pasty mass. This was swal lowed by tlie patient after fasting for some hours, and it takes the plaeo of chyle in the stomach, and tho tape-worm lets go its hold of the membrane and becomes gorged with the substance and in some measure probably torpid. Then a large dose of castor oil is administered and the worms are ejected before they are able to renew their hold. Dr. Trimble said that it is supposed that hots in horses hold on with hooks upon tho stomach in the same way, and that they let go when the horse is fed with sweet apples. The editor of the Middletown Transcript has known pulverized pumpkin seed ad ministered both for tape-worm and the or dinary stomach-worm, with the very best results. The crop reports are most encouraging, and should tho weather prove propitious during harvest, we may look for one of thc heaviest yields of grain ever known in this country. How much of this gratifying re sult is attributable to the more liberal use of manures than formerly, wo are not pre pared to say, but doubtless it has bad much to do with it. If farmers would on ly take into consideration the simple, in controvitahle fact, that generous manuring is indispensable to complete success in far ming, we should havo fewer failures of crops to record. It is a satisfaction to know, that by a Blow and gradual but cer tain process, the agricultural mind of tlie country in arriving at this wholesome con clusion, and that high manuring is begin ing to assume its proper place in their es timation. Our advices from all sections, indicate this, and thc hope may reasonably be indulged, that the day is not far distant when tho entire manured resources of the country will bo brought into active play, and the United States become as it is right fully aud naturally should, the granary of the world .—Journal of the Farm. Sow Corn for Fodder.— -Dairymen should remember that sowed corn, as a fall feed for milch cows, has received tho in dorsement of the majority oflbe profession for years. It is grown with tho greatest ease, and yields most profusely. It is rich, succulent, and consequently just tho thing for cows at the time when the pastures be gin to fail in the fall. It may bo sown ei ther broadcast or in drills. The oommon varieties are usually sown, but at the Bel videre convention sweet corn was very highly spoken of. There is no > doubt it yields the richest food. Tlio next best is probably some variety of the flint corn. Cut and well cured before frost, there is no better winter fodder, and there is nothing that can bo produced more profitably. All kinds of stock will oat it with avidity. Sow from two to three bushels of corn per acre, if broadcast, and cover with the cul tivator. The Apple Tree Borer. —Wm. Day, of Morristown, N. J. tells us how to kill the apple borer. Tho process is as fol lows:—Dig Out thoroughly and destroy every worm that can bo found with a pock et or jack-knife, cliizel and knitting -nee dle; then, in the earliest spring, incloso the trunk of thc treo with two thickness of hardware paper, dipped in whale oil soap or gas tar, partially.dried, twelve or fif teen inches wido, from tho roots up, and loosely tied top and bottom with bass mat ting, This will require about twenty min utes to a troc, and will last one season. Silk culture is begining to attract great attention iu Utah. President Brigham Young is setting out ono hundred and fif ty acres in mulberry trees, and tho faithful about to follow his example. The slopes and the hills of Central Utah are particularly well adapted to silk growing, and the eharctoristic energy of the Mor mous will soon make it a large interest. Beep cultivation accompanied by lib, r al manuring never fails to result in re munerative crops. Tho subsoil contains moro mineral elements of fertility than the surface, whilo tho other ingredients lack in'» are supplied by the manures. Try the experiment if you feel doubtful on tlie sub ject, and satisfy yourselves. The Lavender Kleids ot Mitcham* Surrey may be said to have almost • monopoly of the Lavender trade, and th<r quantity grown in the country may be guessed from the fact that some 600 acres of ground are devoted to its culture alone. Kent grows hardly any, and Cambridge shire aud Hertfordshire are but unpretend ing rivals. We ought to mention here that lavender is now more extensively grown in the neighborhood of Oarshalton and on the Epsom Downs than at Micharn even, but of course they are at a greater distance from town. It is planted in No vember, in slips from the old roots, and will stand without removal from two to four years, being fed with the ordinary farm yard manure. It is very susceptible of injury from frost or heavy rain, and much havoc has been made with this year'» crop from both these causes. It is gener ali admitted by those whose recollections date a long time back that the crops nowa days are nothing like so abundant as they used to be. which is perhaps owing to the partial exhaustion of the soil and conse quent weakening of the plants. Of course, this and the increasing importation of French oils is considered so superior for most purposes, that it must always rulo the market. The lavender water, after the oil has beeu extracted, is given to the met» as a perquisite, and sold by them at some thing like sixpence a gallon. It is reaped with a saw-edged sickle by hand, put there and then into mats, and carried to the' still. The process, therefore, is extremely simple," and bears no comparison to that of hop-picking, the gayest of all harvest gath erings. Still the lavender fields, when in full bloom are a glorious sight, aud have a charm peculiarly their own. Whichever way the eye may wander, field after field is spread out in interminable beauty, and its effect, not easily forgotten, is worth re membering .—Country Life. Ingenuity of Birds. Thrushes feed very much on snails, looking for them in mossy banks. Having frequently observed souie broken snail shells near two projecting pebbles on at gravel walk, which had a hollow between them, I endeavored to discover the occa sion of their being brought to that situa tion. At last I saw a thrush fly to tho spot with a snail shell in his mouth, which lie placed between tho two stones, and hammered at it with his bill till he had broken it, aud was then able to feed npon; its contents. The bird must have discov ered that he could not apply his beak, with sufficient force when it was rolling about, and he, therefore, found out and made use of a spot which would keep tho shell in ono position. When the lapwing wants to procure food, it seeks for a worm's cast, and stamps the ground by the side of it with its feet ; somewhat in the same man ner as I have often done when a boy, iu order to procure worms for fishing. After doing this for a short time, the bird waits for the issue of the worm from its hole, who, alarmed at the shaking of the ground, endeavors to make his escape, when he is immediately Bcized and becomes the prey of the ingenious bird. The lapwing also' froqueuts the haunts of moles. These an imals, when in pursuit of worms, on which they feed, frighten them, and the worm, in attempting to escape, comes to the surface of tho ground, whore it is seized by tlie lapwing. The same mode of alarming his prey has been related of the gull. A Hint to Bald-IIkadkd People.— Frederick Kemp writes from the silver mines ol" Montana to the Ilearald of Health, giving the following hint in ref erence to a cure for baldheadcdness : friend of mine who had the misfortune to bo baldheaded, knowing that there is a wonderful invigorating power in the sun's rays, last spring threw away his hat, and worked in the guleh all spring, summer and fall bare-headed, and also for thc first few days at mid-day. For the first few days the rays of the hot sun on bis head were almost unendurable; aftor that time' lie experienced no uneasiness whatever. The result was that in thc fall he had a good head of hair. And in this experi ment he was not alone—several of his ac quaintances whq were bald-headed, having.' followed tlie same plan, they were all for tunate enough to cxporicnoe the same re sult. case once came under his own observation and professes to have no doubt that " tho exposure of the skin to the air and sun shine, under projftr circumstances, stimu lates it to a healthy actiou and with k those glands upon which tho growth of tin* hair depends." " A The editor nddB that a similar To clear a room of mosquitoes, take of gum camphor a pieco about ene-third the size ot" an egg, evaporate it by placing it in a tin vessel and holding it over a lamp or candle, takiug care that it does uot ig nite. The smoke will soon till the room and expel the mosquitoes. One night not. long since I was terribly annoyed by them when I tried this remedy, after which I "neither saw nor heard them that night. Next morning there was not one to be found in the room, though tho window hod been left open all night. A photographer in Massachusetts was recently visited by a young woman, who, with sweet simplicity asked : " How long does it take to get a photograph aft« yoa leave your measure Who does not lovo the plain but beauti ful namo of Mary 1 It is from the He brew, and means a tear-drop.