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for in ever tions state It Jjftiddlftoujn 2Jransrript. it SATURDAY MORNING, ,-i, 1808. # A gre t deal of twaddle bos been writ ten and published, this State, on this subject. It has been characterised as a relic of barbarism and ntilsgraee to the civilisation of the 19th century. We hâve no very high appre o ioM en ef the civilisation of -the 19th cen tury, over and above that of several cen turies preceding it, and readily conclude tint any institution calculated to cast dis grace upon it, must be bad indeed. But, let as examine the matter a little, and see if , there really is cause for the expendi ture of all this surplus philanthropy over the Delaware whipping post, which so painfully affects the tender sensibilities of our mercurial moral sentimentalists. Sub mit the question to a practical test. Not eue of the culprits punished by the lash, in New Castle, but would prefer to take his whipping and go at large after it, to years of confinement in the penitentiaries ©' other States. And even where a Bhort confinement of three or six months is im posed along with the lash, it would still be preferred, if the culprit's choice were consulted. This settles the question as to the humanity of the two kinds of pun ishment imposed for thin grade of crime. Clearly, the lash " is the lightest punish ment, and per consequence, the most hu mane. i It is disagreeable to witness the infliction of punishment, we grant; but let any one, who has teen the operation of the whipping-post, go to some State Pen itentiary and witness the sadness and gloom which hang like a pall upon the counte nances of the wretched convicts, and ask himself bow many of them would not prefer to take the lash and their liberty to the weary years of confinement, if the alternative were presented to them. So much for the inhumanity of the thing. A great deal more might be said, hut this will suffice. On the soore of public economy, the Delaware system of punishment has much more to commend it than the expensive Slate prisons of. other States. It will not be denied, we presume, that punishment of some kind is necessary for the protec tion of society against the vicious mar auders that would prey upon it. But why should society punish itself, in the infliction of punishment upon the vicious. This is done by the State-prison system. Tkose expensive establishments are a heavy burden upon the body politic', in the way of taxation for their support Few, if any of them, hays ever been self-sus fiwnSag, The b usts of their organization i*, ,to Arrest the vicious members of sfliotjr and «Apport them at the publie pense. The system here, is, to punish, corporeally, and turn them loose to sup port themselves, instead of being a charge upon society. Ih this not the wiser course, •» well as the most economical, and the most humane ? tty, in and out of wide len rich, born their prefer den some, too Laden Books And What That That in And Are Our And And Till ting ters to ped on BO ex to Tho Easton Star is sanguine as to the projected enterprise. After recounting what has already been done, be asks :•— " Why should not the railroad from Halltown to Elkton be built? It is em phatically a Maryland work, intended to pnt the city of Baltimore iu elose railroad connection with the Eastern Shore coun ties—without " going ] Wilmington! The of Baltimore and the Eastern Shore demand that this branoh road should be built, aud that speedily. It is also essential to At»!? us to flank the ' • Delaware mouo ' And there is only one thing which .oan defeat the early construction of the read, namely; the useless throwing away •of the resource* of the Maryland and Dataware Railroad Company upon the sharpers who ore now plotting to get pos sessio« of them. If the affairs of the Maryland and Delaware Railroad Com pany are properly directed, the' road can he completed to Easton without materially increasing its floating debt, and leave a large balance to aid iu building the brauch from Halltown to Elkton ; and we under stand that Cecil county has $60,000 in «ash all ready to be put into the road, and that reap onsible parties in Cecil have ves to raise the amount to round the horn," mutual interests via en ■tadgsd $Too,000. Baltimoreans have also sig nified their willingness to contribute $ 000 towards its construction. The bi Is 25 miles long, and will cost only about $900,000. When built it will be a pay ing road, as it will rnn through a very fine .country, and will afford feeilities for freigh ting the lumber, ooal, lime, Ac. from Port Deposit, so much required on the Eastern Shore. The med can, ought and will be built; and although the editor of the ■Transcript is considerably our senior', we .expect and believe that he will live to 100 , ranch *ee it. A letter' from Washington says:—Spe -cificotions as to thé probable east of Gen tanl Grunt's Cabinet continue to occupy illrdtaels» of society here, yat only a sin gte pdint MMts-to be held in oommon, a id that is, that itee persistent effort., wh'o'i will he made to feres Edwin M, Stanton upon General Grant é01 prove Thé Electors met' in their State oapitols, on Wednesday last, and cast their votes tot President and Vice President. Wïntir. —Tuesday wu the first day of the »eason, according to the almanac, and for once the weather and the almanac were in full accord, for the atmosphere wan emphatically wintry, and has been so ever since. The season awakens reflec tions os varied as the temperament, the state or condition of man. To the poor It is ' *1dread winter," where "horror ber ity on a of one, abil been and 19th cen cen dis But, see over so of Sub Not lash, take to Bhort im be were to pun crime. hu the but of Pen gloom counte ask not to the So thing. this the much not protec mar But the vicious. system. a the Few, self-sus punish, sup charge course, the of wide extends his desolate domain ;" " sul len ahd sod, with all his rising train of vapours, clouds and storms." To the ton, rich, these are the joyous winter days, crowned with fireside enjoyments, home born happiness, and all the comforts and delights that the hours of long uninter rupted evening know. The seasons, in their turn, have each their own peculiar attractions and pleasures for man. Some prefer the budding glories and opening promise of Spring ; some, the bright gol den hours of the glowing Summer ; and some, the " melancholy days" of Bober Autumn. But Winter has its pleasures fice ty, is is <0 too : Winter I I love thee, for thou coiu'st to me, Laden with Joys congenial to my mind, Books that with baras and solitude agree, And all those virtues which adorn mankind. What though the meadows, and the neighb'ring hills, That rear their cloudy summits in the skies— What though the woodluud brooks, und low land rills, That charm'd our ears, and gratified our eyes, in thy forlorn habilimeuts appear? What though the zephyrs of the summer tide, And all the softer beauties of the year Are fled and gone, kind heav'n has not denied Our books and studies, music, conversation, And evening parties for our recreation ; And these suffice, for seasons snatch'd away, Till spring leads forth the slowly-length' uiug day. The Cambridge Democrat and Herald proposes a canal from the head of Little Black Water River to Cambridge, seven miles. The advantages would he, that wood, lumber, grain, stock, poultry and every article produced on the farm, would then have a safe and cheap means of get ting to market. Such a means of water communication would enable the fine oys ters of Fishing Bay to bo brought direct to Cambridge, where they could he ship ped to Baltimore by steamer or by rail to Philadelphia. The thorough draining of thousands of acres of land along the ca nal, would triple the crops now yielded, and prove of immense advantage to the people generally. It is stated in Washington that Minister McMahon, who succeeds Wasliburue iu Paraguay, has received decisive instruc tions to proceed to Asuncion with Rear Admiral Davis and a naval squadron and redress the wrongs committed by Lopez on American citizens. McMahon at la test dates was at Rio Janeiro awaiting instructions. D'Israeli, the British Premier, has re signed. The Times denounces what it terms his cowardly retreat, but the Post, Telegraph, News and Standard all applaud the prompt action of the Premier as calcu lated to save the Queen from embarrass ment and bis party from needless morti fication. BO ex Easton and Cambridge are discussing the question as to which is entitled to take the most prominent position among the towns on the Eastern Shore el Maryland. They will both have to yield that posi tion to Elkton. to the :•— from em to railroad coun demand aud mouo which of the away and the pos the Com can materially leave a brauch under in and have to The claims of Hon. John. A. J. Cres well, of Cecil, are urged in some of the Republican papers in Maryland, for a seat in Gen. Grant's cabinet, as a representa tive of the border States. • horn," interests Political Status of Gen. Grant.— The Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Gazette writes: en "People generaii; here and hereabouts are be ginning to realize the situ .' 1 don, and to perceive will he wholly m the that the new President hands of the extremists of his pany. The Cambridge Democrat and Herald announees that " Congress meets on Mon day next, and there will be a devil of a time, no doubt." Specie Payments. —We have very faint hopes of a return to specie payments within any reasonable period of time, but we spread before our readers the following ex tracts from some of oar exchanges upon the subject, which will pass only for what they are worth : A Washington letter says:—There is a powerful combination now forming in this city, headed by Jay Cooke, for the pur pose of securing an early resumption of specie payments. The combination is said to embrace a large number of the ablest men in the Republican ranks, who repudi ate the proposition of Senator Sherman to prepare for resumption two years hence. They express the determination to have specie payments at a much earlier day, aud the purpose is to press for an immediate resumption. A leading who professes to be in combination, says, that the scheme is fully endorsed by Gen eral Grant, who will throw the whole weight of his influenoe in its favor, and who will take an aotire part in securing its success» It is stated that Senator Sumner recent ly expressed himself as determined to take a stand in. Congress for the immediate re sumption of specie payments. fn the absence of more exciting topics, opera here (Washington) are dis ith vehemence the question of resuming" specie payments' The New York Commercial is discuss ing, with the Times, the feasibility of re aum Wg specie payments. sig about pay fine freigh Port Eastern will be of the we live to 100 , ranch litician here Gen occupy a sin a id wh'o'i Stanton the new and Vice day, son to tery) $ 000 Four the LOCAL, AWAIRS. a. Grkely's Lecture.—Q uite a num ber of persons from Middletown and vicin ity purpose attending Mr. Grcely's lecture on ' Self-Made Men," to be delivered at Elkton on Monday evening next, at 7 o' Mr. Greely is not much of a favorite umoug our citizens, but his no toriety attracts, not less than the subject of his lecture, which is a very popular one, and which the lecturer possesses the abil ty to present to his auditors in a very attractive form, provided he will keep his M clock. peculiar idiosyncrasies out of view. S.ev. A. A. Wulits, will also deliver a lectare in the Odd Fellows' Hall, at Elk ton, on Thursday evening,, January 14, 18G8. Subject—" Sunshine the Secret of Huppiuess." Dost Office Affairs.—A new port of fice is established at Urieville, Kent coun ty, Md. and Henry M. Rullison appointed [master ; directly on the route from ton to Cliestertown, on which service is six times a week. At Fieldsboro', New Castle county, Del. Edward Silcox, Jr. is appointed postmaster, vice Joseph C. Hutchison, resigned. At Felton Station, Kent county, Del. M. Norris Stevenson is appointed postmaster, vioe Wm. H. Cain, failed to bond, Improvements in Middletown.— There have been erected in Middletown, during thii year, twenty-two dwelling houses, on« brick and two frame store houses, one steim sash factory, one large brick Town Hull, seventy feet square, and one large ware-rooui, besides stables and other out buildings. Where is thetown ofnotmore thin one thousand inhabitants, that can show more extensive improvements during t!i( year ? Fairs, festivals, hops, lectures, concerts and sociables, are all projected, here, this writer, in view of the speedy completion of ;be Town Hall. Our citizens are fond of auiusement, aud will not lack that kind of aliment after the Hall is finished. A public Li jrary and Lyoeum, are also contempla ted. Several gentlemen, with most com mendable liberality and public spirit, have expressed a détermination to make dona tions in aid of a Library. The Cecil Democrat says :—Easton pa rs say that a railroad is projected from ilkton to Halltown, in Caroline county, th îreby to secure an equal chance for Bal timore, etc. This may be "projected," but it will never be built, nor would it pay if it should. If the people below want a di 'ect route to Baltimore, they can readily sejure it at a less cost, by making a short »d from Elkton to Middletown. on the J. ty, iu to <0 Elk Duck-shooting on the Bohemia and Sas safras rivers, lias been quite lively this Fall. Two young gentlemen killed 06, in hours, recently, on the Bohemia. They secured forty-eight, and eighteen others could not be secured, on aocount of the stormy day. We are iudebted to one of the gentlemen alluded to, who is a capital shot, for a brace of fine black-heads. A rumor was current here, some days since, that Mr. Charles Smith, carpenter, formerly of this town, was knocked over heard and drowned, from an oyster boat, be tween Wilmington and Philadelphia, on the 18th of November. This cannot be true, letter has been received here since from Mr. Smith, dated New Haven, Ct Nov. 21st, 1868. A protracted meeting lias been in pro gress at the Warwick Methodist Protest ant Church, for five weeks, Rev. Dr. Ewell, pastor. Forty-eight persons have been added to the Church, in that pluce, and about sixty have professed a change of heart The meeting is still in progress. Mr. Wm. Moat is building on Lake slreet, a frame tenement, 35 by 28 feet, Mr. John Morrison, contractor. Morrison is also erecting two back build ings for Mrs. Lydia V. Cannon, on Main slreet. Mr. Lingo is building a dwelling house for Mr. Thomas W. Bucke, on Lake st. Elizabeth Massey, a colored woman liv ing on the farm of Mr. Samuel Fcnimore, near Odessa, had the thumb of her left hand amputated on Mouday last, by Dr. Cr. G. Chamberlaiue, of this town, on ac count of bone felon. Chloric Ether was administered to facilitate the operation. John Peoples, of Christiana Hundred, v as on Wednesday chosen Cashier of the National Union Bank of Delaware, at Wilmington, vice Joseph W. Day. The Gazette says that the liabilities of llr. Day, the late defaulting cashier, will amount to $44,500. Fresh Fish.—O ur town lias been sup plied tbi some weeks past, with pike, perch, and mulets, from Noxentown mill pond. They are taken by the gill-net, und are sold at ten cents p or pound. An election for nine Directors will he leid iu the banking house at Odessa, or Wednesday, the 6th of January next, at 3 «'clock, P. M. See notice of Cashier, in cur advertising columns. Wm. C. T. Poulson, convicted of forge ry a year or so ago, and confined since at New Castle, has been unconditionally par coned by the President of the United States and set at liberty. The bridge over the Sassafras river, be tween Georgetown and Fredericktown, is nearly completed. This will be a great C " 'ic convenience, one which has long needed. it at Mr. the the be the a we ex a this of said to aud and take re dis of re Mr. Isaac Slaughter, .pf Cecilton, mail (|arrier between that place and Middletown, ä ltered a hog a few days ago, which ed 551 pounds. It was eighteen months old. The Milford Mutual Friend says:—Ven dues are numerous. It seems as if the far mers in this vicinty were paoking up thcii I raps to emigrate. A festival for the benefit of the M. E. Parsonage, began at Galena, Kent eonn y, Md. on Thursday last, and will be con liuued this evening. Mr. J. C. Lippincott, of the National Hotel, slaughtered four hogs on Tuesday, vhich weighed 1440 pounds, the largest weighing 406 pounds; here Sheriff Herbert has had under bis keep ing the past two years 367 prisoners, not »ne of whom escaped. In the Court at New Castle, on Thurs day, thejury in the ease of Win. M. Johu son vs. Samuel Townsend, (a civil actiou to recover damages for assault and but tery) awarded a verdict for the plaintiff of $ 200 . Joseph Shirby, indicted for arson, plead guilty a day or two since, and was sen tenced to pay a fine of $500, to pay $1, 000 rcsitution, costs of suit, and on Sat urday next, December 6, to stand in the pillory thirty minutes, to bo whipped with twenty lashes and imprisoned four years. Four other prisoners, convicted of petty larcency, wore sentenced to be whipped on the Bauio day, to pay tines, and to uudergo various terms of imprisonment. State m. Aaron Conner, charged with rape, continued from lust term, postponed until next court. our the don the in an is a Mr. John Morrison, carpenter, and Mr. Frank Stevens, an employee, while at work on Mr. Moat's building, in this town, on Wednesday, were precipitated to the ground, a distance of seventeen feet, by the breaking of the scaffold. Both were considerably stunned and bruised by tbc fall, hut fortunately sustained no severe injury. Another of the workmen saved himself from fulling by clinging to the cornice, and climbing in at the window. Sale of a Valuable Farm. —Mr. W. J. Brittingham, trustee, sold last week 76Ü acres of the Essex Farm, lying on the Focomoke river, to Messrs. J. C. Mat thews und William Polk, of Odessa, Dela ware, for the sum of $18,000. The home stead and improvements lying soutli of the road leading from Stevens' Ferry to Reho both are embraced in the purchase.— .Som erset Herald. Mr. Charles P. Cochran, of this vicini ty, slaughtered 19 hogs, last year, which averaged 448 lbs. Mr. C. 1ms 15 head to slaughter now, which will probably equal iu size those of last year. A number of Army and Navy officers assembled at Fort Delaware, on Thursday, to witness the result of the experimental firing of heavy ordnance. Land Sale. —Benj. Caulk, Esq. has sold his twu farms in Appoquiuimink lid. containing about 310 acres, to Wm- E. ltiley, Esq. for $25,000. The farm of Mrs, Susan B. Foard, on Bohemia Manor, advertised far sale in these columns, has been withdrawn from »ale. Coal is selling in Wilmington at:—Nut, 9; Egg, $9.75 @ $10 ; Stove, $10 (a) 11 . Fresh pork is selling here at $10 per hundred pounds. in of liv left Dr. ac was the at of will sup he or 3 in at par be is long Thing« In Kent County, Md. Steam Yacht.— General R. Clay Craw ford, of Philadelphia, a Federal officer during the late war, again visited our town this week ill his steam yacht, Tennessee. The Gencaal first visited our town some two weeks since, and he was so much pleased with its locution and the beauty of Chester river, that he immediately enter ed into negotiations for the purchase of the late residence, with the grounds, of E. F. Chambers, deceased. On this, the General's second visit, the purchase was completed, for the sum of fifty-four hun dred dollars. The General, we learn, will modernize aud thoroughly repair the house, us a residence during part of the year. His steam yacht was built in Phil adelphia and cost eleven thousand dollars. She lias a powerful engine, which has some new features ; aud she can make, in calm weather, fifteen miles an hour. Her owner uses her for ducking and fishing and water excursions. The General says she is the first stcain yacht built ip this couutry, and is a complete success in ev ery particular .—Cliestertown Transcript. Bank Resignation. —We learn that Col. Spencer, Cashier of Kent National Bank, intends resigning his position to take effect the first of January ensuing. Col. Spencer is engaged very largely in the peach business, having near eighteen thousand trees on his place. In addition to this, lie is now commencing the culti vation of small fruits—strawberries, rasp berries, blackberries aud cranberries—on a large scale, which, if as successful as his peaches have been, will get the same number one reputation in the markets of our cities. These things, we presume, will command the whole time of tho Col onel, and has determined his withdrawal from the Bank .—Kent News. Sales of Real Estate. —The farm on which C. C. Smith resides, containing 301 acres, was sold at trustee's sale, on Tues day, by R. Hynson, Esq. and purchased by John T. Edwards, of Cumberland, at $20,000 cash. The same gentleman, as attorney for John Kennedy, sold at Ken nedyville, on Saturday last, eleven build ing lots iu that village, ranging in price from $5 to $11 per froutfoot .—Kent News. Affairé; in Cecil Countv. —The Elkton (Md.) papers contain the following items : On Wednesday lasv, «young white man, named Taylor McDowell, ù.nd 'wo colored men, named Rogers, were drow'Étod in 'he Susquehanna, near Port Deposit. "'!<ey with others were at work among drift logs, and their skiff took water to such an ex tent that for safety they jumped overboard to swim ashore, but the cold water made them helpless. Three others clung to the skiff and drifted ashore. On Saturday last, while two youths, named Chas. Lowe and Benj. Simcoe, of Northeast, were out ducking, by some means the gun of Simcoe was fired, and the whole load lodged in the side of Lowe, causing instant death. The deceased was a son of Ephraim P. Lowe, Esq. mail far thcii E. con Liberty of the Press in France.— Never since the establishment of the second French empire has the government adopt ed so despotic measures against the press as it does at present. All the Paris pa pers which have received subscriptions for the erection of a monument to Baudin, the republican deputy who lost his life in de fending the republic against the coup d'etat., being heavily fined. There is no coun try in Europe, remarks the New York Tri bune, which has at present equally odious press -laws, except perhaps Russia and Turkey.— BdU. Sun. I r< not ful An account before us of the luxurious style of living among some of the English aristocracy throws the most brilliant of our American " swells" considerably into the shade. About sixty miles from Lon don is the estate of the Earl of Spencer, which comprises ten thousand acres, di vided into parks, meadows, pastnres, woods and gardens. His library contains fifty thousand volume -, and is said to be the finest private library in the world. The Duke of Richmond's home farm eon sists of twenty-three thousand aores, or over thirty-five square miles, and this is in crowded England, which has in all only an area of 50,000 square miles, or just thirty-five millions of acres, giving, were the land divided, less than two acres to each inhabitant. The residence of the Duke is fitted up with Oriental magnifi cence. Twenty-five race horses stand in his stables, each under the care of a spe cial groom. The dishes and plate upon the table are all of porcelain, silver and gold, llis aviary is supplied with almost every variety of rare and elegant birds, and large herds of cattle, sheep and deer are spread over the immense lawns. The same authority from which we gather these facts, says that the Duke of Devonshire's palace, at Chatsworth, excels in magnifi cence any other in the kingdom. He spends the whole of his enormous income. In the grounds about the bouse are kept 400 head of cattle, and 1,400 deer. The kitchen garden contains twelve acres, and is filled with almost every species of fruit and vegetables. A vast akbobxtvm con nected with this establishment is designed to contain a sample of every tree that grows. There is also a glass conserva tory 387 feet in length, 112 feet in breadth, 67 feet in height, covered by 76,000 square feet of glass, and warmed by seven miles of pipe, conveying hot water. One plant was obtained by a speoial messenger, and is valued at $10,000. One of the foun tains, near the house, plays 276 feet high, said to be the highest in the world Chat worth contains 3,500 acres, but the Duke owns 96,000 acres in the county of Der byshire. Within, the entire is one vast scene of paintings, sculpture, mosaic work, carved wainscoating, and all the elegancies and luxuries within the reach of almost boundless wealth and highly fined taste. Five-sixths of the soil of England is divided among scarcely thirty thousand proprietors. There are twenty nine bankers in London whose transactions yearly embrace six or seven hundred mil lions sterling. the re Mas. Harriet Bkeciier Stowe Conver ted. —We hoar from Florida that Mrs. Beecher Stowe, the authoress of "Uncle Tom's Cabin," who a year or two ago bought a place on the St. Johns river near Jacksonville, says she wants to live long enough to write another book to correct the mistakes of "Uncle Tom," and to show that a great blunder was committed when slavery was abolished. From her first con dition of sentimental attaohment to the ne gro she has lapsed into a state of uncon querable dislike and aversion. She will uot have them about her, either in doors or out. She turned them all off her place, aud allows no one with a blank akin to ap proach her, Wc are told that an acquain tance of ours sought to send her a message by a black stewardess on board a steam boat, but she refused to allow the negro to approach her, Her mind, as we have been credibly informed, is very much inflamed against the negro ; and this, probably, from comparing their efficiency and aptitude as laborers and servants with that of the Northern whites. Her fonoy picture of the African has been spoiled, and her sen timental affectation has turned, in conse quence, to violent aversion,— Macon, Go, Telegraph. of at Hunmcutt'b Fall. —The New Nation, the Richmond organ of extreme radical ism, has subsided from a dsyly to a week ly, the Rev. Mr, Hunnicutt, iti editor, having announced in bis Saturday's issue that " owing to unexampled proscription" he was forced to suspend the publication of the daily from that date. Mr. Hun nicutt, who is a clerical politician of the Brownlow order and spirit, and the recog nized political high priest of the freed inen, was a prominent candidate for the nomination of the republican convention of Virginia for Governor, but foiled to get it, Gen. Wells, lato of Michigan, who represents what ofolms to be the more conservative wing of the republican party in Virginia, having obtained the nomina tion by a large majority. It would as if the situation in Virginia were tening a little, when the reeogi poneut of ultra radicalism has th out of favor with his own party, seem brigh nized ex us fallen Mrs. A. Gatewood, of 87 Bleeeker street, New York, a day or twe ago a quantity of lace from Mrs. Eaton, a dressmaker On Tuesday, detectives ar> rested her, when she oonfessed her guilt, and asked a few minutes privacy before ac companying the officers. She was permit ted to retire, and failing to return, the of ficers went up-stairs, and found she had cut her throat with a razor and was dead. Her friends state she was subject to klep tomania. stole : of The Sugar Crop. —The Louisiana pa pers say the season has been s splendid for the sugar planters, aud they are making preparations for more extensive cultivation of the cane next year. The yield of the cane is everywhere greater than has been known for years back, and the quality of the sugar is superior to that of past times. At the present prioes of su gar and molasses the planters will relieve themselves of many of their embarrass ments. one In the United States Circuit Court at Richmond on Monday, Robert Onld, coun sel for Mr. Jefferson Davis, moved to quash the indictment on the ground thst the Fourteenth amendment prescribe* the mode for punishing participation in tee rebellion, which is disfranchisement, and no other punishment is prescribed. The prosecution moved to postpone the mo tion until the latter part of the term, hut Chief Justice Chase decided to hear ar guments on the motion on Thursday. We live p e acea bly on the surface of the .U>__ of Ire roll beneath our feet. In the great womb of the globe the everlasting forge is at work. How dread ful must an earthquake be, when we are told by Plioy that twelve cities in Asia Minor were swallowed up in one night 1 Not a vestige remained ; they were loot in tremendous maw forever 1 Millions of human beings have been swallowed up while flying for safety, j the earth nature performs the same moment that she is (ring the heavens with her ders roll above our feet, where the eye of mortal man never penetrated. In the vast vortex of the vol cano the universal forge empties its melted metals. The roar of Ætna bos been the knell of thousands, when it poured forth its cataract of Are over one of the fairest portions of the earth, and swept into ruins ages of industry. In the reign of Titus Vespasian, in the year 70, the' voloano of Vesuvius dashed its fiery billows to the olonds, and buried in burning lava the ci ties of Herculaneum, Stabes and Pompei, which then flourished near 'Naples. In the streets onoe busy with the hum of in dustry, and where the celebrated ancients .walked, the modern stands and ruminates upon fallen gran deur. While the inhabitants were un mindful of the danger which awaited them; while thev wealth and greatness of fire came roaring from the mountain, and shrouded them in the eternal night. Seventeen centuries have rolled over them, and their lonely habitation and works re main as their monuments. They were swept away in the torrent of time ; the waves of ages have settled over them, and art alone preserved their memory. Great nature, how sublime are all thy works 1 the of A the is In the bowel* of her wonders at Her thun Kghtnings. r head and her now were basted with plans of , the irres is table flood Tux Perpetual Session or Congress. —There is a movement on foot for the re peal of the aot providihg for a perpetual session of Congress. The aot, it will be remembered, was pissed January 22,1807, and provides that in additionto the present regular time of the meeting of Congress there shall be a meeting of the Fortieth Congress of the United States and of each successive Congress thereafter at twelve o'clock M. on the 4th day of Maroh, the day on which the term begins for which the Congress is elected, thus, in effect, ma king the session of Congsess the whole year ronud. When it was adopted it had a special object in view—namely, to watch Andrew Johnson, that terrible executive officer, lest during some interval of con gressional repose he might perpetuate bold aot that would upset reconstruction and destroy the radical party. That dan ger having passed, leading radicals consid er there is no longer any necessity for ex hausting vigilanoe, and go in for a little rest hereafter. It is probable the aot will be repealed this winter,— Washington Cor respondence of the New York Herald. re ago ne will ap to the of sen Go, some Fatal Accident. —Mrs. Leslie and her two children were burned to death at Sing Sing, on Saturday evening, in consequence of the upsetting of a kerosene lamp. The mother was holding her infant in her arms, and her little boy, aged three years, playing uuder a table on whioh a kerosene lamp was burning. The little fellow in play kioked the table, and the kerosene spilling over ignited, exploding the lamp. The flaming fluid ran down upon the boy, setting his clothing on fire. The mother, seeing bis peril, placed her babe upon the floor and rushed to the rescue of her son. She wo* in flames in a moment, and the treoeberous fluid also encireled the infant setting its clothing on fire. The piercing shrieks of the mother and her children soon brought the neighbors to her rescue, and the oonsuming names were speedily extin guished, but uot until the three victims were so horribly burned aa to result in death. his issue the the get who more A double murder occurred at Preston burg, Ky. a few days since. A consta ble named John Moore, while striving to collect a debt from William Huff, had a quarrel with him. Moore then armed himself, and meeting Huff shot him dead in the street. Moore was arrested, but a son of Huff, fearing the müderer of his father would escape, went to the jail, and calling Moore to the window of his cell, shot him in the head, inflicting a fetal wound, Public opinion there wo* very strong against Moore, and justifies his murderer. seem ex fallen We »re pained to snnounoe that the timabte wife of Bishop Lee of this diocese —Julia White Lee—died of her husband, in Wilmington on Sun day morning. For several weeks post been seriously afflicted with what appeared to be a oold, but which pidly developed itself os wasting con sumption .—Journal and Statesman. a ar> guilt, ac of had dead. klep Mrs. Lee stole ra Snow ih Kuoofb.—T he foreign mpera the 16th ray that there has tarn such a hesvy fail of snow upon the Alps that for two days the traffic upon the Fell railway over Mont Cenis, both for goods snd pas sengers, has been suspended. The Italie says thst many of the travelers proceed ing to Franoe were compelled to return to Genoa aud embark there for Marseilles. of pa are The and that su The mhnioipal election in New York on Tuesday resulted Democratic ticket. A. Oakey Hall was elected Mayor and Richard O'Gorman Corporation Counsel, by 64,006 majority, in a vote of about 76,000. in the suoeess of the A few nights since T. F. Timmons, a cattle dealer, while passing a bridge near West Jefferson, O. was thrown from his horse by a cord thrown across the bridge, and robbed of $7,500 by two highwaymen. George Rounds, Wm. Wells and Wm. Wilson, ore to be bang at Prince«* Anne, Md. on tee 8th of January for tea murder at coun to thst the tee and The mo hut ar Brave, in March hurt. A destructive firs broke out in a targe store in Market street, above Sixth, di ta, on Thursday, which spread PhU until it of $600,000. County, Va. ooeupiad by a'ne gro family, was recently burned, and four children rootled I* the flames. Efforts A were made to roaena the children, bat they vailing, the building being envel r. and there being nobody in the house except The bee-raisers in the vista it y of is ville, for a circuit of twenty-five were recently startled by the disMNM tf that their bees had all •imultaaeousl/fe \ go i n g no one knew whither. The unsolved. The deaCrted mystery hive* were all full of honey, qmflt sixty to seventy-fire pounds each. The Secretary of the Treasury order to collectors of Internal Rev ue directing them to demi» all peAhc moneys, after the 1st off December, with so Assistant Vailed State* Treasurer or. iumçf has to sued no with a designated pubtar depositorp,. stall to discoDlmws (ft* fanatisa of deposit»« with National Bowles. John Neri», ai nature of Ireland, and living with bi» worn at Underbill, Vermont, is said to be 117jearvoid,aad vet i orous as a man of wm*f. He tarn on his son's farm daring tee mat season.-. He is the father of thtateeu sbiHwn, the, "baby" of the family befog fifty years old:. It is stated that ClarksevS. Potter, of; New York, gets a fee of $£00,000 from, the London bankers, Ovewmdy Gurney. A Co. for prosecuting their suite against* the, Atlantic and Great Western Kastway Com pany. Mr. Potter is a son of Bfehop Pot ter, and a démocratie Congressman elect.. The rice cro|> of Plaquemine Parishs. La„ is said to be this year the largest and bead ever mode. The rice planters will ship-to 1 market over 25,000 barrels, 230 pound* each, of clean rice. The sugar crop off that parish is expected to amount to 10, 000 or 12,000 hogsheads. Some time during Tuesday night last Mias Peek, a relative of the Collector of the Port of Mobile, and a passenger on board the steamer Sarah, from that eity to New Orlenos, hod stolen from under her pillow nine thousand dollars in greenbacks. A bill is on its third reading in the Ten nessee Legislature providing that lawyers who do not gain their cases shall not ceive any fee. The idea is to prevent needless litigation, which is stimulated by unscrupulous lawyers. The Union Pacific road conveys passen gers one thousand four hundred and thirty miles from Chicago. "Only ten days to California" is advertised by the company Wells-Fargo Ex fiorked' in connection with the press. Ashler L. Smith, a produce dealer, knocked down on Cambridge bridge, saohusetts, Sunday night, and robbed of over $1,500 and a gold woteh. The rob-, her escaped without being identified. The sleighing is excellent in Oxford, Franklin, and Androscoggin counties, in, Maine. At Livermore Falls snow was % foot deep a few days ago, and at Farmings ton there was still more. The ship Hellespont, from Melbourne. Australia, went to pieces near 8*0 Fran., cisco. Col. on Thursday, and eleven,of her crew, including the capta»; «td mate, were lost. Mm. Thomas Williams, th* wife of « St. Louis huckster, gave bi*th to foar K*, ing children last Tuesday—three girls and boy. Two of the children have died. It is stated that Mary Hayes, the Lou-, brille courtesan who fell heir to five hun dred thousand dollars Ut gold, is lyirni m the lost stages of consumption in thâteit»; Governor Scott, of South Caiwlian qtat in his message to the Lsgtetature on. Mon day. H«n^s ua has a fairer prospect of meeting her The Merchants' Exchange of 8t. Lenta has adopted resolutions approving the bill fore Congress favoring the uniting of telegraphing with the portal deportment A box containing upward of $90.000 in securities of various kinds was taken from the safe of the Peqaonnock Bank, off Bridgeport, on Monday afternoon. * About 160 barrels of ale were run oft into the »ewers of Buffalo the other day the watchman of the brewery having been drowned in the vat containing it. ~ The negro woman, Martha Starkey, is still in jail in Centreville, under the in dictment of assault and battery with intent to kiU Mm. Guillemart. * Moa now be A Suit Lake despatch says that nom. and rich ^ver mines have been discovered W Vtom«r, 'he ore yielding from $5,006, to it<,<*&> P® r to"- ^ Snow fell to the depth of eight Saturday, while in lies adjoining, the ferm in ^horeham, Vt. Oqjtoigail, which [ gere plowing. John Powell died in a New Yerk boll room on Thanksgiving night. Too much ing and heart disease were the canoe? A Florence correspondent of the Pali' n --ette »ja that Garibaldi ta J -*— leave Coprera and go to Amorim? 1 Mwspaper. having announced evosy about Reverdy Johnson, now eta dane The thi ng els« about Reverdy Johnson r he hna forty grandchildren. Sheet masic reproduced in a miniature shape by means of the camera, has — jr its appearance in New York. ' Mrs. Moran, 105 Thursday, in the Mercy H She was horn ' ' The third __ gave Seheock 475 majesty for KT Grant's majority is 1,614, Minnesota psy. $10 apiece for wolf scalps, and IU the past year has expended $10>00 in »ach purchases. ^ a say ymw eld. died on Ireland "n& 1 oopgresttan aliMis trict T«r," & to It is stated that Senator Sherman, ef Ohio, is not an aspirant for a nines in Gen. Grant'a cabinet. A N :: W J kten made 8 mother of four children at one hfoh _ two boy» end two girl«. The revolutionary movement in Cette Bien proved sueoessful, and Jimenea ban boen installed » President. : a the duly at the Ctapham, London, Junction; & "bride's cake" six feet hhh wn ■ feature of a late Western weddmm. 1 post for thieves. , , hTÄJ?"* 4 * * *«**rôM, '4 The «vil war in tee State of Pa**** '