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4 |M A 5 ÜInS s" VOL. 2. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, APRIL 24, 18G9. NO. 17. LOOK A.T TI-IIS. LOOK AT THIS. S. R. STEPHENS & Co's. NEW WHOLESALE k RETAIL STORE. GOODS at PHILADELPHIA PRICES. H AVING Just returned from the city with « large and splendid assortment of 8PBIIVC GOODS, FROM AUCTION AND FIRST HANDS, POUQPT A T THELO WEST CASH PRICES Comprising in part a large stock of CARPETS, CLOTHS, CASSIMERES, DRESS GOODS, NOTIONS, CLOTHING, &e. Also CANNED FRUITS, PICKLES, And all Good« usually kept In a First Class Country Store, which we are prepared to sell very low for Cash, or Country Produce. flST Buyers would do well to give us a call. SAML. R. STEPHENS & Co. Middletown, Del. April 10—ly PLANTS ! IPlants ! ! Plants ! ! ! WOODSIDE SMALL FRUIT NURSERY. ßTRAWBERRIEsT - RASPBERRIES, BLACKBERRIES, CURRANTS, GOOSEBERRIES By the Dozen, Hundred and Thousand. PRICES REDUCED! A LSO a very large mid choice selection of EARLY VEGETABLE PLANTS, grown Finder glass, K'iOs great care, comprising all the tiest varieties of TOMATO, EGG, CABBAGE, PEPPER, AND SWEET POTATO PLANTS. All Plants grown iff my Hot Beds, except Sweet Potato, are transplanted from seed beds in to new hot beds, thereby giving them mere room to grow, making them latter rooted nnd less lia ble to die when transferred from the hut lied to the open ground. Early Smooth and Tilden Tomatoes, and Nan semond Sweet Potato Plants, furnished in large quantities, and shipped to auv poi«t oil the Dei. Railroad at shortest unties, SEED POTATOES. EARLY ROSE, by the pound only, EARLY GOODRICH, HARRISON, AXD MONITOR, by the bushel. For further particulars, Ac. apply to HENRY CLAYTON, Moupt Pleasant, Pel March 13—3i« f B HUGH'S Raw Bone Super Phosphate of Lime. STANDARD WARRANTED, W E offer to Farmers ujidJDcalcrs in Manures the present sjinSPI} mir (taw Bone Super Phosphate of Lime ns being highly improved. it is not necessary at this day, to argue tho claims of this manure, as a useful and economical application for Corn, Oats, «nil all Spring crops. The article lias a reputation of over fifteen years standing, and is still manufactured by the origU nal proprietors, Farmers will please send their orders (p the Denier early, as this only will ensure a supply. BAUGH & SONS, Sole Manufacturers, Office No, 20 South Delaware Ave. PHILADELPHIA. Feb. 20—3m 1 STEW EMPIRE SEWING MACHINE. Lock Stitch. R ECEIVED the First Prize at the Great Fair of the American Institute, in New York, Oct. 26, 1867, and highest premium for best inanufac Exposition, July, 1867. over seams all to, imii, aua niguesl pi luring machine at Paris Why is it the best? It fight; it will take fifty stitches to tile inch—finer than any otlier machine will ; it will sew heavier and thicker goods than any other machine ; it iuscs nay nnd every kind of thread ; it sews Starched gQftds ns well as unstarched ; it most delicate, .Cyio, softFnbric, without drawing. Jit sews a bias 6cam as well ns any otlier. Agents wanted.—Liberal discount given. Empire Sewing ]}fachine Company, 294 Bowery, New York. .ICYKIIY MACHINK WARRANTED. Feb. 13, 1869—3mog. HAK^ESSMAKIJfCsh T HE undersigned having «ucceejui Wifl. T. Gailaher in the above business in ODESSA, DELAWARE, Is prepared to furnish every article in his line on the most reasonable terms. His experience justifies his promise that ALL HIS WORK WILL BE OF THE tar BEST QUALITY. And gives him confidence to solicit a share of the pu blic patronage. t His Shop is on Main street, in the house .formerly occupied by \Vm. T. Gailaher. \VM. C. DRAPER. Jan. 9 — 2 m,?; WADDING RINGS. No. 35J SOUTH EIGHTH STREET, PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA. March •e—tf $clcrt flocfry. A MORNING SUNBEAM. From the "Young Folks," for March. A nestling in the little crib, A soft hand laid upon my head, A gentle whisper in my car— "Mamma, I'm turnin' into bed I" "Olio!" I said, "'(would never do ; Now shut those little peepers tight, And sleep nnd dream 'till morning breaks; Then you may come—when comes the light." Again a nestling in the crib, As down to rest my birdie lay; I listened, for I thought she spoke; "lluddy up, Light 1" I heard her say. Then all was still. We slept again 'Till the dawn lit up the eastern sky ; Then sung my birdie sweet and clear, "Now light has turn, and so has 1 1" REMINISCENCES OF THE GREAT MEN OP OTHER DAYS. Written for the Middletown Transcript »V JOHN COLLINS M'CAUE, D. D. In the closing article of my first sub ject—the life and character of Chief Jus tice Marshall, I «hall indulge in the nnec dotical more extensively than in my pre vious contributions—my object being, in these memoranda, to let the younger por tion of those who may read these sketches, know of whom I have been writing ; not one of your men of yesterday, not an ad ventitiously great man, hut one of those who were giants in the land ere the era of pigmies, and the advent of the intellectual manakins. Take the late Chief Justice— I say lute, though lie has hecu dead for thirty-four years—and I suppose there can scarcely he found a man " take him for all in all," whom wo could so safely, in almost every particular commend to the study and imitation of our young men as a Model Man. One of his near relations wrote of him at the time of his decease, to a gentleman in Philadelphia, as follows: " lie had no frays in his boyhood, lie had no quarrels or outbreakiugs in manhood ; lie was the composer of strifes, lie spoke ill of no man, he meddled not with their affairs, he viewed their.worst deeds through the me dium of charity. He had eight sisters and six brother«, with all of whom from youth to ago, his intercourse was marked by tile utmost kindness and affection ; and al though his eminent talents, high public character, and acknowlogcd usefulness could not fail to be a subject of pride and admiration to all of them, there is not one of Ms numerous relations who had the hap piness of a personal association with him, in whom his purity, simplicity and affec tionate benevolence did not produce a deep er and more cherished impression than all the achievements of his powerful Intellect." "He wag," says John P. Kennedy, "one of the best men of his age," and, writes another of Ms cherished friends: " Relig ious from sentiment and reflection, he was a Christian, believed in the gospel, and practised its tenets." With all the other distinguishing traits of character which to gether united in forming the urati of his greatness, thislttst is the keystone, and the fabric is complete and perfect. A writer in the "Southern Literary Messenger" for 1830—uuppoeed by the au thor of these sketches to iiuvo been James E. Heath, Esq. first auditor of the State of Virginia, and a near neighbor and friend of the Old Chief, tells us the following : " A visit>r in Richmond during the Con vention, (1829) being at the market ■nor.ning before sun-rise, saw the Chief Justice of the United States in the blue mixed woolen stockings, and the plain black suit (far from being superfine) which ho usually wore, striding along between the rows of meat and vegetables catering for his household, and depositing his pur chases in a basket carried by a servant. But it was liis frequent custom to go on this errand unattended ; and nothing was more usual, than to sec him returning from market at sunrise, with poultry in one hand, and a basket of vegetables in the other. So beautifully, by a simplicity which pervaded liis words, his actions, liis whole life, did he Illustrate the character of a republican citizen and magistrate." The Old Chief was a member of the Quoit Club—a Club which up to the open ing of the war had been in existence for nearly seventy-five years—and composed of lawyers, merchants, doctors, judges— and in the good old times the Governor of Virginia had a standing invitation from tlio day of his entrance upon office, to par ".'pate in the enjoyments of the "Quoit An old Episcopalian Divine whom I re member very well, and an old Presbyte rian Minister, both of whom everybody loved, were also members, and often joined their feHow citizens, associates, and equals in this innocent and healthful exercise. Some of my readers in Virginia will recog nize, or remember the names of Buchanan the Churchman, and Blair the Presbyte rian. They went by the fond nickname of David and Jonathan, for tho love of these good men each for the other, was as fraternal as if both had pillowed upon the same maternal bosom, and draw together sustenanee from the same fount. There was not a more punctual member of tho Club than Judge Marshall—and he was a good quoit player, too. " He would," says a friend of his, "hurl his iron ring of two pound's weight with rare ly erring aim, fifty-fivo or sixty feet ; and at some chef-d'oeuvre of skill in himself or his partner, would spring up and clap his hand* with all the light-hearted enthusiasm one of boyhood." It is said that the lookers. on felt always the keenest interest in sue. ing tho Old Chief conic out winner. On one occasion when the contest between hint and another player was so close, that an old Scotch gentleman present was called upon to decide which was nearer the mark with his quoit, tho old North Briton got down on his knees, measured with the the greatest gravity, but totally upset that of the rest, who oould see that the old was rather partial, by saying " Mcaster MaarsJuill has it a leuttel " A distinguished Frenchman (Baron Quenit) was at one time a guest of the club, where the Governor, the Chief Jus tice, and several Judges of tho Court of Appeals, were engaged with others, with their coats off in a well contested game "He asked," says the editor of the Turf Register, " if it was possible that the Dig nitaries of the land could thus intermix with private citizens ?" and when assured of the fact he observed with true Gallican enthusiasm, that " he had never before seen the real beauty of republicanism." One more anecdote, and wo draw to a close. Judge Marshall never paraded his religion in the market-place nor sought to force it, excathcdra, upon others. But when occasion presented itself to vindicate it from wanton assault, he was not only its champion, but its able defender. It is said that on one cold evening in the fall of the year, an old man arrived at a country Inn, had his horse attended to, and proceeded to the fire-place of the tavern to warm himself. He seated himself quietly in an unoccupied corner near the fire-place, which was sur rounded by a group of young men, per haps fresh from college, and like most young men who make their first entre into life, confident of a vast amount of wisdom and knowledge. They politely, however, made way for the old stranger, but contin ued their loud conversation, which seemed to he controversy, as indeed it was. They were discussing tho " Evidences of Chris tianity," and the champions of free-think ing were boastfully proclaiming them selves masters of the situation, evident that those who endeavored to ad vocate the claims of truth, were not suffi ciently posted on the points in debate. " Let's take the vote, let's take the vote" cried several, "and all present vote on the question." " Well, old gentleman," said one of the young men, " what have man It was you to say about it before we put it to the vote whether Christianity is a fact or fable ?" slapping him familiarly, but not imperti nently, on the shoulder. The plain old gentleman, thus appealed to, moderately commenced by examining the different positions taken by tho dispu tants, and pointing out the violations of logical principles between their premises and conclusions—the mistakes which botli parties in the controversy had committed in the misapplication of the Major and the Minor in the sylogistn, and then, after having synthetically stated anil argued the point, his old cheeks flushing with a beau tiful raidiancc, and Ms small dark eye kindling with an almost holy light, de manded. upon the evidence he had ad duced, that they should acknowledge Je sus Christ was the Son of God, and the Saviour of the world, mute in wonder, every eye was opened wide in astonishment and admiration til lie finished. An involuntary of applause went through tho company, and " who is he, who is ho," in whispers around the room. Every lip was un liiurinur " Landlord," said one of them as he rushed to tho next where the proprietor was attending to his customers, " who Is that old man by the firo, yonder ?" pointing through tho open door between—" Well that is Judge Mar shall, the Chief Justice of the United States!" The young men were awed, ologized, and " the old man eloquent" addressing them kindly and pleasantly, bade them good night, and sought liis room for sleep and rest. In the city of his adoption and resi dence for fifty years, is one of those spots where " the dust returns to tho dust as it amid tall mausolea, pointed shafts and classic columns of gleaming marble, one quiet and unobtrusive portion of this "city of the dead," aro two plain marble slabs side by side. On one are re corded the virtues of a loving wife, called by him who laid her there, " a sainted spirit who had fled from the sufferings of life,"—-The other bears this inscription : JOHN MARSHALL, 8on of Thomas and Maby Mahshall, Born on the 24th September, 1155, intermarried with Mary Willis Ambler, 3d January 1783, Departed this life the 6th day of July 1835. ii] 1 - was, The three incidents of birth, marriage, and death—tho history of the lowliest and most obscure son of penury and toil, con stitute the only record on the tomb of " the Great Expounder of the Con stitution of the United States !" His own republican simplicity prompted him three days before his death to request, that, nothing more might be Inscribed above his dust—than those simple indica tions that he was horn, had married and had died 1 The marble effigies of Notre Dame, the gilded sepnlolires of Pere le Chaise, the echoing arches of Walhalla, the soun ding aisles of Westminister with their storied urns, marble busts, knightly tombs, cseutobeoned shields, and all * • tho boast of heraldry," fade into nothingness pause before that little unadorned repos itory of the ashes, and ponder the life and character, of John Marshall. I remember well the day on which his mortal remains were brought by the steam er from Philadelphia to Richmond. The procession that met at Rockets mense. as we was im The flower of the Virginia Bar— judges, lawyers, Divines—tho military— the populace, as it were, turned out to do honor to his memory whom tho whole community loved. And there too, with their appropriate regalia and symbols, were the various Lodges of Ancient, Free and Accepted Masons, to lay their " worth v brother John Marshall," (tho tried friend of \ irginia's Grand Master of Masons, George Washington,) in his grave, and to plant the sprig of aecasia at his head ! In the capitol square, of the capitol of Virginia, stands a lofty marble monument, surmounted by a collossal equestrian sta tue in bronze of George Washington. The pedestals surrounding the main and central figure, hear upon them immense bronze figures from ten to twelve feet in height. These are the statues of Lewis and Mason, and Jefferson, and Patrick Henry, and John Marshall. The Chief Justice, is represented as standing in his robes, with the Constitution in his hand, the volume partially open, the forefinger of his left hand between the leaves. Whatever of symbolism the artist de signed, the tout en semble fails to strike agreeably the mind or feelings of those who remember the Chief Justice as he iras. The statue has been placed upon the edestal in the last two years, having eon detained in Munich by the blockade during the late fratricidal war. I could scarcely help musing and mor alizing as I paused a little more than a year since, before that shrine upon the fate ami fortunes of tho "Constitution," since Marshall went down to his grave ! The country honored him, and he repaid the priceless trust, by giving to the great charter the expositions of his own grand luminous mind, although now, it may he, lost sight of in tho mad saturnalia of the days in which we live, if indeed that in strument is not torn into tatters before the period arrives when tho American people shall demand its restoration to its former pride of place. While tho old lights which once threw their calm and steady rays around the halls of the great temple of political Jerusalem, are quenched in the tomb, and the cry conics up, "your fath ers, where are they, and the prophets, do they live forever," wo have snatched a few hours from the routine of almost ceaseless work in our specialty, to bring befuro the mind's eye of our young, ami Coming Men the life, and character of one, who, both in public and private was so distinguished for purity and patriotism ;—who established a name for integrity, for uprightness, for truth, for justice, fur benevolence, for sim plicity of life and manners, for unostenta tious greatness, nnd unassuming worth, as has scarcely had his paralel in his times, or since, or before, among uninspired men. A character his, which whether in his pub lic and official capacity, or in his social and family relations, will stand as a model of pure republican simplicity, and indeed of all that is "lovely and of good report," as long as the human heart is capable of ap preciating that which Is ennobling and el evating in the history of man. lie lived in the times of the French Revolution, and at a period when tho French philosophy was corrupting the mor als and the manners of some of our most prominent men. When, to honor religion was to provoke a sneer—when too many of the educated were quaffing from the ser pent-wreathed cup of Voltaire, ami coarser minds were battening on the garbage of a Paine—yet, that opal-charm, his soul's purity, blinded the serpent Infidelity, and it wriggled by the garden of his heart with out poisoning the fruits and flowers that grew therein. That same purity enabled him to walk amid the blaze of public hon ors, unduzzled by the brilliancy of station or place. It threw an ægis around him that the arrows of detraction could not penetrate. It invested his judicial robes with sueli spotless whiteness, that he seem ed to stand before the country as the God ordained High Priest of Justice! It marked his pathway in private life, it still invests his memory with a sacred charm, —and it enabled him as his spirit ducted up the awful steeps that lead to heaven, to commit Mfoself calmly, fear lessly, trustingly, into tho hands of his Redeemer arid his God—even Him, who shall one day preside as the Supreme Judge of quick and dead. We should refresh ourselves at these fountains of reminiscences of the great men of other days, in order to drink in les sons of wisdom, purity and truth—and to cherish the principles they so nobly con tended for, and wrought to establish. We should refer to them ourselves, and point our children to them. The great trust committed to tho American people ly be preserved from harm and overthrow, by the integrity of our public men, and the purity of the masses. When these prevail, then may wo feel that the great, untremulous eye of God still holds vigil over tho destinies of "Time's greatcet empire," and perhaps "its last." Finis, to of in of iu was con can on Miildktown, Delaware, April 24, 18G9. HvDROpnoBiA.—We notice a very sim ple antidote eonnnunioated to the Herald by a physician of New York, hâve been used successfully for liyd phobia and the bites of snakes, centipedes, scorpions, and other poisonous animals. Remedy .—Liquor ammonite fortis. Dose .—For an adult, thirty-five drops in a wine glass full of water ; twelve to fifteen years old, 20 to 25 drops in a ta ble-spoonful of water ; 8 to 12 years old, 15 to 20 drops in a desert-spoonful of tea; S to 8 years old, 5 to 10 drops in u desert spoonful of water. It is said « a do whole with Free v friend and ! of sta and in Chief his de those iras. the $oR'i of Sfrnufl. Kccollecflons or Parts. WriUcnfor the Middtetoicn Transcript. No. 9. Paris during the " Great Exposition," of 18G7, seemed to be in a blaze of glory. 1 lie hotels, hoarding houses, lodgings , furnished houses, were crowded" ■ and with strangers from every part of the civilized globe, all desirous of carrying away sou venirs from this great seat of fashion. The American, Englishman, Frenchman, Iiussian, Austrian, Prussian, "Egyptian, lurk, and Sandwich-Islander, hob-nobed with each other like old acquaintances. The remarkable and very extensive con structions which were erected in the Champs de Mara for the universal Exhi bition of two years ago deserves more than a passing notice. The principal trance to the vast enclosed area of nearly 40 acres, between the river Seine and the Military School—more than a third of a mile in length by half that breadth—was entered immediately opposite the Pont d' Jena. An oval belt of buildings, not very ornamental, was surrounded by and enclosed gardens laid out with marvellous taste, and rich in every kind of vegetable growth, that could be removed and made to live in the air for a few months. These clothed the great sandy waste that till then served as the exercise ground for military manoeuvres, and converted it into fairy land—1 he external gardens were so con trived as to unite the picturesque with the useful, and were all made subservient to tho general purposes of tho Exhibition— Here a Chapel was seen so constructed to show ofi' the glas en mor a the ! great may of in the rays the fath do few the Men in for a for sim as as ap el tho ser a and not It to his to of a various kinds of painted Close by \yas a light-house, illus trating the various modes of obtaining i tense and^ steady lights for marine pur Thcre, were restaurants in all the principal countries, poses. illustrating ways of cooking food, and (ho national dishes of each country. Tn other parts of the grounds there were liouseä and pal aces illustrating the peculiar habits and customs of the civilized peoples of the east. With regard to tho objects of the ordi nary kind exhibited, those from France occupied nearly all the eastern half of the building, or that part extending to the left on entering from the Pont d' Jena. Great Britain various possessed the first ground to (lie right, and separated only from F by one of the raueo America, ivttli her meagre show, and Asia followed England, and the various countries of Europe came iu order in long narrow slices of tho central building, each buying its expansion iu tho gardens beyond. The arrangement was, as far as possible, double —the various groups of objects in classes being in concentric ovals, while the coun tries radiated and crossed these ovals at right-angles. However, the building failed as being unpieturesque object iu itself, there cannot ho a doubt that tho general plan was eminently ingenious, and that * perfect results were produced. The Velocipede was noticed at the Ex hibition, and little did M. Michaux, the inventor, dream that such a mania for these expensive and useless toys would be developed, Fashion is imposing the ve hicle on many a poor fellow who would have thought it the utmost barbarism to be condemned to a tread-mill. In Paris, M. Michaux, still maintains the lead in the manufacture of these bycycles. While trying to introduce the vehicle for many years he almost starved ; the money he gained at the anvil was spent in the invention, and it was only after sending his sons and workmen for a year driving through the streets, that tho public eye became familiar enough with it to venture to buy it. Eighteen months ago he com menced to sell earnestly to the phblic, and now lie employs over one thousand and increases the number every day. average price of velocipedes abroad is about sixty dollars in gold, and at this rate there is one half profit, so that the Parisian inventor is already at the head of a fortune—For once, therefore, tho in ventor gets Ms reward, Several improve ments have been made in this country on this l'arisiau instrument, by our ingenious Yankees, w hich enables tho rider to fly faster, besides rendering the machine more elegant, nnd lighter. The Hanlon broth ers, our greatest riders, and the nowned gymnasts," recommend Picker ing's machines for general use ; but in their match games Demorest' s is brought into requisition—this stylo having the largest driving-wheel. First class chines in New York cost from §125 to §135. The reason they are so expensive is, that the patentees demand so much from the manufacturer. Calvin Witty, the carriage maker, " was the early bird to catch the worm," by securing the first patent in this country, consequently, every maker has to advance tribute to this terprising genius. But we have strayed a Jong way from the sights of Paris, on the velocipede, and now return to the description of of the principal churches in that gay and festive city, viz ;—The Mudelicnc, situated in tho Place of tho same name, not far ■from the Place de la Concord. It was originally intended for a church, after wards dedicated to hero-worship by Na poleon I, nnd finally restored to its origi nal purpose and consecrated in 1830. Externally it is a nearly complote model of a Greek Temple, measuring 328 feet iu length by 138 feet in width, raised twelve feet from the ground. It is surrounded by 52 Corinthian columns, 48 feet 6 inches high and 10 feet 2 inches iu mum avenues. very new men The " ro on in a cn to ta u It is a circumference, and detached, rior is lighted fi om above, and ted with statues. The whole resembling the renowned Girard College, the pride of Philadelphia. The Cathedral, Notre Dame de Paris, is a beautiful Gothic structure, built In llC-I. Tho principal facade is very fine. There are two towers, each about 300 feet in height. The interior is beautiful, and in the form of a Latin oross. The dimen sions are—length 415 feet, width IGOfeet, height 110 feet. The nave has two aisles and a vast number of chapels. There arc in all 113 windows and 297 columns. The wood-earvings of the choir, the pulpit, the several bas-reliefs and statues, all of the time of Louis XIV, are interesting and admirahlo. The treasury may ho seen, and the tow ers ascended, on application to the beadle, by handing him a fixed fee of twenty cents. The view from the top of the towers is su perb. It is worth while to see the hells ; the largest of which weighs sixteen tons, tho hammer nearly lmlP-a-ton. It is in the south tower, and the largest in France, and was cast in 1G80. La Chapelle Expiatoire , (Rue d'Anjon St, Honore), is a monumental chapel in the form of a cross built to the memory of Louis XVI and Maria Antoinette. It oc cupies the site of an old cemetery where were buried the victims of an accident by fireworks, at the time of the marriage of Loips XVI, and where, 22 years after wards, the victims of the 10th of August, 1792, were deposited, lastly, in 1793, the bodies of Louis XVI, and Marie Antoin ette were deposited hero. Many others could ho described, like, Art Sainte Ohapcllc, one of the finest reli gious monuments of Paris, and Notre Dame de Bon Secouru, remarkable for its sculptures, painted glasa, and wood-oarv ing, hut enough has already been said re garding tho remarkable Catholic structures of that ancient city. As we are in the habit of digressing per haps a few words in regard to the first tem ple viz : Solomon s, would he The intc ornamen a to apropos, while speaking of costly and elegant churches. When we reflect how much expended by Solomon on the first tem ple, all modern structures are thrown in the shade. According to Rev. Howard Crosby, D. D. Pastor of the Fourth Ave nue Presbyterian Church, New York, one ot the great Biblical authorities in this couutry-, Solomon was worth about four thousand millions of dollars in specie, viz; gold and silver. Solomon's Temple is be lieved to have cost about one hundred mil lions of dollars in gold. He finally stated in his expository sermon on this subject, on Sunday, April 11th, that his father David left about seventy five millions of dollars in specie at Ms death, to build the Temple. Surely that great and wise King lived in the golden era, when we have it from the best authority that lie received tribute from his subjects yearly specie to the amount of twenty millions of dollars. New York, April, 18G9 was B. S. T Maxciiineel.— What is it? we are ask It is the deadly poisonous milky juice of the tree of the same name, grow ing on the shores of some of the West In dia Islands of the American mainland in tho same latitude, The troo is full of branches, and resembles the Jnpaneso nisli tree. It has pointed, oval leaves ; like yellow, and sometimes dark purple blossoms. Its fruit looks like little apples. Tt grows in sandy soil, and its juice is so caustic that a single drop of it blisters the back of the hand Instantly, use it to poison their arrows with, oilers dispute the statement that to in the shade of this treo is dangerous. utl. var The natives Trav repose A great man is affable in his lion, generous in Ms temper, and immova ble in what lie has maturely resolved upon. And as prosperity docs not make him haughty and imperious, so neither does adversity sink him into meanness and de jection ; for if ever he shows more spirit than ordinary, it is when ho is ill-used, and the world is frowning upon him. In short, lie is equally removed from the ex tremes of servility and pride, and scorns either to trample on an emperor. Keep in good humor. It is not great calamities that embitter existence; it is the petty vexations' and small jealousies, the little disappointments, the minor miseries, that make the heart heavy and temp 0 ! sour. Don't let them, Auger is pure waste of vitality ; it is always foolish, and always disgraceful, except in some very rare cases, wlieq it is kindled by seeing wrong done to another, and even that no ble rage seldom mends the matter. conversa n worm, or einige to Gipsies. The ex-Queen of the English gipsies has arrived in the United States for the purpose of gathering together the twelve thousand gipsies who have come to reside hero from England and otlier Euro pean countries, with a view of organising them into a nation once more upon lands which they have already purchased for that object. The gipsy population, though poor to look at arc rich in fact. Coleridge remarks very pertinently somewhere, that wherever you find a sen tence musically worded, of true rhythm and melody in the words, there is some thing deep aqd good in the meaning too. For body and soul, word and idea, go strangely together here, as everywhere. Pleasure is like a cordial—a little of it is not injurious, but too much destroys. She farmer. fhr the MidJIctoir» Tramerai. Arltllrtal Ptrtillltr«i The manufacture of artificial fertilizer« has, for many year«, been an important branch of Industry in England and other European countries. More recently, our own, a large amount of capital haa been embarked in the same enterprise, and the farmer is now enabled at a compara tively small cost to replenish hi» lands, and even if they may have been exhausted by years of successive cropping, to restore them to their original fruitfulucss. In all sections of our own State farms may ho seen, which, through judicious cultivation, ami tho liberal use of such fertiliser« aa reliable superphosphates, have been put In excellent heart, and arc now worth doublo or treble the money they would h«vq brought a few years ago. Of cours 0 . a m°ng the various conccn? trated fertilizers which abound in the mar. ket, different degrees of merit will he ob served. Farmers have often hoen hum bugged by buying worthless articles, and it behoves them to study their own inter ests and purchase only such a manure aa will return them value at harvest. Among the fertilisers standing pre-eminent as a thoroughly reliable article, established by years of successful application, we take pleasure in alluding to Whonn's Raw Bone Superphosphate, manufactured by Messrs. Walton, Whann & Oo. of Wilmington, Del. It should be a matter of State pride with our farmers to encoure in go home pru-. ductions when they are equal or superior to those from other localities. Such wo believe Whann's Phosphate to be, from the testimony of the best farmers in al) parts of the country , The works at which Whauu's Raw Bono Superphosphate is prepared are among tho most extensive manufacturing establish? incuts in tho country, and arc well worth a visit. The immense pilçs of hones, guano and other ingredients whloh aro used in the phosphate strike the visitor with wonder #t the magnitude of the enter? prise. The proprietors have extended ft cordial invitation to farmers to visit their works and see for themselves every step in the process. This invitation is a guar antee of the good faith of the manufactu rers, who are always willing to explain every detail of the operation and show ev? cry ingredient used in their fertiliser, Whann's Phosphate owes |t« great success to its intrinsic merits. We trust It may he generally introduced iu this vicinity, and we feel satisfied that our fiirinera will not regret our having called their attention to it, ns one of the most reliable manures of the day, Darrrnueu of Fruit Trees, Wo have seen lately iu Homo of our ag« ricnltural exchanges (we think it was the Country Gentleman) a theory advanoed, giving the reason for the prevailing renness of fruit trees. The theory ad vanced was this ; As trees are now mostly propagated in large commercial nurseries, scions are uniformly taken from unbearing trees—from nursery trees—which nursery trees were also budded or grafted in like So that in the propagation of trees by budding and grafting, parents] grand parents, and great grand parents have had for their chief characteristics tho production of leaves—not fruit ! Is it prising then that a habit has been grad? ually, whereby a tree has bicorne remark? able for its hearing leaves, rather thau its bearing fruit? There arc some trees—the Smith's ei? der for instance—which will bear fruit even in nursety rows. Taking scions front such trees may not induce a habit of bar renness. bar manner. sur? The matter is well worthy of thought? ful consideration. And if it be found that the prevailing method of propagating fruit trees is calculated to iqduoe habits of barrenness and degeneracy, the sooner we sot about reforming our practice, and se? lect scions and buds only from bearing trees, the sooner will rye liayc prolific fruit trees again. A wholesale cry lias of lato been made against insects. But if a tree lias health and exhibits a ramp»M growth, and has a habit of fi-uitlessncsa, we very much ques? tion whether these various qualities will not ha an ovcr?matoh for all depredntlong inseets may make. Such trees as we have described will have fruit in spito of every obstacle that they may encounter. of ft ua(t Gazette. Statistics.—W ill formers, lauter«, and gardeners, keep a record of their op? erations—times and manner of planting, tilling and gathering. Wo will gladly publish such details, as they will be in? foresting and instructive )o (he public. We are now entering upon ft new ere of agriculture, apd (he almost entire ab? of published information is a great drawback, especially to naW comers. By a complete journal of operations kept by several persons, an average result can bo obtained, npd the refill!*? Of experience recorded. E setice Farmers, plant roots to (feed your cattle in winter. teamed sugar-beets, or ruts? hag*, with ft little yellow oorn meal, wil} give you an abundance of rich golden but ter alt winter, keep you» cows in good Of? der, and give you a for riohep ptftnure? heap, than if you fed your cafctle upon dry prevender alone. Try it, and sec jf will not pay.