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Middletown transcript. [volume] (Middletown, Del.) 1868-current, May 08, 1869, Image 1

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VOL. 2.
MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 8, 1869.
NO. 19.
ÜCOOK .AT THIS.
LOOK AT THIS.
S. R. STEPHENS & Co's.
NEW WHOLESALE k RETAIL STORE.
GOODS at PHILADELPHIA PRICES.
H AVING Just returned from the city with n
large and splendid Assortment of
SPRING GOODS,
FROM AUCTION AND FIRST HANDS,
BOUQPT AT TIIELO WEST CASH PRICES
Comprising in part a large stock of
CARPETS,
CLOTHS, CASSIMERES,
DRESS GOODS, NOTIONS,
CLOTHING, &c.
Also
CANNED FRUITS, PICKLES,
And all Goods usually kept in a First Class
Country Store, which we are prepared to sell
▼ary low for Cash, or Country Prodflcp.
Buyers would do well to give us a call.
SAML. R. STEPHENS & Co.
Minnnniown, Dsn.
April 1« —lj
PLANTS !
Plants I ! Plants ! I I
WOODSIDE
SMALL FRUIT NURSERY.
STRAWBERRIES,
RASPBERRIES,
BLACKBERRIES,
CURRANTS,
GOOSEBERRIES,
By the Dozen, Hundred and Thousand.
PRICES REDUCED!
A lso a very large and choice selection of
EARLY VEGETABLE PLANTS, grown
under glass, with great care, comprising all the
best varieties of
TOMATO, EGG, CABBAGE, PEPPER, AND
SWEET POTATO PLANTS.
• All Plants grown in my Hot Beds, except
Sweet Potato, are transplanted from seed beds in
to new hot beds, thereby giving them more room
to grow, making them better rooted and less lia
ble to die when transferred from the hot bed to
JLhe open ground.
. Jfiarly Smooth and Tilden Tomatoes, and Nan
nd Sweet Potato Plants, furnished in large
quantities, and shipped to any point on the Del.
Railroad at shortest notice.
SEED POTATOES.
EARLY ROSE ' by the pound only,
MARLY GOODRICH\ HARRISON, AND
MONITOR, by the bushel.
For farther particulars, Ac. apply to
HENRY CLAYTON,
Mount Plcashnt, Del
March 13—3m.
BAUGH'S
Raw Bone Super Phosphate of Lime.
STANDARD WARRANTED.
W E offer to Farmers aq4JPpalerg ip Manures
the present season our Ra.vv Bone Super
Phosphate of Lime as beiug highly improved.
It is not necessary at this day, to argue the
claims of this fpapype, as a useful nqd economical
application for Corn, Oats, apd all Spring crops.
The article has a reputation of over fifteen years
ftAflJiflg, a»4 is still manufactured by the origi
nal proprietor«.
Fajfijew will please send their orders to the
Dealer eari/ # as this only will ensure a supply.
BAUGH & SONS ,
Sole Manufacturers ,
Office No. 20 South Delaware Ave.
PHILADELPHIA.
Feb. 20—3m
NEW
EMPIBE SEWING MACHINE.
Lock Stitch.
R ECEIVED the First Prize at the Great Fair of
the American Institute, in New York, Oct.
26, 1867, and highest premium for best manufac
turing machine at Paris Exposition, July, 1867.
Why is it the best? It
right ; it will take fifty stitches to the inch—finer
than any other machine will ; It will sew h
and thicker goods than any other machi
uses any and every kind of thread ; it sews
starched goods as well as unstarched ; it sews the
most delicate, thin, softFabric, without drawing.
It sews a bias seam as well as any other.
Agenta wanted. —Liberal discount given.
Empire Sewing Machine Company,
294 Bowery, New York.
EVERY MACHINE WARRANTED.
Feb. 13, 1869—3m os.
over seams all
heavier
: it
CARD.
RMERS who use artificial fertilise??, £ßd
who supply them, are desirous of
ring a thoroughly reliable, First Class Ar
4 a cordial invitation to visit
1TNESS THE PROCESS OF
pj
Me.
weeaie#
our works and W1
MANUFACTURING
WRANN'S RAW BONE
SUPER PHOSPHATE.
uur »un ib io excel m the quality of our fertil
iser, and as w. bave NO SECRETS in our busi
, b ®.8 1 »4 for CONSUMERS TO
VISIT US and see for themselves what a thor
oughly reliable article
make.
WILTON, WHAS» ib Co.
Wilmington, Del.
April 24—lm
WEDDING RINGS.
No. 35} SOUTH EIGHTH STREET,
MlLABBLPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
Wereh 5— tf
$clett |ottry.
From Appleton'9 Journal.
MAY EVENING.
BY W1LMAM CULLEN BUVANT.
The breath of Springtime at this twilight hour
Comes through the gathering glooms,
And bears the stolen sweets of many a flower
Through all the silent rooms.
Where hast thou wandered, gentle gale, to find
The perfumes thou dost bring?
By brooks, that through the wakening meadows
wind,
• Or brink of rushy spring ?
Or woodside, where in little companies,
The early' mild flowers rise,
Or sheltered lawn, where, 'mid encircling trees,
May's warmest sunshine iies.
Now sleeps the humining-biid, that in the sun
Wandered from bloom to bloom ;
Now, tpo, the weary bee, his day's work done,
Rests in his waxen room.
Now every hovering insect to his place
Beneath the leaves have flown ;
And through the long night hours the flotvery
race
Are left to the alone.
O'er the pale blossoms of the sassafras,
And o'er the spice-bush spray,
Among the opening buds, thy breathings pass
And come einbalmed away.
Yet there is sadpc?s in thy soft caress,
Wind of the blooming year 1
The gentle presence, that was want to bless
Thy coming, is not here.
Go, then , apd yet I bid thee not repair
Thy gathered sweets to sited,
Where pine and willow, in tho evening air,
Sigh o'er the buried dead.
Refresh the languid student pausing o'er
The learned page apart,
And he shall turn to con his task once more
Witli an encouraged heart.
Bear thou a promise from the fragrant sward,
To him who tills the land,
Of springing harvests that shall yet reward
The labors of his hand,
Pass on to homes where cheerful voices sound
Anti cheerful looks are east,
And where thou wakest, in thine airy round,
No sorrow of the past.
And whisper, everywhere, that Earth renews
Her beautiful array,
Amid Ute darkness and the gathering dews,
For the return of day.
(Llsefut Jnfonnation.
From the Printers' Circular,
The My.tcry of the AMOC^tffl p.-r.s,
Read before the Press Club of Philadelphia, Feb
ruary 15, 1869, by Thompson Westcott,
Time was when there was no Associated
Press. In those happy (jays a peaceful
serenity settled over the limited expanse of
journalism. The editor then was like the
shopkeeper, who waited behind his coun
ter for customers. It was not for i)im to
run about in scare!) of Items, Of to agitate
himself lest some rival sheet should got
ahead of him in a matter of news. If the
rival should be thus successful it made no
odds—he could copy the account. If the
news were really wortl) anything, he flat
tered himself that it would be brought to
him; and so lie remained in his office, kept
his scissors sharpened, his paste-pot in
good order, and dozed away in the inter
vals of his exciting employment, happy in
the belief that be was a solid, sober, sub
stantial citizen, known ami respected for
bis learning apd bis influccce,
Beginning before the Revolution, when
the mail between New York aiid Philadel
phia was transported once a week, and oc
cupied two days in travel, and coming
down to so recent a period as twenty years
ago, the transportation of news was a slow
process. News that the Stamp Act was
repealed in England on the 18th of March,
1766, was received in Philadelphia op tho
20th of May in the same year, having been
eight weeks in crossing the ocean. The
battles of Lexington and Concord were
fought on the 18th of April, 1775. It
was not until the 24th, six days afterward,
that imperfect intelligence of those engage
ments arrived in Philadelphia.
On the 19th of October, 1781, Corn
wallis surrendered to Washington at York
town ; but papers at Philadelphia did not
receive the news by special aid-de-camp
until November 24th. On the 24th of
December, 1814, the Treaty of Ghent was
signed At the present time we might
know of such an event on the day upon
which it transpired. Even the ocean
steamship service, if it had existed in
1814 as it does now, might, have brought
the intelligence across the water in time to
have prevented the Battle of New Orleans
which was fought fifteen days afterward.
But news of that treaty was not received
in this country uutil the 12th of February,
1815. Even in Philadelphia, the news of
tho battle of the 8th of
a
anuary was un
known until February 6th, an interval of
nearly a month.
As the country increased, methods of fa
cilitating the transmission of news by borse
expresses were devised, and by previous
arrangement of relays, and fresh riders,
speed was very much increased. During
the war between the United States and
Mexico, this plan was brought to some
thing like perfection, and news in eighteen
hours from Washington to Philadelphia
was frequently obtained. It may not be
generally known, that for three years be
fore the extension of the electro-magnetic
telegraph from Philadelphia to New York
there was a private telegraph, upon the
Semaphore system, in operation
the two oities. This waB employed to bring
in advanco the drawn numbers in the Ifew
York lotteries to Philadelphia, for the pur
pose of ^gsjsting in speculations in the pur
chase of t|<.l(c|s by 1 persons who had the
tween
secret intelligence. This telegraph
carried through New Jersey by signals
from station to station, high trees being
chosen. The signals were dashes of sun
light reflected by mirrors, in day-time, and
flashes of lamp-light at night. On cloudy
days the arms of the Semaphore were used.
In fogs the concern was silent. This tel
egraph, with its telescopes and apparatus,
cost only about $3,000) It would send a
message through in thirty minutes.
Ul.der the management of the electro
magnetic telegraph, which, although a
most useful, was, nevertheless, a very dear
means of transmission of news, the expen
ses of journalism wore much increased; and
it soon became evident that unless some
means of economy were devised, many old
and respectable newspapers would either
have to be discontinued, or to lag in a cer
tain degree behind their more enterprising
neighbors. This led to an attempt, among
persons who had some knowledge of the
wants of the press, to undertake the busi
ness of news brokerage, and to furnish
news by telegraph from all parts of the
country, but they were utterly undone bv
the more powerful combination of the As
sociated Press.
And this brings us at last to the main
object of our inquiry, which is—What is
the Associated Press ? Here we are, by
a single query, plunged deep into an ocean
of mystery, in which we flounder with ut
ter despair, scarcely able to keep ourselves
afloat, and beyond the hope of being able
to fathom it.
The Associated Press promises much and
It undertakes to give us the
news, which is really of importance, tran
spiring all over the world, but fully one
half of its business is correcting its own
mistakes ; and the coolness with which its
blunders are made and charged for, is re
ally astonishing. It gives you lean usu
ally, but if it has any fat there is always
an extra charge. Thus, the Cable nows
and Congress news arc extra. The doings
of the State Legislatures are held not to be
matters of importance to the newspapers,
and the Associated Press does not furnish
them. If anybody delivers an important
speech anywhere, the Associated Press,
which should give you a report of it, dick
ers with you on the subject, and offers to
furnish the report if you are willing to pay
so much more.
A very grave cause of complaint against
the Associated Press is, that it is poorly
served. Many of its agents arc incompe
tent; being so deficient in judgment that
they really do not know what, among tran
spiring events, arc of sufficient importance
to warrant that news of them shall be sent
by telegraph, or printed after it is receiv
ed. The Cable correspondent in England
gives us full and glowing details of horse
races, and cuts off the political news, show
ing great changes, or expectation of chan
ges, in European affairs, with brief men
tion. Every steamer brings us, in the
European papers, intelligence of events of
importance, which the Associated Press
agent in England could not perceive to be
of any interest whatever.
The Associated Press agents in this
country aro understood to be agents of
Reuter, the telegram broker in Europe,
and English readers are as poorly served
as we aro here.
The Associated Press is represented to
be an association of publishers of New
York, who have combined together for the
purpose of obtaining news by telegraph
from all parts of the world. The Associa
tion composed of the following persons :
Jaipcs Brooks and Erastus llrooks, pro
prietors of the New York Express; Prime,
Stone, Ilale & Helleck, proprietors of the
New York Journal of Commerce ; James
G. Bennett, proprietor of the New York
Herald ; Manton Marble, proprietor of the
World ; Moses Y. Beach, propretor of the
New York Sun ; Henry J. Raymond &
Co. proprietors of the New York Times,
and the Tribune Association, proprietors
of tlio New York Tribune.
These individuals have combined togeth
er for the purpose of obtaining news from
all parts of the world; but, practically,
they arc an association of customers, who
receive whatever their agents decree. The
agents are really masters of the Associated
Press. If a number of persons residing
or doing business in a certain neighbor
hood should unite in the choice of
and caterer, and assure him that they
would take their meals from him, and pay
him if he provided them with ham, hash,
and salt mackerel daily, without disputing
his bills, they woqjd oepupy about the
same relative position to the keeper of the
restaurant $s the Associated Press occu
pies toward the agent of the Associated
Press.
These great newspapers really have not
the time to station, manage, and control
responsible and reliable agents, wherever
they are needed. They are compelled to
accept and to agree to whatever the agent
does ; and whether his name be Craig or
Simonton, ho is really the master of the
whole machine, and the ruler of the Asso
ciated Press. He makes what arrange
ment ho pleases, and charges what he plea
ses ; and the mission of the Associated
Press seems to be tP continue this monop
oly, against which no journal can protest
with aijy hope of boing successful in its
opposition.
The
early period in its history, finding that the
sum which its caterer charged for his dai
ly ham, hash, and salt mackerel, was very
heavy, conceived the idea that the
ses might be greatly reduced by allowing
% b*ress of other cities to purchase the
qews which its agept might furnish, at
rates to be agreed upon. Under this pol
icy, certain jo^pals were admitted' to the

fulfils little.
cook
New York Associated Press, at an
expen
so-called privilege. They agreed to this
proposition, and have bought tho news
from the agent of tho Associated Press
ever since. They were in the position of
persons allowed to come into the restaur
ant, and enjoy a portion of the fare pre
pared for tho original participants in the
feast. The privilege accorded by the New
York Associated Press
It
was generous,
might have been denied altogether, and
the journals published in other parts of the
country would either have been compelled
to make their own combinations to obtain
news, or have been condemned to use the
intelligence published in New York, a day,
or days after date.
Tï»e Tiling In a -Yutsmll.
We have received copies of the last re
port, as late as March 5th, made by any
government director of the Union Pacific
railroad. It is that of Mr. Chancy II.
Snow, of Washington, a civil engineer,
and formerly connected with the Baltimore
Wilmington and Philadelphia railroad, and
who assisted in making tho early surveys
for the great bridge of that company
the Susquehanna,
the line of the Union Pacific railroad since
January last, making a practical examina
tion of it, and his report sufficiently con
firms all the allegations which have been
made heretofore of its incomplete and bad
ly constructed condition, showing hurried,
unsubstantial, unsafe and unlawful laying
of track, without proper grades, ballasting,
embankments, bridges, Ac. besides length
ening out of the line with the view of
drawing, at the rate fixed per mile, more
bonds from tho government than the
straighter route would afford. It is a fact,
which no one doubts, and Mr. Snow be
lieves no one denies, that the persons who
have had the superintendence and manage
ment of the construction of the Union Pa
cific railroad are the persons who have
been and are the contractors for its con
struction. The "Credit Mobilier" does
the work and receives the money,
what is the "Credit Mobilier?" To use
the forcible language of Charles Fran
cis Adams, Jr. in an article in tho North
American Review for January, 1869:
"It is but another name for the Pacific
railroad ring. The members of it are in
Congress ; they are trustees for the bond
holders—they are directors, they are stock
holders, they are contractors: in Washing
ton they vote the subsidies, in New York
they receive them, upon tho plains they ex
pend them, and in the Credit Mobilier
they divide them. Ever-shifting charac
ters, they are ever obiquitous ; they re
ceive money into one hand as a corpora
tion, and pay it into the other as a con
tractor. Humanly speaking, the whole
thing seems to bo a species of thimblerig,
with this difference from the ordinary ar
rangement, that whereas commonly "the
little joker" is never found under the thim
ble which may be turned up, in this case
he is sure to be found, turn up which thim
ble you may. Under one name or anoth
er a ring of a few persons is struck at
whatever point the Union Pacific is ap
proached. As stockholders they own the
road, as mortgages they have a lien upon
it, as directors they contract for its con
struction, and as members of the "Credit
Mobilier" they build it."
Tiie Cost of a Trip to California by
Rail. —The probable cost of a trip to Cal
ifornia by rail has often been asked during
the past year. A late San Francisco Bul
letin furnishes information on the subject,
giving the following figures : New York
to Chicago, 960 miles, $18,75; Chicago
to Omaha, 495 miles, $17.56; Omaha to
Salt Lake, 1,070 ltiiles, $40.16; Salt
Lake to San Francisco, 775 miles, $77.50.
From this it is seen that the total distance
from ocean to ocean is 6,299 miles and the
fare $156.91.
charge on the last stage, the Central Pa
cific, is more than that on tho remaining
three fourths of the journey; but the com
pany has promised to reduce its rates by
next July. Rut even at the above price,
with a running time of only six or eight
days from New York to Sau Francisco, the
old steamship rates of $280 for a trip con
suming three weeks, could not long be
maintained. In the route by rail there
would be of course the additional ex
pense of meals, but this would not be a se
rious item.
ccross
Mr. Snow went over
And
As may be noticed, the
We presume most of our readers have
been annoyed, as we have, by tho contin
ued breaking of kerosene lamp-chimneys,
which crack upon the slightest expansion
by the heat on first lighting the lamp.
We are remnided by an exchange of the
cause. These chimneys are made of sili
cate of lime instead of silicate of lead, be
cause the former material is very much
cheaper. They are the "shoddy" in glass
manufacturing, aud have no strength to
withstand the expansion and contraction.
Those made of silicate of lead may be
known by their clear, ringing, bell-like
sound, one of which will outlast a dozen of
the others.
Sterne, who need his wife very ill, was
one day talking to Garrick in n fine, sen
timental manner, in praise of conjugal love
and fidelity. "The husband," said Sterne,
"who behaves unkindly to bis wife de
serves to have his house burnt over his
"If you think so," said Garrick,
" I hope your house is insured.
head.
ii
An Irishman, on hearing of a friend
having a stone coffin made for himself, ex
claimed : " By me sowl, and that's a good
idee. Sure an' a stone coffin 'nd Inst a
man a lifetime,"
and
was
and
ny,
of
the
cess
is
25
ten
is
ling
and
four
into
ter,
is
the
half
ver.
may
this
on
the
lie
or
or
cure
Old
any
at
only
fees
to
secs
is
and
and
are
drily
able
pal
and
that
ally
park
ers.
a
and
ed
that
in
The
sons
OVER AXD OVER AGAIN.
Over ami ov
again,
No matter which way I turn,
I always fini) in the Book of Life
Some lesson 1 have to learn.
I must take my turn at the mill,
I must grind out the golden grain,
I must work at my task, with a resolute w ill,
Over and
again.
We cannot measure the need
Of even the tiniest flower,
Nor check the flow of the golden sands
That
through n single hour.
But tho morning dews must fall,
And the
d the summer rain
Must do their part, und perform it all
Over and over again.
mil ever again
The brook through the meadow flow?,
And over and over again
The ponderous mill-wheel goes.
Once doing will not suffice,
Though doing be not in vain ;
And a blessing, failing us once or twice,
May come if we try aguin.
O'
The path that 1ms once been trod
igh to the feet ;
:e have learned
And the lesson we
Is never so hnrd to repeat.
Though sorrowful tears may fall,
And the heart to its depth he driven
With storm and tempest, we need them all
To render us meet for Heaven.
Wit and Humor.
Kcnsoning from Analogy.
A good story is told of a German by
the name of Schmidt, who had taken the
precaution to insure the life of his wife
for $5,000, and his stable for $900, be
lieving that the former might die and the
latter be burnt, and he could not get along
without some compensation for his loss.
Both policies had been taken from the
same agent. In a few months after the
stable had been insured it caught fire and
was destroyed. Schmidt quietly notified
the agent, and hinted to him that he
would like the nine hundred dollars at the
earliest possible moment. The agent at
once sent a builder to* ascertain the cost
of erecting a new stable, of the same di
mensions, having learned that the prop
erty had been insured for more than it
was worth. The builder reported that he
could replace the stable, with new ma
terial, for $500, but unfortunately there
was an ordinance preventing the erection
of frame buildings—the old stable having
been of wood. lie was asked to estimate
the cost of a brick stable, and reported
the amount at $750. Tho agent then
notified Schmidt that he would build him
a new brick stable in place of the old
frame one, but Schmidt became very in
dignant at the proposition, saying:
" I not understand dis inshurance busi
ness. I pay you for nine hundred tollar,
and when my sthablc burn down you make
me a new one. I not want a new sthablc,
I want nine hundred tollar."
The agent reasoned with Schmidt, but
all to no purpose, When the stable was
about finished Schmidt went to consult a
lawyer, thinking that he could still get the
amount of the policy, besides having the
now T stable.
The lawyer, however, informed him
that the company had a right to make
good the loss by building a new stable,
and expressed surprise that he should talk
of bringing suit against them.
" But," said Schmidt, " I inshurc for
nine hundred tollar, and dis feller put up
dem shtable for seven hundred and fifty —
I not understand dis inshurance business."
Finding that ho could not compel the
payment by law, Schmidt determined to
get out of tho " inshurance business" alto
gether. Calling upon the agent, Schmidt
said :
" Mr. Agent, I want you to shtop dem
inshurance on mine frow. I not pay any
more monish dat way, I not understand
dis inshurance business."
Agent, surprised—"Why, Mr. Schmidt
you are doing a very foolish thing. You
have paid considerable on this policy al
ready, and if your wife should die you
will get §5,000."
" Yaw, dat ish vat you tell me now,"
said Schmidt. " Ven I pays you on my
sthablo you say I get nine hundred tol
lar if it burnt down. So it was burnt,
and you not give mo mine monish. You
say, " O, dat vash an old frame sthablc ;
it not worth anydings ; I make you a
brick shtable," and you not pay me mine
nine hundred tollar. Yen mine frow dies,
den you say to me, " 0, she vas an old
Dutch wouiau ; she not worth anydings ;
I get you a new Anglish frow !" and so 1
loose my five thousand tollars. You not
fool Schmidt again. I not undershtand
dis inshurance business !"
Old Dr. B. was a quack, and a very
ignorant one. On one occasion he was
called by mistake to attend a council of
physicians in a critical case. After con
siderable discussion the opinion was ex
pressed by one that the patient was con
valescent. When it camo Doctor B's
turn to speak.
" Convalescent!" said he; " why that's
nothing serious, I have cured convalescent
in twenty-four hours !"
When straw bonnets first became gen
eral, it was common to trim them with ar
tificial wheat or barley in ears, on which
custom tho following lines were written :
Who now of threatening famine dare complain,
When every female forehead teems witli grain !
See how the wheat-sheaves nod amid the plumes ;
Our barns are now transferred to drawing rooms,
And husbands who indulge in active lives,
To fill their granaries my. thrash their wives.
(Stoffs of <$racel
Recollections of Paris.
Written/or the Jlfiddletotcn Transcript.
NoTîi.
To the traveller, before setting foot on
foreign shores, the monies of the different
nationalities seem a chaotic mass ; but
soon the coins of bronze, coppt|r, silver
and gold, become as familliar as the solid
American gold and silver monies! "of the
good old times," when the Constitution
was revered and obeyed.
A few words relative to the rfioney of
Franco are appropriate at this stage of oqr
correspondence.
The coins of France are perfectly simple
and very convenient. The franc is the
unit, and it is divided into 100 centimes.
The name sou is given to the oil copper
coins (now bronze) consisting of five cen
times. It is nearly the English (lalf-pon
ny, and is not very troublesome. 1 Pieces
of two sous, or ten centimes, are also
coined in bronze ; they are equivalent to
the English penny.
The English sovereign is worth 25
•francs, and there is generally a small ex
cess according to tho rate of exchange. It
is hardly worth consideration. ! As the
English pound consists of 240 pence, and
25 francs are equivalent to 250 pieces of
ten centimes, it is easy to see that the ten
centime piece cannot be regarde 1 as the
exact equivalent of the English penny. It
is worth rather less. The Engljsh shil
ling is equivalent to 1.25 francs, dr a franc
and a quarter, and the five-franc piece to
four English shillings. If the traveller
lands in England before setting out for
France, ho is advised' not to ehjingc his
English gold or Bank of Englarld notes
into French coins, as the money of Great
Britain passes equally as well as the lat
ter, and generally a slight premium will be
realized. But if the tourist trill lo so he
is advised to change his English gold or
notes at a money-changer's office, pr bank
ing-house, not at shops. lie must not of
course expect to change francs bhek into
English money without loss.
The usual gold coins in Francd arc the
napoleon of 20 francs (10 shillings) ; the
ten-franc piece (8 shillings) ; and|the five
franc piece (4 shillings). The notes of
the Bank of Franco are perfectly safe, and
circulate everywhere.
The silver coins arc tho pieces of five
francs, of two francs, of one franc, the
half franc, and the piece of twenty cen
times or four sous.
A franc is equal to twenty cents in sil
ver.
While discussing money matters a few
words with reference to Passports are de
manded. Although British subjects and
Americans are admitted into France and
may travel anywhere without a passport,
this documcut is still sometimes demanded
on endeavoring to obtain access to some of
the public monuments not open to the
public, or at times when the general pub
lie is excluded. In these cases a note ad
dressed to the Ministers of State, [of War,
or of the Interior, the Prefect of tjie Seine
or of the Police, is always sufficient to se
cure an order. Americans are advised to
procure passports before setting opt for the
Old World, as they are then prepared for
any emergency. The Secretary of State,
at Washington, will always send! the re
quired bit of parchment to all applicants,
provided the application is properly en
dorsed. The cost of the wdiole thing is
only from $5 to $7, depending upon the
fees of the notary-public. Tho Govern
ment only requires tho cost of thp parch
ment.
To pass from the cvery-day-afluiirs of life
to scenes of solemnity may seem to our
readers a sudden transition, but the visitor
secs abroad, as well as at home, many
things which causes him to feel sad and
contemplative ; and in the burial-places of
Catholic France mournful recollections arc
called forth, when we sec the poor of Par
is buried in vast trenches, 350 foot long
and 14 feet wide, within those beautiful
and artistic cemeteries.
Paris is very remarkable for it) burial
places. Of these there are two varieties,
cemeteries and catacombs. Thei former
are open, pleasant gardens, samewhat taw
drily decorated, and often of questionable
taste, but on the whole resorts of Consider
able interest. There are the three princi
pal cemeteries—that of the cast, the north,
and south. The first is better kjiown as
that of the l'erc lu Chaise, and ijs gener
ally visited by strangers. It is a kind of
park laid out with walks, planted with
shrubs and trees, and adorned with flow
ers. It occupies nearly 30 nodes, and
commands a fine view of Paris. There is
a chapel in it which resembles a vaist tomb,
and a mosque for tho use of the Mussul
mans. Many very remarkable people lie
interred in this cemetery, and it ijt crowd
ed with monuments whoso taste i$ not al
ways the purest. A Jew's quarter is no
ticed, where M'dlle Rachel, the celebrated
tragedienne, lies buried.
Among the more remarkable tombs is
that of Ileloise and Abelard removed here
in 1804 from the convent of the Paraclete.
The following names of distinguished per
sons buried here in this cemetery, may be
useful as a reference—Arago, Bosioi Ouvier,
Cambaceres, Dupuytren, Fourier, Fould,
Mdme. de Gcnlis, Qall, Marshal Ney,
Racine, Rothschild, and hosts of others.
This gem of a cemetery for its fize, out
strips all others in its artistic e
arrangement of flowers, but for extent,
romantic effect and intricate drives and
walks, Greenwood Cemetery, near Brook
lyn, Long Island, with its 300 acres almost
filled with graves and noble and costly
ami
monuments, far outstrips all others in the.
world—being in fact a city of the dead,
where about twenty thousand persons aro
iuterred annually.
While the new Woodland Cemetery, sit
uated in Westchester county, N. Y. about,
12 miles from the city, and larger than
the latter, will soon vie with Greenwood
in its magnificent walks and drives among
the towering monuments.
The Catacombs of Paris are vast subter
ranean quarries or exhausted mines pf
building stone, underneath the city, of
which the original contents wefp used to
construct the houses on the right bank of
the Seine. About Urn year 1777 they
began to be dangerous, after having been
long forgotten. Some parts fell in and it
became necessary to take some means of
securing the ground. While this was be
ing done, it occurred to the authorities that
it would be a good opportunity to remove
thither the bones of the cemetery of tho
Innocents, then about to be converted to,
public purposes. After this the catacombs,
as they were thenceforth called, were so
lemnly inaugurated in 1788. They have
since received the contents of other ceme
teries, and the bones have been built in
with a view to ornamental and architectu
ral decoration.
The Catacombs can only be viewed by
special permission from the engineer who,
superintends them, and then only on cer
tain occasions. The labyrinth of passages
would render a visit under other circum
stances extremely dangerous.
In the Dupuytren Medical Museum of
Paris, a malo skeleton measuring about
ten feet and six inches in length can bn
seen, which was found in these catacombs
several years since, while many of the
bones taken from the cemetery of the In
nocents were being overhauled.
The noble structure palled the Palais dq
Louvre, occupies a space which has been
used for public purposes as a palace or
fortress from the earliest date, was tho
habitation of the Kings of France till
1501, at which tinte the western wing and
about half the south focado were alone
completed. These date front 1541. It
was greatly advaueed in the reign of 11 e;t
ry IV, and has gradually, and at intervals,
grown into its present state. The final
completion was reserved for the present
Emperor, who connected it with the Tui
leries in 1852—1857. The exterior of
the Louvre is very striking, and the finest
part is the magnificent colonade, by Per-,
fault, which adorns the principal facade,
opposite the church of St. Germain )' Aux
errois. It is nearly 540 feet long, and
consists of three parts. The height is.
about 90 feet. It is generally regarded as
one of the most successful works of its
kind in existence.
The interior of Ibis structure is occupied
to a very great extent by the magnificent
museums, the pride of France. It con
tains also the hall of meeting for the great,
council of State, first opened in 1859. Iq
the lower part, in three inner courts, ara
the stables of the Emperor, which are
splendidly fitted.' There are nearly a hun
dred carriages of all kinds, including the
State carriage called the Voiture de Alar
iage. It weighs more than six tons.
The Louvre is connected with the Tui
leries— the capitol of franco—by a noble
court. The whole area covered by the
two palaces is nearly nine acres.
New York, April, 1869.
B S. T.
M^ny years ago a Boston lawyer, named
Kent, got Jqst while traveling in the woods
on Cape Cod. Coming to ^ house he rode
up to the door and accosted the lady of the
house as follows : "Madame, if you telj
me who I was, who I am, where I am, and
where I am going, I will give you a dol
lar." The \yomau eyed him a moment and
then said : t{ You were Kent, the minister,
you are now Kent, the lawyer ; you are
in Falmouth woods, and you arc going to,
the devil." île handed her the dollar and
rode on. The lady happened to kuovf
him.
Napoleon Bonaparte was Lorn on t^e
15th of August, 1769. The ensuing 15th
of August will be the one hundredth annit
versary of the event, and will be celebra
ted in France with great pomp and cere-,
mony. The day occurs, however, on Sun
day.
"If you had 80 years to live, liow
would you spend it so as to be perfectly
happy hero below ?" asked a Fiench wri
ter, and answers it himself: iîThe first
30 years as a pretty wonmp, 60 more as a
great General, and the rest as a Bishop."
1
A gentleman, on taking a volume to be
bound, was asked if be would have it
bouud in Russia. " Q, no," he replied,
"Russia is too far off, I will hayc it donq
here."
Private advices jqst received, give cent
elusive proof that tlje Wandering Jov? baa
purciiascd a velocipede, and he will here-:
after perambulate on a two-wheeler.
A Southern journal advises farmers tq
collect the seeds of sumac, and plant them
like any other crop. It is profitable iq
Virginia.
"Hallo, Jake. wljeçp did you buy those
fish ?" ?.'I didn't buy 'em!" "Well, whero
did you get them ?" "I hooked 'em."
What can you name without breaking
it? Silence.
-f
Remody for hard times—Lcqve off vrhjs
key, cigavs, and tobacco,

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