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MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 21, 1869.
Mutual Life Insurance Company.
Guarantee Capital $100,080.00.
HOA11E OFFICE—UXCIIANUI5 BUILDING
Cor. 7Hi & Alarkcl Sts.
fTMIE Pioneer Mutual Company in adopting
JL Rates of Premiums based on American ex
perience of mortality and interest.
Premiums lower than any oilier Mutual Com
Purely mutual. All the profits divided among
the Policy-Holders. There are no stockholders
3n this company.
•All Policies* non-forfeiting. Not after two
years, but after the first annual payment.
All kinds of policies issued. Ordinary Life.
Ten Year Plan. Single Payment and Instalment.
All kinds of Endowment Tables. Return Pre
mium Table. Joint Life Table. Children's En
Premiums payable in one paymeut, i
Ten, Fifteen or*Twenty Instalments, or
Life. Payments received annually, scmi-nnnual
AU payments required in Cash .
the " Contribution Plan," It
will be observed that the reduction of rates is
équivalent to n Dividend in Advance of at least
thirty-three and one-third per cent.
Tire Loan feature is entirely original with this
company—for full explanation semi fur the com
ly, or quarterly.
TABLE OF RATES
And any information required pronq
ed on application to the Home Oft
any of the Company's Agents.
JOHN 1\ Mt'LKAR, President,
GKO. \V. STONE, Vice President,
M. M. CHILI), Se<
BKNJ. Ni ELDS, Counsel A: Actuary,
D. \V. MAULL, Chief Medical Examiner.
John P. .McLcar,
Juhu V. Dice,
Job H. Jackson,
Clement B. Smyth,\
William S. 1 lilies,
Lewis P. Bush. M. D.
Samuel Bran croft Jr.
George W. Bush,
Win. G. Gibbons,
Henry F. Pickels,
William II. Swift,
Edw. Bringhurst, Jr.
J. II. Adams,
11. 11. Seidel,
John P. McLcar,
Thos. W. Weiib,
William Can by
Geo. W. Bush,*
•1 Bnincroft, jr.
Ed. Bringhurst, jr.
Wiu. G. Gibbons,
George W. .Stone,
Jno. V. Itice,
W. H. Swift.
J. THOMAS DCDD, Agent,
Cool Spring" Charley is Coming Soon
B UT not with "Cool Sprii
but with pure
FOR IT IS VERY COLD.
g Ice" this time,
None need suffer with t'uo heat, for I will be
around in a few day« to cool them off.
Give me your Cash and 1 will give you my Tcc
at as low prices as I can afford. Price list until
further uotiee :—$1 .;>0 per lid. to regulur custoni
era who take 100 lbs.
b. to regular customers who take lo 11
.daily: 21 cts. per lb. to regular customers who
take 10 lbs. or less daily ; 3 ctß. per IU. to cas
ual customers in small quantities.
My terms are Positively Cash,
not settle either daily
Isupplics cut oft' and* be left to melt until all
rears are paid.
One weck 's notice
weekly will have their
st be given by all persons
who wish their supplies discontinued.
BALTIMORE FEMALE COLLEGE.
T HIS Institution, the only Female College in
Maryland, was incorporated in l«s4t», and
liberally endowed by the State in 18li0. It af
fords Uoardcrs and lbty Pupils every advantage
ito acquire a thorough and accomplished educa
tion. It has a good Library, Chemical and Pliil
.osophicAl apparatus, and valuable Cabinets of
Mlncmls, Gems, Coins and Medals, besides pu
pils from the different counties in Maryland, it
has an extensive patronage from the Middle,
.Southern and Western States.
Session opens September Gib.
FACULTY OF INSTRUCTION.
N. C. BROOKS, LL. I). Prof. Ancient Lungua
T. LUCY, A. M. Professor of Mathematics, Ac.
Mons. LOUIS GANBIN, A. M. Prof, of French.
Mr. LEWIS LAUER, Prof, of German.
Mr. G. A. GNOSSPKL1NS, Prof, of.Music;
Mr. VAN REUTH, Prof, of Paintings
Miss M. S. COVINGTON, Mathematics A Ilis
M. Ö. MOON, Belles-Lctters and Physiol
.ogy. Late Principal of Female Institute, Sumter,
Miss IMOGEN II. SIMMONS. Piano and Sing
ing. Late Musical Directress Stute l'cmnlc Col
lege, Memphis, Tenu,
Mrs. E. A. POLSTER, Piano and Guitar.
Mrs. JULIET WORKMAN, Vocal Music.
For Catalogues or any information, address
July 31—3m® N. 0. BROOKS, President.
R EGISTER'S OFFICE,
New Lahti.k Cousty, July 20th, 1809.
Upon application of Gideon K. Ilukii], Execu
tor of the last Will and Testament of John F.
Jtukill, late of Saint Georges Hundred in said
.county, deceased ; it is ordered and directed by
the.[Register that the Exeecator aforesaid, give
siotiue .of the granting of Letters Testamentary
lupon the Estate of the deceased, with the date of
granting'theroof, by causing advertisements to be
posted within forty days from the date of such
Letter«, in six of the most public piuccs of the
County of New Castle, requiring ail persons hav
ing demands against the Estate, to present the
same, or abide by an Act of Assembly in such
case made and provided. And also causo the
name to be inserted within tile same period In «lie
Middip town Transcript, a newspaper published in
Middletown, and to be continued therein two
/ , Given under tho hand and Seal of Of
J L. s. Vfice of tho Rigistcr aforesaid, at New
1 t-cv « 1 Oastlp, in New Castlo County, aforesaid,
the day and y par above written.
R- C, FRAIM, Register.
NOTICR.s-4 11 persons having claims nguinst
the Estate of the defeased must present tbe same
duly attested to the Executor on or before July
20th, 1870, or abide the Act of Assembly in such
cases made and provided.
0. E. nUKILL, Exeentov.
^ply 2A—2iu, Address - Middletown,Del,
ENOCH L. HARLAN,
221 MARKET STREET,
Formerly of the Finn of ITarlan & Dro.
FINE GROCERIES, PROVISIONS,
prepared to supply buyers from the
country with tho above goods at tho low
Our stock onee tried will recommend itself, ns
great care has been used in its selection.
We respectfully solicit
ENOCH L. HARLAN,
Formerly of'the firm of Harlan & Rro.
Orders by mail promptly filled, and goods
delivered at any Depot, Steamboat or Express
Office free of eburge.
NEW STOVE, TIN,
THOMAS S3. UOT1IWELL
Respectfully announces to the
Public that he has removed
his Store to his
f«oitli Hide of Main Street., 4 Building« Wfit
of Town Hall,
Where he has constantly on hand, and is
prepared to manufacture
ALL KINDS OF TIN WARE
At Short Notice.
ORDERS for ROOFING & SPOUTING
Respectfully Solicited and Promptly
STOVES, JAPANNED WARE, TIN
WARE, &e. <fec.
Constantly on hand and at the
Lowest Cash Pices.
Mr. It. E. Knighton, well known
as a skilful workman, is our
Foreman, and will give his
personal attention to
The following Cook Stoves are
on sale and recommended to tho
( Niagara Improved. ) '
THE TIMES, THE CHARM,
The first named is guaranteed
to give perfect satisfaction, and
it is believed the others will also.
The following Parlor Stoves are
offered to the Public, and believ
ed to be equal to any other
Stoves in the market :
THE UNION AIR-TIG-HT,
BOQUET BASE, and
THE ISFttIzITA.IN T.
Orders will bo received and promptly
filled for any kind of Stove that may he
Prompt attention to business, moderate
prices, competent workmen, and a deter
mination to please, may ut all times be ex
pected by those who may favor him with
Wh. A. Raisin,
McCOY & RAISIN,
General Commission Merchants,
No. T3 SOUTH STREUT,
Opposite Corn Exchancik,
W E refer to the following among our patrons
iu Keut county Marylaud :
Judge Jos. A. Wicke», Hon. Samuel Comegvü,
Hon. Wm. Welch, George D. S. Handy,
William B. Wilmer, George T. Hollyday,
Jervis Spencer, Dr. Samuel A. Beck.
June 10— y
TEACHES ! !
T HE subscriber has made arrangements to buy
PEACHES at the Middletown Station, dur
ing tbe season, aud will furntsb Baskets for slop
ing of same, thus saving «lie Growers who have
no itaskets tho expense of purchasing at present
high prices. Give him a call befure disposing of
your fruit elsewhere.
Jun« 28- tf
E. T. EVANS,
-Agvnt for W, H. Wanser,
of New York.
Dread warder of an ancient land,
Thou wondrous form of changeless stone,
1'eigiiiug o'er leagues of shifting sand,
Unnumbered ages for thy throne;
Pigmies, we gaze and pass away—
I now, Cambyscs yesterday.
Dim tnem' ries of forgotten things
Haunt those large eyes ; the shepherd chiefs,
The victor's crown—the pride of kings,
K'en meaner mortal's lesser griefs ;
Const limn recall old Menés' fuce?
Hast bowed before Rhodope's grace?
Those grand lack-lustre eyes perchance
Saw Helen like a goddess move ;
And Alexander's fateful trance
That ruined llion for lier love ;
Didst hear stern Proteus quick dismiss
The wretch who marred a guest-friend's bliss?
Vain—worse than vain—no word comes through
Thy lips' cold portals. Thou hast seen
Tile conq'ring Medc, the crafty Jew,
Creek sages, Antony's dark queen ;
Is't to their giiosts in yon soft huze
Thou turu'st that everlasting gaze?
of the alleged !
Great borii3, answer—art thou mute?
Hast no responsive chords for eve,
Like Morn's old vot'rv?—I salute
'fui silence. Let me
My puny fancies, knowing well
Man may not learn th' Inscrutable.
What though thy buried secret sleeps
In far Ogygian icons? Still
The daily sum
And so for miknow
shine o'er thee creeps,
u ages will ;
And men shall view thy m
And marvel at its calm, us
Eve's rich gl
> lingers round thy head,
And lights thy melancholy face,
As loving all its gold to shed
On the last monarch of thy race;
Slow fade the purple tints—-farewell !
Deep are thy thoughts—too deep to tell.
From London Society.
VERY OLD PEOPLE.
I» there any Person inure thnu n Hundred
Years Old 1
Let us uoticc, first, somo
facts, und then, the reasons which have
suggested incredulity on the subject,
book was published about the beginnt n
the present century, containing milices oi
more than seventeen huudred persons repu ,
ted to have lived to the age of a hundred I
or upwards; but the author and compiler j
was so ready to swallow anything marvel
ous, so indisposed to cautious inquiry, that !
wo will dismiss him altogether. Wc w
gather a few instances
gather a few instances from chronicles,
obituarics, anti registers of various kinds, )
sufficient to show the general nature 0 f |
the belief on this subject.
Popular statements assign the ago of
110 to John Locke, who was baptized iu
1716 when three years old, and buried at
in Norfolk, in 1823; to an old
roman at Enniskillen, who was born in
iu 1864; to Philip
a cabin boy under
Lord Anson so far back as the time of
George I., and was living at Larne, in
Ireland, in 1826; and to Mary llalphson,
who followed her soldier-husband to the
wars in the time of George II., fought by
his side in tho uniform of a wounded dra
goon who had fallen close to her, and died
in 18 18 at Liverpool, Then there was
Betty Roberts, who was born at Northop,
in Flintshire, in 1749, and was living at
Liverpool, in 1859, with a brisk young
fellow of 80 as her son. The age of 111
has been claimed fur John Craig,who fought
at Sheritfmuir in 1715; and died at Kil
marnock in 1793 ; and for the Rev. Rich
ard Lufkin, who died at Ufford, in Suf
folk, iu 1678, and who preached a sermon
tho very Sunday before his death. Con
cerning the age of 111, there was Toney
Proctor, who was a negro servant to an
English officer at Quebec, so far back
as 1759, and yet lived to sec the year 18
55; and tliero was Isabel Walker, who
died in 1774, and whose engraved por
trait is in the Museum of the Antiquarian
Society at Perth. But a more curious in
stance was that which was connected with
a convivial meeting held at a tavern in the
metropolis in 1788, to celebrate the cen
tenary of the revolution of 1688; an old
man said he was 112 years old, and re
membered tho revolution as having oocur
ed when he was a lad ; of course his con
vive» chaired him iu triumph. The age of
113 is claimed for Michael Boyne, who died
at Armagh in 1776; Mrs. Gilliam, who
died at Aldersgate street in 1761 ; a man
in whose memory a tombstone was put up
in Roche Abbey Church, in 1734, and
whoso son lived to be 109 ; and tbc ltev.
Patrick Macliell Vivian, Vicar of Los
bury, near Alnwick, who was born in 1546,
and wrote a letter in 1657 (when 111 years
old),in which he said, "I was never of a
fat, but a slender mean habit of bodyTwo
other instances aro William Carter who
had been a sergant in tho army, and who
died in 1768; and Patrick Grant, a vet
eran of the Buttle uf Culloden, who sur
vived till 1824.
the ago of 114, wo are referred to a tomb
stouo in Mueross Abboy, Killarney, which
bears the epitaph "erected by Daniel Shine,
in memory of hi3 father, Owon Shine, who
departed this life, April 6th, 1847, 114
years. Pray for him."
We now go on to another group of five
What say the advoeutos of 115?
that wo need dwell upon hero;
but among thoso of whom had been claim
ed tho ago of 116 years, we find Robert
Pooles, who died at Tyross, in Armagh,
in 1742; John Lyon, whose death took
placo at Bandon, in 1761 ; and Mrs Mary
Power, aunt of the late Right Hou. Rich
ard Lalor Shceil. David Kerrisou, a sol
dier of the Agença» Revolution, died at
1754, and was aliv
Luke, who had b<
If we want evidenoo of
Albany, in 1852, at the age of 117; which
was also the age claimed for Donald Mc
Gregor, a Skye farmer in the last century.
Mr. John Itiva, stockbroker, died in 1771,
at the ago of 118, having been accustomed
to walk to office till within a few days of
his death ; and if the parish register of Ir
thington, Northumberland, is to be relied
upon, of similar ago was Hubert Bowman,
when ho died in 1829. In a hospital at
Moscow, there was an old man, who was
wont to say that he enlisted in the liussian
army in the time of Peter the Great ; if so,
he could hardly have been less than 119 at
the time wheu an English traveler visited
him a few years ago. Mr. Sneyd, in 18
33, saw a gaunt, large-limbed, exceedingly
wrinkled old woman at Lanslcbourg, iu
Savoy, who said she was born in 1714,
and remembered events that took place in
Bqt we have new (o fpcak of venerable I
Of course when we come to ages between
120 and 130, wo must not expect the in
stances to bo very numerous; but let us jot
down a few from various authorities. The
age of 120 has been claimed for TJrsual
Chicken ( what a chicken !) who died at
Holderness in 1722; William Jugail, a
faithful old servant of the Webster family,
at Battle Abbey, iu Sussex, who died in
1798, and to whom a monument was erec
ted in Battle church-yard ; Mr. Charles
Cottrell, who died at Philadelphia in 1701,
leaving a wife (aged 115), to whom he had
been married ninety-eight years; and a
Duchess of Bucclough, who (according to
a volume published by the Rev. John Dun,
of Auchinlech) had "lived twenty years a
maiden , fifty yoars a wife and fifty years a
widow," and died in 1728. Blackwood's
Magizine. spoke in 1821 of a Mr. Charles
Leyno, who had just died at the age of 121
in the United States, having lived there
under four British sovereigns before tho
rupture in 1774; he lofta widow, who was
ono of tho lions of New York, at the time
of the International Exhibition of 1853 in
that city, was said to bo 124 years old;
but we do not know whether this was one of
Mr. Barnum's wonders. Tho Bodlein
I Library contains a news-letter of Juno 1,
! U24, in which is a paragraph to the effect,
that, ns the courtiers were going to St.
! James, to bo presented to George I., they
were attracted by a vcnernblo woman, who
-i Vtatvd herself, to be 121 years
! bad kept a shop at Kendal during the Civil
'S of Charles I., and was
I ^ llrs * n ^ lc
j mother of nine children at the time the
! epitaph i
unfortunate monarch was executed (1G49).
lints' Church, Nortli
j auiton, celebrates tho name of a person who
i>i,170G, at.the ago of 120. A "His
) tlli 7 °' ' irginia, which gives a tough
| list of very agod persons in that state, in
tlR ' M'"« ofWonder Booker, a slave
wll ° ''ceeived the first of these two names
because he was a wonder; ho worked in his
master s garden till 117 years old, and died
in lsl!) ut the age of 120, having been
Unm iu the reign of Queen ^ Elizabeth.
Owen Tudor, who boasted of being dcscon
^ 0I ' ^' om Henry VII. died at Llangollen,
U71, at the age of 127. ibis was also
recorded as the ago of John Newell, who
dipl1 at Michaelstown, 1701; hccluimcdto
be the grandson of the celebrated old Parr
( of w,10m 7° s,lal1 s P cak presently). The
Gentleman * Magazine in 1772, recorded
death of Mr. Abraham Strodtman, at
ll >e. a ge of 128. London claimed to have
an inhabitant of the same age in 1724, in
tho person of Mrs. Jane Skrimshaw.
Auother decade, embracing ages be
tween 130 and 140, is not without its rec
ords in the pnge3 of oountry histories and
antiquarian publications. William Beat
ty, a soldier who had fought at tho Battle
of the Boyne, iu 1690, died in 1774, at
the age of 130. Peter Garden figures in
an engraving coutained in the Perth Muse
um as having died in 1775, at tho age of
Mrs. Keith, who died at Ncwnuam,
in 1772, at the ago of 133, left behind her
three dauthters, one of whom was a fair
damsel of 109. Louis Mutel, a free negro
in St. Lucia, was reputed to bo 135 years
old when ho died in 1851 ; although he
married so late in life as 55, he survived
that event eighty years. Stillman'» Jour
nal mentions one Henry Eranciseo in a
more circumstanced manner than is usual
in this class of records. He was born in
1686, left France in 1691, witnessed the
coronation of Queen Anne iu 1702, fought
under Marlborough, then went to Ameri
ca, was wounded and taken prisoner du
ring the American war, and was living near
Albany in 1822, at the ago of 136. The
venerable ago 138 is put down for John
M'Donagh, who died at Ennis, iu Ireland,
We may well suppose that the lives of
seven scoro must bo few and far between,
even wheu credulity comes to our aid. A
parish register at Kventon, Bedfordshire,
mentions tho Rev. Thomas Rudyard vicar
of that parish, as having died at the age of
140 during the reign of Churles II. A
negro named Easter, is set down as hav
ing attained a like age in 1854. But the
most famous instance was that of tho Coun
tess of Desmond—a subject of much and
eager controversy. Whether Buch a per
son over lived at all, and whether if she liv
ed, there is really trustworthy evidence of
her ago, are questions which liavo been
treated at full in no loss important a work
than the Quarterly Jieview. The popular
account, at nil events, is, that she was
born in the second half of the fifteenth oen
tury ; that sho married the Earl of Des
mond In Edward IV. 's time ; that she had
three complete dentitions or sets of natural
teeth during her long career ; that she
appeared at tho court af James I. iu 1614 ;
and that she waa wont to go to market on
foot almost down to tho day of hor death at
tho age of 140.
persons who are claimed to have exceeded
the longevity even of the tough old Coun
tess. A slab on the floor of Abbey Dore
Church, Herefordshire, records the death
of Elizabeth Lewis, 1715, at the age of
141 ; and the parish register of Frodsham,
in Cheshire, contains the name of Thomas
Hough, who if the Boman numerals are
correct (cxli), died at tho same age. Du
ring a celebrated heraldic contest in 1385,
between Lord Scropc and Sir Robert Gros
venor, it became important to obtain tho
oldest available living testimony concern
ing the holding of certain titles and insig
nia ; and among tho witnesses brought for
ward were Sir John Sully, aged 105, and
especially John Thirwall, an esquire of
Northumberland, aged 145. Whether the
judges had any doubt of the correctness of
this alleged age we are not told. There
are, considering the oircumstauees, re
markably full details concerning another
veteran of 145, named Christian Jacobson
Dracbcnberg. lie was born iu Sweden,
iu 1027, lived chiefly as a sailor till 1094,
and was then made a captive by Barbary
corsairs. Being kept as a slave till 1710,
be made bis escape, and served again as a
seaman till 1717, when bo was 91 years
old. At the ago of 100, being indignant
at incredulity expressed concerning bis age,
he walked a long distance on purpose to
procure a certificate of the year of bis birth.
In 1735, lie was presented to the king of
Denmark, and in 1737, lie married—a
brisk bridegroom of 109 to a blooming
widow of GO ! IIo walked about in the
town of Aarbuus iu 1759, at the age of
133; but his eyelids bung down so com
pletely over his eyes that ho could not see.
Thirteen more years were'in store for him,
seeing that ho did not die till 1772, when
ho had completed his 145th year,
case was considered sufficently important
to deserve a place in Mr. Charles Night's
•English Cyclopaedia,' where there is an
article on 'Dranchcnherg,' attributed to
one of the most trustworthy of our literary
men. lu Boato and Molyneux's 'Natural
History of Ireland,' « notice occurs of Mr.
Eckelson, who was born in 1548, and
died at Pliilipstown, in 1G9IÎ, figures
which, if correct, denote an age of 118.
The number 150 is rather a suspicious
one in these matters ; for being what is
called a 'round' number, persons arc often
tempted to use it without much regard to
strict accuracy. Francis Consit, who had
been a burden to the parish of Malton, du
ring great part of his life, was Eaid to be
150 when he died, in 17G8. Lywarch
lieu (a Welshman apparently) had tho
same ago imputed to him ; as had likewise
■Sir Ralph Vernon, who was born towards
tho end ef the thirteenth century, and lived
nearly to the middle of the fifteenth. If
the parish register of Miushull, in Ches
hire, which says that one Thomas Damme
lived to sevenscore nud fortecu years," is
correct, this looks very much like the
L>4. The most celebrated pereouage, how
ever, who exceeded 150 yoars was that re
nowned Old l'arr, who always seems to be
making and taking "life pills," and whose
portraits seem intended to show how vig
orous and venerable we shall all become
if wo will only take tho pills in question.
The testimony ns to Thomas Parr's age
seems to be tolerably complete. He was
born in Shropshire, in 1483, remained a
batehelor till 80 years old, married in
1503, lived witli his first wife thrity-two
years, became a widower in 1595, married
again in 1G03, when ho was 120 years old,
and livod to see the year 1635. In that
year the Earl of Arundel visited him, and
was so struck with his appearance as to
invite him to come to his town mansion.
The old man found this lionizing too much
for him ; he was brougt by very easy
stages in a litter to London, with an "an
tique-faced merry-andrew" to keep him
cheerful on tho way ; but tho fatigue, tho
crowds of visitors who came to him, nud
the luxuries whioh were pressed upon him
in London, carried him off at tho wonder
ful age of 152. He was buried on Novem
ber 15th, at Westminster Abbey, where a
monument was creeled to his memory.
When presented on one occasion to Charles
I., the monarch said to him, "You have
livod longer than other men ; what have
you done more than other men?" To which
Parr replied,"I did penance when I was
a hundred years old." The truth even
went beyond this statement ; for he was
guilty of a pecondillo when a huudred and
five years of age, and did penance in a
white sheet at the door of the parish church
of Atterbury, bis native village.
Shall wo go beyond eight score? Let
us see. There was one John Hovcn, who
died in 1741, at the alleged ago of 172,
and who left a widow destined to live to
her 164th year. There was Tairvillc, who,
if Martin's "Desoription of the Western
Isles" is to be relied on, died in tho Shet
land Isles at the age of 180. Thcro was
Peter Tortoli, who gained renown in 1724,
at having survived till 185; and there was
Jane Britton, who, as we aro informed by
tho parish register of Evercriek, in Somer
set, for 1588, "was a maiden as she af
firmed, of 200 years." Leaving this blush
ing maiden and her compeers, we may ob
serve that tho only well-authenticated case
(if it is authenticated) of eight scoro and
upwards, was that of Henry Jenkins. Ho
was born in tho year 1501. When a hoy
lie carried a horse-load of arrows to North
allerton to be employed by the English ar
my in resisting tho invasion by James IV.
of Scotland ; and lived to see the year
1070, when he died at Ellerton-upon
Swalo, in Yorkshire, at tho age of 169.
Now what are we to think of all these
alleged cases of extreme old age? The
grounds on which skepticism bas been ex
pressed concerning them are numerous. It
I has been pointed ont that most of the in
stances aro among the humbler classes of i
Scotch, Irish, and negroes, where formal i
entries are but little attended to. The
middle and upper classes, among whom
authentic records are more plentiful, take
but a small part in the marvels of longev
ity. "Can actuaries," it is asked, "refer
us to a single instance of an assured per
son living to a hundred and forty, thirty,
twenty, ten, aye, to one hundred and ten ?"
The legal evidence is almost always defi
cient. If an entry of birth or baptism is
found in a family Bible there is uo proof
that it was written at the time of the event
or that the dates were correctly set down.
In one case a clergyman, investigating an
alleged instance of ccntenarianism, found
that the Bible which contained the entry
was only sixty years old, and that no oth
er testimony was forthcoming.
Registers of birth were not formally
used and legally established till after the
year 1830; all such registers before that
date were voluntary and therefore uncer
tain. Even parish registers are not al
ways reliable, for many of them, giving
the year of death, mention the age of the
deceased but do uot name the year of
birth, so that there are not two dates to
correct eaeli other.
Sometimes tombstones are re-chiseled to
restore the half-decayed epitaphs, and then a
tho village mason puzzled at somo of the
partially-obliterated figures, makes a guess
at them, and puts in the date or the age
which seems to him nearest the original.
Thcic is a tombstone in Conway church
yard, recording tho fact that Lowry Ow
ens Vaughan, died in 1709, at the age of
102, and that her husband, Wui. Vaughan,
died in 173«), at the age of 72.
recent observer of the tombstone has
Now a j
marked that the lady must (if this be true) j
have been nearly a hundred years old when 1
William Vaughan married lier; and as the j
figures on the stone have a rather freshly- i
cut appearance, he prefers the supposition
that 192 was an incorrect re-cutting of an
earlier incision. The Worcester Chroni
cle, 1852, drew attention to a tombstone in
Cleve Prior churchyard, which recorded
the death of a person at the startling age
of 309 ; this is supposed to have been an
ignorant mason's way of expressing 39,
that is «30 and 9—a kind of error not
frequent among ttic humbler classe
Times noticed in 1848, that there
Shoreditch parish contained an entry of
Thomas Cam, who died in 1788, at the
age of 207, having lived in 12 reigns. An i
investigator afterwards pointed out that
Sir Henry Ellis, in his "History of Shore
ditch," put down the age at 197 ; and au
examination of the register elicited the .fact
that '1' had been altered to '2' quite re
cently by some mischievous person who
probably wished to poke fun at the anti
quaries. Instances of the following kind
are known to have occurred. A young
married couple have a son whom they name
John, and who dies in infancy; twenty years
afterwards auother son receives the similiar
name of John; und then, in neighbors gos- j
sip eighty years afterwards, ono John be- I
comes confounded with the other, and a mau
really eighty years old figures in popular re
puto as a centenarian. Some aged per
sous like to be considered older than they
are, on account of the celebrity it gives;
and they do not shrink from a few "cram
mers" to bring this about.
The Itev. Mr. Fletcher, as he was cal
led, who was first a fanner, then a soldier,
then employed in the West India Docks,
and then a Methodist local preacher, used
to say that ho was over a hundred years
old ; ho drew great crowds to hear such a
phenomenon preach. He probably be
lieved himself to be as edd as he said, and
at his death his age was recorded as 108 ;
hut a subsequent investigation showed that
he was much less instead of much more
than a centenarian. The writer of this
paper knew of an old woman many years
ago who obtained notoriety for being, in
her own words, a "hundert all hut two,"
and for being able to hold a sixponce hor
izontally between her nose and chin ; but
he doubts whether there was any evidence
of her ago beyond her own assertion.
There can bo no question that this kind
of incredulity renders service, in so far ns
it induoes careful examination into the
testimony fur alleged facts of longevity.
Nevertheless ccntenarianism (and a few
years beyond tho even hundred) rest on
too many and too varied data to be quite
, , ,,, ,
he heard tho boa puffing and blowing, that ,
"prudence was the better part of valor." i
So ho took his trunk upon lus shoulder,
and stepped, in the dead of the night, very
quietly out of tho hotel. As he neared
the boat, whom should ho see hut his an
tagonist, at the boat before him, just go
ing on board ? He returned as ho had gouo
out, and was on the ground next morning,
with his soccond, waiting, with disappoin
ted wrath, for his antagonist, and publish
ed him as an absconding scoundrel.
Two Heiioks. —Before the recent rehel
, met there some hot
lion , Col. IV
blooded Southerner, with a spirit as fiery
as his own. They quarrelled—a challenge
was passed and accepted, and the next ris
ing sun was to witness one, if Dot both, of
their dead bodies, drenched in blood, to
wash out wounded honor. During the
night, the colonel said lie heard a boat
coming up tho river, and it struck him, as
Giant Clovkr.— We are informed by a
friend of undoubted veracity that, on a
three aorc lot belonging to Mr. Otho
Ridgeway, iu tho Fork, in this county,
tho average height of the clover, when
standing erect, was between five and six
foot, aud a large nnmber of stalks that he
measured reached six fc-2 two inches.-—
How Smith nuked the Old Man»
i li'nuy of our beaux have the least difficulty in.
asking the old man, they may lind a lesson as to
how the thing is done in tho following :
Smith hud just asked Mr. Thompson's
daughter if she would have hint, and sbtr
had said " Yes."
It therefore became absolutely necessary
to got the old gcntlcmnu's consent.
Smith said he'd rather pop the interro
gatory to ail of old Thompson's daughters,
and the wholo of his female relations, than,
ask old Thompson. But it had to be done,)
and so lie sat and studied out a speech
which ho was to disgofge at old Thomp
son, the very first time he got a shy at
him. So Smith dropped in on him ono
Sunday evening when all tho family were
"llow are you Smith?" said old Thomp
son, as the former walked in, white as a.
piece of chalk, and trembling with confu
sion. Smith was afraid to answer, 'causo
he wasn't sure about that spoech. Ho
knew he had to keep his grip on it whilo
he had it there, or it would slip from him.
So he blurted out—
"Mr. Thompson, sir: Perhaps it may
not be known to you, that during an ex
tended period of some five years, I have
been busily engaged in tho prosecution of
a coommercial enterprise—"
"Is that so, and kcepin' it a secret all
this time, while I thought you were ten
diu' store? Well, Smith, you're one of
them, ain't you?"
Smith had been put out and, begun to
think it all over again, to get the run of it.
"Mr. Thompson, sir: Perhaps it may not.
be known to you, that during the extend
j oil period of live years, l have been, busily
j engaged in the prosecution of a commer
j cial enterprise, with the determination tc*
1 secure a sufficient maintenance—"
j " Sit down, Smith, and help yourself to
i beer. Don't stand there boldin' your hat
like a blind beggar, with paralysis. I
never have seen you behuvo yourself so.
queer in my b/Trn days.""
Smith had been knocked out. again, and
so he had to wander back again and take iv
"A which ance?" asked old Tlkorapfiott;
i but Smith held on to tho first word as if it
was his only chance, and went on :
"In the iiQpe that someday 1 might en
ter wedlock and bestow my earthly pos
sessions upon one whom I could call my
own. 1 have been a lonely man, sir, and
have felt that it was not good for man to
be alone ; therefore I would—"
Neither is it, Smith; Tu» glad you drop
ped in. IIow*s the old man?"
Mr. Thompson, sir," said Smith, in do*
spuiring confusion, raising his voice to a
yell, "it may not be kuown to you that,,
j during an extended period of ;ilouc]f man,
I have been engaged to enter wedlock*
and bestowed all my enterprise ou oWe I
could determine to be good for certain pos -
sessions—no, I mean—that is—that—Mr..
Thompson, sir; it may not be unknown-*—"
"And, then, again, it may. Look here,,
Smith, you'd better lay down aud take
something warm—you ain't well."
Smith, sweating like a four year old
colt, went in again.
° Mr. Thompson, sir: It may not bo
lonely to you to prosecute me whom you u
friend, fOr a commercial maintenance but
—but—eh—dang it—Mr. Thompson, sir :
"Mr. Thompson, sir: It may not bo
known to you, that during en extended pe
riod of five years, l have been engaged in
tho prosecution of a commercial enterprise,,
with the determination to procure a sufii
c i en t m ai n to nance- -* '
"Oh, Smith, you talk like a fool. I
never seen such a first class idiot in tin»
course of my whole life. What's tho mat
ter with you, anyhow ?"
" Mr. Thompson, sir," said Smith, ta
an agony of bewilderment,it may not
be known that you prosecuted a lonely
man who is not good for a commercial
period of wcdloek for five years, but—■"
" Sec hero Mr. Smith, you're drunk,
und if you can't behave better than that,
you'd better leave.
" Mr. Thompson, sir," said Smith,
frantic with despair, " it may not be
known to you that my earthly possessions
are engaged to cuter wedlock five years
with a sufficiently lonely man, who is not
good for a commercial maintenance—"
" The donee he isn't. Now you jist git
up and git, or I'll knock what little brains
out of you you've got left."
With that, old Thompson took Smith
and shot him into the street us if he'd run
him against a locomotive, going out at tho
rate of forty miles an hour. Before old
Thompson had time to shut the front door
Smith collected his legs and one thing and
another that were lying around on tho
pavement, arranged himself in a vertical
position, and yelled out:
" Mr. Thompson, sir: It may not bo
, known to you"—which made the old man
i g0 mad thlit he wcnt out and TOt a k „„
terrier on Smith before be had a chance
to lift a brogau, and there waa a scicntifio
dog fight, with the odda in favor of tho
A correspondent states that for some
seven years his chickens have been kept
free from lioe by strewing small bvanebes
or sprnys of cedar about the henery.
Previous to the use of this simple remedy,
they were badly infested. No white
washing or other means to expel ver
min have been used.
Josh Billings says that if a man propo
ses to serve the Lord, he likes to see him
do it when ho measures corn «3 well as
when he shunts hallelujah.
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