VOL. 2 .
MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 4 , 1869 .
NO. 36 .
ENOCH L. HARLAN,
»Hl MARKET STREET,
Formerly of the Firm of Harlan Sp Bro.
FINE GROCERIES, PROVISIONS,
W E are prepared to supply buyers from the
country with the above goods at the low
Our stock once tried will recommend itself, as
great care has been used i
We respectfully solicit i
ENOCH h, HA 11 LAN,
Formerly qf the firm of Ha flap & Bro.
jZaY-Ordeis by mail promptly fillefi, «Mid Roods
delivered at any Deput, Steamboat ur Express
Office free of charge.
BALTIMORE FEMALE COLLEGE.
mills Institution, the oijly Female College in
JL Maryland, was incorporated in lti49, and
liLerully endowed by the .State in I860. It ui
fords Boarders and Day Pupils every advantage
to acquire a thorough and accomplished ediuN.
tion. it has u good Library, Chemical and Phi »
osopiiical apparatus, and valuable Cabinets ol
Minerals, Gems, Coins and Medals. Besides pu
l>ils from the différent counties iu Maryland, it
ullage Iroin the Middle,
I ms un cxieji
^Southern and Western.Sluies.
Session opens .September lid».
FACULTY OF INSTRUCTION.
N. C. BROOKS, LL. D. Prof. Ancient Lsingua
T. LUCY A. »I . professor of 5!al||pmnties. &e
Pons. lAii'lS(jANIMN, A. M. prof.
Mr. LKM IS LAU LK, I'rol
Mr. (i. A. ONOSSl'I.LINS, Prof ol Mpsic.
Mr. VAN IihLTII, I'roi. ol i'-.o
Miss M. S. UOYiNUTON, -ollie
f (lerui .it.
MUs M, B. MOON, !i : es-i e
Lute i'rilieipal ol
Miss IMOGEN II. SLM\l')N.S ri.ui.» -ml Si
jag. Late Musit^i Dirvcipcss :.tatc l*
F*rc, Memphis, 7'pnn.
Mrs. E. A. pUJ^TLlt. Piafto and
Mrs. JULIET WORKMAN, Vocal Music.
For Catulogpc> ftr any iu form it ion. adilioss
C. UlUJ UJLS. rrcsidi.pt.
July 31 --Bin *
MIDDLETOWN STOVE ROUSE.
S. W. ROREKTS,
announcipR to l)iy friends
ml surrounding >.oi:n1ry,
that the liberal natr.^gg he has received has in
duced bj.uj t .0 oIKa Li the public the greatest va
riety, iqud be^t selected st«njt of Stoffs, both
/yooking im*4 Heatfiig, ever offered ill Middletown.
^t»d a4 prices i;ann»»t fail to please,
the a§s,oytment ups tue following
fPANES pleasure i
-L of Miiidletown
NIAGARA, NOBLE COOK,
^OUAL COOL', WM. I'E.VN,
£iul others made in the city.
UNION AIR TIGHT
Also, SEXTONS PARLOR llEATERJL
GAS BURNING BAßß
of all kinds suitable for Stores, O^ces,
Bar-rooms, and School Houses.
Also, the Morning Glory and the priental, both
Unsurpassed in beauty and efficiency. They c
Be seen in operation at the store of the proprietor.
All sizes of Bar-room 8toveo ugd Ten-plate
Stoves repaired at short notice.
Did öt^yes taken in exchange,
iftH-TIN WARE at wholesale and retail."Q-'V
As I practical workmen employed. I think
f can give satisfaction to all who favor me with
their work. Partbathir attention paid to Roof
ing and .Spouting.
S. W. ÇOBERTS.
Middletown, January 4, 18Utt—ly
A First Class Boarding and
DAY SCHOOL, '
UNDER THE DIRECTION Of
WARREN I. IHCK«. A. B.
HUDSON A. WOOD, A. B.
Mrs. GENIE H. II1CK.S and JJrs. MARY WOOD.
ALL Term September 13th, apd ends
WINTER Term begins January 4th a#4 .ends
SPRING Term begins April 5th and epds June
Tuition per Quarter of 12 ft*ecks, payable at the
^middle of each Term:
Small Scholars in First fiessops..
Primar v 1 >epavt men t •
, 1 ustr u men t al M U8ic..
Vocal Music...,,. . ••••
jUse of Piuno..,,,,. .
.German and French (cachcxtiw)
■Tuition per annum, iiu 'udiit
wood, iitJits, und w-.s!
The same per Term. .
Students eh rged from !■
For further p i. i »•
for Circular, Middle)».*!-., L'ei.
.$ 5 00.
... H no.
'.Vm A. IUisu
McCOY 6c RAISIN,
General 4. (Hii-i lssiou ijicr* i::ut c.
Wo. 13 spc i ii KIIIEET,
Oppokitb Coup Exoiias .e,
B A. L T 1 Al O I. K.
.TJt 7K refer to the following among our patrons
,yy in Kept county Maryland :
Judge Jos. A. Wicke»,
lion. Wm. Welch,
(William B. Wilmer,
lion. Samuel Comeeys,
George Ü..S. JInndy,
George T. Holliday,
Dr. Samuel A. tfeeje.
- feiert poetry.
Fair autumn month I the enrliest of the three,
*ise with her livid trai
Of glowing life, like a richly laden wain,
Comes bearing in its fruits of harvest free.
From many a field.
Athwart the hazy sky the molten clouds
Lie loosely stretched in sinuops fold,
And flashing rays of sun, like bar# of gold,
Shine slanting down on tree apd shrub, lo\ybowed
With promised yield.
the hills like banners
The ripening corq throws out its Haupting
While ip tho iqeudow waving to the breeze,
Are copptlrss liants of goldeu-heailed grain, And
Oh, fleaveply Father! Jimy life's summer hour
Weur pq like these fair months
And may its autpmn. like September, yield
A glorious harvest, which the Garner's power
May bind in sheaves.
for the Middletown Tranecript
THE STRANGE ITALIAN.
Written jn 1842—by Oats.
He remained a moment on tfie canal,
order to the gondolier to
leave him, he threw himself into the gon
uola, wliiph darted like a thing of life over
the waters :—i sprang into the first l
could lind, and telling the goudolier to fol
low at a djstanee, we were soon noiselessly
upon the pursuit. The goudolier did not
know in) rank, nor indeec -ured. His pay
eaivd about ; so slipping some
• <ui in his baud, we at oucc, us
mus» lit, understood tfiat silence
and puisuit >y».*re the objects.
iVe followed long and swiftly; now gain
ing upon ilie unconscious fugitive, now
far in the
us ail lie
At last the
I giqdoia slpit ill i » I a Ijt II»? lauding
rminaijou of an jnlaipl in tl|e La
one which 1 occupied
guild, while the
lauded um at a m.
ivr p n,t.
liei* orders lo await
g the gum
til I re I
, and seconding the n q
willi some cojn, j. slid-! cautioqslv through
tut shrubbery t«*\ya|*d the snot where Mao
fI ini hau lanu. d. I soon discover» d him,
d to my astonislnm lit.
full and distinct
for tile llii
view of iit^ pouuteuaiice, looked troubleu,
Pavoyed bv tl.j*i shrubbery, 1
continued fq)|o\yil#g liiip until I diseoy
him, on turning aq angle of the shrub
bery, bending over a fc;;jb. Cautimisly
»liscovered it was my mother's grave.
My fuf fielt bud ij«*yi?r to)4 me where my
' ditl I kn »w mnil \ i
UKMiient but jfiat she yvas slumbering it.
our own vaults.
ow 1 upproaelied, and by the
mother was buri* «1,
I fixud*t«»y <*ye upon his movements, lik<
the hawk ere lu* p»ninccs upon his prey.
Pity ! I had no more pity for him in my
soul than the sirocc
the desert !
for tfie caravan in
Ho was my luotfiorg ipurder
er, it was enough !
The villain was communing with un
pleasant memories. He sighed, and by
the nîjç»)ii light, I discovered t»»ars coursing
down his checks. He approached still
nearer, and dj*oppfiug or. his knees beside
the monument, exclaimed :
" Venitin, buried Venitia,
Veuetia, thy assassin, at thy grave, begs
forgiveness ! This night nineteen ~
«go, 1 gave the fatal draught that
signed thy beauty to the banquet of worms
—Oh Venitia, Venitia, from Heaven,
ministering spirit, forgive me !"
M Villain !" I cried, springing upon
hiui, " take thia for forgiveness," as I
plunged my stilletto to his heart.—The off
spring of Venitia thus avenges her death !"
The death-struck Mgnfrini rolled his
eyes wildly upon me, as he exclaimed,
" 'tis just,—fly—my goudola—fly—my
furgivipess," and expired.
1 rushed from the fepcuo of horrors.—
Conscience had already suinmoued her
courts >y it bin my breast, but the belief
that I was fulfilling my destiny, gave a
sujTerfiuman energy to
sought the gondola in which I
Hung myself into it, njjd whispering to the
gondolier, as I placed the glittering coin
ill Ins hand, "now for your life—swift"—
we soon left the island far far behind.
Throwing myself from the gondola at a
convenient landing, 1 hurried through the
dooited streets of Venice tu my father's
palace. Ii was silent, ail.—1 sought his
room, approached his couch, drew uside
the curtain,—M y God—he was stiff' dead !
Ihe mighty oath which In' hold so scrup
ulously sacre I, and kept inviolate, had
allotted tjpio ; and entrusting
revu; ,ii,m of my destiny, the
a, l hud broken! i'eiice i,q
fui i •
"• r >
ip d to I aye Venice for
uiiu a.-, -.ii expi .tiop in the sight of
g of blood, resolved
•oie my future life to the
'Riii.'Hh.'i'd No spsjiicieii had attached
10 me as ihe murderer ,4 M.iuliini, gp af
ter a brief fortuigb.t. I tore myself »way
from that "city of tlje'soui."
I pluided my own grief to a fik-nd of
Francesca's who had called upon me to
know the reason wily I did niit call
her, and sending hep word to banish me
forever from her thoughts, I left the p'jije
of my birth.
In that rigid order of ——— I now en
tered, and changing my name to Rather
H.'-avi ii I'm 1 , 11 -
Francis, by the austerity of my lit a»
tlie sanctity of my appcurauye, soon gaiiuil
a reputation. Witliiii the miserable days
and in the memory of the wretched years,
are hours !—Years hud rojled along, yet
still mournful remembrance clung to the
scenes of my early life, apd littje did the
vulgar crowd thut hung around my exhor
tations, dream that the uustere l'riest fr
whose lips the cold words of absolution
in his hetrrt a smoul
fell, had pent up
dering yolcano J
The religious services of the season wore
about to close in Rome—the carnival \yua
about to begin. It was the last day of
the solemn ceremonies of the church.
1 received word from a lordly superior
that a Vcnitiuu lady \yould attend confes
sional in the littje sacristy adjoining the
church of ——, and was instructed to re
ceive her confession mid give absolu
Tfie fioqr arrived—I was to confess one
of my own countrywomen—a Vcnitian.
She was veiled, aud as she approached the
confessional, knelt—do I live tu write it V
'Twas Francesca! \Vus I mad? djd a dt
mon possess me?—Wjld with delirium,
unconscious of aught else hut the presence
of Francesca, I sprqng fr
twining my arms about her, impi juted a
thousand burning kisses upon her angel
lips, calling madly but fondly on her
name. She knew me, and with a look ol
mingled jove and horror, she screamed—
" My jover, iny father's ipqrderer j
this moment the door of the sacristy flew
open, aud the no\y hateful countenance of
the officiating priest glared upon iqo, but
1 heeded it not.
" Father Francis," said he, "meet us
this moment iu the chapel, the solemn cer
emonies are now closing, aqoq the carnival
will begin, and," added he in a serpept
hissiug tone, " after that, the dungeon,
1 arose mechanically, aud
calling Francesca's female attendant, has
tened to the chapel.
The rites were nearly over! I approach
ed to take the consecrated wafer, when
with the vtry voipe of a demqu, the officia
ting priest hissed ijRo my ear, " be thou
my post, and
1 beared the dreadful anathema—'(was
vhispiTcd with all tim demoniac veuom of a
»Lmi, but it seemed bellowed into my ear
with the voice of sevenfold thunder.
"lie thou accursed forever!" and tin
"hi ciiqruh with i
«lie altar, the murmle tto»»r, the
, an topic
all, ail Boated past my eye with (h
»if a yisi«m, as with a
the c»dd and echoing
J Jut in my s\yoon that awfu
an 1 sunk
ueiiuuciatioii titill ra
i to live wit.
' R*j tfioq ucctiised f.
Î.» \jv. the chorus 1 i
earliiiy ..until« nm m.
mv « lied wiili a yoluii
weetnetr*. ami y.o.l i a way aoemupunn
the chant of viigins toward the lieav
music recalled me t«> my sens .
and with the shriek of an exqltipg demon
I uttered a cuys ujion the oflieialipg
and rushed from tiie churefi, ap«l sough)
the cool wiudsof the lulls. Tin
s:rects were brilliantly illuminate.i, and tli
bujeoujes of .the Qpijlciit citizens tlirew an
ir of epehiintmeiit, of witehiug beauty
The carnival Ik. I begqn.auiJ Rome wa»
again all pleasure arpl pastime.
Hypocrisy and veiigron, virtue and vice,
good and evil, the bold priest and the
veiled vestal, the debauchee anil the vowed
ascet'c—old, young, lame, halt and blind,
swelled the mighty throng that was pour
ing from every quarter.
i bounded, or rather flow past the
crowd like an opposing current, overturn
ing many a pious saint, or deformed devo
tee who, despite their sanctity spared a few
moments from their religious contempla
tions to bestow a curse upon the fugitive.
With speed I past tho densely crowded
streets, and breathless from my flight
found myself at last alone.
It was a night of loveliness, and çh how
deeply are its mejporius treasured up iu
my heart !
The Heavens were unclouded ; the pale
stars looked forth from amid their solemn
march of beauty, und the silver
she bathed the dome of the Vatican with
stream of glory, seemed to smile upon that
city of a thousand proud and yet degrad
ing memories !
The Tiber rolled lazily in the distance
like a stream of molten gold, and the hills
of Rome threw their sombre shadows
ruins, grey with the age of long gone
Tho saered vestments were still
me, and with piy hare head gleaming in
the moonlight I was no unapt representa
tion of the fallen Lucifer, still wearing the
garments of an angel of light.
I had, one short day before, imagined
myself secured against the power of the
tempter—I had gloried in my strength
ond had fallen—I had spent years of pen
itence and prayer, and for what ?—that
mv name might become an offence to my
fellows, and united to cursings in the
anathemas of the church.
But my crime ! I had murdered Count
Manfrini as he knelt at my mother's grave
imploring forgiveness of her gentle spirit.
She in her last moments, had accorded
that forgiveness—yet I. uopitying. callous,
aye almost sneriligious!—had dyed the sod
that rose above her burial spot with hlood
—and now, that, years had past, Frances
oa, the daughter of the murdered, the mis
tress of my early love hsd, in my arms,—
ay»* ! ini lit? tin* Go»Jl<
.-In rt* in cm ht 'lod my
Cli U|M 111
1 thought of Huiciile! hut the spirit witii
iu laughed at the thought ! what, strive
to banish the memory of horrors by flu*
dagger or the drug? preposterous! If the
soul he immortal, "and that it ig all na
ture cries aloud," how keen the eternal
agony it must epdure if it rush "unanoint
ed and uqauticalcil" iqto Rs Maker's pres
I knew one thing # full well, I could nev
er enter the sanctuary of God, again, as
His Minister. I had defiled the sacred
vestments of the altar—and kpew too. the
vindictive hatred of those by whom I was
surrounded ; and the stern bigotry of my
superiors, pot fo feel that the seoret torture
and the gloomy dungeon would be my fate.
1 tore from me thejjcvidonces of my cal
ling. and taking from my girdle aoipe gold,
returned by ap unfrequented path toward
the city. Iq q receptacle of old clothes,
for a piece of gold 1 was soon clad in a
castoff suit of gqine citizen which the pro
prietor had purchased for one fourth of the
sum, aud with a slouched hat, which I al
so procured from the man, it would have
been impossible in my metamorphosis to
baye Recognised the Vcnitian Antonio, or
the Priest Francis.
n ly attachment call
as h.r father's slayer.
The pqruival was at itüfycight; the spir
it of riot ami debauchery which hud been
restrained by the solemn services of our
church, that had preceded it, now broke
through all re^ruint, and drinking, curs
ing, Miiging, dancing and every species ôt
extravagant dissipation was in its zenith.
Around a mountebank who was display
ing his antics, was gathered a crowd, and
attracted for a moment - by his contortions,
A party of the humbler citizens had
grouped together at a little distance, and
miugiiug with them I caught from two meu
wiio were conversing to themselves the fol
lowing startling statements.
" Juc>»po, ' said the first, ** have you
heard ot the Veuetian lady at Father
Fraucis' (Joutessiouul this evening,
should say lust eveuiog, for 'lij now most
"Ao, Gaspard, how was jt?"
" w ny you see a Veiiician laJy who was
here went to eoulcssioiial—Father Paloa
uroke luio ihe r
i' raueia » aviiig like a
rallier suddenly, fourni
Father Francis' arms,' Father
iati man, the lady
t know vyhut else
i at lier i 1 rancis gave iiie lauy lo an old te
uiaic wiio duu accoinpauicu lier, to restore
a lo the church,
f the church as n
aller mm aud has not been
ihe lauy died in her at
lover, auu her
out they say, rau o
tile ilcliu Wa
iliur, lo any oin wiio will
1 reckon u Hu y caioh
or by th
. au-, in.
ig. l) as.
ot iik m»w atr*
Kaviug tin; or.
>ii, until i tui
lo jeave itome.
ueiq Jl Uetonmii'. u
ill uoL UWeii—
Il L » .
age for tills country
aud Hiring a p
a eonveuiciit port, j. lauded at Now Voii'
i gained a subsisieiie»; by teaching Italia
und öjjuujsfi, uiid employed i
reading and studying the woi
tul biuglish JJards, uiuj German Pliiloso
s of im
1 was compelled to keep the mind iu a
continued state of excitement to avoid a re
cuirence to the past, but now I feel as it
the sickness which has prostrated me is
1 have long, long since discarded the
Dogma—of that religious creed, which
costs man with the power to forgive the
sins of his fellow. There is one who for
giveth sins, evei) Hod through his son
Christ—and I have a hope whiolt even now
sits smiling amid the ruins of a broken
heart, telling mo thut though f shall nev
er see Venice, sweet Venice more, nup
"hear the song of Adria's gondolier"—I
may be permitted to enter that city "whose
maker and builder is Cod," and rove be
side that stream which maketh it glad—
but my sight dims !—my brain reels !—
Home ! Venice^—Boyhood's innocence !
—the Laguna!—Francesca !—Strange vis
ions, mournful but beautiful rise before me,
I am dy—Here cuds the story of the
A preacher, weary with travel, was once
on a journey up the Connecticut River,
assiduously wooing rest and sleep, but bis
efl'oiti were baffled a^ain and again by a
head tbrpstipg itself tpto the room and an
n"pnciug ip stentorian tones the name of
the successive landing-places. First it was
"Haddam," then "East Haddam," then
"Iladdam Neck," then "New Haddam,"
"Haddatn Centre," "Dutclf Haddam,''
"Haddamvillo," " Haddani Corpers." At
this juncture, tl;e preacher, wrought up to
frenzy, forgot bis grace and forty years of
servioe, and hearing the fpotsjeps approac
hing for a pew announcement, sprang out
of hod and anticipated it by roaring out:
"Confound these Iladdums! I wish the
The dome of the Invalides Hotel, at
Paris, where the remains of thc great Na
p ih on are re»tjpg, ip at last oompleted,
and prepepts » magnificent appearance,
sparkling with gold. It was gilded for
the first time by Louis XIV, for the sec
ond time by the first Napoleon in 180G,
and now for the third time by Louis Na
September Jirings the full perfection of
Peqpqes, Grapes, Nectarines, and some
nqts, such as Filberts, Chestnuts, English
Walnuts: all these every good manager
of q, hqiqesteqd should h;ive in abqndaqce
in our clime qqd region of country.
Old Peter parley \yrites thus of this
month : "The year is now on the wane.
it has reachcil a 'certain age.* It has
reached the summit of a fiil|, and is not
ouly looking, but descending Into the vale
below. If September is not so bright with
promise and so buoyant with hope as May,
it is still the fulfiller of promises, the fru'i
tiou ol all hope, the era ot all complete
» ' 1
Rural Tnllt for September.
DV PATUXENT PLANTER.
"Ilqw splendid all the sky ! bow still !
How iqiiq tfie dying gale !
How soft the whispers pf the rill,
That winds along the vale !
So tranquil nature's works appear,
It seems the Sabbath of the year,
As if, the summers'» labor past, she chose
This season's sober calm lor bluqdishiug
To destroy as far as possible tho eureu
lio, and otljer insect» that injure the fruits,
all wind-fall and decoying apples, pears
and other fruits should be carefully taken
up aud boiled and made with meal or bran
iu a swill for hogs. Late garden seeds
sowed, celery earthed up, and weeds put
in hog-pens for manure. Weeds and grass
ought to he pulled Iron; )^te potatoes ; tur
nips worked. Preparations must go on
for wheat sieving. Top and blade fodder
secured. Corn may be selected fur seed
and put away in a dry place, left iu the
shuck, and two or three ears tied by the
shucks together and hung across sticks,
iu the roof of barns or granaries, until
next year's planting. In this way, with
pains an improved kind of this most impor
tant grain pan be procured.
Corn may he cut off and put in shocks
•his mouth. The sooner it is cut after it
is glazed and somewhat hardened, the bet
tho for tl )0 grail), at)d the fodder will be
much nuire nutricious.
Dry Fruits-—Cun Fruits
bfrs—Do your pickling of F mit a and l
t'tables,—Preserve Fruits, —all, all, this
month Few know what a source of rev
enue these çiqull industrie^ qre, unless
their households practice the systeip ouce.
These matters receive the attention of thou
sands in the \Vcst and South now, and last
f dollars were realized by the
c dloeted products from the thousands of
families that never tried it before,
it stated where a supill village i
'irolina, not larger than Upper Marlbor
- tfionsaqd inhabitants)
- ut North or to cities on the nen-board,
aud If ms worth of dried
plums, damsons, apples and
• V» i by a f w iiien.fimts from
il' S of tin
• a drying-oven or move
could he had. w
u dly and speedily ; but
ni 1 v could, in a year,
or inure fiuiidre»l didlars by these
iu>, the frqiu of which vyould oth
4-t any rate, our fair
fioqhi gee that an ample supply
should be secured for the com for f gf the
houscln>| i apd tfie poor apd sick ffie
■ s tin- w
Matjy a tine girl would retain
ber beauty and health by such half-play,
half-work, and receiove the real, heartfelt
praise of her sensible male friends, if she
indulged in this useful labor of love, in
stead of having her cheeks pale and her
health impaired by party-going, leaving
the heated ball-roott) and returning home
iu the "small hours," riding miles through
a cold, duitip, miasmatic atmosphere.—
This is not popular with dear young ones,
but it is true and intended for their ben
eSt, however unpalatable it may be to the
lassies and their gallants, who love moon
light rides and talks by star-light.
Remarkable days this month .—The 8th
is the Nativity of tho Rlessed Virgin; the
14th is Holy Cross, or Holy Rood ; 23d
the sun crosses the line and we have the
Rquinox ; 29th is St. Michael's, or .Mich
aelmas Day. In England this was held us
a day of feasting, aud a goose «vas always
served for dinner. History says Queen
eating goose on that day,
according to tl;e custom, wl)en she receiv
ed news of the destruction of the Spanish
Armada, and ever afterwards on that duv
she had goose iu commemoration of the
event. Iiut a fat goose may be enjoyed
on otljer dityp, before and after Michael
mas Day—at feast such is my opinion. I
once kdew a successful wheat-grower who
made it a rule to begin on that day (wea
ther suiting) to sow his wheat so as to fin
ish by the 10th of October—thinking it
the best tinte to sow—for, like many peo
ple, he had stated periods or particular
days to dp or commence different sorts of
If any ope desires his own fruit, let him
save the seeds çf appfes and other fruits,
and sow them as soon after the fruit is ripe
as possible, for if kept until next year,
they will (ecome too dry to vegetate—the
next fall they may be separated and pi
ted in rows, six iuches apart, and that sum
mer budded. Reaches are planted six in
ches apart now, aud next summer may be
budded, and will he bearing in four years.
But it seems to be conceeded that fine
ches may be raised from the stone, and
though they take Que or two years long
before they bear, yet they live longer,
healthier, and resist frost blight and cold
better, as »codings, than when budded or
grafted. Such has been my experience,
and such seems to be the case with Col. !
Plowden, as I learn from bis letter this j
year I saw published about the peach crop,
He is a large grower of fruit, and his ob
servations are qf much value. The finest
and beat flavored crop of peaches I ever
saw was many years ago in an orchard of
an old lady friend of mine in this county,
who raised them all from the atom? plan
ted as soon as she could after eating the
poach. Whenever she could obtain the
stones of extra nice peaches she planted
them, and the second year set the young
trees in her orchard, which she cultivated
in small vegetables every year, so os to
keep tlu> groqnd clean, and succeeded in
always having a crop, qf delicious fiuit.
from*healthy seeding trees. She thinned
the fruit, and had it large
_!_ # _cost
The Time to sell Cr»i>n—•• Audi Alteram p*r
»»it IFi *» : c ■
\ ° ' - l 1 ' * 11 ae,naxl,n '
,n ,1Kl kiqg up a correct judgment upon any j
subject; and, as we have ulready given ;
some reasons in these columns yyliy far- j
merg »hquld 110t se ll their wheat at the :
... , . 1
j present time, we proceed to give some ar
r V: 6 I
gumouts on the other side in favqr of sol- ;
ling, which have beeq furnished ns by a
mercantile frieud. The subjoined article
is from the United States Economist and
believed that wheat would command §2
per bushel before Christmas, and basing !
this opinion on a reported short crop itl i
, *. . ,, ;
Russia, and an insuflieient crop in Eng- j
land. It is now conceded, here, that corn ;
will be a very short crop, iu all parts of this ,
Dry Goods Reporter, and of course is writ
ten more in the interest of the Mercan
tile, thun the Agricultural classes,
agncpltqral readers will remember that
we ^dvised fhem against selling their wheat
at the present low* price, stating that we
country, aud wheat must supply the defi
cit. This will create un additional de
mand, and js another reason in favor of an i
advance in the price of wheat. Tint, the j
tlung to make a crop, and another to know ;
when to sell it. Here is the argument iu !
favor of "pushing" the crops to market,
This argument is doubtless based upon the
. . . , , ,
fact, that the country is indebted to tin
city, and the city wapts its money. Tho
farmer is therefore advised to sell, that the |
city may be paid ;
Importance qf Pushing the Crops to
Market. —The Fall trade in '
lias set in \yith an activity that
well for the general bqsiness of the
ing the balance of the
farmer must weigh both sides of the argu
ment, and judge for himself. Jt is one!
COUI 1 -
It this activity should continue dur
scason, their effects
can scarcely to prove most beneficial,
W hen farmers send tfieir graiq freely t»» j
market at an early period of the season, i
they receive from the sale of their crops
the means of satisfying their general do
Tliey fiaye something to
hg apparel and otfiur arti
clesof e»>ntiumption, and tho country stores
«iriye a brisk trade, the influence of which
is telt in the great njarts of Gommerce.
Uur \yficat crop, in spite of every draw
buck, is probably considerably above the
highest average ever known in the TJuitod f.
Slates. W e shall have an ahunbance' for
home consumption, and a lrage Surplus
for exportation. CY»rn is going to be short.
But, on the whole, our cereal crops are
most hountitul, aud secure ns the 'means
tor a returp something like the abun
dance aqd cheapness of former times.
But, in order to realize the highest bon
ofits Horn the abundant crops vouchsafed
by a kind Providence, it is necessary that
they should be pushed forward to market
as speedily as possible,
railroad systems of transportation should
be taxed to their highest capacity from thi
until the suspension of navigation in the
movement of breadstuff*.
invest in we
i r .
Jt cuuiiot be too
earnestly impressed upon farmers and moi
chants that they are more likely to lose k
than tu gain, by holding hack crops in the i
vain expectation of an advance in prices.
The harvest is too abundant for that. The i
only possible chance for an advance lies in !
Our canal and
the contingency of a heavy demand for
wet weather in England this month would
undoubtedly seud up prices ou this side of
But it is qot subi to calculate too much j
upon the wants of Europe. \Y r c did so I
last year, and lost incalculably in cotise- !
quence. It is best to sell—and sell prompt- |
ly—at fair pricey. A year ago farmers
and forwarders pursued a dift'ercut policy;
to their own ntiu They held on to bread- |
stuff* until the close of navigation caught
tliuin with immense supplies at the great
distributing pomts in tho West. A "eor
net- was engineered in Chicago that sent
up prices to a figure which Eastern and tl,
European dealers could not touch. The
consequences were disastrous in every way.
larme.;», of etmrse, held back tu the face
ot a rising market, and only the tew who
were wise enough to sell real,zed hand
somely at thc expense of tho operators.
Shipments from Chicago, Buffalo and oth
er pointe almost ceased While Michigan
Cl 1 s 18 ? 8 '
at $2.05 and $2.90 per bushel, and other
grades in proportion. At last, when the
bubble burst there was no market, when
prices foil to $1,25. The Euglish market
had been supplied from the Continent of
Europe, apd the detsnnd was f; r the icott
A few weeks'
part limited to homo consumption,
! niers were obliged to sell their grain low
j er than had ever before been kuowQ. For
every bushel of grain that they bad sold
at the advanced rutes, they wore compelh
ed to sell ten at a corresponding loss. Am
for the speculator*, their losses were ini
uitnse. Immense fortunes were lost, an l
parties found themselves with heavy stocks
on baud, which they were obliged to sell
tor little more tluiu half what they cost.*
There can be no doubt that much of the
general business depression of the present
year may be attributed to the policy ot
holding back the graiu crops.
Warned by experience* it is to be
earnestly hoped that this error may not be'
repeated. As a general thing, prices 1 rule
higher in the Fall than in the Spring;
any rate, the advance seldom covers the
and injury of winter storage, and the
loss of interest on the money that might
Ipive been realized four or six months om
her. This year the only chance for a rise
occurs in the doubts that still hang ov» r
t j ie i»; n ,,ji s fi harvest. Hut èveïi in the
case of short crops in that country it is to
be remembered that, we must compete with'
ulbl!r foreign P'oduodfs, Who do not labor
under our disadvantages of so uncouvert
,, B .
able paper currency and au onerous svstem
0 f j uturm ,i taxation.
So far it may be admitted that the pros
pects are hopeful. There is a large and
vemeut iu breadstuff» to the
seaboard that promises well for an active
Fall trade. Currency begins to Hosv west
ward, for (.he 'movement of the crops, and
in a few weeks the vblùine must he large
ly inenased. On this point the only au
xiety that need be felt is lest the Secreta
ry of the Treasury should attempt his con
traction policy. All that is required is to
let the money market alone, and abstain
from any artificial pressure, at jeast until
after tho currency begin, to flow back to
us in payment tor artieles ot general eou
slluiptio i which the f arm ers will want
;lll d have mo tidy iu their pockets to pay
The movements of (wadi-tuffi? this sca
son show important results. During tho
first week in August, 18(19, we expoited
of wheat from this city.
Last week the quantity increased to 00->
Ö00 bushels, aud this week the return»
promise a still further increase. Our wheat
exports since May 15. 1809, were 0,717.
ypy bqsbejÿ, and' 488,800 bids, of flour,
The receipts of Hour and wheat at the Luke
ports for the week ending August 7, were
e 1 ua l U fSp.WH) bushels of wheat in ex
cess of the same period last year,
is a falling off ih eoru, owing' to the antic
ipated deficiency in thi? cp>|».— -Ntiir York
Summer Treatment of Fi
It is generally better to let trees in tho
orchard alone after the spring or early
summer pruniug, hut it often happens that
dwarf apple, pear, and other trees in small
*ed l«n.iking after just ab^^i as
much as the grtipe vines. W hen the space *
is limited, ami the tre».*s are planted near
together, thb' new shoots must be pinefied
in after they have made a few inches of
growth. If a tree is very thrifty, and oc
eupies all the space that can be allowed to
it, and it is desirable to bring it into fruit
bearing, then it should be subjected tq Uni
same process of having the ends of fh»! , u« w
shoots cut or pinched off".
peeially apply to dwarf apple and pear
trees. There are no modes of inducing
f. uitfulness, such as bending down tho
branches, prqiqng the roots, and sowing
th * land t«> graks, to chèclv the growth.
Reach-trees are improved by a thorough
pinching in of all new shoots after the
have made ten inches or a foot growth,
Those not*fully acquainted with this
of doing things should try the experiment
on a small scale and work along as ex pr
riencc may suggest.— Zion } s Jl raid.
Ants' Nests.—A corrosp ndout informs
tho A mo r ie uii Futotnolo^ist that by bury
ing a tow slb-otT onions iii ants' Hosts ho
has caused tfiem to abandon their quartern.
The saine paper learns from bortlcultu -
• .1 , 1 ,i ... *1
' tN tU •"' 'hree tablespufmtuls id
k "'"seno poured mto the hole's in their
W,U l"'" lluce * ba *""« effeot; '
Mildew.—L emon-juice mixed with sait,
P«W«l*red stardh and soft-soap, and applied
witli a brush, is good to remove mildew.
After the application is made, tho article
must lie ki pt eu the grass until the stain
eûmes out. '
Twç fiorses in doues county. Iowa, wer©
cured ot rattlesnake bites by an external
application of turpentine and salt to the
affected p!; » • s, and by drenching with a
decoction »»!* snakeweed and whisky.
Two Englishmen travelled three day*
together in a stage-coach without exeh.uig
ing a word. On tlye fourth day one of
them ventured to remark that it was a flue
morning. "And who said it wasn't?" was
tl, e retd-'.
.Chinese books are read from the rieht
si(le 0 f thu pg e toword thc , e f t «
tIl0 top to tLeYottom of a page in venicä
instead of horizontal colunmf
Don't imitate the'sun and rise carlv
unlesa you intend to retire when be dot*
Th0 ?un d ° n '' B" «round to theatres, ball.,'
meetings, and all that, in tho evening
The letters in the word " tears
form forty words without counting proper
names; whilst "hearts" will form over
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