Newspaper Page Text
Ä Jftiddtctoicn transcript.
HIDDLCTOWN, URL. SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 11, 1860. •* Let the dead past bury its dead," îb b sentiment which has been iterated and reiterated, many a time and oft, by a cer tain class of politicians who seem but too willing to sacrifice principle to expedien cy. It first began to be heard about the time of the assembling of the Philadelphia Conservative Convention of 1865, and since then it has beeil oft repeated by a certain class of pseUdo-democratic journals of the expediency school, and echoed and re-echoed by those whose views take form and color from the journals aforesaid. There always was a class of men whose principles were worn so loosely that they could cast them off as easily ns they could lay aside a worn-out garment. In poli tics, as in morals, there arc men who are blowu about by every wind of doctrine, and who are ready to desert all doctrine and all principles for expediency sake. Such men have crept into the democratic party, and their numbers have become so great that they aspire to a controlling influence, and seek to shape the policy of the party, at the expense of its long-established and acknowledged principles. Men change, but principles never ; they are as immutable as the eternal hills. What was truth at the foundation of the world, is truth still. What was democrat ic truth at the foundation of the democrat ic party, is democratic truth still ; the only difference is, that political time-serv ers and expediency-mongers are afraid to avow the truth, and to stand up for the faith of the fathers, the time-honored prin ciples of the democratic party, which are as essential to our well-being in the living present, as they were in the "dead past." The principles of the democratic party are not among the "dead" of the "dead past," there is therefore no need of burial ; and Mr. Manton Marble, of the New York World, and Mr. John Quincy Adams, democratic candidate for Governor of Massachusetts, and other chief mourners, may cease their Jeremiads and stay their flowing lnehryma. The last named gentleman at the close of his speech accepting the nomination, be sought his bearers to "Let the dead past bury its dead. Act^-act in the living present. Heart within and God o'erhend." He had previously advised them to mind the advice of Dr. Holmes : " Yet la opinions look not always back. The past is nothing, mind your coming track.'' And yet, in a subsequent part of his ad dress, he himself disregards the advice he gave to his hearers, and looks back to the days of Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Gallatin, Jackson and Benton, the men who laid broad and deep the foundations of our government, upreared the beautiful superstructure of the constitution, and supported its massive pillars when rocked by the tempest of faction. Depicting the operations of an unjust and unequal tariff upon day laborers and those liviug upon fixed incomes, and who are borne down by grinding taxation, Mr. Adams says:— we do for the laboring man? Why do what Andrew Jackson would have done; give him hard money and an opeu market. Take off ^our weights from him and let him' alone. W hat is ueeded then to restore prosperity to labor and satisfactory relations to capital, what is necessary to alleviate the pressure of the puli lic burdens and dispel the odium of the debt, and «rfcat must be had before we can have reul na tional welfare, is a return to a gold and silver tcur.ittwcy u*4 a reduction of the imposts upon ini K rts to the lowest point which our need for a rgc revenue will permit. The prosecution of it Ins demand is not alone theoretically the pccu .liar province of the Democratic party ; it is its * traditional and immemorial policy'. To it the imen who marched before us have* been i •ceeding lustres solemnly 4ledicate4 by the utter j auccs of their great statesmen. The giant forms • of Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Gallatin, Jackson, Jgenton and Webster, all marshal the way for us, ■ail in majestic accents cheer us onward to bowes tty and prosperity." The tariff is a living principle of the ^present. Its odious exactions are now as , much at war with public prosperity and «.the principles of a sound political econo •iiiy, as when the "American System«" with all its fallacies, was upheld by the genius and eloquence of a Clay. The .cur rency stands as much in need of a reform, to-day, as when Jackson bore down a cor rupt National Bank nnd Benton substitu ted silver and gold for rags. These issues «of the past are the issues of the " living present." So are the relative rights of «our National and State Governments. Be cause military despotism triumphed for ^brief hour, shall we give up the contest No! . "What SUC "Truth crushed to earth shat] rise again, The etenrnal years of Gud Jgay not, then, that we must "accept the .-situation," "take thingB as ive find them," "look not back," "let the dead past bury Ute dead." This ia unworthy counsel iinen banded together by principles, which eare as much the living issues of the pres ent, as they were in the past. The tariff, the currency, the relative rights of the State and National Governments, as de fined in the Constitution ; economy in the public expenditure ; a strict accountability of our public servants ; the lightening tth- harden of taxation ; " the greatest .good to the greatest numW those were .(he cardinal principles of the Democmfe4 f» a rty in the past, aud the same principles lierg." bind it together to-day. Why, then, should it be asked to give them up, at the bidding of conservatism, or any other ism ? Why should it ignore its name, its time honorecj organization, its prestige, and throw away its standard, borne triumph antly through many a gallant contest, to gratify a mere handful of raw recruits, who would substitute policy and expedinccy for PRINCIPLE. What would victory be worth, achieved under such auspices? Its fruit would be a scramble for spoil, rup ture and disintegration. That we do not misapprehend the drift of these new would-be leaders and coun sellors of the Democratic party, we subjoin the following extract, which is introduced here merely as a sample of many others of similar import with which a certain class of journals not thoroughly indoctrinated in the democratic faith, is teeming: Thk Futurs of thr Dkmocracy. —The New York Sun has all along taken the ground that the Democratic party will he the winning and controlling party of the country in 1872, if its leaders can only be brought to see and acknowl edge certain facts and recognize the political sit uation as it is, and act upon principles formed in the light of the present, instead of hanging their fortunes upon the dead past, and scraping up the mouldy ideas and measures which in the days of slavery formed their ch ; ef staple of success, but which the conservative element of the country can never again be induced to countenance or support. Alluding to the nomination of Mr. Adams ns the candidate for Governor of Massachusetts, the Sun touches the subject us follows: In his speech accepting the nomination for Governor of Massachusetts, Mr. John Quincy Adams enunciated the principles which the De mocracy must adopt to achieve success in the next Presidential election. If the party will cordially accept his views on national issues, and will pre sent a candidate that fairly reflects them, then the Republicans in 1872 will have to bring out their strongest man. and throw into the canvass their bottom dollar, or give up all hope of success. The philosophy of Mr. Adams is simply a re cognition of facts as they actually exist. He does not see the wisdom of fightiug battles over again which have once been fairly fought and conclusively decided. To any longer combat the results of the late war, including reconstruction and negro suffrage, he knows to be a bootless struggle. Mr. Adams does not require Demo crats to yield up any of their opinions in their judgement, these controversies quail have ended ; but only to acknowledge thtfMi niable fact that they have ended in a particular way, and then, like men of common sense, to govern themselves accordingly." a of a V to how, ht to nde We will not attempt a reply to this sort of reasoning. That "reconstruction" and "negro suffrage" are amoug the "conclu sively decided" "results of the latewar," is a self-evident error. They had nothing to do with the late war, and were not thought of till the war was over. They came to their birth in the prolific brain of Radicalism, only after that brain was in throes to dis cover some means whereby it might main tain its ascendancy as a party. " Recon struction is riot "conclusively decided" yet. It is a thing of Protean shapes, anu the form it is made to assume one day, is abandoned for something else the next day. As to "negro suffrage," it is de pendent on the ratification of the 15th amendment, which may never be ratified. There is certainly less chance of its ratifi cation against the opposition of a powerful party, than there would be if that party should accept the ratification as a thing ac complished. The possibility of defeating the 15th amendment, is urged, even by the New York World, as a fresh incentive to the Democrats of that State, to elect a Legislature this fall. That journal says: " The defeat of the amendment will not, to he sure, upset negro suffrage in will keep the subject within Stute control, and I retreat cora the .South ; but it enable the Mouth, at some future time, to from a rash experiment when the political plexion of Congress shall hnvc been changed, if time and experience shall demonstrate that negro suffrage is not consistent with public tranquility. Tlie present signs of tile times indicate that the be ratified by the requisite number of States. The Republican'zeal in its favor has preceptibly slackened under a growing apprehension that tlie negro vote in the South will be controlled, or at least divided and nullified, by the Democratic party. Consiste compels tlie Republicans to keep up a allow supporting it; but if the elections in Mississippi and Texas shall resemble that in Virginia, and exhibit large numbers of negroes voting for Con servative candidates, the Republican party will be content to let the fifteenth amendment ' • slide." fifteenth amendment will not of We say, then, in conclusion, to the Democratic party, that theirs is no cham elion organization, no changeling of an hour, no time-serving party of expediency ; but the devotee of principles which have their foundations iu the Constitution itself, and which are vital to the existence of the Republic. They will cherish and defend them as long as they are impelled by a sense of duty to themselves and their country. They will stand now, and in the future, firm as adamant, with closed ranks, bearing the shield of truth, as erst " In arms they stood Of golden panoply, refulgent host " If the Conservatives would continue to co-operate with us, let them show that they are not restive, and that the association is not irksome. They must not expect us to give up our name, abandon our organiza tion, or forsake our time-honored princi ples. It is too great a sacrifice to make to mere prejudice ; for that, after all,'is the secret of these hortative appeals to " let the dead past bury its dead." A new par ty of expedients, under a new name, would suit them better, grates harshly upon their delicate tyinpa No, gentlemen, your aim is trans parent, and your philosophy quite ot fault. It is not the dead who bury the dead, but the living ; and a living Democracy will yet evince unmistakable signs of its vital ity, burying all. opposition out of sight. to of A colored oitizen is under arrest at Nashviflc, Tenu, for having nine wives. The name of democrat .. Appointed.— John H. I'aynter, Esq. of Georgetown, has been appointed Slate's Attorney General, by Gov..Saulsbury. Secretly of War, Gen. John A. Raw lins, died in Washington on Monday af ternoon ltjst. A special dispatch to the Baltimore Gazette, of Tuesday says : Rumor is already busy with the names of thoBe who may succeed to the War De partment. Gen. John A. Logan, George H. Thomas and Joe Holt are mentioned in commotion with the position, and so is G. W. D|dge, Chief Engineer Union Pa cific Railroad, to whom it was reported Grant had offered the place some time since. General Rawlins, before he died, expressed himself very freely on political matters, und in favor of the most liberal interpretation of the Reconstruction laws, and the etirly admission of the Southern States into the Union on such terms as would leafe no regrets. He also expres sed the desire that all the moral aid of the Government should be given to the Cu bans, whq are now struggling for inde pendence. The Wjlmington city election on Tues day was warmly contested, and resulted in an equal division of the candidates voted for, eleven to each party, the Republicans electing the Mayor by 50 majority, and ten members of Council; the Democrats electing ttye President of the Council, the Treasurer, Assessor, and eight members of the Coilncil, securing a majority of the popular vqte. The organs of both parties are jubilant and happy, but tlie Ifopubli can announces, with great unction, that its party vfill have the distribution of the patronage. Dr. Stilus Kennedy, of Marydel, has issued a prospectus for a new paper to be called the Delaware Democrat, to be devoted, to news, democracy and tempe rance. Rumor locates the new enterprise at New Castle, and it is to make its ap pearance about the middle of November. The firs! Rail Road experience in Tal bot countjr Md, was uot very pleasant. We find it thus recorded in the Easton Star : The find freight train on the railroad arrived on Tuesday last. When the loco motive blew the whistie on Mr. Wm. T. Kemp's fa tin, his horses, six in number, raised their heads and tails, gave a snort, and started off' at railroad speed over ditch es, fences, and all other obstructions, and never stopped until they reached his Chap el farm, on Tuckaboe creek, ten miles oft', from which place he brought them five years ago. There was a double smash up of locomotives ou the railroad on Wednes day; the "General Tilghman" busted up while coming down, and the "General Goldsborough" broke down while going up. No lives were lost, but how many I;?xcs of peaches were spoiled depdÜtent sayeth i;ot. The Easton came dowu on Wednesday! nigiit up on Thursday morning The Journal intimates that the above rca( j look the peach train ant: accidents were not quite so bud as repre sented, both locomotives being fitted up and running next day; neither were there any buskets of peaches spoiled. tiT We wonder if our terms are ever Let all our readers turn to that in teresting part of our paper, and mark its peculiarities. Terrible mining Disaster.—Two Hundred Persons Suffocated. Plymouth, Pa. Sept. 6.— A fire broke out this morning in a flue in the bottom of the Steubeu shaft, owned by the Dela ware, Lackuwana and Western Railroad Company, ill this place, and in a short time the wl^ole breaker and out-buildings were in flames, and the hoisting aparatus, the only avenue of escape for the miners, destroyed. All efforts to stay the flames were iu vaifi, and the whole structure fell, partly filiiug up the shaft. Over two hundred men are in the shaft, and have no communication out, with no chance of aid, as the only! way for getting air into the shaft was through the main opening, and that was filled with burning timbers and debris. Tlje whole number were suffocat ed or perished for want of air. Seventy-tiwo bodies had been recovered on Wednesday. The scene is appaling, and the wailing of the widows, orphans, and friends of the deceased, is heartrend ing. A more fearful disaster has occurred in the history of mining in this country. if a of ; a in to is to to let never Great Fjre.— The Snow Hill, (Wor cester county, Md.,) Messenger, of Satur day the 4th, says :—A fire broke out iu the forest, in the nothern part of this ty, near the Delaware line, on last Mon day, and in consequence of dry weather, spread very rapidly, burning through the swamp and iu its progress destroying eral fields of corn. All efforts to stay its course' were fruitless, and up to our last advices it wiis still burning, and no pros pect of its being extinguished unless this section is Messed with rain, above was ir]t type, we have received the following from Berlin, "Tho extensive traot of land,I known as the 'Burnt Swamp,' a few miles north of here, has been on tire for two weeks. Every thing that burn, is being consumed, dense clouds of smoke are wafted into town, filling the dwellings an(l making it very unplesant, particularly at night. Col. Jocobs and others are heavy sufferers by the loss of cy press timber. Nothing short of a moder ate flood, will be likely to arrest its pro gress." coun sev Since tho at Frost.— Tjhe upper sections of Alle gany county, Maryland, were visited by a heavy frost on Wednesday of last week, and the late buckwheat and ycgetables were injured Iseverely. of The new ctkton-spool postage stamp pic to give place to tjie old styl tyres are guin. es a I.OCAL AFFAIRS. Mr. G. E. Hukill's horse took fright and up Main street, on Monday night, as he vmg him into town, and when nearly opposite the Town Hall, his horse and carriage came iu contact with the horse and c-Arriage of Dr. Wm. II. ltarr, when the horses, carriages, and drivers were piled up together in a promiscuous heap. Dr. Barr was buried beneath the wreck, but Mr. Hukill sustained strange to suy neither he any serious pcrsouul injury. The Doctor's riage was completely demolished, and both shafts of Mr. Hukill's carriage were broken. His horse struck Dr. Burr's carriage about the dasher, and feil ; the Doctor's horse was disengaged from the carriage by the accident and sustained no injury. Dr. Barr w-as found lying partly under Mr. Hu kiH'8 horse, but was soon disengaged, the horse being turned over from the wreck sprang to his feet, and permitted the Doctor to be extricated from his sudden nnd unexpected duresse, it is a wonder that both genttemen were not either maimed or kilted. This accident was caused by having no lamps to light our streets, info, ms us that lie Mr. Hukill driving slowly and turned aside to avoid a passing wagon, and in doing so drove against a carriage hitched in front of Mr. Crouch's residence, which he did not see on ac count of the darkness. His shafts and harness were broken by the collision, and thus caused his horse to run, as he could not control him with the broken shafts und harness hanging about his feet. Thieves. —The offscourings of the cities have been lurking around here for some time past, under pretense of picking peaches. One night last week, Mr. Wm. Wilson was knocked down and relieved of his watch. The house of Miss Ireland w-as entered, nnd the overcoat of Mr. David Maxwell, which was hanging in the entry, was carried off. On Friday night, a little after 9 o'clock, the horse and carriage of Mr. Jacob F. Shallcross was standing hitched before Walker's hotel, when a negro man deliberately unhitched the horse from the carriage, and without takiug off the gear, jumped on the horse and started under whip, down the street, in a full run. Mr. B. F. Kanely, discovered and hailed him, but the uegro was soon out of sight. He gave the alarm, immediately, and lie and .Mr. Shall cross jumped into Mr. Kanely 's buggy nnd pursued the thief. They did not come up with him, how ever, and after riding all night, were about to start for Wilmington next morning, when intel ligence was brought that a horse with carriage harness on him, was in Mr. E. R. Cochran's pas ture. The presumption is, that tffe negro know ing he was pursued, turned down the railroad to elude his pursuers, and riding the horse into the field abandoned him. A bold' been our lot to occurrences should put our citize guard. Other acts of villainy will no doubt be attempted. trick it has not •ord for a long time. These their The Crumptoniun makes the following refer ee to the fight between Dixon and Gillespie, at arwiek, on Wednesday week, making the blunder of placing Dixon for Gillespie, us it was the former who endeavored to use the pistol, and the latter against whom the charge of seduction is made. During a horse race at Warwick last Wednes day the cries of "murder!" a short distance from the course attracted the attention of the crowd. Some ran to the spot and found Fred erick Gillespie, son of the proprietor of the hotel, und Joseph Dixon engaged in a struggle. Dixon had Gillespie grasped tightly round the body, and Gillespie had a pistol, which he held to Dixon's baek, vainly endeavoring to cock nnd fire. The pistol was taken away and the men separated. Dixon is charged with seducing Gil lespie's sister, and this is the reason assigned for Gillespie endeavoring to kill him. W St. Augustine Landing. —This landing situ ated in St. George's Hundred, about one half mile from the Pier House, near Port Penn, Del. •occupied by Mr. Henry C. Walter, for the shipment of fruits. His commission is six cents j»er basket, and js patronized by the following peach growers: \V. K. Yandegrift, G. W. Kar sner, the Messrs. Lord, Miflin and Holestein, R. Eaton, G. Hardcastle, Shall cross k Williams, I). B. Higging, G. Watkins, II. A. Perkins, L. G. Vundegrift, Townsend and Bouehell, H. G. Wal ter, and others. The dally shipments amount to over 2000 baskets, principally tor the Philadel phia market.— Del. Republican. We mentioned, a week or two since, some very deked from trees 23 years old. On Saturday last, 1*organ Eldridgc, Esq. presented us a basket of Morris Wh:*cs, picked from an orchard in Sassafras Neck, prink'd by his father, the late Griffith M. Kldridge, Esq. Iu 1838, which nearly reverses the figures above mention lacking but one year of 32. This fruit was fr budded trees, and is the greatest instance of lon gevity of the peach tree with which been made acquainted. We once saw a flourish ing orchard, forty years of age, belonging to Col. Wm. Orrell, of Caroline county, .Md. but it was of natural fruit. fine pea ,' ! ■e have A Steamboat •ursion will take place on Thursday next, the 16th inst. in the steamer Samuel J. Pentz, from Georgetown, on the Sas safras river, to Norfolk, leaving Georgetown at 10.30, A. M. and stopping at Frederiektown. Returning, leave Norfolk at 10, P. M, tickets for the round trip §5.00, for gentleman §7.50, children half price, refreshments provided on board at reasonable of the pleasantest excursions of the season. The Amphions of this town, have been engaged. »n Friday, lady and Meals and rates. This promises to be Our acknowledgements are due to Mr. A. H. Ilushebeck, for a basket of very large and fipe tomatoes. Also to Mr. Thomas Cavender, for a basket of very fine »Stumprthe-World i»eaches, and to Mr. Joseph West fur a basket pf fipe Crawfor's Late. Mr. J. Henry Hanson has our thunks for a basket of fine Bermuda Yams, which grow to great perfection in this vicinity. Fatal Accident. —Michael Mnckl.era, an old and respectable resident of Newark, on Friday morning attempted to go into the basement of the hotel of Phillip Marvel, at Newark, when he missed his step, and fell down the stairs and dis placed, or so injured the spinal cord of his neck, that he died on Monday morping. He was in the 68th year of his age.— -Del, Gazette. Charles Morgan, son of Mr. James Morgan, of Wilmiqgton, was acting ns fireman on thedown ward mail train pn (Monday, of which hi was engineer, when he slipped and fell from the engine, ut Dover, |»is right arm being caught be neath the wheels of the locomotive and crushed. He was taken back to Wilmiqgtoq upon train, when surgical uid was afforded. father the after Middletown Açademv,— Messrs. Hicks and Woud, Principals of this flourishing Institution have returned to Middletown, and tlie Academy will lie reopened on Monday next, when tlie fall term will begin, Tlie last term closed with 76 ncreosed pupils, ami we hone to see tl^e nqniber i to over a hundred. On Friday week, as Jpsliun Porter was work ing with the threshing machine of R. Murlcy, near Newark, the belt flew off and he attempted to stop the machjnc, when the wheel bursted, and a piece of it struck him on the head such forep as to fracture the skull and produce death ip a few hours.-— «Tourna/ J- Statesman. Tlie disease wljieh has been so destructive to poultry ip this region, for several years past, is still carrying off immense numbers, in some in stances not leaving one alive. One gentleman lost 106 chickens in one week, Eyery morning he had to bayc them thrpwn away by the dozen. Mr. Robert A. Opchran, Jr. shipped a car load of Crawford's Late peaches, on Monday last, 503 baskets, which brought him $1006, two dpl lars per basket. They were consigned to Combes, Nix & Co. New Yprk, The annual session of the Grand Lodge of pel aware, I. Ü. G. T. was held at Milford on Wed nesday and Thursday week. Quite large dele gations were present. The next annual session Will be held in Mid.dletowu ir '870. James Doughtep, Jr. fell from a wagon, loaded )\itl) peaches, near Klnrkliird Station, on the 30th ult. when the wheelB passed over one of hie legs crushing it badiy, The annual reunion at Drawyer's Presbyterian Churh will take place to-morrow morning. If the dny should be favorable, the numlicr present will doubtless he large. A cow belonging to Mr. John W. West, this town, since, I near ..was run over by the cars, a few days and bad her legs broken so that she died. The fine showers of Wednesday laid the dtiBt, cooled the atmosphere, and started the fallow in the fields. Thousands of baskets of peaches were also beaten down by the rain. In some orchards the ground was literally covered w 1th them. A magnificent aurora borealis illumined the heavens, gorgeous spectacle to the eye of the beholder. Thursday night last, presenting a Preachers' Association. —Tito Wilmington District Preachers' Association will mcetatNew ark, Del. the 27til, 28th mid 29th inst. The Building Loan fund, at the thly meet ing, last week, sold at 24 per cent premium. Peach Return. —Lnst week we pub lished a statement of account of peaches shipped from Millington to New York. The charges per box ammounted to 80 cts. We have seen a statement of account of peaches shipped by steamer on Sassafras to D. Strutliers, Vine street wharf, Phila delphia. The lot consisted of 31 boxes, and sold on an average at $1.20. Freight, commission, and cartage in Philadelphia amounts to 28 cents, leaving 92 cents to shipper, the boxes to he returned or paid for. Now here is a wide difference. It costs 80 cents per box in New York, ami 28 in Philadelphia—a difference of 52 cents. The distance to New York is more than double, but still the charges are too high, so much so indeed that we have heard of some shipments, that, after the Shyloeks received their full share, there was not enough returned to pay for pick ing. All the peaches cannot be shipped by water, nor can sale be found for them nil in Philadelphia. Shippers may get indig nant, but we see no remedy against the railroad monopoly, although something might be done to check the exactions of New York commission agents. It is too late this year, but when Providence favors the farmers with another abundant crop, they should adopt measures to secure a fair share of the proceeds. Shippers to Baltimore are now receiving good returns, and the charges are lower than Philadelphia. — Cnnnptonian. Marryino her Divorced Husband.— On Friday afternoon John Vanderlin of Oregon, Mo. with a woman and child ar rived at the Everett House, St Louis and registered as "John Vanderlin, wife and Shortly after they were shown to a room the gentleman returned to the office and expressed a desire that a clergyman shoud be sent to unite them in marriage. The clerks were surprised at the request, inasmuch as the couple were registered as husband and wife, whereupon an explana tion was volunteered. Seven years ago they were lawfully married, the only isue of their union being a bright eyed and pretty little girl of five summers, who then with them. For a few years their wedded life glided pleasantly along when différences of opinion on trifling matters arose, and of such frequent occurrence that to love estrangement succeeded, and a sep aration ensued. Ill advised the wife ap plied for and secured a divorce, the hus band entering no defence, allowing the suit to go by default. Nearly four years had passed since the divorce was secured, but neither had remarried. The trifling differences softened by the lapse of time they met again, and feeling that they owed a duty to their child paramount to all other considerations, a proposal for a reunion was made by the wife, and, after a little reflection, acceded to by the former hus band. The Rev. J. Wesley Johnson married them the second time. — St. Louis Time 8. child. ! The British Wiii-.at Crop. —The Lon don Shipping and Mercantile Gazette of August 27, in a review of the wheat trade, states that the samples of new wheat ex hibited at Mark Lane showed a better con dition than the previous unfavorable weath er gave reason to expect, but they deficient in weight and color as compared with last year. It added that this year's crop is under the average, both as to yield and quality. Stocks of old wheat have been greatly depleted, but the deficiency will he to some extent made up by tub tra breadth of laud uuder cultivation this year, and prices are expected to recede. The receipts of foreign wheat arc expected to be iieavy, stimulated by the high rates of 1866, and the removal of eycry restric tion upon importations. The amount of wheat afloat for the United Kingdom was about the same as at the sgute period last year, and this is expected to receive con siderable addition from the fact of a defi cient harvest, which is now a matter of certainty. were Y A Singular Opinion. —Attorney-Gen eral Hoar has given an opiuiou in regard to the application of the test-oath to the members elect of the Virginia Legisla ture. According to his construction of tho law, the Legislature may assemble and organize, and proceed to submit the Con stitution to Congross, aud to ratify the fif teenth amendment without taking the test oath. Having done this they subside in to a camatose condition, and arc incapa ble of performing auy other act without taking the teat-oath, until Congress cepte the Consittation, then, according to the second Daniel of Massachuetts, it does not need any test-oath to exercise the highest of legislative functions, that of rat ifying an amendment of the organic law, but it does require it to pay the door keepers and pages. The total quantity of land devoted to the growth of cotton throughout the whole of India does not exceed 8,500,000 acres. If this quantity of lnnd was as productive in India as it is in the United States, it would yield something like four million bales, or half a bale per acre. But the yield is so much less than this that the tent of the imports from India in an aver age yield is not more than a million and a half bales of 394 pounds each. ex A new penny morning daily, to be cal led the Morning News, will commence publication next week in Washington city. Mr. Michael C. Hart, late of the Wash ington Chronicle and Philadelphia Press, is to be the proprietor. Ho announces that it will he conducted dependent sheet, and will pot meddle i political affairs. purely in ns a The Hurricane In Massachusetts. Boston, Sept. 9. —The hurricane last night extended over most of Eastern Mas sachusetts. At Nahant a largo dwelling and stable were blown down, and the de pot on the steamboat wharf was blown into the sea. At Hull every boat at an chor in the harbor was driven ashore or sunk. The windows of the Mansion House were blowu in, and the outbuildings un roofed. At Hingham the streets were blocked with trees and barns and chimneys. Ag ricultural Hall, in Marshfield, was leveled with the ground. In Abington three church steeples fell, and a large nail and tack factory in South Abington was un roofed. At Braintree the steeple of the Congregational Church was carried ott' level with the roof. At Newburyport and towns further east the gale was less violent. The damage to fruit trees, shrubbery and corn is im mense in all directions. The Coliseum organ is ruined. It had just been sold to parties in Chicago for $0,(100. The big drum was also ruined. Nearly every vessel in Boston harbor drugged its anchors, and many collided, sustaining damage. At Marblehead, Frank Barrett, of Nashua, N. II. was killed. The Sagamore House, on Nantucket beach was swept from its foundation. The in mates escaped injury, having just left the house for safer quarters. The gale along the eastern coast was the most terrific ex perienced for years. The Marine Hospital bad one-third of the roof blown off. The fog-bell at Port land Headlight was blown over the bank into the sea. The gale raged fearfully on the coast. Every description of vessel dragged anchors and drifted hopelessly. The disquieting apprehensions concern ing the fate of the Emperor Napoleon are not entirely allayed. His age is not so advanced that every transient* illness should be seriously regarded, but bis life is the hair by which the sword of revolu tion is suspended over Franco, and it is alleged that exhausting passions have made him much older than his years, born in 1808, and is therefore only sixty one, being but one year older than Glad stone, ami three years younger than D'ls raeli, both of whom are looked England as active and vigorous, of Napoleon is but thirteen, so that the Nopoleonio dynasty is likely to disappear, at least for the present, after the death of the Emperor. A special despatch from Havana received by the Spanish paper in New York on Thursday, stating that Cespe.l and QUesada, with 6,000 insurgents, had been defeated in an attack on Las Tunas with a loss of 500 ha, received in Washington city ou Thurs day, also mention an engagement between Quesada and the forces of Valmcsoda. which had moved out from Las Tunas. Dates are not given iu either case. The report from Washington says the Span iards, 4,000 strong, under Yalineseda, are represented as being the attacking party, and it is stated they were defeated with severe loss, but the insurgents could follow up the advantage for lack of artil lery. lie was upon in The son was Letters fr Cu muli. not Neuko Riot.— A riot occurred at Dm: moud town, Aconitine county. Va., on Mon day last. A difficulty occurred betwe some young white men and negroes, which resulted iu a general tight, killed and several seriously wounded. At night the town was set on tiree, and hut for tin change of wind and the heroic cf n rn Une man was forts ot' the citizens the whole place would have ''"oil destroyed. The court house was saved, and only four buildi consumed. The riot was occasioned by the too free use of whiskey, and ali good citizens deplored it and condemned the course pursued.— Sussex Journal, of Sat urday last. were A Remarkable Fence. —Thu fencing around the site of the new postoftice build ing at New York, opposite the Astor House, was leased (i few days since for tvyo years advertising purposes. The bids, over two hundred \\\ number, ranged from ïcessful compe titor was regarded as having paid a price eutirly too high to save him from loss. That this idea was a mistaken one is evidenced by the fact that on Thursday last Mr. Bonner paid $o00 for the privilege qf its exclusive use a single day. $800 to $15,000. The Y Mrs. Catherine Washington djed i Delhi township, Ohio, qn Saturday iug, aged eighty years. It is claimed that she was a relative of President Washing ton. She was born and married on the Washington estate, iu Culpepper county, Va. in morn The National Executive Committee of the colored laborers and mechanics ha issued a call for a convention, to be held in Wnshiqgtop, on tho first Monday in De cember, The call is general, and will be excluded. ve no one De Stansbarg, who ip now the Prussian railway king, owning nearly half the rail way lines in the kingdom, and being worth at least fifty million thalers, ills said, lived in a London garret seven or eight years ago, penniless. A lady at tho South Et)d of Boston lost a child a few days since, and after sending to ten different clergymen, all of whom absent from the city, a lawyer oflici ated at the funeral. Judge Jeremiah S. Black, of Pennsyl vania, has brought suit in the sum of $25, °00 against the Louisville and Nashville Railrond Company for injuries sustained this summer. Mrs. Park, who celebrated her one hun dred and fifty birthday, lately in Cleve land, has a canoer in her stomach of fifth years standing. The Tennessee Legislature meets Oct. 4, when the Senatorial question will bo decided. Andy is ahead. The Postmaster at Ravensnest, Scott county, Va., has been ariested for rob bing the mail. were Items ot We< Rev. Father Boehm, the oldest Metho dist minister in the world, born iu Lanças ter county. Pa., in 1775, and now in his ninety-fifth year preached in the First Methodist Church, in Lancaster, last Sun day. His appearance is venerable and com manding, his figure remarkably erect for his age. Though his locks are white and thin, yet he is not bald. His voice is still strong, and his enunciation pluin und de liberate. ^ Gen. Cauby's proclamation, announcing the result of the Virginia election, is is sued. It is said that Gov. Wells sent his resignation to Gen. Canby on receipt of Attorney General Hoar's opinion, a week ago. The Virginia Legislature is to meet on October 5th, and Gov. Walker is to be installed provisionally within the next two weeks. A negro named Ned Neal, while- in Church in Macon, Ga., on Sunday night, had his head bent iu prayer. Another negro, named Charles Jordon, slipped be hind him, and shot him in the back, caus ing a mortal wound. The murder created an excitement in the church. The assassin escaped. General Sickles has caused great ex citement in Spain by notifying the Gov ernment that public opinion in the United States will shortly compel the recognition, of the Cuban insurgents. The papers urge the despatch of troops to the Island, whoso loss, it is urged, cauuot be afforded at any cost. Scnator Fessenden, of Maine, died on. Wednesday morning at Portland. His death is ascribed to the effects of the poi son at the National Hotel in Washington, at the time of Mr. Buchanan's inaugura tion, from which he never entirely ered, the mysterious nature and origin of which have never been explained. Fred Winslow, son of Dr. C. F. Win slow, of Boston has lately received the* highest honors of the German University ot Heidelberg, and is but eighteen and half years old yet. The distinction has been bestowed on only one other American, student for many years. At Smithfield, R. 1., Jonathan Buxton, aged 102 years, is living with his wife, Haloma, aged 101. This pair of nuptial century-plants have flourished side by side for 78 years, and have 9 children living, the oldest being 72 years of age. At the Sub-Treasury in New York Tues day a subscription of $.50,000 for the ben efit of Mrs. .John A. Rawlins was proposed,, and $15,000 was subscribed on the spot, including $1,000 subscribed by president Grant by telegraph. lion. S. J. Nuckolls, Democrat, has been elected delegate to Congress from the Ter ritory of Wyoming. The election took place on the 3d instant, and the :: ity for the Democratic candidate large. Straw compressed into slabs nnd soaked in a solution of flint is used to build cotta ges with in England. r makes the straw tire proof. A cottage made of this curious material costs but $425. What It is supposed that the South will this* year sell 3,009,000 bales of cotton for what 0,000,000 would have brought before tho, war, and that in the year (870 she will bo 1 ichor than she would be had not the Fudge ! James Guthrie, a freight conductor, <nut two other persons were killed, and two fatally injured, by a collision on the Central Ohio Division of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, Wednesday night. A destructive fire, which has extended out from near Suffolk for twenty miles is prevailing in the Dismal Swamp, burning up 111 its course thousands of staves and shingles and much standing timber Governor Haight, of Calif.,rnia, tele graphs that the Democratic victory ofthat btute is overwhelming, three-fourths of the Legislature being of that way of look ing upon political questions. Mr Koopuiunschaiip, the contractor for Chinese coolies, contemplates a tour of the cotton States before leaving for China. He is now en route for New York from San Francisco. recov u major was The flint solution vet wtiu occurred. uioro Ill Arizona, recently, a fight between soldiers and Indians resulted in the killing of five tlie Indians, and the çapture and destruction of a large amount of their pro perty. A nl "il coach in Montana was robbed on Monday of treasnre boxes containing $30 - 000, worth of gold bars. The ' ' were also robbed of their arms passengers and $2 President Grant left Saratoga on Sun day afternoon for Washington, on reoeiv dospatchos announcing the extreme ill-' ness of Secretary Rg^jipg.' A Minnesota railroad' conductor lately stopped the train to hunt prairie chickens, and caused hts passengers to miss all their connections. Snyder, the murderer of the master ma son at hainnount Park, Philadelphia, com initted suicide, in prison, Wednesday, by holding his head ip a bucket of water ■V 1 ® " r °t>d agents" in Montana have robbed two Helena mail coaches within the past week of $80,000 each, in treas ure. hJ„Vvfe t0Wn y Pa -' Iron Works wer e s" 00 000 • 1DTolvin S » 'OSH of * ,,000, and throwing one thousand men out ot employment. Col John B. Brownlow, son of the Sen ator of that name, has been defeated as a candidate for tho Tennessee Legislature bv a colored man named Young. On Sunday a farmer was robbed of $13 . Macon City Mo. The robber' °" Tpe6<lay at Hannibal, and most of the money recovered. The Vermont election was held Tues day. Peter T. Washburn, Republican majority 0tCd G ° Vern0r by ab °"t ^O.OOO Mr. George Peabody has returned to T/7«' y.r The Newburyport ÄroWof Saturday last says his health is not much improved. A foot race between a Miss Ward and a Mips Spinner, in which the latter won, is tue latest sensation at Martha's Vene yard. 900 near I he French Emperor was well enough to preside at a counsel of Ministers at St. Cloud, on Wednesday. It is understood that General Sherman will be appointed Secretary of War until successor to Secretary Rawlins is chosen.