OCR Interpretation

Middletown transcript. [volume] (Middletown, Del.) 1868-current, October 09, 1869, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Delaware Library, Newark, DE

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026820/1869-10-09/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

■ df
«lif: .
: 'U

VOL. 2.
NO, 41,
I S hereby congratulated on the fact that he has
spread' freely before him
*The Best and Oldest Established Clothing
House of Philadelphia.
Would say to all the subscribers, and all of
their male neighbors and relations, that they
have made tl*e most ample preparations for an
immense business for the present Full.
Have laid in an immense stock of the most de
sirable goods, both of American Manufacture and
Foreign Importation, from which they offer
the most delightfully fitting suits, cither ready
made or to order at the shortest possible notice.
lavitc gentlemen from the surrounding Coun
try, Towns, Cities and Villages, to call at vheir
CHESTNUT STREET, where they will find op
portunity to select from tile abundance of elegant
Fall apparel, at lower prices than anywhere else
ip town.
Respectfully y<
•03 and 605 CHESTNUT Street,
•ept. 25—3m
H«rtL Side of Main Street, 4 Buildings West
of Town Hall,
Middletown, Delaware.
Where he has constantly on hnnil, and is pre
pared to manufacture
At Short Notice.
Particular attention paid to
Orders respectfully solicited nnd promptly atten
ded to.
GEM, •
Brize and the Victor Cook.
Order« will be received and promptly filled for
any kind of Stove that may be ordered.
( Soldered and Self-Sealing )
Attention is respectfully called to our new
Which is especially adapted to stewing, frying,
and broiling oysters.
No wood, no coal, no coal gas, no stove pipe,
noMhe8, no dirt, no wood boxes, no coal scut
tles, no kindling wood but a friction match, nnd
the fire in Aill blast in half a minute, oven hot iu
two minutes, steak broiled in seven minutes,
bread baked in thirty minutes, the fire extin
guished in a moment. It has no rival' in all
kinds of cooking, and in economy, convenience,
neatness, safety and durability.
Please call and examine it in operation at
Thomas H. Rothwell's Stove Store,
Sole owner of the stove for tho State.
Prompt attention to business, moderate prices
competent workmen, and a determination to
please, may at all times bo expected by those who
may favor him with their custom.
Aug. 28— y
feiert ftoftnj.
The hour has coine, the parting hour,
That bears me from my home,
On heuded knees I've sought for power
To stem this grief alone.
And must each tie that fondly binds
Be severed now for ever ;
And moulder 'neath oblivion's shrine?
O, God ! forbid it ever.
But distance now must hold each heart
In love's unyielding chain,
And hush with hope the tears
And sooth tbo parting p;v;u.
I go to share the lute of one
On whom I look with pride,
And God will deign to smile upon
A fond and trusting Bride.
When far from dear and cherished ones
I'll sit me oft alone ;
Memory o'er the past will run
And waft me back to home.
I'll think me then of hours gone by
Of childhood's sunny scenes;
llow swift those golden years have fled
Like summer's sunlit beams.
My girlhood days—they, too, arc o'er ;
Each idle vision fled ;
Still memory's richly laden store
Sweet recollections shed
A holy sunshine o'er the past,
And hopeful dreams unfold
The happy influence that it cast
Around my wakening soul.
But lo ! the parting hour is here,
I cannot linger now;
I'll strive to hide each rising fear,
And sooth my throbbing brow.
But parting throws a saddening spell.
And calls the glistening tear :
As silently 1 lisp farewell
To those I hold so dear.
that start
But hush my heart : east out each thought
That whispers of regret,
Though fate has called on us to part,
Foud hearts will not forget.
They will Lear inc in their evening prayer,
To mercy's glittering Ihronc;
And guarded safe by angels' care,
I'll dream me oft of home.
^ l 7 caf from the JJast.
Between Commodores Bnrron nml Decatur.
The celebrated affair of the Leopard
and tho Chesapeake, the latter comman
ded by Con, inodore James Barron, re
sulted in Barrou's trial and sentence by
the court,,,artial, in the proceedings rela
tive to which, it is said, Commodore De
catur took an active part, alleging cow
ardice iu Barron, and a duel was finally
the result, at Bladensburg. A corres
pondent of the Chicago Tribune describes
the affar as follows :
Whuu Elliott arrived at Bladensburg
little knots of boys and men, knowing or
guessing the matter impending, gave him
interesting regard. A group of naval of
ficers, particularly, standing at the tav
ern, walked out across the bridge toward
the place of inectiDg, aud concealed them
selves will,in bearing of the pistol shots.
Almost every one of them was a friend of
Decatur, and an,eng them were Commo
dores Kodgers and Porter, his two col
leagues iu thu Board of Navy Commis
sioners. Barron followed soon afterward,
walking between bis second, Elliott, and
his friend, Latimer. Ilis face expressed
dignity and resolution. He walked firm
ly, and the three also deseeuded into the
Valley of Chance.
Decatur and Barron bowed to each oth
er formally. Ilumblctnu stood by Deca
tur, Latimer by Barron. Bainbridge und
Elliott conferred together, and the for
mer, who had behaved fuirly and equita
bly throughout, Was appointed to measure
the ground, lie marked a Hue in the
sod with his hoot, and, placing his toe to
it, stepped out eight times, a yard to a
step, marking also the last step as a base.
Four times a man's length, or across your
dining-room, that was the distance.
Each second now produced the pistols
from a pair of cases, long-barreled duel
ing weapons, of fine finish and bright,
steel, silver mounted. They were charged
and rammed in the old stylo, and presen
ted to ench principal by the seeoud. Du
ring all this time no word was said ex
cept by the seconds.
In like manner Elliott and Bainbridge
tossed for corners. Bainbridge won ; it
was Decatur's usual good luck !
"Commodore Decatur," said Bain
bridge, " which stand do you select?"
The axis of the two bases ran nearly
north and south, obliquely from the brook.
Decatur walked to the north, nearest tho
water, where he stood a few inches lower
than Barron. Both threw off their cloaks
and stood confronting each other.
"Gentlemen," said Bainbridge, raising
his voice, "I shall give the qrord quickly
and as follows : Present—one—two—•
three. You are neither, at your peril, to
firo before tho word one, nor after tho
word three."
Commodore Barron turned bis head,
his pistol hanging at his side, and said to
Commodore Bainbridge :
" Have you any objection, sir, to pro
nouncing the words in tho manner you in
tend to give them ?"
" None," said Bainbridge and he
peated the formula precisely as he after
wards gave it. For the first time the
tagonists looked into each other's eyes.
SternncsB and the purpose to kill lay in
both. " I hope, sir," said Barron, "that
when wd meet in another world, wo shall
be hotter friends than wo have been in
" I have peyer been your eneuiy, sir,"
exclaimed Decatur.
Here Bainbridge walked behind Deca
tur, and took place twelve or fifteen feet
to his left, Hambleton as far on his right.
The same positions
liott and Latimer
" Gentlemen, said Bainbridge, 11 make
The antagonists swung round sidewise
and looked at each other across their right
" Present"
The two arms went up and each took
" One—two—"
One report rang out. The last word
was deafened by it. On the word two
both pistols had been simultaneously dis
charged. Their were two pud's of smoko,
and iu an instant Barron was down groan
reserved by El
Decatur straightened up
pinched his lips, dropped his pistol, and
the color went out of his face,
his right hand to his side,
to the ground speechless.
The seconds of both were beside them
instantly. Decatur was raised by bis
friends and moved to higher ground, near
by Barron.
He opened his eyes directly, and said :
" I am mortally wounded, at least I be
lieve so ; and I wish I bad fallen in the
service of my country."
Barron looked up to thorn all and suid :
"Everything lias been conducted in the
I am mortally
Commodore Decatur, I forgive
you from the bottom of my heart."
Immediately down the pathway to tho
Valley of Chance came many gentlemen,
all friends of Decatur—Bodgers, and Por
ter, and Bolton, two doctors, Baily VVasli
ingion and Trovitt, General Harper and
others, friends or idlers.
There were anxious looks and utteran
ces of »'Tut! tut !" or "Dear! dear!"
The doctors proceeded to loosen the
clothes of the sufferers and ascertain tho na
ture of their wounds. The little green val
ley at the breakfast hour had bee
surgeon's hospital. In it were represen
ted nearly all the naval victories in the
republic—Tripoli and Algiers, Lake Erie
and both oceans ; they held solemn
gross in this holy amphitheatre.
Barron was struck in the hip apd qhout
the groin. Decatur had caught the ball
on his hip, and it had glanced upward into
his abdomen, severing the large blood ves
sels there. The two doctors exchanged
glances ; there was no hope for D
his pulsation had almost ceased.
a moment.
He drew
Then be fell
most honorable manner,
oino a
tur ;
Now began on the ground, as they lay
upon cloaks spread for them, that dying
interview of mingled tenderness and
crimination which Wirt has compared to
the last intercourse of Hamlet and L
tes. Each striving to clear up his fame,
and prove that this crime was a mistake of
ncmies. Barron,
ere numbered, wished
to bo at peace with his enemy that they
might enter the court of judgment, friends.
Decatur was less relenting, but ho
sented to forgive Barron, though not his
It was a sadder scene than that of Nel
son, Decatur's admirer, dying in a cockpit
during the battle, or Bayard, to whom lie
had been compared, bleeding on the battle
tho work of officious
certain bis hours
The carriage came, and they bore Deca
tur to it, Bainbridge kissing his cheek,
lie had wrested Bainbridge fro,,, tho dun
geons of the Moors. Braiubridge, in re
turn, had measured the grouud for him to
stain it with bis blood.
Bodgers took Decatur's head upon his
shoulders, the doctor, Tewitt, seated with
them, and the carriage took its painful
way back to tho city. Bainbridge and
Hambleton hastened to the navy yard,
where the tug lay to carry then) back to
tho Columbus, that ship of discord,
half past ten o'clock, Decatur re-entered
his elegant mansion, his wife aud house
hold disturbed at the breakfast table with
the appalling news, and they were taken
to the upper part of the house. Around
the city the evil news spread,
crowded around the door and into the du
elist's dying chamber. He signed his
will, refused to have the ball extracted
from his wound, and spoke affectionately
of his tyjfc, whom he yet refused to
JSxcrutiating pains came to him. After one
of the spasms, he said :
"I djd pot believo it possible for a per
son to endure so much pain as I feel."
Tho town was aroused, and his doorways
and pavements crowded. They stopped
tho drawing room at President Monroe's.
Uncomplaining, in tho midst of anguish
to the Jast, tl;o unconquerable sopl of the
"Bayard of the Seas" yielded itself up
without a groan at half past ten o'olook jn
the Right.
Next day the little old "National Intel
ligencer" came out with a leaded editorial
bead saying tfcat it would to" affecta tjon"
to bo silent upon the fact that tl)o duel had
occurred, and that the combatants were
mortally woundad. In a "Posteript" it
related that Decatur was dead, and added
in tho crude apostrophe of that period,
"Mogm, Columbia! for one of tby bright
est stars is set I" Three days afterwards
the mail was robbed three miles from Bal
timore, the driver was tied to a tree and
shot dead, and the mail bags picked
in tho bushes near by. All this time tyhilc
Decatur's body was going from his
dence, close by the White House, to "Ka
lorama," an estate on a hill overlooking
Georgetown, and whilo |}arron lay in the
city, writhing in pain' and listening to
funeral drums. In Congress, John Ran
dolph offered eonsolotary resolutions, but
they wero objected to. "The tone of the
press, commenting on tho duel, was
pectful both to the living and tho dead
tagoniat, but as stcruly denunciatory
"the code" as our newspapors now-a-days
F riends
oi, r
could be. Barron suffered dreadfully for
many months, but recovered at last, and
lived down to 1851, surviving, I think,
Decatur's childless widow, who was rep
resented in 1840 to be alive in the George
town Catholic College, "in ill health and
poverty, fiuding in the consolation of
ligiou alono alleviation of her sorrows,"
but hopeful of securing something from
Congress. Barron went to sen again, and
had charge of several vessels, but the sha
dow of the duel lay across his life,
pie forgot the apology for it in t.ho catas
trophe of it. A new generation of boys
rose up who read of Decatur's valor, and
learned to regard Barron as his
The poor living victim could not
against a dead man.
court-martial on Decatur's charge against
him, and was exonerated with meagre com
Decatur lies buried behind St. Peter's
Church, Philadelphia, in a venerable and
spacious graveyard, uuder an eagle-capp
ed monument. Ilis portrait is in George
Ilis name is conferred
lie asked for a
town college,
many towns and counties in this country.
>Vhi.t he lived for he lias obtained—glory
in the eyes of his countrymen. Barron
obtained "satisfaction"—little more. Yet
I think tho latter WQS throughout the ag
grieved spirit.
nvtrnnt ihn ,
extract the follow,ng paragraph
front an article in thÿ Boston Post, do
scriptive of the course of tho Great East
ern from Brest to St. Pierre, Miquelon
whilo laying out tho French cable : '
4< m, Ti , .
«Lall Ca f ° tft f 110V \ 1 ; lKl ' st ï> tS "î very
si a iow water front Mmou Bay, hut in
tour or five miles it deepens from seven
teen to twenty fathoms, and then gradu
n netv fi.bmn, ' 1 wT i". ty ;? ,8ht # ? d
. . ^ j this level, but on the
w hole gradually deepening, it conliuues
,11 m a lino with tho westernmost part of
tho Irish coast, where, taking a northern
course ,t passes down a gentle slope of
sand that continues descending till the
dept , increases from two hundred to eight
hundred and nine hundred fathoms, and
then in a short distance to one thousand
seven hundred fathoms. Over all the rest
ot tho cojjrso to mid ocean tbo bottom is
l ! lu .{ 0 Î-* 3 . a *v saIK ' arn ^ ^ ll 4 a uniform
m.p , o abolit tyç tl;ousam] and two
At these
is an absolute cessa
thousand two hundred fathoms,
great depths there
tion of ail ,notion.
Over suel, a bottom
tbo lino is taken in an are of a la,;gu cir
cle, tho most southerly point of*the ca
ble being in forty-two d
ilude and the
north lat
most northerly forty-eight
Along the southern end of the
Newfoundland Bank it is sunk in about
one hundred and fifty to two hundred fath
oms, the water on the bank itself va
ing from fifty to ninety fathoms. Thus it
is completely sheltered from ice, which,
if the ice-bergs pass the bank at all, must
clear the cable, which lies under its lee,
by some hundred fathoms or more,
this point it is taken up due north in tbo
channel between the Green Bank and the
St. Pierre Bank in an almost
depth of five hundred fathoms,
point out tho course is over very regular
shoal water, so to speak—being at
part loss than one hundred fathoms, and
generally over one hundred and fifty—to
its termination."
" With a uniform depth," it says "of
about two thousand and two thousand two
hundred fathoms." The diffère, ico be
tween two thousand and two thousand two
hundred fall,on,s is only twelve hundred
feet, and as two thousand two hundred fath
oms are just two miles aud a half, that
difference between the
minimum depth is a mere flea-bite. When
wo consider that the ocean is twice
deep farther south, aud that its bottom is
farther below tho surface than tho high
est mountain on the globe is above it, we
hardly imagine how long it would
take a sinking ship to reach the mud,
where some suppose that no creature of
any description exists.
Job says: " All the rivers of tho earth
run.in to the sea, and yet the sea is not
lull." All tho rivers that run into the sea
are of fresh water, and yet the sea is al
ways salt. Notwithstanding the saltness
of the sea it is as full of animal life as the
air is in summer time; from "great
whales" down to small animals of tho in
sect order that can hardly be seen with
out a microscope. Let a stick of timber
be thrown overboard in mid ocean, and in
a very short time it will be literally load
ed with green animals six or eight inches
long, one end of which is fast to the tim
ber, and the other has a bivalve on it
These things
together as spires of grass on the Com
mon, and among them, next to tho tim
ber, crawling like snakes in the grass, are
hideous looking reptiles, four or five inck
long, resembling centipedes. These
things aro found a thousand miles from
land, showing that the sea is full of the
seeds of animal life,
form on the bottom of a ship at sea to
such an extent as to lessen the speed
half—so that if a ship when cleaq could
sail ten knots with eas», she could not
bo force,! through the water at a greater
rato of speed than five, with full-grown
barnacles on her ; because all her sub
merged parts are covered with hard, ugly
looking shells, In old times, before co;>
por sheathing was used, it was necessary
to heave ships down and scrapo them, a*k
tho end of every voyage, to get off the
barnacles and other shells that fastened
on them and grow large at sea. Now, in
what form docs tho barnacle first show
From this
maximum and
inch in length.
are ns near
Barnacles will
signs of life ? It is a univalve, and when
full grown covere a space equal to that of
a silver quarter of a dollar, and grows
somewhat like a pyramid in form, about
an inch in height, from what |t fastens on.
It is killed by running the ship into fresh
water, and falls off after a while. There
is also a worm which was very trouble
some to ships in old times, called the tere
do. This animal is most troublesome in
hot latitudes, but is at homo anywhere in
the ocean. It will boro through the hard
est oak timbers, perforate the'bottom of a
ship, and make it resemble a houey-ootnb
so that what were once strong timbers
and thick planks may be knocked to pie
ces with a hammer. A ship's bottom may
bo sheathed and covered with pitch, and
yet the teredo will penetrate all the planks
and timbers of that bottom. Copper
sheathing, however, has stopped his " vile
career," so far as ships aro concerned,
and now it is not necessary to run vessels
into rivers of fresh water to kill the de
structive animal.
Where does the teredo come from ? No
person ever saw one at sea, and yet it is
bred in the sea, and destroyed in fresh
water. J.t no doubt grows on the bottom
of a ship from spawn in the sea, and yet
sea-water is as pure, to all appearance,
as the air of this latitude is in winter time
when tho sun shines. It goes through
substances that no rat, or other rodent
iniul, could make the least impression on.
Who has ever seen the little a!,finals that
build the coral reefs? Some naturalists
have affected to deseribo them, but then
should remember that "Goldsmith's Ani
matc . d . Na . tupe >" illllfitr:Ucd ^,
graphic pictures, was compiled bv
who was ncver out of his native kingdom ;
and yet it was in its day the wonder of
the ago.
The fact is, the sea contains more
Jcl ' s than botl ' eartl > «'' d "ir; vastly more
than aro dreamed of in human philosophy,
and to attempt tho exploration of it, and
the description of its creatures, with any
hope of success, would bo like attempting
to explore illimitable space, provided
could get beyond the atmosphere with which
the earth is surrounded,
We will state, however, by way of clo
sing this article, that the British Atlantic
cables arc by this time, in our opinion, so
loaded with barnacles qnd other shells of
mysterious origin, that it will bo impossi
bio to raise one of them, should it be found
necessary at any time, without breaking it;
such a strong hold on it have the creatures
of tho deep, deep sea.
a man
Thc cold summer of 1810 is not so far
in the past as to be unknown to some now
Throughout America and Europe
lid to be the coldest ever
The following notes aro transcribed from
ajournai made at that time; January,
181(i, was unusually mild. The
December had beeu cold. February
also mild. March was boisterous, but not
unusually so. There were great freshets
iu the western rivers. April began warm,
but ended iu suow aud ice. May was col
der than any of the previous months. The
buds and blossoms which instinctively
came forth, unconscious of any unusual
phenomena, wero generally destroyed.
June was as cold as May. Frost and
snow wore common every day. Snow
fell in New England several inches deep.
July was also a frosty month. On the
5tl> ice formed all over New England and
the Middlo States,
colder than July,
than half an inch thick,
fields which had previously escaped
totally killed. Almost every green thing
was destroyed in both hemispheres. Eng
lish journals said that 181(1 will ever be
remembered as a year in which there
no summer. September, in tho first half
was tho mildest tho
The last half, however, was cold and icy.
October was also cold and frosty,
November, while December was unusually
mild. Fortunately the ensuing winter
was so warm that much misery was miti
gated. Seed corn sold in the spring of
1817 for four and five dollars a bushel in
New England. Scarcely any vegetation
matured in the eastern States. The sun's
rays seemed entirely destitute of heat
warmth and the minds of men became
painfully anxious as to the future. What
would become of them all if such seasons
were to continue ? On tho 21st of May,
1801, a most severe frost raged, and de
stroyed all the fruits from the Mississippi
river to the Atlantic ocean. Jn Chicago
tho ico persistently formed alj day in the
streets, with a bright sun shining all the
August was even
lee was made more
A few t corn
as was
4pp!es, if eaten at breakfast with
bread and butter, without meat or flesh,
rcinovo constipation, correct acidities, and
cool off febrile conditions more effectually
than tho most approved medicine. They
prevent debility, strengthen digestion, cor
rect the putrefying tendencies of nitro
genoqs food, avert scurvy, and strengthen
the power of productive labor.
Farm Proverbs.— Do not keep more
live stock on your farm than you can keep
House all things as mnch as possible—
animals, utensils and crops.
Sell when you can get a fair price, and
do not store for rats and speculators.
Mr. Pepper's house being on firo, a
large crowd was soon on the spot, when
one of them remarked: " Wo'vo muster'd
enough to save Peppci
tolit and Humor.
Making a DivipESD.—" Sambo, what
your opinion ob de bankrupt law ?" "Tiuk
him fu&t rate, Pompey. 1 imply for de
application my self." "Just explain deni
principles." " Why, you see here now
just lend me dat half a dollar you got for
whitewashing." (Pompey bauds him the
money, and Sambo deliberately puts it
down his pocket.) "Pore, den; now
owes cle shoemaker tree shilling and you
half a dollar, besides do grocer's bill
now, dis half a dollar is all do property
got ; I divides him according to de debts."
Pompey—" I takes dat half dollar back."
Sambo (with amazement)—"Do you
tink dis chile green ? I am a bankrupt
you get your share wid de oder creditor**."
An old bachelor who was noted for
using big words and lengthy sentences,
once being thrown into the company of a
lady who used snuff, and wanted a " dip"
himself, said : " Permit tue, Madam, to
imincrce the summit of my digits into the
concavity of your odoriferous repository
and extract from tlieuce tho pulverized
particles, which, when applied to my
olfactory nerves, will produce delectable
A schoolmaster in Pontiac, Michigan,
advertises us follows: " I propose to spel
with enuy man, woman or boy iu Oke
laud county for §100 a side, the words to
bo celeeted by a commity uf literary gents,
and the prise to bo rewarded by the um
pires to the one who misses the fewest
words. If you here uv euny one who
dares to take up this challenge, |o(. him
pitch iu, nolus bolus, I'm ready."
" Why do we say in the Lord's Prayer,
" Who art in Heaven," siucc God is every
where ? asked a clergyman of some child
ren. For a while no one uuswered. At
last, seeing a littje drummer boy, who
looked as if he could give au answer, the
clergyman said: "Well, little soldier,
what say you?" "Because jts liead
ijuartcib," replied the drummer.
An Irishman qboqt to join a company
forming during our late war, was ques
tioned by one of the officers :
" Weil, sir, when you get into battle,
will you fight or ruu ?"
" An faith," replied tho Hibernian,
"I'll be after
av yees docs."
doing as a majority
"Pa, will you get me a pair of skates jf
I prove to you that a dog has ten tails?"
"Yes, my sou." "Well, to begin, one
dog has one more tail than no dog hasn't
he?" "Yes." "Well, no dog has nine
tails ; and if one dog has one more tail than
no dog, then qne dog must havo ten
tails !" Ho got the skates.
An euthusiasitc admirer of the beauties
of beautifu 1 women recently startled a
friend:—"Been to church this morning,"
he assented. "To Church?" "Yes; and
such necks! Full and white, and good
enough to eat—six of them, all in a row ;
watchcd'em all through service. Oh, my ;
what necks 1
If there is any body under the canister
of heaven that I h: ve in utter cxcrcsrnce,"
said Mrs. Partington, "it is the slanderer,
going about like a boy-coustructor, circu
lating his calomel upon honest folks."
An Iowa editor bolts the regular ticket.
He declares that lie "will not support for
Representative a man who is a whiskey
barrel in the morning and a barrel of
whiskey at night.
A wag, seeing a door nearly off its hin
ges, in which condition it had been for
some time, observed that when it had fal
len and killed some one, it would probubly
be hung.
"What is conscience?" asked a Sabbath
school teacher, of his class. "An inward
monitor," replied a bright little fellow.
"And what's a monitor?" "One of the
"I would rather not take a horn with
you," said a loafer, to tho hull; but lie in
sisted on treating him to two, aud the loaf
er got quite high.
One who claims that the watering place
hotel where he stops furnishes "leathery"
meat, is comforted by being told that it is
Law is like a seive, you may see throngl,
it, but you must bq considerably reduced
before you can get through it.
A young man named Turn maried
sin of the same name, on the plea that
"One good Turn deserves another."
a cou
" Don't stretch your mouth any wider,"
said a dentist to his patient; "I intend to
stnud outside to draw your tooth.
An old bachelor is a traveler on life's
railroad who fias entirely failed to make
tho proper connections.
A dandy on shore is disgusting to many
people, but a swell of tho sea sickens eve*
<$Irç ^farmer.
Selecting Seed. Corn.
-A correspon
dent of th,e Germantown Telegraph, fur
nishes the following op selecting seed
corn :
As time is nov» at hqtul Jo begin the sc-?
lection of seed corn, permit me to say a
few words to those wI)o dq pot understand,
the business.
I go through my corn soon after it be
gins to ripen, nutLaelflCt £SY twice as much
as I may require for. geeit, allowing
hundred cars for a bushel of the best and
earliest that I can find, then tie it up
in pairs by the husks and hang up in soma
elicit 'red place where tl)e rats and inicot
cannot disturb it till it is needed. I then
select from the whole what I require of tbo
best filled and smallest cobbed ears, using,
only about two thirds of the ear and that
principally from the bpxtt end. Corn used
iu this way is good for seed several years,
if it is kept dry.
Fm.1T Trees. —A writer in the New
England Homestead gives the following
method of progating various kinds of fruit
trees :
Strip a ring of bark, about an inch in,
width, from bearing branch ; surround the
place with rich earth and loam two inches,
iu depth ; biud fast to a branch with a
piece of matting ; over this suspend a tin
vessel with water, having a small hole in
the bottom just sufficient to let the water
drop in order to keep the earth moist; the
branch throws new roots into tho eurtl\
just above the place where the ring was
stripped off. This operation is performed
iu the spring, gud the branch is sawed off
and put into the ground at the fall of the
leaves; the following year it bears fruit.
To Maxaok a Keaui.no IIorsk.—W hen-,
ever you perceive a horse's inclination to.
rear, separate your reins and prepare for
him. Tho instant he is about to nse,
slacken one hand and bend or twist hiq
bead with the other, keeping your handq
low. This bcndiqg compels him to mova
a bind leg, and of necessity brings his
fore feet down. Instantly twist him com
pletely round two or three times, whicl\
will confuse him very much, and complete
ly throw him oil' his gnard. The moment
you have finished twisting him rottud, place
his head in the direction you wisj, to pro
ceed, apply the spurs, aud he will not fui;
to go forward.
Men talk about improving dajpy prod
ucts and wonder why progress js so slow.
We must go back and correct pvils that
have been so long in practice that they aru
overlooked or assumed tq Ije right. Wo,
must learn bow to get good healthy milk,
and ljqw to presërve it in good order.
We must learn that cows with full udderq
cannot he raced from the pastures to they
stable with impunity, and that dogs are ly
nuisance upon dairy' farms. When we be
gin to pay a little more attention to these
matters, there will bo less complaint about
preserving the flavor of cheese in hot wca?
How to Keep a Gate mom Saucing.
—A correspondent of tho Enrol Worhi
suggests the following plan, which he has
tried with good results: Set the hanging
post three q„d a half feet jfl the çrouncL
tramp well at the bottom, on the side op?
positc the gate ; theu dig a trench six pi?
cl,es deep from one post to the other; iq
this pqt a tljrec ; by-fuui' scajitljqg, op q
pole of white oak, black walnut, mulberry,
or some other lasting timber, seeing that
it just fills the space between the two gate
posts, aud cover with earth, and the gatq
will stand as you huug it till the post rots
Soap Sobs to Grasslands.—; 3|r. Sam?
ucl Johnson, the Superintendent of tho
Farm at thé State Agricultural Colloge,
iuforms tho editor of tho Maine Fanner
that he found an application of soap suds
fo grass lands gave Chun, more than double
the increase of growth that was produced
by any other fertilizer whatever. Every
particle of Hoap suds is saved, aud applied
at intervals upon grass ground. What q
sourco is here for the saving of fertilizing
matter, which now qq ge,;erq)ly goes tq
waste. It is also good 1er vines or trees'
There is on tho farm of Mr. peter M.
Reeves,in Washington county, Tennesoeo.
an apple tree from which there was gath'
er°d in one year the enormous yield of
niqety bushels, seventy-five of whioh werq
picked oh the ground for cider. The ap
ples are of excellent quality and medium
More lie, -ses aro killed by hard riding
and driving than are worn out by ham
work; although too uiupy are worked to
death. It is strauge that horse owners
will qot see theif own interest jn taking
better care of so valuable an animal. °
Mildew. —-Lemon juice mixed with salt,
powdorgd starch and soft soap, and appli.
ed with a brush, is good fo' remove mil
d °w. After the application is made, the
article most bo kept on the grass till the
stain oorucs out.
Soda A si), qsod as a manure, is said tq
ho a complete remedy for wire worms and
the green fly. Tho worms disappesr where
it is used and the crops soon reoover their
health and vigor.

xml | txt