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•t ' -9. —"s j &fesms is* *£. f:i« m -. ;#*?u î&ï*, K Ü 5« '♦ A L ; A 'v KO. 4. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DE LA WAUE, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 22, 1870. VOL. 3. ROCKHILL & WILSON. ARE NOW Ready with the richest and rarest styles I vercoats in countless variety I hevoits, Cassimeres and all fine Coatings ! Klothes, Klothes! Klothes! Klothes! eight of the fashion ! Xndced you will be pleased, Look at the Lots of elegant clothes ! o c H AAAAAAA NNNNNNN DDDDDDD 603 and 605 Chestnut St. Philadelphia. W inter, gentlemen, winter ! Ice, snow, frost, and-so-fortli ! -Lowest prices for winter defences! Safe against storm and snow, in C3vercoats of Itockhill & Wilson ! N ow is the time to lay in your winter clothes ! The cold is great, Hut the rush is greater, all parts of this State, And every other State. come to Ft Tho best Buy their Best Clothes Wonderfully cheap, At the Great Browi Hull. ROCKHILL & WILSON, «03 & 605 CIIESTMUT Street, PHILADELPHIA. December it, 18C9. NEW STOVE, TIN, AND HOUSE-FURNISHING STORE. THOMAS II. UOTIIWELL'S NEW BUILDING-, North Sirte of Main Street, 4 Buildings Went of Town Hull, Middletown, Delaware. Where lie tuts constantly on lntnil, and is pre unuRicturu pared tu AL T. KINDS OF TIN WARE At Short Notice. Particular attention pa hi ' ROOFING AND SHOUTING. ul promptly ntten Orders respectfully solicited ded to. STOVES. THE ISTATIOTST-AX, CONTINENTAL, ORIENTAL CIIAUM, (JEM, SUN, LITTLE GIANT BRILLIANT, Prize and the Victor Cook. Orders will lie received and promptly filled fur any kind of tätuve timt may lie ordered. GALVANIZED RUSSIA AND SHEET IRON ZINC, COAL HODS, SKIVES, POKERS, SHOVELS, TEAKETTLES, BAKE PANS, WAFFLE IRONS SAD IRONS, BRASS & ENAMELLED DRESE11VING KETTLES, ENAMELLED SAUCE PANS, TEA BELLS, JAPANNEU CIIAMBEP. BUCKETS, SPITTOONS, WAITERS, LANTERNS, FLOUlt AND FEEDER BOXES, SAND CUl'S, MATCH SAFES (Cast Iron,) MOLASSES CUTS, FEACII C'A ms, • ( Soldered and Self-Sealing ) PATENT CLOTHES FRAMES, Ac. &c. See. Attention is respectfully callod to our new FAMILY & RESTAURANT STOVE Which is especially adapted to stewing, frying, and broiling oysters. No wood, no coni, no coal gas, no stove pipe, no ashes, no dirt, no wood boxes, no' coal scut tles, no kindling wood but a friction match, and the fire iu full blast in half a minute, oven hot in minutes, two minutes, stenk broiled i bread baked iu thirty minutes, tlio fire extin guished in a moment. It lias no rival in all kinds of cooking, and in economy, convenience, neatness, safety und durability. Flcasc call and examine it in operation at seve Thomas H. RothwelPs Stove Store MIDDLETOWN, DDL. Sole owner of the stove fur the Stute. Prompt attention to business, moderate prices, competent workmen, and a determination to please, umy at nil times tie expected by tllg.su who may favor bim with their custom, Aug, 28— y (Oriijhal jjodnj. TIIK I.ICAI, LAND. Leal is a Scotch word, signifying true aw!faithful. to Democratic Review, Ï. H'OABE, D. !>. Written for t nv i. The Lcal-lund ! tile Lcal-htnil ! how beautiful it seems, chasten'd glance amid this world of ours, its pleas ures, nor of the soul with many As seen by fancy purer dream When the follies of ures and It3 Have stained the bitter tears. •hero sor nplnte that place voe can rise our visions to 'Tis sweet to conte And not a cloud ol ol iasting songs full softly on the 'll symphonies the spirit loves When çcls' cvei In those ull-hallow to hear. The Leal-land ! th Leal-land ! I see its rich green hills ! iters leaping, ii thousand Its blue, bright w gushing rill u\v lovely, ns they bend o'er Its tall trees, oh ! iy voll es from sparkling Which roll i sib hrystal cav Leal-land ! shall vc know The Leal-land! tl each other there, dessed fellowship in this cold Who have lived i Shall those we dearly prized earth their friend ship there r loved below, the faitli Our own fond frien ful aud the t >'tr their cd is lia affection' uch friop holy thought tribute tear to the memory I!ow hies ml, Droppi »f. o that (rue vorld, so calmly tl" our souls Who pu l so sweet «1 "better L That iu that Ur.-t again ttlutll i art. Tito Lenl-lund ! tl c Leal-land ! where blessed spirits rest : ait my lip, the dud upon my viag o'er my grave—the little "better land" hath bade The seal of silence breast— The grue grass wi e, tu teil tu that st What pilgli llie world ; Then LL cd home of weaned ones, auiid y •eful hov ers, • we loved so fondly i Id of With tl this changing shall rise the soul's culm No mournful o dim, d harmonies of heaven's eter Or t! popular titles. THE DOÜTOE OF BRAL. There was onto a countryman, who by dint of hard labor and tho exercise of great prudence, had amassed means. Notwithstanding bis comfortable position, lie would nut marry. •eprot celibacy, but he excused himself by saying that when lie ca ne across the kind of wo man lie wanted :tc would marry her. friends, to help him, resolved to search for such a woman. There lived a few miles off an old eltev SufilclClleV ; Friends and neighbors •hud hit with his llis alicr, a widower and very poor, who had a beautiful and clover daughter. The girl was old enough to be married, but as the father had nothing to give her, nobody ever thought it worth while to woo her. The friends of the countryman having pre sented themselves before the old chevalier, he speedily yielded compliance to their wishes; and the girl, who was good and would not disobey her father, found herself forced to comp y . The countryman was delighted at the prospect of such an alli ance. lie determined to lose no time, and i forward with all pressed the haste. arm however, were they mar ried, than ho pbreoived that he had made a great mistake—that, in short, lie could nut have dono anything more foolish than to take to him self such a wife. When, lor instance, lie was working out iu the fields, what would his wife do, site was so accustomed to sit at home iu idleness ? Ho knew, besides, that the priest to whom every day was ljunday, would visit her as often as it suited him. What, then, would become of (ho s' upid husband ? And yet, what was the slupid husband to do? " If, in tho morning," ho thought to himself, " I pick a quarrel and strike her, she will cry all day through. Now while she is crying it is certain that she will uot be in the hum jr to listen to talk of any gallants. Whin I return I will be quits with her by asking Iter pardon, and I know how that is to bo obtained." Fired with this splendid idea ho loudly eallotl for dinner. When tho meal was concluded, lie approached liis wife and struck her such a blow upon her face that the marks of ltis lingers remained imprint ed on her check. Nor was this all. Fan cying lie had not given her cause to cry lung enough, he hit her four or five more blows and then weut out iuto the fields. The poor lit lo creature fell to crying very piteously, and with her hands laid crosswise on her bosom loudly lamented her hard fate. " why did you Had wo not bri Why was I so a marriage ? I not lost you unhappy. Wl at will become of me?" Site rentaiued inconsolable throughout tho entire day, crying, as her husband had anticipated, ui.til his return. Then his first effort was to conciliate her. "It was tint devil who tempted me to exclaimed. Ho swore nov c his hand to her, he threw Toot and begged Iter pardon ! and dejected an air, that Hardly "Oh, father!" she cried, givo mo to such a man ? :ad to cat, poor as wo were ? idind as to consent to such Oh! beloved mother! had I would not have been so strike you, lie cr again to rai himself at her with so hutnbl the wife, touched with pity, promised to fcrgct everything that bad happened. But to the countryman, who saw how successful was his stratagem, resolved to put it into execution again. On rising the following morning, he once more picked a quarrel with his wife, and repeated the perform ance of the preceding day. Then he went forth to his work, The poor woman felt now that this treatment was to be her fate, and once more began to cry piteously. Whilst in this mournful condition, there rode up to her door two king's messengers, each mounted on a white horse. They saluted her in the name of the king, and asked her for something to eat. They were dying of hunger, they said. She set before them all that she had in the house to offer, and whilst they were eating, beg ged them to tell her whither they were journeying. " Wo are not journeying anywhere in particular," said they. " The truth is, we are searching for a skillful doctor, and wo mean to travel even into England should we not lind one here. Ada, the king's daughter, is ill. Eight days ago, whilst eating some fish, a bono stuck in her throat, and left her incapable of swal lowing. Every remedy that can be sug gested has been applied to her, but with out avail. She can neither eat nor sleep, and her sufferings are terrible. The king who is in despair, lias ordcreiTus to search about for some one capable of curing the princess. If lie loses her he will die." " You have no need to travel any fur ther," exclaimed the mife. " I know the . flc is a great doctor. " Is it possible ? You arc not deceiving very man you want US ?" " No, I am telliug you the truth, but unfortunately, the doctor of whom I speak is a very singular sort of person, lie is slightly touched in the head, I fear. Al though he has an extraordinary genius for medicine, ho scents to thoroughly detest the science. 31 y own impression is that unless you beat him heartily you will not get him to act for you." " Oh 1" they answered, " if ho only needs cudgeling, we'll give it to him, he couldn't be in better hands. Only tell us where he lives." 'The wife indicated the field in which the husband was working, and wishing thorn farewell, entreated them not to for get the essential condition of their under taking. They thanked her, and arming themselves each with a big stick, made towards the countryman. Having saluted him, they informed him that they came from the king, and commanded him to follow them. " What for?" he asked. " To euro the 1'rinccss Ada. We have heard of your skill, and we have come to fetch you in the kin The countryman only a laborer, and if the king wanted his services in that capacity, he would be happy to devote them to him. Rut as to medicine, he swore on his honor that he knew nothing at all about it. " I see," whispered one of tho king's messengers to the other, " that civility will not succeed here: he evidently wants to be boaten." Saying this lie alighted from bis horse, the other followed him, and grasping their sticks they commenced beating the coun tryman with the heartiest 2est. The help less laborer commenced by roaring at them for their cowardice—two to one—and their cruelty ; but finding them too strong for him, he threw himself upon his knees and swore to obey them. They thereupon mounted him upon one of the white hor ses aud conducted him thus to the palace of the king. The illness of tho princess had thrown the king into a state bordering upon dis traction. The return of the two messen gers inspired him with hope, and he or dered them to be conducted into bis pres ence that he might learn how successful they had been in their inquiries. Having sounded the praises of the wonderful but ecceutrie doctor, they then proceeded to narrate how they had found aud the meth od they had employed to capture him. "I confess," said the kiug, "that I nev er heard of a dootor like this before. Rut since it is necessary that he should be bea ten before ho will cure the princess, let him be beaten." Having ordered the prin cess to descend, ho bade the countryman to approach him. "31 y friend," he said, "this is the lady whom you must cure." The wretched countryman threw himself upon his knees and begged for mercy, swearing by all that was holy that he knew nothing whatever of medicine. The only reply of the king was to signal tho two tall sergeants who were standing by armed with sticks. They made a dart at the countryman, and seizing him by the arms rained upon him a perfect shower of blows. "Mercy! mercy!" bo yelled. "I'll cure her, sirö ; I'll cure her." The princess stood before him pale and dying, indicating her sufferings by point ing with her finger down her open mouth. The countryman began to ponder within himself how lie should effect this euro. He plainly saw that tlicfe was no backing out of it, but that he must either succeed or perish from flogging. " The bone," he said to himself, "is in the throat. If I could only succeed in making her laugh, the chances are that I might dislodg it." Impressed with this notion, ho request ed the king to order a large fire to be lighted iu the hall, and further desired to be left alone with the prinoees. When the hall was deserted ho partly undressod, told her to seat herself near tho fire, and commenced tiokling her, making all the time suqh hideous grimaces that in spite of her suffering tho prinooss suddenly burst out into a shout of laughter. At the Sftrno I time. plied that he was ? ? to instnnt the bono flow out of her throat and fell upon the floor. Picking it up, the countryman flew to the door crying, "Sire, siro, here it is! here it is!" "I owe you my life!" tried the king, iu a transport of joy. And he promised to give him in reward for his services handsome presents of gowns and cloaks. It was a custom among the kings and princcses of that period to make presents of cloaks and dresses at Michaelmas and Christmas to the nobility attached to their courts. Sometimes the acceptance of these presents was interpreted into a willingness to enter into one year's service with the king who offered them. A Chevalier thus apparelled was called a chevalier Koi. The eountrymau thanked him. He de clared, however, that he only wanted per mission to return to his home, feigning that his business greatly needed his atten tion. In vain the king offered him his friendship and entreated him to remain, lie answered that he was pressed ; that when he left there was positively no bread in the house, and that it was imperative that he should carry wheat to the mill. Hut on a signal from the king which brought the two sergeants about him again, the countryman cried for mercy promis ing to remain not only a day but forever, if it were desired. Thereupon they con ducted him into a room in which ho was washed and shaved and habited in a mag nificent scarlet cloak. All this time, how ever, he was meditating a plan to escape, and comforted himself with believing that a practical opportunity would soon be pre sented. The cure he had effected achieved for him in no time a great reputation, sooner had it been noised abroad than up wards of eighty sick persons belonging to the town presented themselves at the gates of the chateau, and besought the king to put iu a good word for them with the doc tor. The king having called him. "My friend," said he, " 1 reeomonded these persons to your notice. Cure them all at once, as I wish to send them back to their homes." " Sire" replied the countryman, " un less heaven cures them I eaunot. There are so many." " Let the two sergeants bo brought." exclaimed the king. At the approach of these two formidable persons the poor wretch, trembling in every limb, volunteered not only to cure the eighty-six persons, but the whole world in the bargain, even to the last man. lie begged the king and all those who were in good health to leave the hall as they had done before. Being left alone with the sick, he ranged them all round the fire-place, in which ho made a tre mendous fire. "My friends," he them with great solemnity, "it is no trifling favor to accord, that of giving health to so many people in so short a time. There is only one way that 1 know of effecting a general cure amongst you and that is, of choosing the ono who is most seriously ill and throwing him into the lire. When he is consumed, the ashes will be distributed amongst you all to swallow. The remedy is extreme, but I'll stako my head on tho result." Saying this ho sternly contemplated tho surrounding crowd, as if examining their condition. But amongst them all there was not ono who for the whole of Normandy would have allowed that their malady was serious. The doctor address ing ono of them, exclaimed, "You are looking pale and ill : you seem to have tho most serious disorder of them all. "I, sire? On my word, I never felt better in my life than I do at this mo ment." "Then what do you want hero, you vil lain?" cried tlio doctor. Without auswering, the sick man open The king, who was outside, perceived tho sick man leave the hall. "Are you cured?" he asked. "Yes, sire." A moment after another sick man appeared. "And you ?" "I am cured." What was the result of this manoeuvre ? There was nota single soul, old or young, male or female, who would consent to be ing reduced to ashes. All left swearing they were cured. The delighted king returned to the hall to congratulate the doctor, lie was amaz ed and filled with admiration at the skill that in so short a time could work so ma ny miracles. "Sire," exclaimed the doctor, "I have an amulet possessed of a wondrous virtue with which I work my cures." The king overwhelmed him with pres ents. lie assured him of his eternal friendship, and permitted him to return to his wife, on condition, however, that when ho was wanted he should not be urged to eomo ouly by the use of tho stick. The eountrymau now bade adieu to the kiug. He had uow no longer any ooeasion to be a laborer ; and no louger therefore, cared to beat his wife. To his dying day, how ever, ho never knew how ho had been made a doctor. No igillll said, addressing cd the door and took to ltis heels. No gentleman should he presented to a lady under any oircumstances, unless her permission has been previously obtained, and no one should ever bo introduced into the houso of a friend except by permission first bad. Such introductions, wo know, are frequent and usual, but they are im proper, as any one can itnagino who will reflect for a moment. For bow can you know that such introductions will be agree able ? If a person asks you to iutrodueo him to certain of your friends, you can doclino on tho ground that you are not sufficiently intimate tp tako such a liberty. Sltç farmer. alack limit Ilk Plum Trees. It is generally supposed that the black ugly excrescences found on the limbs of the plum or cherry, and which are now begin ning to appear upon rouie other kinds of fruit trees are cuased by an insect which perforates the bark, deposits ova, and thus produces a diseased condition called the black knot. Dr. Michcncr, of Chester county, Da. writes to the Philadelphia Medical and Surgical Déporter, that this notion is not correct ; that the black knot is a parasitic cryptogamous plant belong ing to the class fungi ; and that it is prop agated by spores in the same way that all fungoid growths are produced, lieve this statement to be true. The idea that they are produced by insects has aris en from the fact that flies often penetrate into the old decayed knots, and the larvte are found there. Destroying tho ova or flics docs not destroy the black knot. They have nothing whatever to do in originating or maintaining the trouble. Tho spores of this peculiar fungus float in tho air, lodge on the limbs, vegetate, and iu this way the annoying parasite soon destroys a vast number of fruit trees. No applica tion of whale-oil soap, petroleum, or any substance, will arrest the growth. By cutting off the cxerescenecs with a sharp knife, a few years of life may be afforded to some trees ; but it hardly repays for the trouble. In the war against fungi, no matter what class or order wo combat, hu man skill and science are powerless. If it comes in the form of rust upon our wheat, or smut upon our corn, or black knot upon our plum trees, wo can only look on and see the ruin progress, can do nothing to avert it. To which we reply: Yes, wo can save our wheat, and corn, and trees, from smut and fungi. Blaut your plum and cherry trees where a log heap has boon burnt down, or in the bed of an old ch rcoal pit, and no knots will ever appear. So with wheat and corn. Apply wood ashes boun tifully, smut and rust will not injure the growing grain. Bile on the ashes then around fruit trees, and scatter them boun tifully on growing wheat; and the potash and sand in the soil will form a glassy covering over the surface of the straw and stems of trees, which will fortify tho grow ing plants against the attacks of fungi. There is no uncertainty about this. Let the ashes be scattered round about grow ing trees as far as the limbs extend. In stead of making a costly ash-house which will be liable to tako fire at any time, scatter the ashes around trees as soon ns they are removed from the stoves. York Observer. Wo be We •A' To Cere and Smoke Bacon.— At this season of the year, all our farmers are prepairiug to salt their hams and bacon, so we propose to give them a recipe where by Baiting and smoking can be dono in one short and simple process. Many of our housewives arc forced to dopend upoit their neighbors for convenience to smoko with. Those of us who own smoke-houses know how difficult it is to smolcoy ust riÿht. By this process all trouble is avoided. Take a large sized butter-firkin, cask, or barrel, according to the quantity of meat you desire to smoke. Diace it over a lire of corn-cobs with tho corn on. Moat smoked in this way is higher flavored, tho corn seeming to produce a bettor taste than cobs, or wood, or green walnuts. Let the tub smoke, from five to six hours. To one hundred pounds of meat take eight pounds of salt, two pounds of coarse browu sugnr (or tlireo pints of mollisses), and two ounces of saltpetre. Bub a little fine salt into the bams and shoulders, then put the meat iuto the smoked tub, cover it with cold water, turn iu the salt, sugar, and saltpetre, cover closely, and sit it in a cool place where it will not freeze. If a scum rises on the brine, turn it off, scald aud add a little more salt. If desired to keep through the summer, iu tho early' spring smoke the tub three hours longer, put back the meat and turn on the brine when cold. In a month after pickling, the hams will be ready to use. They can be kept in the brine all summer, aud if a ham is out return it to tho tub for further use. Beef and tongues can bo kept in the same manner, and there is no danger from insects. Iu six or seven weeks the beef is pieklod and sttmkod enough to dry. This is the surest and nlost expeditious way of salting and smoking pork aud hoof, and if once tried will always bo adopted. —Hearth and Home. A New Method or Fattening Fowls. —Ait exchange gives the following meth od for fattening fowls and claims that it will accomplish this fattening in a week or ten days, incredible as it may appear. Set rice over tlio fire with skim-iuilk, only as much as will servo one day. Let it boil till tho rice is quite swelled out; and add a teaspoonful or two of sugar, but it will do well without. Feed tho fowls tlireo times a day in common pans, giving them only as much as will fill them at onco. When you put in fresh rloc, set tho pans in water, that no sourness may be convoyed to tlio fowls, as that prevents them from fattening. Give them clean water or the milk of tho rico to drink, hut the loss wet the riee is, when perfectly soaked, the better. By this method the flesh will have a clear whiteness which no other food gives, and wheu it is to ho con sidered how far a pound of rieo will go, and how much time iH saved by this mode, it will he futind cheaper than barley meal. Tilit and junior. - "A Utile nonsense non Is relished by the wiset and then, t men." Rev. Peter I'Mtwrlght at |hc Autor House. ade it necessary t New York city as arranged for up at the Astor his brethren ex oeial and dcuoin Somo church affairs m for Mr. Cartwright to vis some years ago, aud it v hint that lie should put House. It was here that pected to meet him ; his s iuational appointments had reference to the Astor House as his head quarters. IV lieu .Mr. Cartwright, however, appeared at tho Astor House, there was nothing in his backwoods appearance that suggested to its proprietors his worthy position among the fathers of Methodism ; wl cn, therefore, ho requested to bo shown to fits room, he was very cavalierly turned 0 to show him up stairs, went—up, up, up,—Mr wondering amazement h apparently untiring in his amusement of ascending. Finally, the servaut opened the door of an apartment up iu the attic story, and pointed it out to Mr. C. as his room. Bather Peter detuned the servant while lie should take a general survey of the premises was the room he was to length appearing to be disposed of his baggage, requested the servant to stairs again. The servant preceded Father Cartwright, down, down, down, till they reached at length the street landing ; but, before the servant could make his escape, Beter inquired if he wouldn't show him up again! So, up they went again, heaven ward, and at last Beter fuund his room, aud permitted tho scrvsut to depart in pence. Tho servant, however, had little more than found himself down stairs, when Uncle Beter rang the bell vigorously. In due time, up came tho Bcrvant, by this time panting with tho unusual exertiou. " My good friend, I am sorry to trou ble you, but I should be glad to see the clerk, if you will be good enough to send him to my-room." " Oh, certainly." And so, down, down, goes the servant, to say to the clerk that a singular old chap up iu the upper story wanted him to come to his room. Aud then, up, up, up, goes the clerk. " Are you the elork ?" " Yes, Bir." " Well, you will place mo under great obligations to you, if you will show me the way down stairs?" And when once more t own stairs, after Uncle Beter haï taken another careful survey of the surroundings, the clerk very politely inquired if there was anything further ho could do for 1dm. /er to a servant Up stairs they . Cartwright in ist, the servaut repeated tho inquiry if this occupy—and at veil satisfied, he md very politely show him dow« "Yes," says Uncle Beter, "yes, my friend, I would bo great y obliged to you for a broad-axe!" " A broad-axe!" says the clerk, in as tonishment, and what dtji you propose to do with a broad-axe?" "I thought I should liko to Maze my way to my room !" It is needless to say that Beter Cart wright was tho lion of that week at the Astor ; and that it was not further requir ed of him to climb up that endless series of stairways, but when bis friends called again to inquire for, or cull upon him, they found him snugly cnseon|ced iu one of the most eligible rooms iu the ltouso. A Welsh clergyman who preached from the text, " Love one another, ' ' gave a national turn to his subject by illustrat ing it with an anecdote if two goats that met on the middle of tho one-plank bridge which crossed the little stream in his par ish : " But did they tight and try to push each o'lter into the water? Oh, no ! But the one laid himself down while the other stepped over him. Ilorc w>as friendship! hero was love! Oh, my brethren, lot us all live liko goats !" This Side Up.—J ake was nailing up a box tho other day, containing some ar ticles liable to be brokcnL when a bystan der suggested to him to mark the side of the box to remain uppermost, " this side up." A few days after Jake was asked if ltis goods wont safo b| express. "No" ho replied, " every ono broke." Did you mark tlio box "this side up," as directed? " Yes I did, and for fear they would see it on the top I put (t on tho bottom, too, confound 'cm. not A gentle Quaker had two horses, a very good aud a very poor ene. When seen riding the latter, it turned out that his better half had taken tlio good one.— " What!" said a sneering bachelor, "how comes it that you let your wife rido the better horse ?" The oily reply was :— " Friend, when thco l|te married tho'll know," A Detroit belle has h id ono too ampu tated from each foot, wjth great success. Her feet and her gaiters are considerably smaller; so is the circle of her friends. An old tobacco chewtr finds that the Bible sustains his favorite habit. He quotes;—" He that is filthy, let him he filthy still." Can people who indulge in smoking as well as drinking, bo culled tobacchana lians ? Buy down when you buy, and you won't have to pay up by-and-by. (Dur (DUo. Oi.o 8tyi.k and New.—T he old Julian Calender assumed «i(3â£ days to constitute a year. The year really contains 395 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 50 seconds. Thus the calender wont astray 11 minutes and 10 seconds per year, and by A. I). 1582 the error amounted to ton whole days. To correct this error, l'ope Greg ory XIII. ordained that ten days should be deducted from the year 1582, by call ing what, according to the old calender, whould have been the 5th of October, the 15th. Hence the 5th of October " old style" was iu 1582, the 15th of October "new style." It was not till 1751 that Great Britain aceepted this correction, and by that time the error amounted to cloven days. It was then ordained that eleven days should bo omitted after the 2nd of September, 1751, and the next day called, tho 14th of September, 1751. Idea of Death. — That doath and sleep arc very much alike, the sages all tell us ; but see how attractively Leigh Hunt de scribes the latter:—" It is a delicious mo ment, certainly, that of being well nestled in bed, and feeling that you shall drop gently to sleep. The good is to conic — not past : the limbs have been just tired enough to render the remaining in one position delightful ; the labor of the day is done. A gentle failure of tho percep tion comes creeping over one ; the spirit of consciousness disengages itsolf more and more with slow and hushing degrees, like a mother detaching her hands from that of her sleeping child ; the mind seems to have a balmy lid closing over it, like the eye; 'tis closing, 'tis closing—'tis closed. The mysterious spirit has gone to tako its airy rounds." Utilizing Old Leather. —Old shoes ntay bo utilized by cutting them into smalt pieces, and soaking for a few days inchlo ido of sulphur, which renders the leather very hard and brittle. The leather is then removed, washed with water, dried, and ground to powder; next mixed with shellac or other resin, glue, &c., and pressod into moulds and formed into comb», knife hand les, and other articles for which a firm horn-like substaneo is required. It may be a questiou whether an equally good material cannot be supplied by other means; but the practice in question, we arc assured, has actually been iu use in Baris for soitao time. A waggish journalist, who is often mer ry over his personal plainness, tells this story on himself: " I went to a chemist the other day for a dose of morphino for a sick friend. The assistant objected to givo it to mo without a prescription, evi dently fearing that I intended to commit suicide. 'Bshaw! said I, 'do I look like a man who would kill himself?' Gating steadily at mo a moment, ha said, '1 don't know. It seems to me if I looked like you, I should be greatly tempted la kill myself?'" A Truant Husband.— A wotuan oorae to the police, in Now Orleans, askiug aid to find her truant husband. •' Have yott any knowledge why ho left you—did you have a quarrel?" asked tho cautious chief. "No, not exactly a quarrel," was the hesitatiug reply, " but I went off aud left him." was gone?" " And when you canto back he: " Yes, he was gone, too !" A society for the prevention of tobacco spitting in churches, assembly rooms aud rail road cars, is coutcmplatcd in New York. It ought to bo extended over the whole country. No wonder that Mrs. Trollope considered the Americans tho nastiest people in the world, being ever ou the spit. Love which is based on intimate know ledge, which is sustained by the judgment is more productive of happiness tbau that which is kuowu as "love at first sight." Josh Billings says the mosquito was born of poor but hottest parents, who, kadi in their veins some of tho best biuutl of the country. Brof. Goldwin Smith is at present in Dhiladelpbia, where lie is receiving con siderable attention from the leading men of literature and science. His health is much improved, and ho is much pleased with his residence in the Uuited States. The leather dealers iu Bustun louk for ward to a good spring trade, and they re present the trade throughout the country as in a healthy and flourishing condition. Tho Spanish guuhoats, under oonvoy of the frigate Isabel La Catoliea, left llanip. ton Hoads for Havana ut noon on Thurs day. Although tho population of New Jersey is not over 1,000,DUO, she pays more in come tax than uuy other State excepting four. Lot M. Morrill lias been elected U. S. Senator from Maine, to fill tho vacancy caused by the death of Senator Fessenden, In Pennsylvania, for the next five years, there will be a fine of twenty-five dollars for shooting a partridge. The Countess Guiccioli is said to bo writing a reply to Mrs. Stowo's attack on Lord Byron aud Mrs. Leigh. The Democrats of New Hampshire have nominated Gen. John Bcdol for Governor. Tho Boston " Kadical Club" has cloct cd Mrs. Julia Ward Howe l'resident. Louisiana planters are contracting fop Scandinavian laborers.