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vré k \'ï> ft i « K« AWl V A '<#• [I A U?? 1 <5 VOL. 3. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE CO UNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 12, 1870. NO. 11. ODESSA NURSERIES. NEW F 11 H K Proprietors offer for Sale, for Fall piunt JL ing of 1869 or Spring of 1870, 70,000 iPeach. Trees of the leading Market and Family Varieties. 200.000 SMALL FRUIT PLANTS consisting of tlio following varieties : STRAWBERRIES, RASPBERRIES, BLACKBERRIES, GOOSEBERRIES, CURRANTS, AND GRAPE VINES. ASPARAGUS ROOTS. 300.000 OSAGE ORANGE QUICKS. One and Two Years Old. AL80 EARLY ROSE, POTATOES, And several other leading varieties, for seed. POLK Sc HYATT, Or to WM. B. CItOFT. Odessa, Del. Apply to Oct. 16, 1869. NOTICE. T HE undersigned having purchased from the heirs of M. J. Haines the unexpired Patent for Grian Drill, known as "Kuhn's & Haines' " Haines & Wood," or "Wood's Drill," lias mode several important improvements in it, viz A Oast Iron Bottom,—Front Feet of Box Hi to be independent of the Frame,—Comliiued open Metalic Spoil's, . distributing the Phos phate nnd Grain toge: r, Ac. Ac. und secured the same by Leiters Pate 1 , duted November 30 1869, have combined wit. tuv celebrated ' TEA d PHOSPHATE SOWER, With its Movable Cast Iron Bottom, adjusted by sett screws, Ac. ulso secured to me by Letters Patent, dated Oct. 27, 1808, and confirmed July 10, 1869, by a decision of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia. As there has been ov , 100 of these mnehines Introduced and used in this neighborhood, with in the last two years, with entire satisfaction, I nnt enabled to offer to the public mv inipr ■ed DELAWARE PHOSPHATE DRILL As a first class machine, with a full guarani of good workmanship and satisfactory perform ance. I would also notify all persons tlint I shall prosecute any infringement upon any of the improvements secured to me by either of the u bove Letters Patent. tee W. N. HAMILTON, M. D. Dec. 11, 1809—tf. J7IFTII Year or Publication ! ! THE DEMOCRATÎCÂLMANAC FOR 1870. "a may Del. We have nc for 1870. |T on hand the Democratic Almnn It contains, besides the usual ma ter of all almanacs, full and official returns of the elections held last year, compared ones, the most important nets of the last session of Congress, lists of Federal nnd State officers members of Congress, chronology of nil import ant events of the year, statistical and other infor mation indispensible to every politician, pi farmer, merchant or mechanic. Orde ' filled according to the date of their The cash must accompany all orders. TERMS. Single copies, by mail, prepaid 20 cents; 7 copies, by mail, prepaid, $1 ; 15 copies by mail, prepaid, $2; 100 copies, bv $12. Address feb 19—tf No i ith previous And hot ter, rs tv ill he reception. Utes, press, van EvniE, non ton « j - co. Publishers, 1G» Nassau st. N. Y. f tf T O THE WORKING CLASS.— prepared to furnish ull classes at home, tf We now ith employ ons, the whfle of the time or for the moments. Business new, light and profita Persons of either sex easily e ment I pw ble. to $5 per evening, and a proportional sum bv de voting their whole time to the business. Bm S and girls can earn nearly us much us men.. That all who see this notice may send their address make this un parai led i not well satisfied, we will send $1 to pay for the trouble of writing. Full particulars, a valuable sample, which will do to commence work on, and a copy of The People's Literary Companion —one of the largest aiul best famjly newspapers published—ull sent free by Render if you want permanent, profitable E. C. ALLEN A CO. Agusta, Maine. from 50c and test the business, we offer : To suèli as mail, work, address Jan. 22—3tn J. ALFRED MAY, Elk ton, ltd. I. ItEYNER DUKES, Denton , A/<l. MAY & DUKES, GRAIN A GENERAL PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS, No. 24 SOUTH WATER ST. Between Chestnut & Market Sts. PHILADELPHIA. Consignments of Grain amt Produce solicited Orpers for Guauo, Fertilizers and Groceries promptly attended to. Nov. 0_tf ' JOHN VOLET, FRENCH BOOT & SHOE MAKER, NO. 112 EXCHANGE PLACE, Between Chestnut and Walnut and 2nd and 3rd, PHILADELPHIA. BOTTIER AND CORDONNIER. Nothing but the best French Calf-skin used here. All orders promptly attended to. Re pairing neatly done. Feb 26—1 y F OR REWT.—The Room in the Town Hall now occupied by the Citizens' National Batik of Middletown. Possession given on. the 26th of March Anplv to Feb. 19—tf Wra.U. BARR, Sec. Z E ,™ Y 2? n a "^ Germantown Wools for knit ting Shawls, Nubias aid Afghans also stocking and knitting Yams. 8 80 Samples sent by mail, and goods sent by Ex cess, io any part of the country. Sold nt retail . the WAVkSly MILLS 1024 Lombard sïrè"!, Dec. 11— 3 mos Philadelphia, Pa. of I OOO WHITE OAK FENCE POtSTS 7 Feet long, for sale by SAMUEL & RICHARD TOWNSEND. $20 for Hundred,' A Townsend, Del. Jau. 22, 1870, AND HOUSE-FURNISHING STORE. piunt seed. THOMAS II. ROTIBWKIaIAS NEW BUILDING, North Side of Mai Street,! Ilulldlngs "West of Toivu Hull, Middletown, Delaware. Where lie has constantly on hand, and is pre pared to manufacture ALL KINDS OF TIN WARE At Short Notice. Particular attention paid to ROOFING AND SPOUTING. Orders respectfully solicited nud promptly atten • ded to. COOK STOVES. STAR, COTTAGE, NATIONAL, CHARM, PRIZE, & VICTOR COOK. PARLOR STOVES. BOQUET BASE, GAS, BURNING BASK, DIAL, VIOLKT, REVERE, UNION AIR TIGHT. Stoves suitable for stores, offices, hotels, and school houses. Ordyrs will be received nnd promptly filled for any kind of Stove that may be ordered. the " mode 30 ' GALVANIZED, RUSSIA, AND SHEET IRON, ZINC, COAL HODS, SKIVES, POKERS, SHOVELS, TEA KETTLES, BAKE PANS, WAFFLE IRONS SAD IRONS, BRASS & ENAMELLED PRESERVING KETTLES, ENAMELLED SAUCE PANS, TEA BELLS, JAPANNED CHAMBER BUCKETS, SPITTOONS, WAITERS, LANTERNS, . FLOUR AND PEPPER BOXES, d by of et I SAND CUPS , MATCH SAFES (Cast Iron,) MOLASSES CUPS, 1» E A E 13 i: A X S, ( Soldered and Self-Sealing ) PATENT CLOTHES FRAMES, Ac. Ac. Ac. I the u tee iu er's Prompt attention to business, moderate prices, workmen, und a determination to y at all times be expected by those who ' iin witlt their custom. ! competent please, may favor hi her ed ing lay gone gcr bio idly ing, a THE VAP0K COOKING STOVE, No Wood , 7 io Coal, no As/us, no Dirt, no Wood Boxes, Coal Scuttle, no Kindling Wood, Stove Pipe, no i vo But a Friction. Match, And the fire in full blast in half a minute, oven hot in two minutes, steak broiled in sev thirty minutes, the n min firc en Utes, bread baked i tinguislied iu a moment. Pieuse call and examine it ii operation at Thomas H. Kothwell's Stove Store, MIDDLETOWN, DEL. mer of the stove for the State. Sole ow Feb. 19— y the ANTICIPATING the de S led to by FALL TRADE. fTMIE undersigned 1ms made the most clabor J- ate preparations and already offers to those who may wish to be curly i tud Winter purchases, a making their Fall FULL STOCK OF GOODS. Suitable for I all and Winter wear and tisane. My stock of DRV GOODS will consist in part if BLACK and COLORED ALPACAS Wool Delaines, Wool Poplins, aVLoliair.s, A good assortment of Prints, Cutton and W' Flannels, 1, IJ, ZJ Brown mid Bleached Muslins Heavy Domestics, Hal. Skirts, Shawls, Ac. Ac NOTIONS. Hosiery, Gloves, Ladies Corsets. Ladies Vests Rib .oiis, Edgings, Gents Undershirts, Ladies Collars and Cuffs, Combs, Ilair Brushes, Velvets and iu fact everything you could find in a first Cluss Nc had. (ell expect to otion House ntny hero be ' I nsk the particular attention of the gentlemen of FRENCH and AMERICAN t LU i Ho, and Fancy Cassimers. Ne\y Styles of which I am constantly receiving and disposing of at reasonable prices. " Also to the Community in general to my Stock of Mens Heavy lioo.s, and of Mens, Womens and Misses Heavy Shoes, which I have made to Ohdeii of the Best material, and on any of which l am willing to guarantee satisfaction. I have also a good assortment of Mens sewed nnd peg ged, single and double upper and sole Calf Buots, and Ladies Dress Shoes in Various otyles. Hats and Caps. Carpcts, dow Druggets, Oil Cloths, Oil Cloth Win Shades, Door Mats, Hardware, Cedurware, Queensware, Earthen ware, Stonew^.^, „ &c. &c. &c. Groceries Glass, Oil, Paints, Mackerel, Shad, and Her ring always on hand. Will show goods with pleasure, and make a liberal discount for Cash. G. W. W. NAIIDAIN. No. 3. Middletown Hall. Oct. 16—tf QORONER! ! To the Democratic Voters of Castle Co. Fellow Citizens:—A t tho earnest solicitation of mv friends I again offer myselfas a candidate lor the nomination of Coroner of New Castle Co. and am thankful to my friends for the support they gave me at the last nomination election, and pledge myself to abide the decision pf the party n , RICHARD GROVES, Delaware City, Feb. 5—tn feiert fjodrji. THE UOIaDEN SIDE. many a rest in the road of life, If wo only would stop nnd take it ; And many a tone from the Getter land, If the querulous heart would make it ! To the sunny soul that is full of hope, And whose beautiful trust ne'er fuilcth, The grass is green and the flowers ai Though the wintry storm prevaileth. Better to hope though the clouds hang low, ^ And to keei» the eves still lifted ; For the sweet blue sky will soon peep through, When the ominous clouds are rifted ! There was never a night without a day, Or an evening without a morning ; And the darkest hour ns the proverb goes Is the horn- before the dawning. There i •e bright, There is many Which we puss That is richer far Or the gem in the path of life, idle pleasure, than the jeweled crow i.ser's hoarded treasure ; y be the love of a little child, »t mother's prayer to heaven, Or only u beggar's grateful thanks, For a cup of water given. It Or Better to weave in the web of life A bright d golden filling, And to do God's will with 'any heart, —/ift nud willing, to snap the delicate, minute threads uus lives asunder, me Heaven for the tangled et 1 grieve and wonder. And hands that are Thu Of And then bln And sit urn ids, grifft in the Democratic Advocate . MY AUNT ETHEL'S SECIiET. STRATIIMORE. " 'Tis better to have loved nnd lost, Thau never to have loved ut all." I looked up as I repeated thequotati for I felt sure I heard ton, sigh from the qui et corner where my Aunt Ethel sat in her usual place. Tennyson is my favorite pout, and this betrayal of her sympathy with my taste Hindu me pause in the pas sage of the exquisite "In Memoriam" I had just been reading, and site met my gaze, a half smile curling the lips that would purse up like those of other maiden aunts so " Ah! iu \ ' i f my acquaintance. Dear Aunt Ethel ! far back in my child hood I remembered her as the same quiet little figure in the same place in my fath er's cozy hack parlor. A face pure in its expression as that of the "Madonna" that hung on the wall opposite, soft, shining braids of auburn hair, folded away from her fair, smooth brow, not a wrinkle marr ed its intellectual beauty, but the earnest, almost mournful, expression of the browti tiled ever to ing tales of sadness. (lured what were the deep shadows that lay in their depths ! 1 In my childish fancy tell flow often I •yes s< won led ol evening and I alone ; my sisters Louise and Evalytt, had gone out with brother Fred, and the gcr ones had all boon sent to bed. Ethel's embroidery lay for once on the ti bio by her side, and her hands were folded idly iu her lap. Of what jvas she think ing, with that far-away look on her face? Could the sentiment I had just read have anything to do with her thoughts? a silence of a few moments [ kneeling bcsirlo her looked up into.her eyes. She took my hands in her and said iu low sad* tone oven were min en youn A tint i After arose and own, s : "Lola, i sentiments ! Tennyson ful." my darling, do not read such 'J buy are false, though as expresses them, very benuti "Why Aunt Ethel! Fall »»» . . I cried, almost indignantly, "surely you are only teasing me. It is lutter to have felt the emotion of love once than to go through life unlov- etl and unloving, even if wo can only have the memories of a lost love." When she answered me her voice was full of pain. -No, no, Lola, there is nothing in life so utterly miserable as a heart bereft of what was all its joy and brightness." I looked at my Aunt in amazement, in all my life I had never seen her so moved, and my old suspicions wero aroused. "Lost! lost!" she murmured as if for- getting nty presence, "Cecil how wretch- ed is my fate! Living, yet dead to" me forever !" I sat quietly essaying to coihfort her iu my childish fashion, by softly kissing the taper fingers once on which the tears were fast falling. That evening was a uow ep- isode iu my life. 1 felt intuitively that uothing more must be said upon to be of " subject that brought up memories Aunt Ethel seemed struggling daily and hourly forget. My home at Longwood was a pleasant one. Every comfort and luxury that lov ing hearts could desire were scattered pro fusely around me, and yet I loved Aunt Ethel and her quiet ways far more than nty elder sister's gay company and plea sures. No change of any sort occurred until my eighteenth year, when Aunt Eth el's health appeared to bo declining. I was with her almost constantly after leav ing school, and it was at last decided that I should accompany her on a visit South Before going to Florida where wo intend ed spending the winter, we concluded to stop for a few weeks in the "Crescent Ci ty. ' How I reveled in those bright balmy days, and the Parisian manners of those whom wo met, so different front the cold formality of my Northern home, surprised and delighted On a sunny afternoon wo were riding on tho Boulevarda, as the French call Ca nal Street,'when my aunt complained of fatigue and requested the driver to stop at the Maison Dorce, an elegant establish ment, ono of tho best in tho city, noted for its almost princely restaurants. The to apartment that my aunt ami nivself enter ed was small and luxuriously "furnished ; the walls were hung with curtains of am ber colored satin, and the Turkish carpet betrayed no footfall. A curtain partly looped hack with gold cord divided the apartment, ami us we thus sat a door ed upon the hall outside and open Home one en tered. My Aunt Ethel's sola was too fat back for her to notice the front stranger, but my seat, near the window, I could sec him very plainly. lie was a man of perhaps fifty years, and of somewhat haughty bearing. Sitting down at a small table, he appeared for a few moments lost m thought. A noble form a little above the middle height, handsome English fea tures, and a mouth sweet in expression as a woman's. Unconsciously, I, as usual, began in niy foolish way to weave a romance upon the spot. My gentle Aunt Ethel, and my unknown hero, as I 10 sat unheeding my scrutiny, ruthlessly gnawing at the corners of his moustache (that inevitable sign of a man in perplexity or trouble,) might they not in some way be connected in each oth ers thoughts? While I was delightfully indulging in my "Castles de Espagnol' a waiter entered and the gentleman address ed some remarks to him. I happened to glance towards my Aunt and was startled by the had settled on her face, "Uhl Loin!" she grey pallor that moaned, "let us Surely it was his voice." In that moment go away. my castle loomed up edifice of fair proportions Here was mv Aunt Ethel's mystery revealed. I glanced again towards tho apartment but tho sir ger had left it. V ith a prayer iu nty heart that iu some way connected with him, the roses would again bloom on her pale cheek, I followed her out into the carriage. an in I The St. Charles and there was filled with guests was no lack of gayety, but my sole pleasure and care was for Aunt Ethel. One evening I left her for an hour's promenade upon a gallery opposite the Academy of Music, where D' Albert's most exquisite arias were attracting persons. A strange feeling of °_ seemed to haunt me, and as the notes of Lucia di Lammermoor floated out on the moolit night, the feeling deepened into gloom. Why was the world so full of brightness and joy, if human hearts should so droop in sorrow? Would mine be the lot of those who " make idols hut to find Ah! h many unrest is go and the on sad them clay ?"— a mockery seemed the gayly dressed groups around mo, when 1 thought of her whom I had left white and still a few moments befi In the midst of like i\v so >rc. my revertes led me, and looking tip I ol the person whom I had Maison Dorcc. tated, and as he in my hand, asked, emotion. ■tart met tilt) - seen at the lie appeared deeply agi placed a small package in a voice of deep f it." "if 1 was the It was a small velvet miniature of Aunt Ethel that I hud I day before. owner înelosin tho •use d the have day before. " Tell me," he said, after begging par don for his apparent rudeness, " does this picture belong to you, and why do you have it, for I saw you drop it almost i: this very spot." I confess I was rather frightened at the manner of the stranger, biit I replied as quitely as possible : " Yes, it is ntiue, and I am ful to you for finding it. picture." Ethel Clare," ho repeated, " it is the picture of my wife; and as very grate It is my Aunt's she of in nil young lady, you value the happiness of a human heintr do not trille with one who would give nil on earth to meet the original of that picture." I was too much surprised to speak, but as soon as I eoud do so I interrupted hi No, my dear sir, 3 'ou are mistaken, my Aunt was never married. Still my words did not seem to havo any effect on him, and he earnestly begged mo to take a few turns ns I m : pou the gallery while he would tell me his story. Apart from the throng under the star- light, I then heard for tho first time the secret of my Aunt Ethel's sadness and trouble. iu " Ten years ago," lie began, " I, Cecil Grey, left England for a new home, _ 80011 >n America l found all that wealth, talent and industry could give nie. The scion of an old though intproverisbed family, I soon obtained admittance into the first families of the city of B. At a ball given in honor of some foreign Ambassador, I-first formed the acquaint ance of Ethel Clare. You who have known her, know also, that with groat personal attractions site also possessed every mental quality that cuuld render her truly Joveable. I lost no opportunity of meet ing her, and when I learned from her lips that nty affection was returned, I indeed a happy man.' Ah ! those incuts of pure unalloyed happiness too perfect! How often while the sen gulls shrieked above the waves have I wished that I might have found a grave beneath them, if my hopes of earthly joy were to be blighted forever ! In a few short months Ethel Clare became my wife. Honte, that to an Englishman i the synonym of felicity, seemed to me a Paradise. Everything that Ï conld do for her, whom I loved so truly, was done, not from a sense of duty, but for the sweet pleasure of seeing her happy. al * t ' JU 8 00<1 qualities of wife's mind there lurked one single pois onous weed that was to become tho bête noier of our existence. She was jealous though the evil trait was seldom known. and own was mo were I IS my ; am the About three months after our marriage I was called from home on business, and leaving Ethel iu the care of a friend, hur ried away. How well I remember tbat last farewell ! For it was the last time I ever saw her. While in C-1 met very unexpectedly an old friend from England, whom I had not seen for years, and his lovely sister, a young girl of eighteen years. My triend Eeslic not feeling very well asked me to accompany his sister to the Opera, and not thinking of the terri ble consequences that would follow from a act of politeness, I escorted the beautiful Ada Leslio there, was filled to overflowing, for tone was announced on the bills, and I felt regret that my wife could not enjoy it with me, for she hud a finely cultivated ear. en fat but of as j or er I his Col. Grey held out his ^ the not mere The house new barri a a The evening after that I again returned home, all anxiety to fold to • >ny heart my sweet Ethel, but imagine my feelings, when instead of the fund welcome I had anticipated, a letter was put in my hands by a friend addressed to me in her famil iar handwriting, lines met On opening it, these my eyes : " Cecil Grey, your treachery has been discovered, and from this hour free. Do not seek to we are parted forever." " Good Heavens ! eould it be my gen tle wife who had written these cold, cruel words? I wrote explaining everything, but my letter was returned unopened. Nothing could win back her confidence, and from that hour we, who had been nearest and dearest, have lived estranged. She lived in the family of her brother, and you never know that she you are see me agaiu for as was ever married, her resentment must have been as great as her love once was fur me." " Once tfas I cried, "Aunt Ethel loves you still, her heart is breaking!" lell me where 1 may find her" cried Mr. Grey, "surely she will listen to now." c me I need not say how radiantly happy I was at that moment. " To-motrotv you shall see her at tile Maison Duree," I re plied, and so it was decided. 1 could scarcely wait for tho dawn, but hurried Aunt Ethel our accustomed drive. morn to away on great a "It Oh 1 how „ charm there lies in those few words, is more blessed to give than to receive," lor never did I know such joy as at that moment, when through my simple means, one lonely heart could find peace and hap piness. 1 I left Aunt Ethel in tho little parlor to go on some fancied errand to the waiter's domains. Of course I did not hurry back, and when I did return I could scarcely bc liete my senses. Surely this woman with the shy, rosy blushes coming and going on her sweet faco, could not bo = sad Aunt Ethel. As I my pale, came near hand, and said in a tone of deep feeling, "God bless you Lola, wc owe all our hap piness to you." r Ihus were they at last united, never again to part in anger or sorrow, no more ilitys of weary longing for love and happi lie In a fair Southern of be fit, to if not lie In a fair Southern home we live to-day, for my home is with Cecil Grey and his beuatiful wife. Beneath the blue skies of the South-land I revel still, the Magnolia blossoms fall in snowy clouds upon the velvet turf, and the mocking birds fill the air with melody, and I am happier than 1 ever dreamed I could be oefore I knew my Aunt Ethel's Secret. A Person employing a cab in Paris will bo sure ot obtaining agaiu the smallest trille that ho may chauCo to leave in the vehicle, if he makes application for it at the proper place. If his loss is a watch, an overcoat, an umbreda, a locket, a ring, a bank-note, or even a small coin, it is only necessary for him to be able to prove his property at the Prefecture do Police, m order to speedily regain it. This may seem to speak marvellously well for the Honesty of the Paris cab-drivers, but the real fact is, that tho probity, of these nten is rendered certain by a very simple de- vice. Police agents frequently ride in cabs, and purposely leave behind them small coins or other articles of slight val- If these objects aro not brought to the Prefecture do Police within two days the cab-driver loses his license, and is also liable to prosecution. Of course this rmd measure renders every cab-driver honest by sheer necessity, as he never knows when his fare is a polce-agent in disguise. Tho wny they manage things in Paris is a matter of ceaseless comparison with own imperfect and rude methods, easy to linvc iu our city a cab-system that should at once be well-ordered, trust- worthy, and economical, instead of which, by the eo-operation of car-interest ami livery-stable interests, we are left without these useful vehicles altogether. uo. our How an An intelligent gentleman from Germany on his first visit to an American church, had a contribution box with a hole in the top presented to him, and whispered the collector, " I don't get mein babers uut can't vote." to A foppish fellow advised a friend not to marry a poor girl, as he would find matri mony with poverty " up hill work." "Good, ' said his friend, "I would rather up hill than down any time." "Look here, boy," said a nervons old gentleman to a youngster who was eating sugar candy at a lecture, "you aro annoy ing mo very much." "Not much I ain't m a-nawing this handy," replied the boy' I J A writer over the signature of " Now I j and Then," defends the Fruit Dealers to a I THE FRUIT TRADE. CUMtoms, Abuse and Renirdlca. against certain complaints of the Fruit growers, and publishes his article iu the Rural New Yorker, from which journal we copy and publish it, at the request of a Fruit Dealer iu New ifork. Much has been said against them/let them uow be heard in their own deface : Some peach growers have taken excep- | tion to tiio point iu my article on the Del- | aware peach trade, that a dealer is respon sible only for the baskets which he loses, iu other words, that his responsibility docs not cease on the delivery of them to the railway company. They say, and in st upon it, that wo ought to pay for all j that is lost up to the delivery of them at their depots. I will soon show that this system would be ruinous to the dealer. an expensive feature in marketing the peach crop, and for that reason farmers dread the purchasing of them. Once purchased, they think there ought not to be any wear out or loss to them, uuless the dealer pays for it. Many of these baskets arc kept for years, time become quite woru out. Yet if they will hold together so as to begin tho son, shippers do not care how soon fhoy are lost ; it is so much gain to them, they are sure to demand the price of a new oue for every one lost. Not only this, but they will let their old baskets lio at tho depot, or along the road at any other depot, as it is their interest to do so, par ticularly at the latter end of the season ; for, as we all know, it is a rare occurence for them to have a regular series of this ■op, and they greatly prefer tho cash to the carrying of them over for one, two, three years. They arc also unwilling to admit the de preciation of value of the baskets by use, but always demaud twenty-five cents at least for them, because tho dealers that amount from the buy to guarantee them against loss, has no bearing on the case, for the dealer must, aud does lose many, iu spite of all precaution, and it is no more than just that he should guard against losses : and if the growers receive the value of their bas kets, it is none of their business how much or little deposit the dealer requirss from his customers. Who ever heard of u grow er refusing twenty-five cents for baskets that were not worth fifteen cents, because they were not worth it? I never have, and doubt if such n ease ever existed ; but I do know where 14 farmer has received pay for baskets that he knew were safe iu his burn at tho time he took the money, simply because they had slipped through ^ 10 bis dealer without being charged to him. ! or, M Baskets are ami 111 sra ill in as c or require a deposit, That fact ers as was in the 23d, ica If a dealer must be held responsible for the return of the baskets to the depot, why not hold him responsible for the safe arriv äwäääs sc st ! sponsibility. It is generally known and j pon. 10 "oÄ a 1 'tL»„7UkotHr fruit have been stolen from the cars on where railroads have failed to return a whole car load of empty baskets, skinners have not demanded pa/ for them for the same reason; so they think they oanbring a pressure powerful enough to make thf dealer, pay for them, and they try it, re gardless of any justice in the case It is no reason that they should because a deal "tf 1 l t c f T f r thcyor r h;ut r ed obliged to. Is it not unjust in the ex treme to demand of the dealer the safo re turn of the baskets on that ground? or is spïïisa - G rowers sometimes complain of the wrong baskets being sent them. I admit that to be the case, and it cannot be avoided in the rush of the tr.de" bn it wotUd be a very simple thing for the grower to Lt * them out and return them immediately to the dealer, so that he can give credit for „ them, and return them to fhe proper own' cr but tho reverse is the practice very of ten They are thrown o'ut, and nothing said about them until shippers find they arc charged to them ; then they enter tl e?r „ tho honesty of your dealer, unite and send agent to the city on purpose to sign a ot reoeipt for them, aud keep a regular count of them every day ; at tile same time the agent can be very useful in noting the condition of the fruit on arrivals, the state of the market, and many other items which are uf interest to the farmers, but of which the dealer has no time to note. It is true this plan will cost the growers money, but they reap all the benefit deri ved from it, and if they are unwilling to be at a slight expense for their own bene fit, they cannot expect a dealer to do it. Most of the dealers can show a correct daily shipment of baskets, and are willing to furnish an affidavit to that effect ; aud if their accounts of sales have proved cor rect and satisfactory, the probability is that tho basket account is correct also ; at least that fact should command for him some sign of respect instead of the title of swindler, simply because the baskets did not reach the shipper. r his of the the at is to an ac a lie of into for ' tcl Now | ■ Tjte fact is just this :—The demands of I of the farmers are becoming more oppres ' sive every year, and the result is that the dealers are forming themselves into sociation to protect themselves from this, state of affairs, and to correct and regulate the various customs aud commissions for selling certain fruits. My only object i writing this article is to get the truth aud cause a better state of feeling to exist be tween both parties ; for a farmer needs a dealer as much as the dealer needs the Now and Then. an as the a has be | | to at of ! farmer. CHAPTER OF FIRST THINGS. The first savings' bank was instituted in 1810. 1 he first auction in Eugland took nlaco in 1700. Hie first English Parliament convened on November I5th, 1213. Violins were invented in 1577, and in troduced into England by Charles II. The first attempts to establish fire in surance were made during the reign of Charles II. 6 The first life-boat was invented by M. Berniers, director of the bridges and ways in France, in 1777. Gas was first introduced for lighting tho public streets about the year 1810. It was first used in Birmingham. The coach is a French invention. The first coach seen in England was about Iu 1020 the vehicle was fitst plied cause-. 1563. for hire. The first bonnet worn iu England was brought from Italy, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and its form was a compromise between the present round Italian hat and the French hood. Hats appear to have been first used about the year 1400. Tho earliest mention of forks occurs ill a book of travels published iu 1611. The first composer who set an opera to music was Francesco Barbarini, an Italian artist ; nnd tho piece to which he gave the garb of harmony was " The Conver sion of St. Paul." It was brought out in Romo in 1460. The first steamboat tised in Groat Bri. tain was the Comet, a small vessel of forty feet keel, and ten feet and a half beam, with an engine of three horse power, which carried passengers on tho River Clyde, in Scotland, 1814. Steel peasant needles came first into England from Spain and Germany. 1 first manufactured ' man, in 1565. accounted the best that arc made. The first horse ever seen in Canada was brought to that country from Franco, in a ship which arrived at Tadoussuc the 20 th of June, 1647. Gov. Joseph Dudley, who was born at Massachusetts, Septcmbor 23d, 1647, was the first native of Amer ica that held a scat in the British Housq of Commons. They wero in London by a Ger Knglislt needles aro now ou Itoxbury, in nels dated ii.u. „ , , ! fern-"" j by mc°G°odan C d nd ai? s'l!nt's'"° ^ f n r .. , ^ 67 °^'' ° f Masaach ® sett3 . published in Tho fir., ho, 1 . „0 • • , - boül ;. of P r T'P les , of ' P"btieal 1091 "entitUd be n t . reatlse of N ° rt, >. "> Nothin „ of • , »' scuur3e on Trade." 1 ,^d from th?/ t,r' n Iv , " publication of «f Political Econo NatUT by Smitb '* roylsed by^V g M'Leod Tt F , ljCoJ ', D : D JNew York, Co fo/?Vhbi" d b> r Watt * k siSiEr The fratliprimr nF ..„tnr, *i • • * a g ' aut 0 S r 0 P llsi originated 10 Germany, about the year 1550, when TTJ nT"V°,° k ", bout . with ' he "' * le S an ' l Monk-book, for the signatures, of "ThTfim^Kinn'''V ** 1 /l, lCn<ia ' „ Jl 1 ' Kln 8 * Spech" eV er dcliv StWÄ 'l'l "f", ElaCt, - V the rnv« 7 • i n ? J , ohn fira ' "«umed M „"ILuaj Th? buf ° re beCU .1" hn g. lal ^. The same nion • i, 'ho credit of being the first Bn «sc?*« ■■&"- ä who was not* the*' e ''° n '° IIeDrj ' VL ot l le r. Edward IV Tito first use of the oath upon the Gos pels is dated 528. aro in one, nor yet had the , ... , ,, . . " Most High and Mighty Prince." Henry VII. was the first English "Highness."—Henry VIII..was the first complimented by tbe title of " Majesty," and Jantes I. prefixed to the last title " Sacred and Most Excel lent."— Boston Transcript, irai A gentleman ono day indiscreetly »iked lady bow old ehe was. She reflected "Lot mo see. I was eighteen when T married, and my husband was thirty t bow lie is twice thirty, and that is sixty So of course, I am twice eighteen, that is thirty-sixty. A couple of fellow, who wore pretty thoroughly soaked with bad whiskey g üt into the gutter. After floundering about for a few minutes, one of them said tcl i"ks et ' S E ° 10 aDOther b0USe ' thi> *«'