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Middletown transcript. [volume] (Middletown, Del.) 1868-current, March 19, 1870, Image 2

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®Ite Jtliddlctoiüir transcript.
and
the
"
years
What
such
the
seem
ure,
zen
MIDDLETOWN, DEL.
SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 10, ,1370.
MCRUIED RATE OF INTEREST.
As it is genernljy conoedetl that few
farms will pay six percent. Interest on thoir
coat, an increase of the lognl
would Certainly tend to depreciate their
pr.ee. The farmer needs money at s lower
rate and not a higher one. The same is the
case with most kinds of business. In nine
caaot out of ten not one will warrant the
payment of a larger sum than six per cent.
To increase the rate of interest will only
add to the harden of tho debtor class. Ma
ny cannot pay six per cent, and 1iow arc
they to bs benefitted by making seven or
eight the legal rate we cannot understand.
The borrowers in most of the States have
difficulty in proenring money, nud are no
belter off then in our State. Tho want of
the times is moro money end a tower rate
of interest .—Delaware Republican.
rate of interest
It is not the borrowers who want a high
er rate of interest, hut the lenders. Six
the
if
by
by
of
per cent, is as much as land will bear, and
as muoh as merchants, traders and me
chanics, can afford to pay.
of interest would ; roducc more bankrupts
than we now have, for men's necessities
will often compel them to pay a higher
rate of interest than they can afford to pay,
attd a loan thus effected may postpone the
orisii in a man's affairs, for a time ; but
renders it all the more certain. Experi
ence has proven that six per cent, is cnongh
for the temporary use of money in a healthy
trade; if moro be given, it puts in jeopar
dy the solvency of the borrower, and in
creases tho risk of all his creditors, and
thus works injury to society. If six per
cent, will not satisfy the lender, neither
would ten nor twelve. Avarice is not to
bo satisfied, but liko tho horso-lecch's
daughter crios, "givo! give!" and the
more you give, tho more will tho cry be
heard. The present regulation of six per
oent. we believe to be founded in wisdom
and based upon tho business experience of
tho commercial world. It is enough.
More would be hurtful, tending to make
the rioh richer, and tho poor poorer. Any
law or regulation which tends to build
a class of bloated capitalists, and to
centrate wealth in the hands of a few, is
pot the best for the body politic. Whore
wealth ia more generally diffused, there is
tho greatest amount of prosperity and hap
piness. That community is best off where
there are not many poor nor many rioh,
but where tho great mass enjoy a moderate
oompctencc. Exorbitant rates of inter
est tend to disturb this competence of the
miaule class, and therefore militate against
the general prosperity. The idea that
money, like water, will seek its level—that
It will go wherever the highest rates of in
terest are paid, is true only in part. It will
not go where there is not sufficient
A higher rate
up
con
securi
tj of return, however high tho premium
offered, and it cannot be returned, when
the rate of interest is too high for a health;
elate of trade. We conclude, therefore,
that exorbitant interest reacts upon tho
lender as well as the borrower, nnd that
bc;ond a certain rate it is hurtful to both.
Thet rate, tho experience of manhind has
ffxod at six per cent.
THE PEACH INTEREST.
Tho peach trade ia likely to be better
understood through tho medium of the
several communications which havo
peared, and which are jet to appear in
tho columns of tho Transcript. Wo pub
lished, last week, from the Rural New
Yorker, the communication signed " Now
pnd Then," written in tho interest of tho
l'ruit-seilen. To-day, we have another
letter from New York, in tho same inte
rest, and n Bccond letter from Mr. Samuel
TowiiBend, in the interest of tbo peach
growers, to bo followed by others, opening
up to tho public view somo strange phases
of the peach business. We are given to
understand that tbo bait has not yet been
told of tho tricks of the peach trade, and
the public may prepare for some interest
ing revelations. Not only so, we under
stand that at the meeting which it is pro
posed to hold in Middletown, on Satur
day the 16th of April, it is expected that
certain prominent New York fruit dealers
i*md shippers will be present to make
revelations concerning the peach trade,
which will open the eyes of peach growers,
who would do well to be present at that
meeting, and hear all that may bo said
upon a eubjeot in which they are so deeply
interested.
The new •• sliding freight schedule," as
it is called, also appears in this issue.
'.Ye bare received the 2d No. of the Tr.
ninsllai'. Record, published at Scaford,
Bel. at $2 per annum, by Messrs. Dono
ho & Stevens. There aro thirteen news
papers now published in tho State—ono at
Hcafbrd, one at Georgetown, one at Mil
ford, two at Dover, two at Smyrna, one at
Middletown, and five in Wilmington.
Tho Delaware Republican names the
/oliowing persons in conucetion with the
Republican nomination for Governor :—
\.»yor Yalentiuc, J. T Heald Wm. Can
iiy, John F. Williamson, Geo. Z. Tyboat,
Daniel Corbit, of New Castle county; Dr.
Jump, offrent; and Benjamin F. Burton,
of Susie*
ap
some
RECKLESS EXPENDITURE.
Notwithstanding that the late Edwin M.
Stanton died leaving an estate of §75,000,*
and that he never occupied the seat on
the Supreme Bench to which ho waa ap
pointed but a few days before his decease,
Congress has "generously" donated his
" destitute" family the sum of §0,000; a
years salary of the office be never filled.
What right has Congress to make any
such appropriation? Instead of saving
the money of a tax-ridden people, they
seem to think themselves at liberty to
spend it "as free as water," for every
purpose under the sun; when, in strict
honesty and probity, they have
right to touch a dollar of the public treas
ure, except for public purposes, than they
havo to filch from the pockets of any citi
zen they moy meet upon Pennsylvania
Avenue. But Congress is no longer
controlled by considerations of right ; its
own imperious will is the supreme law ; it
acknowledges no other.
Tn*
learn
ident
more
road
and
and
lowing
result"
They
Dover
First,
es
kets
rate
kets,
car;
baskets,
$100
the
without
of
rate
year.
oc
of
in
ny
amine
bis
to
aud
and
The
the
kets
station,
pany
cars
all
the
age
the
ine
tions
nnd
the
no more
Intelligence from Annapolis, Md. rep
resents that tho Committee on Registra
tion of the House of Delegates, in view of
the adoption of the Fifteenth Amendment,
will report a bill providing for tho regis
tration of tho colored vote of the State, as
if this class of population is to be allowed
tho privilege of the ballot, it is better they
should bo registered under tho laws and
by tho proper officers of tho Stato, than
by Federal officers under an act of Con
gress.
We aro indebted to the courtesy and at
tention of George Riddle, Esq. for a copy
of his bill from the Committee of Ways
nnd Means, of tho Maryland House of
Delegates, authorising the transfer of the
State appropriation of $58,000 to the Elk
ton and Sassafras Railroad Company, to
the Elkton and Massey's Railroad Co. as
soon ns tho subscriptions to the capital
stock of said Company shall equal that
This hill will no doubt pass.
Wo have received a lotter from Kent
county, Md. giving an account of a rcceut
negro meeting, nt Millington, said to have
been addressed by a white man, a certain
Capt. S. who uncorked the vials of his
wrath and poured it out upon the Demo
cratic party to the edification of his sable
auditors. We have not space for the let
ter, this week.
to
8Um -
of
is
is
the g ratu lations of Cameron, Drake, Sumner,
in
will
It
a
listen
Band
by
and
the
that
thy
and
nnd
mind,
and
ty,
es.
Dr.
Drs.
pied
off
of
of
the
and
the
it
ed
Revels, the negro Senator from Misais
sippi, made Lia maiden speech in the Sen
ate on Tuesday, on the Georgia question.
When ho conoluded he received the con
Fenton, and others !
AYc are indebted to Senators Saulsbury
and Bayard, and Representative Biggs,
for important speeches nnd public docu
ments.
tho
that
has
Tin Deer Hunt.— The deer hunt at
the Trappe, on Wednesday, was rather a
dull affair in consequence of the animal
being too tame to make a chase. He ran
as far as the almshouse, a distance of a
bout a mile and a-half, where he took
refuge in one of the quarters, and was
taken out unhurt. Ho was taken back to
tho Trappe and again let loose, but
only a short distance before he
taken by tho dogs and slightly injured.
Wo learn that there were about three hun
dred persons present to witness the turn
out, and a considerable number participa
ted in the chase. An excellent dinner
was served up at the Trappe, to which
ample justice was done. The-deer is hold
in reservo for another occasion.— Kent
Neicn.
run
was over
the
in
pub
New
Now
tho
inte
to
been
and
pro
Satur
that
trade,
that
said
deeply
as
Tr.
Dono
news
at
Mil
at
the
the
:—
Can
Dr.
ap
The intelligence from Madrid is impor
For the first time we have intima
tion that a sentiment is rising in Spain in
favor of abandouiug tho Island of Cuba to
the United »States.
tant.
A fierce controversy
is in progress over tho best means of dis
posing of thu questiou, but the proposition
to givo up the island, which is advocated
boldly by some of the journals, is opposed
by a majority of the press as cowardly aud
unpatriotic.
An unpleasant incident occurred at the
funeral of Priuco Henri de Bourbon, the
victim of Montpensier's markmansbip.
The 1'riDoe woh a mon.bor of tho Order el
Freemasons, and the funeral was conduct
ed under their supervision. When the re
mains ranched the church, the officiating
priest, seeing tho Masonic emblems on the
coffin, withdrew the insiguia of the
church and refused to perform the re
ligious ceremonies.
A private letter from a gentleman in
Suuth Carolina interested in cotton-plant
ing expresses the belief that the
a
some
coming
season will witness u greater devotion to
corn and other cereal cultivation, and less
to ootton, than during tbo- past senson.
One of the principal reasons for this deter
mination is because of the gradual decline
in tho cotton market.
The Committee on Reconstruction
still considering tho caßo of Tennessee.
1 hey examined on Wednesday a colored
delegation in regard to tho condition of
that State, and will probably report in fa
vor of treating it in tho samo
Georgia.
Siuee last October, fifty-three thousand
emigrants, black and white, havo passed
through Memphis, of whom fifteen thous
and were foreigners, principally from the
neighborhood of Chicago, hunting homes
in tho Cotton 8tates. The blacks
principally from Virginia.
Col. YVhitcley, Chief of the Government
Detective Service, has nrreeted M. II
Träubel, a lithographer, in Philadelphia,
who is charged with engraving counterfeit
brewers* stamps. A quantity of plates
and stamps, amounting to §10.000 were
; ulfo captured.
are
manner as
aro
The
ganized
II.
man,
tion
Thomas
Board
the
LOCAL AND STATE AEEAJRS.
Tn* Transportation op tub Peach Crop. —We
that the committee of the Peach Growers'
Association hato had a conference with the Pres
of the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Balti
Railroad and the Camden and Amboy Rail
in regard to obtaining a reduction of freight
other arrangements for the better security
carrying of the peach crop, and that the fol
lowing proposals of the railroad companies is the
result"
They propose to carry the peach crop, taking
Dover ns a basis of calculation.
First, On a sliding scale, charging on all poach
carried during the season, if the number of bas
kets does not exceed 900.000, at the last y
rate of $130
1,000,000 bas
awarded
fixtures,
in
Works,
next,
's
George
o'clock,
Brass
per car load of 16,000 pou mis : If
sKets, $125 per car; 1,100,000 bas
kets, $120 per car ; 1,200.000 baskets, $l 15 per
car; 1,300,000baskets, $110 per enr ; 1,400,000
baskets, $105 per cor ; 1,500,000 baskets, or
$100 per car. The whole crop to be charged at
the lowest freight rate reached.
Second, During tho season tho cars to cost,
without regard to number of baskets, a fixed rate
$110 per
rate of 22 cents per basket, 4 cents less than laßt
year. In either case the State tax of $5 a car to
added as last year.)
These two proposals are left open for the choice
of the Peach Growers' Association when it meets
April next.
The President of the P. \Y. A B. R. R. Compa
ny promises that he will appoint an agont to ex
amine all peach loaded carson their transfer from
bis road to the New York road at Philadelphia,
to ascertain their condition at ihc time of transfer,
aud for all peaches stolen or damaged to report
and give certificat} of the same to the shipper.
The company will also require its agents at nil
the shipping stations on its road to send all bas
kets that come to them, not belonging to their
station, to the proper station immediately.
The President of the Camden and Amboy Com
pany agrees to better secure and ventilate his
cars and to keep agents at Jersey City to examine
all cars as they arrive, and to give certificates to
the commission merchants of any losses or dam
age of pca'-iics, as well a n to give every facility to
the commission merchants for the sale of the
peaches, lie also promises to have sufficient
hanging lights affixed to enable dealers to exam
ine peaches in the cars, Ac.
behooves the committee on water trans
portation to prepare a report as to what proposi
tions have been tnade to them by steamboat
nnd have it published before the April meeting of
the Association, so that the interests of all con
cerned maybe intelligently considered.— Delawa
Rural
it I
the
esty
ness.
per,
who
help
when
from
of
peach
and
to
line.
what
ry
sters
load of 16,000 pounds, (or nt the
of
small
he
nies
tried
vour
boy
dent
to
son
said
and
City,
your
and
from
will
cent
to
the
It
scy
ful.
TnE Joint Discussion. —The Town Hall wa3
literally packed, on Tuesday evening last, with
a highly Intelligent and respectable audience, to
listen to the discussion between the Smyrna and
Middletown Lyceums, of the question—"Should
Chinese emigration be encouraged 7" At least five
hundred persons were present, the Amphion
Band lending additional pleasure to the occasion
by their inspiring strains. The debate was ably
and courteously conducted on both sides, and
though the chaplet was ultimately placed upon
the brow of Middletown, its representatives felt
that it was a victory hardly won, nnd that their
Smyrna competitors were, indeed, "t'ooinnn wor
thy of their steel." The Olympic Games which
constituted the chief of the four great national
festivals of the Greeks, were instiuted to try the
physical strength and prowess of the contestants ;
and the gladiators in the amphitheatre of Rome
depended for success upon their strength, agility
nnd courage; but a nobler conflict was that of
Tuesday evening last, the conflict of mind with
mind, and right gallantly was it sustained, af
fording an agreeable and profitable evening's en
tertainment to ail who were present.
We transfer to our columns the account of it
published in the Smyrna Times , correcting an er
which reverses the positions of Messrs. Biggs
and Vallandigham,—the latter was the choice of
Middletown, the former of Sm.v
The social debate between the Middletown and
Smyrna Debating Societies took place yesterday
evening at Middletown, in the presence or a large
audience. The Amphion string ba..d discoursed
some good music for the occasion. Three judges
were sc!"0ted-r-S C. Biggs by the Middictown
society, Dr. Vnllandigham by the Sm rnn socie
ty, and Danle- Corbit, jr. by the other two judg
es. The Judges, the Presidents of the two So
cieties,—Mr. \V. Green, of t ne Middletown, arid
Dr. Collins, of the Smyrna—and the eicrgy—
Drs. Patton and McCabe, of Middletown
pied the stage. Mr. Pcnington, of this town, led
off in the affirmative, followed by Mr. Reynolds,
of Middletown, for the negative. Mr. Ed
of this town, followed next, succeeded by Mr.
Evans, of Mfddletown. Each disputant spoke
twice, occupying about two hours and three
quarters in the discussion. At the conclusion
the Judges retired and rendered a verdict—the
majority for the
dissented. The question was warmly and ably
debated on both sides, and deep interest whs
ifested throughout. There
much conflict of opinion with the audience con
cerning the decision, and it would have been
hotter, perhaps, bad a* vote been taken by them.
Smyrna, however, is satisfied with the decision.
Tho Middletown Society evinced great kindness
and friendship, which was duly appreciated by
the Smyrnians.
{Spring and Summer Styles of Clothing for
1870.—The readers of the Transcript would find
it to their advantage to call and examine the
splendid stock of first class ready made clothing
and varied assortment of Spring and Summer
Coalings and Cassimcres, now on hand at Ed
ward Moore's, 228 Market street, Wilmington.
Del. Mr. M. is well known in Middletown and
vicinity, and his long practical experience in the
manufacture of all kinds of garments suitable for
men nnd boys' wear, is a sufficient guarantee that
satisfaction will he given to purchasers. Being a
cash buyer and having all his goods manufactur
ed under his supervision, he guarantees to sell
first class clothing at less than Phila. prices. Give
him a call.
for:
and
the
k
to
put
and
I
ards,
\
of
to
tq
gativc.
Mr. Daniel Corbit
:emed to be
At tho election held on Monday last, for seven
Directors of tho Middictown Hall Company, for
the year commencing on the 14th inst. the fol
lowing gentlemen were elected :— J. M. Cox, K.
A. Cochran, sr. Samuel Penington, J. R. Hall,
\V. II. Barr, Chas. Tatman, jr.
d Thomas Mas
603*. The new Directors met and organized
Thursday evening by electing J. M. Cox, Presi
dent; Samuel Pcnington, Secretary; and J. R.
Hall, Treasurer,
Cattle Disease in New Castle county. —Seve
rn 1 cows have recently died in the upper part of
Christiana Hundred, from some unknown cause.
James B Dilworth lost two fine animals; Joseph
Oaks, of Ccntreviile, one ; and two other parties
each. They exhibited no signs of sickness
did not know that anything
the mutter, until they were found dead.—
Republican.
OiwKvnANCi or tub Saddatii.—R ev. Dr. Mc
Cabe will (D. V.) preach on the above subject
Sunday (to-morrow) evening, in tho Chapel of
the P. E Church. Services will commence at
7J. Tho same subject will form the staple of the
discourse on the next Sunday night at the same
place aud hour.
Tho card of John II. Blake, a negro barber in
Wilmington, has been freely circulated through
New Castle county, announcing himself as a can
didate for the Republican nomination for sheriff.
Improvements. —Mr. John Lcauby is putting up
a frame dwelling house on Anderson street, and
Mr. J. II. Walker contemplates building
Broad street, nearly opposite tho Academy.
Miss Anna Clark, daughter of the into Cant
well Clark, near Glasgow, Del. had her carriage
aud harness stolen out of her carriage house one
night lust week.
It is not likely, says the Commercial, that any
Fair will be held on tbeir grounds, near this city,
by the New Castle County Agricultural Society,
ibis year.
Mr. Geo. Frederick Brady has sold his farm of
180 acres, near Delaware City, to the same par
ties who bought ihc farms of Messrs. Clark, for
$45,000.
Mr. R. E. Knighton has removed from this town
to 8myrna, and engaged in the tinning business,
having bought out J. H. Graham.
The measles are prêtaient through all this re
gion, aud the disease is not confined to children,
but many adults have been attacked.
Francis D. Dunlap, an agod and wealthy cjt
ucu of Dctaware City, died on Monday.
nd their ow
The newly elected Town Commissioners or
ganized on Thursday evening, th? 10th inst. K.
Foster was elected President, and.CharlesTat
man, Jr. Secretary. The Board passed a resolu
tion to havo the trees trimmed, and appointed
Thomas Massey to superintend the work. The
Board met again on Thursday evening last
contract for lighting the street lr.mna
season,
salesmen
Jersey
when
will
April,
to
stands
doubt
solicit
es
As
the
is
is
ay
honest,
pense,
York;
which
Jersey
need
the
man
if
York
York,
that
all
•o
on
the
if
on
City,
into
and
awarded to Wm. McDowell.
Don't forget that the* side of the stock, tools,
fixtures, and agricultural implements, contained
nnd belonging to the Peninsular Machine
Works, in this town, takes pluco on Tuesday
next, the 22nd instant. For full particulars see
advertisement in another column.
Tho drawing of the Town Lots, advertised by
George W. Ingram A Co. will lake place on
Saturday afternoon next, the 26th Instant, at 1
o'clock, in the Town Hall. The Townsend
Brass Band will be present on tho occasion.
%
v
For the Middletoicn Transcript.
Mr. Editor :-t—S ome person forwarded me the
Rural New York
of the 26th of February. I
it I sec a communication signed " Now and
Then," speaking of the peach trade of Delaware,
the farmers' claims for baskets, and their dishon
esty in general, with regard to the peach busi
ness. Now, sir, ns a Delaware peach grower and
farmer, 1 propose to sav a few words in your pa
per, in reply to this saint of Washington Market,
who sets himself up as an injured
help the Delaware peach growers
when they sink so low as to deserve a lecture
from the hucksters of Washington Market. Some
of these gentry, at the commencement of the
peach business, formed thcmselv
corporation, sent on their agents to Philadelphia
and ruled the market, ns there was no outlet then
to New ^ ork, only by the Camden nnd Amboy
line. These men, who this "Now and Then''
represents, brought on with them to Philadelphia
what is known na the pony baskets, nnd for eve
ry hundred Delaware baskets, these honest huck
sters would fill one hundred nnd tc
baskets.
man. God
nd farmers
into
close
and
and
the
meet
ver,
. or twenty
Not satisfied with controlling the price
of poaches in Philadelphia, they would stick their
small pony baskets on New York, as a basket of
peachc3. After the Del. Rail Road was made aud
he large orchards along it came into bearing, I
determined to flank this combination of N. York
hucksters, who controlled and monopolized the
Philadelphia market. I went to see the compa
nies owning the rail roads between here und Jer
*or ceased my efforts. 1 got up
meetings, and those meetings combined the Del
aware peach growers. We were finally sucicss
^ou old monopolists pf Philadelphia k
, and I perfectly recollect your Li
threats that you would spend a large amount of
money to prevent me and others from sending
peaches to Jersey City, nnd unknown to us you
tried to assume guardianship over us, nnd signed
vour names to a petition to the Camden and Am
boy Co. saying it was the best route to bring
peaches to N. York, nnd when we met the Presi
dent ot the C. A A. Co. (who also was opposed
to our peaches going to Jersey City, for the rea
son that the New Jersey R. R. Co. would get the
freight from New Brunswick to Jersey City,) the
said President showed us your petition, which
proved you to be willing tools of the Camden
and Ainboy Co. to keep us from going to Jersey
City, and at the same time getting clear of y
Philadelphia monopoly. I asked .Mr. Welsh, the
President of the C. A A. R. R. to let me look at
your petition, and 1 had it copied und have your
names to-day, and may yet have your photo
graphs taken, to hang up in the room of our As
sociation, as so many honest, disinterested peach
salesmen, of Washington Market.
Now, Mr. "Now and Then," for your benefit
and these yon represent, I will just say this, that
from the first hour we got the peach line estab
lished to Jersey City, we h<
will continue to be clear aud independent of all
attempted monopolies of Washington Market
hucksters. I know there are enough honest, de
cent peach salesmen, in and around said market,
to sell all our peaches, and when they make a
bargain with us to charge the persons buying the
peaches 25 cents extra for each basket, to insure
the return of said basket,
parts of baskets not
to
scy City, and
ful.
ragadoeia
the
ed,
for
the
the
of
Its
for
nd nlwavs
in
are
In
d for all baskets or
returned
us to pay us
for: and, for the purpose of protecting both them
and
the freight schedule for this ye
k B. and C. lc A. Co. New Jers
with them for
rselvcs,
•c last week
•hen we arranged
with the 1*. W.
, also arranged
nt Jersny City,
to receipt to the salesmen tor all empty baskets
put in the '•ars. And I further say to Mr. "Now
and Then," that all the dishonest hucksters or
I e.tcli salesmen may unite as soon as they please,*
for them, nor do we the
person or pers
e neither ie.
nor
intend to employ «ny salesman
ish it
peach grow
who will pot agree to our tern.*; for
known that we ihe Delaware peach growers and
shippers, are the Law and. the Prophets, so Cj r ns
this peach trade is concerned. We intend to
make the terms on which our peaches shall lie
sold, nnd any salesman is at perfect liberty to
agree to <
will say i
large number, although acting us salesmen for
the Delaware growers, arc at the si
recti y concerned in shipping peaches beyond N.
\ ork uud in our baskets, and therefore not only
some of them concerned in keeping the prices
of peaches down, as salesmen selling Delaware
peaches to themselves / to ship beyond New York,
using our baskets or capital to carry on tbeir
business, and when we demand tho baskets or
the pay they have got for the
Then" accuses the Delaware peach grower of
dishonesty. Since the season closed w* have re
ceived baskets that came tram Chicago. Now,
does any honest or fair salesman suppose it is
either honest or fair, for growers to nud baskets
to ship beyond New York ? Wo growers, this
year, shall demand of alt salesmen wo employ,
that none ot our baskets shall go beyond New
York city, or be longer than three days in re
turning all empty baskets. And, further, the
Delaware peach growers who ship to Jersey City,
do not intend to pay cartage on peaches sold iu
Jersey City. All that cunuol bo sold to advan
tage there, wo are willing to pay for hauling over
tq tho stands for retail. Last year wo shipped
2,000,000 buskets, and nt least three-four tbs ot
them were sold iu Jersey l ity ; aud that amount
at 4 ecu is per basket, would make $60, non. und
then 10 per cent was charged on this amount us
talcs, warn really it was only freight. That
uiukes on the $60,000, $6,000, iu all $66,000,
robbed out of these *-dishonest" Delaware farm
ers by the Saints of Washington Market und vi
cinity and their shipping partners beyond New
\ ork city. You Huiuts may as well be quiet;
you can neither scare uor force us to your terms.
VN e do not wish or expect to iuicrtbre with the
10 per ccut commission, but ull other matters re
lating to the peach business, we claim and iutend
to exercise the right of regulating us we please.
We do not want to client you out ot one cent, aud
we intend, as far us we cun prevent, that you
shull not cheat us ; us wo hope, in u short time,
to cross car loads of peaches from Jersey City to
the Hhore Line R. R. so that we cun send the ears
loaded with peaches in Delaware, to ull the prin
cipal towns north und east of New ^ ork city,
without unloading the curs by the vay; that is,
ship direct from ttic orchards in Delaware to said
re do*now to Jersey City. There.ore,
Mr. "Now and Then," you may get up your
combination us soon as you please ; we will
find out their names, and not one basket will they
Samuel Townsend.
su
to
terms. And, further, I
iuic to all peach salesmen, that a
Ibis " Now
of
tow
eomuitesiDn.
'Jitonsina, March 14th, 1870.
P. H.—The above communication was written
for the Rural New Yorker, but being very busy,
1 did not get'lt ready for the paper lust week, uud
iberelorc send it to the Middletown Transcript, u
paper published iu lit« great peuch growing dis
trict; and as 1 see by the last week's issue that a
peach salesman of New lork hu<* sent a reply to
a former communication of mitte. 1 wus gtau to
see such a notice, us it proves that the Transcript
hua u circulation iu New lork, aud that Mr.
' Now uud Then, 1 ' of tho Rural New t orker, and
his pcach-bciling associates, cuu us well be reach
ed through the Transcript us the Rural New ) ork
er, and J lurther advise the peuch salesmen ot
New \ ork to subscribe for the Middletown T
script, as iu it they will Aud mure useful iufur
maiton iu regard to the peach trade aud peach
growing of Delaware, than in uny other puper,
trout thu fact thut it is published iu the great
peach growing district, uud tukes a lively iu ic
iest m the peach business. Therefore, it should
Le sustuiued by both the grower uud the seller.
The interest of those men who come here Iront
New fork and other places, aud buy peaches mid
ship them to New York, is identical with ours, as
they Are interested as we are, in keeptug up the
market au C the return of boskets. One ot these
very men, aud the heaviest buyer from N. York,
complained bitterly to me, during the lee* peach
gel
and
place
killed.
last.
from
of
are
Bay
to
the
has
into
to
at
of
season, in the streets of New York, of certain
salesmen knocking down the prices of peaches in
Jersey City, to injure him, me, and others ; and
when we hold our next meeting, which I suppose
will be in Middletown, on Saturday, the 16th of
April, I shall invite him and other heavy buyers
attend our meeting. Ho and somo others have
stands in Washington Market, and can and no
doubt will, ventilate certain poach salesmen who
solicit Delaware trade, and then knock the peach
es down to be shipped further.
As to the 4 cents per basket for hauling over
the river, peaches that are Bold at Jersey City, it
is clear robbery. Now, lot us suppose a vase that
is likely to occur a; any time: A ferry boat
ay have on board several thousand baskets of
lies that w re sold in Jersey City, but a good
honest, disinterested salesman, agrees, at our ex
pense, to deliver them (often to himself,) in New
York; the ferry boat is run into and sunk—are
peach growers going to lose these peaches,
which you certainly will have to do under the
present arrangement, or will you instruct your
salesmen that when a basket of peaches is sold in
Jersey City or anywhere else, it is final.
need be no difficulty in nuking this change—
salesman has only to charge the 4 cents to
the man who buys, instead of you ; let the sales
man control the teams just ns lie now dors, and
if these salesmen tell you the shippers beyond N.
York will not buy peaches unless delivered iu N.
York, instruct your salesman to tell said shipper
that we the growers will ship on, in their places,
all the peaches needed bey
common sense of the matter is just this :
growers, must make the terms for our salesmen
•o sell by, and our salesmen must make the terms
on which they will sell to the shippers subject to
the regulations which we prescribe for them, and
if the present shippers will not pay the expenses
on their peaches after they buv them in Jersey
City, another and a new set of shippers will come
into the market at once, who will pay all further
expenses upon the peaches after they buy them,
and if our salesmen will not sell for us on these
%
v
There
d New York. The
,*c the
terms, we can at once get other men who will,
and if necessary get sheds built at Jersey City,
and transfer all of the wholesale peach trade over
there, Jersey City being only a suburb of New
York.
And for the information of all peach salesmen
whom it may concern, I will inform them that in
the course of a few days the Committee on C
missions and Sales will he in New York to
atter, when notice will he given
ou who see proper can
meet U3 and give your views and receive the de
termination of the 'growers; and the names of all
salesmen refusing, will he reported to the peach
growers, at our next meeting, to be held at Do
ver, April 19th.
r
range this very
to you, so that any of y
Ti
LIFE INSURANCE.
The failure of the Albert Life Insurance
Company last August, in Kuglaud, with
the twenty-four other offices it hud absorb
ed, involving no less than £1U,UU0,0UU,
for which it scarcely had any assets, pro
mises to lead to the passage of an act by
the British .Parliament which wil. protect
the policy-holder.
The Life Assurance Companies' bill has
passed its second reading before the House
of Commons almost without opposition.
Its principal features are deposit of £20,*
(JU0, the publication of annual certified
statements, and tho right of the policy
holder to apply to the Court of Chaucery
for a winding up order, in the case the
assets of any company appear to be in
sufficient.
Ih
The facts brought forward iu the dis
cussion of thu bill show the
enormous pro
port iuns which the life insurance business
in England has assumed. Life policies
are taken out to provide for children, to
secure debts, and often to make
S
mu mage
settlements, in a country where such settle
ments are common, when
poor to make them in any
Single tm-n with little property, transfer it
and receive annuities in its place. \Vid*
ows use these companies as saving banks.
In a word, these companies become trus
tees for the most helpless part of the com
munity, and as this means a large propor
tion of it, it is, after all, not
tie
nun are too
other way.
surprising
that the contracts entered into by tho va
rious British offices should amount to
.£400,000,000, or about §2,000,000,000,
gold. Yet only 750,000 persons
su red in the British Islands out ot* a pop
ulation not as largo ua our own. As life
insurance is much more general here, it
would not be at all astonishing to find
that the contracts entered into by American
companies amounted to §4,000,000,000.
We give these tacts merely to show the
extent of the interests involved by the
dealings of these companies, and the im
portance of their character. Y'et, hither
to there has been no law in England to
give protection to the assured, or afford
the public any means of knowing which
companies were solvent and which rotteu.
Prior to 1^24, but thirty-nine life assur
ance companies had been established in
England. From 1824, owing to the re
moval of restrictions, they began to multi
ply. Up to 18ÜS, 827 new companies
were founded, of which only ono hundred
and twelve now remain. In other words,
nearly two-thirds were absorbed, wound
up, or went into bankruptcy, sweeping
uway tho humble savings of many a poor
policy holder. A life insurer is, unfortu
nately, singularly helpless in bis dealings
with the society to which he hands his pre
miums. He not only lias no right to ask
for information, but would not know how
to get it, even if the privilege of obtaining
it were accorded him. A company may
bo frittering its means away in reckless
competition, in wasteful expenditure or in
extravagant commissions. Y r ct tho insur
er has no way of preventing the dissipation
of funds which should accumulate for his
protection and benefit. Tho plan propos
ed in the House of Commons uppears in a
great measure to meet the case. It is an
effort to remedy the worst defects of u vory
loose system, without advocating State in
tervention in matters of contract between
citizen and citizen. It is well worthy tho
consideration of own Legislature.— Balt.
Gazette.
aro m
u
a
to
to
ot
ic
as
the
Tho Brick Hotel, the ouly ono in Ceto
trovillc, Md. was burned down on Friday
morning, tho 11th inst. supposed to bo
the work of un incendiary. A tenement
on the farm of Francis Council, was de
stroyed by fire on Tuesday the 8th iusfc.
Captain Bonaparte, of the French army,
a «on of Mr. Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte,
of Baltimore, has arrived in Baltimore
city from France. He returns home to
visit his futher, who has been ill for sever
al weeks.
A school teacher near Greenfield, Ind.,
named Dunn, on Wednesday struck one of
his si holars, named Gudot, on the head
with an iron poker, from the effects of
whivb he died. Dunn has been arrested.
General Print declares that the propo
sition reported in the New York journals,
that Senator Sumner said ho hud received
propositions from him for the sale or ccs
siou of Cuba to the Unified States, to be.
utterly false
In the duel between Duke Montpcnsier
and Enriguo de Bourbon, which took
place on Saturday last, the latter was
killed. The affair has crcatod much ex
citement in Madrid.
The long looked for Bremen steamer
Smidt, arrived in New York on Friday
last. Nothing further has boon heard
from the City of Boston, and lit*lc hope
of her is left.
Pneumonia is very prevalent iu Talbot
county this winter, and numerous cases
are reported throughout Sr. Michaels and
Bay Hundred districts, many resulting
fatally.
lion. R C. McCormick, delegate from
Arizona, lias signified his determination
to appoint an Indian boy to be a cadet at
West Point
'Flic Kentucky Legislature has passed
the bill requiring foreign Insurance Com
panics, doing business in that State, to
deposit § 1U(),OUO witli the State Treasurer.
The captain of the British ship Bombay
has been suspended for failing to go to the
relief of the American ship Oneida, ruu
into and sunk by tlie former, by which a
number of lives were lost.
Specie has begun to flow from Canada
to the United States. In Canada it is held
at a discount of 10 per cent
Rumors are revived of the failing health
of the Pope. He is said to be very ill and
weak.
Next Monday the days and nights are
equal
in
2
1
THE MARKETS,
MIDDLETOWN MARKET.
CORRECTED WEEKLY BY A. T. BRADLEY.
Wheat, prime.
, yellow, new
'whito
$1 25
r
..83
Oats, new
48
Ti
thy {Seed.
Clover Seed.
Eggs.
Butter.
Lard.
Chickens (dressed)
Turkeys.
Ducks.
Geese..
00
.22 its $>. (ioz
45(^50 ct8. lb
10 or, 20 " "
15 (ml 6
19(2,20 " "
lfi(aj20 " "
15®lf> " "
22'o>2 5 " "
19(o*20 " "
16(^18 " "
.13014
Ih
Sides
Shoulders.
Fork, (dressed)
Potatoes.
00 Uu'fit liUAiiel
PHILADELPHIA.
Prime new red wheat
Corn, now yellow.
Oats (Pennsylvi
.$1 24(7?. à 25
.91003
ia)
I
Cloversccd
Tiiuothv...
$8 «3
.$4 74
wil:
IX Cl ton.
Wheat, prime.
Corn, New,.,,,
Oats.
Flour.
.$1 3001 25
.87090
....GO
.$5 7508 5U
SIlERimi/I'Y.
HEHIFFALTY. *
S
To the Electors of New Castle County.
Fellow Citizrns :—
sidéral i
■self to vonr con
fer the office of SHERIFF of New Cns
of the Dun
flbr
tie County, subject to the nominal!
oerutie. party.
R 'Spectrally yen rs,
ISAAC GRUBB.
New Castle lid. Jan. 22—tn
S HERIFFALTY.—To the Voters of the Demo
cratic Party- of New Cnslle County :
Gentlemen :—Encouraged by
induced to offer
nomination Tor Sheriff for the County of New
Castle, pledging myself to abide by the nomina
tion of said Party nnd give my hearty support to
the successful candidate. Respectful!v,
Wm. 11. LAMM SON.
y friends 1
candidate for
y self U3
a
New Onsite lid. Dec. 25—if
s :• e< ul wotK i;s.
FINE BEADY MADE CLOTHING.
228 MARKET STREET, 2ml Door l.ciow THIRD
WILMINGTON. DK L A W A R E.
qillE LARGEST ASSORTMENT OF
Ready Mode Clothing ip Delaware,
OurOvvn Make, now on band, nnd will bo sold
nt loss than 1'hiladelphin I'riccs.
All ourTllothinff is made iu Superior manner b V
PRACTICAL TAILORS,
The Proprietor having an experience of
thirty years in this Business, will guarantees
fketion to any purchaser.
A full line of
Ci
FINE CLOTHS,
ÇASSIMKRPS, mjd
VKST1XGS,
Constantly on Imnd for
ORDER WORK,
which will be made iu the
JB* LATEST STYLE AND BEST MANNER,
At No. 228 Market Street,
^Ä^The Oldest Established Clothing Emporium
in Delaware.
March 16— y
Edward Moore
Counus and Colds. —At the present time when
so many persons arc suffering from Throat and
Lung Diseases, they should bear in mind that
Hasson's Compound Syrup or Tar never fails in
curing Coughs, Colds, Hoursness, Pain in the
Breast, Sore Throat, Asthma and all diseases of
the Throat and Lungs. It is an excellent remedy
tor Croup and Hooping Cough. No family should
be without it. Sold in Middletown at Dr. W. 11.
Barr's Drug Store, for DO cents a bottle. Russell
& Lundis, Proprietors, Philadelphia.
Nov. 20—3mos.
to
of
of
be.
Heavy Stock.— Samuel W. Roberts, has now
on hand nt his Stove and Tin Warehouse, Middle
town, 125 Stoves, of all sizes and patterns, em
bracing Parlor Stoves, Heaters, Cook Stoves,
Ranges, &c. Also, a lurge stock of Ti
nnd housekeeping articles. He invites public in
tention to his Inrge stock, which is unsurpassed,
if equalled, by any store pjitalde of tho cities.
Ware
INGE AM k GIBSON'S PRICE CURRENT.
Ef?gs
Butter
Chickens, dressed 14.
Ducks
Turkeys
Geese'
20eta. Lard
45. Hogs
Hogs, alivo
14. Potatoes, round 35.
16. Feathers
12. Dopey
The above prie/?» will be paid in cash for pro
duce delivered in good order; nnd *%*» wish to
keep constantly on hand q good
Groceries and Provisions which we
SOcta.
ll.
10.
(■;>.
ao.
say that
sortmsnt of
will sell reasonably for cosh, at the Corner of
Broad and Anderson Btroeu», Middletown, Del.
Freah Meet «wary day.
20—tf INGRAM k GIBSON.
March
St
GEO. W. INGRAM & CO.
Brokers & Beal Estate Agents,
BRUAD STREET ABOVE MA»,
Middletown, Delaware,
TTKND PROMPTLY TO TUE COLLIO.
TIO.N OJT
NOTES, DRAFTS, BILLS, &o. &o.
A
NEGOTIATE LOANS, PURCHASE k SELL
STOCKS ON COMMISSION,
And offer for sale
Valuable Real Estate,
Comprising some of the most desirable Farms or
the Peninsula.
Correspondence by mail solicited.
Refer by permission to the following
gentlemen :
lion. P.. C. Holiday, .See. of State, Annapo
Iis, Md.
W. R. Bergholz, Memphis A El Paso Paciftq
Railroad, N. Y.
R. Atkinson, Banker, 41 Broad at. N. V,
Hon. Richard Schell, 50 Wall " ^ •«
Col. Blanton Duncan, Louisville, Ky.
Geo. Bcir, Adj. General, Baltimore, Md,
McDonough.
Geo. W. Karsncr,
J. W.V and eg rift,
Seyfert, McManus A Co. Philadelphia.
Gen. Robert Patterson "
B. F. Chatham,
Phila. Nat. Bank,
march 1"—tf
Administrator's Sale.
W ILL be sold nt Public Sale, nt the residence
of tho late John vv. Gnllalmn, deceased,
in St. Gt orges Hundred
1870, at 10 o'clock, a. m. the following property;
2 Feather Beds, 2 Straw Beds
2 Bedsteads, Lot of Chairs, Bureaus, Clock,
Chests, Carpet, Quilts and Sheets, Lot of Dishei.
1 Ten-Plate Stove, Lot of Blades aud Tops aq<l
other articles too tedious to mention.
CONDITIONS OF SALE.
Saturday, March 19,
All sums under $50, cash ; over that amount
credit of 12 months will lie given.
No postponement
accpupt of weather.
M. H. WALKKR, Adm..
8. M. Kuos, Auc.
march 19—It
REGISTER'S ORDER.
R EGISTER'S OFFCE,
. New Castle County
March 8th, 1870.
Upon the application of Martin E. Walker, ad-»
ministrator, C. T. A. of John W. Uullalmp, Info
of Ht. Georges Hundred in said county, deceased ;
it is ordered and directed by the Register that the
icL give notice of the grant
ii lustration upon the Estate
administrator afort
ing of Letters of Ad
of the de cased, \\ ith tho date of granting thereof,
sing ndvertisemnts to tie posted within for-,
the date of
I » v
t.v d.
the most public places of the county of New Cas
ds against
the Estate, to pie. cat the same, or abide by an
Act of Assembly in sut it o se m ide und provided ;
and also to came the same to he inserted within
the 8 une period in the Middletown Transcript, a
newspaper published in Middletown, and to I*
continued therein two mouths.
•h Letters, in six of
s fi
lm ving de
tie, requiring Jill per;
der the hand and ScjiI of QW
New
Give
<
3. \ fi
of the Register
tie county afore
Ibrcsaid, i
u
(
j (
id, the day ni
B. GIBBS, Register.
nl
y<ar alove written.
AM persons having claims against the Estate of
tho deceased must present the same duly attested
to the administrator on or before March 8th,
1871, or abide lha Act of Assembly i
made and provided
Middle
•h c
MARTIN E. WALKKR.
n, Del. Adm. C. T. A.
Address
march \i
EXTRAORDINARY
REDUCTION IN TRICES AT
John A. Reynold» & Sons,
Best Maies Calicoes, 12' Cits, per yd,
Othor
Bloaclied and Unbleached Muslins
10, 121,15,18 por yard.
Coates' & Clark's Spool Cotton $ldoz,
Best Soft White Sugar 14 &15 cts. lb.
Yellow Sugar 11, 12,13 cts. por lb.
Best Eio & Lag. Coffee 25,28
Best Coal Oil S3 and 40 per gal.
Good Molasses
tt it it
61,8,10
II
Il II
e m
A FRESH USE OF
ALPACAS,
Just Received nnd selling at
25 & 30 Per Cent. Discount
ON OLD PRICES,
BONA FIDE
BARG A. I 3 STS 1 !
march 19— y
Clock and Watch Making.
r TMlE undersigned having located himself iu
JL Middletown, Delaware, in tho Shop former
ly occupied by Charles A. Halliard, on Broad st.
will give prompt attention to
REP A IRIN O COLD OR SILVER WATCH,
ES, CHRONOMETERS, JEWELRY, &c.
A long experioneo has given him skill in his
art, and will enable him to givo entire satisfac
tion.
march 19—lm*
T. E. EVANS.
Farmers and Horsemen!!!
rpilE TIIOnOL'GlinREU STALLION
1 job lioi.T ipU
Will stand for Marcs, the ensuing sen- OomJ
son at Middletown, Bohemia Mills, nnd MrTAn
thony Rcybold's. Commencing tho first week in
Anril at Middletown and Bohemia Mills (every
other day at the latter place), alternate weeks at
Mr. Anthony lleybold's. Those wishing to im
prove their stock, would do wait to see Jqe before
suiting themselves elsewhere. For Terms an^
Pedigree see small bills,
march 10—3m
NOTICE.
T HE subscriber# tq tho Tovyn Lot Schema arq
respectfully notified to attend tho drawing
of the samo at the Town Hall on Saturday, Marcq
20, 1870, at 1 o'clock, i*. m. All persons iu arr
reqrs of first payment aro notified to coma for
ward and mako the first payment or they will bq
excluded from the drawing*. Tho publio aro re
spectfully invited to attend tho drawing,
march ID—It GKO. W. INGRAM k CQ.
FOR SALE.
O NE PAIR OF GOOD MULES k
ONE PAJH OF HOUSES. Sold
on trial ; tnkon buck and
not us represented,
march 19—tf
) charge if j
E. R. COCH
lN.
JUST RECEIVED.
O NE hundred bushels of Prime Tangier Oys
ters, which I will sell cheap for cash.
march id • It.
€ luirlfs Ad a ip«,

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