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as rJVt-î ♦ V: ♦ *» £ -''. fc-"* d • • ?! f/< Ï/ & ; • JM ' '■ -• Mb. . vi* h m u AWA AW A •rjr Af<$> *>!5I VOL. 3. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 26, 1870 NO. 13. NEW against those who him life. NEW STOVE, TIN, AND HOUSE-FUKNISHING STORE. THOMAS II. ROTIIWELIAS NEW BUILDING, North Side of Main Street, 4 HuUtllng« West, of Town Hall, Middletown, Delaware. Where he has constantly on hand, and is pre pared to manufacture ALL KINDS OF TIN WARE At Short Notice. Particular attention paid t< ROOEING AND SPOUTING. Orders respectfully solicited and promptly atten ded to. COOK STOVES. STAK, COTTAGK, NATIONAL, CHARM, PKIZE, & VICTOR COOK. PARLOR STOVES. BOQt'ET BASE, GAS, BURNING BASE, DIAL, VIOLET, REVERE, UNION Allt TI011T. itable lor stores, offices, hotels, »Stov school houses. id Orders will be received and promptly filled for any kind of Stove that may be ordered. GALVANIZED, RUSSIA, AND SHEET IRON, ZINC, COAL HODS, SKIVES, POKERS, SHOVELS, TEAKETTLES, BAKE PANS, WAFFLE IRONS SAD IRONS, BRASS & ENAMELLED PRESERVING KETTLES, ENAMELLED SAUCE PANS , TEA HELLS, JAPANNED CHAMBER DUCKETS, SPITTOONS, WAITERS, LANTERNS, FLOUR AND PEPPER BOXES, SAND QUPS, MATCH SAFES (Cast Iron,) MOLASSES CUES, PEACII C'A AS, ( Soldered and Self-Sealiog ) PATENT CLOTHES FRAMES, Prompt attention to business, moderate prices, competent workmen, and a determination to please, may at times he expected by those who may favor him with their custom. &c. fee. fee. THE VAPOR COOKING STOVE. No Wood, no Coal , Ashe*, o Store Pipe, no Wood Duxes Dirt , Coal Scuttle, no Kindling IF vo d, But a Friction Match, And tlic fire in full blast in half minute, ovc hut in two imites, steak broiled in s utes, bread baked in thirty tiuguished in a moment. in il les, tho tire e Please call ami examine It in ojicmtion at Thomas H. Rothwell's Stove Store, MIDDLETOWN, DEL. Sole Feb. 19—y vner of the stove for the State. ANTICIPATING T11K FALL TRADE. T HE uiiilcruUrncd has made the most elal ate preparations and already offbrs to those making thei io may wish to be early i d Winter purchases, a FULL STOCK OF GOODS. Fall Suitable for Fall d Win 1er nd usage. My stock of DRY GOODS will consist iu part cur BLACK and COLORED ALPACAS, Wool Delaines, Wool Poplins, Alolif lii-s, A good assortment of Prints, Cotton and Woo Flannels, 1, 1 J, 2$ Brown and Bleached Muslins Heavy Domestics, Bal. Skirts, Shawls, fee. ft,v. NOTIONS. ITosiery, Gloves, Ladies Corsets, Ladies Vests, Ribbons, Edgings, Gents Undershirts, Ladies Collars and Cull's, Combs, Hair Brushes, Velvets, and in fact everything you could well, expect to find in a first Clnss Notion House may here be had. I ask the particular attention of the gentlemen ito my assortment of FRENCH and AMERICAN CLOTHS, und Fancy Cassimcrs. New Styles of (Which I am constantly receiving and disposing .of at reasonable prices. Also to the Community in general to my Stock ,of Meus Heavy Boots, und of Mens, Womens and Misses Heavy Shoes, which 1 have made to Ouder of the Best material, and on any of which rilling to guarantee satisfaction. I have also a good ossortment of Mens sewed and pog Ï ;cd, single and double upper and sole Calf loots, and Ladies Dress Shoes in Various Styles. it for rob 1 Hats and Caps. .Carpets, Druggets, Oil Cloths, flit Cloth Win dow Shades, Door Mats, Hardware, Cedarwarc, Queenswarc, Earthen ware, Stoneware, Groceries, Ac. Ac. Ac. Glass, Oil, Paints, Mackerel, Hl.ad, ring always on hand. CVÏ- Will show goods w .nuke a liberal discount tor Cash. ind Her ith pleasure, ami G. \V. W. NAUDAIN. No. 3. Middletown Hall. Oct. 1ft—tf £10RON ER! ! To the Democratic Voten of Xm Castle Co, Fei.miw Citi/.kss :—At the earnest solicitation of my friends I again oder myself as a candidate for the nomination of Coroner of Now Castle Co. and am thankful to my friends for the support they gave me at the last nomination eleetiou, and pledge myself to abide the decision of the party. RICHARD GROVES, Delaware City, Feb. 3— tu Select |3odri|. in a the AIISFUVCK. The April sunshine, soft and fair, Touches the meadows cheerily : Wild violets scout the war::: . *!!! .... , Hut ever through the bright spring hours, The sunshine and the opening flowers, My spirit hungers to he fed, And faints for love's dear daily bread, Yearning, beloved, for thee 1 lone The day , tl ill's *3 up across tho misty lc I watch the stars They gli My heart is filled with vague Haunting it like a sad refrain not still this restless pai Thinking, beloved, of thee! C one by my eye *r out ; •t, The twilight deepens; brooding sleep Shadows the green earth tenderly ; Tic house lies hushed iu slumber dee) The peace of heaven seems strangely n •1 beneath the moonbeams clear, And soft upon my troubled breast Comes down a blessed sense of rest, Praying, beloved, for thee ! I k j$cl«t jètorj). The Blue River Bank Robbery. COXCLUDKD. ir. One, two the breath 1< ang out from the belfry on June night, already heavy will» the rising fog from the river. self broad awake as he counted the strokes ; hut even while he thought it was the clock that had dis turbed him, ho felt a cold, hard ring of steel against his temple, and saw through the darkness a man by his bedside. " Not one word, or you will never utter another." I* os ter Houghton found hi He noted the voice even in the whirl of the moment, and knew that it was str; to him. lie turned towards his wife, and saw that there was a man by her side also, with revolver aimed : felt, rather than saw that she had waked when he did, and was waiting, self-possessed, for whatever was to come. As the darkness yielded to his eyes, he was aware of a third figure, standing at the window. " Perfect quiet, remember, and we will what is to bo done," said the same voice, cool, firm, with an utterance entire ly distinct, yet hardly louder than a whis per. " You have nothing to fear if you obey orders. A knife is ready for the heart of cach of you if you disobey. The lady has simply to lie still ; as she will lie bound to the bed and her mouth stopped, that will ho easy ; and the gag is very gentle, and will not hurt if she docs not resist. Mr. Houghton will arise, put on his trousers, and go with us to tho bank, always in range of this pistol and in reach of this blade. The keys arc already in my pocket. Number Three, will you scratch a match that I may help the gen tleman to his dollies." gc and a had ry's lent who ance .,11 y of The figure in the window stepped noise lessly forward at the summons. As the bluo flame lighted tho room Foster Hough ton observed that li is visitors were all masked with black silk, through which a narrow slit permitted vision. He noticed that their feet wore shod with listing so thick that a step made no audible sound upon a straw carpet. He noticed that long, thin black cloaks covered their forms in to the ankles, so that no details of clothing a you not and will but could be noted to identify them. And while lie observed these things, not ven turing to stir until the threatening muzzle was withdrawn from his face, lie felt his hand tightly clutched by the fingers of his wife beneath tho coverlid. Years of familiar association had made him apt at interpreting his wife's thoughts and feelings, without the aid of the spoken word. Either by soino peculiar express ion in the grasp itself, or by that subtle magnetism which wo know exists among the unkuown forces, he felt that there was ed the moment, more than the courage of a heart ever braver than his own, more than sympathy for his own supposed dismay, in his wife's snatch at his hand. More alarm ed, at the instant, by the shock thus given him than by the more palpable dan ger, lie turned his head towards his wife again, and in her eyes and in the direc tion they gave to his saw all that she had seen. The masked figure in the centre of the room, in prodilfcing a match, had unwit tingly thrown back one side of its cloak. By the sickly flame just turning to white Foster Houghton saw, thus revealed, the twisted chain lie had played with in his own boyhood, the golden crescent with his mother's hair, the massive key with its seal, just as he had seen them on his boy's breast at sunset. In an instant more a taper was lighted , the curtain of the cloak was drawn together again. But the secret it had exposed was impressed upon two hearts, as if they had been scared with iron. As a drowning man thinks of tho crowded events of a life-time, Foster Houghton thought, in that moment of su preme agony, of a dozen links of circum stantial evidence,—tho boy's baffled desire for money, his angry words, his evil asso ciates, his missing revolver, 1ns deliberate explanation of a night-long absence, his intimate knowledge of the affairs of the bank, except tho secret combination of the lock which lie had often teased for in vain. Two things were stamped upon his brain together, and lie was thankful that his wife oould know the horror of hut one of them. His own son was engaged in a plot to rob the hank, by threats of assasinatiou ry « against those who gave him life. Ho h uisclf was irrevocably enlisted in a plot to capture the robbers, and so bring his boy to infamy and a punishment worse than death. The discovery compels a pause in the narrative. It made none in the actual progress of events. The man who had spoken motioned the cashier to rise, and assisted his trembling hands in covering his limbs with one or two articles of cloth ing. The one on the opposite side of the bed, moving quickly aud deftly as a sail or, bound Mrs. lloughtou where she lay, without a touch of rudeness or indignity beyond what his task made necessary. A knotted handkerchief from his pocket was tied across her mouth. The third figure stood at the window, either to keep a watch without or to avoid seeing what took place within ; but Foster Houghton's eyes could discern ne tremor, no sign of remorse or hesitation, in its bearing. "Now, cashier," said the one voice which alone had been heard since the stroke of the clock, "you will have to consider yourself ready, for we have no time to spare. I feel sure you know what is healthy for you, but still I will tie this rope round your wrist to save you from the dangerous temptation to try a side street. Number Two, you will go below, and sec that the coast is clear." With one more look at his wife's eyes, in which lie saw outraged motherly affec tion where the strangers saw only fright and pain, Foster Houghton suffered him self to be led from the room. One of the robbers had preceded him ; one held him tightly by the wrist; one, the person whose presence gave the scene its treble terror, remained only long enough to ex tinguish the taper and losk the door. The outer door was fastened behind them also ; and the noiseless little procession (for the cashier had been permitted to put on his stockings only) filed along the gravel walk, through the pitchy blackness which a mist gives to a moonless night, toward the solitary brick building occupied by the Blue llivcr National Hank. They passed the school-house where Foster Houghton had carried his boy a dozen years before with a bright new primer clutched in frightened little fin gers ; then the desolate old mansion of his own father, where the lad had been petted and worshipped as fervently as at home ; a little farther on, the church, where the baby bad been baptized, and where the youth had chafed bencatli distasteful ser mons,—its white steeple lost in the upper •s ; and, a few paces beyond, the y, within whoso walls the cashier had listened with such pride to his Har ry's eloquent declamation of " The Return lus to Carthage" on the last Com mencement day. Ho thought of these is ho passed, though so many other thoughts surged iu his mind ; and ho won dered if another heart beside his own was I darknci aeodoi of 1 .him beset with such reminiscences on tho si lent journey. Before they reached tho bank tho man who had gone in advance rejoined them. "It is all serene," he said, in alow tone, but with a coaser voice and utter ance than his confederate's; " nothing more than a eat stirring. I unhitched the mare, and we should be oil'iu fifteen min utes." a " All right. Number Two," said tho leader. " Tho swag will bo in tho buggy in less time. Cashier, you are a man of prudence, I know. If you work that combination skillfully and promptly, not a hair of your head shall bo banned. If you make a blunder that eoits us a minuto, not only will this knife bo at homo in your heart, but wo shall stop on our way back and set your cottage on fire. Our retreat will be covered, and you know tbe consé quences there before the alarm will rouse anybody. I have sworn, to do it." Foster Ilongbtou fancied lie saw a shudder in the slighter figure beside him ; but it might have been a puff'of wind across tho drapery. " O, blow the threats," said Number Two. " Thojnan values his life, and he is going to open tho safe quicker than ho ever did before. Open tho door, young one, and let's bo about it." Tho robber who had not yet opened his lips, and whoso every motion the cashier still watched stealthily, stepped forward to the bank door ; and ns ho drew a key from under his cloak the prisoner caught an other glimpse of the chain lie could have sworn to among a thousand. The door swung open, heart was in his throat, heard a sound of Bixby ; but lie knew the village constable too well to fear, or hope, that ho might have given up the clinsc. All four entered the building ; but before the door could be closed behind them thore was a shout, heavy feet, i which gleamed hut a moment before it extinguished, tho confused sound of blows and oaths and tho breaking of glass, punc tuated by a sharp report of a pistol, ter Houghton could never give a clearer account of a terrible minuto in which his consciousness seemed partly benumbed, lie took no part in the struggle, but ed to be pushed outside the door ; and the tumult within began to di minish, Silas Bixby came hurriedly to him, dragging a masked figure by tho shoulder. The cashier's Ho had not cry of dismay, a rush of flash of light in a lantern Fos scetn there. "Houghton, you must help a littlo. We have got the bettor of 'om, and my men aro holding tho two big fellows down. But the fight is not out of them yet, and you must hold this littlo ono throe minutes while I holp to tie their hands. Just hold this pistol to his head, and ho will rest ve ry easy." Even while he spoke Bixby was inside the door again, and the gleam of light which followed allowed that he had ered his lantern and meant to do his work thoroughly. Foster Houghton's left hand had been guided to the collar of his captive, and the revolver had been thrust into his right. There was no question of the composure of the robber now. He panted and sob bed and shook, and made no effort to tear himself from the feeble grasp that confined him. rccov If the cashier had been irresolute all his life, he did not waver for an instant lie did not query within himself what his duty, or what was prudent, or what his wife would advise, or what hank direc tors would think. " Harry," ho whispered, hoarsely, his lips close to the mask, "I know you!" The shrinkiug figure gave one great sob. Foster Houghton went right without pausing. "llixby does not know you, and there is time to escape yet. I shall lire this pistol in the air. lluu for your life to your horse there,- and push on to Tinbor ougli. You may catcli the train. May (lod forgive you." The figure caught tho hand which had released its hold as the words were spo ken, and kissed it. Then, turning hack as if upon a sudden impulse, tho robber murmured something which could not he understood, and thrust into the cashier's hand a mass of chilly metal which his in tuition rather than his touch recognized as Peleg Houghton's watch and chain. He had presence of mind enough to conceal it in his pocket, and then ho fired his pistol, and he heard the sound of flying feet and rattling wheels as Silas Uixby accosted him. now. was on "What in thunder! did ho wriggle away from ye ? why didn't you siug out sooner." " I think I am getting faint. In Hea ven's name go quick to my house and re lease my wife and tell her all is safe. The fright of these shots will kill her." Foster Houghton sunk in a swoon even and only tho quick arm of ved him from a fall ou the as ho spok Silas Bixb}' stone steps. "See here, boys," said bo. "If you have gut thoso follows tied up tight, one of you take 'Squire Houghton and bring liirh to, and I'll go over to his house and untie his wife, before \ start after that pesky little rascal that has got away. If had 'a' supposed he would dare to risk the pistol I should have hung on to him myself. Mike, you just keep your revolver cocked, and if either of those men more than winks, shoot him where ho lies." Having thus disposed of his forces, and provided for the guard of tho prisoners and the restoration of the disabled, the was a run. field seemed to have been awaked by the shots, and lie was met by a half dozen lightly clad men and boys whom ho sent on this errand aud that, to open tho look up under tho engine house, to harness horses for pursuit, vouchsafing only very curt replies to their eager questions as to what had happened. Ho was exasperated on arriving at Foster Houghton's dwelling to find the door locked and tho windows fastened. So he raised a stentorian shout of, " It's—all—right—Mrs.—Houghton. Robbers—caught—and—nobody—hurt ;" separating his words carefully to insure being understood ; and then scud at full speed back toward tho band again. He met half-way an excited, talkative little group, the central figure of which' was the cashier of tho bank, restored to life, but still as white as death, and supported by friendly hands. Assured that Houghton himself was now able to release his wife, Bixby ran on to tho green, and in five minutes more was settled iu his gig, and urging his cheerful little bay Morgan over tho road to Tinborough, mentally putting into form his narrative for the "Trumpet" as lie went. III. Thus it came about that it was Foster Houghton himself who unloosed his wife's bonds,—bending his gray head, as lie did so, to print a kiss of sorrow and sympathy on her wrinkled check, and leaving a tear there. "He lias escaped," ho said, "and is on the road to the station." "Will he not he overtaken?" "I think not. He lias a fair start, and knows what is at stake ; and tho train passes through before daylight." Then the woman's heart, which had home her bravely up so far gave way, and she broke into terrible sobs ; and the hus band who would comfort her was himself overcome by the common grief, and could not speak a word. Sileutly they suffered together, pressing hands, until the enter ing light of dawn reminded them that even this day had duties and perhaps new pha ses of sorrow. They could hear the quick steps of passers evidently full of excitement over the event of the night, and talking all together. They could not bo long left undisturbed. As they dressed, Foster Houghton—unable or reluctant to describe in any detail the scene at tho bank, as his wife was to ask him about it,—suddenly encountered in his pocket the watch, en tangled in its chain. "Ho gave me this, and a kiss," lie said, every word a sob ; and Mary Houghton pressed it to her heart. Then, as a quick stop sounded on tho porch, slio hastily thrust it into a drawer. "What shall we say?" she asked. "I do not know. Heaven will dircot us for tho best," he replied. Tho step did not pause for ceremony, hut oame iu, and up tho stairs as if ou light the sob tear some pressing errand. Then tho door I „I,.,,, , ° "ATthn^mV„7 ldrlJ °' 1,18 TT.q f.ititni. i 4 i , V a, His lather and mother stood speechless and bewildered, fille, 1 with a new alarm Hut the boy was too busy with his own tlioughts to observe bis reception. Thick n.,i . i .• ... fnr no nn»rL n „7 ' q , " S in' for eomlAt ' VU n ° Ver PaUS ' ing tor comment. ,« \iri,.* V i . , 4 i\ liât is this Bixby shouted to me w i llin y » - , 1 wlien 1 met him about robbers/ And u l.nf îc 1 , „.,1 , , ., . "hat is there sucli a crowd at the bank nLrt.if v i»:it ^ about : Did I come sooner than you ex vir I 1 ; V pec ted me : \\ e had a glorious time at t;. , , . b , , I';, >.° U . kno 7' an . d . W ' lcn . ." e bome at one! Tn?*» f f '° t T dnV ? sZ in hü L iii f rT 8 ,° I , , ", Ct , i s S like ...ad, and he ll'l Z ° , ° lie , n,lg ' lint W « , 10 T ,U ( a . U ° 7 i eu - vrmrZ i .T ' S "T • Y' S •f a n T"« 11 ." la!i V;' sht - Lv.fl" 0 '' better but I was fflgysr-iÄ ."in .*".i.r J Y o°u ? W,1 IlIli r o Si 1° p , l 1 ^ rSCt ' ( ' atl,Cr ' f 'u n t I °ïll~7f ont i; , 'M ""I'P 080 ^ 0 " felt 80 ' j/ J .r 101 'Jr m _g Mary Houghton was clasping her son s â Ü I °- r • 1 gilt. Jiut the cashier, slower ... seeing lus way as usual, stood passing his hand „ (lmsa I,' f } ° . across ms brows tor a moment. Then he spoke* I1C ,, . wi ™ 3 ' "' ,Cr0 1S y ° Ur grandfalhers the are ver of not be of it pid his his to he it was on "There, did you miss it so quickly? I meant to get it back before you discovered it was gone. I will have it after break fast. The fact is, I was not myself when l left the house last night, with temper, and Harrison Fry offered me two hundred dollars tor it. to bo paid next week, and in my temper l let him take it, to bind the bargain. I was crazy for money, and I sold him my pistol too. I regretted about the watch before I had fairly quit the vil lago ; hut he broke his engagement and did not go with us to Tinborough after all, so I have had no chance to get it back a gain till now." " Harrison Fr}* !" Houghton ; and his hands clasped and his lips moved in thankful prayer. " But if you don't tell me what is all this excitement in the village, I shall out and find out for myself," cried the hoy, impatiently. " You never 1 would stand hero asking mo questions about trifles, if the hank had been broken open in the night." Foster Houghton put his hands on his hoy's shoulders and kissed him, as he had not done since his son's childhood, he took from its hiding-place the watch and hung it on Harry's neck, his manifest emotion chocking the expression of the lad's astonishment. "There is much to tell you, Harry," lie exclaimed Foster run Then to ask* your forgiveness rather than times of page in tho of to which in 80° cohol they ticular in all —for the is a this polar idea Tho this who ceive same by easily do Triads a forco spot but —that easily lic dozen a of talline there you mine. But my heart is too full for a word till after prayers. Lot us go down." Then tho three rfeut down tho stairs, tho mother clinging to the hoy's hand, which she had never relinquished since her first embrace. Foster Houghton took the massive Bible, as was his daily tom, and read tho chapter upon rested the mark left the morning before ; but his voice choked and his eyes filled again when ho came to the lines :— " For this my son was dead and is alive again ; ho was lost and is found." Silas Bixby galloped into Tinborough two minutes late for tho owl train ; and the fugitive was too sharp to bo caught by (he detectives who were put on tho watch for him by telegraphic messages, few hours all Kliiifichl had discovered that narrison Fry was missing, and had made lip its mind that he was tho escaped con federate in the burglary. The Blue Hiv er National Bank offered a reward for him, but ho lias never yet been found. Tho zealous constable found compensation for the loss of one prisoner in the discov ery that the other two cus ,'liicli In a were a couple of the most skillful and slippery of the tropolitan cracksmen, known among other aliases as Gentleman Graves and Tofiey Ben. Silas Bixby's courage and discre tion received due tribute from counsel, pscss, and public, during the trial that sued tho next month in the Tinborough Court-house ; and by some influence it was so managed that Mrs. Houghton not called to the stand, nor was Foster Houghton closely questioned in regard to the manner in which the third robber had escaped Atom his custody on the steps of the hank. me cn Harry Houghton went to Lake George that summer, startiug a day after the de parture of Grace Chambcrlaine ; hut this year they go together, and tho pro grammmo of the tour includes Niagara and Quebec. Boxe-Dust yon Stuawiikrkies.— Bone dust may be sown broadcast over straw berry-beds iu early spring or any time during summer. It is better to apply in rainy weather, as then tho soluble portions arc immediately carried down to tho roots of tho plants. If the strawberries arc cul tivated in hills, then a handful of bone to cach will he sufficient. Wo usually apply it upon tho surfi.oc, and then work it in with l.oo or cultivator. Tho quantity to be applied per aero should be varied cording to the richness of the soil ; if poor, a half ton or even a ton will do no harm, but much good. We consider bono a val uable fertilizer for all kinds of soil, and there is little danger of applying too much, provided it is mixed with the soi). rativc. ao within the gloomy I biullunt apaiitmexts. „ Tl " ... rucuivuil tho most enthusiastic manner by the Sul ta " !•"**.'ho oLd Turk squandered more uiôney than he could *11 J , . . •, ^ } entertain Ins visitor d wh ?, tr;lv , c!l ^ 1 wlt > thaK »" Cta Hnort ""î" m" T,"" " Constantinople: I will content myself S witl > giving your readers a sketch of the ' kar " L ' 1 »»urn. of the suit inhabited by K i . ,, / genie ot I ranee, leaving the vestibules and i n„ i • i i • « 0l >fer halls, winch are hung with tho mag i • ,. . . . c mlicent draperies ot hcutari and furnished w ;*i, \-ni i « * 4 . • • 4 . with Arabian splendor, to the imagination, \ i • • i i , ° Alter having implored any whose eyes are i. * * 1 , , J , , . weak to put on a green shade or read this e under a parasol, I lead them to the reecp ? ««loon. It is a ball fifty metres long b -V thirty-five wide. The furniture is gilt wood, covered with riel. Lyon silk, pale Uuo a, "' "■ |litc «owon. In the the centre '>"» room is a large table, on which is a lliaSsivC sih 'er clock, with brum, of the same metal on each side, and tw0 colossal Sevres China vases mounted z ,<*, er "-i down ' oa " »W« "f tbe sa'loon G v? candcla bra of the same, cael. holding fifty wax lights. These are mounted oil gilt tripods. A ° t cach cornor of tbiä principtt f hall P ig a »»loon, and all four are fitted up iu the most fantastic Bt le . 1 1 1 si s* • . « from the reception room wo go into the i» , . . 1 , ° .. Empress private rooms, and stop first in her boudoir. The walls arc covered with stripc d silk, red and white; the divans, arm chairs and cushions arc gray, with a blue and gold pattern. In each corner a massive silver brassero ; the chandelier and brandies for wax lights arc also massive, hut this is only the frame in which incal culable riches arc • agglomerated. Thus, there are cups set with pearls, glasses that are inlaid with gold in past ages by Indians, who have carried the secret of their art away with them. Persian goblets inlaid with gems, and, hotter than all, a view of tho Bosphorus from one of the windows, that can not be bought for any amount of dollars. 1 T pai the gold and silver iringc, the Smyrna carpets, the brocade and velvets. The curtains of her majesty's bedroom are of Turkish material, with double sets under neath of Scutari silk ; the bedstead is gilt wood : the mirrors aud pier glasses ordered from Paris, and they almost line the room all round ; tile armchairs, which are gilt, are surmounted by doves of sil ver and gold, and there is such a profusion of Asiatic display that an Kmprcss alone could sleep thus surrounded. Any one not accustomed to stare at diamonds would be kept at Bcllerbey a.vako blinking. From every window in the chateau a vista of kiosks, minarets and cupolas is visible ; it is a fairy land, and long pipes and lim pid wave from sunrise to sunset. u andcla over the laces, were For the MithlUtou n Transcript. IRON BOILKKEXPLOSIOK8. The word axial was reprinted sovoral times Ærial, in my essay on this question —asked through the Scientific American, recently, by a practical man—apparently of much experience and intelligence (see page 157)—nevertheless, lie attributes the crystallization of rivets to a loss of vitality in the iron of the rivet, while the iron of tho boiler plate retains its vitality or toughness—"in which particular the iron of the rivets originally excel tho boiler iron."—I intended to use the word axial to express that force which is the charac teristic of crystallization, and hitherto re garded as irresistible—viz : tho forco with which water expands when it freezes, or rather, crystallizes. It may be used also in explaining tho expansion of water below 80° down to 82°, while mercury aud al cohol and all other fluids contract, because they do not commence to arrange their molecules in crystalline forms at that par ticular temperature. It may also be used in explaining the universal disposition of all crystals at right angles with the earth —for instance, the Giant's Causeway, and the miniaturo of this, in columnar ice, wherever water freezes from the earth. It is a better word than polar foree to convey this idea, on this account—nevertheless, polar and axial should convey the same idea as crystalline force— on my hypothesis. Tho explanation or reason for assuming this relation should be manifest to any one who recognizes polarity—others must re ceive such statements by faith—upon the same principle that the Trinity is believed by those who do not reason at all, more easily than by "learned blockheads" who do nut reason naturally, but artificially. Triads occur in physics, and this is one of them—another is called ' 'vis viva ," where a body however small and round may ac cumulate an almost infinite amount of forco within itself, while remaining in one spot and apparently more fixed and still in proportion as it -revolves more rapidly,— but the third is equally incomprehensible —that any child may move a mountain as easily as his own weight with the hydrau lic j/ump, or elevate a platform with a dozen men on it by blowing steadily thro' a small tube aud valve with the muscles of bis mouth—so also the inevitable crys talline or axial force in tho boiler rivet is there —but time alone cannot make it ope David Stewaht, M. D Port Penn, Del. March IG, 1870. is al or be soil rativc. in for size "Alas!" said a moralizing bachelor, within earshot of a witty joung lady of the company, " this world is at best hut a gloomy prison!" "Yes," sighed the merciless minx, " especially to the poor creatures doomed to solitary confinement." <0>hc ofarinrr. Spnylng of Cow« for Milk. The following is a summary of a small' pamphlet presented to the state of N. Jer sey l»y M. \ attemare, a French veterinary, surgeon, on the "castration," or "spay- ing '' of cows, which may prove of interest to some dairy farmer readers, of the "castration" seems to be that it produces a more abundant secretion of milk, which acquires greater richness in quality, and results itr the following advantages to the proprietor: 1. An increase of one-third in quantity of milk. *J. Certainty of haring more con stantly the same quautity. J. The cow is not exposed to the accidents which often occur when she is in 8cason. will not generate, all the accidents of ges tation and calving are avoided. 5. (Heat er disposition to fatten when the milk fails, °i* the owner wishes to jart with them. This, is the experieuee of one. writes as follows : Of twenty-seven cows— aged from 0 to 15 years—which wo have castrated, we have obtained the following results: 1. Increase of milk in cows of (I 8 years. 2. Constant supply in tlioso above that age. 8. The milk is richer than the ordinary cow, and consequently yields more butter; the butter is always of a yellow color, and has a tasto and fla vor superior to that of a cow not cast rat oil. These arc strong testimonials, suits of many other experiments arc given, hut all uuite in saying that the cow should not he operated upon until her lactivo powers arc fully developed—say at tho age of 0 years, and about forty days after calving, when she will coutinue tho flow of milk as long as the owner chouses to keep her, food and other things being equal.— l*ratrie Parmer. The effect t the same time a 4. As she Anothcr or The Plant Tree«. What more uninviting sight to one in search of a residence than long rows of ci ty houses bare of shade ? And especially eau anything be more desolate than a country house set on a hill with no fruit or shade trees to temper the rays of the burning summer's sun, and enliven and enhance and beautify the spot which some merchant, mechanic, or would-be farmer has chosen for a residence? Dweller* in the country! speculators in suburban lots and villas! this is intolerable; plant shade trees before you invite us to visit your lots, plant trees abundantly, fruit and or namental, evergreen, deciduous, before you ask us to buy or live iu your houses. Fi nally, let farmers, and every man and wo man who owns a lot, plant trees on tho roadside, on tlie lawn, near every building; they will grow while you are sleeping, and pay a larger per cent, on the cost than any other investment. And not only plant trees dwellers iu both cities and country, but after they are planted, take caro of they grow into boapty and profit—giving invaluable protection from sultry beats and wintry storms, and in creasing in value, and tho children of your children's children will hold you in greateful rcinembraucc for this provision which you make for posterity, even if you do not live to bo solaced by the beauty and shade of tiie trees which your own youthful hands planted.— Working Farm An Eauly Raspberry. in Delaware writes —A gentleman us inquiring our opin ion as to an early relialAe. red raspberry. He says such soil in the New York cents per quart. Our reply to him was to set the Kirtland. \\ e would ask for no better fortune than to have fifty acres of them gowing hero. They are very early ; the fruit only medi um in size, bright rod, delicious, and tho whole crop ripens mi at two or three pick Suflictently firm to bear mar ket for 40 to GO mgs. carriage—. especially if shipped in pint baskets— (no raspberry should ho shipped in larger baskets.) The hush is very hardy and productive—withstanding the summer's sun and winter's changes without the least damage. From all quarters we hear tho most favorable report of it. Great oaution is required to get tho true Kirtland . there are two distinct sorts being sold for that variety. This was plainly shown in the discussion through certain horticultur al journals a year or so ago .—Small Fruit Recorder. I Fked tub Fruit Tkkks.—I t must be apparent to every reflecting persou that material round about a fruit-tree, which • renders important aid in the production of flue fruit of any kind, must necessarily bo moro or less exhausted after a vine, hush or tree has produced abundant crops for several successive seasons. After a few seasons, the material that the rautJ must be supplied with, in order to develop fruit, will he more or less exhausted. For this reason, fruit begins to fall; and tho fail ure is often attributed to au cast wind, or • some mysterious atmospheric influence,. when in reulity, tho sole cause is starvation . Tho remedy is to feed tho roots of all kinds of fruit ticcs with lime, wood ashes, gypsum, chip dirt, hones, fishes, and any-, thing that will renovate an impoverished soil —Hearth and Home. Winter Fears.- —Thore is no greater treat to tho lover of fruit than a good pear in midwinter. One variety, remarkable for ity delicious, melting quality, is tho Jones Seedling, a small pear about the size of tho Scckel, very productive and hardy, keeping well through the winter..