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V i/ it" L A A W d ^33 VOL. 3. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, JUNE 18, 1870. NO. 2&. NEW STOVE, TIN, AND HOUSE-FURNISHING STORE. THOMAS II. ROTHWELL'S NEW BUILDING, Worth Side of Main Street, 4 Buildings AVest of Town Hall, Middletown, Delaware. Where he has constantly on hand, and is pre pared to manufacture ALL KINDS OF TIN WARE At Short Notice. Particular attention paid to ROOFING AND SPOUTING. Orders respectfully solicited and promptly atten ded to. COOK STOVES. STAR, COTTAGE, NATIONAL, CHARM, PRIZE, & VICTOR COOK. parlorTstoves. BOQUET BASE, GAS, BURNING BASE, DIAL, VIOLET, REVERE, UNION AIR TIGHT. Stoves suitable for stores, offices, hotels, and school houses. Orders will be received and promptly any kind of Stove that may be ordered. GALVANIZED, RUSSIA, AND SHEET IRON, ZINC, COAL HODS, SEIVES, POKERS, SHOVELS, TEA KETTLES, BAKE PANS, WAFFLE IRONS SAD IRONS, BRASS k ENAMELLED PRESERVING KETTLES, ENAMELLED SAUCE PANS , TEA BELLS, JAPANNED CIIAMBER BUCKETS, SPITTOONS, WAITERS, LANTERNS, FLOUR AND PEPPER BOXES, SAND CUPS, MATCn SAFES (Cast Iron,) MOLASSES CUPS, PEACH CANS, ( Soldered and Self-Sealing ) PATENT CLOTHES FRAMES, &c. &c. &c. Prompt attention to business, moderate prices, competent workmen, and a determination to please, may at all times be expected by those who may favor him with their custom. filled for in be It he let as anfl THE VAPOR COOKING STOVE. No Wood, no Coal, no Stove Pipe, no Ashes, no Dirt, no Wood Boxes, no Coal Scuttle, no Kindling Wood, But a Friction Match, And the fire in full blast in half a minute, oven hot in two minutes, steak broiled in seven min utes, bread baked in thirty minutes, the fire en tinguished in a moment. Please call and examine it in operation at Thomas H. Eothwell's Stovo Store, MIDDLETOWN, DEL. Sole owner of tho stove for the State. Feb. 19— y BAUGH'S RAW BONE Super Phosphate of Lime. MARK-, 7RAD e SPRING I 1870. !" ''.i FARMERS, INCREASE VOUE CROP or Com, Oats, Potatoes, Wheat & Grass As well as add to the fertility of your soil, hy judicious and economical mode of MANURING. Get the value of your outlay the first season. Obtain better filled cars and heavier Make your land permanently fertile. Over sixteen years of constant use, on ail crops, lhas proven that Raugh's Raw Rone Phosphate «nay be depended upon by Farmers. ^WHighly Improved and Standard Warranted. For sale by agricultural dealers generally. grain. 3B-A.TT(3-H & SOISTS, MANUFACTURERS, No. 580 SoutU Delaware Avenue, PHILADELPHIA, PA. Oinee* march 12—6m D elaware rail road bonds, DELAWARE STATE BONDS, NEW CASTLE CO. BONDS, For Sale by GEO. INGRAM k CO. oct. 23—tf NATIONAL BANK STOCK. Highest market rates paid hy Oct. 23—tf GEO. W. INGRAM k CO. W/ILMINGTON k READING R. R. BONDS V V For sale by GEO. W. INGRAM A CO. Oct. 23—tf Brokers. F IRST Class Real Estate Bonds for sale by GEO. W. INGRAM k CO. Get 23—tf C APITALISTS are invited to call and exam ine our list of Securities before investing. Oct. 23—tf Geo. W. Ingram A Co. jqiDES AND TALLOW WANTED ! Tho highest prices will be paid at Nor. 20—If GIBSON'S. Middletown, Do!.' S EASONED OAK! and PINE WOOD, sawod and Split, delivered in town, in quantities to . T. EVANS. •nit, at $7 per cord, by P«k 19—tf ßelctt |oftrg. THE BEAUTIFUL LAND. There are brighter skies than these, I know ; Lands where no shadows lie— Fields where immortal flowers bloom, And founts that are never dry ; There are domes where the stars never dim, Where the moon forever gleams, And the music-breath of tho radiant hills Sweeps over the crystal streams ; For often I've caught, in the time of sleep, A gorgeous glimpse of this hidden deep, Away in tho land of dreams. When night lets down her pall of mist On slender cords of air, And the purple shadows of dying day Are teeming everywhere ; While unseen fairies chant a lay In the lilly'8 crimson cells, And the solemn voice of the harmless winds Breaks up the dreary fells, I know, by the cry of my soul within, There's a place where they shut the gates of sin, And the God of glory dwells. The wail of the wind, the river's voice, The arch of western hill, The beauty spread ov In slumbrous twilight still The yearnings of each human heart For a holier, better clime— A higher life than this mortal course, Bearing the seal divine ! Ah ! sure there must be a beautiful land, Where the white-robed millions ransomed stand, Chanting their songs sublime. the living earth, popular Stoics;. A DAD MAN'S STORY. BY JAMES FRANKLIN FITTS. It is a familiar proverb that truth is stranger than fiction ; so familiar that it has lost half its weight in the minds of men by its constant repetition. Yet al most overy successive day of my life I reminded by the strange and startling events that fall under my notice, both in professional and in domestic life, how viv idly, vehemently truthful are these house hold words—truth is stranger than fic tion. Without further preface, the fol lowing illustration is drawn from my rec ollection ; and excepting the suppression of tho real names of the parties whom it concerns, for obvious reasons, I pledgo its entire, unnrnamcnted truth. It lias of ten seemed to mo that while such life histories are being enacted all about crowded with extraordinary incidents and events, there is no call for tho efforts of the romancer's pen, or the imaginations of his brain. While that great riddle of creation thing,"—is still throbbing on, and the mixed drama of human life, now tragedy, now comedy, is being enacted, it has often seemed to me that tho fiction writer could bo bettor employed in simply recording the truth. And what wo have now to tell is the plain nnoolored story of the life hith erto of one thoroughly bad no apology for presenting it; repugnant as his story is to all moral sensibilities, it is yet strange, passing strange, that one life should show such a startling expe rience. In tho spring of the year 1862, when our country stood upon tho threshold of its mighty civil war, I was stationed at Havro de Graeo, Maryland, engaged Judge Advocato of a general court tial. The employment naturally turned my thoughts upon criminal prosecutions generally ; and in ono leisure moment, while glancing over the columns of a weekly journal sent me from my homo in one of the western counties of New York, my eye was arrested by the heavy cap tions of the report of a murder trial. Cu riosity was followed by tho deepest inter est when I saw the name ofthe accused— Clarence Wallen. It was the name of one who had been my schoolmato very early in life. At tho time of his trial for this fearful crime I judge that he was but a little more than thirty years of age. He was a half orphan, his father being dead; and had been brought up to manhood under the kind aud indulgent care of a wealthy un cle, his mother's brother. Tho associa tions and examplo of his uncle's home, which was situated in tho vicinity of Ni agara Falls, in one of the most romantic spots on tho banks of the noble river, were of the very best. His uncle and aunt were Christian people and of unusual refinement and culture, and took the same interest in his welfare and happiness as in those of their own children, several in number. Of this family, the girls, three in number, were the belles of the neigh borhood, and generally acknowledged to be the most beautiful aud engaging in the town. I well remember Clarence Wallen at school, while ho was yet quite a lad. He was always a handsome fellow—of less than the medium height, but well put to gether, and very quick in his motions, with a swarthy complexion, black hair, a defiant dark eye, and a bold resoluto face. was not a good face ; oven at that early day it had tho stamp of bad passions and a selfish will. Yet I do not remember that he distinguished himself at school by any special wickedness, ne was not apt as a scholar ; books were repugnant to him ! and a skillful analyzer of human character and actions might then havo seen that lie was but waiting for tho time when he should go forth into the great world and let the world hear from him. And the world did hear from him in a terrible way, I shall presently relato. Emancipated from school, be took a olerkship in the employ of a railroad com pany in which his uncle was interested, anfl with which he had sufficient influence us, * the human heart, that restless man. I make in in her the lie he had to obtain this desirable situation for his ne phew. About the same time he married his cousin, the most lovely and accomplished of the family. It is but a few years since this woman died, after an experience in life at which wo can only give a glance. Divorced from Clarence Wallen count of his criminal infidelity, she ried an officer in the navy, and lived with him till her death, in restless fear of the bad man from whom the law had separated her, who still hung uneasily about the neighborhood. The griefs that she boro in hearing his name are not for mo to re cord ; they are part of our great unwritten tragedy of the hearthstone in which pale, patient, suffering women are the chief ac tors, and of which many and many a fire side is the scene. Some time after Clarence Wallen had entered upon the duties of his olorkship, the considerable sum of nine hundred dol lars was lost by him in a manner that seemed very mysterious. The money be longed to the railroad, and Wallen had taken it home for safe keeping on Satur day night. Ilis wife was then absent from town for a few days, and Wallen had in vited a young man of his acquaintance to pass the night with him. The money was shown to this companion at night, beforo the two retired together, in Wallen's trou sers pocket, the trousers being thrown over a chair. In the morning Wallen woke his companion in great excitement and distress, to inform him that the ey was gone. And surely it was gone ; but neither of the two, so they said, had heard any noise in the night, and, save this, there were no signs of the presence of thieves. I he loss was spread about the village, and people speculated about it, and wondered how it could have been ta kens None were more puzzled by tho af fair, and none expressed more surprise about it, than \\ allen s uncle until the ticket-receiver of the road, a shrewd, si lent man, took him asido and astonished him still more with a hint. on ac mar nion "I think you had better say concerning the loss of that money, Mr. Wood," lie said. " You don't seem to know what is known hy half this commu nity, that Clarence Wallen is an unprinci pled young man ; a hard drinker, a de bauchee and a gambler, lie cun tell you, if lie will, what has become of that ey ; and if lie tells you that it has gone anywhere else than under the gaming-ta ble, ho will he a liar, as well as a thief. Youtlg Archer is either his dupe federate." no more mon or con Tho unhappy uncle and father-in-law was never in ignoraueo of the real charac ter of his daughter's husband, after that. Compelled to leave his place with the Company, Wallen went rapidly from bud to worse, lived a life of dissipation and evil association, and specdly connected his name with a series of frauds, pecula tions and even forgeries. Moro than once—more than half a dozen times—his acts had brought him almost within the shadow of the penitentiary, and each time his too indulgent relative stepped forward and saved him at the expense of heavy drafts on his purse. Much better would it havo been for tho community, and per haps tho criminal, had this kindness been withheld, and the law suffered to take its course. Clarence Walden was a man who seemed to live in an atmosphere of wickedness; and such a mail can hardly live to bo thir ty years of ago without committing enormous crime. Tho crime with which this man stained his soul was oue of the most dreadful, in its base ingratitude, and in its attendant circumstances, that I knew. Tt occurred in February, I be lieve, of the year 1802, in tho county town of the county iu which Wallen had been living. For months preceding its commission, this man had been seen at different places, within short intervals, flitting to aud fro like an uneasy spirit ; now at tho place where ho had lived, now at the county seat, and then disappearing for a brief absence elsewhere. lie was seen in Ran dolph, as I will style the second place, by many people, but only for a few moments at a time ; he came and went secretly, and no ono knew what was his business, what were his designs. And it was not until the truth was divulged, in connec tion with tho murder, that it became known that this man, resting under the law of a divorce as he was, which forbade liis marrying again, was making clandes tine visits at night to the young and beau some ever ed tiful daughter of ono of the foremost in the place—foremost both in wealth and in respectability, as well as in family con nections. I am no metaphysician, and never pretended to understand much of tho workings of the femalo heart; and somo ono wiser than I must search for tho cause that would impel such a girl, in such a position, to throw herself into the arms of an unprincipled reprobate such she must have known Wallen to be. As for Wallen's motives, they were clear c nough ; he meant to take fast hold of this girl, to enslave her affections, to decoy her away, and thenceforth to hold a terror over her relatives which nothing but gold should satisfy. And so, to accomplish his object, he camo and went, flitting to and fro, aud meeting her secretly, in tho shadows of the night. But to do this in secrecy, he could not resort to a hotel or hoarding house, where his presence could bo known; lie must havo some stealthy place wheft he could lurk unobserved through the day, and from which he could sally out when the day had gono. Such a plaoe he had found—a room on the first floor of a building which was located convenient to the it ne his of in bad the re ac to The news spread quickly ; it reached of the district attorney among the first, and he repaired promptly to the spot. lie was told that tho last words of the En" lishman referred to Clarence Wallen Was Wallen in Randolph '/ Nobody had seen him—nobody knew—until a livery-stable keeper heard of the inquiry, and startled the law-officer with the intelligence that Wallen had hired a carriage and a span of f as t horses, about two o'clock of that morning, and started for Canada. The promptness of the officer alone gavo any hope that the fugitive could be arrested. First telegraphing to the city on tho fron tier which he would probably pass through, the officer started himself with the fleetest conveyance at hand, some five hours behind in tho pursuit. The fugitive had crossed to Canada be fore tho pursuit reached the city ; but the telegraph had done its work, and other officers of the law had followed hard after, lie hail taken tho early train for Fort Dalhousic ; tho officers took tho next, and the district attorney remained upon the Canada side opposite tho city, to arrange with tho Canadian officials for the transfer of tho criminal to the American side, without delay and risk which would at tend the slow process of extradition. Had the day been any other than Sun day, Wallen would probably have escaped, since ho might then have extended his flight far westward without pausing. But on tho Sabbath the trains ran no farther than to Dalhousie ; and tho officers left the frontier, sure of overtaking him there. They did find him there; and with him, sharing by his side his guilty slumber, tho wretched girl who had deliberately sacrificed everything dear in life for him. But a few hours before she had loft her father's house with the man who was now aroused from sleep by officers, and arrest ed on the charge of murder ! The wail ings of tho miserable girl, mingled with her protestations, woman-like, of her be lief in his innocence, resounded through the night, and completed tho dramatic in terest of a scene which my feeble pen shall not attempt to justly portray. Tho two were hurried back to tho river; where, in presence of the district-attorney and several Canadian officials, Wallen was searched. bis purpose. It was tenanted by centric Englishman, Brock by name, who was reputed to have somo wealth, and who dwelt hero alone. Unseen, or unre cognized if seen, Wallen passed within the door of this place, seeking the ccalment of this man's roof which had of ten harbored him before ; and when next he emerged from it, it was with the curse of Cain upon him ! The evidence given upon the trial of this man for murder of Brock, on behalf of the prosecution, supplies most of the sequel. About one o'clock in the of are the its an ec con ac morning, a man and his wifo occupying tho room above beard a struggle in the apartment below, a heavy fall, and the closing of the door. About the same time—and it was at the dead of night, when the streets were still and quiet—the night-watchman upon tho railroad bridgo under which tho street passed, saw a man walking rapidly along the sidewalk towards a livery-stable. At daylight, tho Englishman, Brook, stag gered into tho office of a physician near his house, and made a statement that he had been hurt, repeating something else which tho rules of criminal evidence would not permit to be used on tho trial of Wal len. The doctor, supposing the man slightly hurt, administered a restorative, and assisted him to tho sofa. Brock lay down upon it, and in a few moments ex pired. A closer examination showed to the horrified doctor that tho baso of his skull had been crushed in ; as it after wards appeared, by a heavy iron instru ment. by out ing cool an of aud if and open you of a way at do but thus a walk hat tho feel than soon I result cool gaged and often in the ble. friend. nice a The damning evidence of his guilt was found on his person: a bank note, torn and pasted iu a peculiar man ner, which was positively identified hy a citizen of Randolph as one that lie paid to Brock only tho day before. Robbery, therefore, appeared to be the cause of tho murder. Wallen and liis paramour were convey ed to Randolph, where the former was lodged in jail, and the latter returned to her dishonored homo. In due time Clarence Wallen was indicted for tho murder of Brock, and his trial came on during the spring. Tho remarkable circumstances surrounding the crime, and tho parties whom it brought conspicuously before the public, attracted such a crowd to the court-room as had never filled it before, while hundreds went away, unable to gain admittance. The trial proceeded, day after day, with its impressive solemnities, and amid eager excitement. Tho vener able Daniel S. Dickinson, then attorney general, appeared among tho counsel for the prosecution, and the able and gifted Lyman Tremain headed tho defence—for the kind interest of his much-abused rel atives still clung to tho prisoner, and overy nerve was strained in his defence. The trial ended with a verdict of guilty ; and tho aged judge, in conformity with the law as it then was, sentenced the pris oner to be confined ono year in the State's prison at Auburn, and then to bo hung, on suoh a day as the Governor should ap point. The face of the judge, whilo he spoke, was covered with tears ; that of the prisoner was stony and indifferent. Allusion has been made to the state ment which Brock made to tho doctor a moment before his death. That statement was substantially as follows; "I am hurt very bad ; Clarence Wallen struck the head with an iron bar. received in evidence on tho trial, because it oould not be. A'rule of evidence well hy liko when breeze me on It was not A hor of undesstood among lawyers requires that dying confessions or statements, to be competent as evidence, must bo made while the person making them realizes that he is at the point of death ; and noth ing appeared, cither from tho words them selves, or tho circumstances under which they were uttered, to show that Brock comprehended his condition. There was enough, however, to'convict the criminal without this dying statement of tho dered man ; and I think that tho people of Randolph breathed moro freely when Wallen was placed within tho walls of Auburn penitentiary. And now remains to bo told one of the strangest parts of this dark chapter. A bout four years following the conviction and incarceration of Wallen, the people of tho county were astounded and shocked by the intelligence that a freo pardon had been granted to him, and that ho was at liberty. Tho report proved to be true. Ilis sentence had been at first commuted to fifteen, and then to four years, without any of tho usual forms being complied with which are required by law to be ob served upon an application for pardon commutation. The Executive, as ho af terward confessed, had been over-persuad ed by false statements made to him by persons in whom ho had implicit confi dence, to the freeing of Clarence Wallen ; and he remarked, when he discovered tho means that had been used to effect tho cul prit's release, that he regretted the act that gave him liberty moro than any other of his whole official career. And thus Clarence Wallen was passed out into the world again, like a dark shadow in its sunlight. Whither he has gone, I know not; what household he is desolating, I know not; what further vi cissitudes of crime are to be his before ho reaches the violent and miserable death that probably awaits him, I cannot tell. We only know that lives of sin and crime, as well a3 lives of righteousness, are contemplated by tho eye of Him who permits not even a sparrow to fall noticed, and thatall evil things on earth may work together for final good. I only desire, iu conculsion, to repeat the assuraneo with which I began—that this narrative is one of exact truth, in all its details. ec " or IIOW PEOPLE TAKE COLD. Not by tumbling into the river and dragging home wet as a drowned rat ; not by being pitched into the mud, or spilled out in the snow in sleighing time ; not by scrubbing the floor until the unnameahle sticks to you like a wet rag ; not by hoe ing potatoes until you are in a lather of sweat ; these are not tho things which give people colds ; and yet they are all tho time telling us how they " caught their death of cold hy exposure." The time for taking cold is after your exercise ; the place is in your own house, or office, or counting house. It is not the act of ex ercise which gives cold, but the getting cool too quick after exercising. For ex ample, you walk very fast to get to the railroad station, or to tho ferry, or to catch tho omuibus, or to make the time for an appointment ; your mind being ahead of you, the body makes an extra effort to keep up with it, aud when you get to the desired spot you raise your hat and find yourself iu a perspiration ; you take a seat aud feeling quite comfortablo as to tempe rature, you begin to talk with a friend, or if a New Yorker, to read a newspaper, and before you are aware of it, you expe rience a sensation of chillness, and the thiug is done ; you look around to see whero the cold comes from, and find an open window near you, or a door, or that you have taken a seat at the forward part of the car, and in moving against tho wind a strong draft is made though the crevices. After any kind of exercise do not stand a moment at a street corner, for anybody or anything; norat an open door or window. When you have been exercising in any way whatever, winter or summer, go home at once, or to somo sheltered place; and however warm the room seem to ho, warm room may seem to ho, do not at once pull off your hat and cloak, but wait awhile—some five minutes or more, and lay aside one thing at a time; thus acting, a cold is impossible, a moment; when you return from a brisk walk and enter a warm room, raise your hat and your forehead will be moist; let tho hat remain a few moments and feel the forehead again, and it will be dry, showing that tho room is actually cooler than your body, arid that with out-door clothing on, you have really cooled off full soon enough. Many of the severest colds I have ever known men to take, were the result of sitting down to a warm meal in a cool room after a long walk; or being en gaged in writing, have let the fire go out, and their first admonition of it was that creeping dullness which is tho ordinary forerunner of a severe cold. Persons have often lost their lives by writing or reading in a room whero there was no fire, altho' the weather outside was rather comforta ble. Sleeping in rooms long unused has destroyed tho lifo of many a visitor and friend. Our splendid parlors and our nice "spare rooms" help to enrich many a doctor.— -Hall's Journal of Health. Notice Young women often keep their lovers hy tears; " yes," says Grumwig ; " Love liko beef, is preserved by brine." Gratitude is the music of the heart when its chords are swept by the gentle breeze of kindness. A lady in Paris is mourning the I 086 of hor eleventh husband, but is. anxious to complete tho dozen. ^elcct fjoctrg. THE VOICES OF THE WOOD. There are voices in the woodlands, You may hear them everywhere, Now they're murmuring on the green sward, Now they're ringing in the air; On every side they're coming, From insect, bird and tree, And a wild and joyous concert Their sweet voices make for me. I hear the wild bee humming, The grasshopper brisk and shrill; There stands the beetle drumming To the babbling of the rill; Hark 1 the low soft wind is sighing,. Like some gentle spirit grieves, And the birds in song replying To tho whispering of the leaves. Oh, the voices of the woodlands I well can understand, I know that varied music Is played by Ilis own hand. Should fears and doubts come o'er us, 'Twill do the spirit good To list to Nature's chorus, The voices of the wood 1 For the Middletown Transcript. The Menus of Groce «re Hereditary. The following clipping from the New York Observer, exhibits the above idea in another form,—if we recognize the fact that "means of grace " are both positive and negative, or both direct and indirect, viz ; A father may remove from his sons all temptation to steal by educating them with reference to their ability to or enjoy their talent—or he may whet their appetites for positions, and luxuries which inevitably entail slavery infinitely moro cruel aud degrading than negro sla very. Much more (a fortiori) his daugh ter may not only bo impressed with his hereditary vices and the steumous consumptive constitution (which thus has actually gotten tho name of "Kings Evil" for manifest reasons,) but throw her over board at bis death among a set of land sharks of his own cultivation although ut terly unfitted to resist temptation except by tho miraculous intervention of tho grace of God or his "uncovenanted mercy." It is cruel to "pet" a bird and deprive it of tho luxury of self-preservation, al though its life be prolonged thereby. Moro cruel to turn it loose in the spring—but much moro in the autumn among abound ing hawks,—infinitely, moro outrageous is the systematic cultivation of a " ward " without " precedent ," but infernal is the only word that will express the cruelty of such afathcr. This is positive selfisnness, but not nearly so insidious or mischievous as that sort of negative or preliminary sel fishness which obliterates all veneration for divine authority in the offspring by the cultivation of vice or vicious habits by the ■parent, and contempt for the worship of God even in an oath or any other act of worship. If hearing is a means of grace, deafness is not, and consequently if we can transmit the gift of hearing we admit that this negative means of grace is hered itary if transmitted in proportion as the inordinate temptation to evil is diminished or the power to control it is increased by habit and instinct. Sigma. Port Penn, Pel. June 9<A, 1870. HEREDITARY GENIUS. cxcrcise or a is BY NATHAN ALLEN, M. n. There has always been a kind of impres sion that true genius was hereditary, and occasionally some writers havo given ex pression to such opinions ; but Francis Galton, an English writer, in a recent treatise, is the first individual to discuss the subject in a detailed, statistical man ner, and to arrive at certain numerical re sults upon the great laws of heredity. Beforo proceeding to this work, he says, " by thinking over the dispositions and achievements of his coutemporarics at school, at college, and in after-life, he was surprised to find how frequently abil ity seemed to go by descent." Mr. Galton, we presume, stands not alone in such ob servation and experience. In order to put the thing fairly to the test, and arrive at some definite results, bo examined carefully iuto the persoual history of over four hundred illustrious men, and found that they were indebted for their renown very much to hereditary influences. In England, where are found distinct classes in society, and where po sitions of power and influence are held through several geuerations, by virtually tho same family, there are superior ad vantages for such investigations. For in stance, from I860, to 1805, ho found that two hundred and twenty-six judges had occupied high places upon the King's Bench, and, in nearly all these cases, their talents could be traced directly to hereditary origin. For a judgeship in these English courts, it requires talents of the highest order, well-balanced and thoroughly trained. Among tho leading statesmen of Great Britain, including the peerage, talents were not found so gener ally transmitted ; tho principal reason, Mr. Galton alleges, is that of marrying heiresses, but, it is presumed that this de generacy did not always or wholly exist upon one side. The law of heredity will hold good not only in cases of genius or great talents ; but also as applied to the common mind, in all its peculiarities and degrees of strength. It applies also to the body, transmitting various abnormal states, cer tain weakuesses aDd predispositions to dis ease. If an individual indulges in habits of intemperance or licentiousness, in the habitual use of tobaooo or opium ; tho eff ects of all such violations of the lawB of life and health, are indelibly stamped up the organization of his offspring. There A of on is a free agency and moral responsibility in this matter that few realize in all iur extent and fearful accountability. This doctrine of hereditary law iscleir ly pointed out in the Hibtc, buth by pre* ccpt and example. AThferf «fehovah issued his commands in the Decalogue, not only to the Israelites, but to his creatures irr all coming time, saying. " 1/ the Lord , thy God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and frmfth generation»," it Was intended there should be sortie mean ing in this visitation. Whatever divine influences or agencies may be brought in to operation in other respects, it is posi tively certain that here, by the laws of he reditary descent, the iniquities of the fath ers are visited upon the children unto the second, third and fourth generations. The term " iniquity** has a broad signification, including tho consequences or penalties of all violated law, whether that law be pressed in the revealed command of God or stamped by the same Almighty power upon the human constitution. The Chris tian world has yet much to learn in thisr comparative new field of inquiry. ex For the Middletown Transcripts The Pencil Growers Asoclntiou of Delaware and Maryland. / The triennial convention of this associ ation met at Odessa, on Saturday, June 11th. They have at last accomplished their object or at least a promise of remu neration for lost baskets from Philadel phia Commission Merchants, heretofore considered impracticable except at the risk' of delay in sale of fruit on the one hand or an increase in the commission which more than counterbalances their previous loss, whereas in New York the uniform custom has been to make a quasi sale of baskets with fruit and at least promise to indem-' nify the grower for all baskets not ed. "Way laid" baskets are still "mooted" question except with members of this association, as it is manifest that a mixed lot although comprising the ber when shipped they meet other owners by the way. The grower has heretofore been con-' tending not only against the enormous loss amounting in one case to $3,000 for baskets alone—but also the participation in tho crime involved by countenancing this waste and rascality, especially among irresponsible men who demand 10 per cent, commission, and repudinte their own sales, or deny their responsibility therefor. As " careless persons make thieves" this must be, hereafter, one of their speciali ties, and all good citizens will no doubt sustain them as catering to tho publie good not with reference to ultimate cost of this luxury but also in much portant points as above. June 13lA, 1870, recetv as n num more ini Sigma. THE HEART OF THE HOME. All really useful and happy homes have' a heart-centre toward which every mem ber gravitates, drawn by attractions sistlcss because unfelt. The houseband that surrounds, strengthens, and protects, is usually the husband and father. The house-heart is usually tho wife and moth er. Moro than several times have known the weak, the sick, tho needy of the to become tho ro wo ono to and from which the activities of every member were in steady circulation. For her room the best in the house was chos en. The stately parlor gave up its best chair and picture. To that the first flower, the first berries, the first fruit of the orchard and vineyard. Tho newspaper came into that room first of all. There the father "reported" when return ing, and loft his good-by when gping. Thither the young girl, dressed for a par ty, came in to he admired in the house hold heart. Thither the sons havo thrice a day, fresh with the last excite ment, and stories from the street. For her, the concert, the lecture, and the mon have been listened to, and a story of them brought home. Her need has wrought a gentleness and unity through the whole family. Her tranquil judge ment has tempered hasty speeches and taught tho way of impartial thought.— Around her chair, or couch, or bed, around an altar thrice concentrated, havo come the daily worshipers, with Scrip ture, song and prayer. And so through years of chastened enjoyment and tremb ling hope, this family has found training in a life of unity, purity and love. Tho house has had a heart. The passers-by said, "afflicted." But the dwellers knew that the affliction was working out fruits most peaceable and rewards eternal. • room camo oome sor as ■ *. In view of tho present frequency of earth-quakes, every question having relation to the causes, real or supposed, of these upheavals of the earth is eagerly discussed. What causes volcanoes, is a query that many are trying to answer, A French physicist formed a cone of iron filings and sulphur, and covered it with earth Chemical action ensued, and forming sulphide of iron, caused an erup tion which closely resembled that of a volcano. But, although this is a very pretty experiment, the matter thrown up from volcanoes contains neither sulphur nor iron enough to sustain his theory, and nobody knows as yet the real origin of volcanic action. an I . The substitute for the ballot-box is tho cradle. Give women one of these pieces of furniture aud they will not desire tho other.