Newspaper Page Text
K j ■h : =5TtS,* h A '4 A 'AWA MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 5, 1870. VOL. 3. NO. 45. BOOK, STATIONERY, AND variety sto ire. gCHOOL BOOKS and Miscellaneous Worl Bibles, Prayer Books and Hymn Books, styles and binding; Blank Books, in vari Tuek, .Memorandum and Pass Books. STATIONERY. Writing, Letter, and Note Paper, Envelopes, In variety ; Mourning Paper and Envelopes to match. FANCY ARTICLES. Photograph Albums, ork Boxes, Fancy Boxes, riling Desks, Ladies' Satchels, Pocket Books, Port Folios, Purses, Port Monaies, Segar Cases, Picture Frames, Tassel aud Cords, Looking Glasses, BACK GAMBON BOARDS, C11F.SS AND CHECKER MEN, G AMES of all KINDS. Rubber Pencils and Penholders, Writing Fluid and Ink Stands, Pocket Cutlery, Roger's Scissors, Ac. Sleeve Huttons, Studs, Breast Pins, Finger Rings, Spectacles, Violin Strings, Combs, Brushes, Nail and Tooth Brushes, Gum Bands, Watch Keys, Key Rings, and Puff Boxes. A flue assortment of Colgate & Co's. Soap PIIALON'S NIGHT BLOOMING CEREUS, Wright's and Taylor's Superior Extracts, Pomades, Hair Oils, And Dental Soap of the First Quality GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS. Neck Ties of various styles, Bismarck Collars, Gloves, Hose, Handkerchiefs, Culls, Wristlets. Segnrs, Tobacco Pipes, Meerschaums, and To bacco Pouches. Lumps, Lamp Chimneys, Wicks and Coal Oil. NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINES. New York Ledger, Harper's Weekly, Bazaar and Magazine, Frank Leslie, Chimney ('orner, Weekly, Girls and Boys Weekly, Gleason's Literary Companion, &c. Godey's Peterson's, Atlantic, Arthur's, Gal axy and Mm'c Dcmorest's Magazines. D. L. DUNNING, n Hall. Middletown, Del No. 2 T Jan. 30—ly GEO. W. INGRAM & CO. Brokers äs Real Estate Agents, BROAD STREET ABOVE MAIN, Middletown, Delaware, TTEND PROMPTLY TO THE COLLEC TION OF NOTES, DRAFTS, BILLS, äse. äse. A NEGOTIATE LOANS, PURCHASE & SELL STOCKS ON COMMISSION, And offer for sale Valuable Real Estate, Comprising some of the most desirable Farms on the Peninsula. Correspondence by mail solicited. Refer by permission to tho following named gentlemen : Hon. R. C. Holiday, Sec. of State, Annapo lis, Md. W. R. Bergholz, Memphis & El Paso Pacific Railroad, N. Y . R. Atkinson, Banker, 41 Broad st. N. Y. Hon. Richard Schell, 50 Wall " " Col. Blanton Dnncan, Louisville, Ky. Geo. Heir, Adj. General, Baltimore, Md. Geo. W. Karsner, McDonough. J. W. Vandegrift, " Seyfert, McManus & Co. Philadelphia. Gen. Robert Patterson, " II. F. Chatham, march 17—tf Phila. Nat. Bank. BANKING HOUSE OF John McLear & Son ... NO. Olli) SURRET STREET, "Wilmington, Delaware (ESTABLISHED 1848.) D EPOSITS of money received on interest dur ing business hours of every day, subject to draft at sight, or payable at a time agreed upon, as may be desired by the depositor. Persons depositing with us can give checks in upon Banks, which will be the sumo manner as paid when presented. We buy, sell and exchange all issues of Gov ernment Bunds at current market prices. We buy, sell and collect gold and currency coupons. We execute orders for the purchase and sale of com gold, aud all kinds of stocks and bunds mission. Foreign Countries payable in the in of the country upon which they are gold drawn. Collections made i States, Canada and Europe. Inquiries by mail promptly answered. all parts of the United JOHN McLEAR & SON. aug. 27—3mos To the Public. HE undersigned respectfully informs the cit izens of Middletown and vicini jLy that he is prepared with excellent llorses, Wagons aud Carts to do all •kinds of hauling at moderate rates. Proprietors .of hotels and housekeepers will find it to their .advantage to give him a call. Coal and lumber iiauLed at shortest notice. Orders for baggage ■or other parcels, left at the Post Office, will rc .ceiye prompt attention. N. B.—75 Tons pfgood BUILDING SAND for /sale. WM. W. WILSON. T July 2—tf PEACH TREES. A LARGE stock of Hculthy Peach Trees of the best market varieties. Also a general Nur sery stock of Fruit & Ornamental Trees, Vines, &c. THOMAS J. PULLEN, Successor to Isaac Pullen, llightstown, N.J. References: John P. Cochran, Wm. R. Cochran, sept 3—2mos* Address S EASONED OAK and FINE WOOD, sawed aud Split, delivered in towig iu quantities to Suit, at $7 per cord, by Feb 19—tf ISHOP'S ANIMAL POKE—a new article EVANS . T. EVANS. B •afl and see it at ★ / / I», h\ ut ffj », E V tho only complete * Ml O co ass £ SJi THE AMERICAN Buttonhole, Overseaming, Sewing Machine, Has the following advantages over most all other Sewing Machines in the market : 1 It has a tension which prevents cutting of thread or dropping of stitches. 2 It has the most powerful construction, which will insure good work for a quarter of a century. 3 It sews the lightest eanihrie and the usual shoe leather without any strain whatever. 4 It 1ms a feed bar which can be lowered or raised at will, thus adapting it to all kinds of material. 5 It is impossible to get the machine out of or der unless by rust, dust or taking apart. It will never get out of order by working. G It has the highest attainable speed, making 2,200 stitches per minute by foot, and 3,000 by steam. 7 it is the lightest running shuttle maehiuo. 8 It makes the most beautiful lock stitch. 9 It has the handsomest appearance. 10 It has the strongest, most convenient, hand somely polished, braced table, with drawer, and board to prevent soiling the dress. 11 Its cover is polished, fitting and locked as a little trunk. There is nothing better than this to preserve the 1 ! 12 It has straight needle. 13 Four bobbi hold a spool of cotton. 14 It has the best liemmer. 15 It lias llie most complete attachment, the Jitck-of-all-trades, hems, tells, himls, bastes, tucks, braids aud rutiles. 1G 11 is ns simple as any machine in the mur kct. 17 It needs hut little time tu leurn its operu tion. 18 It has the best embroidering attachment. ID It sews piece while puffing another ut the same time without hasting, at tachment straight after work. These advantages combine the best qualities of a sewing machine for the family who want to use it steadily in all kinds of work. Nothing way of combining equal he found iu the the f all the sewing bile obviating all their faults. ad vantages mines know THE FOLLOWING ADVANTAGES THE AMERICAN Possesses alone ul undisturbed, there being other machine even pretending them : 1 It has a larger tion than d stronger construc y family machine, admitting larger pieces of work, thus fitting the machine to family and manufacturing purposes need of two machines. ell, without It has 8jx5 inches clear room. 2 It hems any width thickness, from 1-1C of un inch cambric to 2 inches beaver. 3 It Linds h coat, a skirt, or a lmt without any braid or binding whatever. 4 It folds up tile briui of a hat to any fullness. 5 It overscums a sheet or Brussels carpet. 0 It makes beautiful eyelet work. 7 It embroiders the edge. 8 It makes buttonholes of any si material. on any 0 it has file braiding machine which makes braid of size or color at the rate of 150 yards per hour. This soils for §10 extra. the first premium at every exhibition in which it has been entered. 10 It always \x THE AMERICAN Can be had «s a plain sewing machine without the buttonhole and overseaming, at $15 less than the given prices. We want a few reliuble agents everywhere, to whom we will make it popular machines. object to sell these Machines will be sent to any address on receipt of price. Every machine has a full outfit for plain sewing, hemming, &c. We simply ask an examination to verify all we state. SIJB-AGENCIES : Special Agent. — G. W. Baker, 220 King St. Wilmington. Clark T. Cullius, Townsend, Del. TaAVELLINQ AGENTS ; Daniel Whiting, Wm. W. Lynam Joshua Brown, Wm. T. Gallaher, John Avery, George W. Gravât, James L. Kelley. O. PATEONI, Office and Wa,rerooms, 511 KESTGr STREET WIL.MINGTON, DELAWARE. June 18 —ly Select Joetnj. THE WIND OF NIGHT. BY r . !.. SHOEMAKER. The wind of night is a lonely sprite, And he roams o'er land and sea; lie's a monrol'nl elf, and he sings to himself, And a weird, sad song sings lie ; Oh, the lonely wind of night I Me thinks he sings to the ghostly things That crowd night's gloomy halls, When the stars glare down, or the dnrk clouds frown. And the rain it drearily falls : Oh, the lonely wind of night ! He sings of the Past that flew so fust, Of joys that have gone for aye, And of those that lie ncath the hollow sky, Deep, deep in the graveyard clay : Oh, the lonely wind of night 1 The Summer is dead, and a blight is shed Over her leaves and flowers, And the wind of night bemoans their plight, In a dirge for the vanished hours : Oh, the lonely wind of night 1 As I sit and hear that requiem drear For the things that are no more, To the ear of thought is the night-wind fraught With a sad, mysterious lore: Oh, the lonely wind of night ! And I dream of the time when his doleful rhyme Will sound o'er the tomb, where I Must slumber deep, while he wil sleep, As now, all lonely by : Oh, the lonely wind of night 1 For I still will have in the lowly grave, Though forgotten by all mankind, A mourner aud friend till time shall end, In the lonely, homeless wind : Oh, the lonely wind of night 1 The Blue Hen's Chickens. —A corres pondent asks us why the Delaware boys are called the " Blue Hen's Chickens." We have heretofore explained the origin of the soubriquet, but trausfer the follow ing from our port folio, which, we think, is from the Baltimore American : "In the revolutionary war, Delaware was among the most densely populated portions of our country, and it is said to have furnished five thousand fighting men to the revolutionary army. The Regiment of " Delaware Blues " was so called from their blue uniforms. When they marched from Wilmington in 1770, they were in deed a gallant sight. Eight hundred men with such perfect discipline in their march, that when advancing iu line, it was said a bullet could le passed from one end of the aukles of every soldier without touching a man—exhibited a spectacle such as was not witnessed since that day. " They were exposed in every action from Long Island to Charleston, aud as fast as they fell in battle their ranks were recruited from Delaware alone. Jaquett, who was one of their officers, used to say that he could march all day with them frum sunriso to sunset, and when on Green's retreat everybody else were tired and asleep, his Sussex soldiers alone would get a fiddle aud dance around their watch fires. They were engaged in thirty-two pitched battles and were always the last to retreat. It was natural that they should have been then the pride and boast of the State iu which scarcely a man was left who had not a relation or friend in the regi raeut. " Captain Caldwell had a company re cruited from Kent and Sussex called by the rest * ' Caldwell's game cocks," and the regiment after a time in Carolina was nick named from this ' The Blue lieu's Chick ens,' as the fun and fancy of their com rades preferred the phrase. " But after they had been distinguished in the South, the name of tho Blue lien was applied to the State, whenever after a battle the recruiting officers were sent home to get more chickens of her raising, and those who came from Kent were chiefly taken from her forests of white oak. The poor fellows for the most part died in the battles of the Revolution, and but very few of those who returned ever received any reward for their services, being paid off in continental money. But the Whigs of the Revolution never ceased to boast of tho Blue Hen and her chickens, and to this day their descendants will often boast in Kent, that they are the cocks of that blood, and were taken from tho stooping white oak." The dome of the Capitol at Washington ie one of the largest in the world, being ono hundred and thirty-seven feet in diam eter at its base, and two hundred foet high. The architect, Mr. Walter, naturally thought so large a mass of iron would be affected by the sun's rays, so that the ex pansion would bo unequal, according as the suu shone on one or the other side. To ascertain the extent of tho expansion, he extended a wire within the dome from the top to the bottom, and connected with it, by a delicate mechanism, a pencil which would draw on a paper the line of move ment. He expected quite a regular curve, as the opposite sides of the dome wero af fected by tho daily passage of the sun ; hut he found that it is not tho sun, but the wind, that has the most effect. The Amer ican Journal of Science contains a copy of the figure drawn one windy day, showing all the oltanges and lulls of the storm, and making a very curious oomplieated figure. Belgium, a little kingdom of 11,338 square miles—about the size of Maryland— gives comfortable support to over 5,000, 000 people, or about 500 to tho square mile. Tho most stylish weddings to take place this winter are-to be managed in the plain est manner, with no bridesmaids, grooms men, ushers, or rooeption. A RIVAL. OP NIAGARA. The newly discovered waterfall in Brit ish Guiana, South America, has a perpen dicular descent of 735 feet, with 81 feet more of cataract. It is in the Essequibo River, and is called the Great Kaitucr Fall. One of the surveying party, who visited it in April last, describes it as fol lows : " As we saw the Fall, I cannot imagine anything more beautiful. The central portion, which is never dry, forms a small horseshoe or re-entering angle, and the water in this part preserves its consisten cy for a short distance from the ledge. But everywhere else, at a few feet from the top all semblauce of water disappears ; it breaks up, or blossoms, into fine foam or spray, which découds in the well-knowu roeket-like forms of tho Staubach and sim ilar waterfalls, but multiplied a thousand times, into a small dark pool, over a .semi circular curtain of precipice deeply hol lowed by the action of the spray. The cavern behind the Fall is the home of the swallows, which issue from it in the morn ing, and may be seen returning in their multitudes at night. The Fall itself is ono vast descending column of a tine dry looking, snow-white substance, bearing a resemblance, in color and consistency, to the snow of an avalanche, but surpassing all avalanches I have seen in size, and in the beauty of the forms taken by the ma terial of the Fall. Raiubows of great splendor wore observed, one from the front of the Fall in the morning, oue from the summit in the afternoon ; but this last re versed, forming a colored loop or ring, in to which the whole mass seemed to precip itate itself and disappear, and dart out un derneath, black and foaming, at the gorge and outlet of the pool." The width of the river, 200 yards above the fall, is 134 yards, and its depth fifteen feet. SOMETHING STR.WGE. Figures serve siugular purposes. Ger man newspapers are making much of a prophecy and its confirmation iu connec tion with the present war. This prophe cy was fulfilled in the fall of Louis Phil ippe, and seems to be again confirmed in the downfall of Napoleon. The following is tho figure-work : Louis Philippe was born in His Quecu was born in They were married in Ascended the French throne in 1830 1773 1782 1809 Add these historical dates as follows: 1830 1830 1830 1 1 1 7 7 8 8 0 3 9 1848 1848 1848 The result is tho memorable year of 1848, in which Louis Philippe abdicated the French throne. Now apply tho same calculation to Louis Napoleon : Napoleon III. was born in The Empress Eugenie was born 1826 They were married in Ascended the tbroue in Add these as above : 1853 1808 1868 1853 1853 1853 l l l 8 8 0 o 5 8 6 3 1870 And where is Louis Napoleon this year of our Lord 1870? To say the least this is a remarkable instance of prophetic figure work, for it is said to have been promulga ted some years before Louis Philippe ab dicated, aud to liavo been in a similar manner applied to Louis Napoleon. Iu this case " Figures don't lie." 1870 1870 Fur the Mtâdletown Transcript. APPLICATION. If consideration, mental discrimination, and appreciative understanding give any durable or permanent results in any legit imate, legalized transaction, then tho grand results of meritorious actions are appreciated and realized. There really is grandeur in tho knowledge which is real ized by truth, honor, morality, independ ent harmonious discriminating intelligence of our own abilities, capabilities,intentions, and pursuits. Combining utility with common sense and reason, the dictates of wisdom and philosophy and moral philan throphy with mental equilibrium, and at once, we form a combination, vast in con ception, inadmissible, illimitable, and illustrious. Prejudging no unworthy mo tive to honest endeaver, ever mindful, careful aud prayerful, coupled with con sideration, the investigated truths which guide and direct human affairs and under standing are all important, conducive and irrefrangible, worthily bestowed endorse ments upon any tangible, praetieal, essen tially prolfiic conceded doctrine, of mater ial usefulness and knowledge, are most emphatically, implicitly and understand ing^ reliable, in every commendable, rea sonable combination or acquisition, or im pliedly honest avocation. When sensible, honorable combination culminates in productive unavowed, invin cible, unconquerable, irrevocable, unequiv ocal good; obstreperous "pretention" gives way and beats a trusc, if not a pal pably inglorious retreat. O. L. Munn. The writer of the foregoing seems to have strung his adjectives together like beads. But we don't comprehend his " inadmissable combination," or his "tan gible, essentially prolifio doctrines." Our obtusenoss, however, must bo our excuse. The Seven Wonders of the AA r ottLD.— First, the Egpptiau Pyramids ; the larg est of these is 693 feet square and 300 feet high, and its base covers 11 j norcs of ground. Second, the Mausoleum, erected at Mausolus, to a king of Caria, by his widow Artemisia ; it was 93 feet long and 35 feet high. Third, the Temple of Diana, at Epho sus ; this was 525 feet in length and 220 in breadth. Fourth, the walls and hanging gardens of Babylon. These walls are stated by Herodotus to have been 88 feet thick, 350 feet high and 00 miles in length, and the statement is coufirtnod, deemed credible by modern antiquarians. Fifth, the Colsosus at Rhode«; this was a brazen statue of Apollo, 105 feet in height, standing at the mouth of the har bor of Rhodes. Sixth, the statue of Jupiter Olympus, at Athens, which was made of ivory and gold, and was wonderful for its beauty rather than its size. Seventh, the Pharos of Ptolemy Phil apus; this was a light-house 500 feet high in Egypt, a wood fire being kept burning on its summit during the night to guide ships into harbor. The polit'oal changes of France in eighty years are summarized as follows: In 1792 the great French Revolution wus inaugurated. Louis XVI. was de posed, aud all the ntonarchs of Europe declared war against the young republie. France was without finances, without troops. In 1795 the republic had been trium phant everywhere against the monarohial government aud bad established internai order. 1790 Bonaparte was chosen First Con 1804—Bonaparte Emperor. 1815—Waterloo and St. Helena, and the restoration of the Bourbons in the per son of Louis XVIII. 1830—The revolution aud expulsion of Charles X. for general disregard of con stitutional government, and in particular for Polignae's decrees against the press. Louis Philippe ascends the throne. 1848—Louis Phillippe abdicates; pop ular dissatisfaction at peace policy abroad ; tampering with elections at home and lim iting the powers of the press ; and Louis Napoleon elected President. 1851— Louis Napoleon President for ten years by 7.839,210 votes. 1852— The Second Empire by a vote of 7,824,129 citizens. sol. Mason's and Dixon's Line. —On the 4th of August, 1703. Thomas and Richard Bonn and Lord Baltimore being together in London, agreed with Chas. Mason aud Jeremiah Dixon, two mathematicians or surveyors, to mark, run out and fix the boundary lino between Maryland on the one baud, and Delaware and Pennsylvania ou the other. Mason and Dixon lauded in Philadelphia on the 15th of November foi lowiug, and began their work at once. They adopted tile peninsular lines, and the radius aud tangent point of the circular, of their predecessors. They next asoertained the northeastern coast of Maryland, and proceeded to run the dividing parallel of latitude. They pursued this parallel, a distance of 230 miles, 18 chains, and 21 links from the place of beginning at the N. E. corner of Maryland to the bottom of a valley on Dunkard's creek, where an Indian war path crossed their route, and here on the 9th of November, 1707—103 years ago—their Indian escort told them it was the wild of the Sioux Nation, that the surveys should cease, and they termi nated accordingly, leaving 30 milo3, 0 chains and 50 links, as the exact distanco remaining to be run west to the southwest angle of Pennsylvania, not far from the Board Tree Tunnel on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Dixon died at Durham, England, 1777 ; Mason died in Pennsyl vania, 1787. Swift's Humor. —Dean Swift was walk ing in tho Phoenix Road, Dublin, when a thunder-shower came on, and he took shelter under a tree, where a party was sheltering also, two young women aud two youug men. One of the young girls looked very sad, till as the raiu fell, her tears fell. The Dean inquired tho cause aud learned that it was their wedding day : they were on their way to the Church, and now her white clothes were wet and she couldn't go. " Never mind, I'll marry you;" said tho Dean ; and took out his prayer-book and there and then married them, their, witnesses being pres ent ; and to make the thing complete, ho tore a leaf from his pockctbook and with his pencil wroto and signed a certificate, which he handed to the brido. It was as follows : lt Under I married this Let none but him who rules the thunder Sever this man aud woman asunder. "Jonathan Swift. "Dean of St. Patrick's." tree in stormy weather, and woman together. We beg all professed friends of a pure life, says the California Farmer, to see to it that soap and water and scrubbing brushes, upon doors and windows, sun shine and pure air, are freely admitted to every room and nook and corner of their houses. If you havo porches or yards, sun and air hods, pillows, and clothes every day. If you live in the city, air them in open windows, and save your selves from sickness and your reputation from reproach. American Wonders.— The greatest cat aract in the world is the falls of Niagara, where tho water from the great upper lakes forms a river of three-fourihs of a mile in width, and then, being suddenly contract ed, plunges over the rocks in two columns, to the depth of 175 feet. The greatest cave in tho world is the Mammoth cave of Kentucky, where any one can make a voyage on the waters of a subterranean river, and catch fish without The greatest river in the known world is the Mississippi, 4,000 miles long, The largest valley in tho world is the valley of the Mississippi. It contains five hundred thousand square miles, and is ono of the most fertile regions of tho globe. The greatest city park in the world is in Philadelphia. It contains over two thous and acres. The greatest grain port in tho world is Chicago. The largest lake in the world is Lake Superior, which is truly an iuland sea, be ing four hundred and thirty miles long, and one thousand feet deep. The longest railroad in the world is the Pacific railroad, over three thousand miles in length. The greatest natural bridge in the world is the Natural bridge over Cedar creek, in Virginia. It extends across a chasm eigh ty feet in width and two hundred and fifty feet in depth, and at the bottom of which the creek flows. The greatest mass ofsolid iron in the world is the Iron mountain of Missouri. It is three hundred an dfifty feet high, and two miles in circuit. The best specimen of Grecian architec ture in the world is the Girard college for orphans, Philadelphia. The largest aqueduct in the world is the Croton aqueduct, in New York. Its length is 40i miles, and it cost $12,500,000. The largest deposits of anthracite coal in the world are in Pennsylvania, the mines of which supply the market with millions of tons annually and appear to be inex haustible .—American Engineer. eyes. What Drink Costs. —Tho New York World has been figuring up the cost of an occasional drink aud says : " Onee iu a while a pensive man may be hoard to say, I wish I had all the money back that 1 have spent for drinks fur the past ten years." No ono man in twenty, who, retrospectively gazing, gives utterance to that wish, has in his mind any approximating estimate of the amount of which a person of evon moderate bibu lous propensities may spend upon drinks in tho space of ten years. Leaving wiues and expensive liquors out of the question, let us see what a plain coektailest, or modest imbiber of old rye, is likely to dis burse on his favorite refreshments in the course of a year. "Take a very moderate man for a pie. Assume that he driuks every day one glass of ale at ten cents, and four glass es of whiskey at fifteen cents. That a mounts to seventy cents a day, which makes four dollars and ninety cents a week. Mul tiply by four and you have §10,00 a month, which comes to §235,20 a year. Thus, if the man who had gone on at this rate for ten years had his money back, bis pock et would be inflated to the tune of two thousand three hundred and fifty-two dol lars. This is only a small-beer calcula tion ; but think of those who spend five times this sum on liquors, and remember that their name is legion." Then add the amouut spent for cigars aud tobacco, and tho sum would astonish us. The money spent for liquor and ci gars and tobacco is enough to feed all the hungry, clothe the naked, and educate every child in tho land. satn Remarkable Geysers. —A correspon dent of one of the Montana papers says that the persons engaged in the Yellowstone (Montana) exploring expedition, which left Fort Ellis on the 22d of August, have discovered, near tho headwaters of the Madison river,a most remarkable collection of geysers. As they were descending the "Fire Hole" (the principal branch of the Madison) they met a cascade, and about two miles further down they struck the "Fire Hole Basin." For two miles along both sides of tho stream, which through a valley three-fourths of a mile wido, tho whole country was found to be covered with geysers, steam-jets, and hot springs, which in all numbered over two thousand. Seven of the geysers equalled in the known world, far excelling those of California, and even those of Ice land. The 'Giant,' with a vent seven feet by ten, throws a column of water perpendic ularly from eighty to one hundred and twenty, and the "Bee Hive," as it was christened, throws a column perpendicu larly to a height of 220 feet by actual measurement. runs are un The Baltimore American says it is pro posed to ascertain by actual experiment tho supposed inagnetio character of the aurora borealis. A telegraphic wire be tween New York and Philadelphia has bceu so prepared as to afford a continuous circuit without an earth connection at cither end. If the aurora charges it with electricity the magnetic qualities of the phenomenon will bo proved ; if it does not, the common supposition will be shown to be wrong. Why is n man's trade mark like tain leading Prussian? Ans. —Because it is "biz" mark. The author of the above leaves a wifo and twelve small chil dren. a cer < ®3il and iiimor. In Erie, Pa. there is an elderly gen tleman who until recetnly was much an noyed by visits from Life Insurance agents. One day an agent named Wilsou called upon him, and in a glib manner commenced enumerating the advantages of insuring in a trustworthy company. " What's the use of insuring my life?"' said Mr. B. ''If I die it won't do any good. I don't soe any sense of it. Wilsou then proceeded to tell him that in case of his death his wife would receive tho amount for which he was insured, and would thus be placed beyond the reach of want. On hearing this Mr. B. btcamo furious, aud shouted— " Oh, that's your game, is it? Well wouldn't I be a pretty fool to bo making things comfortable for my wife's second husband? Just after iusuriug I'd be tain, almost, to get sick and die. my wifo would go among her neighbors, and brag about the money she had ed from your company, ing of her good luck, would propose and marry her; aud then he would take her on his knee and kiss her; and laugh over my stupidity while they were spending my mouey ; and I would bo compelled to lie in my grave, unable to say a word." me cer Tlicu reeeiv Somo fool, hear An African boy, some seven or eight years old, Dan by name, was set to learn words in an old spelling book that had been tossed about tho house. He soon be camo interested in watching a race be tween a small boy and Time, as repre sented by an engraving in the book, and every spare moment of the day that ha could find was devoted to tho contempla tion of the (to hint) exciting chase. Night finally compelled the youug African to lay aside the book and go to bis pallet, where, no doubt, he dreamed of " dat big fellow wid do mowin' seyve," as he called him in pursuit of the poor frightened boy. Dan was up with the lark next morning, and the first tliiug he did was to get tho spellor and look for his heroes of the race. He gazed intently for an instant at the picture, and then, with a wild scream of delight, exclaimed, as ho danced all about the old kitchen, " He ain't cotched 'im y it !—Golly ! he ain't cotched 'im y it t" A very had memory: Father—" Mary, my love do vou remember the text of this morning ?" Mary—"No, Pa, I never can remember the text, I'vo such a bad memory." Mother—"By tho way, did you notice »Susan Brown? Mary—" Oh, yes, what a fright! She had ou her last year's bonnet, done up: a pea-green silk, a black laco mantilla, brown hoot*, an im itation lioniton collar, a lava bracelet, her old ear-rings, and such a fan, O, my I'* Mother—" Well, my dear, your memory is certainly had." The Boston Saturday Evening Gazette says the Rev. Dr. Alexander II. Vinton was instantly cured of chewing tobacco by a young miss of twelve, to whom he wee giving good advice about Lent. She said; "Pshaw! don't preach self-deniel to me when you have your mouth full of nasty tobacco !" The reverend gentleman turned aside his head, removed the odious weed from his mouth and has never sinco tasted it. "Where there's smoke"—there's as of ten cabbage-leaf as'baccy? "Ill weeds'* —very often make their smokers ill too. "Short reckonings make"—it rather in convenient for people who are "short" too! "He who touches pitoh''—bad bet ter put on an old pair of gloves. "A fool and his money"—are the dolight of match making mothers. A negro preacher accidentally read » well known verse, " My feet are as heu'a feet," instead of "hinds' feet, will observe, my breddern," be said, "dat a hen in the henroost, when it fall asleep, it tightens its grip so's not to fall off. And dat's how true faith, my breddern, holds on to de rock." " You Two shoemakers out iu company were asked their profession. Says one of them, "I practice the heeling art," "and I," says the other, "labor for the good of men's soles." " What's the difference between the North Pole and South Pole?" "Why all the difference in the world," replied a lady, unwittingly ; and that's the answer. Foote, speaking of a miserly acquain. tance, said ho believed ho would be wil ling to take the beam out of his own eye, if ho knew be could sell the timber. Tho first day a little boy went to school the teacher asked him if he could spell. " Well, how do you spell " Oh, just as other folks do.' " Yes, sir. boy ?" Why is the earth like a school hlft.^ hoard? Because tho children of men in ul* tipi y upon the face of it. Two things that rarely agree—Two cate over one mouse ; two wives in one house. A volume that will bring tears to your eyes—A volume of smoke. Men born blind can't he carpenters, be« cause they never saw.