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# MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 31, 1874.
A Reliable Democratic Jonraal, devoted te
Local and General News,
PUBLISHED BYBBY SATDBDAY AT MIDDLB
TOWN. DBLA WARB.
Established in 1868.
Tbe Seventh Volume will be commenced Jan
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E • .'-Efcfinr KT O L 33 S.
■DITOS AND PROPRIETOR.
..4 ; m
Dec. 18th, 1878.
For the Tranecript.
THE SNOW IS FALLING.
The saow is falling—softly falling—
Adown to the frosted earth,
Covering all the hill-topi surrounding,
And bringing bright thoughts of mirth.
0 see I how it's falling—so gently—
O'er th*e silent, lonely graves,
Felling o'er the slumbering thousnnds,
Resting 'neath the ocean waves.
The snow is drifting—swiftly drifting—
Flying wildly through the etreets,
Filling all the narrow alleys,
With a covering soft end deep.
The cleuds ere drifting—breaking, fleeing—
Now bursta forth tbe glorioue sen,
Lighting up the taure heavens—
There, you cannot trace tbe storm.
'Tis gone I no clouds pass e'er the sky,
All is beautiful, serene;
1 hear the sleigh-beils jing-ling by,
And watch the joyous scene.
But thou art absent—I am lonely,
Mayest tbou know not what it means ;
Thou wert burn to see life's pleasures,
Reign forever there it'e queeu.
May thy path be bright and pleaeant,
Roses for thy feet to press ;
The flowere of May to bud and blouom,
Brightly fur thee—beloved and best.
For the Middlctoicn Tranecript.
Comfort it a man's besetting weakness.
A partiality for easa, quiet aad repose, is
inherent in all of us, aud we are not alow
to see, however, any means of proxima
tion to so celestial an end.
Some women seem to have an afflatus
of ceuifurt, whiob, like tke fragrance of
musk, instills itself into every partiale of
tbe domestic atmosphere. Happy woman !
Happier horns! Tbe blissful gift they
have reoeived they are ever ready to
lavish ; aad as the sensclces clay assumes
form, color, beauty, almost life itself,
from the artist's bauds, to, under tbeir
management, tbe household is moulded
into shape; order springs from ohaos, and
tho wheels of home run smoothly, and
noiselessly, and without a flaw.
A comforting woman is discernable at a
glance. She is not
"A daughter of the gods, divinely tall
for the is neither tall nor short, ntoat nor
this ; but her form partakes of the golden
mean, both vertically and horizontally;
nor must she necessarily bs in graeaful
portioo or hideous outlino Must she ba
young or old ? Sho may be either. We
have no Procrustean rule by which to
measure the comforting woman, but there
is n certain something which stamps her
at oner as peculiar, just as fair Cylherea
in Virgil was disclosed by her gait,
"And showed the goddess as she stepped
to, too, your comforting woman is reooy
tiized by the air of comfort she dispenses,
whether h«r form be fair or foul, or her
feetures graceful or ugly. In her cane,
all tbe ordinary criteria by which we judge
women ere thrown ta the winds. In fact,
ware sha surpassingly pretty, possessing
«II the qualifications which gunerally make
women objects of love and admiration, she
would #ot come under our definition of a
comforting woman. Her other morn daz
zling qualities would eolipse virtue—com
fortableness ; end men would be entranced
by her beauty, wit and grace, rarely con
stant qualities, when it is comfort alone
which is underlying, like the sun, warm
ing and regulating life.
Who has met a comforting woman and
wae insensible to her presence? If you
are siek, she does not alarm with gloomy
prognostications ; her movements, seem
ingly uneoncernod, are cautious. Her
gentle touoh soothe* tha ashing brew, and
medicine from such a hand is doubly effi
cacious. She calculates to a wonderful
nicety, the eufferer'o waits, and supplies
his food and drink with a grace that ie
perfeotly irresistible. Her sweet breath
drives off the hot fever, and a kiss from
her lips thrills the whole frame with
dreamy happioeee. Her look of sympathy
ia a world of eomfort; while her hand,
like a fairy wand, will calm tbe wildcat
paroxysms, and ditmisi one te balmy sleep
and pleating dreams, whence he will a
wake refreshed, glorified and restored, all
through the wondrous power ef the eem
Nor ie it in sickness only that the com
forting woman displays herself. In the
trouble and turmoil of home-life, in the
management of the thousands and one, dis
oordant eloments at her right hand and
her left, she ia in her proper ephere ; and,
like old father Neptune, who oeuld calm
tbe raging ica by a leek, she, by ber
T*ry presene«, tllays the Heron storm a
hoot her. A spoiled dinner, however vex
atious, she excuses on the ground that it
might be something worse. If her dress
is badly ironed, she does not loudly con
demn tbs awkward servant, but quietly
admonishes her of her fault, and instructs
her as to its remedy. If her husband is
out of temper with a burnt chop, she will
horself broil another, and, in a few min
utes, the erisp, juicy meat, anointed with
a sprig of parsley and radient with gravey,
will amply satisfy her irate half, and com
fort will be bis portion the rast ef the day.
Of course the comforting woman has
lesser virtuos ; sh« has tact, if not talent
Idleness is her abomination, for she is
ever active, though not meddlesome. She
is fond of talk, not of gossip- She de
tests scandal, for she likes to think well of
every body, and always looks on the
bright side of things. Sympathising, but
never inquisitive. Unselfish, she never
prates of her self-sacrifices. Her capping
virtue is her good nature. In this she is
as impregnable as a Oibralter.
Her common sense, too, is well devel
oped. These qualities, sprinkled with a
good fund of hnmor, will fairly illustrate
the character of your comforting woman.
Tho comforting woman is not all sun
shine. She has little tempests of potulencs,
and little gusts of passion, but the sun is al
ways shining in her storms, which, in
truth, are necessary to a proper apprecia
tion of her character ; for, were the aspect
of nature perpetually fair, the grass for
ever green, end the sky forever blue, we
would become not only iosensible te the
beauty of oreation, but also weary of its
dull monotomy. So, too, the clouds which
now and then darken the comforting wo
man bring out, in clearer relief her true
character, warning the unwary that there
is a limit even to her good nature, and es
tablishing, as it were, a firmer alliance
between ua, since we are both sensible of
each other's short-comings.
The genus woman has already been
differentiated into numerous species. A
mong these, the comforting woman bas
certainly a strong presumptive claim to
pre-eminence. Your pretty woman may
be as sleek as the dove and as soft as tbe
dew ; but the serpent is equally sleek and
soft, and the faceB of both are similarly
fascinating and alluring.
Yonr charming woman, in the spring
time of life, when beauty and wit strive
to bathe her in prismatic colors, is cer
tainly not to be slighted. But as sge
draws on, her steck in trade withers ; the
oothlcss crone is hardly charming. But
tbe comforting woman bolds a life long
sway, spanned by birtb and death alone.
Age brightens, not dims, her power, for
that increases with years. No quality so
illumes the aged woman as the feeling ot
comfort her face reflects, when we see
prattling grand-children on he knees,
pulling her now white locks out of all
propriety, while the whole household
throngs to her side to pour into sympa
thizing ears its pains and pleasures.
The true woman muat possess the magio
of comfortableness, otherwise her away
dies with her beauty. To realise the as
pirations of her own nature as well as to
perform aright tbe sacred duties of moth
er, wife, sister, daughter, she must dis
pense comfort, and thus prove, in tbe
poets words :
"A perfect woman, nobly pland'd
To warn, to comfort and command.'
Pay as You Go —The Southern
per* are deseantiug on the ruin sure to
fellow getting in debt to carry on farming
operationi. On* fsrmer who stopped giv
ing a*nd asking credit, a few years sge,
records it as his experience that h*
now kuy mors than be seer bought before,
and sail mors. The case is mentioned ef
tho French, who never go iu debt, sud
who, having baea saving money since tbe
days of the first Napelson, have become
the richest nation in the world whioh
■sema to bs proven by tbs fact that the Ger
man indemnity of a thousand millions of
dollars, which they were obliged to pay,
has been all discharged in two years,
while we have been struggling for sight
yeara with twioe as much. Poihapa the
wealth of tbe Frenoh farmers arise as
much from the small farm system, and
the high cultivation tbay give the soil
There ia a vast differenea between farming
in a loose way and having all work done
in the best manner.
"Really, Mr. Johneen, there's nac
ead t* your wit," aaid a lady in the
west of Sootlaod to a noted humorist.
"God forbid, madam," ha replied,
"that I should ever bo nt my wit'i end !"
Lafayette at Olmntz
At the ead of the period, Lafayette,
Oen. Maubourg, and De Puay were re
moved to Silesia, and anally, upon the con
clusion of peace between France and Prus
sia, they were delivered back te Austria
and incarcerated in separate dungeons at
Olmutz. Here they wore informod that
they would never again leave the walls of
the fortress, that they would never again
bear a human voioe, that their very names
would never again be mentioned, that
they would only be known by tho num
bers upon the doors of their cells. The
walls of these cells were twelve feet thick ;
tbe air was admitted by loop-holes two
feet square, whieh looked upon a stagnant
ditch, from whieh w4* exhaled a poisonous
In a large hall, without their
doors, was stationed a guard of five and
twenty men, who were forbidden to utter
a sound of any kind while on duty. Up
the outward walls were placed eight
sentries, with orderst on pain ef a hun
dred lashes, to speak no word to the pris
oners, and to shoot them dead if they at
tempted te escape. Each cell had two
doers, one of iron a()d one of wood, both
covered with bolts, bars, and padlocks.
Each day every corner was exsmined with
the utmost minuteness.
Tbeir very bread
was crumbled to pieces by tbe officer
guard, to prevent tbe passibility of any
nota beiDg thus delivered. A bed of rot
ten straw, swarming with vermin, aud a
brokan ehair and table, formed tbeir only
furniture. When it raised, tbe water ran
through the loop-holes and watted them
to tbe skin. In tbjs horrible abode La
fayette became wasted by disease,
same time bis estatds in France were con
fiscated and bis Wife cast into prison.
Thus did a grateful Republic reward his
servioss and sacrifices. Lally Tollendal
alone exerted himself in bis behalf, and in
1793 engaged, in London, one Dr. Boi
land, a Hanoverian of great sagacity aad
courage, to attempt bis liberation. At
this time, however, not even tho place of
bis confinement was known, and Bolland's
6rst expedition to Germany failed to elu
cidate tha niysterji. A second, under
taken in tho following year, proved
At Vienna ho accidentally
encountered a yotfng American named
Huger, to whom
confided his plans,
and in whom ha feuod a keen and enthu
siastic ally. Tha two adventurers, under
tbe character of travelers traveling for the
benefit of their health, and to
country, established themselves in the
town of Olmutz. ^
hero they made frieads
with the jailer of the oastle, end gleaned
certain important particulars from him
concerning the habits sf tbs prisoners.
The rigor of Lafayette's ineareoration had
beea of late much Relaxed ; bo was
mitted tbe use of bboks, of peas and paptr,
and also, under *4 escort, to take tha air,
even beyond the walls. By permissieo
of the jailer, who taw nothing suspicions
in such a circumstance, the two friends
sent him tome bobkt, accompanied by a
note, in whioh (hey apologized for the
liberty they had taken, hoped the book*
would prove interesting, Ae. Suspecting,
from tha tone of tbe letter, that mors was
■usant than met tie aye, Lafayetta
fully examined t|e volumes and found
them to contain certain marks and words
artfully blended with the Uxt, which
quainted him with the désigna of the
senders. A correspondance, which, from
its very openness; created no suspicion,
was thus commenced and continued, with
■ he exchange of books. In his rides be
yond tbe walls hb was now accompanied
only by a single bfficer and an attendant,
whe usually lagged some distança behind.
By meant of a sympathetic ink Bolland
and Huger acquainted him with the plan
of escape they hald devised, so that ha was
fully prepared when, on a eertain
ing, as he was opt for his airing, they
rode up to him op horseback, holding n
third borst by (he bridls. "Seize this
horse end you abe free !" cried Huger.
Tbe offiocr, now fully alive to tbe danger
of his position, ^rew his sword. Lafay
ette seized him and a straggle ensued
The gleam of tbe weapon frightened the
riderless horse, who broke hie bridle and
galloped away. | Leaping to the ground
Huger heroically insisted upon Lafayette
mounting his horso,named te him the pleoe
of rendezvous, fifteen miles off, where a
chaise was waiting to convey them
tbe Austrian bo|-der, and sprang up be
hind Bolland. The two gentlemen had
net galloped far when their horse (tum
bled and threw Bolland to tha ground,
severely hurting him. Once more Huger
played tha hero—remounted hia friond
and trusted h in sei f to ths fieetness of his
foot. But he las quickly overtaken and
eapturod. Ia the meantime Lafayette had
unhappily mistaken tho road, and, being
purposely misdirected by a peasant, who,
from his manner and appearance, suspect
ed him to he an escaped prisoner, after a
circuit of many miles found himself baok
in Olmutz where he was again made pris
oner. Bolland alone reached the rendez
vous, but hearing, after some days, of the
capture of his friends, he voluntarily gave
himself up to tho authorities. Thus the
termination of this bold attempt was to
place all three within the same walls.
Bolland and Huger were released at the
and ef a twelvemonth. But all the old
rigers and crnelties were again imposed
upon the wretched Lafayette. Ia the
meantime bis wife had been released fronr
her Paris dungeon, and, accompanied by
ber two daughtera, had proceeded to
Vienna to beg permission te sbsre her
husband's captivity. Her prsyer was
granted. For sixteen months this noble
besrted woman, with her daughters, en
dured the horrors of the Olmuts dungeons.
At the end of that time her health gave
way, and sho wrote to the Emperor, beg
ging permission to seek, for a short time,
a purer air. The reply was, that she was
free to leavo, but not to return. Her
answer may be anticipated. "Whatever
might be the state of my health, er the
inconvenience to my daughters, I will
share my husband's captivity, in all its
details!"— Temple Bar.
Be in Earnest.
When yon nndertake to do anything,
be in earnest about it ; do it with your
might. Fortune and fame are often lost
by not being in earnest. This is a real
world—a world of real work ; real con
flicts ; real successes ; real failures ; real
triumphs, real defeats. And 1st no one
bs so over-confident in his own abilities
as to look with indifferenoe upon the dffi
culties before him—the dangers and trials
that be must pass in order to reaoh the
goal upon whieh his eye is fixed. Full
and glorious success ntvsr yet did crown
the languid and impartial exercise of the
powers of mind or body. It requires
effort to push one's craft against the cur
rent of rivalry, jealousy, and vioe—and if
one would have hit progress marked by
complete triumph, his efforts must be well
directed, constant and unreiaxiug. But
be who feels that hs has floated into the
ealms of life—that he has only to lie in
active and wait for tho wind of fortune to
drift him into the haven of wealth or fame,
hat lost every premise of sucoesa, aud is
iu far mora danger of ultimate disaster
than the tempest-tossed mariner, though
hia mast be gone and his vessel shattered
and torn by the raging sea. Be in earn
est. Meet the difficulties which daily a
rise, with determiaation te conquer and
rise above them. Let not your adversary
find you sleeping or dreaming of an easy
conquest. Too much confidence in ons's
powers it fatal to sucosss, and often brings
defeat most disastrous. Be faithful ; be
true; behind; be firm; be earnest.
Business Mxn. —While Benj. Frank
lin was a printer in Philadelphia, it seems
he published a newspaper. Among other
things that reoeived strong censure at his
bauds were eertain modos of transacting
busincse by tbe merchants of Philadelphia.
He handled the knaves in inch a manner
as to arouse their wrath, and calling a
mcetiug among themselves they waited
upoh the sturdy printer, demanding to
know what he meant.
"Here," said they, "wu have been p»t
tronizing and supporting you, and this is
eur reward. You must change this mode
of doing er we'll abow you that the mer
chants are a power yen may not trifle with.
Without our patronage where would you
"Gentleman of the Merchants' Com
mittee," said the pelite printer, "I am,
as yeu see, very busy now ; but call at
my bouse for dinner, sud I shall consider tbe
matter over with yeu in a friendly man
ner." The committee congratulating them
selves that old Ben wai evidently frighten
ed,came to dinner at the hour named. But
were surprised to find nothing on the table
but musb—made from ill-grouud corn—
and a large pitcher of milk. Tbe Mer
chants' Committee net being used to aucb
coarse fare, could do nothing but watch
tho healthy printer while he made a
hearty meal. Rising from tbe table he
•ddreised tbe committee thus: "Now,
gentleman, he that can live oomfortabiy
on auch food ean live without your patron
age. I shell oeaie to attack tkose prac
tices whan you erase to praotice them antj
not before. Gentlemen, goed night."
To the Boys and Girls of the Middle
ST SSV. JOSEPH WILSON.
No. 8. —Grammar, Gkographt and As
These branches (as I bare said,) were
not taught in tbe log school-house that I
atteaded ; and I doubt if they were taught
in Middletown at that time, though now
you bave a prosperous Academy.
Grammar it often considered by young
paraous as a dry study. I should ba sor
ry if I knew that any of you thought
for grammar ia an important and beautiful
aoeemplishmaut; even more ic than play
ing on the piano.
To speak and write grammatically, ia to
do so correctly, according to the structure
and rules of the language you use, wheth
er tha English or aoma other tongue.
To violate tbe rules of grammar (as un
learned and ignorant persons often do) is
to be considered a proof of your ewn ig
norance and vulgarity. It is an old and
trua adage, that "Appearanaca ia deeeit
"There (you will probably say,)
Mr. W. you bave violated grammar your
aelf; for you bavo made a plural noun the
nominative to a singular verb." Well, I
am glad you found it out. I just wrete it
■o, to sea wbat you would say. Let mo
try again—"Appearances are deeeitful."
This adage it of very extensive applies
tion, and you must be very careful, lest
you should be deceived by tha multitude
of falsa appearances that will mast you
you pass through life. There are appear
ances in both nature and sooiaty that often
lead astray the thoughtless and the unwary
In tbit letter I will call your attention
to those appearanoes in nature only,which
for thousands of years were not understood
either by tbe learned or unlearned, and
which it ia tbe objeot of goography and
astronomy to explain.
To the eye of one wbo looks ovtr tbe
surface of the oarth, it appears to be a plain
or flat surface ; and tbe idea was universal
in aacieat times that the earth was an ex
tended plain or flat body, and that there
was a place in the far off horizon beyond
which a person could not go without step
ping off the edge and falling into the fath
omless pit of empty epacs.
Again ! to oar senses, tha earth appear*
to be perfectly still, and to have no mo
tion whatever; whilst the tun, moon and
stars seem to bava a daily motion around
tha earth, and to change tbeir positions
according to the season of the year. You
feol inclined to laugh at theso ideas as Very
ridiculous, for you know, or may know,
that modern acience baa proved that the
earth ia a round or spherioal body, und
that it has two motions—tbs one turning
on its own axis onoe in twenty-four hours
and thereby causing day and night, and
the other moving around the tun once a
year and causing the change of seasons.
So, also, the earth appears to be much
larger than the sun and moon and all tbe
stars together ; for the moen seems to be
as large as tbe sun, and each ef them a
bout the size of a small cart wheel. Con
trary to these appearances, tke sun is
known to ba almost a million and a half
times larger than the earth, and many
more times larger than tbe moen.
I just touch on these things to impress
on your minds the importance ef the study
of geography end astronomy. Your books
and teachers will tell you more about these
things than I have time to do. I have
said that there are false appearances in so
ciety also; and against these you must bo
on your guard. Society suffers much
from falsa appearances. For instance,
some men make great professions of hon
esty and they are trusted by the publie ;
but by-and-by they turn eat to be great
rogue* and defraud the publie of millions
of dollar!. Some men (and women too,)
seem to ba virtuous and good ; while, at
the same time they are living in secret
sins, which, if known, would render them
unworthy of our esteem,
about this ia another letter.
I may say more
Conquered by Kindness. —Cel. L. W
O'Bannon, of Memphis, inspector of the
Board of Health, and during tha
preminent and brave officer in the Confed
erate service, closes a letter to Col. Geo.
A. Hayward, of St. Louis, with these
words; "This plague baa done more to
reeonoile me to the Union than anything
en earth oould have done. For one I no
longer know North or South. I find
Northern men true to us in our distree.
Hore and elsewboro they have proven
themselves brothers. Henoeforth they
have my hand and heart with them, and
God grant that I may ba spared to act,
and show my love by my acts, rather than
by words. The Northern men with ns
have dona wonders for ns. Conduct like
theirs has dene more to conquer me than
all tbe gun* Grant could bring to bear. '
The Princes in the Tower.
Just three hundred and ninety yearn
ago, two noble boys were travelling in
state from Ludlow Castle to London. Am
escort of two thousand horsemen rode with
them ; and although the boys had just lost
their father, King Edward IV, and were
dressed in sober blank, I bave ne doubt
that hundreds of beppy children wbo aaW
them pass, looked with delight at tbi
grand cavalcade, and thought it a fine
thing to be a prince. Their mother called
the boys Edword and Richard ; but Ed
ward being the eldest,—though only thir
teen years ef age,—was His Royal High
ness, the Prince of Wales, rightful heir to
tbe English throne; and Riohard, bin
brother, a boy of eleven, was known aa^
tbe Duke of York.
Yes, many a bey and girl looked almost
with envy that day upon the two roÿal
children, and wandered bow it felt to ba
the son of s king and lord of a nation.
But the men and wemtn wbo looked on
thought of something very different. They
shook their beods and whispered-their mis
givings to each other.
It was dreadful, they said; such brave r
beautiful, neble lads, too; and their father
hardly cold in his grave—poor,dear thlngfP'
But then they wonld be in the power of
their uncle Richard, Duke of Gloucester,,
the wickedest, crudest and most powerful
nobleman in all England. But for tbes«'
boys, in all their pride ef youth, my lard?
of Gloucester might be king of England.
Ah, who could say what migbt happen!
English history tells ns wbnt happened :
how tbe wicked Duke of Gleucestcr pre
tended at first to be all loyalty and kind -
; how be wrote a letter of uinilnklibw
to the queen mother, and aet off from Scot'
land, where he was commanding an army,
te be present,he said.st his detr nephew's
coronation; and how, with fair words and:
treachery, he first placed the Prince in the
Tower of London, where " he wenld ba
saler than anywhere else, until the gran#
ceremony should take place ;" how he af
terwards took the little Duke of York fronr
his sobbing mother and put him, too, in.
the dreary Tower ; and how -.
But you see them in tbe picture. They
are together ; that is some comfort. Their
chamber ia grandly furnished, but it is in
■ prison. Not the Prince of Wales, nor*
the Doko of York, now, but two heart
sick, terrified boys; who «very moment
dread—they hardly know what. If they
only could fool their mother's arm shunt
them once a|ain ! They have prayed sndi
prayed, and they bave tried till they «au
cry no more, and, with breaking bsarts r
they bave straightened themselves proudly
with the thought that they are the toss of
a king, when suddenly they boor • foot
To this day, visitors at tbe Tower are
shown the very spat at the foot of the
gloomy stone stairs wbers tbe bodies of
tbe murdered Prinses were buried. Ds
Itroebe, a Frenchmm, painted the large
pieture from whieh eur engraving is made.
He bad tbe story of tbe princes in hi#
heart ; and though he may not bave loved
England, he certainly loved these two En
glish boys; el.se how could h* have so
painted them, that stout men feel like sob
bing when they look at tbe wonderful pie
ture ? It bangs to-day in the gallery ef
tbo Luxembourg, in Paris, and every day
children stand before it, feeling not at ell
us the children did who tew the prince»
ride by in state, nearly feur hundred year»
I have not told you all about Edward
and Richard, after all. Tbosa ef you wbo>
know what happened will bnrdly with to
hear the sad story again, and these who d*
not, may read it whenever tbsy will ; for
it stands recorded on earth and in hasten.
And the history ef Rickard, Duke of
Gloucester also stands rseordad.
Hers ia tke end of it :
There bad been a terrible battle, at tbw
close of whieh a orown was pieked up, alt
bruised and trampled and stained with
blood, and put upon Hsnry of Richmond's
bead, amid loud and rejoicing «ries of
"Long live King Henry!"
"That night, a horse was led wp t> tho
ohureh of the Grey Friars, at Leiseatsr.
aoross whose baok was tied, like Mm*
worthless sack, a naked body, brought
there for burin*. It was tha body of tbo
Inst of lbs Plaatageoet line, King Rioh
ard tbe Third, nsurperend murderer.slein
*t the battle ef Bosworth Field, in thw
thirty-second year of his age, after n
miserable reign ef two year»."— St.
Nichulat far January.
An Indiana gentleman stole bis wife's
hair and pawned it far liquor.
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