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♦ ♦ m § A A VOL. VII. MIDDLETOWN, NEW CASTLE COUNTY, DELAW AUE, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 28, 1874. NO. 13. ftelfqt jjoctrg. A THOUGHT. BY FATHER RYAK. There never WR8 r Valley without a faded flower, Thera never wits a Heaven wiihout some little cloud— Tha fact of day may flash with light in any morning hour, But evening soon shall come with her shadow woven shroud. There never was a river without its inistof gray, There never was a forest without its fallen leaf ; And joy m\y wa'k beside us down the windings of our way, When loi there sounds a footstep, and we meet the face ol Grief. There never was a sea shore without its drifting wreck. There never was an ocean wiihout its moaning wave, And the gol en beams of glory the summer sky that fleck, Shine where dead stars are sleeping in their REure-mantled grave. There never was a streamlet however crystal clear, Without a shadow resting in the ripples of its tide ; Hope's brightest robes are broidered with the sable triune of fear— And she lures—but abysses girt her path on either side. The aha ovr of the mountain falls athwart the lowly plain, And the shadow of the cloudlet hangs above the mountain's bend— And the highest hearts and lowest wear the shad ow of some pain, And the smile has scarcely flitted ere the an guished tear is shed. ** For no eyes have there been ever without a weary tear, And those lips cannot be human which have uaver heaved a sigh ; For wiihout the dreary winter there has never beeu a year, And the tempests hide their terrors in the calmest summer sky. The cradle means the coffin—and the coffin means the grave ; The mother's soug scarce bides the De Profun dis of the priest— You may cull the fairest roses any May day ever gave, But they'll wither while you wear them 'ere the ending of your least. So this dreary life is passings—aud we move amid its maze, And we grope along together, half in dark "113, half in light ; hearts are often burdened by the mys teries of our ways, Which are never all iu shadow and arc never wholly bright, And oar dim eyes ask a beacon, nod our weary feel a guide, And our hearts of all life's mysteries seek the meaning and the key ; And a Cross gleams o'er our pathway—on it hangs the Crucified, And he auswers all our yearuing by the whis per—"Follow me." Aud Who Printed thefirBt Bible? In the year 1420 there was living in the city of Haarlem an old gentleman, who kept the keys of the cathedral, aud who used, after dinner, to walk in the fa mous wood that up to this time is growiug just without the city walls. One day, while walking there, he found a very smooth bit of beech bark,on which—as he was a handy man with his knife—he cut •everat letters so plainly aud neatly that after his return home he stamped them upon paper, aud gave tbe paper to his boy as a "copy." ' After this, seeing that the thiug had been neatly done, the old gen tleman—whose name was Lawreuce Cos ter—fell to thiuking of what might be done with such letters cut in wood. By klackeniug them with ink, he mudu black stamps upon paper ; and by diul of much thiuking and much workiug, he came, in time, to the stamping of whole broadsides of latturs—which was really printing But before he succeeded in doing this well, he had found it necessary to try many experiments, and to take into his employ several apprentices. He did his work very secretly, and enjoined upon his apprentices to say uoliing of the trials he was making But a dishonest one among them, after a time, ran off from Holland into Germany, carrying with him u great many of tbe old gentleman's wooden blocks, and entire pages of book which he was about to print Tbe Dutch writers credit this story.and hint that t|ie runaway apprentice was Jubu Faust, or John Guttenberg ; but tka Germans justly say there is do proof of this. It is certain, however, that there was a Lawrauee (Custos, of the cathedral) who busied himself with stumping letters and engiaving. His statue is ou the mar ket-place in Haarlem, and his rough-look ing bonks are, some of them, u«w la the "State House" of Haarlem. They dingy, nad printed with bad ink. aud seem to have been s rick from large en graved blocks, and not from movable types They ure without any date, but antiquai ians assign them to u period some what earlier tlisn any book of Faust, or ot Guttenberg. who are commouly called the disooverers of piittliu<r. John Guttenberg, at I lie very time when this old Dutchman P» I are > k was experimenting with hia blocks in Holland, was also work ing iu hia way, very secretly, in a h>. that was standing not many years ago in the ancient city of Strasburg. Hu had two working partners, who were bound by oath not to reveal the secret of the arts he was engaged upon. But one of those partners died ; and, upon this, Ii is heirs olaimed a right to know (he secrelB of Guttenberg. Guttenberg refused, and there was a trial of the case, some account of which was discovered more than three hundred year» afterward in an old tower of Strasburg. This trial took place in tho year 1439. Use j J. Guttenberg was not forced to betray bis secret; but it did appear, from the testi mony of the witnesses, that he was occu pied with some way of making book* (or manuscripts) cheaper than they had ever been made before. But Guttenberg was getting on so poor ly at Strasburg, and lost so much money in hia experiments, that he went away to Mayence, wliiuh is a German city, farther down the Rhine. He there formed a part nership with a rieh silversmith, named John Faust, who took an oath of secrecy, and supplied him with money, on condi tion that after a certain time, it shauld be repaid to him Then Guttenberg set to work in earnest Some accouuts say he had a brother who assisted him ; and the Dutch writers think this brother may have been the robber of poor Lawrence Coster. But there is no proof of it ; and it is too late to find any proof now. There was certainly a Peter Scheffer, a scribe, or dc igner. who work ed for Guttenberg. and who finished up his first books by drawing lines around the pages and making ornamental initial letters, and filling up gaps in the printing. This Scheffer was a shre.wd fellow, and watched Gutteubcrg very closely He used to talk over what he saw and what lie thought with Faust. He told Faust he could contrive belter types than Gutten berg was using; and acting on his hints, Faust, who wus a skillful worker in met als, run types in a mould. This promised so well that Faust determined to g.-t rid of Guttenberg, and to carry on the busi ness with Scheffer,—to whom h* gave his only daughter Christine, for a wife Faust called on Guttenberg for his loan, which Guttenberg couldn't pay. and in consequ-'ticc he had to give up to Kan«t all his tools, his presses, and his unfinish ed work, among which was a Bible, nearly two-thirds completed This, Faust and Scheffer hurried through, and sold us a manuscript. There are two copies in the National Library at Paris ; one oopy ut the Royal Library at Munich, and nno at Vienna. It is not what is commonly known as the Mayence Bible, but L of earlier date than that. we its the on the an the 'ere the it It is without name of printer or pub lisher, and without date It is in two great volumes folio, of about 600 pages a volume. It was certainly the first Bible printed from movable types; but poor Guttenberg got no money from it, though he had done most of the work upon it. But he did not grow disheartened. He toiled on. though he was without the help of Schoffer and Faust, and in a few years afterward succeeded in making books which were us good as those ot his rivals. Before he died his name was attached to books printed as clearly and sharply as bonks are printed to-day. — Donald 0. Mitchell, in St. Nicholas for April. in aud fa he cut that boy the be By in this try his his his he he was but proof there mar the aud en but some ot the when General John C. Breckinridge. The most extreme, vindictive, unscru pulous and uureleuting llidicul in the U nited States, cannot object to the course of this distinguished gentleman since the close of the war Castiug his destiny with the South iu her great struggle for her rights aud for the perpeluatiou of the principles nf that government to which he was so tenderly devoted, be did his whole duly with an unselfishness that command ed the love and esteem of every Southron. When disaster and dufeut overlooked our glorious cause, to avoid psrsonnL in dignities and petty persecutions at the hands of our oppressors, he quietly with drew from the country aud took up his a bode in a foreign land until such time as he could return to the land which had been honored in giving him birth, and which lie had iu turn honored by his bril liant services, and iu his unselfish devo tion to uid in its prosperity and leading it on to greatness. When reason had par tially returned and our leaders were shown some rights, Gen Breckinridge returned to Kentucky, and devoted Iris God-given talents closely to the legal profession and to those local interests which tended to give prosperity to his section. carefully avoided politics, know ing that whatever he might say would be misconstrued and turned to our disadvan tage by Radical hale and malignity. He has not left his home since his return* save un urgent business, and he has care fully avoided all ostentatious display and attention, and conducted himself in the most becoming manner. A nobler specimen of manhood in every imaginable particular than Gen John C. Breckinridge never graced the earth, and the people of the South love him with a zeal rarely known in the history of any man. and pray that he may bo spared many years to come, und that the greatest imaginable prosperity may always follow him —Grijfin (fin.) News. He h are A few years ago, a hungry company sat down at thb well-spread supper-table of a Sound steamer, upon which one of the dishes contained a single trout nf mod erate size work in had by he those heirs of and three tower 1439. A serions looking individual drew this dish towards him, saying apoln ffelieally, "This is a fast day with me." His next neighbor, an Irish gentleman, immediately inserted his fork into thp fish and transferred it to his own plate remark ing "Juans! sir, do you suppose nobody lias a sowl to be saved but yourself?" Use "Snooks was advised to get his life in sured. Won't do it," said he, "it would be just my luck to live forever if I should." Mrs Snooks very meekly said, "Wall, I wouldn't, my dear." LETTERS To the Boys and Girls of the Middle town Academy, Delaware. the not ches be dug the fall tor, and • m the turn BY REV. JOSEPH WILSON. No XII.— Closing. My Young Friends :—l have directed y«ur attention to a variety of subject« which 1 thought worthy of your approba tion, and that are to have a great influence on your future live« and happiness. With some of those suhjeois yon will be more or les« familiar in the course of your education, and I hope you will improve the few bints that I have placed before yon. I cannot close this short series of letters without a few wo da on another subject that I think of more importance to you than toy which I have mentioned,and that is personal piety or religion However important human learning may be (and its importance cannot well be over estimated) yet it must be acknowledged that divine learning nr the knowledge and service of God is infinitely more important since the value of the soul infinitely tran scends that of the body, nod eternity im measurably exceeds tbe momentary lapse of time. To know G»d is the highest of all knowledge, to serve God the noblest of all service, and to enjoy God the most de lightful and permanent of all enjoyments. The knowledge of God—the nature of bis service and the blessedness thereof— are to be learned from the Bible, iu which God has revealed himself to the world, through the mediation and incarnation ot our Lord aud Saviour Jesus Christ. God's IsngtiHge to each of you is—" My son (or my daughter) give nie th ne heart." "Be lieve <>n tbe Lord Jesus Christ and thou «halt be saved." is it to the the the to he an Young persons are too apt to neglect religion, from a mistaken idea that it will destroy their youthful pleasure and make them Bod and gloomy This is contrary to the experience of ail those who-have "remember«'! God in their youth," and b c ouïe the followers of Jesus Christ. NVhat pleasure eaa equal that of having God for our father and Jesus for our Sa viour aud friend iu this world, aud the joyful hope of having Heaven forourclir ual home ? All the pleasures of aarlh are unsatisfy ing and transient, but those of religion are substantial nod eternal. If you neg lect religion while you arc young, the probability is that you will continua to neglect it as you advance in life; and it should incline you to attend to it now, be cause promises are made to the young,hut none to the aged. God says, l'rov. viii 17, "I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find mo." Should I have the pleasure of visiting Middletown again, (as I bops I may) it will afford me grant delight to find you all in good health, increasing in knowledge and accomplishments, and walking in the pleasant ways of virtue and religion, a comfort to your parents and friends, and an ornament to society. God bless you all Farewell. so of the ters so and tbe the he an by to the or all Distances in Colorado. A correspondent in Georgetown, Col , vouches for the truthfulness of tbe follow ing : It ia well known that in high altitudes, owing to the rarefied air, objects are visi ble at a great distance ; and from the city of Denver, the Rocky Mountains.although some sixteen miles distant,seem but a very short way off. An English gentleman, a tourist, came !□ on the Kansas Pacific train one morning, flesh from the old country, stopped ut the Inter-Ocean Hotel iu Deuver.and anon made the of two of the "old citizens 1 ishcr was captivated with the appearance of tha mountains, and suggested to the two "«Id citizens" that, as the mountain range was such a very short distance fiom the city, they should all take a walk to it, and return in time far dinnor. Tho two "old citizens' saw a chance for some fun, and immediately consented. The tri« started west, aud walked toward the moun tains fur some two hours and a half, und the mountains seemed as far away as ever Tha Englishman was a good walker, and kept a little iu advance of Ilia friends. Fi nally they saw him deliberately sit down, as he came to a small irrigating ditch.per haps two feet wide, und begin taking off hia btmta and stockings. When they e up to where he wus sitting they asked him. in nome surprise, what he was doing that for The Englishman said he to wade the stream, lens, ' looking at him in astonishmeut, asked him why he didn't step across it. "Step across it !" replied the Britisher —"sisp across it ! Not I. What do l know about distances in your blarsted country?" —Editor's Drawer, in Har per's Magazine for April acquaintance The Brit aine was going Both the "old cili at to or For the Middletown Transcript. To Rachel, Not having tho least recollection of the verses you seat to the Transcript, I wrote to my brother, inquiring if he knew any thing about them. He replies that he wrote them, and some other pieces which appeared in the Jour nal about the same lime. So the question of authorship is settled. My brother ia more of a poet than f and has published, some years ago.a small volume entitled "The Lyre of my youth." containing the mast of the pieces that he composed in his youthful days. Your friend, er am. J. W. Agricultural. a Shading In The Garden. To do tho work with the least labor, the ppade must be aliurp and bright, and not too heavy. In working, the slices should not be more than three to four in ches thick, and the digging should be per formed with os little expenditure of strength as is compatible with thorough work. In digging, the trench Hue should be kept perfectly straight, and the freshly dug earth kept fur enough hack from the trench to allow the spade slice to he lilted without striking the opposite side of the treuch from where the workman is oper ating. le digging, after the slice is cast from the spade, th* tool should be allowed to fall to the eirth from its own weight, simply being directed to the edge of the trench. Then draw back the spade to its proper position for taking the next slice allowing it to enter (lie earth at such angle os ii mos? convenient to the opera tor, using the foot or the thigh for the thrust, according to the depth required and the tenacity of the soil. Bear down • m tin- handle to loosen the spit, and at the same time, with a slight lift aud n turn of the wris*, the spadefull is turned down, just where it is wanted. This is followed by a tup with the corner of the fpade, Uibreak und level the surface, if neet^sary ; a little observation and judg ment enable the workman to complete his work so that but little after-raking is ne cessary, on ordiuary soils, to level the sur face. Many persons in digging worry them selves needlessly by taking the spit as it is called too straight. As stated before, it should be at such an angle us is most convenient, the workman standing nearer to or further from tile treuch according to the required depth of tho tillage. Another point to he observed is, in dig ging about shrubbery plants ar :recs, dig lightly, more and more so as you approach the plants; and away from und around them, rather than tewurd them, thrusting the spade, or better, digging fork, very obliquely, thus avuiding injury ;o the roots. Ill the fall of the year, when the soil is to be left for the winter, the surface should he left as rough as possible To do this easily the spade should carried up at such an angle us simply to allow the earth 'o slide gently therefrom.— Western Rural. Decayed Turnips as Manure. A valued correspondent furnishes us with some interesting facts relative to growing turnips as immures for grain. It so happened that the owner of the piece of turnips iu question was front homo at the time the first snow fell, und for time afteiward, consequently there was no opportunity of harvesting the crop, and it was left iu the ground, aud us a matter of course all retted on the land. The fol lowing spring oats were sown on the same piece, which contained exactly three-quar ters of an ucre. At harvest the straw was so heavy the crop could not be crudied, and had to be reaped. After threshing tbe quantity was carefully measured, and the yield of good clean outs was found to he exactly seventy-six bushels, or ot the rate of a trifle over one hundred bushels an acre. This mnurkublc crop was again tested by remeasuring the oats, and us further proof, also remeasuring the land The uext year the same piece of land was sown with spring wheat, and uguin the value of the decayed turnips was verified by a large crop of wheat being obtained ; there being nearly twenty-seven bushels to three-quarters of an acre For three following year* the continued benefit of the decayed turnips was very apparent. The sort sown wus the ordinary white va riety, and the laud was not manured, nor was the crop very heavy, as the turnips wore not sown until July, and never hoed or thinned out. tbe seed was sown broad cast, and very thin, to avoid expense iu subsequent cultivations As we have many times before recommended, the lend harrowed at intervals of about three weeks, commencing the middle of April. This mode of cultivation attacks the weeds when quite young and unable to withstand the constant stirring of the soil. Conse quently. ut the time the seed was sown, all weed seed had vegetated and was de stroyed. and hoeing was unnecessary ex cept to thin the plants, which in this in stance was not done — Canada Fanner. some was Barn Yard. —The barn-yard should he at least once in ten days covered over six to ten inches deep with muck, dry earth or refuse vegetable matter, nr tan-bark or saw dust, where to be conveniently had, after being put in a compost heap with a bout two bushels of lime to every fifty of saw dust or tan-bark, and intermixed with the liquid manure about two or three months before being used by itself or good absorbent in the stables and in the yards; so that all the liquid manure may be absorbed, except such as may be dis posed of more profitably elsewhere. as a Winter is the best time to remove and transplant forest trees and evergreens of large size. When tbe ground is open, dig around them, leaving a large lump of earth about the roots. Have the holes open for their rccsptisn, and when freezing weath er conies, remove th« trees with tho earth about them. After planting raise a mound about them and stako them strongly. In spring level the mounds and manure ns well as mulch heavily around them. Progress in Telegraphy. There sreuiii to be no limit to the uses to which telegraphy and electricity may be applied. It is doubtful whether even Morse himself ever anticipated one half of the useful results in art, commerce, and manufactures in which telegraphy and e lectricity figure as principle agents. The telegraph is every day sending messages to the four quarters of the globe ; it is used iu the policy system, and in the fire departments, and recently an exhibition was given ut the Patent Office in Wash ington, when an inventor made a batch of butter in a few minutes by the aid of elec tricity. The newest feature of telegraphy, for the past two years in operation in New York, Brooklv, and other cities, is known as the "district system." Front each dis trict nffire radial, s in all directions, ex tending to a circuit from a quarter to one third of a mile, telegraph wires having their termini in the houses and places of business of subscribers to the institution. These are attached to a small telegraphic instrument, placed in each house, by which a curr.pt of electricity is sent, on pressing n lever, to the offics located in the distri.-t where scut, which current rings a bell iij euch office, indicating the number of the house or place where it came from. According to the character of the signalslthe manager or operator on duty in the office responds. If the signal is for a messenger, off starts a boy on the "double quick" to see what is wanted; possibly it tuny be a message, a pireel. or to perform any service required. By this system a person can for less money per day than would purchase a Havana cigar have above hjs pillow the means o' calling a messenger to carry a letter, or have the power of summoning the police force of his district to protect him from the burg lar and the thief, or in five seconds to summon the tire department to guard his house from tile firey element. The luxury and use of such an instru mentality cannot be fully appreciated at the first thought, and all this ut the trifling cost of §2 5lJ per month—a mere begatel lc to the advantages enjoyed. The coat of placing the wire and instrument in the iiuilding to be benefitted is borne by the Company owiling the wire and instrument As an illustrai ion of the services perfum ed by tit« Brooklyn District Company tin past twelve tin.mbs are the following: — 727 houses of subscribers have been found of in a by a to at in on he 1 insecure by the night patrol. 13 fire call have been answered, 70 drunken servants taken care of. 2 mad dogs und 1 injured horse shot. 1 burglar and three thieve« ar rested, besides 10 burglar ala ins answered, (another signal.) und by which the noc lurnal prowlers were probably frightened away. Mr. Shephard, of New York, is now in Baltimore to introduce the new system, and to describe its origin and success in other cities. Arrangements have already hern made to put up the ; of it pparatus in ihn Carijnlltou Hotel iu this city.— Baltimore Sun. new A Deaf Man in Ohurch. We have already mentioned that old Mr. Colliuuijre, whe goes to our church, is very deaf. Last Sunday, in the midst of the service, Mr. Huff, who sits imnie diately behind Mr. Collamore, saw a spider walking up tbe latter's bald head His first impulse was tu nudge hint and i' ll hint abolit it, but lie remembered that Collamore wax deaf, an be lifted up his hand and brushed the spider off. Hoff didn't aim quite high enough, and conse quently, in Itis nervousness, he hit Colls more quite a severe blow ; the old man turned around in a rage to sue who had dared to take such a liberty with him, aud Hoff began to explain with gestures the occurrence. But Collamore, in a loud voice, demanded what he meant. It was painfull to Hoff. The eyes of the a very whole congregation were upon him, and lie arew red iu the face aud in desperation exclaimed ; "There was a spider on your head." "A while place on my bead, hey? S'pnse (herd is. whut's that to you," said Collamore, f- You'll know what it is to be bald-headed yourself some day ." "It was « spider," shrieked Hoff, while the congregation smiled und the perspira tion began to roll off his face. "Cerfuiuly it's wider," said Collamore, "and it's gilit more in it 'ban your's But you let it alone—do you mind? You let my head alone in church." "Mr. Collamore," shrieked Hoff, "there was a bug i^n your head and I brushed it off this way," and Hoff made another ges ture at Collamore's head The old loan thought he was going to fight him Mien and there, and hurling his hymn-book at Hoff, he seized the kneeling stool on the floor of the pew and was a hout to bang Mr Hoff, when the sexton interfered. An explanation was written on a flv-1 af of the hymn hook, whereupon Mr. Collamore apologized in a boisterous voice and the service resumed. — Ex. he or a of a A certaiji near-sighted lady could never be induced to admit the fact, but persisted in declaring that her sight One day a waggish neighbor stuck a need le in the side of a ham and placing her on the other side of the road, asked her if she could flee it. "Oh. yea," she replied, looking in the direction, "but where's the born ?" was excellent of for In ns A motiizr wants to know whether ingley's Wafer Babies were rooked in the cradle of the deep. Charles 1 Tom Marshall. A case in which a duel was prevented by one of the soconds.much to the disgust of the other, who happened to be a mili tary man, may be related here. It oc curred during an extra session of Congress in 1841. Thomas F. Marshall invited three gentlemen to dine with him one stormy, dismal Sunday. One of the guests was an officer of the army, from the South, who ufterward made something of a name during the rebellion The other two were connected with the press, entertainment given by Tom Marshall be fore be joined the cold-water association was sure to be abundantly furniahed with wine. Marshall and one of the newspaper men, who was from New Orleans, drank deeply. They hud been clus--mutes in college, and were on terms of familiar in timacy. A slight misunderstanding arose between them, and both being considera bly elevated, a harsh remark was made by the editor. Marshall inquired if h» was ruspousible for what be bad said. The reply was, "Tom Marshall, you ought to know too well to ask such a question." Thu party broke up rather suddenly, and a short time afterward the editor brought to bis frieud of the press who was present at the dinner a challenge which he had just received from Marshall, with an un conditional acceptance, asking him to de liver the reply, see the army officer, who was to act as Marshall's second, and make arrangements for an immediate meeting Tim friend of the editor was inexperienced in such matters, hut he was impressed with the folly of a duel between two gentlemen on a misunderstanding at the dinner-table, and determined to prevent a fight ut all hazards. He hold the acceptance until near the close of the fallowing day, when he waited upon Marshall. "You come, I presume, on behalf of Mr. - ■>" An ■ a me "Yes, sir." "You have been a devilish longtime in getting here!" "That is tny fault entirely. Your chal lenge was accepted at once." "Let aie have the acceptance, then, without further delay." "Here it is," the gentleman replied.— But I do not propose to deliver it at all 1 will not he accessory to a duel between two men who have no real cause of quar rel ;" and thereupeii lore the paper in pie ces and threw the fragments into the fire Marshall was much astonished, and in quired of the gentleman if he knew the responsibility In: hud assumed in so doing. Tho reply was that ho neither know nor eared "You h-tve put yourself in your princi pal's p'uee, and I presume you are pre pared to take the consequences," said Marshall. "Nonsense," was the reply. "I will neither let- meet you, nor will 1 fight you myself on any such a ridiculous quar rel Now what do you intend to do about it Marshall finally burst into a laugh, and in less than an hour's tiuio ull the parlies were taking a friendly drink together at Gadsby's. The army officer was inclined t» make a scene, protesting against the ir regularity of the whole proceeding, but tliure the difficulty ended.— An Old Sta ger, in Harper's Magazine for April. A Clerical Quack. Some of the colored preachers, although they make e'travagant pretensions, are by uo means so moral as our " Fadder Qua ker," and, exercising absolute spiritual control over their ignorant flocks, prompt them to unworthy deeds, and fill their minds with wrong ideas. There is also a multitude of quacks aud false prophets who seek to make money out of a revival of the barbaric superstitions still prevalent among eerluiu dusses of negroes. Oti one occasion a huge negro created quite a ; clamor among the blacks in Petersburg, by announcing that he could cure any one uffiicled with diseuse. Ho practically revived many of the features of Voudou isni, and wus rapidly fleecing his victims when a pitying white man interposed and tried to expose the swindler. But it was of no avail. The quack boldly challenged the would-be exposer to witness a cure of a long stundiug case of dropsy. At the house of the sick man the incredulous Caucasian found a large crowd of faithful believers assembled, iu front of a circle of bones, old rags, und other trash, over which the quack was muttering some gib berish. Ftnully tho announcement was ■nude that there wus something in the sick man's bed which had made him ill; and, after a little search, a mysterious packet was found beneath ths mattress. While the horror-stricken crowd were bewailing this evidence of witchcraft, the white man insisted on opening the packet, found it filled with harmless herbs and minerals, and endeavored to convinoe the negroes that the doctor's confederate had undoubt edly concealed it there. But they would not believe him, and insisted on consid ering the doctor great at divination, al though their confidence was a little shaken when the man, stricken with dropsy, died, despite the discovery and removal of the hurtful charm — Edward King, "A Ram ble in Virginia .-" Scribner's fur April. Said a woman to nn old maid: "My husband is not so good a husband as he should be. but ho is a pewerful sight bet ter than none." Employment is nature's physician, and 1 is essential to happiness. A Sad Story. A little boy having heard a beautiful 1 story nbout a little boy and a hatchet, andi how, because the little boy wouldn't toll a lie, lie, iu lime, got to be the President of the United States, was very much im pressed by it. Now, it SO happened that, on the last day nf March, be was just leu years old. and his father asked him wluit he wmshl like to have for a birthday pres ent. Very naturally the boy's answer was, "A little hatchet, if you please,, papa." The father bought hint a little hatchet that very day, and the boy was so delight ed that ho actually took it to bed with him. Early the next morning he got up, dressed himself, tnok his little hatchvt and went out into the garden. There, a» luck wooM have it, the 5r*t thing that ■ aught his eye was his futher's favorite cherry-tree. "My eyesl" exclaimed the little boy to himself, "what a time my father would make if a fellow were to rut tlnst tree l" It was a wicked thought., for it led him into temptation. There was the tree—tall, straight and fair—standi i g invitingly before him,—just the thing for a sharp little hatchet. Aud there was the hatchet,—strong, sharp and shining,— just the thing fiir a favorite eherry-tree. Iu another iustant the swift strokes of in uxe were heard in the still morning air. and, brfore long, a small boy was seen running toward tbu house. His father met him at tin! door. "My boy, what noise was that I heard just now ? Surely you have not been at my fuvorite cherry-tree 1" The boy stood proudly before him, Lut with dowucast eyes aud flushing cheeks. "Father," he said, "I cannot tell s lie. That cherry-tree is-" "Say no more," said the father, extend ing bis arms. You have done wrong, my son; and that was my favorite tree; but you have spoken the tru'h. I forgive you. Better to--" This was too much. The boy rushed into his father's arms. "Father!" he whispered, "April fool f I haven't touched the cberiy-trcr; but I 'most chopped tbe old apple-stump to pieces." "You yoiog rate 1, you!' criai th» father, "do you mean to say you haven't chopped my cherry-tree? April-fool your old father! will you? Take off your coat. sir !" With a suppressed sob. that little boy obeyed Then shutting his eyes, he felt his futher's hand descend upon his shrink ing form. "My son," said ttis father, solemnly, as he stroked the little shoulder, "it is tb# First of April. Go thy way From Jiukinthe-Pulpit, Ut. Nicholas for April. During tbe progress of ths trial of the ease of widow Matthews against the Ele vator Company, in tbe Circuit Court or St. Louis, Col. Sluybuck, counsel for ihr defendant, conceived the idea that one Murphy, a witness for the plaintiff, wai n suitor for the hand of the widow, and on the eve of leading her to the altar. Get ting Murphy on the stand, the lawyer en deavored to bring this fact before the jury, and this was the upshot of his effort. "Mr. Murphy are you any relation to »b*f plaintiff?" "No, sir, I am not." "Don't you txpret to be?" "Such a thing might happen." "Now, are you not going to marry her?" "I'm afraid not." "You are afraid you won't, eh ? Well, now don't you expect to marry her?" "If my wife should die, and the widow remain single till then, such a thing might ItappcD." The jurors and spectators burst int» roars of laughter, and Murphy chuckled st the cunning manner in which he had drawn the lawyer on. The Colonel had nothing more to say on the matrimonial questioa. ; The Right End —An old gentleman who was never accused of being a wizard, went out one day with his gun to shunt partridges, accompanied by his son. Be fore they approached the grouDd where they expected to find the guiue, tbe gun wan charged with a severe load and when at last the old gentleman discovered one of the birds lie took a rest and blazed away expecting to see it fall of ooursv, but not so did it happen, for the gun re coiled with such force as to kick him over The old man got up aud while rubbing the sparks out of his eyes inquired of hia son, "Alphy, did I point the right end of the gun at the bird ?" A perplexed fellow mortal wa* seen Branding before one of our dry goods stores, last week, for nearly an hour, gaz ing intently at a tow string which was a bout his little Sager. When asked woat he wanted he replied; "Darned if I know ! Mother put this tarnel string on uiy finger id's I shouldn't forgit wbat aha wanted ins to git, and here I'va been standin' mnre'n an hour, tryiu' to thiuk what in the thunder it was." A young lady iu Indiana sought to de molish so unfaithful lover by publishing some verses addressed to him. in which after prophesying her immediate dissolu tion, she said, "Come, gaza upon my dust, false one." But the compositor spelled dust with a b. A great hardship—An iron itsamsr.