Newspaper Page Text
Growing Tea. Nuw Castle, Del., Jan. 25, '75. Mr. Editor . —I send the accompany i% letter of Mrs. R J. Screven, of Georgia, "on tbe cultivation „and pre paration of Tea," which I clipped from tbe Macon (Ga ) Telegraph and Mes senger, and ask that you will publiab it in'the Transcript. It will be seen from Mr. Fortune's viU account of tbe tea growing districts of China—quoted in the letter—that the Middle States, especially this highly fa* • vored peninsula, will furnish a climate even more genial to the nature of the tea plant than the Southern Manifestly, tea-raising might be made of large revenue to citizens of a source this State, and of the peninsula. Of Its adaptedness to our soil and climate, can entertain a doubt, after read so one ing the veiy interesting letter of Mrs. Screven ; and I suppose that everybody will he, as I was, surprised at the sim • plicity and inexpensiveness of the mode of its preparation for use, or for aale. Tea is so universally used as a bev erage, by rich aud poor, that tbe im portance of having a pare article, oan . jisrdly -bo overestimated ;and few, I suppose, dream of the extent to which the practice of adulterating if—or, rath er, tbe variety called grg$n tea—with * isorums materktß, iwOMFried Johnston, n his "Chemistry of Com mon Life," said, that, of specimens ob tained at the London atores, in all parta "of ihd Aty, fort; if any, (I quota from memory) were found to be anything but the exhaatfledßdhftf %f thefblfiek tea— which is a genuine article, and is rarely adulterated—rolled in a poisonous pre paration of lead, to give it color. , ) Haviftgihiefi. acquainted with Mfs. Screven from her youth, and often en joyed her rare conversational power*, I take pleasure in assuring year readers that she is »'noble Georgian lady, of anp«Horinri<ivat|OB ! and .varied accom plishments. And, should any persons desire toitfongttaate the cuitut-e of tea on this peninsula, and wish to procure tan plants of Mrs. Screven, I would gladly consent to become the medium of oommnoioatipn. Very respectfully Your obedient servant, Gbo. Troup Maxwell. f t çf ( y.Mrfntoßk, Liberty Comity, Ga., t J - January 4, 1875. Editors Telegraph end Messenger : As you requested me on your recent visit to my place to write you a miaute account of the cultivation of the tea plant, and also of the process of prepar ing the leaves, I herein give you my tftfti. fexperitme, together with a few quotations from Mr. Robert Fortune's "Two visits to the tea countries of Chi na." He Bays "the soil in which the tea plant does best is moderately rich, that is, that it oontains a considerable portion ef vegetable matter, mixed with clay, sand and particles of rock." My ekj^iJdde has been that it does best here on land somewhat low, bat not such as water will lie upon, or is ever over flowed. I sow the seed in the fall, as soon as they ripen and drop from the bushes, in drills eighteen inches apart. They come up readily ia theHpring,and by winter are from three to six inches high. Under the shade of some Urge tree is usually the spot selected for sow ing the seed, for if the plants are ex posed to the hot sun while young, they invariably die the first summer. When six months old, they are ready for transplanting ; have generally a good supply of roots, and oan be set ont any time from the first of November to the last of March. In patting them out, I have generally prepared holes to re ceive them, to give a good start, so that fine, healthy bushes will be obtained The holes are usually dug out a foot or more deep; and equally a* wide, and filled in with half rotted leaves, » little } ■ cow-pep men are and surface soil ; all of this to he packed down, to prevent wa ter settling around tbe plants whenever it rains. The tea is planted up to its first leaves, and a little water given to the earth close to the roots. Âs press sffofotle ihe warm spring waatber be gins, each plant is «shaded from the A crutch, two feet out of the sou. ground, is driven in on each side of the plant, a strong stick placed across the crutches, and pine branches leaning this, make a cheap and good upon ■hade. Tbe tea when yonng and not large enough to abadc its own roots, is sensitive to tbe beat of tbe sun.— very This shading being somewhat trouble some, I have adopted another plan. It is this, to set ont the plants under tbe ■hade of some large bash or tree, Until they ere about two feet high, then take them up carefully, cut off pearly all tbe tops, and plant out in their permanent places. As soon as Spring opens they will pat out sufficient leaves to shade In April, 1867, I think it was, Mr. Howard fro» Balti more, who had been engaged on a plan tation for several years in tbe East,vis ited my father's plantation in this coun ty. He çxpreBsed himself as being sur prised at the wptendid growth of the tea. ; As he was there at the time of gather- j ing the yonng leaves, he plucked from ; one bush alone, prepared the tea him. self, and took it on to Baltimore, where j he had it tested and weighed. He wrote j back that it had been pronounced ! stronger and of suoerior flavor to the ; imported, and that by calculation, be satisfied that four hundred and fifty pormds of cured tea could be made here at the South, to one acre of ground. Mr. Fortune, in writing of tho tea their own roots. was growing districts of China, says: "At Hong Kong, during the montha of July and August—the hottest in the year— the maximum heat is 94 degrees fabren heit and the minimum 80 degrees. In winter the thermometer sometimes sinke aa lew as the freeaing point," "At Shanghae, some six hundred miles north of Hong Kong, the extremes of heat and cold are muoh greater. From careful obsesvation, kept at Shanghae, the thermometer sometimes indicates a temperature of 100 degrees for several days successively. In ordinary years the ponds and canals are frequently frozen over several inohes in thickness. It may be safely assumed that the ther mometer sometimes stands at 12 or 20 degrees below the freeaing point." He visited both the green tea eoun try of Hwny-ehow and the black tea districts about Woe-e-shan ; and dur ing these tong visits he verified the opinions previously formed, that both Uaek and green teas could bo produced from the same plant, and that the dis similarity of appearance, so far as color is concerned, depended only upon man ipulation. I have only prepared black tea, the process being very easy and simple. The leaves are gathered the'day before they are to be dried, and spread thinly over tables to wilt. The small leaves * •* * is of to of be is be »> cared by themselves as they make the most superior quality of tea. beihffflucked, they Mhrtaken in t& hands and* rubbed until they be soft and flaoid, they are then remain are The ter oome placed in heaps and allowed to so for about an hour. They are then which is heated pat into a dutch oven by a fow eoala ander it. oven they are constantly stirred with the hand to prevent scerehing. They roasted five minutes, taken out and rolled again upon the table. After be ing rolled they are exposed in the open air in the sun, and frequently stirred. While these are out in the air, another While in the are set is in a the oven. When all have been roasted, those first put ont in the air are brought in, and roasted again for fire minutes, then taken ont and rolled again. They are now placed in a seive about an inch thiok, and held over a few hot coals stirring all tbe time. They are then taken ont and rolled again. This proeen of rolling and roaBting is continued until the tea as signes a dark color. After all the leaves hare been treated thus, they are pat in a basket and bung over a few coals and frequently stirred until the tea appears black and dry. Mr. Fortune thus describes the pro cess of making green tea: "When the leaves intended to be made into green tea are brought in from the plantations are thinly spread out on fiat bam boo trays, in order that the superfluous moisture may be evaporated. There they remain for one or two hours. In the meantime the roasting pans have been heated with a brisk wood fire. A portion of the leaves are then thrown into each pan, and rapidly moved about, and shaken up with both hands. They immediately affected by tbe heat, becoming quite flaccid and moist, and giving ont considerable vapor. In this state they remain fonr or five minutes, when they are quickly drawn ont and placed on the rolling table. "Next commences the rolling pro Several men stationed at the ta by to ly of the it so to as to are cess. ble divide thelaave* among them. Each takes as much as he can press with bis hands and makes them up in the form of a ball, which is rolled upon the rat tan worked table, and in this manner beoomes greatly compressed, the objeot being to get rid of a portion of the sap moisture. These balls »re frequent ly taken ont, and passed from hand to hand until they reach the head work who carefully examines them to or man, gee if they have acquired tbe requisite twist. When he is satisfied of this,the leaves are removed from tbe rolling ta ble, and shaken oat upon* flat trays, until the remaining balls have under gone the same process. In no case are they allowed to remain long in this condition, and sometimes are removed at once to the roasting pan. Having been thrown again into the pan, a slow and steady charcoal fire is kept np, and the leaves are pat in rapid motion by the hands of the operators. Some times they are thrown upon the rattan table, and rolled again. In from an hoar ta an hoar and a half the leaves become well dried, and their oolor "fixed," that is there is no danger of their becoming black They are now of a dullish green, but afterwards be come brighter. This process, it is to be understood, does not apply to teas which are artificially colored. Mr. Fortune gives also an account of the coloring process, as practised in tbe Hwng-chow green tea district. The superintendent of the workmen, man aged the coloring part of the process himself. Haring procured a portion of Prussian blue, he threw it into a porcelain bowl, not unlike a chemist's mortar, and crushed it into a very fine powder- At the same time, a quantity of gypsum was prodqoed »nd bnrned in the charcoal fires wbieh were then wae to soften it, in order that it might be readily pounded Into a very fine powder, in the same manner as the Prussian bine had been. The gypsum having been taken out of the fire, after a certain time had elapsed, readily crumbled down, and was reduced to powder in tbe mortar, stances having been thus prepared, were then mixed together, in tbe pro portion of four parts gypsum, to three parts of Prussian bine, and formed a light blue powder, which was then of roasting the teas. The object of thie in as These two sub ready for Use, The coloring matter applied to the teas daring the laat process of roasting. I have several times received letters asking if I had the plant for sale from which the green tea was made, and as my authority was not sufficient to con* vinos them that the same plant produces both black and green, I have quoted thus largely from Mr. Fortune, whose botanical knowledge and learning can not for one moment be doubted. was As yon have mentioned in one or two of your letters that I had the tea plants for sale, bat did not know my prices, I take this opportunity of stat ing that I have no tea seed far sale, but can famish plants at twenty-five cents a piece, for less than a hundred, and twenty cents a piece by Hbe hun dred. Respectfully, Mrs. R. J Screven. Limit Tour Wants. Lord Bolingbroke, in his "Reflec tions upon Exile," says : "Our natural and real wants are confined to narrow bounds, while those which custom and fancy create are confined to none." Young men who are just entering upon life, and forming the habits which are likely to adhere to them to its close, will do well to treasure up in memory these true and instructive words of one of England's finest writers and most philosophic statesmen : "Oar natural and real wants are confined to narrow bounds. is that is absolutely essential to man's existence, and, if he will take an intel ligent and oonsiderate view of life, to his comfort and happiness. Intellect ual enjoyments are comparatively cheap. The cultivation of the mind, which af ford the highest and the only enduring satisfaction, oan be pursued on an in come quite insignificant for tbe supply of luxuries. Our physical wants are very few, if we preserve our tastes simple, as they are by nature. To eat, to drink, to exercise, to sleep, to keep warm, and to be sheltered : a small snm will supply all these necessities. The pleasures which are pure, and which tend to onr improvement are within the reach of almost every one. But the wants which fancy and custom create, as Lord Bolingbroke well says, are confined to no bounds. It is against these that yonng men on the threshold of life should sedulously guard. Be ware of luxurious and expensive habits. The gratification of them may cost you mach of the labor and time which, if given to intellectual cultivation, would be for more conducive to happiness. It is easy to do without that which yon have never indulged in. It is hard to leave off habits, however extravagant and absurd. When you are to decide about adopting a mode or style of liv ing, consider well whether it is certain that, without iacouvcnience, you will be able always to preserve it. The only safe rule is, to keep your wants within narrow bounds. It is surprising how little it Manufacture of Bazor Blades. The celebrated razor blades produced by Rodgers, of Sheffield, and which go to all parts of the civilised world, are forged ont of bars of the very best high ly carbonated oast-steel, tilted to about half an inch in breadth, and of a thick ness sufficient for the baek of the razor. Tbe blade is first moulded at the end of the porter-rod aid then forged, and the edge being brought ont, the con. cave surface is formed by working the side on the ronnded edge of the anvil ; it is then cat off, and the tang is either drawn out from the same material as the blade, or, if this he of superior quality, a piece of iron is welded to it. Tbe steel used is of excellent quality, so as to nndergo the beating necessary to produce tbe thinner part, while the back is left thiok. Some of the work men are so expert in forging the blade that they will produce on the anvil an edge so sharp and even that it can be used for shaving after being whetted. After forging, the blade is smithed or beaten on an anvil, to render the metal as compact as possible. The blade is also slightly ground, or scorched, after the forging, on a coarse, dry grit stone, to bring it to the shape required and remove the blaek scale or ooating. The blade is next drilled for the joint • and Btamped with the name ; then hardened and tempered, »nd ground op * whet» stone of from foqr fo eight inches in diameter. • _ _ I Nearer TO Death. —When we walk 1 near powerful machinery, we know that : one misstep and those mighty engines will tear us to ribbons with their flying ; wheels or grind us to powder in their pondérons Jaws. So, when we are ; of a sheet of paper. thundering across the land in a railroad > carriage, and there is nothing but an inch of iron flank to hold ns on the line. So tyhen we are in a ship, and I 1 there is nothing but a plank between ! us and eternity. We imagine, .then, j that we see how close we are to the , „ . . . T> . j „I edge of the precipice. But we do not j see it. Whether on the sea or the land, ! the partition that divides ns from eternity is something less than the oak The ma plank or a half inch flange. ohinery of life and death is wHhin us. Tbe tissqes that hold the beating powers in their place, are oftener not thicker than a sheet of paper, and if that thin partition rupture, it would be tbe same as if a canpon ball had strqok qa. Death is inseparably bound up with life in tbe very structure of our bodies. Struggle as we would to widen the space, no man can, at any time, go further from death than the thickness Jfriotato. 1875. THE 1875. BALTIMORE WEEKLY SUN. A FIRST-CLASS FAMILY PAPER. NEWS, AGRICULTURE AND LITERA TURE COMBINED. ren UNEQUALED IN EXCELLENCE AND CHEAPNESS. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE UNCHANGED. POSTAGE PREPAID BX PUBI FREE TO ALL SÜB8CRI1 Tbe Baltimore Weekly Sun has successfully stood the test of time, and is not found want ing in any of tbe essentials of a first-class pa per for ibe home circle. A strict adherence to cooservative principle and truth has dered the journal a sort of "HOUSEHOLD WORD," and as such it has become a neces sity wherever it is known. As a Literary Paper it is entertaining and instructive to all classes, its contents being always of high tone and scrupulous morality. The Farmer will find the Baltimore Weekly Sun a valuable instrnctor, its original articles on and judicious selection of matters intimate ly connected with the great national interest of agriculture amply repaying the price of subscription. Tbe paper is designed to meet tbe needs of persons residing in the towns and rural dis tricts of the MIDDLE, SOUTHERN AND WESTERN STATES, careful not* being regularly made of local matters in those regions, in addition to a com plete and concise bistory of current events ALL OVER THE WORLD. Merchant and the Mechanic will find the Weekly Sun an ever fresh Encyclopedia of Useful Knowledge. THE WEEKLY SUN'S MARKET REPORTS are especially valuable, giving the latest prices of all kinds of Produce in Baltimore and the principal cities of the Union, for the latter the telegraph being availed of up to the date of publication. TERMS—INVARIABLY CASH In Advance. -Postage Free to Subscribers ; One Copy; sir months.;..v.. : . One Copt, one year. Three Copies, one year. Four Copies, one year,. Five Copies, one year,. AND ONE DOLLAR PER COPY FOR ANY NUMBER OF COPIES ABOVE FIVE. Tbe ...81 00 ... 1 50 4 00 ... 4 50 5 00 1875. TERMS AND PREMIUMS 1875. TO GETTERS UP OF CLUBS. ...$10 00 TEN COPIES.... With an extra copy of the Weekly Sun one year. TWENTY COPIES With an extra copy of the Weekly Sob one year, and one copy of the Daily San six months. THIRTY COPIES. With an extra copy of the Weekly Son and one copy of the Daily Snn one year. FORTY COPIES. With an extra copy of the Weekly Sun, and one copy of the Daily San one year, also an extra copy of the Daily Sun for six months. FIFTY COPIES. With an extra copy of the Weekly Sun, and two copies of tbe Daily Sun one year. SEVENTY JIVE COPIES. With an extra copy of the Weekly Son, and three copies of the Daily Sun one year. ONE HUNDRED COPIES.$100 00 With an extra copy of the Weekly S Snn, and fonr copies of the Daily San one year. Getters up of Olnbs Will find the above terms the most liberal that can be offered: by a First-class Family Journal. The proprie tors not only prepay the postage on tbe clubs received, bat also on the premium copies, both Daily and Weekly. $20 CO $30 00 $40 00 $50 00 $75 00 The safest method of remitting funds by mail will be fonnd to be by draft or post-office money orde. Address A. S. ABELL & CO., Publishers, SUN IRON BUILDING, Baltimore, Md. Jan 23—tf. ORE PRICE TO ALI* SI. si. THE NEW YORK WORLD. THE DEMOCRATIC PAPER OF NEW YORK. THE CHEAPEST AND BEST. POSTAGE PREPAID BY US The Weekly World, One Year, $1. An extra copy to getter-up of club of ten. The Semi-Weekly to getter-up of club of twenty. The Daily to getter-up of club of fifty. All tbe news of the past seven days is given in the weekly edition ef The World (Wednes day's), which contains, in addition to the news, many special features prepared express ly for it. The Grange department gives each week the latest news of the order and of the Patrons. The agricultnral department pre sents tim-lafest experiment« and experiences of practical cnltnrists, full reports or the Far mer's Club of the American Institute, letters from practical farmers, and interesting dis cussions of profitable farming. The page for the family furnishes interest and ^amusement for the fireside during the long winter even ings. Eull and trustworthy live stock, coun try produce, and general produce market re ports show the state of trade. The Semi-Weekly World, One Year, Two Dollars. An extra copy to getter-up of elub of ten. The Daily to getter-np of club of twenty-five. The Semi-Weekly contains (Tuesdays and Fridays) all the contents of the Weekly, one or two first-rate Novels during the year, and all tbe oream of the Daily World. "thb world" ahd its wore. [Binghampton Leader.] These of our Democratic friends who desire to subscribe for a New York paper will find none that equals The World in ability, or that bo fearlessly and clearly advocates Democratic principles. In the news from all parts of tbe world, it is complete, and its editorials on all subjects are vigorous and logical. To the farmer it is invaluable: teaches him many things that tend to promote bis best interest» whlpb be sorply Reed3 his eyes oppped to,— The World is pqw dgipg » great work in be half pf the Democratic party, and should be folly sustained, A thorough newspaper. IManchettcr Union. 1 The World, in point of ability, enterprise, and infinence. stands at the head of the Dem ocratic press in this country. Address, "THE WORLD," 35 Park Row, New York. QUE, -t- -r-p -r—■> -r -y <—« i-r-q " * rpHRORGH the courtesy of the publishers, 4- we are enabled to furnish the following Magazines to onr readers at greatly reduced rates, viz : Scribner's Monthly ($4.00) and Transcript, $ 5 - 20 - Scribner's St. Nicholas ($3.00) and Trans or j pti $ 4 . 40 . Harper's Monthly ($4.00) and Transcript, $5.25. Harper's Weekly ($4.00) and Traqscript, $5.25. Harper's Rafter ($4.00) and Traascript, Peterson's Magazine($2.00)and Transcript, $3.60. American Farmer ($1.50) and Transcript, $3.00. The postage on al! the publications will be prepaid by the publishers, E. REYNOLDS Transcript Office, t N OTICE.—I hereby give notice that I shall apply to the General Assembly of Dela ware, at its approaching session, for a divorce from my bnsband, Wm. A. Wattson. Dec. 26-6W. SARAH C. WATTSON. THE BALTIMORE SUN. A DAILY MORNING JOURNAL. Full of News and Sound in Principle. FIRST CLASS AND INDEPENDENT. Its past the Index of its future. Cheapest and best newspaper known. Postage prepaid by the publishers, and price un changed. Published daily, ex cept Sunday. PROSPECTUS FOR 1875. THE SUN, throughout all the many years of its existence, was sever more widely circu lated and more popular and prosperous than it is at this time. Its usefulness and strength have increased with its year , till now it is indispensable to individuals of every class and to every interest in the community. Being concise', yet comprehensive, there is no other medium by which people can be so conven iently and fully informed of all that is tran spiring in the world of news, Political, Social, Moral, Commercial, Financial. Ac., as through The Sun. Its independent character and ele vated tone in the treatment of all subjects in sure confidence, and render it potential for good and acceptable in ail circles. Truth and justice and the promotion of con fidence and good feeling throughout all the borders of the Union are it» constant aim.— Tht Sun is free from partisan politic» and sec tarian religion. For the preservation of the proper balances of government, Stale and na tional, and the rights of ail, it has always striven. As a newspaper it bas the most advanced and complete facilities for gathering intelli gence from all parts of the world, aud is un surpassed in its means of serving the people in every regard. As an advertising medium The Sun, by 'son of its immense circulation, wbiph is fier greater than that of all the other c ! ty morn ing papers combined, affords an especially valuable medium of exchange for ail the forms of bnsiness and in all the walks of life, and at rates that are insignificant in view of the wide diffusion of its announcements. r*a TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION BY MAIL. CASH IN ADVANCE. One year, postage included. Six Months, postage included. Three Months, postage included... Two Months, postage included.... One Month, postage included. Address $6 00 3 00 1 50 1 20 60 A. S. ABELL A CO., Publishers, Sun Iron Building, Baltimore, Md. Dec. 26—tf. Ayer's Sarsaparilla Ak as one of the most jm JHl effectual remedies fm l frSfc ever discovered for tem ud purifying ntationfbaaed on its intrinsic virtues, and sustained by its re markable cures. So mild as to be safe and beneficial to children, and yet so searching as to effectually purge ont the greig cor ruptions of the blood, such as the scrofulous and syphilitic contamination. Impurities, or diseases that have lurked in the system for yearB, soon yield to tlite powerful anti dote and disappear. Hence its wonderflal cures, many of which are publicly known, of Scrofula, and all scrofulous diseases, Ulcers, Eruptions, and eruptive dis orders of the skin, Tumors, Blotches, Boils, Pimples, Pustules, Sores,St. Anthony's Fite, Bose or Erys e las, Tetter, Salt Rheum, Scald Head, Ringworm, and internal Ul cerations of the Uterus, Stomach, and Iitver. It also cures other com plaints, to which it would not seem especi ally adapted, such as Dropsy, Dyspep sia,Fits,NeHradgla,l^irtI>lsease, Female Weakness, DeWlity, and Leucorrhœa, when they ate manifesta tions of the scrofulous poisons. It is an excellent restorer of health and strength in the Spring. Bv renewing the appetite and vigor of the digestive organs, it dissipates the depression and listless lan guor of the season. Even when no disorder appears, people feel better, and live longer, for cleansing the blood. The system moves with renewed vigor and a new leas* of on life. PMg PÀKED Dr. J. C. AYER & CO., Lowell, Mass., Practical and Analytical Chemists, SOLD BY ALL DBUGGIST8 EVERYWHERE, Dec 12-ly. FDBNITÜBE. UHDEBTAKING. UPH0LSTEBING. The undersigned respectfully announces to tbe citiaen8 of Middletown and vicinity that he has on hapd a large and well selected stock of handsome and dumb le Walnut and Other Furniture whioh he will sell very cheap for cash. Buy ing at wholesale cash rates he feels assured that he can sell as low as the same goods can be bought elsewhere. By buying of him pur chasers will be saved the freight on their goods from the city . He is also prepared to attend to Undertaking Werk at short notice, and in a manner excelled by none. Persons wishing Metallic or Wood en Caskets or Cases will find it to their ad vantage tq pail on him. He has, also, TAYLOR Sl SOW'S Celebrated Corpse Preserver, J The Corpse may be dressed in the finest fab rics and not be soiled, (and can be seen at all times) as nothing but dry cold air enter? the Casket. GEORGE W. WJhSON, Practical Cabinet Maker and Undertaker, Febl-13m Middletown Del. 10TEBS DF ME POULTRY ! The undersigned would respectfully call your attention to tbe choice collections of PINE FOWLS which he is now offering for sale (for breed ing purposes) at very low prices, con sidering the high standard of their pedigree. The varieties con sist of the following: "DARK BRAMAS" bred from "WIL LIAMS." "HERSTINES" and "IMPOR TED STOCK." "PARTRIDGE COCHINS," bred from IM PORTED STOCK. BUFF COCHINS," hred from " CHURCH MAN'S STOCK." U BRONZE TURK1ES, from B. F. Lewis' prize Stock. EGGS of all the above for sale. Call and examine them, or address HENRY CLAYTON, MT. PLEASANT, DELAWARE, January 17, lg^-lyr, JJMtal. F. Kara & * A & pi [BREI VINEGAR BITTERS A v IV« Perm eu lake time Bitten accord ing to directions, and remain long unwell, pro vided their bones are not destroyed by mineral poison or other means, and vital organs wasted bevond the point ol repair. „ . _ Ityaprpaie er ■■digeetfea, HeadacheJP^n in the Shoulders, Coughs, Tightness of the Chest, Dizziness, Sour Ernctations of the Stomach, Bad Taste In the Mouth, Bilious Attacks, Palpitation ot the Heart, Inflammation of the Lnpgs, Pain la the region of the kidneys, and a hundred other palmtd symptoms, are tho offsprings of Dyspepsia, one bottle will prove a better guarantee of Its merits than a lengthy advertisement. F«r Female Cemplainis, In young or old, married or single, at the dawn of womanhood, or the tarn of life, these Tonic Bitters display so de cided an influence that Improvement Is soon per ceptible. _ . Fer Isflumstsr, ui Chreaie Rhea matism and Gout, Bilious, Remittent and Inter mittent Fevers, Diseases of the Blood, Liver, Kid neys and Bladder, these Bitters have no equal Such Diseases are caured by Vitiated Blood. They are m geatle Purgative as well as m T#mic, possessing the merit of acting as a powerftil agent in relieving Congestion or Infl am - mation of the Liver and Visceral Organa, and in Bilious Diseases. Fer Skia Simm, Eruptions, Tetter, 8alt Rhenm, Blotches, Spots, Pimples, Pustules, Bon», Carbuncles, Ring-worms. Scald-Head, Sore Eyes, Erysipelas, Itch, Scurfs, Discolorations or the Skin, Humors and Diseases of the Skin of whatever name or nature, are literally dug up end carried «ntojth« system in a short time by the use of these Bitters. Crete fa I Th«aeaade proclaim VlNMAB Bit* ms the most wonderful lnvigorant that ever sus tained the sinking system. R. H. M ONALD-- _ Druggists and Gen. Agts., San Francisco, CaL, A oor. M Washington and Charlton Sts., N. Y. SOLD BYALL DRUGGISTS * DEALERS. * CO. J. Ang 1—ly. CORNS, BUNIONS. Coens.—H ow they sting, throb, ache, smart and born, upon oar feet. In vain we beg, we threaten we curse, we flourish the sharpest knives above their heads, we burn, we cut, hack, hew and fell, and still the pesky corns remain a thing of misery. Useless are entreaties, tears, carses, groans ; nothing can re move our corns bat Briggs' Alleviator and Curative, a sure cure for Corns, Bunions, Ingrowing Nails, and all ailments of the feet. nsi «M T An f Piles,Intbenal, Extzenal, y] 5 I rUeS I BiEEMNQOElmmiNO-The in tense suffering occasioned by the disease, in its va rious forms, Is known only to those who are unfortu nate enough to be afflicted with it. The sleepless nights, the uncomfortable days, the haggard looks of the sufferer bear witneas of the intensity of the pain experienced when troubled with this prevailing dis ease. The success of Briggs' Pile Remedy as a posi tive cure is un equaled in the annals of medicine. Re lief is immediate when used as directed. The im mense demand for this great remedy Is nnparalelled. Thousands are using it with the most satisfactory re sults. Headache, Neuralgia and BwBstttvnW* Nervous Diseases. The won derfuleflfeot oi Dr.fJ. Briggs' Alleviator, for the speedy cure ef the above mentioned very prevalent and pain ful disease, is known to many thousands who have used it with unqualified success. In every case of the above enumerated complaints, it has never foiled to give Immediate relief. PI am nsevwtaiiAw This fatal and dreaded dis wOnSUnip wion. ease can, and has been cured. Dr. J. * B. Briggs' Throat and Lung Healer is a pleasant, agreeable and sure remedy for Goughs, Whooping Cough, Croup, Hoarseness, Bronchitis, Laryngitis, Sore Throat, Asthma, Consumption, and all diseases of the throat, längs and chest. A A T> XT Q Are the most plentiful kind of grain v-' v7 Ay f-\ Q in the market. Every one has a supply, from the little three-year old child to theaged grandsire verging on to a hundred ; stylish* handsome yonng ladies who daily promenade fashionable re sorts; ifiiddle-aged matrons; old maids, dressed up to appear young and gay; dandies, with their patent leathers,kid gloves and inevitable walking stick: the clergyman, merchant, lawyer', clerk, artisan and me chanic, ef all ages and stations, havea full supply of corns, bunions, bad nails and other botherations of the feet, all Of which are banished and cared by the use of Briggs' Corn and Bunion remedies, Alleviator and Curative. fl/wm 0 Bunions, Bad Nails and all Diseases of the VwTuw Feet, Cancers and Scrofulous Humors, Piles, Ac., skillfully and successfully treated at the great central Chirropodical and Healing Institute, 607 Broadway, New York. Da. J. Briggs A Co., Prop. Dr. Briggs' Remedies for sale by SAM'L R. STEPHENS k CO. Middletown, Del. March 1-ly. Also for sale by H. P. Baker, Odessa, Del. FITS CURED FREE!! Any parson suffering from the above disease Is re quested to address Da. Price, and a trial bottle of medicine will be forwarded by Express, free: The only oost being the Express charges, which, owing to my large business, are small. Or. Prioe has made the treatment of FITS OR BPIL.EPSY s study for years, and he will warrant a cure by the nse of his remedy. Do not foil to send to him for a trial bottle ; It costs nothing, and he WILL CURE TOC, no matter of how long standing your case may be, how many other remedies may have failed. Circulars and testimonials sent with FREE,TRIAL BOTTLE. Be particular to give your Express, as well ais your Post Office direction, and Address DR. CHAS. T. PRICE, 67 William Street, New York Jan 16—ly. RHEUMATISM. A remarkable cure. Home 'S'estlmony. Mr. Wm. W. Rees, residing in South Wil mington and „ in the Diamond State Rolling Mill, suffered for nine months with tbe Rheumatism, and meet without much effect during this time.— Sometimes could neither dress or andren, and and would snffer with fearful excruciating pains. Dr. Simms' Celebrated Pain Searehev cured after about four weeks' persistent v. se ■ the first bottle gave much relief, the Fécond still more, and at the end of the fift>, bottle was entirely well. As » further reference in this case we also refer to Messrs. P-. rrT * s on toy dealers, tic., King street. 3 ' Samuel Pyle, Mail em was under medical treat _ Bfivr, a bad case of Rheumatism, was effectuaP.y cured by the Pain Searcher. J J Daniel R. Higgnutt's r,on, a boy of 12 years suffered excruciating pr diagi cou]d no , use his legs a partiMq, yet w-as able to walk in 24 hours. Two bottl-es cured in each of these cases. We could, give many more references, a long list, bat we think the above sufficient to convince any one. THE fair searcher Quickly relieves Cramps and Pains, Neural gia, Headache, Pootbache, Diarrhoea, Dysen tery, Ac., andin Rheumatism it is certainly a wonderful medicine, not having failed in a single case. Used inwardly and outwardly. Price 3Ù cents a bottle, or six for $2.50. Principal Depot, Fourth and King streets, Wilmington, Del. Philadelphia Depot, Arch street. New York Depot, 7 Sixth Avenue. Baltimore Depot, 108 Baltimore street. Sold by DR. BARR, Middletown ; WM. CAR- ; NAGY, Kirkwood, and dealers everywhere. Oct 25-2mos. CONSUMPTION CURED. To the Editor of Transcript, Estrxmed Fbibnd : Will yon please inform yonr readers that I have a positive CURB FOR COfflBU MPTIOM and all disorders of the Throat and Lungs, and that, by its nse ia my practice, I have cured hundreds of cases, and will give $1,000 OO for a case it will not benefit. Indeed, so strong is my faith, I will send a Sa jiple frcs, to any sufferer addressing me. Please show this letter to any «me yon may know who is suffering from these diseases,and oblige, Faithfully Yours. DR. T. F. BURT, 69 William f?,t., New York. janl6-6m. $5.00 REWARD. T HE above reward will be paid for inform tion that will lead to tb e apprehension ef the party or parties who steal the lamps from the town lamp posts, or da 1 mage the property of citizens. By Order of Town Gonrnsissioaers, T. B . HURN. Chairman «ct31-tf (grain, Sumbrr, Jwd, H ISAAC JONES, Jr. F. 8. COX. COX & JONES, MIDDLETOWN, DEL., GRAIN COMMISSION MERCHANTS, AND WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALEM IN COAL, LIME, FLOUR, FEED, SEEDS, FERTILIZERS, Agricultural Implements, Ac. Best Lehigh and Schnylkill anthracite and Cumberland bituminous Coals on hand at all times. Nov 21—tf. WN. A. OOMKOYS. J. B. rOARD. FOARD & C0MEGYS, Grain Commission Merchants, AND WHOLCBALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN Lime, Fertilizers, COAL, FLOUR, MEAL, FEED, &c., ALSO, Agricultural Implements. ly in Sole agente for HAMILTON'S CELEBRATED GRAIN AND PHOSPHATE DRILL. Also, Sole Agente for tbe SOLUBLE PACIFIC Guano W harm's Raw-Bone Super-Phosphate and SUN GUANO, BUSSELL COE'S PHOSPHATE, J. M. Rhodes' Genuine Phosphate, Which we can sell on terms to suit tbe tight ness of tbe times All kinds of CO^L constantly on hand, and for sale at the very lowest cash rates. STANTON MILLS BEST BRANDS OF FLOUR. sept 12-ly. COE A JONES, Gka IN D EALERS. AGENTS FOR WM. LEA. so:n; 8, BRANDYWINE MILLS, S.^.-XCRjIlJSS, NEW CASTLE. Hlgheit market' price paid for Grain m die* ta peake and Delaware waters, or on Delaware R. R. and Its connections. December 5—tf. LUMBER & HARDWARE. J. B. FENIMORE & CO. Opposits thn Depot, MIDDLETOWN, DELAWARE, DIALERS nr ALL KINDS OP Lumber and Hardware, BRICKS, LIME, hub, sash, DOORS, BLINDS MOULDINGS, PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, ETC. ETC. fo (I Constantly on hand all kinds of Building Material. January 16—tf Xj. V. A8PRIL Wishes to infornp tbe farmers and public gen erally that bcfstill continues tbe manufacture of FARMING IMPLEMENTS At the old stand, on the corner of 5th smd Broad streets, ia ODESSA, DELAWARE, Giving strict 'Attention to the man jfacture of PLOWS, such as the Heckendorn, Moore,Con Wiley, Ac. He has recently connected with bis former business an Iron Foundry, furnishing all the different kinds of plow irons such as are nised ia this section. Giving spe cial attention, to this line of trade:, having been successful in procuring the services of those persons who formerly made castings at Newark, Del., whose work was celebrated as tip-top, will keep constantly on hand a large supply, wholesale and retail, at moderate pri ces. The public will also be reminded that he, only, bus tbe right in this State to manu facture the celebrated Pioneer Stamp Puller, which for strength and durability has proven fully equal to tbe task. All kinds of repair ing, together with Horse-Shoeing, done with neatness and dispatch. Plow Bolts and Clev ises constantly on hand. Being thankful for past favors, by strict at tention to business, we hope to mérita liberal L. Y. ASPRIL. selO-l.v cave share in thefntnre. OnRfWA. 1874. gri) êood» and TO THE PUBLIC. : rpHE subscriber would call the attention A of the public to his large and well-selected STOCK of goods, Consisting in per* of si DRY GOODS, NOTIONS, I GROCERIES, BOOTS, Shoes, Hats, Hardware, Wood and Willow Ware, Earthen and Stone Ware. FISH, MEATS, Ac , Ac And everything usually kept iu a First Class Country Store, All ef which have been selected with care, and will be SOLD AT PRICES IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE TIMES call before purchasing elsewhere ■M Queensware, Give ns a NO CHARGE FOR SHOWING GOODS. 3§f Charles Tatman Jr. MIDDLETOWN, DEL. apr. 9—tf Ladies' Kid Gloves m. ' In making my parchaaes for this season's trade, I have exercised great care and taste in my selections, searching the market thorough ly before I bought anything, and then only buying what I knew would snit lay custom ers; and now I propose to offer advantages that ho other house can compete With, either in price or quality, and I earnestly invite an examination of my stock, such as staple and fancy Dry Goods, Ready-made Clothing,Shoes and Boots, Hate and Uaps, the fullest assort ment of Notions, Gents' FurnishiBg Goods,. Wood and Willow ware, Queenswnre, Tin and; Glassware, Groceries, Ac., in the country,— which will be sold at the lowest possible price) for cash. ßEt- Don't foil to visit me before buy ing. • J. F. BLIA80N_ . ■ mi Only 75 Cents. SL. L. HAKDCASTLE, £. R. STEPHENS ft CO * t MIDDLETOWN, DELAWARE, New and Large Stock of Fall ; Winter Goods, Consisting in part of Dress Goods of Varions Styles, NOTIONS, FANCY GOODS, Cloths, Cassimeres, Kerseys, BLANKETS, COMFORTABLES, COVERLIDS, HATS, CAPS, Back Gloves, Men's and Boys' BEADY MADE GL0THDTG: Derbys, Chesterfields, and Overcoats; Men's Gnm Coats and Oil Cloth Suite, HOMS-MADE KIRSÏY SHITS, Men's Md Boys' Boots, from $1.25 to $5.00 per pair. Ladies' Bal. and Buttem Gaiters, $1.25 to $2 75. 800 YARDS OF CARPETS, From 25 cents to $1.50. Lap Bobes and Horse Blankets, Double and Single Barrel Gnns, $5.00 to $20.00 Pistols, Cartridges, Wash Rods, Ram Rods, Wads, Rod Heads, Screws, and Gan Tubes. The majority of the above goods will be sold as low as they can be bought in the city. Buyers will please call and see our goods and priées. Highest cash priee paid for Poultry and Eggs. Middletown, Del., Nov. 2, 1874. 3 fo SB f i *XJ 3 S O S5 £ _s Q [T % ◄ THE 3 I S CELEBRATED o PARAGON r* ► SHIRT. 2 * •< I S3 Send for self-measurement circular. J. P. DOÜGHTEN, 410 Market st. Wilmington. Del may 28-tf JOHN NIX. B. K. COCHRAN. J. C. HUNT. 000HRAN, NIX à GO., WHOLESALE COMMISSION MERCHANTS IN FRUIT8 AND PRODUCE, NO. »6 PARK PLACE, N. T. Poultry for Christmas and New Year a Specialty. In order to secure prompt sales of the ponltry we should receive it at least three days prior to each holiday. Consignments solicited. Dec 13-ly.