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Middletown transcript. [volume] (Middletown, Del.) 1868-current, April 17, 1875, Image 2

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®hï JHiddletouin transcript
The Solicitor of the Treasury Depart
ment decides that the Commissioner of
Internal Revenue has a right to exam
ine the checks of any bank to find
whether there is any violation of the law
specting the affixing of stsmps.
A very interesting communication on
Mormonism in general, and Mrs. Ann
Eliza Young in particular, was handed
us on Tharsday. It was too long for
insertion this week, and as we did not
like to mar it by condensing, we have
deferred it till next week.
The Railroad Middles. —A break
hss occurred between the Baltimore &
Ohio and the P. W. & B. R R. Com
panies, in regard to freights.
& O. wanted the P. W. & B. to reduce
their freight charges, to correspond
with tbe reductions caused by tho for
mer's war with tbe Pennsylvania Cen
tral, but Mr. Hinckly refused to make
'the required reduction. Iu aousequence
the R. & 0. Company have ordered
their freights from Philadelphia to be
shipped threugh. the Chesapeake &
Delaware Canal. What is loss to one
is again to othert.
The B
The Check Stamp Law.— The scars
over the violation of ths check stamp
act last winter seems not to have had,
in all instaneea the required effect—to
cause parties and banks to be more
csrefni about stamping their cheques.
Several banks down ths State, it is
said, have been again eanght in violat
ing'the law, either through wilfulness
or carelessness ; and last week tbe
NstinnaîBaük of Delaware, wai eaught
fiagrante delictu and fined *50. Per
haps this will serve ss a warning to
people to stamp their own checks.
They put their money—if they have
any—in bank for their own accommo
dation, and when they give cheques in
payment of bills they leave the creditor
te pty the stamp. This may sot be
meanness, but it esrtainly is great, care
lessness. The greatest hejdship iu this
instance is tbst the. bank should lose
the amount of tb.e.fine. The individ
uals whose carelessness caused the
trouble augjit ta. pay the fine.
Diverßity of Products*
Some of; the Virginia papers are ap
pealing to the agriculturists of that
State so to diversify their crops that in
no case can they be left without a suffic
iency of food for their owa support,
even if they have no profits. Tbe
Petersburg and Richmond newspapers
are strongly advocating this rule, and,
it is to he hoped, have a good prospect
of rascess. There are some portions
of Virginia in which tobaoca is practi
cally the single crop, aryl if it fails to
yield largely the consequences are dis
astrous.— Baltimore Sun.
The same may be said of tbe Dela
ware and Maryland Peninsula, and the
above excellent advice will apply with
Squally good effect to our agriculturists.
So much of the land has of laie years
been covered with peach trees that
there is comparatively little left for
other things. To such an extent has
this tree plaating been carried that the
growing of cereals has to a great extcDt
Veen almost abandoned, the farmers, in
hastening to be rich, depending almost
exclusively on their fruit crops. The
resnlt is that when a too severe winter,
or late frost, or drouth, or bail storm,
or some other of the thousand and one
ills to which the fruit is subject, kills
that crop, "their land is left to them
desolate" and they have nothing to fall
baek upon. When their peaches are
killed their financial resources are all
Now if ear farmers would cease to
plant trees for a few years, or what
probably would be better, but what
very few weuld he willing to do, pull
out a goodly number of the trees that
now encumber their fields, and devote
a little more of their land to raising
wheat, corn and oats ; raise sheep—in
ether words, take the advice of the
Virginia papers and diversify their
crops, though they might not get rich
all at once, they would never be with
out something to sell from their farms,
some source of revenue.
"As the Manner of some is."—
When a man subscribes for a paper,
and expresses himself highly pleased
with it, and tells his neighbors that
they"ought to subscribe," and then,
after he has been a subscriber for six
years without paying anything, and is
presented with a bill, refuses to pay,
and tells the editor, "don't send your
old paper any more as it has nothing in
it," we conclude he is a pretty mean
cuss, and wouldn't require much train
ing to make him a thief .—Havre Re
Tbie is gritty talk, but it's another
argament in favor of " No pay, No pa
Fifteen Hundred Base Ball Clubs.
—There are now in the United States
about fifteen hundred thoroughly organ
ized base ball clubs, having an aggre
gate membership of over 25, 0°° These
are divided tnto two d.st.net classes
pro essi ao aroa eur. ey are
each governed by a national assoetat.on
holding its annual meetmg to March of
each year, for the purpose of amending
M» Softs &JÜ
ai al.a u a • ai
nor« than fifteen that can.be strictly
i j . i .1 . j J
operative professionals.
The New York Historical Society cel
ebrated its 70th anniversary Thursday.
j March came in like * lion, and troe
to the old adage, it went dût like
_ lamb, a something at which everybody
will rejoice, for the pleasant weather
of the past three or four days hat had
a reviving effect upon business. The
ladies, taking advantage of clear pave
ments and bright sunshine, have been
crowding the retail establishments of
the city, while our wholesale men are
beginning to rejoice at the presence of
their customers, and the daily receipts
of big orders from those who have not
found it convenient to pay a spring
visit to the city.
A fortnight of wood weather will add
wonderfully to the briskness of trade,
In addition to, this, there is a more hope
ful spirit abroad amongst dealers and
manufacturers. Men begin to look
more obeerful, and whenever such is
the oase, there is reason ta look
still further improvement.
Nothing is so well caloefnted to de
press trade as gloomy countenances
amongst those engaged th it. If the
community could, only be prevailed
upon to believe that there is "a good
time ooming" ».the near future—-that
there will, be inaugurated an old-fash
ioned money-making period ; that mill
wheek will again revolve with their
wonted;activity ; that the hum of busy
industry will again be heard in all eur
workshops and manufactories; that
strikes will shortly end. and trade and
traffic be restored, what a magical
change would be instantly wrought and
how much sooner these gelden dreams
wonld be realized.
To-day there are many thensand men
out of employment, exclusive of those
who have voluntarily abandoned work,
because of a slight difference between
the rates of wages offered and those
finally received. If the spring opens
and ont-door work becomes possible,
the majority of these will find employe
ment, aid the incnbne of so many
idle laborers being removed, an addi
tional motive for cheerfulness will be
aroused. When everybody is in a
good humor, trade is certain t® be
brisk, and when men are-not busy, or
are only partially employed, it is cer
tain to ran behind hand.
The maintenance-of a "stiff upper
lip" is everything, Nothing is better
calculated ta Impart confidence to all
around, aneba foreboding countenance
will produce juet the converse. Then
let each resolve to manfully face the
nUaation ; let tbe determinations be
universal that there shall be brisk times;
ithat stagnation baa had its day, and
having tbui determined, there mast
be. no backing down.— Philadelphia
■ How to Kill Stagnation.
Isthmus Canals. —The Suez canal,
daring its last business year, is ssid to
have paid & dividend ef six per cent,
upon the entire cost of construction,
and it is thought will pay more here
after. Though tbe influence of Great
Britain was used to discourage the con
struetion of this canal, the East India
commerce of that country largely takes
this route, and is the most liberal con
tributor to its revenues. The naviga
tion of the Red Sea, which the canal
unites with the Mediterranean, ia said
to be se difficult that the few fast-sail
ing tea ships prefer to make the voyage
from China to England by the old route
rather than encounter the baffling
winds, reefs and want of sea room in
the Dead Sea. The earnings of the
Suez canal are largely made up from
tolls of steamships, which have no diffi
oulty in navigating tbe Red Sea or the
Thelsthmus of Darien orTehuantepec
présenta the next obstacle to tbe com
merce of the world which engineering
skill will be called upon to overcome.
Late surveys bave reduced the apparent
difficulties of such an enterprise. When
the fact is established that the canal
will pay a fair interest on the cost of
construction the werk will be inaugurat
ed. The commercial results to Califor
nia and the North Pacific coast would
be of immense importance. As the
New: York Express remarks, when a
sailing ship leaving the port of San
Francisco can reach New York in 6,000
milee, in place of one by Cape Horn,
more than 17,000 miles, saving almost
two-thirds of tbe distance, aDd reducing
the voyage to Liverpool 7,000 miles,
there will be little occasion to discuss
railway combinations. The commerce
of Indo-China would seek this route,
including probably much of that which
now seeks transportation by the Isthmus
ef Suez. Sueh ana isthmus, means,
moreover, a vast commercial empire on
the Pacific coast, and a short and direct
route by water to all the great maritime
cities of Europe.
Singular Petrifaction. — While
hunting in the tales near the sink of
Cache Creek, on Monday last, Mr. Abe
Green, an old tale hunter, discovered a
petrified goose standing upright, with
its legs buried about one-half in the
adobe soil. He thought at first it was
living, oreepiDg clesely up fired his gun
at it, but the bird did not budge an ineh.
He thought it very strange, and walked
up to it. He found it dead,and in trying
to pick it up was astonished at its im
mense weight. It had turned to stone,
aad a mark on its wing near the for
ward joint showed where the shot had
struck it, knocking a piece off. He
managed to raise it up out of the ground,
and when be laid it dewu a piece
dropped from its breast, disclosing a
hollow inside from whieh pure, elear
water commenced running. Its feath
ers were very natural, and its appear
ance was lifelike.— Tolo (Cal.') Mail.
Curious Estimate. —It has been es
timated that of 12,000,000 women in
America 11,000,000 wear oalico dress
es, more or less; that the spirit of econ
omy has, during the past year, induced
them to forego one dress a piece from
their usual outlay; that tbe average cal
ico dress contains eleven yards, and
that consequently there has been a loss
to the trade by this retrenchment of
121,000,000 yards. This is nearly the
entire product of all the mills of Massa
chusetts for a year.
Further Litigation -The Wilming
t()n and ReadiBg ro#d hag filed , b fj,
* n j n ^ e courts of Lehigh county
£ gt the Berkg oount Rf f adi a / d
j£ bi h Railroad Company from losing
r * ad t0 the PhiIade P lp 4 and Read g
»« r I e r
membered that this question was before
.t . . ... * . /t > , s j
the courts in this county (Berks) and
"*• "»"v *•
rn» 1 » v • « « • v vv
Lho local election at Albany, N. Y. f
î Tuesday, was carried by the Democrats
' by about 400 majority.
ing Eagle.
Mr. Editor Through a letter re
beived in this town by one of our
neighbors from a gentleman residing in ;
the Brasoe river oouDtry, in northern ;
Texas, we have the following account
of the wonderful resources of that most
favored region, second only to, if net
the equal of, California in agricultural
and mineral resources, and mild and
healthy climate. He says "its mild :
winters admit of almost coDstaut out- |
door work being performed with entire 1
comfort to the laborer an elevated ;
and very fertile prairie 1000 feet higher j
than St. Louis ; (which fact alone, p:e-1
eludes all chance of epidemics;) and |
without that monotonous appearance of |
ordinary prairies,having substituted for ,
it, gorgeously interspersed small coni- ■
cal and other shaped mountains, cover
ed with groves of that delicious nut the
pecan, with also the mueh appreciated,
but now very rare "live oak," with
which has no superior for all kinds of
stock, which thrive out all winter upon
the niesquite grass, the most nutricious j
and fattening of all grasses; besides ;
the grain resources, fruit and vine
yards oi this, region are only equalled
by its deposits of coal, lime, copper,
iron, and many other minerals, (gold ;
perhaps included.)
No safer or better purchase either for ;
homestead or investment eould be made, \
and particularly at this time, when the i
Texas Pacific Railroad, will so soon j
»pen up this country to immigrants,
and when these lands will be greatly
enhanced, and aifcranced in price. Land
there at this time, is offered at from 2
to 3 dollars an acre : and choice bot
; other timber and fruit : the timber pre- ;
'vailing particularly along, all water
This is a section of country, ;
prairie with improvements, at from
6 to 7 dollars. This latter kind ho
predicts will be worth from 40 to 50
dollars an acre, in less than 5 years
New, why will so many of our yenng
men squander their precious youth and
time, in loafing round this, and other
villages and resorts for idlers, instead
of embracing such a golden opportunity
as that now offered ? Mr. Editor, can
you account for it 7 The meD of tbe
present day, ought to be the equals in
business tact with their progenitors ;
and can, if they will arouse themselves,
perform as great feats as their fore-'
fathers : It is true their daddies had'nt
tha fine carriages, fast horses, long
whips, and 10 cent segars whieh mar a
good many of their business resolves ;
and fortunate it was that they had'nt.
Kent Cocnty, Md., April 14, '75.
Deanr Transcript —I had the pleasure
of visiting your delightful town, a short
time since. The difference between it
and Chestertown was remarkable. The
more so because you have so few of the
natural advantages that Chestertown
can boast of.
How busy every one appeared !
What activity was displayed by the
very movements of the people ! Every
one seemed to have some object in view,
and, better still, seemed possessed with
a determination to accomplish that ob
ject. Now, in Chestertown, you will
see the people sauntering along in the
tqost leisurely manner imaginable—
pleasant and affable enough, but so in
active, I might say—inert. They seem
content to plod along in the same ruts,
worn by their ancestors. They do not
appear to desire any improvements—as
a matter of course there are few made.
The few improvements that are made,
they are indebted for entirely to the efforts
of a few energetic persons, whom they
seem pleased to term foreigners. One
luxury Chestertown claims, which is a
fair specimen of their progressiveness
—the "accommodation train!" If the
passengers desire fruit fresh from the
trees, berries, nuts or even to go fishing,
the train is stopped and awaits the
pleasure of the excursionists. This is
very accommodating I'm sure 1 Enough,
of Chestertown, for it's past I shall
always revere it, it's present is inexcus
able !
I will not attempt to- enumerate tbe
many advantages and improvements,
nor Beed I speak of the progress and
enterprise, of Middletown. All this is
very perceptable to the most unobser
vant visitor. I remarked but one dis
agreeable feature of your town, I was
surprised that such a thing should be
allowed - I refer to the driving of cattle
through tho main street. How incon
venient it must be for the excellent
housekeepers living on that street !
How unhappy all flower-lovers most,
he ! How trying to the wash-women.
Surely the owner of the cattle is not a
believer in the Golden Rule It cer
tainly appears very selfish and ungal
lant to say the beast. I venture to say
he is not a favorite with the "fair sex"
for that very reason. Oh, fie ! That
the beauty of Middletown, should be
marred by an act of one of it's own
citizens ! Why do not the ladies of
your town send a committee of one, to
wait on this gentleman and try to per
suade him te stop this annoyance ? Or
is he invulnerable? I have heard he
is very reliable, so if you can obtain
his promise, yonr wishes will be re
alized. I wish you success !
A Ripple from the Chesapeake.
For the Transcript.
That Trip Through Cecil Co., Md.
Mr. Editor: —Your last issue con
tained a letter from "Chesapeake," iu
which he takes exceptions to our de
scription of Chesapeake City. We did
not intend to insult any of the citizens
of that town, but merely chronicled the
. . , . , . ,
events in a crude style to please our ! H
own fancy. "Chesapeake should un- ,
derstand our intentton before he replies
to any such remarks, and he should,
when writing a reply, be more con
sistent. He ridicules and sympathizes
with the Dutchman in one breath ; and
then accuses us ef the crime ef type
setting. We went to the saloon on a
business transaction, did not drink, and
therefore cannot reproaeh ourselves.
We will state that "Chesapeake" is a
gentleman whom we always respected, <
and whom we decline to answer in •
harsher words than those he used to
j . .,1 , -.
wards US, notwithstanding the little
desire to do so.
I also see that the Cecil Democrat's
. « „ » - . .
''local, a gentleman of large imagma
t,an but a sh,rker fr0ni S°° d trans -
actions, brings to light the fact that
Delaware is small, and that we turned
from a small and ignoble to a highlv
cultivated State viz : Maryland^ Del
aware 18 pmall, but productive of SOUie
^ J ponil an for
good. Maryland—we mean Cecil CO.
now—is great, but only so in its numer- :
. ? r • aL A, ~ i:_ a Ä ; and
ous haunts of vice that are licensed te ?
entrap the young and inexperienced, j
Fourteen saloons in Elkton ! Think of ter.
it, ye Delawareans, and with me choose
to remain small so long as we are minus
; of such evil. The Editor of the Dem
; ocrai gets off a dolorous article under
the heading of''Only Two Dogs," in
which he says we accuse Elkton
being without more than that number,
and calls us an "insolent biped. Does
the Editor and his "local draw aa iu
: ference? We ask for information. We
| did say that Elkton had two dogs, but,
1 failed to add how many more, only de
; siring to guess near the number. If
j we are good at guessing, the Democrat
will pleise give due credit.
| The fact is, Mr. Editor, we are t0
| well acquainted with that seeliou of
, country to make statements that will
■ need correcting. In that little descrip
tion many truths were brought to the
surface, and "Chesapeake and the
Democrat cannot conscientiously evade
them. Yours, &o.,
fp HE g KARCI1 for Charlie Ro38. —
j Tbe gearcb f or ij, t i e Charlie Ross is not
; confioed t0 t [, e Western Hemisphere.
gma ]j boy was heard of in Germany
bore some resemblance to Charlie'*
photograph, and forthwith the United
; g tates ® Consul at Nuremberg was re
quested to look after this youth. This
; 0 ffl cer sends a ca ble dispatch conveying
\ tbg nie ] anc hoiy intelligence that the boy
i j not Charlie In the meantime au
j other boy has '„een beard of in Neva
g 00t j a t h e custody of a female for
tane _ te )i er w ho bears a strong resem
blance to the missing boy.
' General News.
The collieries at Sbamokin, which
reoently suspended, have resumed, in
cluding three leased collieres of Phila
delphia and Reading Coal Company,
and one of the Northern Central Com
pany, employiug 800 hands. Morton &
Brothers, coal operators at Mount Car
mel, have agreed te the 1874 basis de
manded by the miners, and are ship
ping all their coal west by the Northern
Central Railroad. It is believed at
Pottsville that the stike in Schuylkill
county is near its end.
The tornado near Little Rock, on
Thursday evening of last week, prostra
ted tbe telegraph wires in all directions.
Many houses were blown down, five per
sons were killed, and several others
were injured. Texarkana was visited
at the sdme time by a violent storm
whieh unroofed the publie school build
ing and injured several children, one
fatally. Torrents of rain also flooded
the village.
Lieutenant Colonel Frederick D.
Grant will resign from the army next
fall, to join John Sherman, Jr., in the
banking business in Washington. The
new firm will be organized on the-1st of
May, under the title of Sherman &
Grant; bat Colonel Grant will not give
personal attention to tbe business until
after his return from the expedition
under Gen. Custer to the Yellowstone.
An Omaha (Nebraska) dispatch
states that the number of emigrants
westward bound at the present season is
unprecedented Ninety-three hundred
have left that place since March 1.
Upwards of one thousand were delayed
there Thursday for want of cars, but
were sent out on special trains yester
Meetings of the miners in the Lu
zerne region were held Monday, at
which the agreement of.the Harrisburg
Committee was approved. Affidavits
were, however, presented by the mine
owners to the Sheriff, to show that it
would be dangerous to send away the
troops, and they will probably be re
tained at least for the present.
The board of directors of the Balti
more and Ohio Railroad Company held
their monthly meeting Wednesday, and
dpqlared the usual semi-annual cash
dividend of five per cent, ou both the
main stem and the Washington branch.
d -j * r> ,, , j j
President Garrett addressed the meeting
at some length on the present situation
of the railroad contest still going on.
Five More Cardinals.— In addition
to the six Cardinals recently appointed,
the pope has indicated his intention to
create five other Cardinals, whose names
for prudent reasons he reserves, but
which will he made known when he
. j t al - • •
judges proper. In the event of hi»
death they are to rote for his successor
Tbe situation in the Pennsylvaww
mining regions remains unchanged, the
troops retaining their original positions.
As this secures peace, there is at pres
no prospect of anything lively, and
so the newspaper men are leaving for
other and more cheerful scenes.
France is in earnest m military or
ganization. Tbe government has in
structed its consuls in all parts of the
world to summon, for the last time,
French subjects abroad who are liable
to military service to have their names
registered at the cousuiates.
Governer Porter, of Tennessee, who
was a Confederate officer, reviewed the
United States troops at Nashville, on
Sunday, by invitation of General Pen
nypacker, the commandant of the post.
More than 5000 people were present,
and the enthusiasm was immense.
The death by suicide in Brooklyn,
N. Y., is announced of Col. John M.
Powell,a ouce wealthy Mississippi plant
er Heavy reverses, principally result
ing from the late war, occasioned the
A railroad freight car and a street
car came into collision at a street cross
ine in Baltimore Friday,and Edward R.
! H * nd the driver of t J he >tre , t car w „
, 0 b J, injured that he died that ni ht

The local election in Trenton, N. J.,
on Monday, resulted in the ohoie«. of
Crevling, Democrat, for Mayor. All
the rest of the Democratic ticket, except
Receiver of Taxes, was elected.
A report from Vienna is to the effect
that the amiable Turks in Routnelia
and Bulgaria have massacred two hun
dred and seventy Christians.
• p-p-vrmQ WANTED for the best, cheapest and
ixurjjl'l J.O festest selling Bible ever published.
Send for our extra terms to Agents. NATIONAL
PUBLISHING CO., Philadelphia, Pa. apr 17— 4t
1.000 AGENTS Teachers, Students, men and wo
men, wanted to sell CENTENNIAL, GAZET
TEER OP THE P.s Shows grand results of
100 Years Progress. A whole Library. -Bottrm Globe.
Not a luxury ,but a necessity .-Inter-Ocean. Best sell
ing book published—Good pay. Want Gen. Agentin
ïtï» cit iM f , , a 0 ! 0 ? 0 'p' Wdres, ' , ' C ' McC ' D ^? lr
Ac CO., Philadelphia, Pa. apr 17-4,
NO. I*
contains One Thousand of the latest and best things
for Declamations, Humorous Recitations, Family
BeadiDg9i etc . Capital for Granges, Temperance So
: cietiesand Lyceums. Also, " Excelsior Dialogues,"
; and Jfodel Dialogues." Circulars free. Get of your
? bookseller, or send price to p. Garrett & co., 7cs
j Sï^to^i'foî^înyiïg
ter. Agent« want**d[ • • apr!7-4t
of ;
*^J* [_j
| OX XV. 1»
l' 1 Or Tl^'
° of Dm Goods, Notions, Hats, Caps, Boots,
| ShoeS| suppers. Cloths, Cassimeres, Ready
Made Clothing for men and boys, Carpets, La- .
| dies' Ties, Ci tnp * d
' ' '_ '
, Kew sbades of Alpacas, Poplins, Delaines, >
and Wash Poplins—12} to 35 cents,
Men , s and B ,, Ready-Made Suits from I
$ 7.00 to $15.00 Men's fine cloth Coats and
Cassimere Pants. Also, Fins Suits made to
or,ler for $ 2000 ,0 $ 25 00 - ■
i 1000 yards Carpeting and Matting, consist
I ing of fine extra wide Brussels, $1.60 to $1,T5 |
1 g ° "oT ^"fHemJfcoUag!, Rag
I an d Stair Carpets, 35 to 50 its.
Jteuj Jdrertiaements
M. L. Hardcastle,
S. R. Stephens & Co.
Fiue Cashmere and Gros Grain Black Silks :
$2 50 to $3.00—worth $4.00 Striped Japan
ese Silk, 37 to 50 cents.
^Ladies' fiae Velvet and Kid Slippers, $1.00
to $1.25 uer pair ; Ladies' Button Pebble Gai
ters, $2.25 to $2.75. Ladies' Lace Balmoral
Shoes, sewed, $1.25 to $2 25; Men's Lac»
Boots and Gaiters, $1.25, $1.75, $2.00, $2.50.
GUNS, gold and nickle-platcd Pistols, all
at low prices. Our friends and the public
will please and examine cur stock before pur
Middletown, Del., April 17, 1875.
Middletown, Del.,
Top Buggies,
No-Top Buggies,
Family Carriages,
Jenny Linds, etc.
> •.■mmTriT
' Is hereby given that tbe partnership bere
, tofore existing between Franeis S Cox and
Isaac Jones, Jr., under the name of Cox A
, JoDe8j waj ' disg< ; Ired by the death of Francis
' g. Cox. Persons having claims against the
j l»t* firm ' W >11 present them for settlement, and
1 persons indebted will please make immediate
payment to ISAAC JONES, Ja.,
j April 7, 1875. Surviving Partner,
| Is hereby given that the undersigned bave
! da * "" red ™
the of Jones « Walker, for tbe purpose
: biiyiagf grain on commission, and dealing
i in Coal, Lime, Agricultural Machinery, Fer-
i tilizers, Ac., at the stand in Middletown,
j Delaware, lately occupied by Cox A Jones,
I j. n. «almb.
! ^ CARD
First Premium awarded for Top Buggies by
Peninsular Agricultural and Pomo-
logical Association.
Every Carriage Guaranteed.
J®-Special attention given to repairing.'®^.
April 17—3m.
April 7th, 1875.
The undersigned, lats of tbe firm of Cox k
I Jones, solicits for the firm of Jones & Walker,
; a continuation of the patronage which was so
liberally bestowed on the firms of E. T. Evans
I & Co , aid Cox k Jobss. •
Middletown, Del., April, 1875
A Farm of 1ST} Acres
Of land at private sale, situated on the road
leading from Warwick to Bohemia Mills, in
Cecil County, Md. There is a pit of superior
Shell Marl on the form. For farther particu
lars, apply to
Warwick, Ceeît ce , Mil., April 12, '75.
A quarterly meeting of the Trustees of the
Peer of New Castle County, will be held at
the Alms Moose, iu W ilmington, on WED
NESDAY, the 28th fast., at 10 o'clock. Those
having bills will please hand them to the
members representing the districts in which
they were contracted.
apr 17-21. JOHN W. EVANS, Clerk.
On and after this date, 1 will have a FINE
LOT OF FLOWERS, at my Dwelling on
North Broad street.
N. B.—Roses and Verbenas a speciality.
April 17—4w
A meeting of Stockholders in the Building
and Loan Association of Odessa, will be held
in the Academy, on AVEDNESDAY EV'NG,
the 21st fast., at 8 o'clock, for'the purpose of
making a thauge in the By-Laws.
H. P. BAKER, Sec.
Odessa, Del., April 14, 1875—It
HORACE WATERS k SONS, 481 Beoadway, j
NE W YORK, will dispose of 100 PIANOS &
ORGANS of first class makers, including Wa
ters, at Extremely Low Prices for cash, during !
(Aij month, or part ca«b, and balance in small
; '
! montnly payments.
WATERS' Mew Scale Pianos,
are the best made : The touch elastic, and a
fine singing tone, powerful, pure and even.
cannot be excelled ia tone or beauty; they
defy competition. The Concerto Step is a fine
Imitation of the Human Voice. Agents want
ed. A liberal discount to Teachers,Ministers,
Churches, Schools, Locdges, etc. Special in
ducements te the trade. Illnatr'd Catalogues
apr 17-4t
gfouj ^drertiftfmcntB.
« I
! i
_rn a -r
COIsTTINE-N 1' A. ^ i
Which New Trans Atlantic Candi- !
.date for Public Favor,
„ . . _ .. I
after achieving such an English and Lonti- ,
nental Reputation as to officially obtain the ;
distinguished recognition of Her Most Gra- j
cious Majesty, Queen Victoria, has been trans- i
ported to the Great Republic, by special J
steamer, at enormous expense, and will, dur
ing the present season, be introduced in its
A. B.Rothchild & Co
Asicr African Caravan
Grand Double Dmdei Pavilions
to American approval, preparatory to ils lo
cation at Philadelphia during the Great Cen
tennial Exhibition and pending the erection
of a permanent Colossal and Superb Zoologi
cal Garden and Amphitheatre for that purpose
at a contract expenditure of $200,000.
The most notable New Departure attempted
in amusements in the New World, its
Magnificent Menagerie Margeree
canopies, a colossal and costly duplication of
the famous Zoological Gardens of Loudon,
presenting savage
reflecting living lessons from the double gold
en lairs, in which may be studied and admir
ed tbe most complete and perfect collection of
carniverons and graminiverous captives ever
congregated since the Flood, including a
and the most astounding illustration of ani
mal magnitude and training on earth, in tbe
Cyclopean Asiatic Rhlnosceros
Positively the only living rhinoceros on exhi
bition in America, and such a moving meun
taid of pachydermatous flesh that ten of the
strongest Flemish draught horses are required
to move him. The most unique and thrilling
Arenic Innovation ever presented in this, or any
age, are the incredible perfermanees, acts and
antics of this
Of the Indies,
An Innnmerable Field Aviary of Gorgeously
plumaged and language gifted Birds.
A colony of
Acting Apes and Mimicking Monkeys.
Constituting a peerless concentration of great
Arenas beyond censnre.
In supreme artistic competition and stellar ri
valry for Olympic lanrels.
Tbe greatest number of the greatest riders,
leapers, equilibrists, contortionists, gymnasts,
jugglers and general performers ever assem
bled in either Hemisphere, and illustrating
the signal triumphs of eqnestriaaism and the
highest and purest attainments of gmceful
and courageous physical development. The
huge highway holiday
Prof. Fuller's Coldstream Silver
Cornet Band
In the Gorgeous Golden Chariot of St. George
exceeds ia massive splendor a dozen Roman
Triumphs and gives outward evidence of the
masterdonic inside resources of the
See it, and circulate the Good News
that the
Menagerie Doors open at 1 aud 7 o'elk, P. M.
Circus P erf °™ aa « commencing 1 honr later, j
Admission, - 50 Cents, j
rhildren under Q ,..r. or rw„
Liuiaren unaer s years, so cents.
_ ....
Will exhibit at
Tuesday, April 27th.
gum idwrti8«m<ntö._
AN ACT in Belation to Free
Sohools in this State.
Be it •nacUd by ths Senfe and Bou te^ Rt
presentativee 0 /the Slate of Ddaware, tn General
^Section 1. On ths second Tuesday in April
■ext, and annually thereafter, the Oorernor
shall appoint and commission eeme »otto"**
person, of pood moral character, tnd will
qualified with regard t® his
ments, for the place as Superintendent of the
Schools of the State of Delaware. He
and until
.shall hold his office for one year
his successor shall in lika manner be ap
pointed. The Governor shall have power to
fill any vacancy caused by death, resignation,
or otherwise. , _ .
Section 2. That the Secretary of State,
President of Delaware College, State Auditor
and the State Superintendent shall constitute
a Sta'e Board of Education for this State,
who shall meet on the first Tuesday cf Janu
arv in each aad every year, in the-Capitol, at
Dover, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon. The
Auditor shall, by virtue of his office, be Sec
retary of said Board of Education. The Pre
sident of Delaware College shall, by virtue of
his office, bo President of said Beard of Edu
ca'ion. ....
The State Board of Education shall hoar
appeals and determine finally all matters of
controversy between the Superintendent and
Teachers or Commissioners, and between
School Commissioners and Teachers. The
State Board of Education, together with the
State Superintendent, shall determine tvhat
text books are to be used in the free schools
of this State. The State Board of Education,
together with the State Superintendent, shall
issne an uniform series of blanks for the use
of teachers, and shall require all records to
be kept and returns to he made according to
these forms.
Section 3. The members of the State
Board of Educsiiion shall receive no salary or
compensation for the performance of the
duties thereof, except as hereinafter provide i.
A majority of the members of the Stale Board
time to time until a quorum be obtained.
Their secretary shall keep a record of their
proce edings a nd all hooks, papers and other
documents shall be carefully preserved by the
gecr#tar - an j be by him banded over to his
gucceggor office. He shall receive the sum
Q f one hundred dollars per annum, payable
quarterly in installments of twenty-five dol
lars each.
Section 4. The State Superintendent shall
visit every school once a year. He shall note
in a bonk, to be kept for that purpose, the
number of scholars, the condition of school
building, ground and appurtenances, tbo
qualification and efficiency of the teachers,
the conduct and standing of the scholars, the
method of instruction and tbe discipline and
government of the schools. In the visits of
the Superintendent to the school! he shall ad
rige with tbe teachers respectively and give
them such instructions in regard to discipline
and teaching as he may deem necessary, and
shall have power to suspend or withdraw any
teacher's certificate upon his refusal to com
ply with the reasonable directions of the
Superintendent, subject however to an appeal
as in other cases. He shall by every means
in hit power strive to promote and advance
the cause of education and interest in the
schools, aad in order to secure his entire time
he shall not engage in aay other business or
pursue any other calling.
Section 5. The State Superintendent shall
examine all persons who/shall apply to him
for that purpose, and whp propose to teach in
this State, and any one interested may attend
such examination, which may be oral, or by
printed or written questions, or partly by each
method. These examinations may be at such
times and places as tbe Superinteodent may
appoiut, having due regard to the necessities
of the schools and the convenience of tbe
teachers. Every applicant who is of good
moral character, aud who shall be found
qualified to teach tbe branches now required
by law to be taught, shall receive a certificate
thereof from the Superintendent and under
his hand. Any applicant having been refused
a certificate may appeal to tbe State Board of
Education. The Superintendent shall also
keep aa accurate list of all certificates granted
by him with tbe dates thereof and tbe names
of the persons to whom granted ; Provided,
That before such certificate shall enable the
holder thereof to be employed as a teacher he
shall present it to the County Treasurer of the
county wherein tbe certificate was issued, and
pay to him the sum of two dollars, who, upon
payment thereof, shall countersign said certi
ficate and then it shall be effective ; and the
County Treasurer shall pay said
State Treasurer to be applied by him towards
tbe payment of the salary of the said Super
Section 6. Tbe State Superintendent shall
receive a salary of eighteen hundred dollars
per aannm, to be paid quarterly by the State
Treasurer on warrants drawn by himsaf and
marked correct by the State Auditor, bnt the
State Auditor shall not mark snch warrant
correct when such Superintendent has failed
to discharge his duties faithfully aad to the
best of his abilities.
' Section 7. The State Superintendent shall
annually, on the first Tuesday in December,
in each aud eveiy year, report in writing to
tbe Governor the condition of the pab lie
schools, and make such recommendations and
ggestions as be may think proper.
Section 8. It shall be the duty of tho
School Commissioners ia each of the school
districts of the State, annually, in the month
of April, to assets, levy and collect, as pro
vided in Chapter 42 of the Revised Statutes,
without regard to any vote thereon, in each
of their respective districts, that is to say : in
each of the school districts in New Castle and
Kent counties, tbe sum efoue hundred dol
lars ; in each of the school districts in Sussex
county, the sum of sixty dollars, to be applied
to tbe support of the schools of their districts ;
which said sums so required to be raised by
said districts shall be in lieu of the amount
now required to be raised by Chapter 70,
Section 1 of the 12th Volume of Delaware
Laws, which latter amount shall no longer
be required to be raised.
Section 9. The School Commissioners, in
their respective districts, shall not employ any
person, as teacher, after the first day of
August next, in any school district, who does
not hold a certificate from the State Super
Sxction 10. This act shall not apply to
any schools or school districts mana
controlled by an incorporated Board of Edu
cation, unless by special request of said Board.
Sxction 11. The Superintendent shall hold
a Teachers' Institute in each of the counties of
this State, at least once a year, of at least
three days session; at which time all the
teaehers, in their respective counties, shall at
tend, unless unavoidably detained. At which
time tbe Superintendent shall give all the in
formation to teachers within his power, and
such other instructions as be may deem ad
visable far the advancement of education, aud
have a general interchange of views of teach
ers as to the wants of the various schools.
Section 12. It shall be tbe duty of every
teacher employed under the provisions of this
act, to make out and hand to the Commis
sioners of the district, at the end of each
month, a report setting forth the whole num
ber of pupils attending school during tho
month, designating whether male or female,
the number of days each has attended, the
books used and branches taught, and until
such report shall have been made it shall not
be lawful for the Commissioners to pay such
teacher his or her salary. The reports made
in pursuance of the previous provisions shall
be forwarded annually, in the month of No
vember, by the Clerks of the several districts
to the State Superintendent.
Section 13. The State Superintendent shall,
by the consent of the State Board of Educa
tion, or a majority of them, have power to
redistrict or consolidate any of the districts
in Sussex county when in his judgment such
consolidation or redistricting is necessary for
the {»emotion of education in said county ;
Provided however, He shall not interfere with
any consolidated districts or incorporated
board of education.
Passed at Dover, March 25, 1875.
Speaker of the Houee *f Sepreeenla
Speaker of the Senate.
snm to tho
Executive Department, j
1, Ignatius O. Grubb, Secretary of State of
the State of Delaware, do hereby certify that
the foregoing is a true copy of an act of the
General Assembly of this State, entitled "An
act in relation to Free Scbeols in this State,"
K ssed at Dover, March 25th, 1875, the same
ring been compared by me with the original
roll, now on file ia this department.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set
hand and official seal, at Dover,
this twenty-seventh day of March A.
D. one thousand eight hundred and
Secretary ef State.
Apjil 3—3w.
grg ëood», érorerifs, fo
» s
reorganised and replenished our va
rious Departments, we iuvite special at
tention of town and country buyers to the
unusually complete and attractive stock
Gloves, Notions,
By purchasing ia large quantities, ws were en
abled to ebtain ezelutivt control m this
town of the popnlar Colliagwood brand ef
Which for lnatre aad fiaisb are nnequaled by
aay. other brand in tbe market. Prices—
25, 31, 37}, 45, 50, 55, 60, 65, 75, 8« and
90 eta. per yard.
With the advantage of baying direct from
mannfaetnrer« and importers, thereby
saving tbe large item of commimion
charges, we are prepared te distribute
these goods to our customers at wholesale
prices. In addition to which we offer,
below the market rate* ef the dag, a large
line of all the leading Staple aad Do
mestic Goods purchased at tha low prices
at tbo dose of last season, among whieh .
we will name
In 5, 10, 15, and 20 yard pieces, at the low
price of 14 cents per yard, Cask.
7060 yards of the beet makes of Printe, at 9
and 10 cents per yard.
350 dos. Clark's O. N. T. Spool Cotton, 6 cts.
per spool, 70 cts. per dosen.
Haring made arrangements with the leading
manufacturers of the Peninsula, we are
receiving from them All-Wool SPRING
(slightly imperfect), which we will aell at the
low rate of SO CENTS per yard, tha reg
ular price of which is $1.25 per yard.
A full line of
All widths and newest pattens;
Ladies', Misses' and Children's
In Kid, Morocco aad Lasting, of all the lateet
styles, manufactured exclusively for oar
trade, and every pair warranted. Also,
Sansser's celebrated make of
And Button and Congress Gaiters, for men'*
and boys' wear.
A fall stock of Sagan, Sympa, Molasses, La
gnayra,Rio aad Java Coffes.Tsea, Spices,
Canned Goods, Provisions, Ac., will al
ways be found fresh and nsw.
March 6th, 1875.

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