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MW 4 Um I ottm <£ran 4 ; • a ♦ JA NO. 5. MIDDLETOWN, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 29, 1876. VOL. IX. business dfards. -NE W STOVE AND TIN STOßE In Middletown. Eliason & Benson, Manufacturers and Dealers in STOVES, HEATERS, RANGES, AND TIN WARE IS F EVERY DESCRIPTION. We have in stock the most popular and best Parlor, Cook and Room Stove manufac tured, amoafc them may be found the Home Delight,*Morning Light, Florentine, Tuscan, Bon Ton, Florence, Charm, Belle, Regulator. Centennial, Palace Cook, ' Golden Engle, Eureka, Combination Cook, Wabash, Model Complete, Victor Cook, Pretty Range, Pet Range, and can furnish on short notice any other stove manufactuied. We invite special attention to the Regula tor "Revolving Top" for convenience. Sur passes anything in the stove line ever offered in this market. Stoves repaired on the shortest notice. Roofing and spouting a specialty. We hope by giving our personal attention to business, and making moderate charges to receive a share of the public patronage. Give ue a call. ELIaSON A BENSON, Middletown, Dei. LUMBER AND HARDWARE. J. B. FENIMORE & CO. Opposite the Depot, MIDDLETOWN, DELAWARE, DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF Lumber and Hardware, BRICKS, LIME, bias, sash, DOORS, BLINDS in at MOULDINGS, PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, ETC. ETC. Constantly on hand all kinds of Building Material. January 15—tf in The Middletown Boot, Shoe and Hat Store. .A. CLAIR/D. in A thorough knowledge of our special Hue of business, gained by close study of its details, ex tended and frequent travels through all the principal maou taring districts of the country and in almost daily contact witb leading manufacturers them selves, enables os to offfer to this community a line of Goods that for variety, prices, cannot Goods sold trom our stores in on — style, quality, it be surpassed. and SMYRNA & MILFORD have gained a reputation from St. Georges, in New Castle, to Frankford, in Sussex. Our way of doing business and system of repairing onr goods, insures our customers against any risk in buying of us. A little time will convince an enterprising pahlic of the advan tages to be gained. Call. Respectfully, B. of R. M. de W. T. JOHNSON. STORES IN Middletown and Smyrna. nov6 tf 8 J. MEIER & BE0 MERCHANT TAIL0KS, 2.45 •» 8. E. Cos, Second and Abch Sts., p PHILADELPHIA, close Have in Stock a full line of Fte« Overcoating», ■■(tinge, Cassimeres. and Vesting» Of the newest designs for FALL and WIN TER wear, which will be made to order in tbe latest sty lee and beet manner. Specia 1 at tention given to Dress Suits. CALL AND EXAMINE OUR STOCK, oct 10-tf a aud car p leave SEE HERE ! ! Àt Anderson's Drag Store, (BARR'S OLD STAND), Ynucan get XX SWISS LINIMENT, a sure ewe for Frosted Feet, Lame Back, Rheuma tism, Bunions, Neuralgia, Pains in the Head, 8ide or Joints, Sore throat, Ac. Use it and suffer no longer. IT ACTS LIKE MAGIC. Taken inwardly it cures Diarrhoea, Dysen tery, Cholera Morbus, cramps, Ac. All »• ask for it is a fair trial.. Sold only S t ANDERSON, who keeps all the Patent edicines of tbe day. 8ep 25—ly. The the he stock ries times) ^ a8 ^"1 LOCKS, Watches, Jewelry, Ac. neatly Alw"îs Pr on Pt hand P «d for sale, Clocks, ! atchei, Plated Ware, Forks, Spoons, Sil- „ ver NapkijQ_Ring8, Silver Thimbles, Salt, -Sugar and T» Spoons, Butter Kairea, Gold Rings, Steel Watch Chains, Ac. AOEHT for > . ne TINNY'S SPECTACLES ' A. Dee. 1i — tf. M. E. DICKSON, No. 35* SOUTH EIGHTH STREET, ratIxAOEl.PHIA, DEALER IV WATCHES AND JEWELRY, SOLID STERLING ing that be at by en Silver and Plated Ware Suitable for Holiday Presents. N. B.—Fine selection of 18 Kt. Wedding Wags on Hand. Geld, Silver and Steel Spectacles to sait «U ages. ' Dec. 10—tf THOMAS MASSEY, JR. CLOCK AND WATCH MAKER, Mala Street, next door to National Hotel Middletown, Delaware W <$ftiddletoum Directors. CORPORATION OFFICERS. Tow» Commissioners —E. W. Lockwood, President ; J. R. Hall, Secretary; L. P. Dowell, J. H. Walker, L G. Vandegrift. Assessor —C. E. Anderson. Treasurer. —Joseph Hanson. Justice of the Peace. —DeW. C. Walker. Constable a»d Policeman. —Vacant. Lamplighter.— F. C. Schreitz. DiBKCTORS—Henr, Clayton, B. Gibbs, B. T. Biggs. John A. Reynolds, James Colbert son, E. C. Fenimore, M. E. Walker, J. B. Casier, Joseph Biggs. cI"'.ER-FR en HaH l8y10n ' Teller*— John S. Crouch. NOTARY PUBLIC. John A. Reynolds. TRUSTEES OF THE ACADEMY. Hon John P. Cochran. Pres. ; Henry Davis, Treas. ; Samuel Peninglon, Secretary ; James Kanely, B. Gibbs, R. T. Cochran, N. Williams. Principal or Academy. —T. 8. Stevens. OFFICERS OF CITIZENS' NATL BANK. DIRECTORS OF TOWN HALL CO. J. M. Cox, Pres.; Samuel Penington, Sec.; J. R. Hall, Treas ; R. A. Cochran, Jas Cul bertson, Jas. H. Soowdrick, Wm. H. Barr. CHURCHES. Forest Pbesbytebian.— Rev. John Patton, Divine service every Sunday D. D , Pastor, at 10.30 a. ra and 7.00 p. m. Sunday School at 9 a. m. Lecture on Wednesdays at 7.00 p. m. Sunday School in the Chapel at Arm strong's every Sunday at 2.30 p. m. St. Anne's Protestant Episcopal.— Rev. Wm. C. Butler, Rector. Service on Sundays at 10.30 a. m. and 3.30 p. m. Sunday School at 2.30 p.m. Services on Fridays at 3.30 p.m. M ethod!8t Episcopal, —Rev. L. C. Matlack, D. D., Pastor. Service every Snnday at 10.00 m. and 7.00 p m. Sunday School at 9.30 m. and 2.30 p. m. Prayer Meeting on Thursdays at 7.00 p. m. Colored Methodist. —Rev N. Morris— Paslor. Service every other Sunday at 10.30 p. m., 3 and 8 p. m. Sunday School every Sunday at 1 p. m. MASONIC Adoniram Chapter No. 5, R. A. M. Meets Masonic Hall on the second and fourth Fri days of every month at 8 o'clock,*p m. Union Lodge No. 5, A. F. A. M. Meets on the first and third Tuesdays of every month 8 o'clock, p. m. Masonic Hall. KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. Damon Lodge, No. 12 Meets every Friday evening at 8 o'clock. Lodge room in the Town Hall. PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY. Peach Blossom Grange, No. 3. Meets every* Tuesday evening at 7 o'clock. Grange Room the Knights of Pythias Hall. I. 0. O. F. Good Samaritan Lodge, No 9. Meets every Thursday evening at 8 o'clock. Lodge Room Cochran Hall, No. 2, Cochran Square. BUILDING AND LOAN. Middletown B. A L. Association. —Samuel Penington, Pres.; A. G. Cox, Secretary. Meets the first Thursday of every month at 8 o'clock, p.m. Mutual Loan Association of Middletown. Jas. H. Scowdrick, Pres.; A. G. Cox, Sec retary. Meets on the third Tuesday of every month at 8 o'clock, p. m. MIDDLETOWN LIBRARY AND READING-ROOM. E W. Lockwood, Pres.; J. T. Budd, Sec'y ; Rooms in Transcript Building. Reading Room open every day until 10 o'clock, p m. Library open on Wednesdays and Saturdays from 3 o'clo'.k to 5 p m. AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION Penins. Agricultural and Pomological As sociation. —Wm. R. Cochran, President; J. Clarkson, Secretary; - Chairman Board of Managers. Annual Meeting third Saturday iu January. DIAMOND STATE BRASS BAND. Meets for practice every Monday evening at o'clock. POST OFFICE. Office Hours. —Opens at 6 30 a m and closes at 9 p m every day except Sunday Mails for the North close at 7.30 a m, and p m. Mail for tbe South closes at 10 15 a ra. Mails for Odessa close at 10.23 a m and 7.30 m. Mails for Warwick, Sassairas and Cecilton at 10.23 a m. DELAWARE RAILROAD. Passenger trains going North leAve at 7.46 m and 3 01 p m. ; going South at 10.33 a ra 7.55 p m. Freight trains with passenger attached, going North, leave at 5.20 p m ; going South, at 6 30 a m. STAGE LINES Stage for Odessa, with U. S. Mail, leaves shortly after arrival of the 10.43 am and 7.55 m mail trains. Stages for Warwick, Sassafras and Cecilton shortly after arrival of tbe 10.43 a m train. FURNITURE. - UNDERTAKING. UPHOLSTERING. The undersigned respectfully announces to the citizens of Middletown and vicinity that he bAS cn hand a large and well selected stock of handsome and durable of be _ _ , „ _ Celebrated Corpae Preserver, j i The Corose ma v be dressed in the finest fab- K ries and not be soiled, (and can be seen at all times) as nothing but dry cold air enters tbe 1 ^ a8 * te ' GEORGE W. WILSON,- I Practical Cabinet Maker and Undertaker, ' „ .. ....... n . ert e 1 12m Middletown Del. j " ~~ ~~ SA.ZlSI;«l Or Exchange, , . VFRV fin. iWnnoh hn >3 ai nERNEV ! c '' A. BULL CALF, tea weeks old. ; Oct 30-tf K. R. OOCHflAN. 1 Walnut and Other Furniture I which be will sell .very cheap for cash. Bay ing at wholesale cash rates he feels assured that be can sell as low as the same goods can be bought elsewhere. By baying of him pur chasers will be saved the freight on their goods from the city. He is also prepared to attend to Undertaking Work at short notice, and in a manner excelled by none. Persons wishing Metallic or Wood en Caskets or Cases will find it to their Ad vantage to call on him. He has, also, TATLOR A SOM'S ADDRESS OF HON. T. F. BAYARD, j At the Banquet of the America» Club or Philadelphia, January 8.1S7G. Me- j j SENATOR bayard's SPEECH. Mr. Chairman and my'brother Dem ocrats: As a mere social success your dinner has been so complete, that if I should merely congratulate you and thank you for the warm welcome I bave received, all that is necessary would have been done. I could not feel a stranger here in Philadelphia, where for more than a century my maternal ancestry lived and were identified with the welfare of your people, and where I have formed other and dearer ties of affection which, though severed by death, will ever live in my remem brance. Perhaps, I might be histori B. "»J ri g bt in claiming you as part of my constituency, for Pennsylvania and B. Delaware were ouce under the same provisional government. Willie Penn l ' ame down, and b ? hook or b ? cr00k took away the three lower counties from Lord Baltimore, and iD the course of that peaceful conquest he wrote to the Marquis of Halifax, describing your great, rich and populous Slate, that he needed more territory in order to allow "his poor ewe lambs to get down to the sea-side and drink." It is certain that that Penn was mightier than the sword —that is, the sword of Lord Baltimore. Bat let it not be forgotten that without bloodshed he founded a great estate, upon the corner-stone of civil and re ligious liberty, and made a treaty, not in writing, that bad the peculiarity of never being broken, because simple good faith made and preserved it. He did not trod it necessary to butcher or . . enslave a single Indian tn order to pro tect himrelf and his settlers in their newly acquired rights. CREDIT FOR TnE SUCCESS OF THE CEN TENNIAL KXIIIBISION. It is quite impossible to speak iD this city and in this year without reference to the Centennial Celebration to take place in July next. Originally I bave favored the idea of bringing the people of all the States together in peace and amity—good thing to be dooe at any time, and iD the lurid light of the events of the last fifteen years, espe cially to be desired. When it was agreed that such a celebration of the birthday of this union of States and their government should be held, the question was made by Senators from New York and New England, as to the proper place, and I then said: "Where, but in the birthplace of a man should the anniversaries of that birth be kept As well celebrate the birthplace of Shakespeare elsewhere that at Stratt ford-upon-Avon as the birth of Amer ican Independence out of Philadel phia, where it was first proclaimed." And here let me say that the energy, enterprise, skill, liberality and ability which have been exhibited by Pennsyl vania and her great city of Philadel phia in this undertaking have silenced the doubts, rebuked the sneers, and gained the applause and respect of the entire country. The commission to whom the work has been entrusted have won'an honorable and permanent fame. There is a French saying: "Aid thyself and God will aid thee ;" and although I do not consider the Congress of the United States as omnipotent as the British Parliament, yet I believe it can lawfully give aid, and I sincerely trust it will. I confess to you I was more influenced in behalf of this un dertaking by the belief it would re unite the people of my country in a sense of common brotherhood and good feeling, than from anything else There were, perhaps, some donbts as to the possible want of Constitutional power in Congress to make each an appropria tion, but, the weight of reasoning was in favor, and I gave my country the benefit of the doubts. of to to of to of IN ANSWER TO THE TOAST. But I have forgotten my formal duty of responding to the toast. I am glad to observe in tbe printed programme the use of the word "Federal" as ap plied to our government and to ;he Congress. No words were used with out full intent and knowledge of their signification by the grave, able and earnest men who "wrought in sad sin cerity" to frame the Constitution of our government. The very name was "United States"—that is, States united It was a representative government of tbe States, and the people of tbe States, with the great underlying idea that power, wheresoever given should al ways be limited. All over tira written charter does this appear, ana the in hibitions, either upon tbe States upon United States, are almost as fre quent as grants of power, apd in ex cessive caution, express reservation of powers not granted was carefully made for the protection of the States and the people. It was a letter of attorney, irrevocable indeed, from the States to their new government, bat never than a delegation of enumerated powers. of and and or ing of are will just no yet more LIMITING EXECUTIVE POWER. They sought to secure limitation by distributing power in the various de partments, and securing each against invasion by the others. And do you not recognize another proof in this that oars was 'meant to be a government conducted by the people? Our officials aud rulers were not expected to be always learned in state craft, students of bistory and scholars ; but the home bred men of good sense, honest charac ter and moderate acquirements were to be in the main intrusted with the ageuient of the governmental machin ery. By subdividing the powers the modicum of ability requisite for safety tion was lessened, tbe liberties of the people Mr. i e8 s endangered, and all were to be polls K u 'ded by plain words of ascertained meaning written in the English lan- by guage, so that the wayfaring man, if honest, could not err therein. Such was the simplest and precise architec- eight ,ure of ' bis ,em P le of ' ha P en P ,e ' 8 •* ert y The States which formed the I unl0 o, straight, well-proportioned and io endowed each with separate strength and p..«r. .»e tb; ,h is b supported the superincumbent encir-1 c '' n * r00 ^ a b° ve which, like the grand dome of Angelo, rose tbe genial gov ernment in symmetry and beauty,not to in us tion the men man crush the columns by its weight, but to ; bind them by the strength and ability, part of which each contributed brilliant appeal for his country, j It was the dream of Angelo to take the Pagan Pantheon and hang it in uiid-air for the glory of a Christian church, and so, for the glory and the safety of the States of the American Union, was the fair dome of a free government raised above the States pro tecting all, bindiug all, injuring or de grading none by an unequal pressure, Without the columns the dçme must lie prostrate in the dust; without the dome the columns must totter in inse cure and isolate weakness. Bat, with both combined, beauty and safety, and strength are all found in harmony. And gazing on the beautiful structure, what mau, I will not say what Ameri can, would seek to alter its (air propor tions nr endanger its permanence. Its proportions have been sadly altered, and those who bave it in charge pro pose still more alarming changes in the principles of its structure sadly at variance wi:h the original design. DENOUNCES THE PRESENT ADMINISTRA TION. To-day the American people are in heriting ten years of misgovernment— of errors—and those public blunders In some States of the worse crimes. Union nothing worthy of the name of respectable RepublieaD government ex ists—and all the States, excepting Cal ifornia and Texas, are suffering from confused and depressed commercial and industrial affairs, a disordered and dis credited currency, aDd an unsettled and demoralized civil service. in for PRESIDENT GRANT AND HIS IRON WILL An administration that asks but. one question of its appointees, "Will you ob U8 ,» not tho Constitution and law, but , hft President just We hear this officer praised daily for his "iron will " Would to God be could be praised for bending that iron will to the demands of law aud justice Less "iron will" and more obedience to the Constitution would be welcome in deed. THE EQUALITY OF THE STATES. Gentlemen, the equality of the States and their just independence 1 in their domestic and internal affairs is as es sential for the existence of the Union as it is for the States themselves. Enlarge the functions of the general government, and what do you witness? Its powers are used unequally and in equitably—jealousy is thus created— and combinations of a territorial and sectional character are formed—to ag grandize one' portion of the country at the cost of the rest. That mutual content aDd peaceful relations, which are the result of jus tice, will surely accompany and follow the abstinence of Federal power for local aod favored purposes. There was much sham patriotism in bygone years in the cry of the "old flag, ' bat "the old flag and an appro priation" is now additionally daDgerous I trace all the dangers that now threaten us to this desire, to enlarge the functions of the Federal her logg the say govern ment at the expense of the several States, and every usurpation of such power has been marked by loss and trouble that prate THE BANKING SYSTEM. Where is a line or word in the Fed eral Constitution that gives Congress power over the banking of the country —not only to assume it wholly, and decree wbat amount, wbat especial kind felt to control the volume and character of the currency ? To Congress was dele gated the power to "coin money" and regulate its value, aDd to punish the counterfeiting of such coin, and to borrow money on credit, but nowhere to create an irredeemable paper cur rency, mach less to deprive the States of all power over a subject that ever since the foundation, and by the na ture of the government, was theirs— and which'they had from its origin ex ercised, and which they mu.-t be allowed to resumed if we wish to see our system of finance over again adjusted in sta bility and security, regulating itself in accordance with the demands of busi ness. HE CALLS FOR honest money. Let them give us back the honest money of tbe world, tbe gold and silver coined under the Constitution, the true dollar for all debts, whether due to the hard bond of labor or tbe money-chest of the capitalist—aud leave banking and all forms of credit, it may find needful, to the States where it belongs, and from which, under tbe pretext'ot taxation for revenue, it was improperly taken. * It is our boast that all men arc equal before the law, but what a commentary when we see those classes of inunity most Deeding protection receiv ing but eighty or ninety per cent, of their hard earnings, while tbe holders of other obligations of the government are paid in gold coin. Dishonest money will make a dishonest people. It de stroys that precision and accuracy which is necessary for good faith and just dealing. To demoralize a people no engine is more efficient than a cur rency which fluctuates in value, is but yet compelled to be received for debts. cur com State.of Mississippi, where by an elec tion lately held the party favored by I Mr. Morton has been defeated at the polls The claim of power thus made—not by Congress, but by one branch of Con gress—if admitted, leaves this no longer a Federal government of thirty eight States, but a single centralized government-not a Union but a unit/ will not enter upon tbe state of affairs Mississippi. I pray that honesty and justice may there prevail. But Mi.,i..ippi MM. W for b.r.plf whether they do or not. As you and I will not brook inter ferenee by Mississippi in the elections Pennsylvania or Delaware, neither ATTENTION TO SENATOR MORTON. But see what other daDgers threaten us from the assumption of unlawful power by the Federal authority. Pending before the Senate is a reso tion offered $by Mr. Morton, of In diana, a leader of the Administration, proposin'- to create an inquisition in the internal and domestic affairs of the to ; can we claim such power in regard her affairs. The equality of the States forbids j —the law forbids it—the safety of every other State forbids it. What is to be the fate of the resoln tion I know not. Perhaps the ill-success of all former interference of like nature may teach the party in power a lesson, and induce them to pause. It never has been adopted, but that trouble has not grown out of it. It never bas been abandoned, but that good results bave followed. _ 1 hree years ago, Texas was to be in terfered with in the same way. The President was applied to for troops to overthrow the duly-elected State gov ernment. Taught by the case of Louisiana, fortunately he refused. And look at Texas to-day prosper ous, peaceful, content in sending to the House of Representatives citizens worthy of every public trust, and to the Senate a gentleman whose charac ter and abilities make him the peer of any of his associates. Is not such n result a blessing to the whole Union ? Are not the interest of New England, New York and Pennsylvania safe in the hands of the intelligent and honest men whom Texas has chosen to represent her in the House of Congress ? .sure, When Mr. Lamar, of Mississippi, shall come into the Senate, what man GEN. LAMAR, OF MISSISSIPPI. , in the country but must rejoice that honor and intelligence such as his, are dedicated to high public interest ? [Here the speaker was interrupted for some minutes by the continued ap glad yon applaud when Lamar's name is mentioned. He is pieuse.] I am wortby of it, and it is a blessing to the people and a safeguatd when men of high private character carry their prin ciples into public life The private gentleman is to be trusted in public, just because he is to be trusted in pri vate. LOUISIANA. But Louisiana, once bo rich, gay and prosperous, now the very niobe of the Union. I cannot repeat the history of the continued injustice, iusnlt, ana out rage to which her people have been sub jeeted. Her liberties have been lev died to the dust, and tho hand that | strock her down, and the foot that now presses on her neck are those of an official, bound not only by the ties of justice aod American citizenship to protect her, but by the solemn oath of offico he bad taken before God and | If the President of the United States I would to-day withdraw his armed in terference from that State, the will of her people would be vindicated, and without a shot being fired or a drop of blood spilt the administration of KeJ logg would steal out of sight forever. We are told there' has been a settle ment, and that the Louisiana ease closes the ears of the American people. News papers ably and intelligently conducted, say it should not be opened. Aye, stifle her mouth, that her man. groans be not heard ! Stuff yonr ears, that her cries reach them not, but for God's sake do not meet next July aud prate of liberty in this land I I tell you, my countrymen, that | knowing the history of late events in Louisiana, I have turned in my bed at I and risen in the and but of the to in felt that I had qo right to advocate anything in the Senate but Loui.iana and the wrongs of her people Suppose to-night, when you reach yonr comfort able and peaceful homes and have re tired to yonr rest, you should hear the outcry and oall for help of some neigb hors on tbe street, struggling in the grasp of the footpad or the robber, would you, eould yon, lie still and listen, as his cries grew fainter and fainter, until all was still? Would you not feel you had been accessory to rob-1 bery and murder, would your heart ac-1 quit you did you not rise and rash to his help l Ah, my friends ! When the American people shall cease to listen or care to hear the cry of that poor distressed sister of our Union, then shall I indeed feel afraid, for manhood will then be paralyzed in their hearts and the death of American liberty be not far distant, he again reverts to the centennial exhibition. The buildings on your Centennial Grounds are grand and beautiful, and you may well be proud of the ability and skill that reared them, and when you tread those balls next indepen deuce day, forget no man who is op ..»„j u u.... j presVed in this country ; let your hearts | burn with the spirit of 1776. j THE SENATOR CONCLUDES WITn A BRIL LIANT PERORATION. What was the spirit of 1776? The justice and duty of freemen to resist oppression, to make war at all times and agaiost all odds for a just principle And I say to you that compared to the, wrongs which the Federal government. ° c 1 I J . e g raD( j invention of our fathers to ae complish peaceful revolution effectually , e t0 'e a ' 'he election in 18/b shall ^ ,ve t0 us a Pf e?, dent and a Federal Con K re8a W ho - in ,' be lignage of your "£ "" d JJ PJJ "£ e sovereignty of the States and tbe ma J or| ty °* t " e P eo P* e - by the will and under tbe authority of the President, has inflicted od the State of Louisiana, by twice overthrowing by armed force tho only elected officers of her State government, tbe wroDgs suf fered by the British colonies in 1776 at the hands of tbe throne of the king were but as "Moonlight is to sunlight, Or water is to wine." Proofs of wealth and advancement I in arts, manufacture*, and luxury inay surround you, but amid them all forget ] not "How wide tbe limits stand Between a splendid and a happy land." HIS CONCLUSION. Tbe remedy lies in the ballot—that Women never truly command until they have given their promise to obey; snd they are never in more danger of being made slaves than when the men sre at their feet.— Farquhar. Rising in the World. to ' it j Experience continually contradicts tbe not ; on tbat a poor young man can no t r j 8e . If we look over the list r j cb mer)j we g nd tbat nearly all them began life worth little or nothing, joany person familiar with the million a j reg 0 f tbe United States, a score of examples will occur. On the other band, the son» of rich men, who began |j ke w j tb tbe ca p|t a l which so many It poor young men covet, frequently die beggars It would probably not be going too fur to say that a large niajor in- j ( y 0 f puc |] moneyed ind'viduals either f a jj. outright or gradually eat up the to ca pjt a i with which they commenced | their career. And the reason is plain. Brought np in expensive habits, they I 8 p eD( ] entirely too much. Educated w ; t b bigh notions of personal impor i aD ce, they will not, as th'hy phrase it, atoop t0 bard WO rk. Is it astonishing. therefore, that they are passed in the to race ' 0 f life by others with less capital originally, but more energy, thrift, and of J industry? For these virtues, after all. n are worth more than money. They ? make it, in fact. Nay, after it is made. they enable the possessor to keep it. in which most men pronounce to be j difficult than the making. The young more man who begins life with a resolution always to lay by part of bis income is even without extraordinary abil gradually to acquire a sufficiency, especially as habits of economy, which t |j e resolution renders necessary, will J make that a competence for him which would be quite insufficient for an ex travagant person. It is really what we 8ave , more than what we make, which | | ea( j g us | 0 fortune. He who enlarges his expenses as fast as bis earnings in crea8e must always be poor, no matter what b ; s abilities. And content may be bad on comparatively little. It is no j j n luxurious living that men find rea ] happiness, Sunset and Sunrise —The snn sets . I nn son j e retired meadow, where no h° ufe visible, with all the glory I and splendor that it lavishes on the ! cities, and perchance, as it has never se * i> e f° re where there is but a solitary marsh hawk to have its wings gilded b y il - or onl J a musquash looks out | ,r °m his cabin, and there is only some little black-veined brook in the midst of the marsh - j U8t beginning to mean der - winding slowly round a decaying stomp W e walked, in so pure and bright a light, gilding the withered | g ra8S and l^es, so softly and serenely bright, I thought I had never bathed I in »nob a golden flood, jrithout a ripple e . vcr y «°°d «nd rising ground gleamed l' ke *be boundary of elysium and the 8un on our backs seemed like a gentle herdsman driving ns home at evening So we saunter towards the Holy Land, ri, J- on e day, the sun shall shine more brightly than ever he bas done ; shall perchance shine ïd our minds aod hearts, and ügbt up our whole lives with a I reat awakening light, as warm and sercne and golden as on a bank-side in Summer.— Thoreau. or a murmur in it. The west side of I finders say that too much attention is | paid to fashion in woman's dress. For A Subject for Thought. —Fault our part we think there is too little I Fashion would seem to be ordered by t be people who know comparatively nothing. r ~ 0 f taste and good looks, it should need to be said. The subject is one to b e studied, with pleasing results to be certainly arrived at and solidly estab Hshed. Why do not some of our most cultured women take hold upon it ?— jhis is a womauly field it must be thought; or it is so thought at any There are reasons and laws not And the range for womanly effort is said to be narrow. The ground a t least is opeD, whether it be large or small, rate. It is a wide field as it is now. Nothing could be worse than tbe drear mess of its barren spots, unless it were the horribleness of mach of the growth where it is not bare. May the hand of swillfull and graceful tillage be speedily brought upou it. May it be cultivated with artistio taste And inav we be spared to see that day. Randolph and the Strait Ticket. John Randolph's prejudices were so bitter that, when an enemy to whom he ba d not spoken for years was nominated for 80,ne office> n0 0,,e 'bought that Randolph would vote for him, though ? f tbe 8ame P ,rt y- In those days vot « as riva voce, and when Ran dolph's name was called he cast his Id those days vot ing was viva voce, and when Ran dol P h ' 8 _. na ™ e , was , called he castjiis vote distinctly for the candidate This astonished everybody, and the candidate himself was so agreeably surprised that he stepped down from the stand and thanked him for his vote. "I never voted for you, sir." replied the irasci ble Randolph. "Why." said the abash ed candidate, "I certainly beard you „ P-~ ce "'7 Da % at ' ha ballot-box " "Oh, yes, said Randolph, "I used your name, sir—I used your name, but did not vote for you, I voted for my party !" To be without passion is worse than brute, to be without reason is to be Since l can be with- I I less than a man. oat neither I am blessed iD that I have. For if it be not against reason to be aas *onate, I will pot be passionate I will both grieve and "You see, grandma, we perforate aperture m tbe apex and a corres ponding aperature in the base, and by applying 'he egg to the lips and forei bly tnbahng the breath the egg is en tirely discharged of its contents." •Bless my soul, cried the old lady, j "what improvements they do make — | Now tn m, young days we just made a hole in both ends and socked." I against reason. j°Y 'f I bave reason for it, but no joy nor grief ibove reason. I will so joy my good as not to take evil ; by Tuy evils as not to increase my evil by grief. For it is not a folly to have passion, but to want reason. I would be neither senseless nor beastly.— Arthur IFhr wick A terrible blow—Blow zero. Discnosrog the Currency Question. of of They were both sitting in the gro cery about 9:30 P- M. and talking over the currency. Said a tall,thin man with a game eye, a red nose, and a suspic ions glassiness about the knees of his pantaloons and the under part of bis coat sleeves: "You see all this about inflating the currency by the issue of more National bank notes is humbug, and I'll 'splain it to you. Now suppose I'm going to start a National bank, wha* do I do? Well, I go to Washington, to the Secretary of the Treasury, and give him *100,000 in United States bonds and he—." "But," said the other disputant, an old man with a severe countenance and a mouth like the slip in a Postoffice letter box, "you hain't got no $100,000 in United States bonds " "Well," said the first speaker, rather hastily and testily, "butsuppose, for the sake of argument, that I have $100,000 in bonds. I take them to the Treasurer and—" "But," growled the old man, "what'n thunder's the use of your supposin' you had $100,000 in bonds? You know 's well 's I do that yon bain't; you never had." "Don't make a sanguinary fool of your self," retorted the tall, thin man ; " haven't y ou got sense enough to under-1 stand what I am saying? Suppose," he said, beginning anew for the third time, with bis face very red, "suppose, then, that I take my $i00,000 in bonds to the Treasurer, 'and-" "But," re plied the severe old man, with a re .«•I .bump of bi. »UU .0 .h» - "you know you haven't got $100,000 in bonds, nor $10,000, nor $1,000, nor $100. Your father hadn't enough money in his life to pay the tax on a yellow dog, and you'll never have any while you go on drinking poor whisky, and have got a shiftless wife like that of yourn. A hundred thou sand dollars in bonds ! Yes,in a born." "Well," said the tall, thin man, "if you've got any bonds they'd belong to your creditors if you were honest." Then they clinched. Chicago Tnbune • Keeping up Appearances.—A touching incident is related in a St. Louts paper of the way a little girl in the public school attempted to "keep up appearances. The pupils were ac custouied to bring their luucbeoD,which at noon they ate together, bat one day the teacher noticed that this little girl looked wistfnlly at her companions as they went out with their luneb, but never brought any herself. The child was neatly bat poorly clad, and always attentive to her studies. On another occasion the teacher observed that the little thing had apparently brought her lunch with her; but when the noon hour came tthe still remained in her seat, with the package wrapped in paper on the desk before her The teacher went. to the child and asked her why she did not go out w.lh the rest, at the same time putting out her hand toward the j package. Quick as thought, the little, girl clasped her hands over it, and ex claimed, sobbingly: "Don't touoh it. teacher, and don't tell, please! It's only blocks " And that was the fact. Haring no dinner to bring, and too proud to reveal the poverty of her family, the child had carefully wrapped up a number of small blooks to present the appearance of a lunch. | A Man's Chinese Neighbors.— The I sou floor, Raleigh. N. C., Hews reported that P Rev. Dr. Pritchard of that oity, referred in bis Tbanksgiviog sermon,to a conv.cr satiou, held some years ago, between Dr. Thomas E. Skinner, formerly of Raleigh, now in Georgia, and an anti niissionaryist. Dr. Skinner was solic iting aid for foreign missions, and sp plied to this gentleman, who promptly j repulsed him with the reply : • 1 don'ti believe in foreign missions. I won t gtve anything except to home missions. ! want «bst I give to benefit my neigh hors." "Well," replied Dr. Skinner, "whom do you regard as yonr neigb bors?" "Why, those around me." re plied the brother. *"Do you mean those « whose land join yours?" "Yes." - "Well," said Skinner, "how much " "About five hun "How far down do you on own?" inquired Dr. Skinner. "Why, I never thought of it before, bat I sup- ■ pose I own half way through." "Ex- 1 actly," said Dr. Skinner; "I suppose you do. and I want this money for the Chinese—the men whose land join " The hardened land do yon own ? dred acres." yours on the bottom, brother bad never thought of that, and , , . . . .A gave a good sum for foreign mtsaions. —-.- Time! —The small stone* which fill are up the crevices have almost es much to do with making the fair and firm whll \falo as the great cocks ; tbe right and wise use of spare moments contributes Bot a iog little to the building np, in good pro- you portion with strength, a man's mind, side Merchants and olerks may find fifteen all minutes during a few intervals of tbe day to learn wbat goes beyond the day book and tbe ledger. Merchants and artisans may find fifteen minutes occa-. mist SlÄÄ Ä |,he ponder over while at work. Good not by from housewives need Dot be so ignorant, as, # l as * 'hey too eften are, supposing the «^fld of books is not for them. One and all of yoq, one and all of yon—let us take oare of tbe minutes, and the hours will take care of themselves. It I to has been well said that industry is of little avail withoqt punctuality This is the spirit that watches the minutes, for and tarns them to aoeonnt. I a »d the Manners are of more importance I tbat than laws. In a great measure tbe cl ° laws depend on them. The law loaches , ed us but here and there, and now and le then. Manners are wbat vex or soothe, corrupt or purify, exalt or debase, bar barize or refine ns, by a constant, by steady, uniform insensible operation, the like that of the air we breathe. They they give their whole color to our lives, in According to their quality, they aid If morals, they supply them, or totally I eaten destoyed them. tiallv *-system Seeing is not believing. Thera are with many men you can see, and yet cannot tial believe. teeth. I. When fortune means to men most fc ood - 8 " e '<>0« upon them with a threatening eye. To give pain is the tyranny, to make happy the true empire, of beauty.— Steele. A good recipe for beginning the new year is to get receipts for all the bills | yon owe. $8,000,000 worth of sewing cotton was made in Paisley last year. The human mind should be a globe of humanity moviog on the poles of truth. He that lags behind in a road where many are driving always will be in a cloud of dust. Richmond ladies treated their New Year callers to "peanut cake and batter milk." He is not only idle who does noth ing, but be is idle who might be better employed. Another Craesns announced his in tention of pnttiog np another mammoth hotel in 'Frisco. Angnsta Evans has received from Carleton, the publisher, $100,000 in eight years. Life is short, but the majority of the people manage to outlive them selve anyhow Miriam Co , e Htrrir0oIe aathof of d„.;i ..._. . I ÜÄ ££ Î<W °° * ««mark will be happy now. They've ?*™ ed a 'Jousand-pouDd hog after him ln * °" 8T, '' a - - Fortunes made in no time are like • flirta made in no time; it's ten to one .if they hang long together, New Jersey tnrned out 1,500,000 pounds of grapes last fall; 200,000 were kept for making-wine, and'the rest exported. It . ia D0W stated thtt the ^ Charles O'Conner still lives is that his stomach would not not retain any medi cine, Fashionable sofas and chairs raa dein the stiffest and most uneom U, rtaMe maDDer tbat , aegti not sta y too long Never set yonr feet in a dirty and ® ro . oked P 8 *b f° r love of money, " 18 a w °rk that will bring bad interest " y° u «'®b to suck honey of thistles, Patience and attention will bring far. If the oat matches long enongb at the mouse's nest, the moose will not escape. There are aome y eM that Hke rain â * fa „ „ man . f head the rain r iUeIf having notWng to d ' witb , be matter ° 6 „ ' , f'*'® 8 a** 0 . n,ade re °j * bo ra *f indicated we shall have 50,000,000 of P 60 !* e ln _ _ Reason is the director of man's will, discovering in action what isl good for *b e j 8 « 8 of well doing are the dictates °* r 'gbt reason, Genuine morality is preserved only in the school of adversity, and a state continuons prosperity may easily are We must row with the oare wo have, and, as we cannot order the wind, we are obliged to sail with the wind that blows'. ns P rove a quicksand to virtue. No one ever got married without somebody calling him a fool.— Rich mond Enquirer Yes; and nine cases out of ten it is his wife who does it. The aet of divine worship is the inestimable privilege of men, the only created being who bows in humility and adoration .—Hotea Bedim. A Y àle professor says that no person can , ear0j rem e m ber and speakover tifteen differeot i angoage8 . Seven or eight are enougl fo * fo|kSt % . , . 1 . . . t0 ..f° bmsoess without ad ver , n . 8,ü « " 1,ke w,nk,n « at a P"*'J « ,rl ,n ,h ® d#rk \ ^ " a J ka , ow «bat - vou ttrc do,D S' but nobody else does. Error is always more busy than ig uoMuoe Ignorance is a blank sheet, on «bich we may write; but error is a scribbled one from which wo must first erase.— Colton. Proportion and propriety ere among the best secrets of domestic wisdom; cud there is no surer test of integrity than a well-proportioned expenditure. —Hannah More. .A good book and a good woman are excellent things for those who know how to appreciate their values. There are men, however, who judge of both from the beauty of the covering. —Bu f \falo Courier. If yon oannot be a great river, bear iog great vcsels of blessing to the world, you can be a little spring by tbe way side of life, singing merrily all day and all night, giving a cap of cold water to every weary, thirsty one who passes by. mist U8nall agoribea tQ what „ |,he Contentment produces, in some mea sure, all those effects which the alohe not bring riches, it does tho same things by banishing the desire of them, if it caDnot remove the disquietudes arising from a man's mind, body, or fortune, it makes him easy under them. "There is little reason in my opinion to envy a pursuit in which the most its devotees can expect is that, by relfn quishing liberal studies and social coat for '—passing nights without Bleep »d summers without one glimpse of the beauties of nature—they may attain tbat l laborio " s J , that '"V? 1 ?"' ,ha ' ° 8e |y;»s' cb «d slavery, which is mock w,th the B,u,e of P<>™r."— Macau The foundation for sound, firm, white teeth must be laid in early life, subsisting on food that contains the elements which teeth mnst have, or they will be imperfectly formed, feeble structure, and fall esrly into decay, wheat flour were never bolted, but eaten with tbe bran, as wo find it par tiallv in the Graham bran, then the would be abundantly provided with the phosphate of lime, the essen tial ingredient for the formation (it the teeth.