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Middletown transcript. [volume] (Middletown, Del.) 1868-current, June 24, 1876, Image 1

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NO. 26.
lumber and jardinait.
Agricultural Implements,
Iron and Steel, Horse and MuleShees, Horse
Nails, Blacksmith Supplies, Chain Traces,
Hames, Trowels, Nails, Spikes, Locks, Hinges,
Bolts, Files, Chisels, Levels, Planes, Bevels,
Wrenches, Picks, Mattocks, Hubs, Rims,
Spokes, Shafts, Long and Short Arms, Clips,
Springs, Enameled Cloth, Gum Canvass, Ac.
A complete stock of TOOLS and Supplies
for Carpenters, Builders, Masons, Sadlers,
Shoemakers and others, with many House
furnUhing articles. We invite the public to
call and examine our prices.
Paints, Oils, Turpentine,
Glass and Putty,
Agricultural Department.
Farmer's Friend, Heckendem, Wiley, Con
cave and Moore PLOWS; Plow Castings,
Grindstones, Pumps, Scales, Corn Shellers,
Cbnrns, Shovels, Forks, Spades, Hoes and
_£*-No trouble to show goods, [mar 18
Lumber s Hardware,
Successor to
Opposite the R. R. Depot,

Lumber, Hardware, aod General BuildiDg
Material, Sasb, Doors, Shutters, Blinds,
and Mouldings, Paints, Oils, Var
nishes, Glass and Putty, Bricks,
Building Lime, Hair, Etc.
Constantly on hand.
(Ready-Mixed. )
"Blatchley's" Celebrated Cucumber Wood
Pumps and everything in the building line.
Having made arrangements with large
wholesale dealers, I shall be prepared to fur
nish large bills of Lumber for buildings, such
as I may not have in stock, direct from whole
sale dealers, thereby securing the lowest prices
possible to be obtained.
Give me a call, and get my prices, before
purchasing elsewhere.
Feb 5-ly.
Plain ai lain Mils,
Saab, Door, Blind and Peach Baeket
I would call atteutiou to my large stock of
white pine Hemlock Lumber always in stock
Also, Sasb, Doors, Blinds, Shutters A Mould,
ings, Which I will sell at city prices. Buying
my lumber by the cargo, I am enabled to offer
extraordinary inducements in prices. In
quiries by mail receive prompt attention. All
kinds of mill work to order. Peach baskets
a specialty in their season.
Jan 1—6m
Smyrna, Del.
APRIL. 1875.
—successor to—
HARDWARE—Building, Household and
COUNTRY"—all colors; ready mixed; the
best and cheapest —in quarts', gallons and
larger packages.
WOOD— acknowledged the best.
an Middletown.
1 7
Eliason & Benson,
Manufacturers and Dealers in
We have in stock tbe most popular and
best Parlor, Cook and Room Stove manufac
tured, amoag them may be found the Home
Delight, Morning Light, Florentine, Tuscan,
Bon Ton, Florence, Charm, Belle, Regulator,
Centennial, Palace Cook, Golden Eagle,
Eureka, Combination Cook, Wabash, Model
Complete, Victor Cook, Pretty Range, Pet
Range, and can furnish on short notice any
other stove mannfactnred.
We invite special attention to the Regula
tor "Revolving Top" for convenience. Sur
passes anything in the stove line ever offered
in this market.
Stoves repaired on the shortest notice.
Roofing and spouting a specialty.
We hope by giving our personal attention
to business, and making moderate charges to
receive a share of tbe public patronage.
Owe ut a call. ELI ASON A BENSON,
Middletown, Dei.
JJtiMfforon girittorg.
Town Commissioners — T. E. HurB, Presi
dent: Tlios. Massey, Jr., Secretary ; Jas. h.
Scowdrick, G. W. Wilson, Wm. W. Wilson.
Assessor —C. E. Anderson.
Treasurer.— Isaac Jones.
Justice of the Peace. —DeW. C. Walker.
Constable and Policeman. —L. B. Lee.
Lamplighter. —L. B. Lee.
John A. Reynolds.
Hon John P. Cochran, Pres. ; Henry DavU,
Treas. ; Samuel Penington, Secretary ; James
Kanely, B. Gibbs, R. T. Cochran, N.Williams.
Principal of Academy. — T. S. Stevens.
Directors. —Henry Clayton, B. Gibbs,
T. Biggs, John A. Reynolds, James Colbert
E. C. Fenimore, M. E. Walker, J. B
Cazier, Joseph Biggs.
President. —Henry Clayton,
Cashier.— J. R. Hall.
Teller. —John S. Crouch.
J. M. Cox, Pres.; Samuel Penington, Sec.;
J. R. Hall, Treas.; R. A. Cochran, Jas. Cul
bertson, Jas. H. Seowdrick, Wm. H. Barr.
Forest Presbyterian. —Rev. John Patton,
D. D., Pastor. Divine service every Sunday
at 10.30 a.m. and 7.30 p.m. Sunday School
at 9 a. m. Lecture on Wednesdays at 7.30 p.
Sunday School in the Chapel at Arm
strong's every Sunday at 2.30 p. m.
St. Anne's Protestant Episcopal. —Rev.
Wm.C. Butler, Rector. On Sundays—Morning
Prayer, 10.30 a. m.; Evening Prayer, 7:00
p. m. Sunday School, 9 a. m. Evening Prayer
on Fridays at 5 o'clock.
Methodist Episcopal, —Rev. L. C. Matlack,
D. D., Pastor. Service every Sunday at 10.30
a. m. and 7.30 p. m. Sunday School at 9.30
a. m. and 2.30 p. m. Prayer Meeting on
Thursdays at 7.30 p. m.
Colored Methodist. —Rev. N. Morris—
Pastor. Service every other Sunday at 10.30
p. m., 3 and 8 p. m. Sunday School every
Sunday at 1 p. m.
Adoniram Chapter No. 5, R. A. M. Meets
in Masonic Hall on the second and fourth Fri
days of every month at 8 o|clock, p. m.
Meets on
days oi every monin ai o u ciuca, ]
Union Lodge No. 5, A. F. A. M. -
the first and third Tuesdays of every month
at 8 o'clock, p. m. Masonic Hall.
Damon Lodge, No. 12 Meets every Friday
evening at 8 o'clock. Lodge room in the
Town Hall.
I. O. O. F.
Good Samaritan Lodge, No 9. Meets every
Thursday evening at 7J o'clk. Lodge Room
in Cochran Hall, No. 2, Cochran Square.
Middletown B. & L. Association. —Samuel
Penington, Pres.; A. G. Cox, Secretary. Meets
on the first Thursday of every month at 8
o'clock, p. m.
Mutual Loan Association of Middletown.
— Jas. H. Scowdrick, Pres.; A. G. Cox, Sec
retary. Meets on the third Tuesday of every
month at 8 o'clock, p. m.
Penins. Agricultural and Pomological As
sociation. —Wm. R. Cochran, President and
Chairman of Board of Managers ; J. B. Nau
dain, Secretary. Annual Meeting fourth Sat
urday in January. Next annual fair will be
held on October 4tb, Sth and 6tb, 1876.
Meets for practice every Monday evening at
8 o'clock.
Passenger trains going North leave at 7.07
8.33 a m and 3.59 p m ; going Sontb at 10.42
am, and 7.34 and 8.52 p m. Freight trains
with passenger car attached, going North,
leave at 8.05 p m ; going Sontb, at 2.40 a m.
Office Hours. —Opens at 6 30 a m and
closes at 9 p m every day except Sunday
Mails for the North close at 8.15 a m, and
3.40 p m.
Mail for the South closes at 10 15 a a.
Mails for Odessa close at 10.23 a m and 8 . SO
p m.
Mails for Warwick, Sassalras and Cecilton
close at 10.23 a m.
Stage for Odessa, with U. S. Mail, leaves
shortly after arrival of tbe 10.43 am and 8.52
p m mail trains. •
Stages for Warwick, Sassafras and Cecilton
leave shortly after arrival of the 10.43 a m
The Oyster trade having closed, we have
commenced the Ice Cream season by patting
up a Horse Power, which enables ns to supply
that may be desired—from 1 gallon to 100,
daily—upon short notice. Our
full, as usual. Children's TOYS constant
on band.
On and after MAY 20tb, we will sell
1 7
to all who may want it to the amount of 5
lbs. daily, at our store from 8 to 9 o'clock in
tbe morning. No Ice sold after 9 o'clock and
none delivered without the CASH DOWN !
and in no quantity of less than 5 lbs.
E. B. RICE & CO.
may 6-tf
'And Watch Maker,
Hain Street, next door to National Hotel
Middletown, Delaware
C LOCKS, Watches, Jewelry, Ac. neatly
and promptly repared.
Always on hand and for gale, Clocks,
Watches, Plated Ware, Forks, Spoons, Sil
ver Napkin Rings, Silver Thimbles, Salt,
Sugar and Tea Spoons, Butter Knives, Gold
Breast-Pins, Ear-Rings, Finger-Rings, Sleeve
Buttons, Watch Chains, Watch Keys, Key
Rings, Steel Watch Chains, Ac.
Dec. 12—tf.
My neighbor's bouse is not so high
Nor half so nice as mine ;
I often see the blinds ajar,
And through the curtain's fine,
It's only muslin, and the steps
Are not of stone at all—
And yet I long for her small home
To give mine all in all.
Her lawn is never left to grow—
The children tread it down,
And when the father comes at night,
I hear them clatter down
The gravel walk ; and snch a noise
Comes to my quiet ears,
As my sad heart's been waiting for
So many silent years.
Sometimes I peep to see them seize
His coat and hand and knees—
All three so anxious to be first ;
And hear her call, "Don't tease
Papa"—the baby springs—
And then the low brown door
Shuts ont their happiness, and I
Sit wishing as before
That my neighbor's little cottage
And the jewels of her crown
Had been my own ; my mansion
With its front of granite brown,
It's damask and its Honiton—
Its lawn so green and bright
How gladly would I give them
For her motherhood to-night,
A Voyage on an Ice-Cake.
You boys imagine that going to sea
is a very nice thing. You sit with
your legs dangling off the wharf warm
afternoons and smell the pine-apples
and oranges, and watch . the vessels
coming up the harbor with sails spread,
and think there is no life like a sailor's.
It's natural enough, too. I used to
have the same feelings. I fancied when
I was a boy that when vessels left the
harbor they went where they liked,
sailing along the coast and among the
islands, and that the sailors could go
ashore when they pleased, and were as
happy as happy could be. Boys have
queer notions. They never think of
the dangers and sufferings and cruelty
on board of a ship, of which any sailor,
if he chooses, can tell them. I can
remember just how things used to
look to me in those days. The water
seemed so smooth and pleasant ; just as
if it was made to sail on. I used to
play around the wharves and get into
the boats and imagine myself quite a
sailor. I've had my days since then on
ship-board, and could tell you stories
that would oure you of wanting to goto
sea,if boys could ever be cured by stories.
But they can't, and perhaps the best
way, after all, is to let everybody learn
by experience.
I've never told you about my first
voyage. It was a short one, and came
very near being my last. I was only
twelve years old then, and it is nigh
forty years ago, but I remember it as
well as if it was this forenoon.
It was in the spring of the year, and
Yarmouth Harbor had been frozen
over, for the winter bad been colder
than usual There had been a week of
warm weather, with a slight raiD, and
the ice had got considerably broken.
Every tide great cakes were carried
down the channel and out to sea One
afternoon your father, who was two
years younger, started with me to see
the break-up in the upper harbor. On
tbe way we went past tbe widow Wil
son's and little Benny was playing in
the yard with his sled. When he found
out where we were going he was wild
to go with us. He did'nt have to ask
leave, as his mother was away ; so he
followed us along in great glee, drag
ging his Sled with him, although the
ground was nearly bare. When we got
to the head of the harbor the tide was
just beginning to ebb, and the ioe was
in motion. We stood on one of the
wharves for a long time watching the
great blocks heaving and crushing
and sailing slowly along toward the
channel, and so on out to sea. About
sunset it began to rain, and the wind
came up. It was a long distance home
around the bend of the harbor, though
our house was in plain view. If it had
only been clear water, and we had had
our boat, it would have taken but a
short time to reach our wharf.
"We might get on the ice," said
your father.
The idea had never struck me. I
noticed that every block struck the
shore just below our house, and then
eddied off into the channel again. It
would be capital. We could have such
a nice ride, and have it to tell of after
ward. There was a ladder reaching
down to the side of the whaif, and
we climbed down and stood on a
timber waiting for a big piece.
Pretty soon one came. The end just
touched the wharf and swung around
sideways, where we were, just as if it
had been done on purpose,and wejumped
on. It was about twenty feet long,
aod a little more than half as wide, and
just in the middle was a stout pole,
standing like a mast which had been
frozen in. It seemed almost like a ship,
and we played we were sailors, and
shouted and sang, and had a splendid
time. We didn't get along as fast as
we had thought, however, and before
we reached the place where we intended
to land it was dark, and the rain was
falling in torrents. We could just see
the shore and the lights, as they began
to come out in the village; and we could
see, too. that for two or three rods
away from the shore the water was
filled with smaller pieces of ice—too
small to bear our weight, yet large
enough to prevent our raft from coming
in. For a minute or two we remained
stationary, and we were in hopes that
your grandfather would see us and
bring something to help us ashore. Then
the huge cake began to drift again. We
shouted, but no answer came back.
Then your father and Benny began
crying; but, although I was afraid we
should be carried out to sea, I tried to
keep my heart up. I was in hopes we
could make them hear at the cove, or
that the lighthouse-keeper at the Cape
might see us. I did not realize the full
danger we were in. I knew it was
rough off the Cape, and I know, too,
tbe ice might break ; but I had such
strong faith that we should be rescued
that it didn't affect me mueb.
When we got opposite the light
could see the keeper trimming
~ lamp. He heard us, and shouted
We were not a dozen rods apart.
called out our names and begged
to help us. He tried to launch his
but the ice was piled in heaps by
landing, and all bis endeavors were
vain. Then he shouted he would
an alarm and send boats ; but I
that he had four miles to go on foot
fore that could be done,and by that
we might be out of sight. They
never find us in the darkness, and
waves would wash us off the moment
we got into the open bay. I did
dare to give way before the little
but I felt sure that we should never
home again.
The water began to grow rougher,
and it was not long before we had
oling to the pole to keep on the
We could not see each other plainly,
was so dark, and the water broke
us every moment. The sound of
fog bell off the Cape grew fainter,
at last ceased altogether. Then I knew
we were lost. Your father was a bravo
little fellow—braver than I. After
had been still a long while he began
saying the Lord's prayer aloud.
told me afterwards he was not afraid
after that. He knew that God would
save us But poor little Benny Wilson!
Every sob went to my heart like
knife. I knew his mother would
nigh distracted when she found out
he was gone. He sat on his sled with
one hand tight hold of mine, and
other clinging to the pole. He
only six years old, and a weakly little
chap at that. I have wondered many
time since then how be lived through
that night.
After awhile it stopped raining,
liâhted up so that we could see a little,
hut it was worse than the darkness.
did not dare to look at the water—it
was enough to feel it. So I dung
little Benny, who had cried himself
sleep, and shut my eyes. Your father
sat still grasping the polo with both
hands, but never speaking. The
strangest thing was that we were
washed off. Every wave that came
felt sure that we were gone; but
ice seemed to lift up with it, and though
we were constantly drenched, we man
aged to keep our place. It seemed
if that night would never go. I tried
to make believe that I was dreaming,
and that I was home abed in my little
room ; and for a minute it would seem
true. Then a wave would come, or little
Benny would cry out, and the dreadful
reality would come back to me.
Morning came at last, and our cour
age rose wth the sun. I stood up and
took a survey, but there was a thick
fog, and I could see neither land nor
vessel I knew thev would send out
S from CmoïtY, Tnd I S been
praying that they might find us. Once
I fancied I heard people calling, and
shouted and listened until I was com
pletely exhausted. Then I gave up
and shrunk down again. What with
the cold and fright and hunger, little
Benny had failed into a sort oi stupor.
I had tied one end of my woolen com
forter around his waist, and the other
to the pole, to keep him from rolling
off, for the water was growing rougher,
and I was afraid I might let go of him.
The fog thiokened very fast, and at
last we could hardly more than see the
end of our raft.
All at once your father started up,
and almost shouted—
"There's a vessel coming ! Hark !"
My heart beat so loud that at first
could hear nothing else. Then, a mo
ment after, the creaking of blocks and
the sound of voices came through the
fog, seemingly within a few yards.
never thought I could shout as loud as
I did the next second. An answer
came back so near that it almost startled
me. They thought, we found after
wards, that they were running into
another vessel.
"We're lost!" I cried out. "We
are on a cake of ice—three boys !"
"Great heavens!" we beard the cap
tain say. Then came tbe order, "Down
with the boats !"
They struck the water in nearly the
same minute the order was given, and
then we heard the stroke of oars.
"Where away?'
"Here," we both shouted.
A minute after we saw the dark side
of the boat, as she broke through the
fog, and slid alongside the ice. I shall
never forget the astonishment of tbe
men when they got sight of us, nor
their exclamations of wonder and sym
pathy as they lifted us into the boat
and pushed for the vessel, which was
not a dozen lengths away. The captain
was a rough looking sort of a man, and
I was a little afraid of him ; but when
he heard our story the tears ran down
his cheeks like rain.
"Go down into the cabin and get
something to cat, and dry your clothes,"
he said; and turning to the mate, who
had gone aft, he cried, "Put her away
for Yarmouth.
came tbe voice
The owner was on board, and was
standing by. "That won't do," said
he, "the boys are safe, and you can
send them back from Boston," for it
seems the vessels was bound for that
The Captain's eyes flashed as he
made answer : "You're the owner here,
but I'm the Captain. This schooner
goes into Yarmouth Harbor to-night if
she sinks at the wharf. I've got two
youngsters down on the Cape about the
size of them boys, and I'm going to do
just what I'd want any body else to do
if they could change places."
You know, then, what the conse
quences will be ?"
"No, I don't. And it wouldn't make
any difference if I did. I'm able to
take 'em, and moreover, I'm willing.
Head her north by east."
It would take too much time to tell
you how they tried to make us comfort
able. We were put into bunks while
our clothes were drying, having had a
hearty meal first, and it was not long
before we were asleep. When I awoke
I found the captain standing by me.
"Jump up, my lad,''said he, "you're
almost home We're off the Cape now,
and by five o'clock you'll be in your
father's house.
Your father and Benny were nearly
dressed and were wild with delight.
"I'm going to see my mother !
going to see my mother !" Benny
saying, as one of the sailors was
toning his jacket and lacing up
Then we scrambled on deck.
seemed such a time getting from Bun
ker's Island up to the channel. Lonj;
before we got to the wharf people
spied us through their glasses, and
word had spread. It seemed as if
the town was at the wharf, and
may be sure your grandmother
Benny's mother were not in the rear.
You can imagine the rest as well
I could tell it. It's a part of the story
I always skip. I will only say that
Captain Crowell, who brought us home,
who was discharged at Boston,
offered the command of one of
fioest brigs that ever sailed out of Yar
mouth, and went down in her in
storm off the West Indies, ten years
Mr. Editor :—An article in relation
to the Maryland and Delaware Ship
Canal appeared in the papers last week
with Mr. Tebbets' name attaohed to
as President, and, as I suppose, with
a his sanction. Can you inform any per
son who may be called upon in future
to subscribe to the "authorized issue
bonds" for the construction of the great
canal, whether the capital stock is all
to be subscribed for and full share value
paid into the treasury of the oompany,
before the issuing of any of the mort
gage bonds ? Or, is the canal to be
constructed from mortgage bonds issued
*>t par, with but a sma ll P er centage
capital stock issued ? I should judge,
from the reading of the article, that the
latter is the fact. Before making a call
f° r a subscription to the bonds, would
it not he well for said company to state
that it has fully complied with the re
quireinents of its charter, by showing
foil paid up stock list, and a fair com
mencement of the work of construction,
including the purchase of the. entire
right of way across the Peninsula?
Persons having money to lend out
would like some information on such
important topics Again, Mr. Tebbets
informs the public that "the time has
arrived to break ground for the con
struction of the proposed canal. May
I a ®b> if the charter does not.require
"the breaking of ground" or in other
words, commencement of construction
of the canal, to be within two years
{ ate f cWe . r? A f in ' 'Y' YV
8lble tbat tbe caDal ca " VaTdÄ
now at a cost not exceeding $4,000,000?
I behove ' bat 18 tbe 8um " ow fixad '7
0n, y one J ear a I°> tbe c08t was fixed '
a fter a careful estimate, at $8,000 000.
Had " ot the direction better wait an
other ? possibly it could then be con
8trnc ' ed for — th# rnle ° "T
can be worked outbyan expertanth
mat,cia ": Again Mr. Tebbets informs
g»® public that the distance across the
States for the cand is seventeen miles
U" sb fill he not find some
d,f ? r . en u Ce 'he figures after the work
is finished? Again, if the import and
export tonnage tables of the city of
Baltimore be examined for the past
year, or for any year, even including
the oyster tonnage from the bay, all the
trade tonnage to and from Southern
ports and West Indies, all combined,
will it produce 4,000,000 tons ? Has
Mr. T. made an error in his tonnage
figures ? This tonnage is to be at 20
cents per ton tolls through the new
canal; does Mr. T. know what toll
the tonnage through the upper canal is
at ? Possibly he would upon making
the necessary inquiry find that much of
the tonnage is now at about one-half
his own figures and the rates he intends
to charge through his canal, that is to
be. It is not pleasant to upset such
beautiful figures, but faots are stubborn
things. Not to take more of your
valuable space, I will close by making
the simple request that the queries in
this communication be answered if pos
The Md. and Del. Ship Canal.
Pro Bono Publico.
A Mother's Request.
Monday evening, as the train bound
East in charge of Conductor Dunham,
stopped here for supper, we noticed a
young woman attired in deep mourning
alight from one of the passenger coaohes
and walked down the platform, attended
by a gentleman. She had a handker
chief to her eyes, and, with her head
resting upon the shoulder of her escort,
her body quivered with emotion, as the
hot teais ran down her face. We did
not suspect the cause of her grief until
she passed the baggage-master leaning
against this car. As she did so, she
lifted up her head, and with the tears
still streaming down her pale face, she
said, in a tremulous voice: "Please do
not pile anything on my little ones !"
and then, giving up afresh to the in
tensest grief, she sank her head on the
shoulder of the gentleman, and passed
back to the ceach from which she came.
As soon as she was gone from sight,
we stepped up to the baggage man and
inquired the cause of the lady's action
He thereupon told us that only three
weeks ago she had passed up the road
with a family of three little children.
She and they were, at that time, enjoy
ing good health, and were happy in one
another's love. They were beautiful
children and the mother idolized them.
Having reached their point of destina
tion in the Western portion of Kansas,
they were suddenly taken sick, and the
three little ones died within a few days
of one another, and there was nothing
left to the mother but to bear their
corpses back to her home in the East,
and so they were in the car .—Sedalia
A Texas editor, after an interview
with an unusual and unwelcome visitor,
writes: "Hereafter Texas and others
having like business, will please send a
postal card, as it disturbs our equani
mity to have slouch hats and six shooters
invade our stomachs." That editor must
be an importation from the Eastern
States. A Texan to the manor born
isn't disturbed by civilities of that sort.
The First Discovery of America.
Biarne was much blamed for his fail*
are to explore the country which he
had seen. But he seems to have taken
matters very eooly ; and as it was more
profitable for him to carry on his trad
ing voyages with Norway, he made no
use of his observations in the unknown
Western sea. Ths sons of Earl Erie,
however, burned with desire to explore
the mysterious regions of which Biarne
and his crew had brought such vague
Accordingly, a family council having
settled the details, Leif, the eldest son
of Erie the B>ed, in 1000, bought
Biarne's ship, and fitted her for the
Thirty-five men, among whom
was Biarne, composed the crew, and
Leif entreated his father to take the
command. The old Viking reluctantly
consented ; but, on the way to the point
of departure, his horse stumbled and
threw his rider. This was a bad omen
to the superstitious Erie, who declared
that it was ordained that he should dis
cover no new countries. He therefore
gave up the command to Leif, who
sailed prosperously into the West.
Beversing the order of Biarne's voy
age, Leif first found the land which
Biarne had last seen. This region is
now known as Newfoundland. Leif
.went on shore. From the sea to the
inland mountains was a plain of fiat
stones. So he called it Helluland
hella, a flat stone. In like manner,
when he came to the next land, which
was a country covered with wood, he
gave that the name of Markland, or
Woodland. The name of that region
is now Nova Scotia. The young Viking
kept on with a north-east wind, and, in
two days and two nights, made land a
third time. This was undoubtedly on
the coast of New England ; precisely
where, has never been satisfactorily
settled. Leif first landed on an island,
where he waited for good weathef !
Then, coasting along the shore line, he
went up a river that through a lake,
says the chronicle. Here they cast an
chor and made preparations to winter,
for it was now autumn.
It is generally conceded that this was
the discovery by the Northmen of the
coast of what is now Rhode Island,
and that Leif built his booths, or
houses somewhere on the shore of
Mount Hope Bay, or Narragansett Bay.
On his homeward voyage in the spring,
Leif picked up a shipwrecked ere w, which
he kindly carried to shore. This, and
his marvelous adventures in the New
World, gave him the title of Leif the
Fortunate. It was not long before the
news reached Europe. Vineland, as
Leif called it, was known as Vineland
the Good. By this name one historian,
Adam of Bremen, heard of the land
when he visited Sweden in 1075.
Soon after this, Erie died, and Leif,
now the head of the family, sailed the
seas no more. His brother, Thorvald,
took up the enterprise, and, in 1002,
set sail in Leifs ship for Vineland the
Good. He found the booths built by
his brother and took possession of them,
and there he spent the winter. In the
following spring he coasted far to the
westward, and we conclude, from the
description of the oountry which we
saw, that he passed through the whole
length of Long Island South. Possibly,
he went as far as New Vork Bay, and
there found "another lake through
which a river flowed to the sea," of
which he Bpoke. The party landed on
many islands, and were enchanted with
the groves of great trees, the green
grass, and the abundance of vegetable
growths whioh were so new and strange
to them.— St. Nicholas for July.
, from
Mystery ov Dreams. —It is related
that a man fell asleep as ths clock tailed
the first stroke of twelve. He awakened
ere the echo of the twelfth stroke had
died away, having, in the interval,
dreamed that he committed a crime, was
detected after five years, tried and con
demned ; the shock of finding the halter
about his neck aroused him to con
sciousness, when he discovered that all
these events had happened in an infin
itesimal fragment of time. Mohammed,
wishing to illustrate the wonders of
sleep, told how a certaio man, being a
sheik, found himself, for his pride, made
a poor fisherman ; that he lived as one
for sixty years, bringing up a family
and working hard; and how, upon
waking up from this long dream, so
short a time had he been asleep that
the narrow necked gourd bottle, which
he knew he overturned as he fell asleep,
had not time in which to empty itself.
How fast the soul travels when the body
is asleep ! Often, when we awake, we
shrink from going back into the dull
routine of a sordid existence, regretting
the pleasanter life of dreamland. How
is it that sometimes, when we go to a
strange place, we fancy that we have
seen it before? Is it possible that when
one has been asleep the soul has floated
away, seen tbe place, and has that mem
ory of it which so surprises us ? In a
word, how far dual is the life of man,
how far not ?
Two big St. Bernard dogs, alike as
two peas, but having separate owners,
were stolen from Geneva. One wan
dered back, and was claimed by both
masters. A lawsuit was the conse
quence, and the magistrate, in the ab
sence of proof as to ownership, resolved
to use the dog as a witness. The ani
mal was loosed in the court-room, the
expectation being that he would show
recognition of his rightful owner ; but
he paid equal attention to each, and
more to the Judge than either. He
responded impartially, too, to the name
of each lost dog. The jury could not
agree, and the contestants decided to
give the dog to the Judge.
Take care of little things Springs
are little things, but they are sources
of large streams; a helm is a little
thing, but it governs ths course of a
ship ; a bridle bit is a little thing, but
see its practical use and power ; nails
and pegs are little things, but they
hold large part of buildings together.
So a word, a look, a frown—all are
little things, but they are powerful for
good or evil. Think of this, parents
and teachers, and mind the little things
in the lives and words and action of tbe
obildren entrusted to you.
Animal Sagacity,
The Rochester Union tells the
lowing story concerning "a medium
sized black and tan dog of unusual
spirit and intelligence," owned in
city : On a recent occasion, when
with its master, a good sized wood
chuck was discovered by the dog
tially concealed under a. large tree,
in such a position that it oould not
dislodged by ordinary means, and could
not be reached by the eager terrier,
who was wild at the prospeot of
prey escaping him. It occurred to
of the party that by pouring water
the burrow the groundhog would
forced to evacuate his quarters
give battle to the dog. A creek
near by, and, finding an old tin pail,
water was carried to the root of the
and the 'chuck flooded out. His
was soon decided by the dog, who
said to have shown more than ordinary
satisfaction at the result, and from
after result must have taken a mental
note of the means by which the burrow
brought within
iug animal was
reach. This occurred several weeks
ago, and had almost passed from
recollection of the dog's owner, when
was recalled by tbe following strange,
if true, incident : In taking his cus
tomary "constitutional" in the woods,
the gentleman not thinking of any such
thing as the destruction of a wood
chuck, was astonished to see his dog
stop like a well trained setter on
bank of a small creek, and sniff eagerly
at something on the other side.
hesitated but a moment and then dashed
into the water and was soon digging
with a vim at tbe root of an old tree
and looking up anxiously toward
master, as if conscious that the assist
ance of the latter was absolutely neces
sary to the success of his design on the
woodchuck whioh he had found. His
owner, not wishing to disappoint the
dog, went over to see what was up.—
He found the situation to be similar
that of the occasion when a deluge en
abled the dog to make away with his
foe. But this time there was no pail
at hand, and it appeared as if the wood
chuok would esoape. In this emer
and it
gone. He was absent five or ten min
utes, and on making his appearance
astonished his master by his frantic
efforts to run along with an old tin pre
serve oan, whioh he was carrying in his
mouth, although it partially covered his
the dog suddenly disappe
was not known where he
A Home-Made Guillotine.
Lafayette, Ind., June 11.—James
A. Moore, aged about thirty-five, liv
ing on a farm near the Farmer's Insti
tute, about 15 miles south of this city,
committed suicide at the Lake House in
this city last night. He leaves a wife
and three children. No cause is known
for the deed. The manner in whioh
was accomplished is
leled in horrid in
the Lake House
perfecting an invention,and would prob
ably stay a week, but would visit his
home Monday, and prepaid his bill till
that time. He called at the machine
shop of Harding & Sens, had a large
broad-axe and two bars of three inch
wide by one inoh thick iron, sixteen
inches long, which he had riveted to
the head of the axe. On either side,
fastened to these bars in the shape of a
handle to an axe, he had a system of
wooden bars eight feet long, the ex
treme end of which was fastened to a
cross-piece, secured to the floor by
hinges. The axe was raised and held
to its nearly perpendicular
a double cord, fastened to t
Between the cords stood a candle ar
ranged so that when the candle burned
down to the cords it would burn them
off, and the axe fall. Where the axe
would fall he placed a small box, open
on one side, in whioh, when found, was
his head with some cotton, which had
been chloroformed. His chin was held
up from his neck by a stick run across
the box, through holes on either side,
holding his head firmly in position.—
He was strapped tightly to the floor
with two straps, one around his legs,
another about his arms and breast. The
straps were both screwed to the floor,
rendering it impossible to move. It is
Ö perhaps unparal
. He oame to
iy, said he was
position by
he wall.—
supposed that he set his axe, lit the
candle, and strapped himself to the
floor, put his head in the box with the
chloroformed cotton, and was probably
insensible when the axe fell. The axe
and fixings would weigh about 50
louads, and would fall a distance of
irom 10 to 15 feet. His head was com
pletely severed from his body, and the
axe buried in the boards beneath.—
From the Chicago Tribune.
Littlr CniLDRRN. -People who habit
ually put children out of their hearts,
and close their doors upon them, have
no idea how much comfort they set
aside—what pleasure, what amusement.
Of course the little creatures meddle
with things, and leave the traces of
their fingers on the wall, and ory and
"bother" a little ; but when one gets
into the way of it, as mothers and other
loving relatives do, those things be
come of minor importance. Children
say such pretty things, and do such
funny things, the touch of their little
hands is so soft, the sound of their
voices so sweet, their frees are so pretty,
their movements so graceful and so
comical, the whole family goes baby
mad—and it is no wonder. No book
was ever written that was half as inter
esting as a little child that is learning
to talk and to think, that is developed
from a tiny animal into a being with a
conscience and a heart.
False Economy.—Do not be eco
nomical. That is, if you mean by
economy the practice of denying your
self all enjoyment and all refining in
fluence about your homes through s
wish to save money. There is no more
sordid disposition in the world A bare,
oheerless house whioh has no pictures,
no mnsic, no books, and but very little
comfort in carpets and other upholstery,
while there is plenty of monsy in bank
and loaned ont among neighbors, is a
reflection on a man aa if he waa charged
with eertain kinds of embenlement.
Humilitiy, like darkness, reveals the
Heavenly lights.
A well-bred woman never hears an
impudent remark.
The slanderer and the assassin differ
but in their weapons.
A friend that you buy with presents
can be bought from you.
This year's strawberry crop of Ken
tucky has never been equalled.
In a quarrel it is always the well
bred who is the first to give way.
A great deal of talent is lost to the
world for the want of a little courage.
The rose has its thorns, the diamond
its specks, and every man his failings.
Mean souls, like mean pictures, are
sometimes found in good looking frames.
A thing is never too often repeated
which is never sufficiently learned.—
The most laudable ambition is to be
wise, and the greatest wisdom is to be
A fool is often as dangerous to deal
with as a knave, and always more in
It is quite oool up on the Kennebec.
200,000 tons of ice unsold is still housed
The Fourth of July, 1776, occurred
on Tuesday. It falls on the same day
this year.
The love of justice in most men is
nothing but the fear of suffering from
5,515 is the weight of a Tennessee
bullook steering this way for exhibition
at the Centennial.
There are between thirty and forty
American ladies now receiving lessons
in opera at Milan.
Self-will is so ardent and active, that
it will break a world to pieces to make
a stool to sit on.
To think kindly of each other is
good, but to act kindly
another is best of all.
The man who never alters his opin
ion is like standing water and breeds
reptiles in the mind.
A man that keeps riohes and enjoys
them not, is like an us that carries geld
and eats thistles.
A man will not listen to truth told
him by an enemy ; and he very rarely
gets it from a friend.
The famous impeachment trial of
Warren Hastings, before the British
Parliament, lasted eleven years.
If you intend to do a mean thing,
wait till to-morrow. If you are to do
a noble thing, do it now.
As daylight oan be seen through very
small holes, so little things will illus- .
träte a person's character.
A desire to say things which no one
ever said makes some people say things
no body ought to say.
There are sharp thorns bidden among
the fairest flowers, there are treacherous
quioksands in the sweetest valleys.
To sneer and denounce is a very euy
way of assuming a great deal of igno
Most of our misfortunes are more
supportable than the comments of our
friends upon them.
To lose our oharity in defenoe of our
religion is to sacrifice the citadel to
maintain the outworks.
Teach children to love everything
that is beautiful, and you will teach
them to be beautiful and good.
Faith, therefore, is a certain stead
fast beholding, which looketh upon
nothing else but Christ.— Luther.
Boys at the Saratoga Springs who
deal out water are to wear an "import
ed uniform" of blue and scarlet.
towards one
There is no readier way of bringing
our own worth in question, than to de
tract from the worth of other men.
We are safe at sea, safer in the storm
that God sends than in a calm when we
are befriended by the world .—Jeremy
Nearly 550,000 persons are interred
in the cemeteries of Calvary, Green
wood and Cypress Hills in the vicinity
of New York.
A thousand dollars a month rent for
a cottage at Newport is considered by
no means remarkable, bat it takes a
man of means to pay it.
All tbe good some people do in this
life is the good they do to themselves :
and he who lives for himself alone lives
for a very mean fellow.
More hearts pine away in secret an
guish for the want of kindness from
those who should be there comforters
than for any other calamity in life.
It is true, practical wisdom to mako
the faults of others serve as so many bea
cons to warn us from the rooks and
shoals on whioh they have been wreoked.
Of all the acts of oowardiee the
meanest is that which leads ns to aban
don a good cause because it is weak,
and join a bad cause because is is strong.
In the natural history of inseota the
grub turns into a butterfly : but it often
occurs in the natural history of man
that the butterfly turns into a grub.
The confessional was the means by
whioh Mr. F. E. Whitcomb, of Boston,
recovered a lost pocket-book containing
a check for $200, besides other valua
Do good for thine own satisfaction,
and care not what follows. Cause not
gray hairs to any one; nevertheless,for
the truth, even gray hairs are to be dis
Who is wise ? He that is teachable.
Who is mighty ? He that conquers
himself. Who is rioh? He that is
contented. Who is honored ? He that
honoreth others.
In all evils which admit a remedy,
impatience should be avoided, because
it wastes that time and attention in com
plaints, whioh, if properly applied,might
remove this cause.
The superiority of man to nature is
continually illustrated in literature and
in life. Nature needs an immense
quantity of quills to make a goose with;
but man oan make a goose of himself
in five minutes with one quill.

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