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JHLÖMetuttm fan t\ I NO. 28. MIDDLETOWN, DELAWARE, SATURDAY MORNING, JULY 8, 1876. VOL. IX. teÄss. Teaching Children Courage.-— 3untkr and Hardware. LINDLEY & KEMP, —dealers in— HARDWARE, AND Agricultural Implements, IN FOARD it COMEGYS' WAREHOUSE, MIDDLETOWN, DELAWARE. HARDWARE DEPARTMENT. Iron and Steel, Horse and Mule Shoes, Horse Nails, Blacksmith Supplies, Chain Traces, Harnes, Trowels, Nails, Spikes, Locks, Hinges, Bolts, Files, Chisels, Levels, Planes, Bevels, Wrenches, Picks, Matlocks, Hubs, Rims, Spokes, Shafts, Long and Short Arms, Clips, Springs, Enameled Cloth, Gum Canvass, sc. A complete stock of TOOLS and Supplies for Carpenters, Builders, Masons, Sadlers, Shoemakers and others, with many House furnishing articles. We invite the public to call and examine our prices. a Paints, Oils, Turpen tine, Glass and Putty, CHEAPEST AND BEST. Agricultural Department. Farmer's Friend, Heckendorn, Wiley, Concave and Moore PLOWS ; Plow Castings, Grindstones, Pumps, Scales, Corn Shellers,Churns, Shovels,Forks, Spades, Hoes and Rakes. _3»-No trouble to show goods, [mar 18 Lumber °< Hardware. G. E. HUKILL, Successor to J. B. FENIM0RE & CO., Oppotiie the R. R. Depot, MIDDLETOWN, DELAWARE, DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF Lumber, Hardware, and General Building Material, Sash, Doors, Shutters, Blinds, and Mouldings, Paints, Oils, Var nishes, Glass and Putty, Bricks, Building Lime, Hair, Etc. Constantly on hand. , —also— averill chemical paint TOWN AND COUNTRY PAINT, i (Ready-Mlxeit.) "Blatcbley's" "Celebrated Cucumber Wood Pumps and everything in the building line. Having made arrangements with large wholesale dealers, I shall be prepared to fur nish large bills of Lumber for buildings, such as I may not have in stock, direct from whole sale dealers, thereby securing the lowest prices possible to be obtained. Give me a call, and get my prices, before purchasing elsewhere. Feb 5-ly. WORDEN Saab, Door, Blind and Peach Basket Factory, AND LUMBER YARD. I would call attention to my large stock of white pine Hemlock Lumber always in stock Also, Sash, Doors, Blinds, Shutters & Mould, ings, which I will sell at city prices. Buying my lumber by the cargo, I am enabled to offer extraordinary inducements in prices. In quiries by mail receive prompt attention. All kinds of mill work to order. Peach baskets • a specialty in their season. Jan 1—6m J. E. WORDEN, Smyrna, Del. APRIL. 1875. HARDWARE, PAINTS, AND CUCUMBER WOOD PUMPS. Q-. IE. HUKILL —SUCCESSOR TO— J. B. FENIMORE & CO., DEALER IN LUMBER AND GENERAL BUILDING MA TERIAL. We hope by giving onr personal attention to business, and making moderate charges to TfiC Qive ufacdU* * ELIaSON & BENSON, Middletown, Del. HARDWARE—Building, Household and Agricultural. PAINTS—"AVERILL" and "TOWN and COUNTRY"— all colors; ready mixed; tbe and cheapest— in quarts, gallons and BEST larger packages. PUMPS*-"BLATCHLEY'S'' CUCUMBER WOOD— acknowledged tbe best. NEW STOVE AND TIN STORE Eliason & Benson, Manufacturers and Dealers in STORES, HEATERS, RANGES, AND TIN WARE OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. We have in stock tbe most popular and best Parlor, Cook and Room Stove manufac tured, amoag them may be found the Home Delight, Morning Light, Florentine, Tuscan, Bon Ton, Florence, Charm, Belle, Regulator, Centennial, Palace Cook, Golden Eagle, Eureka, Combination Cook, .Wabasb, Model Complete, Victor Cook, Pretty Range, Pet Range, and can furnish on short notice any other stove.manufactured. We invite special attention to the Regula tor "Revolving Top" for convenience. Sur passes anything in the stove line ever offered in this market. Stoves repaired on the shortest notice. Roofing and spouting a specialty. Poetry never paid a nobler tribute to the fallen warrior than the following beautiful lines written by a Confederate officer, nor could there be a better evidence of their ap preciation than the fact that the last four lines of the first stanza are engraved on the marble monument at the soldiers' cemetery on Ar lington Heights : THE BIVOUAC OF THE DEAD, The muffled drum's sad roll has beat The soldier's last tattoo ! No more on life's parade shall meet That brave and fallen few ! On fame's eternal camping ground, Their silent tents are spread, And glory guards, with solemn round, The bivouac of the dead. No rumor of the foe's advance Now swells upon the wind ; No troubled thought at midnight haunts Of loved ones left behind. No vision of to-morrow's strife The warrior's dream alarms ; No braying horn or screaming fife At dawn shall call to arms. Their shivered swords are red with rust, Their plumed heads are bowed, Their haughty banner trailed in dust Is now their martial shroud ; And plenteous funeral tears have washed The red stains from each brow ; And the proad forms by battle gashed Are free from anguish now. The neighing troop, the flashing blade, The bugle's stirring blast; The charge, the dreadful cannonade, The din and shout nre past. Nor War's wild note, nor Glory's peal, Shall fill with fierce delight Those breasts that never more may feel The rapture of the fight. Rest on, embalmed and sainted dead ! Dear as the blood ye gave ; No impious footsteps here shall tread Tbe herbage of tbe grave ; Not shall your glory be forgot, While Fame her record keeps, Or Honor points the hallowed spot, Where Valor proudly sleeps. You marble minstrel's voiceful stone In deathless song shall tell, When many a vanished year hath Sown, The story how ye fell ; Nor wreck, nor change, nor winter's blight, Nor Time's remorseless doom Can dim one ray of holy light That gilds your glorious tomb. Theodore O'Hara. A NIGHT OF TERROR. This night, which will dwell in my memory with vivid distinctness while life and reason are left me, was in Oc tober a long while ago. I was at that time a telegraph operator stationed upon the Grand Trunk Line of railroad. Mine was by no means a model place of residence. There were beer-gardens, drinking saloons, and gambling houses, out of all proportion to the more re spectable shops and residences ; we had two arrests of counterfeiters, and there was scarcely a day passed that there was not a brawl amongst the ruffians around ns. Still, there was a school, and a timid bine eyed woman had come to teach there. How long an unprotected woman might have lived there I can only guess, for Alice Holt had been there but three months when she consented to walk into church with me one day and walked out my wife. This was in July, and we had occupied a pretty cottage nearly a quarter of a mile from the telegraph office since our marriage. Being the only man employed at the telegraphic business in that town,I was obliged to remain constantly at the office daring tbe day and part of the evening, and Alice herself brought me my din ner and supper. There was a small room next to my office, with a window, but, only one door, communicating with the larger room. Here Alice had fitted up a dressing table and mirror, washstand, and some shelves, where she kept pep per, salt and pickles for my office re pasts. Tbe two rooms were on the second floor of a wooden building that stood alone. With this necessary introduction I come to my story of that October night and the part my blue-eyed Alice, only 18 and afraid of her own shadow,played in it. I was in the office about 7:30 o'clock, when one of the railway officials came in, all flurried, saying : "Stirling, have you been over to the embankment on the road to-day ?" The embankment was not a quarter of a mile from the office, on the east side. "No ; I have-not." "It was a special providence took me there, then. One of the great masses of rock has rolled down directly across the track. It will he as dark a9 a wolf's mouth to-night, and if the midnight np train comes without warniog, there will he a horrible smash up." "It must stop at Postville, then," I replied. "I will send a message." "Yes That is what I stopped in for. The down train is clear so you need not stop that train." "All right, sir." I was standing at the door seeing my caller down the rickety staircase when Alice came np with my supper It was hot and I cold, so I drew up a table, and opening can and basket, sat down to enjoy it. Time enough for business I thought afterward. As I ate we chatted. "Any message to-day !" my wife asked. "One for John Martin." "John Martin?" Alice cried; "the greatest ruffian in the neighborhood. What was the message ?" "Midnight train !" "Was that all !" "That was all. Mr. Hill has just been in here to tell me there was a huge rock across the track at the embank ment, so I shall stop the midnight train at Postville. The passengers mast wait a few hours there, and come on in the morning after the track is cleared." "Have you sent that message, Rob ert ?" "Not yet. There is plenty of time. That train does not reach Postville till half past 11 and it is not yet 8. Yes, it is just striking." "Better Send it, Robert. If there ghould he an accident you would never forgive yourself. Send it while I put some clean towels in the wash-room and then I will come you till you can come home." She went into the dressing-room as she spoke, taking no light, but depend ing on the candles burning in the of fice. I was rising from my seat to send the telegram, when the door opened aod four of the worst characters in the town, led by John Martin, entered the Before I could speak, two threw back in ray chair, one held a revol ver to my head, and John Martin spoke : "Mr. Hill was here to tell you to stop the up train. You will not send that message. Listen The rock is there to stop that train—put there for that purpose. There is 050,000 in gold the train. Do you understand?" "You would risk all the lives in the train to rob it ?" I cried, horror-struck. "Exactly!" was the cool reply. "One-fifth is yours if you keep back The money has been room. me in the message, watched all the way along!" I saw the whole diabolical scheme at If the train came it would he once. thrown off the embankment and they could easily lie in wait there. "Come," Martin said, "will you join OB "Never!" I cried indignantly. "We must force you then Tiehitn fast. I trembled for Alice If only my life were at stake I could have borne it better. But even if we were both murdered I could not take the blood of the passengers in the train upon my Not a sound came from the lit tle room as I was tied hand and foot to my chair, bound so securely that I could not move. It was proposed to gag me, but they finally concluded that my cries, if I made any, could not be heard, and a handkerchief was hound over my mouth. The door of the wash-room was closed and locked. Alice stood undiscovered, then the light was blown out and the ruffians left me, locking the door after them. There was a long silence. Outside I could hear the step of one of the men pacing up and down watohing I rubbed my head against the wall behind me, and succeeded in getting the handker chief on my mouth to fall around my neck. I had scarcely accomplished this wheD there was a tap. on the inner door. head "Robert!" Alice said. "Yes, love. Speak low, there is a man under my window." "Are you alone in the room ?" "Yes, dear." "I am going to Postville. There is no man under my window, and I can get out there I have six long roller towels here, knotted together and I have cut my white skirt ioto wide stripes to join them. The rope so made reaches nearly to the ground. I shall fasten it to the door knob and let myself down It will not take long to reach home, saddle Selim and reach Post ville in time. Don't fear for me. When you hear a hen cackling under my win dow you will know I am safely on the ground." Little Alice! My heart throbbed heavily as I heard her heroic proposal, bat I dared not stop her. "Heavens bless and protect you," I said, and listened for her signal. Soon the cackling noise told me the first step of her perilous undertaking was taken. It was dark, clondy and threatening a storm, and nearly as I could guess, close upon 9 o'clock. She had to go six miles and I could only wait and I was too much stunned even a I pray. yet to realize the heroism of this dark ride through a wild country with a storm threatening. Nine o'clock ! As the bell of the church clock ceased to strike, a rnmble, a flash, told me a thunder storm was coming rapidly. Oh, the long, long minutes of the next hour ! Ten o'clock. The rain falling in torrents, the thunder pealing, light ning flashing ! Alice was so afraid of lightning. Often I had held her, white as death, trembling, almost fainting, in such a storm as this. Had she feared to start with the storm in pros pect, or was she lying somewhere on the wild road overcome by terror, or perhaps stricken by lightning? Eleven o'clock. The storm was over, though the still night was inky black— no sound to cheer me, none to make the hideous suspense more durable. A host of possibilities, like frightful night mares, chased one another through my tortured brain. Would the next hour ever pass?— Once the clock tolled midnight, all was safe. I we I was drenched with a perspiration wrung from me by mental agony one hour, chilled with horror the next. No words can describe the misery, of wait ing as the minutes dragged along. In the dead silence a far off sound struck a thrill of horror to my heart, far ex ceeding even the previous agony. Far, far away a faint whistle came through the air. Nearer and nearer, then the distinct rumble of the t rain growi ng more and more distinct. The midnight up train was coming swiftly, surely, to certain destruction ! Where was my wife? Had the ruffians intercepted her at the cottage? Was she lying dead somewhere upon the wild road ? Her heroism was of no avail, hut was her life saved? In the agony of that question the approaching rumble of the train was lost ; far more did I feel the bitterness of Alice dead than the horror of the doomed lives the train carried. Why had I let her start upon her mad errand ? I tried to move and writhed in im potent fnry upon my chair, forcing tbe cruel cords to tear my flesh as I vainly tried to loosen even one hand. The heavy train rumbled past the tele graph office. It was an express train and did not stop at my station, hut as I listened, every sense sharpened by mental torture, it seemed to me that its speed slaekeDed. Listening intently I knew that it stopped at the embank ment, as nearly as I could judge. Not with the sickening crash I expected, not preceding wails and groans from the injured passengers, but gradually and earefully. A moment more and I beard shouts, the crack of firearms, the sounds of some conflict. What couuld it all mean? The min utes were all hours till I heard a key turn in the door of my prison and a moment later two tender arms were round my neck and Alice was whisper ing in my ear: "They will come in a few minutes, love, to let you free ! The villains left the key in the door! I thought of that before I started, but there was a man at the front watching, I crept around the house and I saw him though I did not dare to be seen." "But have been to Postville?" "Yes, dear." "In all that storm ?" "Selim seemed to understand. He carried me swiftly and surely. I was well wrapped in my water proof cloak and hood. When I reached Postville the train had not come up." "But it is here!" "Only the locomotive and one car riage. In that carriage were a sheriff, a deputy sheriff and twenty men armed to the teeth, to capture the gang at the embankment. I came, too, and they lowered me from the platform where the speed slackened so that I could run in here and tell you all was safe !" While we spoke my wife's fiDgers had first untied the handkerchief around my neck, and then, in the dark, found some of the knots of the cord binding me. But I was still tied fast and strong, when there was a rush of many feet upon the staircase and in another mo ment light and joyful voices. "We've captured the whole nine!" was the good news. "Three, including John Martin are desperately wounded, but the surprise was perfect ! Now old fellow for you !" A dozen clasp-knives at once severed my bonds, and a dozen hands were ex tended in greeting. As for the praise showered on my plucky little wife, it would require a a volume to tell half it. The would-be assassins and robbers were sent for trial and sentenced to penal servitude. Alice and I left for a more civilized community the following year. But before we went, there was an invitation sent to us to meet a committee from the railroad company at Postvillo. We ac cepted ; had a dinner ; were toasted and complimented, and then Alice was pre sented with a silver tea service, as a testimonial, from the passengers upon the threatened up train, the company and the railroad directors, in token of their gratitude for the lives and property saved by my heroine. Overgoverning Children. Children are often brought up with out any particular habits of self-govern ment, because the governing is done for them and on them. A girl that is never allowed to sew, all of whose clothes are made for her and put on her till she is ten, twelve, fifteen, or eighteen years of age, is spoiled. The mother has spoiled her by doing everything for her. The true idea of self-restraint is to let the child venture. A child's mistakes are often better than its no-mistakes ; because when a child makes mistakes and has to correct them, it is on the way towards knowing something. A child that is waked up every morning, and never wakes himself up ; and is dressed, and never makes mistakes in dressing himself; and is washed, and uever makes mistakes about being clean ; and is fed, and never has any thing to do with his food; and is watched, and never watches himself; and is cared for, and kept all day from doing wrong—such a child might about as well he a tallow candle, perfectly straight, and solid, and comely, and unvital, and good for nothing, but to be burned up. The poor weaver who has a large family of children, without bread enough for half of them, and sets them to work before they are five years old, is a phi lanthropist. Yon may gather arouDd them, and mourn over them; bnt blessed be the weaver's children ! The twelve children of the poor weaver will turn out better than the twelve children of tbe millionaire. I would rather take an insurance on the weaver's children than on the millionaire's. Blessed are those that learn by the hard way of life what every man must learn first or last or go ashore a wreck—namely, self-restraint. The steel that has suf fered most is the best steel. It has been in the furnace again and again ; it has been on the anvil ; it has been tight in the jaws of the vice; it has felt the rasp; it has been heated, and ham mered, and filed, until it docs not know itself, and it comes out a splendid knife. And if men only knew it, what are called their "misfortunes" are God's best blessings, they are the moulding influences which give them shapeliness, and edge, and durability, and power. A Beautiful Srntiment-I confess that increasing years bring increasing respect for those who do not succeed in life, as these words are comm only «ed. K and it is surely true tha celestial do not best thrive and bloom in graces the hot blaze of worldly prosperity. Ill success sometimes rises from super abundance of qualities in themselves good—from conscience too sensitive, a taste tro fastidious, a self-forgetfulness too romantic, a modesty too retiring. I will not go so far as to say, with a liv ing poet, that the world knows nothing of its greatest men, but there are forms of greatness, or at least excellence,that die and make no sign; there are martyrs that miss the palm, hut not the stake; there are heroes without the laurel, and conquerors without the triumph It is a remarkable fact that every day in the week is observed by some nation for the public celebration of re ligious services. Sunday is devoted by the Christians, Monday by the Greeks, Tuesday by the Persians, Wednesday by the Assyrians, Thursday by the Egyptians, Friday by the Tuiks, and Saturday by the Jews. He who lives without folly is not so wise as he thinks Short Sketch of Theodore Thomas. Theodore Thomas, whose reputation as a conductor is recognized not only throughout this country, but also in Europe, is entirely a self-made man, achieving the present high position he holds, solely by his fine-art instinct, determined will and untiring energy. He was born in the Kingdom of Han over, in the year 1835, and received his first musical instruction from his father, who wâs a violinist. He ac quired skill upon the violin at a very early age, for he played in public with eclat when only six years old. Luckily he was not a phenomenon, or we might here have laid down our pen ; he was, on the contrary, very earnest in his studies, which carried him safely over that chrysalis state. The family came to New York in 1845, and for two years he was heard at various concerts during the season. For the few years following he traveled, visiting the most prominent places of the United States, and gathering up knowledge and information for future For the next few years he occu pied the position of first violin during the engagements of Sontag, Jenny Lind, Grisi, Mario, and Others, and finally became conductor of both the He also use. Italian and German operas, formed one of the parties of eminent artists who successively traveled through the United States, such as Laborde, Thalberg, and Piccolomini. During this period, however, he stole a year from public duty to pursue the study of musical science. He also established his famous Quartette Soirees, in con junction with Wm. Mason, J. Mosen thal, G. Matzka, Carl Bergmann and Fr. Bergner. These soirees were main tained for thirteen years, purely in the interest of art, for profit they made none, but on the contrary, he bad to devote hours to the study of the pieces, which could otherwise have been pro fitably employed in teaching. In 1861, Mr. Thomas abandoned his position with the opera altogether. Tlfe position was profitable, but its scope was not in the direction of his feelings. As an old and prominent member of the New York Philharmonic Society, he had taken to his heart the great sym phonio works of the classical authors. He felt that the field was not fully oc cupied ; that five concerts a year altogether too few to develop the great works of tbe dead and living masters ; the other mast be neglected in degree. This conviction led him to establish his famous Symphony Con certs, which he has, all unaided, con tinued during the past nine years. To these concerts wo owe the know ledge of a vast repertoire of fine music, ancient and modern, which would other wise have remained sealed to us. The variety and rare excellence of his pro , have been the subject of ad comment, both here and in were one or some grammes miring Europe. To the instrumental selections he added the charm of choral pieces, producing rare and beautiful works, by the aid of the Mendelssohn Union, of which he was the elected conductor. It may he well imagined that so great undertaking was attended with vast ex pense, which seemed the heavier, as the whole burden had to he born by Mr. Thomas. To reduce the cost, frequent rehearsals had to be abandoned. Two rehearsals must suffice, and, to execute the great works contemplated, Mr. Thomas must have an orchestra, un paralleled in promptitude and efficiency. This exigency led to the formation of the famous Thomas' Orchestra, which, believe is known all over the civil ized world, nis system of rehearsing is peculiarly his own. He comes fully prepared into the or chestra and literally practices with the band, enforcing one vital principle, that no member of the organization is per mitted to send a substitute. Subordi nation in the orchestra, the leading principle, is strictly observed, and thus he is enabled to accomplish fine inter pretations of great works with but two rehearsals. It was easy to keep this fine orchestra together during the winter months, but to hold them intact during the summer To do this, an we months was not so easy, constant employment had to be found, and this fact gave rise to Theodore Thomas' celebrated summer night con certs. Such enterprises, though not altogether new" to New York, were of rather low social standing, and Mr. Thomas' announcement was met with muoh doubt. The first season was, however, a brilliant success, and it has been admitted on all hands that the success was due to the prestige of Mr. Thomas' musical and social standing. These concerts have been carried on for ten years, latterly in the beautiful Cen tral Park Garden, and it is not too much to say that they have become a recognized and popular institution of the city. The repertoire produced at these concerts, over one thousand in P J cla88 of ffiU9 ; Ci from 8 yn f phoDi J and overtures, down * recent and be8t lkas and eiX^ ^ ht 8acrificed the h J r J „ t to never gratify personal ambition or further per sonal ends. He has been conscientious to the cause, has sought to elevate its standard ; he has looked steadily to the future believing that the reward will come ; that in the elevation of taste and in the spread of the love of the pure and beautiful in music, he will be recog nized and remembered as a disciple who has taught and labored, and not in vain, in the good work—in the religion of art. "Who was the first man?" asked a school-teacher of a little girl. She an swered she did not knew. The ques tion was put to the next, an Irish child who answered loudly. "Adam, sir," with apparent satisfaction. "Law," said the first scholar, contemptuously, "you needn't feel so grand about it— he wasn't an Irishman." On a good day not less than 75,000 quarts of ice cream are manufactured in Philadelphia, using up 37,500 quarts of plain cream, skimmed from 200,000 quarts of milk. a a Self-Improvment. There are many young working men who are anxious to improve their minds by reading and study out of business hours. But too many grow discouraged and fail in their efforts for self-improve ment, although they begin with the best intentions. A want of thoroughness in whatever is undertaken is, perhaps, one great of such failures. A practical writer on that topic gives the following "Never leave what cause good direction: undertake to learn until you can you reach your arms around it, and clench your bauds on the other side." It is not the amount of reading you run over that will ever make you learned ; it is the amount you retain. Dr. Abernethy maintained that "there was a point of saturation in his mind," beyond which it was not capable of taking in more.— Whatever was pressed upon it after ward crowded out something else. It is probable that few of us have minds spongelike than that of the great more doctor. Every young man should endeavor to perfect himself in the science of the business he has chosen. Without this, he mast always content himfcelf in the lower walks of his calling. The cost of a few oigars will buy all the books he requires , and his own diligence may be made to well supply the place of a tutor. Without such diligence, the best teach er in the world could not manufacture him into a scholar, a point will not master it, he must tackle it again. Better give a week's study to a page than conclude that you cannot comprehend it. But though it is wise to give yonr main strength to your own specialty, you should not confine yourself to snch studies exclusively. The perfection of all your powers should be your aspira Those who can only think or talk subject may be efficient in their line; but they are not agreeable mem bers of society in any of its departments. Neither have they made the most of They become one-sided and narrow in their views, and are re duced to a humiliating dependence on branch of industry. It costs noth ing to carry knowledge ; and, in times like these, to be able to put his hand to than one branch of industry often If once going over tion. on one themselves. one more serves a man a good turn. Do not attempt too much in the way of study to begin with ; you will surely lose heart if you do. Be humble in your aspirations, and if you are dili gent, never fear but that you will hear a voice saying, " Come up higher."— Be content to gather the precious gold of learning grain by grain ; you will soon be able to see the pile growing, and will learn from it the wonderful power of the littles, which is felt and shown in the mental as well as in the golden grains. When Men are at their Best.— Dr. Beard states that from an analysis of the lives of a thousand representa tive men in all the great branches of the human family, he made the dis covery that the golden decade was be tween forty and fifty ; the brazen be tween twenty and thirty ; the iron be tween fifty and sixt^. The superiority of youth and middle life over old age in original work appears all the greater when we consider the fact that all the positions of honor and profit and pres tige—professorships and public stations —are in the hands of the old. Repu tation, like money and position, is mainly confined to the old. Men are not widely known until long after they have done the work that gives them their fame. Portraits of great men are a delusion ; statues are lies ! They are taken when men have become famous, which, on the average, is at least twenty-five years after thèy did the work which gave them their fame.— Original work requires enthusiasm. If all the original work done by men un der forty-five were annihilated, they would be reduced to barbarism. Men are at their best at that time when en thusiasm and experience are most even ly balanced. This period, on the aver age, is from thirty-eight to forty.— After this the law is that experience increases, but enthusiasm decreases. Saying Hateful Things. —What a strange disposition is that which leads people to say "hateful" things for the mere pleasure of saying them ! You are never safe with such a person.— When you have done your best to please, and are feeling very kindly and pleasantly, out will come some under hand stab which you alone can compre hend, a sneer which is masked, bnt which is too well aimed to be misun derstood. It may be at your person, your mental feelings, your foolish habits of thought, or some little secret opin ions confessed in a moment of genuine confidence. It matters not how sacred it may be to you, he will have his fling at it; and since the wish is to make you suffer, he is all the happier the Dearer he touches your heart. Just half a dozen words, only for the plea sure of seeing a cheek flush, and an eye lose its brightness; only spoken be cauae he is afraid you arc too happy or too conceited. Yet they are worse than so many blows, nights have such mean attacks caused tender-hearted mortals! How after them one awakes with aching eyes and head, to remember that speech before every thing—that bright, sharp, well aimed needle of a speech, that probed the very centre of your soul ! . Would a man frequently calculate his income and expenditure, he would es cape many a bitter reflection ; for he must be lost to every generous feeling of pride and honorable principle who wantonly incurs debts, which he cannot How maDy sleepless "Go away ! leave me with my dead! Let me fling myself on his coffin and die there ! months ago, and now the widow has won another trusting soul, and No. l's portrait is in the attic, face to the wall. This was in Nebraska six If we had no faults ourselves, we should not have so muoh pleasure iu discovering the faults of others. Teaching Children Courage.-— Courage is a vital element of Chris tian chivalry. Without it, indeed, neither truth nor fidelity to promise can be hoped for. The coward is sure to lie when truth means punishment, and to retreat from his engagements when they involve peril. We need valiant souls that have learned to en dure and scorn pain, and to face danger fearlessly and promptly whan duty quires. Some parents evade this vital part of training by glosses and decep tion. A mother who has taken her boy to the dentist's to get a tooth out, will often say, if he is shrinking, ''Sit still, my boy, it won't hurt you." Now she knows it will hurt him, but thinks if she can only get him by this device to sit still and let the dentist get hold of the tooth, then his discovery of the pain will not hinder its extraction. This is a double mistake. It destroys her boy's confidence in her ; for he detects her in a lie. And though it gets the boy this time, to sit still, it is under the delu sion that there is to be no pain, whereas he should be taught to face the pain and to scorn it. This makes the differ ence A regiment of poltroons could march up to a battery as cheerfully as a regi ment of heroes, if they thought there was no enemy at the guns. The differ ence is that heroes know the danger and yet face it valiantly. Habit. —"I trust everything under God," said Lord Brougham, "to habit, upon which in.all ages, the lawgiver, as well as the schoolmaster, has mainly placed his reliance ; habit which makes everything easy, and casts all difficulties the deviations from a wonted Make sobriety a habit, and in temperance will be hateful ; make pru dtnce a habit, and reckless profligacy will be as contrary to the nature of the child, grown or adult, as the most atro cious crimes are to any of your lord ships. Give a child the habit of sacredly regarding the truth ; of carefully specting the property of others; of scrupulously abstaining from all of improvidences which'can involve him in distress, and he will just as likely think of rushing into an element in which he cannot breathe, as of lying, cheating or swearing. One Step at a Time. —A great many people dishearten themselves by worry ing too much about possible future troubles. Prudence and forethought is commendable, but mere unreasonable worry should be avoided. It is an act of folly for a man to conjure up all the troubles that might befall him, and them before him as so many ob stacles to overcome at once. A man at the foot of a flight of stairs which he is about to ascend, would be foolish to assume that he must take all the steps at once, and that because he can not do that he cannot ascend the stairs at all. He has only to take one step at a time, and when he gets to the top step he takes that almost as easy as he took the first. But when he gets to the top let him be careful lest he does not fall all the way down by one misstep. It is the same way with the affairs of life. All we have to do is to lake one step at a time. sure re between the cowards and heroes. upon coarse. re mass The Age of Man.—L eyel having, in a positive way some forty years ago, pat hack the birth of man to an indefi nite period, the anthropologists are en deavoring to throw farther light on the sapposed antiquity of man on the earth The researches made in the Kent cavern to show that at that far distant seem period when geologically France and England were joined, the primeval man existed. Efforts have lately been made to fix man's recognizable presence on this earth as far baok as 800,000 years The theory which gains ground, minds, every day, is that of ago. in some tbe gradual development of man from some semi-hnman form through count less ages of barbarism, our present type is not persistent, per haps in the ten millionth year from future anthropologists will be in the same trouble as they are to-day. If, however, now A Lack. —The great trouble among American youth, says an eminent au thor, is tbe lack of application and thoroughness in what they undertake. Anything that cannot be learned with perficial study is given the go-by for something less tedious and irksome. Study and hard labor are looked at from a wrong point; and, as a consequence, the clerkship ranks are full of unem ployed and half-starved fellows, and the professions are overflowing with medi ocrity, while good mechanics find plenty of work at living prices. The evil spoken of is seriously felt. Those who work at a trade do it in so loose and careless a manner that they are not competent to do the work they promise Among the loudest deolaimers for the rights of labor are men and who can claim no rights that belong to labor well performed. su to do women Govern Yourself. —A hasty temper Wen misleads young men into great mistake It frequently causes them to misunderstand an employer's intention, and to resent as an insult what was meant only as a just rebuke. In this way a young man sometimes loses a valuable situation, and has to begin the world over again. And, unfortunately, his hasty temper does not permit him to learn wisdom from his own experience. On the contrary, it often leads him again into the same mistake, and he is again set adrift. His temper grows worse and worse, until, at last, he be comes unbearable, and nobody will long keep him in employment. On the other hand, a good temper and an obliging disposition, when coupled with honesty and industry, are invalnahle qualities in every one who has his way to make in the world. The town of Indianola, Texas, whioh was almost destroyed by the gale of last autumn, has of late been infested with a gang of tramps, who have made a number of attempts to burn what re mains of the place, hut in every case tbe fires have been discovered in time to save the town. teÄss. The wife makes the home, and the home makes the man. The report of the cotton crops are highly promising. Denmark proposes to purchase six teen field batteries. Key West receives annually for her cigars about 2,500,000. An Illinois judge has decided that a washing bill cannot be collected. A man at Warrington, Eng., reeently sold his wife for half a gallon of beer. A woman ninety years of age earns her living in Boston by selling news* papers. Pittsburg is said to have more news papers than any city of its size in the Union. The Auditor of Kentucky has report ed that the population of that State is 1,666,525. The fashionable amusement in Ban gor, Mb., is making excursions on the river on rafts. A bog in New Hampshire recently made his owner happy by rooting np a box containing 0300. The surest way of being deceived is to think yourself clever and more cun ning, than anybody else. Tbe High Court of JnBtioe in Eng land has decided that the visible horizon * or offing is three miles. An English reporter recently re covered 05000 damages from a man who called him a public nuisance. ~ Onr self-love revolts muoh more against the condemnation of our tasts and habits than of our opinions. The evil which we do does not draw upon ns so many persecutions and so much hatred as onr good qualities. We should be ashamed of onr best actions if the world did bat know all the motives which prompted them. The clemency of princes is some times exercised for vanity—sometimes for idleness—sometimes for fear, and nearly always for the three combined. Of the 117 yonng women in the Michigan University only four have taken to the legal profession. New Orleans proposes to infliot a fine of one dollar on persons throwing frnit peel on the sidewalk. Let the young remember that the road to eminence in every calling is always through hardship and toil. An American girl, Jnlia Sinclair, has just taken her degree as Doctor of Med icine at the University of Zurich. From present indications Jhe rice crop in the United States during the present year will be greatly enlarged. The fire of 1000 cannon at Gibraltar can be concentrated upon any .hostile vessel that attempts tbe passage of the Straits. A man in San Francisco the other day, was fined 0120 and sent to prison for sixty days, for throwing stones at a Chinaman. New Bedford gains two hundred houses by the Alabama, that being the number erected by seamen with money got from the awards. An apple tree in Crawfordsvillo, Ind. is over nine feet in circumference at the base of the trunk and eight feet at the Height of five feat. Don't live a single hour in y onr life without doing exactly what ought to be done in it, and going straight through it from beginning to end. Tbe Chinese are the merchants in Java, and where they number 300,000, rank higher than the natives, and are generally wealthier than the Dutch colonists. A Christian, seeing a painter painting death, as a skeleton with a scythe, beautifully remarked: "For my part, I should paint death as an angel with a golden key. The law's delay. A case was re cently decided in England which first commenced in the year 1832. The amount orignally in dispute was 0400, 000. Nothing is left. Never put much confidence in sneh as put no confidence in others. A man prone to suspect evil is mostly looking for in his neighbor what he sees in him self. Opportunity is the flower of time ; and as the stalk may remain when the flower is cut off, so time may remain with us when opportunity is gone for ever. If you want to spoil all that God gives you, if yon want to be miserable yourself and a maker of misery toothers, the way is easy enough. Only he selfish, and it is done at once. Success in any calling iB the resnlt of a man's love and belief in the work he has undertaken. Earnest and con scientious labor often accomplishes more in the end than brilliant genius. He smarts not under poverty who has learned to be content, he frets not under affliction who is submissive to -the Father's will and lays aside his own. Keep y our desires w ithin bounds. Of all the loves on earth most like the divine love, is that of the good mother—so unselfish,unforgetting, con siderate, watchful, free from jealousy, and desiring the good of her children far more than her own happiness. Keep your conscience tender—tender as the eye that closes its lid against an atom of dost, or as that sensitive plant which yon have seen shrink and shut its leaf not merely at the rude tonch of a finger, bnt at the breath of - a month. Pride has a greater share than good ness in the remonstrances which we make with those who have committed faults. It is not so much to correct them that we speak as to persuade them that we ourselves are exempt from the faults we deplore. Don't change sides of the walk with a lady when you cross the street. It's aD evidence of verdancy. Place a lady on your right hand, whether she will be inside or outside the walk. Then turn to tbe right and that will bring you between the lady and persons pass ing in tbe opposite direction This is a short chapter for young gentlemen.