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Shepherdstown register. [volume] (Shepherdstown, Va. [W. Va.]) 1849-1955, December 18, 1849, Image 2

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Infidelity leads to Crime,
The confession of Manning, lately ex
ecuted in London as accessary to the mur- :
der of O'Connor, has originated a wide
discussion as to the general relation be
tween infidelity and crime. Manning,
who was believer in the Supreme Being,
was an unwilling participator in the crime
for which he lost his life; but his wife,
the real perpetrator of the murder, was an
avowed atheist. Manning relates that,
when he asked her what would become ot
her soul if she committed an act of murder,
she replied. 14 IVe have 710 soul ; after
we are dead ice are like a lump of clay ,
undlhere is no more thought of man." ,
It is difficult to believe that an intelligent
moral being can go so far as to deny the
existence of God, and eternal laws or
principles in His government in the uni
verse ; but it is not ditlicult to believe that
if such persons do exist ; and how can
we doubt, from the revelations, time has
made? ? their denial or unrecognition of
God and a Divine Government, above
and beyond all human governments, re
moves 'ths most powerful restraint against
the indulgence of evil passions and the
commission of crime.
France, in her past history, reveals
how far a nation denying God, and ridi
culing religion, can plunge itselt into the
excess and abandonment of vice and
crime. And upon the same principle that
a nation cut loose trom all authority save
its own impulses, becomes a worker of
depravity and horror, an individual in the
sphere of his capacity pursues a similar
end. France, repenting over her experi
ment of rejecting God, lias become to ac
knowledge that faith in a Supreme Being
and government, before whom the acts of
nations and men pass in perpetual review,
and from whose" judgment no human deed
can escape, is vital to the strength, pros
perity, and happiness of nations and men.
l?amartine says, that for the safety and
welfare of society, belief in God must not
be merely a conception, a conviction, a
manifest truth, but a law, an eternal law
a government. Without this kind ot re
cognition of a Supreme Father and Go-,
vernur, a people will be absorbed in sel
fishness, and can have no sense of mutual
duties, nop any social or national virtue.!
Infidelity, which desfcoys God, destroy*
also humanity.
An examination of the rccords of crime,
and of the characters and sentiments of
criminals, lead inevitably to the conviction
that a vast amount of crime, in its \\ors>t
forms, results from the intidelity of its
perpetrators ; from their want of convic- ;
lion that there is a God, and a Divine
Government, and that the soul immortal
will be subject to that government in iu
ture states of being, Mrs. Manning, dis
believing in God, and in the immortality
of the soul, or life, thought oaJy, and
*osgat only to commit the murder, so as
lo escape the penalty of human law I he
eye of Eternal Justice she perceived not ;
her care was to escape the punishment of
man this side the grave. Who cannot
see that the greatest of moral restraints
was thus lost to her mind, and also, that
in regarding life as hut a brief? extingui^li
able spark, set little value on that of O'
Connor, compared with what it would
have assumed, had she beheld it destined ?
to immortality, and watched by the un
sleeping eye of a just God; its bather.
This is a ' matter that cannot he too well
considered, the more it is examined, the
stronger reason every moral and intelligent
being will find, tor having a profound con
viction of the existence ot God, the im
mortality of the soul, and a paramount Di- ,
vine Government, as the best sureties of
individual 3111} nation^ yi^tu^,?A?
fitw,
A Russian Wedding.
We saw the other day, in a New ^ ork
paper, that a distinguished Russian gentle
man had married one of the grand daugh- 1
ters of a deocased millionaire of that city.
W? presume the ceremony was perform
ed in Yankee style, and not a la mode de |
Russie, Touching this Russian fashion |
of marrying, we will as briefly as possible,
describe it. In the first place, then, the
betrothing generally takes place some
eight days before the nuptials. During
the interval* the bride is only visited by
the bridegroom, and girls of her acquain
tance, who exert themselves to amuse her,
particularly by singing. On the day pre- j
vious to the nuptials, these females con
duct her to the bath, and there spend
much time in dressing and plaiting her
hair, all the while singing songs, telling
her how happy *he will soon be. I hen
came the nuptials. The candidates tor
happiness aso yeceivod by a lViesi in the
aisle of a church, attended by a deacon,
who takes them to tho nave. Arriving at j
that point, the driest gives the lady and
her lord each a lighted taper, and makes a
sign of the cross three times on their
foreheads. The Priest recites a litany,
and moves, fbllowed by the whole bridal
party, to a chorus of the choir, to a table,
upon which lie the rings, wh ;re he repeats
a prayer After this, turning round to the
couple, he blesses them, and taking the
rings* gives one to each, proclaiming in a
loud voice that they stand married to each
other now and forever, even unto ages
ofages^* This declaration is repeated
three time*, the bride and bridegroom
changing rings at each declaration. I he
rinjs are- returned to the. priest, by
whom they are My placed upoj* the
appropriate tinkers tsfich party. Then
;omcs a prance tta<i>* oves a si\kt? carpet j
md it is said that the party who steps upon |
the carpet first will ho cap.taan* ia future
life. Dr. Granville witnessed ? weihhag
of this kind once in St. Petersbutgh, and
he says the bride " secured possession of
the prospective advantage with modes!
forwardness."* After this carpet walking,
comes a crowning by the priest, and then
the ceremonies of minor note. The
crowns are subsequently removed by the
priest, who says to the gentleman ? '4 Be
thou magnified, oh bridegroom, as Abra
ham ? ?e thou blessed as Isaac and inul- ,
tiplJd<as Jacob, walking in peace, , ;
performing the commaHdmenisofGod m ,
righteousness," ? and to the lad>- And be .
thou magnified, oh br.de, as Sarah . Be
thou joyful as Rebecca, and multiplied,
as Rachael ; delighting in *?"? ?"n uT i
band, and observing the bounds of the U , ,
according to the good pleasure ol God. -
So much for a Russian wedding. I ??
presumed the parties t ius iei u.,nnv'
by hooks of steel, go home and are happy,
notwithstanding the cold cl,mnle l" " ',C^
thev live, ;ind thai there are no 1 routy &
liarret galvanized- iron furnaces in Russia,
with which to warm their spacious man
sion. What a pity!
i EviL CoMrAN^.^Thc following beau,
tiful allegory was translated from the uer
"^Soprognius, a wise teacher, would not
suder even his grown-up sons and daug 1
ters to associate with those whose conituc
was not pure and upright. |
" Dear father," said the gentle Eulalia
to him one day, when he forbade her in,
company with her brother, to usit tie
volatile Lucinda, " dear father, you must
think us very childish, if you imagine that
we should be exposed to danger by it.
'f lie father took in silence a dead coal
from the hearth, and reached it to his
daughter. .. . .
44 It will not burn you, my child, take
it."
Eulalia did so, and behold ! her delicate ;
white hand was soiled and blackened, and
as it chanced, her white dress also.
44 We cannot hf? too careful ifi handling ;
coals," said Eulalia, in vexation.
" Yes, truly," said her father ; " you
see, my child, that coals, even if they do.
not burn, blacken. So it is with the com- j
pany of the vicious,"
On The Study of Physic.? Dr. Thorn
as Young, in the preface to his 44 Intro
duction to Medical Literature, vcr\ beau
tifully observes, that " There is, in fact,
no study more difficult than ihat of phy
sic ; it exceeds as a science, the compre
hension of the human mind, and those
who blunder onwards, without attempt
ing to understand what they see, are often
nearly on a level with those who depend
too much on imperfect generalizations.
** Some deportments of knowledge defy
ail attempts to subject them to an> didactic >
method, and require the exercise of a pe
culiar address, a judgment, or taste, which
can only be formed by indirect means.?
It appears that physic is one ol those de
partments in wliicii &W is frequent ne
cessity for the exercises vj incommu
nicable faculty of judgment a saga
city which may be called transcendental,
as extending beyond the simple combina - 1
tion of all that can be taught b\j pre- ]
eept" North British Review .
Sex of Egos. ? A correspondent of the
Agricultural Gazette says? 44I am induced
to^icll yn? that, without pretending to any
knowledge of abstruse mysteries, I have
learned to discover which eggs will pro
duce pullets, and have pursued the practice ;
through this season with uniform success.
I met with the hint either in your own pc
riodical or some other. It consists simply
in this : ? To avoid setting the long-shaped
eugs, (which always produce cocks,) choo
sing the rounder and plumper ones. (?en
e rally, too, I have found that the very lar
gest eggs produce male birds. It is cer
tainly an important matter to succeed in
this department, having myself otten had
the mortification to have a whole brood of
cocks, or nearly so ; the avoidance of this
inconvenicnce is truly a desideratum.
Wi$ fixer that Chap.? A few days ago,
a gentleman (?) camo into our sanctum,
took off his hat, picked up a bit of manu
script, and commenced reading, very
closely. We reached over and took a
letter out of his hat, unfolded and com- 1
menced reading it. He was so bus) that j
he did not discover how we were pa\ ing
him o(V in his own coin, until we asked
him what it was his correspondent was
writing to him about a woman? h\,
look here, Squire," said he, "you surely
are not reading my private letters.
^Certainly, sir," paid we, "you are
reading our private manuscripts." He
was plagued, begged us not to mention
his name, promised to do so no more, and
we quit even,? Prentice*
The keeper of a boarding-house in
Cumberland finding thai a tall Buckeye
was rather severe on his corn, pork and
cabbage, the other day at dinner, alier
helping his ravenous guest the third time,
threw down his carving-knife and fork,
and, addressing his western friend, said :
44 1 beg vour pardon, Mr.; I dont't like to
be inquisitive, but I should like to k'vow
if you didn*t spend some time at the pork
packing business out West. \ ou seem
to be an adept at it. You do%"
An unsophisticated old farmer, looking
at Mr. Clay, at Trenton, said to him, "you
are not half so ugly as people said you
were." 44^es," but sakl Mr* ( lay, v'it 1
was as homely as you are, they might
have said so." This" considerably abashed ,
the old farmer, but Mr. Clay with that
kind, amiable manner, so peculiar to him
self, sard 44 we wer* only joking, come let
shake hands and he friends agaio.
Mademoiselle Jagella. ? This Hun
garian voung lady is represented to have
been jvesent in several engagements du
ring the late insurrection in her country,
and to have fought with much gallantry.
| She proved herself a great adept in strcet
fighting, and boasts of having slain a fair
number of Austtian soldiers. In appear
ance Mademoiselle Jagella is far from re
pttfeive, her features bearing a pleasant
hut determined expression.
\\ may he satisfactory for the reader to
know lhat this tedy is now under engage
ment to be married to a young Hungarian
officer, immediately on his arrival at New
York ; and it is of course probable that in
, the peaceful and active scenes of domes
tic life in the hack woods of America, her
belligerent propensities will never again
be put in requisition, unless an attack
from Indians should occasionally happen
to vary the monotony of her future ca
reer, in which case, no doubt, Mademoi
selle Jagella will, in defence ot her home
and family, manage to give a good ac-,
count of the intruders. ? Ex. Paper.
Problem for the Dancing Master. ?
We commend the following problem to
the disciples of Terpsichore for practical i
solution :
Third figure : Heave ahead and pass
your adversary yard-arm and yard-arm ?
regain your birth on the other tack in the
same order ? take your station with your
partner in line ? back and till ? fall on your
heel and bring up with your partner. She
then manoeuvres ahead ? heaves all back
shoots .ahead again, and pays otf alongside
you. Then make sail in company with |
her till nearly astern of the other line ?
make astern board ? and cast her off -to
shift for herself ? regain your place by the
best means in your power, and let go your
anchor.
THE REGISTER.
Shcplierdstowii, Jefferson County, Ya.
TUESDAY, DECEMBER is, 18497
Governor Floyd's Message.
It does not s it our purpose, at least for
the present, to publish lengthy Executive !
documents; neither do we mean to pass
them altogether by without notice. I he
first Message of the present Governor of
Virginia to the Legislature is a document,
that, in the existing condition ot State and
National affairs ought to have more nres-j
tige than we fear will be anywhere ac
corded to it. This arises, in a great mea
sure, from the way in which these offi
cers are too generally placed in power.?
They are looked upon, and not unjustly,
as little more than the appointees of party,
and hence they carry scarcely any tnllu- 1
ence derived from personal distinction for
talents, services or virtues.
In the present Message we find some
things to approve, and to approve warm
ly, whilst there is not a little that meets'
our disapprobation. In particular we
would characterize the statement of our,
financial aflVirs us meagre and unsatisfac-j
tory, not to say delusive. We are not'
disposed to suspicion, and yet the thought
forces itself that in the first paragraph!
there is an almost studied attempt to hood
wink the people of Virginia in the matter
of their public debt. We are first told
that there is a debt of some 7i millions,
but that this could be paid off at once
within an insignificant amount by a par
sale of the stocks owned by the State, il
so wished. Now who does not see that
such an attempt by the State would have
a most injurious effect upon these stocks,;
even if the market were able to hear so
large a glut of one particular kind ol pro- [
perty. The remark of the Governor we
therefore look upon as lacking in that
candour and directness which we have a
right to demand in such communications.
?After having set down in all particulari
ty the precise "amount of the public debt
at $7,541,294," the Governor, as if sud
denly recollecting himself, finds 44 how
ever, an additional sum of 6 millions,
which he gives in round numbers, and
avers, to be drawahle^at tho creditor s will
from the public treasury. Thus the debt
instead of 7| millions really approximates
14 millions; and we confess we should
have liked to see it so stated in the mes
sage in plain unvarnished terms. And
now that this corrected statement is pro
nounced to shew the precise condition of
our condition of our financial situation,
would the reader believe that there is a
third modification ?
Besides the actual public debt, the State
has become responsible to the creditors ot
certain incorporated companies, and in
case of their failure must shoulder their
liabilities. The Governor says that some
"have regarded this securityship as a
part of the public debt," though he holds
their opinion to he 44 unquestionably"
wrong. We fear we cannot coincide with
the Governor in this view, notwithstand
ing his strong expression, for it is not the
ffrst time that an Executive in a first ad
dress has pronounced that to he 44 unques
tionable" whieh he was afterwards very
anxious to behold in a totally opposite
light.
It requires no dialectics to show that
whatever the State of Virginia has gua
ranteed, has become a contingent debt,
and to view it in any other light is a mark
of weak judgment. I^et the State interest
in these incorporated companies cease to
be viewed aright, and a door is opened to
all sorts of lax administration, thriftless
ness, and peculation. The conclusion to
be drawn from the message is this, that
the State of Virginia owes a certain debt
of some 14 millions* and a possible debt
of several millions t&ore,, It becomes the
Legislature to investigate khe true state of
affairs, and at an early day to place a lucid
and faithful account bcfoie the public eye.
The picture drawn in the Message of
the " subsisting" condition of Virginia is
gloomy enough, though this is attempted
to be set off by drafts upon the future
which we are not so sanguine as Governor
Floyd in believing will be readily honor
ed. A rast deal is said, for the ten thou- J
sandth time about the climaie, soil, and
resources of Virginia, all which the Gov
ernor thinks are to be brought into play bv^
a half finished canal or two, and some
Railroads. We confess to very little sym
pathy with the florid expectations of the
Message on this head, since we hold the
opinion that the advancement of \ irginia
depends much more upon the improve
ment of her people, and the State itself.
I than upon its becoming a highway for the
| transit of goods and passengers from other
States. The parallel run between the
Erie Canal and the James River Canal is
obviously fallacious. The one had not a
single rival, the other has them 011 every
1 hand.
In this strain of extravagant expectation
: the Governor takes up Senator Benton's
hobby of a Pacific Railroad, and blows a
sort of echo to the windy harangues of the >
'great Missouri.?. They both talk of
these things in a spirit of inflation quite
astounding to practical people. When it
jean be shewn that a Pacific Railroad will
pay 1 per cent on an first outlay of 130
millions of dollars, and 10 millions at
least annual expenses, and that it can com
pete with a water passage through the
Isthmus, it wili be time enough to regard
what some people are fond of emitting on
1 , ?
this subject as worthy of serious consid
eration. But not till then.
Come we now to topics of agreement. ?
And first we commend the call for State
Reform. We go with the Governor to
the fullest extent of his wishes on this
head. And what is more, we shall do
our best to keep him and his friends up to
their professions and promises.
On the subject of Universal Suffrage it
is to be hoped that opinion will ere long
be unanimous, and we heartily trust lor
the sake of that elevation, moral, social
and material which we pray for Virginia,
that the Governor's recommendation to
take steps for the call of a Convention
will be speedily and heartily responded
to. Pv all means let ua have a ( 'onven
r
tion.
The Message speaks favorably of the
condition of the State rnivlrsity, .Milita
ry Institute, and Penitentiary. It also
lauds the improved agricultural condition
of the State, and suggests the employment
of an Agricultural CliomUt. K very far
r *
mer will re-echo' the Governor's sugges
tion.
With respect to the fret- negroes of the
State, no: other plan seems feasible but
Colonization. In this too, our own senti
ments exactly agree with the message.
The concluding column of the Message
is devoted to the discussion of the question
of the Wilinot Proviso, and the riuhts ol
the South. It takes up the Southern side
of this exciting and dangerous question,
but with more moderation than has been
often the case, with the Executive Messa
ges of Southern Governors.
o
AGRICULTURE.
We desire to eall the attention of every
reader concerned or interested in the great
subject of Agriculture, to an article trans
ferred to our- fourth page from an Ohio
Agricultural Journal. A careful perusal
of that article will throw much light, upon
a question that has engaged many thought
ful minds, viz : the policy of holding large
farms. As at present advised, we certain
ly view the passion for owning ?reat tracts
of land to be one that works to Virginia
no small public and private injury. Where
farms are very large it follows that popu
lation must be scant and sparse, and there
fore that so much is lost to private happi
ness, and public power a.id prosperity. It
a single farm of 1000 acres hut moderate
Iv well cultivated and sustaining but a
single family, were divided, fur instance,
into five or moro parts, every presumption
is in favor of a much greater direct product
of agricultural return, and certainly a much
O *
greater consumption of every species ol
manufactured industry. More hats, more
shoes, more clothing and furniture of ev
ery kind, more carts, wagons, in fact more
everything would be requisite, and thus
tho mechanic, the merchant, and all other
persons who are supported by labor ol
body or mind would find greatly increased
occupation. Such a state of things we
hold to be just what we want in Virginia,
and we only wish it were in our power to
advise our large landholders to divide their
estates, for the purpose of sale, into mod
erate portions, and to apply the capital
thus obtained to tUo more perfect cultiva
tion of what they may choose to retain.
We believe they would goon begin
find the consequence as highly pleasurable
as it would be publicly advantageous. The
glorious results of Professor Mapes from
his little 40 acre f?*nn in New Jersey,
skew what might be done by combined
? ? ? " "
intelligence, industry anil capital, i lint
man's life would seeni to be one that for
fullness of satisfaction and deep delight
Emperors and Princes may well envy, and
yet what he has done is completely within
the power of thousands of our Virginia
agriculturists.
We might be mistaken, and if we are,
are open to conviction, but our notion is,
nevertheless, that the piopensity so prev
alent to sow large breadths of wheat is not
a true policv for the public or the individ
ual. The consumer is at too great a dis
tance from the producer, whereas we
would bring the consumer nearer home,
aye next door, if possible.
Another tiling too, and it is this, the
sheep culture is not one fiftieth of what it
might and ought to be. Daniel Webster
in a speech he made last winter before an
Eastern Agricultural Society, pointed out
the true philosopher's stone of American
Northern and .Middle State husbandry,
and it was this, " Sheep and Turnips/'
Turnips and Sheep."
Hut we have said enough on this sub
ject for once: it is one, however, of so
much real interest and importance that we
shall give it frequent attention.
S II K PII K R DSTO W X M A X I T ACTT R ES.
\\ e were not a little gratified at witness
ing, a day or two since, some of the first
Iruits of Shepherdstown manufacturing1
enterprise. Carpeting, coverlets, linseys,
tweeds, cassinetts, etc., &e., of excellent
quality and very reasonable price, arc be
ing turned oir at our both establishments
with most cheerful rapidity. In particu
lar, we were shown a piece of carpeting,
and a sample of coverlets made at the fac
torv of Mr. W. L. Webb, which, for com
hincd goodness, beauty and cheapness, we
believe can be nowhere excelled. Uuvers
would do well to turn their attention this
way before making purchases elsewhere.
The Hon*. "William Short died at
Philadelphia on the 5th inst., in the 91st
year of his age. Though tor 50 years a
resident of Philadelphia, ho was a native
Virginia. Mr. Short aeted'as See;e ary ol
Legaipo to Mr. Jefferson at the court of
of France in 178 J. lie was made Charge
d' Affaires by President \Vashing'on,&had
the distinction of being the first citizen of
the United States nominated and appoinl
ed to a public office under the Federal
Constitution, Subsequently, he was ap
pointed Minister to Holland, and then to
Spain. He lived in EuripJ during th *
eventful 20 rears embracing the French
Revolution, respected and admired by the
distinguished men of Kurlipc. On his
rem in home, lie Jctiljrd alio^1 ihci from
public life, choosing Philadelphia lor his
place of residence.
Ratings of Aiwmtiomsm. ? The New
York Kx press remarks that the following
is abous the meanest yet most pitiful ex
hibition which Abolitionism, in Ohio ?
where, at Oflrrlin, it is said t<? have pass
ed ? has vet ventured to * to the world :
44 Resolved, That this convention is full
of joy at the declining state of American
religion, as seen in the absence of revivals,
the drooping condition of all the popular
churches, and the utter extinction of ma
ny of them : the small number of candi
dates for the ministry, at the theological
seminaries ; and thcfrecjuejvy with which
the ministers escape from the sectarian
pulpit into less mischievous and far nmre
honest and laudable men,*'
Thl I pper Canadians arc about attempt
ing a Railtoad from Toronto City to Lake
Simcoe, and thence to Lake Huron. The
Stock is to be disposed of by lottery, 1 00,
000 tickets are to he sold, and then a draw
ing is to take place, the fortunate holders
(to the number of 15, 0(50) to become the
owners of the Stock and proprietors of the
road, when conMructed. Mr. Frederick
('. Caprenl, well acquainted willi such
schemes, is at the head of the concern.
i
03"* Wc would :.K-|?uo*vInIge tin- spirited -up
port we liavc, far, nu t ui:h from ouifrundi
m Hard Seiahble, Berkr lay County. TIu \ have
roaic up about i i^ht, and will, t!t?-ref? r . please
to receive our heart} tfiank Of co*irse tl?c*
will not rea-< their e xertion* in the good woik,
but let t motto roi time to l?e '-Onward, till
onward.'1
We have been desired to call general
attention to the notieoof the Mayor to the
property holders ol the town, on the sub
ject of a Fire Apparatus, li is one about
wliieh delays might be dangerous,
I he State ol Michigan contains at least
O
a million sheep. Her export of wool this
year will amount to |>*.t next
year it will go up to 2.000,000.
A National ("on vent ion is to be Jiolden
tliis month at Manchester, Fjigland, with
the design of setting on fou ? system of
national unsectariau education,
it is thought tlial betorc ten Years ex
pire, the whole nativo [**p?uation of the
Sandwich Islamic wrll have become ex'.iwt.
The Common Schools of New York
City hare 94,205 white, and 2,423 color
ed pupils.
Mi?? FreJerika Bremer, the Swedish
Novelist, ia now a gnci o[ .Mrs. Sigour
aej, at Hartford, Conn.
TIIIKTV-FIKST Wt.MJIiESS.
First Scss'o.i.
In (lie House of ileprcsentatives Ihc week hrn
been more exciting than the last, but not more
; successful in the choice of a Speaker. After
I trying Mr. Howell Cobb, till they wore tired, t|,c
! Democratic members took up Mr. Potter of Ohio,
' hut after reaching 78 votes, he declined. Then
the late Second Assistant Post Master General,
William J. Brown of Indiana, was started, and
on Wednesday his vote at the 40:h ballot wanted
only two of electing him Speaker. This being
deemed an extreme effort, Mr. Stanley of X. C t
moved that a committee of three Democrat ie
members should confer w ith a committee ??t"
three Whigs, for the purpose of selecting a man
on whom both parties could meet. But i his w;,s
(opposed by men of the extreme .North and South,
i During the debate Messrs Ashmun and Thaddeus
1 Stevens enquired if promises had net been made
by Mr. Brown to the Free Soilers, intended to
catch their votes. Mr. Bayly of Va., de
nounced the imputation as false and scandalous.
Hut Mr. Wilmot of Pa., reasserted its truth, and
forced out the following correspondence, which
fully proved it, as well as exposed Mr. Ih ow n to
a severe but well merited cassation from sev
eral members, ar.d the loss of all hopes of .in
election :
Mr. Wii.mot to Mr.. Brown.
December 10, 1 S41>.
Demi Sir: In the conversation which I had
w ith you this evening, you were free to say that,
if elected Speaker of the House of Representa
tives, you would constitute the Committees on
Territories, the Judiciary, and the District of
Columbia, in a manner that should be sati*fjeto
rv to myself and the friends with whom 1 have
had the honor to act. 1 have conimunieuted this
to my friends*; and if in reply to this note, you
can give them the same avurunce, the) w ill gnu
you a cheerful and cordial support
Respectfully yours,
Hon-. Wm. J. Drown. D. W II. MOT.
Mr. Brown to Mr. Wii mot.
Washington Citv, December 10, 1-4.).
Dear Sir : In answer to yours of this date, I
w ill state that, should I be elected Speaker of
the Hou-c of Representatives, I w ill constitute
the Committees on the Distiict of Columbia, mi
Territories, and on the Judiciary in such man
lier as shall be salisfactor) to yourself and your
friends. 1 a in a representative from a fiec State
and have a I w ay s been opposed to the extension
ol slavery, and believe that the Federal (?ot em
inent should be relieved from the responsibility
of slavery where they have the constitutional
??nu i r in !?l. it
1 am yours truly, W. J. BROW N.
Hon. Da* to Wh.mot.
| Ou Thursday, the 41 ?t ballot was taken, but
without success. Much exasperation prevailed
?luring the day, the Southern .Members declaring
their readiness to dissolve the 1 nion if Congress
should pass the Wilmot Proviso. During this
debate words passi d between Mr. Duer of N, N .
ai d Mr. Meade of Va.t the formcrdesignating the
latter a i?im t, tli?- I ittcr railing the former
an abolition iit. Mt. Duei pronounced Mr. Meade
a liar. This produced a lush front Mr. Mcidc
upon Mr. Duer, and a geneial tumult in the
House. Order was at length restored by the in
tcifc renee ?>l the Sergeant at Arms.
On Friday vatiotis propositions were made lo
elect a Sj e.ikcr. Sentiments directly opposite
to each other on the siil?jet*t of the \\ ilinot Pro
n iso were delivered l>y Members. The 1 1 on so
finally passed a resolution ordering the Hal lot i<>r ^7
Speaker to be grne on w ith, w ituui t io.uvii
until a Speaker he chosen ? a 4'Jtid ballot was
had, t mt with no more than the usual success.
On Saturday, in the Senate, Mr. Hen ton pro
posed that the Senate should go into the con
sideration of Kxeeutive Itiisioes-. Mr. Clay, of
Kentucky, expressed himself favorable to doing
>0, not deeming it all disrespectful to the of Ik i
house, or inconsistent with auy precedent. The
' proposition ' was unanimously agreed to, aid
Mi ssi>v Herritu. Mason, and Felih, appointed a
Committee to w ait upon the President for the
purpose ol informing him of the readiness ot
the Senate to act executively. They accord
ingly did so, when the President replied by *a\
ing that he would communicate on Monday.
In the House of Representatives no visible
approximation to the election of a Speaki r has
been made. Forty-seven ballots were had up to
Saturday night, with the following as the last
result: I. inn llowl, |l)j 8(1; Kdw'd Stanley, [W }
66; Thaddeus Stevens, [H J *>7 ; F.. D. l'ott< r
[ I>1 I*; Wiiithrop, [WJ 10; and ly votes scat*
tenng.
V ir^ciira LegisIatuiP.
In the House ol Delegates 011 the H1I1
instant nmongst other bills the Committee
on Internal Improvements reported one
for the Alexandria and Valley Railroad.
On the 10th, in the same house Mr.
Carrol got a resolution adopted, instruct
ing the ( om mil tee on Hank* lo enquire
into 'lie expediency of permitting tlto
Hanks ol the State to issue small notes.
A majority of the Committee 0.1 eon
tested elections reported in favour of Mr.
Tebbs, versus Mr. Horner. They ar?- J
from Fauquier.
(in the 1 I tU, the I?r>uisa Railroad ex
tension bill was discussed, but no vote was
taken on the hill.
On the 12tli, Mr. Dttko, of Jefferson,
introduced a resolution of enquiry to he
made by the Committee on Roads, as to
the fi usability and propriety of con
structing a Railroad from Alexandria to
Uarpersferry on the joint Slock principle.
The Louisa Railroad extension bill w.-w
further discussed ami amended. || scenes
to be the purview of this hill to extern) ?lu>
road first to Covington, and then to the
Ohio, making it ih* great central railroad
of the State,
The Fauquier contested election ease
was set for Friday.
As contlictinjp rn>\r* Fiave been present
ed, and arc entertained with regard to the
actual financial condition of ilie Stair, its
liabilities, and ii* means, rails hare bc* n
made up b the 2d Auditor for a full report ,
on the subject.
M\tkim?a.ul.? (t wo?W have given it* mur|,
p!c*Aitr? to hare been the fii?t to announc. to>
the wrrld the actual performance of i^-o ce:*^
inooialt of a u.tiAl rJy hlrresti^ character,
pected to lone o(i iu tUe neighborhood in thi> I
cour^ of this da,. Bnt r?,e and tide waif fcr ,
?ebody, no not even for praters. Our very V*k| ?
* isbes are, nevertheless, respectfully tend**. ^ f

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