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Rom hey, Hampshire County, Va., April 10, 1857. NO. 43. TERMS. The South Branch Inltlligenttr is published by WILLIAM HARPER, every Friday, at 7\ro Dollars and Fifty ctnit per annum ? but, if paid within thh year 2Vo Dollart. No subscription Will be taken (bra shorterperiod than six months ?or be dbcontinued until all arrearages are paid, autess at the option of the editor. ADVERTISEMENTS Will be inserted at SI per square or 12 lines i far the first three insertions, and twenty- five cent fox each subsequent insertion. A liberal deduea tion inade to those who advertise by the year. miscellaneous. A CHAPTER OF H0RR0B8. We fiad tbo following iu the Louisville Democrat. It is a queer story of life, tru ly, and some of our nouvcllotte writers will certainly avail themselves of the matter it affords for a startling romarxxK Our little story is a sequel to a terrible homicide and suicide which were commit ted in Louisville some four years ago by a man by the name of Walker. In the ; year 1843, Walker gained admission into j the family of Jauies Peters, in Natchez, Miss., and while an inmate of Pefcrs' house, became enamored of Peters' wife, who was ?t that time a young and lovely woman. ? With a fiendish design upon Peter's life, Walkar induced him to take a walk witb Lim in the suburbs of Natchez, late one e vening, when Walker made an assault up on his companion with a bowie-knife, cut ting hiiu most horribly, and leaving. him apparently dead. Walker immediately left Natchez in company with the supposed widow of Peters, and made Louisville his borne, where he lived with Mrs. P. as his wife. Strange to say, Peters recovered : from his wounds, and in his wanderings found his way to this city. Soon after his arrival here, he learned that his old be xrayer and assassinator resided here, and he determined upon immediate revenge. ? j Throwing himself into a hack, he ordered j the driver to procccd to Second street, be- j tween Market and Jefferson, to the reai- i dence of Walker and his early love. He sent the hackman to the door of the dwell ing to call Walker to bis carriage, and fats /?Id enemy no sooner made his appearaocc than Peters fired upon him from the car riage, killing him instantly. Peters imme diately surrendered himself into the hands of justice, regardless of the course of the ; law, but was finally set at liberty ? recciv- j ing no punishment for his high crime. ? ! A strange combination of circumstances a gain associated him with the woman who ! had proven so cruelly false to him in 1 Natchez, and they lived for Borne years in j comparative happiness. Some four years j ago, however, in a fit of jealousy, he deter- ! mined to destroy the life of the woman who had acted as a bane to hia earthly happi ness, and evidently meditated a design up on his' own life. ITaving some unsettled business with Mr. Hess, the un&rtaker, be visited him in the morning, and arranged his affairs, concluding by engaging a cof fin, which he said ho designed for his own uso. The proposition of a man to purchase bis own coffin was a strange one to our old friend Hess ; but he generally has an eyo to business, and consented to fill the order. Soon after that Peters secreted himself, with a revolver, in an empty sugar hogs head, dircctly in tho woman's way. The desperate man recognised his victim as she assed, and fired upon her from a knot ole in the hogshead; she fell to the ground immediately and exclaimed that 6ho was killed, when her murderer discharged the contents of a pistol into his own head. ? He did not die suddenly, however, but was carricd to the "Nnpolcon Coffee-house," at \ the corner of Jefferson and Preston streets, where he begged that some friend would give him another pistol, that ho might, himself, consummate a terrible deed, which he had commenced with so much delibera tion. Death soon came to bis relief, how ever, and many who were present yet re member the terrors of that separation. ? Tho unhappy woman, who survived the supposed fatal shot, still lives in this city, is but one or two years in thirty, and is aaid to possess unusual beauty aud attrac- j lions. Benefits of Partnership. A nobleman residing in Italy, was about to celebrate his marriage feast. All the elements were propitious except the ocean, which had been so boisterous as to deny the very ncccssary appendage of fish. On tho Tory morning of the feast, however, a poor fisherman made his appcaranco with a turbot, co large, that it seemed to have been oreated for tho occasion. Joy perva ded the castle, and the fishorman was ush ered with his prize into tbo saloon, whero the nobleman, in tbo presence of bis visitorp, requested him to put what price he thought proper on tho fish, and it should be instantly *aidh im. "One hundred lashes," said the fisherman, "on my baro back, is tbo price of my fish, and I will uot bate ono strand of whip cord on tho bargain." The noble man and bis guests were not a little as tonished, bot our chapman was resolute, and remonstrance was in vftin. At length tho nobleman exclaimed, "Well, well, tho fellow is a htrmorist, and tbo fisb wo must have, but lay on lightly, and let tho prico bo paid in our preBenco." After fifty lashes had been administered, "Hold! hold!"ex olaimed the fisherman ; "I havo a partner in this business, and it is fitting ho should receive his sbaro." "What, are there two such madcaps in tho world ?" exclaimed tho nobleman ; "namo him, and ho shall bo ?ent for instantly." "You need not go far fpt him," said tbo fisherman ; "you will find bim at your gate in the shape of your own porter, who would not let mo in uotil I promised that he should have tho balf of whatever I received for my turbot." "O, O," said the nobleman ; "bring bim up instantly ; he shall receive bis stipulated moiety with tho strictest justico ! "T This #?? ?mony being finished, ho discharged tho ?r, and amply rowwdad tho fi?h?rman. Tiong words, like long dftflM fre id? something wrong about th? ng. A RAINY EVENING. A pleasant little group was gathered round Uncle Ned's domestic hearth. He sat on one side of the fire-place, opposite Aunt Mary, who. with her Dook in hand, watched tlio children seated at the table, some reading, others setting, all occupied but one, a child "of larger growth," a young lady, who, benig a guest of the family, was suffered to indulge in the pleasure of idle ness without reproof. "Oh ! I love a rainy evening," said little Ann, looking up from her book, and meet ing bor mother's smiling glaneo. "It is so nice to sit by a good fire, and hear the rain pattering against the windows. Only I pity the poor people who have no house to cover them, to kc?p off the rain and the cold." "And I lovo a rainy evening, too," cried George, a boy about twelve. "I can stu dy so much better. My thoughts stay at home, and don't keep rauibliug out after the bright moon and stars. My heart feels warmer, and I p ally believe I love everybody better tK jj I do when the wea ther is fair." ( '? ? Uncle Ned sm? A, and gave the boy an approving pat on the shoulder. Every one smiled but the young lady, who, with a languid, discontented air, now played with a pair of scissors, now turned over the leaves of a book, then, with an ill-suppress ed yawn, leaned idly on her elbow, and loolced into the fire. "And what do you think of a rainy o- ' vening, .Elizabeth ?" ssked Uncle Ned. "I ! should like to hear your opinion also." "I thiuk it ever dull and uninteresting, indeed," answered she. "I always feel so j stupid, I can hardly keep myself awake. ? '? One cannot go abroad, or hope to see com pany at home, and one gets so tired of see- ! ing the same faces all the time. I cannot imagine what George and Ann see to ad- j mire so much in a disagreeable rainy even- ! ing like thic." "Suppose I tell you a story, to enliven i you V" said Uncle Ned. "Oh ! yes, father, please tell us a story !" exclaimed the children, simultaneously. Little Ann was perched upon his knee, as if by magic, and even Elizabeth moved her chair, as if excited to some degree of ' interest. George still held his book in his i hand, but his bright eyes, sparkling with ! unusual animation, were riveted upon his i uncle's face. "I am going to tell you a story about a j rainy evening." said Uncle Ned. "Oh ! that will be so pretty !" cricH Ann, I clapping her hands. But Elizabeth's ! countenance fell below zero. It was an omi- i nous annunciation. "Yes," continued Uncle Ned, "a rainy j evening. But though clouds darker than thoso which now mantle the sky were low- j ering abroad, and the rain fell heavier, and ! faster, the rainbow of ray life was drawn ! piost beautifully on those dark clouds, and ! its fair colors still shine most lo%Telyon the sight. It is no longer, however, the bow of promise, but the realization of my fond est dreams." George saw his uncle cast an expressive glance towards the handsome matron in the opposite corner, whose color percepti bly heightened, and he could not forbear exclaiming : "Ah ! Aunt Mary is blushing. I under stand uncle's metaphor. She is his rain bow. and he thinks life one long rainy day." "Not exactly so : I mean your last con clusion. But don't interrupt me, my boy, and you shall hear a lesson, which, young as you arc, I trust you will never forgot. When I was a young man, I was thought quito handsome " "Pa is as pretty as ho can bo now," in terrupted little Ann, passing her hand fondly over his manly check. Uncic Ned was not displeasecTwith the compliment, for he pressed her closer to him, while be continued : "Well, when I was young, I was of a pay spirit, and a great favorite in society. The young ladies liked me for a partner in the dance, at the chess-board, or the evening walk, it I had reason to think several of them wonld have made no objection to take me as a partner for life. Among all my young acquaintances, there was no one whose companionship was so pleasing as that of a maiden whoso name was Mary. Now, there are a great many Marys in the world, so you must not take it for granted I mean your mother or aunt. At any rale, you must not look so significant till I have fin ished my story. Mary was a ssrect and lovely girl, with a current of cheorfulncss running through her disposition that made , music as it flowed. It was an undercur ' rent, however, always gentle, and kept i within its legitimate channel, never over flowing into boisterous mirth or unmean ing levity. She was the only daughter of her mother, and she a widow. Mrs. Carl ton ? such wa3 her mother's name ? was in lowly circumstances, and Mary bad none of the appliances of wealth and fashion to decorate ner person, or gild her home, A very modest competency was all her por tion, and she wished for nothing more. I havo seen her, in a simple white dress, without a single ornament, unless it was a natural rose, transcend all the gaudy belles who sought, by the attraction of dress, to win the admiration of the multitude. But, alas ! for poor human nature. Ono of these dashing belles so fascinatcd my at tention, that the gentle Mary was for a whilo forgotten. Theresa Vano was, in deed, a rare piece of mortal mechanism. ? Her figure was the perfection of beauty, and 8ho moved -as if strung upon wires, so elastic and springing were her gestures. ? I never saw such lustrous hair ? it was per fectly blaok, and shone like burnished steel ?and then such ringlets ! how llioy wav ed and rippled down her beautiful neck ! 8he dressed with the most exquisite taste, delicacy, and neatness, and whatever she wore assumed a peculiar grace and fitness, as if Art loved to adorn what Nature had made so fair. But what charmed me most was the sunshiny srnilo that was always waiting to light upon her countenance. ? To be sure, she sometimes laughed a little to? loud ; but then her laugh was so mu ?1*1. and bar t<9cth to whit*, it wm impos silile to believo her guilty of rudeness or want of grace. Often, when I saw her in tho social circle, so brilliant and smiling, the life and charm of everything around her, I thought how happy the constant companionship of such a being would make me ? what brightness she would impart to the fireside of home ? what light, what joy, to the darkest scenes of existence!" "Oh ! uncle," interrupted George, laugh ing, "if I were Aunt Mary, I would not let you praise any other lady so warmly. You are so taken up with her beauty, you have forgotten all about the rainy evening." Aunt Mary smiled, but it is more than probable that George had really touched one of the hidden springs of her woman's heart, for she looked down, and fcaid noth ing. "Don't M impatient," said Uncle Ned, "and you shall not be cheated out of your story. I began it for Elizabeth's sake, ra ther than yours, and I see she is wide a wake. She thinks I was, by this time, more than half in love with Theresa Vane, and she thinks more than half right. ? There had been a great many parties of pleasure ? riding parties, sailing parties, and talking parties ? and summer slipped by almost unconsciously. At length the autumnal equinox approached, and gather ing clouds, northeastern gales, and driz zling rains, succeeded to the soft breezes, mellow skies, and glowing sunsets, peculi ar to that beantiful season. For two or three days I was confined within doors by tho continuous rains, and, I am sorry to confess it, but the blue-devils got complete possession of me. One strided upon my nose, auother danced on the top of my head ; one pinched my ear, and another turned somersets on my chin. You laugh, little Nanny, but they are torrible creatures, these blue gentlemen : and I could not en duic them any longer. So the third rai ny evening I put on my overcoat, buttoned it up to my chin, and, taking my umbrella I in my hand, set out in the direction of Mrs. Vane's. 'Here,' thought I, as my fingers pressed the latch. 'I shall find the moonlight smile that will illumine the darkness of my night ? the dull vapors will disperse before her radiant glance, and this interminable equinoctial storm be trans formed into a mere vernal shower, melting away in sunbeams in her presence.' My gentle knock not being apparently heard, I stepped into the ante-room, set down my umbrella, took off my drenched overcoat, arranged my hair in the most graceful ! manner, and, claiming a privilege to j which, perhaps, I had no legitimate right, j opened the door of the family sitting room, | and found myself in the presence of the j beautiful Theresa." llere Uncle Ned made n provoking ; pause. I "Pray, go on "IIow was she dressed'?" "And was sho glad to seo you ?" assailed him on every side. "How was sho dressed ?" repeated he. j "I am not very well skilled iu tlic teelini- i calitics of a lady's warJrobe, but I can give you the general impression of her per sonal appearance. In the first place, there was a jumping up, and an off-hand slidiug step towards an opposite door, as I enter ed ; but a disobliging chair was in the way, and I wa9 making my lowest bow before she found an opportunity of disappearing. Confused and mortified, she scarcely return cd my salutation, while Mrs. Vane offered me a chair, and expressed, in somewhat dubious terms, their gratification at such an unczpeoted pleasure. I have no doubt Therosa wished me at the bottom of the Frozen Ocean, if I might judge by the freezing glances she shot at mo through her long lnshes. She sat uneasily in her chair, trying to conceal her slipshod shoes, and furtively arranging her dress about ! the shoulders and waist. It was a most rebellious subject, for the body and skirt were at open warfare, refusing to have any communion with cach other. Where was the graceful shape I had so much adiuircd ? In vain I sought its exquisito outlines in the folds of that loose, slovenly robe. ? Where wepe those glistening ringlets and burnished locks that had co lately rivalled the tresses of Medusa ? Her hair was put up in tangled bunchos behind her ears, and tucked up behind a kind of Gordian knot, which would havo required the sword of an Alexander to untie. Her frock was a soiled and dingy silk, with trimmings of sallow blonde, and a faded fancy handker chief was thrown ever one shoulder. " 'You have caught me completely en deshabille,' said she, recovering partially from her embarrassment ; 'but the evening wa9 so rainy, and no one but mother and myself, I never dreamed of such an exhi bition of gallantry as thi?.' '"She could not disguise her vexation, with all her efforts to conceal it ; and Mrs. Vane evidently shared her daughter's chagrin. I was wicked enough to enjoy their confusion, and never appeared more at my ease, <T played the agreeable with moro signal success. I was disenchanted at ooco, and my mind revelled in its re covered freedom. My goddess had fallen from the pedestal on which my imagination bad enthroned her, despoiled of the beau [ tiful drapery which had imparted to her such ideal loveliness. I knew that I was a favorite in the family, for I wa3 woalthy and independent, and, perhaps, of all Theresa's admirers what the world wonld call the best match. I maliciously asked her to play on the piano, but sho made a thousand excuses, assiduously keeping back the true reason ? her disordered attire. I asked her to play a game of chess, but *sho bad a headache ; sbc was too stupid ; 1 sho never could do anything on a rainy evening.'' I "At length I took my leave, inwardly ; blessing the moving spirit that had led mo j abroad that nigbt, toat the spell which had so long" enthralled my senses might be bro ken. Theresa called up one of her lambent smiles as I bade her adieu. '"Never call again on a rainy evening,' said she, sportively ; 'I am always so | wretched dull. I believe I was born to ; live among the wnbearas, the moonlight ! and the stars. Clouds will netcf do for me.' "'Amen!' I silently ffcsponded, as I clotted d<K>n Whif? I ww pntting on my coat, I overheard, without the smallest intention of listening, a passionate excla mation from Theresa. " 'Good gracious ! mother, was there ever anything so unlncky ? I never thought of seeing my neighbor's dog to-night. If I have not been completely caught !' " *1 hope you will mind my advicc next time.' replied her mother, in a grieved tone. 'I tuld you not to sit down in the slovenly dress. I have no doubt you have lost hiiu forever.* "Here I made good my retreat, not wip ing to enter the penetralia of family secrcts. ''The rain still continued unabated, but my social feelings were very far from being damped. I had t!je curiosity to make an other experiment. The evening was not very far advanced, and as I turned from Mrs. Vane's fashionable mansion, I saw a modest light glimmering in the distance, and I hailed it as the shipwrecked rnariDcr hails the star that guides him o'er ocean's foam to the home h? has left behind. ? Though I was gay and young, and a pas sionate admirer of beauty, I had very ex- I alted ideas of domestic felicity. I knew I that there was many a rainy day in life, and I thought that the person who was born alone for sunbeams and moooliqbl, would not aid me to dissipate their gMm. I had, morevcr, a shrewd suspicion (lat the daughter who thought it a sufficent excuse for shameful personal ncgleot ihfet tb^re was no one present but her motl<|r, would, as a wife, be equally regardless fa husband's presenco. While I pnrsicd these reflections, my feet involuntarily il?w nearer and still nearer to the light, w.fch had been the loadstone of my opening r.kn hood. I bad continued to meet Mar,* in j the gay circles T frequented, hit I Lad j lately become almost a Strang* to her home. 'Shall I be a welcome gist V said I to myself, as I crossed the ti#shold. ? 'Shall I find her en deshabilU liBvi.?e. and discover that feminine beauty lid graco are incompatible with a rainylvening I heard a sweet voice reading A ud as I opened the door, and I knew I was the voice which was once music toly carp. ? Mary rose at my entrance, layifl her book quietly on the table, and greet* rue with a modest grace and self-posses? peculiar to her self. She looked surpifld, a little embarrassed, but very far (r? being dis pleased. She made no allusi to my es trangement or ncglect, exprcj 1 no aston ishment at my untimely vis nor once hinted that, being alone with r mother, and not anticipating visitors, e thought it unnecessary to wear the hsjiments of a lady. Never in my life had seen her look so lovely. Iler dres* 3 perfectly plain, but every fold was arr :?cd by the hand of the GraceB. Iler da brown hair, which had a natural wave ii , now un curled by the dampness, was at back ia smooth ringletn from her br< revealing a face which did not consider i >cauty wast ed because a mother's eye a e rested on its bloom. A beautiful clu ? of autum nal roses, placed in a glass o on the ta ble, perfumed the apartmen nd a bright blaze on the hearth difTus* a spirit of cheerfulness around, while elieved tiie atmosphere of its excessive i turc. Mrs. Carlton was an invalid, an< iffered also from an inflammation of tl*yes Mary had been reading aloud tor from her fa vorite book. What do yolink it was ? It was a very oldfashioneq No other than the Bible. not ashamed to have sue young gentleman as I what her occupation had, contrast to the scene T lijjust quitted ! |c, indeed. ? id Mary wa* fashionable was, to see What How I loathed mj'salf ft which had led n?e to pr< graces of a belle to this turc ! I drew my chairj entreated that they won' mo as a stranger, but a to be restored to the fo; an old acquaintance, a moment, and, withou was admitted again to miliarity. The- hours Theresa seemed a kind bcr, a blank in my exi| a feverish dream. 'W a rainy evening, Maryi left her. iufatuation the arti6cial child of na he table, and t look upon iend, anxious d privileges of J understood in nglo reproach, "cnce and fa wasted with esuieric slum c, or. at least, o you think of ] ked I, before I " 'I love it of all thin cplied she, with i animation. 'There ia ithing so home drawing, 80 lieart-knii in its influence. Tho dependencies wl >ind us to the world seem withdraw d, retiring with in ourselves, wc le^irn 'e of the deep mysteries of our own g.' '?Mary's soul beam om hf- eyes, as ; it turned, with a tra t obliquity, to I wards heaven. She ;d, as if fearful | of unsealing tho four of her heart. T i said that Mrs. Carlt* s an invalid, and, | consequently, retiree y to her chamlicr. but I lingered till a hour. Nor did I go till I had made a fjnfession of my fol ly, repentance, andineii lovo; and, as Mary did not shut ioor in my face, you may itnagiuo sis not sorely dis pleased." "Ah ! I know vJary was. I knew all the time !" eicfl George, looking archly at Aunt Ma A bright tear which at that moment fef her lap, showed that, though a silJie was no uninter ested auditor. I "You haven't (father 1" said little Ann, in a disappl tone. "I thought you were going story. You have been talking ab.wsclf all tho time." "I have beet) ping of an egotist, to be sure, my litticput I wanted to show my dear yotinjjfd here how much might depend ofny evening. Life is not made all offline. Tho happiest I and most prc^plnust have their sea I sons of gloom afkness, and woe be to ! those from wh<Js no rays of bright ness emanate t?hose darkened hours. I bless the Gov rain as well as the sunshine. I eft his mercy and his love as well inlmpest, whose wings obscure the viJiories of his oreation, as in the spleif the rising sun, or the ? soft dews thatAd after his setting ra diance. I be*h a metaphor. I said a rainbow wak on the clouds that lowered on t#?tfu1 day, and that it j ! Kill moHnu^ne ?itb ondiminisHM ! beauty. Woman, my children, wx? sent by God to be the rainbow of man's darker destiny. From the glowing red, emble matio of that love which warms and glad dens his existence, to the violet, melting into the blue of heaven, symbolical of the faith which links him to a purer world, her blending virtues, mingling with each other iu beautiful harmony, are a token of God's mercy here, aad an earnest of future bless ings in thoso regions where no rainy even ings will ever come to obscure the bright ness of eternal day." ? Sharjte* Magazine. Lifted out op a Weli. ? A Finis in the Rt.\n. ? About two weeks since, a couplc of genius sons of the Emerald Isle, villi a 'Ilkh Irish Broguo,' were engaged in (Jig ging a well for Mr. Landers, of this place. As tie work progressed, it became neces sary to blast some parts of tbc rock that interfered with the digging, and the blasts were iroperlj charged *nd the fu?c lighted and fie Irishman, who had remained be low to do this part of the work, made all haste to ??o?po from the well. In his hur ry his /bet became entangled in the rope, ?nd all efforts to free himself only compli cated matters more seriously. At last the fuse had burned <1owd almost to the ground, and it was evident that the blow ur> must soon take place. Seizing the rope with both hands lie shouted to those at the top to draw hint up, which was at once done. Just as he reaehod the top of the we'll the blast exploded, and a large picce of rock struck hiui in the rear and hastened his exit. lie turned three double sommcrsots and jumped over the garden fence, besides performing a number of other ludicrous movements, much to the amusement of his friends and bis own great horror, believing himself "kilt intirelj*,' before ever be stop ped. An examination of tho wounded part convinced him that he was not dead yet, and be went (o work again, thankful for his happy escape, and laughing heartily at what lie considered a good thing. Per haps. when General Scott wrote his famous 'fire in tbc rear* letter, he had in hia mind's eye some such catastrnphc as that which we have just related. ? Grce.nsburg Democrat. A*ecdotk OK A (i EOR<] f A Jcdoe. ? In 1853 there was tried in the Circuit of Georgia, a case of involuntary manslaugh ter. In the expressive language of a wit ness, the accused, while drunk, pulled out h~)3 knife, and "sloshing it about" struck the deceased in the abdomen. The attend ing physician being called to the. stand, to inake the usual proof of the nature and ex tent of tho wound, testified, "that the knife entered the lower portion of the abdomen penetrating the peritoneum, and thence ex tending through the omentum, to the vicin ity of the iliac regions." The clerk, to whoui all of this was Greek, inquired of the Solicitor General if he desired that por tion of the doctor's testimony taken down. The Solicitor anticipating some fun, repli ed in the affirmative, and requested the doctor to repeat it slowly, which he did, in language, if possible, more incomprehensi ble. Old Judge A., losing his accustom ed suavity of manner, impatiently exclaim ed : "Doctor stop, for God's sake, stop ; if the man was cut in the guts, say so ; the clerk can put it down." The doctor has since studiously avoided the use of technicalities in the presence of the uninitiated. From the Springfield Republican of April 1. Shockino Cruelty to Horses.? One of the moat cruel picces of "sport" on record was enacted at Albany on Monday by An drew Dalton of this city, aud Samuel IT. Tajlor of New York, who drove their hor ses against each other, a distanco of one hundred miles, continuously, on a bet of ?1,250 a side. ? ????? A truveiler who arrived in town on Tues day evening from Utica, sajs both horses gave out together at Frankfort, and that one was stabled while the other having been stimulated with spirits and carcfully rubbed down and blanketed, was kept in the road while bis fricuds pushed the sul ky behind him. This traveller reported that the horse was pushed for nine mile?, while his competitor remained in the barn ; ?nd that after two hours had passed, the second or Dalton horse, was again started off, and nearly overtook the other before it reached Whitcsboro, being beaten only by three seconds. It is reported that the Taylor Iiorsc is already dead, and that the Dalton horse is but little better ? certainly ruined. Hy this means two foolish nnd wicked men will havo ruined two good horses, without any substantive gain to either party. The Dnl ton horse is said to have been a splendid young mare, purchased at Albany some four months since, by Mr. Dalton for this race. What Mr. I>. has made by this trans action. in money, is without doubt n blank ; what he lies lost in character, it would be difficult to determine. So great was the collection of interested parties in Albany, that nine car loads of people were taken up to Uticn, on Monday, to learn the earliest intelligence of the pro gress and rosult of the raco. We hope the laws of New York will au thorise the arrest and punishment of the parties to this enormous cruelty. Such an abuse of the powers of this noblo animal should be a State prison offence. jtarc. M. Day of Chicago, is a lucky follow ; the other day his delighted eyes wore greeted by the discovery of a small snake in a boiled potato ho was about to eat. Some people may not think this so ?cry pleasant ; but what a gratifying re flection must it havo been to Mr. Day, to fiud be had not eaten a portion of the tooth - sorno animal's head or tail, in his greedi ?nes3. Wo say, lucky fellow! ? Wheeling Intelligencer. Sallcs, arqutbttter to the Empe ror Napoleon, has invented a post-oflice au tomaton, which takes up crory letter as it is thrown into the box, places it under the stamp, wbcTe it receives the postmark aud date, and throws it out again for delivery to its destination. Tho process indicates the nombftr Of letter? tbos stamped. THE PUBLIC LANDS. The Staunton S/xctitor furnishes tlio following pynopsis of an exceedingly able nnd instructive article which appeared in tl>o editorial columns of tbo NVarrcnton If hiy a few weeks ago. upon tbo sul ject of Ibe public lands. Wo cheerfully devote a portion of our editorial columns to-day. to this stateminl of ficft, which deserve to be deeply pondered by every voter in the Commonwealth, who has the intelligence to appreciate tbo -Incalculable advantages which Virginia would derive from the re ceipt of her distributive share of this "com mon fund for tbo benefit of all the States." and the uinclineM and patriotism to prefer j the best interests of the Commonwealth, to > the success of any party. "Virginia was included in the benefits to accrue front this magnificent trust fund, and surely her people ought to know wheth er nny of the sister States have received anything in the way of lands or rucuey, and if so why (he Stnfo of Virginia has not received the diKtribalivo share to which she isjus'tly entitled. Let it be remember ed that the value of these lands ir? almost incalculable. In 1832 the quantity was estimated at one billiou and eighty million of acres ! and Mr. Clay predicted that for centuries to conic our children's children would be deliberating in the halls of Con gre.?s on the question of the public lund.?. At that date the annual avera<:?? proceeds of these lands nuiounted to $3,000,000 an(j Virginia's portion would theu havo amount ed to $iilS,798. Now, owing to the in creased sales, the share of this State a inounts to a much larger sum, and the shares increasing as the sales increase, Vir ginia would be cutitled for a century to come to an immense annual income. In addition to all this, says the "Warrenton Whiff," "the President, in his message of 1853 and 54, states that these lands after debiting them with all the cost of acquisi tion ? Indian titles ? Surveys ? sales, &c., have yielded to the Treasury of the United States the large sum of 853,000,000 ! ! i Virginia is also entitled to her distributive I share of this fund ? held by the federal cov- I crnnient, 'for the use of the States ? and for no other use or purpose ichaleier ! ! /' This claim of Virginia on the federal treasury amounts to about ?tt,fj()0,000 ! !" The Constitution having confiJod to Con gress the disposition of this immense "lan ded estate," we come to inquire how they have disposed of it so far, and whether they have dealt out the lauds and the proceeds according to the provisions of the trust deed, to the use and benefit of the United States, Virginia inclusive, to he faithfully and bona fide disposed of for that purpose and for no other purpose whatever." Eve ry one who is familiar with the history of the couDtry for the last thirty years knows that such has not been the case. Thou sands of acro3 Lave been lavished upon the new States to build tbeir railroads and ca nals and establish their schools and colle ges. It lias been given to individuals, and of rcccut year6 it has become the corrup tion fund ? for the purchase of members of Congress. By olficial documents it nppears that down 1853, Congress bad given in this manner for educational purposes, _ 11,199, 97a acres. For internal improvements, 16,607,013 " Making an aggregate of 27.S06.936 " These munificent grants at government prices, 'a dollar and a quarter per acre, a mounts to the large sum of $34,7 58,000 ! ! ! The Illinois Central Railroad Company, for instance, have not only constructed their road at the expense of the Geucral Government, but have realize ! immense profits from speculations iu the lands grant ed to them by Congress. We shall close our articlc with the fol lowing conclusive reply to the objection to the policy of distribution, on the ?eore of its unconstitutionality. We quote from the Whig of yesterday. "The South- Side Democrat is in immense labor, and trying to show that a distribu tion of the public lands would be unconsti tutional. Vain effort ! Because wiser and better men than the editors of the Demo crat, for both of whom we hnve due respect, have long ago pronounced that it is con stitutional. For example, hero is Chief Justice Marshall's opinion of the question, I contained in a letter to Mr. Clay, dated '?Richmond, May 7th, 1*#32," soon after i Mr. Clay's celebrated report on the public I lands was published. This ciiiiaeut ron- j stitntioual anthoritv suvs : ' " 'Dkar Siu : On my retnm to tbis placc, from a visit to my friends in our upper country, I had the pleasure of receiving your report on the public lands, which I have read with attention. The subject is of immense iutercst, and has long produced, and is still producing, great excitement. ?"My sentimrnts concur entirely with those Villained in the report, which are so clearly and so well expressed, that it must, I think, be approved by a great majority of Congress. Unauimity cannot bo cx pccted in anything. " *1 thank you for this mark of attention, and am, with preat respect, ?"Your obedient serv'l, "John Marshall." "There is Judge Marshall's opinion.? Now let us see what is the opinion of tbo present Democratic President of the United States. Here is what Mr. Puehanan ?ays : " 'Now, sir, a distribution of the pro ceeds of the public lands among the States would remedy all t/fsc evil*, and correct all these anowtlict <>/ <?tr nystcin. It would secure to us a settled policy on which the country might rely. It would draw off from the General Government this ecccn tric source of revenue, and distribute it a mong the States. We would then be left where the CossTtTLTtoN intended to plack ^s. The Government would thou be ad ministered Ofl its ORIGINAL PRINCIPLES." "Thus the case stands. The South- Sitlc Democrat says distribution is unconstitu tional. ('hicf Justice Marshall. Mr. 15u cbannn.and Gotf. Wise, all Democrats but the first, sty it i? constitutional. So irtid, i also, Mr. Jefferson. Mr. Madison, Mr. M<>n- j roe and Gen. Jaektou. Whose opinion on ! a constitutional qti--sti?n, people of Vir ginia. will you take ? that of tho MatcKincn we have named, or that of Mcpim. Hmikn an J Tliactatnn, of l'ctera burg ?" ? Ji ich ni'/wl A mrriran farmer aui) Uousc-liupcr. Auticiiokks. ? The Tribune very prop frly contends tlmt the great value (if arti chokes has never been understood pener ally by American farmers. They n ill pro duce a thousand bushels per acr* with li: tlo or no cultivation, wpou a moist ricli soil, and the roots will keep unuug through tho wiuter. or they inny be plowed out and fed in the fall, and lio.es turned in upon tho ground in the spring to root up tlie small roots, and this gives the land au excellent preparation for any other crop. The sumo | root Iia? boon long growu in ull the ?fei? [ Kngland States in little patches, for tho amusement of the pigs and pleasure of tho hoys, who are fond of digging and eating it raw in early Spring. Sometimes they aro used for pickles, but seldom Cooked in fho Northern States, while at the Soiuh tbej make a common dish upon many tables. IIousk Radish. ? Inquiries are often made as to the most successful mode of growing horse-radish, and having had soino experience in the business, I will. trhFi | jour permission, communicate the process I which I have found to be the iuoEt gene rally successful. The soil most congenial to the horse-radish, is a moist, deep soil, replete with humtu, hut not wot. Thn land should be thoroughly ploughed nud reduced to a fine tilth, and have a suftoiei ? cy of old, well decomposed manure well worked id. It should then be ridged ia ridges three feet apart ono way. and I ho roots ? about half an inch in diameter ? cut into pieces one inch in length, and planted in the ridges, two feet apart, and but one piece in a placc. The covering should not be deep ? say one inch, and tho after-culture be the same in every rfcpect as that of potatoes. The crop may be pull ed after the severe autumnal frosts, strip ped carefully of their fibres, and either marketed or deposited in the cellar for win ter or spring use. ? dcrmatitoicn Ttlrgravh. Tiie Sick Room. ? The progress of sci ence has taught us that air and cleanliness are quite as necessary to abate illness an to maiutnin health. Frequent changes of linen, and thorough ablution, will mitigate the severity of any feverish attack, and contribute greatly to recovery. Vinegar in tepid water, or a littlo euu-de-cologna thrown into it. is most refreshing, besides lesscuing the danger of cold. The same lsr.cn should never be worn during a consecu'.ivo Jay and night, unless in easc3 of extreme illness, when it is dan gerous to move tho patient. Everything io the way of linen should bo thoroughly aired and well warmed, so thnt no thill may be felt on coming in contact With it. Medicine should be given with the greatest exactness; and as the capacities of spoons arc as various as those of people, these to be used in measuring physic should bo shown to the medical man, that he may decide on tho suitability. Never givo medicine without looking at the label, to ?ee if it is right. I knew a fond mother who nearly sacrificed her favorite child by giving him tho wrong medicine in the dark. It wag only the utmost promptitude in ob taining medical assistance whicli saved his life, llcwarc of disturbing a patient from sleep, even to take medicine, unless espe cially desired to do so. For any other reason, it is most improper. Do not urgo food or drink when nature dors not seem to require h, and beware of irritating by an appearance of over ofliciousness. Ifow many nurses with the kindest intentions, cause so much irritation to a patient that thej' beffome almost odious ! They stand at the foot of the bed mid perhaps lean on it while talking, ami shake at once the bed and the nerves of the sufferer. They drop the tongs and poker ; or throw the coals on the firo with an energy which is excru ciating ; ibey bring up a little tea or gru?'!f and it is slopped over the cloth, and tho sickly appetite is too much disgusted to remain. They enter into some long story without noting tho weary eye, the contract ed brow, the languor which denotes fatigue, and then they woudcr at the impatience with which they arc told lint to talk. ? .!/.? lemal Counsel Io u Daughter. | Tiik Viroinia "Search Law.'' ? A spe | oi?l connnittce of the Massachusetts Legis lature have presented a report ou the peti tion of Levi Baker for an appropriation to test thn "search laws of Virginia," anJ re commend the passage of a resolve appro priating ?25,000 to enable Levi Baiter, of Yarmouth, to test before tho Supremo Cotnt of the Uuiteil States the constitution ality of an act of tho Legislature of Virgin ia, passed March 17, 1SC>G, entitled "An aot providing additional protection for slave property c.f citizens." *STJ obti Miller, oued twenty-cigh!? years, died nt Indianapolis on last Friday night. The Journal gives a brit f history of his paid carccr. lie wn b"rn in Pay ton, Ohio? was hft ?m orphan with o large estate, and to ht? own guidance ? 1 "fast young man," and rapidly sp?nt a for tune which was counted by t.ns of thou sands. TTu kept a circle of flashing young fellows about him until his mnn-y rrasr gone, who then dc.?cr'cd and 1 1 ft him. Ho sought Indianapolis f?r a home, and there, in some menial capacity, lived for a time, and died in a strange garret, friendless un \ albtttj. ?*TWliest is agiin offered in France, in all tho corn market?, at a reduction, the weather being highly favorable to tho growing crop*, nnr! a good harvest would bring forth an enorm-us quantity of gruiir which hag been held back. jt.fTPr. Johnson remarked that a habit of looking on the best side of every ctenJ ia' better than a thousand pounds a year. When Fenclou's library was "ft (Tro, "God1 he prsis^d." he exclaimed th*? it fa ??# t\? d Hi King of #?<uir *v *?"