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South Branch intelligencer. [volume] (Romney, Va. [W. Va.]) 1830-1896, May 08, 1857, Image 1

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Romney, Hampshire County, Va., May 8, 1857.
NO. 47.
The South Branch Intelligencer is published by
WILLIAM HARPER, ercry Friday, at Two
Dollars and Fifty cenlt per mnum ? but, if paid
within the year Two Dollar*. No subscription
will be taken for a shorter period than six months
nor be discontinued until ill arrearages) are paid,
unless at the option of thi- editor.
Will be itiMrlad it gl |4r square of 12 lines
for the fir?t three Visertionsiand twenty-five cents
for each aubseque.tinsertjoii. A liberal deduc
Cod made the heart ft every chord
Responsive to his l? ;
To cheer, to bless, ai.ieep hi* word
Like angel hearts ;
'Twas made to feel fathers' woe,
Life's sorrows to be{]e ;
To soothe the tears thfe-ctched know
And bid the mourne^iie.
'Twas made to be the c%j, of earth.
Where all affections i%;
Where every human Misath birth,
And every hope is swtf
'Twas formed the weak ;%ad (0 ajji
To bid misfortune flee 3
If man ne'er marred what ? had made
How heavenly earth ? *?
One by one the sands arc^ii,^
One by one the momei?]| ;
Sonic arc coming, some aping,
lk> not strive to grasp * all'
One by one thy duties wafee,
Let thy whole strengths each ;
Let no future dreams elatfc,
Learn tliou first what titan teach.
Honrs are golden links ? (1 token
Reaching heaven ; but <Jy one
Tako them, lest the chain foken
Antioch is, beyond dispi4e cheapest
place in the wbrld, as weSl'one of the I
healthiest ; and If it were ijr the ra?- '
ged little boys, who hoot afy stranger, j
and throw stones at hisdoogoying you j
in every possible way, I shcijrefc?it as !
a place of residence to any | have vis- j
ited in Europe, Asia, Afric?u)crica. j
My house was of perfeetl Jfconstruc
tion, well planned and well|tcd. and
proof against water as well a.4 j had
four rooms, a sitting-room, t&c-room
a bed-room, and a dressing-^ rimff a
walled enclosure of about\fy fcct
square, where roses and gcrn^ v;C(j jn
beauty with jopsamiocs and 1; There
was also a poultry yard, a pt house,
stables for three horses, a &tLn9C| a
kitchen and servants' room. Tj,, jj,0
garden a grape vine, (muscate. pome
granate treo, a peach tree, a plCCt an
nprioot, and a China quineo ; a addi
tion to all these, a fountain pernvjut.
ting up water, and a well, and
For all this accommodation I force
hundred and fifty piastres ? abi^.on
dollars ; and this was a higher j,llD
would bo paid by any native. (.rs0>
the house was unfurnished, but pre
in the East is seldom on a graric .
a divan, half a dozen ohaira, a bct a
mattress, a looking-glass, a tablerf(j
and half a dozen pipes and Darghiro
all one requires. Servants cost alf_
teen dollars each, per annum. Sen
a half pounds of good mutton maw
for twenty-five cents ; fowls, and 4
too, four cents each. Fish is sold 0
weight ; thirteen rotoles for a beshl.
boat Bcyenty pounds weight foftwc?
ocnts. Eels, the very best flavored
World, three cents eaoh. As for .
bles, whether cabbages, lettuces, del
ges, celery, water cresses, parsley,
peas, radishes, turnips, carrots, caulk
kind onions, a cent's worth would las'
a week. Fruit is sold at the same
and grapes dost abort t:$ 1.25 the hor:
Game is also abundant. Dried frui
nuts can be obtained in winter. I
living as well as one oould wish, 1
it impossible (house-rent, servants, I
board, washing, and Urine included,)
ceod die expenditure of two hundre
lard per annum.
Under these qircpnUtAnces, it mal*1
pear marvellous that man; EaropcanPj
8cssod of limited means have not la1
Antioeh their temporary home ; but I?'
'question has two sides, and overythiitj
pro* and con*. The eon,*, in thi6 ina#1
aro the barbarous character of tbo p?
among whom yon -live ; the perpetual*
bility of blooming, -at one instant's v#
itig, tho victim of some fanatioal emei
the small hope you have of rodress for
grossest insults offered ; the oontinuaM
trigaes entered into by the Ayans to I
tarb your peace and comfort ; the
of many of the lujarios enjoyed io T*1
rope ; the want of society and books ; 1
the tdtal absence of all plaoes of wors*^
which gradually creates in tho mind a nP
bid indifference to religion, and which tW
ing frequently degenerates into absolute*1
fidelity. It is better to ohoose with Da*<
lu such * case, and say, "I would rather),
a door-keeper in tho house of tho Lot
than dwell in the tents of iniquity." |
NeaVt Syria, I'aUttine and A*ia Mino\
JgyThe laws of Naturo aro just, bj,]
terrible. There is no weak mercy in theiV
Cause and consequence are inseparable atft:
inovitablc. The firo burns, tho wat*
drowns, tho aif Consumes, tho earth burie
And perhaps it would be well for our r&<)
if the pnaisbment 1 of crirncs against thi
laws of man were as -inevitable as tho puq
isbment of crimos against the laws of Nrt
ture ? Wero man as unerring in his judg
meat as Nature
jMTTrwo rnodotty is ? flower who?J
grateful odor endurts forages. Fal?o taod^
csty Is as pdlaonout, ?traraouium , and a.J
d?*dly. in 4ta ttltfttate effccts, an Ihe prus
rio ?<nd, distilcd from the green and pretty
leaves of peach trees.
Did you ever go a eourtin', nicco, or to
court ? Olio's about the same as t'other.
There ain't but preshus little to choose a
tween tho two, aoy how you can fix it. In
one you have to be asked a powerful site
of impudent questions, and in t'other you
have to ask the questions yerself. So there
ain't much difference in 'em, and if you
try both, you'll say just as I do.
About the matter of two years ago, John
Smith's cow broke into Sam Jones' field
and marched just as straight as her four
legs could carry her right into his turnip
patch, and eat two turnips, tops and all. ?
Jones he seed her, and sot his yellow dog
on her, and the dog Che's a savage critter,)
bit a hole through the skin of her hind leg,
and got his brains kioked ont to pay for it.
So fur Jones and Smith were square, but
there was them tnrnips ? Jones vowed he
wouldn't plant turnips for a well, able
bodied man's cow to cat up, and said if
Smith didn't walk right over to his house
and settle tbe damage, he'd prosecute him
with a writ Smith is a dare-devil Bort of
a fellow and he told him to 'come on,' fib
warn't afeered on him.
As it happened, I was out agoin' to the
Conferens mcctin' when the cow jumped
into the field, so I seed the hull performens.
Jones he seed me, and knowed that I seed
the scrape, so ho jist gin mc a little kind
of scrip of blue paper, with sumthin' writ
orful scrawlin' on it. Cicero read it, and
lalTed enough to kill himself.
'What upon airth is it, Cicero ?' sez I.
'It aint a luv letter, iB it ?' sez I, 'for old
Deacon Dame (who had lost his wife a year
afore,) looked orful sharp at me the day
afore, to afternoon mectin'.
'No, it aint a luv letter,' sez he, 'but a
eourtin' letter from Sam Jones.'
'A eourtin' letter from Sam Jones?' sez
I, 'why, Sam Jones is a married man with
ten children and a baby ! What does be
want of more family, I wonder ?'
'lie don't want any more family as I
knows of,' sez Cicero, 'but he wants you to
go to the Falls next Thursday to court, and
tell what you seed John Smith's brindle
cow do in his turnip field.'
'O, my gracious massy !' sez I, half
skccred at the idea of goin' to court. 'I
can't go ? it's my ironing day. and I ought
to mako my apple sass that day, too. I
can't go ? you just go over and tell nabor
Jones that I'd be glad to oblege him, but
I cau't without a deal of onconveniencc.'
'But, marm,' bcz Cicero, foldin' up the
paper, 'tills is a sheriffs or lawyer's sum
mons, writ pUt_u?-? kiff lajy. hnnU nnr) n/fn'll .
jjixve to go or be kcrricd to jail. ?
That's the way they sarvc folks who don't
mind the law.'
'To jail ? Hannah Tripe, to jail !' sez I,
as indignant as 1 could be ; 'I'll larn 'em
better works than to kerry an innoccut
woman to jail. I'lHay the broomstick over
'em if they come near mc.'
'It's no use talkin', marm,' says Cicero.
'You'll have to go, and you might as well
bo consigned to the levees of unalterable
fate ! The laws of your country must be
minded ! The glorious country that the
Pilgrim Fathers (it and bled for ! You must
respect her commands !' And Cicero riz
hisself, and sot up his eyes and bauds, jest
as I've seen Parsou Scrapewell do when
he's giving out the malciliction.
Well, I thought the matter over and
concluded I'd better go to court; so I
ironed Tuesday, and made my apple sass
Wednesday. Thursday, nabor Jonc3 come
over airly, and took mo into his smart new
buggy to kerry me to the Falls. We had
a site of talk about tho cow and tho dog
and the turnips while wo was agoin', and
by tho time we'd drove up to tho court
room, Jones had mado up his mind that
he'd beat Smith for sartin.
I went into the great square room a lcc
tlc frustrated, I'll own ; for there was tho
sightest of folks there, blue eyes, gray
eyes, green eyes, black eyes, all fixt on
Jones and I as we marched up in front of
tho judge.
'Good mornin' Squire,' sez I, bowing to
o^ittlc, old, dricd-up nosed feller with a
yaller wig on. *1 hope your honorable
t health is good !'
'Keep quiet, Mrs. Tripe,' sez nabor Jones
nudging my elbow, 'it ain't proper to speak
-to his honor, 'thout he asks questions.'
They took me to a littlo platform built
Jtpon ono side of tho room, and sed I might
down if I was a mind to ? so down I sot.
r goodness ! what fanny actions they did
?c ! Talkin' all sorts of langwidgcs that
aody on airth oould onderstand, all mix
up with 'constitutions,' 'revised statutes,'
m laws,' and nobody knows what, I de
xo I actilly thought one spell, that I'd
sn kerried clean back ages and ages, to
i time when folks talked in Hebrew and
ligpered in Paddy.
Bytfie-T>y, artcr I'd bognn to feci hungry
1 want my dinner, a tall, scraggy man,
grcon specs on his no3e, riz np and
rs. TIannali Tripe, stand up in your
>rd !' soz I, 'you don't want roc to climb
a checr afore all these folks, do ye T
o want none of yonr low jests here,'
s, coloring up till ho looked like a red
3l night gown ; 'rise up and stand !'
, yes,' scz I, 'I'd as lief git up as not
tny back begins to ache, I've set so
| oo I hisctcd up, and looked round
p ordincncc.
kj your right hand,' scz tho tall man
ou'vc do objections,' scz I, 'I'd ra
stc up my left one ; my right glove
a 9tarin big holo right on the palm
rybody sot up a great lafF at this,
b tall man turned into a red night
fer, order, gentlemen !' scz ft pert
flow wiih^i bucklc on bis hafr and
?c on the ond of liis red nose. ?
I bo committed for contempt, * scz
:ing low to mo.
c you sir, for tcllui' nic,' scz I,
o a little mistook, I haint got tlio
i, nor never ha<l it, that I know of,
htvl the ioflucnr.y btvl ennf. so
'Mr. Attornoy, examine that woman with
despatch ? the Court waits!' 6cz the judge,
try in' bard to keep on his long facc.
'liaise your right hand and swear *
?I never swear ? it's wiokod,' bcz I, giv
ing him a look of disgust 'I, a member of
tho church, swear ! The good Lord forbid !'
'Never mind, my good woman,' sez the
judge, 'say yes to what tho gentleman will
read to you from the book ? it will bo suf
ficient, amply so."
The tall man then took up tho big book
and read out loud ever so long a lot of gib
berish that I didn't onderatand then, and
can't remember now, bnt it was to the fact
that I should tell everything I knowed and
nothin more, and swear it was all true.
'Dear sako !' sez I 'if Fve got to toll
everything I know, it'll take me a month
or two, and I should like to have some din
ner afore I begin.'
'You're not lo toll anything except the
circumstance* oounectcd with the turnip
field of my client,' set the tall man, pull
ing awty at hli whiskers.
'I dop't know anything about yer client,'
sez I. 'I never seed it, to the best of my
noledge ; it was Smith's cow that got in
the turnip patch.'
'Did you see the defendant's cow make
forcible entrance into the plaintiff's enclos
ed field ?' sez he, lookin* as grand as tho
king of Independent Tartary.
'I seed John Smith's cow jump into Sam
?Tone's turnip yard, if that's what you want
to git at,' sez I.
'The sarae thing, marm, the same thing,
only in different langwidge. Where were
you standing at the time of tho occurrence ?'
'In the yard, on my fecL*
"What color was the animal that you saw
vault over the fence ? Could you identify
her from all others of the species V*
'She was a brindlc ? a thread of red hair
and one of fclack,' sez I.
'Describe her more fully,' sez he.
'She had a head ; two horns, two eyes
one mouth, four legs and a tail,' sez I:
'Did you see her with your own eyes de
vour two turnips in plaintiff's field V
'With my own eyes? To be sure ! ?
Whose eyes did you think I'd borrowed V
'Could you swear it was turnips that you
saw her masticating.'
'I ain't gwinc to swear anything about
it. Sho was eating suinthin white, but it
might have been white rocks, for anything
that I know.'
. 'Mrs. Tripe, how old arc you ?'
'None of your business !' sez I, gettin
out and out mad. 'I am old enough for you,
nny way, and you look a3 if you were mnn
U^arYr dedicated in
The lawyer scratched his nose, and look
ed like red flatinel again, for all the folks in
the room laughed enuff to split themselves.
'Go on with the examination,' sez the
?Do you know my client personally ?'
sez the lawyer, pinting at Mr. Jones with
his kng rakish finder.
I should think I ought to,' sez I, lafGu.
'lie courted my cuzin Tidy Brown, mor'n
two years, and got the mitten in the end.'
There was a great laff again, and callin
| nut for 'order, order,' and that only made
j 'em laff the louder. Jest at this minute
i up jumped a little humbly, red-faced mnn,
that had been talking with John Smith ev
er so long in a whisper, and sticken his
! thumbs into the arm-holes of his vest, sez
he ? 'Allow me to ask the witness a few
questions, your honor.'
Tho judge bowed, and tho red-faced man
went on ?
'Mrs. Tripe, you say you know Mr.
Jones ? do you know my client, Mr. John
Smith 7
'Yes, eez I.'
'What do you know of him ?, sez he. ?
'State the good you know of him, if you
'I don't know any good of him,' sez I?
'lie robbed my hen roost last spring, of the
bost pullet and the hansumest crower I had
j in the flock. That's most 1 know of him
any way.'
'Tho witness may sit down,' sez the
judge, takin out nis handkerchief and pre
tenain' to blow his nose, though it's my
opinion ho was trying to koep from laffin.'
A madder feller than John Smith you
never seed ; but they wouldn't let him say
a word, and I was actily afeord he'd bust,
he was so full of bilin ho4 rago Agin me.
Thero was a great deal oftalkin and dis
putin in the room? and arter a while the
jury scd they'd decided tbo caso.
One of the jurymen stood np, and sod ho
thought Smith's oow hadn't no business to
jump iuto Jones's yard and devour two of
his turnips.
Another of em got up and sed he know
ed the oow hadn't ort to jump in, but the
turnios had no business to look so tomptin,
and for his part he thought the turnips was
full as much to blame as she was.
Another of om scd that Jones ought to
pay Smith for his cow s killing Km dog, for
the dog he sod was the ugliest critter upon
tho faoo of tho airth.
The judge sent era all off out intor an
other room to make up their minds whnt
they'd do ? and we set as still as mice, wait
in for em to cum back. Bymo-by the door
opened and in they cum ? twelve of cm,
two and two, and sot down.
'Gentlemen of the jury,' sez tho judge,
'have you arrived at a conclusion ?'
All of cm bowed their heads solumly ?
'Who shall speak for you,' sez he, lookin
^as indignificd as an owl on a holler tree.
"Our foreman, Mr. Antipodes,' sez they,
with one voice.
Mr. Antipodes riz up, slow and steady,
jist as you'vo seen cm hist up rocks with a
dcrrick, as if he was afcercd if he'd sidle
over a mite he should sprawl hisself on tho
floor. Antipedcs is an orful grate man,
and his hoaa is tho biggest part of him ?
rather top hoavy, yo see.
'May it pleaso yer honor, and tho court
at largo,' sez ho, rolling bis eyes round and
round, till they looked liko two great dirty
I snow balls slidin down a hill, 'wo have dc
I cidcd that John Smith give to Mr. Samuel
; Jones tho sum of two turnips, as the a
I mount of damage dono the latter by the
1 excursion of tho former's cow iuto the plain
, tiff's primiscs !'
Thcro was considerable Iaffin in court
or tor this, ud one feller hollared 'order !'
so much and so load that they sed it was
a fact he couldn't speak out kind for a week
arterwards. ? ?
Mr. Jones give ma fifty cents for my
services and brought me homo safe.
Smith paid him the two turnips, aud
they (not the turnip*} are as good friendB
as ever. Since* that are serapo, if ever I
see a cow that looks' as if she was agwine
to jump in any where, .ftiqttorn my back
to her and say ? 'Go aheadT
No one can visit Circassia without being
desirous to know something of the women
whose beauty has passed into a proverb. ?
Our French travellers ? Dr. Jeannel and
the Frcnch Commission ? had an opportu
nity afforded them of seeing what they were
like, for Mehomet Bej came down to the
enclosure and said they were at liberty to
visit all the neighboring huts, even those
of the females.
"Everything a Circassian has, is," said
the Hungarian, "for sole ; you are not
merely his guests, on this occasion, but ve
ry likely his customers ; make, therefore,
as minute an examination as you please."
"Do yoa mean to Bay," demanded the
doctor, "that they sell their daughters T'
"Certainly, just as they would sell their
sons, slaves, dogs or horses. Not long ago
I was offered a beautiful girl by her ^thcr
in exchange for a fine greyhound which I
had brought from Kars."
Encouraged by these assurances, Dr.
Jeannel and his friends entered the huts,
where they found several girls, not so beau
tiful, however, as thoy are generally de
scribed. Their bpst points were magnifi
cent eyes and luxuriant tresses, which fell
heavily on their shoulders. But their cot
ton dresses were wofully ragged and their
1>crsons shamefully dirty-drawbacks which,
lowevcr, did not prevent them from play
ing off all sorts of coqnetrieB as they were
severally passed in review.
"Their most ardent desire," said the co
lonel, "is that you should purchase theiu.
The life they lead here in the paternal
huts, at the bottom of these sunless ravines,
is very dull and wretched. They work
hard, and eat nothing but millet, while tra
dition paints to their imagination, in the
most glowing colors, all the delights of
Stamboul. Their sole ambitiou is to be
come the property of some pasha, and to do
that the first step is to get away from hence.
You appear," he continued, "to think that
these girls are not particularly handsome,
tCey ar<? m'at/e' of the riglifslufT ' ltl.Wlf^
dirt, and squalor, and bad living, .that
spoils thorn iu the miserable holes in which
they are brought up. For the full devel
opment of Circassian beauty they require
to be transplanted to the Turkish harems
before they are thirteen years old. All
sorts are sent off ? tho ugly ones by way of
experiment, the beauties for a more certain
market; the former fetch about a thousand
piastres cacli, (eight pounds ; which, by
the way, is nearly two pounds more than
tho value of tho French apothecary.) but a
beautiful girl is worth ten thousand or even
twenty thousand piastres (from one hun
dred to two hundred pounds.) Tho value
of a boy is, however, double that of a girl,
and tho ago at which the sale is made is
earlier ? ordinarily at ten yoars ; the rea
son for this is tho greater utility of the
male population in the coustant war which
is waged against Russia."
Extraohdikaky Cash o? Somnambolism.
?A young lady, (Miss Mary Stan,) a Diece
of A. Loo-uia. Esq., of Fulton, says the
Fnlton Patriot, Who is liring with her un
clc, and attending school, has of late been
and is the most singular and extraordinary
somnambulist of whom we have ever heard.
At night,- after she has fallen asleep, she
gets up, lights a lamp, and taking a paper
and pencil, writes sev?ral stanzas of poet
ry. Iler uncle, one night, fearing that
some accident might occnr from a sleeping
person having a burning lamp in her hand,
took the precaution to remove the lamp
from her room and boyond her reach. ?
That night she arose in perfect darkness,
wrote another piece of poetry, which, upon
examination by day'ight, was found to be
well written, correctly spelled and punctu
ated, and the ruled lines as accurately fol
lowed as they could have been by tho best
nmao with a good light. And this has
en repoatnd from night to night, each
time a now picoe being produced. She
has no knowledge of tho matter herself ?
cannot repeat a word of tho poetry she pro
duces, and insists that the does not write
it Her friends-?atcb her closely Thoy
have interrupted ber whilo writiug, when
she seemed liko one aroused from a deep
slumber, and cannot flnish*tbe line or oven
tho next word of tho stanzas sho happens
to bo writing. If her writing materials
aro removed from her room, she rises, and,
finding them missing, proceeds to scarch
drawers, trunks, etc., in tho dark, with as
much ease as another would do it by day.
Sho has sometimes fallen into this condi
tion in tho day time, when her writing im
puUo comes on. The young lady's health
is not very good, and since her somnam
bulic cxcroiscs, she. seems to fail daily. ?
Physicians have been called, but as yet
have affordod her no relief.
A SraAxan Affair. ? The St. Louis
Republican says a strange affair, resulting
in the possible death of three persons, took
?laoo about two miles from Eddyville,
owa, on the 10th ult. As one of the
Western Stage Company's coaohcs rcaohod
that point, a passenger by tho namo of
Joseph Tattcrson, Jr., from Joliot, Illinois,
in whose previous appearance nothing sin
gular had been observed, exclaimed, "Wfiy
did you kill my cousin ?" With a pistol
and dirk-knife ho then commenced a most
terrible onslaught upon the passengers,
mortally wounding Dr. Timmons, of Knox
ville, Marion county, and a gentleman of
Montgomery county, Ohio, and sovcroly
injuring a Mr. Hylawdcr, of Jasper couniy,
Iowa. Ilo was an entire stranger to all
parties injured, and insanity can only bo
assigned fvr tho commission of the act.
President Buchanan and Distribution.
We invite the attention of such of our
Democratic friends as aro now opposing a
Distribution of the Public Lands, to tho fol
lowing crushing argument in its favor, from
the Hon. James Buchauan, now President,
fell vered in the Senate of the United States
on the 28th of February, 1888. Read it
carefully, ponder over and see what flaw
you find in it. Remember it is Democrat
ic authority. Here it is :
I am sorry now to believe in the truth of
the declaration of the Senator from Missou
ri, [Mr. Benton,] that the land bill is a
lifeless corpse. / have clung to that mea
sure, through good report aiul through evil
report , until it has been ulxuulonta by all
its other friends, and lam left as the only
mourner of its unhappy fate. Dead and
gone, as it appears to b% I shall not do its
memory so much injustice as to compare it
with the system of distribution which Its
former friends have now adopted in its
The land bill tcould l>e the safety value,
the regulator of our system of revenue and
expenditure, without inflicting any of the
evils on the Federal Government tchich must
flow from annual distribution* of the sur
plus in the Treasury.
What ia the theory of our Government
under the constitution ? Congress possess
es the power to levy and collect taxes. ?
For what purpose ? To accomplish the
great purpose specified in the constitution.
This power of levying taxes carries with it
an immense responsibility. The represen
tatives of the people, when they know that
all the money they appropriate must be ta
ken from tho pockets of their constituent*,
will be careful to expend it with economy
and discretion. But we possess a vast re
servoir of wealth id our public lands, so ir
regular in its current, that, in one year, it
poura into the public Treasury twenty-mil
lions, and in the next it contributes but one
tenth of that sum. This deranges all our
legislation and renders ail great interests
of the country fluctuating and insecure. It
cncourages extravagant appropriations by
Congress, and banishes eoonomy from our
legislation. It leaves every interest in
doubt and uncertainty. In one year, when
we have more money ftan we know how to
expend, we hear the cry that the tariff must
be reduced ; the revenue must be dimin
ished to the necessary expenditures of the
Government; protection must be withdrawn
from our manufactures. The next year
perhaps there may be a reaction. Specu
iiausUrir"?t.V?;HMjblic lands may have cx
ury from this source in ay" ?*&. ?? tiio T re as - |
minished. What comes then ? The tar
iff must bo raised ; the duties on imports
must be increased to meet the necessary
wants of the Government. Thus the pub
lic mind is kept in a perpetual state of ex
citement. No domestic interest can cal
culate upon any fixed and steady protec
tion. We aro in a state of continual doubt,
public opinion fluctuating with the fluctu
ations in the sales of public lands. None
of the great interests of tho country can
ever flourish, unless they can calculate,
with some degree of confidence, upon some
steady and certain course of legislation, in
relation to themselveH. Now sir. a distri
bution of the proceeds of the public lands
among the States would remedy all these
evils and correct all these anomalies of our
system. It would draw off from the Gene
ral Government this eccentric source oj rev
enue, and distribute it among the States. ?
on its orioinal principles. All our ex
penditures would then bo derived from tho
taxes which wo might imposo on the peo
ple,- and the tariff would thus bo rendered
fixed and certain. Whatever protection
might then be afforded would be stable. ?
Under the ohrcnrostances ; an incidental
protective doty comparatively small, would
be of more real value than a much larger
one, subject to all tho risks and uncertain
ty which now exist. A manufacturer,
whilst embarking in business, would not
then dread lest the policy of Congress
might change before he could get into suc
cessful operation. There would then be no
taxes raised from the people to bo distrib
uted among the people. We should hoar
no more of sumluses.
Combining some such a disposition of the
proceeds of the distribution with an ar
rangement, as to the lands themselves,
which would bo satisfactory to the new
States, tho system might thorcby bo ren
dered perfeot and permanoni,. I am strong
ly impressed with the belief that a plan
might bo devised which would moet the
approbation of all reasonable men in tho
new States, whilst tho just rights of the
old States would be amply scoured. But
all hope of suoh a contamination has al
most departed. The friends of the bill hnve
cast it aside. Even the- Senator of Ken
tucky has abandoned the promising child
which he has adopted and nursed so long
and so tewlerly, and is now caressing and
chcrishing the ill favored Imntling which is
now before the Senate. Register of Debut's
in Congress, pages 1004,-5. ? Fred. Itcrald.
IIorriblb Occurrence. ? At Sandusky,
Ohio, la3t Sunday week, a boy, five year?
of ago, son of Mr. O- W. Stewart, an old
citizen, was so dreadfully torn by tbrec
dogs as to occasion bis death in a few
hours. Tho little fellow was horribly bit
ten. One of tho dogs, a bull terrier, be
longed to the father of tho child, and Ihc
others to a neighbor. They wero shot.
xarw0 understand that a negro man
in Kappahannock couotf, a few days since,
for having informed upon some of his as
sociates, who bad been stealing, was taken
out by them foroibly and hung. Tho ne
groes are in jail. ? Warrenton Whig, A
2>ril 30.
jgrTamoucho, a war chief of tho Utah
Indians, put two nativo physicians to death,
bccaaso they failed to cure two of his Wires,
who died under their oaro. Tic' sent thorn,
in his own philanthropic expression, "to
l look after their patients."
Astronomerb at thia t:;uo arc looking for
tho reappearance of H alley's great comct
of 1765. This announcement lias caused
a panic in some parts of Europo equal to
that of the Milerite excitement in this coun
try. The following extract from a private
letter written lost November, which we
find in the National Intelligcnccr, not only
gives some facts respecting tho naturo of ;
comets, but also announces a . theory rc- |
specting their electrical influenco which j
may explain the singular weather of the j
p recent season :
I The near Approach of this planet in em
bryo will influence our planet, perhaps the
entire solar system. It will be attracted
by the sun, and then repelled by it ; it will
both attract and repel the planets jf the
solar systom, and appear to creato disorder;
confusion. But have no fears. It can
neither attract nor be attracted so as to
come iu contact with any of the hcaveuly
bodies. The most it can do to any of tho
planets (ours not excepted) will be to
ehange the currents of their electrical en
velopes. This will have a tendency to give
us the warmest or coldest winter (should
the comet appear soon) experienced since
1765. Should the earth's electricity be
attracted or repelled to either pole, the
temperate zones will enjoy an unusual de
gree of mildness ; on the other hand, should
the earth's electric sheen bo gathered in
folds Hearing the equitorial regions, then
indeed may wo cxpect the most intense
cold ever experienced in this climate. In
either event tho disturbance of tho ocean
of electricity in which the solar system
floats will produce extraordinary results in
atmospheric temperature, wind currents,
and vegetation, until the elcctrio equili
brium shall be re-established.
Respecting the mechanical effect of a
collision with a comet, M. Babinct, of the
French Institute, says :
With regard to the questions to which
this qucstiou has given rise, I must protest
against the idea that a comet possesses the
power of imparting a perceptible mechani
cal shock. I can prove that the collision
of a swallow, intent on suicide, and flying
with full force against a train of a hundred I
carriages, drawn by ten steam engines, ?
would be a thousand times more dangerous
for the train in question, than would be
the simultaneous shock of all the known
comets against the earth.
What is a i.omet ? It is a visible nothing.
Lieut. Maury informs the National In
telligencer that another telcscopio comet,
discovered by Dr. Bruhus at Berlin, March
18ih, is now visible in the north-western j
part of the heavens .Tl 'u anMnnsnil to, .
VA^ii^l witb the third co ^ orbit \
for which has been computed oy TTr. Von |
Galen, by which it returns to its perihelion
June 25th of the present year. The first
icomct is increasing its distance from the
earth ; the second is approaching, and will
be visible during the whole of May.
Power ov thk Human Eye. ? George
Pitt, afterwards Lord Rivers, declared that
he could tame the most furious animal by
looking at it steadily. Lord Spencer said,
'Well, there is a mastiff in the court-yard
here which is the terror of the neighbor
hood, wilt you try your power on him V
Pitt agreed to do so, and the company de
scended to the court-yard. A servant held
the mastiff by a chain. Pitt knelt down a
short distance from the animal and stared
him sternly in the face. They all shud
dered. At a signal given the mastiff was
let loose, and rushed furiously towards Pitt;
then suddenly cheeked his pace, seemed
confounded, and leaping over Pitt's head,
ran away, and was not seen for many hours
after. Daring one of my visits to Italy,
while I was walking a little before my car
riage, on tbo road near Viena, I perocived
two bnge dogs bounding towards nio. I
recollected what Pitt had done, and tremb
ling from head to foot, I yet had resolution
esough to stand quito still and eye them
with a fixed look. They gradually relax
ed thoir speed from a gallop to a trot, came
up to me, stoppod for a moment and went
back again. ? Roger J TaUe Talk.
The National Hoted Sickness. ? Maj.
Phinney, editor of the Barnstable (Mass.)
Patriot, with his wife, have been sufferers
from the sickness brought on at the Na
tional Hotel during inauguration week. ?
They are not even now fully recovered. ?
Mr. Phinnoy, in tho courso of an article
in hia paper, declares that "this was one of
the most malicious attempts at wholesale
poisoning which has ever been recorded in
history. Who instigated the foul plot wc
may never know, bnt the design undoubt
edly was to poison Mr. Btichriuan, no mut
ter tchoecer else might be sacrificed
Heavy Damaobs. ? A case was tried last
week in tho Common Pleas of Cumberland
county. Pa., for slander, in which Abra
ham Swartz was plaintiff and Jacob llen
ninger defendant. The latter, it appears,
declared in the public market in Harris
burg, before a number of persons, and in
other placcs that he believed the former
had a h:?nd in a murder committed in that
county a year ngo. Tho jury awarded the
plaintiff S'2.500 damages.
I'axic is a Church. ? The Lancaster
Bx press of the 20th ult., says n great ex
citement occurrcd on the previous evening
at St. Jaincs' (Kpi?copal) Church. It
socms that two highly esteemed ladies,
who were about to he married, had attracted
thither an immense r;owd, which crammed
tho building to its utmost capacity. Daring
the cercmony the creaking of an old bench
croatcd a panic, during which some leaped
through the windows, and several ladies
from tho galleries, under the impression
that the pillars had given way. Nobody,
however, was seriously hurt.
JtsrWhcn the United States become as
densely populated as Holland, thepr will
contain nine hundred million inhabitants ;
nearly tho present number of tho whole
human racc.
?3TLorcnro Dorr oncc said of a grasp
ing, avaricious farmer, that if be had the
whole world enclosed in a single field, be
would not be content without a patch of
ground on tho outside for yolatoca.
far met anil llousr-Kccpcr.
Al'Plli ATIOX OK MaXL'RK. To get tllii
greatest benefit from uiauure, it must be
intimately mixed with the soil. It makes
a much greater difference than most far
mers suppose, whether the manure is buried
in lamps and clods, or whether it is care
fully spread and intermixed with tbo soil,
as far as may be by plowing and harrow
ing. The richest fertilizer is of no use to
a plant unless fitted for plant food ? so in
termixed with the soil as to invite the roots,
and so porous to moisture as to become
soluble that tho roots may take it up. ?
Hundreds of experiments hare shown that
a small quantity of manure, thoroughly
mixed with the soil ? so as in fact to bc
eoiue a part of the soil itself ? will produce
an immediate and astonishing result. ? ?
Rural New Yorker.
Worms in Peach T rem.? This it> tho
| season when pcach trcca require to be carc
fullyuxamined about the roots, for a grub
like worm. It is the Egeria exitoisa, and
the result of an egg deposited by a moth,
in June or July last. If you examined
your trees, aod carefully cleaned them last
September, you will find very few worm?
now ; but if you neglected your trees last
fall, you will soon find from one to five of
the small white, grub-like worms, under
neath tho bark, and just at the surface of
the ground. Cut them out with a sharp
knife ; cut away all the gum, and wash the
tree with soft soap and soot, mixed ; then
earth up around it, and keep the ground
clean during the coming season.? O. Far.
Ilow to Select Ftot'U. ? 1. Look at it-}
color ; if it is white, with a slightly yel
lowish or straw-colored tint, it is a good
sign. If it is very white, with a blucisb
cast, or with black specks in it, the flour i*
not good. 2. Examine its adhesiveness ;
wet aud knead a little of it between the
lingers ; if it works dry and elastic, it is
good ; if it works soft and sticky, it is poor.
Flour made from spring wheat, is likely to
be sticky. 3. Throw a little lump of tho
dry flour against a dry, smooth, perpen
dicular surface ; if it adheres in a lump,
the flour hns life "in it ; if rt falls like pow
der, it is bad. 4. Squeeze soma of tho
flour in your hand ; if it retains the shape
given it by the pressure, that, too, is a good
sign. Flour that will stand all these testa,
it is safe to buy.
To Preserve Corned Beef for Summer
Ubb. ? In tho month of April or May,
when the brine begins to ferment, take up
the beef ? empty the brine from the barrel,
.and wash and dry with a cloth. Then take
When nil this is done/take (fry
rub thoroughly on each piece, and lay back
in tho barrel. When all is completed,
cover the barrel, and the beef will keep
two years or more, ns nice as whett first
packed. Salt beef should be put Hi warm
water the day before using, to cxtract
| the salt.
The "Hog Ciiolkka." ? The reason of
| this malady at the West-, we are told, haa
! at last been found in the intemperate bab
| its of the swine. They are very much ad
j dieted to the slops of the whiskey distillers,
! a barrel of which is said to contain enough
! strychnine to kill thirty men. That, tberc
! fore, which is at first merely a pleasant tip
i pie, finally brings death, not only to the.
i porcine, but the human family. May both
i bogs and men take warning and mend their
I ways.
Bread out Wk^t.? -If our Western
friends can in any way teach their wivos,
daughters, or cooks to keep the pearlasb
out of their bread, ? all the yellow people,
? especially tbo yellow children, wno are
sapposed to be turned yellow by the fever
ami ague, bilious fevers, &o., fee., will soon
be re-t?rncd wbite. It is a great mistako
to suppose, ? that the yellow countenanccs
of the Wost como from bile,? when it is
only tbe enormous quantities of pearlasb
eaten in the bread tbat is reflected through
the skin. Bread is the staff of life, ? it is
said, ? and so it is, ? but it is tbo stafF of
death, too, in this country. Bad bread
kills about as inany people here as bad
rum. So many people eat poisonous pearl'
ash for bread, that they die of it by in
ches. Dyspepsia, ? that great monster dis
ease of our country, that deranges the liv
er, ? brings on eostiveness, am! thus finsl
j ly, what kilte tho bum?D victim is, half tbo
time, "Pearlasb." Horo in tbe East, ? out
I of Now England, ? we have nearly drivcu
j off tbe pearlash sahcratu* cooks, ? but not
! altogether. Pearlash lives hero yet in
i bread, ? bat m tbe cities end towns we
have whipped oat tbo murderers. In tho
I distant Western towns, however, ? beyond
| the good hotels of the Lakes, and on thy
llivcrs, ? Pearlasb, however, under tho
name of mlitratus, is King. It is pearlasb
for breakfast, pearlash for dinner, and pearl
asb for supper. It is not any wonder then
that white peoplo East turn yellow West,
and sicken, ? not of fever and agao, bilious
nnd congestive fevers, ? but of pearlasb
three times per day. ? Xcw York Ktprcss.
t3T Wo aro sorry to learn that one or
two eases of small-pox have made their ap
pearance in tho neighborhood of Jacob's
Church, in this county, among the friends
of tl?o (Joffmans' who were so severely af
flicted by this terrible disease several
months ago. We understand thnt tho di
sease, in the eases which have recently oc
curred, wore contracted from handling or
woaring tho clothing of one of tho former
victims of this scourge. ? Woodstock Tenth
1/tyion, April 30. ,
IIion I'iuce voti ? Jack. ? Thomas W.
Lewis, Esq., of Kentucky, has recently sold
his jack >Ioro Crtstle ? eight years old,
fifteen hands high, imported ? for tho sum
j of five thousand dollars, to M. W. Mays,
I of Manry county, Tennessee.
j it5T A good couscioflce is better than
' two witnesses-? it will consume your grief
as tho sun dissolves ice. It is a spring
; when jou aro thirsty? a staff when you aro
j weary? -a screen when tho sun burns ? a
t pillow iu death.

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