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WHEELING, WEST VA, MONDAY MORNING. AUGUST 7, 1865.
i :-f ? : ? I ' IT i '! ? ?? '? -J'" ' " 1 KO,l29f>. ff : Ib? Equal, i' UND SKY'S IMPROVED bWOD-seakcher, FOB TAB CtneA OP Atl. Diseases Arising from an Impure state of the Blood, SUCH AS : i-:'.. perofala, Cwoerous Formations, W^&noen, pimples on the Face, Sore Eyes, 4c. have falriy-^iotl TOUyestMblittied that In the BUWMBAMHER, SacfSralltbedlfleiSglbrwhfcli lfcla recnro "fhive'th Is day, OoWber7th, 1864, disposed of Jr eJtiro Interert In J. M. Lindaey* Ihi-kov IrnBLOOD SBARCHEBt tO R. E, 8ElIJ!Bfl4 00.i JSShmr with the right to use my name In its prepared By] a l Sellers & Co., Pittsburgh, .Pa., SOLE PROPRIETORS. gELIiEHS' LIVER PILLS. (The Original, only Trne and Genuine.); ^ H?stood;f0rThM^a^to5l9^r^ whole class of diseases originating in biliary derangements TO THE PUBLIC. The original, only tnieanrl 'genuine Liver TIONS. B. F- NF.I.I.KKS * CO., Proprietors," ?Pittsburgh, Pa. The Great Internal Remedy, FOR THE EFFECTUAL* CURE OFj rheumatism, GOVT, NECRAJ.OTA, KINGS' EVIL, TET TER, SCALD HEAD, JUNU WORM, dr. IS TRITLY JOHNSO-N'S Rheumatic Compound, AND BLOOD PURIFIER. Lei the Siifleringr Read and Cense to Despnlr. Mr. Johnson:?Dear Sir: This is to certify that bv using theree-fourths of a bottle of your RHEttMATIO COMPOUMD AND BLOOD PURIFIER,: I was completely cured of Chrome Ekeumatism, after having sniftered for more than eighteen years. It W heen over four isnce I was cured, and I have not felt, the ?ohtest symptoms of its return. I remain wire truly, ANDREW ARMSTRONG, No. Names street, Allegheny City, May 3d, 1864. It stands uneoualled by any medicine now Wore the public, for the cure of the aboved lamed] diseases.. r/ .vJL.' JFtead the following extracts and testimoni *&~AU who use it receive benefit, M*// cures where all other remedies fail. other rented}/ has become so popular. *5TIt gives u n iversal satisfaction. ? W The proof is most abundant. *&~H U the only sure cure for Rheumatism. WJI is destined tosapcrsede all others. *8TIl is prescribed by Physicians. It u recommended by Physicians. In truth it is a perfect benefactor. BREPA.RED BY R. 12, SELLERS CO.,. Sole Proprtetors, Corner Wood and Second Streets, PITTSBURGH, PA. fleclS 64-Je-TO Hoop Skirt Factor;. ALSO, French & American, Corsets lUS f TjiTET UlolSxil MANUFACTURED. COHEN, SEMPLINER & CO., 1?1 >Ialn Street, With a large and well assorted stock of u, uuiuuiu, ?. un.ii i uuyjJWi iuiu) Of the Ixilext and most ApprovM Styles! faring been engaged for a long time In an "Umsive wholesale business, we have acquir ? extensive faciiitlCR for procuring goods' In ?nine on the most reasonable tennsuand of ^wmto the public at the lowest Eastern Merchants particularly, aro Invited to call irhpi^6 our slock' before purchasing else iS!l!!R.Pnroh.ised in our store, will be'renova I ?3?tlont charge. ? e'nlsomake iihy size of HoopSkirts to | "W. COHEN, SF.MPIJNER* CO. ml Main 8treet, "VVheeIlng. HOOP SKIRT; CORSET FACTORY, 165 Main St., cor. Market AJley. . M. MENDELSON, Would respectfully announce t,rJ? , "IS citizens of Wheeling that he has namS?5 H<y>P Skirt Factoiy at the above on w ?and - where he will keep constantly 1 good assortment of the tw*t Hoop P?^?S5taff? QnaUty' ^ COr8etS' I aa ne4r?op sWrts repaired and made as good Hats and "caps. s- n. pbatheb, . , No. SO Matk Street. A ON HAND A CHOICE AND | and ?f 011,8 and <*P?taT Men* [ ,radiniUi?f:1.roil-'< of establMhlng a permanent iSSu^*1 the dt* oW1 |2^can FISE, MARINE 8 INLAW IfiSORiNCE o ?'~r? .ff&sss; Companies, representing In the aggregate CASH CAPITAL AND ASSETS (CTVI ,.?B,00O,QOp< r, nowdimtrnk &at: ofoapiKEir rosjr. Cash Capital, all paid In *2,000,000 00 " Assets 1st January, 1865 1,687,601 80 83,087,601 90 ' Nett assets exceeding those of any other Company doing Fire business in the United States. UNDERWRITER'S AGENCY, N. YORK. TheGermania Fire Ins. Co.... Cash Capital The Hanover " " " ... . d A_^t The Niagara " " " ... nnu Assets 1'lie Republic " ? " ... *,800,000,000 One Policy of Insurance is issued by the four Companies. SECURITY INS. CO. OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital, nil paid in 51,000,000 00 " Assets 1st February, 1806 548,3.50 22 $1,548,360 22 Three-fourths of the nett profits declared to policy holders, annually. CONTINENTAL INS. CO. OF NEW YORK. Cash Capital, all paid In...:.. .8500,000 00 " Assets January 1,1805 863,858 80 . / It 81,303,853 80 Seventy-five per cent of the nett profits de clared to i>oliey holders annually, without in curring any risk. Policies will 1>e issued In any of the above reliable Companies on application to W. F. PETERSON, Agent, Office Main street, next door to M. A M. Bank. mar21-ly Franklin Insurance Company OF WH KEI.ING. Capital, 8150,000. IMKKCTOItS: T. H. Ixwin.T. P. Shalleross,Geo. IC. Wheat, <ieo. Mendel, John Zoeekier. Saml. MeClel lan, W. Franziieim, J as. N. Vance, Alex. Laughlin. This company having been duly organized, are prepared to take risks at fair rates on buildings of all kinds, merchan dise, manufacturing establishments, furni ture, stenmlmats and cargoes on' the western rivers and lakes, and also on the lives of per sons for a term of years. Tills Company of fers superior inducements to fanners, where by they can be insured for three years, at re duced rates. Tills l>eing home institution, romposed of some nlnety-fonr stockholders, most of whom are among our best business men, recommends itself to the favorable con sideration or the insuring public, and solicits their patronage. A ppllcat ions for Insurance will be promptly attended to hv the Secretory. Ofllee. No. 1 McLure House, being the same formerly occupied by Adams' Express Co. N. C. ARTHUR, Secretary. SAM'I. McCLELLAN, President. GEO. MENDEL, Vice President. N. C. ARTIl ITR, Agent for paying pensions. Office, No. 1 McLure House, being the same formerly occupied by Adams' Express Co. IN8U Tl A. N <C JQ . Tire & Marine Irawe Company OP W1IKKL1XQ. INCORPORATED IN 1S.17. Takes risks atthe lowest rat>s on Buildings Of all kinds, Steamboats, Furniture and Merchandise, and against all dangers attending the transportation of goods on rivers, seas, lakes, canals and railroads. H. CRANGLE, President. JOHN F. HOPKINS, Secretary. nrRKOTOR-s: Roliert (Yangle, - Daniel Lamb, TEoIxmI. Morrison, .T. C. Aclieson. S. Brady, .Tames Dalzell, John Bonlon, Samuel Ott, ?WTlie office of the Company has been re moved to No. 50 Main street. Applications for Insurance willbepromptly attended to by the President or Secretary. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. TRAINS WILL ?tJN BY e following schedule on and after Nov. ] EXPRESS TRAIN. Wheeling at.l 1:00 a.'m Ben wood 11:20 " Moundsville. 12:00 " Grafton 5:05 p.m. Oakland ft06 " Cumberland.11:10 " Martlnsburg. 3:13a.m. Wash. J'tn.... 8:14 " Arrive at? Baltimore 8:40 " . mail train;"' Leave | Returning leave? Baltimore^. "9:00 a. m. Returning, leave? Baltimore at.. 0:40 p. m. Wash. J'tn....10:07 " , Martlnsburg.. '3:13 a. sr. Cumberland.. 7:10 " Oakland :..10:40 " . Grafton l:lflp.M. Moundsville.. 6:18 " Benwood 6:40 " Arrive at Wheeling 7:10 " ?Wheeling at. 9:50 p.m. Benwood... ...10i30 " Moundsville.llfcOl " G*afton._...?. A39 a. m. OaManti; :.<-6:23 " Cumberland.. 0:36 p.m. Martliisljtirg.. 1:13 " Wash. Jn'tn_ 6:21 " ! i?Sive?t Wash. Jrt?tn, ? VTartinsburpc.. 3:00p.m. Cumberland.. 7:15 " Oakland.. 10:13 " Grafton 1:10 " Moundsville. GK?)a.sc. Benwood 6:20 " ? Arrive at? 6:? " 'W&eetoK 8:50 <? W.P. Smith, Master of Transportation, ? _ ? . Jj B. FORD, nov;i General Agent, Wheeling. Cleveland & Pittsburgh Rail Road. (Shortest and Quickest Route East and West.) rriRAINSRUN AS FOLTAJW&COMMENC X Ing Monflay. Octoberai,7!^: M?n. Express. Express. L'veBridgeport....11:00am 4:90pm 10^)2pm Arr. Pittsburgh... 3:45pm MOpm 2:10am " Cleveland ....10i)0pm 9:55am WS5am " Crestline 12:4<Wim UHlOain ll:00ar(i ?' Ft. Wayne ... 7:00am (MOpm 5:20praJ " Chicago ....12:50pm 11^0pm 11:20pm " Harrislnirg..: 2:30 am ftOOam 1:10 pm " Baltimore 7:00am 12:20pm 5:45pm ? Philadelphia0:55am lfc40pm 5:35pm " New York.... 9:45am 2:35pm lOKWpin Tickets to all principal points in the East and West can be procured at. the Tfnlon office In McLure House and at tho Station at Bridge^ port. F. R. MYERS, nihS General Ticket Agent. HEMPFIELD RAIL ROAD", /-^NAiiT) AFTER MONDAY, NOVEMBER U the 28tli, tbe trains:on'this mod will run i as follows, daily except Sundays: Leave Washington...^..... 7% A. M. Arrive at Wheeling? 10 " RETURNING: Leave Wheeling ...; S p.m. Arrive at Washington _.. 6 " All freight to be forwarded from Wheeling must be delivered at the depot before 2 o'clock P. M. to insure its shipment the same day. nov24 W. D. BPRTON, Sup't, NEW ARRANGEMENT. Ohio ana Mlssltwlppt Transportation I Company, "PEOPLE'S LINE," Daily for Louisville. THE MAGNIFICENT NEW | STEAMERS, ftT. NtCHOLAB,...:.....L1.Mi?EKiN, Master. ST. CHARLES, ..Watts, Master. Will lefive DATI.Y at 5 P. M-, from the lower wharf boat atthe foot of Broadway, Clncin For freight or passage apply on boftrd. or at, the Company's Office on the wharf boat, where freight will be received at all hottrs. . JAMES GOOD. SupU O. A M. T. Co. Shipper* desiring to ship through the above Line, can do bo by applying to BOOTH, BATTELLE & CO., General Steamboat Agents, Bp21-6m COl1.' Mionfrw ay*rl al ? wW RATES OF SUBSCBIPTIOM'. DAILY, by mail, one year,_ ;.... ,t7 50 stx months, 4 00 three months, 2 25 one month, 75 by City Carriers, per week 15 TRI-WEEKLY, one year. 5 00 six months,. ? 3 60 three months,....;. 1 50 WEEKLY, one year. 2 00 nix months^ 1 00 BATES OP ADVEBTISING. One Square, one time, (10 lines or less to con-1 ' ;uare,). l7J j. tlOllwi . ?. one week, 3 00 two weeks, 5 001 month, 8 00 Business or Professional Cards, not change able, on the first or fourth page, $20 per yean 912 for six months. Marriage, Death and Religious Notices, 75c. YEAB.LY ADVERTISING. % column per year, 5 50 00 V 90 00 VJ ... 150 00 AN INCABNATE FIEND. How Capt. Henry Wert* Murdered Our Prisoners?Vivid Picture of the Great Torture Pen?1'he Black Hole of Calcutta Outdone?infamy Never Equaled iu th? History orMan-Oen. Winder and His Hon on BottingYsii keen?The Testimony of a I-oyal Oeorela Planter. New York, Thursday, Aug. 3,1865. To the Editors of the New York Post: There appears to bo a disposit ion on the part of some of the public press to mitigate the offences and crimes of Maj. Henry Wertz, lato the responsible keeper of thestockado at Anderson ville, 6a., and to throw upon others the re sponsibilities that justly attach to those alone who were in immediate command of that prison. Being personally ac quainted with most of the officers who were stationed at Andersonville, and knoiving much of the treatment of those who were so unfortunate as to have been confined in that pen ol' horror, I have thought that a condensed state ment of how things were managed and prisoners of war were treated there might not be entirely unacceptable to your readers. . I wish to be understood as not desir ous to l'orslall the action or the opinion of the commission which is about to in vestigate this matter, or to add anything to the feeling entertained toward Major Wertz. It is enough for him to rest, now and forever, under an obloquy that no time and no repentance can ob literate; to feel within himself the un enviable pangs which the recollection of his powerless murdered victims will ever arouse, and to kno*w that whatever may be the award of a human tribunal, his punishment is already decreed. The prison of Andersonville is a stock ade of about eighteen feet high, the posts comprising it being sunk in the ground live feet; it originally comprised an urea of eighteen acres, but was subse quently enlarged to twenty-seven acres. The iuclosure is upon the side of a lull, looking toward the south, at the foot of which Ts a small brook about live feet wide and as many inches deep, which furnished the water for the use ot the prisoners, within this inclosure were turned the prisoners as they arrived, and left to providoior themselves, there being no shelters, or arbors, or any kind of protection afforded by trees or other wise against the burning rays oi this Southern sun, the furious storms or the freer-ingwinters. ? , . The position was selected by Captain Winder, son of Gen. John H. "Winder, who was sent from Richmond for that purpose in the latter "part of 1863. When it was suggested to him by a disinter ested but humane spepfatfjor of his operations. that it would perhaps be better to leave the trees standing within the. proposed stockade, as they would afford shade to the prisoners, he replied: "That was just what ho was not going to do; lie was going to make a pen for the Yankees, where they could rot faster than they could be sent there." And admirably did he accomplish his mission. . The first commandant of the post was Col Persons, who was soon succeeded by John H. Winder, with his son as Adjutant, his nephew as Commissary and sutler, and Henry Wertz in imme diate command of the prisoners. There were generally stationed there for guard duty from three to six regiments of in fantry, with one company of artillery, having a battery of six pieces, accord ing to the exigencies of the case, the number of prisoners then confined, or the fears entertained of an attempt to set them at liberty by raiding parties of United States troops. . When prisoners were first received it was usual to subject them to a search for money, valuables, &c., which osten sibly were to be restored when they were released from captivity, but which in reality wont into the pockets of those who .controlled the prison.<iNotwith standing a law of the Confederacy ex pressly prohibited the dealing in "greenbacks," yet the initiated, a few whose "loyalty" was unquestioned, could always obtain for a consideration the greenbacks they required. The writer of this wtes tho foreman of the last grand jury which was em panneled For Sumner county, fla., and in the performance of his duties he had to investigate a large number of pre sentments for dealing in the forbidden currency, which was brought against noor Union men in ovory instance. Struck by this fact, ho resolved to ex amine, as his position gave him a right to do, into all tho circumstances; where the money originally came from, who did the selling of it, indeed the whole modus operandi, and he elicited the fact above stated, how the money was ob tained, that the Winders and Wertz were the principals, acting through subordinates, in gathering bushels of plums, in tho way of premiums, Ac. Meanwhile the prisoners were left to the tender mercies of.rthe jailor and coimnissary Tor tfieif rood; which might have been improved in quantity, at least, if their' uiopey had been left in their own possession. At first it was customary to send a wacon into the stockade every morning at fo o'clookT leaded With the rations for the duy?bacon and oorh-breiid, nothing else; but as tho number of priBonors increased and the greed of ealn grew upon tho trio above men tioned,.the corn-bread was reduced ill its quality, being then manufactured of equal proportions of ground field peas and corny unbolted, unsifted, tfiiftleans ed. indeed, from the dirt and. trash which peas natrtrally. acpumiilate; and, at last, when the nBmber of prlaoners increased to over 87,000, the meat ra tions per week were reduced to a piece of bacon, man, about three in ehes long and two'Wide, ?with one pone! of the bread aboye .d^ribqd per day.-r-l Then, alio; the custom of carrying the prisoners' fooal:into the stockade in wagons was abolished. They drove up to tne gates, -which were slightly open I ed,- ana the scanty 'food, foul and un healthy as it was, was thrown;.inside by the guard, to be scrambled for by I the wretched prisoners, the strongest: and those nearest the gate getting the i largest share, the weak and sickly get ting none. ? _ X I i i J . I have mentioned the small brook whidi runs through the. lower part of i the stockaded and. wliiah supplied the i water for drinking and washing. This brook has its riseina swamp not far from the prison, an<I. at' no time, cer tainly not for a lengthened period, was the water suitable pr healthy; but when the fraces and filth, the drainage of the whole camp of prisoners, came to be superadded to the natural unfltneis of the water for drinking or cleansing pur poses, my readers can judge what thirst was assuaged, or fever cooled, or throb bing temples "washed, by this floating streitih of filth and disease! At any time, under the m<Vst rigid hygienic re strictions, it is difficult to maintain health and cleanliness among a large body of men?what do you think was the condition of 37,000 half-naked, half starved uien, without any police regu lations, under no moral or restraining inlluences? If the remnant who were finally allowed to passed out of this military Golgotha wore hot wild beasts, unwashed, befouled devils, no thanks are to be given to Henry Wertz, for lack of effort to produce such a con summation. , When it rained, as it does in that cli mate almost continually during the Spring and Fall months, the soil within the inclosure was one mass of loblolly, soft mud, at least fifteen inches 111 depth, through which stalked and stag gered the gaunt, half-clad wretches thus confined. The stcnch from the prison could be perceived for two miles, and j fanners living in the neighborhood began to fear for the health of their families^ As a consequence of this, the hospij tals?facetious was Wertz in his horri ble humanity?were crowded to com-| pletion with the emaciated, starved and I diseased men who were trundled into them. , . , J The hospitals were constructed of logs, uhliewed, tlie interstices unfilled and open, admitting the rain, without floors, cots, bunks or blankets, filthy and fetid with the festering, putrid bodies of the sick, the dying and the dead. . Words fail, language is impo tent to describe one of these dens of disease and death. I once mustered the courage, impelled by the earnest en treaties of a Northern friend, to e.nter one of them, to visit one who was tenderly reared, and walked iri tho best Tanks of Connecticut society. I believed I had seen before this what I deemed to be human wretchedness in its worst forms. I thought that I could nerve myself to witness mortal agony and wretehed ?ness and destitution, as I had beard it described, without blanching or trem bling. But if the condensed horrors of a hundred "black holes" had been brought before my mind to prepare me for the ordeal, they would- have failed to realize'the faqtB as I saw them face to face. , , I cannot, in ft daily paper road by innocence and virtue, detail what met my sight on the occasion I refer to. 11 will not pollute any page, save the! records of the courts that must try the culprit for the crime of torture by dis ease and filth, with, the details of that caravansary of horrible, intentional slaughter. For fear that some may think I haVe exaggerated, an episode here will, perhaps, dispel such illusion. Convicted oy the horrible fact that was a stench in his nostrils, Gem TVriidor, then Commissary-Gen. of Prisons, not ] having his headquarters at Anderson-" ville, Was forced by decency, not hu manity, for this ho himself asserted, to ask the aid of tho Presiding Elder of the Methodist Church of that; circuit to adopt some means to alleviate tho mis eries and. sootlie the wretchedness of tho poor inmates of that Anderson ville ? hospital. This gentleman invoked the co-operation of the women of Sumter Countv, who responded with clothing and necessaries only, for these alone are allowed, to the amount of four wagon loads. Upon the day appointed, four ladies, accompanied by their hus bands, went to the prison and sought from the Provost-Marshal a pass, to take their benefactions to the sick pris oners. It was refused with a curse! The party proceeded to Winder s head quarters, where Henry Wertz was in company with the General. The de mandfor apass repeated. Understand, the ladies were present, and the reasons given why tho party were there, in ac cordance with Winder's special request. To their astonishment, they were met with this reply: "G?d d?n you, have you all turned Yankees hero? "No, General," responded the spokes man of tho party, "I am not, as you know, nor are any here present; we have come, as you requested us, t hrough the Rev. Mr. D., to bring necessary ar ticles for the Federal hospital and ask a pass for the purpose of delivering them." "It'sad-n lie! I never gave per mission for anything of tlio kind! He off with you, all of you !" As if this fearless display of martial valor and gentlemanly bearing was not sufficient, Henry Wertz essayed Jo and did eclipse his General in profanity and indecency?and I here assert that if the lowest sinks of the most abandoned parts of your city were gleaned, they could not surpass the ribald vulgarity and finished profanity of this Jailor, ex hibited in tho presence of refined and u loyal " ladies. Shocked, terrified, beaten to tho very dust with mortification, the party retir ed and, foiled in their efforts to succor the sick or alleviate the tortures of the dying Union soldier, they gave their load&of clothing and food to a passing column of Federal prisoners on their Way to another place?Millen. They at least had tho satisfaction of knowing that somo were benefited, even if they hid failed in their efforts for those who most needed their assistance. During tho last winter?which was unusually cold for Georgia, when the ice made an inch thick?110 shelter, no blanket!? or clothes, lio wood was pro vided for tho wretched inmates of that prison. Squads were permitted, to the number of thirty, to go out under guard dailv, for onehont, without axes or ftny cutting tool, to gather tho refuse and rotten wood in the. forests; -and if they outsUiid their time, they were tried by drumhead court-martial, charged with violating their parole, and if-found guilty, were hung! I myself saw three bodies. hanging who were thus execu ted. Toor fellows, I thought, God has taken pity upon you and^iyen ypu de liverance from your cruel jailorL,/When you and he meet, at another judgment seat, woe to i-liiin if his authority be found insufficient for this taking of your lives, wretched though theyhe. My house was fhe refiprt, or, X should m?asRk&ssy&s sassa ' " " / .rff' u -H :? >;. - i ada and the tales of starvation andi distress Which they told would have melted an iron heart. I must closo my i hurried account of what I had seen. It } is far from full; riot one-half has been I told: by far the most has been kept: back from very shame, and inrespect to your readors. I have not embellish ed, Tho pictures were too rough, the characters too forlorn for the^ flowers of rhetoric to bloom in their presence. Broken hearts, crushed spirits and manhood trampled ou, may answer as fitting subjects ftar the romancer's pen, but the horrible reality, so seldom seen, burns its images upon the beholder's soul, that no other impressions can ef face, and they femain life-pictures in deed. s LETTER FROM THE COUNSEL OP CAPT. WBRT3S. Washington, August 2, 18<3o. To the Editors of the. JV. Y. JPoxt .* Wo have seen in your paper an arti cle in relation to the approaching trial of Capt. Wertz, which we think, in con nection with others of a like nature, re quires notice at our hands. Your ar ticle professes to be based upon some newspaper .defence of liim. We appeal to the newspaper, press not tobring its powerful influence to bear to prejudice the public mind against Capt. Wertz. No statement to the pub lic on his behalf lias had either his sanc tion or that of his counsel, except this, and this is intended simply tb deprecate all attempts to mold public opinion, in advance of tho proofs which the trial will dovelope. We confidently assert that those | proofs will exonerate Capt. Wertz from all responsibility for atrocities that may have been perpet rated upon Union pris oners?atrocities which wo neither ex pect to extonuate or justify. We pro test against tryingjtho Southern Confed eracy in tlie person of Capt. Wertz, and we ask for him a suspension of public judgement until the proper evidence upon which to form it, is lurnished in a reliable shape. Kespectfullv, your obedient servants, James Hughes, J. W. Denver, Chas. F. Peck, ? - Counsel for H. Wertz. ('II VIM'Aft MATTERS SOUTH. Bishop Wilraer to the I.ulty nnfl t'lcr Ky of Alulmmii?Tlie Uoctriue or Al leiclnuecnnU Itf? Application to tlie Existing; State of AtfUirw. To the Clergy anil Laity of the Protes tant Episcopal Church in the Jiiocesc of Alabama ; On tho 30th May last, I addressed a brief circular to tho clery, suggesting the principles which, in my judgment, should govern them in their official conduct under tlie present condition of affairs. I deem it advisable at this time to set forth, in a more formal and i>ub lic manner, a somewhat expanded statement of the views contained in tho circular referred to. The lapse of the Confederate Govern ment does not necessarily involve the disorganization of the general council of the Church with tho limits of that Government. Tlie nationality of a church is' a matter purely conventional, and of human arrangement. It is as suredly possible for two Church organ izations to exist under one common civil government, without violating the unity of the church. There is an es sential difference between the unity of branches of the Church, and their union as 0110 legislative body. For example, the Church in.Englaiul is in perfect uni ty with the Church in the United States; lmt there is no legislative union be tween these churches. Again (and this is a case more in. point), the church in Scotland is in unity with the church in England, and'yet they exist as distinct organizations, , under a civil govern ment. Consequently, 110 charge of schism can jiistly lie against the Church in the Southern States, in case she should see fit to perpetuate herself through a separate organization. She does not thereby necessarily depart from the unity Of the Church in doc tiiie, discipline or order. Theyefore, it may or inay not. as circumstances imiy indlclite, be advisable and expedient to dissolve the general council. This is a question for future ecclesiastical deter mination. As to the changes in the language of certain prayers, which are made neces sary by late political events, I observe that tlfe lapso of the Confederate Gov ernment requires, of necessity, the omission of the Prayer for the Presi dent of the Confederate States and all in civil authority." Tho immediate substitution of anoth er* form of prayer does not follow of the saniejiecessity, as' wiil appear from the following considerations: To pray for all in authority is, un questionably, a duty?but a duty of 10 ligious, and not of political origin and obligation. Tho mode of discharging that duty must bo determined by the proper ecclesiastical authority. Conse quently any attempt on the part of a civil or military power to dictate to the Church in this matter cannot but be re garded as unauthorized and intrusive. Certain tests of loyalty have been estab lished by authority, and they who faithfully conformed to these tests have fufillled the requirements of the law, and have right, in equity and under the Constitution of the country, to manage their ecclesiastical aflidrs according to their own discretion. The Church has due regard to. established authority, and is not to be presumed regardless of her sacred obligations. She must be left free and untraiiimeled in her legiti mate sphere of action. Any attempt to dictate to her can only serve to retard the action which, in pursuance of her obligations to God and to her own tra ditions, she will unquestionably take at the proper timo in tlie proper man ner. , Now, the Church in this country lias established a form of prayer for the President and all tho civil authority. 'The language of that prayer was se lected with reference to tho subject of the prayer, "all civil authority," and she desires for that authority prosperity and long continuance. No one "can well be expected to desire a long con tinuance of military rule. "Therefore, the prnyer is altogether inappropriate and inapplicable to the present condi tion of things, when no civil authority exists in the oxerciso of its functions. Hence, as I remarked in the circular, "we may yield a true allegiance to, and sincerely pray for grace, wisdom and understanding in. behalf of a Govern ment foundod upon force, while at the same time wo could not In good con science iisliior its continuance, pros pcrity "? r When the .cavil authority shall be re stored, it will bo eminently proper for the Church.to resumo tho use of that form of prayer Which has been estab lished by the highest ecclesiastical au thorities, and Which has for so many years constituted a part of her liturgy. XOU U1U- _??> ? liiAtl t have expressed a strong desiite !"that the regular ai>d ordinary forms ofpub lio worship should be so entirely Oath the fter M to be adapted to all rlwiit?2Pn .s of H,ne> place and tfrcumstance,'' and that I urged this S?anrrv5I>n -t,h? l"Mon of our Dio action at ft ln 18m- with a view to Council t ??.."Wroncliin^ General enw which t .k1 en,ertain prefer ^ap?s?M when civil authority shall be rpitn?i in the State of Alabama, the uleriry sholl use the form entitled "A Prayer for the President of the United St?t? and all in Civil Authority," as it standi in the book of Common Prayer And my counsel to the clerirv and laity is, to heed the teachings of the Church ill regard to Scriptural obedi ence due to "the jwwers that be;*' und whilst carefully maintaining tho in herent prerogatives of the Church with in here sphere, faithfully to discharge their duties to tho State, thus fulfilling the injunction of our I,ord: "Bender unto Cassar tho things that are Cajsar's, God's"" Gotl U'e things tlmt ore 'i? ?C "1G Clin roll upon this point is briefly but most conipreheii wln lll> i" ber 371 li Article of ,lc, J,owcr of tliecivil mag istrate extondeth to all men, as well lint hat!f i,o1ty' A" "I1 thinf?s temporal: but hath no authority 111 things purely rln. v ^f -i,A,,d W0 1101,1 il ?" t?e the ii. , men who are professors of the Oospel to pay respectful obedience ^itinf,t"Y authority, regularlv and le gitimately constituted." Ill regard to the Inking of the oaths ?\Z^y-?"a "I1 tJue8tion the duty of StS('U render faithful alle giance to tho government under which lie lives, and an oath of fidelity to the government is only tho fornial and shin of .'^"P^ledginent and exprcs ff fh^JIr. rol!','-v existing obligation. !' therefore, the oath of allegiance zens fhero VW y r??uired of "11 eiti /.ens, there is no good reason why Sueli ll"?nn ^jliould not be token, provided things bo dono (seo 39tli Arli Aii r.io JustlC0i judgment and truth." a , sw?ai'ing is an abomination. tJl9w> .liretheren, commending rv.,1 ,,!! i guidance and protection of 5, ' nml earnestly praying that all m'iKYr- ordered to tho advance ment of His glory, the good of If is kiio'nf'tA tll? honor and wel PnllTr^, r-'iS -1>P?P'?' 1 11,11 .vours faith fully in Christ und TTis Church. ?. , , Richard II. WiwiEit, Bishop of the Diocese of Alabama. Greensboro', Ala., June 20, 18(i5. <\ A. WlJilJKRTKIt, dentist, Xo. 03 Utarkct Street, mr!9 ly WHEELING, W. va. AI1K. ROBERTSON, M. D. T. MntSFOHI), A. St. noBERTsosr a- i.rxsFonn, SURGEON DENTISTS, ^**? MU Market Street. declfl ? AVHEEr.IVcw VA. JAMES 8. WHEAT. HAJJNTBAT, FORBES. WHEAT * FORRKS, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, M'heellnjc, W. Va. . Main street, two doors north of M. - M- li>iMk- in.yl-.1in E.W. PAXT0N. JOHN DONI.O.V. C. 00I,EBAY. I'AXTOJV. IIOMOX A oglebay, WHOLESALE GROCERS, Produce A- Cninmiusion Morchnnts, Nos. 62 and Hi Main St., novl Wheet.lng, \V.J.'a. JO IIX JJcXEtl, A- CO., DEALERS IN Cliina, Glass & Queensware, L A sr P 8 , OILS, ? AND ? lvjip fixtures, nov2S-ly No. 1'i Main Street. STEPHENS & SMITH, Attorneys for Collecting Pensions, Back Pay, Bounty AND ALL CLAI2I8 AGAINST THE GOirERJS'AlENT, Office over the Hank of Wheeling, fclj27 Main Street, Wheeling, W. Va. K P. Rhodes. C. M. RHones. E. P. RHODES & SON. (Successors to Rljr - Warileld.) Grocers & Commission Merchants BRintJEFORT, Ohio. Jul-fim It. CRASOLE. JAS. I)AI,ZEI,I? It, CRAKOI.E. CRAXGLE, BAEZEIX A CO.. WHOLESALE GROCERS, Produce & Commission Merchants, JVo. 38 it- to Jfonrnet1121 MnrkeCSt., WHEELING. W. VA. ItODMAN'H ~ Inspection and Leaf Tobacco WAREHOUSE. Nos. 50, fit and 83 Front, nnd ?2, fit and ?G Water, bet. vtno Walnut Hi"!, WSCIJINATI, ohio. "^-Returns promptly made. T) HrF.? T CHAS. BODAtAN, Prop'r. "IKATT. Inspectdr. mny.H-ftm CHAS. XX. BERRY, S?w. 18*19 "Water St.." Manufacturer and Dealer In ManOla, Hemp, Cotton and Jnte Roue, Bedconls, Tjliies. Twines. Tnr, Pitch, Oak um, Blocks, Jflslilne Tackle, Gum" Hose, BjiIi ing, and Pncldug, Jy20 Fire Brlck,TUe?S: Clay. EDWARD RETT). ? JAMES NEILL. EEID & WEILL, Manufacturers of Soap & Candles No. l.Mnfit Street, Dealers in all kinds of plain and Fancy Soaps. Tlio highest market pnof PJJd for grease and tallow. Orders soli cited from tlie tnyle. Tliaukrul for past pat ~ wiHclt a continuance of tfie sajne. P. C. HILDRETH & BRO., 53 Miiln Street, i.r, WHEELING,tw. VA. wkssss Steel; Window Glass. i>rlnttng Paper, Wrap ! lllier' blaster Paris, tond PmsteV'c^ Agents Ibr TTojves Improved Counter and __ _ ^- Platform Scales. The hfflhetl market price paidfor Rafts, Flax seed, CHnsena, Scran.iron, Ac, . . i via gusittfjssr ffiartls. T. H. I.4VUAX * CO., WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS, WHEELING, W. VA. Have removed to their new Wumwinis, No. 47 Main Street, and No. 8 (fuincy Stm*t. t9*Iili(ln Street Entrance, next door to Ba ker A Hopkins. Quiney strectentranco, near Bait. & O. R. R. Depot, and wharf. "DRfns, Taints, Oils. MKiiraCTS. Vaiinisttfh, B Hushes, Window Glass, Pekkumkiues,Wmite Lead Patent Medicines, Ac. Offered to the trade. In city and coimtry, at low prices and of tile hat quality. CasTi and prompt customers are invited to call. npl McCabe, Kraft & Co., WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS NO. 85 M VI.V STREET. AVlloollllK, AV. A'n. A LARGE & COMPLETE ASSORTMENT of. \ Drugs, Paints, "White T.end, Molicino, tills, Brushes, Chemicals. Varnishes, Perfumeries, Dye Stuffs, Patent Medicines, Spices, Ac., Ac., Always on hand, which are offered to tlio trade at low figures. Purchaser are rosjiectfully Invited to call, mnifl. c. II. BOOTII. j. c, JELLY. TV. o. hattelle. joiin mi i.kink. BOOTH. BATTKI.I.K A <<>., (Successor* to CYmrml Mairr,\ DEALERS IK FAMILY GROCERIES, . Boat Store*. PwhIupo, FRESH ?fc CXTRET) MKATS, LAKF. ICE & CANNKD FRUITS, Ac., Corner Monroe nml "Water Streets, WHFEIJNO, AV. VA. TN CONNFCTION WITH THE TlOrSE there is a "Wharf Boat, and it is the desien of the firm to do a Fownnllnp and < 'onimis sion and Storage business, act aa Steamboat Agents and furnish all desirable information pertaining thereto. __ ' jyl4 _ j6hn hamilton & co., Wholesale'Dealers in Coal niul Wood ^COOKING STOVES. Also, all kinds of PAltT.OIt A HEATTXCJ STOVES, Adapted for either Wood or Coal. ]follow-\Vnrc. Plougrli I'oints. Orates* Arctic^, and every description of Casting's, nolIliiK Mill. Flonrlne Mill, niul Saw Mill t'HDtlllfjK, QUXNCY FOUNDRY <fc MACHINE SHOP, maylS Wheeling W. Va. Srnlrs. SAM'r. OTT. MORGAN T.. OTT. WM. II. 1IAI.I.. SAMUEL OTT, SON & CO., Agents for FATRBANKS' STANDARD SCALES, A "DAPTKT) TO KVKRY P.RAWH OF /V business where a correct and durable Scale is required. Counter Scales of every Variety, PORTABLE AND DORMANT SCALES FOlt STORKS, If AY AND t'ATTLE SCALES. Warehouse and l^rctn.tjyortniimi Seales, Scales for Grain and Flour?Scales for Rail roads?Scales for Coal 1 Valors and Miners ?Cotton and Suenr ScaJe&?Farm and Plantation Scales?Post Oftlce Scales?Ranker nnd Jewel ers' Beams^-Weigh masters* Beams, tfce.. Ac., tic. All of whieli are warranted in every partic ular. Call and examine, or send for an illus trated and d escrlptl ve'cjr^iijnr.' N. B.?Tliesc Soalos have ~cilt steel bearings, which purchasers will find upon examination is not the case with other scales offered for sale in this city, which are represented to be "as good as Fairbanks*." A scale with cast iron bearings, cannot' be durably'accurate. SAM'L OTT, SON <fc CO., Agents, Wholesale Dealers in Hardware. Saddlery Hardware. At., Cor. Market A. Monroe sts., opposite McTAire House, Wheeling, W.Ya. marl 4 P. O. Hn.?BETH <fc BKO., 53 Main Street, WHEELING, W. VA. Howe's Standard Scales, HAY OR CATTLE, PLATFORM, CODN tor and Grocery Scales. HOW ITS aIMIY HrAI.ES. Adopted by the Government as the Stand ard Scales. Every Scale warranted. P. C. HILDRETH A BRO., feb5 Agents for the Manufacturer. SRriiws aurt 3Ci(iuors. 1IEKRV KOSKNTIIAI#. A. A, I.EVISOX H. ROSENTHAL & CO., Importers '& Wholesale Dealers in Brandies, Wines, Grins, AIXOHOL BOniBOy. RYE. MONONGAHEIjA WniSKY, Cntawbn Wines, Manufact urers of Cider Vinegar, Domestic Wines &c., Wo. 23 Matn Street, (In room formerlj- occn])ied hy Prj-or & Frost,) WHEELING, TV. VA. ENCOURAGED BY THE LIBERAL PAT rnnnge heretofore extended to this house, we have secured one of the largest and best located warehouses in the city, where we will have excellent facilities for receiving and shipping our goods. We have fitted up the house in the latest, and most approved man ner, for the manufacture of the celebrated Kose Whisky und superior Cider Vinegar. The best, brands of everything usually lcept in a first, claw llqnor store continually oil hand and forijaleat the lowest prices. feb"-ly HENRY 8<3HM(JL?ACU. GEORGE FEI.LER. H. SCHMULBACH & CO., NO.d MounoE Sr., Wnrnnto, Importer* & Dealers in Brandies, Wines, Gin, Mononfrnliela* Bonrlion and RYE W II IS K Y . Keep constantly on hand a full supply of the best brands of everything in thairllne. U"We manufacture the licst of CIDER VIVFtlAK. H. SCHMlTLBACtfl 4 CO., No. 6 Monre street, in room formerly occu pled by S. I. Block. : . Jcl4 CI.A UK I.. ZANF. H. F. MILLER. c. i- zam: co., Importers <t Dealers in fbreign <? Domestic WINES & LIQUORS, Manufacturers of PtilU CATAWBA WjrjriBS, ' Quiney St., bet. Mhiln & Mark \trtJ liiwr r\r> TU rajr, G, W. VA. .UBHSigiiMKg I > *ep27