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The Wheeling daily intelligencer. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1865-1903, July 19, 1876, Image 1

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The operations of the Benwood Iron
Works blast furnace at Martin's Ferry
for lite past aix months, show a respectabio
profit notwithstanding the great depression
in the business.
Senator Morton put a pointed question
yesterday to Senator Jierrimon,
which was to name a single good act that
the Democratic party had ]>erformed /or
the last 25 years. He said that it had the
"blackest and moat damnable record of
any party in this or any other country."
The debate is worth reading.
President Grant spent a fotr days up
at Deer J'ark last week, and Mr. Henry
Johnson, of the Cumberland Neva, writes
to his paper that Hit Excellency is visibly
"ageing" under the enres of office, tire
deceitfulness of politicians, and the arrows
of hostile criticism. And yet there
is every reason to suppose that His Excellency
would have "aged" through another
term if the people had not taken
compassion on hlo* and kindly relieved
him. '
Our foreign dispatches this morning
H|>eak of apprehended financial trouble
in the great Cleveland irou region of
England, and that one of the largest concerns
in that region is in danger of failing,
and that if it does fail very serious
consequences will result to other nrmn.
England . is feeling the hard timesthroughout
all hor manufacturing* districts.
Multitudes of people are out of
work, and one after another of the cotton
and iron uiills, and also the collieries,
nro cloning. The American market for
cotton and iron goods has disappeared,
and it looks now ns if England Would
never again export such goods to thin,
country u* any i&aterial extent. j|
We have receivi&d'a copy of the Fourth
of July address delivered by Joseph W.
Parker, Esq., formerly of this city, at
McVeytown, Milllin county, i'a. Mr.
Parker at one time represented this
county (in part) in the Legislature of
West Virginia, and is a gentleman of
ability. We notice in his oration the
following remarks, containing information
not generally known:
History allirma that until the battle of
Lexington, which occurred on the lUtli
? ' ? -! tttn tM?, ,i.?
<iny ui i\|?rn, ??# ?, t??
mother country had not even been a
mooted question. A 'whorl time before j
that event Franklin wrote to Chatham, I
"1 have never heard from any person the |
least ex predion of a wish for separation."
In October, 1771, Washington
wrote, "No such a tliinjj an Independence f
in <lestred by any thinking man in Auier-j
ica." Ilefore the 19th of April, relates j
Jeffemon, "I never heard a whisper of a
disposition to separate from Clroat iiritain."
Just thirty-seven days had elapsed
since John Adams had published to the
world, "that there are any who pant after
independence is tlicv greatest slander on
the provinces." When petition and supplication
was disregarded, and nothing
was left but to bo bound and fettered iu
the chains of slavery, or a resort to arms, |
and an appeal to the Clod of battles, then
tifty-six men of inspired courage and
fearless daring announced to the world
that governments derived their just powers
from the consent of the governed; that
the united colonics were, and of right
oinrlit t/? Imv fr?? and indenendent States.
an3 pledged their liven, fortunes and
snored honors to stand by that declare
tion or fall with it.
Debute YoMtertlay in the House.
The recent Hamburg (8. C.) massacre
wan the theme yesterday of an excited
debate in the House of Representatives
at Washington, notwithstanding the heat od
condition of the weather. This debate
began on Saturday last just before the
adjournment of the House. Tho bill for
the protection of the Texas border was
under consideration, and the debate had
led to the matter of removing troops in
in other portions of the South to Texas.
Small,,of South Carolina, a colored
member got the iloor, and moving
an amendment that no troops
Hhould bo taken from South Carolina as
long as Hitch massacres as that recently
occurring at Hamburg were frequent,
sent up to the Clerk's desk and had
read a graphic description of tho affair,
which acted like a firebrand. Schleicher,
of Texas, who had chargo of tho bill, saw
at once that this political question would
destroy the- chance of its passage, and
begged earnestly to have the amendment
withdrawn; but, after a turbulent squabble,
Hainey, the colored member, got the
tloor and delivered one of tho most brilliant
bursts of oratory that has been hoard
this session. It was au appeal for the
protection of his race, brief, impassioned,
and cloqilent, and although he spoke but
tive minutes, tho effect was Much that the
Domocratfl hurried an adjournment to
prevent a further scene.
Letter from Col. lieu Hilton.
Washington, July 17, '70. j
KJitori Intelligencer:
I forward you by this mail a pamphlet
containing regulations to govern the examination
of applicants for naval cadet
i'tiginrernhip4, which I. Iiope, if not too
much trouble, you will place on tile in
your office for the inspection of such person*
may wish to nee it. An the subject
( ( tlic examination is one of general
intere?t to the diatrict, a notice thereof
hi the lxtkllidkncp.it would be a favor
alike to my constituency and myself. The
examination will commence on the 28th
pro*., at Wheeling.
Very truly yours,
Bknj. Wimon.
We very cheerfully comply with the
Colonel's request, to give notice of the
chance for an appointment to the Naval
Academy. At the same timo we really
do not understand tho object of holding
an examination In thin city to test the
titnesiof applicants. The "regulations"
"ent us by the Colonel call for no such
examinations. On the contrary they expreaaly
say that "the application (for an
"appointment) is to be addressed to the
"Secretary of the Navy, and can be
" ma?le by the caudidate, or by any person
for him, and his name will be
" placed on the register. The registry
"of a name, however, gives no assur
" anceof an appointment, and no prefer"
cnc? will be given to priority of appli"
The facta of the caae, as we understand
them, are these: The Navy De
partmept eelecU every year twenty-five
cadet engineer*. The number is limited
to twenty-five, and 'the selections are
made without any reference whatever to
Congressional district*. An applicant
from any part of the United States can
iteml in his application, and if it ia one
that impresses tho department favorably
they give him leavo to report at the Naval
I Academy at Annapolis, Md., for
examination. The only advantago
therefore that we can see in going
before the proposed commission
here in Wheeling, is simply that the party
whom such commission may recommend,
after examination, will be likely to receive
permission to go to Annapolis to
undergo tho prescribed examination required
by the rules of the Academy.
When he gets there, however, he has no
more chance for an appointment than a
boy. who, without going before such a
commission aa Col. Ben proposes to
raise here, has received permission to
present himself at Annapolis for examination.
Tho course of study will comprise four
academic years, with two additional years
at sea. All cadets who finally graduate
will be commissioned Assistant Engineers
in the Navy as vacancies occur.
The pay of a Cadet Engineer at the Naval
Academy is the same as that of a Cadet
Midshipman, $500 per annum, and at sea
the same as that of a*Midsbipjnin.
The acadftfaic examination previous to]
appointment will be competitive, and will
?. uiiMoota
UO Ull .HO IVVOIUI, ?.."j , J
Arithmetic; algebra, through equations
of the first degree; plane geometry; rudimentary
natural philosophy;*- reading;
writing; spelling; English grammar; Eng.
liflh composition; ana geography. The
candidate will also be required to exhibit
u fair degree of proficiency in pencil
sketching, and to produce satisfactory
evidence of mechauical aptitude. Candidates
who posses the greatest skill and
experience in the practical knowledge of
machinery, other qualifications being equal,
shall have precedence'for admission.
Candidates must be physically sound
well formed, and of robust constitution
they will be required to pass a satisfac
tory examination before a medical board
composed of the surgeon of the Naval
Academy and two other medical officers
to bo designated by the Secretary of the
Aiiy one of the following conditions
will be sufficient to cause the rejection of
a candidate:,
Feeble.constitution,'inherited or ac-1
Greatly retarded development;
Permanently impaired general health;
Decided cachexia, diathesis, or predisposition;
All chronic diseased or results or injuries
that would permanently impair
efficiency, viz
Weak or disordered intellect;
Cutaneous and communicable diseases;
Unnatural curvature of spine, tbrticol-j
lis, or other deformity;
Permanent inefficiency of either of the |
extremities or articulations from any|
Epilepsy or other convulsions within j
live years;
IIU pill red VUIUI), or CtirUIIIU liwcano UII
(lie organs of virion;
Great hardness of hearing, or chronic
disease of the ears;
Chronic nasal catarrh, ozwna, polypi,
or great enlargement of the tonsils;
Impediment ofspccch to such an extent
tit* to impair efficiency in the performance
of duty;
Decided indication* of liability to pulmonary
Chronic cardiac affection*; " J
Hernia or retention of testes in inguinal
cavity or abdomen;
Sarcoccle, hydrocele, stricture, fulula,
or hemorrhoids; .
Large varicose veins of lower limbs,
scrotum, or cord,
Chronic ulcers.
Attention will also be paid to the
stature of the candidate; and no one man{fatly
under size for his age will be received
iuto the Academy. In caso of doubt
about the physical condition of the candidate,
ao'y marked deviation from the
usual ' standard of 'height will add materially
to the consideration lor rejection.
Five feet wilt be the minimum height for
the candidate.
The .board .will'exercise^a proper discretion
in the* application-*>f the above
conditions to eacn case, rejecting no candidate
who tallfflly to Inefficient in the
service, and admitting no one who is
likely to prove physically inefficient. No
candidate rejected by the board will be
allowed a re-oxamination.
The JKebcl Democracy.
(Sjwclul Dlsp?tcli to the New York Timet.)
Cameron, Mo., July 14.?Plattiburg,
the county soat of this (Clinton) county
was the scene of a treasonable demons tration
on the 4th of this month that fully
iUuHtraten the sentiment of disloyalty
against the General Government that is
still entertained by many of the sympathizers
with the "lost cause," and thiit indicates
what their action would be if an
opportunity offered for more forcible
expression of those sentiments. The
Union people had assembled for the pur*
pose of celebrating the national holiday,
and this rebel elemept unfurled the rebel
Hag, which was borne triumphantly
through the crowd, its bearer offering a
hundred dollars to any one that would
attempt to cut it dowu. The Sheriff interposed
to take It from his hand, but
was opposed and compelled to abandon
the attempt. Another rebel flag was
placed on the Court House, over
the front entrance, and remained
there until last Saturday morning, when
it was secretly removed bv some unknown
person. The clerk of this county ia reported
to have .furnished one of the flags.
His name is ?. M. Turner, and he is a
candidate for nomination for Secretary of
State at t)ie approaching Democratic
Convention. There is a rumor afloat to
the effect that the principal parties connected
with those proceedings were in a
state of intoxication, but such was not
the case. It was undoubtedly a thoroughly
prearranged affair. Neither of
the two Democratic papers published at
the scene of this action has mentioned
the outrage iu any form whatever, either
through sympathy with the action or fear
oi me parues engageu in u. n is neealess
to nay that the loyal people of tbe
country are very indignant over the mat*
ter, anu had they had any previous notice
that such a movement wan contemplated,
it would have been prevented even at the
coat of blood, for there are many Union
men in the county who are ready to vindicate
the flag of their country at all
times and under all circumstanced.
Tho Missouri ex-rebels are among the
most defiant and outspoken of any of
thoir class. A gentleman who haa traveled
extensively in the South and Southwest,
recently, says that everywhe'ro he
heard the Federal Government spoken of
with the utmost loathing and contempt.
The common toast in bar-rooms in this
region is ''Here's to the next rebellion,"
and the late maisacre at Hamburg, 8. C.,
is but an illustration of what is in store
for the blacks and Union men of the
South should Tilden be elected. The
universal opinion in Missouri among the
rebel Democracy is that Tilden, U elected,
will prove another Buchannan,and in
that hope they are leaving no stone unurned
to secure hia success.
By Telegraph
Washington, July 18.
. A bill tu introduced providing for
the election of Governor, Secretary.
Treasurer, Auditor and Superintendent of
Schools in the several territories. It provides
that these officers shall be elected
by the people of the territories, and lha}
the election stall be l^elddh tbe Tuesday
after the first Monday in Novenber. It
also provides that the President may at
any time, for a cause, remove the Governor
or Secretary, but the cause therefor
must be communicated to the Senate. He
is also authorized to appoint a successor
to such offices for tlio unexpired terms. ~
coinage iull.
Mr. Kelly introduced a bill for the
coinage of the standard dollar, weight
412$ grains, as provided for in tue act of
the 18th of January, 1837. and to make it
a legal tender for all debts, public and
private. .Referred.
The Senate concurrent resolution making
special committees of the two houses
on Ihecoolie question jn iointjcommittec.
was concurred ig.-' 4 , t*
i a political j?ibcuss ion.*
Tbe House then went into Committee
of the Whole (Mr. Monroe in the chair)
!??* i?? 11 tn nrnt?>ot the Tpim frontier.
The pending question was the amend*
ment oli'ered lust Saturday by Mr. Smalls,
of South Carolina, in connection with the
Hamburg troubles, thit no troops shall
be withdrawn froiu South Carolina. Mr.
Smalls advocated his amendment, and
replied to Mr. Cox, who said the amendment
had been offered for bad political
purposes. If it was that gentleman's
(Mr. Cox's) custom t& bring*'into i<he
House, matters ror.bid political purSoses,
it' was not'"'so 'with him *fMr.
malls). lie agreed with that gentleman
that the State of South Carolina was
rotten to the core. It was for that reason
that he wished troops to remain there in
order to kill off that rottenness. Ho said
if he (Smalls) had given the name of the
| writer of the letter which he hud read
last Saturday, he would not give 10 cents
for that man's life. General Butler, who
was concerned in the matter, would at
onto organize another bandtjf Ku-Klar
and hunt him down., - v
Mr. Cox replied to Smalls and quoted
from a book written by Pike, late Minister
to the Hague, entitled "A prostrate
State, South Carolina under a negro government,"
and in which members of the
Legislature are charrfbterized as highwaymen,
professional legislative robbers and
pickpockets, who under the law rob poor
and rich alike. He spoke of the book n?
a revelation of the blackness of darkness
in robbery and rascality.
Mr. Smalls asked Mr. Co* whether he
had got a book of the history of the city
of New York, [Laughter on the Republican
Mr. Cox replied that he belonged to
that portion of the Democratic party
which 'hud driven out the rascals from
New York, and asked why they had not
done (he same in South Carolina, [Applause
on the Democratic side.]
Mr.Townsend admitted, ironically, that
New York was
"A land of pirro delimit, whoru salnli iuituorlal
and he went on to compare the population
and debt of South Carolina una the'
city of New York, giving the former as
700.000. with a debt of $10,000,000, and
the latter an 942,000, with a debt of $114,000.000.
lie spoke of Win. M. Tweed an the
rifler of the city of New York for wore
than twelve years. and said that during
that time, when Tammany Hall was in
its power and glory under Tweed,
The gentleman frcftn/Ohio (Mr. Cox)
brought his carpet-bag into the city of
New York and set in down in Tammany
Hall, and looked upsirtilingly for the approbation
of )Villiam M.Tweed. [Laugnter
on the Republican'A!de;]_ He alluded
to other lights of Tammany Hall. Richard
B. Connelly, Peter P. Sweeney, A. J. Gfatr
v^y, Ingerspll, Fields, Harry jGenet,&c.,
and 'sDoke'of the various etims which
each had stolen, and referring to the escape
of Tweed,lie said the Governor had
not yet found time to investigate the outrage
of letting 'him,escipe, and that the
sheriffntill held his office..' '
Mr. Cox replied'to'Mr.Townnend and
reminded him that It was because of
Gov. Tilden's eminent services in driving
out Tweed that he was now the Demo-|
cratic. candidate for the presidency. One1
fact, however, could not be got around; it
was too soggy to burn and too tough to
snlit, and tnai was that, whereas, in New
\ork the authorities. Democratic and
Republican, alike, with Gov. Tilden at
their headt punished their rascals?South
Carolina and the Federal rascals still
went unconvicted in the courts. Tweed
was a rascal but he hail the aid of a Republican
As to his (Cox's) taking his carpet-bag
from Ohio, he had alwavs maintained the
right of locomotion, and he had the right
to go back to New York, in sight of nis
grandfather's old Congressional district;
He did noi care wnero a man was oorn,
so long us he waa good and. just. The
Savior had been bom at Bethlehem, and
they all worshipped him, although he
wax a foreigner in that reapedt. They
did not, however, necessarily worship the
that came from Congo, nnd that were his
colleague's (Townsend's) only devotion.
Mr. Garfield alluded to Mr. Cox as
trying to laugh the murder out of the
case. He wished to know whether the
Hamburg cage waa a sporadic caae, or a
symptomatic caae, indicating a general
feeling that the black man shall not be
allowed all flie rights and privileges of
American citizens.
Mr..Lamar spoke of the Hamburg
affair aa disgraceful and terrible, but he
denied that its circumstances were a legitimate
topic in the House. In the deonto
there were one or two facta that!
gleamed out disreputably. One of them |
was that a body ot white men
without authority of law, a number o(
colored citisens while prisoners?not'pr isonera
in the legal sense, inasmuch as these I
white men had no right to deprive them |
of their personal liberty. He wished to
say in his place thai no excuse or pallia-1
tion could possibly be found for that outrage
and barbarism. [Applause on Re*
publican aide.] .
us the North had, with this difference,
that in the South they planned out in different
localities and were confined to
short periods of time, while hero in the
North some counties wereaometimes held
in terror for months and tho State authorities
defied. In these Southern States
where disorders occurred there were governments
of a peculiar character and type.
They were called republican, but it waa
aapurious republicanism which had no
sympathy with the pumoses and feelings
of the great National republican party.
It waa these State governments who had
encouraged these disorders and these
murders by their Inefficiency, their Inability
and their cowardice.
In reply to Garfield's inquiry as to
whether the Hamburg case was sporadic,
he declared that there was not a community
,.fn the South which had not been
thrilled with horror at these occurrences.
He deemed it a wonder that society under
the au8piceB of a government which allowed
each lawlessness to stalk abroad in'
the land, did not go to pieces. He declared
that the use of the army had
never produced a good effect in such
cases. The troops always got there after
the occurrence. The use of tho military
power was ineffectual, cumbersome, alow
and almost useless, and in Bpite of the
good faith of the army officers, it had
been converted into a monstrous engine of
and corrupt intrigue. Il was the d,tity
of Gov. Chamberlain at once te adopt
measures swift and just to bring to justice
those Who shot thepe prisoners in
cold blood, and if he di(T that he shoald
receive his (Lamar's) support and praise. |
Instead of uoing no. Gov. Chamberlain
had been rushing to'Washington for the {
purpose of making this occurrence an j
occasion for fanaticism and strife.
" Arkansas was an illustration, for the
last two years, of the advantages of a'
good government .under a fair and intel- '
ligent man (Gov. Garland).
In' conclusion! he declare that the
occurrence at Hamburg was a mobiiic 1
element, not sporadic, but unnatural, and !
one that would* disappear under-good '
government. '
Mr. Hancock moved a substitute for 1
Small's amendment to the efl'ect that no <
troops- shall be taken from any State or '
service .where the pi^lic in threat requires 1
their conlibii4noe. J
Mr. Small accented the substitute and
it W4S agreed to, fy to&L
. The Oonrthittee^thfin'proceeded to the
consideration of the 2d section of the bill '
authorizing the President to order;troops I
to crbas'tbe'Rlo'Ctrrade In pursuit of robbers.
. The South 'Carolina debate' was re- '
opened by Mr. Hoge and continued by ,
Cof. each speaking of tbe other aa a carpet-Jbqteef
from PIuo:. Bat' Hoge a?>- J
ing he had carpet-bagged with a knap- (
sack, to which Cox reiterated with an in- (
timatioD.that Hog&needed akoapsack to
carry all tljat lie had picked up.
Mr. Foster called on the Republicans ,
from Georgia to stop those infernal outSages,
and to be active in hunting out the
nhuman fiends that crossed the bridge j
rom Augusta to Hamburg.
Mr. Cook?They never went from ray j
8ta(e. . ,< ? -.
Mr1. Paiter?/they did.
Mr. Cook?No, sir, they did not.
' Mr. Foster?Do this and then sing to us ;
a panegyric on tHe vindication of outraged
law, instead of talking abont' ' j
Ah ! a'nobilitylhat murders in cold blood
a captured negro. If you have not the ;
ability to stop these outrages, you are uot
fit to be a representative of tne pfcople of <
Georgia. Do "it and we will say well <
done, and we will fall on your necks and
rejoice. (Mocking laughter on the Democratic
side, and snouts of no, no.) '
Mr. Cook?You have fallen 011 our j
property .pnd everything else, and we
don t want you to fall on our neck*.
Mr. Banks ofTered a substitute for the
second section, that whenever it shall
appear to the President that tho government
of Mexico is nnable to prevent the ;
existing lawless invasionsof the territory I
of the United States from Mexico, for <
tho purpose of plunder and robbery, he
is authorized, if, in his judgment it become*
necessary^ after notice to the gov- 1
eminent of Mexico, to order troops when .
in close pursuit of such invaders, to cross
the Bio Grande, and to use such means
not amoujiting to acts of war, as. in ay be
requisite'for Fhe'recovery of stolen property
and to protect the citizens of tho territory
and of the United States against
the acts of outlaws and robbers.
I Mr. Cox resumed the discussion of
! South Carolina matters. Jle ridiculed
Mr. Fpater'a expression about falling on
the necks of Southern men; and asked
I him why ho had not fallen on the neck
of Pratt, Yarron, Dver, Jewell and others.
He suggested that lie would rather fall
on the necks of McKee, McDonald.
1 Joyce. Babcock, Delano anil Avery, ana
would even rather embrace a barrel of
[crooked whisky I [Loud laughter and
much confusion.] The Republican side
of the house had defende'd Grant and his
administration against all those men, and
when the gentleman from New York
(Townsend) talked so glibly of Tweed
and others, with whom he (Cox) had no
association, he wanted to know how it
was with, liabcock, with Avery, with
Williams, and the rest of these men.
Mr. Townsend?When did you dissolve
your association with them?
Mr. Cox?I never had any connection
with them to dissolve. It was the Republican
Legislature of which you were
the jjreat trumpeter, which helped Tweed
to his frauds ii\. New York. Everybody
knows that I never in my life gave voice
or vote to holphim.
Mr. Townacnd?-You never cast a vote
against Tammany since God made you.
(Loud shouts for order.)
of Tammany who has ever been in New
!York. [Laughter, uproar and great confusion.]
You had to leave that chair,
thank (iod, at the call of Mr. Kelley and
go to St. Louis; thank God you are out
of it and cannot get back.
Mr. Cor?You sit down; 1 have got the
floor. When you say that I left the chair
atthobeckof any one it is untrue. I was
elected as a delegate from the New York
district, and my alternate not being .there
I had to go, but it was at no man's call.
[Shouts of time, time, order, order, and
Et confusion.
r. Tucker, of Virginia, offered a subtle
for the second section.
Without action the committee rose
and the House adjourned.. . .
. Mr< Boutwell made a personal explanatiop,
stating that \he Democratic platform
pdopted at St. Louis Charged that
the late Secretary, of the Treasury, alluding
to himself, had forced (balances in the
ptiolic accounts. He denied that- such
was tho case, and read from the report of.
the Finance Committee, rooently made
to the Senate, stating that they were fully
satisfied that not the slightest change had
been made in the books.
rv?J. --IJ ?U-? it 1 I.,. .I..
iU(> i/AUD naiu lum 11 iu? uw>n ui iug
Treasury Department had not been
changed, tho official statement sent to
Congress had. He propoeed to review
the report of the Finance Committee on
the subject in a few days, and would
then show that discrepancies existed.
Mr. Boutwell said the Senator from
West Virginia (Mr. Davis) reminded him
of a child playing with geometrical books
when he attempted to deal with figures.
He did not understand the value of
Mr. Davis in reply said the custom of
book-keeping in the treasury had been
inaugurated dv Alexander Hamilton, but
the Senator from Massachusetts knew
well who inUrfercd with them. He reiterated
tho charge that the figures had
been changed ana declared that,he was
prepared to show it.
Mr. Cameron, from the Committee on
Commerce, reported favorably on the
House bill author jiing the construction of
a bridge across the Missouri river at or
near Sioux Ofty, Iowa. Placed on the
Mr.Booth, from the Committee on Publie
Lands, reported back the resolution
from that committee to inquire at what
time the several roads which received
grants of lands under tho Pacific Railroad
act of Julv 1st 1802, were completed,and if
any additional legislation Is neeessarv to
secure the right of settlers to purchase
such land as have not been sold within I
three vears of the completion of the road, I
at$l 25 per acre and reported bill in relation
to thesale of lands granted to certain
railroad 'companies and asked it to
be printed and recommitted to the Committeo
on Public Lands. So ordered.
The morning hour having expired, the
Chair laid before the Senate the unfinished
business, it being the river and harbor
appropriation bill, tho pending question
being on the motion of Mr. Thurman
to recommit tho bill to the Committee
on ^jjrqnriations w{th instructions
to report aJjiirrediroing the aggregate
amount for the improvement 01 the
rivers apd harbor* to a sum not exceeding
'Mr. Merrjmon made a speech defending
the House from tho imputations thrown
DUt yesterday by soveral Senators, that
the bill was framed in suck a way as to
secure them to that party; he showed
where large Bums had been apnropriated
for works in Republican districts.
Mr. Sherman asked what single reform
bad the Democratic party accomplished
since 1850, and said he could showUfty
for the Uepublican party.
Mr. Morton?I would like my friend
lo name mo a single good act of any kind
lhat the Democratic party had done within
twenty-five years. [Applause in the
Mr. Merrimon said that in tho years
preceding .the war tjicro was nothing to
reform. The revenues were not stolen
ind taxes Were so light that the people
icarcely knew that they were contributing
to the support of the government.
Now. on tho contrary, one-fourth of tho
revenue was lo*t in Ita collection. The
frauds practiced by the Republican parly
from 186G to 1871 were ho appalling
that the better meft of the party could
not fail to see tho-evila, and a commission
wiifl raised,*#) -endeavor to reform the
livil service of the government. That'
jommission, composed of George Wm.
Curtis, A. G. Cattell, Joseph Medill, D.
A. Walker. E. B. Elliott, Jos. H. Blacktnan
and D;C. Cox, was endorsed by the
Republican party. The?o gentlemen he
lupposed belonged to the better class of
Republicans, and he did not denv that
there were good men in the Republican
party, but they were impatient to control
that party.
Mr. Morton renewed"the history of the
Democratic party, and said that the
party.in Convention in Chicago in 1864,
with Tilden himself on the committee, declared
the war a failure. In any other
country, than this that declaration would
have been punished as high treason. The
Democratic party had the blaclceat 'and
Most damnable record
in the history of parties in this or any
other country. It was true that the expenses
of the government had been increased,
but who was responsible for it?
Ris friend Merrimon and those who acted
with him. They had laid the burdens on
the people of the country, and it required
& good deal of face to stand up in the
Senate chamber and say,you Republicans
did not conquer our rebellion as cheaply
iuj you should have done.
lie then referred to the Hamburg masaacro,
and said if the Republican party
used force to prevent a repetition of these
things, it waa justilled in doing so. lie
(Morton) well understood the Democratic
party, lie had been mingling with Democrats
a gopd many years.
Mr. Merrimon?You used to bo one.
iur. iuuriuil ICIj VUb A ICifc mni, Jiniy
in 1854, and I atu of nge in the Repubhcan
party. Now whenever a Democrat
wants to hurt my feelings he charges mo
yitli having been a Democrat. [Great
Mr. Merrimon said he didn't mean to
Ijtirt tho feelings of his friend. He spoke
Of his being a Democrat, thinking they
wero the proudest days of hifl life.
Mr. Morton replied that the proudest
dajrs of his life were the days when he
assisted in putting down tho rebellion
and conquering his friend (Merrimon)
and those who acted with him.
deferring to tho question of reform, he
asked to whom could safely bo intrusted
theiwork of reform if not the Republican
party? The necessity for reform always
existed, and that party was tho true reform
party which carried on the work
of reform quietly every year as tho Republican
partv had done, and not that
party which broke .out every now and
then for reform, :
when it got a chance. The party who
put down the rebellion, amended the Constitution
and abolished slavery was the
party to entrust the Government to. It
was better to entrust it to that partv than
to those hacks and humbugs who had come
down.from tlip Democratic ji^ty before
the wif; better than to'thoso'who had
been kicked out of the Republican party;
better than to the Alumni of Tammany
Mr. Saulsbury said tho Democratic
uarty took hold of the country in its infancy.
Its first act was to wipe out seditious
laws from tho statute books. It
took hold of the country when it was
composed of but thirteen small colonies,
and added the great Western domain. It
added the Lone Star of Texas and the
golden California. It took hold of the
country when it had a shinplaster currency,
and substituted gold and ailver.
It paid oiT the national debt during the
administration of Gen.-Jackson, and it
would pay off the national debt which
the Republicans had created.'
Mr. Saulsbury then referred to the resumption
act of last session, and said
that the act was passed by the Republicans
without any intention of resumiug
Mr. Alorton said that Hie country was
on the evo of a great campaign, and that
the success of the Democratic party depended
on. carrying Louisiana, Missis*
fippi, South Carolina. Florida and North
Carolina?State* all largely Republican,
Their chances of'success were in overcoming
that majority by bloodshed, and
the campaign' was opened at Hamburg
the other day.
Mr. Merrimon remarked that if his
statements hurt, they were but a beginning,
and that there would be facta and
figures brought out which would secure
the repudiation of the Republican party
in November next.
Mr. Sherman said that when he heard
the great Republican party arraigned
like a pack of thieves, he could not nelp
but feel indignant, and it aroused the
old fire in him. There waa not a single
position taken bv the Democratic party
during the last thirty years upon which
they could take, a stand and defend it.
Mr. Bayard (sotto voice)?It is wrong
to make a stujnp speech.
Mr. 8herman said, yes, he knew it was
wrong to make a stump speech, but he
wanted the truth to be told. Jf tho
Democracy came in power if would not
seek to stand on any position which it
had taken witMn the last 30 years. It
would not do for that party to talk about
fraud, corruption ana dishonesty in thia
haphazard way, and aak, who U it that
stole the public money ??tho names, the
time and the circumstances should be given.
Mr. Saulsbury?Look at tho invoatigation
of the Navy Department: tliore you
will tind it all.
Mr. Sherman said that if any wrong
existed there the Kepublicans would be
quick to punish theperpetrators, though,
he didn't believe there. was anything
. wrong about the Secretary of the Navy.
Mr. Saulsbury said he did not state
that there was anything wrong about the
Secretary, but there was wrong practiced
on tho Department.
Mr. Sherman, resuming, argued that
McDonald and McKee were put in State
nriaon by tho Republicans; no Democrat
had any hand in it. He next referred io
the cxjwnditurtf of money in the South,
and said it was spent in putting down the
Ku-Klax organization, the most infamous
organisation which ever existed. He
argued the public money had been dia- 1
I bunted with absolute fidelity,poth duringand
since the war. If this waa to be a
campaign of scandal and abuse, of ca- i
| lumny and reproach, people would not
heed it. -If the Democrats were trying
to prove Grant a rascal and those who
haa carried' the Republican'banner corrupt
and could not bring facts and figures,
the people would turn their backs on the j
party, The Democratic party has been 1
crying reform, but it must do some- j
thing else before the ^people would
trust .the associates of Tweed in New
York. The Kepublican party had given
the country a good administration, and 1
the people were willing to.trust it further. J
The time'had not yet arrived when-the 1
Democratic party could again come into J
power. ?
Pending the discussion the Chair an- '
Donnced Frelinghuyaen, Edmunds and j
Whithersas a new Committee of Confer- 1
ence on Consular and Diplomatic Appro- j
priation Bill.
Mr. Allison submitted a substitute for (
tho river and harbor appropriation bill, 1
which appropriates $$,220,000 for that j
purpose. Ordered printed.
Mr. Ingolls, from the conference com- \
-!? .L- u:it ?_ J?i J
U11UC6UII lue um iu ucuiarc luticnvu iu
the United States certain lands granted to
the State of. Kansas to aid in" the constructioaof
u railroad Acn made U report
Which was agreed to.
The Senate went into executive session
and Boon adjourned.
Hendricktt Denies.
Indianapolis, July 18.?The"*JT?iif
thia afternoon will publish an interview
with Gov. Hendricks, in which lie denies
the statement in the New York Commercial
Advertiser that differences of opinion had
arisen between himself and Governor
The Daily Mem publishes the follew-.
ing interview with Governor Hendricks
with reference to the special from Saratoga
to the Commercial Adcerluer of New
Keporter?Will you indicate to the
Jfcics whether or not there is any truth in
the Associated Press dispatch from New
York, to the effect that such differences
developed between yourself and Governor
Tilden at the Saratoga conference on the
currency question as to possibly oblige
you to repudiate Tilden, or retire yourself
from the ticket.
Mr. Hendricks?Keally I have seen no
such dispatch as you refer to.
The reporter promptly produced the
telegram and the Governor, after reading
it aloud continued.
It is wholly unfounded in every particular.
Keporter?Was your conference with
Gov. Tilden harmonious and satisfactory?
Mr. Hendrickfl?It was. Of course we
differed in some immaterial things; but
on the real iss.uos of the campaign we
were united. It would indeed be a strange
coincidence to find two men in the country
whose opinions on national questions
were in oxuui. jiariuuu/. i
Reporter?The telegram then you pro- i
nounce lacking in every element of truth? ^
Mr. Hendricks?Most decidedly so. i
Tho Commercial Advertiser referred to in I
the telegram, I suspect is a strongly par- t
tisan paper, which readily accounts for 1
the fabrication to which it gave publicity, t
Itallroad .Mutters. t
New York, July 18.?A special to
Kiernan's news ugcncy, San l'rancisco,
says that advices from Los Angelos state ,
that daylight was let- through San Fer- (
nando .tunnel on the 15th.^, This is the 5
longest tunnel in the United States except .
the Hoobbc and the last completed of ,
eighteen on the line of the Southern Pa- (
cino railroad between San Francisco and j
Los Angelos. By the connection of the
now separated lines througlrthe big tunnel
there will be a continuous line lrom
San Francisco nearly to Fort Yuma, a '
distance of over 600 miles. <
It is understood that in order to meet t
certain arrangements made by the New i
York Central ono of the fast freight lines 1
running over the Pennsylvania Railroad ]
has further reduced their rates to 20
ccnts per hundred pounds for first, second
and third class freight from Npw York to ,
Chicago, and 15 cents per hundred ]
pounds for fourth and special class in ;
lots of not less than 5,000 pounds oaoli. j
Contracts have also been made by this :
line at these rates to last till fall. i
? |
ALA II All A. <
Change of Ticket. <
Montgomery, Ala., July 18.?The '
Spencer and anti-Spencer Republican '
factions have withdrawn their State ]
tickets and united on the ticket headed i
by N. Woodrufl', the present Mayor of <
ravages op the cotton worm,
The cotton worm has appeared in great ,
abundance in all the cotton fields in
Middle and South Alabama. They seem J
to be general, and fears are entertained,- ,
owing to their advanced state at thia ,
early date, of tho total destruction of -the !
crop. The corn crop will be the best ,
ever made. _ '
WeulHer ICe|M>rt.
was dwaktmkfft, ) '
Orrrot of ntfCaiiir Sjonal Omcss, >
Wasuisoto.v, D. c, July 19.?1 a. u.) \
Fot the Lower Lakes, lower temperature
than on Tuesday, with north to east
winds, rising followed by falling barometer
and partly cloudy weather.
For the Gulf States, Tennessee and the
Ohio Valley, generally clear and warm i
weather will continue, with light east to
south winds and slight changes in barometer.
* ^ 1
Tlie Old South Church.
Boston, July 18.-rA number of prominent
Boston ladies hava purchased the i
old South Church building, and if they ;
cannot raise the amount requiredto pnr- i
chase the land in" sixty days, they will ;
. _ 1 i .l. i !1.1s -...j ...aninl a i il>_ .
lane uown me uunuiuy *v v?v>y- .,
whero. ' * _ * ;
Bank Cloned.
Rochester, July 18.?'the Btnk of
Fairport closed thin morning. Henry E.
Wolcott, the proprietor, went to St. Louis
three weeks ago. The deposit* in the bank
amount to about $25,000. The other, liabilities
are not stated.
Train* II mining.
Sheveport. July 18.?The trains on
the Cairo & Fulton Railroad are again ,
running on time, all the washout* hare
been repaired.
Nndden Death.
Little Rock. July 18.?a colored man
named Brooks dropped dead to-day over
the planer where he waa at work, at Cunningham^
mills, with heart disease.
Tito End* JetUcn.
Washington, D.O., July 18.?Captain
Eads explained to the House Committee
on Commerce this morning the progress
made in his jetty work at the mouth of
the Mississippi river, and showed that
the work waa & complete Boocew bo far,
with every circumstance and prospect in
hia favor.
Mason Biayman has been nominated
Governor of Idaho.
The committee of conference on the
army appropriation hill have reconciled
all their differences.
secretary bbibtow's reply to toe
president. '
Tho following Is Secretary Briatow's
reply to the President:
New York, July 13.
Mr. President : { have tho honor
Lhis moment to receive your letter of yesterday,
in which referring with approval
to my refuaingtQ testify before the Committee
of theflouse of Representatives
to what occurred between the President
ind myself while 1 held tho. office of
Secretary of tho Treasury, you are
please to add that you wish, to relieve me
iruu an uuuuawuu ut scvicvj, turn iu o*prpss
your desire that all the members
af your Cabinet may be callod on to testify
fully. When i. appeared before the
lommittee lxust week in obedience to their
lummons, J refused to answer any and all
yieatioB^wbich required uie to state any
jonversa'uon between you and myself
ouching official matter*, whether such
lonvejsation took placo at a meeting of '
he Cabinet or at any time, saying, howiver,
to the committee, that no inference
Averse to any one should be drawn from
ny refusal to answer their questions. I (
ook the position distinctly that I conijjdered
all conversations between the
President and heads of departments on
>8icial matters as confidential and privleged,
and that privilege existed not so
nuch for the protection of the parties
mmediately concerned as ,.for the
nterest of 'the public,service. If I
vas right in this view of the matter it
low seems to .follow that the privilego
iannot.be waived by either or both of the
parties, indeed I said to the committee X
roulJ not feel at liberty, to answer their
questions with your consent. Although
[have had no opportunity to examine
luthorities on this subject, I am still of ,
he opinion that the public duty to treat
luch conversations as confidential and
Privileged is not removed or modified by
'our consent that I shonld make ,
ull answer to questions. If the j
jrivilege were merely personal it ;
night be waived, but T place it on
ligber grounds. I respectfully suggest ;
hat the appearance of several heads
f the'departmcnts before the Committeo
if'Congress, to testify to theconversations ,
>etween'tKe President and themselves, ,
unning through a period of many
nonths, would almost inevitably lead to ;
, J! I-'
V uisuunuic Ul tus uiutnnwn VI KWVIICV
ion, anil present to the codntry an uneemly
conflict to which I could not willngly
be a [party. Besides, it seems to
ne that such an inquiry by a Committee
>? Congress tends to an absorption, if not
i complete destruction of the Executive
lowers, and (o the establishment of a
mrely Legislative Government. In any
riew I am able to take, it seems to me
hat duty requires me to adhere to
ny announced purpose not to answer the
Ideations propounded to me by the comnittee.
1 beg to remind you that my
tpinion on this subject was repeatedly
itated to you and the members of your
Jabinot, and as I understood met your
ind their approval. My withdrawal
rom tho Cabinet does not alter or modify
ny duty in this respect, ndr have my own
riews undergone any change. I hope 1
vill not be recalled by the committee,
mt should they see proper to call me
igain 1 can't consent, as at present adrued,
to testify to conversations held with
lie President on official business.
With great respect, I am your obedient
lervant. B. H. Bristow.
' commissioner pratt.
Commissioner Pratt has returned. His
resignation has not yet been accepted by
.lie President. With reference to the
report that he will be retained in his
present office, Mr. Pratt says that if he
remains here after the 31st, it will be bemuse
he is persuaded against his own
ncli'nation to do so.
sionhd by the president.
The President has signed the act to
ippropriate $1,000 to remove the remains
it Hon. E.Rumsey Wing, late Minister
;o Ecuador, from Quito to the cemetery
it Owensboro, Ky.; also the'act to coninue
the public printing.'
1eport op tiie committee on naval
The majority ol the Houbo Committee
an Naval Affairs have completed their
report. It strongly condemns Secretary
Robeson for his course in transferring
funds to Jay Cooke, McCulloch & Co. at
London on navy account, and charge that
iuch an act was clearly in -violation of
the law which provide# that no person
ihall be employed or continued abroad
to receive and jray money for tho uso
[if the naval service on foreign stations,
whether under contract or otherwise,
who has not been and shall not be appointed
by and with the advice and con?enl
ot the Senate. Tho report further
condemns Secretary Kobeson for aiding
the above named hrm with government
bonds when they were in a bankrupt condition,
and for sundry other alleged acts
and favoritism in appointments, &c. The
report gays that it is due to the Secretary
to state that there 1 is no evidence
that he has profited by an/of tho allegedfrauds
and wrong practices, although his
Intimate relations with Cattells, who
sold contracts, can not be overlooked.
Appended to the report is a resolution
to the effect that the committee are not
clear in their own minds whether the
violations of tho law in the administration
of the navy enumerated in their reiiort
are sufficient grounds for impeach
[ng the Secretary for high crimen and
iniwlemeanon in office, and they there
fore recommend that the report
and testimony be referred to the Judiciary
Committee to report at the next beaHon,
and if they decide that lie is impeachable,
to frame articles of impeachment,
and if nor, to report what legislation
ib necessary to provide penalties suflicient
to protect the public service from
future violations of the law. The
Republican members of the Naval
Committee will disagree to the report.
They are very indignant at
at the action of Democratic members in
adopting a report ia secret session without
consulting them. The Republican
members will adopt a minority report
acquitting Robeson of all charges of intentional
wrong, or personal dishonesty,
and only admitting that some of his subordinates
have been guilty of carelessnets
and negligenceDEMOCRATIC
A Democratic caucus was held in the
hall of the House of Representatives tonight.
About 70 members wero present.
They considered the subject of the bill
making appropriations lor the sundry
civil expenses of the Government, and in
order to remove any obstacle in the way
of an agreement of the conference commit
te It was agreed that the House should
recede from their amendment repealing
the provisions of the revUed statutes, relating
to the registration of voter* and
the appointment of supervisors of elections
and deputy and special marshals.
Thin insures the passage o! the bill, in
which a sating of millions of dollars will
be effected, but the agreement doea not
settle the principles Involved in the other
bills now in conference.
The caucus also discussed the political
question in connection with Louisiana,
South Carolina and Alabama, and it was
stated that the President might use tho
military to influence the elections in those
States, but no means waa suggested to
prevent such interference.
The Senate confirmed Wm. H. Bliss as
U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District
of Missouri, vice Dyer; Lieut. Colonel
Wesloy MerHtt, Ninth Cavalry, to be
Colonel, vice Emory retired; Major Elmer
Otis, Firat Cavalry, to be Lieut.
Colonel, vice G. A. Custar killed in action;
Major Nathan M. Dudley, Third
Cavalry, to be Lieutenant Colonel, vice
Merrltt promoted; Capt. G. Sandford and
Julius W. Mason to be Majors; First
Lieutenants A. E.Woodson, H. J. Nolan,
James M. Bell and Henry Jackson to bo
Captains; Second Lieutenants Wm. H.
Hall, W. 8. Edgerly, C. W. Larned, Andrew
H. Hare, George D. Wallace, Chas,
A. Varnum, L. B. Hare, E. P. Kekerson,
E. A. Garlingion,T. M. Warie and 0. M.
Smith to bo First Lieutenants.
A Crowd ot Delegate* and OlUce
St. Louis, July 18.?Tho Democratic
State Convention, which is to meet at
Jefferson Citv to-morrow, haa. brought
together the largest crowd of delegates
and outside workers that has congregated
in that city for many years. Every
county in the State will be represented.
Tho number ol candidates /or the different
offices is unusually large, there being
Bix for Governor, seven for Secretary of
State, eight for Register of Lands, six for
Treasurer, five for Atttorney General,
for Supreme Judge, and five forTiailroail
Commissioners, oulv three of whom are
to be elected. Among the prominent candidates
!for Governor are Celsus Price,
Bon of Gen. Sterling Price, George Vest,
and John S. Phelps, a prominent Congressman
before the war. Pool* are selling
at tho Madison House at 5 to 1 for
Flit 12 KEC'UBD.
St. Louis; July 18.?A fire in the pork
house of Basset & Lincoln, lato last night,
damaged meat to the extent of $20,000.
Fully injured.
Cincinnati, July 18.?The entire western
portion of the town of Demossville.
Ky., a station on the Kentucky Central
railroad, was burned at two o'clock this
morning. The most important losses are
& stone dwelling house and large warehouse
containing $20,000 worth of tobacco
belonging to J. M. Stevens, and Dr.
McCtill's office and residence. Stevens'
loss $30,000. Insured for $7,000 in the
4 Detroit, July 18.?A fire at Hardscrabble.
near Bay City. Mich., burned the
ww mill of Gardener & Sons., with about
42,000 feet of lumber. Estimated iobs
$20,000; insurance $9,000.
Reformed Episcopal I'ouvenfion.
Ottawa, July 18.?The Reformed
Episcopal Council resumed its sitting, .
Bishop Cheney in the chair. The roport
of thb* Committee on the state of the
Church was presente<l. The church was
organized December 18,1873. At the present
date upwards of sixty ministers and
fifty congregations are in union with
this General Council, besides those already
formed or in nroceas of forming.
Kcporta wero received from only^thirtyfour
congregations which contain 2,311
families, 3,511) communicant^ 4,095 Sunday
school children. Collections for the
year $151,000.
Adjourned to meet in Philadelphia
next year. ^ .
Ncrioim AH'ray.
Louisville, July 18.?A special to the
Courier-Journal from Lebanon furnishes
the particulars of a serious affray which
occurred in Casey county. A horse having
been stolen from John Tate, a deputy
sheriff, he summoned a posse of nine men,
and proceeding on the trail run across
six men. A fight took place, in which
Fillmore Murrell, one of the six, was
killed, and a man named Davis seriously
wounded. Before his death, Murrell
affirmed that his party was innocent, but
the presence of several desperadoes with
him and the recovery of a stolen horse
do not carry out his assertion.
llratal murder.
St. Louis, July 18.?A special to the
Globt-Dcmocral from Leavenworth says
that Mrs. Carrie Johnson was murdered
l..t .i?U'?>. <Iia nntalrivla nf tklll pllw
by Louis Earlemein, a man whom she
had several times refused to marry. Her
head wan beaten almost to a jelly. The
murderer has so far escaned arrest. Mrs.
Johnson left four small children.
KMcape ol Prisoner#.
Columuus, July 18.?Nine prisoners
escaped from the county jail to-day by
overpowering the jailer as he was closing
the floors. Three were recaptured. The
most important prisoner still at large is
a colored man who was awaiting his trial
for rape on a little white girl.
? Hottest
ot the Neaaon.
Boston, July 18.?Reports from Maine
indicate to-day the hottest of the season,
the thermometer rnnging from 00 to 08
degrees. _
llout Knee.
Saratoga, July 18.?The wind is io .
high that the boat race has been postponed
until 4 o'clock p. m. to-morrow.
Murine Intelligence.
Plymouth, July 18.?The steamer
Canada, from New York, has arrived.
New York, July 18.?Arrived?Steamer
Nevada, from Liverpool.
EJNew York, July 18.?Arrived?The
steamer Gellert, from Hamburg.
00 In the Nil ado.
New Yobk, July 18.?The weather is
very hot; 00 deg. in the shade.
?J. R. Lynch was unanimously nominated
for Congress by the ^Republicans of
uie (31X111 isuinct ui miBBinnijipi junicrd?y.
Oatmeal, Bono and Mueclc.
Liebig han shown that oatmeal is almost
as nutritious as the very beat English
beef^and that it is richer than wheaten
bread in the elements that so to form
bone and muscle. Profeaaor Forbes, of
Edinburgh, during some twenty years
measured tho breadth' and height, and
also tested the strength of both arms and
loins of the students in the university?a
very numerous class, and of various nationalities,
drawn to Edinburgh by the
fame of his teaching. He found that in ,
height, breadth of chest and shoulders,
and strength of arms and loins, the Belgians
wore at tho bottom of the list; a little
above them, the (French; vory much
higher, the English, and the highest of all
the Scotch and Scotch-Irish from Ulster,
who, like tho natives of Scotland, are fed
in their early yeara with at least one meal
a day of *ood oatmeal porridge. Speaking
of oatmeal, an exchange remarks that
a very good drink is made by putting
about two spoonfuls of meal into a tumbler
of water. The Western hunters aod
trappers consider it the best of drinks, ta
it Is at once nourishing,\ unstimulating
and satisfying.
Fur Additional Telegraph Hkt Fourth Fuge

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