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Wlwlittfi Jiife Jttfellincnrcr.
| ESTABLISHED AUGUST 24,1852. WHEELING-. "WEST "VA., THURSDAY ? DECEM!^,1887. VOLUME XXXVI-NU.^^T Sk MAltymw, oncei No?. HfJ fttwl "47 Fourteenth Htrnet, Tin most lntercatiog commont on tho l'reeiJent'a rooaaoge In the 0110 Mr, KinJ?ll rolaiMto mukn. Wiikn i'li'Didunt Ulavolaud throw that bjrnb into the Democratic camp, tie UiJn't knot It wn lovleii. "I am lor a l>I< Irea list ami a low UrltT." ?Graver C/nelantl, "Alu too C'Vir'ci .V. l<\tirch\!<l.. Tiik Orowu I'nocu coniinuea to Improve, anil it ban Inen dlrcovered that iia moat alarming ??niDloni? w?r? dn? to bail teeth. A sciKNTIsr protnnaeo to ti?v? ulacovored that tho eooio ol swell la disappearing Iroin the human Ho). Rjaidentaot Fallon may b? baopv. ?n..- it.M .u .ir.liiuiniM tniml xrn5t till Friday. Tha puople will .not complain ot roE3onftblo dolay it it makes the realizatloo of their dcatrca jeuror in the cad. It is all right to v* cot th? bridge. Tiib Euripunn biiualiou la carious one day aud cerona the next; but there are enough alrdntd relations among tho elleto monarchies to cot the whole continent to lighting each other if a breath bat /ana thoomoldwintr firpn. Ik any coniirum'.wu of cue impreeaiona made by thj President'^ meesapo ia needed, it will bn soon in that portion of Becre* tary Fairchlld'tJ report concerning the tariff and tho tu'pluB. This Administration is cgahft. prrv^rt'on. Tub ir.aiLUiilgu in tienator Piumb's resolution t'ant eooie person in the omploy o( the Department of Agriculture baa boen taking out a p:.tont as tho result of experiment* made at the public expanse, ia worthy of uorious investigation. If true, tho patent should be revoked and the guilty man exnosod. a christian eunference ia in session at Washington, bat all tho gentlemen who have none there in the paat few daye aro not delegates. In fact, the situation thoreia pretty well balanced j ast now? fVin flhrinftan (Ifjnfor.-'iifio and R^nnhlinan National Committee on ono aide, and tho Democratic Administration and Coaj-resd on tho otlif.r. Ex*rrm?>s meat. Paesibsmt Uluvula.su knowe now, for tho American wool-giowers hava told him in toree and vigorous English, that tho reduction of tha tarifl' does not alvraya roduco the revenue. The reduction of the wool tariff mado in 1883 had tho opposite effect. Ab the returns come in the untenablenoss cf Mr. Cleveland'e position, always apparent becomes simply lan^habio. _________________ Tin: nomination of Mr. Lamar to the high and important position of Associate Juatico ol tho Supremo Court of the United StJtea has none of the elements ol fttno?r, much less of dignity and patriotism in it. The South is entitled to the appointment, bat of all the Democrats in that section who might have been named, Lamar ia probably the mostobjsctionable. He ia not a Rood lawyer, and there ia nothing about hia record or hia character to recommend him for hia now position. Hin elevation is simply a poreonal matter, and to be regretted from every point ol viow. __________________ Possihly thi Engiisn free traders will not feel so jubilant after they have heard from your Uncle James G. Blaine, as thoy did in the early hours of yesterday morning, whou Mioy got the idea that the President was about to throw opan the markets of AmeriiJ* to tho nationB of the world. Cleveland's message and Blaine'* comtnontfl are tho lair ana laii atatemente of the respective attitudes of the two parties on this vital question?the frankesl and most comprehensive platforms the partiea over had. If they can be placed on them in the contest of 1888 the rcaall cannot he donhtad. AN OVA1'loN AU1U.NUBD, llow (I. A. II. Commumler Kon Will Ho En Urtnlued lu Columbni. Columhuj, 0., Dec. 7?Extensive ar rangeraents are being mado for the recep tion of General John P. Ilea, Hationa! Commander ol the G. A. E., -who arrive/ in thie city to-night. ?,To-morrow the buainesB of the Execn live Committee will be transacted, and ir the evening tho Grand Army poata wil tender him a reception. On Thursday General Ron will be in charge of a com mittee from the Board of Trade and wil visit all placpa of interest. Tie chief ob ject of hiB visit ia to llx dates lor the an ntial encampment which iato be held hen some time next fall. \ Tim Oil) ton Freight lllur.Jmile, Dayton, 0., Dec. 7.?The Superintend onto of the Bee Line, Panhandle ana Cin cinuati, Hamilton A Dayton Railroad have been hero all day, and thie evenini each h ul a conference with his own mei on the strike of tho switchmen, being to ? r in Mw> nu luiicMiu ui *'lv "tuuiui?i scalo. The Pinhandlo refused point blanl to conrcde tho demand, while tho twi othar roado agreed to advance the wage of the night and day pony conductors. A a meeting of the strikers to-night, it wa nnanimonaly agreed not to accept an; terms but the fall advance asked for. Th "acab" crews brought here by the Pan handle refuse to work any more unlea protocted by the police or militia. Th froight blockade therefore continues. II -iitliii; llntlro?<l Cnr? by t5t?am. CmcAao, Dec. 7.?Ever since the Ohatc worth and Kouts disasters sevor&l of th ruilroAd companies centering in thiscit; have been oxporimonting with the differ ent methods of boating tbelr pasMPce cara without the use of the old time stove Tangible results among the eastern line havb hrat been reached by the Penney! vania Company. To-night the Pennsyl vania etarEtfl out its first train boated b steam thronghent. The train was "Ih Limited" for Kew York. l'uuuil Gnllty ot Killlug Ilia Mother. Kew Your, Die. 7.?At fiiverheat Long Island, to-day, Francis Asbnr Hawkins, agod about 22, and of reBpscti ble antecedents, was found guilty of mn: der in tho first degree for killing h: owner, vrno oojoctoa to iub luienao ^wrlage, Jim Virginia Legislature. .Richmond, Ya , Dac. 7.?The Qeneri ^esembly o< Virfci?*a met Unlay at nooi FAULKNER THE MAN. BV?IVYTIIIN(J INDICATES THAT Us will ha given the Beat In (he Senate from this State aa Mr. Oamden'i Sue. oeaeor ?The National Convention Wanted bj Numeroui 01 tie i. BixcicU Diipalch to the hiltlllaencer. Washington, D. 0., Dec. 7.?A conferonce of tho Republican Senatorial Caucus Uomrnittoo, connlatlnR of Alliaoa, of Iowa; TJl- i_ .( v ir li... . it _i ??. . Diair, gi *1 un uampamre; uoar, 01 .unsnachueotta; Rlddleberger, ol Virginia; Dolpli, o( Oregon; Bliormm, ol Ohio, and Kvarta, of New York, was held to-day at the Capitpl to rearrange the committees anddlacnaa the part; policy. Tho Fau'kner-Lacas contest via conaldered and the comnilttoo decided to recommond to tho eancns that Judge Faulkner be sustained, This menus that Faulkner will bo tho 8onMoi'. Judge ' Faalkner said to'tho Istklikikncik cor- ] respondent to-night that he would be Beat- i ed by the unanimous voto c( the Senate, but In eayiog eo bo gave no Intimation ' that he waa awaro oi tho Republican committoe'fl action. THE NATIONAL CONVENTION. The 1'roipectn urn Hint Philadelphia or Ghl? ' catfo Will Unlit. 1 Social Dlsjxilch to the InlclWjtnccr. 1 Washington, D. 0., Dec. 7.?Only J about a dozsn members of ibo National | Ropnblicm Oommittee aro in town to* ] night to attend tho meeting ta-rnorrow. 1 Among theso are John \V. Mason, of Weat J Virginia, and the Chairman, 1J, F. Joneo, 1 of Pennsylvania. A largo delogatloa of prominont citizens from Philadelphia, Cincinnati, St, Louie, Chicago, Minneapolis and Omaha are here fighting for the convention. Tho indication to-night la that the choice is between Philadelphia and Chicago. Jonen, Elkina and other prominent Blaine men art) for Philadelphia. A conference ia gning on to-night batwoen Ohnirman Jonea and representative Republicans to diocuca this question. Among theao are Gov. Long, of ilawechoBetls, General Nathan GoiT, of Weat Virginia, and M&jor HcKinloy, of Ohio. It is generally thought that Chicago will be selected lor the Democratic convention. Tha Weat Virginia Goafclp. SpcttaI DlavatcS to the Intelligencer. Washington, D. 0., Dec. 7.?TIis Weat Virginia situation here to-night is big with talk of an anti-prohibition deal ia the State campaign, contingent upon the decision of the United States Supremo Court on tho teat temperance case. The decision ia expected to-morrow. It LAIN R OX TUB Mh,98AUJt. He tulU the President nomo Things the 1'ronlileut Ought to Know, ]Stbw Yobk, Dec. 7.?The Tribune of tomorrow will contain a long interview with Hoa. James G. Elaine, on President Cleveland's message, It waa taken in short-hand under tho direction of the Tribune's Paris corre&poudont, and sent by cable to-night. 'It is ae follows: "I have been reading aa abstract of the President's message, and have been especially interested in tho comments of tlxo London papers. Tnoae papers all a3same to declare tho message ia a freo trade manifesto, and ovidently are anticipating an enlarged market for English fabrics in tho United States aa a consaqnence of the President's roconimonda' tiona. Perhaps that fact stampa tho character of the message more clearly -than any words of mine." A KHTKNUE TAKirF."You don't mean actual free trade without duty ?" queried the ropoiter. "No," replied Mr. Blaine, "nor do the , London papers mean that. They aimply mean that the President has recommended what in the United States is known as 1 a 10venue tariff, rejecting the protective 1 feature aa nn object, and not evon permit1 tine Droteclion to result fullv as an inci dent to revenuo dntiee." "I don't know that I quite comprehond 1 tb&t loot point," said tho reporter, i UI mean," eaid Mr Blaino,"that for tbo first timo in the history of the United > States the President recommends retaining the Internal Revenue tax in order that the tariii may be forced down, r,von below the fair revenue Btaudard. Ho recommends tHM the tax on tobacco be retained, and thua that many millions annually shall bo levied on a coincotic product which would far better come from a tariff on foreign fabrics." i.x favor of a*3l'.8UINO toiacootax. "Then do you mean to imply that you would favor the repeal of the tobacco tsx?" "Certainly; I mean that," said Mr. Blaine. I Bhould urge that it bo done at once?even before the Christinas holidays. It would, in the first place, bring great relief to growers of tobacco all over the conntry, and would lessen tho price of the erticle to consumers. Tobicco to milliono r, of men ia a necessity. The President calls it a loxury, but it is a luxury in xie other aenBO than tea and coffeo are luxuries. NOT A LUXURY, "It is well to remember that the luxury "Q of yesterday becojne'a a necessity of to-day. Watch, if you pleaso, the number of men i at work on tho farm, in the coal mines, r along the railro&de, in the iron foundry, 1 or in any calling, and you will find 95 to * 100 chewing while they work. After each B meal tho samo proportion seek the solace t of a pipe or a ctear. These insn not only g pay the millions of the tobacco tax, hut pay ^ on every plug and every cigar an enhanced e nrice, which the tax enablea tho manu. /acturer and rotailer to irapoee. The only s cxcuse (or soch a tax is the actual nocoBe fiity under which the Government found itaelf during the war and thoyearo immo? diately following. To retain tho la? now in order to destroy the protection whwh wou'd incidentally flov from raising tho H&tno amount ol money on foreign e imports ifl certainly a moot extraordinary J policy for our Government." * WOULD LEAVE THE TAX ON \?I31BXY, >. "YTell, then, Mr. Blaine, would you ada vise the repofil of the whisky tax alao?" [" "No. I would not. jQtbe? consideration!! y than thoao of financial adminietratfop are e to be taken into account with regard lo whiaky. There to a moral aide to .?> it. To cheapen tho price of whieky , ia to increase tho consumption enormoua* 'i i? Thorn vcnulil h? nr? annuo in tiroino' y tbo reform wrought by high license in ? many CSUtee. il tho notional jjovornment neutralises the sood effect by plncinft i0 whioty within rcwii oi every one, at d twenty csnta a gallon. VThiiky would bo averywhoro distilled if ' tho Bflrvaiilnnco ef the Government were Withdrawn by tha loraiaelon of the tar, al and f.ilea could nqt thon be prevented, a, eyen \>f ? pplicjr as njwronii jnd peafch. Inn p.a tbat with -which Ruaala pursues tha Nihilists. It would destroy hish llceuoa at once in all tho States." , tJBIB JOB TBI RIV1KU1. "Whisky has done a vtst deal o( harm In tho United States. I would try to nmka It do soma pood. I would uso the tax to fortify our cities on the seaboard. In view of tbs powerfnl latter addressed to tho Democratic party on the Babject of fortification tr Mr. Sarnual J. Tllden in 1885, 1 am amieeil that bo attention liu been paid to tho subject by tho Demccratlc administration. Never before In the history of tho world has uuy Kovorninont allowed sreat cltieu on the seaboard like Philadelphia, New Tork, Huston, Baltimore, New Orleanu aud ban Francisco to rornain defenseless." "Bat," said the roportor, "you don't think wo ato to have war in any direction." uobtl kc.t kxpkct war, "Certainly not," ealtl Mr. Blaine. "Neither, I pre3uino,did Mr. Tilden when be vrrcto hlu ioianrkablo letter. Bat wo ahoaUl change a remotn chance to an absolute impossibility, if Bur weak and exposed points were strongly fortified. If to-day wo had by any : chance even such a war aa wo had with Mexico, our enemy conltl procure Iron- , clada in Europe that would menace our cities with destructioa 01 lay them ander j jontribation." "Bat would not our foillfvinj? uow p03jibly look ao if we expected war?" "Why should it, any more than tho for- j tificationa made seventy or eighty years ago by our grandfather, when they guarded thomoelves against snccesRfui ittaek from nrraaraontfl of that i Jay? Wo do not necessarily expect a , bnrglarbecauso wo lock our dooro at night, but if by any possibility a burglar cornea, it contribute vastly to oar peace of raind and our cound sleep to foel that he c&u't ?et in." tub!? divide tub beyenue. "Bat after the fortifications had been constructed, would you BiiU maintain the ' tax on whiaky?" "Yea," said Mr. Blalno. "So long rs there ia whisky to tox, I would tax it, and when tho National Gorernmont ehonld have no use for the monoy, I would divtcfo thn fur omonn tio Pnilnmi! ******* with the epecliiv object of lightening tite tax on real estate. Tho houaea and farms of tho wl^olo country pay too large a proportion of the total taxes. If, ultimately, relief could be given in that direction it would in my j udgment ba a wise and beneficent policy, ciomo honest, but misguided frieud3 of temperance have urged that the Government should not uau tho money derived from the tar on whioky. My reply is that the tax on whisky by tho Federal Government with its suppression of all illicit distillation and cocoequont enhancement of price, has been a powerful agent in temperance reform by putting it beyond tho reach of bo many. Tho amount of whisky consumed in the United States per capita today is not.more than 40 p&r C8nt of that consumed forty years ego." . After a few moments silence, Mr. Elaino added that in his judgment the whisky tax should bo bo modifiod as to permit all who use pure alcohol in the arta or mechanical pursuits, to have it free of tax. In all such caeca the tax could be omitted without dauger of fraud, just as now the tax on spirits exported is remitted. THE wool TAJtirr. "Besides your general and sweeping opposition to the President's recommendations, have you any further apecitic objaction ?" 14Yes,"answered Mr. Blaine; "Ishould seriously object to the repeal of tho duty on wool. To repeal that would work great injnBtico to many interests and would boriously discourage what we should earnestly encourage, ' namely: the aheep culture among tho farmers thronghout tho Union. To breakdown wool growing and ba dependent on foreign countries for the blanket under which W6 sleep and the coat that covers our backs is not vcieo policy for the National Government to enforce." "Do you think if the President's recommendations were adopted it would increase our export trade?" "Possibly in some law articles of peculiar construction it might, but it would increaee onr import trade ten fold as much in tho great staple fabrics, in woolen and cotton goods, in iron, in steel, in all tho thousand and one shapes in which they are wrought." must beoucb wages. jnvw uiu wo 10 export stapie laonce to the markets of Europe uul6es we make thorn cheaper than they do in Europe? And how are we to manufacture tbera cheaper than they do in Europe, unless we get cheaper labor than they have in Europe 7" "Then you think that the question of labor underlies the wholA subject?" ' Of courEo it doeB," replied Mr. lilaine. "It ia in fact the entire question. Whenever we can forco csrpentera, maeorft, iron workers and mechanics in every department to work oa cheaply and live as poorly in the United States as similar workmen of Earope, we can, cf coarse, manufacture just as cheaply as they do in England and France. But I am totally opposed to a policy that would entail such results. To attempt it is equivalent to a social and financial revolution, one that would bring untold distil." ' Yob, bat might not tho great farming i class be benefitted by importing articles 1 from Europe Instead of buying them at higher prices at home." i'hs moment," answered Mr. Blalno, "you begin to import ireely from Europe you drive our own workmen from mechanical and manufacturing pursuits, in the same proportion they become tillers of soil, increasing steadily the agricultural product and decreasing steadily the largo Home demand, which' ia constantly enlarging as home manufacturers enlarge. That, of course, works great injury'to the farmer, glutting the market witn nia products and lending constantly to lower prico." FJKKIC.N MA.RCBTB NOT KELIA1LH. "Yes, but the foreign demand for farm products would be increased in like ratio, | would it not?" "Even suppose it wore," eaid Mr. Blaine, "how do you know the source from which it will bo supplied. The tendency in Russia to-day, and in the Asiatic naasassionR nf Rno-land. ia toward s largo increase of tho grain Bupply, the grain belog raised by the cheapeot possible labor. Manufacturing countries will buy their breadatu'fla where thoy can get them, choapesc, and the enlarging of the home market for the Ameruien farmer being checked, he would search in vain for pno of the same value. His forolga Galea are already checked by the great competition abroad. There never was a timo when a large home market wab bo valuable to him. The beat proof ia the farmers are p'rosporqna in proportion to the neameaa of manufacturing* jentfera, and a protecting tariff tnnHn tn rmreurl munttfnntnm? ?> A Wlfo'i Storj, Hew Youk, Dac, ".?Edward Schneider, a huge German, was charged to-day in court by hia wile with having beaten her. She said: "Hole an Anarchist. He was in Ohicago at the Hajmarfcet riot, and has told mo He had a pari in it. Ho talks anarchy constantly, aud beats me when I deny him money to bay beer." 8chneider was held. REDUCE THE TARIFF. AN ATTACK ALL ALONG THE LINE IJyttie Democratic Administration Against 1'rotectlou to American luilUHtrloa, Mr. Hfcrolury Falrchlld Agreei With tho I'roalrient'i Views. Wabmxotoj), D. 0., Dec. 7.?The Secretary ot tho Treasury In his annual report, oubinltteil to Congees to-day, says that tho lota) ordinary receipts ol tbo Government dining the year ending June 30, 1887, woro $371,-103,277, and that the total ordinary expenditures woro $317,835,428, leaving a surplus ot $05,607,849, which, atth an nmnnnf rl va irti (*nm it> r?nnl> hal. anco in the Troaeury of $24,445,720, make a total aurplua of $60,023,570, which was offered (or the redemption ol bonds. The receipts /or the yoar show an increaso of $34,003,550 over the year bofore, and the expenditures show an increase o( 125,449041. For the present yoar the rovenuee are estimated at $3311 000,000, and the expenditures $310.817 785, lowing au estimate Bin plus ol i(il>,182,!U4, J u.io 30, 1888. Tne Secretary eMimaten tho surplus lor tho year 18b0 ct $50 409 200. In reKarti to the surplus revenue, tho Secretary gays: TllE 8URPLUS. "laxaliou and curroncy roform wcro the questions which my dietinguishod predecessor deomed to bo of mobt pressing importance, and to them he devoted a lurge part of his two annual reports, tie stated honest convictions with a vigor and holdDees which, together with tho ability and fairness that he thowed in the Konural management of thid department, hare given him a high place among statesmen and financiers. I find tne eame subjects to bo fitill the most important of all ihose to which it is my duty to call your attention, and it is not neceeaary to do otherwise than follow the general lineslaiddownby him in treating tbsrn. UiroumajanctB have heightened the immediate urgency of tarntion reform aa affecting tho turpluo revenues of the Government. The urgency iu so groat that the question cf eurplus revenues demania tho earnest attention of both the legislative and executive branches of the Government." T1IE REMEDY, Ho gives tho following ways in which tho receipts and expenditures of tffe Government can be made about equal: First?The purchase of the interest bearing dubt of the Government. tiecond?Largor expenditures by the Government far other purposes than the purchase of bonds, so that they shall each year equal the taxation of that year.. Third?Induction of the revenue from taxation to the amount actually required to meet necessary expenses. All of these expedients have in common the one merit of preventing the derangement to bneiiieea which muat follow hoarding or locking up in the Treasury tho circulating media of the people. Ia regard to the tirat plan the Sccrotcry agruoo: with what the President int his mueuage said on the eamo cubject. Ho tuen says: "I cannot believe that it will adopt the eecond expedient, viz: tho enlargement of the Government expenso simply. to expend the money raised by tax .Hon when tho public weal doca not otherwise call for the expenditure." TUX INTEUNAL KET?SDK. Reduction of tho rovenue from taxation i3 the only lit remedy for the ilia which threaten tho country. This may be acplished in various wayo. Ono ia tocreduce or aboliah internal revenue taxation. In favor of this ia tho fact that in a small part of the Southern Statea the internal tax on liquors and tobacco io thought to b& oppreeeive and ia odious to the people of tho-ae regioua; and the further fact that by ita reduction the expenses of its collection might be somewhat reduced.; Tho chief cause for theprfjudice against this tax seetna to be that aa there was no Buch tux belore the war lor tho (Jnion it is looked upon as a reminder of tliu measures adopted to raise money to carry on the war, and which ought not to be continued in time of peace, and aa interfering in some way with tho natural rights of mankind to grow grain and tobacco and manufacture therefrom cig&ra, snuff and the various forms of merchantable tobacco. Of course taxation of whisky and tobacco trespasses no mere upon the natural rights of man than does tho taxation of his clothing or his bedding or every implement which ho uses in the cultivation of his grain end tobacco and in the distillation or manufacture of the same. YOU TASKS YCUn CUOICE. The burden of tho one tax is direct, known as fixed; the whole of it goes into the Government's treasury; tho burden of tho other is indirect and unknown and nnlv ft nortion of itnnmon It reaches the farmer or distiller increased by the profit upon itself,which overy iperchant rnuBt take aa the clothing or tools puss through his hands on their journey to them from the foreign or domestic manufacture. Taxation there must be; the choice ia between tho kinds of tarntion; each man can decide for himself, if he will examine .the subject free from prejudice which is the leaat business for nim, for his family and for hia neighbora and which ia in tho end better for his wholo couutxy. That internal tax ation of spirits and tobacco began during the war ia not a reason it should be done away with now, if it be in itself wise. So also tho fact that the rates of custom taxation raised during tho same war are higher than ever before in our history, and have been continued until now, ought not to determine the manner of their treatment; this should r ther depend upon what ia just and expedient at the present time. HKOOCE THE TAItlFtf. In the revenue from cuatomB taxation is where the roduction ia to l)o made, and while reducing, advantage should be taken of the opportunity to reform the abuses and inequalities of the tariff lawa, Add to the free trado list as many articles as possible. Reduco duties upon every dutiablo article to the lowest point possible; but in ascertaining these .possibilities tho present situation of labor and business mUBt always he kept in mind. One argument ferged in favor of the j continuance of the present highly profurtive tariff wotlld. if admittm! tn Ko establish tue claim that the ranjority of the labor and people of this country have made a compact with'the minority that the majority will pay the minority more for certain aiticlea, to be mado by' the latter,'than the price at which tho people of other countries are willing to Bull the same; that the evidence of this ia found in our tariff lawn which have kept duties at a highly protective rate aince early in the war, aud in the continued existence of those laws for so long a time: and that under these conditions many laboring men have become bo employee! in certain industries that it might be difficult for thorn at once to get other work. After paying due regard to all thoBe equities, after providing for due observance of every obligation, it will be found that great reductions can be made in tariff taxation. So many compensations will be thereby given to this and that industry that most of them will find themselves in fully as good a state as now, many of then In a much bettor stato. Fallout labor, coupled with a firm determination to lay aside every conaldoratlon save tho lasting Rood of the wbola country, will enable the Congress to accomplish Its tuk with honor. A SHOUT HKSSION, Seuntors Object to l/uucoesaarjr Work Before Appointment of Commttteei. WiBUiNOTON, D, 0., Dec, 7.?As soon as tho8onate convened to-day a letter from the Secretary ol the Interior was laid bofore It stating that an appropriation of 877,405 Is neceraary to finish the report on the census of i8$0-four of the twentymo volumes being yet unpublished. The loiter was tabled. A IarRO number ol official reports wore received and ordered prlntod. Nr. Gullom said that the rule was that when bills wero introduced before com inlttees wore appointed to liavo ouch bills | laid on tho tabic, aud that created unnecessary work. He thereforo moved that the Sonate adjourn, but withdrew tho motion to permit Mr. Plumb to offer a resolution culling on the Commissioner of Agriculture lor information M to whether any pwaon in the employ of that department making experiments as to tho manufacture of sugar from eorghuin had obtained or applied for a patent or patents connected with such manufacture and growing out of such experiments. Tho resolution was ailoptod. Dir. Farwell asked his colleaguo to withdraw his motion S3 as to allow him to introduce a bill to perpetuate the national bank system. Nr. Gullom declined, and at 12:20 the Senate adjourned. THE 1IOUSK COMMITTEES. AH Frcdlotlonu n? to the Cluilrftucn Unreliable. "Washington, D. 0., Dec. 7.?Although tbo llouco was not in seeeeon to-day a number of members were in their seats attending to their correspondence and chatting with cue another over coinmiteeebips. Speaker Garliole spent eaveral hours in hin room in an effort to outline tbo organization of the committees. Many rumors were current this afternoon rela* tive to mo dictriotition ol tno chairmanships. LUtlo credence is genorslly given to them, however, owing to the fact that mnuy changes in tho list are inevitable, oven nftor it shnll have boon advanced much nearer to completion than it is presumed to be at present. Any change in one committee will iovolvo alterations in soveral others and may affect the chairman, bo that predictions cannot be safely made. Tho appointment ol the Committee on Rn'ee, which will probably bo made in a day or two, is awaitsd with special intereat, for the reason that the chairman of tho Committee on Ways and Means has always been a member of tho Committee oti Rules, and the arrangement of Mr. Morrison's successor on the laet natuud committee will be generally regarded as tatamonnt to the scloctson of the chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means. A Christian Conference* "Washington, D. C., Dec. 7.?A general christian conference under the auspices and direction of tbo Evangelical Alliance for the United States, opened in this city thie morning. The conference mot in response to a call issued by the Alliance eo-veral months sli:C3 aud by President AlcCosh, of Princotou,anda large narnbor of eminent clergymen and laymen from all of the ovangelicai denominations in this country wero present.' Colored Mou Burred Out at (lie House, "Waiuington, I). C , Dec. 7.?For tho drat timo since the reconstruction of the Southern Stnteo, there ia not a single colored man in the Eoneo. Iu the last tfnuBe there were two, Mecsra. Smalls and O'Hara, and ten years ago thjre wero seven. The absence of negro messengers and 'other attendants is also marked. Tbey have been swept out of every place bat the barber shop and dining room, THE DUU.UM Kit WINS. Diicrlminntlon ngnloKt Kenlilenta oC Anoilier Btnte Denounced. Xjjw "Your, Dec. 7.?A Galveston special says: Judge Sabin, of tho United States District Court yesterday rendered his decision in tho noted habeas corpus c&aeof RobortC. Stockston, the Kansas City drnmmor who was arrested early in November at Tyler, Tex., for a failure to exhibit his receipt fc) the constable showing that he had paid the Controller of the State the annual occnpation tex of $35 levied on all traveling salesmen. The case wasotkrongly contested by the S ato, Attorney General Hogg appearing in person. JudgeSabin'sopinion is exhaustive, reviews the history ot the case in detail and oustains Stocketon'e petition in every particular. The language ef the court ia declaring the law unconstitutional ia very strong. It is doubtful if any fedoral court in tbo country has so vigorously denounced the attempt of tho States to tux inter-State commerce by requiring drummers to take out a license. The court grounds its decision upon the ancient piinc'plo of no taxation without representation, and saya: "What representation has the citizen of one State in the laws of another affecting hia commerce therein? Precisely none._ If a State can make a tax at all upon inter-Stata commnviiA if non n 1 r*-?i*\of- In 1UU11.D illKUU WV W4UJUUV HUI tUIUl lii IU[ W line." \ The court employs the following IonRange in conclusion: "The idea of a citizen of the United 8tates being challenged anywhere in thia nation, by any power other than national, in the conduct of his lawful busineeo, in States other thau liis own, is dfridedly absurd and ridiculocs. The law in question ia utterly void, bo far as it aflVcta tne commerce of citizens oiothor States having no goods therein, but Belling therein by sample." Novel KchuHs of an Accident. Wuitkiiali/, N. Y., Dec. 7.?Train No. 7, Now York express for.Montroal, on tho Saratoga A Ghatnplain Division of the Dalawaro 6c Undeoa Canal Company's railroad, consisting of two baggage cars, two coaches and & sleeping,car, ran oil' the track at Whallinsbnrg Station, eighteen miles north of Port Henry, early thio morning. The baggage cars and one of the coaches cauRlit tiro, which was communicated to the depot and that building and cars were destroyed. No one was 'a* jurod. Both Fa nlljr Hurt. Chicago, Dec. 7.?A. special froa. Bsrryville, Ark., eaya: Grant Garrett and Cal WagKoner, living in Polo township, met on tho roadaide yesterday and began firing at each other. Garrett was killed outright and Wagtonerwill die from his wounds. Tho murder is tho result of a feud which thus far has coat four lives, and further bloodshed is imminent. Several prominent fatnilios aru involved. Another Oouuterlelter Arretted. Wilkkbbarbe, Jt'a ,ueo.reter Smith, oaid to bo from Pittsburgh, wan arrested to-day by Secret Bervico Operator McSweeny, of Pittsburgh, and lodged in jail here, lie ia charged with passing coaatcrteit money, and la eoid to be a member ot the gang o[ counterfeiters, two of whose members were arrested bore yesterday. No greater guarantee ol the excellence ot Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup could be furnished tbau that it is recommended by all the leading druggists, *'V;? V "", A RINGING ANSWER FROM AMERICAN WOOL GROWERS To the 1'reildent'fl Attack upon their Indus* try-The E*al?ltjr of hli Premises and Unsoundness of his Conclusions Shawn?The Spirit of his Essay. Wasuinutox, D. 0., Dcc. 7,?At to day's session ct the conference at wool growers and wool dealers of the United States, called by the Frosldonl ol the National Association ol Wool Growers, the following was unanimously adopted: The wool dealers and wool growers of the United titates, representing a capital of ovor live hundred millions of dollars, and a constitnoncv of a million wn.tl I growers unci wool dealers, aesemblod in conference in tho city of Washington, the 7th day of December, 1887, having read the first annual mecsago of the Prosident | to the Fiftieth Oougross, declare that the sentiments of the message are a direct attack upon their industry, one of tho moat I important of tho country, and in positive violation of tho National Domocratic platform of 1881, as interpreted by the I party leaders, and accepted by the rank and lite of the party: that the argument made by tho President for the romoval of our protection against foroign competition is tho. old one, repeatedly made by the oneroies of our industrial progress, and effectively answered in nearly every school district of our land, and bo thoroughly disapproved by the logic of facts and demonstration of expcrionce and history ns to need no answer from us. We acknowledge that our "small holdings," our scattered and unorganized condition, make lib the prey of the free trader, but we had a right to expect something different from the Chief Executive oi the nation at once the moet happy, prosperous uutl contented of any of the world, made so by a policy of protection and develop* ment which he now seeks to destroy. We had a right to expect our President would lavor the wool growers of the United States, and wo confess our deep disappointment that instead, he favors the IU101CDMJ Ol UU1 lUIDI^U Justly alarmed at liio position, wa make an appeal from iiis recommendation to the people, to all the people, to the seven and three-fourths millions ol onr fellow citizens engaged in agriculture, to the millions engaged in manufacturing, to the Army of wage earners, whose wages ore maintained by the protGctive system, to the tradesmen and merchants whose pros* perity depends upon ours, conlldent that the judgment and decision will be based upoa justice and patriotism, and therefore for the maintainnacceof the American policy of protection to which the country to indebted for its uuexampled development and prosperity. To demonstrate the injustice of the President's policy, and the fallacy of the remedy he proposes for tho reduction of the surplus, we point to the fact that if the whole amount of tho revenue derived from wool was abolished it would reduce the sarplnB only about fivo million dollars, or less than ten cents per capita of the population, which ia paid by foreigners, while the old war taxes he recommonds retained yield over one hundred and nineteen million dollars and are a direct tax per capita of two dollars each, and what makes up the great bulk of the ourplus of ono hundred and lorty million dollars, and which fosterB a most dangerous monopoly. We would further add the following siatistica in regard to the wool industry: The annual revenue derived from imports oi wool under tho tariff of 1867 was less than $1,700,000. Under the reduced tariff of '83, the revenue last year was over five millions. The namher of sheoo in the country in 'S4, waa 50,026.020; in '87, 44,759,314, a decrease of nearly six millions, and a diminution of the annual wool product of over 35.000,000 pounds, thus showing that reducing the tariff by the act of '83 has increased the revenue from imported wools and diminished tho number of sheep in the United States about 12 per cent, and the annual product in tho same proportion. The President's policy would bring about the destruction of this industry, and the Bame policy of reduction or abolition of tho tarifl would end in disaster to all other industrial productive enterprises of the country. GREAT CAKE NEEDED In the Selection of n Minister from the United States to Mexico. w. n r\ t>? r tl ported that General Bragg, of Wisconsin, ia booked for the Mexican Ministry. Bragg is troublesome in Wisconsin politics, unless ho haa a position, and PoBtmaater General Vilas ia anxious to have him cared for. The only objection to the appointmont ie said to be trie fiery temper of the old man. The experience of the administration with the Muxicaa MiniBtry has been eo unpleasant that it is deairablo great care should be exercised to select some one who will not immediately get into trouble with the greaaera. Ho Think* Dan la Too Cautions, Nkw Yobk, Dec. 7.?A. Washington ape* cial to the World says, concerning the fore* cast of the President's message published in that paper, that in discussing tho mat* 1 ter with a prominent official yosterdoy the President aaid: "I presume the World ob* tained its information from orf& of the leading public men with whom I have diecueaeii the subject of the message. Por my part, I do not aee what necessity there is for keeping these meeaoges eo profoundly secret, aside from the simple question , of caurteav to Con crew. I hnva tnlcl flnl. Lamout that I don't understand why ho should, take to much trouble with my messages. If ho would let me have my way," continued the Presidont, "I presume I would give the whole thing to the first clever fellow who should ask for it." Wh?re Donelaon Lost hlf Money, "Washington, Dec 7.?Ex-Doorkeeper Donelaon ia looking very palo and anxious, and his friends are doing everything poesiblo to prevent an investigation of hia accounta which, in the Democratic caucus Saturday night, it was charged will show a large deficit. Tho Republicans seem determined to have au investigation, but the Democrats are equally determined to prevent it. Those Democrats who have been assaulting Mr. Donelson's character and record say that they are satisfied with defeating his re-election and do not-caro to diacuea the subject any further. It ia fiaid that panelaou has been a heavy loeor qu the race course, and ia indebted j to Congressman Scott, of Erie, for $6,000 or more. An Kmbeuler Ifoaud, Chicago, Dec. 7.?A Winnipeg, Msn., Bpeclal cays: A young man named Jackeon, in the omploy of the United States Government in Now York who absconded a couple ol months ago with over $10,000, has been located hero. He changed his BtolenBecuritieB into Canadian money before crossing the bordor. An Alleged Whol?talo Murderer. JUcok, Ga., Dec. 7.?Tom Wooltold, who la charged with the murder ol his father and eight other members ol his family, la now on trial here. Over 100 nit nencs bavo been etibpiioaoi', and lour have teatilled. All tho ovidonco is circumotnntial and no damaging testimony haa been elicited so far. liXVXIIKH 1IUH1IAND And Cntuo ia Wheeling -Arroatcd on u Obttrgo oC Larceny, Kathor an lutoroitlng scone took place atthoBaltlinoro & Ohio depot at Moundsvilla yesterday, Aa the noon train km pulling ont lor Whoeilng SborlO Showacro put in an appoaranco and slopped It. lie then entered tho cars, and approaching a very comely and well-dmaed lady requested her to got oil, which ehe did upon being Informed that alio wan charged by hor husband with hnvlog otolen aomu of hta property. Tho lady proved to bo Mra. Viola Arnold, wllo of Joseph Arnold, of Fish Oreok, who wan then on her nay to Wheeling, having loft hor husband. She ia only about nineteen years old aud very pretty, while Jlr. Arnold in nbont fortylive. She denied that olie bad anything belonging to Mr. Arnold, and submitted her trunk to bo oearched. Nothing was touud, however, belonging to him, and she was permitted to go on lier way, which ahe did rejoicing. Mr. Arnold waa present and alio gava him a parting pieco of nor minu us a gonuo reminder tnat she was gone for good. The trouble between the couple was respectively charged by each upon the other. They have been raarriod only about aix months, and Mr. Arnold is a woll-to-do farmer, in easy circumstances. Dlt. LVD A. IN TOWN. Ills Work na Flunnoo .tgont of the M. K. Goufereuca Htmiluivry. Key. Dr. A. J. Lyda, of Charleston, formerly for a number of yoars a resident of this city, arrived here yeaterday and registered at the Stamm Houso. At tho last meeting of the West Virginia Conference of tho M. E. Church, and after it had been finally decided to establish and maintain a Conference Seminary at Buckhannon, Itev. Dr. Lyda waachoeon to fill the position of financial agent. Since then he has been baaily engaged in working for the Seminary. Ho ia hero at this time on that business and proposes to remain for two or threo weeka soliciting assistance for tho new institution. Tnia is the first vieit to this section of tho 8tate on such an errand, and he is greatly en uouragea over trie outioo*. Several good subscriptions were made and promised in the Bhort timo he spent circulating around yesterday, boing secured without any effort scarcely on his part. He was about among hia frienda yesterday more for the purpose of renewing old acquaintances than for soliciting aid for the seminary. Dr. Lyda has been about iu tho lower part of the State considerably of late and has had good success in securing subscriptions. Up to date about $1.7,000 has beeu given to the institution. The site for the Seminary at Backbannon is said to be admirably located. Men are engaged this winter quarrying Btono for the foundations. Wo plan for a building has yet been selected by tbe committe having the matter in charge, but they will attend to that in time to have the building commenced early in the spring. Tbe building will probably cost about $25,000, and thiB, it is thought, will be commodious pnough to snffica for a number of years to come. It ia hoped to have tho building ready for occupancy early in the fall, bo that students can be received for a regular fall term. Ab yet no faculty has been chosen, although thorn lias been received a large number of applications. Br. Lyda is quite enthusiastic over the prospoots and predicts a glorious future for the lfistitution, THE HAS K HALL. TKAM That 1b to Wlu tho Pennant for Wheeling Completed. President Seoley, of the Wheeling Base Ball Association, received a letter yesterday from Manager Buckenberger, announcing that he bad completed the Wheeling team for the Ohio Loague contest of '88 by aigning as left fielder the efficient member of last season's Kalamfjoo team who played in that position, Brodie. This makes a toacn that it will be hard to beat. Buckenberger is evidently a jewel of a manager; he is full of enthusiasm, and confident of downing all competitors next year. His selection was a happy one, and the officers of the Association deserve the thanks of all lovers of tho national game for securing him. The season will open early and brilliantly on the home grounds. Buckenberger writes that he has secured the Buffalo nine for exhibition games on April 11 and 12, has booked two games with Detroit for dates not yet fixed, and is negotiating with Pittsburgh. He aleo has offers from Cleveland and Toronto. "Buck." promises to give Whooling a aeaaon of ball playing worthy of her liberal patronage in the past year. Protecting tlio Mtuor Loagaoa. Cincinnati, O., Dsc. 7.?The bass ball arbitration committeo ia in session hore to-day. To-morrow the Amerlcin Association will hold its annual meeting. The principal bucine6s of tho day's meeting is to give minor leagues"fuller protection than they have hitherto had. Tho session is secret, but indications are that the minor leagues will receive the recognition they are seeking. Foatsi Will Play With Brooklyn. San Francisco, Dec. 7.?David Foutz, of the St. Louis Browns, signod the contract i? ,1?? r? l.i? ? ? vu-uujr ii? jjto/ mm iuo oruuK.ij-'Q CIUD next season. T1IE IIKBKKW BAZA.AU. riie Bucceaafal Pair to Uotno to a Close thin livening. The Hebrew Ladies' Baziar waa continned yeaterday afternoon and last evening. The attendance in the afternoon was not noticeably larger, bat in tho evening the hall in Odd Fellows'block and the adjoining corridors were thronged., In the afternoon an enjoyablo musical and literary programme was offered. In the evening tho Opera House orchestra furnished music. To-night bringa the Bazaar to a close.' Supper will again be served and anew attraction will be ottered in a programme of promenade music furnished by en amateur orchestra made up of well known young gentlemen. Mrs. Nellie Swoney Palmpr will sing and Prof. Joseph Kellar give some piano selections. The 1'llnt Gtaaa Situation. It is reported at Pittsburgh that there ia a possibility that a break may occur in the rank8of the flint glasa manufacturers. Last night tho executive ofiieera of the workers were in consultation with some of tho local manufacturers and the meet* ing oithe workmen appointed for yesterday afternoon, wae pcBtponed until today. The fact that the general atriko was noi orutjruu yeaujruay wu?n me expert* menial break wna made at King & Son's faclorv waa cited last night as evidence that the manufacturers eru not a unit in pressing their point. On the other hand, the manufacturers claimed yesterday that ag the workmen have declared war they are noing to reap the beneflfc r?t the present busy season bs long a? it will last, and realising that they may he left -with, pots full, will try to make the best ol the clrcatnatancco. To-day will cortalnly dscido the quostion.and il every factory in that dlatrict shuts down it will neither surprise the workmen, who eipect a lockout, nor the manufacturers, who eipcct a strike, RUSSIA'S POSITION MAY HB8ULT IN A GENERAL WAlt If Hor Vlawa of tho llulgnrlan <juc?ltou Moot tho DlanpprovM of tho Other Hiiro, penn l'owora ? All tho Continent Aroused hy tho Matting of Troops. London, Doc. ".?The fact that lintsln la musing troopa on tbo Austrian frontlor in largo numbers, and placing othcro whore tho; can command surveillance of a portion ol tbe German border, is taken as im indication that active measures will shortly go into eflect to enforco respect lor Russia's wishes with regtri to Bui garia. j In the face of Trinco Ferdin&nd'a assumed independence) of theCmt'a government and his impudent dlareRflrd c( the hints thrown out to him that ho would boat serve his own intereats by rccora* mending and furthering certain modifications of Bulgaria's policy, Russia has long remained aingularly passive; but it io now believed that tho timo is near at hand when tho Bulgarian question must bo finally settled. Settlement of the question In Russia's favor?aud it eeems impoHaU^-^.- . ble that it can in tho ond be settled otherwise?involves Prince Ferdinand's batty exit irom Bulgaria, and, this being plainly apparent to him, has led him to appoal to Austria and Eugland to "preserve the poace." Austria would not for a moment think of going to war with Rueeia single-handed, and England haa no mind to bait the Ruseian bear to uphold the questionable right of one of Queen Victoria's pets to rule a. DeODlfl With \chni?n intHTPotn thn English people have nothing in common. Nor is it belioved that Germany iaover anxious to wage war against Russia on the slight pretext afforded by the lattor's insiatance upon her rights in the Balkans, and especially in view of the almost abpolute certainty that the assistance to the Czar of the now greatly strengthened French Republic can bo had lor the asking. .The reopening of the Bulgarian question, which now seems imminent, will doubtless be accompanied by the bloat r and shower of diplomatic notes that have charactered the former attempts to ?Hbpoae of the matter, but it iB reason* bly safe to predict that there will be very little blood spilled; that Bulgaria will in the end be ruled by a Russian Governor, or a Prince whose nominatiou secured Russian approval, and that' Austria and Germany will express themselves as satisfled with the result whether they feel that way or not. A Purely Defensive Movement. Paris, Dec. 7.?According to private advices from Warsaw the massing of Russian troops on the frontier is attributable to information received by Russia of a concerted plan by Germany and Austiiafor united action in the event of a war between either of these powers and Asia. In that contingency it was proposed that Germany and Austria should suddenly invade Russian Poland and occupy Warsaw by using their greater facilities for mobilizing. In consequence of the discovery of this alleged proiect Russia re solved to compensate for >lier Blow power of mobilizing by a permanent increase of ber frontier forces. The movement implies no aggression, but iB a purely defensive precaution, ? JouruulUtlc View*. Berlin*, Dec. 7.?The National Gazelle, discussing the Vienna Fremdenblatt'* article relative to the massing of troop3 on tho Russian froatier, saya it is evident that tho force of Russian troops now in Poland ia not sutficibnt to attack two formidable military powers. The present massing of troops ia too small for war and too large for peace. We must wait and see how Ras3ia will reconcile the massing with tho pacific aaBurances of tho Journal de St. Petersburg, Germany JJatweeu Two Flren. Moscow, Dec. 7.?-The Gazette sayo tho fature policy of, France will decide whether Germany will be compelled to watch one or both her frontiers. The paper declares that Russia muBt always have a strong fleet on the Pacific ocean. A Military Council In Vienna, "Vienna, Doc. 7.?Emperor Francis JcBeph will preside at a military council which is to be held at tho palace to-morrow, for tho purpose of considering what steps ore necessary in view of the collection of Russian troops on the Russian, frontier. . _ Excitement '.In Financial Circles. London, Dec. 7.?The London stock market and bourses at Paris, Berlin and Frankfort are weak. Tho hnnron ?f Vian. ua ia excited. The markets are affected by the reports concerning tho moven enta of Russian trodffa on the Austrian frontier Boven of tho Crew Drowned. London, Dec. 7.?Tho Royal' Mall Steamship Line's steamer Isla de Panay, which left Liverpool Novemder 28 for Ma-"4 nilla, Singapolo aud other points, is ashore nine miles north of 8agreof Portugal. 8oven of her crew wero drowned. Bhe ia a vessel of 3,500 tons. The Freuch Cabinet. Paris, Dac. 7.?M. Clemenceau inhia intorviow with President Sadi-Oamot yes terday Baid in relation to the formation of a cabinet: "Whenever tho Eadicals aro shown a reform minister they are willing to make great sacrifices to support him. To SlakoSpnlD a Qrent Patvor. ' Madrid, Doc. 7.?Germany, Austria and Italy have agreed to raise their ministers here to the rank of Ambassadors, and England is expected to follow. This is a Btep toward tho recognition of Spain as a great power. A. STUHItOUN FiGHT. Two Men ltoliave Like UeuHta and IJolh Will Die. San Francisco, Dec. 7.?Information has been received of a deoperate fight in a saloon at Georgetown, Eldorado county, between Frank Hollingswozth, aged 24, and his Btep father, Georgo Handy, 50 years old. Both had been drinking. L7_ J? V.? *U.. ? ? unuu/ ucKnu uiu tuw HQQ HIS EJtGP'BOQ knocked him down. The old man #ot up quickly and in a rough and tumble fight that followed otrnck his etop-Ron ?ith a dirk knife back of the ear, the blade breaking off and remaining in the skull. Hollingaworth paid no attontionto the wound but continued to beat and kick the old man till the latter was dragged away from him apparently dead. It was then discovered that the blado woa otill in Hollinjza worth's head. It had to be drawn out forcibly with a pair of pincers. Tho operation frenaied Hollingsworth and ho made a desperate effort to reach the almost dying old man and flaiah him. In hia rage ho knocked down eevon men and then rushed into an adjoining store, and, ' hrn?V:lnt?. o nW~? - ? v??n\>utu? nuun unsV) lliiniuuuu n TO volver to contlnuo tho fight. Ha ciuldn't Ket n cartridge to St the weapon, and while searching for one, loos ol blooil weukenod bira do that ho fell to tho tloor. It ia thought both wilt die 1'om their iojariez. Cam. 0. A. Bokki.i.a, Now York, wna cared oi a 10 years' csee ol PiIcb bj P?lmer'a (Skin-Success, Atdruga;oreol Mcs Lain Brpfl,