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The Wheeling daily intelligencer. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1865-1903, February 10, 1888, Image 1

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""jsTAJUJSHED AUGUST 24,1852. WHEELING, "WEST VA., FRIDAY MORNING. FEBRUARY 10,188s. VOLUME XXXVI.?NUMBER 148.
Sk Mdligcmz
vmc*i S mid 27 Fourteenth 8tr??t.
"^7s. Opff'8 speech vu ehort, bat he
made every word tell, an he alwaya doea.
Thic Ka?liBh Parliament convened yeaterJwy.
The Qaeen'a apecch woe read by
the Koya? Oommiaaion. In it ehe felicitated
tLo country on the friendly attitude
0j oljier yiatjorw ?n?i>r'l Groat Britain.
Tjik Uarncsviiie, unio, juiuerprmr ib
twenty-one years old, and dona a new
tire*) which mr.kes it aa handsome typographically
kd it has always been able
editorially Rod bright in a news way.
Tiik Immigration Convention is booming
ia fie Kanawha Valley. The people
of Charleston are thoroughly awake and
alive to the dnty ol the hour. The work
of bailding up West Virginia is aboat to
commence in earnest. The grand march
is b:ing organtod and no citizsn, no
community, can afford to be left in the
rear. __________
Osk ol the mining districts ol West
Virginia ia enjoying the luxury of a strike.
The Kanawha miners are ont, and an
eiriy si t iemont of the difficulty is not
likely to cccur. The region affected is
oae 0/ the largest 111 the State, and thousand
i of families must suffer if the trouble
continue even for a short time. It Is
hoped that a speedy settlement of the
diffrranceu will be made, that there may
be no serious interruption in the business
upon which eo large and important sec*
tion of the Stat" in almost solely dependent
MB. 9HKKMA.N M BPVVCU UOCB uut cuutaiu
a diaappontiug feature. If powible, it is
even a greater speech than his reply to
the Presidents xneesage, made eome
weeks ago in the Hanate. It is the patriotic
utterance of a representative American,
who is one of the greatest statesmen
of hig day en J generation.
One after another tho props on which
rested tho free trade idea have
been kuockcd from under by the
Ohio Senator, and there is nothing left for
it to stand upon. Clear, logical and to
the point, the speech will stand as ono of
the strongest arguments on record for
protection to American products and
American labor, and ugainst the un-American
doctrine of freo trade.
Col. Jones, a Florida publisher, pro ented
the question of a Government telegraph^
sterJay,from the newspaper men's
Btand-point. He clearly shows thatthepro
posed controljjjby the Government would
be a^ainit the interests of the people, by
depriving them cf one-half their newspapers
;nnd placing the other half on short
ration1. Those editors who have favored
the bill now before Congress have done
ho blindly, without acquainting themselves
with its provisions or considering their
effects
Granting that the bill can bo modified
so aa to offer the newspapers even better
advantages in rates than they now enjoy,
Col. Jones hits pointed out another and
graver objection tojthe measure. Public
confidence in the trustworthy character of
the telegraphic news, ho says, would be
shakon, after having boon subjected to
even the huspicion of Government super?!*
1 1 a!..??.nn|nn
viaioa or party uojcuun^o, uui?nBuauifi
and toxic are worth considering. The
speech is of great general interest, and
relates to a uubject in which every citizen
is interested.
I'lEDMON I' It f 1*U11L1CAN8
Orgaul/o the Klkltia Campaign Ulub and
Hoot Delegate*.
fytcvil Dtivatch to the Intelligencer.
1'iitDM 3NT, W. Va., Feb. 9.?The Republicans
of this district met in the
Opera House, J. B. Williams presiding,
and orgauiz-id the Elkina Campaign Olnb
with tbo following officers: President,
James Little; Vicd-Presidento, Wm. E.
Heekett, W. H. Gilbert, 8. P. Fallon, G.
W. Pieeon, G. W. Bice, 0. M. Rizen;
Secret arieti, W. F, Hilleary, W. R.
Powell; Treasurer, William Forthman;
Executive Committee, E. J. Fredlock, J.
H. Cramer, jr., John Gardner, Alexander
Weir, Charles Huth, sr. 8ergeant-at?
Arms, Willfom Moore; Assistant Sergeant*
at-Arms, Benjamin Bntler and George
Hudson.
The following were elected to attend the
Club Convention ut Wheeling: Delegate?,
James Little, W. II. Gilbert, William E.
Heskitt, Alexander Weir and William R.
Powell; Alternates, John Gardner, Geo.
Hudson, 0. M. R'.zer, William Moore and
E, J. Fredlock.
DIDN'T MIND HANGING.
A Clmlual Laugha ll?artlty While Kurouto
to the Uallowe.
Utica, N. Y., Feb. 9.?Clement Arthur
Day was oxecutod in tho Utica jail at
twenty-four and a half minutea past 10
o'clock this morning in the presence of
twenty-four citizano, including the officials.
He was declared dead in eleven and a
hall minutes. His neck was broken. Before
he left his cell, on his knees in
the presence of the Rev. E. Owen, his
ipiritual advisor, ho declared himself
guiltless of premeditated murder. Day
ii-i- 1 ?l,n ilnutK warrant
wapptra ma uuuus tutor iud uc?m ,,
WW ro ?d and smiled. On walking over
the ice iu the jail yard ho laagbed heartily
over tb*> fixlls of the sheriff. He assisted
Deputy Hallow in adjusting the rope about
his nocx, and etniled as the cap was being
drawn over hia (ace, and when the body
was cut down the smile was still there,
"Ur, Krunn'a Campaign Document,
Bptcial lfUnaieh to the InUUioencer.
Washington, D, 0., Feb. i).?Orders for
S7.000 copies of Mr. Kenna's speeches are
in thus far for campaign circulation. He
baa received many complimentary letters.
The Charleston Board of Trade have
telegraphed for a bearing before the River
and Harbor Committee, on the Kanawha
improvement. Messrs. Kenna and Snyder
are to see the committee to-morrow.
A II. St O. Koiploje Killed.
Uncial Ditpateh to the InUUiomctr.
I'akkkiujhukg, W, Va., Feb, 9.?J. B,
Mullen w&s filled this afternoon on the
Baltimore A Ohio No. 23 tnnnel,
eleven miles east of heT*? He ?n
euipioye of the company, on
the road there, and was struck by J11**
*t>Ker train No. 647. west bound, and a?tooet
instantly killed.
Ac-kbb's Blood Elixir is the only Blood
Remedy guaranteed. It is a positive cure
for Ulcers, Eruptions or Syphilitic Poisoning.
It purities the whole system, and
Danishes all Kbonmatio and Neuralgic
Pitas. Wo Runranlee it. Logan A Oo? 0.
K. Uoetze, 0. Menkemlller, R. B, Bnrt and
Bowio Bros. 3
PROTECTION
TO AMEBICAN LA BOB AN!
AMEBICAN INDDSTBLE8,
The Theme of Senator Shermai
and (jleueral Golf
At the lioston llome Market Clul
Banquet.
{speeches Fall of Patriotic Sent!
ment and Truth.
The Free Trade Heresies of Cleve
land and His Admirers
Denounced, And True Americai
Interests Championed.
Boston, Feb. 1) ?The dining halls ol th?
Vondame were filled to overflowing thii
evening, it being the occasion of the banqnet
given by the Home Market Olnb
Thero were present over 400 promisee!
mon from various eectious of the country.
After an informal reception the company
entered the dining halls. At a ronnd
table in the centre of the ball wero thirteen
gentlemen, one seat being vacant,
that assigned to Governor Oliver Ames,
They were the prominent gaests and thoii
names were: President Timothy Mer*
rick, Senator John Sherman, Hon. Nathan
Golf, Jr., Hon. Wm. M. Ojborn, Gon,
Wm. F. Draper, Hon. Frederick 1). Ely,
Hon. A. W. Board, Hon. W. W. Grapo,
Hon. Wm. Russell, Hon. Theodore 0.
Batofl, Hon. Charles H. Grosvenor, T. 0
Search and Hon. W. McKinley, Jr.
From tbe ceilings depended many bannere,
several bearing inscriptions, while
banting in festoons hung from every corner.
After tho cloth had been removed,
Preeident Merrick ?uoeo and briefly alluded
to the fame of the Club's guents,
concluding by introducing Senator John
Sherman. Upon rising bonator Sherman
was greeted with cheers that rosoundod
through the entire building. When ordei
had been reetored Senator Sherman fpokc
as follows:
hknator uhhbman'h 8pbbcii.
Gkntlkmkn:?i iiavo, tirst of all, tc
thank you for the hearty reception yon
have given to aBtranger from u distant
State, but a stranger akin t-j you by manj
ties of association, and, more than all, b5
a hearty sympathy with you in the lino ol
public policy which has done more than
any other to develop the resourens and to
promote the prosperity of our common
country.
I like the name of your club, for it is a
name that deecribes your principles; it ie
a creed in itself: home market for home
productions. It has the flavor of patriotism.
When you use the word "home"
you do not mean your household, your
business, not even Boston or Massachusetts,
bnt your whole country from ocean
to ocean, from Canada to the Gulf ol
Mexico. Tiie market you refer to is the
interchange of the products of sixty millions
of people, the most free, intelligent
and prosperous on tho globe, engaged not
merely in manufactures, but agriculture
and commerce, and embracing almost
every employment of civilized men. You
use the phrase "homo market" to distinguish
it from the foreign market, not to
exclude the foreign market, but to emphaaise
your preference for the home
market as infinitely greater, more valuable,
more productive than the foreign
market.
The home market deals with ovor eight
thousand million dollars annually of agri<
cultural products and six thousand million
of manufactures, while tho foreigt
market deala with only fifteen hundred
million dollars of exports and imports an
11_ 1 I. ..If tlw.an
home products. This io not all; everj
part of the capital and labor employed is
the productions of the home market is
AMERICAN LABOB AND CAPITAL.
These productions are by America!
farmers and workshops and they are trans
ported on American railroads, atbaiuboatc
and wagons. They are exchanged loi
each other by American morchants
tradesmen and middlemen, und moro thai
ninety per cent of them is consumed bj
the American people. It id the hom<
markot that gives employment, life,
strength, health, wealth and comfort tc
the people of the United States. It is tbii
home market that, I take it, you wish tc
foster, protect and diversify.
On the other hand, our foreign mnrke
is conducted entirely by foreigners. Near
ly one-half of it is in foreign products
made by foreign labor, largely by peoph
whose daily wages wonld not buy th<
food, saying nothing about clothing ant
shelter, that is consumed by the Americai
workingmen; and yet the price of all font
is confessedly cheapor here than in En
rope. These products are transported ii
foreign vessels; they are consigned main
ly to foreign agonts as a device to securi
undervaluation, and, to n large extent, ari
consumed as articles of luxury and orna
ment. The aggregate of imported goodi
in the highest years of importation io lesi
than six.per cent of home products. Mori
than one-third of this, the great body tha
entorsinto the consumption of our pooplt
is froe of duty, and the rest is ouly chart;
ed such reasonable duties ns will incit
home competition without dostroyinj
home industries.
As to our exports, mostly of food, whei
they leave our shores they are carried ii
foreign vessels, and are only taken to sup
nlw nhanltitA mnli Thaw AM fralran hi
oar European neighbors ae we take sugo
from the Weet Indies, and coflee Iron
Brazil; becauue they must have them. A1
the while th*y aro trying to get cheape
wheat from India and Russia, and cottoi
from Egypt. Even what they do take h
the way of fond is lees than seven per can
of oar production, whilo the home raarke
conaumts the balances.
THJE0B18T8 VS. PATRIOTISM.
When I think of the contrast.betweoi
oar home market and oar foreign market
in magnitude and proportions, ;the uni
venal benefits of the one, and the com
parative unimportance of the other, I an
led to wonder vhy so many gentlemen o
education and character are willing to en
danger the wonderfal development of oa
homo industries to increase our foreigi
commerce. I can excuse such professor
as Mr. Sumner and Mr. Perry, whose the
orlea exclude love of country and rest on!;
upon the universal good of men. TJj
moat distinguished professor of thi
school of philosophy that I know of i
Mrs. Jellyby, who devoted heraelf to tb
good oi mankind, and, especially, of Afrl
ca, to the nrglsct of her house, her hut
bail'1 and the little Jellybys. I believ
the bee* can do for mankind is to d
for our counir*. I suppose that in Con
grees,at least, wo ve to legislate for th
United Statee, and tha? an the question c
home market or loreicn * w
to be guided by the interoets of Z?* P*c
pie of the United State?.
When you invited me to speak to th<
Home Market Club I learned there wa
mother clnb in Boston called the Maeaacbnsotta
Tariff Reform League, and that
its members bad a banquet here recently
at whioh there were many dirtlnguisbed
guests and spsechea. So I naturally
thought that here, at leaat, I might find a
i> statement of the benefit of the foreign
market and what la meant by "tariff reform."
I carefully read all these speeches
and confeaa my surprise to find ao little
on economic questions affecting our home
_ industry, and so much about politics. It
1 is like FalstaiTs bill of fare: "Bo little
bread and eo much sack."
ICR. LOWELL AND CLtTILAKO.
Take Mr. Lowell, for Inatancc, a gentle)
man lot whom I have always entertained
the highest re?pect. He la known as an
accomplished writer, a man of cultnre and
taste, a welcome representative of this
.Annl.. .? c*nnw.u n * TJ?
wuutij no kuo uukiidu uuuib HO KM
the preflident of the occasion and pave
tone and direction to it. I find bat very
little aboat the tariff in bis remarks, bnt
t good deal aboat Mr. Cleveland. He
says:
"Personally, I confess that I feel myself
strongly attached to Mr. Cleveland as the
beat representative of the higher type of
Americanism that wo have seen since
Lincoln was snatched from no."
1 Thus Mr. Lowell, who has been honor- ,
ed by a great party with its confidence i
and trust, places Mr. Cleveland above ]
Grant, the great soldier of oar country; .
above Hayes, who certainly gave to the |
j country a pare and excellent administra- ,
j tion, and Mr. Lowell himself; above Gar- .
field, one of the moat accomplished of (
American Statesmen, and above Arthnr, (
in every respect a model gentleman and a t
prndont and able President. j
Now, for what has Mr. Cleveland been c
distinguished to jnatifythia eulogy? Two ^
things, first for the promise of Civil 8er- \
vice reform. And hu has practiced the c
most general, sweeping removals in the
pnblic ollicee oinca the Goverument was
established. He found 2,359 Presidential
postmasters in ntlico and he has removed {
or changed 2,000 of them. His Postmaster
General, out of 52.000 employes uader
him has removed 40,000. Out of thirtyoight
minicters abroad the President has I
removed, or changed thirty-two, a large 0
fproportion of whoin are men distinguished
n the war against the Union. Oat of
56,000 places he haa removed or changed
43,000, and out of the 43,000 there are not
tidy Republicans among the appointees.
No wonder the wilty but cynical Mr.
Stoariu, one of these appointees, Bays:
"Civil Service reform received no aid from
any public man to amount to anything
antil the advent of Mr. Cleveland." But
it is the Civil Service that tarns oat ail the
' "iiia" and pats in the "outs." This is the
kind of Civil Service reform practiced b7
, Mr. Cleveland, and yet he is extolled by a
. gentleman who places Civil Service reform
above all other objects of public
policy.
T1IAT ME8HAQE.
( The other ground named to justify this
, eulogy is the recent message of the Preei,
dent recommending that all toxes now ex,
iating on home products be continued nnd
, duties on imports be largely reduced. The
r inevitable effect of this policy is to increase
importation at the expense and loss
of oar home market, and especially to reduce
the wflgos of all engaged in industries
competing with foreign production.
The message croates alarm among business
men at home and gives joy and hope
to every market in Europe. I have had
1 occasion recently to answer this message,
and do not care to repeat it here, but wish
to reply to other romarks of our friends in
the Leagne.
Mr. Lowell says: "Never before has a
I pandora's box so full of these germs of infectious
demoralfzition been offered to
any people hb our growing surplus."
This is not true. A surplus is a great
' deal belter than a deficit. And this sur*
' plos is not new. It has boen growing
. since the close of the war. It hoo enablod
__ i i ?i.? ;.i
UH lO periurui kuouionututoufc iobv ui jbjjiuly
reducing the public debt, a policy which
has excited the admiration ol the greatest 7
statesman of Europe. Mr. Gladstone said t
' to mo twenty years ago that this was as .
great a victory as success in war. This j
' growing surplus was bequeathed to Mr. 1
Cleveland by his predecessors, and was
. applied by them to the payment of debt j
' and to repeated reductions of taxes. It is t
| the rational and steady result of our in- t
' crease in wealth and population growing <
out of the policy of protection to home in- (
dustries. Oar friends may be surprised ]
" that tho surplus revenue did not stop with
' the election of a Democratic President, ]
and perhaps it will if his advico is fol- 1
lowed. Certainly it will if he checks the 1
prosperity which enables us. to import I
goods and pay taxes. 1
1 SOUK POINTED QUESTIONS.
But why is not this surplus applied to j
' the payment or purchase of the public |
r debt? Whose fault is it that it accumu- 1
[ lates in the Treasury? Plainly the fault '
: of Mr. Cleveland, wboso Secretary of the I
Treasury is authorized to apply this surplus
at any time to the reduction of the I
' public dubt. If he had followod the ex- I
ample of his predecessors he would 1
: weekly or monthly, without proclamation <
or noise, have purchased and retired the J
t public debt under the plain provisions of I
existing law. 1
But, if the President preferred to re- 1
' duce the surplus by the reduction of tax- 1
ation, why did ho not apply to Congress
j to diminish taxation without disturbing 1
j home production? I know that at any 1
1 time in the last Congress taxation could 1
have been reduced but for the desire of
' tho Speaker of tho Hoase and the Presi- 1
dent to strike at home industries rather 1
' than to reduce taxation. A majority of 1
I the House, though Democratic, would 1
9 have passed in an honr a bill reducing <
' taxation if it had been permitted by the i
Speaker to vote upon a reduction of in- i
9 ternal rather than external taxes, and to- 1
: day, if tho House is not packed to defeat <
its will, a bill to make all the reduction
9 recommended by the President could be
' promptly passed. But the truth is, the '
3 President and the controlling elements of 1
* his party are determined to nso the exi- j
gency which he has created to force Con- ,
izress to reduce taxes in their way, so as
1 to strike a dangerous blow at our domestic
industries; and it Is because of this ;
7 that he receives the eulogy of Mr. Lowell. :
Again, Mr. Lowell ssya that "the two
{ (treat parties in (JonsreM are nnworthy nl
' confidence;" that "with thorn it is a elrORgle
between the ina and the outa," and
: that "each appears to make nae of the
: same unworthy trlcka for ita own advant;
age; each had an abundance of aai in iu
item, and each waa divided on tho great
questions of vital internet."
} MB. LOWELL'S PKBTILK IHAUINATIOH.
Now, aa Mr. Lowell haa never been a
' member of Congress, and I have for many
' years, I must gay that dnring all that time
1 I have never seen the game played with
f aces in the sleeve. This la a figment of
his imagination. The troth Is that Mr.
r Lowoll, though distinguished as a literary
i man, baa no perception o( the interests
a and business of this great Republic; of the
- men who, like you, develop ita resources,
y He cannot appreciate aa yoa do the benoe
ficlal results of the policy of protection to
a the millions of oar countrymen whose
s bread and life depend on developed induao
tries bnilt np and supported alone by wlae
[- restrictions npon foreign competition. His
! affinities for what he calls the mother
e conntry are so strong, and his dogmas aao
quired from school books so fixed that
i- he cannot diatingniah between the intere
eets of a new, great and growing country,
if and the ideal policy ol his fancies and
o dreams. He neither did nor can throw
i- any light upon the economic questions in
cbloh yon are interested, tie demon.
'tis in bit UUle speech between
, in . ^lanaw 10 "ghlldlike and
bland" that it is worth quoting. He says
that at a free trade meeting in England
"he was irritated by the assumption ol I
some of the speakers that it wonld bo an
excellent thing for England if the free i
trade doctrine should prevail in America." i
Then he tells us he got np and said, "that i
those persons in England who expected i
that the adoption of free trade here wonld
be profitable to them were greatly mis- f
taken." I can imagine the smiles of satisfaction
of the great English merchants 1
who have spent so much money to get a 1
foothold in our home market, at this delu- (
sion of the American minister. <
I wish to speak of this distinguished <
citizen of Boston with sincero respect, c
Vtnfr trnnlH annlv in Mm thfl triPmnrfthln 1
language need by Whittier, the great poet i
of Massachusetts, who still lives among 1
you hoBored and beloved by all, of Dan- 1
lei Webster, tho great statesman of Mass- i
achuaetts, who in a critical moment dis- I
appointed his frionds and constitaents: c
Rerilo him not-.the tempter hath C
A ware for all; t
And pitying teara. not ?coru and wrath, t
lieiit hla fall. 1
And now I coll your attention to the re- J
mark made by a fellow Senator, with i
whom I do not agree iu politics, yet for _
whom I have a sincere regard. Senator
Morgan does not refer to the world's trade, *
and laments that the framers of the con- :
atitntion prohibited an export tax on do- t
mestic productions. He oays "no other r
government has fonnd it wise or expedient [
thnn to limit its sovereign power and thus t
ieny itself the power to take care of its
people evon in times of emergency." He
lays also that "we could have derived incalculable
wealth by levying duties on f
he exportation of cotton, yellow pine and
umber." This is the key al his political
ipinions. He sincerely behoves in the w
wisdom of a tax on exports, and he be- n
ievea in the provision of tho confederate #
iOBBtitution that no duty or tax on im- ?
torts shall bo laid to promote or foster any p<
ndustry. Whatever you may think of a }E
ax on export so common among nations "
n the dark ages and now *c
LBPUDIATKD BY NEABLT EVKHY CIVILIZES J]
W
GOVERNMENT JI
n the world, you cannot question his n'
incerity or honesty. But it does seem to a'
e that it is ecarcely neceesary, before a [Jj
ioston audienco, to discnss the wisdom of q
he policy of the framers of the constitu* w
ion in prohibiting all duties on exports ai
ind allowing without limit or restraint, ti
luties on imported goods. Senator Mor- a
;an, in his place in the Senate, expressed
i doubt whether the vast development of ?
he internal iron and cool resources of ^
Alabama was a blessing to that State, be* r{
lanse the labor demanded for it advanced w
he price of labor in the cotton field twen- f0
y-five cents a day. }c
Again, he said to the Tariff Roform ai
League: "We exported aanng tne last tc
Iscal year agricultural productloua worth p
nore than $523,000,000. If oar agricul- q
aral productions should not be at all in* y
:reaaed, we woald need a popalation in ^
;his country of at least 150,000,000 people 8t
o consume them."
This extraordinary statement Is bat a y\
air illoBtration of the argument of free u
radera. According to this it requires fG
mly $523000,000 agricultural productions 0i
o feed 100,000,000 of people for a year, or f
ivo dollars and twenty-three cents a head. p,
[his may do in Alabama, but certainly 0]
vould not do in Ohio or Massachusetts. *1
The truth is, our entire exportation of
igricnltural products is less than seven 0]
>er cent of our domestic production, and
he foreign market for such production is
t most uncertain, unstable and variable
narket, depending entirely upon the nc- rt
lident of a good or a bad crop or a war in ^
iuropo, while the home market, consum*
ng more than ninety-three por cent of "
mr agricultural productions, is steady, *
mchanging and permanent. The increase "z
if our population for the past three years n
fill consume more of our agricultural prolucts
than the aggregate exported. The
vorkingmen of Now England alone con- ?
lume far more of Jj
?1IB fBODUClB OP THB WESTERN FARMKBS ti
ban all Europe. It is Btrange, indeed, P
hat such delusions will mislead an Intel- '
igent American statesman. n
Mr. Morgan says that: "The farmers re- ai
ect the thread-bare falsehood that the t<
)ounties they pay for labor to othor classes n
ire to be restored to them in the benefits ti
jf thia visionary market." ? "The ti
mly homo market the existing tariff has K
juilt up baa been lor tbe manufacturers." u
Gentlemen, our farmers In tbo Weet p
have got far beyond the reach of this pp- ii
peal to prejadlce, and it will not bo long In
before tbe farmers of Alabama and the c<
South generally, and even the cotton plan- d
tors, will loarn by experience that tho b
bnngry mouths of workingmen, engaged ai
in varied pursuits in overy part of the u
country, furnish tho best market for their gi
productions. And you in New England, gi
aven your predecessors and free traders, ai
will learn that the steady demaud made
by millions of yoar countrymon in the
West and Sonth for textile and metallic
frabrics, famishes you a hundred fold ?
better market than you can find, with "
ill your ingenuity and enterprise, in the el
overstocked markets of Europe and Asia,
[f you join in breaking down this system .
n order to increaoo yonr foreign market ?
[or manufactures from two to even ten
per cent, yon will destroy the goose that J*
ays the golden egg. "
Now, let us drop our post prandial
Iriends of the league and consider what **
wo mean by protection and one or two ?
natters upon which we may difl'er.
The policy of protection is founded M
ipon the idea that it is best for us as a j"
nation to produce, by American labor, as ?
many of the articles essential to hninan P
life and comfort as possible; that to en- z,
:ourage their production we are justified *
in levying upon foreign articles that come F
into competition with onrs such reasona- JJ
ble rates of dnty as will induce capital to
ambark in such industries and
P
BKCCJRK TO AMERICAN WORKINOMICN d
reasonable wages consistent with the
hicher wants and the better food, cloth- *
Lng and shelter demanded by American
workingmen. The object of all this ia to e
secure the greateet diversity of employ- p
meiita by the substitution of American p
products for foreign products. When this e<
policy was first adopted there were practt- o
Rally no manufacturos in Amorica, and tl
the principal object w?a to develop the I
simpler and nnder forma of manufacture g
and the raw materials of industry. Now, a
our manufacturea have grown to euch a c
marvelous degree that they amounted in n
1880, according to the census, to $5,400,- e
000,000, and according to an estimate made a
three years ago to over six thousand mil*
lioDB, and now to near seven thousand f1
millions.
The question haa arisen whether the c
policy oi protection should extend to raw t
materials produced on the farm and from g
the mine, or whether these should be ad- w
mitted free of duty. We all agree that k
all crude articles necessary for manufac- tl
ture that cannot with reasonable labor be a
produced in this country, ought to be ad- d
mitted duty free. More than $100,000,000 c
In value of such articles are now admitted
dnty free; but the crudo materials for o
manufacture raised on our farms or in c
our mines which come into competition I
with foreign labor, have been just ob- *
jects of protection. v
Now, it is proposed to place these npon b
the free list and continue the protection r
to mannfcctures. The principal articles I
of this kind are wool, produced by the r
farmer, iron ore by the miner, and pig t
iron by the furnace. I
Now, if this matter is to be determined t
as a mere matter of local interoe*, accord- a
ing to General Hancock, or, as Mr. Lowel* 1
suggests, "with aces In the sleeve," the 1
men of Boston might selfishly say that, 1
as thsy want wool and make the vool- 1
ens, they will vote for no duty on wool,
because they can boy wool cheaper in
South America and Australia; and tbey
might aay that they will vote for no dutv
ao iron ore because they can import it
cheaper from England and Wales. Bnt
inch a decision would be an abandon*
ment of the
whole principle OF pbotection.
rbe benefits of this policy most be reciprocal
and the system upon which it is
ounded must be universal. The Ameri:an
farmer produces wool with the samej
sompetitipn that the manufacturer pro-|
laces woolens and should have the same
iocsideration and protection in his em*
jloymsnt that is freely conceded to the
nanufacturer. No more, no less. His
>roduct is the completed article of his la)or.
And bo with the mining and smeltng
of. orefl, the rich resources planted
>y Providence In every part of our
lountry. The labor bestowed in their
lovelopment is as much entitled
o the friendly aid of the Government as
he finest fabric of the loom or the competed
work of mechanical skill. When
on remember that more than a million
Miners are engaged in raising wool, and
irodnce 282.000.000 nonnds. and hundreds
f thousands of laboring men are required
0 mine more than ton million tons of
ron ot4, from Alabama to the borders of
aire tfcporior and from Laka Ohamplaln
a the Pacific Ocean, yoa must see that to
iave theso industries unprotected against
be competition of the poorest paid and
lost degraded labor of Enrope and Africa
ronld be indefensible, and expose th#
hole system to overthrow. All that the
inner or miner asks 1b that
MSABONAliLE AND J'JtOJ'SB TBOTSCTiON
hich is extended to all branches of manfactoring
coming into competition with
reign industry; that their labor and emloyments
receive the Bflme consideration
t framing your tariff laws given to other
tdustries. They only ask enoogh dnty 1
1 coiuponBate for the difference in the 1
rice of labor here and the countries with
hich they compete. Nor do they ask
uties on grades of wool that they conDt
produce. I confess that in reasoning
)out this matter I cannot help expressing 1
y profound contempt for the selfishness i
f the policy declared by Mr. Mayor
[ewitt in a letter to tho League in which,
bile demanding increased duties for the 1
rticlen that he is prodncing, he insists on 1
le repeal of duties on the material he i
aes.
Now, gentlemen, you may ask me what
have to say nbont tariff reform. I anver
that I am.decidedly in favor of tariff 1
iform. Always have been and always
ill be. I have participated in tariff reirm
since 1855; bat my idea of tariflreirm
is not .especially to make our duties
iceptabla to foreign nations, bnt, rather, i
i promote the interests of our own peoie;
not to take lessons from the Gobdon
lub or the English aristocracy, but from i
Washington, Jefferson, Jackaon and Lin)ln,
and to follow tho teachings of Weber
and Olay. I am not in favor of that i
Ind of tariff reform which brings Senator ;
(organ and Dr. Lowell together. I do i
ot know what they mean by tariff reirm.
I eappose it is eighty-two per cent
a sugar and twenty per cent on woolens,
he highest rate possible on what they
rodnce and the lo west rate or none at all. ]
a what other people produce. I am afraid
lat if these two per cunt repreaesontaves
of tariff reform wonld exchange ideas !
i other topics they 1
WOULD NOT HE 80 IIABMONIOUB,
Mr. Lowell should discuss civil service
iform, Mr. Morgan would pronounce it a 1
ambog, and jet they agree on the tariff ;
iform recommended by Mr. Oieveland, ,
hlch is a general reduction of the duties ,
1 foreign importations, and, especially on {
lw material.
No xr, to this I am opposed, first, bcitiBo
It ia an injustice to American citl- j
>na in every part of oar country who j
ave been invited to engage in the procecs ,
[ manufacture, and a still greater injaaco
to the millions of laboring poo- (
le who depend upon industries
ius protected. Again, the policy |
roposed will not reduce the j
yvenue, but will absolutely increase it ,
nu thus swell the surplus as well as dia- :
irb the bosiness of the country. It will ;
ecessarily chock the enormous produc- ;
ons of our country, increase and harden ,
ia competition now existing between '
uropoan and American labor, and to- |
uco the wages of all laboring men em- ,
loyed in protected industries. It will, i
in/ judgment, disturb or break down ,
irge departments of industry now in the ,
mrseof successful experiment. It is a ^
eparture from the policy recommended '
y our fathers and especially the policy |
Jopted within the last twenty-five years, ,
ndor which our manufactures have i
rown to their present enormous aggroite.
It is a departure from the policy
ioptod by the most
itklliuent nations OV KUitOl'8 and ,
america,
specially our kiuamen in Canada, who '
illowed our example and have been ben- i
itted by it. 1
But. vou mav ask me. how I would re- !
co the surplus revenue. I answer
ankly that the tariff onght to be care*
illy revised with a view to correct any
(equalities or incongruities that have
rown ont of the channe of valae since
le passage of theact of 1863; that every imorted
article which does not compete with |
nr domestic industry and is essential to
le comfort and wants of our peoplo ,
lould be placed upon the free list; that ;
eery raw material of industry which does ,
ot compete with our productions should ;
a specially selected for the free list; that j
herever any industry which can be
inducted in this country with reasonale
succesa needs a moderate increase 1
[ duty for its protection, to 1
Ive it, and in this way, check foreign imortations
and lessen the revenues. The
irect taxes upon American productions 1
ivied by our internal revenue laws,
hich interfere with the industry of our !
eople. should be modiliod or repealed;
lat in this way the revenues of the govrnment
should be reduced bo as to suply
only enough revenue to pay the ex*
eneea of the government wisely and
conomically administered, and to carry
ut the provisions of the sinking fund for
le gradual roductlon of the public debt,
a estimating the expenditures of the
overnmont I would provide for proper
ppropriations for the delence of our ee?i)acta,
for the increaco of our mercantile
mrine, for transporting our mails to forign
countries, and a liberal provision for
11 the obligations we are under,
TO TUB UNION 80LDIBBS,
leir widows and their orphans, by whose
oarage alone we hive a country
} care lor, a Hag to honor and a
overnment to protect ns. Above all, I
ronld Impartially protect oar home maret
lrom the delnge ol foreign importsiona,
and enconrage, maintain, diversify
nd establish on a anre lonndation the in'
nstries ol oar people in all parts of onr
onntry.
When they tell as that with free trade
r lower dntlee we conld bay some things
heapor abroad, I aoawer that even if this
a true we can afford to pay each prices as
rill insure home prod action and fair
rages, and we can point them to an oniroken
experience that home competition
edoces the price more and more, while
Lmerican workshops give na a home
aarkot whose benefits extend to every Inloatrlal
parsalt in oar broad land, By this
lome competition ws will in time enter
he markets of the world as we have
ilready in many branches of manufacture.
iVith wise statesmanship we coald now,
sot for the narrow ideas of tbe powers
hat be, establish each commercial relaions
with the Dominion ol Canada, with
Mexico and with the South American
Slates aa wonld enable ua to extend our
markete and our iriendly aaaistance in developing
the untold reaourcea of two continenta.
In this {treat American policy
we naturally look to Boston to take the
lead, and whan she leads a nation of
60,000,000 people will follow.
Senator Sherman was interrupted frequently
by applause, and at timea his remarks
drew forth a broad smile or hearty
laughter from every part of the houae.
Hon. William McKinley, Jr., of Ohio,!
being introduced, waa received with repeated
applauae. He made a short speech
on tariff reform, and received considerable
applause.
GEN. GOKF SI'KAKH.
Hon. Nathan Goff, jr.,of West Virginia,
waa introduced as the last speaker. He
heartily endorsed the opinions of the
previous speakers in commencing his
remarks, and relative to protection
said that he believed in a high protective
tariff, in a home market for
home capital, in a home market for home
labor, and in a homo market for home industries.
This country has been tillicted
with the curse of slavery, but it ahould
not be cursed with a tariff that
would bring on alavory. Wo have
the grandest market in the world, and
what market are yon searching for if yon
endorse Cleveland's message?
At the conclusion of the 8poech repeat
ed cheers were given for the honored
guests of the evening, and the gathering
dispersed.
TDK IXOKltSOLL-WILLIS SUIT,
ftliia Iogarioll'a Statement of Uwjor Willi*1
Treatment of Her.
Spccial Dltpaleh to Uu Intelligencer.
Washington, Pa., Feb. 9.?At No. 68
Weat Beaax street otande the largo brick
manaion of Ool. Joaiah Ingoraoll. Col. In- ;
geraoll, ia the father of Miea Tillie Inger- 1
soil, who haa aaddenly become celebrated
as figuring in a sensational anit ;
against Kicbard 8tuart Willis, of 376 :
Adelphi street, Brooklyn. The Iktkllihunter
correspondent visited the honae
thia ovening and waa nahered into the
back parlor. Tho room was large bnt
cozy, its massive furniture and heavy
drapinga giving a decided air of luxury
and comfort. After a few minutes Miss
Tillie appeared. She is a handsome brunette,
with an unnaually intelligent countenance.
While the family resided in Wheeling,
MiB8 Tillio attended the Wheeling Female
Seminary, of which she is a graduate. On
ber mother's aide ahe is a descendant of
nfce of the old Quake: families of New
York and Brooklyn.
The Ingereolls are exceedingly well
connected in New York, which ia the
birthplace of Mias Tillie and her sisters.
A sister of their mother is the wife of Mr. .
UyraB W. Fiold. It was some time before J
Mian Tillie could ba induced to talk on the
subject of the c?e in which she is the
plaintiff. Hbe said: I
miss tilly'h story,
"I have known Mr. Willis from my
childhood. Be ia a nephew of N. P. Willis,
the poet, and of Dr. Eageno Orowell. He
is a lawyer of great ability and astuteness,
and also a contributor to several leading
publications, among others tho Brooklyn
Eagle."
Miss Lilly denies that any of his letters
to her contain poetical effusions, but
says that ho frequently sent her copies of
bis productions. At one time Mr. Willis
was a candidate for Congress in a Masaa
chusatta diatrict, bat was not elected. For
Borne time Mr. Willis has ben leading the
fast high life of New York's uppeMendom,
bnt Mies Iugersoll does not believe that
his dissipation has, influenced him in
regard to tlie fulfillment of his marriage
contract. At present Willis is a member
of the New York Bar Olub and of the
Ninth Regiment. In 1884 he spent four
or live weeks in Washington, and then it
was that.the engagement was made. From
that time to December, 1885, they were
lovers. Letters circulated between them
continually. His missives were freighted
full and strong with honeyed phrases and
loving epithets. In many of these Miss
Ingerdoll was called "My pledgod wife;"
ind soma even camo addressed to Mrs.
rillie Willis. In Dt cember, of 1885,
there came a letter ol extendad length
And depth of feoiiog. In it Willis told
"that he had made up bis mind to give
up the object of his affections and the idol
Qf his he?rt." He said that ho wonld
never marry, bat wouid die single. Thus,
without warning, he suddonly snapped
the bond that had united them. Miss Ingeraoll
never answered the letter, but a reply
was sent by
M188 TILLlK's HISTKK, LILLIK.
To this letter, he again wrote as before.
Since January of '88 Miss Ingersoll has
Dot written a lino to Willis, bat a score of
letters have come from him, in several of
which he proposes a friendly visit to her
family. According to Miss Ingersoll, the
only possible cauio for his actions is jealousy.
"That Willis was conceited and
sensitive she avers, and cites several cases
where his over-wrought imagination led
him to believe that she was not truo to
him. On one occasion he became enraged
Decease Boe uanueu a iaa 10 ageuiieman j
who was calling; again he vented bio
venom because obe invited another gentleman
to tea. He wonld not even allow
her to stay in the parlors and entertain
any callers daring bis visit. It whs not
the attention of Alios Ingersoll to take any
action in regard to tbo matter, bnt on the
repeated solicitations of her friends and
family, she consented.
sub was tbby reluctant
to take the case to court and become herBel!
the victim of gossips and scandalmongers.
Hence, she wrote to him offering
him a chance to make an honorable
adjustment and fair compromise. Her
letter and offer were entirely ignored.
She then decided to enter suit against
him, not for $50,000, but for one-third of
his antire possessions. Miss Ingersoll is
confident of success and hopes that it will
not bo necessary for her to appear in
court at all. She hoots at any comparison
of her caso with that of "Baby Bunting,"
and, as she puts it, there is indeed quite a
contrast. She expects to sue as "his pledged
wile" and thereby obtain her lawful
share. The case is creating quite a sensation
here in the circle of Miss IngerBoll's
acquaintances and numerous friends,
and of course on account of the high
standing and Dolitical orominence of Mr. 1
Willis will attract national attention. 1
The Wlilte Halphnr Hprlng* Case. !
Bptcial Dispatch to the InUUigcnctr. j
Parkbrhburq, W. Va., Feb. 9.?The big ,
White Sulphur Springs case will be argued
here in the United States Court to- 1
morrow before Jadges Bond and Jackaon.
The question is on the confirmation of the
sale ol that property. A large nntnber of
prominent lawyers are here. The PenickBrook
land caso will be np in a day or
two. _
CONDENSED TELKUIIAM8*
The lessee of the Columbia theater in
Chicago has been sued lor one month's
rent for $J,500.
The House Committee on Labor has re*
ported adversely the bill to license rail*
way conductors.
While drunk John Hopp, of Kutxtown,
Pa., accidently set Are to his house and he
and his daughter, aged 15 and son, aged
0, were burned to deatn.
Sixteen bodies have been recovered
from the wreck of the Abercorn, at the
mouth of the Columbia river, Washington
territory. The total lots of life was 21.
THE PEOPLE
WILL BE DEPBIYED OF THRU
DAILY PAPEBS
It the BUI Establishing Govern
ernment Control
Or the Telegraph Lines Passei
Congress-A Vicious
Tjiw Which will Huln Halt the
Newspapers,
Place the Other Half on Short
Rations,
And be Productive of Much Harm
in Other Respects.
Indianapolis, Ind., Feb. 9.?At the
National Newspaper Publishers Association,
to-day, "Government Control of
Telegraph" was tho topic assigned to Ool.
0. H. Jones, of the Jacksonville, Fla.,
Union, and he discnssod it in a carefully
prepared paper. He began by saying that
he proposed to deal with the subjcct in a
practical way, for the reason that he regarded
it as very practical. The strongest
argument in behalf of a Government telegraph
system, and the one that is most
relied on is, that it would be cheaper, and
most of the advocates of Government control
eeem to think the argument is closed
when tills bxbbtion is madk.
The Speaker, however, felt constrained
to say that the experience of this and
other countries with Government work
furnished no reason for believing that exceptional
cheapness would be a feature of
It In 1887 over 47,000,000 messages were
handled by the Western Union Telegraph
Company, and these were sent by less
than 1,000,000 people. The whole of the
telegraphing in the United States is done
by less than two per cent of the population,
rheso figures make it plain that cheaper
telegraphing by reducing the rates below
:ost and making up the deficit by taxation
means to tax 1)8 per cent of the people,
who never use the telegraph, for the
benefit of the stock-brokers, speculators,
<ambler8, pool-mon, bucket-snop pro*
prietora and sporting men generally who
tend 87 per cent of the messages.
The speaker then considered the subiect
from the point of view of a
PRACTICAL NKWflPAl'KH MAN.
The newiipapers of the United States,
tie said, are now enjoying the cheapest
rod moat efficient telegraph service of any
newspapers in the world. The British
;elegraph presa rate is 25 centa per 75
woraa during the day and 25 cents for 100
words at night to each place, where bnt
Due paper is served, and 4 cents for 75
words during tho day and 4 centa for 100
words at nigbt for each additional papor
terved. Other figures were given by the
ipeaker ahowing that, viewed in any
way poeaible, the American press
ate is now cheaper than the same
service in England by from one-fifth to
>ne*half. These figures apply to the service
of the Press Associations, the cast of
ipecial telegraph service in the United
States being one-half cent per word and
n Great Britain one-third of a cent par
word. In the United states, however, the
listance ia an average of four times greater
lian in England. The bill introduced by
Senator Oollum provides that the night
ate for newspaper dispatches, when the
iispatch goes to more than one office, shall
}e 25 cents per 100 words.
WILL BE BAD FOB THB NBWSI'APBBH.
This is more than twice the rate now
sharped by the Western Union for transnitting
Associated Proas reports and ten
imes tho rate charged by the same company,
where the reports are delivered by
eased wires to four or five papora in the
lame city. The truth ia that the subatiution
ol a Government telegraph service
'or that of the Western Union on tbe
3asis of tho Oullom bill would speedily remit
in one of two tilings. Either the
j&nkruptcy of a large proportion
)f the newspapers away from the
great centres or in depriving the
public of a very large proportion of the
lews of the world, which it now enjoys
I V. |L. J.;i. ? , \T.1UI
luiuugu ma uany uawnpu{ierD< iiiuuiug
10 far-reaching in ite effect npon the press
)(the country, has ever been proposed in
Uongress. It would be aboat the same aa
f Congress should enact a law legislating
mt of existence half the daily papers of
he country, and putting the remainder
ON SHORT BATIONS
is regards telegraphic news service, but
wen this is not the moat serious objection
rom a newspaper man's point ol view.
Che mere suspicion that newspapars had
)een subjected to Government inspection
>r censorship would reduce by at least one
lalf the value of that news to newspaper
inbliahsrs and to the general public. A
nemorable illustration of public resent*
nent at the suspicion that news had been
loctored was furnished in connection
vith the election retnrns of the Associated
Press at the Presidential election in 1884,
vhether rightly or wrongly-*-wrongly as
he Speaker believed?a belief gained
iredence that the Associated Press and
he Western Union Telegraph company
iad doctored the returna from New York
itate in the interest of Blaine. The feel*
ng aroused by this was so intense in New
fork City that it came near leading to the
nobbing of Jay Gould, and evon in Jack*
lonville, where the speaker publishes an
Associated Press nowspaper, the fooling
an so high as for n time to endanger the
ralue of the franchise. What value would
he public attach to news emergencies of
his kind if they knew that tho trans*
nisslon was through the medium of Gov
jrnment employes, which under
KX1BTIXQ POLITICAL MKTI10D3
neanB the employee ol the party in
lower. It is no argument to say that
;here ia no complaint against the Government
mail service in thia respect. Xiie
jontenta of letters cannot Le made known
without violation of law and wlthoat eerions
risk of detection. On the other
hand, with the telegraph systom under its
control Government officials would have
every opportunity to become acquainted
with every detail ol the business oi Arms,
corporations, and the eecrets ot polltlsal
parties and party leaders. In continental
Europe, this espolgnage ia so notorious
that every man who sends a telegram assumes
aa a matter ol course that it will be
scrutinised by government officials, II its
contents are important, or in the least
suspicious. Even in England the name
condition of aOalra exists in a modified
sense. A lair inference from these facts,
that in case of the moet useful and valuable
news that ia obtainod by the newspaper
pabllBher or editor, the supply wonld
be at once cut off. That it would enormously
complicate the difficulties of
HUXK1HO POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS
in thia country no one cau doubt. That
it wonld put an enormua advantage into
the hands of the party in power, no one
will question. In conclusion, Oof. Jonee
said: "That it wonld put into the hands
ol the pollticiana a deadly weapon against
the press, which they wonld be constantly
tempted to nae, is too indisputably true
to be denied. Public coniidence in Ibe
trustworthy character of that news in perh>pe
the chief element of ita value. Anything
that wonld tend to Impair that confidence
would no mncb impair the commercial
value of the newe. Speaking for
I myself aa a vender newe, I say unqualifiedly
that I want no nowg that hao been
subjected to even the guapicion of government
supervision or partisan eapoinage."
CHARLESTON TAKES HOI.I)
Of the 8tate Immigration Idea?A Gaud
Delegation from the Kanawha Valley.
4 facial Dispatch to the Intelligencer.
. Charleston, W. Va., Feb. 9 ?Tc-nlght
Mr. C. Bardett Hart, of Wheeling, up
peareu, uy mviiauon, ueioro iuo vuy
Council and explained the idoo of the
State Immigration Convention and urged
upon the people of this region that the;
be well represented. Hla remarks were
listened to with Interest The local Development
Association Is taking hold and
: there is promise of a good representation
from the Kanawha Valley.
Gov. Wilson heartily endorses the project
and will be present. He says he Is in
receipt of many inquiries concerning
homes in West Virginia, and thinks the
movoment will do great service to the
State. '
POLITICIAN a INTKltKSTKD
In th? Programme of Senator Hhernmu and
Congressman GoO.
Boteial Dispatch to the lnteUigenctr.
Washington, D. 0., Feb. 9.?Senator
Sherman and Representatives Got)', Mc Kintey
and Groavenor left laet night (or
Boston to attend the banqaet of the
Home Market Olnb. Sherman and GofT
will make the set speeches, bat others
will talk. To-morrow night Sherman ami
Groevenor will address the Yonng Men'tj
Republican Olnb of Providence, whiln
Goff and McKinley will speak before the
Republican Olnb at Pawtucket. On Saturday
night they will nil attend a urand
Republican club blowont at New York.
Monday Sherman is to meet a Republican
clnb at Oolumbns. Politicians nere are
greatly interested in these doings.
aENATOIt JfAULKXJCB
Warmly Endorses the Immigration Convention?Senator
Davis will Attend.
facial Dispatch to the InUUloencer.
Washington, D. 0., Feb. U.?Senator
Faulkner warmly commends the State
Immigration Oonvention scheme and
highly compliments the Intklliuknckb's
enterprise in originating it. He says the
main thfno> in tn nnnrl nn Rcont ahrnad
among desirable people to disseminate information.
Ex-Senator Davis will attend
tho Convention aud advocate the establishment
of a Bureau of Statistica and lrformation.
THE IMMIGRATION CONVENTION.
The Kates Ottered by the 11. & O.-The Itoad
will be Represented.
The Inthlliqrncrr is in receipt of a
letter from Mr. 0. K. Lord, General
Passenger Agent of the Baltimore & Ohio
Railroad, relative to oxenrsion tickets to
the Wheeling Convention, on tho 29Ui.
Mr. Lord says:
"Mr. Sponcer has sent you a telegram
expressing the sympathy of our company
in tbe object of your meeting, and the assurance
of our active co-operation towards
accomplishing the results at which
you aim. Oar Mr. Richards tgill attend
the meetine on tho 20th, but it will not be
convenient for either Mr. flpencor or myself
to be present.
"I have notified our General Ticket
Agent to anthoriza the sale of excursion
tickets to Whoelingat the rate of one fAre
for the round trip, from all points on our
line between Wheeling and Harper's
Ferry, and between Parkersbnrg and
Grafton, tickets to be sold on the 28th and
2i)th, and to be matlo valid for return passage
until March 2 " 0. K. Lord,
General Passenger Agent.
Should be well Attended.
Charleston ktar.
The people of this part of the State
should take steps at once to send up a
large delegation to this convention. The
Kanawha & Ohio and Ohio R ver railroads
have offered half-fare rates to all delegates
attending the meeting. Our Chamber of
Commerce and Industrial and Davelopment
Association are especially interested
in this matter, and a strong delegation
fihonld eo from this city. Gentleman interested
in the development of the State's
resources, the building of manufactures,
and the inanguration of new enterprises
at any point in the State, whatever, should
consider themselves delegates, whethor
sont by an organization or not. There
should be a full representation of the various
interests of the State in this convention
in order that a plan for concerted action in
offering inducements to both capitalists
and immigrants to come among us may be
adopted and acted npon.
KANAWHA MlNKits* STRIKE.
All the Operator* lu the Region Except nt
lUjmond City are Out.
t%>eeial Dispatch to the InUlllgcnccr.
Charleston, W. Va., Fob. This
morning >11 tbe coal operators in thii
Kanawha Valley, ncept at Raymond City,
where tha men are already ont against a
redaction to two cents, posted a notice t hat
on Monday next a redaction to 2J cents
will go into effect. It ia expected that a
general strike will follow. This morning
a large body of miners, over four hundred
atrong, wont to Winifrede to make another
eflott to bring oat on a strike tho
men there, who are working for 1'] couts.
ine ntm oi the visiting men was to lauace
tho Winifred minero to hold ameoting to
discass the quoation. In thia thpy oneceeded,
and by a vote of 03 to 50 the mt?u
decided to remain at work. Up to thia
hoar, however, the demonstration of the
visitors has kppt tbe men from going into
the mines. No violence was resorted to
and none is expected. What tha eolation
will be here and throughout tae valley
canoot be foretold.
The Aiaoelated Fra?? Account.
Charleston, W, V*., Fob. 'J.?About
600 miiiera Iram tbe Virion* coal works ol
the valley gathered at Winifredo laat
night and placed guard at tbe entrance to
prevent the men from Doing to work this
morning. The miners at that place being
prevented from going to work are forced
to hold a meeting to determine whether
they would ceaoe to work at the price of
2t centd. The result of the meeting wae
til) in favor of remaining at work and 50 in
favor of going out. Work is suspended
to-day, because outside miners will not
permit tbe Winifrfldfl men tn on tn wnrlr
Hheria Ewart, who has jut returned from
the mines, state that the proprietors will
reduce the price to 2} cents.
Trouble is anticipated il the men do in
at this price. All concerned are firm in
the stand taken, by which 200 men will bo
deprived ol work at a lair price.
What tha HlantMen Want.
PiTTgsi'Raii, Feb.Tho blast larnace
ownera ol thla district are arranging lor a
meeting to be held at Yodngstown, Ohio,
In a lew days to nnlte spon a plan for better
protection. They want a reduction in
the price o( coke, cheaper freight rates,
and lower wages, and claim that nnleea
better agreements be made for freight
rates, ooko and wages they will be forced
to bank the fires In their farnaoea,

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