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The Wheeling daily intelligencer. (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1865-1903, March 01, 1888, Image 1

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I ^<^L1SHE? AUGUST '24,1852. WHEELING. WEST VA., TltUKSDAl MOHNINK -MAIiCH 1,1888. VOLUME XXXVI.?NUMBER 105.
(Tjtf
;?^"tbTwork oi briogiflK !">?
V f/ifll* "Plul ?nJ Immigration.
_?,7^ wort witt D?lo?I ????
?b?"t It tbli roorpiog.
# ' _ '
, , , r^Jir?.rKi? drummer *bo
,,, i, ,..n? bis linlm ont, <u
SI lTinbi.d-?tobr^
rSiwii' c?n.puir hu ?o*
! it, J.m.nJ oi Ib.ir employe
i? ??M- *nJ tbM ""
, ? th? Ktw?l DDW?p?p?r8 oi the
eocctry ttowht it worth while to be rep*
mrsi'l 1j-'* ?' ttio business rnon's con*
I Tistioo. ^11U' great newspapers have
r*
LijwtfuiBK, editor of the London 1
fftit, who in nnremettent in pnnctnring
Iti/riiitifi *" ! follim of royalty, is empjjjicjc
fcu caua'.ic pun on the reigning
^mscI Germany.
Oiiol the oeflt lom urea ol the conven*
W5?*s (hit 1)0 extravagant ataternente
tffi ma.!e ttiere. Everybody realized
git it pais to be houeat, and that Weat
oeede nothing bnt to let the
mid know the trnth about her.
If thanking the i'ltteburgh Conkling '
t-b "lor the honor conferred," Now 1
T:ik'i iietingnished Kx-Senator thonght
j worth while to add that he ontertained 1
x? Qi'-t (ir deaire for the Preeidential 1
and that he was not in any sense
gtecootirfwd iw alone.
Per. l .c. wuiti, the beat authority i
a ffeit Virginia gioiogy, has written for 1
i* IsTiLLioisica* an t xcallent article on i
titwilof tueHute. IVof. White's paper I
ippeari on another page. It is one of the i
imtim of to-day's Intkllioincbr which (
zait the paper worth mailing to capU I
Uiilti. (
Tut vtwtrrn train rubber has bobbed ap '
L. __ '
i{i:o?!tcr a long reai. xuis uwo uo uy
,'i\.. in Arkansas, and bid venture wu <
itits if I with the usual success. As in '
prericui caws, "officers ere in pursuit." '
TtsiomlsMUt in W?*t Virginia ia period
s*f* itom euch unexpected demanda .
01 iiia pockeH oofc.
CouCami, who threw the peace loving }
ftoy'e n! Sooth Carolina into convnlaiona |
?;fh{ iko by killing Ool. Hhaunon in (
Idas', is dead. As tnnch aa the fatal ter- ,
suutioo of that meeting ia to be regretted ,
iiKfTtfl toaccompliah good in the paa- j
of an anti-dueling law, which hae
mr aim hung over the heads o! the fire
n'.eti with salutary cffect.
-,*i of ttuiliebete delivered In yes- ,
kriij'-1 convention will be splendid ad* <
THt;??n:fnU for the Slate. That of Mr. i
Elioj ia particnlarlj valuable as coming 1
frox a uun who haa turned hie face from ,
6a Watt towarda the rising ann and come <
? j to tho lend of his fathers to seek I
-:>r opportunities, ills address was (
as practical thought of a practical bos- (
itu map, woll known to the capitaliats |
tithe country. Coming from auch a man
bt praise of West Virginia is as good
kfd in fertile ground.
ITiu failnru of the grand jnrj to indict ;
S'i?e and Jay Gould for rnisappro;r.?tDa
tin bonds of the Kansas A Pacific 1
I Kiircad, ia uot a matter ou which the
' itatlrmoo can congratulate themselves,
u their guilt or innoeince did not enter
into the finding of tho jarj. The laps*
ol jura ia what saved their bacon?if not
ins conviction, at leaat from some no*
plasunt disclosures which would have
!*>n brought oat in a public trial. Thin
urrov escapc, however, may serve aa a
timing to others who are near the end
tie rope.
Tin most noted and important gatherinc
einco the creation of Wert Virginia
has met and adjourned. In numbers the
convention wuj n surprise to the molt
mains. Not leM than a thousand men
cam? in ree,->on?e to the call of the Wheel*
;o< Chamber o! Commerce. In character
the convention wai ai remarkable aa it
was in numbers. Tlie representative men
ramo from the remotest sections of the
state, anil came filled with the idea that
the honr had struck for Wert Virginia.
Wnen they got down to work they went
at it as earnest business men with a
drdnite object in view.
The plan chosen was the result of lon|
acil carefnl deliberation. It seems to pro*
vide well for what should be done. The
money beginning is good, but it is still
only a beginning. Tbo people of the State
most do Btiil better if they hope lor the
tat remit*. The whole plan U bused on
the popular support, ami unleee tbla be
forthcoming in liberal measure the Board
of Immigration must disappoint expectation.
With snllicient funds and harmonioo)
action, tho people have a reaeonable
aaorance that there will be paying retuini.
HOI.D THAIN ItOllUKUY
la Arkuiat-Koblmm ?> ! Awmj With
Cotulil*r*bl* I'lamUr,
Pi in llLcrr, Akk., Feb. 29.?Tho train
rohlHtr hai attain appeared in Arkansas?
ttua time on the Hu Louis, Arkansas A
Tpxm railroad, about twenty miles below
this city. As train No. 'J, northbound,
topped ?t Kingsland, about one o'clock
this morning, threw men stepped on the
jlaiform ol the baggage car next to the
tngine. About mile Irom Kinland the
train suddenly c*me to a standstill and
Cotn uctor J. W. firowning stepped to the
door tu ? ? what wai wrong. As he opened
the door a bullet whistled by hie head
and he at once retired inside the car,
*hne he remained during the trouble.
The robbers wmt to work in a cool and
syitanaUc way. They boarded the engine
?nii commanded the engineer, Bob Hue,'
and ti.'etiian Hackett to hold np their
hMj'j. Hackett was just in the act of
tilting a shovel of coal in the tire-box,
and i apposing it was one of the train men
trying to perpetrate a joke, held up his
shovel, txclaiming, "Ah, therel"
The robber, with grim humor, dropped
the mnule ol a six-shooter against the
fireman's cheeks, with the word, "Stay
there, jonl" Tho fireman quickly
?iimh?Hl down. Takin* the fireman and
voglnftr with them, th? robbera ordered
mom n" ?? " ? "H?" *"
c?r. They Jul aa orJered, bat be refused
to show np. Then began s fuailide, which
lasted while sttompta were utile to (ores
*??y into the car.
The hieuun ?h ordeied to Uke the
slsah bar Irom the engine acd break in
the door o( the car. Ueobeved, bntaa he
could not itM in alter ten minutea delay,
the robWri proceeded to aet the our on
Are. Thia forced the meeaen#er to open
the door and the engineer and tlreman
were made to get into the car tirat, their
bodies thus protecting the robbers as they
climbed in. The Kireeenger opened the
sale without farther trouble and the contentu
wi r* >jn ickly tratsferred to s Rack.
The exact amount taken Is not known,
though it it believed to be large. Th?
mail csr and paiaengers were not molested
Tbe er Rimer and tir?rnan of th a trail
were in charge of the train ro oed a
Genoa, Ark., a low weekaago/ The mee
vng?'r received a note at Texarksna warn
iDK him to watch oat, bat he paid no at
tentlCQ toil, believing It to be a joke. Th
robtwra wetv jus*. thirty-five minutea do
io? the work.
Lata ri*t?jrto otate that between $5,00
and *10,000 wna taken. Home place th
loen much higher. The Sheriff and poa
rr?. in parsnit of therobbm.
ORGANIZED. :
j
i
PKRMANE.NT HOCIKTY FOKHKD ;
And an Able Immigration Commission
Chosen
'
I
And Furnished With Money to i
Commence its Work.
The Aims ol the Progresslre [
Spirits Attained, 1
e
AND TUB M ATE WILL BLOOM J
t
And Grow lu Wealth and 1'ros- {,
peruy <
% *
Till it Reaches it* llightful Place ?
at the Front.
p
An Able anil Clear Expose or Its t!
Kesources tl
u
WHICH WILL DOOKKAT 0001). ?
H
The Immigration Convention hai come *
unJ gone. It ia now a thing of the put, ;l
bat in reaalta will be felt u the future do- o
velopea. There were about a thousand i<
lelsRttea present from oat of town, nod At Q
jnu time at leaat sixteen hundred people p
were packed into the Opera lipase. The tJ
jreatest enthaaiaam prevailed, and every- ?
>ody vii in earneat. The t-xpoaition P
nadein the uddreaasa by gentlemen who
enow what they were talking abon: of the n
ntterial wealth and natural resources of t<
he State aarpriaed ovan thoan who knew ?
lomething of the subject. The Conven.Ion
waa tlnelly merged into au Immigra- tl
ion and Development Association, with ?
in executive body of thirteen Vice I'rsal- ?
lente, one from each Senatorial diatrict,
avith Mr. C. B. Hurt, of thia city, aa its S
President, the Oouimtaeion to cnoose ita ti
jwn Secretary. B at of *1!, the delegate* o
ihowed the fatiih that ou in them by rale- n
ng over ?2,ti00 to begin the boom. v
TIIK COVVKNTIOX OI'KNKD. 0
In XluqaiBl Addtnai ol M'?loum*-Org*o> 4
Italloti, k
The delegates began to gather in the ^
lall boou after noon, and by one o'clcck, ^
he hoar out for convening, the boose was n
crowded. Tho Opera Uoose band enllv- it
jned the occasion by choice strains of *
noalc, while tho delegations ware gatbor- Jjj
n? and selecting Mats together as closely
is possible. [j
The committee having the matter in jji
:hargo wisely arranged (or somo decora- ^
ions to relieve the garish, desoUte air ^
hat always aeems to pervado a theatre w
whenever the light of day >8 allowed to fall p
>n its gildings and piintiugs. The deco* p
ration w?s accomplished by the use of ^
lowers, plants and Hue. Two large Na- j,
ional banners were suspended from the
lliee, from whenco they wound gracefully jj
)ver the heads ol the distinguished gen. b(
llemeii who formed the group on th?? st?ge.
Two more large Hags worn draped over the
lalcony railing near th? stag*. Ttie j?
Iront line of . tho etagn was a tj
pretty bordor of living green. The i.
Wheeling Park Association in .. its n
isual public-spirited and liberal manner KI
instructed its cltver Superintendent, Mr. v,
William Kreiger, to place at the disposal Q,
:jI the committee the contento ol his green |{
bouses. He not only dtd so bnt rendered y
voluntarily valuable assignee in arraog- _
ing them gracefully, at both ends of the
proscenium arch of groen foliage and
waving lerno. The font-lights wore re- r(
placed with benonia plant*, geraniums, a
cactus plants and other products of tho K
green house. Many of thea? plantn were c,
in bloom, and tha bright-hned blossoms
sorveu 10 greatiy ueixuioa mo pieming f|
effect produced by all this decoration. c
3MKTUINO OF TIIK PBUKONNKU a
The Opera House tilled very rapidly i<
and within a half an hour after the doors J
were thrown open all the available space ri
wu taken. Upon the otagn were seated a
nun.bf-r of distinguished gentlemen, I,
among whom were U. H. Senator John E. tl
Kenna, Ex-Gov. F. H. Pierpont, Ex-San- tl
ator J. N. Camden, Ilou. Henry G. Davis, j|
Hon. Stephen B. Elklns, Hon. John W. 0
Mason, Dr. T. H. Ligan, President of rt
the Wheeling Chamber of Commerce, p
Captain John McLnre, ol Wheeling, Mr. f<
C. It. Hart, Chairman of the Chambsr of ?
Commerce Committee, Mbjor EJ. W. S. n
Moore, of Baltimore, Secretary of the p
West Virginia Railroad, Mayor C. W. Sen- ?
bright, of Wheeling, Kev. Dr. W. H. p
Cooke, pastor of the Second l'reibyteriftn d
Chnrcb, of Wheeling, Col. A. J. Sweeney,
of Wheeling, Gov. E W Wilbon, Hocre- 11
tary of State Horry S. Walker, Ex-Con- li
gressman B. F. Martin, of Grafton, Mr. ti
Augustus Pollock, of Wheeling. Hon. A.
W. Campbell, of Wheeling, Postmaster *
Robert Simpson, of Wheeling, Kight lie v. a
Bishop Rain and several others. e
The spectacle in the auditorium was an K
inspiring one. It w? a representative
body of business men of the State and a
embraced tinntireds who have been and [,
are prominent as leaders, not only in biui- b
nesa circles, but in the political world, h
Every kind of industry or trade was ii
represented by some ono well known in &
each particular branch. Prominent >
among those in the body of the houee a
were noticed Mr. Arthur Sinael, Capt. b
Henry S. Wilson, Collector John f. Mc- a
Graw and Capt. Georgo Whitescuvdr, all g
of (irafton; President Turner nnd Prof.
W. P. Wilier, of the State University; ji
Hon. Richard Randolph McMahon, Deputy
Second Comptroller of the United
Htatee; Hon. Jamee D. Unit, of HarpVs
Kerry; Capt. Julius C. Holmes, of the U. S.
Treasury Department; Superintendent J.
T. L?gge, of the Baltimore A Ohio Railroad;
General Manager William M. Clements,
of the same road ;Oapt K<l Wat*on,of
the Montana mines; Hon. C. K Welle, of
Glover's Gap; Hon. John K. Thompson,
of Potman county; Mr. Charles Jieanp,
of the Austin mines; State Senator Win.
M. 0. Dawson and Mr. Wo. G. Brown, of
Klngwood; Judge A. B. Fleming, of
Fairmont: Editor L. C. Powell, of the
Fairmont Wstl Virginian; E.litor Fleming,
of tho MorKHnstown A<r Dominion, and
Editor Morgan, of the J'mt; lien. 1. H.
Durall, and J. Campbell Palmer, of
Brooke count?; Editor G. T. Hainee, of
the Suirit of Jrjfmon; Prof. R. F, Kidd,
of Oilmer county; Gov. R. Preston
Chew, of Jedereon, and Hon.
C. C. Watts, of Charleston; Mr.
Philip Clitlorii, of Clarksburg; Hon. B.
L. Butcher, ol Randolph county; Prof.
Thomas C. Miller, of Marion county; Dr.
D. P. Morgan, of Harrison county; Jnd<e
G. D. Cam len, of Harrison countv; Major
Ran fitalnaker, of Wheeling; Mrjor J. 0.
Alderson; John M. Hamilton, o(
Calhoun County; Mr. Workman,
editor of the Clay County Ator;
I Hnn I(mm F Rmin. o! (IhirtM*
ton; Col. J. Robinson, the Baltimore A t
Ohio agent at Patterson'* Creek; Ex- i
Hherifl I'owell, of Tyler County; J. H. r
Kiley and Msjor Henry C. Fleeher, of c
Ju-kson County; Joel Htollings, of Baone t
Conntr. tod other distinguished men c
from all parte of the Htate also aat In the i
ball. r
oaoAxi/ai) for ut-Hissss. *
Mr. C. B. Hart, of the Iktkluokxckb, c
as chairman of the local Committee of
Arrangements, called the meeting to
order on behalf of the Chamber of Com* 1
i mere?, and propoeed Hon. W. A. McCor- f
kle, of Charleston, as temporary chair*
man, and he waa nnanimonsly chosen.
, Rat. Dr. W. H. Cooke, putor of the 1
i Second Presbyterian church, waa then in- 1
. troducsdand made an appropriate and i
i fervent prayer, many of the delegates I
t rising to their feet, while othera bowed
reverently.
Alter the prayer, Hon. J. B. Somer
rills, of wheeling, named as temporary
s Secretary Mr. W. K. K. Byrne, of Braxton
> county. Mr. Byme was elected.
Mr. McCorkle then assumed the poei0
tionot Chairman in a neat speech of
e about two minute*. He waa warmly ap
plauded when he appeared and bts reJmarka
were applauded several llmea. He
uropbesitd a movement groflog oat of
hie convention which wonld remit In
>eopling the wute placet and in diapellng
the Babbatb atillaees of the valleya before
the ahriek of tha iron car. lie ex?r*?eed
the hope thst the convention
ronld be harmonious, and that politic*,
lectional and peraonal feeling might all
>e loat sifebt of, a sentiment which waa
ipplaaded to the echo.
thi addbtae or wilcomb
Dr. T. H. Logan, President of the
Wheeling Chamber of Commerce, waa
hen introduced. After the applanae with
vhich he waa greeted had anbaided, he
ipoke aa follows:
ir. /VnkfnU a*t Ofntl*?en oj IKt Ommtton:
To a Convention of buaine* men it
night aeem aaflicltnt that I abonld ex>ress
in ta few worda aa posaible a formal
>ut cordial welcome.
I feel eare, bowerer, that the Chamber
if Commerce of the city of Wheeling,
rhich I now have the honor to represent,
ronld not be aatiified with a mere fornality.
Yon are here to-day in acceptance of an
nvltation extended by that Chamber to
leviee waya and meana to promote the
rowth and proaperity of the Htale. Yonr
MDoneeto that invitation haa bteo made
rith an emphaala of character and ol
ambers which demands a corresponding
mpbasls o( welcome which 1 do not feel
Qjrpelf able to (ally and appropriately ex*
ress.
Thla la no ordinary aaaembly. It ia I
liiok withont precedent In the hlatory of
be titate.
1 recognise here the facet of men who.
a former years, have been prominent and
aefnl servants of the people In the Naional
and btate fovernmeuts; also of
len who are now tilling placea of honor
nd trust in both.
Here are represented vea of railroad
nd tranaportation companlea, of mining
nd manufacturing companies, of trades
nd labor organliUlona, representatives
f the press, educator*, farmers, mechan*
bankers, merchants and others.
For the time being we have laid aalde
nr political differences and our partisan
rejudices, and havs assembled here with
he eiogla parpone ol promoting oar State
j that honorable position to which, by
er ample resources, we think she ia fair*
f entitled.
Under these auipicioua circumstances
re And reason not only for an empbaais
> our welcome but also an occasion for
early congratulations, both of which wo ,
jrdially extend to joa.
We are glad to welcome yon, because of
ie opportunity which your preatnce
tlorde to iwcure a better understanding o(
or mutual business relationa and obligaonj.
Hitherto we have not thoroughly
ndrratco 1 or appreciated each other,
tminingly confiicting interest* have at
rnes provoked local and eectional jeal*
uiiee, which have been harmful. We .
fed to understand that we cannot deo!op
Went Virginia by fighting each
ther in legislative halla or elsewhere.
If Weet Virginia was to be simply an
uricultnral Htat*. like Kansas or Nebras*
a, we would not need to consider here or
loewhere the subject of mining or manu- ,
ictaring. If ehe wis to be simply a man* <
factoring Hiate.like Massachusetts or Goo- ,
ecticut, wrt would not need to consider the ,
iterests of mining or agriculture. If ehe ;
m to be aimply a mining State, like Ne- i
ida, we would not need to trouble our- |
dves about agriculture or manufac'.urts. (
Bat Woat Virginia has amplo resource*
i all these departments, and if she is to |
ucome wealthy and prosperous they must <
j dovelopsd harmoniously. There must ,
9 no animosities or partiality. No one or
loro interests should be a'lowed to op*
recs or unfairly embarrass others
hey should all grow up tog ?ther like well <
shaved children, in the same woll-orared
and harmonioas household. ,
As an indispensable prerequisite to this i
ealthy growth we will do wall to remem- ,
sr that wo must have more railroads and (
IIUO UIUUDJ
Id the capacity in which I now appear,
might not l>o proper (or ma to speak (or
le people ol the 8tale at large, bat speak* |
iK (or tlie btuiueu men ol Wheeling, I
my truly sav, that they (eel thsmselvee
reaUv indebted to the gentlemen who
ave fieen successful in the corn traction [
railroads which contribute directly and .
idirectly to the prosperity o( wheeling, |
fe anticipate still greater beneilta when ,
roposed lines and extensions now being ,
instructed shall have been completed.
Same o( the: ? lines are comparatively \
jniote (rom as. Yet all have opened np
venues of trado, which oar merchants n
1 manufacturers have been qaick to
nltivate.
We (eel that every additional mile o(
lilroad which la batlt in West Virgiaia, ,
roates a want which Wheeling is able
nd willing to snpplj. And i( Wheeling ,
i thus beuottUed by railroads, how much
renter aro the benctita which accrae to (
tie people living on the line o( these ,
Dads.
I have referred to these enterprises, not
>r the sako o( paying a compliment to
tie mon who have successfully carried
liem forward, bat tocommend their pnbc
spirit and enterprise, and encourage
there to (o low their example. I havo ,
&(-rred to them also, in order to emliaVitt
the statement, that we r inn it af
ml to quarrel or haggle with the people j
'bo propose to baild oar railroads. We ,
eed not only to be joat, bat we n?aat be ,
rudently generous to those who are ,
rilling to iarniah the capital and enter- ,
rise,which are indispensable to the rapid ,
evelopmunt of oar resources.
Senator Camden in an able letter pub* \
shed a lew daya since referred to Wheeling
as "the chief commercial and manufactiring
city of the titate."
Governor Wilaon, in an addreas made ,
ome moutba aince, referred to Wheeling ,
a a "plucky little city, illoatrating by her
sample the poaaiblliUea of Woat Virinu
with corresponding enterprise."
I have not qaoted these gentlemen in
ny spirit of boasting or vain glory. The
ict ia that for some time we have not
sen fully satisfied with oaraelvee, and
ave been chiding each other for not makat
mere rapid progress in planting and
npporting more diversified indnstriea.
Vh have lately taken a new leaae of life
nd hopeful activity, and are glad to aay,
at not in the Bpirit of boaating, that we
re moving forward and wo want you to
o along with us.
We are plad that yon are here to aw> and
adge for youratdvea. We hope that yoa
rill improve the opportunity which will
0 afforded yon to viait onr ntoel plant#
ud blaat furnace, oar nail milla and
lata manufactory and pottariee, oar
rholeealeand retail warehouse, and other
atabliahmenta which 1 have not time to
a*ntlon.
We are anxioufl yoa shoald do this for
wo reaeons. Firat, that yon may ancourwo
aa by your approval, hero or eloc*
rhero, aa occasion may suggest. We need
our encouragement, and modeatly think
re deserve it. Hecond, that yoa may,
a auggeated by Oovtrnor Wilaon, form
orne idea of the poaaibilitiea of Weat
Virginia nuder anch generous treatment
a will rapidly develop her rich reeonrcea.
In conclusion permit me to aay( that
Jthongh we are situated in a corner ol
he State, we feel that onr interea'a are iniinately
identified with yonra. The mesaire
of your proeperity la proportionately
he meaanre of onra. Had we thought or
alt otherwiae, we would not have invited
ron to thia Convention. We are willing
indansionato co-operate with you, and
o cherlah with yon that wholeaome spirit
if Htata pride, which will atimnlate ua all
o vigorous etforta for her advancement.
Mr. Preeident and gentlemen, we have
-reat faith that the meaanrea yoa inaugurate
her* will lead to gratifying practical
Malta; and that we hall aoon rejoice in
hat equitable and harmonioae combineion
ot capital and labor, of enterprise and
ndnatrr, which will rapidly multiply oar
allroade, oar mannlactaree, oar mines,
tor farm products, oar commerce, and m
he sod of all these, and ths beat of all, in
iar towns and citiM, along oar valleys
ind hills, and area apon oar rngfed
noantain aides, will multiply an haadred
old, the happy homea of a prosperous,
:ontented and virtuons people.
moo ramus ai'oobitko.
At tha coaclaaion of the address of
welcome, Dr. Logan praaanted programme
auggeeted by the local committee
if arrangementa for the proceeding! of
ibe convention, explaining that tbia was
proposed merely to ssve time, and was
lor the body to accept, reject or modify aa
It saw fit. Thia plan waa aa follows:
Committee of sovan on Permanent Organixationof
the Contention, that ia to
eay, to propose permanent olilcers, a permanent
chairman, a vice chairman, a
secretary and aaaiaUnt aceretariea.
Committee of seven to deriee a plan to
promote eystematlcally the object for
which thla convention ia aaaembled. To
thla committee shall be submitted in
writing all plans.
i Committee of seven on resolutions, to
t, tire m?n and cllixene, and the inter*
manifested in the great work yon ar
?. here to original* and pnt in ictive and,
?. hope, enrceeafnl operation. Thla iaai
j. age of progress, and Weat Virginia baa toe
long stood in her own light in not keep
iog pace with the tlmee, and in allowlni
M the aiater States to oniatrip end pasa h?:
n in the great race ol life. The dvilliet
ir world naa maile greater ad vac cement li
>r population, wealth and inventions, dnrinj
e the laat fifty years, than in all time before
ie In the earlier days, when the conntrj
wee without railroads, and without the
advantages accrning from the nee of rrcen1
end moat approved machinery, ol al
kinds, all were on th* mn? fooling; hnl
now that many of the btatee have theec
y bt-neflts, to a large degree, while we art
r- in our infancy, yon might Bay, the coni
teat ia nneqoal.
which (hall be referred, without readini
all resolutions.
Committee of Reven on Finance?To dt
vise ? plan to ralae money in thla convei
Hon and la the several coanties. for la
mediate work and until the Legislatoi
can be induced to act in the premises.
Reception by the Secretary of nami
and addresses of persons participating i
this convention. Blank sheets of psp<
to be paieed along e?ch row of seats fc
persona to write nftmea and addresses; th
aame to be collected and handed to th
Secretary.
Reception of pspera on resources.
Addresses on retoarces.
LABOKR COMMITTIKf.
Ex-Senator Davis moved to amend b
making the Committee on Fermanent Oi
ganixatlon one of thirteen member*, ir
atead of seven, in order to make the con
mittee more representative in ita chftriu
ter, one committeeman being cho?en Iron
each of the thirteen Senatorial districts.
Mr. John O. Pendleton aaked why no
make the committee* all constat of thlr
teen members.
Mr. C. B. Hart explained that the com
mittee in preparing us plan pioceeded 01
the idea that the delegates were here a
individuals, and not u representatives o
any Senstoriftl districts, and that it wonl<
be a needless waste of time to no over th
districts to select committeemen.
After some farther debate, ibe motioi
of Senator Davla waa adopted.
Mr. John 0.Pondleton moved to striki
oat the provision to refer resolutions with
out reading; rejected.
lion. J. M. Hagans moved to strike ou
the word "reading" and insert "discus
sion."
Senator G. K. Price raised the point o
order that this was practically the eami
motiou as had just been rejected; bus
tained.
Mr. Pendleton moved to refer the ro
mainder of the programme to tbs Com
mittee on Orgauisttion.
Preeident Turner, of the State Univer
sity, asked if this would not defer actio!
until that committee might report; th<
chair held that it would.
ANOTBKK CLAN.
Judge Q. D. Camden said he desired U
ofler a substitute for the whole proposal
He asked Mr. Clifford, who had written ii
for him, to read it.
'Pk. f'h.i. If ?aU.I. .1.. ... ....I It
ins uuui ? uuuuuj cm cut irau ill
Mr. Clifford limn read it as foil owe:
Rrtoind, That this convention now resolve
itself inio an immigration and
improvement society to be called the Weel
Virginia Immigration and Improvement
Society, whose object shall bs to invite
nsefal immigration to the State and to aid
in developing the resource* of the Htate.
It snail have tb? following others, viz: A
President, a Vice President from each
Senatorial district and three Secretariesone
to mide at Wheeling, one to reside
at White Sulphur Springs and one at
Charleston.
The said society shall have three sessions
annually until otherwino provided,
to bs held in the city of Wheeling on the
day of March, another at the White
Salphur Spring* on tho third Tuesday of
July, and third in the city of Charleston
on tne day of January, and at such
sessions tifty members of the society shall
constitute a quorum for the transaction of
business; ana as aooa as tho otlicers above
mentioned are appolntod the society shall
bs deemed fally organised, and shall at
once proceed to business.
The members of this meeting, including
the members of tbo Wheeling Cnambet
jl Commerce, shall be deemed members
of this society.
SBLKCTINQ OXMITTHS.
The point of order was raised that this
aught to bs referred to the Committee on
Resolutions, but the Chair held that it
souid be read, which being done, Judge
Dsmden began, amid some confusion, tc
idvocate his plan. Using interrupted, he
laid:
"1 havrt the tloor, and I propose to be
beard."
Senator B. W. Prico?And wo propoee
tbat yon shall be heard. I Liughter1
Before the Judije had proceeded fur lie
?u ?gaiu interrupted by lion. II. 8.
White, who raised the point that there
wan a prior motion pending. The Judge
was ruled to have the door, and afters
good deal of confusion, cries of "qnoatiou"
and raising points of order, ho finished,
making the argument that this whs the
promptest and best way to accomplish the
object of the convention.
By general request the paper was attain
reported by the Secretary, and then there
whs p good deal of confusion again, and
finally debate was cnt cfT by a demand
made by J. M. Hagans for the previont
question, which prevailed.
The substitute offered by Judge Camden
was then overwhelmingly rejected.
On motion of Mayor J. 0. Alderson,
speeches were limited to five minutes
each.
The amended order of the business wai
then adopted.
Senator George Prico called for the appointment
nf the Committee on Perma<
nent Organisation.
President Turner raised the point of order
that the convention hud no: provided
how the different committees should be
appointed. The chair held tbat the proposition
had been referred to the committee,
but it was finally dccided, after some
dobate, that the committees wero all to be
appointed now by the chair, except tbat
on Permanent Organization, which was
to be named by the delegations from the
respective Senatorial districts. To arrive
at this understanding however, it wai
necessary to reconsider; and pending this
motion Mr. R. ii. Smith, of Psrkersourg,
moved to amend again, making all the
committees to consist of thirteen each,
one to be chosen by each Senatorial district.
Attorney General Caldwell moved
to provide also for thirteen Vice-Presidents,
to be chosen the same way.
This motion prevailed, and on motioo
of K. II. Smith a recess, nominally ol
thirty minutes, was taken to give opportunity
to select the respective committeemen.
Tlia COMMITTEES.
Upon reassembling, after about threequarters
of an hour, the committeee were
announced as follows:
Cwnmittff on Organisation?'First district
Alfred Caldwell, Ohio; Second, Robert
McKldowney, Wetasl; Third, P. W. Mor
rl?. Rlf/liln- KnnviH If u_.ul.
Wood; Fifth, II. C. Flesher: nixth, J. M,
L?ne, Cnholl; Seventh, fi. N. Oxley. Lincoln;
Eighth, Thoman O'Brien; Ninth,
J. F. Brown; Tenth, C. II. Scott; Eleventh,
W. P. Willey; Twelfth, John A. Robin
son; Thirteenth, Joseph TrapmHn.
_ On Ketoluliont?First district, W. P. Hub
bard; Second, J. W. Gallaher; Third, R
F. Ktdd; Fourth, D. D. Jahnnon; Fifth,
Q. W. Tippott; Sixth, K. A. Bannett;
Seventh, W. M. Workman; E'ghth, W,
H. Thompson; Ninth, J, E. Knnna;
Tenth, T. P. K. lirown; Eleventh, G. 0,
Sturgies; Twelfth, George E. Price;
Thirteenth, K. P. Chew.
On Financf?Fint district, J. H. Atkinson;
Second, J. E. Wataon; Third, J. P
Clltlord; Fourth, Joeepk Hale; Fifth, P,
0. Eastham; Sixth, J. L. Caldwell;
Seventh, G. L. Karnee; Eighth, J. A. Parker;
Ninth, 0. 0. Lewis; Tenth, 0. 0. F,
McWhortsr; Eleventh, F. Herrman?
Twelfth, A. 0. Scherr; Thlrteontb, Alex
ander Parka.
On Plan of Contention? First district
George Wise; Second, A. B. Fleming
Third, Creek Collins; Fourth, R. Ii
Browse; Fifth, Kmkin Wiley, jr.: Sixth,
W. II. McAllister; Seventh, J. W. Mo
Cleary; Eighth, Randolph Stalnaker, jr.;
Ninth, C. P. Dorr;Tenth, W. B. Maxwell
Eleventh, John I'. Jnnie; Twelfth, 11. G
Davis; Thirteenth, B.O. Washington.
The Vice Presidents were also named
follows:
First Senatorial district, J. 0. Palmer, o
Brooks connty.
Second, H. 8. White, of Marshall.
Third, F. Neelev.
Fourth, J. L. Knight, of Pleaeanta.
Fifth, A. B. Wells.
8ixtb, B. W. Foster, of Cabell.
Seventh. J. E. Stalling, of Boone.
Eighth,jJ. G. Crockett, of Summers.
Ninth, W. y. Edwarda, of Kanawha.
Tenth, John W. Muon, of Taylor.
Eleventh, William M. 0. Dawson, c
Preaton.
Twelfth, J. H. Murk wood, of Mineral.
Thirteenth, W. M. Clement*, of Jeffei
on.
UoL Clementa' name vu received witl
applanae.
The committeee were given permiialo:
| to retire and deliberate, which they die
HX-gKNATOIt DAVIS, *
A CotaprahenaWa Mtiowlag or Weaft Til
gtnU'a Kaaunrcaa.
There were then lond calla for "Davia,
in reeponae to which Hon. Henry C
Davie appeared npon the platform. H
waa received with hearty applanae. Whe
thia anbelded, he apoke about aa foliowi
Qkktuimkn: I congratulate yon an
the Htata on thii meeting of represent
i. Aa to railroad*, agiance r.t tne map win
show you the disparity between our State
Q ami the States that surround ua. Late
atatiaiicj on this point are aa follows:
t Sq.MtlM
Art* In MIImoI towch
friuara Kail- Vila Of
ft ATia. Ml'ta rood. ME.
i. JVnu?ylvAoU...._~. 4VUU0 7.717 6 7*
' Ohio"."" 7T 40.UO 7.K7 6J2
Q Virginia 4O.UJ0 2OBJ lt.M
Maryland 1M? Utf 8.41
if Wew Virginia...? IUXX) i,a> ata
J Wo want more rallroada and moat have
e them, or we cannot keep np with the reat
of tbu world; cach onnty in the State
a ought to have one or more rallroada paaeing
through. The competition in rallroada
? brings about rivalry that compela the
roada to do right, even if otherwUe inclined,
and the people get the baneflt
t Unlike many other enterpriaw, railroada
moat have legislation. Capital la timid
and will not locate where it ia likely to be
f unfairly or unjuatly treated. A town or
d country may be dead, to us* a common ex*
preeaion, but let a railroad paaa through
it or manufactories be started in it,
and induatriw o! all ktnda apnng at once
into ate, anu me mineral resources anu
agricultural products lind a markot.
Those thing* are essential to the Ufa and
1 prosperity of a country, bat it takM large
9 amounts of money to build railroadi and
manufactories. West Virginia has bnt
very little to spare in thia direction, and
if we want thi?e enterprisee among us,
with tbeir kindred benefits, we moat be
liberal, fair and just to those having tbe
1 necessary capital, and give them a hearty
welcome, and tbe assurance that we will
uphold tbem in tbeir etforts in all proper
ways. Without railroad?, oar great re
sources, coal, iron ore, timber and agricul1
tural product?, could not be marketed and
' would be comparatively valueless. I
; would invite and foeter tbe building of
' railroads and bo liberal and just lo their
' owners aud management; make tbem feel
we are their friends. The more railroads
we have, the batter for the advancement
aud prosperity of tbe Htate. I would
have the railroada, in return, liberal, fair,
and joat in their treatment of tbo people;
require the same of them that you accord
to them.
AS TO RAILROADS.
It is a great miatake, made by^Uany
people, that all railroads are profitable in*
vestments to the stockholders. Very few,
it any, of the railroads in thia titate are
paying dividenda. Home say the railroads
treat the people badly, and probably they
do at timee, bat 1 take it we woald rather
have a railroad with a bad management
1 than to be without one. Kain sometimes
proves disastrous in tlood and storm; the
aun eometimra becomes oar relontlees foe
and withers oar crops; money, law, eda'
cation and even religion are sometimes
perverted and us*d to accomplish wicked
1 purposes; yet thees nre all nececslties and
we could not well do without them any
more than we could without railroads,
i Tbo railroads in this State last year paid
into tliR trraanrr. in tho mIiidh of tixpn.
$246,738, which want toward the support
' of tho State schools and csnntins. The
mora railroads we have, tho lesa Urea the
1 people will have to pay.
With more railroads, and having abundant
water power and all the natural ro1
senrers necewry to the succeat f il work*
ing ol almost every kind of manufacturing
i industry, our kills and valleys ought to
send forth the smoko of thousands ol
mills and manufactories and our raanu*
factured products should have a name and
1 standing all over the world. We have the
1 material; we need the energy and capital.
| From 1880 to 188(1 inclusive, 3,767,147
emigrants have arrived aod settled in this
> country, most of them becoming well-to1
do people, many of them farmers, skilled
1 artisans and laborers. Of this number,
but very few made their home In Weat
| Virginia, probably not over 1,000 in all.
1 There is no good reason why this number
should not have amounted to 100,000, but
many reasons why it should, if tho propor
i eflort bad baen made to let the world
know what we had to offer.
Many have gotten into the habit of
speaking of West Virginia as a little State.
This Is incorrect, especially so faraa her
' area ia concerned, it being mors than half
as large as either New York or Psnssyl*
i vania, and largtr than tho area of the five
States, Maasacnusettfl, Rhode bland, Con*
- necticut, New Jersey and Delaware, combined.
But while we are much larger
than the five 8tates last named, they far
outstrip us in population and wealth, having
an average of 170 inhabitants to each
? square mile, while we have but 35, and *n
average value of property of $241,09! 71
to each square mile, while we have but
' $13,450 88.
1 Having called your attention to what we
> lack, I want now to speak of the resources
i and advantages we have, and tnaks a sagi
gestion as to the beat way, in my opinion,
to let others know the grand opportunities
' they are missing in not casting their for*
tunes with ours. That, I conceive to be
the main object of thia meeting.
' A OKOUHilCALSCRVaV WANTKl).
We have long needed information as to
the mineral capacities of our State, which
. conld only be obtained by a thorough
geological survey. This, I am glad to
, state, we are in a fair way of getting.
[ Major Powell, who ia in charge of all
. United States geological surveys, writes
. mo recently that he has made considerable
progress with the survoy of this State,
and will pneh forward until it is accom*
plished. This will be of almost incalcn*
' table value to the titate.
> West Virginia has reamn to be proud
of her freo school system, and the rapid
and satisfactory progress it has made and
t is making. Statistics show the schools of
' this State to be iu a most flourishing con*
. dition, and above the average condition of
similar schools in other Nutes. The free
u.h?<1 .u.'.rr. nf Vl.-lnt. I. ?l
i quoted to encourago other Htates to bring
taeir schools op to ber standard.
UNIFORM CUM ATI.
B*ing situated between tbe extreme* of
best and cold, the climato of West Virginia
ia comparatively uniform. Tbe
! health statistics, according to the United
' Htatee census of 1880, show this Htate to be
! well np on the desirable list. West Vir1
ginia is a good place to make jronrhome if
! yon want good health and to lire to a vig
' orons old age.
In money West Virginia is not rich, bat
her credit stands high. The Financial
Ktrinv for 1887 shows that tho number of
: failure*, and their amount, in Weat Vir1
giuia was less than in most of tho other
Htates.
All who have informed themselves as to
| the wonderful resources of this Htate aRree
that Nature h.^a bom bountifully rich to
us in coal, timber, iron ore, coke, salt, pe*
! troleum and agriculture and grailnxlands.
1 A rccent work on tbe "Natural Keeourcfsof
the United 8?ates," by Pattob, says
[ of West Virginia: 'This is one ol tho
. most interesting States In the Union, in
! regard to mineral wealth, as, in proportion
' to it* a*t?, it is the richest in coal, iron,
palt and oil. It baa of coal, both bllo-;
tnlnoua and cannel, at least 16,000 square
' miles; the seama vary from tbrne to twelve
< f?*t in thicknssa; in soma instances,whare
they are above one another, the aggregate
depth is twenty-five feet."
The making of coke is camparativsly
new with us, but it is a large and growing
industry. In qaality it is equal to the best
that ia made, and it commands as good
pries as the cslebratcd Connellarille
make.
it o uato ? am iuioouj m mil tiuusui ujoichan
table timber, tbouaanda of acree of
? wbich are not only undeveloped, bat on*
disturbed and unbroken. The rarietiee
comprlae almoet every known kind of valoable
timber, inch u walnut, cherry,
Srnce. oak, Mb, cheetnat, hemlock, ma*
b and poplar.
Of oar iron ore, salt and petrolanm, I
_ will leave others more particularly inter*
, eatrd and better ported, to apeak.
In coal, we beat the world. The Unltad
8tatee Oenaua of 1880 eafi: "No Btate in
the Union aarpaaeea W?t Virginia in the
r' variety of coala it cantaina, nor doea any
? contain an eqaal amount, in proportion
to the area."
), Bqmr* ProdBtnloa
' MU?.oo*L uaa.
w?t Virginia eonuiM... iuoo ?.ooo,owiom
n rraurlvaoU conuini... UOOO H^OOOOO loni
i; Urwt Britain coaUloi... 11.100 HQ.000,000 ton*
d The total production of coal of all kinda
k* in tha United btatea in 1370, waa
t toca; in 1887, 116.041.017. Th* prodc
of coil in Watt Virgin'* in 1876, M M
I mated by 8award, ?u 600,000 torn;
s 1886, 4,000,000 tone.
0 This great iucreaae ia likely to contim
f In the aame, if not a greater, proportio
k With more coal than either Pennaylr
r nia or Great Britain, Weet Virginia pr
1 doced in 1886 only about l-15:h aa mac
i aa PannayWania and 1-10'Ji aa mocb i
[ Great Britain. Tbia ia owing very large!
. to want of capital and energy to derate
r it and transportation to moTo it. With a
> aba haa to contend with, in tnia particnla
t abe ia aending coal to the whole AtlantJ
1 mm (a. aa KutnOft. Mil
t and as far Booth as tho Golf of Mexico,
s We are in a fair way now, however,!
get better railroad facilities, which wi
open np new territory and bring in pec
pie of enterpriae and capital. The tw
> great track lioee which pass through th
i northern and aoathern portlona of th
i State?tie Baltimore A Ohio and th
Chesapeake & Oaio systems?are own*
i and controlled by outside capitalists, am
have bean worked to a largo degree in tb
interest of other States and sections. Mai
tere appear to be changing for the bettei
in tbla particular, especially with the ?
<fc 0. road, and it now looks as 11 more si
tention would be paid to the developini
snd fettering of local interests and enter
prises in the State; and this is as itshooli
be, for no road can or ooght to be pros
peroua that neglects or retards the baild
ing np of the waste places on its lines.
coal dkroeitx.
Did yon ever stop to think of the grea
value of coal compared with other miner
als? Without coal the manufacture o
iron, steel, brass, copper and all othe
mlngfals would cost double what it doei
now. Nearly all our heating and cookinj
is done with coal. It is the foundation o
steam, and but for its uso none of ou
engines, steamboats, or oceau steamen
would be moved. The fact is coal is tbi
moving power of the world. Let us mak<
a personal, strong effort, and put WeS
Virginia in the front rank of coal pro
ducing States, where she properly belongs
Weet Virginia not only excels in thi
quantity and quality of hor minerals and
timber, but her agricultural lands art
fully equal to many of the Western States
and far better than tbe Northern States,
The valleys, hillsides and mountain topi
yield good corn, wheat, rye, oata and grass.
Last summer 1 made a trip along tbo Valla*
rivar In Minim Rlata. ant) fnnml (hll
country, tapociaWy around and near Liuttonavllle,
equal to any in Ohio or Pennsjlvani*
(or general agricultural purpoaee;
and it affords u good ^rasingMany other
section of country in the world. There
is a (air prospect (or railroftd to this
country, when this will become one of the
moat desirable locations in any State.
West Virginia iaso favorably located
that she ia neither subject to the blimrds,
cyclones and drought* of the North and
West, nor to tUe intense heat and
fever devastating scourges of the
South. The suffering in the Northwent
this winter has been intense, and
numbers o( persons have lrozan to death,
in some instances whole (amiliea being
exterminated, while the stock destroyed
has ran up into the hundreds of thousands.
While deeply sympathizing with
these sufferers, we say to those living in
the region vicited by these dire scourges,
make your homes with us, whsre your
chances of success are as good, If not better,
and you will have entire freedom
(rom all such terrible calamities.
LOW TAXW.
Weet Virginia has low State taxes. As
the years roll on. and her railroads multiply
and manufactories of all kinds increase,
the rate of tax will grow lees. She
ia now but about twsnty-tiva years old, yet
sbe has built and paid (or her State Capitol,
Penitentiary, beaf, Dumb and Blind
Institution, Insauo Asylum, State University,
State Normal Schools and thousands
of school houwa, and has no debt to look
after. These things accomplisnsd, let us
foster the building of railroads and encourage
the starting of all kinds o( indnatriet,
and my word for it, in a few years
the people will scarcely (eel the taxes tbey
will be called upon to pay, they will
amount to ao little.
Twenty-six out of the thirty-eight States
of this Union have, in some form, a Bureau
of Statistios and Information. The Legislature
ol Maryland is now in eeaslon, and
a bill has bt?en introduced appropriating
$10 000 (or such a bureau. The West Virginia
Legislature will be in session next
winter, and will, I have no doubt, take
tliis subject into (avorable consideration.
In the meantime, that no time may be
loat, can we not, by private subscription,
organise an inexpensive bureau and put
art mat mmiMlunt nunnn at Ihn nf It
that will enable parties outside tbe tiute
who might wiah 00 aettlo or invrst thoii
capital with us to get information of tbe
opportunities in tbe titate for investment
or location, This would not cost mnch,
and I for one am willing to help tbo move
financially and personally.
I became a resident of this State in
and have no idea of ever ch?a*ing. Mr
home is with jon and my fortunes are
identified with yours. I want here to express
my appreciation of and deep gratitude
for the man? favors the people of
the titate have bestowed upon me, and to
say that 1 stand ready to do anything I
can to aid in forwarding her development
and interests.
There is no good reason why any person
should leave the titate, and I hope
none will, but that millions will settlo in
the State instead. There are as good
chances here for the farmer, miner, manufacturer,
merchant apd laborer to get
fair returns for their capital and work as
anywho.e else. The resources and capabilities
of this tiUte have never been
properly and fairly known to outeidera.
Let us do all we can to let the world know
where we am, what we are and what we
have, and that all who come among us to
aid in putting the titate where she ought
to be, in the front rank, will receive a
hearty welcome. Brains, energy, labor
and capital can command and secure a
good reward in West Virginia.
HON. H. 11 KI.K1N8
M?k?a an Kspuaaof lha Adva&Ugaa of lb*
Mountain Btftla.
Mr. Davia conceded amid another
round of applause, which ?u qnickly renewed
when Chaifraan McCorkle Introdncod
lion. 8. B. Klkins.
Mr. Klkioa spokn as folio?n, balog frequently
interrnpUd by applause:
Until thia limn no organised effort baa
been made to bring to the general attention
of thia country and o( Knrope, the
tntrinaic wealth o! West Virginia. The
tttate presents nntnaal opportunities and
adrantages to the immigrant; the mechanic,
farmer, inannfactarer, baaineaa
man and capiuliab
The local proaa hu done its work well,
but in the language of an illnatrioua quenn,
when coqletting with thii wiaeetof kings,
"Tho one-half of the greatness was not
told."
nn.jiuiiiK vu ?"?, nni ?irginin is
the rlcheet Stat* in the Unioa in natural
resources, particularly iu coal, iron ore
and Umber, which famish the baaia oi
so much wealth, and which gow bo far
toward* making a country great and pro*
perooa. West Virginia does not need the
machinery of t-xaggeration employed by
the modern boomor to call attention to
hor advantages. They are apparent to
the casual observer. The beautiful
scenery, healthful climate, Insxbaus'.iblo
mines of coal and iron ore, forests of fine
timber, and fertile valleys, need only to be
known and understood to draw within her
borders people seeking employment and
home*, business men, manufacturers and
capitalists desiring to make investments.
arroATioN a*d roarrioN m rum union.
An impression exist* that West Virginls
is a far-off Southern State, almost inaccessible
by ordinary lines of travel. Wheeling,
the moat important city in the State, is
farther north than 1'biladolphla, and
Charleston, the capital, is on a direct line,
but little south of Washington Oity.
With one arm the States reaches north
to within 100 miles of Laks Erie, with tht
other extends east to within 75 miles ol
tide water at Baltimore and 60 miles of the
Capital of the Great Republic. Two*thirdi
of its tsrritory lies as far north as Ohio
West Virginia borders on the State ol
Pennsylvania 125 miles, is divided by thi
Potomac river from the State of Maryland
for 180 miles, and by the Ohio river from
the State of Ohio for a distance of more
than 200 miles.
By rail West Virginia can be reached
in less than ons hour from Pittsburgh, it
two hours from Baltimore and Washing
ton, in fivo hours from Philadelphia
Columbus and Cincinnati, in seven houn
from New York, and in fourteen houn
from Chicago. The Stats lies on the greai
highway from the Atlantic Coast to thi
Mississippi Vallsy. Two trunk linss o
railroad pass through it from east to west
For the population on the Atlantic sea
i board, reaching from Philadelphia t<
i Richmond, the natural and best routs U
ic the Weat In through Weat Virginia* Th?
ti- old National RoaJ, which in ita day corin
responded in commercial importune* to
the great Pennajivani* Railroad of to-day,
le w*a bnilt through what ia now the terrin.
tory of Weat Virginia. Lying on both
a- aides of the Alleghany range of mouno
taina, the Stato locka both eaat and weat
:h and divide* ita trade and commerce beta
tween the Miaaiaaippi Valley and the
ly Atlantic aeaboard. The aituatlon makea
ip it eaay of acceae from all the great centera
il of population, and ita poeitlon in relation
r, to the whole country and ita marketa ta
le central, commanding and important.
? POPULATION AND AUi.
The Btate haa Hlty-four countira, with a
m population of about 800,000. Hizty par
cent of the working people in 1860 were
I* engaged in agriculture.
The area ia 24,780 iquare mile, more
* than twice aa Utko aa tne State of Mary*
* land, two and a half timria aa large ?ai
, Maaaachnaetta, with 2,000,000 population,
, and larger thau Maenachuaetie, New Jtr
1 aey. Connecticut tod Rhode Island com0
bined.
The Kingdoma of Belgium and the Neth
erlandsbave together a population of more
^ than 10.000,000 people, lhe urea of Wwt
'' Virginia ia greater than the area of both
1 combined.
\ WEALTH AND RKS0CBTK8.
In 1880 the Htito bad 02,01>4 farms
covering 10,225,341 acres. The average of
the cleared landa waa 12105, wooded landa
$9 39 per acre. In that vear the bay prot
dnct yielded about $4,000,000 and the corn
. 10.000,000, and the value of manufactured
f products waa mora than $22,000,000.
Weat Virginia ia traverand from north to
' south, a distance of about 240 milra, by
tho great Appalachian system of moun|
tains, forming withiu the State two and
1 sometime* three distinct ranges, which
r stretch in width from east to weat across
its borders for nearly 200 mines.
? Never falling springs and streams of
' water broke out from the sides of the
raountciuo, making the State one of the
bast waterml in the Union. Two-tbirds
of the State ia underlaid with coal, its area
J reaching io extent sixteen thousand
square miles, more than that of Pennayi1
vaaiaor L'-igland, while six navigable
rivera flow through its borders.
Mountains. hills and vullnvn ?li?rnu(A
1 upon a surface which ia fertile from the ,
lowest valley to the highest summit. ,
The mountains and hills when cleared .
yield abundantly the richest grarsw, nuking
(rising and dairy farms of nnnar*
paused excellence. The Allegheny Mouutaios
will yet largily contribute the dairy
products contained on the Atlantic seaboard
and for export to Europe.
Within 300 miles of tido water, and 100
milts of the Ohio river, hundreds of thousands
of acres of good agricultural lands
in West Virginia cau be bought lor from
ft to 18 per acre; the timber on which
will psy for the clearing and fencing.
Those lands are uuderlaid with coal, which ,
yield from 6,000 to (5.000 tons per acre, and
which will some day be worth, with
transportation facilities to market, ten
cents per ton royalty in the ground.
Fuel and transportation are among the ,
greaUst factors and in a certain sense the
greatest in this industrial axe. Civilization
and commerco, the necessities and
c3mfort of man, are most dependent upon
the most affected by them. Fuel is the
more serious and the moro important, because
upon it mainly depends transportation
and the inannhcturing intorrnls. 1
One single railway corporation?and
not the lariat in the country?consnmrs
annually 1,000,000 tons of coal, costing
about $3,000,000 to feed the engines that
draw its enormous tonnage. In West
i Virginia coal is cheaper at tho mouth of
, the mines than in ?og)und. The State ,
offers to aii railroads and manufacturing
interests within and contiguous to its ,
borders, the cheapeot fuel in tho world.
In 1883 Pennsylvania had 7.707 roilen of
completed railroad, Ohio 7,325 miles, Vir- ,
ginia 2.673 miles, while West Virginia had ,
only 1,039 miles. Thus otirrounded by a
net work of railroads it cannot be long
before tboy will push across hor boundaries,
furnishing adequate facilities for >
transporting to market hor rapidly in- ,
vieaoiuK piuuucio,
KMI0BAT10N TO TIIK WKKT.
As fir hick u 1820 the tills of papula- j
tion from the East to the West pawed 1
over tbe Alleghany Mountains to eeito |
and occupy tbe fertile lands cf tho MImU- ,
oippi Valley. After 18-50 this great move- ,
mint reecbtfd and occupier! the lands belonging
lo the Kocky Mountain system
and the Pacific coast.
During the last seventy yeara all of the
brst and moet available lands for agricultural
in the West have been taken. Ii ia becoming
ditbcult to tind low priced agricultural
landa there, or lands belonging to the ,
government suitable for agriculture, which
cm be bought at tbe minimum government
price. The Great American Desert,
laid down in our early geographies hat*
proven to be a myth. It la to-day coven d
with farms and furniaht-s grazing for millions
of sheep, cattlo and horsee.
Tho tide of population that for threequarters
of a centurv has moved with such
persistence to tho West ia abating. It has ,
broken itself against tbe great chain of the
Rocky Mountains and tho Pacific coaet,
and ia slowlv but surely making its way
back and setting in toward tbe Alleghany
Mountains, the Hgntb, and the great (
Southwest. A perceptible percentage o(
our immigration is not now going West.
There is no longer any frontier in the '
West. West Virginia and the states cov- 1
ering tho Alleghany Mountains down to |
the tiulf have become tbe frontier. Tbe i
next great step in the order of National i
progress and development ia the cccnpa- I
tion of these states, tbe appropriation of j
their great forest*, and the opening up of I
their mines. They can, and will, largely i
absorb our increase in population, and
furnish employment, homes and business i
opportunities for nnborn millions.
Within tbe laat thirty years tho North
and West have enjoyed eras of unexam
t'tcu tuiaponij. aiio orxi grc?i buvauc*
id material prosperity mast take place in
tbe South.
After a lapse of over a quarter of a century,
the Booth ia beginning to emerge
from tbe paralysis, deeolation, distress and
deepair that havo hung over her people
and their industrial interest* ai tbe reault
of war and defeat.
Tbe commercial relatiom with the
Northern States ere becoming better and
more closely established. Tno routes of
transportation and travel in this conutry
during tbe laat forty years have been almost
entirely from East to West. This
will be to eomn extent moditied iui the
South comee into prominence and takes
her true industrial position In the Union.
New routes will be eetabliehM between
the North and Month to meot the demand*
of increasing trade and commerce. The
great wealth of natural rewarcee belonging
to tbo Sonth, united to free lab jr,
makes her development and progrMH certain.
The time la cloee at haod when tbo
South will not send away its products to
i bo manufactured, paying not only the 1
cost of their transportation but a proti: 1
to the manufacturer, and the cost of
transportation on the maanfacturod articles
which ita people consume. Thia 1
incubus so long renting upon the South, 1
hindering and impeding hor in the
march of progress is abou?. to be removed.
Tbe South will not only manufacture
nearly overyth'.ng needed for coneuruptiou
within ita own borders, but something
moro to sell to her neighbors and send
abroad.
raOORKM !M Til* SOFT 11,
Up to 1MJ1 there had not been produced
In any single year in the United States
more than 850,000 tons of pig Iron. It la
eetlmated tbat during the coming year tbo
8tate of Alabama alone will manafacture
400,000 tona of pit iron, which will sell for
more than V>,000,000.
It ia MtlmtUi! that aml/iiillnu In.I
1 to the Honthern farmers in 1887 $75,000,000
mom than in 1880. The value ol tho
> corn crop alone vu $28,000,000 greater In
1887 than in 1880.
Over $100,000,000 wero ipent in building
! and equipping new and improving old
' rallroada in the Booth last year.
The aggregate value of all the products
1 of the cotton mills in the South was $43,*
; 000,000 in 1*7 against $21,000,00.) in 1880.
1 According to a careful estimate In order
} to allow that South its proportion* of the
1 railroads of the coantfy to enable it to
1 transact its increasing bu*iueos,i t would re1
quireby the timetbey could be built 40,000
, miles in addition to what it now has. If
1 the rails sbonld cost $30 per ten this item
1 alone would amount to more than $100,'
000.000.
1 The South will surely manufacture a
1 part of these rails as well as the other ma*
| terials and equipment neceessrv to the
' completion of 40,000 miles of railroad.
| During the last eighty veara there have
1 come to our ahores from Kurope and other
' lands over 14,000,000 people, more than
J combined population of the threw king)
[Owtfinusd on fourth fag*.]
THE END NEAR
GKKAT RAILROAD STHIKI
01 the Employs of the Cl|lcago,
Burlington & (juincy Koad
Likely to Be Compromised by nr
Amicable Settlement To-day.
Chlel Arthur and President Perkins'
Pleasant Interview
Last Night AVID be Resumed In the
Same Spirit To-day.
I IV A nilTCTUDVT numuillB
"? .nuw iUVIIAUUb
CuicAcn, Feb. 2t??Within twenty-four
hour* probably the great strike on the
Chicago, Burlington A Qiincy will bo endod.
0. K. Perkins, Preeident of tbo road,
personally met P. M. Arthur, Chief of the
Engineer! Brotherboodand reached a partial
understanding. When they separated
it *u with the agreement that they
should come together again to-morrow,
and in a friendly spirit rename the consideration
of the difficulty between the
Company and its men and bring it, if
possible, to a quick and mutually satisfactory
conclusion.
The conference was held in a parlor of
the Grand Pacific hotel, not far from tho
strikers' headquarters. The details of the
meeting were not made public, bnt tho
impression was sought to be created that
the strike was largely the result of a
misunderstanding on both sides. The
only persons present at the meeting bolides
Mr. Perkins and Mr. Arthur, were
Chief Hargent, of the Firemen,' Mr. Perkins'
Private .Secretary, and a prominent
Knight of Labor. It is understood that
the latter person, whose namo ie withheld,
was to a liug* degro* instrumental
In bringing the meeting about.
THE LUMI'ANVH UK ASK
Wblch (lit Striking Kugtuaar* Aflact to !g.
nora-Kaih uf Applicant*.
CuicauFeb. 20?At noon thefintl
issues b'tween the strikers on the Chicago,
Burlington A (Jitney ltiilro id and
the company were knit once end for a!).
Hitherto tho fight had betn between the
road mi j 11m JSoglneer Brotherhood &a a
corporation, and thd controversy was car*
ried on and tho overture! pro and coa
wero rasda betwosn the company and
Uiiief Arthur as tho recogn'z*d huad o(
the strikers' organ'* ition. To-day Chief
Arthur was no longer recogu:z}d and the
company spofco directly to the men. I to
nkase to tho men wont forth as follows:
"TO the EnQtnttri and Firtmtn tfttnUy in (he itivLse
Of tht CfilCMI", tSurlinutou .1- (JuIhcj JUiUroad co.
All engineers and firemen who do not
report hy 12 o'clock of this day (Wednosday),
February 29, will be considered out
of thia company "a ssrvice. Men who have
not reported at that hour can got all pay
due them on application to the Muster
Mechanic of tiieir division."
The invitation, it is neediws to say, wan
not accepted, not a man eo far as could be
iscertalned, reporting.
applicants for btrikkb'h places.
Tno otilco of the Genoral Superintendent
and the hall adjoining wero all day
ailed with applicants for positions, and it
must in all candor be said that if the company
are catisfisd with their appearances,
It will be a very easy matter to (ill the vacancies.
At a mooting of tho strikers this morning,
the character of the men engaged to
take their places was freely discusso-l.
One of the engineers said: "The men
who are working in our placts would not
bo allowod to work on tho tracks a month
ago."
Tho members of the Brotherhood, no far
m can be ascertained, to a in tin, ignore
the order of the Company to report at
noon to-day, or conaider thomselvee discharged.
About tnirty of tho new engineers
and tiremon left for St. Joe, Mo., on
the noon flock Island train.
This morning all the passenger trains at
the Union Depot ran nearly on schedule
lime. Cno of the officials said that they
*UUIU IUU Oil IIIO JJ.35CIJXC' ir?lUB BO
ttfutl.
The doora were opened in the frei?ht
honse this morning in order to allow merchandiae
to be taken away. So Iar no
freight haa been received.
lUllroikd >! ?' W Incriiud.
Pittsuobou, Pa., Feb. 29?The manMoment
of tho Pennsylvania Railroad
Company this morning replied to the
reqacet of the men for an increaeo of
*Bf?ee. The reply ia to tho effect that the
pay of employe* of the Fort VVayne road
ind ita branches west of Allianua in in:reaaed
ten cento per trip. This will raise
the wage* of conductors from fli 85 to
RIU5; brakemen fjprn $1 HO to fl ;hi and
LI aftmea from from $1 '.0 to f'J 00. There
in no increase on the PiUaburgb division,
bnt the men will bo allowed overtime tiller
nine hours' work pur day. In this division
conductor? will receive twentythree
ceuta per hoar or a fraction thereof,
and brakemen fifteen ccnta per lionrovertime.
OOUIAJ AMI HAUK UKTOFP. *
Urand Jury IUfu?i? to loillct Ttioin for
" n|i|ir<>|iriniiii^ nsurumi iiimiiif.
New York, Feb. !i0.?Tbe grand jury
(tiled to fi:id indictments against Jay
Uould and Kuuell Haw, who wore churned
with misappropriating bonds of the
Kansas A Pacific Railroad. Tbe ccmplaint
againbt them waa dismissed to*day
by Judge Cor wine.
it ia understood, ou xcelieni authority,
that tho grand jury decided by a vote of
eighteen to five to tind no indictmiM.
Thla waa do? to tho interpretation of the
penal code formally made to the igratid
jury by Jadge Cowing. The meritaof the
case and tbeijiestion of tho guilt or innocence
of Mr. Uould or .Mr. Bag* were not
considered?limply tho point whether >r
not prosecntion was debarred by tro
lapoe of ye*rs.
itnssell tage took tho nows of the jary'e
decision as calmly m he would r*io in
1100,000 from a favorable turn in the t: inr?
*et. lie said: "1 am not at ail surpn an),
indeed, no other result was tohavet-. ii
expected. I understand tho vote *oa
eighteen to five. The decision came i i n
measure, I understand, from Judge C.w
tag's views. It waa eminently pro;;er
that any complicated legal p ise
of the matter should be pre?->nnd
to him. Yet tho matter, at u
whole, was perfectly clear. I had no
more responsibility ia the caso iL.n I
should have if I bought 10o sharn of
stock. The strange thing abciu: tfcin :s
that the cry Las boen raited that C#rtrin
bondholders ware Injured nbrn i nytuii
bomla Kin! continue bu to-day.,'
Mr. Sage t-xpreiied hi* tfntir* s*ti?'actioa
with tb? w?y Coloarl Fallow* had
handled the ci?t,
It is now knuwn that Jaytionldf^i-iud
Gibraltar in his yaclit I*<u 'ih*fiay.
From dispatches received by him t fore
that he had expected that when he reiuhed
that point he wonld hear ol the di >o?ition
of the case by the urnnJ jarr, b t ho
waa diMppoiuuid, and bo he iu? ?e*n
waiting th<are to receive tidiuzh of ?hat
waa going on at tbo City Hall A"
loon aa thu result of the grand jar) t tieliberation*
was received a meoJ?k* w**
sent to Mr. Gooid.
Pig Iron Killif Mkripr?i*i>l"lWainmaTON,
D, O., Fob. 2t?.?in the
Ilonse to-day Mr. Kelley, of I'eaniyl.
vania, riaing to a question of p-r??al
privileice, a?nt to tho Glerk'o desk and
had read a dlepitch from Wa'hintrton to a
Boston paper, in which ho ia ?ivt-n Manthorlty
for thi? statement that it woo d be
the policy of the Ktpnblicana of the H >oie
to otMtrnct tho paeraue of any tarir! ir.SMare
l>efore tho mooting of the National
Convention at St. Lrraia.
He owed it, he said, to bia Kepnl' can
colleagnee aa well as to himself, tn My that
ho had not indicated such a poller for
them or for himaoli. He had made no
statement from which a fair-mimled, honorable
man coal J deduce each a conclusion.
When the Republicans ahonld be
I called opon to consider the draft or projected
bill( which they hoard waa being prepared),
it wonld bo time for them to de*
( tannine their policy.
AN AF/AIUOK IILOOU,
Tha Kdtlor or th? We. ton "World" Auault.
d by m 1Im|>IIk1 Knploye.
HkcM Diipatth toIU JuUUietnctr,
Wmton, W. Va., Feb. 29.-The following
editorial in tonlay'a World, which exI
plaina itself, caoaed a bloody affray on onr
atreets thia afternoon between Editor
Hayden, of the World, and Meigs, eldeat
eon of Dr. \V. J, illand, Baperintendent of
the Hospital for the Insane:
"Oar local editor in laat week's iaene
made mention in the personal oolnmn of
thirpaper of the fact that 'Mrs. Dnncan,
oi uikruuargi wno nu Doen visiting At
the Hospital for several weeks put, re*
turned to her home last week,' which
item teems to have offended certain individuals
in this town. The mission of the
newspaper is to chronicle facts as they exit
t. But 'it's the truth that hurts.'
On Saturday night, February 25, we
ware attacked iu Hire's drug "tore by
Meigt Bland, a nephew oi Mrs. Dancan,
and a son of Dr. Bland, the Hnperintendent,
who accused us of publishing 'an infamous
lie,' iu regard to his aunt, and
went on to say that the lady in qaeetion
was a visitor at his residence on Centre
street, but admitted that she had been at
the hospital for several days, which, of
course, under the present administration,
is all right; for uo oue, we don't suppose,
qaootioaa Dr. und Mrs. Bland's 'rights' to
receive and entertain visitors at tho hospital
for an unlimited time.
"It Is the Ihabit of certain 'blowhards'
connected with the hospital, either directly
or indirectly, after imbibing quito freely
of 'rot-gut,' to attack persons who
may in any w*y criticise tho mangeznent
of the affairs of the said institution, and
by that means a great dsal of tho misdoings
of tne officials and others is kept
from the public. Now we want Melgu
Bland, or auy other person connected
witb the institution, either directly or
indirec'.ly, to understand that we aio
not of tho kind to be scared
so easily. Whenever any misdoing
among those connected witb that institution
comes to oar notice the public
aball be msde acquainted with tho fact,
let tho consequences be what they may.
80 crack your whip, we are waiting and
watching,"
WIIOLKNALK NLAUUUTKIt
Of ?xroe? In Tuu-fm Killed ami Two
CoDfjitnatl la ? liurnlng Cablu.
Chicago, 111., Feb. 29.?a dispatch
from Houston, Texts, saysr News had
reachod here of what is perhaps the most
horrible crime which hu evor been perpetrated
in this section of the State. The
bloody tragedy was enacted at a settle
wm ?uwn? ma u|lauun UlUipi HLKJUl
sixty miles west ol this city, Hpaniah
Camp ia composod ol Mexicans, negroes
anil desperate whitoa, and is remote lrorn
railroads and telegraph-lines, and on this
account only meagre reports of the facts
are obtainable.
Sunday morning about - o'clock a nogro
cabin wan set on tire and the occupants
brutally shot down as they ran ball awake
from the burning bouse. Five men wore
killed ontrigbt, one severely wounded and
two were consumed in the burning dwelling.
In the Mine neighborhood the dead
body of a negro, named William Battle,
was found hanging to a troe. It is thought
ho was hnng on the same night the other
negroes were shot or bnrnod. The aliair
is said to be the outcome of a suit over tho
title to the land where the negroes lived
and which they had purchased. Tho suit
was decided iu favor of the negroes ut the
last term of the District Court in Wharton.
Bo far as heard from no arrests have been
made, although the Sherifl and a poaacoto
on the ground.
The Turin Hill Da* To-l>i?r?
Wabuinoton, D. 0., Feb, J!y.?Tho prooi >
of the ilnal print of the Administration ^
tariff bill, prepared by a majority of the
Committee on Ways and Means, has been
received by Chairman Mills and is being
compared with tho original figures.
Copies of the corroctod bill were received
lata this afternoon but will not bo
distributed to' tho mombora of the committee
Until it moots to morrow morning.
Chairman Mills says the bill bs given
to the press at noon to-morrow. It is ol
usnal length, ostimated to contain about
5,000 words, and the eectione relating to
internal rovenuo undervalatlons,etc , huve
been put into the bill in such a 711 to
enable tho committ?o to di 1 it, and
?auu UIBUUU a roc u J CD Ul
all subjdcta not directly connected with
reduction ol the custom duoa.
l'lit; .nthroptit Uorcornn'a Will.
Wahiiikqtok, Feb. 2y?The will of (ha
late W. W. CarcjrAO vu offered for probate
at noon to-day.
The greater portion of tho catoto, which
is valued at fcl.OOO.OOtf, In bfqueathed to
hie three grandchildren, lionise M.,
William C. an 1 tieorgo P. Kuatis, to bo
held in truht for them for ten je.irt.
Several legacies of four and live thonsand
dollars each nro left to other relatives,
and similar amount* to various orphan
aaylnms in the district. Tho sum of
$100,000 is Iwft to the Corcoran Art Galcry
(the will statins that a million and a ,
hall dollars bed already been Riven to tho
institution), and fifty thonuand to tho
Louise Homo, n lmlf million having
already been devoted to it.
Will light DUcilitiliiftUon.
Pitthblkoh, Pa., Feb. 2!).?'The railroad
coal oporatorn of w?*etern Pennsylvania
I and the Hocking Valley, Ohio, have joinod
together in r ii^ht against the railroads of
the Weet. At n meeting held in Cleveland
a committee waa appointed to enter
anit in tho United States Supreme Court
against the Northwestern lUiiroad Company
fir discriminating against the operators
i'f Pennsylvania nnd Ohio in thuahltv.
men* of coal northwest from Chicago in
favor of Iho operators of Illinois. The
cem will alto be presuntcd to Iho InterStato
Camndeaion.
Cora pro ml ami Ills Hull.
Aupuet Hurgeson, father of the little
girl who fell from the Heventoenth stror.t
hri Jr" about two months ago anil wan ao
badly injured that hor death resnlted
from the name, has agreed to accept $1,600
in lion of all claims against the city. Ou
thin being reported to Council by Solicitor
Caldwell, it waa ordered that aaaoon
as the father qaalilloe as executor for hi*
child, tho Clerc draw an order on the lt>
eolver in hia favor for that amount.
A Charming llo|>.
There wne a charming hop given at the
rooms of the Mercantile Club, ou Main
street, la?t evening, a leap year atTalr, the
ladies who havo been the recipients of
attentions from the member* of the clo'n,
returning 1 he compliment. Refreshment*
wewpartaken of ahont midnight. Everything
considered, it waa ono of the most
pleafir.t aUairs known in Hobrew cirrlta
this seaeou.
Xrotn tli? I.ui?l (I Cjeluur*.
(M'f "i Itol'v Unr,
Henry Payne, colored, of this city, who
In now in Kvansville, Ind., write* th*> .Star:
"I liv" in Charleston, W. Va., and am
pled of it, have juat returned from Mt.
Vernon, 111., jns; imagino all the houses
botwten Court and Kummors street, ircin
river to hill leveled to tho ground, and
you will have a faint idea of a western
cyclone." Henry adds that the hills and
vnllevs around Charleston are good enough
for him, and advises Kanawhalans to remain
where they aro.
1 iiava suffered with rheumatlam for
qnite a number of years, and after trying
Halvatiou Oil pronnunce it the l>**t remedy
I have ever nsod. iliw. J. ZimmkrMAW
WtlhuFJlUvllla UJ
All.Wool JackcU,
All-wool Jackets for ipring wear w?r.
ranted to fit and ertry six-, for fj < > *t
K*?"amta\ Klerwnth atroeu
d.aiMin'ht"* Ucu"Ba"" ,l,h" ?"'
1,1 Ku?
HTOHOOClC-^n ?>Wi, mon.lt,! rebniur
Fa" 1, "> i?m?oo? o( ruixon imu.
*0. .10 Woo! IhU (T?und?j> .Itoniooo
l^?oc!oc?. rrtrau* iqtiiw). laitrant
t ralnsal* um vUrj,

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