Newspaper Page Text
?ltfcli?n MH IntdHBcnrrr.
I ^0< 1QKO - WHEELING, W. YA., FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 11, 1888. VOLUME XXXVI-NUMBER 220. ^.1)t rcuv.T) AUGUST 24, loot. ? : jiJ) 1 ?..> names. 1 The Solid South and the Republican Party's Mission. A WEST VIRGINIA EDITOR gum iIm'TrueSi[uutlon tonXortlicrii 1'apcr?A Practical View. J Tli r Sit nation in Thi* State* I'roliiliition Quevtion, &c. pdiTi.ASP, Maine, May 10.?The Daily I'rt** publishes the following: " ? 4A Tf ?. iUn Mr. Charles jmnnnt awt, Miw ?!>?. of the Wheeling Intkllioknckr, the jrreat Republican paper of West Virginia, i? in Mnino examining the workinpofthe prohibition law preparatory for tin' campaign on a constitutional prohibitory amendment which is coming on in his own .State. Mr. Hart is one of the lenders of his party in his gyle. He is also Commissioner of Immigration'for West Virginia, n position which gives him an excellent knowledge of the needs and demands of the South, and of the state of public sentiment in regard to political questions, jfr. Hart, in reply to a question in reyaril to the Presidential preferences of thr Kci;ubliivuH of West Virginia, said: "Well, you remember, of course, that in 18M, nji to the noint of the nomination, we m West V irginin did as well for jfr. Blaine iw you did in Muine. We went to Chicago with a delegation solid for him. INlr. IShiine continues to |?o tlif preference of a very large majority of tin? Ilepublieans of West Virginia, and of these u very large majority regret u- ltlniti?? u*ns not employed at Ulill - . something else when some evil genius put il into lii.s head to write THAT KLOUENCK l.liTTKH. That letter mixes tilings, and give to tho.se who have other preferences such an o])]x>rtuiiity as without it they never could have had to divide the Maine forces. 1 am entirely candid when I tell you that I can make no prediction that will In? of any use to you with regard to to the delegation from West Virginia this time. Mr. Sherman has very active and capable friends in West Virginia. Indeed we are all friends of him, though he in not the Presidential preference of the Republicans of the State. You may put it this way: After Mr. Maine is a scattering Held, ami a good deal will of course depend upon the management. Before tin- letter I think we should have deserved no special credit for bringing together once more a solid Maine delegation, for that would have been simply to give expression to the sentiment of the part v. To-day we are all very much at sW. though personally I look for the nomination of .Mr. Maine." THE SOLID SOUTH, In response to an inquiry in regard to the political condition of the South, with ? ..4 *|?. I reference especially 10 uiu cjicw wiw? ui the agitation of the negro question at the North, Mr. Hart Hold: "No candid Southern man will deny what exist# as to the suppression of the colored vote. I Jiave recently had an unusually good opportunity to feel the Southern inline on this question. A week ago I riday I left Hot Springs, N. C\, a considerable resort in the inoiintains of Western North Carolina, where I went as president of the West Virginia Hoard of Immigration to take part in a convention of the eleven Southern States ejist of the Mississippi river, railed to devise some means to promote immigration in those States. You will 1k? interested to know that the call for this convention was signed by the managers of 21 railroads operating in the South,?indeed I may say covering all the Southern railroad systems east of Mississippi. The governors of the several Suites appointed commissioners to represent their several States in the convention 1 may sav here, and it is a necessary part of the reply 1 shall make to your general inquiry, that it may bo doubted if there 2ias been since the war so thoroughly leprcsentativo a gatnering of Southern men. They represented, for examplo, the oMest families, long influential in the polities of tho South?Gov. Fitzhugh l.i'c of Virginia, whose name was never mentioned without cheers: the Gover nor of Georgia. who has a warm place in lite hearts of all Southern men, anil who is referred to as the Knightly Gordon; Governor liiclinrdson. of Mouth Carolina, who represents the fourth generation of governors in his own family; His Knunenee, Cardinal Gibbons, of ^Baltimore, by birth a Southern man, whoso sympathies during tho war also were with the South, though ho well knew, as lie said, that the South waged an uiicoual war, and must lose in the end. 'Ihere wore others of less note, but still representatives of the old npu/ir, all men nf inlluenco and as iiriu a* nrer in their adherence to the Democratic party of to-day. Thou there was another, aiul I think tho preponderinjr dement, composed of younger blood mainly, though embracing middle aged men and representing what is regarded as the New South. Though I was from a higher latitude, by birth a Marylander, by education a Northern man, ami by Jitllliution, as they all know, a JJKITlll.Il AN OK THE STKA1GHTEST SECT, we wore all there together as Southern men, bent upon a common mission. Tho general proposition was how to iotluoo immigration to those eleven Southern States. The conversations which I have had with men of every State on this subject will, I think, bring nit a satisfactory answer to your questions. "We considered?and I Bpeak more of these informal talks than of any formal talks on the tloor?the general resources *>f the South, and we had no trouble to agree that they are great enough to in uuuo ui iivu years sucu u uuu m i numeration tut would increaso fourfold the present population; wo agreed that this inilm of population is highly desirable, not only to swell the population, but that the newcomers way teach the natives how to uuike the bent use of the natural resources with which the South is endowed; we agreed that whenever a Northern man may settle in the South he will Ir? well received, subject to certain conditions. "You ask me what theao conditions arc. Lot me answer you by recounting briefly a conversation with one very intelligent man, whose view, I assure you, i? that of all intelligent and progressive whit* men of the South. This gentleman Kuid to me. 'In West Virginia you rtfand in a much better position than any of the rest of us to make a successful effort to secure an early and largo increate of population, for YOU IIA VIC NO XKGRO QUESTION to solve. This question ia not of so much importance with us as it used to be, for we have in a way foilnd a solution for it. I freely admit to you, that wo are well ware that the solution which wo have found is not at all according to tho wishes of the Republican party, perhaps not to tlut liking of Northern people pen* erally, though I have not percetvou on the part of any Northern Democrats any reluctance to accept tho results of victory so achieved. I>o I think that the R?" publican form of government stiJJ exist* | in these Southern States where the negro fT I question has been solved in this way? I i No, according to the letter of the con- 1 , stitution; yes, according the composition of human nature. And perhaps I -r may go farther and say yes, ac- 1 cording to the spirit of the constitution, for I do not suppose that the framers of that instrument ever so much as contemplated that they were devising j a machine to place the government of 1 any State in tlie hands of its ignorance and its vice. Do you suppose that the p people of any Northern State would submit to this? Would Pennsylvania, would Massachusetts, would Illinois? i Through their Republican press, and on their Republican stump, and also on the floor of Congress, they ask us to do it, and thev denounce us as revolutionists, even as murderers, because we will not a. submit to it. When they come to do their voting, we fail to find that they ai have made that demand through the b< ballot boxes. Do you suppose that if oi the newspapers, the stumpers, and the ju party leaders generally, to whoui I refer, generally express tho sentiment of the 81 North, that a South substantially solid pi on this question would be confronted til with a divided North? From the fact |i that tho North is divided on this ques- 11 tion, 1 infer that the sober sense of that 01 section does not regard us as vc MURDERERS ASD REVOLUTIONISTS, of and it condones that offence which is of known as tho suppression of the will of tli the majority iu these Southern States in ri| which it exists. With regard to tho iu whole North this is only an inference, qt which, however, I think well warranted ki bv the facts; that it is absolutely true of t*v Northern men who come here and re- tli main long enough to understand the w situation. I can alHrm of my own knowl- pn edge. I have in my mind now, first, the gr men who coino for pleasure, or even to fn prospect for business, remaining a few di months; and also, and still moro em- 8e< phatically, the men who have come from ex tho North to make their homes with us fu and to be part of us. They may at first point us to the constitutional guarantee ail of a Republican form of government, but tli it is not long beloro they begin Ni to appreciate the long peril, bo tn that I could name you, all over ip, the far .South, men who came from the pi North, just as iutense on tliiK subject as M any Northern orator could be, who will to to-day tell vou as candidly and flatly as p]* 1 do, that the people of the .South do not th intend to permit any interference with be bo much of the present order of things an as implies the absolute rule of thesupe- Pj rior race. For mv own part, I tell vou m, freely that I would not accept an v otlice fa< come by in this way, because 1 know ex that the title to the olllce would be viti- or ated. Yet I understand so well how in- st secure life and property would be?in gt. short,how intolerant the rule would be be ?if we were once more subjected to <>u negro ^government, that 1 am willing, pf until something better oilers, to allow ui the present condition to stand.' Ve "I have given you with substantial ac- ce curacy the exact language of this Intelli- th gent mid really progressive Southern (j( man, and I assure vou tlmt it fairly represents the best thought of the native f0 whites of that section, if, of course, we ,|t except the# comparatively few who have jz< joined their fortunes with the Kepubli- T1 can party. rj} "I did not talk to a single man who i)t! avowed himself a free trader; indeed mi the whole atmosphere was that of pro- ^ tection. and protection without any line vj, hair splitting. There was also a marked gr( IC'CHUg III mvor Ui mi nuuis ui Iiuv-ium cu improvements. Perhaps out of the ng whole number twenty men at various jm times volunteered to say to me, that if or there had to he a Republican they pre- (iL> ferred Mr. Blaine now,as they did lour th years ago, because they regarded him as tic the ablest advocate ot the doctrine of th protection, ami because they had a un sympathetic interest in his Houth 8U American policy, and very much de- ox sired to see what results ho could bring th out of it, and believed that such a pol- ftn icy conservatively planned and sus- i# tamed long enough to give it a fair trial would produce results t)a beneficial to the whole country, Some ,jc of those gentlemen went so far as to say ^ that, in view of the freo trade message vj and general policy of President Cleve- j8 land, if he and Air. Blaine wore nomi- th natcd they were not sure but they would co support Mr. Blaine. 'But, said one of m them, 'do not understand that Ijfihould th do that as a Republican. I should do gj. it as a protectionist, and to recqrd my co protest against free trade. At the same ttl] time 1 should be just as unwilling as 1 0I1 am now to have my State under negro tii supremacy.' This gentleman comes of jjfl an old Democratic family, and served in ; ? .. n?l.? ???n(M?an 1110 UOllIL'Uuniiu mm^. * ?? ^ of the old Whig families, while, by reason of the local conditions acting with the Democratic party, and calling them- i?? selves Democrats, are very largely on the side of protection, but just as firmly as any of the rest of them opposed to uj, negro rule, a&J just as determined to . prevent it. Ul, "This element which I have endeavor- W e?J to describe in a general way as the S] progress!ye element, is placed in a very uncomfortable attitude. The men who . compose it are really not in line with the 01 National Democratic party. Hut they stand together, shoulder to shoulder, as w one man, in the question of local governuient. Our friends in the North talk . about splitting the Solid South, and no P' man in tlio Union would be better d< pUiawd than I to see that done; but un- si less I am grossly in error, two facts stand di out in bold relief as clear as the noon at day sun; first, that the Solid South never T can be mriit by that plan of campaign, tl which, for want of a better name, has ol been culled waving the bloody shirt; ni and, secondly, that the leaders of the In Republican party bond a thrill of joy m through the leaders of the National rt Democracy whenever they wavo that si garment. Kindly ]>ermit mo to make tl myself distinctly understood 011 this si question. I know.as well as any man, 01 that the .South is held in line by unlaw- w ful, funfair and, frequently, brutal ni means; 1 know that in the far Southern w States there is not a free ballot, and not p< a fair count. 1 know that if the case had 41 been otherwise this great country would not to-day be forced to behold with w humiliation, the spectacle of a free si trader in the White House; I know and ei feel all this, but I ask, e* WHAT AUK WK OOIXCI TO DO A1IOUT IT? w What did wo do when we had u*Hepub- ? lican President ou the line of this constitutional and moral reform, for it is g< both? What did President Grant do tl about it? Hayes, Garfield and Arthur? What could either do with such a situa- 11 tion? If a Republican President lifts assumed that a state of revolution ex- ,li isted and tried to deal with it at the 01 point of the bayonet, has the sentiment of the North sustained him ? It was this *> very sentiment of the North, not the de- r man da and threats And general turbu- 0 lenoe of tho South, which compelled the ^ withdrawal of the troops from that re- 11 gion. I quote this ugly chapter of re- 11 cent history merely to emphasize the point. Now I have to ask in fairness, *1 'What could President Cleveland do 0 about it?* IJe might, 1 grant, have dis- c played the singular moral perception for o a gentleman of his position to decline to ? be the receivor of stolen goods. But I 1 also think that the sentiment of the i wholo country outside 6f party, did not reSuire of him so great a personal sacrifice. F uppose that now President Cleveland -J wore to show a disposition to put troops c in the South to guarantee to tho Suites V now deprived of it, a republican form of government, meaning, oi couree, the rulo t i [ConlinurtJ on Third Page.] ] 1 FISHERIES TREATY. he Majority of the Senate Committee Against It. HE PRESIDENT CRITICISED or Hit* Failure to Furnish Information on Much nil Important Subject?Tlie Minority Favor tho Pawnee or tho Treaty. Washington, D. C., May 10.?The mate in secret session did not reach ly conclusion either upon the Riddlejrger resolution for the open discussion , the fisheries treaty, or tho Hoar resoition providing that tho debate be enographically taken down for future iblication. Tlie subject went over unI next week. kThe majority of the Senate Committee 1 Foreign Relations in reporting adirsely the resolution for the ratification the fisheries treaty refer to the passage the act of March 3,1887, "to authorize e President to protect and defend the ghta of American fishing vessels, etc., certain cases," which act the report lotes in full and continues: So far as is lown to the committee, no step wliat er was takeu by the President to put is law into execution, but negotiations ?ro initiated and continued to the apirent end of accomplishing what Coness had thought it unfit to undertake such a'way as on adjustment of these (Bculties by the diplomatic course of curing a part of American rights at the pense of yielding other and the most ndamental and important to them. Those negotiations culminated in the ipointment by the President during e recess of the Senate on the 22d of jvemher, 1887, only ten days before e meeting of Congress, of three "plenotentiaries" # to consider with like enipotentiarios appointed by Her ajestv the whole subject, with a view coining to a solution thereof. These enipotentiaries thus created begun cir real work at Washington, while itli I louses of Congress were sitting, d without any communication by the -esident in his annual message on the eeting of Congress or otherwise of the ;t that such u htibiect of important and traordinary operations was in progress, the very grave interests of the United ates had been placed in the custody of ntlemen whose names liad not even en communicated to it. It is not diffiIt to see that in evil times, when the esident of the United States may be ider the influence of foreign and adrso interests such a course of produre might result in great disaster to e interests, and even the safety of our >vurnment and people. The majority criticise the President r withholding information upon the lestion from the Senate and summar\s its lindings and opinions as follows: le treaty surrenders the claim and jht of the United States, which has en acted upon, and exercised for now ore than a century, of its vessels enged in fishing or other occupations to lit and carry on their business in the eat bays, and the principle of which lim and right has once been decided ainst Great Britain by a tribunal ornized under a treaty with that Govument. The new area of delimitation scribed in the treaty greatly inereuses e danger of our fishermen unintenmally invading'prohibited waters, and ereby exjxwing theiu to the seizures d penalties. The treaty is a complete rrender of any claim of a right now isting either under the treaty of 1783, i'. treaty of 1818, the acts of Congress, <1 tlin ilrifiuli rmlmtt in th? nminoil of 50. The minority say: In accepting the per sent to "the Senate by the Presi? nt as a treaty and by referring the mo to its committee the Senate have rtually waived any informality, if there any, in the negotiations and signing of e instrument, and the undersigned neeive that the whole duty of thoeomittce was to consider the" report upon e merits of -the treaty. The underfed believe that it is better for our untry that the treaty should be ratilied d thev are equally convinced that the tire class of our people, who are acrcly engaged in our Jforth Atlantic bins industry/'.will bo benefitted by i ratification. THE TARIFF BKBATK. ith Sldos Have n Hound Without Any Ucxult In the l'ight. Washington, May 10.?The House ter transacting some miscellaneous isiness, went into Committee of the 'hole on tho tariir bill, with Mr. >ingcr, of Illinois, iu the chair. * Mr. Turner, 01 ueorgm, spoice in lavor the bill. Mr. Cannon, of Illinois, said that it ns admitted that the revenue should 3 reduced. Much well founded com? aiut had been mode against tho Presi;nt by his veto of tho dependent penon iSill which had prevented the stribution of a part o! that revenue none! the defenders of tho Union, lie President had^ however, signed io Mexican war pension bill and each ' those soldiers, rich or poor, had his une inscribed on the pension roll when c reached the age of 02 years. Mr. Canon denied that the taritFfeatures would duce the revenue one cent, History lowed that as the duties were lowered 10 revenues im<reased. Tho bill was ibject to criticism for many sins of Mission and commission. Tho free ool elauso was one of tho sins of comlission. Wo would destrov our great ool interests if wo placed them in com tition with the free lands of Australia id South America. Mr. Wilkinson, of Louisiana, said, bile tho bill had not been framed to lit his views or those of his constitunts he would say to the friends of lionit reduction in taxation that his people ould not shrink from bearing their tare in the reduction of the taxes now nposed upon the peonle, Mr. Johnston, of Indiana, asked if tho jntleman was willing to put sugar on io free list. Mr. Wilkinson responded in tho negave. Mr. Johnson asked if it would not be ? JUBfc US UIU |IIU|IVOIUUU kV? JHHVII nw. n the free list. Mr. Wilkinson replied that ho had not een heard to advocate free wool. Iraartial judges had pronounced in favor ( the sugar tax and against the wool ix, and tliese matters he had been willig to leave in great port to the judges ot interested. Mr. Bruinm, qf Pennsylvania, said mt Grover Cleveland, acting President f the United States, has solemnly prolaimed a doctrine which was the spawn f the cotton combine of the Wall street harks and of the Kentuckv whisky ring, iy protection only could fair remunerate wages bo paid for labor. Mr. Clements, of Georgia, asked what irotoction was doing for labor. Th< American ironmaster got his labor ai hcaply as ho could, even if he had tc ? into other oountnes for it. The committee rose and the House (?ok a recess till 8 o'clock, tho evening tension to be for debate on tho tarit jill. CROPS IX MAY. i The Winter Wheat ghotr* up lladly?Laboi eri' Waves. Washington, D. C., May 10.?Th May report of the Department of Agricu ture, issued to-day, says that the lo' temperature and deficient rainfall, witi drying winds and Borne frost, have n duced the condition of winter wheat i: the Central States. It lias also bee cool on the Atlantic coast and not favoi able to improvement, and yet the plan has nearly held its own in thissectior On the "Pacific coast only a mediuc development is reported. In the Soutli era States changes are alight, severs averages being the same as last month t Pennsylvaniashowsadeclineof4 points New York, 10; Ohio, 12; Michigan. 12 Indiana, 0; Illinois. 7; Missouri, 2; Kan sas, 3. The general average is reduce* 9 points, from 82 to 73. Last year's con dftion was reduced from 88.1 in April v 85.4 in May. The averages of winter wheat in th principal States are as follows: No* York, 70: Pennsylvania, 87; Virginia, 90 Ohio, 50; Michigan, 04; Indiana, 59; Illi nois, 57; Missouri, 80; Kansas, 94; Texaa 90. Winter rye remains very nearly a in April, the average being 92.9 instea< of 93.5. The condition of winter barley is 88.3, promising a medium crop. Spring plowing is not quite bo well ad vanced as usual. It is relatively later ii the more Northern States of the Atlantii coast, slightly later than usual in tin Middle States, and scarcely up to a ful average in the South. Its progress is ar average in the Ohio Valley, but late ir the Northwest, especially in Dakota. An investigation of the rate of wage? of agricultural labor shows that no ma terial change has occurred since the lasl previous inquiry, in May, 1887. Thert is a slight increase in New England, in the northern tier of States from Michigan westward, and insomeof the South' em States. There is no appreciable change in the Central States. The nexl monthly report will givo rates by States quay's 'rosnm # IIo Tliluka Maine Out of tho Way nml Shormnu tho StronKOHt Man. Washington', May 10.?This afternoon a reporter met Senator Quay as he wiu leaving the Capital and accosted bin with this inquiry: "Senator, since youi election as a delegate to Chicago, there has been a good deal of curiosity in Pennsylvania as to your presidential preference. Have you any objection t< gratify this curiosity?" "Not at all," said lie. "If Mr. Blaini had remained in the Held there would have been no trouble in securing u united delegation for him iu Pennsylvania. In view, however, of his Florence letter, I do not believe ho will boil candidate, or that he would accept the nomination. Such being the case, I think Senator Sherman is the strongest man whom the Kepublican party can present to the people. While, however, my personal perference, in view of the above facts, is in the direction indicated, I intend to unite with my friends of the Pennsylvania delegation in taking such action as may seem the most judicious when the time for the assembling of the National Convention shall arrive, having in view the best interests of the party, the State and the nation. I believe that the Pennsylvania delegation, if united, can secure the nomination of whomsoever they conclude to support, and thattho candidate whose nomination they bring about will be elected in November next." Instructed Them fur lllnlne. Ashkville, N. C.,May 10.?The Ninth District Republican convention io-aaj chose delegates to the Chicago Convention and instructed them for Blaine, rreubjrterlnii MUnloimry Society. Washington, Pa., May 10. ? Tliit morning the Women's Missionary Society met and discussed at length the following branches of missions: First, the fields, what is their condition ? Mrs, T. E. Carson, Baltimore, Md. Second, the laborers, who are they? Mrs. John Hastings, Indiana, Pa. Third, the implements, how to use them. Mrs. A. S, Vincent, Springhill, Ind. Fourth, the wages, who shall receive them, Miss Mary Vance, Wheeling. W. Va. Fifth, the sheaves, who shall bear them, Miss Lizzie Waddle, Kenton, Ohio. The afternoon session was opened with prayer by Mrs. Stewart, of Stewart'f Station. The following officers were elected to servo the ensuing year: President, Mrs. T. E. Carson, Baltimore; firsf vice president, Mrs. Glflln, Egypt; second vice president, Mrs. It. J. Smith, Wooster, Oluo; Treasurer. Miss E. Sloan, Pittsburgh; secretary, Mrs. Robert El liott, Philadelphia. The next annual meeting will be held at Argyle, N. Y, Tl.....1.1. nflaiiniM u-nwi Imiwlail ill liv H?f Presbyterial societies amounting to ovei $4,000. Papers were read by Mrs. Gitliu a missionary located in Egypt, and Mrs McMillen, of Brighton. Accepted Hondit. Washington, May 10.?The Secretary of the Treasury this afternoon aecentei $20,500 4$ per cent registered bonds al 1.074. MothodUt (ieiiwrnl Conference. New York, May 10.?This was tin ninth day of the Methodist Episcopa General Conference. Bishop Fowlei j?resided. Rev. Dr. J, II, Baylls intro duced a resolution calling on tho Com mittoe on Judiciary to define what tin constitution really is. Rev. L h. Fish, of Albion College, Michigan a delegate from Detroit, offered a resolu tion protesting against admitting Utal as a State until conclusive evidence i( shown that polygamy has ceased t< exist among tue people there. The mo tion was carried. Siah Sehong, a delegate from Foo Choo presented a memorial asking if convert! from heathenism having more thanom wife can still retain more than one wife and at tho same time be good Metlio dista. The matter was referred to tin Committee on the State of the Church Invitations asking that tho next gen oral conference be held in Omaha an< Chicago, were referred to tho Commit tee on Temporary Economy. Invited JeffDnrii. New Orlkasi, La., May 10.?'Tin Tima-Dmacrat Mississippi City spocia says: A committee of tho Indies' Con federate Monument Association ycstei day railed on Mr. Jefferson Davis am invited him to participate in tho cere uiony of laying the corner stone of tin Confederate monument at Jackson 01 tho 20th inst Mr. Davis expressed kiwi willingness and desire to be present am will attend if tho Btate of his health per mits. | (tilled Hla Wife ud Hlmeelf. Pinssi'Bon, Pa., May 10.?Shortly he foro 11 o'clock this morning Charle ' Thurner, a German, living at 653 Eos Ohio street, Allegheny city, shot hi wife in tho back and then allot hirasel , in the head. Death was inslantaneon ! in both cases. The cause of the traged i was jealousy, which, from all that ca i be learned, was unfounded. i "Theware my Jewels,"quoth thehe: t collecting her chick. "Of your own sc r ting, too," quacked the duck, as sh waddled away. J AIM IS OH TOP. ? A Great English Trust is Mad? n to Squeal h * BECAUSE PROTECTION' RULES Q "Slop Sales to Aincrlca" Is Their Cry, t ' They Waut Swedish Iron Kept J Out on Account of the Sui* per lor Steel wo Make. .1 Pittsbubgii, May 10.?The Chronicle ; Telegraph bos the following: j "Stop sales to America." That was the close of a dispatch upon d which hangs a tale. The tale is one wiiicn snouid interest ana instruct every L) one concerned in the protection of Ainer. icon industry, and especially the gentle incft in Washington who have to deal '? with the Mills bill. " The dispatch was received a day or f two ago by tho head of one of the chief establishments in Pittsburgh engaged in * the manufacture of fine steel. J But, to the tale. Away back in 1872, 15 the lirm referred to saw the necessity of I securing better iron than could be had in this country as a base for high grade [ steel, and it wife proposed that Swedish iron be obtained from England. But one of tho members of the firm who had ' worked in English mills and knew that ' poor English iron was given tho Swed; ish brand and palmed off on the Ameri! can public, objected that it would be 1 unsafe to import on orders. Accordingly another memberwas sent [ to Europe to see to securing tho genuine | metal. When he reached England he " found that the Sheilield steel men had a complete monopoly of the best Swedish iron and practically of the mine from which tho ore was dug. They made i five-year contracts for it and had the owners of tho mine bound not to lift a , pound of ore for any person else. They 1 called a trust, uud had absolute control ' of a mine to all appearances inexhausti ble in Its wealth of ore. , The l'ittaburcher, after seeing the situation in England, setout for Sweden, 1 where lie visited the iron-producing conl ters, and talked with the mon about the > United States us a future market for their iron. They could not seo things as he did. believing that England was I their market and to England only they , looked. He then went to the mine in question at Dannemora, a parish twenty three miles north of the city of i Upsels. went down into it and ini Hpected its immense resources, which tne English had monopolized, Meantime he was turning an idea. Going to Stockholm, he talked with the iron merchants, and in the course of his talk wanted to know if there was not some one who had ore rights in the mine and who could manufacture on his own account. They knew o? no one, but at his solicitation promised to make diligent i inquiry on that point. He came home : and soon afterward received a letter from one of the merchants, saying that such a person us sought for had been found. He owned a little, old disused furnace. The Pittsburgher replied in behalf of his iirm that if this man would put his furnuce in blast they would make a three , year contract with himiorthree hundred ana mty ioiih u yuur, xiiu uuur won accepted, the Pittsburghors planked down their gold in London for bills of exchange in which ull payments for the iron were to be made, and shipments be, gan. They have been coining ever since. Not many yearn after the shipment# began, the five year contract# made by t he English for this Swedish iron ceased, . and there was an abundance of it to be had in the English markets. The monopoly had been broken. TheAmerii can market for line steel had been wrest, ed from the grasp of the English and they 110 longer had use for all the iron ' from the famous mine, The last contract of tho Pittsburghi era with the Swede will expire shortly, . and day uefore yesterday a letter was re, ceived from him containing a telegraphic ) dispatch from the English who formerly i monopolized the iron. The dispatch ( was an offer to take all tho iron pro! duced, and it wound up with the words quoted at tho head of this article; "Stop sales to America," i What does that mean ? That tho Eng. lish are watching tho progress of the . Mills bill, are expecting it to pass; meaA, while they propose to renew their ; monopoly of tho iron essential to the t manufacture of fine stool, and when the , tariff bars are let down by the bill be. coming a law, they will pour their proI duct in on tho American market and , swamp their American rivals. That is ! the scurct of the emphatic injunction: "Stop sales to America." ( But the sales will not stop. The , Swede referred to said in his letter that he was ready to renew his Pittsburgh contract, and that his fellows who could not see tho future for their product in tho United States when pointed out to I them by the Pittsburgh manufacturer, t have since had their eyes opened to the facts which ho enumerated then. No one is more aware of this than tho English, and henco their efforts to re-estab: lish the iron trust and parcel out the I iron among themselves in such a vyiy as to regain.the ground lost in tho United ?tates* | A Lively Ciuhler, Wiiaiamantic, Conn., May 10.?The climax in tho case of the "Williamantic Savings Institute was reached to-day in the arrest of Cashier H. F. Noyes on twenty-five counts, which indicate that Noyes niscalities nave been more bold \ l.?l *!.?* Cot* I nnu I'Xll'llilt'U Imifc m> tuov Diijj|iuobUi The indictments allege tlio misuse of deposits bejonging to Frank , Frost, winch was covered by i false entreaties and the making i of false entries for a large number of , notes and bills receivable, which were never sent for collection. He is also 3 charged with appropriating about $35,* . 000 at different times, with keeping false - accounts of all his transactions and with 1 suppressing entirely from his books cer tain credit accounts due for good notes sent to New York for collection and paid by New York banks. 3 The Sentence Horrified Illni. I Chicago, May 10.?A dispatch from . San Francisco says: Charles R. Bach man, steward of the English ship Brus1 sels, who was convicted of setting fire to the vessel whilo the crew were on board, 3 was sentenced yesterday to San QuenJ tin for thirty-five years. This sentence } seemed to horrify thb prisoner, who is a 1 well educated German of fine personal * appearance, iiib accomplice, iuate LBHkey, pleaded guilty and will be sentenced Saturday. National Lumbermen. ? Davenport, Iowa, May 10,?The Na' tional Association of Retail Lumbermen " met here last evening and elected ofBcen " as follows: President, J. P. Smith, ol ' Fowler, Ind,; Vico President, J. N.Cun. y ningham, of Sorborne, Mo.; Secretary " and Treamiivr, W, C. Wright, of Chf cago, 111. I Verdict of tho Jndgei t- of the American exhibition?"Cashmen o Bouquet toilet soap unexcelled in qual ity and frogianco." * REV. DK. DRUMUO.ND DEAD. A MlnUler Well Kuuwn In Welt Vlrflnl and Ohio Fumi Awmy. Special Dispatch to the JnteUlgmcrr. > Cadiz, 0., May 10.?Rev. Dr. Jame D.rummond died at his residence In thi place thia morning, aged eighty fou yean. He was a prominent minister o . the M. E. church for a perlot of fifty-two years, serving as i . delegate to five General aonferencei during that time. He was a member o the West Virginia Conference from 185: to 1805, four years of which time, fron 1861 to 1805, he resided in the city o Wheeling, serving as presiding elder foi three years, and as Chaplain in tht ' United States Hospital in 1865. He wil be remembered by many of the oldei citizens of Wheeling and also o: Moundsville, Fairmont and ^lorgan 1 town, having spent three years of hit 1 ministry at the tlireo latter places. Tht other years of his ministry werespenl chiefly at Martin's Ke-ry, Barnesville, e* Pain. UlK VlUlIOtlll Vf KlVVA/UUCIUflUC) Vliui bridce and Cadiz, Ohio. It is under stood that he leaves a large proportion of his estate to tlio church extension fund of the M. E. Church. The funeral services are to be held at the Drummond M. E. Church, of this place, on Saturday morning at 10 o'clock. THE MEDICAL ASSOCIATION. Ycatortlajr'f Proceedings at Cincinnati. New Oftlcerc. Cincinnati, 0., May 10.?At the opening of the Medical Association to-day, the secretary read a series of resofutions adopted by the Arkansas Stale Medical Association, which, in the strongest possible terms, denounced quackery, and the journals, especially the religious journals, who sold their advertising space to quacks and humbugs calling themselves physicians. The paper was applauded. Dr. J. B. Hamilton, from the Nominating Committee, made the following report, which was adopted. President, W. W. Dawson, Cincinnati; first Vice President, W. L. Schenck, Kansas; second Vice President, Frank Woodberry, Pennsylvania; third Vice President, A. Walker, Michigan; fourth Vice President, J. w. Barley, Georgia; Treasurer, K. J. Duuglison,Pennsylvania; Secretary, W, B. Atkinson, Pennsylvania; Librarian, C. H. A. Kleinschmidt, Washington, D. C.; Trustees, E. M. Moore, New York; John H. Hollister, Illinois; Joseph M. Tower, District of Columbia; Judicial Council, W. A. Phillips, KanA M l??ll,w.1r Pnnnii.'l?onia. AT DUO I Al Kil 1 UilULA, ICUilOIIYUIIIU, ?? C. Van Bibber, Maryland; J. F. Hibbard, Indiana; Charles S. Wood, New York; J. M. McF. Gaston, Georgia; W. H. 0. Taylor, New York; George S. Porter, Connecticut. Newport, N. J., was chosen for the next place of meeting in June next year. Dr. K. M. Moore, of Rochester, N. Y., read a comprehensive paper on general surgery. SACRIFICED IlER HUSBAND. A Wile who wan Thought to be Dead Turn* Up After Many Yenrs. Chicago, May 10.?A Bpecial from Nebraska City, Neb., says: In 1859 John B. Craddock and Miss Mary A. Wilkes were married in Brown well, Staffordshire England. In 1804, they became converted to the Mormon faith, came to America and made their way to Salt Lake City, the wife going ahead with a wagon train of emigrant women. When Craddock arrived at Salt Luke he could find no trace of his wife, who it seems, was kept in cantivity for aevoral months by a Mormon elder, She finally escaped, and failing to find her husband, returned to Kngland in 1800. Craddock meanwhile was informed that his wife was dead, and he again married, removing to this city. His first wife, eight months ago learned of his whereabouts from letters written by Craddock to relatives in Kngland. She came to this city reoently and after talking the matter over relinquished all claim and left yesterday for Philadelphia, from which place she will sail for her English home. fatally' wodnded. Burglar* Pot Pive llulleU in a Chicago Pullcetnnn. Chicago, May 10.?Officer Nolan was probably fatally shot last night by the Mollie Mott gang of housebreakers. Four members of the gang were quarrelling in Mollie Mott's house on Twentieth street, and shots were fired. The officer, hearing the reports, ran up and demanded to know what was the matter. No answer was given, but a moment later two men came out of a side door and started toward Purple street. The officer followed, again asking what tho trouble was. One of the ruffians answered, "We'll show you what the trouble is," and, drawing a revolver, fired three shots at the officor. llis companion also drew a revolver and fired three shots, after which they ran away. One bullet struck Nolan in the abdomen, l.wilrn ?.;u n miuMici uiUA? ii?o in HI, u uuiu entered hie right leg, and two others carried away a part of the right ear and grazed his forehead. The oflicer dragged him* self to a patrol box and helpsoon arrived. Nolan was taken to Mercy Hospital, where ho lies in a critical condition. The only one of the gang found around the premises when searched by the police was John Dugan, who was found lying on tho front steps of the house, inside a storm door, with a pistol by his side. Another member of tho gang escaped by jumping out of a Becond-story window. The Alabama Sheriff Left. V1NCENNK8, Ind., May 10.?A writ of habeas corpus was granted in the case of Montgomery, the embarrassed lumber dealer at Olnoy, 111., yesterday, and he will be taken to Springfield for trial before the United States Court. Hosser, the Alabama Sheriff, and Uiggins, the Sheriff of Richland county, came near having a serious auarrel over the prisoner, and talk of shooting and other violent measures was indulged in. Higgins refused to surrender Montgomery 011 Governor Oglesby's order, and, with the assistance of Montgomery's attorneys, kept the Alabama sheriff at bay while Attorney Wilson hurried to Springfield and secured a writ of habeas corpus from Judgo Allen. Tho Alabama lumber firm's loss will reach $100'?00* __ K?w Military Pout. Cincinnati^ May 10.?It has been determined to raise Newport barraeka to a new dignity. A? tlie historic locality ia now to bo abandoned and the new ?iti? lien on licit*overlooking tho dtv it has been determined to make it a renting place for troops that have been In active duty. The new location will be named Fort Hancock, and its capacity will be sufficient to accommodate two regiment*. That number of troops will probably bo kept here all the time. Harry up that Building. Chicago, May 10.?A dispatch from ; Tower, Minn., says: "Tho Hinsdah granite quarries, which have been sup plying the stono for the auditoriun building in Chicago, have stopped worl and It Is thought this will prevent thi ! building from being finished in time foi tho Republican National Convention which was to be held there." . THH BRANB OLD MAN Receives ttie Sympathy of Thou sands of Dissenters. HIS IRISH POLICY ENDORSEI And His Patriotic llcHponse?1'orncl Loses Some of His Following. Tito Emperor'* Condition. Other Foreign News. London, May 10.?An address signet by 3,730 dissenting ministers was pre sented to Mr. Gladstone yestesday, ex pressing their sympathy with him in liii efforts to reconcile England and Ireland * In reply to the address Mr. Gladstone ' said that during the present session tin ' i* tiu? ?t.n t raruciiiKO) ucojiiiru uiv inraoiug ugvui i of Ireland, hod refrained from urginj I their claims and bad assisted the govern ment ta expedite business. Whether 01 ! not Parliament was employed at this 01 that given time in discussing Ireland, il was Ireland alono that truly held the key to the legislation. The Government knew that the Nation was with llome Rule and therefore guided the affairs ol Parliament so as to delay the time when a minority would bo in power pledged ; to propose Home Rule for Ireland. The majority in the House of Commons thought they could go on for five years. They put this aj^ainst his life as an old man, but the life of an old" or young man would not affect the final settlement. The Standard says that Mr. PameU'fl disavowal of the plan of campaign has offended a section of his followers. Karl Spencer, in a speech at Guilford last night, said he did not know anyone who could take any exception to Mr. Parnell's programme. The only course open was to subscribe to its sentiments. Strange Storlen Allont In London. London, May 10.?Public and private accounts of the German Emperor's condition strangely differ. Advices to the Foreign Office here say that the Emperor is absolutely incapable of transacting business, and that he is delirious nearly all the time. His situation is said to be very similar to that of President Garlielu when the latter was suffering from pyiemia. President Garfield was nearly a month in dying after his mind gave way. Frederick in Good SplritH. Bkrlin, May 10.?Emperor Frederick passed a good night, lie is without fever, takes ample nourishment arid is in spirits. His Majesty arose at 11 o clock and reelined oil the sofa ixi tlio study. The canula lies comfortably. TEKK1BLE TKl'l'LE TRAGEDY In IUlnult?A Man Murder* Two Men and Tlien Commit* Suicide. Beec h Kit City, III., May 10. ?A triple tragedy was enacted in the country near here last evening. Henry Miller and "William Oderholt, farmers, had a law suit over a trivial matter, and Miller, the loser, swore he would get even. After the trial Miller, true to his word, shouldered his rifle und went to the field where L. C. Kinsey, one of Oderholt's witnesses, was plowing. Miller first killed Kinsey's horse and then shot Kinsey twice, inflicting mortal wounds. They the slayer went to another field where Oderholt was at work. Oderholt's horse was first slain by Miller, and then Oderholt himself. It is supposed that Kinsey and Oderholt attempted to shield themselves behind their horses. When the revenge was complete Miller proceeded to the hut which served as his home, and after setting to the place blew his brains out. miner was a loreigner, yearo oiu, auu lived alone. Kinsey and Oderholt were among the most respected citizens of the county. Teeiuer*a Speed. Boston, May 10.?A special from Worcester says that with llamm yesterday, Teemer rowed secretly over the college course, three miles with a turn, to heat Hanlan's time. Teemer dashed oil* at lightning sneed. llamm accompanied and coached him for a mile, and then let the champion uo alone to complete the distance. Teenier turned the stake in 0.30. After rounding the stake ho forced the shell' through the water at terrific speed. He finished in exactly 10 minutes and 4 seconds. This knocks Hanlan's record of 19 minutes and 23 seconds all to pieces, and is Within a second of the time the champion boasted be could beat the Toronto sculler's record twenty seconds. The Klk? Convention. Cincinnati, 0., May 10.? The local Committee of Arrangements for the annual convention and reunion in Cincinnati on Juno 7 and 8 of the Benevolent .,?,1 ,.t l.MIrn i... uuu iiuwtim: MIIICI ui JJIUS, mm w cured from the railroads a rate of fnre of one nnd one-third cents u mile to Elks coming here. Delegates are expected from every State and Territory and live thousand are expected. The press committee has made special arrangements for the entertainment of newspaper men. Ohio Sous of Vfftornim. Dayton, 0., May 10.?The cloning day of the Ohio Encampment, Sons of Veterans. was marked with spirited contests for all positions to be filled. The brigades made a brilliant display on the street, and were taken by a special train to the Soldiers' Home, where they met with a flattering reception. General Patrick addressed this assembly of boys and veterans, tlien the brigade returned to the city. _ CONDKNSEDTEIiEGKAMS. August Belmont Co. have ordered $260,000 in gold for shipment to Europe. It is probable that the tariff debate in the House of Representatives will Imj . extended until Saturday week. The dedication of the new Texas Capitol building will take place next Wednesday with grand and imposing ceremonies. Cashier Henry F. Royce, of the Williamantic, Conn., Savings Institution, has been arrested for alleged falsification of accounts. Republican conventions in four Congressional districts in Kings county, New York, clected delegates who are pronounced for Blaine. The West Virginia Central & Pittaburgh Western Kailway with $1,660,000 gold bonds, was listed on tho New "York Stock Exchange yesterday. 1 Enoch McMahon, a wealthy farmer, near Summitville, Iml., and an employe were bnrned to death yesterday in a lire that destroyed McMahon's residence. In the Tennessee Democratic Convention a resolution censuring Cleveland 5 for keeping Republicans in office wai tabled. The President was then en j dorsed and St. Louis delegates elected. : The score in the world's chanpionshij 3 walking match et midnight last nigh r was: Littlewood, 427; Guerrero, 422 , Herty, 406; Golden, 387; Hughes, 371 Noremac, 360; Dillon, 356; Cam pan a, 28C A CATHEDRAL MMTKOYED In ITAffhlo by the Kxplotlon of Natural Go*. Other Dluutera. Buffalo, N. Y., May 10.?To-day was & decUledly sensational and disastrous one in Buffalo. A number of explosions of natural gas occurred almost simulta. neously, caused as supposed by an over' pressure, and caused widespread excitement, besides destroying the first church ? 1 in Buffalo and doing other damage. St. Paul's Cathedral, the pride and glory of Buffalo, is in ruins. The entire interior is burned out, the roof is gone, but the strong stone walls and graceful spire remain. At 9:20 o'clock flames were seen burst1 ing out of the fine stained glass windows of the church, at the junction of Main and Erie streets, and instantly most of llio IntuHnr u-na n maim ?f j explosion had occurred in the basement. tl?e furnace being supplied witii natural * gas, and the force was so great as to tear off and blow out the heavy doors 011 the ' Erie and Pearl street side. } People ran to see what was the matter . and a few entered the vestibule of the ; church only to be driven back by the (lames. An alarm was at once turned ' iu, to which the fire department quick ly responded, but when they arrived nothing could be done to save the interior of the stately edifice, as the Homes ! wore bursting from every window. - Streams were quickly brought to bear i with but little effect, and the fire in a [ few moments had reached the heavily timbered roof. In half an hour from | the time of discovery the interior of the | noble church was completely destroyed. The fire was undoubtedly caused by an explosion of natural gas, as no smoke or signs of fire were seen until after the great doors had been blown into the street. The Kgy. Dr. Brown retires from the rectorship next month to assume charge of St. Thomas Church, New York. The church was valued at about $250,000. The insurance on the building is $55,000, about $3,000 on the memorial windows, and about $2,000 on the organ. About the same time an explosion of natural gas occurred in the kitchen of Dr. li. V. Pierce's hotel, 003 Main street. The gas was turned off, but for some unaccountable reason a second explosion occurred, which shattered the windows and smashed things generally. Michael Brummer, foreman of hook and ladder No. 1, was nuite* seriously hurt about the forehead. The greatest excitement prevailed among the hundreds of lady clerks and employes for a time but no one was injured. The loss on the hotel is estimated at $1,000. A t i - .] ??i icufik u uutcu UII1VI CAjJiuaiuun ui* currcd at different points throughout tho city. MARYLAND DEMOCRATS. Tho State Convention InittrucU the Dele* Bute* for Cleveland. Baltiuokk, May 10.?Tho Democratic State Convention was called to order today at Ford's Opera House by Hon. Stevenson Arelier, Chairman of the State Central Committee. Col. H. Kyd Douglas was unanimously chosen temporary chairman. Col. Douglas paid a tribute to President Cleveland. He said that four years ago G rover Cleveland was an experiment; today his nomination was a duty, and made sure by the sincere affection and appreciation of the American people. A committee was then appointed on , credentials. The entire time of the com, mittee thus far has been occupied in the Anne Arundel contest. ! The platform will say that it is fitting at the close of the third year of President Cleveland's term to acknowledge his services, and claims that an adverse majority in the Senate has prevented him from currying into effect those leg' islati ve reforms to which he was pledged, and has so earnestly desired to achieve, but ho has made compensation for this loss by his wise, honest and capable administration of his duties as President. Section 2 concludes as follows: "Wo | declare our preference for Grover Cleveland as his own successor in the ollice of President of tho United States; and we instruct the delegates to this Democratic National Convention at St. Louis to cast their unanimous vote for him as the Democratic candidate for the Presidency." Section 3 says tlio national taxation ought to bo limited to the aggregate annual sum needed for the interest on the 1 publie debt, with adequate annual pro< vision for tlie payment of the principal of that debt at maturity; for the payment of pensions granted by the United States, and to provide the means for all ! necessary expenses of an economically administered government. It says the accumulation yearly of a large surplus in the Treasury is proof that the taxing system.fastened upon tlio country by the Kcpublican party requires complete re; vision, and reallirms the principles contained in the resolutions of the Democratic National Convention in 1884. which indicates how this revision should be accomplished. The convention demands that such revision be made by Congress. Kcney llenomlnntcri. Cleveland, 0., May 10.?Tlio Fifth District Democratic convention at .Sandusky to-day renominated Georgo E. Honey for Congress. The delegates to the St. Louis convention were instructed to vote for Cleveland's renomination. "Z'lrn" To.night. " 'Anr.n. the Mnim; Oui?on." will bo given at the Opera House this evening. The Louisville Courier Journal Bays: " Zoxo" o|?ene(l to n good house at Macauley's last night. It is a beautiful spectacle, appealing by all manner of tlei vices to the eye and throwing in a lot of music and funny business to put the audience in a good humour to appreciate , the sights. Tfio scenes are very novel and are a triumph of art in that line. The fairy glen, Lorenzo's cavern, Zozo's , garden aiid the great transformation scene in the last act are man-els of beauty and novelty. The girls, next to the scenery, are the most attractive feature of the performance. They are beautiful and not novel, and so give place to the scenic effects in point of precedence. Tlie High PrcMiirc llcnervulr. The City Water Board met yesterday 1 and opened the bids for excavating and ; constructing the proposed new high ' pressure reservoir which the Board contemplates locating on the top of Wheel' ing hill. There wero ten or twelve proposals received, and as each one was 1 itemized, so much for soft earth exca* vating, ho much for rock excavating, aiul bo much for constructing the wall, it wan found to bo impossible to arrive at a de cision yesterday, and tho letting of the contract was postponed. I She Win AlwajN llnte Him. , Mrrc/utnt Tmrrller. "My canary is dead," sobbed a yonng wife to the boarder who had tho room ; across the ball. "You don't say so!" "Yes; the poor little thing has uttered his last joyous note. Ifow wo will m-mies : the little cheery voice in the early m1 morning." 1 "Yes, we will. If it wasn't for your * little baby now, we could sleep plum up to the ringing of the breakfast bell." j 00 t A citizen who insisted that he could ; live on one meal a day afterward pri; vately explained that bo meant oat I. meal.