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The Wheeling daily intelligencer. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1865-1903, October 20, 1888, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026844/1888-10-20/ed-1/seq-3/

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~~ Modica!.
jSp^jsoP
Iw, iimti)' Important Advantage* over
1 utlii-r |.ri pan-<l foods.
babies cry for it.
mauds relish, it.
m.in.n I nuuhinir. Health* Rnbl
artfulate* tho Stomach nnd Bowels.
. 1 \,y Dn>SBlsl?. 50c., *1.00.
WELLS. PICH*R"S0N i CO., IMimflTOMI
Baby Portraits.
.. ,r: of iM'AtitlAil baby portrait*, prln
mikt ?>y imttnt photo iiruccai,?
' , ;..t of any Itaby l*??i within u yi
) -v M in r want* ili? " picture*; Dcnd ut oc
, - wunenml age.
WeLIS. RICHARDSON & CO., Props., Burlington,
h's Easy to Dye
WITH
PySoBBDfE
, " . - SuPerior
/fVr-TT Strength
r:^% \ I Fastness
Beauty,
frtfi ; jy, L and
implicit]
Virwi'.vl more rock!* than any otli
,h,?,rm idi'. uml lo Rive inoru brilliant a;
: ( ..Imc, AkIc for tho lUnmoml, uiitl ta
IinMl;-:. 36colors; 10cents each.
WELLS. r.iCllfiflDSOfJ & CO., Burlington, I
1 r Gil dins or Dtcnzine Fancy Artlclea, U?
DIAMOND PAINTS.
Gold Silver, Oronie, Copper. Only jo Cent
SWIFT'S' FECIFIO
I? tntln-Iy a vcgRtablo \ reparation con.
talnln,' Jlorvury, 1'utasli, Anenle, or OtliiX
pol?>iiou? gul?:a:icea.
SWIFTS SI'ECIFIO
IL?> ur.-l liiiiulroli of casoiof fpltJielJ.v
ma ?r e.in.vr of tho Skin, thousand# of cones
(I iwi, I:;c?k1 Humoriand Sktu DU-au?,
I liumSri"!* < f lh<iiii>audaof COM4 of OcrofI:
I.m- -! 1'oUo 1 iiu 1 Wood Taint.
swum specific
Ila* ri'ivrnl t'iou?and?of cases of UercttHii
I'x .viiin., !::n'uak'.tlim aad StUTuciu of
the JoluU.
riumxoon*, Trsx, JunnST. 1838?Swift's
:,;.m ... Atlanta, Ux-Cii-iiilciiu-n: la tho
iMfh ..i "t tho ur, n bud c.xnoof
i.!' i i" i i . |.i?-aftH| it[MIII mi'. 1 ii.v.m
t : r uMl of miottiCIf and
toil i. I Nil M-itly liii|.rovt4l, I mil Mill
t.?. t . i . i n .lu'ltiontididiull continue to do
111?'.i |?rfe.tly well. 1b llovull will
tSivt a i" r: .'ivuiv. Your* truly,
l>oc. 1\ ll.nr*Bn,
in Wi-uautu s\
Countm, S r., Jnlr7. B^-Tho Swift
6p< .:. <.... At! :a,U.i.- Ontlvnwnt 1 ?ns
itkTr.t Mim-rortnim lna-outar ihemnniUiu
f..ri? >?. a- . 1 eiHild Ki-t no permanent roli'
f fnvii j.ny nnlK'lnu prem/Mbcd by iny
|.|m i .ii. I t hit a dozen bottle* of
ji.urN ni.tii-.w I am tw wolla* I ever
wi.? In in / II I nm Mtro j our inolkbio
r,.r-.| mi-. .iii-I I would reiointnend It to any
i n- i i.rl from nay blooddliU'imc. You. a
tru!>, (l. I!. Ilraitna,
Conductor C. ku.IlIL
v.* i , Ti xa3. May 9. l<K-Oeiillemon: Tho
mi.' . f in .if inv I'UHtoini'ni wn* terribly
i.iri - I with a I"itiiM,iiifhkijHllMiu.H.'.tiiiit
ii.?.m I Iht v.lii.'e lx?|y Slio wnt coiiliiied
t r I.- 11 , r ?i>vi-rnl>'iiant by this ntlUi-tlon,
Ml. ill not liolji luT*e!f nt all. Sue ivtllil
ti.it i'j? ffiin ii viul.>nt Itcliins and sllnulii'r
ft - ?Un. Tlie ilUroM- b.-ildrd tlietiklllof.
t . r !u li'lna* who treated it. Her lumbanill
*i < stonily KWtnRhi* wife Hwm'a
itrttfTlie ciiir.i'ipsicfl to l!ii|irovonlni.*<t tinii;i-!lI'-ly.
an*I hi u few wr<k*>ha wa.iapikir.
i, uvll. SIjc In now u lieartv fln?.
1 ki, : lad.v, with ao ttuiuor tli Mllletlou
JiJ.. Y?iir? \?>rv tmly. J. V, Smm,
Wliuli'iuld iJi u. :!?!, AOjtla Avuiuc.
TrcatUami ITood And Skin D!*ca.v * msl!ci!
{: . 1'.u- Rwtvr Kr^ctrw Co., Drawer a.
Atlanta, Co.; New York, Til Ilroodway.
Qunker White Oats.
th. A HP
(p|5||
TRADE je iX/*1 MARK.
FOR BREAKFAST.
BOI.I> IIY ALL GKOCKltS.
Quaker Mill Co.. Ravenna, Ohi
Cll-Wts
Pearl-Top Lamp Chimney.
This is the Top of the Gf.nuin
PearlTop Lamp Chimncj
All others, siuiiliirarcimitatioi
BUT IIP. HAS NOT
Insist upon the Exact Label anil Top
Pea Saic Everywhere. Macs only cy
ScO. A. MACBETH & CO., Pittsburgh. P
Me'dical.
THE CELEBRATED
FRENCH CAPSULE
OK
MATHEY-CAYLU
A <>f 30 YEAIIS hflN promt tho irrnatmei
\ n n'i .r roiwMy, by tho r tucreaMllii
? i Uiiir l'li)mctatmevery?hern. IttMHperl
-. tii- r-1, rtjio ?nf<\ | r><1111't nrnl eoiui'lrto OUI
' '/ ututtiiirormvntes*** Not only U it tlio
n. Al.l< DUDUOlKTA MUU.foi
K *W?V?UjUto a M CapaukM. CUN fe CO., l'A
. JO**-*
? himdercorns^
ram ('unfurl'": nr. Mi>p*all|?ln. Em
"loUjofwt. l.v.aiI>mnrUir. ltUo?X?tCo.,
i rum it i binathui of viUuaUo nirdietnvs. U ?u|?
io ii,.., ?.f (ilficrr In tho cur* of I
''I ?knit |io*r| .u-?>rtler?. unit U tnralu*??lo f?i
Tiiti At Aii,| i.i]ii2 tirwiMi*. I'm it without d?l?T If
jj*n t o.i^h, Hrvactutu. Arthm*.tfwk Lung* <*?'
ADTTIM^M
I I I I II VI Without pain. ]
I I I k \J JL'JLnl particulars
1 9 ff"f1"llMflli JUI.Wcki
I' . Atlnulii, ui*. 001 CO NV
hall utrvet.
Professional Cards.
Q ^ W. ATKINSON, ~
attorney at law
AND
General Insurance Agent,
WIS Market St., Wheeling, W.
*('?)!Wt|onB promptly attended to. I
Sj* 9*JlciW?l In Wheeling, and in all pai
?.J*i 'yiula. <:*n i?laco luiuranco at h
uu* lu com|*ulea. aplM
? PLAIN WORDS. "
[Continued from Firtt Page.]
financial depression and-business stugni
tion. The periods of tarill* with inci
duntul Protection lmvo been worked b,
prosperity and progress.
Thomas Kwing mi id in the Senate o
the United States in 1832:
"Every farmer in Ohio long knew am
all felt the pressure. Year after year tlici
stucks of wheat stood unthreshed, s<
low was it reduced in price in compari
Bon with manufactured articles, that !
eB have known forty bushels of whea
given for a pair of boots; such was tin
state of things in the western countr)
r, prior to und at the time of the revisior:
? of the tariir in 1824."
Henry Wilson (afterwards Viee-l'resi
tC(l dent of the United States) said in a
cut speech in New Hampshire in 1872:
fur. "The Urst mouth 1 worked after I wot
' 21 years of age, I went into the woods,
Vt, drove team, cut mill logs and wood, rost
? in the morning before daylight and
, worked hard until after dark at night,
and I received for it the magnificent sum
of $<J. Knch of those dollars looked u?
large to ine ?us the moon looked at
* night."
| ."On the farm on which I served an
apprenticeship, 1 have seen the best
men who over nutsevthe in irrnss work
ing for from fifty to seventy cents u day,
anil in tho longest days of summer.
Yesterday 1 visited that farm. I asked
y the men who were there what they
. paid men in haying the last summer,
'? and they Haiti from $:! 00 to $2 "?0 per
day. This was paid on the same ground
where men worked forty yours ugo for
from fifty cents to four shillings, and
ft took their pay in farm products, not
1M money. I have seen some of the brightii?l
est women go into tho farm lioupo and
k0 work for from fifty to seventy-five cents
f. a week, milkingthecows, making butter
r* and cheese, washing, spinning and
:e weaving?doing ail kinds of hard work,
I was told yesterday that many young
women were earninjr in the shops a
i dollar a day, and t>ia* tho >o who worked
in houses were getting from $2 60 per
week to $.'> 50."
Mr. Clay, in his speech in the Senate,
declared in sub stance that the seven
years preceding the t a rill' of 1824 "were
marked by widespread dismay and desolation,
and that the seven most prosperous
years which the people had enjoyed
under tho Constitution were those "following
the tariff act of 1824.
For twentv-scvcu years the country
Ima Imnn ntiiiifurrimti'dl v under tlif> nro
tectiye tfystem. During this period, facta
go beyond imagination and the stories
of romance. No other period in the history
of this Government or of all civilization
has been marked by such material
development, increase in national
wealth, business progress and prosperity.
Tho wealth of the country sinco 18(30
luis grown from sixteen to sixty thousand
millions of dollars. This increase is
equal to one-half of the sum added to
the world's wealth during this period.
In 18(30 wealth was $415 00 and in 1887 it
was about ?1,000 per capita. In 18(10
manufactures amounted in value 1,800
millions and in 1887 to 7,000 million
dollars. The Western States alone manufacture
about as much now as the whole
country did in 18(30. Tim trade of the
United States is double that of England
and our commerce now is six times
greater than in 18(30. Our exports in
18(30 were 31(3 millions. In 1887 they
were 71(3 millions. The entire exports of
the United .States up to 18(30 for more
than two hundred years reached nine
billions. Since then they have increased
to fourteen billions. Since 18(30 the
United States, from being tho third producing
power in the world, has become
the lirst. Since 18(30 railroads have increased
from .'10 to loO thousand miles
uud.the cost of transportation of.freight
has been reduced until it is now about
one-nan 01 w 11 ni it jh in j^ugiunu. m
1S07 the United States produced no steel
rails; in 1887, twenty years after, the
steel rail product reached nearly two
million tons, and the price per ton was
reduced from ?105 to $29 during this
_ period. Since I860, under Protection,
many new industries have been established,
among thorn silk, crockery,
~ china and steel rails, which have given
EMPLOYMENT AND GOOD WAGES
to hundreds of thousands of men, as
I also homes for their families and means
I of education for their children. In 1800
t we manufactured 820 thousand tons of
pig iron; in 1887, six million two hun1
dred and lifty thousand tons. In 1S00
I wo mined 1.0,513,123 tons of coal, and in
\ 1887, 120,140,738 tons. Tho value of
farms has increased from six to ten thousand
millions since 1800, and farm products
from one thousand six hundred to
to three thousand seven hundred millions
per annum. Wages are .'55 per
I cent higher, and tho cost of the necesI
saries of life 20 per cent less than in
I 1800. Since 18(H) moro than nine
millions of foreigners have come to the
I U 1111(1(1 JStUH'H to imu l-llipiuyiiiuiit, uvir
tor wages ami homes. Since 1800 gold
and silver money have increased from
two hundred and fourteen to more than
one thousand millions, and our
money from four hundred and twenty0.
one to five hundred and thirty-nine millions.
The deposits in the banks of the
s United States in 1800 were four hundred
and three millions. The deposits in National
anil State hanks now exceed
fifteen thousand millions. The savings
banks had ^n 1800, one hundred and
k forty-nine millions; they now have one
| thousand two .hundred and thirty-live
millions. The deposits in the Savings
Hanks of New York alone exceed live
hundred millions, or one hundred millions
more than the deposits of the savings
banks of England after four hundred
years. The money in our banks
E to-day is $S00,000 more than is in the
banks of Engjind, Scotland and Wales.
* It is not claimed that all these results
1, are due solely to Protection. Other eau'
ses have helped to contribute to our Nasi
tional progress and prosperity; but I do
..] claim thai Protection has bccu the most
potent agency <n building up and con
<f\ stantly increasing our muiomu wenun,
lv More than this, I claim that if Protection
y is wrong, hurtful to tho business inter15
eats ami prosperity of tho country, ami
a, if our system of raising revenue is what
the PreHident terms it in his message?
, "the vicious, inequitable and illogical
source of unjust taxation"; if u prot&v
1 tive tariff is mediaeval .and antiquated,
ill, as lion. W. L. Wilson says it is,?then
the great increase in wealth, the progrest
and prosperity, which the people nave
enjoyed from 18(10 until now, wouli
^ have been impossible. J?or is a systen:
'S of taxation that even permits'sucl
v growth vit ious, inequitable and illogical
_ lu the face of such results a radiea
jj change in the direction of breaking dowi
it of Protection was not demanded. .
or't'5 INJURIOUS KFPKCTS OK TUB JIILLS BILL
aa The Mills bill contains many objee
ajj tionablo features and if passed will in
jure many home industries. Accordini
? to tho majority jeport of the Senate Fj
nance Committee, tho value of the an
52^ nual product of industries injurious];
T-i affected by tho Mills bill is estimated a
1 ' I.I1IS??U ..t *lAltaM TI...V fitrniul
J^J VWW Ul?liw..r. W.
sr??r employment to 1,-V>0,000 persons am
more than live niillionsof people depem
for support unon their continued exist
ence. It is also estimated that tivo lain
drcd millions of capital and thrco hun
|JJJ{ drt'd thousand jjersons are employed ii
m'hi manufacturing the articles placed on tin
i.ky, free list by the Mills bill, Theaddition
made to the free list by this bill will in
crease the value of noods admitted fre
annually to$$0:5,000,000, makingabout A
per cent or nearly one-half of every thin
wo import free of duty.
The following table will show the p<
. centre of importations of free and dutii
i bio articles since 1S46:
Dutiable. Free.
Period. I't-r ccnt. J'cr ccr.
1847 10 1?7,.?,........ KS 12
IKW to lStil...^ 78 '?1
v#* 187V to 1883 70 JW
nstir* 1851 to 1887 CO :tl
Uc?t This shows that the free list has ii
JJw creased aud the dutiable list decrease
22 percent since 1K47; and i( the Mills
bill bccuiiico a law, on the the basis of
the imports of 1HS7, tho free lint will be
increased 13 per ceut, making 53 per
cent of all imports dutiable, and 47 nor
_ cent free. Just four more sneh adddii
tions to the free list and reductions in
j- duties as the Mills bill makes will end
v all duties, destroy protection and bring
us to absolute free trade. The entire
if expense of tho Government would then
have to bo raised by direct or internal
1 taxes, and if by direct tuxes, then, ncr
cording to the Constitution, they would
j be levied per capita, and not on property.
' This is not all; in addition to this
[ great increase in the free list, according
t to the majority report of the Semite Ki?
nance Committee, the Mills bill, exelut
si ve of sugar, makes a reduction of dui
ties upon all articles named in the bill
of 40.37 percent instead of the seven per
. cent reduction claimed by the friends of
i the bill. This is
A LONG STEI' IX THE DIRECTION OF FREE
1 TRADE,
J the longest ever taken in the history of
I the Government.
The greatest b!o.v given by the Mills
bill to u single industry, however, is
, against wool.
Of th? 2,400 counties in tho United
States, all but thirty-six produce wool.
, Putting wool on the free list means free
irade 10 farmers in lvhh counties 01 mo
United States out of 2,400. Could anything
he more radical or far-reaching in
the way of free trade? The United
States is the third producing wool country
in the world and wool stands sev- i
unth in value in tin? list of her products, i
Wool has been on the list of protected i
industries since 1810, and was put on <
this list then partly because in the war j
of 1812 the Government not being able j
to get wool from other countries, had to j
pay to clothe her soldiers, $2 00 per :
pound for wool. Andrew Jackson said
this ought not to occur again, and inouu
of his messages mentioned wool, as
necessary to our independence in time I
of war and urged its production and encouragemeut
by levying a duty on for- t
eign wool. In 1883 the taritF on wool .
was reduced, and since then the produc- .
tion has fallen oil eighty-six millions of
pounds ami the number of sheep decreased
more than six millions. The
consequence was that last year we im* k
ported 114,000,000 ponmlsol* wool, valued
at $lo,000,009. Since 1883 our im- ,
ports ol' woolen goods made ubroad have t
increased $12,500,000. All of this in- t
creased wool and woolen products could .
have been raised and made in the .
United States, but for the reduction of .
the duty in 188.'J. Last year we paid
for foreign wool and woolen goods more
than S(W,000,000. What we lost, foreign \
countries gained.
IP WOOL SHOULD HE I'L'T ON TIIE FRKE LIST ?
it is estimated at the end of live years t
the United States would not produce a j
pound for each inhabitant, whereas Bix [
pounds, at least, arc required. A nation J
should be able to produce its own food t
and clothing, and the United States arc, y
beyond any country in the world un- 2
less forced by the Democratic party to 1
depend upon other countries. In many I
respects sheep husbandry is the most (
important industry in the United States f
as it. is the most universal. It furnisher <
both food and clothing and woolen cloth- 1
ing is fast becoming a necessity. Putting t
wool on the free list will not only break c
down the woolen industry in the United )
Suites but make meat dearer. We are <
not exempt from the chances of war, and i
should war come anil the wool industry i
he prostrated, the Government could t
not get wool to clothe its soldiers and for /
the use.of the people. In South Amer- 1
ica and Mexico shepherds are generally 1
neons and work for 124 to 25 cents a day. 11
There?are hundreds of millions of acres ^
of laud on which sheep graze free of r
charge. It is estimated that a flock of 1
3,000 sheep can bo raised for less than 1
$100 per anuum. These conditions are 3
true largely as to Australia.
I.. 1 (nnnnrlnlQ in 1
pay in most cases from $23 to $50 fof I
land on which to pasture sheep, and i
more than $1 a day wages to his farm 1
hand, in the face of these conditions i
and competition if wool is put on the 1
free list it will he impossible for Atucri- s
cans to continue sheep husbandry in the i
thickly populated States of the Ifnion. \
A REDUCTION OF THE TAIUFF MEANS HE- !
DUCTION OF WAGES. 1
The tendency of wages in Europe and <
the United States is toward an equilib- I
ritim. - If the United .States did not '
charge the European manufacturer a j
license in the form of a duty or tax on |
what he brings hero for sale, in time ?
wages in the two countries would become
equal. The tariff hinders, more
than any other cause, wages being the ,
same in the United States and in Eu- ,
rope. The Atlantic Ocean Is, in effect,
only a wide river. Tho time to cross it 1
is being gradually reduced. It takes a 1
little over six days now to bring Euro- (
nean goods to New York, Philadelphia, ,
Baltimore, Uoston and other cities. If (
the duties or taxes on these goods should
be taken off or greatly reduced, purtic- |
ularly on iron, steel rails, glass, clothing, j
carpets and all competing articles made (
here, t hen-the effect would be to make ,
European goods cheaper in the United |
States than American goods. Merchants j
could, in that event, order goods by |
cable from Liverpool and Paris, and in
eight or ten davs have them delivered
and distributed in all the cities along ,
the Atlantic seaboard. It takes now
from six to ten davs to get floods distrib- ,
uted from our factories in the largo ,
cities. Practically there is no dif- ,
ference in time. Freight can be ,
brought from Europo to the Atlantic ,
coast cities in a shorter time and for oneI
?! \ f. i.i />,.
Illiril icon limit ti?iu v?m.vi ..... ...
and Territories west of tlie Missouri ,
river to the JSnsl. Europe is, in effect, i
at our door, and for freight purposes
much nearer than the Pacific eoast
States and Territories. Abandoning
Protection or largely reducing the tariff
would lead to one of two results. Either
wages on this side would have to be reduced
from one-third to one-half, or to
the level of European wages, so that the
cost of production would be the same, or
our manufacturing establishments large.
ly el,080. Tho wage-earner would have
to chooso at once between reduced
I wages and little or no employment. This
is the tendency of the Democratic posi,
tion and if followed to its legitimate end,
i sooner or later this is tho alternative
) that will be presented to the American
i wage-earner and manufacturer. There
I is no escape from it. All things being
i equal, wages in tho long run, under the
i iron law of competition, will seek an
, equilibrium the world over. Protection
I is the greatest bar to the operation of
1 this natural law in this country.
haw matkbiaw.
The President insists in his letter of
* acceptance on two propositions: That raw
* mate rials should be admitted free, which
* is Free Trade, so far as they are concern.
. I'd, and that taxes must be raised both
l. from duties and from the internal revet
uue.This is iiUhe direction of Free Trade,
, because if the internal taxes are to bo re1
tained then duties must ho reduced and
1 ' 1 .l--i *....4.
1 ii uuucs nre reuuceu iu unit ainu. * *v-1
. tection in impaired. What constitutes
. raw materials is a question. Coal and |
iron ore arc raw materials in the ground,
1 hut when tlie necessary labor is put on J
5 them to get them out of tho ground
8 they more nearly approach manufac.
tured articles, wool on tho sheep's
q hack may be raw matcriul, but when cut
7 otr, washed and baled, ready for market,
g it becomes a manufactured article. Putting
what is called raw muterjuis on the
;j> froe list would have the effect practic*
x- ally, of stimulating tho manufacturing
interests on the sea board oron great water
Mays, but would largely close up tbo
it. factories situated inland. Tho iuland
factories would have to pay tho freight
from the seaboard on imported raw materials
to their respective localities and
n- in case of a distance of even 500 miles,
:d this, according to the rate of freight,
would amount to from $2 50 to $5 p
ton. Thid freight would be in the n
turn of n tax or duty on inland nianufu
turers, while the factories on the se
board or water ways would pay nothin
This would be taxing the inland factorii
out of cxifltence and a discrimnation i
favor of the seabord factories. Such
policy would not be national or coi
tiDental; it would be local andsectionu
But the question becomes even inoi
Iserious: if raw materials from oth<
countries are to be admitted free, the
| they must to that extent displace tl:
nnv" materials produced in this countr
This would lead to throwing out of en
ploy ment many thousands of wag
earners engaged in coal and iron oi
milling and transportation.
TilB POSITION OK ENGLAND.
While Cleveland, the Democratic pa
ty and the English press are urging i
to abandon protection, what is the p<
eition of England, tins great ally in th
crusade agaiuHt American industries an
American in teres tH? To-day she protect
shipping, one of lier greatest interest
by enormous subsidies. In lift)' yeai
she has paid over $200,000,000 in sul
sidies to build up her shipping interest
England collects $00,000,000 annmill
through her custom houses, nearly ha
as much customs duties as the Unite
States collects, with twice the populatior
On Americau tobacco alone Englam
oollects$}3,000,000taxes, charging near!
-,000 per cent duty, 1,500 being fo
revenue and about 400 per cent for pre
tection. In the face of this record th
English press wants us to abandon pro
tection and is unanimously in fuvo
A the election of Cleveland for thii
reason. Cleveland enjoys the suppor
jf the English press for the Presidency
tnd if he were as acceptable to the peo
;>le of the United States jus lie is to tin
>eople of England, he would carry even
State in the Union,
TUB MALaNCE OF TRADE.
Tho b:\lance of trade has been in oui
avor under a Protective tariff and
[gainst us under a low tariff. During
he period of low tariff, from 1818 tc
8(50, there was but one year that the
>alance of trade was in our favor. Durng
these thirteen years the net balanci
igainst us was $:M>,(HX),000.* This vast
imount was takcu from the United
Hates in gold and paid for cheap goods,
mule by cheap labor in Kuropean connries.
From 1875 to 1SS8, a period ol
hirteen years, under a Protective tariff,
hero was only one year in which the
mlance of trado was against us, while
he aggregate in our fnvor during this
imn mmiinra tlinn SI IITW1 OfHI .MO. This
itriking fact should help to Kettle ail
loubts as to whether low tariff or Proection
is hotter for the United .Slates.
the people of theUiiitcd States buy
ibroad the goods they cousuiuc because
hey are cheaper, iii many instance*
tomefactories, mines ami mills must
ilose and workiugmen be thrown out ol
mployment. Added to tliif, it become*
i serious question where the money in
,o come from to nay for these clieaji
roods. If, instead of buvinir from
ibroad i?000,000,(KH) or $700,00u,0!i0, as wc
10 now, we should, because of lowering
he tariff and getting goods cheaper, buy
inch year three times this amount, in a
ew years thecountry would he exhaustid
and bankrupt to j>ay f?r the same,
Under the low tariff of 18-10, lasting un11
about 1800, notwithstanding the fad
>{ the discovery of gold in California,
vhich produced annually a iargeamount
>f money, also the Crimean war and tinamine
in Ireland, creating enormous
lemands for our products, y?*t from ISot
o 18(50, when the gold product of C'aliornia
fell oil', and war in Europe had
eased, there was a general panic. Jlusilets
was depressed, money was scarce
md land and everything went down in
ralue. In 18(10 the Government had tc
my as high as 12 per cent to get money,
mrrowing as much as $5,000,000 at from
0 to 12 per cent. This was the fruit ol
rears of Democratic administration and
ow tariff. It was natural and logical,
iccause mo people uougnt goons largely
rom Kurope anil it took nil tho money
11 the country to pay for the same: Afte'i
,he passage of the tariff act of IStiJ, not
vithstanuing the enormous losses caused
>y tlie war, the balance of trade wat
won channel in our favor, nvanufacturng
was stimulated and our goods and
products were made at home, and, thereore,
the money paid for them remained
n the country.
Tho Mills "hill adds products of the
I'alue of seventy million dollars to tin
free list. If it becomes a law, most all
?[ these articlas will bo purchased
ihroad and their price sent out of tlu
country to nay for foreign products niadt
by foreign labor.
:1ibap PRODUCTS and goods mean ciieai
la no It.
The great argument used by the I)ein
acratie party in its assault on Protectioi
is that it prevents the wage-earner frou
jetting the necessaries of life cheapei
that under a low tariff or Free Trade. I
the duty should be taken off of the
ucctssaries of life that are imported intc
the United States and consumed by the
wage-earner, that for a short time might
lessen the price; but taking oil* tho dutj
and letting in foreign goods, would have
the effect to throw a great many wage
earn era out of employment in the United
Suites, rendering it impossible for then:
in that event, to buy the cheap goodi
that are brought? from Europe, at any
price?no matter how cheap.
It is estimated that 00,000 persons are
engaged in making clothing in New
V'.vl. Irviu
in many eases too low. 'illere are wo
men in the city of New York and othei
cities who row day and night and n\ak<
mirts for $1 per dozen, and yet the Dem
acratic party wants cheaper clothing
In order to give the people cheaper cloth
ing these 00,000 persons and nundredf
of thousands of others engaged in lilc?
business in other cities would be throwi
out of employment or be compelled t(
work for at least one-third less than the]
now receive. The price of cheap cloth
ing then would be want and tears. Tin
country can better allord to pay prcsen
prices.
t1ik tax on' ci.otiiino
nn<r many other imported articles, wliei
distributed among the consumers in tin
United States, is so slight that it is im
perceptiblo.
People must have the means of living
whether they work or not. If they euti
not get work, they must live nud b
maintained iu enforced idleness. Thi
burden must bo borne^ by the whol
country. It is cheaper in the end for
nation to employ its home labor, evei
though, by doing so, the whole neopl
may pay, in some cases, an addition*
cost on what they consume, than bu
it abroad, thus taking employment frot
Its own people and being obliged t
maintain them iu idleuoss. But th
Democratic answer to this argutnen
and indeed all arguments for protectioi
is iplausiblo enough in theory?the
one man or set ol men should not t
taxed for tho benefit of others. A con
munity is often taxed when only a fe
i are directly lyenctitted. The whole eon
munity pays for school-houses, road:
bridges and other improvements, an
often the individual who assists in na;
ing the taxes never gets nny benefit c
advantage. Cheap products meat:
cheap labor, and cheap labor mear
cheap or poor people, and, in tho cn<
poverty, misery, want and degradatioi
Generally, free trade and cheap labor g
hand in hand: want, poverty and deca
follow. Mark the condition of tl:
people of the cheap labor com
tries of the world,?China, Indi
Kgypt, Spain, Mexico and tl
South American couutries, and compai
them with that of our American wag
l'uruvi| |U UIUDV HWV? V.M ?iU IIUIU
with money in tho savings hank, h
wile and children well dressed, bngli
cheerful, happy and contented. If tl
doctrines ol Cleveland ami the Denr
cratio party are puaheil far enough, the
will have cheap products and low wage
but it will be at tho expense of tho ha
piness, comfort, progress aud elevatic
er of the people, and the fore-runner of a
a- certain revolution. The people have the
c- deciding of this question in their own
a- hands. In the Republic they make and
g. enforce the laws, aud this assault on
L*s American industries, American hoinefl
in unci fire-sides, can only succeed and
a prosper with the consent of the people.
:i- In the United .States the people have
J. more liberty ami-power than any people
re ever enjoyed in the world's history.
>r Revolutions do not go backward. The
n people, by rcusonof their education and
io progress,'are gaining more''power, more
y. light and more liberty daily. They will
j- not cusily surrender any of these high
e- privileges, when they properly underre
stand the question, at the behest of the
President, his party and the English
Free Trade press.
r. WHY SHOULD THE UNITED STATES ABANDON
IS PROTECTION WHEN MOST COUNTRIES AUK
ADOPTING IT?
jH England is the pronounced Free Trade
d advocate of the world. She has the carls
rying trade of the world, cheap money,
'' enormous plants established and paid
1 for, i? intrenched behind great wealth,
j' low interest and low wages. It is thefaim
ui nur nuiii'.iuiKiiMiit' iu |<i-iouauv uuici
K countries to adopt Free Trade, in order
, that they may furnish a market for her
11 products. Kvery country that she has
' induced to adopt Free Trade has declined
, and is verging on bankruptcy; Ireland
y and India are examples. Oiie by one|
r the English colonies are abandoning,
'] Free Trade and adopting Protection.,
L* The tendency of Western civilization is
'* toward Protection. France, Germany,
r Austria, Italy and other countries are
| adopting it. Up to 1880 Bismarck had
1 tried every means in his power to arrest
j the decline in the business, trade and
" commerce of the Germfln people. He
' went to the verge of state socialism to
1 subdue' discontent. After exhausting
all his resources, lie advocated Protection
for Germany and in 1882 ho used
r the following language iu the German
I Parliament:
"The success of the United States in
material development is the most illustrious
of modern times. The American
Nation has not only successfully borne
and suppressed the most gigantic and
expensive war in all history, but immediately
afterward disbanded its army
and found employment for all of its soldiers
and marines, paid oil most of its
debts, giving labor and homes to all the
unemployed of Europe as fast as they
could arrive within its territory, and still
by a system of taxation so indirect as
not to be perceived, much less felt. Because
it is my deliberate judgment
that the prosperity of America is mainly
due to its system of .'protective laws, I
urjje vnuv uitiuhi)> huh iiww juuuuuu
that point where it is necessary to imitutu
the tariir system of the United
! States." Could any
1 OUKATEIl TESTIMONY FROM AN IMPARTIAL
HOL'KCE
\ ho brought forth to sustain American
i protection to American industries?
Following this, Germany adopted a
system of protection and since that is
becoming prosperous and extending her
markets. Within four years, the number
of her peojile employed in manufuc1
tures increased lit) per cent, amount of
wages paid to workmen 57 per cent, and
1 the.* average of wages 17 percent. Other
" enlightened nations of the world are fol
lowing the example of the United States,
1 and just when this is being done so
' largely throughout the civilized world,
| the President of the United States,
; backed by the Democratic party aud the
' English press, insists that the wise
; thing for us is to admit raw materials
free, reduco our duties, and thereby im'
pair protection.
England has done all she can, by war,
diplomacy and statesmanship, for 100
1 years, to 'force, indrce and persuade the
1 United States to adopt 'free tiade. She
. has, during this time, made constant,
1 persistent and vigorous war on our industries
and sought our trade. What
we are to-day, its a nation ami in our industrial
success, we are. in spite of Kng'
land, and not by her aid. Lord
Hrougbam said, April 0, 1810, in the
[ House of Commons:
"It was well worth while to incur a
' loss upon the first exportation in order,
" by the glut, to stillc in the cradle those
infant manufactures in tho United
' Stale which the war of 1812 had forced
1 into existence contrary to the natural
order of things."
iviigiiuii nguiuua huh iaui j>11:99
: is exultant over the President's message
I and the Mills bill and the prospect of
[ partial Free Trade in the United States.
| livery paper in England favors CloveJ
land's election and opposes Harrison's,
This should bo a warning to cverv busi'
ness man and wage earner in our land.
THE UNITED STATUS SHOULD EMPLOY THE1U
OWN PEOPLE.
1 The United States should manufacture
1 what their people consume. Tlyj people
of the United States arc the largest
* consumers, in proportion to population,
in the world. It is estimated that an
American consumes three times as much
sis an European. The demand for manufactured
and other articles is constantly
growing. This enormous consumption
of products furnishes employment for a
I great many people. The question is,
[ shall our own people be employed to
' UMBO Wiini. illey conmiuiu, or, uuuuuau h
| trail be made cheaper, shall it be manufactured
abroad, thus giving work and
employment to the workingmen of
! Europe, rather than the workingmen of
America? It would not be thought
' wise in a father with n large family who
| had work to do to hire it done by others,
rather than employ and pay the
5 members of his own family. A family
is but the type of a nation. A nation is
' an aggregation of families. Self-interest
' obliges a family to protect, earo for and
' build up, lirst of all, its own members.
! The great Republic is a large family; it
I lias employment, work and labor to be
] done. It seems its lirst and highest
' duty would be to give to its own people
this work, so that they may have euiploy
men t. The highest and best aim of
tree government, resting on the will of
the people for stability and existence,
should be to see that the people have
i such employment as the busiiK'ss, trade
o and commerce of the country afford. It
. is cheaper and better that a whole family
should be lightly taxed, in order that
one-third of its members lind employ-1
'? incut, than this third should be thrown
'* out of employment and maintained in
L> idleness, that the whole family may get
3 some things cheaper. It is a correct
L'. principle in the ethics of government
a that it is
t, 1IBTTKR FOK TUB WIloLB I'KOl'LK TO HEAR
II TUB Sl/IIDE.V
)' at a tax or duty almost imperceptible,
u than that a part should suffer for want
L, of employment when there is work to be
t, done, by giving it to foreigners. The
i, people of the United States are the most
it nappy, contented, progressive and prosie
perous of any on the globe. Why then
i- disturb, change or break down tho sysiv
tein of Protection that has so largely
) aided in bringing about these results,
s, merely to meet tho fanciful theory of
U Home uocirinuiru, ur buiuu jjuiiwcwuj,
who wants what he consumes cheaper,
>r no matter if the workingman or woman
ih labors for starvation prices?
is The United States imported in 1887,
1, in round numbers, GS3 millions of goods
i. and products from other countries, 233
;o millions of which were free and 4.*>0 miliy
lions paid duty. Of nearly all the artiie
cles that paid a duty the United States
could have manufactured most of them,
n, Under what the President styles a
te "vicious, inequitable and illogical" tariff,
re last year wo imported 50 millions worth
e- ol iron and steel. Every pound of this
e, iron and steel could have been made in
is this country, and had it been made here
t, would have given employment to 33,540
le men for 300 days, besides keeping this
o- large sum at home. Why could not
?y American wage-earners had this employis,
ment and tho wages that were paid to
p. Europeans? Last year there was imin
ported in, round numbers, 1U7 million*
of agricultural products into the Unite
i Stated, although it is our boast and prid
that wo are the leading agrieultun
nation of the world. Forty-six million
of this sum was admitted free and Hi
rest paid duty. Why should iiot th
American farmer have had this larj.'
sum that was paid to ths farmers <
other countries? in the year 1887 poi
teryofthe value of So,500,(XX) was in:
ported, all of which could have bee
made here and 00 per cent of its cos
been paid in wages to American workin
men. The Milts bill reduces thedut;
on the above named articles and then
fore money will go out of the country t
nay for them, and, to that extent, th
farmer and wage-earner receive less am
the country become poorer. In the lat
six vcars the United States paid to Enjj
land
OVER ONE HUNDRED MILLIONS FOR TIJ
I'l.ATE.
All of this tin plate could have beei
made at home under fair protection, am
not only the one huudred millions save*
in this country, but employment fur
nished to a grtya many people. In 1887
there was over sixteen million dollars
worth of tin plate imported from Kng
land. The amount paid to manuiactim
the same, to the Jiritish wage-earner
was nine millions of dollars. If the duty
should be raised two and teu-huudredtlu
of a cent, we could manufacture all thai
is needed in the United Slates# The
Mills bill puts tin-plate on the free list.
It is not generally known that tin plate
is 90 per cent iron. In 1887, we import*
' ed 'Joo,000 tons of tin plate. It is curious
I ami interesting to know what enters
into the manufacture of this large quantity.
To make this much tin plate, ac'cording
to Samuel J. Kandall, takes
870,000 tons of iron ore, J{00,000 tons of
limestone, 1,800,000 tons of coal and
coke, .'{00,000 tons of pig iron,
5,000,000 pounds of lead, 2.3,000,000
pounds of tin, 12,000,000 pounds of fallow
and oil, .'?,000,000 pounds of sulphuric
acid and 12,000,000 feet of
lumber. The United .States produces all
these items, except the tin. why should
we not import this tin direct as England
largely does, and then manufacture tin;
tin plate, using the other articles, every
one of which wo produce. To have
manufactured these 2.V?,000 tons of tin
plate would have involved an outlay for
plant of about thirty millions capital and
would have furnished employment to
24,000 workingtnen. who would have received
$12,000,000 in wages. It is estimated
that within two years after the
establishment of such plant the price ot
tin plate would bo reduced iu this country
to what we now pay Kugland for it.
Experience has shown that competition
in the Uuited States is the safest and
best means of reducing prices of manufactured
products. It liaj also shown
that wherever by reduction of duties or
placing an article on the free list ius
manufacture has been stopped iu the
United States and we had to depend for
the article on importations, the price lias
invariably increased, so that putting articles
on the free list does not insure that
they will be cheaper to the consumer
in the long run.
THE L'NITKl) STATES OUT NOTHING IN HETURN,
?V ALLOWING ENGLAND TO ENTEK
OUK HOME MAUKET.
The contention of the Democratic
party is that U wo reduce duties, or nave
free trade, we could enlarge our markets,
by sending our products abroad in competition
with those from othercountries.
This is not true iu fact. Kngland buys
from us now only what sho cannot get
elsewhere. If we should allow England
to enter our market with her cheap
goods, she would buy nothing in return
more than at present. We could not
sell to Germany, France or Austria, because
they are protected countries. In
the United .States the people consume
about 90 per cent of their agricultural
products and about 92 per cent of their
manufactured products. This shows
how important the home market is,
when compared with the foreign market.
WHICH PARTY SHOULD UK TKUSTBI) TO
PROTECT TUB WAOK-EARNKHS?
The Republican party came into existence
mainly on the proposition that
slavery should not exist in this country,
and that labor should be elevated, made
respectable and dignified everywhere.
It was willing to risk its appealto "the confidence
of the people upon this issue.
The Republican party, iu its nims and
purposes, favors the elevation of tho
people. It was willing to give the slave
liberty, because it was right and because
it helped the wage-earner generally in
his eliorts to keep up the rate of wages.
As lonjj us slavery existed in the South,
wages in tho whole country were constantly
menaced. The Nation is indebted
to the Republican party for the abolition
of slavery, which, more than anything
else, helped the cause of labor iu
the United .States.
The next great step in the line of progress
and the interest of the workingman
is industrial freedom everywhere. The
country and the workingmen must look
to the Republican party to accomplish
this. Ano ucpuuucan party in woncing
to tliis end, advocates education gorierally,
but more particularly in the South;
because upon this depends the ability of
the people to Hud employment and better
wages. If wages remain low in one
section, this wiU'operate to reduce theiu
generally. The past record and present
AIMS OF TUB KBPUI1UCAJ* PARTY,
touching labor, authorizes the belief that
the interests of the workingtneii are
safest in its keeping.
In ourgovcrnment man should bo the
central, important and commanding fuetor.
Nothing should stand in the way
of his progress and certain advancement.
Natural wealth, material development
and business prosperity all go for naught
and weigh in tho balance as nothing,
unless thereby man and tho whole body
of the pooplo are elevated and madebetter,
physically and morally. Tho accumulation
of wealth generally, in which all
, the people share, ami which elevates
[ man to higher plant's, should be encouraged.
The great problem of our civilizatiou
is how to better distribute
wealth, to devise some way or means
by which tho people should more largely
share in tho wealth they create. Oue
of tho most practical methods found
thus far for tho better distribution ol
wealth in the United States is through
the chanuels of higher wages. Everything
should be bent in tho direction 01
maintaining and increasing wages ami
allowing the wage-earner to get more ol
what ho produces. Thus fur, Protection
has contributed to this end. Lowering
wages in order to create larger market:
and insure cheaper products?or for an)
purpose?is a snare and delusion in i
free government. No good results fol
low?but tho degrcdation of man is cor
tain. Higher wages means larger ability
to purchase, aud larger ability to pur
chase means increased consumption
and increased consumption creates tic
uiand for more nroducts which iu turn
gives more omploymcnt.
ruilbiu.u.in fliiuviiii nui linn.
TAGR& OVER AMEUlCASS IS AUE1UCA!
. MAIlKETS.
The Government requires a certaii
sum, say about $100,000,000 per annun
to pay current expenses. The mos
practical and least burdensome way o
raising this amount lias been by levyinj
duties on foreign goods. Why shouh
not the foreigner who comes here to sel
bis goods and do business iu competitioi
with our own people be charged a tax o
license for doing so? If not taxed, h
enjoys a great advantage with his chea
goods over the American producer. Ou
Government not only taxes its own citi
, zena in a number of ways, but under cei
tain contingencies can call upon thoi
for their lives and property. It is fail
then, that the foreigner, who owes n
allegiance to this Government, who car
; not be made to serve it in any waj
should be allowed to come and pi at hi
i will and have the right and privilege c
selling his cheaper goods and ware
I hero without auy tax or charges? Th
<1 foreigner, having the advantage of lov
Ic wagto, gets his goods made cheapci
i! ami, therefore, if he is not taxed for th
18 privilege of Helling his goods in thi
e country, this advantage will allow hin
e to undersell the American producer an(
e finally drive him out of business. Thi
>f foreigner should not have an advantagi
Ir in our markets over our own people. Hi
i- should pay something for the license o;
n right to <lo,business. A business tnau hai
it a good stand or place to do business. Ii
? cost him something originally to estab
y Ush it, and something more to maintain
i- it. It combines curtainfadvantages ovei
0 other places. Would it be reasonable oi
e right to ask this business man to give up
d without consideration, part of this busi
t nes place to his competitor,?especial!)
a competitor who enjoyed theadvantagei
of getting his goods made cheaper?
v The United Stutes have tho best business
stand on this planet. Their people
enjoy advantages over tho people ol
1 other uations. Many of those advauta1
ges arc the fruits of self-denial, hardship
?<?.? ummltitn of ltlnnil eltnrnil mill on.
tin red by our fathers and the great generation
of the civil war, now too fast
; passing away. Our position and advantages
are part of the nation's assets and
" glory. .Shall they be lightly surrendered
and divided with other peonies,
; without something in return?without
even asking that the}' help pay the or1
ilinary expenses of government? This
' is what tho Democratic party asks us to
1 do, and what the Republican party says
shall not be done.
OPPOSITION TO PltOTECTIOX NOT DEMANDED
h\* lIl'SIXEjS AND WOIIKIXGMKN.
Mas the business man or the wageearner
of the country demanded the
breaking down of Protection? Both
parties agree that taxes should be reduced.
The Republican party insists that
it should be done, but not* by iuiparing
Protection. The Democratic party and
the President are willing to sacritice Protection,
when it is not necessary, in
order to reduce taxes. This movement
on tho part of the President and the
Democratic party is not only a wide departure
from the faith of the founders
of the Government and tho ancient
Democratic party, but in effect is a revolution
or a change in a system that has
existed from the beginning of the Government,
and particularly in its Protection
features, since 1801. This movement
did not origiuate with the people,
with the wage-earners, manufacturers,
merchants and business men of the country.
They have held no conventions,
complaining that the tax on foreign
goods is onerous and burdensome. This
cry against Protection is an un-American
doctrine. It had its birth in England,
our commercial rival, from selfish
purposes and is advocated and fostered
at homo largely by doctrinaires, writers
of books, theorists and many Democratic
politicians. These people generally
want cheap products. In the change
they ask for they have nothing to lose.
They are not producers; they do not
depend on wages for a living; they have
no money invested in factories, mills,
plauts or railroads, that may be lost by
the change they advocate. All great and
successful revolutions, or movements
begin with the people. This assault on
American industries, this movement in
favor of cheap foreign products and
cheap foreign labor, cannot last long,
because it did not originate and begin
with the people. It has not for its objects
and purposes to put down some
great wrong or to take some great step
in behalf of the people uud for their
elevation.
CANDID l-'ltBE TllADEKS.
There are many frank and candid Free
Traders throughout the country, who
believe in Free Trade and all the results
following therefrom. They insist tlmt
trade should be free and untrainmeled,
inuuutuiuui-uj', iiu uiuuL'i it mi^raoiiuuiu
go down. Tlicy bold that wages should
bo treated as a commodity in the market
and regulated by supply and demand.
They do not care whether wages are
high or low. If the American wageearner
cannot compete with liis European
or Chinese neighbor, they say let
him work for less or not work at all.
This is cold-blooded Free Trade and to
this end the Democratic party is tending.
It means the buying and selling
of muscle, effort, endeavor, \vill?all that
there is of a man?for what it will bring
in the market. This is slavery?a step
backward in civilization. This is what
Free Trade countries are doing the world
over.
TUB SOUTH NEEDS l'KOTKCUION,
The Republican party has been the j
best friend the South ever had in the |
past, and will be in the future. It saved I
the Union for both the North and the I
South, and in addition gave the South
free labor, which the North enjoyed.
Under free labor the South has moved j
forward in trade, commerce, agriculture
aud manufacturing as never .before in
her history. The Republican party now
oilers to the South, through protection,
education and the things that make for
peace and progress, the openiug of her
mines, establishment of mills and factories
of all kinds, the building of more
railroads, larger markets, increase in
population aud iu the value of the
lands, employment and better wages for
all her people, all of which the policy of
the Democratic party would hinder and
dolay.
The South has more natural resources
than any portion of the United .Slates
and the advantage of producing nearly
all the raw materials in the greatest
abundance needed in manufacturing.
The onlv thing necessary is that they
should bo manufactured on southern
soil, where they exist and are produced.
Manufactures in the'SoutU:are in their
infancy. New England, being entrenched
behind accumulated wealth, established
plants and enjoying skilled labor,
can better afford the reduction of duties
or Free Trade than the South. Ohio,
with a little more than three millions ol
population, pays aunually iu wages to
persons <mploycd iu manufacturing more
than sixty-two millions of dollars, while
thirteen Southern States, with a population
of more than fourteen millions,
pay fifty-six millions. The average value
i of cleared land per acre in Ohio is $47 oil;
, woodland, $41 37$ while in Kentucky,
just across tne river, the average of
; cleared land is SIS 80 and woodland
f 312 8-; and in West Virginia the aver,
age of cleared land is $L'l 05 aud wood.
laud $0 30 per acre. If the South should
f increase her mills aud factoiies of all
I kinds, as she must do, she will not only
[ maufacturo all her people consume, but
I enough to sell to the other Suites and
r abroad. If manufacturing establish\
uiunts could be as general in the South
. as in Ohio and Illinois the value of her
t lands in ten years would beeoute dou.
bled, her wealth quadrupled and her
. population more than doubled.
r 'run INTEREST OK WEST VIItOINIA OS T1IE
SlEftSOF 1'itOTECTlOX.
| The chief products of West Virginia
L arc coal, lumber, unit una iron ore and
wool. These are what are called raw
materials and the President Rays should
< go on the free list. This alone would
retard tho prosperity of WesrVirginia
j llfty years. Her whole future depends
upon the sale of her raw materials,
1 building of railroads and the establish1
mento( manufacturing industries. West
f Virginia has more coal than Peunsylvug
nia. in point of development, she is in
.1 about the condition of Pennsylvania he1
fore tho war. Sho needs the establish*
ii mint of iron furnuccs, steel rail mills,
r potteries, pulp, paper uud glass factories,
e having within herself all the raw matep
rials necessary to build up these iudus
r tries. The dawn ot her prosperity i?
i- just at bund uud assured, unles* preven
p- ted by putting raw materials on tho free
n list. If iron mills and factories coulc
r, bo established uud coal mines openec
o in every county in the State where then
i- is coal and iron ore, populution wouh
increase and towns spring up .every
is where. The establishment of one larg<
)f rolling mill or steel rail mill would in
>s vite a population of live or six thousam
e people. This iu turn would iucreos*
v tho value of land in the vicinity, besidi
affording employment and good *? ?'
c West Virginia,"more than any othi
s State in the Union, must depend upo
j protection and can bo injured moretha
1 any other State by putting raw matu
rials on the free list*
i The approaching election will have a
: important bearing upon the busine*
r interests of this fair .Mountain Stat<
i The future and the interesU of the Stat
t lie on the side of Protection. West Vii
ginia has but little to depend upon b<
i sido what is claimed to be raw inateri
r als. Tho President openly advocate
r that they bo placed on the free lisl
, That means they shall be bought fron
foreign countries ami, as long as th
- President's policy is in force, lie doi
i mant in our mountains and valleyi
The President and Democratic part}
may be able to explain that they do no
favor Free Trade in other States, bu
: putting raw materials on the free list, si
far as West Virginia is concerned, is
FJIEE TKADE l'tJRJi AND SIMPLE.
The people must certainly decido, ii
view of these facts, what is best for then
and their children's interests. Then
should bono lingering fueling orsenti
ment among the people growing out o
the war that holds them to the Demo
cratic party, when it is so openly hostih
to all their true interests. The paw i;
behind us. Twenty-four years senaraU
us from tho war. All feeling, passion 01
prejudice growing out of it should be in
the deep bosom of the ocean buried
None of us would change tho great results
of the war; they are fixed and irreversible.
Our face should bu turned tc
the future. Tho question is, what if
best to be done now? Clear vision, ?
calm and unclouded judgment, should
guide you in reaching a conclusion
Every man in this audience, every good
citizen iu uiu oiaio wjiuuj iu wetter dim
condition and help his family, lit
wants development and progress to go
on, more coal and iron ore mines opened,
manufactories of all kinds built, niori
capital invested, more miles of railroad,
land values increased and a market for
the same. All this will come through
protection, but will bo retarded and
hindered by n low tariff and putting raw
materials on the free list.
I The speech was interspersed nt fre[
quent intervals by general and discriminating
applause. No address delivered
in this campaign on either side luis
aroused deeper thought; no Republican
speech will do more good.
A Double Help fur tin- Ulllou*.
In additiou to that chlcf remedial measure?
the use of Hosteller's Stomach Blttora?pcnoai
suflcrlng from an acute hillou* attack, will fueilitntc
recovery hy the use at Hrst of milk ami
time water nml thln gTueli, and by a very grad
ual return tr> the use of solid food*. Fatty substances
khouhl be excluded from the diet. Blue
pill is a remedy of doubtful safety. particulArly
if there be liauaca and vomiting, frequent concomitants
of liver trouble. The Hitters, provided
its reformatory action be not retarded aud
marred by grow indiscretions iu diet, will soon
ration the equilibrium of and action of the
liver, stomach and bowels, all three disordered
by biliousness, in all forms of mularial disease,
which iu every one of its phase*, presents indications
of liver trouble, Uostettcr'a Stomach
llittera is the foremost ot specifics. The light of
over thirtv years' experience iiImi shows it to be
h tliii' remedy for rheumatism, kidney troubles,
dyspepsia, nervousness nnd debility.
Muudiiy Excursion*.
On and after Sunday, May 0, the Ohio
River llailroad will Hell excursion tickets
every Sunday until further notice:
Wheeling to Sistersville and return
$1 50, Wheeling to Pnrkereburg and return
$2 25. Tickets pood one uay only.
Shiloh's Vitalizuu is what you need
for Constipation, Loss of Appetite, Dizziness,
and all symptoms of Dyspepsia.
Price 10 and 7o cents per bottle.
Cuoui', Whooping Cough and Bronchitis
immediately relieved by Shiloh't
Cure.
This Itev. George II. Thayer, of Bourbon,
Ind., says: "Both myself and wife
own our lives to Shiloh's Consumption
Cure. Sold by W. E. Williams and C.
Mcnkemiller. Jiow
Hoiv's ThUS
We oiler One Hundred Dollars Reward
for any case of Catarrh that cannot be
cured by taking Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F. J. Chunky & Co., Props., Toledo, 0.
We, the undersigned, have known F.
J. Cheney for the fast lifteeu years, and
believe him perfectly honorable in
all business transactions, and financially
able to carry out any obligations made
by their linn.
West A Truax, Wholesale Druggists,
Toledo, Ohio.
Walding, Kinnan & Marvin, Wholesale
Druggists, Toledo, Ohio.
E. II. Van lioesen, Cashier, Toledo National
Bank, Toledo, Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
acting directly upon the blood and
mucus surfaces ot the system. Price 7oc
per bottle. Sold by all druggists, daw
The girl who marries an old man foi
hiN money, usually linds out that hie
lifo lasts longer than his money.
I'Uoh! IMImk! Itching l'llcs.
Symptom*.?Moisture; Intense itching nnd
stinging; most tit ulght; wows by ftcmtuhlug
If allowed to cnutinuu tuinorH form, whlel
often bleed nnd ulecrutc', becoming very bore
Swaynk's Ointment stops the itching. nnd
lili-i-ilifiL' lu hIh tilriTiilinii. mill In tmit.1 i-.im>? i-i>.
moves lno tumor*. At druggist*. or by mull, foi
'm cents. Dr. Swuyne it Sou, Phl)adclj>bla.
nlisAW
Kczemn, Itchy, Seiily, Skin Tortured.
Tho simple application of "Swayke's Oint
MK.vr," without any internal medicine, w ill curt
uuv case ol Tetter, Salt Uheutn, Itinuworui
Piles, lieh, Son**. Pimples, Eczema, nil Scaly
itchy Skill Eruptions, no matter how ohstluati
or long Man.linn, it in potent, ctleetive, au?
costs but u trlllc. TThMV
FINANCE AND MADE.
The FcnturoH ot tlio Money mul Stock Mar
kft*.
New Yoiik, Oct. 19.?Moncyjon call easy a
2a2% per cent, last hmu at'J per cent; clone*
otlcrcd nt 2 per cent. Prime mercantile pupe
Iper cent. Sterling exchange dull bu
steady to firiu ut 5! Mai v*. Sales 309,702 shares
Transactions In stocks today were large
tliau for uinny a day, and were attended by eon
siderablc excitement, especially lu the after
tutou, when prices gave way. utul rapidly de
( lined in most <d the active share*. First price
were from XA to 2% per cent above hut night'
llgures, and under the lend of Union Pacific tin
market rapidly advanced, the gains in tlx
leaders extending to\x/j percent. The advance
culminated toward noon, and after that tlm
there was a slow decline in the general list
while Missouri I'aeliie and Ithodc Island los
heavily. The market showed no change and th
close was active and weak at thQ Iowc.it prices o
tho day. The active list i* almost luvariahl;
lower. Atchison lost Missouri Pacific 'J;
and Norfolk & Western l;4 ]asr cent.
Itailroad bonds quiet; wiles 51,167.000.
Government ana State bonds dull and steady
BONDS AND STUCK QUOTATIONS?<jLOSKO BID.
U. 8.4s reg 127k Nash .t Chat WJ
U. S. 4s coupon 127k New Jersey Central kh?
U.B.4lfcSrcg luV* Northern I'aeliie.... Vt>>
U.S.41%coupon 1UHJ<, do preferred .. ?i|?
Admus Express 147 HilcngSifc N. W 1121
American Express..! lo'i <lo preferred 14:1}
Canada Southern... M?? Xew York Central.. I in
Central 1'aeilic 'M'/, Jliio A: Mississippi. Z\\
Chesapeake &Ohl?. 2U do preferred M
do first preferred. 17>; Pacific Mali 17
do second pref'd. lh Pittsburgh i,y?
C. C. C. ?v I Wi.U Heading, hi]
tieuver & U.U WW St. 1..*S. V \\\
Erie -J), do preferred 71
do preferred C-'t',-: do tint preferred.. 11.'
Fort Wayne JoO1., C. M. \ HL Paul.... 65J
Kansas A: Texas Hi- do preferred lw'.'
l^ike Erie A: West... 17;, I'cxa* I'acitic 'Jl|
do preferred .Vi'.v Union I'aeliie Glj
Ijike Shore Uf.'k I'tilled States Ex.... 7h
Louisville A Nash.. COJi W., St. L.A P 14i
L., N. A. ?fc C. 4:1 do preferred .. 27;
Memphis ?fc Chas... W'ells-Farro Ex 1 to'
Michigan Central... .v?', Western Union 16
Missouri Pacific..... 711,',
ItrnndntnflM nud Provisions.
Nr.w Vokk, Oct. ID.?Flour, receipts 14,7i
lockages; exports 7,<112 sacks; market dull; salt
H.auu barrels. Wheat, rceclpts ni.-ui bushel
sales 1,'JtS.UOO bushels of futures and 0,200.0
bushels of spot; s|?ot market dull and Irregula
ungraded red 7Jca|l WU No. 2 Chicago fI Wl
No. 2 Milwaukee II 07*/i. options dull und weal
No. 2red October SI oy'^il u1." i; November SI u
December 31 U#?l I2& closing at SI IP.; Jan
ary 81 February si It; May ll lf.Jyil 17'
closing at |l 10J4. Uyo firm; western WaiV
liarle.v quiet: western 7jii'J(>c. Corn, receipts 8'
I 7uo hudicis: exports 17.M.'hu.ncU; sales 188,0
. bushels of futures and UW.OuO bushels of simi
market moderately Motive; uu?r*ded mixed r<
; ni?. - Octobcr fiu^c; Novcu?Ih.t51!;o; I;
I comber January !'.??a?:; May 4V.?n|s;>
cIorIiik ut wj-fe. Otl?, receipt* m,;?W f,u*liel
wile* 4.?,0U0 biiKliclK of future* mid 17'j.oou tm?
J el* of flpot; uinrkt-l Mcady; root No. ?: \v tillv ;a?<.
1 mixed wcitera gUltjjo: white do 2Sa4lc: No
. Chicago 31c. liny un<l hop* *teady. OotH
optiotiN Mvuily and 3na'? point* down;Octoli
3 i4.lAnU.30c; November l.i.'j.ial|.2Ue; iMuml
- W.MalI/Wc;J January J 13.4tal3.70c; lohruai
i March, April, Muy. Juuo, July and Heptcinl
H.kkil;i.(ioe; *pot Klo wink at ICc. tiuintr. n
i Vfcftk Hi & Mlk lor refining; re&ued quiet, J
PS laoef nominal. Mice Una. Tallow higher;
u city f?V- Renin and turpentine quiet. fcggn
. ' steady; western 21%a22c. I'ork steady. Cut
=' meats steady. Lard strong; western steam 9.~xi
11 i?.S5o; K|H>t u.^Oc; city S.75c; October i?.or?c: .Noli
vombcr MGc; December 8.48c: January 8.4fic.
llutter firm; western dairy l-'J^alTu; creamcry
L* lta27e; Eljrlns 26)?a27c. Cliocsecaay and quiet;
western HalO>fie.
n CttiCAGo, Oct. 19.?-Trading In wheat won slow
q today mid the market on wheat was very quiet.
Corn active. Oats unlet but firm. ProvWoM
active ami higher. Flour steady: pateuts S<? 7'?a
0 7oo. Wheat, cash No. 2 springSI l/J^al II: N".
r. U spring OOaUSc; October $110; November $1 11a
1 lW. closing at SI 11; December $1 12al I."\
;* dosing at SI - May 81 12Wal 1%, cloning ut
l- SI l-%- Corn, cash No. 2, ll%e': October 4.'!%e
,s November 4:i&c: December !?$ *; May JWkc,
. Oats, cash ami October 24!*e: November 2l?$c;
December 25Jic; May 29|*c. Hye, No. 2,
ii Klaxsced, $1 .|l. I'ork, mesa Sla 00; November
.. SI4 60; May 514 so. Lard, cash and October
8.87%c;Norcmbcr8.40c: May 8.35c. Bacon,short
" ribs v..yJu7.&e: shoulders H.27a8.:i7^; abort dear
I. N.50u.s.7.>e. Whisky 91 20. Hugara, cUtloafS^a
8%c; granulated 794c; standard A V/ji. lJuttec
. Urm and unchanged.
. I'liiLADKi.piiu. Pa., Oct. 19.?Flour, dull and
1 unchanged. Wheat dull; No. 2 October fl 0C>$
5 ul Oil; November^! fti>?al OtfJ: Decembers! ttoty;
January SI loj?. Corn, spot firm1; futures dull;
No. 2 mixed October ftl>?aM^c; November Mil
60%c; December 47c; January 45%o46c. Oat
steady; No. :t white aortic; No. 2 white
1 futures quiet and unchanged; No. 2 white Octo*
, ber ."CJhaS3>ic; November 3J%a?4c; December
'M3io; January Si^c. Nutter firm andaotive;
* I'euusylvania creamery extra iSGc; Pennsylvania
prints extra27c. Eggs tlrm; Peuiisylvaula first*
- 24c.
1 Uai.timohk, Oct. 10.?Wheat, western steady'
- dull and lower; winter red spot and October
} 81 0l?i; November SI 00)4: December SI OS; January
51 00. Coru, western easier: mixed 49^c:
' January Iftu I5)<fc; year 4Wie. (>*ta dull; western
5 white ttlaStc; do mixed ataSle; graded No. 2
. white Sic. Uye quiet at 70c. Hay Arm at Sid SO*
17 00. Mess pork steady at $17 00. Uutter tlrm:
i western packed 1'JalSc; beat 17nl9e; creamery 22
. aJflc. Eggs firm at 2lu22c. Cotree steady; Itio
. 1C)$C.
Cincinnati, O.. Oct. 19.?Wheat dull; No.
red SI 02al (ft; receipts 5.000 bushels; shipments
1 2.00(1 bushels. Com atrouer; No. 2 mixed 47a#
( oats dull; No. 2 mixed 2iic.. Uye quiet and
. firmer," No. 2. flOe. Pork steady at Sift 2i. Lard
. scarce at 8.40e. Hulk meats nominal. IIhcoii
I easy and unchanged. Whisky steady at 91 14.
, Ihitter stronger: fancy creamery 27a28c; prime
iltJy s,,wir steady. Eggs Ilrm at 17a
| I7^c. Cheese ilrm.
! Petroleum.
i Nkw York, Oct. 19.?Tlio petroleum market to
<tnvu-.iMu.mlr mii.I tfifi u-?H liiriri'P tlinn
' II has been for muny months. Liquidation by
! stock houses on no largo a scale that onJcn from
New York Kxchauge had to ho sent to Pittsburgh
. aud to the Consolidated Exchange wiis the principal
cause of the weakness. ami oti selling for
that account broke the market everv time It
! allowed a disposition to rally. The price declined
7?{c during the day. but recovered a hiuuII
part of this low before the close. The opening
was weak ntU2%, and after a Might rally the market
became excited on heavy selling by the
.standard oil o|>eriitor* for stock exchange houses.
The price quickly foil to 87c, then rallied tossc,
when a block of 200,(WO barrel* broke it again,
I and stop orders and continued liquidation form!
the price to 8514 c, when another rally occurred,
after whirl) the market closed weak at SftLc.
Consolidated Exchange: Opening at 9J%c; high;
eat U2&c: lowest b.'?>4c; cloning at 85?:?e; miles
7,427,000 barrel*.
PiTTsiu iujii, i'a., Oct. 19.?A bear raid made
the ncxsIou of the Oil Exehango decldcdly inter1
csting to-day. The market bun been spiritless
1 for several days, and the opening hour this
morning showed no improvement. About 11
o'clock, however,nil onslaught was made by thu
beam all along the line, ami in a short time vnl
ucs began to decline. A aceno of wild exciteI
inent then followed and price# dropped from
' V2%c to 89S?e. < food buying then caused a siluht
reaction, but toward the close another raid wit*
1 made and prices were forced down to 85c, the
market cloning at 85,Cc. The transactions during
the day were the heaviest for weckN.and will
nRKregato 4,000,000 barrels. The report that tin)
Cadnwalliuler well No. 2, at Clarion, was doing
a 100 barrels an hour also had its clt'ect upon
the market.
On. City, Oct. 19.?Opened at 92%o; highest
92%c; lowest 84 %CJ closed at 85%c: sales 3M.200
barrels; clearances 1,070,000 barrels; charters
12l0g8 barrels; shipments 81,4'JO barrels; runs
41,%5 bar rein.
Hhadfokd, Pa., Oct. 10.?Opened at 92%c
highest lowest 85c; closed at 85J^e; clear*
anccs '.HIS,Duo barrels.
Titurviile, Pa., Oct. 19.?Opened at D2%c
highest J>2)?c; lowest 8Ce; closed at85%c.
Llva Htack.
Chicago, Oct. 19.?Cattle?Recolpt* 10.000 head;
shipments :i,ft00 head; market steady: choice
boeve* 8-"?7ft: stceriVllOaft 00; mocker* and feedera
$200a:i 40; Texan cuttle Slfiftaa 10; western
rangers S2 "-"mii 10. Hogs?Receipt* 16,000head:
shipments 6,000 head: market fte lower: mixed
S.'i :VuiT> .V); heavy $ "> iftaft 8ft; li^iit S5 30; skip*
40aft lft. Sheep?Receipts 7,000 head; shipments
2,ftUO head; market steady; natives 83 00
a I lft; westerns 83 lfta3 ftft: Toxans 0fta3 40;
lam lis Si OOaftOO.
Kakt Libkrty. Pa., Oct. 10.?Cattlo?Receipts
7ft) head: shipments 4.77 head; market nothing
doing, all through consignment*. Hogs?Kci
oeipts 4.000 hfitil: shipment* :i,100 head: market
(lull: PhiladelphiasSftKOati 00;mixed 8ftCOaft7ft;
Yorker* 8ft ft&Ao 65; common to lair SftlifcaftftO;
pigs S;i ftdttft fto. 8heop?Iteceipts i.too head:
shipment* 1,200 head; market dull at unchanged
prices.
Cincinnati, Oct. 19.?Hogs quiet and firm;
common and light $4 'iftaft 10; pscklngaud butchers
$.? 03; receipt* 2,000 head; shipments
1,950 head.
Sletals,
Nkw York, Oct. 10.?Pig iron quiet and unchanged:
American Sift OdalO00. Copter dull;
lake ?17 fiO. Load lower at S3 9ft. Tiu tlrui;
straits ?23 ftO.
Wool.
Nkw York, Oct. 19.?'Wool in moderate trado
and lirm; domestic iiecce sttaUte; pulled iJttiSGe;
Texas 13a22e.
Ury Goods.
Nkw Yor.K. Oct. 19.?Tboro was litllo of new
l?nsltn-.vT*. The market was slow flia rule.
"travelers^gu 1de.
a hkival and departure of
jljl TRAINS?On And after May 15,1?8?-Kx.
' pi.anation okUkpkkkncxMarks. Dally. fSun(lay
excepted. J Monday excepted. {Saturday
excepted. IKimday only.?Eastern Standard
time.
it. & o. It. k.?East. Depart. Arrive
l I'ldladelpbla Limited* .... 5:25 am *10:46 pm
Mall and Express 5:10 pm *11:20 am
Cumberland Accom a.05 am 5:50 pm
(irafton Accom 5:10pm 11:20 am
Moundsvlllo Accom 5:85 am 7::?am
I MoundHVillo Accom 7:35 am 0:15 am
Mouudsvlllo Accom............. 12:01 pm 1:40 pm
| Moundsvlllo Accom- 6:10pm 7:40pm
west.
i CarabrldRo Accom {9:00 am t7:10pm
. Kxpres* (Chicago and Col).... 10:25 am *(1:10 pm
P Chicago Express. ^trtOpm 9:50 am
Chicago Limited *9:50pin '0:25 am
Columbus Acco.ni.. 12:45 pm fl0:35 am
Ciuciunati Limited - 11:16pm *4:65 am
St. ClairsviUo Accom t8;06arn f ":55 am
St. Claitrvillo Accom 4s:0Uara fl0::tb iun
; SL Clairsvillo Accom fjioopm tl:35 pm
- St. Clalntvilio Accom 5:10 pm iG:10pm
\V.t V. Si I*. DW.
Washington and Pittsburgh. *5:00 am *10:15 am
j Washington and Pittsburgh. *K:10 am ] 1:10 pm
1 Pittsburgh A 1'hlia. Kx... 0:20 pm *0:55 pm
Washington aud Pittsburgh. tl-.45pm tl2:45pm .
Washington f6:30 pm *8:00 am '
Pittsburgh Accom |5:30pm 111:55am
P., C. & St. L. Uy.
. Pittsburgn t7:3U?m t9:20pm
Pittsburghand New York.... f 1:35 pm j3:45pm
PlttsburRh and New York.... f4:20pm fll:00 am
t Pittsburgh & N. Y. Ex 9:40 pm ...
1 wmt.
Express, uu. aud at. Louis-) t7;20am to.T.oam *
r Kxprtm, Cin. and 8t. LouInJ-t<J:40pm rJ :20 pm
t Exprt'Ki. Bteubtmvlllo A Col. I f 1:35 pm j3:-;6pm
Btcubenvlllo hqiI UunulsoiM i4:20pm
C. a I*. K. K.
r Pittsburgh and Cleveland.... trufiOam t8:47pra
- MftrUn'K Ferry 7:45 am 45:15 pm
- HUMilii-nvllIf Accom 9:33 am f 1:28 pm
Cleveland and wullsvUlo...... '1:12pm t?:Mam
s Pitttburgh oud New York H:8U pm fll :13 am
k Pittsburgh 11:17 am t^P1*
, C., L. Si \Y. It. K.
is Express, Cleveland, E. & \\\. 112:35 pm 18:05 pm
c Masslllon Accom |5:12pm fl 1:25 am
l> St. Chiirsvllle Accom t7:.Vmm tU:32am
, St. ClitlrKvillo Accoiu fl0:25am flj?m
t rit. Cluirnvllle Accom fJMOpm t5:H4pm
e St. CbUrxville Accom 6:25 pm 8:00 pm
1 Local Freight and Accom-... 5:80 am t7:S0 pm
v Ohio Klver ituilrond.
PowicnKcr *7:35 am *11:00 am
1'amMiKur *12:15 pm *8:20 pm
PaNicuKur *4:30 pm *8:16 pm
. Freight ......
IS.. Z. & C. Railroad.
4 Bcllnlre A Zancavillc Through Passenger leave i
i Bcllaire at 8:40a. w.. Arrives *t lioll&iru itin.m
* Woodnfleld PiiKseiiRor leaves Jlellalru at 4 :'J0 p.
i m., arrive* at llellulre at 8:20 a. m.
4 Summerfleld Accommodation leave* Bcllairo
I at 1:00 p. n?.. nrrlvi-ant IVdlnlre at 10:4.ria. m.
" Educational.
. ~ A Live, Practical School.
Threo separate cotlrvei, Preparatory, Commercial
and l'hunoKrupliic.
I i NIGHT SCUOOL-Udlei admitted.
;) I'leatte call or rand for catalogue. Address
Wheeling Business College.
aulH-Mwc Wheeling. W. Va.
II tinn UAI'I.KWOOD 1NST1TUTK, lor both
vpuUUi K-xin, Concordvllle, Pa. Preparatory,
HiiklnoKN UmduntlnK.KuKlIkh Graduating,Helen*
title and College preparatory courses. Hpcclal
care to little boys. Highly recommended by
patron*. JoHKi'it HiiouTUiMiE, (Yale) A.M. l'r.
Dl JoT'Th**
?! To Farmers, Gardeners, Etc.
QIUNDLNU MliZi
k Tli.t will Grind Cora ami Colt together, and all
kindh of grain.
l'" Hcientifle Feed MIIIh.
'? Diamond Feed Mllla.
* lluckeyo Mill and Power Combined.
* Victor Mill and Power Combined.
W Buckeye Power Mill.
Young America Corn and Cob Mill.
* K. K. GIPF1N A 00.,
Qfln I.VM M.ln Mt. Whfi-lltiK. w. v?.
RRJIITIES "jhn.iHiUlre, oz. KUd Cou B11KK1,
h- ODrtUlluu Jersey Hoil* atid Uerkshlro HOC?,
jc; P. itocksaud 11. Leghorn Chickeus Bronse Tui
isff- l'AR1, i". ??<> > KNi'iNff,
:e. Mill*, 11. 1' rn, 4c.. bent and ciicarcst; part pay
ier iu lumber. KaiUtactlon guarantee} ou all.
*r RIIM b??k for?ccnta and nameaand
ry. ulLUu add run* of twenty wido awako Farmer*,
ter Bend stamp lo; circulars to
iw T. &. CARflKADON.
lo- noa-DAw Keyaer, W, Yi,
?S - mTVIT i. . . .<

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