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The Wheeling daily intelligencer. (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1865-1903, June 23, 1892, Image 1

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Nominations Mado 'mid Discord
Inside, Uproar Outalde.
Proeonto J to Fatigued and Water.Soaksd
The Dobnte Over the Tariff Plnnk In
tlio Platform?Wattflnion Succeeds
In Getting (lie Froa Trade Bulntituto
for tlio Straddle l'lank Adopted?A
Day and Nlglit of Many Stir,
ring Epliodcs.
TU? Bailor.
Chicago, Juno 23.?The roll of atstoB
was ordorod for n ballot at 2:50 n. m. A
motion to adjourn was lost at 2:52 a. m.
Tlio roll call proceodod as follows:
Alabama 14 for Cleveland.
Arkansas 111 for Clovoland.
California 18 for Cleveland.
Colorado 3 for Hill, of Now York; 5
(or Boles.
Connecticut 12 (or Oloveland.
Delaware, II (or Cleveland.
Florida, 5 for Cleveland; 3 for Carlisle,
ol Kentucky.
Georgia, 6 for Hill; 4 for Arthur P.
Gorman, and 17 for C'loveland.
Idaho 6 for Boies.
Illinois 48 for Cleveland. .
Indiana 30 for Cleveland.
Iowa 20 for Boloj.
Kansas 20 for Clovoland.
Kentucky, 0 for Oarliale, 2 for Boies,
IS for Cleveland.
Louisiana, Hill 1, Oloveland 3, Boies
11, (TOrtnan 1.
Maine, Cleveland 0.
Maryland, 0 for Claveland, 0J for
Massachusetts, 24 for Cleveland, 4 for
Hill, 1 for Boies, 1 for Kurseil.
Michigan, 28 for Cleveland.
Minnesota 18 for Cievoland.
Mississippi 3 for Hill, 4 for Gorman, 3
for Boies, 8 for Clovolund.
Missouri 34 for Cleveland.
Montana fl for Boies.
Nebraska 15 for Cleveland, 1 for Gorman.
Nevada 4 for Boies; 2 for Gorman.
Sow Hampshire, Cleveland 8.
New Jersey. Cleveland 20.
Vow York, Hill 72.
North Dakota fl for Cleveland.
Ohio 14 for Cleveland; 10 for Boies; 5
for Carlisle ; 0 for Hill; 5 for Gorman.
IOreson 8 for Cievoland.
IJennsylvaniaM for Oloveland
Jiliodo island 8 lor uieveianu.
Sotilh Carolina 14 tor Boies, 3 for
Hill, 1 for Cleveland.
. .South Dakota, 7 for Clovelnnd; 1 for.
Boles. ?
Tennessee, 21 for Cleveland.
Texas, 1 for Hill; 0 for Boios j 28 for
Vermont fi for Cloveland.
Virginia 12 for Clavoland, 11 for Ilill.
Virginia It) for Gorman.
Washington 8 for Clovolitnd.
West Virginia 7 for Cloveland. 1 for
I'altisoii, 3 for Gorman, 1 for Ilill,
Wisconsin 21 for Clevoland.
The convention is cheering.
Wyoming 2 for Gornnui. 3 for Clove
Alaska's vote nominated Cloveland.
The total vote for Cleveland was lilOJ.
Tlie convention adjourned until 2
U UVUfc |J. III. lU'UUV*
TliE FttKE TK ADIO Vlijj&K.'
Wutteraon'a Frantic Appoal?'IVost VlrInln
Votes Solid for it*
Sprhl Dtipotch to th: Inlf'Hsttuxr.
Chicago, It.i., Juno -1?Tho reading
of tho lonsthy stump speech which tho
committou 011 resolutions was pleased
to call a platform, but which Houry
Wattersou a fow minutes aftor donouticeil
as an extraordinary oasay, occupied
a Ions time. Tho ro.'aronco to Cleveland
in ilio first paragraph sut tho convention
wilil, mid tho chcerini; continued
for fii'toun ininiitiw. Then iho minority
report was read, and it was lalo before
ilio inn boipin. Tlio minority amendmeat
proposing towipoonttliostraddlo
'( ported by tlio committeo and deelaro
for a taritl tor rovonuo only, wa.i prootod
with noinendoun applause, ami it
was clear that a majority of tlio
Itreat mass of Douiocratt assembled
ui.'lievod with tho minority that tho
Democratic party ousht to have tho
courage of its free trade convictions. Tho
(lcltrttn Ik in ?)..> KAntilif rn.
ports, was short, but intorostin;:, principally
by reason of tho frank talk In<luigo?l
in by Mr. Watterson and othors.
IIis closing remark, "My God, do wo
luivo to no back to the straddle of 1884
for a platform,'' created tremendous applause.
which becamo a sceho of wild
enthusiasm when tho chairman accepted
tho amondmont as nil addition
to the platform. It was only
l?r a whilo, however, for tho
convention soon realized the ridiculousBess
of this course and demanded a
vote on the amendment. Tho question
presented was unexpected and camo as
n complelo fur prise to tho convention.,
Xho dolegatoa found themselves confronted
with a icrlous crisis
a,??i without warninjc forced
to ilccido whether thoy would
cast their voto for tho cowardly
straddle of a question, or bravely face
">c issue, and say for once that tho
Democratic party oilers British free i
trade which liemiblicans have always I
accused thorn of being for, and i
which tlioy liuvo always do- i
nietl. The voting proccodod midst <
groat excitomont and tho result is that i
tiia national Doraocrntic party will go J
into tho campaign on a platform which I
dcclaros for free trade, and which goes
further in tbut direction than any platform
slnco 1870.
west ViftOlKIA foe free tlufit
West Virginia voted solid for tho !
tho amendmont The excitement during
tho ballot was largely duo to tho
fact that the anti-Cleveland faction
lend tho fight for tho amendment. The ,
result could not bo takon as an indlca- ,
tion of strength, however, as many ,
Cleveland mon who aro tree traders, .
voted for tho amendment. n. a. d.
A Fr?o Trait* Finnic Adopted?The No till. |
nntlttn ?f Candidates.
Convention IIali., Chicago, Juno 12. <
?The convention reconvenod at 5 1
o'clock. Every spectator or delegate, 1
who had ? wigwam ticket, know full
woll as ho entered tho barracks before
tho session was over tho battle would
bo on. Tho assumption that there
'would bo a skirmish *wns basod partly
on tlio fact that tlio committee on resolutions
would probably report. It was
beliovcd that liourko Cockran's warning
of tho morning that ho would have
business with tho convention later,
meant entertainment for the crowd.
Tartly, too, tho anticipation of tho
throng was based upon the conviction
that another Domoi:ratio presidential
noniinco would have been placed in
history before tho session should have
J ho nlmosphcro wan charged heavily t
with moisture. Tho men in tho galler- .
ios took oir their coats. How the
wornon maintained life none bnt thom- '
selves know. Now York's delegation, '
with Mr. Croker at tho head, camo first 1
into tho hall. Aery of Mil! went lip, J
but a sound of escaping steam shot out J
from tho floor and grow to * whistling, 1
hissing storm. Tho great throng, how- 1
ever, subsided when Chairman Wilson 1
thumped tho desk with a mallet and '
the session had begun. Then- tho snn j
was shining dull yellow through tho '
heavy air, tho crowd reokod and 1
steamed. Almost physical discomfort '
prevnUoll, but there was business to bo 1
clone ami tlio interest in what should '
occur drew individual attention souio- '
what from individual suflering. <
liov. Thomas Heed, of Cedar Rapids, '
Iowa, was present at 5:3d p. m., and he '
offered a prayor, which, whilo charao- '
terlzed by high dignity, wasstrong, and '
ntmlniicA nt itj? plnnn. Thn tom. J
per of tho crowd was ono of quick demonstration.
Tho band started "America."
Kx-Secrot*ry Whitney entered at 0:10
p. m. and took a place on the chairman's
campdsll's missionary toub.
Governor Campbell at 0:15 p. m. '
started on a final tour of tho delegations,
presumably on a missionary errand.
lie first made his way to Michigan's
chairs, and tboentlro body of delegates
from that state leaped upon 1
their chairs and chccrod whilo Son t
Dickinson greeted nun. The tour was
continued amid cheers.
At 0:24 Delegato Uharlos N.Jones, of :
Missouri, chairman of the resolutions j
committee, appeared upon tho platform.
Addressing tho convention he :
said: "I am instructed by tho com- J
raittee on resolutions to present to you j
as a roport of tho committee tho follow- :
ing resolutions and movo their adop- j
tion. In order that you may moro dis- J
tinctly hoar whftt tho committee has !
prepared, I intend to ask a gentloman j
who is as familiar as myself with the J
phraseology of tho platform to read it
lor me. [Applause.] :
And when it has been road I shall ,
movo the provious question upon tho '
nflnnttnn of the nlatform. I Cries of
''No.""Xo.'') ' *
h 11 Patterson, of Colorado, who advanced
to the platform, said: In view
of the statement just made, I will say
that I represent a minority of tho committee
dn resolutions, and I dosiro to
announco that that minority expects to
bfi hoard and to present its report before
tho previous question shall bo put.
Quick oncers groetod this announcement.
a cusvixand dkmoxstitttiox.
Then ox-Socretary Vilas cominoncod
to read the resolutions nt(i:28, but when >
ho roached tho pliraso "From Cleveland
to Madison" thuro was n quick shout of i
one voice noar the platform. It wag I
lost, however, in a flash, for it loomed ]
as if with one impulse tho entire 20,000 t
people leaped upon their chairs, and <
with hats and himdkorchiofs in tho air (
20,000 throats lot loose yells and screams i
that shook the heavy air aud almost I
made the barracks quiver. j
In a flash it white satin banner heavy i
with cold fringe shot aloft and was |
moved to tho centre aisle. It was cut- j
riod by Gen. Sickle, of Michigan, and j
on onu side was a picturo of Mr. Clove- <
innH Thn (irst. outbreak wasa murmur, I
but now (ho savagery o( noi?o and din i
that roso swept and rollod from sido to |
siilo of tho great wigwam and rollod ]
around tho auiphithoatro. i
A man lu the rear of tlio delogatoi ]
hoisted a picture of David B. Hill, j
Quick as human impulse moves, a hostile
hand rlppod it from the standard 1
and toro it up while hisses for and <
against tho act swept in a wavo i
around tho hall. Than camo into t
view a crimson banner. A sturdy <
Doios man boro it aloft and waved it I
constantly,whita tho mass of swoltoring j
pcoplo, if possible, swelled tho din and i
storm of sound. Tho tompost flowed |
"until 0:1" p. in., when Don Dickinson, i
of Michigan, causod the Michigan banner
to hn carried from vlow in ordor
that business might borosumod. Thoro
were hisses from tho crowd that the <
guidon and baton of Its applauso should I
be roinoved. Through all this Tainmti- <
ny's men in tho centro aislo sat grim I
ami sllont, neither hissing Cleveland '
nor cheering Hill. Its thunderous disapproval,
held porfeetly In leash, dial- ;
longed admiration oven from those who
opposed tho .Manhattan Indian;., Kl- i
nhlly, atililS, Mr. VIin* ninin rojumeu
tlio rending of tlio platform.
[l'lio majority report will bo found in
nnotlior column.] i
Tlio donimciiition of measures like
tlio forcu bill was loudly chceroJ. Col.
Jonos inovod tlio adoption of tlio platform.
.Mr. Xoil, of Ohio, bains recoirulzed,
inid: Asa representative from
tlio Statu of Ohio, upon tlio couimlttoo
on resolutions 1 civo uotico of my in- 1
toution to present to tlio convention an
amend men t to tlio noetlon of tlio platform
rclatinii to tlio tariff. [Applause.]
I liavo iieen unablo conscientiously to
agree with tlio majority of tny follow
Bombers upon tho section of this platform.
I therefore Rive notico that I
would uiovo in open convention to
itrlke out of Hint scctlonof the platform
pertaining to tlio tariff all tho words
preceding the denunciation of tho Melt
inloy net and substitute tboreforo tho
We denounce the Republican protection
as a fraud on tho labor of tho great
majority of the Amorican pooplo for tho
boneflt of the fow. Wo declare it to be
i fundamental principlo of tho Demo:ratic
party that tho foderal governnent
has no constitutional powor to
rnpoae and collect tariff duties, except
'or the purpose of revenue only, and
ne demand tuat tho collection of such
taxes shall be limited to the necessities
)f tho govornment, when honoitly and
jconouiically administered.
At. thn nnfl nf Mr Xnnl'it nnAfld).
hero were cries of "Watterson, and
Mr. llonry Watterson, of Kentucky,
:amo forward to tho platform, bis appearance
being greeted with prolongod
:hcers. When order was rostored be
ipoke as follows: Before I open my
ipa to express an opinion upon this
natter I desire to have read
in extract from the tariff plank
)f the Domocratlc platform of 1870,
When the clerk finished tho reading
llr. Watterson resumed his address as
follows: This declaration of principles
omos to us witii tho impression of tho
vlndoni and tho benediction of the
isgo and taint of Democracy, Samuel J.
riiden. The mention of Mr. TUdon's
lamo was received with prolonged
'heera. tho New York delegation standng
up and yelling.
Twelve long years I have fought upon
ill occasions and at every opportunity
o establish tho doctrine of that plank as
in articlo of tho cardinal Democratic
aith, and finally, when seoing it at last
irnctic.illy continued in three great
>omocratic tariff nets and finally In
lie message of a groat Democratic
President. [Ureal applause.] Filally,
when I saw it conflrmod and
iroelalraed by the Democratic conyenlon
whlcb assembled in 1388 in St.
ouis, I said mv labors are over, my
Igbt is ended, the victory is won and I
:an go to sleep. I shall never again bo
? UnmAAHAtln xlntfnwin nnm.
lean entrust to the younger
ind loss experienced hands tills work
if my'life and love. But when I listened
to the extraordinary essay wo
lavo heard from tills desk, "I naked mytolf
whether wo were indeed a Demo:ratic
convention, or simply a Repubienn
convention revised by James G.
jlaino or Benjamin 1'. Butier; for the
arid plank wo have listened
;o this afternoon is almost
dentieal in principle with the
ninority report submitted to the Demicratic
convention in 1884 by Bonjamin
P. Butlor and voted down almost
Loud cries for Vilas followed Mr.
iVattoraon'a spoecli.
On coming to thg platform he said:
"There are many thiugs to be said
vith referenco to the resolution offered
>y tho gentleman from Ohio. Thoro
ire many declarations to bo made In
egard to it. You can extend your
)latform to any degree you see fit, or
he wearied powors of your committee
lion in hearing argument and debate
vould enable them to sustain. Cut this
osolution which you propose to strike
>ut was a resolution reported to tho
lonvuntlon ol 1884, over which I had
he honor to prosido, and it was rolortod
by that prince of tariff reformsra,
Colonel William R. Morrison.
Gentlemen, I don't proposo to oner
into any dcbnte or discussion
if the particular form of words in which
>vo declare our opposition to. tariff
escalation. I do not think it makes
liucli difTerorico in what form of
vordB wo repeat our unvarying
ind unswerving hostility to that
[roat robbery and iniquity. I don't
:are much for tho words bocause
Iveydnrs ago next fall a President of
;ho tJnlted Slates led tbe Democratic
mrty into a position on the tariff ques;ion
which was not only right and brave
'nd splendid and Democratic,but which
ins givon Jlfo blood oternnl perpetuation
.0 tho party.
WATTEnSO* hkplies.
Mr. Wattorson took tho platform and
-opliod to Colonol Vilas as follows:
One word only in relation to n refermco
by my honored and distinguished
rlcnd. tho senator from Wisconsiu.who
presided over tliut convention of 1881,
ind that is this. In 1884, in the midst
if tiio throes of a groat iiiternociiiotnrlfT
:ontrovor?y. Tho party seemed to be
iplit wide open nnd alter fifty-two
lours of unbroken discussion in tho
ilntform committee, tho host tliat tiio
nodorate or conservative members of
,ho committee?myself unions tho
lumber?could obtain hb common
;round to stand upon was tho platform
if 1884. But rinco thon we have had
;he second Morrison bill, tho Mills bill,
ho message of the l'residont in 188",
lie great campaign of education of
1888?so thatl cannot holp vnvlngto my"elf:
"My God, is it posslb'lo that in
[802, wo have to go back for a tariff
ilnnk to the straddle of 18S4?"
Mr. Tom. L. Johnson, of Ohio, lionrtiy
endorsed tho amendmont. Mr. Neal
iemandod a call ot tho roll of states
ipon this amendment. Thero were
loveral calls of "Mr. Chairman," by
telega to* wishing to bo recognlzod, but
lo refused to recognize any one and
nuch confusion followed. Thoro was
itill srenter confusion nnd crlos of "Mr.
3halrinan" all over the house from
nemberi endeavoring to bo recognized.
The ?ecrotnry finally mado an attempt
;o proceed with tho roll call of the
itntes and out of a snddonly dovoloped
>nMniifv Mnw ft hush. l'h? secretary
houted "Alabama" and tho votes cast
iroro ayes, 12: noes, 10.
Mr. Bronson, of Kentucky?What aro
foil voting on?
Tho chnirnian?Tho motion Is tostriko
3ut and substitute.
Tho secretory continued tlio roll call,
ivhlcli resulted: Ayes, 604; noos, 1)42.
When Pennsylvania was announced 04
joliil "no." Sonator Wallaeo said:
"On behalf of 15 of tho delegation
[rom Pennsylvania I protest, sir, against
tho power of the delegation to bind
thono IS mon on questions of principle.
I am here In my own sovereignty. You
linve no right to vote mo, nor iloos the
delegation give any one tho right to
vote mo, on questions of principle."
W. I", llcntcl, ol Pennsylvania?Bofore
the chair docides that question I
desire to Btnto the condition imdor
which tho delegation froui i'ennsyl
vania presonts itself to this convention,
if tho chair desires Information on that
subject. . ,
The chairman?Tho chair was about
to stole tint ho is not informod whpt tho
action of previous Democratic conventions
has been whore question of this
character has ari?en. The chair himself
would rule thatthe vote as returned
by tho chairman of the delegation
would be received unless decided othorwiio.
Blade tJndor lutorruptlottH of a Haiti
Storm nnd Confunlon.
The call of statos was ordered for the
presentation of candidates.
Gov. Abbett, of New Jorsoy, took tho
platform and presentod Cleveland's
Abbott said Cleveland would rcccivo .
the support of every Democrat in the
land. Cries of "So." biases and con
Abbett ropoatcd: "I said every
Democrat." (Loud choere.] In addition
he will rocoivo tbouiandg of independent
votes. *.
While the oxcitomont was at its
height, a Cleveland man on tbo lowest
side oI tho bouse Bang out, "Hurrah
io? Grovcr." In n moment ho wob
ranped undor the ear by n Hill man mid
a lively sculllowas on nt once. A lieutenant
of police and a patrolman jumped
in qnd quieted the fracas,removing the
pugilists from tho hull. Twouty-four
minutes tho demonstration insted.when
tho exhausted delogatos relapsed into
their scats, and Gov. Abbett was permitted
to continuo.
On tho conclusion of Governor Arbeit's
speech a renewed outburst of
Cleveland enthusiasm followed which
did rot ceaso for ten or rnoro minutes.
XI10 confusion was greatly heightened
by tho violent storm which poured
down torronts of rain upon the opon
roof ot the building and soon drenched
tho vast assembly.
Tho noise of the rain upon the boards
lovorhoad, tho rolling of tho thunder
added to tho shouts and cries of tho
delegates and spoctatorsjrendorod it impossible
to proceed with business. The
chairman of tho convention had to
abandon his position at his desk on
account of tho down pouring torrent
and an umbrella was raised ovor his
head like n Chinese sun shade ovor the
mandarin in the play of tho "Mikado."
Hon. W. C. DeWitt, trom iho Now
York delegation, win put forward to
make a speech putting in nomination
Senator David B; Hill, and as he came
forward on the platform for that purpose,
the chairman siiid: Gentlemen
of the convention, I de*iro to present to
you the lfon. AV. 0. DeWitt, of Now
At this point tho continued rain
storm and confusion in tho hall made it
impossiblo for the speaker to be heard
bvmorothan a Tew in his immodiato
vicinity. The chairman declared a ro
cess for fifteen minutes.
During tho intermission the crowd
amusod itsolf watching the glare of
lightning and in listening to the swish
of the rain. Kverybody had yolled
himself hoarse and was content to wait
in comparative silence the passing of
tho storm.
When tho rocess expired and after
some confusion, Mr. DeWitt, of Now
York, canio down by the secretary's
desk in ordor to get away from the
down-pour of rain Ailing upon tho desk
of tho chairman and nftor a fow mln? ??
waHinnp f.>r thn nfcnrm to nnint.
made his speech.
At tho concluiion of Mr. DoWitt's
spoech tho ontiro Now York dolosation
nro?o and chccrcd tho namo of Senator
Unlike when Cleveland's boom was
on and tho New York dolom'atian remained
glum and silent, now nnrior the
inspiration of Hill thoy roso in thoir
scats and waved everything they could
lay thoir hands on.
Roneral Sickles raised on tho ond of
his crutch a portrait of Hill, and a crcat
swell of yells spread ovor tho hall.
Other portraits of Hill woro produced,
and thoro was a determination ovident
? -? tL- TTMt 1
on tno part oi mo Jim luuii iu uijiuii
tho Clovoland demonstration not only
in timo but in quantity of noise.
Among tho delogiUes from Now York
who wore tho loudest and moat vigorous
in tholr demonstrations woro Delancy
Nicoll, Corporation Counsel
Clark, Mayor Grant, William G. Ellis,
David Levantritt. and 1'olico Commissioner
Jamas Martin. Sick Crokor felt
that his timo had como, and mounting
a chair ho raised his stentorian voice
in aid of tho genoral clamor.
Fifteen minutes after tho rumpus
comtnonced, President Wilson began
rapping with his gavel,but succeedod on1y
In increasing tho awful uproar. Gon. 1
fc'lckols, tiring of Holding on his crutch
tho portrait of Hill, delogatod that duty
to a young man of extraordinary
stature who jumped on a chair and
hold tho plcturo as high as ho could.
Mr. Frederick Opp, of Texas, appoarod
in tho midst of tho confusion
with a Cleveland portrait, which ho
waved defiantly abovo his hoad. Somo
ono rolled a newspaper into u
ball and throw it at Mr. Opp, who
dodged, still continuing his performance.
Finally a Hilllto tore tho obnoxious
portrait out of tho hands of the
gentleman from Toxas and throw it at
tho faco of the man from the Lone Star
Mr. Dnnscomb, of Iowa, placed tho
namo of Horace Ooios in nomination. .
There was cheering all over the hall
wlion Boies'ritthe was mentioned, many
dolejratos rislnu to their foot, tho Now
York dolomites joining in tho demonstration
for Boion.
The demonstration finally extondod
to all ptirta of the hall.
Kentucky seconded the nomination
of Cleveland, but Honry Watterson seconded
Boiea's nomination.
A Vest Virginia seconded tho nomination
of Hill. Another delegate of West
Virginia seconded Cleveland's nomination.
Another dolegalo from Wost Virginia
said that nine-tenths of tho Democracy
favors tho nomination of Cleveland.
rv?tt>utu arr-niMu ttir f
Bonrko Cockran naked tho cammittoe
to take a recois till 10:30, Oblcctlon
belnj; raised he took tho platform to
second Hill's nomination.
Cockrnn said Clevolnnil was popular
every day ill thn yoar except ono'und
that was election' day. [Laughter and
The Veil Torn from the Hidoous
Mokanna of Demooraoy
To tho Gaze of Those who Onoo
Thought it Beautiful.
But There will bo Wu'litig in the Protection
"Wltitf or tho Party, and Llko
Itachel in tho Wilrternow Their
Mourning will be Past Comforting.
Tho Republican Bands Can Now
Play "Annie Louricr* atul it will
"Not Snow tho Next Day,'* Either.
Star-Eyed Goddess Wuttcrsoii ErtT^
ing tho Stra*vl>orry Short Cako of
Victory, AVhilo Others aro Sorrowfully
Munching the Cold Convolution
Pio ol Deioat. .. t
Chicago, Juno 22.?Following is.the
majority roport of tho coinmittco on
lieaolutions, which was adopted with
the exception of tlio tarUF plank, tho
minority's free trade substitute being
adopted in its placo by a vote of 504 to
Section 1. The representatives of tho Democratic
purly of the United State*, in national
couve.uiou assembled, do rcnfllrm their allegiance
to tho principles of the party a* formulate"!
by ditlerent uudcxcmplitiod by the long and illustrious
line of his successors; ill Democratic
leadership from .Madison to Cleveland, we lielievc
tho public welfare demands tb'it these
principle* be applied to the eondtiet ol t lie federal
government through the aeowrtoiuo jvonor
of the party that advocate* them: and we solemiJ'7
declare that the need of n return to these
fundamental principles of a free popular government
ban d on home rule and iudfvldnal liberty
was never more urgent than now. when the
tendency to centralize alt power at tho lederal
capital ho* become a menace to the reserved
rights of the atutes that Strikes ut the very
roots of our government uiHer.the cons;i.uJ& i
as framed by the fathers of t le republic.
Sec. ? We warn the people of our eoinmon
country, jealous for tho preservation of their
free luttluitious, that the policy of fedurul control
of elections to which the ltcnt-blieau party
ha* committed Itself I* fraaeht with the gravest
danger*, scarcely less mouicntou* than would
rex tilt fro a* a revolution practically CHtublisliing
monarchy on tlie ruins of the republic.
Tt strikes at till? north aa well ns Hie aontli.
niul Injures the colored citizen oven moru tbnn
white; it means u horde of deputy marshal* at
every polling place armed with federal power,
returning board* Appointed and controlled hy
authority, the outrage of the electoral rJgbu o/
the people in tbe several state,*, the siihlutfUlim
of the colored people to the control of the party
in power and the reviving of raeo antagonisms
now happily abated, of the utmost peril to safety
niul happiness to all; a incisure deliberately and
justly described by a leading Kcmiblicaii senator
"?w the most infamous bill thnt ever
crossed the threshold ol the sennto." Such a
policy, if sanctioned by law, would turn the
dominance of a self perpetuating oligarchy of
officeholders, and the party Itrxt entrusted with
It* machinery imuM be dislodged from power
only by an oppttin to the right of "tlio people to
resist oppression which 1* Inherent in all self
governing committee*. Two years ago this revolutionary
policy was emphatically condomocd
by the people at tho polls; but In contempt of
that verdict tho Republican i?ar.ty ha* declared
In it* latf^-anthWrowwi tmawwft that its success
liMhtrcorol?g.^prtfon?WiU"im-nn the enactment
of tho force bill ntid tho usurpation of
despotic control over elections In all tho states.
Relieving that the preservation of republican
government in the lrnitcd .States is dopeudont
upon the dofoat of this policy of legalized force
and fraud, wo Invito the support of all citizens
who deMroto seethe constitution maintained In
ItM Integrity with the latvs pursuant thereto
which have given our country a hundred years
f unexampled prosperity: and we pledge tho
Democratic party, If It be entrusted with power,
not only to defeat the force bill, but also to tho
relontless opposition to the Republican policy of
proltlgato expenditure which, in the hhort space
of two vears. has snuaiideroil an enormous sur
plus and emptied nn overflowing treasury. after
piling now burdens of taxation upon the ulreudy
overtaxed labor of the country.
von nEVEKur. only.
gee. 3. Wo reiterate tho oft repeated doctrine*
of tlte Democratic party that the necessity of
tho government Is tho only justification for taxntion
and whenever a tax Is unnecessary it 1m
unjustifiable: that when custom house taxation
is levied upon unifies of any kind produced in
this country. the difference between the cost of
labor hero and labor abroad, when Mich o difference
exist*, fully measures uuy possible be tie lit*
to labor, and the enormous additional imnosN
tlons of the existing tariil" fall with cruiniim
force upon our farmers and workingmcn. and
lor tho mero advantage of the few whom It enrich?*,
exacts from labor a grossly unjust share
of the expenses of the government and we demand
such a revision ot tho tuflff us will remove
these iniquitous Inequalities lighten
their oppressions and put them on a constitutional
and equitable baxlu.
IJut in making reduction in taxes, it is not proposed
to Injure any domestic Industrie*, but
rather to promote their healthy growth. From
the foundation of this government taxes collected
ot the custom houses have been the chief
hourcc of federal revenue. Hitch they must continue
to be. Moreover, many industries have
coine to rely npon legislation for successful continuance,
so that auy cbanue of law must bo at
every Mop regardful of the labor and capital thtw
involved. Tho process of reform must be subj
ject iu tho execution of this plain dictate of justice.
Wo denounco tho McKlnloy tariff law enacted
by the Fifty-flint Congress a* tho culminating
atrocity of class legislation. We appreciate tho
efforts of the present Congress to auato some of
its most pernfeious efleets in tho direction of
free raw materials, and cheaper manufactured
poods that outer into general consumption; amd
we promise repeal as one of the benollrcnt results
that will follow tho notion of the people in
on trusting power to the Democratic party. Hinco
thcMcKiuloy bill weut into operation there have
been ten reductions of the wages of laboring
men to ono increase. Wo deny that thoro has
been any lacreaso of prosperity to tuo country
shut) thut tariff went into oporation, and wo
point to tho dullness and dhtrens, of the wage
reductions nnd strikes in tho iron trado as tho
best posslblo evidence timt no such prosperity
bus resulted from tho McKinlcy act.
Wo call attention of thoughtful Americans to
tho fact that after thirty year* of restrictive
taxes against tho importation of foreign wealth,
in exchange for our ngrieultural surplus, tho
homes and farms of the country havo bocomo
burdened with a real estate inortsugo debt of
over two thousand fire hundred infllion dollars
exclusive of all other forms of indebtedness:
that in one of the chief agricultural Mate* of the
west there appears n real estnto mortgage debt
averaging !1M per capita of tho total population:
and that similar conditions and tendencies
are shown to exist in tho other agricultural exporting
states. We denounce a policy whicfi
(outer* no industry so much as it does that of tho
Sec. I. Trado Interchange on the basis of reciprocal
advantages to tho countries participating
Is n time-honored doctrino of tho Democratic
faith, but uo denounce tho ahum reciprocity
which juggles with tho people's desire for eti?
larged foreign markets and freer exchango by
pretending to establish closer trade relations for
a country whose article* of oxport are almost cxcluslvely
agricultural products with other countries
that are also agricultural, while eroding a
custom bouse barrier of prohibitive tarllT taxes
against the rich and tho countries of tho world
that stand ready to take our entire surplus of
product* and to exchange therefor commodities
which aro necessartcsaudcomfortsof life among
our own people.
Sec. .r?. Wo recognlxo tho trust! and combinations
which are designed to enable capital to
secure more than in just share of tho Joint product
of capital and labor n natural conscnneneo
of the prohibitive tariff which prevent the free
comitetiilon which is tho life of honest trade.
but wc believe their wont evil* enn be abated by
inwiinil wo demand the riutd enforcement of
the law* unido to prevent and control thorn, t??gether
with such farmer legislation In restraint
ol their ahtucf as experlouco uiny seem to ho
Sec. 0. The Kepubllean partr. whllu professing
a policy of rceping the public land for small
holdings by actual nettlnrs, hni Riven away the
peopled heritage till how a fuw rich mid lion*
resident*, aliens, individual and corporate,
KmCff ft buffer nren than that of all our liirnu
ttrecn the two seas. The Inst Democratic ad.
uiluhitrutlon reversed the improvldeut aud uu
wiso pulley of tbo Jtapublican party toucblof
tbo public domain .und roclniraca /fom corpora;
liom and ayndlcatc*. alien atifLtWjracitle, and restored
to tbo jwople nearly one hundred million
acres of valuable laud to be sacrcdly held as
homesteads for our citizens, and wo pledge ourM'lvos
to coutinuc this iwlicy until every acre of
land unlawfully settled ibull be reclaimed and
restored to the people.
See. 7. We denounce tbo Republican legislation
known ns the Hhcrmhn net of 1S90, as a coVrardly
utake thlft fraught with possibility of
danger in the policy which should make nil of
it* .supporters, m well a* lis author anxious for
it* speedy iv|>caL We hold to the tine of both
gold und silver ax tbc standard motioy of tbo
country und to the coluage of both gold and
silver without discriminating again* t other
mctnl or charge for mintage, but the dollar unit
of coinage of both metal* mu?t Iks of equal in*
trijudc and exchangeable raluc or be adjusted
through international agreement or by ?tich
I nfnmnin1n ?i liirldnilun iiKihnll iiistiri* thn mill 11
taining of the purity of thetw metal*. And tho
equal power of ovary dollar at all tintex in the
mnrkcto, ami in payment of debts: we demand
that all iiaperctirreucy oball be kept at par with,
nnd redeemable in Mi('h coin. We insl*t upon
this policy n* especially necessary for iho protection
of the fanners ana lub;>ritm classes. the fir?t
nnd most defenseless victims of turntable money
and a fluctuating currency.
.Sec. & We recommend that the prohibitory 10
per cent tax on.itate bank i*?tte? be repealed. ,
See. 0. l'ubllc ottlro.ls u pubUe trust, We reaffirm
the declaration of the Democratic conVCU
-tiwi of 187ft for the reform of the civil feVvlce.
and we call for the honcit enforcement of all
' laws regulating the same. The nomination of A
S resident, as In tbc recent liopublican couven*
on by delcgnt Ion* composed largely of hirf **>
So in toes holding office at IiIm pleasure, lb a scan*
alous satire upon free popular institutions nnd
a startling illustration of the method* by wbloh
a President iiroy gratify bin nmbition. Wo <ie.
uouuee a policy under which federal office hold*
cr* uturp control oi party convention* in the
states, nnd pledgo the Democratic party to the
refortn of these and all other abuse* which
threaten individuul liberty nud local sell govern*
on. w IT?
See. 10. The Democratic onrtv is the only
party that hasevor given the country n foreign
policy conaiitout and vigorous, compelling roWKSTj
VfltGI.\rAK8 WHO COUMJ.n't git ix.
mhti annum ano inspiniiK cwuiucnue at uniun.
While avoiding entangling allinsivivi It hits aimed
to cultivate friendly relations with other nations,
and especially with our neighbors on the
American continent, whose destiny 1* closoly
linked to our own. and wc view with nlnrtn tho
tendency to a policy of irritation and bluster,
which fc liable at any lime to coufront us with
the alternative ol humiliation or war. We favor
tho maintenance of a navv strong enough for all
purpose* of national defenso and to properly
maintain tho honor aud dignity of tho country
., See 11. This country has always bceu tho
refuse of the oppressed from every land?exiles
for conscience Mike?and iu tho spirit of tho
founders of our government we condemn the
oppression practiced by the Kugstnn government
uj?ou lis Lutheran and Jewish subjects,
and we call upon our national government in
the Interest of Justice and humanity by all lust
and proper means to use Its prompt and best
efforts to bring about a cessation Lof these cruel
persecutions in tho dominions of thu czar, and
to secure to the oppressed equal rights.
We toudor our profound and earnest svmpatby
to those lovers of freedom who are still struggling
for home rule, and tho great cause of local
sell government in Ireland.
See. 12. Wo heartily approve aUtogUlmato efforts
to prevent tho I'nlted Stales from being
used as a dtfmpliiK ground for tho known criminals
ahd professional paupers of Kurope, and
we demand the rigid enforcement of the laws
against Chinese Immigration, or the Importation
of foreign workmen under contract todcirraae
American labor and lessen its wages, but wo
condemn aud denounce any and all attempts to
restrict tho immigration of the industrious and
worthy ot foreign lands.
See. Hi. This convention hereby renews tho
expression of appreciation of tho patriotism o!
tho soldiers and sailors ol the I'nion iu the wsr
for its preservation, and we favor lust and liboral
pensions for all disabled union soldiers,
their widows and dependents, but wo demand
that the work of tho pension olllce ahull bo done
lunustriousiv, impartially mid nouesuy. ?o
denounce tho present administration of that of*
lieu us incompetent, corrupt, disgraceful oud
Sec. M. Tho federal government should care
for and improve the MlMtadpp I and other great
water way* of the Republic no us to securo for
the Interior Mates easy mid cheap transportation
to the tide witter. When any water way of the
Republic !h of iiifllnlont importance to demand
the aid of the government?that such aid should
be extended on n definite plan of continuous
work until permanent improvement la secured.
nicaragua canal.
See. IS. For purposes of national defense and
the promotion of commcreo between tho state*
we recognize lu the early construction of the
Nicaragua canal and itn protection against
foreign control aa of great importance to the
United States.
Sea HI Recognizing the Wor'd's Columbian
Exposition as a national undertaking of vast lmdortauce.
In which the general government boa
Invited tho co-operation of all tho powers of tho .
world, aud appreciating tho acceptance by
many of such powers of the invitation ex-tended
and tho broadest libornl effort* being
made by them to contribute to the grandeur of
tho undertaking, wo ore of the opinion that
Congress should make such necessary llnanclal
provision as shrill be requisite to tho maintenance
of tho national honor and nubile faith.
Sec. 17. Popular education l?elng tho only
jiafo basis of popular null num. we recommend to
the several states most liberal appropriation!
for tho public schools. Free common school?
are the nursery of good gavornment, and they.
liitvo aIwuvh Mefiiund tho fostcrlna caro of tha
Democratic party, which favor* every means of.
increasing intelligence. Freedom of education
bging nn cMeutial of civil or religious liberty-,
as well as n necessity for the development of Intelligence,
muit not bo interfered with under
any pretext whatever. Wo are opposed to stata
interference with parental rights and rights of
conscience in the education of children is an infrlnet-ment
of the fundamental doctrine, that
tho largest individual liberty consistent with tho
rightHof others insures tho highest type of
American citizenship and the best government.
8cc. 18. Wo approve tho action of the present
houbo of representatives in pacing bills for tha
admission into the Union as states the territories
of Nem Mexico and Arizona, and we favor
tho early admission of all thu territories having
the necctury population and resources to entitle
them to statehood, and while they remain
territories wo hold that tho ottlclals appointed to
administer tho government of any territory, together
with the District of Columbiaund Alaska,
should be bona tide residents of the territory or
district in which their duties are to ba parformed.
Thu Democratic party believes in homa
ruleund the control of tncirown affairs by tha
people of the vicinage.
Sea 19. Wo favor legislation by Congresi and
state legislatures to protect the lives and limbs
of railway employes, and those of other hazardous
transportation companies, and denounce tha
Inactivity of the Republican party, and particularly
tho Itcpuldican senate, for causing the defeat
of measures buneflcial and protective to
this class of wage workers.
See. *J). Wo are iu ItYor of tho enactment bjr
the Mate* of lawn fur ftboilflbinR the notorious
Mwatin# ?y*teia, for aholl'hlng contract convict
labor, and for prohibiting the employment la
factories of children nn<ii<r fifteen yean of are.
See. 21. Wo are oppottd tn all Mtmptuary Taws
uh an interfercuco with tho individual rigots of
th? citizenSee.
22. Upon thin atatcnient of principles ami
policies the Dcmocratln party tuka the intelligent
Judgment o,' the American people. It nsks
u ehaugu of administration, and n change of
party, in order that there mav be a change of
vvNtein, and n change of mothods, thus inuring
tho maintenance, unimpaired of iuxtltutioni
under which the republic has grown great tad

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