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The Wheeling daily intelligencer. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1865-1903, December 19, 1893, Image 1

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ESTABLISHED AUGUST 24, 1852. WHEELING, W. YA.. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1893. VOLUME XLII?NUMBER 10L
?aw?_[Eai?[S G0gi^p? ??oppM ffijpp QnaikBPD {g]?DD??n? [[email protected]'[email protected]
" EXCITEMENT
In tho House on Rocoipt of the
Prosidont'a Mossago.
STRONG RESOLUTION CENSORING
Mr. Cleveland's Hawaiian Policy
Croatos Groat Confusion.
THE OFFICIAL CORRESPONDENCE
Transmitted With tlio Messago Which
Doesn't Bear Out Blount's Itcport oil
Which the President Bused His
Conclusions?fjspuwjnca iruiu /*uiniral
Wiltse, IVlio Was in Command
of tho United States Naval
Forces at Honolulu,Condrm Stevens,
but in His Message tho President
Ignored thom and Toole Only
mount's ISx-Parte Statements?Minister
Willis' Instructions to ICestoro
tho Queon on Conditions, But tho
Quccu Would not Accept and 'I hat
i? Why the President Hacked Down,
Washington, D. C., Doc. 18.?Tho
fight over tho Hawaiian matter followed
fast and furious on tho heels of tlio
reading of tho message, which was do*
Inyed on account of tho pousion debato
until 3:30 thid afternoon. Tho first
skirmish occurred over tho question of
reniing tho instructions to Minister
Willis, which was insisted upon by Mr.
Bontelle, of Maino. Tho house finally
agreed to this, and immediately after
tho conclusion of their ruling Mr. Boutnlln
rnnnwftd tho assault bv bringing
forward a resolution declaring tho administration
policy inconsistent with
ttio spirit oi tho constitution and tho
traditions of tho government. Great
excitement reigned, and in tho confusion
.Mr. Boutollo failod to follow up his
parliamentary advantage and was ruled
out of order.
The resolution of Mr. Cockran for the
appointment of a committee of seven to
investigate the alleged invasion of tho
territorial integrity of tho "United
Mates by tho last administration also
went down under a retaliatory objection
by Mr. Boutollo. The confusion
was so great that tho sorgoant-at-arms
was railed in to preserve order. An
adjournment was caused by tho lack of
a quorum on a motion to go into,committer.
Party fooling ran very high at
tho close of tho session and thero is no
doubt tho strucglo will be continued as
Eoon as opportunity oilers in the house.
WHY HE IJACKKP DOWN.
The most interesting featuro of Presiriont
('Wnlnrwl'a mnssnffQ ia that which 1
discloses the exact instructions given to
Minister Willie, nnd which caused this
racket in the house. Mr. Willis was instructed
to advise tho queen that this
country tiesirod to ropuir tho wrong
done her by restoring her to tho throne.
But Mr. \V illis was cautioned to bo explicit
on tho fact that the restoration
must not bo loliowed by tho punishment
of those who had taken part in
tho revolution and in tho formation of
tho provisional government, or by tho
repudiation of the governmental obligations
regularly made by tho provisional
authorities.
n i.: . ; ?i.A ??
HUB il'iuuru KJI HIU lliuiatiuu vivm.o ?|/
tho mystery of the long deluy in Minister
Willis' actions and it also makes
public tor tho first time that Quoen Liliuokalani
has been tho obstaclo in tho
way of accomplishment of Mr. Clovolund's
purpose. Tho message states
that the queen declined to accodeto the
condition of amnesty. She was ropoatodly
informed that it was tho only basis
of inlluonco on tho part of this jxovornmont
and that unless sho acceded all effort
toward her restoration would bo
abandoned. But Mr. Cleveland says
that as yet ho has had no information
that she will accopt tho terms.
THOSE IjtiTTLIUS.
Official ItflconlHtlmt tho I'rcHidentlBnoroil
in Hi* Mes'tigo, Though llo Scut Tlium
to Congress.
Washington, D. C., Doc. IS.?Tho
fltato department correspondence on
tho Hawaiian question which was transmitted
to-day is an immense volumo of
official dispatches, a part of which has
already boon published, and much of it
is summarized in tho President's mossaj;o
transmitted with the correspondence.
It cives in regular order ail tho
dispatchos passing between the Btato
Jopartment and Minister Stevens, which
was given out by Prosidont Jiarriaon in
his imnoxation message, and down to
March 24, after tho now administration
came in.
^ Under dato of March 24, Ministor
Stevens reports to .Secretary Greshain
on tho efforts of tho Japaneso to secure
control of tho government. Tho corr<'Hpondoncofrotn
Commissioner Blount,
thy Hubstancoof which has already been
published, in also transmitted.
Willis' correspondence.
Under dato of Novombe# 0, 1S93,
Minister Willis reports his arrival, and
November 11 ho transmits a confidential
letter to Secrotary Grosham. Ho
expected to interview tho queen and
'' id assurod tho British commissionor
that the queen would bo protected from
any attempt at assassination, and tho
next Monday ho would insist upon iior
coming to tho legation. Ho reported
that tho town was in astato of excitement.
His telegram of Novombor 16,
which called out the changed instruc['"ih
by the Btato dopartinont, reads:
"Views of first party so extreme as to
Squire furthor instructions." "First
lurtyf" of courpo, rofors to tho ex-quoon.
J ndor date of Novombor 18 Minuter
Willis roports that Mr.
''anion, minister of finance, had
called to detail rumors oi
J'oublo on tho morrow?-Kalnkua's
"irtluluy. "la view of theBO facta 11
thought it propor in an informal way to i
jnake public tho fact that tbero would
bo no decisive action taken by our government
for threo or four weeks, or
until I had heard from Washington.- I
I also thought it proper, with tho private
knowledge and consent of nil factions
to Bay that no mob violonco would
ba allowed duriutf tho interval." Many
citiaona and the representatives of ior"ten
governments had called to congratulate
him ou this step and its good
effects.
Tho last enclosure of tho correspondence
is tho letter from Minister Thurston
to Secretary Qresham dated December
5. Mr. Thurston claims for the provisional
govornincut that it is a duly
organized and full and recognized and
independent government Ho denies
that tho provisional (government has
submitted to tho President tho power
to arbitrato tho case us between themselves
and Queen Lilioukalani.
In transmitting the Hawaiian correspondence
to tho house of representatives,
President Cleveland said:
"In compliance with a resolution of
the house, I hereby transmit a report
with copios of the instructions crivon to
Mr. Albert S. Willis, tho reprepresentativo
of tho United States now in tho
Hawaiian islands, and also tho correspondence
since tho 4th of March, 18S9,
concerning tho relations of this government
to thoae islands.
"In making this communication I
have withhold only a dispatch from tho
formor minister to Hawaii, No. 70,
under date of October 8,1892. and a dinpatch
Iroin tho present minister. No. 3,
under dato of November 1(5, 1893, because
in my opinion tho publication of
those two papers would bo incompatible
with tho public interests-."
Tho dispatch of November 10, 1S93, is
without doubt the detailod information
of tho developments which prompted
Minister Willis' telegraphic dispatch on
t.hn anmn flntn to Secretary Greshain on
which was baaed the rider to suspend
instructions.
NAVAL CORRESPONDENCE.
Secretary Herbert submits ft mass of
correspondence from naval officers in
command of the United States naval
forces in Hawaii. It goes back to July,
1889, and is brought down to Admiral
Irwin's brief confidential dispatch of
December 4th inst., to Mr. Herbert, telling
hiin that the provisional government
had a thousand men under arms.
November 1, 1893, Captain Wiltzo reports
that the queen's persistent refusal
and obstinacy lo appoint a cubinct may
precipitate a crisis.
Then, on January 18, Captain Wiltso
makes his roport on the uprising and
the landing of marines, nnd Bailors of
tho Boston under his command. Ho
savs: "On January 10th tbore was a
largo and enthusiastic mass meeting
composed of representative men at
Honolulu hold in the largest hall in the
city at 2 p. m. on the same day I rc""J
'TTniloil fstntnii miniulnp
IU1VC3U UUIIl l"U UUatuu
a request to land sailors and marines
from the Boston to protect the United
.States legation, consulate and the lives
and property of American citizens. At
4:30 p. m., January ltith, I landed the
ship's battalion under the command of
Lieut-commander William T. Swineburne.
One detachment of marines
wag placed at the legation and one at
the consulate, while the main body of
men with two pieces of artillery were
quartered in a hall in a central location
near the government buildings.
The text of Minister Stevens' letter to
Captain NViltsc, of January 16, 1898,
n9king him to land the American troops,
was as follows: "In view of the existing
critical circumstances indicating an inadequate
legal force, I requoat you to
land marines and sailors from the ship
under your command for the protection
of the United States legation and the
Unite J States consulate, and to secure
the safety of American life aud prop
Captain Wiltso then recites that tho
provisional government was establfshed,
tiio queen dethroned and the
new authorities recognized by tho
United Statos minister.
Captain Wiltso reports to tho secretary
of tho navy tinder date of February
1 ultimo, that his intention is to koep
tho United States naval forces on shore
until tho provisional government asks
their withdrawal. He says: "There
can be no doubt that the prompt landing
of tho battnllion has prevented
bloodshed and saved life and proporty."
lie also reports that the islands had
been placed under tho protection of tho
United State* by formal declaration of
Minister Stevens.
On February 14,1893, Secretary Tracy
received a letter from Secretary John
W. Foster stating that the latter had
telegraphed Minister Stevens commending
his action, "so far as it lies within
tho scope of standing instructions to
the legation and tho naval commanders
in Hawaiian waters, but disavowing 4t
so f?r as it may appear to overstep ttiat
limit by sotting the authority of tho
Unitod States above that of tho Hawaiian
government."
On April 0 Admiral Skorrott, then in
command, reports that ho hauled down
tho United Statos Hair from tho governmont
by orUor of Mr. Blount, lie says
thoro wore no expressions from tho
citizons.
On November 10 Socrotary Herbort
telegraphs to Admiral Skorrott not to
give aid to oither party contending for
government at Honolulu.
Admiral irvin's reports mako up tho
balance of the corrospondonco.
WILLIS* INSTRUCTIONS*
The letter of instructions from Socrotary
Grosham to Minister Willis, and
marked confidential, in which Mr.
Gresham, in giving supplemental instructions
to Mr. W lllis, regarding tho
relations of tho Unitod Statos govoruI
mont toward tho islands, directs him to
proceed in accordance with Mr. Blount's
report. Ho thon proceods to detail tho
facts which Mr. Blount gives out in his
report and informs him that tho annexation
troaty will not bo returned to the
senate.
"On your arrival," ho says, "you will
tako advantage of tho earliest opportunity
to inform tho queen of thi*.
Make known to her tho President's position
regarding tho roprohensible con|
duct of tho American minister and the
presence of tho United States forces.
Adviso her of tho desire of this govornj
ment to do justice and to undo this
I wrong. You will, howover, at tho samo
' timo inform tho quoen that tho President
cxpects that she will extend amI
nosty to all who wero against her, including
all who were connectod with
j the provisional government, depriving
them of no right or privilege. Having
! secured tho quoen'a agreement to pursuo
this policy, von will advise tho executive
of the provisional government
| and his ministers of tho l'residont's
determination of thia question which
their action and that of the qaeon tic- I
volved upon him, aud that they nro
expected to promptly restore lior constitutional
authority. Should the I
queon decline to pura'ue the course suggested,
or should tho provisional gov- |
crnment refuso to abide by tho President's
decision, you will report tho facts I
aud await further instructions."
Mr. Greshain telegraphed :o Minister |
Willis through tho dispatch agent at ,
.San Francinco uudor date of Nouembcr |
24: "Tho brevity of your telegrams is
embarrassing. You will insist upon
amnesty and recognition of obligations
of the provisional government, as essential
conditions of restoration. All interests
would bo promoted by prompt
action."
Under date of December 3, 1S93,
Minister Willis is instructed to insist
on tho queon accopting tho conditions
of restoration und if she refuses to ccaso
interposition in hor favor.
SOMi: OPINIONS
Of 3Ieml)f>rs of coiicrunii 011 tho Mohhhi,'i\
Mr. ltacd'a (ioocl Point.
Washington, D. G.t Dec. 18.?0pinions
on the action of the l'rosident aro
not very freely expressed by senators
and representatives, most of them pro- i
ferring to wait until they have heard |
tho mossago aud correspondence in Jetail.
Senator Chandler said: "I think it is
disingenuous and that tho weakness of
the President's plan is found in tho iact
that he attributes the failure to restoro
tho queen to her refusal to grant amnesty,
whereas she declined to accept
restoration because she could not bo assured
of the support of tho United
.States troops. This she was to know,
but tho information was to bo withheld
from the provisional government. This
policy is one which will not appeal to
the sense of fair play of the American
people."
Mr. Springer said: "Tho meseago of i
tho Presidont is one of the most able
and statesman-like he has ever submitted
to Congress. Tho queen has actod
very unwisely in refusing to comply
with liin HiiccroBf ionn."
Mr. llitt, of Illinois, onco chairman of
tho foreign affairs committoe: "It does
not conceal tho truo point at issuo.
Tho fact remains that tho provisional j
government had boon for a year recognized
by n minister sent to Mr. Cleveland's
'great and good friond.'"
Ex-Governor McCreary, of Kentucky,
chairman of tho foreign affairs committee,
eaid: 'Tho President's message
on Hawaiian allaira is ablo and exhaustive."
Senator Teller: "It seems to mo that
tho President has gotten himself into
an awkward predicament, and tho only
way out of it is to back down."
Mr. Reed said: "1 don't see why wo
should impose conditions on the queen.
If wo perpetrated a groat wrong and
outrage, as has boon claimed, wo should
right it without -imposing conditions."
DOESN'T KNDOKSE IT.
Tho Now York World, tho Lnmling Detnoorutlo
rnpor, oil Clovolaiid'n Hawaiian
Policy.
New Yoiuc, Dec. 18.?Tho World
(Dem.) will gay: "Tho President's plan,
as ho callB it, was to necuro the peacea
bio restoration of tho deposed queen
with u guarantee of general amnesty to
those concerned in tho formation
of the provisional government and
a recognition by tho restored
monarchy of all tho bona fldo
aut9 and obligations of tho provisional
government. Tho pooDlo of tho Unitod
States will never approve of tho active
aironcy of their government in sotting
up a throne and placing a monarch
upon it, no mattor how tho throne
caiuo to be overturned or tho monarch
deposed. Curried to its logical end, the
Prosident's contention would restore
thi9 continent to the Indians and surrender
to tho English, tho Spaniards
and tho Mexicans a largo part oi our
torritory."
THR NICGItO EXPOSITION.
A Spoaker Who Uocim't limit/,o tho Situation
of IIIh Kucm* In the South.
Augusta, Ga., Dec. 18.?The negro
exposition was opened here to-day with
groat ceremony by tho negroos of tho
city and vicinity.
The speaker of tho day was Rev. E. K.
Carter, colored, of Atlauta, who dwelt
upon the kind treatment of tho negro
in the south, Darticularly in Augusta,
and told his audience that tho
southern people wero thoir best
friends anrf the southland tho greatest
land of promise for them. The negroos,
ho said, talk about lynching; they had
hotter talk about thoeo mon" who
commit crimes that deservo lynchins.
lie advised tho nocroes to bo
patient, accumulate wealth and make
friends of tho pooplo they are living
amongst.
Assaulted an l?<Iltor.
Florence, Kans., Dec. J8.?J. F. Todd,
Btate labor commissioner, made a murderous
assault with a loadod cane on J.
li. Ifouse, editor of tho Bulletin, this
mornim:. Todd came up behind Houso
and hit him over the oar. Tho
latter grappled wilh him, threw him
ovor a truck and was pummeling him
whon tfto crowd separated them. Tho
affair grew out of a newspaper controversy.
Todd has boon put undor arrest
waiting trial tor assault with intent
to kill.
Endorse tho Wiliton ml).
Boston, Mass., Dec. 18.?To-day the
Young Men's Democratic Club of Massachusetts
hold its yearly mooting, and
to-night the organization partook of its
annual banquet. The guest of tho club,
lion. Charles II. Ilamiin, assistant secretary
of thotrcasury, was tho principal
spoaker of tho evening. Three hundred
of Massachusetts' representative
young Democrats choorcd his remarks
on tho Wilson bill, which was the principal
subject o{ his discourse.
The latest roport from tho Brazilian
war is that it Is not truo that thore is
disloyalty in the northern provinces.
Government troops liavo captured tho
island of Bom Jesus, where tho robots
obtained their water supply.
No other sarsaparilla has equaled
Hood's In the relief it gives in severest
cases of dyspepsia, sick headache, bitI
iousncss, etc. 0
President Cleveland's Monaazo on
the Hawaiian Affair.
HE EXPLAINS HIS POLICY FOLLY.
Takes Paramount Blount's OneSidod
Report as a Basis
I AND SEVERELY CENSURES STEVENS
I And President Harrison?Ho Charges
Xhat IUr. Harrison's Minister EnI
stored into a Conspiracy to Steal tlio
Islands from the Depraved Queen
"Whom He Wants to Iiestore?The
1'rcsident Tells What His Instructions
Were to Willis and Why Ilis
Plan Proved a Failure?The Queen
j Kel'usod to bo Kestored Except on
Conditions?Tho Message a Document
Which is More of an Exhibition
ot Had Temper Than Anything
Elso?Totallv Iirtiores All Evidence
K.vcopt t!io Onesided Ex parte
Statements of Mount.
i Washikgton, D. C., Dec. 18.?Following
is President Cleveland's message
sont to Congress to-day with the accomI
panying papora on the Hawaiian aflair:
To the Senate and Home of Rqtrescntclivu:
[ In my recent annual messago to the
Congress I brioily referred to ourrelationn
with Hawaii and expressed the intention
of transmittins further information
on tho subject when additional advices
permitted. Though I am not able
now to report a definite change in the
actual situation, I am convinccd that
the dillicultiea lately created both hero
and in Hawaii and now standing in the
way of a solution through executive action
of tho problem presented, render it
proper and expedient that tho mailer
should bo roferred to the broader authority
and discretion of Congress, with
a full explanation of tho endeavor thus
far made to deal with the emergency,
and a statement of tho considerations
which have governed my action.
1 suppose that right and justice
should determine tho path to bo followed
in treating this subject. If national
honesty is to be disregarded and
a dosiro for territorial extension or diasatisf
action with a form of government
not our own is to regulate our conduct,
I have ontiroly misapprehended tho
mission and charactor of our governmoat
aml-tho_baliavior which tho conscience
of our people demands of their
public sorvants.
When the present administration entered
upon its duties tho sonate had
undor consideration a treaty providing
for the annexation of tho Hawaiian
islands to the territory of the United
States. Surely, undor our constitution
and laws, the enlargement of our limits
in a manifestation of tho highest attribute
of sovereignty, and if entered upon
?ia nil nvnnnf.ivn nnf. nil tliiflird minting to
the transactions should bo clear and
freo from suspicion.
Additional importance is attached to
this peculiar troaty of annexation, bocau8e
it contemplated a departuro from
unbroken American tradition, in providing
for the addition to our territory
of islands of tho sea more than two
thousand miles removed from our nearest
coast. These conditions might not
of themselves call for interference with
th? pnmnlntinn of ft trnntv ontered tinon
by a previous administration.
too cheat haste charged.
But it appeared from tho documents
accompanying tho treaty when submitted
to tho senate that tho ownership
of Hawaii was tendered to us by t
provisional govornrnent sot up to buccoed
the constitutional rulor of the
islands, who had beou dethroned, and
it did not appear that such provisional
government had tho sanction of oithoi
popular revolution or suflrago.
Two remarkablo features of tho transaction
naturally attracted attontion.
Ono was tho extraordinary haste; not to
say precipitancy, characterizes all the
transactions connected with tho treaty,
It appeared that a so-called committee
of sai'otv, ostensibly tho source of the
revolt against the constitutional eovorntnent
of Hawaii, waa organized on Saturday,
tho 14tn day of January; that on
Monday, the 10th, tho United States
forces were landod at Honolulu from a
naval vessel lying in its harbor; that on
tho 17th, tho scheme of a provisional
government was perfected, and a proclamation
naminir its officers was on the
samo day proparod and road at tho government
building; that immediatol}
thereupon tho Unitod States miuistei
recognized tho provisional government
thus created; that two days after wards,on
tho 19th day of January, commissioners
representing such government sailed
for this country in a steamer especially
chartered for tho occasiou, arriving in
San Francisco on the 28th day of January
and in Washington the 3d day oi
February; that tho next day they line
their 11 rst interview with tho secretan
of state, and another on tho 11th,
when tho treaty annexing tho islands
was practically "agreed upon; and that
on the 14tb it was formally concluded
and on the 15th trausmittod to the sonate.
Thus botweon tho initiation o
tho scheme for a provisional govorn
mont in Hawaii on tbo 14th of January
and tho submission to tho senate of the
treaty of annexation concludod with
such eovernmont tho ontiro interval
was thirty-two days, fiftcon of which
woro spent by the Hawaiian commissioners
in their journey to Washington
AN "U.VDKTEltillNED" ISSUE.
In tho next placc, upon tho face ol
tho paper aubmittod with tho treaty, it
cloarly nppoarod that there was oper
and undotermincd an issue of fact oi
tho most vital importance. The mos
sago of tho President accompanying
the treaty declared that "tho overthrow
of the monarchy was not in any waj
promoted by this government" and in t
lottor to tho President from the aecre
tary of state, also submitted to tho sen
ate with the treaty* the following pas
sage occurred:
"At the time the provisional government
took possession of the govern.
ment buildings, no troops or officers oi
tho United States were present, or tool
any pnrt whatovor in tho proceeding.
No public recognition was accorded to
tho provisional government by the
Unitod States minister until after tho
queen's abdication and when they were
in oflectivo possession of tho government
buildings, the archives, tho
treasury, tho barracks, tho polico stnlion
and all tho potential machinery of
the government."
But a protest also accompanied said
treaty, signed by tho queen and iter
ministers at tho timo she made way ior
tho provisional government, which explicitly
stated that she yielded to tho
superior forco oi tho United States,
whose minister had caused United
States troops to bo landed at Honolulu
and declared that ho would support
such provisional government.
Tho truth or falsity of this protest
was surely of tho first importance.
If truo, nothing but tho concealment
of its truth could induce our government
to negotiate with tho semblance
of a government thus created,
nor could a treaty resulting from tho
nets statod in tho protest havo been
knowingly doe mod worthy 01 consiaeration
by tho senate. Yet the truth or
falsity of tho protest had not been investigated*
PARAMOUNT BLOUNT.
I conceived it to bo my duty, thoreforo,
to withdraw tho treaty from tho
sonato for examination, and moauwhile
to cause an accurate, full and impartial
investigation to bo made of tho facta
attending tho subversion of the constitutional
governinunt of Hawaii and
tho installment in its place of tho provisional
government. 1 selected for tho
work of investigation tho Hon. James
H. Blount, of Georgia, whoso service of
eighteen years as a momber of tho houso
of representatives, and who60 experience
as chairman of tho committee of
foreign aflairs in that body, and his consequent
familiarity with international
topics, joined with his high character
and honorable reputation, seemed to
render him peculiarly fitted for tho
duties entrusted to him. His report
detailing his action under tho instructions
given to him and tho conclusions
derived from his investigation accompany
this message. These conclusions
dn not rn?t for thoir accordance ontirolv
upon Mr. Blount's honesty and ability
an a man, nor upon his acumen and impartiality
as an investigator; they aro
accompanied by the evidence upon
which they are based, which evidonco
ia also herewith transmitted, and from
which it seems to me no other deductions
conld possibly bo reached than
those arrived at by the commissioner.
The reports, with its accompanying
proofs, ana such other evidence as ia
now before the Congress, or ij horewith
submitted, justifies in my opinion the
statement that when the Prosidont was
led to submit the treaty to the senaio
with tho declaration tliat "the overtnrow
of tho monarchy was not in any
way promoted by tins government,"
and -when the penate was induced to receive
and discuss it on that basis, both
President and senato were misled.
Tho attempt will not bo made in this
communication to touch uoon all the
factawhich throw light upon tho procress
and consummation of this scheme
of annexation. A very brief and imperfect
reference to tho facta and evi"
I >" ' will oirKihit tfa nliarnnlnp
UUIIIU U? null v. *(lt*
and tho incidents in which it had iiu
birth.
now nc views it.
It is unnecessary to set forth tho reasons,
which, in January, 1S93, load a
considerable portion of American and
other foreign merchauts and traders residing
at Honolulu to favor tho annexation
of Hawaii to the Unitod States.
It is sufficient to noto tho fact and to
obsorvo that tho project was one which
was zealously proinoieu uy mu in itiiaiur
representing the United States in that
country, He evidently had an ardent
desire that it should become a fact accomplished
by liia agency and during
his ministry, and was not inconveniently
scrupulous as to the means employed
1 to that end. On tlio l(Jt!i day of No'
vembor, 1802, nearly two months before
1 tho first overt act tending towards tho
1 subversion of the Hawaiian government
and tho attempted transfer of
Hawaiian territory to tho United States,
he aditrosseda long letter to thesocretary
of state, in which tho caso tor annexation
was elaborately arguod on moral,
1 poliitcal and economical grounds. Ho
1 refers to tho loss to tho Hawaiian sugar
interests from tho operation of tho Mc'
Kinlcy bill, and tho tendency to still
1 further depreciation of sugar property
unless somo positive measure of relief is
' granted. Ho strongly inveighs against
1 tho existilijrllawaiian government and
1 emphatically declares for annexation.
k lie says: "In truth the monarchy
: hero is au absurd anachronism. It has
1 nothing on which it logically or legit'
iinately stands. The foudcl basis on
* which it once stood no longer existing,
tho monarchy now is only au impodi'
mont to good government, an obstruction
to tUe prosperity and progress of
' the islands." *
Ho further says: "As a crown colony
j of Great Britain or a territory ot tho
1 United States the government modifications
could bo made readily, aud good
administration of the laws secured.
! Destiny and the vast future intoreats of
| the Uuited States in tho Pacific clearly
| indicate who, at no distant day, must
bo responsible for tho government of
these islands. Under a territorial gov'
eminent they should be as easily gov:
erned as any of tho existing territories
of tho Uuited States.
' "Hawaii has reached the parting of
' tho ways. Sho must now take tho road
' which loads to Asia, or the other which
outlets her into America, gives her an
1 American civilisation and liindi her to
| the care of American destiny." He also
I declared: "One of two ways was to mo
1 absolutely necessary to be followed,
* cither bold and vigorous (or annexation
or a customs union, an ocean cable from
tho California coast to Honolulu, or
f Pearl harbor perpotuaily coded to tho
United States, with an luipliod but not
' expressly stipulated American protectorate
over tho islands. I believe the
former to bo the better, that which will
' provo much tho more advantageous to
* the islands and tho cheapest and least
embarrassing in the end to tho United
States. If it was wiao for tho United
States, through Secrotary Marcy, thirtyeight
years ago, to olFer to expand
[ $100,000 to secure a treaty of annexation,
it certainly cannot be chimerical or unwlso
to expend $100,000 to securo an[
nexation in tho near future. The
| United States has flvo times the wealth
z [Continued on Page.]
THAT "CQXEY PLAN"
For RollevLxiu tho Hard Times RB
Impossible Scbomo.
SENATOR SHERMAN DISCUSSES IT
! And Incidentally Holers to What
Caused tho Pitiable State of tho
Laborin Man To-day?The Remedy
of Issuing a Halt BlUioa Dollars of
Ix*rcdeomabIe Notes to Expend in
Road Improvements AVould bo Dla*
astrous and UncousticutionalWlDo*
Jusivo Scheme.
Massillon, 0., Dec. IS.?J. S. Coxoy,
of this place, is tho author of what hs
calls "tho Coxoy plau" for rolievinfc the
lmrd times by tite issuance of $500,000,000
in treasury notes, tho money to be
expended in tho constructioa of roads
under tho direction of the aocretary of
war. The American Federation of Labor
at Chicago has endorsed this plan, and
.Mr. Coxoy is using hi) private meana to
promote its succoss.
In a letter to tho Evening Independent
Senator Sherman discusses Mr. Coxey'a
ecliomo us follows:
"The pitiable state of tho laboring
man of to-day is caused by the throat"""I
I'lni' 1 rrinridun i niltisf riaa ho m.
' free trade tariff. This undoubtedly fms
I caused the fearful distress provailing in
! the country. The remedy proposed, o!
Halting ;S)0(),000,000 of United btatei
notes not rcduomablo in coin, would bo
a fearful failure. The issue of such a
mass of paper money would restore
the condition of affairs* that existed
in 1837 and in 1873, when
ei'her irredeemable money or money
worth loss than par circulated. The
remedy is totally delusive, and instead
of retrieving would add to the trouble!
'.fiat surround via. The true remedy is
o insure to the peoplo {rood money of
.nqnoritionod and unchangeable value,
based upon gold and silvor coin, and to
maintain American industries by wise
taxation upon foreign productions that
compote with our own.
The building of roads by tho government
throughout tho United States is
impossible and unconstitutional. Good
roads are necessary and should bo
built by the states a'ud counties of the
United States as rapidly as their
moans will porinit; but to attempt
these improvements by tho issue of irredeemable
paper money would be far
worse than to sutler for a time the inconvenience
of bad roads."
MITCHELL OUKEHPUIj.
IIo Wants His Friends to Know that H?l
Doesn't Shirk Training.
New York, Dec. 18.?The following
letter was received to-day from Charley
Mitchell by the editor of a sporting
paper.
Lakgimu Hotel, Boston, See. 18.
Sm:?I havoaeen many reporta published
about my conteit with Jim Corbet!.
b'o that my friends may know of
my future movements and not think
that 1 will shirk training, I wiih
it stated that I shall conclude
my engogemeut, which conld not ba
1li.il nn n?r?mhnr 22. and shall
louvo thin city direct for Jacksonville.
This'will givo mo lour weeks to flniih
training?ample timo, as I have beta
daily taking regular oxorciiei and re*
duoed my weight over fifteen pound*.
(Signed) Ciiahlkh .Mitchell.
Kxomrntctl Cope.
Akrox, Ohio, Doc. 18.?The commit*
too appointed to investigate certain
charges against President Orello Cons,
of liutchol collogo, havo reported to the
trustees, completely exonerating tho
president, "both intellectually and
morally." "*
Weather t orccant for To-day*
For West Virginia, southwost gulo*.
For Western Pennsylvania, fair in southern
portion; snow flurries and slightly warmer la
northern portion; southwest gales.
For Ohio, lair, excopt snow flurries on the
lakes; slightly colder; south west gales, booomlng
1Hi:'t ll Wm',
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