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The Wheeling daily intelligencer. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1865-1903, February 12, 1897, Image 6

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| STATE GEOLOGY.
An Intenwtlng Study o! the Rivers
and Mountains.
I'NPw: iPkli nP INVKSTIGATORS
*??' ? y r
l>a? IHlMii ?-??rMllw >1 KItim Utd
nowMnitiilb imrmt lUclonor
YTait n>| |lll>-Apnln that Workr.l
??lb ?wa<w ?ro?r Villrfi and
WattrCn-MM-Vtwniorlri Ailnunil
v UjrkWiuV biUU WriterofDlitlnettoii.
f >' QUula KIT Tald Bloryof iL. Wall,
f: ' denofilaUlM.
'] Cmt of tho moit entertaining: chap
tera'of geolcnv to bo found anywhere
yrtrr In attoilled In the New Creek
fe rapancalae, and the adjacent country,
t; /? Grant county, thla state, Xowhere
j- may the relatfve ace of mountalna and
;*r1y?r? beobaarved to better advantage:
St pownere a? at nwic ?? w
that rt\)ers ar? usually older
fo tK?n th* mountains which rise in
; cflfff' and preciplccs above the deeply
k1: <*luuinels,, ot expand to form val)m
on both fli.&u) of the streams. Thetheory
that mountains were up"fciraved
by somewhat sudden and by
0' otitpendous convulsions, accompanied
. t-tOr- volcanoes aeid earthquakes; and
that vast rents pud abysses were caused
toy the- breaking apart of the folds
dnd strata, tftertby forming troughs
4nd cracks , to gik'e direction to the
waters of future olver*. is losing its
p.lwa dn the minds of investigators.
p.. On .the other hand. evidence 1* oon?'
elusive that In irnxst cases the folding
1 of * tbe crust of Uhe earth to form
nkxmtalns has b?*en inconceivably
alow; and showing, also, that In many
l. instances, if not In all. the Vtvers* that
now exist were !tc?vlng peacefully In
very much the same courses and along
j channels practically the same In direction
as at preset t. before the moun
; tains, which now surround and con$ne?
them were In existence. There
;; ire few rivers of considerable sise in
th$ WQrld that haw been turned aside
by mountain ranges; and there are a
; large-number that hold on their general
course, cutting through range after
range of mountains, traversing plateaus
by deep gorges, and maintaining
. thair .general oirecuou irwn wuiw iu
. mouth. Had the mountain* atul plateaus
been thara first, the rivers, with
occasional exceptions. would not
toave been able to cut through them,
but would have been turned aside.
Tennyson's lines, of the brook, "men
may oome and men may go. but 1 go
on-fanrver," could 1h* applied equally
to moot rivers, "mountains may come
_ and mountains may go. but I go in
j; foraver " A glance at the map of eastern
United States will show that the
Hudson, the Delaware, the Susquehanna
and the Potomac How across mountain
ranges at various angles, but usu.
ally nearly at right angles.
A study of Xew Creek mountain will
show the ssme tiling, but on a smaller
scale. The smaliness of the scale,
however, is the chief advantage: for it
< : brings within a limited area features
!which usually extend over wide scopes
of conn try. This mountain is cut
;, Through In four places within twenty
v . nil lei; first at Greenland gap, six miles
;>* beyond Mount Storm. The road to
pi'-Petersburg. Moorefiehl ami Romne.v
parses through the gap. Second, at
. Cd??er Gap. about ttve miles south of
Gfeefcland Gap. Through this a trail
leads across the Allegheuiea. but it bej>
tng removod from good roads, is not
j - Often visited. About three miles south
of this Is KUoe gap* through which
anAihflp trail naasts across the Alle
^ ' *|wnles 10 Canaan Valley./on the
ft' western side. About six miles south
of Kline cap is the largest gap of all
p.- where the north forte or the south
branch of the Potomac cuts through
the mountain. - Kline Gap has been
i; out- hy Lunico creek, a stream nt that
point but little larger than a brook.
L Xetr Creek mountain averages about
1.200 feet higher than the valley ut its
, eastern base. and somewhat over 2,000
f?^et above sea level. I hawjnade a personal
examination of all uFthese grips
L-f- exccpt Coanec and found the rock the
i- same in <11. The chasms through
which this streams flow are narrow.
V , and the walls of rock ou either side
(. ' are nearly perpendicular New Creek
; ' ipoontain Is parallel with the main
cange of the Alleghanles. and Is five,or
six miles east of it. and. abou: tine
thousand feet less in altitude. The
E,: streams that cut through the lesser
: fountain flow down from the higher
Alleghanles.
The geography of the whole section
!J of country may be studied with advantage
from the summit of the Allew
ghanles. It has been my fortune to
olnwfwe It from tftree points on me
summit ot thsi lofty and bleak -range;
first, from the front of the range near
" Mount Storm; again from the Baker
plains near the water-shed of Red
^V Creek, a. tributary of Cheat river on
{ : ; the went, and of Stony river and
Lunlce creke. tributaries of the Potptnac.
on the east; and from a point nix
-^or'eight miles further south near the
: Pendleton county Mn.-. From any of
these points, but particularly from the
- Baker plains, the New Creek mountain
lies In full view as an enormous
[' fold in the earth, cut through from top
to bottom in four places by gap* so
narrow that when seen from a distance
they look like the work of a Raw. The
pAss through the ran*e mad* by the
north fork of the south branch. Ik the
f. 1, largest dad most rugged of all. but It
.'la little. If any. deeper than the others.
This mrbulent stream has i\ot cut
deeper than the brook that made till*
Kline gap. six miles further north. All
i have cut'down to the base level of the
country.
To orrlve at the beginning of agencies
which have brought about this pelf
miliar condition, we must go far back
Into geological time. In doing mo it Is
not neeesaary to use the technical
terms commonly employed In such Investlgatkm.
The inquiry leads us Into
1 the remote past to an age when a s?-a
Stretched from what Is now the eastern
base of the Alleghany mountains to
near, if not beyond, the Rock mountains.
There was then, or there had
been before that time, much hlRh and
nigged land east of the present line of
the Blue Ridge. Rivers llowed westward
from that el??vutud country, and
brought down fediment. Hand, gravel
and boulders and strewed them over
u" rw nf Iho IMI Which thf*tl P*.
fated where the Alleghany mountain*
fj&tf stand. This aedlment and drift,
- no doubt, accumulated on the bottom
of the aea to the thickness of twenty
or thirty thousand feet. The hl?h lands
lb the east were waahed into the sea
and apread out as strata of aand to
form Into rock.
In after ages, the shrinkage of the
earth caused the cruat to wrinkle and
warp Into folds, and Home of the larger.
folda were made up of smaller
fold*. It was the flrat appearance of
that complex and broken ayatem "f
. mountain* usually called, as a whole,
the Appalachian range, and made up
of mnny subordinate ranges, chief
among which nre the Alleghany,
. Ridge. Laurel Ridge, Chestnut Ridge,
- ' Iron Mountain, Smoky Mountain, and
many others.
Before proceeding to trice the geological
history of New Creek mountain.
I tvlah to nay that the laying down of
all the aedlment to form those mountains
wan not uccomplifh ?d without
Ifcy Interruption nntl chunae. There were
v maruraancea nnd period* of rent. The
ancient coast line probably advahood
I and receded several tlm<?a, producing
elevation* and subsidences of which It
In riot netfeasary to sp&iicfnore parilc.
ularly, a* the present i)ur0p*e In to re,
fer unly to the nencral work of mountain
'building as It* wan carried on In'
thly section. Nor la It the purpose to
peculate on the Jfngth of time that
lv. " .
"*Y n JiJiljl
waa- required lo accomplish the work.
Ocologlam niedsurn nothing'by yearn.
They take Into account only epoch*,
period* and ugej. It would not require
a powerful Imagination lo graap the.
fact tX?t the perloil mint have been
very loan which sufllcetf for the weardown
by Wind, flint, mid water u ranx^'
of mountain* of antHiMeiit magnitude to
(umUii muteilal for the Kill and undrr
lyloe rock* of n considerable portion
of the Vnlted Mate*. The process of
dagmdailon wan probably not much
m?re rapid tflen than now, and wc
know that It I* now very alow.
The geological hlatory of New Creek 1
mountain can l>? read from the rock*
with remarkable accuracy. After the
Hiram had been laid down, aa above
stated, the elevation of the land began
slowly. When It appeared above thsurface
of the water, then? was rainfall
on It the same aa now. It wa? then
nearly level, but the created! elevations.
the general slopes and th? watersheds
were then In practically the
same portion as we llnd them now.
Where the summit of the 'Alleghany
now la, there wa* the Hreatest elevarinn
Down the western slope flowed
the* tributaries of Cheat river; down
tho eastern slope Mowed the tributaries
of the Potomac, New Creek. Patterson
creek and Lunice creek, the
streams which have had moat to do
with forming New Creek mountain. as
we tlnd It to-day, were found In that
ancient time meandering eastward
down the slope toward the sen.
Although the whole country was
then probably less elevated than at
present, yet In that age the rocks
which now form the very summit of
New Creek mountain were no less
than eight thousand feet below the
surface of that ancient plain, New
Creek, Patterson creek and Lunice
creek, In coursing to the sea, cut their
channels across the plain, thousands of
feet above the summit of the mountain.
It was ull plain then, probably somewhat
hilly, and a beginning had been
made In cutting gorges and valleys;
but the mountains as we now see them
were not there. From this point It Is
not dltncuft to follow the course of
events which led up to the present geographic
aspect of the country.
In the beginning, an already noted,
when the country under consideration
was nearly level, quite low, and with
slopes sufficient to give direction to
the streams which carried the rulnfall
to the sea. a gradual elevation began.
The contraction of the earth's crust
folded the strutA?at the same time they
were- elevated. Right across the course
of the streams being already mentioned
was the great fold which rose higher/and
higher until It formed New
Creek mountain. But the mountain
rose so slowly?so Inconceivably. Immeasurably
slowly? that the small
streams were able to cut their channels
right across the range as it rose, as It
were. out of the earth. If it was ele
vated an Incli in a tnousanu years, mc
brooks cut their channels an Inch deeper
in that time; and thus the work
went on, thousands, tens of thousand*,
millions of years, and the brook* wont
on forever. The rainfall of that time
beat against the bare rocks of th?? Alleghanles
a* they do to-day: and the
brooks carried the water to the nea,
century after century, aw after uge.
jus*: as they are doing to-day. I have
listened to the low murmur of the
brook in Greenland gap, so low that It
can be heard but a few steps away;
an:l I have watched It trickling and
gliding from rock to rock with scarcely
enough force to carry a dry leaf,
and 1 have been astounded with the
thought that this sanpe brook. lisping
peacefully upon Us everlasting Journey,
had ci/t the "mountain asunder
from surface to base and had triumphal
over the white ledges of quartette,
which rise In grand and beautiful
arches a thousand feet high on either
hand. Surely "the weak things of
earth are chosen to confound the
mighty." We accustom ourselves to
expect great things of the powerful
elements?of earthquakes, volcanoes,
cataracts, cyclones?but the quiet elements
In nature, of which we scarcely
take notice, are accomplishing more
than all the rest. The dews of night
work more change in the surface of
the earth than all the volcanoes and I
earthquakes, cataracts and cyclones I
that have visited and disturbed this
globe since the creation of man. This |
miy not appear possible, but it is
within the limits of truth. I once j
spent a night on a bleak mountain,
more than twelve thousand feet high,
while above me rose pinnacles thousands
of feet higher, bare, bleak, silent,
not a trace of vegetation, but embodying
every element of desolation that
the fancy of man can conjure up. The;
huge black wedges of shattered slat-?
nnd.broRen granite were thrust into
the sky and seemed to touch the stars,
which were visible all around their
appalling angles. The nun went down
that evening in a clear sky: and notwithstanding
the great elevation, the
sunshine bad ^ufflcetf to worm the
rocks of the highest peaks.
A while after dark the deep stillness
of the night was broken by sounds of
bursting rocks, accompanied at times
by the crashing sound of a boulder
falling from the peaks. Kxcept this,
the stillness was so great that I could
almost fancy I could hear the globe
turn on its axis.
The boom of breaking rocks was
caused by dew. In the early hours of
night the moisture that settled on the
>-?l drtti-n fh<i warm
IIIUU1IUII1I, itivniwi ?
rocks into the crevices, and as the
night grew cooler, this collection of
moisture, rroxe, and the expanding Ice
loosened the rocks and sent them to
tile depths below. The next day I explored
the base of the peaks. and estimated
that the broken rocks which
in past ages had fallen from above,
formed a bulk greater than the peaks
which still rose above tht:m. Tot this
marvellous work of leveling and destruction
was largely done by dew. I
never have forgotten the lesson I
learned then; and I no longer look on
the changes recorded by geology, as a
series of violent outbursts of force: but
rather as the peaceful, uneventful,quiet
progress of changes so small In themselves
as to be unnoticed or deemed
unworthy of notice.
An examination of New Creek mountain.
as it has been, and as it K and
as It will ultimately be, emphasizes
the fact (hat small forces, acting
through time almtat immeasurably,
are the agencies that build and destroy
the rocks; elevate and tear down
mountains; make and unmake continents.
Hefore the work of saving the gaps
Wfl? begun. t!???re wa* anotner enormous
task to be acc.mipllshc?l by these
same Htream* ami their trlbutarlen.ald
i"u uy Mini UIIM iivoii n.i?
vvlntlH. Rocks not less than 8.000 feet
In thloknesw once rested upon the
summit of N'*w Creek mountain. an<l
filled the valley* on both (tides, form-'
In* a nearly level plain for above the.
top of the present mountains, This ha*
tilt been worn a way by the elements.
Ktrata thousands of feet thick bus been
stripped off the top and sides of the
mountain. Not only have the Mt reams
made themselves channels through the
The Enemy Is Ours!
Tho grippe usually leaves tbo suffcrcr
In a very (oeblo condition, with a
persistant coupli and other premonjtory
symptom* of pulmonary affcction.
Dr. Hull's CoDgli Syrup promptly
administered at tlie beginning of 1111
alUcl. of grippe, will forestall that dnugcrous
enemy to life?consumption.
Mrs. Magglo Tulga, Irouton, Ohio,
enys: "It affords mo much plensuro
to bear testimony to tho merits of Sr.
Suit's Cough Syrup.' I had been n
oufl'erer from tho grlppo for a week, I
tried a bottle of Dr. Hull's Cough Syrup,
and after taking it, wns completely
ured of the dreadful cough nnd dbonse.
I cheerfully rocommond it to nil niiltters."
Dr. Hull's Cough Syrup is
gold everywhere for 28 cents.
HUT JJJXIAj J. ill A
high .range ax It now ?tand?, but they
<il*o wore their troy down through
about eight thousand fact of rock, i
which once covered the mountain. How i
do we know this, if the rock* arv 1
gone?
There In no difficulty in reading tlio
record on the edges of the upturned
strata on both side* of the mountain.
These -trata^ w formal a #reat
arch over the former moautaips. just
119 the Htratu forming the present 1
mountain, are arched. The ridge of
to-day in the top or an enormous archwhoso
base Jh far down in the earth.
The xtrguuiff which cut through the ;
mountain expose transverse sections of
this arch, which, as Is well understood, 1
is formed by the folding of strata once 1
horisontal. Vast as this arch Is, rising ?
a thousand feet above the bod of the 1
brook, lb. Is small compared with what
would uppear had none of the overlying
rocks been worn away; for they
would have lain above, bending from 1
one base of the mountain entirety
across and forming the summit, down
to the level of the plain on the other
side. That arch would now be no less
than nine thousand feet high, measured
upward from the bed of the
brook, hud none of It been worn uway;
and New Creek mountajn, Instead of <
being two thousand feet high, as at
present, would be ten thousand feet? .
capped with perpetual snow. Some of
the strata whose edges lie exposed on
.the west side of the mountain, and i
which once arched over the mountain,
nre as follows: Red sandstone, three
hundred feet thick: gray sandstone,
six hundred feet thick; limestone, one
thousand feet thick; blue limestone;
twelve hundred feet thick; gray and >,
buff sandstone and slate, three thousand,
three hundred feet thick; red
sandstone and shale, two thousand,one
hundred feet thick; blue limestone and
clay shale, three hundred feet thick;
tthalc und sandstone, six hundred feet
thick; conglomerate and shale, four
hundred feet thick. The total thick- ,
ness of these iHratas I* ten thousand
feet. There are still other*, so that
the estimate of ten thousand feet as
the total altitude of New Creek mountain,
had none of it* overlying rooks
been removed, la certainly conservation
'Rut nit nireudv Htatod.the nioun
tain never was that high: perhaps 1c
never was higher than now. The upper
part has been worn away us fait as the
moss was forced up.
' Why should the top of the mountain
be worn uway and the valleys on both
side# scooped out a thousand feet
| deep, and the present mountain real at
erosion as It ha* evidently done? The
explanation In not difficult. The rocks I
' which form the mountain are very
hard. The rocks which have been .
I worn away from the top are the sides 1
1 of the mountain, oiid from the valleys. I
were soft. Had the quarulte which i
I remain* been as soft as the strata
above It. all would now *>e gone. Hut
the <iuartzlte core of the mountain remains.
It is this which has bwn cut
through, forming Greenland. Kline and ;
the other gaps.
The line agricultural valley, between .
New Creek mountain and Patterson (
Creek mountain, about live miles wide,
has been stripped of no less than three ,
thousand, Jive hundred feet of strata,
which once overlaid it.
The foregoing Is .not all the geologic
history" whrch may be read from the
rocks of New Creek mountain. It Is
, only a fragment of one chapter in the
insrructlv?* volume. Every strata has
a story of its own to- tell, if we but
j learn to read It; and often It gives us
an insight into the geography, topo- 1
. graphy. geology, botany and zoology 1
of lands which once existed, but which
| were washed Into the sea tens of thou- '
I sjndn of years ago. It may seem
stranse t'mt a rnc!c will tell us th*?
kind of soli and the general condition ,
of a country which no human eye ever
| saw. Yet. It Is not impossible. Tak?*
the red ranustone ai me uubt ui ?? ?
Xew Creek mountain, anil Inquire concern
ins: it. its color Is dot to iron
ru.it, and the materials of which it Is
compose J come from a country which
ha?l lony lain at rest: ? deep eull covered
It; and the rocks beneath the soil
had decomposed and mingled with the
soil for apes. By this process Iron was
mixed with it. It was no doubt a fertile
soil, for a deep soil of that sort is
usually fertile. After lying at rest for
ages, a < Jianne took place. Perhaps
the land commenced to tilt in conformity*
with a new fold In the earth's
crust, and then Hhe soil began to
wash ofT; was carried by the streams
to the sea and was spread out to form
a stratum. Red sandstone was the
result. Washings from steep, rocky
and barren countries could nV>t form
red sandstone; and where that rock Is
met with, the deduction can be accepted
as reasonably certain that it is
composed of the deep, fertile aoll of
some prehistoric land.
Every stratum tells its own story;
and we can always rest assured that
each stratum In a st-rle.* <?f rocks was
formed under circumstances somewhat
different from those attending the
formation of the strata next above and
next below. Usually there was some
rhange in the source of supply, and
this In itself. Is earth-history worth
the most careful Investigation,
Inquire of the thick stratum of limestone,
.some of It mixed with wind,
which lies above the red sandstone.
Just referred to. It has a history. It
was formed after the red sandstone,
and in exactly the same part of the
sea. Yet very little sediment from
any land reached it. A change had
occurred In the land area In the interval
since the red sandstone was laid
down. Limestone Is formed mostly
of shells which accumulate In the bottom
of the ?ea; and If the limestone
Is pure, it must be formed so far from
land that no sand reaches it, or at
least mupt be In a sheltered arm of the
sea. If sand Is mixed with It. that
fact shows that the limestone was not
so far from land as to escape sediment
washed from the shores. This Is the
case with the limestone In question. It
shows that the part of the sea once
near enough an old. fertile country to
receive the aoll washed down by the
rivers, was afterwards so far from
land that but little sand reached It.
There had been an Important change
In the coast line. Had the old country
which furnished'the material for the
red sandstone, been entirely washed
away, ami had the sea taken Its place?
The question cannot be answered, but
between this ml sandstone-below und
*??.? llmnatnrie nhnve, there Is a bed of
rock about six hundred feet thick,
made up of gray sandstone. brown and
ureen shale with Iron ore. and thin
suanui of limestone. Did the denuded
rocks of that old country wash awuy
to from this bed of rocks lying between
the r<vl sandstone and Jhe llme8tone?
It Is not Improbable.
Space forbids further Inquiry Into
the probable position and condition of
the land from which each of the many
Htratns received the material of which
they wore made. There l? one class of
rocks, however, occurring In strata
much more recent than those already
named, ami of these rooks h word or
two may bo given. They are called
conglomerate*, and are easily recognized,
being composed of round, smooth,
usually white pebbles, cemented together
In an exceedingly hard mass.
Old-fashioned mill-stones were made
or this rock. It Is found near the
summits of the Allegheny and Backbone
mountains. Huge masses of it
have worked their way down the
mountains Into the valleys. This rock
Is so hard that the strata which It
formed resisted erosion until undermilled,
and then the edges broke tiff In
enormous boulders. When once broken
up, the nent which Isolds the
gravels together ! < In course of time
dissolved, leaving tlw gravels free. 1
have seen streams flowing from the
Backbone and Allegheny mountain*,
whose beds w *re tilled with tlu?se gravels
which bad been set free from th"
rock Hint formerly contained them.
The conglomerate rock tells an Interest
ing story, it gives us i glimpse
Into the past even tnore clearly than
that afforded us by red sandstone, and
It Allows that whose noil built the red
sandstone. The gravels which compose
three-fourth* of the conglomerate
mass are quarts, exceedingly hard
Thty ore nil mounded and .polished,
* how inn that they tVaro long exposed
to swift, running water. They were
originally obtained in a country of
high mountains, seamed with velni of
tjuurtx; {or, though quarts In a wort of
reneral term, indefinite in its application,
yet quart* tiuuh as compost* these
Kravt'lH, in nearly always found In
veins running througli other rocks,
usually mot amorphic rock* which
have been changed by the action of
An*. I have seen too many of these
iiuarts gravels In the mountain torrents
of western British America, and
In California to be mistaken. There,
where fresh from the ledges, they always
were associated with immense
masse* of metamorpliic rocks,
Whence, then, came the quarts gravpf
which composed the conglomerate
strata (topping some of the high knobs
of the Allegheny and Backbone? They
come from u tnouniainuiiB wuim,.
Tho streams which carried them to
tho ilea wore very strong and rapid;
for nothing but a torrent could carry
such gravel far. They may have been
washed down to the seashore; chafed,
fretted and polished by tiio waves for
ceillurlen; submerged, elevated, und
again washed down, for they mum
have known u rough experience to
have received their polish. But that
does not alter the fact that they come
urlglnally from a mountainous region,
where the purest quartz was abundant.
and where the character of the
other rocks was different from anything
now found in this part of the
country.
Here we have the record of another
great change lu the coast line and
country. The* same apot in tho sea
which received the rich old red sandatone
material, \vhlch received the
shells, and the admixture or silt to
form a thousand feet of limestone; and
which, in turn, appropriated pure sand
for other strata, and mud for shells;
this same part of Jhe sea was again
ready for the loads of white gravel
poured down from a land that took the
place of other lands which had been
again and again wauhed away during
the lapse of time stretching back into
the shadowy past almost to the morn"
? UfT MiVW'WI.I.
1(19 or crraiiuu. - n?>
St. George, W. V*., Feb. 8. 1887.
THEY RlplciuTrr
Maujr People ltlillcnlr the Idtaofau Absolute
Care for OyiptpiU and Stomach
Troables-HtUlctilr, Hoirerer, Is Sot Arunincnt,
and Facts are Stabboro Things.
Hfomach troubles are ho common and
In many cases ho obstinate to cure that
people are apt to look with suspicion on
any remedy claiming to be a radical,
permunent cure for dyspepsia and indigestion.
Many such pride themselve on
their acuteness in never being humbugged,
especially on medicines.
This fear of being humbugged may be
carried too far; so far, in fact, thut
many persons suffer for years with
weak digestion rather than risk ii little
time and money in faithfully testing the
claims of a preparation so reliable and
universally used as Stuart's Dyspepsia
Tablets.
Now Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets are
vastly different In one Important respect
from ordinary proprietary medicines
for the reason thut they ore a secret
putent medicine, no secret Is madf
;>f their ingredients, but analysis shows
them to contain the natural digestive
ferments, pure aseptic pepsin, the digestive
acids, Golden Heal, bismuth, hydrastis
and nux. They are not cathartic,
neither do they act powerfully on
.??v nrirnn hiit thev cure Indigestion on
the common sense plan of digesting the
food eaten thoroughly before It has time
to ferment, spur and cause the mischief.
This Is tho only secret of their success.
Cathartic pills never have and never
can cure indigestion and stomach
troubles, because they act entirely upon
the bowels, whereas tho whole trouble Is
really In the stomach.
Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablet*?, taken after
meals, digest the food. That is all
there Is to It. Food not digested or half
digested Is poison, as it creates gas,
acidity, headaches, palpitation of the
heart, loss of flesh and appetite and
many other troubles which are often
called by some other name.
They are sold by druggists everywhere
at r?0 cents per package. AddresH
Stuart Co.. Marshall, Mich., for little
book on stomach diseases, sent free.
A HBiEDY FOR FLESH WOUNDS.
SncClt Ri fat*, Horns. Hrnlwi, Scratches
au<! the Ultra of Animals, which are
Common ritlnga, tint Always Painful
mud Often (longerons.
And very few people escape their
full share of such wounds. Indeed,
cuts, burns and bruises are of aimost
weekly occurrence In nearly all families,,
for "accidents will happen." you
know, and what's more, do happen, ar
home, on the farm and In the shop. Ordinarily,
If Inflammation Is kept down,
and tho Inflammation Is kept, and tho
poison neutralized, the hurt heals
quickly.
i.iirhfnint? Hot DronH heals any kind
of flesh wound, and It reduces the danger
of blood poison to t lie minimum.
Relieves neuralgia, sciatica, rheumatic
pains.
Sold by all druggist* and dealers in
medicine at 25c and W)c j>er bottle. No
relief, No Pay.
In cases where the pain Is severe, or
the loss of blood has induced faintness;
u dose or two of Lightning Hot Drops
taken internally will be found of great
service. Made only by Herb Medicine
Co., Springfield, Ohio, 60c size contains
2% times as much as 25c sl*o.
Relief In Six lionra.
Distressing kidney and bladder diseases
relieved In six hours by the "NEW
GREAT SOUTH AMERICAN KIDNEY
CURE." This new remedy is a
great surprise on account of its exceeding
promptness In relieving pain In the
bladder, kidneys, back and every part
of the urinary passage in male or female.
It relieves retention of water and
pnln In passing It almost Immediately.
If you want quick relief and euro this
Is your remedy. Sold by R. Ii. List,
druggist, Wheeling. W. Va.
If lite ftmhy U Cnttlilff Treilt
Re nun* and use that old and well-tried
remedy. Mrs. Window's Soothing Syrup,
for children teething. It soothe* the
child, softens the gums, allays a'.I pain,
cures wind colic and Is the best remedy
for diarrhoea. Twenty-Ave cents a
bottle. mwf&w.
BEECH AM* S PILLS cure Sick Headache.
ALL the different forms of skin troubles.
from chapped hands to eczema and
Indolent ulcers can bo readily cured by
DoWlU'a Witch Havel Salve, the great
pile cure. C. R. Qoette. Cor. Twelfth and
Mnrket streets; Bowie Ac Co., iirldgeport;
Pea body & Son. Ben wood. 5
THFfillRSF
IIV WWIIVB
Or mankind?contagious blood
poison?claimed as it* victim Mr.
Frank B. Martin,020 Pennsylvania
Avenue, Washington, D. t!., and
the usual physician's treatment
did him not the slightest mod. His
condition reached that deplorable
stage which only this terrible disease
can produce.
THE CURE
After all else failed, was at last
found in 8. 8. S.?tins prronte.?t of
nil blood remedies. Eighteen bot*
ties removed tlio disease perm an.
ently, nnd left Ilia akin without a
fl. fl. B. In miarantond
jiiirely vegetal)]!*; anil
h thoouly known rnro . m m ^
for till# iDont trrrlbln LbLJLb
dUMflf. Hook* fw; WKF WU W
adOrou. Swift Specific Company, Atlanta, ua.
? . &l ... k . I
MBDIOAL. ,
Georgia's Fair Authoress
Tdll Why 8h? Uses Or. Mlftt' RMtOrfttltf*
R?meUla?.
THE NAME of Mrs, J. E. Harwell, (DM
Julia Emma Flemmlng) is a familiar
ooo In- the state of Georgia. She
writes; "It 1b with pieasurothat I oxpress
my gratitude fbr the wonderful benefits I
havo received .from Dr. Miles' Kestoratl vo
Remedies, especially tho Nervine, the Nerve
and Liver Pills, New Heart Cure and AntlPain
Pills. Actual experience has taught
mo tholr great worth. No family should be
RHBMinHB without ^tliom. They
BSs^Dr^l **av0 fuIIy stored
O mwuV me trom a conipllcatlon
of disorders chiefWittlClIDH
Ij affecting tho heart,
^"RnatnrfM iH n"rrftU* aystem and
Kr- M kidneys. When I travK^neattn
0J j always take one of
HHMfeiaHHI your Antt-Paln Pills
before entering tho cars and thus prevent
swimming of tho head and nausea, to which
, I have been subject for several years."
""" ** *'? bUHmit.
ur.-aiue*r neuronics ?ra wu ?/
gists nnder a positive guarantee, first bottle
benefits or money refunded. Book on Heart
and Nerres sent free to all applicants.
1)11 MILES MEDICAL 00., Elkliart, In<L
KLY'B CREAM 1 BALM Is a positive care.
Apply into the nostril#. It is quickly nbiorbed. CO
cent* st Drasglsts or by mail; ssnples 10c. by msiU
ELY UROTflgaS, BO Wsrrcn St., Now York City.
R CklcliMtfi'iCMllik Dltawil'llruA
PENNYRdYAL PILLS
I ,-<?N Original and Only Ctnulae. A
V-/VA aarc. r*li?Mc. uoitt tik ffl\
rJl\ VSML <*" ntrkt'tm tMUk Dl7 jff\\
(?rai>4 la Hrd uJ i.-oW o?t?l:.:'Vty
TV ?natal lib MM rtttoa. TnLd Yfir
W SK? tvJnu *Ui*r. ^wrfMitrpunliUif V
I / ~ f.ani wuC Mwitiu. Ai UtuMlnt. or red 4c.
I <p? JV la ?U?trf frr jurtJcuiin. wvlmocUU moS
** far UdlM." in Irtfrr. 6r rrlam
Bold tv ad LocaI Vtauuu. ('fellatio., I'm.
mygl-mth&s-wyeow
|[AL?30||':
At* THE1 m DAY cure (5?!k.
?cf fiiiifffcflii CWt, Lwwntej Hrf BptmiiifTlMi
CTNoPftla. Ho Stain. FrwS<rriaf*.
iTum.vrs smiCTtruEnnTail private msiAHtS.
At Onnklii riMttoaa* Mrru, f*r 91.09.
MALYDOR MFC. c37TL?no??t?f, Om6.8 J*
my2S-ttli&a
WHISKIES.
M/k&ssf? e
W There are numberless brands!
^SBof whiskey told on false claims! j
^ FLEMING'S OL? EXPORT WHISKEY jffi
77 Has stood the tost of popularw
/^criticism for orer 15 years?jK
Mfllf it isn't just what it is claimLKTed
to be it wouldn't be as pon-Fl
ulV Wr nhip *11 tlO orders free of ML
Hal charge and trill mall a con aw
Mfy plete caialof oc to aur addreaa. IV
Wholesale and Retail Drujrcmm,
Baa 410.41 jJJARKFT yr.. PTTTSHI'RO. M
Sold ov John KLAR!. cor. sixteenth
and Market streets. Wheeling, w. Va.
I '? O
.. When you send for a physician X
1 and he prescribes somo whiskey.
i you should get only tho VERY
(> BEST. A
:: SA Rvp \
;; SilverAge1*/^ |
* * ha* stood the test of years, and it 4
< is rreognlx<cl as the PEER OF
O ALL WHISKIES.
(> Is Is Bold nt a uniform price of X
$1.50 per quart by all flrot-clans T
dealers. If you cannot get It near
* > at hund, send to us for It. t
< > 4
J MAX KLEIN, ;
T Wholesale liquors,
Sl leant! Stmt. AlUCtllM, l>*.
c*o#o*o?o^c*o*o*o*o*o
Wedding !
fi t ? * %
1 invitations, g
00*0
a (xamples of New Stylos 2
$ can be seen at our 0
Counting Room. Call *
a and sco them at . + a
2 Intelligencer, I
^ 25 and 27 + + f
0 Fourteenth Street, o
MIIM?O?M0*O?MO*0?Q '
'p't^BUO SALEfi.
"PUBLIC SALE"
Of two of tlje Illver Hot torn Farina
owned by tlio h?1rs of the lute flobert Miu
Jer. (*om?nenplnic ut 10:30 a. m. on n ,,
20th day or February, 1M?7, the followln*
two fitrinH \VHI"l>o offered ui public
Firm?Tho- tmm of 200 ucrfm,
lltt hille# nmlli of the city or
lit Jlcuth limLmh, in JJrookti count). Wfxt
Virginia. Tbo .fnrin will ?>? offered .
whole, and Will ul*o be offered in t ,r,.
nepurate purt*. and sold for th??
prlco um u wbple or aeparately. On. |,uri.
I dred and thirty,acre* of till# farm is h?j.j, n.
did river bottom land. The farm roritaim
tlir?-?* hoUBeV. one thereof b rpoirn and
ball, the BOcOtttFG room*. I he other 11 ootna
with outhulldtn#* complete, with rich roll*
well watered.')| Thin Im considered orio J
I the finest fug*)#,on the Ohio river.
I The Meconp Juiirnt contulnn ir.1 46-100 ftcr??
of luiid, frontfriK- also on the Ohio riv?r
! und Ih ultimleij three-fourth* of u mil*
north of the flhft named farm, In .h it. ? -,n
county, Ohio/at the mouth of Halt run
About 45 ncren.of this Jurm l? rich rl;>r
ltottom landi and contain* C-room?d brh-k
boiiHeund hall..large barn and other nuitiiblo
outbtilldlhtf!*, and a five-foot v. in 0f
frood coal uhdcf 30 to 35 acre** with <jp*ntig
to-Mamo'TO? mining. und u uumi mono
quarry with-win of #ood. clear, v..:
stone ao reot hihjk. a tew yards rrom <>v*.
land & PittahuxKh railroad; mo??. all iirh
ilm?? itone; hgji well watered.
The sale df'uoth farmH will tak* n!ac?
on tho first Yslfaed farm, at Reach Bottom
February 2tpxJtf7. *
Tho Jefferson county farm iast named
will bo sold/whject to tho rlffht of \Vi|i|arn
II. ItoO/r?rH.,.l?|j? helrn and as>l?ii.-. to
widen, deepen,and keep open tin- ?u;<h
extending ocroft* the-farm to Halt run. :,n,j
to all legal "blah ways, tho rights across
the /arm occupied by the Cfrvtlani! <t
Pittsburgh jrniiroad and wheeling i
Erlo Railway ^Company, the pan ..f :,n
acre for school house. and tlio dow?:r in.
terest therfimof Sarepta Burroujrbs.
TERMS Or SALE-One-thlrd cash and
an much room-na tho purchaser may elect
to pay, tho residue to bo accural by Hrn
on tho land t#old. and mad*- payable it,
two -equal installments In one and tw?
years from imi day of aale, with Inter**:
at the usual'rate of 6 per cent.
I'SAMUEL NKHB1TT. Jr..
Of NesbJtt Af Da vine, aaeutfor the chUdren
and helntotJaw of the late Robert Miller,
deceased, 1739 Market stre. t, Wheel.
ing, W. Va.
' .J. .. ^
j-RBAL ESTATE,
POi?/
No. 333 Main?street, 5 rooms, with
heat and; .light n?o)
No. 3? Main street, 3 rooms, with
heat and .ljttht 9M
No. JJI3 Ellfawth street we
No. 175 BeVentfcenth street. 3 rooms.. 7<4
No. 79 Nineteenth street. 2 room*....
No. 241& Marjjrt street, first floor.... 7(?1
No. 2153 Majn-streer, store room 22 ou
No. 2157 Mam .street, store room 1?. ft)
No. 34 SlXtoojrth street, store room . 13?
Residence Edgington Lane. 11 rooms.
3 acres ground. 200 frtilt trees ?.
No. 36^! Mala vtreet, store room, lt? by
64 feet .. 17 Of
No. 21(H Mai/i.ntreet, 4 rooms 10 f4
! No. 114 SlxM#jth street i?i?
No. 153 Fourteenth street .ciog
No. 2340 street. 4 rooms !0 50
i No. IS04'Matin .'street ha
I No. 2WI Malw. Street S?)
No. 71 Seventeenth street 20 co
No. 1005 A&Ccrtloch street 15 00
No. 337 MintPstreet, saloon, with flx|
lures ..ItA'H 2RW
! Saloon In Martin's Ferry 15 00
4-Roomed>|i9if9c. Crescent Place? . 7 W
3 houses .near Manchester Coal
. Works, cail.of Mt. de Chantal ... teach
3 rooms Seibert property, on Wheel*
! In?? creek. 5G?
3 rooms Bedilion property. Wheeling
creek 5 0!
I No. 2342 Market street, blacksmith
shop ....: ??
Stable rear ^ No. 1GI0 Marttt street.
Stable r^ar'-Oi flerman Hank.
' FOR SALE.
I Ileal of every description.
JAltfES A. HENRY.
Real Estate'Aj;ent. Collector, Notary PuV
11c and Pension Attorney, No. 1612 Mar.
ket street. feJO
Houses and Rooms for Rent.
No. 1403 ChapHne street, 8 room?, bath
, and laundry.
No. 1?>4S? Main St.. 5 rooms, sernml floor.
No. lOGSvjMront St., 6 rooms and l?ath
No. fa S. Jiroadway, 7 rooms and bath.
No. 53 qr-Vann St., 8 rooms and bath.
I Tho building now occupied by Van*
Shoe Co.;' No. 1208 Main street.
No. Ml Main St., storeroom.
No. 11*7 Fourteenth St., 7 rooms and batik
. No. 12114tl> St., 7-room dwelling.
No. 2163 Main st.. 2 rooms. 3d floor.
No. 56 Zanc st., 7 rooms.
No. 93 Ohio St., 3 rooms.
No. 37 37th st., 6 rooms.
i No. 2323 Market St., 4 rooms.
I No. 1327 McColloch St., first floor.
No. 135 Penn st, 8 rooms and bath.
No. ? OW1H St.. S tooms. S7.50.
Two nire;rooms centrally located.
Office nr., sleeping rooms, Lutz UuIIdinj,
furnished., or unrurntsnea.
Storeroom, corner 23d and Mark*t ?ts.
No*. ZM2 and 246 Market ?t.. stores and
dwelling.
Storeroom corner 18th and "Woods sts.
Nos. im and 1347 McColloch at.
Houses and Lots for Bale. Money to
Loan on City Real Estate.
RINEHART & TATIM,
BANK BUILDING,
TeleplfpMft 810. Hooni .No. <.
FOR &4LE?BUILDING LOTS.
? .
We ax# headquarters for building lotm.
Wo have ?orae big bargains In Island lot*,
LoatheiUfcood, Echo Point, Plea*ant Yallev.
Patk-View and Elm Grove.
Mon(?X fci> Loan In amounts of $5rt\ Jl.OfO,
ft,POOL *?<*?, 12,500. on short notlcc, with
confldanca..
iiurf
RCjMfc.E' Cto ZANB,
'^SO Fourteenth Street.
FQB SALE.
Housed rooms anil hall, lot 41x175. XorlU
Main cheap.
HouoetnS rooms. lot 34x132 fcot. Market
street, between KiRhlh and Ninth mrcets.
53,jOO,
Houfi&i rooms, brick, and stable, Klrh<
teent H Afreet. $1.ISO. .
2 loW/MxlM feet. Thirtieth street. 1103
each;-unleash. balance in one year. t
Ho why* rooms, hall and larce lot. fclgn*
teenth<ftlrcet; cheap, on very easy terms.
One.ot.lhe l?*st corner lots on Llmi street
for 52,i; One-third cash, balance In one ana
I two yttft.
CorliM?lot on Cherry street for 1175: on**
1 third riiMi. Imlnnro in one and two )'****:
| Lot.iqn[Cherry street for |1W; one-third
cash,.wvlanee in one and two years.
1 Twoijouseaon Main street, nenr Sevcntn
streetpeneap; on easy terms.
! IIoiino 7 rooms, brick, Sixteenth street.
! terms'ensy, $3, GOO.
Spired Id huMdlnj: site for dwelling Four*
. teontn at reel and on Sixteenth street.
Housn C rooms and t-room house In rear,
Firtrnkard. terms easy, 13,200. ? .
1 Till' I'.nnih property. No. 2009 Chaplin#
strnet, cheap, terms easy.
House; "> rooms. Jacob street, between
Twctityrfourth and Twenty-fifth street*
cheap/ 51,300.
.? i~... innnii iixnAi Vnrih nenwooa.
iioiku: 5 rooms, Eighteenth street. $l,l?
I 1250 will buy a nice lot fronting on I.trn
I Rtrcot; ,-one-third cash.* balan??i on
[ term#.
j JLW will buy n roo<1 two-roomed hon?*
fronting on Chapllne street, nonr Tfrith.
$625 will buy bouse of 2 rooms on W ll?on
| street, Centre Wheelln: 1100 canh, b*l?nc?
I in ronL .
I.ots .on T.ind street, Cherry strict nnj?
MeColtoch street at from $60 to $300 each
i'n fany terms.
MxMity to loun on elty real estate.
NESBITT & DEVINC,
? to No. 1739 Market Street.
1 TO LET.
ttrtwlliess houses In wholfMlo or retail
'ofbtlfttis.
Ofttfiftt in new modern Exchange NfttiR
li UMJnj; A new office. clean and tidy nt
. inuv/:ost of a dingy-one.
In\VIlings, large and small, In all parti
.I'VMfcnitv. AlHiwhv<>Uinif rooms.
FOR SAM*:.
Flriitrc)a?* fi nor ocnt gold bonds.
DlVMfnil paytdft stoekn In on.- of in.
?n?v x xutmtnnUHl banks anil manufwU"*
.sir: tomimnlpj".
Cx. O. SMITH. a
It HAL EST AT 18 1K8URANCBU
l \? linnc ?n '*< Hnlldlwg*
x'ihn IIV:NH\~FOR sai.ii, LKASKS
fc? AM? AL\s KINDS LfiTOALBUANKS
READY PRINTED, AT
TflWlNTELMHENVKR
,JOK PRINTING OFFICJSr
Su and 27 Fourteenth BtreuU

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