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The Wheeling daily intelligencer. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1865-1903, April 06, 1897, Image 6

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SENATOR ELKINS. I
Cirtlwil fti rtnt P?i?.
-? - - ? t
b* out to carry tl?? Urjrrt ?h*r.- J
i ?f the Imports and **p<*riaUy tho?? ata.
jfi? arutlcs ikiI {fiuiiuuJ in (Ms coon* ,
try. More than thlf. the tlieory u( pro- i
t reiki n. as explained over abd orer <
sain in hoon debates on the tar- i
iff. U that by protecting an Industry It '
wDl be built op and established and ul- :
timalely mult In lowering prices to
the consumer. The establishment of ,
American shlppln* thm to thw parts
oC the world from which we buy our
?www nuttm umiit o wv.,
UlL
Am iMytrtaatPviM.
The mast Important part of Senator J
Elklns* speech is that In which he pro- ,
? aenta flgyrw ami facta to show :hat ur.<ler
the discriminating taws of the early
jreara of the rrpublic our shipping rtour- :
; tshed. wftffc since the repeal of tho*e
law# it has steadily declined. England :
for oae hundred and thirty years pro- 1
tected her shipping interests by Jtrln- 1
geat navigation laws. Then und*r a
murium? r^-ir.r.Mlrv ;r-*tv . u.
pi its law* were repealed. England s:M
protected her ahlpplng interest* by
heavvaubsidie*. the United State* did
not. The maritime reciprocity was all
on the-aide of Kaglani
. Our American shipping has more tr
compete with than the subslJIes of
Great Britain aud other countries.
American sailor* want higher wages
than foreign sailors. English. German
and other jailor* work (or le?s wages
-- than Americans. because heretofore
Americans have found better wages and
ma easier life tn pursuits on land. Pro*
taction la figured largely on the difference
between *he wages paid abroad
and in this country. Protection to
American shipping might well be considered
on the *am* lines with reference
to wages paid by foreign and American
vessels.
Senator Klklns U well backed up In
hfs proposition for dbKnoifnailon Jn
tavor of American shipping, by th* Republican
national platform and by
President Jd.Klnley's letter of acceptance*
Both declare emphatically in favo?of
such discrimination.
Inhere is a provision in the new tariff
bill imposing a discriminating dutv of
10 per'cent in favor of American ship*,
but it does not touch (he case at all. It
adds the discrimination to the article*
on the fluttable list Tftt? would alJoa*
all article? on the free list to escape. It
also provides that It shall not apply to
countries which have treaties with the
United States providing for equal duties
whether imported in foreign or
American vessels.
Aa the United State* ha* treaties of
this kind with nearly twenty-five different
countries it can be easily s??eo
that this provision do*a not reach the
point of actual benefit at all Senator
Elkins says thane treaties a:*- standing
in :be way now and advocates their
abrogation also point- out tha:
the application of the discrimination to
the dutiable list alone would no: be
aufHclent. Th* importer of articles on
ihe tree lis: must also seek American
vessels in ivhich to have his goods
brought to this country-. That the provision
of the tariff bill does not meet
tha requirement and Intent of the Republican
platform, there can be no
doubt. . It evades the whole question
and would not duho * single snip.
If American shipping Is to be built
up. if the Amerir&n flag Is to be rcstor- !
*-d to it* once proud position on til*
Itfgh seas. if American trade abroad U ]
to be promoted by following American i
hips, it mu*i be done by protection to *
American vessels br a dtscrimtaat-ou '
in favor of such voids, aod such dls- *
crimination roust extend to all coun- *
trie* and every claw of goods shipped '
ped to American ports.
ABSTRACT OF SPEECH. |
CMaiwtnibU A rfiMMli la Ftrar f Ike
Dtecrlminatlac D?ty ? What Eagl?nd
lw?IUhwl br Her Polkr-Mow ?*
tiding Up ?f ABMrtrta MlppIlK
Wo?:d u?n?flt tk? Wkola Prop!*. 1
WASHINGTON. D. C.. April 5?Mr.
Elkina. of Weit Virginia, called up and
bad read his bill charging a duty of
30 per cent on ail goods shipped Into
the Untied State* la other thao United
States vessels. this doty to be in addition
to other duties levied. Mr. Elkins
delivered aa exhaustive speech on the
subject, solng over every detail of shipping
both at home and abroad. In his
opening remarks the Senator said:
"Under a proper policy of encouragement
to American shipping the United
States, with its 8.000 mlle.? of seacoast*.
Its navigable rivers and lake coast, fine
harbors. variety of climate, productive
capacity, rapidly increasing population,
its position on the globe?Asia on one
aide with 600.000.MK). and Europe the
other side with 400.000.u00 of peopleshould
be the leading commercial and
maritime power of the world.
"This would be the proud position of
tha UalM States to-day had protection ,
to American interest* on the sea pram- 1
ed by the founders of the government .
1n the early l?*Khlartoa of Confress.
fceen continued. N*o nation has ev*r !
been truly great nor an important factor
In the affairs of the world unless it
has been irreat on the sea. The T"nlte.5 J
State* rarr.ot reach it.? full growth awl
measure of proicre?* until it* shipping
and commerce relatively <qm} to it..
Industries on land. DurJna the last ;
thirty 7 *rs the people of the t*nited
States fcave been so occupied with internal
development. exploring and explotting
the far west. building railroad*,
openinc mines. establishing manafac- !
ture?, that they have no: given that attention
Bhipping it dt-ficrvea The '
time is at hand, however, when the or>- *
port unit k-* on land have *o dltnini^hfd
tnat hualne** m??n f?~?'kir.c careers and
fortunes !n the commvrcial world mus?: '
turn to the sei.'
"l"1"- n*t'? ISAdWM rv
cry daj*. or nearly J". per capita per
annum. to tmelzn fhlp owner* for carryisir
what iu people fell and feuy T.'iia
enormous num. or most of ft. should bo
raved to the people and the country,
and would be under a proper policy of
aid to shipping." J
PortlKH Opposition.
Mr. Elkin* raid that any plain for |
buHdlns: up American ahippinc would ,
meet with opposition. Bavin*:
"I do not underestimate the Influence
and power of Che forces arrayed eealrnt (
American shipping, which have hrlp?d 1
jo bring it to it* present deplorable
condition, And which will fight to prevent
its restoration. Th?- opposition
will be united, vigorous and determined,
while we arr divided as to policy A
thousand million* of Invested foreign
capfUl will be focuasod against Amorlean
Interest* on the tens- It will have
its Influence; aiMdr It Is being felt.
To restore our lout whipping and plaee
(lie United .State* where it belongs In
tfre.cauryltig trad* of the world nil! InDomestic
Joy.
The charm of domestic joy will be
preterrcd, if thus parenlt, who fe*r
the e*rly death of one of their loved .
one* when attacked with a icriou*
throat rtr lnn<? trouble, resort at ODCO
to Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup, a never-falling
rsmedy. "J used I.V. Bull's Cough
Hjrnp for my ion, who wan eight yean '
old. He has bcco troubled with a bronchial
ooagh since he wai two and a half !
year* of age, and I have Wed every- '
thing, but found Dr. Bull's Cough |
Syrup doe* him the most good." Urn. 1
A. Gelb, 317 Demott St.. West Hobo- ]
ken, X.J. Dr.Bull's Cough Syrupcost*
only 23 cent', and is cheaper than the .
dealer's big profit making suhititutc,
became Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup always ,
carta while the substitute docs not. i
RHEUMATISM
Munyon's Rheumatism Cure I* guirsn*
*d to ourr trum or muscular rheumatism
n from urv? to ftv* day* Hharv, nhootin*
*aln.? In any part of the body stopped by a
r\r <1 /yt+9 A prompt. cMPMtf and perMwiu
cure lor lajuciJf^*. jcttff
tMU'k and all | alrm In hips and loins.
Chronic thrum*: Ism. aclatJra. lutnba*u or
win In the bock are cured. It
teldom fall# to fir* from one or
wo do*-*, and almost Invariably curea b*ore
oat: bottle hss been used. Prle? SSc.
MUNYOIN'S
mproved Homoeopathic I tome Itemed*
Company put up a separate ctii?- for each
119*4?*. At all urvgvitl*. mostly 3 cents.
Juide to lleelth free.
Personal letter# to Prof. Munyon. I-V'i
irch Street. Philadelphia. Pa.. answered
rlth fl>e medical advice for any disease.
'ojve a preat contest. chlafly with Rnsand.
not o! arm*, but as friendly rlfal*
for commercial fupmBae)'-"
It the province of Knelt.<h sutesnanshlp
to maintain the commercial
uprernacy of Great Urltaia on the seaa.
t U manifest destiny that the United
Irate* nhall dispute this ?uprecnacy *nd
rosn its ftoftltl'*) control not only *lt-?
iwn. but the larger part of the carryoIt
trade of the world.
We may agrr*- with Knttland on most
wbject*. but ?"?n the subject of shipping
ind commercial interests we never can.
A>rd Kobert Cecil, in the English Pariament,
early in l?Si. said:
"Everyone who watches the current
f history mart knoiv that the .Northern
lutes of America never can be our tru?
ttend*. for this simple reason: Xrt?
ncrely because the newspapers write
it each other, or that there are prejuliee*
on both rides, but because we are
iwals; rivals politically, rivals comnercially.
We aspire to the *arae Posllon
We both aspire to the governn?n:
of the seas. We are both manuacturinjf
people, and In every port, ft?
n every court. Re are nuS to eaca
?thrr "
Th5? is a true an .J candid s:ateroent
' . ** s a - :h- y vrisi and will coolnue
to exist We cannot, and *hou!d
>ot. attempt to conceal them. Great
Britain will not easily give up what she
ias gained on the *-a In two hundred
ears. She knows that a struggle with
he United Stat*-* for commercial su remacy
I? Inevitable, and it preparing
or 1L England, an island in art-a not
rreater than on*- of our atate*. is at
mee the child and ruler of the s^-at.
Mr. Blaine. !n his Twenty Years ?f
ponsren, volume I. jmje US. says;
"The principle of protecting the manufactures
ar.d encouraging the ravigapoa
of America had t?-rv distinctly
>roclalmed la the first law of the new
rovernmen*. wl wan thus mad- Ift ft
uggestlve and emphatic sense the very
porner stone of the republican edifice
vhlch the patriots of the Revolution
rere aiming to construct."
The origin*! acts of Congress providing
discriminating dutle* were tak n
from the navigation laws of Great
3ritaln, then in force, and which had
>e*n for more than one hundred rears
uid which were not repealed for neary
sixty years afterwards. The policy
>f protection ?o our manufacturing in
rests has been continued from 17*3 unJ1
rho nr^?ent time, and the result*
uv<r juKtlftrd the wisdom, .not only of
idoptlng such a policy In the* first lnitance.
hut in adhering tu It.
Mr. Elkins here vr?nt Into a history of
lh<? legislation in Congress on the subfeet
of shipping, showing that in the
*ariy days discriminating duties had
t>een followed by beneficial results in
Lhe way of building up our merchant
narine and extending our foreign
trade. He gave many valuable static
tics. He showed \hat even the free
trmders of England favored this sort of
protection, which buili up England's
freat ocean trade.
Adam Smith, despite his horror and
intolerance of all protective measures,
made an exception In favor of the navigation
act. which he regarded as a wise
and patriotic law. It was in his eyes
not only an a-1 regulating commerce,
but a measure of public safety
KtclprMlIf Cirmdoallf Applied.
Step by step the encircling ring of
protection was broken, but never with
such rapidity that English shipping
:ould suffer from the change of conditions.
To each country in turn in
which England desired freedom fo."
<.?>- > el>i..a aha oninliwl friMtiliim in
her home and colonial port*: Ft*'. ??
my, false steps were taken, and nor?
c>ut of consideration for her competitors.
The n*sult speak* for itself.
Great Britain to-day tontrws SG per
cent of the carrying trade...owns,h*lf
the floating property of the globe. un-,
f'irls her flag over one-quarter of it*
area, and rules nearly one-third of its
population. Could this petition have
been achieved or maintained save by
first excluding foreign-built veanels
from her commerce, and hy discriminating
duties, together with subsidies
md mall pay on an enormous scale,
Md other forms of support?
England, under this system of laws
In full force for about on?* hundred and
thirty years, laid the foundation for
the present prosperous condition of her
shipping and commercial supremacy.
We are told that England has free
trade in shipping and maritime reciprocity.
and. as a result, controls onehalf
the carrying of the world, and
therefore this policy is best for the
United States. But the conditions are
not the same. In th?* mat;er of shipping
the United States Is In one wnw
now where England was when she
adopted her navigation lav/.?, and wo
ire not as well of; as ^hen w* adopted
UscrimlnaUng duties In 1791. If the
United States had enjoyed for one hunJred
and thirty years the benefit of
mch navigation laws and had followed
(hem by discflxninailnK autic*. euor'nouj*
uubfiidies, and rrnal pay. then onr
peoph* mljrlit be v.Miins to adopt free
irade In shipping. We would tb'-n xtart
in the straggle on an equal footing,
fireat Bcit&ln adopted free trade on
land before she adopted It on th" sra,
?nd the United States would do weft pot
to adopt free trad<? In shipping until
ifter it 1m tried on land.
The.policy of di!?rrimlnatlncr duties Is
>nly a form of protection indeed,pruto':lon
is b.ucd on discrimination. We
protect our manufacturing industries
l?y dlacrimlnailnK In their favor and
M:ainst foreign manufactured products.
If the United States had Matty year*
igo abandoned the jKdlcy of protection
ind it should be proj?o?ed now to r>rive
the law to restore duties by imposng
a tax of 50 per rent on the valu'- of
Dne-haif the i;oods, wares, and merchandise
imported from foreign pmtittles.
th<? same or stronnor m^ufiicnts
ivould be made In opposition to nuch a
1)111 as are now made axalnpt restoring
Incriminating duties In fnvur of American
shipping. It would be s?ald at
ince that we would have instant retalatJon
from the nations of Europe which
v?> could not stand. Hut he nations of
Europe do not retaliate now. Such a
r?roponlllon would 1* set down as nar"ow,
illiberal, and antiquated. Yet the
?? i" - * ?*?" 1'nHi.il UtHlfi know iim!
?ell*ve nft'-r on?* hundred years of trial
lhat protection and the collation of dull
on on foreign product? ha* been In
many ways of Incalculable beotflt to
Lbs country.
Cttlam of III* l'?opoM Act.
The bill simply imposes and ad valorem
duly of 10 per rent Jn addition to
sxlsting duties, or !n rase of no duty, a
luty of 10 per tent, on all koo(J*. ware*,
md merrhandlne imported Into the
I .'tilted Btatea In for-lfn vessels, if
these eame product* ehould >*? imported
n American ahlp*. l?*-n th?re Is no adlitlonnl
duty, and If thee" produc ts are
now free th*y would still tnuatn free
I brought In American The liill
iot'4 not prohibit cxr-ludr foreign
rrom cnrryin* ?>ur kihikh ?:omin?-r'?'.
n* the navigation luw* of (Jreat
Urit&ln ?lld once. The Mil l?-uve* 10 th*
Importer tb* choir* <?f brinuinK hi*
good* in foreign fillips* and paying: ?r*
ifldlttonil duty of 10 per ?mt on thrlr
rftlvff for tbin privilege, or of bringing
:h? m In American ahlpfl and paying no
tddttlonal duty whatever. Cirtat fJritfcSd&Slk
: .
uln keptjyst such a law in tore* for
urariy tvfo "hundred year*, owl repealing
It until Mi. and not then until she
had gained such advantage* from Its
operation and other aid* to her whipping
that it he did not need it any longer.
The bill extends the principle of
protection enjoyed bf Industrie* on
land and shipping in the coastwise
trade tn American Interest# on the high
sea*. Whatever limitation ur restriction
I* Imposed by the policy of discriminating
duties Is in the direction of better
protection to home manufacture*
and home Industrie* and in favor of
shipping and building American ships?
two good results'.
American shipping must be built up
under the operation of law, a law that
will discriminate in favor of American
hips In carrying our foreign trade, especially
our imports. If we had abandon*!
seventy yearn ago the policy of
excluding foreign-built vessels from our
coastwi** trade, as we did discriminating
duties, that trade to-<Iay would be
largely in the hands of foreign shipowners
and in a condition as deplorable
j as our foreign shipping. Had we conI
tlnued the policy of protection to our
carrying, our foreign shipping to-day
would l?e In a* prosperous condition aa
rtur mannfacturim; interests. The noli
cy of discriminating duties Is riot an
experiment, it It not untried; on the
contrary. It was on trial for a long period
unu*-r the moat uofaronUe ondiUona
and product the best results.
It is believed that the adoption of discriminating
duties, with such other
uppIf-TOfntal legislation that might be
found necessary in the light of experience,
i he results would b> as beneficial
in the early history of the government
and felt at ouce. First. It
4voul give us Immediately a large sham
Jn carrying our foreign commerce, all
of our Imports and part of our exports,
and a share In earning the commerce
of countries not owning fhlps. Second.
It woul stimulate shipbuilding and establish
new shipyards. Third. Shipbuilding
would stimulate other Irtd'tatriesof
all kinds and fire employment to
thousands of skilled ard other workman.
Fourth. It would aave to the people
of the United States annually nearly
r00.-9W.00d now pa.id to foreign shipowners
for earning our imports. with
the chance In a few years of saving another
hundred millions by the increase
nf shipping and earning of a larse
part of the world's commerce in American
bottoms. Fifth. It would not only
build up shipping in the foreign trade.
LIU 1 It nuum fy ?ur iiirimo vi lAivnuoih
our trad* in the foreign markets of the
world. so much desired by the people.
The policy of discriminating duties as
the best mans of restoring shipping is
constantly gaining In favor with the
people. It was indorsed In the platforms
of fourteen slate conventions
held last year, and In the platform of
the St. Louis national convention.
The candidate of the St I^ouis convrutlon,
now the honored Executive of
the rreat Republic, was triumphantly
elected on the principle of protec tion to
our Interests on land and s?-a. He believes
in both, and that American vessels
flying the .American fls#r should occupy
anl use the s#-as and oceans of
the world In common with other rations.
and such protection should
granted American shipping ?* will allow
them to do so. In this position h?*
is sustained by a majority of his countrymen.
KrUllttlon.
One of the reasons urged against the
passage of the bill under consideration
Is that Great Britain and other shipowning
countries will setaliate. But
Just how or in what May the opponents
of the bill do not clearly set forth. The
damage to our shipping that might follow
retaliation Is Imaginary. Under
the operation of maritime reciprocity
and neglect. In force for nearly seventy
scarcely any shipping left in our foreign
trad*. It would be far better to carry
In American tthips our Import# or I/)
percent of our foreign commerce, which
we would do under discriminating duties.
with retaliation against us. than
to carry only 11 per cent, as we do now,
with no retaliation.
But should European countries adopt
retaliation, th*-y must do Jt in a way
not to increase the cost of our farm products
to their people. Two-thirds of ail
our exports to Ureal Britain are food
products, and she cannot afford to in- i
crease the price of these products to her
people. Jt is doubtful whether England
woul retaliate; to do so would be
to adopt protection and reverse her fro* ;
trade policy. Why do not Engiund and
other European countri**s retailatagainst
our levying duties of from 4o
to K> per cent on their manufactured
products which we import? Simply because
it is not to their interest to retaliate;
and for the &ame reason it will
not be to their Interest ty retaliate
against discriminating duties In favor
of American carrying.
Mr. Elkins reviewed the history of our
commercial treaties with foreign countries.
the wisdom of subsidies, proving
it by 1hf history of Great Britain, and
argued that a merchant marine 1* es- j
tentlal to a navy, quoting from many
eminent authorities, and continued:
Trad* Follows iht Plus.
ItIs Maid that trade follows the nag:
that is to nay, trade follows shipping.
Wherever ships go trade follows.
The people of the United States, without
distinction of party. earnestly deHire
to enlarge and extend their foreign
trade; to sell more of their mcnufacured
and agricultural products. The
best means to this end is to increase
our shipping. No nation can have its
Just and proper share in Its foreign
commerce and In the foreign market*
unless it fs an owner and builder of
ships. The nation that owns shipping
has a great advantage in extending Its
trade and commerce over a nation that
has no ships. The nation that carries
the product"* It sends to foreign markets
ran establish and maintain its
trade better than a nation that simply
sells its surplus products and leaves
other nations do the carrying; Shippi:iK
and trade go hand in hand.
It Is generally supposed that shipping
only concerns our Atlantic and Pacific
roast states, but this fs unfounded. No
Industry affects the country more wide*
!y and " generally than shipping. The
farmer, as well as the producer of coal,
lumber. Iron, steel, and sine, are Interested
in building up the shipping and
shipyards of the country, as these interests
afTord employment to people
who become consumers. Ninety per
cent of the farm products which nre exerted
are hauled In foreign ljottoms.
If these products could be transports
In vessels of the United States. It would
stimulate and help all branches of business
at home.
A* in the cause of d^elln* of Ameri<
in whipping Mr Elkins Mid:
"First?The abandonment of the policy
of protrctlon to American shipping
by discriminating duties und*r treaties
I tilth foreign nations and the BUbftitU
tloa Instead of this protection of no
aid or encouragement whatever.
"Seoond?Competition of A merle*n
f'llfrj'ing. without aid of any kind, with
Mnthfir'c Allays NervIT1U1IIOI
9 ousness, reP
J Hcves the
BiflQUH Headache,
I I Ivllll Cramps and
Nausea, and so prepares the
system that the time of recovery
is shortened and many say
"stronger after than before confinement."
It insures safety to
life of both mother and child.
All who have used "Mother
Friend" say they will never be
without it again. No other rem
edy robs confinement of its pai n
nook -to EXPECTANT MOTHFIUT milled
frf.eontalnin* valuable information afid roluntary
toetlfnonlal*.
The BRADflCLO RCQULATOR CO, Auanta.Ga.
out at au tauMitra at ai.oo per lomti
forclim shipping, highly protected. aid
ed and subsidised. 1
"Thlrd?Opportunltles on land darint
the last forty yearn for Imalnm enter
prises and jbusloess investments liav
beon ao great, particularly l'i the went
that but littl* interest ban been takei
In industrial pursuit* on th?- seas,
pt'claliy an they were entirely unpro
tected and gave no returns.
"Fuortlt?-iu ilw of any pro
tecUon or aid to American shipping: i
has hod to pay heavy taxes at home
higher rates of Interest, and ftighei
wathan foreign shipping will
which It competes.
"Fifth?The hostile discrimination o
British Lloyds Register in inspecting
rating and classifying American ships
obliging them to pay the highest rat?
of insurance on r?rgo*s and take <h?
lowest rate of freight and wait thi
longest In various parti* of tiie worli
for charters. Added to this the war o
English Insurance t-ompanies la ih>
United States analnst Insuring cargo*
carried In Amerlcau-built ships.
.Sixth?The demoralization and loss o
shipping Incident :o the civil war. Ai
oar laws gsve no protection to shipping
It was not rebuilt."
The lUiMOcant Result*.
The beneficial results of this policj
of protection and discriminating dutle
i;i miiiuuit
be found In the records of the treasurj
department. From these records i
appears that from 17S? to 1800 the carry
tng of our imports m American shipi
Increased from 17t* to 5rj per cent. ant
of our exporro from 30 to N per cent
and from !&0 (o 1810 this Increase wa
substantially maintained, making th
average of our foreign oommerca car
rle?! In American ships for the perta
of from 1SOO to ISIO. 91% per cent o( ou
imports and 87 per cent of our exports.'
He then reviewed the course of th'
United States In yielding to British per
suasions, and said that in J&28 the "frei
freighting act" was the "Anal act o
ruinous reciprocity." In 1S25 Danie
Webster said after a tJme of protectioi
and discriminating duties: "We have i
commerce which leaves no sea unex
plored; navies which take no law fron
superior force."
After giving tablt* showing the In
crease of American shipping under dis
criminating duties, and its decrease un
der maritime reciprocity, Mr. JClkia
said:
"So amount of sophistry, no amoun
of explanaiion. no amount of sp^ciou
armmrnt c*n change the."- facts an<
the results of these two policies A!
impartial mJn.J* must agree, in the fac<
of this showing, that the policy of mar
ltime reciprocity has not only been i
failure, but under It American enippinj
has been well-nigh ruined and destroyed
in our towign trade and throughou
the world. The other conclusion force!
tt?elf upon the mind that America!
shipping to grow and prosper as an In
duairjr. musi be.protected as K was U
the early history of the government "
lie reviewed at some length the ship
ping legislation since 1*30, and alao tiii
navigation law* of tlreat Britain. claim
ing that for onr hundred and thirty
year* England discriminated in favoi
of English ships and built up a grea
merchant marine. By maritime reel
prodty England continue until' shi
controlled hi per cent of the carrylni
trade of the world.
Mr. Elk Ins said that the 10 per ceir
discriminating duty should In- appllW
to goods admitted free as well as t<
goods upon which duties are now paid
Th* senator said th:?: If we had aban
doned the policy of excluding forelgr
built ships from our coastwise trad'
Miveoty years ago. that trade woulv
now be in a condition as aepjoraoie ui
our foreign shipping. He said It inlghi
be well to extend our coastwise traJi
relations with states and countries ol
{forth and South America under reciprocal
regulation?.
Mr. Klkins quoted the Republican national
platform in favor of discriminating
duties. sl?o th? letter of Presldenl
McKlnley. accepting the nomination ie
which he endorsed the policy. As to fh<
result of this policy Mr. Elktns said:
"First?It would give us Immediate! j
a large nhare in carrying our forelgr
commerce, all of our Import* and pari
of our exports, and a share in carrying
the commerce of countries not owning
ships.
Second?It would stimulate shipbuilding
?fid establish r?ew shipyards.
"Thlrd?Shlpbulldlng would stimulate
other Industrie* of all kind* and gtv?
employment to thousands of skilled an<!
other workmen.
"Fourth?It would nave to the peopfc
of the United States annually, mort
than JlOO.OOO.tOO now paid to forelgr
ship-owiiers for carrying our forelgr
commerce, with the chance Jn a fe*
years of saving another hundred millions
by the Increase of shipping and
tht carrying of the world'* commerc*
in American ships.
"Fifth?It would not only build up
and Increase shipping in the forelgr
trad*, but it would be the moans of extending
our trade in the foreign mar
kets of tii- world, so much dusirea oy
the people."
roinmereial Treaties.
Mr. Elklns discussed at some
the commercial treaties with other c.?untrie?
which were pointed out as reasons
why the htll should not pa.**. The bill
will abrogate certain portion.* of them
If Ji t*rom?* a law the President undci
the one year's notice dame will notlfj
the countr.'vs that It Is abrogated. Hi
said:
"The true Intent and meaning of thesf
treaties was that as between the contracting
powers carrying should be frea
&n>J reciprocal and In effect put on an
equal footing. The I7nlt?d States has observed
the spirit of these treaties, and
has rendered but little or no uld or assistance
to take the place of the protection
enjoyed under discriminating duties.
Other nations, especially Great Britain,
France. Germany and Italy, have not observed
the spirit of the treaties, but increased
their Hubtldles and mall pay tc
ships and adopted oth*r forms of aid to
build up and protect their shipping."
Mr. Klkins pr*j?cnted a lengthy argument
to ahow that subsidies would no!
accomplish the object sought. Greal
Britain could appropriate two dollar- for
every on* appropriated by the I*nke<f
UV paid In moil ?uMd!es now
JSOO.OOOayearto the American line. England
haa pal.i In subside over S300.0CK)
000 since lgrtO. and from 1SS5 to 1590 h?t
ships received J^.GCS.WO from the United
States for carrying the malK
Free ship?, h* said. would not accomplish
the desired result, but added another
*"tir<*e of revenue to England. an<i
English -hips would stUl do the carrying
of our foreign oommerce.
Mr. Elkln* quoted from consular reports
to show that American vessels seldom
appear in foMpn ports where pre* I
amounts of g?da arc *hlpj>ed yearly tc
the United State*. From 1588 to 1S% but
fifteen American vessels pamed through
rh& Hue* canal and four of tbc*? Wc?r<
war shlpR and yachts. H?* quoted *tatlstlcs
showing the million:* of ton* o!
foods * im were carried to America but
unly a small percentage In America*
ships. We expended HOO.OOO a year t?i
maintain n consular service, presumably
In the Interest of hulldlng up Amerlcaji
trade abroad. and yet these officers could
do nothing If ther?? was ?K> Ameriear
Hhlps and all carrying was dime in foreign
vessel*.
In conclusion. Mr. ftlkln*
The revival of American fthipplng. sc
Ion* neglected. is not the caua* of an 5
party nvr at mny particular interest; It
belong* to no cwtlop; It coiiccrni tht
who)e country, Its future prosperity, am!
wojfui f. t: h;?? I. :t; t ] ?' : ' ??f
1*00,000 cf people; henceforth they will
take care ?.f it; in their keeping ft will nc
longer languish; It will not die.
I feel. Mr. President. aoon?-r r later
the patriotic cau?v >{ tip-huildlnK A in. r
can shipping will triumph. an<l Americans
will ??Joy and u?"? th ir r..minor
share In the ?cean? of the world nn.I bav?
their part In carrying crad??; that rh<
time 1? not distant when th* Amerlcar
llnjc will l/e aeen ..n every . a and Moat
from v?*jwels of the United State* In nl
the i/ort.* of the arth, and Amerlcar
merchant-, husln<?* men. and banken
will be established and doing: remnneralive
hiHnesvi In all the romni jvlal cenUn
of the world. In lftbofln| to
for our common country the.*? splendid
BHHHuUUnHNHHi
. achievement! aad Ifftatf Meealnc*.
tratrfmansblp tan ha*** no -higher aim,
% pttryatom n? VrftJ/rr vurjxm. and the
- txtnodlotioti# <& a icrideful people wili <Jee
Ktod on thw? who ma/ help la ihi?
. great m'/vmwrrt.
1 . .. , ,. !
MEDICAI*.
. A Wonderful Medicine
ii?W<s
. ^imknaaadKertoaediaoraerMueaaawiaa
and Palo la theftcmach. Sick Headache, oiddl'
aeos, FoQoeae and aweiUn* after meal*. DUOl
ccm and DTowUaMi.Coia CL1U. Fiuahia?s cC
] Beat, lots of Appetite, Sbortaea* of Breath, Co*
f UTeaese, Blotehee oa the ffclo, DlAtarfced Sleep,
l* Frlgbtlal Creams, and all S?m>a* and Treaty
* llac Seneattoa#, ac^ whea these symptoms are
eatxeed by constipation. u most of them are.
' THE F1EST DOSE WILL GIVE BELIEF tM TWENTY
MUTES. Thle 1b bo fiction. Every soTere it
earnestly larited to try one Box of theee MB*
ttd (hey will fee acknowledged to ko
: A WONDERFUL MEDICINE.
I BEKCUAJJ'B PILLS. Uta utlncH
t will qulcUjr nmcn raula taccmpM* tiMlu.
t They promptiyreaore obstructions or lrr?ga>
- larltles of the system. Tor a
> Weak Stomach.
Impaired Digestion
Disordered Liver
tbey act Ilia a?cto-a few doeee will wart roodata
upon ttaaYlial Onui; ?t*tnftb?alnf iM
ma*eaUr Bjatem. reetorlnf the Ion*-loot oon*
piexloa, brio floe tack the keen edp of ipp?>
tlte, and arotulas with the Hoeebnd et
Health the wbola phfatcal eaerff eC
tha human frame. Theme are facts admitted by
thowende, lo all cla?? of aodetj, and one of
the hra'rurritnfa to the Xerroos and DeblUtaiad
fa that Meechtun* FUla ktr* tha
UrsMt M? of any P?ubi Wi^lrfni
"without a rival
Annual Siiet more (fun 6,000,000 Boxa
JSC atZJrof gtoraa, or *111 be mqs by U.S.
Amu. 2L y. ALLEf CO., W Canal Bt, Kev
left, pott d?14. upon wools* of price. Boot:
ttw ?poa fcpyHeaaofl.
Disease"' CATARRH
A Climatic
Affection
Nothi-.r ijul .1
c a I renedv or ? g
rh*nc?? i f clircaie^F*^ ?WL v^UoJ
will car* it. tWfEVto V?J * A
G?t a wil-known ?
p h i r ri m e a t- ?Vy iH
Ir*J rem^l.v. IP /
Ely's Cream Btlmfcr ^sfll
It i? quickly
?orbe?!. Giye* R<~
^iEs^'COLD1* HEAD
Altaic Inflammation. H*al? and Protect*
The Mem bra r.*. KKo re* the Sfnae* of
TaJte and Sm?-.L No Cocaine. No Mer<Tuy.
No Injorloa* Drue. f*u?' S'.z* Sn; ;
Trial Sue 10c, at Drur*l*t? or by matL
Kl.Y HROTHKPA
mwfiriry K Warren 8treet. ?w York.
; MADE ME A MAN
i ris^ ajax tablets positiylly cube
kg ~1 UIijr?n<MM XMMMM-rillM ItMT
f ;( cry, lapooac7. ke, e*s~d
? rst by JMm QJ-ou^r i-i.wn *a<i lz>tf
mm *?4*SNeu1ef55&ei55re *Jl fltber f2f*jr?
: i&eguP&gsgi
i For aale in Wheeling. W. Va.. br Ix>?ran
t Drue Co. It-ii-tthlLJ
?At"3 Off
I^THEI T04DAT CUBE^SL
1 Krfinr lit. Owe Iiiiii ! ! ? Hi
tywThg. Fofc?iv fmlfei*
, rtxrt*T* ?rnucTrra?edail.rRrrAT? prmxEtS.
At fc urtfci cr MI iwwk wfUOIt
; ,u>-torro
MALYDOIt MFC* CO.* uinoMtar* 0?, U?8JI
I MERCHANT TAILOR.
C. CALL! GAN.
{( $ i <) Suits, ft
ft $4 Pants. Jj
(M Made to Tour Order. f?
C. E. CALLIGAN, ||
{LAxT^UX!!
FEATHER RENOVATOR.
Wives and
Housekeepers.
1CLKPBOXK NO. 20*.
: To AH Whom It May Concern:
The ur.derslpnr<3 have purchased Hani).
, ton's Improved Keather Henovator. an<J
1 alao an Improved Carpet lieator, which
la guaranteed to neither rip nor r*\ei,
and are now prepared to do work promptly
aod at reasonable price*. Work called for
. and delivered free of charte. 1-eave pp.
, dera at R. Luke's Livery. No. IUO Market
1 street, or address
FORD & HANNEN.
Corner Eighteenth and Chapllno Streets,
I Wheeling. \V. Va.
PLUMBIN'O, HTC.
| TRIMBLE & LUTZ COMPANY,
SUPPLY HOUSE.
rinmkltf and Gm FlttUf,
Mum and Hut nater lleitUf.
1 A Foil Mat of the Celebrate! ??
SNOW STEAM PUMPS
???Kept CoTuttnUr on Hard.
ROBT. W. KYLE,
; Practical Piamiur.Gas and Steim Fitter,
1 1155 MARKET STREET.
[ ?r(>M end Wee trie Chun Icilert. Filter*. *i?4
Tttlor <iu Burstr* a m^Iiitr ran
^yiLUAil IIAUK SON.
Practical Plumbers.
I.AS AMI STEAM FlTTKUi.
I No. 88 Twelfth Strwec.
' 'A.' l'f t mul' >".'*1
/\>!l?rilK KOU TIIV. Miil'T' IMMI'1.1*
JrATED AND INTRICATB ?I"HI<>S8
. OF MUNTINO ?<r..full)' ond llittlllffcnlly
, computed ?t the IN'TELUOEMCEll JOU
I PRINTING OM ICE.
TRUSTEE'S BALE.
Trubteirar balk of valuablS
Of no COL .N Ti' JitlAL estate.
Br virtue of * deed of tru?t mad* fy
Jackaon U. Porter an<? Jane C. Porter. hig
wif*. Jo?eph II. ''hainbeoi and Ra*h*i p
Chambers. fci? wife, to tne. *
bearing data on the t*er.ty-ei*htn <!*>
March. 1M?C. acid now of record <n
d?rk'? office of '.he 'ountf ?ourt r,t o?r,
county. W?t Virginia, in D?eri of ?r .?
icr.l! N'O 47 R* * Will
8ATUKIM7. THE 1TTII DAY OF
APBJJU liW.
ee!l at public auction at the r. r h fro; f
door of the --ourt houae of
WMt Virginia. .ommencl&c at ten o'clock
a. rn.. tfc- JciJowln* described property
tO-Wlt: All that certain traM
aitoated on the water* of Mi-ldl* V.'h?. i rcreek.
In thr dlatrlr*. of LP-trty. count/
of Ohio. as<l ?iat? of West Vitvtau i.**
within on* milt of V.'eat Alexander. p.-; r.
nyivania;. and bounded an4 de*cr.t?*i .?
folio**. I>ftnninK at a ehevtnut tr?* -jq
the top or a knob or knoll, and r r,-. *
thence norm M* wejt M pole* *v?i (ti(|
?ir.e of Isaac TMvls; then"- a lib lin? of
Trow north 2V east 21 pol?s to a ?uk*
In the ed#- of old road, corner to Crow un4
Wfeitbun brothers: thence n<?rth w .%?
iV!? pOi*a. xr^rr lut'.in ^
there# nouth fl' eaat 10 pal*', thence .'ti
72' ?aAt fc poles to a point below a *;irirr;
thcnc* north C3H* ? ?? 2 pol^s fU-?,
north :2V eaat S po(H south w*
^as?t 1C polea to ? post (the o'.urw^ ber?ir>
tofor* r^ven t-^ing by a rorvey fuj*
on January 21, 1*77. and thows h#rHri*fi?P
Ktv+n t*tng by a *urvy ma.J* n
lWr- thenc* Muth 71* (Mt C! 2 pelto *
jx>?t; thence *ooth It* ea^ et pol*? to *
nujjsr tree in the state Ur.*: an*j tfcm-?
by the mate ltn? ??outh XI poiea to a *r .;e
oak; thence ^outh M* wrtt w po!*? to *
whtit- oak; thenr* nor.h ?' w*?: Vx.5
pole#; th?nc* north 22V *-a?t 1? pole# ti
the plac* of beflnmn*. an4 containing
three l?ur<1r*d and eleven 'Ul? acres, mor?
or lacs. Thi> beta* what ?* known ai tU
Porter farm <a?d ?? one or tr.e b*?t Unai
In Ohio county). Ther* are *?c flrtt'.u,
/arm dwei'in*; houa** on thin prvperi). an^
other farrri Villdlnfe-J. no rituaud u !o
mak* the nroorty auaceptlble of dimiou
Into Xlrnt-cUAB 'arm.
TERMS OK ?ALE-On*-thlrd of th? pur
rhase money. an?l a* much tr.or* ?? t?*
purchafr may eLwrt to pay in ra?h oi
of ?!?-; the balatic in two cqua! paymenu
at one and two year*, with Inter**'. from
day of aale. the purchaser giving rut not?*
for the deferred Installments, with the interest
on the second deferred I n#ta: it
payable ar.nuauy. *?*?- ? - ^ r-j
by ihe trusts? until U:e prop'rrr * attd
for. W. M. DUN La P.
_mrl5 ; Trtirt"
TRVSTEES SALE OP OHIO COr.VT*
REAL ESTATE.
By virtue ol a detd of trust m?<i9 fcy
Fir axon Mozfnjro and Carrie B. Mounfo,
his wife, and Thomai Morin^o to n>
truMef. U*ar?rnc date on tb* twenty-?*r.
rnth day of June. ISrS. and now of r*- ri
in the clerk's office of the county ccur?
of Ohio county. Weil Vlrtr.nia, :n
of Tru*t Boo* So. 43. pa*e Its. I writ &r,
SATURDAY. THE TWENTT-KOl'HTlf
DAT OF APRIL. lfeiT.
5*11 at pubii? auction at the north front
door of the court house of Oh!o coun-v.
West Virginia. ccxncj',nrir.fc at !'; o ^'jj
a. m.. the following de?rr!bed two tnc.,
of land, mtuaied on the waters of mVOraw's
Run.and Battle Run. in Llber-r
tilytrict. Ohio county. West Vfrjfinia. *r.a
bounds] aiM d'-wrlbed as follow-. F'.n:
tract?B^jr.nnjtuc at a atone xirar ? * r.:?9
oak (n P?*^dictTd'8 line and corner to Jim.
of Mehln *nd Martin Bowman, and thenct
with Bowraan* line north 3' w?-?:
Miles to % stake In tha line of Morrow
'iibson. thence with Gibaon's Une north
77* west T4.: jWes to a beech stump; th?sc?
north HV w?<t CI pole* to a stake: thtnc*
north MV w?*t XLi poles to a #tor.? oorner
to other lands o? Reason Monnro;
theno? wiUj Moxin*o*s line north 3CV nut
4.M poW tp an iron-wood: thence north
I ? ? ? "f'* ns-inm to . ?hIl*-o*k ran*.
tr. lands of Jacob Dejtarmo; thenr- north
h:3 east 44 J pofes to a po*f; thence oc-cfi
i'J u?t Uf pole* to a locust: thence soutfi
70*i* east IJ pole* to the place of bertnnlor.
?nd coetainlr* forty-ei*ht (?< ictm
and seventy C*l pcies. more or les#. a? ?Urveyed
by !L J. on th? 11th Ur
of June. Itfc: this n*m* the proper
that we* oor?r#*yed to tne said Reaxon ar.l
Thomas Moiln^o by Melvin and Mania
Bowman _
fVcond tract?I* idjotetes U? ?bore
berthed tract, and la bOBMW ** followi:
Beginning at or near a beech tn ths llr.s
of lands formerly owned by Edward Ray
and comer to lands now owned by Richard
Ta*rart. and running thence with TajwArt's
line south ?* east S pole*: these*
south E* w*st SR.?? pole* to the line of Morrow
Gibson. formerly Edward Ha> . thenes
* 1th Glbaoe's line south ea#l 3.B
po'ea to the line of the first tract htrein
described; thence north 2SV east ut)
pol?s to an iron-wood; thence north >' *it
17 poie?: t her.ee north IT west C-S pal?i
to the line of Jam** A. Bice; theorf with
Rice's lln? south ? west 42 ? poles to ths
P'.ace of beginning. and containing sixteen
i: acres and one hundred and forty-eight
(14jr> pales, more or less; this beta*: th?
?ame tract of lanJ that was conveyed to
the said Reaxon Moxingo by W, 3L Dualap,
special commissioner.
TERM3 OP SALE.
One-third of the purchase money, and
*? much more as the purchaser may elect
to pay in cash on day of sale; ths balance
in two enu^j payments at one and twn
year*, with Interest from day of sale. th?
purchaser Riving his notes with appro**!
personal security for the deferred installment*.
with the Interest on the record
d^ferrtd installment payable annually. th?
i f ., m h?- r*r?!nn< hv the trustee until the
property is paid for."
mrU W. M DCSLAP..Trustee
rpRUSTEBTS SALE.
By virtue of a deed of trust mat* br
Kmis* W. IV tods and Robert Wood*, hep
husband. to me. as trust*-*, dated September
2, IsSt, recorded In the office of the
clerk of tba county court of Ohio county,
West Virginia, in De*d of Trust Book No.
4X. pag?* ITi I will sell at the north front
door of the court house of eald county on
SATURDAY. THE :?TH DAT OP
APRIL. LIST.
I commencing at 10 o'clock a. m., the fol*
lowing ascribed property:
I*ot number nice in James G. Frailer"*
Fulwjjvirfon of lots IS, 1? and J8 of division
I L of th? Joseph Caldwell estate m shown
j on the plat of Lamb and Rus??*J! special
commissioners, recorded tn Deec Book No.
ra. pape 192. Sold lot No. ? hereby cor|
veyed Is a part of lot Ko. 17 of the sa!i
division U and has a frontage on Fair*
I mont Pike, or Twenty-ninth street extended.
or flftj*-flve feet and runs bark
th* same width to the depth of one hundred
awl twenty-five feet, but there I* reserved
and excepted a strip of around of
the uniform width of rive f*et off th#
northwest side of aaid lot for the pur?e*w
nf 5ralna*e. said five feet ?tr1j> ?teai?
the full depth of said lot from the rear to
i t'.ie Fairmont Pike.
| TERMS OF SALE?One-third and ?<
much more a? the purchaser elects to pay
t In rash on the day of ?aie. the balaw*
l in two equal installments at one and two
years, notes bearing Interest from the daf
j of sal? to be given for the deferred pay
menu.
W. J. W. COWDEX, TTBSSML
>V U tiAl.t.Kn. Auction**1!-. tr.rj^n?
__ WlLLIA&fg TYPEVrRlTKR.
The Williams
Typewriter <?
Prints like a pre?, ini yoo can
I ue every letter xni every wri
the moment printed.
The Intelligencer uu* mi recommends
the WflHams. ** J*
COPP & DEVQRE
_ IXSCRAKCB.
XIBAU ESTATE
TITLE INSURANCE.
Ujo i fmrehtM or make* Imi fti
rttaje bare the tlUe ioiared by Us
! Wheeling Title and Trust Ca,
| NO. 1315 MAKtwKT STHEET.
i iL m. kcsskll. u f. rrrrra.
C.J. RAW UNO f. L alJMLKTOX.
M-YteePraidoat. ->v-rour^
g. R-r. gjlchiust. rx*aintror m 7 .
. . i rz
j PHOTOGRAPHY. j
MILKS' ART STUDIO.
Pliotograplis.
215 'I MBIN_strbbt .
H K ~~ 1 NTF.LI Y< 1KXCKR "riSINTISO
I -I. Establijhmotit?Neat, accurat*. prompt
J

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