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rltlKTKD AND I'UIlUSIUCD 11T
CAMPBELL & M'DERMOT, (.VTRLLiaBNOKR BHILDINO81 -V. R. cnrn*r of Quincy and Main-Hit. T Kit M8i " . Dally, (by maIl,payaMe In advance,).' ...$&,00 By the Week ......_ .. 10 TYi-Weekly, (per year, payable in advance,) 8,00 M9" Advertising done on reasonable term*. All advertisements from a distance, or from transient customers, nnrt be paid In advance. INSURANCE CASH AS8ETTS, JULY 1, 1861, $1,929,763 20. L.OSSKS PAID, UPWARD 0?r ?1*,000,000. 1 h? grmi public nervier, prwptnaH and rtlUkni tv of tfii. well-tried-and uterllng Company, rvcom mfDd U t" prffemw with those noedlng ln.ur.oce. N. a ABTHUK. Ag't. (iirtird Fire & Marine Ins. Co. PHILADELPHIA. xl Aim Surplus 4318.723 68 N.O. ARTHUR, Ag't. Pennsylvania Insurance Co. 0* PITTSBURGH, PA. *-..~.~.....~?$300,000 't^IlK above Companies haviugappointed the under L signed their Agent for Wheeling, and vicinity, would respectfully solicit the patronage of the public. SjidCwupanifcS are well known to bofirat claim offices. Alllo.uofl promptly adjusted. N.O. AUTHUR,Agt. Janft Office overthe Bank of Wheeling. TO TiioSE WHO WISH TO BE INSURED AGAINST ALL CONTINQKNOLKB. ..lIIK|lIOMKI(S8iri?.ANCK COMPANY L of New York. Ckw OaPiTAL(every dollar paid in) $1,000,000 " Contingent Fund (over(........................ 600,000 The largest Cash Capital for the amount of risk o uy office in the United Htatee. W. F. PETRRBON, Agent. rilHB IMSURAIVOE OO.IOF TUB VAL 1 LKY OF VIRGINIA. Cash Capital (paid in) ? $300,000 Much the largest Cash Capital of any office charter* ?d by this State. jt^-Fireandlniand risks taken on the most rea onable terms. Loaaei equitably adjusted and promptly paid by W. F. PBTKR80N, Agt. tJ illK OOSTINKNTAL INSURANCE L COMPANY, of New York. Ui9u Capital (paid in) $500,000 0*sh Contingent Fund (over) ... -~...?..876,000 4n this office the assured participate in the profits without tucurringany risk. W. F. PKTKRSON,Agent nilH LYNCHBURG HO BR 4fc FIRK L IN3URAN0H COMPANY. Cash Capital ....... ......$100,000 W. F. P RTER80N, Jr., Agent. f?-0r?r$2,600,000 of Cash Capital represented by his old and well established Agency, where every low u the above office has been promptly paid in Wheel bg.belare It wm due by th^trrm^onbe Office next door to the M. 6 M. B ank, jy7,'f.? ly Mains t. Wheel INSURANCE. Jl OF WHEELING. ISiOOIU'OllATKB IS x83t. 11AKKS RISKS AX TUB LOWKBT RATES ON . Bnilding* of all kinds, StaMuboati, Fa rul tare and Merchandise, and against all ; dangers attending the Transportation of Ooods on rlYsrs, aeas, lakes, canals ad railroads. ' }i E W. Ilaannvo, Sec*y. Hmi Omau, pres't DIRECTORS. J O Acltcson John Donlon, Robt Morrison i. Cringle, S. Brady, Sam'l OU. Dan'lLarab, Rob't Patterson, 49"Applications for Insnfance will be promptly at tended to by the President and Secretary. jou2V&3 Saddles, Harness,Trunks &c WHOLES ALB' A RETAIL. ft. SBEPPABD No.131 Italn Stmt, oorner ? Union, will continue to keep on hand atargeand complete assortment or all artlclesln his line, consist .ug of Ladies' and Gentlemen'# Saddles, Fine A Coarse Harness, Trunks, Yalices, Carpet Bags, Satchels, Col; kara, llAxa**, Whips, kc7^ I would respectfully call attention to my stock, and trust by strict attention and promptness, ta merit continuance of the public patronage All kinds of repairing promptly done, and In a pro per manner. J. B. S1IEPPARD. wpao'so mvffim** CARBON OTT tUAVH ESTABLISHED AN 0:-. OVINERT in tlUs city, on Lindsay streo*? N>low theOas Works, where I keep constantly >* hand and for ?Ale a good quality of Illuminating and Lubricating oUp. Also a good article of Axlo Create, for wagons ur dray*. Dealer* and others in want of any of the *!>OYe articles will find it to their Interest to give me t? call before purchasing elsewhere.. ?iiirtMy JOHN 000K. Savings Bank of Wheeling, Office, Main-SL, Uttceen Monroe and Union, Money received on transient deposit Interest paid on 8peda) Deposits; Collections | promptly attended to. ftcchuge on the East booght and Mild. TIIOS. II. LIST, President. SAM'L P niLDRRTU, Treasurer. Jaul4->69. ? ?* tisT. not*. MonmmoH. w. s. lo? a* XOflMIUn. ' - t.BAfWMET. LIST, MOBKISON & CO., Wholiaole Groc.tl AJPiadnM DeaUera No,.-0and 80 *?<?-?, yrUtUng, Fa. W* de.tr. to tt.te to th. friehdi of the tuts Drat, *n.l lotli.lrmdox.ner.llr, that Wear. Inpooeadon of the moet uopUbdUlus for the transaction ofe .ntnutrf to oar era with fidelity and promptnees, and on (he aftatf.Tormbl.t.rma. Yonroh't . LIST, MORRISON k OO. WlMtUnt,aawl??y?fc4M^- - JanT I.w.fAXTOS. ' IMKSOKUB. O.HUUT - ' ' ' " " PAXTON, DOBXOH A OGLEBAY, Wholesale firocers, PRODUCE & COMMISSION MERCHANTS. Hos. 52 and 04, Main St, >.<1 W heeling, Va. T. It. LOGAN& CO. WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS. whjkh ^^ V^BOOM H n*x?k>orto*Bakar Hopkins. Qnlney 8treet entrance Mar th* Bait. H. R. Depot, and wharf. Dncas, PAINTS, ' OE VRDIC1NB8, YARFIBHBT ? WINDOW Gl~*88.PRRFCMRR PATENT MBDIOI u??red to th. mde, In o?y andmnntrr.a* lew pi firn and onh^hCTtjeiaWI^^Ow^hanayooe^ u.nu??uswxtL. oaoaaa a. boto. CALDWELL & BOYD, ... Attorneys at1t?aw. .60 Mai ItMat, TERMS OP ADVERTISING. ?*xx.vx8oun Likes or Nokpaxxxl, (ok ohx wcH,)oa Ll8S, MAX! A.8Q1UXX. Three Weeks^?......,t450 On* Month........ 6 00 Two Mouthy .... 8 00 Three Months,-.... .~10 00 8ix Months, ...... 16 00 One Year, 20 00 One Day^?l 8QR. .$0 75 Two Days,.. 100 Three Days,... 125 Fbnr Days,.- 1 60 Jfiye Days, ... 176 One Week^.....2 00 Two Weeks, 3 60 ?WSuoxai. XonCBS Double the above rates. Yearly Advertising ou reasonable terms, accor ding to the space occupied and the numberof changes made. All advertisements from transient personsorstrang ere. to be paid for in advance. Business Cards not exceeding five lines, $10 per year, or $o for six months, bnt for a shorter period nothing will be cennted less than a square. The privilege of Annnal Advertising is limited to the Advertisers*' own Immediate business; and all advertisements for the benefit of other prsons as well as all legal advertisements, and advertisements nfauction sales and real estate,sent in by them mm* be paid for at the niraal rates. 49?Advertisements not accompanied with writtea directions, will l>e Inserted until forbid,and charged accordingly. Notices tbr Political Meetings to be charged In all -?"1 at fall rates. Marriages, Notices of Funerals, and apnpncements of sermons, 60 cents each. . oonvll-'fl9 The New Stale 111 Congress. Speech or Senator Willej On presenting the Memorial of the Virginia Legislature for a Division at the State, (In United Btatwi Beoate, May '??. ISO*') [cuNOLCDin vnou vestkuoay.] On the 20th dtij of August, 1861, this Convention passed? An. Ordinance to provide for the formation of a new.State out of a portion of the terri tory of thi? State. ? Whereas it is represented to be the de sire of the people inhabiting the conntiea hereinafter mentioned to be separated from this Commonwealth and to be erected into a separate State and admitted into the Union of States and become a member of the Government of the United Statos: The people of Virginia, by their dele gates assembled in Convention at Wheel ing, do ordain that a new State, to be call ed the btitta of Kanawha, be formed and ereoted unt of the territory included with in the following described boundary ; be ginning on the Tag Fork of Sandy river, on the Ken tacky line, where the comities of Buchanan and Logan join the same,and running thence with the dividing lines of said counties and the dividing line of the connties of Wyoming and Mcltowell to the Mercer county line, and with the dividing line of the counties of Mercer and Wyo ming to the Raleigh county line; thence with the dividing line of the counties of Ilaleigh and Mercer, Monroe and Ra leigh, Greenbrier, and Ilaleigh, Fayette and Greenbrier, Nicholas and Greenbrier, Web ster, Greenbrier, and Pocahontas, Ran dolph and Pocahontas. Randolph and Pen dleton to the southwest corner of Hardy couuty. thence; with tho dividing line of the oounties of Hardy and Tucker to the Fairfax Stone; thence with tho line divi ding the. Slates of Maryland and Virginia to tbe Pennsylvania line; thence with the line dividing the Stales of Pennsylvania and Virginia to tbe Ohio river; thcnce down said river, and inoluding the same, to tho dividing line between Virginia and Ken tucky, and with the said line to tbe begin ning, inclading within the boundaries of tbe proposed new State tbe eounties of Logan, Wyoming, Raleigh, Fayette, Nich olas, Webster Randolph, Tucker, Preston, Monongalia, Marion, Taylor, Barbonr, Up shur, Harrison, Lewis, Braxton, Clay, Ka nawha, Boone, Wayne, Cabell, Putnam, Mason, Jackson, Roane, Calhoun, Wirt, Gilmer, Ritchie, Wood, Pleasants, Tyler, Doddridge, Wetzel, Marshall, Ohio, Brooke and Hancock. 2. All persons qualified to vote within tbe boundaries aforesaid, and who shall present themselves at tbe several places of voting within their respective counties ou the fourth Thursday in October next, shall be ailbw'ed to vote on the question of the formation of a new State, as hereinbefore proposed; and it shall be the duty of the commissioners couduoting the election at tbe said several places of voting, at tbe same time, to cause polls to be taken for the election of delegates to a Convention to form aConstitution for the government of the proposed State. 3. The Convention hereinbefore provided for may change tbe boundaries described in the first scction of tbe ordinance, so as to include' within the proposed State the counties of Greenbrier and Pocaihontas, or either of them, and also .the counties of. Hampshire, Hardy, Morgan, Berkeley, and Jeffereon, or either of them, and also suob other counties as lie contiguous to the said boundaries or to the counties named in this section, if the said counties to ba added, or either of them, by a majority of the votes given, shall deolare their wi*b to form part of tho proposed State, and shall elect delegates to tbe said Convention, at elections to be held at tbe time and in the manner herein provided for. 4. Poll books shall be prepared under the dircotion of tbe Governor for each place of voting in the several counties hereinbefore mentioned, with two separate columns, one to be headed "For the. New State," the other. "Against tboNew State." And it shall be the duty of-tbe commis sioners who superintended, and the officers who conducted the election in May . last, or such other persons as the Governor may appoint, to attend at their respective places of holding elections, and superintend and conduct the ?1 action herein provided for.? And if the said commissioners and officers shall fail to att?nd (o any such place of holding elections, it shall be lawful for any two freeholders present to act as commis sioners in superintending the saldelection, and to appoint officers to conduct the same. It shall be tbe duty'of the persons super intending and conducting said election to employ clerks to record tbe votes, and to indorse on the respective poll; books tba expenses ot the same. , If,'on the day herein .'prorid?r?r hold ing said election,' there shall.be In any of lb e said counties any military force, or any hostile .assemblage :Persona, so as to In terfere with a lull and. free_ expression of the will of tho voters, they may assemble at ?any-other place within their county, and bold *? election as herein provided for. It shall barbed a ty or the commissioner* superintending! aid officers conducting said eleettOttj^aud'tm^dttttrUnploycd to record -the voteo; each. befoiwMMHnir'op eral election law; the' oath of offica ^ra the' dutj^of the officers and commissioners aforesaid, as soon as way be, and not ex ceeding three days after said election, to aggregate each of tbe columns of said poll 'books, and ascertain-the number ot votes recorded in each, and make a return thereof to the Secretary of the Common wealth, in the city of Wheeling, which re turn shaU be in the following form, or to the following effect: i "We,? ?, commissioners, and ',' conducting officer, do certify, that we caused an Meclion to be' held at, , in the coouty of , at which we per i mitUd all persons to vote that were enti tled to do so under existing laws, and that we have carefully ndded up each column of our poll books, and find the following re sult : "For a new State, votes ; against a new State, votes. "Given under our hands this day of , 1801." Under which certificate there shall be added the following affidavit: " County, to wit: "I, ; 'a justice of the peace, (or any officer now authorised by law to ad minister oaths,) in and Cor said county, do cfertify that the liboYfe-iiained commission ers and conducting officer severally made oath before nu>, that the certificate by them above signed is. true. "Given under my hand, thi3 day of ,1881." The original poll books shall be care fully kept by the couduoting officers for ninety days after , the d iy of the election, and upon the demand of the Executive, shall be delivered to such person as-he may authorize to demand and receive them. 5. The commissioners conducting the said elecliou in each of said counties shall aEcetlttin, at . the same time they ascertain the vote upon the formaliouof a new State, who hag been elected from their county to the convention, hereinbefore provided for, and shall certify to the secretary of the Commonwealth the name or names of the person or persons so electod to the said convention. 6. It shall be the duty of the Govarhor, ou or before the 15th day of November next, to ascertain and by proclamation make known' the result of the said vote ; and if a majority of the votes given within the bjundnries mentioned in the first sec tion of this ordinance shall be in favor of the formation of a new State, he shall so state in his said proclamation, and shall call upon said delegates to oieetin tho city of Wheeling, on tbe 36th day of November uext, and organize themselves' into a con vention , and the said convention shall submit, for ratification or rejection, tbe Constitution that may be agreed upon hi lt, to tbe qualified voters within the pro proposed Slate, to be voted upon by the said voteraion the 4th Thursday in Decem ber next. 7. The county of Ohio shall elect three ielegau-s; the counties of Harrison, Ka nawha,' Marion, Marshall, Monongalia, Preston, and Wood, shall each elect two; and the "other cuunties named in the first section of this ordinance shall each cleet onu delegate to the said convention. And such other counties as are described in the third section of this ordiuanca, shall; for every seven tboneand of their population according to the census of 1860, be entitled to one delegate, and to an additional del egate for any fraction over (hirty-five hun dred ; but each of said counties shall be entitled to at least one delegate. The said delegates shall receive the same per diem ns is now allowed to members of the Gen eral Assembly; but no peison shall receive pay as a member of the General Assembly and of the convention at the same time. 8. It shall be the duty of the Governor to lay before the General Assembly, at its next meeting, for their consent, according to the Constitution of the United States, the result of the said vote, if it shall be found that a majority of the votes cast be io favor of a new Stale, and also in favor of the Constitution proposed to said voters for their adoption. 9. The new Stnto shall take upon itself a just proportion of the public debt of the Commonwealth of Virginia prior to the 1st day of January, 18C1, to be ascertain ed by charging to it all State expenditures within the limits thereof, and a just pro- , portion of the ordinary expenses of the Stat* Government, since uuv purl of the said debt was contracted and deducting therefrom the moneys paid Into the treas 1 ury of the Commonwealth from th* coun ties included within the said new State du ing the Same time. All private rights and interests in lands within tno proposed new Siatei derived from the laws of Virginia, prior to such separation, shall remain val id and secure under the laws of the pro mised State, and shall be determined by the awanow existing in the Stftte vf Virgin ia. The lands witbin the proposed State of non-resident proprietors, shall not ir\ .any case be taxed higher than the laud? of res idents therein. No grants of Iiitid or land warrunta issued by the proposed Stale shall interfere with .uny. warrant issued from the land ollice of Virginia prior to the 17tb day of April last, which shall be lands witbin the proposed State now liable thereto. .. i , 10. When the General Assembly shall' give Its consentio the. formation of such new State, it shall fourard to the Congress of the United States sued consent, togetlir er withnu official copy of such Constitu tion, With'the request that the said new State maybe admitted Into the Unioitof States. . ,? p, . i 11. The Government of itlie State of Virginia, as reorgauixed' by this'Conven tion at its session id Jurie1ast,'ahall retain witlilp the territory'of the proposed State, undiminished and, unimpaired, all the pow ers and authority with which it has been vested, until the proposed State shall be ?dmittediinto the.Union by 4be Congress of the United States; and nothlne'ln thirfor dinance contained, vor which shall be done in pursuance thereof, shall impair or'affect the aulbomybCihemidfe^nWef'State Governmentin any county which ahull im pair or affect the authority of the' said re organised iSUte. Government in any county which ? shall ? not be included witblu the A. r: BORBUAN, PW'<. G.L.G^E.^y. vontion in Wheeling, on the2Gth day of November, 1881, and proceeded to ordain a constitution. This constitution1" wna! submitted to the people oh the first Thurs day in April last, and was adopted with hardly a dissenting voice. Tho vote stoo<l 18,802 in favOr Of, it, and only 514 ugainst it'. If the ten .thousand soldiers ' enlisted within the limits of tbe.prgposed' State then and still in . the Army of the United States, has been at home to. voto the miyurity in favor of the constitution' would have been inureased by about that number. Finally, sir, In obedience to tlie procla mation of the Ckiremqr, the.Legislature of Virginia assembled at Wheeling on the Gth day. of this month, and un the 13th day thereof gave its consent to the formation of this, new Stale, und has forwarded such, consent to the Congress of the United' States, together with uuofficu.loopy of the constitution adopted as afore#(iid, with the'! request that the said new State may be ad mitted into the Union of the United States. And tiow it only romains for Congress to give its assent. Ought that assent to be given T Mr. President, before! answer this ques tion, I desire to correct a misapprehension' which I find is prevalent, not ouly through out the country, but likewise here- It seems to be supposed that this movement for a new .State haB been conoeived since the breaking out of the rebellion, and was a consequence of it?that it grew alone out of the abhorrence with which the lo;al cit izens of West Virginia regarded the trait, prous proceedings of the conspirators east of tho Alleghanies, and that the eflort.wiis prompted simply by the desire, to dissolve the connectiou hetween the loyal and dis loyal sections'of the Statu. Not so, sir.? The question of dividing the State of Vir ginia, either by the Bine Ridge Mountain, or by the Alleghanies, has been mooted for fifty years. It has frequently boon agitated with such vehemence as to threaten seri onsly the public peace, ltbas been a matter of constant strifeand bitterness in the State Legislature. The animosity existing at this time between the North and the South is hardly greater than what has at' times distinguished the relations between East and West 'Virginia, arising from a diversity of interests and geographical an tagonisms. Tndqed, so incompatible was the union of the territory lying west of the Alleghany mountains, with tlie territory ly ing east thereof, under olio and the same State municipality, thatsolodgagoas 1781, several o.f the States insisted that Virginia sbonld include in her act of cession all her trans-AlIeghany territory, making the Allo ghany mountains ber western, as they were her natural, boundary. A committee in the Federal Congress about this time, made a stropg report, suggesting such a boun dary; and Mr. Madison records that? "From several circumstances, there was reason to ,believe, that libode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, if not Maryland likewise, retained latent views of confining. Virginia to the Alleghany mountains."?Jladuon't I) duacs, vol. I, pp. 403-465. And now, sir, I, shall, with great brevity, proceed to adduce some facts showing why this application of West. Virginia for ad mission as a State is just aud reasonable. Firtt. Let us consider the population. I have prepared the following tables,.show ing the white and slave population in each of the forty-four cijunlies of the proposed new State, and also the per cent, of slave population* in each couuty, according to the oens'us of I860. Countte*. Whits Per cent, i popula- Slaves. of ' tion. Blares. 14. 16. 1 16. 1 1. Hancock.......... 4,442 2. Brooke.....!;.; ..... 6,425 8. Ohio. 22,196 4. Marshall 12,036 6. Wetzel 6,091 6. Pleasants.. ?... 2.926 7. Wood...... 10,791 8. Jackson 8,240 . 0. Mason ........... 8,762 11). Dwell ? 7.601 . 11. Wnjne.i....... 8,00? 12. Logan....4,789 18. Boone , 4,681 M. Kanawha. 13,787 Koaue... 5.309 Wirt............ ............ 3,7*8 ... Ritchie 6,809 IS. Doddridge ;..... 0,168 10. Tyler 6}4S8 20. I la rri soil. 18,185 21. Marion...... 12.656 22. Monongalia........'.'..'...'. 12,901 23. I're-tou.........18,183 24. Taylor.......*. 25. Uirhonr 8,720 26. Lewi* ..... 7,736 27. Gilmer...........;. 8,655 28. Calhoun* 2,492 ; 29. Braxton.................... 4^85 80. Clay....:.^ : .... 1,761 CI. Nicholas 4?470 32. Fayette..... 5,716 38. lUJelgh 3,2ul 34. Wyoming......: 2,797 35. McDowell..........V.?..." 1,585 36. Mercer ?U28 37. Monroe......... ...? 9.526 38. Oreenbrl.-r............. 10,409 39.. I'oiahontnw.............. 8,880 40. ebator?.t 1?5K 41. Uprbnr... 7,064 42. Baudot i>k... ............ 4,793 43. Tucker 1,896 44. Pntnatn 5.709 . Pendleton? .i. 5,373 lUrtly....::...? '.:.'........ 3,611 47. Ilampehire. 11,481 48. Morgan 3,613 - t,tM --<s?? ? 2 18 100 29 lo 15 176 35 380 805 148 .148'; 168 2.1S4 72 23 . i$a S4 J 18 682 63 101 67 lit 96 230 52 0 104 21 1M 271 57 64 0.0 OA 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.6 1.6 ? t r0.7 4.2 3.8 2.1 r.axi 3 A 13.7 ? H . ..iO.ef ? OA - 0.7 . 0.3 r ii OA 0.5 1.5 LI 241 1A 0.4 2.1 1.2 8.3 . 14A ?' .1.71 U2 5A 10 .5 12.7 6.4 OA ?, . - 3.7 1 V' :1.4 9.9 4.0 11.2 3 JO 2.6 nT Total^..... ..r:rr..r v......334,921 :f Thus, iu I860, the aggregate while popu lation was' three hundred and thirty-Tortr thoosand nine hundred and twenty-one ; and the- up^regate slave^pdpillatfon * was queoce of the" r?Vag6a of the war. the' t-f/irWrejloJitbi^w not increased since the taking of the cen dndJ-i Thus also 'it' Will the per cent, alarea i n .i860 rw4a :6aly tobout foorper cent., and,certainly doesnot jdow amoont. to/ U>re? p?;r. sent.. 'We; .'hare., therefore, the requisitenumber of inhabi tant!.",- - ? I: StciWji, .1 re?p?;tri?lljr.?olicU the atten tion ofSenators to the geographical -po-. aition of the proposed ne w State. Lpok at the map. Ob?ec?e how thi^ territory lies, like a wedge driven ia between the State ofI Ohk>! on Oiie side, ,*nd the States of PerinajlTania and Maryland on the otiier, and is completely cat off from all conven - ienVinUrcimriewhh TEasi Virginia by the Alleghuy mountains, the skyrkissing snmr miU of which are proposed as the Eastern State of Virginia In a common State policy i or 8j<tedH tof-intern al im pro v*men t * oreco ? nomioal latere*ta 7. t JCoa.barifc only, to ox dfeASfSJr" 3-.VItn^ tdone. - He directions which have not benefitted the northwest section ot the State, (that part contained in the new State,) but hare iudi '? rectljr operated to its serioas disadvantage. This sectional appropriation of .the State's revenues has long been inveighed ngainst as unfriendly anil nnjust, and has engen dered, bitter sectional animosity; between the counties lying east and those lying west or the Allegbaniea. But, perhaps, it might be mpre charitable to attribute this policy to an absolute necessity growing oat of Ibe utter,.impracticability of constructing! any. improvement; connecting, the two sections of the State. > Third. This applicati on for admission as anew State is predicated in consideratiens of industrial and ' commercial necessity.? Thefpedple living-within the limits of the projected new State never had, and never via have, any trade or'commerce with Eastern Virginia. -There'is too means of getting back and forth between the two sections by anydiroct and convenient way. There never has been, there never can be. The impediments are insuperable: Trans Allejghany soils nothing to cis-Allegbany; anil m'or versa. The traffic'and commerce between the two sections has notaraonnted to fifty thousand dollars in the-last twenty years. The natural and best markets of West Virginia are Baltimore, Pittsburg' (Jincinimti, Ice. If Eastern Virginia were willing to do so, she has not the ability to puahiher railways and other means of transportation ubd travel into the North west; and if she bad both the will and the ability, all such improvements in Virginia could only carry the trade and staples pf West Virginia, beyond better and nearer markets. . . Fourth. The diflforcnco of social institu tions and habits of the people indicate the propriety of thls division of tho Statu. The existariee'bf ticjrro slavery is said, utid I thinV correctly, by its friends, nnd by those wjio own slaves and yet are not its friends, to require a system of laws and municipal regulations adapted to tlie' peculiar necessities und relations necessarily growing out of thu: institu tion. , Aut slavery, novcr can exist to any bonside^ablB extent iii .the territory prppo-. sedto'bo oiuliraced in the now: State. It never hiisilouxUhod there.. It never euii. The niexorublu lawx of ulimato forbid it. The staple, commodities of the country n,rc not such as in the production of them slaves labor >ia valuable. Why, then. Ehould West Virginia be forever subjected to a system of laws and policy adapted to, and indeed neoesary, for a state of society and . clam of interests ' fundamentally different from * theirs, aud embarrassing their progress in almost every depart ment of fife? Why should tho labor of the white man of the west be compelled to be regulated by the policy adapted to the slave lfiboV of the east? In making these remarks, I have no ref erence to the. moral aspects of the slavery question., 1 do not wish in this connection to be entangled in tho mazes of argument with which moralists and religionists have surrounded und involved the question or slavery. In this respect my opinions are maturely formed. , 1 have hcremfure ex pressed them in the Senate.. 1 am now on ly referring to slavery and'tlie new Slate In the light of a wise aud judicious political economy. Homogeneousness of interest., pursuits, nnd social institutions is essential to the harmony and prosperity of every political 'community. Hence, the utility and wisdom of our separate State organi zations, exercising munioipal authority within their respective limits, and adapt ing their policy to the peculiarities of flDil, ~r. ?? < ?? ""?? ct^Ste, markets, social habits, and educa tion existing within those. limits. Our na. tional Union', embracing such a variety and extent or all .these peculiarities* -has found, and must continue to find, thesurcet guarantee of its perpetuity, in the perfect freedom with which each State in it regu lates its own institutions and policy, in1 con formity ' with ? local exigencies ami-inter ests peculjar to each State. Now, sir look* ;nt ! fliis' fact: The ?'totitl number of slaves In Virginia, at tbe-last census, was four hundred add ninety thousand eight hundred aud eighty-seven. Of,these, as 1 have already stated, there were only twelve thousand seven hundred and twenty-one? now not more than ten thousand:?within the boundary of tho proposed new State, although thesu bouudaries include a lull third of all the territory of tlie State of Virginia. If it were desirable, yet it is utterly im|iossible,' that1 the number of slaves in . estern Virginia should iucrease. During the last decade, which may be said to be the era of slavery propagahdistn, the number of slaves :in the forty-four coun ties composing the territory asking admis sion in the Union ft? a new. State, actually decreased more tha'u two thousand. Tliero waB a decrease of slaves iu nearly all, if not iti every one,"of these' conhties. As I have said, the. geographical position, the climatr, the, soil, the. staple productions, the demauds of labor, the habits ui(d pur suits, and I may as well add, the mora!' and religious eentimeuts of the people ior bid- its existence thore. - Tho country is mainly adapted to the growth of cereals, to grazing, aud to manufacturing. Hence slave labor cannot bo profitable there; and' for this, if for no other reason, U will never be in demand, liesides, the extend ed border of, freo,territory, from the Ken tucky line to the upper end ,of Hancock county, and tlieiico back ag.iiu on the other side of tb'o" State tti' the Stotn of Maryland; makes it impossible to preveht the escape, of any adult slave who wishes to escape. Sir..President, in view of tjieae consid erations, I think ! hm'authorized' to say that the division of theState of Virginia asked ifor, is a physical, a political, a so. oial, an.industrial and commercial.nec<s~. s'ity. It is necessary for the preservation of harmonious :nnd fniternul relations be tween tho eastern and western sections of ' the Slate. It-is indispensable to tbe.devel optnent of the great natural resources of W^st Virginia," and to the prosperity aud happiness of* its inhabitants. 'And now, sir,- ' ... : fifth, and Ituthi, A few worde in relation to the resources of.tbo new^State. Its.nrea will lie at least respectable?greater than very iuanv of the other States 3f th" Union. It willeoniainabout twenty-four thousand square miles./. Jt: Will- embrace immense mineral. wealth.It will include w.ttor power moro thau sufficient to drive all the machinery of New'England It contains the finest forests of timber ou the conti nent. It includes,Abe Great Kanawha sa lines find the Mttle Ksnawhn oil wells. It abounds In iron ore; aud its coal'fields are sufficient to snp^ly the consumption of the entire Union for a tbousstad ye:ifs. Much of it is well ndupted to the pifednctiou of .?'JsjSte, rai^Ss??-?>s?te #%4'irt?!.?f ?* unnvaUed for the gtowth. of .grass and for, grazing. The asspssed value of lands aud lots in the lortv-foitr counties of the nevr State was, in 1850, $71,780,302. I hare prepared a table; from the report of the auditor of public accounts of Virginia for that year, not bavin}; access to one df a more reeetit date, which I have here, shew ing this fact?also showing that the taxes assessed for. that year iu tbef? counties amounted to the sum of ,$549.(>65 87. . ? j. - i Assessed ralne of lands, IS".9. I. Barbour........ 9, Boones UVi'.i'Vi-.V 8f ??? 4. Brooke ... ft. Cabell....w*... C. Calhoun..... 5. Doddridge.. '9. Fayette.. 10. Qllmer i.......... v... II. Greenbrier ............ 12. Hancock......... 18. Harrison 14. Jackaon.......;.;.... lft. .Kanawha 15. Marion ? 19. Mariball j SO. Ma*on 21. McDowell 22. Mereer. 28. Monongalia........... . 24. Monroe 2ft. Nicholas....'.................; 26. Ohio ..! *7. Pleasants S3. Pocahontas ....! 29. Preston .........J 80. Putnam.... $1. Raleigh B2; Randolph 88. Ritchie..;. 34. Roane.. 85. Taylor ; 86. Tucker...;......:;: 81. Tjler ..} 88.Upshur * 89. Wayne. . , 40. Wctxel I 41. Wirt 42. Wool.. 48. Wyoming."........ 44. Pendleton., 4ft.. Hardy... ? 46. Hampshire.:............. 47. Morgan *..................... 49. Webster*.:.4.%.i............. , Total... Assessed Valtte of lands....... t i - 1 ' /.Total value ofiands and lots.. *1,404,865 00 433,887 50 981,51ft 00 1,004,540 00 1,900,807 60 841,010 00 209,742 50 787,885 00 845,795 00 787,575 1 0 8,289,862 CO *85 545 00 8,527,047 50 1,521.287 50 8,242,414 01) 1,299,752 50 818,660 00 2,505,505 00 2,144,790 CO 2,511,850 00 163,56500 667,842 00 2,785.775 00 4.046,655 00 S96.0S5 00 ? 1,664,537 50 582,282 50 1,177,490 00 1,565,997 00 1.028,650 00 506,040 00 1,407,252 50 1,228.847 50 617,637 59 1,112,537 50 878,745 00 851,840 00 1,285,879 50 1,008,015 00 829,637 50 488,105 00 1,562,932 50 859,107 50 1,062.157 50 2,848,967 50 8,480,287 50 649,765 00 Assessed value of lots, 1859. - *86.212 50 Aggregate tax 011 all subjects, 1859. 21,712 50 156,840 00 ; 112,507 50 800 00 " **17,780*66 *'?j j 287,651 00 60,197 50 2*9,935 00 62,485 00 864,280 00 101,910 00 00 229,047 50 165,825 00 289,695 00 1*4*825*66*** 258,910 00 110,907 50 18,985 00 8,873,755 00 19,290 00. ? 8,725 00 102,012 50 60,627 50 : ! 9,795 00 _ 81,885 00 "**i 19,850 00 00 53,977*60 45,720 00 24,105 00. 82,747 50 81,560 00 658,812 50 6,100 00 255,257 60 . 68,975 00 f fc $64,186,878 00 Is *r,&1 m ?I 00 64,180^878 00' i-.i ti.-Jl ? $71,7^0,202 60 $10,789 10 4,010 22 6,*95 90 8,680 08 14,050 44 2,150 60 . 6,632 98 4.5S7 45 28,608 74 5,007 85, ? 26,889 69 i ; 10,155 98 25.S27 92 10,074 07 8,800 45 18.956 80 14,883 63 18,692 00 970 10 5,915 85 21,211 61 27,660,59 6,236 24. 48,562 75^ . 8,940 95,, 1 8,018 56 ?14,252:18, 8600 64 8,71*91 * 8,758 82 ?? ?' u 7,642 66 4,578 07 *9,75* 61 ' '2,-147 13 6,721.24 8 588 82 7,402 27 ?-JSS8 , .. fft*9,S65.87 ? ...... ? This Oonnty has been made since 1859, but its lands and lftts are Invaded in the aboVeeotmtiea, out ofyMdril ssicfonnel ? . ^ Sirvthesa counties. of. Western Virginia knocking Tor admission into the Union m? n new'State, contain) iii rich aburidknce,all 'the'elements of !n threat commonwealth.? Whjr bare they remained uadeveiopeil in the oldest Bute in the American Union ? Wbyare ourmines an worked ? Whynre our1 waterfalls forever wasting away, nn niipreciatbd bj the skill' of man,' chafing ' arid' foiminjf in their' channels, as'if Sri ? -?ori*cioos nig?at the long neglect? The answer to tttne'qnestions are an Irrefuta ble argument in favor of the division de Stat?, if divide* these i .*MO.?rcp? Mf, wealth,and power;wi|l I -id? tw?. ??S .pqtcUlms/pr this a^^Kssfssajs three hundred thousand hearts, and it wilt do no injustice to any/ ' Ttjeb, fir. will oifr - idviloable virgin miaM'Wlte the espousal >. of yonr snrpios capltal; '^d onr'pererinikl ? streams wiiriend their exhaustleas power ' to yonf ^UnafketarinK'^ldlU -'Tfaen shall ?: we soon be able to saj-.in tbejabilant lan > goageof the -Psalmlstr-The-pastures are i clothed .with flocks; the valley* also are covered: over .with' corn^ theyphont for joyjiHey alio 8hig." Virgfoia?EaBtVir gfaia,.-restored tronr her temporary aberra tion; West'Virghri ftp like a newly dis cover ed star?East Virginia aod WestiVIrgioiK; twin-stars, shall thenceforth shine with ovi er-brightening Instef to the republican zpr diac of States encircling our -we*tern hem ttini c--' -ri* t feti (jit . ? - -rr. u - ,-^r-/ -1 P. c. HILDREIflit JBKO. I n ;; r i r? t ? ?< ?. -jTLv ? WUULBMLK DEALERS IN, *Uibia,'~ ' wwtowoW --hi&toiiAi-. > Printing Paf>?r., OOTtauml.lu, gbqitlml, '? Pluwr PiJrlV, - - Sb*n?Wl Match** rSSSusi* Afaota for How*1. laproV?3'Ortntwr aid PUtfon. st&f#BVSF Mi - ... .-Ii?vr<jn-I :o i 1" (TOItKII onr fiaak of Whaallns '' IT; iisKJffs oF WEirairT^ One Copy per Year,^. .-bl.OO " Six Month?,??-??" 60 VlnoiunntilrwKW"' . - '? ?" -zs ?, f.~- gM ...??? ? ?? The Weekly Intelligencer Will oontain thirty-two columns, "mostly filled wit o^iceandTarefnlly prepared readJngmatfet-r^m cing all subjects?thus miuong it the largest and b Dollar Newspaper In thia eectio eoantry. * , BUSINESS CARDS. T. C. KIGER,m7d7 Homoeopathic Physician. r\jfFICE and Kaaideuce, Centre Wheeling. (Below VjJ/the Creek.) Main street, west aide, bet wee t Second and Third. - Office hours from 6 to 9 A. M.,* and 1-to 3 k T to ? P.M. ri^t my 12-1 j A M. ADAMS, I WflOUSUIASDUTAU - CLOTHIJSG STORE, I \\TlIERR alwayanay be foand SUPERIOR CLO i . f f THING | .alao makes to order?.at thalhortei-t [notice, i | AUCiarmenU bclonglng toQ?a(iemeu Jio. 3?, Watu Stout. ;... Whrtling, I'o, Agents for W. Binghatn'a Sbirta and Stock a of every description. Alao, for A. B. Howe's Excel* ator Sewing Machino. - aug*26*61-ly 8. M'CLEIXAN ****** ' ~C.^OX. M'CLELLAN & KNOX, PKA1.ERB AT WHOUBALS EXCLVSIVZ&T, BOOTS tc SHQJpS No. tfif S&Infebfeet. A few door* above M. 4 M. Bank, W?t Side, a/riMim* WnKkfjlTOV VA. M-Wllx. GROCERIES, Forflgn and Domeatie Wines and Liquors, No?. 66 * 67. Maw Bt&cct, . .. , , myT?ly WHEELING, VA J A. METCALF, COHI1II8BION UEaCHAKT. AND MANUFACTURER'S AGENT FOB TBI BALE OV ' 5 Nails. Window Glae*, Cincinnati Soap Iron. Flint Glassware, . Lard Oil I, Steel, Gwew Glassware, Lime, Springs, Printing Paper, Plantar Parle, Kx 1?n, ' Wrapping Paper, Cement, Rosip, Wooden Ware* Starch. <? Together with many art idea of Pittsburgh and Wheeling manufacture: ? No. DO Pnxton'a Row, Main SV? n?Tl" Wheeling, Ya. jxo. n. CiBLiu. / HAXjOBAL vonaca. CARLILE & FORBES, Attorneys At Law; WH1SELISG, VTROIJfIA. Pnctln In all thy Courts of Ohio Cobnty, nod th. ^UolainK eonotlM. . ,.vli? Office ?x Fourth Syfjuct, No !50U septal* i?L.i! LM.U ,1* - ^ A Card to Merchants. lUtTlxoir. MurcliMtlr, 1882. WJS have now in store. (and 8hnU bontinne to rccolve addition* almost iUi)r, during the season) a BITI'EK rOH SrOCK of OTAPLK A FANCY DHl* OOOt)c, adapted tu SrKl.SU .and ?OMMKR SALK8, to wlifrli we ir.V.fo attention. :Our inng.experietice in bnoiiiAw qiiaIiIm a#'to se lect oar Mock with J2SI'EG1AL REFERENCE to th* wants of th? COUNTRY TRADE: and purchasing do, KXOI US IV ELY FORf CASH., we can soc cefwfuliy compete with houses th thin or any other city.. "/?' Wo have taken advautnge~of the .RECENT DK CLINH In most-lritirisof DryGoSkfs; affd onr'ctock now comprise!* liner, ot FRESU AND S^WESABLK pood*, at prices AS LOW hh can b*e* named by any other bouse. Our tenon are CASH, or .six months crcdlt, for ne^tjiab^paper^pn^ablq xr11 h^excy nge. No. 329 Baltimore, and 44 German mh2S-lm* Bahrmort>7?d. WHOLESALE DRY GOODS! Baltimore, March 28th, 1362 \XTE wonld c?ll the attention of buyers to our f f prmeiit^<174?iinilA? stodc of >'?'* Spring and Summer Goods, which wo n?w.ofier for sale at tho lowed cash prices we name in part: English and American Pant Stuffs, many or which are Boltahlo for tlio u. lothlog Trade." UNO Man * AMERICAN PRINTS I* Tjmrrrr. Grey Stuff Goods, Persian.Detainee, and Fanoy Dress Ooms for ladles; a large line of Bleached Shirtings; Mariner's Striped Shirting; Cor*ef Jeanc, Drifts, Ger n?n'Unon?, ^a.jarlatiof^Md^d MdUrown Irish Linens, Huckabacks, Crashes, Damask, 4c? Ac. Also, 9, ltt, 11 and 124 Bleached Sbee fngsr Peniten tiary Plaid* and Plaid and Striped Osnahurgs. Ac. BEAN,CIlABBB* 00.% J lMPOBTSSH XHP JODBaCa, No. -?iQ BaltimoreSlL Near Charles8t~ Baltiutora,Md. P. 8.?A general assortment of JL k P, COATS* 8P001?*D0TTflW;? * 'mhQl^ftm* New Spring and summer DEYGO?fe! 'IIUB subscriber hat now received and opened 150 X cases of new Spring .and Summer Dry Goods* which will he sold at wholesale-'and retail at lower prices thau ever before. Having purchased consid erable more than I Idfetufed, asl bonkht all kinds of goods for Ca-h and? it less price tblu> at any-other season, am determined to dispose of them according ly, and will sell ' ?? - J " BEST MERRIMACK, ;C0CJIKG0> and other Cali coes of 'equal 'fcrail*,' at 12}? cents a yard!" Second quality, last color, at ?c. BLEACHED MUSLIN, yard wide, best quality, at 12*43 7-9 wide at 10c iter ?ard. 8 ?*? GNBLKAOflKD .MUSLIN, such as sold Z weeks ago at 16-Kc, I wflfnoW sell at 12%c, and'otters, ' v#ry good at 10c. .. - .! tr ,vi?7 ALL OTHER COTTON GOODS AT .OLD PRICKS. BLACK SILKS, which sold always at $1A2J4, per yard,"! will sell at 87 ??c. . ^ ' 60c a yard.. ... tf rj n? : "NOLlSn BBREOE8, worth 26c, for 12*4c. p?9|PHiPHH LUPEN'S BERKGK8; worth 2. TRAVELLING DRESS GOODS,:all quaUtlsa and prices. .0.. ... CIIALLIBS* pa LAINES. as Was l^dyard. Also a large stock and variety of 8pring and Sum merSHY%TL9,CLOAKS k. MANTILuA^at thrfvsry NKkLlewORKS in ev^^variityi Coli^ srorth couNxar hehohahts *iii Hi that my Wholesale Department is more coap^^u at any previous season, audi, .ill sell goods cheaper in such quantities as th^-requlrfy than thejr oould be bonRht In th. mlias-dX?3m , , .X.T7,>j?la^,.,W>Mnoie.Ta. Copp&r,M Sheet Iron Ware, , ?/?;. * ? 1 1 ? ? ?? iJil TO-THE PTJBLIG4 IXOW 'keep'hhi 'largest aU>rtmect of ^ARB that can be k*nd luthe city, and am folly; pre pared to ltU all orders at short notice. . My stock consists la part of tlie lbddwla^ goods: a^Cooldp* nWH?tl?s WWTa.: of it*, patterns, for wood or eoa). . , * Mwchamn mwilMutn Writing the dty vlIlAd It : Jdja-jl ' b: <v.* caldwblV-v oiftft;. iiatW-? ; crivjd today, '' LaA Ayer's Sarsaparilla.