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Daily intelligencer. [volume] (Wheeling, Va. [W. Va.]) 1859-1865, September 25, 1862, Image 1

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VOLUME xr.
WHEELING, VA., THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 25, 1862. NUMBER 29.
I'gr.XTKD AND I'DBMHISD 8V 2 i
CAMPBELL & M'DERMOT,
ISTRLUSKSCER BlilLDIHOI,
A*. R. earner if Quint* and Main-SU.'
TBKMSl
Dfcily.Cbtin?lTHO*,} ? .JM-"'
By the Wo?k ? 10
Tri-W**klyt(pf *dnnr?)> 8,00
0- AdTertWoc 4?o? oo r??oii?>>U brau.
?i| adTortl^mcnt. from ? diJtiix*, or front
niWDtif, nut t>. paid In BdTMic*.
TO TiwSE WHO WISH TO BE
INSURED
AQAUiBJ ALL CONTLNUBNCLES.
riiHEJHOMB IBT8 VRANOE COUPAHT
1 of Hew York.
Oasa 0apitat<?Tery dollarpaid In) $1,000,00)
? Contingent Putid(ovei<....^...^.^,w^.. 600,000
The largcet Caab Capital for the amount of riak of
07 office tn the United State*.
W. F. PBTSRAOK, Agent.
THEIH8URANOECO.|OF THE VAL
LEY OF VIRGINIA.
Oash OmtAi.(pald In) ............ ... *$800,000
Mnch the largest Oaah Capital of any office charter
ed by thia State.
49?Flre and Inland riiks taken on the moct rea
onableterme.
Losaee equitably adjusted and promptly peld by
W.F. PBTEK8ON, Agt.
CASH AbuxiTipg, j uxix 1, ,c81,
81,920,783 20.
LO88E8 PAID, UPWARD OF
? 14,000,000.
The greet public aenrfce, promptneaa and rellabQl
ty of thia well-tried and aterling C
_ _ Company, 1
It to preference with tboae needing Insurance.
w. c. aetiFuk, Agt.
Girard Fire & Marine Ins. Co.
PHILADELPHIA.
At AMD Ivtncs...... *sl?.T221?
H. a. ABTUUE, Af-u
Pennsylvania Insurance Co.
OF PITTS0URQII, PA.
Capital ? 4300,000
'?HIE above Companies haringappolnted the under
I_ aigned their Agent for Wheeling, and vicinity,
would reapeotfnllyeolidt the patronage of thepublic.
Said OompftnlM are well known to be first claaa office a.
AIIloaaeapromptlyadjusted. N.0.ARTHUR,Agt.
jan3 Office over the Bank of Wheklng.
r
Tub continental insurance
COMPANY, of New York.
Cash Capital (paid In) $600,000
Jaah Contingent Fund (ojer) ........................376,000
An th?s office the assuris! participate In the profits
without incurring any risk.
W. P. PETERSON, Agent.
IIB LTNCHBUao HOSE dfc FIRE
IN8URANCE COMPANY.
Cas* Carnal $100,000
W. ?. PETERSON, Jr, Agent.
.ay-Over $2,500,000 of Gash Capital represented by
his old and well ?stabliihed Agency, where every loes
n the above office ha* been promptly paid in Wheel
ng, before It was due by the terms of the policy.
W. F. PETERSON,
Office next door to the M. k M. B ank,
JyT/59?ly Maine t. "ttheel
INSURANCE.
The Fire&Marine Insurance Co,
OF WHEELING.
INCORPORATED III 1E3T.
?T1AKES RISKS AT T1IE LOWE8T RATES ON
JL Balldinge of all kinde, Steamboats, Fnrnitnreand
Merchandise, and against all dangers attending the
Transportation of Good* on rivers, seas, lakes, canals
nd railroads.
R W. Banners, SecPy. HxnTCu?flU,?rss't
DIRECTORS.
C Achesoa John txmlon, ' Bob't Morrison
R. Crangle, B. Brady, 8an'l OU.
Daa'i L*mb, Rob't Pattereon,
Application* for Insurance will be promptly at
ended toby the President and Secretary.
Jan 2*.'63
Saddles, Harness,Trunks &e
WHOLESALE k RETAIL.
JB. SUEPPARD No.131 Main Street, corner
, Union, will continue to keep on hand alargeand
complete assortment of all articles In his line, consist
jug of Ladies' and Gentlemen's Saddles, Fines Coarse
Harness,Tpinks, Vallcea, Carpet Bags, Satchels,Col,
lars, Ilames, Whips, Ac. ,
I would respectfully call attention to my stoek,and
trnst by Strict attontlon and promptness, to merit
continuance of the pnblic patronage
pro
sep'20 '69 131, Main Street
CAREON*OJ7
I HAVE BSTABLISnED AS OIL, RETIJCBRY
In this city, on Llndsey street. Slow the Gas
Works, where I keep constantly y\ band and for
sale a good quality of Illuminating and Lubricating
oils. Also a good article or Axle Orea ?e. for wagons
or drays. Dealers and others in want of .any or the
above articles will find It to their interest to give me
a call before purchasing elsewhere.
augJO-ily JOHN COOK.
Savings Bank of Wheeling,
OJJlot, Main-Si^ between Monroe and Union.
MOXBT RECEIVED Off TRANSIENT DEPOSIT
Interest paid on Special Deposits. Collections
promptly attended to. Exchange on the East bought
and s?ld. . j iai08. IL LIST, President
SAVL P HTX^RETTT.Tre?rnrer. ]?n14-'6?. ?
oas list. aovr. Moaaud*. w. a. loo am
BOO*** LIST. S.BATinOH.
LIST, MOBBISON & CO.,
Wholesole Grocer s Produce Dealers
Has.70 and 80 WhttUng, Va.
Ws desire to state to tlis friends of the late firm
nd to the trade generally, that we are Inpossesslon
the most araplofaciMiles for the transaction of a
Wholesale Grocery and Produce Easiness.
We are determined'to execute all orders entrusted
to our care with fidelity and promptness, and on the
most favorable terms. Yonr ob't servants.
LIST, MORRISON k CO.
Wheeling. January td, I860. JanT
B.w.raxxon. jonstnoxtos. c.oolisat
PAXT0N, D0NL0N &0GLEBAY,
f uvicsaiv viv^ia,
PRODUCE & COMMISSION
merchants.
Hoi. 52 and 54, Main St.,
aowl Wheellnf.Ta.
T. H. LOGAN 3c OO.
WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS,
H? WH*KLING, ? *. '
10 Unlrssw WAREROOMS, He
5JSS&?. SiiSEw SSfenM.
",D0,r0i5Ts5;{rI,c5!s,:r"LU0
Offered to th. trade, In city and conntrw.at lew pries*
and otthebrst quality. Caah aad prompt ,
customsrs are Invited to call. apVM
*^**rcAU?TOA. ? coast 1. sot*.
CfLDWELL tBOYD.
Attorneys at Law.
ax " ?,
"BUSINESS CARDS.
T. C. KIGER, M. D.
Homoeopathic PhyBician.
RUSIDBKCK aod Otic* > f.w doon South of tb.
Monroe Doom, Main itreeL
Office boon from 6 to 9 A. M., mud 1 to 3 ft 7 to ?
P- M. my 12-1 y
A.M.ADAMS,
WIOUUU AXD UTAH.
CLOTHING STORE,
XJTTHERB always may be round aUPKRIOR CLO
T T THING; also makea to order, at tlie ahorteat
AlIGarn?enta belonging to Gentlemen
Mo. SO, Wat<k Strut,
Ageeta fbr W. Bingham's Shirts an/stocks
of erery description. Alao, fbr A. B. Howe's Excel
sior Sewing Machine. ang26'61-ly
S. JtCtniAH C. D. uroz.
M'CXiELLAN & KNOX,
DKA1U8 at wholesale UCLUSIVfLT, in
BOOTS * SHOES
No. 113 Main Street.
A few doors shore M. A M. Bank, Weat Side,
apMm* WHEELING, VA.
M.EBILLY,
WbolmU Cater la
GROCERIES,
ForHgn and Domestic
Wines and Liquors,
No?.M4 67 Hun Erun,
mjT?lj WnEKLTNO, VA
0LAUCLSAV1 8. T. VIU.X1
C. L. ZANE & CO.
Importer .ml Dtalart in Jbrtign * Domutic
Wines and Liquors,
Manofoctprora of
Pure Catawba Wines.
<tnvor Btxztt, arrwaAw Maxh ft MAXUV 9fi.
WHEELING, VA
KEEP constantly on hand Brandies, Scotch and
Irish Whiskiea, Jamaica Rama and Cordials,
Choice Old Rye and Boorbon Whiskies. sep27?ly
C. H. DINGEB,
D BAULK IN
Hats and. Caps})
No. 140 Mailt Street* I
mhlS-lj W1IKRL1NG, TA.
fdP Ibe IHghest Price in Gash, paid for all klnda I
or Pur-Hides, such as Slink, Fox Raccoon^ Ac '
WM. SHAFFER,
PRACTICAL WATCH MAKER
JEWELER & ENGBAVEB.
DEALER IS
Watches, Jewelry,Sliver&PJ*>ed
Ware,
FANCY GOODS. Ac.
No* ?4 Monroe 9t?
OPPOSITE M. A M BANK.
~JOHN a. CHANDLER,
Attorney at Law.
sy OFFICE or or Bank of Wheeling.
deoflO-lj
JAS. M. DILLON,
No* 107 Market Street.
WHEELINO, VA.
PLTTMBES AND OAS FITTER,
BRA88 FOUNDRY.
DEAWKR1S WRotJQIir IRON. oalvaXIZKD.
aod *U>l?a< sr [Md Pipo,?(..?? JM.' tNu
I". OCRS and Valves, Steam Whistle*. Steam aad.Water
uage*. Lift and Force PampCXl'liks, Hoee, Antifric
jnn Metal," Braricer Tin,*" Zinc.'Antimony, Crucibels,
alranixed Lightning Rods, Intnlaton and Points.
; '.ENT POU THE MEXEELY BELL*. Aqueduct
ir vr constantly on baud*
Ovt. paid for Copper, Brats and Lead.
i octlO -
JHO. a. OA.RLILE. HA.T5ISAL FORBES. '
CABLILE A FORBES,
Attorneys At Law,
WHBELIHQ, VIROIXIA.
Practice in all the Courts of Ohio County, and the
adjoining counties.
OmoE o? Fourth Street, No 350J4 sept250i?
The Citizen's Deposit Bank
OF WIIKEUNO.
Bank open from o o'clock a. until
P. M. jy*count day ??Thursdays 10 o'clock ?.
? Monej received on transient depoait.
Inlsrext vaid on tpccval dnoiiti.
49-CoUeotioasmadsandproceeds promply remitted
DIRECTORS:
Jacob Berger, J. N. Vance,
Jacob llornbrook, O. W. Franaheim, -
Warren Cooper, J. K. BoUford,
Geo. K. Wheat, Chaster D. Knox.
J. R. Miller, Cashier. Altred Caldwell, Pros't
~^J A. METCALF,
COMMISSION MERCHANT AMD
MANUFACTURER'S AGENT
FOR THE UU 09
Nails, Window Glass, Cincinnati Soap
Iron, Flint Glassware, IaMOQI,
Steel, GreenGlaaswarst , Lime,
SDrinjca, Printing Paper, Plaster Paris.
AxlM, I WrtpplB* VfT. O.D.OI,
Rosin, Wooden Ware, . Starch.
Together with many articles of Pittsburgh and
Wheeling mannlhcSare.
No. BO Pa*ton'i Row, Main St.,
norlT ./O'.i Wheeling, Va.
Wheeling Wholesale A. Retail
SHOE MANUFACTORY.
- ' J'':!niK uodoniff.w] nwjb. {bond at 149
Main 8}rr4t_ ?her? w? ul uUulliI)
ff??ffwE8efS5JSnS to-wai.^. !???.
happiness or
THAT IS THE QtlfeSTtok.
thrS-^tr r'.?*rilT .'<!?"* to lax, ?M./r.r
^3SHSf
?U|g?tuUi()cncn
A PROCLAMATION
By the President or the United States.
j If L'lfCoUi, President\bf4be
Uailed fStntep of America,and Commander
in-Chief o? tne "Army rand Navy, ??ihereofr
do hereby PROCLAIM and DECLARE tbiit
hereafter, ? 4^ heretofare, tbe war will' be
prosecuted for the object of practically re
atoring the Constitutional relation between
tbe Doited States aod the people thereof- i
ip which States thai relatioa is, or may be,
suspended or disturbed; that it is my .pur
pope upon tbe next meeting of Coagress,
to again recommend' ibe adoption of a
practical measure tendering pecuniary aid
to the free acceptance or rejection of all tbe
Slave States so called, the people whereof
may not theu be ia rebellion against the
United States, aud whfeh States maythen
have volaatarily adopted or thereafter may
voluntarily adopt the immediate or gradual
abolishment of slavery witbia their res
pective limits; and that tbe effort to colo
nize persons of Africaa descent with their
consent upon this continent or elsewhere
with the previously obtained consent of
the GoverntOenta existing there, will be
coatiaued; that on the first day ol January,
in tbe year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and sixty-three, all persons held
as slaves within aov Slate, or auy design
ated part of a State, the people whereof
shall tboa be la rebellion against tbe Uni
ted States, shall be thenceforward aod tor
ever free, and the Executive Government
of tbe United States, including tbe milita
ry and naval authority thereof, will recog
nize .aod mainuin tbe freedom of aijcb per
sous, aod will do no act or act* to repress
such persons, or any of them, in any efforts
they may make_/or the|r. actQfU freedom I
that the Executive will, on the tJr3t day of
January aforesaid, by proclamation, desig
nate tbe States andtiarts of States, if anv.
in which the people thereof respectively
shall then be ic rebellion against the Uni
ted States, and tlio fact that any State, or
the people thereof, shall on that day be in
good faith represented in the Congress of
the United Stags by members ohoseo t)iere
to;at^electiouST\vbeikefh" a 'm'Hjority of the
qualified voters of such State shall have
participated, shall, in the absence of strong
countervailing testimony, be deemed con
clusive evidence that such Stale and the
people,thereof have not been in rebellion
against the United-States. ? ?; ;
That attention is hereby called to an act
of Congress.entitled '? An act to make an
additional article of war," approved March
13, 18G2, and which nctU in the words and
figures following: -
Be it cndcltd^Li) the Senaft arid Itouse of
Representatives of the United State* of America
in Congress assembled: That hereafter the
following shall be promulgated as*a1i addi
tional article of war, for the government of
the army of the Uoiied Stated, and shall
be obeyed and obsefttd as such :
Article. All officers or persons in the
military or naval service of the United
States are prohibited fro.cn -employing aay
of the forces under their respective com
mooda for the purpose of returning fugitives
? from service or labor,who may have escaped
froW Any persona .to -whom such labor is
claimed to be due, and any officer who
shall be found guilty by a edurt''martial ol
violating this article shall be dismissed
from the"service.
Skg. 2. And be it furfier enacted, That
this act shall take effect' from and after its
passage.. ^ '|IV1
"Also,'to the ninth aud tenth sections of
an act egtilled *?. An act to suppress insur
rcction, to punish treason and rebellion, to
seize and confiscate the property of Rebels,
and for other purposes," approved Juljp 17,
1862, and which sections are in the words
and figures following:
Skc. 9. And be it further enacted, That
all slaves of persons who shall hereafter
be engaged in rebellion against the Govern
ment of tOe United States, or who ahall in
any way give aid or comfort thereto, eg
captured from such persons or deserted by
tbeni and coming under the control of tbe
Government, of the U.t States; andatlslft.es
of such persons fouud on (orbeina within)
aoylpiace occupiad by Rebel forces and a?
war, and hball be forever free of their ser
vitude nnd not again held as slaves.
Skc."lOJ\4nd be {( further enacted, \6at
slaves escaping into any State, Territory, or
tbe District of Columbia, from any of the
States shall not be delivered up, or any way
irppedmj.br litD'fcreitSdjjis Uttftfy, except
for crime or some offense against the law*,
unless the person claiming said fugitive
shall first make path that the person to
whom the labor or service of such fugitive
is alleged to be due, is his lawful owner,
an<L-h??scnot bw/^'armtagerg*^* ??*?.
States'in (lie present rebellion, nor in any
way given aid and comfort thereto ; and no
person engaged iq the miljlarj .or naval
serviee of tbe Uttft<d States shall, under
J-any pretence whatever, assume to decide
?n the validity of the claim of any person
to tb^servlfe or iahprof aoy other person,
or surrender op- ?anj *<fch~person to the
claimant, on pain of being dismissed from
tbe service.
And I do hereby enjoin upon and order
all persons engaged in the military and
naval service..of- &e*Unlge<t-iSMter to ob
serve, obey and enforce, within their re
spective spheres of service, tho act an/
sections abovtf recited.
And "sa'a?
commend that all eitlxenj of tbe United
Slues who 'shall httfe remained l?y?l
prainii
relation between Ijbe'tjaited States and,
their-^p,qtf?a>at4^Jtat>e?pK ? tie
relatipnf ahall have beeo. disturbed) tie
coiapaa sated for all losan by acta of tbe
UdiUiTSfaiea', including tfce' \ait oi liavaa*
' I ha?e hareoato'ttT
my band and caused the seal of tbe Untied
Sutes to be affixed.
Dona at the Citjr of Washington tbia
twenty-second da/ of September, lo the
jearof onr Lord one thousand eight hun
dred and sixty-two, and of the Indepen
dence of tbe United Statea tbe eighty-iar>
t-Dih. ABRAHAM LINCOLN.
Bj the President,
Wst. IT. Siwabd.
Secretary of State.
Tbe Retreat ot Col. Llghllinra-*
Scenes mt Pomeroy.
From the Pomeroy Telegraph.
Our town haa boon tbe scene of intense
interest and excitement for tho laat few
days. News in ths form of a thousand
I rumors, reached u?, of the marching of
the rebel forces into the Kanawha Valley
?the battles at Fayette, Ganley and
Charleston, and the retreat of our forces.
Wehnd both armies victorious, and both
slaughtered a dozen times, by rumors not
profitable to repent.
So far as wc can get at the fonts, they
seem to be. thnt a very severe engagement
between our forces, nnd an overwhelming
force of the enemy, occurred at Fayette,
in which our troops exhibited a bravery
not surpassed during the war. They
suffered severely in the fight, but did moat
terrible execution upon tbe enemy. The
particulars we are unable to give. They
held tho superior force of the rebels at
bay until night, and then retreated in
good order and joined Colonel liightburn
at Giiuley. The Colonel, satisfied that he
could not withstand the superior forces
of the enemy, and determined to save the
immense train left in bia oharge when
Cox was withdrawn, fell back upon
Charleston, fighting all the way. From
there he sent the train across to Ripley,
holding the Rebels at bay at Charleston,
until it was lairly atnrted. Ordering the
bridges on tbe Kanawha,between Charles
ton and Point Pleosnnt, to be destroyed,
and the roads obstructed, he commenced
bis retreat in the rear of his train. Some
skirmishing occurred on the way, but it
was brought safely to, and across tbe
Ohio, at liuffington.
During all this time, tbe most exciting
rumors reached this place. The Home
Guards of Pomeroy, Middle port. Miners
ville, Sc., turned out to meet tbe Culonel
at Ravonswood. They had gone no farth
er than Racine when they were met and
advised that their services were not need
ed. Some returned, and some went on
upon their own book. Safely upon the
Ohio sido the train commenced its move
ment toward Point Pleasant, which
brought it through this plaoe. We don't
know the number of teums, but were
told that the train occupied eight miles
in lenth. It was such a show as was
never before seen in Pomorov. It occu
pied a good portion of Tuesday and
Wednesday in passing through town. It
was followed by a host of fugitives, bath
whito nnd black. For two or three clays
they havo been resting tbemselvos in
gruups under every shade tree along the
road. Many of tbe soldiers had not an
hour's rest for four days and nights, and
the fugitives had none for more than
half that time. They might well bo
weary. Scores of old men nnd women,
scarcely able to walk, and little barefoo
ted children, from tbree years old nnd
upward, walked all tbe weary march
without stopping to sleep. We passed
along the road from this place to Racine
on Tuesday morning, and foundit literally
lined with these weary pilgrims, who
had laid them down to sleep, and rest on
tbe free sail nf Ohio, which, to them, was
a lond of Canaan, reached at last. We
stoppod and talked to many of ihem, and
heard tales that tho novelist could never
coin from his fertile brain to grace his
fiction. We may recall some of these
hereafter.
The retreat wns undobtedly a masterly
movement, and does great credit to
Cujonel Lightburn. The rebels were
undoubtedly apprised oftheimmensetrain
of horses, mules and wagons 14ft in the
charge of Col. _ Lightburn and of the
inadequacy of his force to proteot it. The
bait was a tempting one, and worth a
"reat expedition if it oould be captured.
With this train, and the Kanawha salt
worlta in their possession, they could
retnrn to "Dixie" with salt enough for a
winter's supply. The Masterly retreat of
Col. Lightburn disappointed them in
,their prey. A large amount of Govern
ment stores at Charleston, which oould
not be brought away, was destroyed, so
that the rebels will hare thoir raid pretty,
much for nothing. True they will strip
the Valley of what is left in it, and will
leave it a desolation but it will yield them
neither frienda oor. io large amount, the
material of war. Unless they make a
raid into Ohio, we think they will not
Hod supplies enough-to last thom lung at
Charleston. Will the'y attempt to cross
the Ohio? We cannot say. But it behoo
ve* the citixens to perfijet their military
organizations at once, and bo prepared
for the worst
The reports of the destruction of the
salt works on the Kanawha are untrue.
They are not injured. And we rather
suspeot the rebels will apond tbn next
month in making and trantynrting salt
to Dixie. ins^a4 of invading Ohio. Salt
has been the great necessity of the rebels
for the last year. It coulu no longer be
ha$i in the South at any price. Z| miut be
/laif.'howesfer,1 ortliey could not support
their armies. And hence the nocessity
of taking thelCanawha Villi/. *
It has .Iso been reported that all Charles
ton was destroyed. This;-we learn, is oot
menl .tores were destroyed by order or
Gol.'Jrfghtbara, which wsi right sod prop
er. Some bouses caught fire from the
bursting shells from botW parlies: bat we
leara, crn-WWt'We Relieve-to be: reliable
authority, that bat a small portion of the
place was .lojartd. We hope thl* may
prove to be trde.
-retreating tr*Iand hundred* more ticasg
ped down tbe Kunawha In boats, and akiffift,
*u?J canoes, and "rtffts of all description!, at
well at by aU aprtf ,of lyvljC^ojeyancM,
; Hud on foot. Xnd all tbe 6ioripeople.be
.nKSHiMBttSSfei
I their? alavea'tir eisatw as tauthsy <Mld
K^;^it?r*'br<heditelvAr^l4iirM.
I gitivea alike; while the slaves of the Se
ceah took advantage of the general confu
sion, nod joined the swelling throng. We
confess the sight waif' one we hope never
:o see again. And jet it had lt9 bright
spots. We saw men. and women, too, who
a week before were wealth/* and surround
ed with all the elegancies of life, and slave
holders At that, speak to the fugitive slaves
a* they chanced to meet, in tones of the
most unaffected kindness and sympathy, as
if a common calamity had brought into
action the heaven-born sentiment of a
common humanity. We passed along the
road the wanderers traveled, and saw and
conversed with verj manj, both white and
black, and did not bear an ankind word or
tooe of voiee that betokened prejudice or
hatred from an/. And all seemed amaaed
at the reception the/ met with in Ohio, and
we must say we feel proud of oor citizens,
and are sore these wanderers from their
homes will not forget the reception they
met on their march.
Prom the time It was known that this
army of fugitives were with the train, as If
by instinct, the women, all along the line
as well at in tpwn, began to prepare tor
them, by baking bread and pies, and cook
ing everything eatable to supply their
wants. And angels, we donbt not, looked j
upon the scene with heavenly delight. We I
saw by the doorways of the humble j
homes of laboring men, who have no large
stock of tbis world'? goods, piles of bread
and pies, and the buir bands of their wivea
and children dealiog out, with full hearts,
the willing offeriogto the hungry and wea
ty wayfarers. Ood bless them for it I?
And he will, too. We also saw many with
buckets of water by the road side, with
cups to quench the thirst of all the crowd.
We could fill oolumns with the description
of scenes and the relation of incidents, but
we have no space.
But it Is to be hoped that the sentiment
of humanity so nobly exhibited in the sight
of the fugitives will not be suffered to die
out. It is a truth that ought to come to all
our hearts, that among both whites and
blacks there will be intense suffering. Not
less,than three or four thousand people have j
been driven from their homes. Many of
them bare been in easy circumstances, and
some of them wealthy. If the rebels re
tain the Valley, they lose their all. If
they are driven out, they have still lost all
btit their naked farms, and have not the
means to commence ljfe again, ou their
old homes They suffer all tbis for their
loyalty to their country. Shall their loyal
countrymen who have suffered less, not
reach to tbem the helping band? Aod the
poor fugitive slaves 1 What ehall become
of them ? 8ball they be permitted to earn
au honest living by honest work, some
where on Qod's earth ? Or, will they be
made the victims of sti'.l greater wrongs ?
It was exceedingly gratifying that notwith
standing the great number of these poor
.creatures which passed, we heard less curs*
ing of niggers than we have beard in anr
other two days jor years. There was, evi
dently a sentiment of pity felt even for
them. We heard two or three drunken j
loafers damn the niggers, but they got no j
couotenanoe from the crowd. Tbis looked I
hopeful. Who knows but the calamities |
of our country, in which we may all be suf
ferers to an extent as yet undreamed of,
may teach us, as a people, to pity the m s
fortnnes and alleviate the sorrows of oor
fellow men. regardless of creed, country
or color? If so, who will say that God
cannot overrule the evil passions of men,
although leadiug through scenes of maniao
madness and rivera of blood, to the ulti
mate establishment of "peace on earth, and
good will to men."
THE riRST VIRO IN IA CAVALRY.
llABTIIMTII.il, OHM, \
September 23d, 1861. /
Edilort Intelligencer :
I ?>? clad to ut ia your issue of Mon
day morning, a letter from a member of
tbe First Virginia Cavalry?from ooe who
la not nfrai J of tbe 'powers tbat be,' and will
have justice done; be has made aa expate
which sboald bare been made long since.
Tbe reason tb.it oar regiment baa been per
mitted to remain back wben there was a
great work to do, haa never no til now been
made known. Tbe restive apirit of tbe
brave men of that regiment had, in a de
gree, become deadened, because their lea
der was dead to every feeling of true cour
age and heroism; the reputation and bonoV
wblcb should otherwise bare been ours,
waa blasted?blighted in tbe bod.
Not alnee tbe oation's pride waa trailed
low Id the dost from ofF tbe walla ol Sum
ter, haa a braver or mora noble band ral
lied to the standard of tbe Union than that
of the 1st Virginia Cavalry, taken, aa tbejr
were, from yoor workshops, your stores,
your iron worka, and from the grand old
bills and valleys of your once happy State,
all with one mind?one view, that hsiog
the restoration of their country.
No one can for a moment doubt tbe pore
patriotism and courage which prompted
these men. for no sooner than the clarion
notes of "toarms!" waa Bounded from the
walcb-towar of freedom than tbey rushed
to the call, and long ere tbe ootea bad died
away amoog the monotaioa of the North
they were in the field, but owing to a seal
Which never characterised the actions of
our leader in anything else we have tbe
satisfaction (!) of knowing from him that
as long as be could belp It we never wonld
be taken lato danger. Ilia actions since
has bat too truly verified his sayings. A
regiment of good aod brave men A ad to
submit, and to be called cowards because
of tbe imbecility of ooe. It waa bumtlia
ing ia the extreme for us to know tb?t the
State we represented, as well aa oar friende
at home looked and looked in vain for
our honorable mention, while we were in
troth., peer* to those who branded us aa
coward*.
We were not to be held back always.
Lieutenant-Colonel Richmond was relieved
from the post at Clarksburg, Virginia,
and immediately reported to the regiment,
iben at&ectortowo, and from that lime to
the preaent oar caurae baa been onward
and upward la tbe military world. Getter
erals aaw a regiment of strange men, aod
thought to try them now. From tbe Sh?
oaodoab Valley we were ordered to the
front. Opr first move was to Culpepper
Court House. We were then twelve or
fifteen mile* la advance of lha army, and
every day's work then served to reflect
credit aod honor to tbe State and cause we
represented, ta Brigadier General Buford
we f?qoda.man who knew when, how aod
where to ord?F, aad in Colonel (Uchmood
we had a dm who would fulfil an or^r.
Oar reconaeisancas were- of tome account
note to Ike army. We would ''light down"
and capture tha enemy's pickets, and haf
aaa the advaaae gaard, until it. raj.aa
'W? nfte riwifgt W4wn>twr??
)hf feature*<of every ope. W?,w?r? i^opr
clecaes t?doiag that which we bad sworo to
do. Am a mailer of course, ve bad quit*
a number killed ftnd wounded, bat we frn
ready nod willing to do anything in ordei
to fulfill the great duly now devolving op* j
oa us, and forever wipe oat the iiiimi* j
which had beea imposed upon oft. From
the 1st of Juljr (which was near the tim*
Col. Richmond came to the regiment) bp to
September our time was taken up entire!)
with the enemy. Scarcely ft dfty passed
that we were not engaged with then. 1
will just here speak of one engagement
which will at once prove the fighting qual
ities of Col. R~. On the 21st of Angusi
our pickets were driven in from the posu
at Kelley's Ford, on the Rappahannock.?
Col. It. received an order to procead with
his regiment and find, if possible, the
position and number of the ene
my. At noon we crossed the river
and found the enemy's pi?k*u ftnd skirm
ishers in force, considering that but child'*
play, we drove them before as with ease;
now and then our boys would cause ft ret
to turn ft somersaolt and lie there until we
bad seen as to the skill of. our men. Oar
regiment was ordered to take the centre
aud advance cantionsly through the woods
Oa emerging therefrom we received ft heftvy
volley from the advance regiment of ft bri
gade which we found drawn.np in lite ol
battle; a charge was ordered and through
clouds of smoke and fire wa dashed upon
the brigade. The gallsnt Col. at the head
of h'tM men, raising himself in bis saddle
and flourishing bit fab re cries ootucomeoo.
my bully boys," and in a moment they were
lost among the smoke. The inceaaaut fir
ing and clesbing of sftbres parrying th?
thruited bayonet, the almost demon-llki
cheering of our men formed a scene bean
tifullf grftnd. The rebels retreftted, ftnd
we were ordered to fall back to an open
field beyond the road. We bad five killed
and several wounded. Col. Richmond was
covered with blood from bead to foot. Two
noble fellows who were at bis side bad beet
shot, and their life'a blood was still warm
upoo bis clothes. The gallant charge ol
this regiment at Boll Run when the left
wing under McDowell was being turned
hug elicited great praise. It b*s be*n said
that for the 1st Va. Cavalry keeping the
enemy back, saved 10.000 of UcO*?wclt*
infantry. The regiment now enjoys a re
putation in the military world, which i>
enviable.
1 would like to speak of the bravery ol
other officers of the regiment but tbr
length of tbU letter.'forbids. X will do so
at another time. J. P.
OFFICIAL.
LftWS OP THIS UNITED STATES
Patted at the Second Session of the Thirty
Seventh Congress.
[Public?Na 138.1
AX ACT to amend an act entitled -An act to pro
hibit the sale o spin tu jus liqn jt* aad iutoxieatmc
drinks in the District or Columbia in certain cane*,**
approved August ttflh, eighteen hundred aad sixty
one.
Be it enscted by the S mate aad XIon?a of Repre
sentative* of the United 8tat?eo America In Goo
greas assembled. That any person offending again?t
the provision* of the act entitled "An act to prohibit
the sal of apirituous i-.qu jfeaoi intoxicating drinks
in the District of Colombia in cert up cam," approv
ed August ttf<h. eight* en hundred ai?dslxty<oua. may
be ir.ed bef?re any imtice th* peace for the District
Ol C dumbia, an J, upon conviction, shall pay a fine Of
twenty dollar*, or in default .-f soih payment shall
be committed to the- Jah'in Wash ngtoo county, In
the District ot Columbia, for thirty nays.
S*c. % And ba it farther enacted. That any persen
1 licrusrd, or mho ahail hereafter be liren?frt, to sell
spirituous liquors or Intoxicating drioks within -aid
District, afho -hall suffer or permit any anldter or
volunteer hi the service of the Uuited States, or any
person wearing the nulC?rm ? f suci soldier or votnn
teer.todtink any sp'rttoous liqoor or Intoxicating
drink npon his premisea, shall be deemed guilty of
the same offence mentioned In the act hereby amend
ed, and upon conviction before any justice of the
pe*oe aa aforesaid shall be punished In the manner
preacrit>ed by thia act.
Sec. 8. And be It farther enacted, That any person
convicted ander the provisions or this act, and the
act hereby amended, shall fo'r'eic his license to Ml
spirituous liquor aud intoxicating a rink, aad any It
ceose thereafter granted to any saph person during
the ? outinuioce of the existing rebellion shall he
void.
S.c.4. Ami be it farther enacted. That all flnaa
collected under the provUiona ot this act ard the act
hereby amended shall be paid to the Levy Coot of
Weshingtoa eonnty. In the District of Columbia,
tor the nse of said court.
Approved, July 14,1SC3.
IPesuo?Kok 139.]
AN ACT to farther provide for the collection of the
revenue upon th? northern, northeaster?. and
nurth* astern Irontier, and for other purpoem.
Bo It MMUd by the Senate and Hoose of lwr>
s*ntativeeof the United State* of Aond*a In 0 ki
gn-es assembled. That from and after tho first dmy of
October next the master or n>iu(tr of every
which I* enrolled or licensed for carry!ocoo the coast
ing trod* oo tho northern. northautora. ud north
western froot-ereof ih* Unite 1 ^Im shall, before
the departm* of hie ve**?l trotn any port, fife a man
ifest of hie cargo with tho collector mod obtain a
clearance; and ifaald vessel shall toarh at any of tbe
ports of tho United Mat**, aad there reealva on board
any food*, war as, or merchandim, or discharge aoy
portion other cargo, t o master or manager ah til
report to the collector each arrival and prodoce hi*
manifest. aad It ahall be the doty of tho collector to
indoreo thereoa, on tided by hias?et? a ii??cripiloo ot
the goods, wares, or m rchaaUisn so taken oo boud
or unlsdeo, ami return tbe same to the master or
manager, w .o shall d?IHrer to tho collector of the
port as which the aolading of tho cacao ie completed,
tho manifest to be placed oa 01* la hi* ..JSe*. Aad
the owner or owner* of story rowel wboee master or
msaager shall neglect to comply with the pronsleos
of this section shell forfeit aad pay to the United
States tbe sum of twenty dollars fur each and e*-ry
offence, one half for then?e of tbe I former, aad for
whtoto cam tbe tM ahall be liable aad may be coin
edaa I proceeded azainst samssartly by way ot libel
lo aoy district court of tho United state* hariog Jar
lsdlctloo of tbe offence
?K.i And be it farther mtcted. That collectors
and tonreyufe ot tbe coUecUoo dWtricte oo tbeoaid
frontiers are authorised to kstp on sale, at their ser
eral office*. blank maoirmU aad clearances r. qaired
for the business of their districts, and to charge tho
sum of tea coats aad no more for e?cb blank which
shall be prrpayed and executed by them.
Sec 8. And be tt farther enacted. That goods Im
ported oader the reciprocity treaty with great Bri
tain may be ottered nt any port on tbe aorthsra*
northeastern, aad northwestern frontiers of the
United States, upm satisfactory evidence Wing girrn
,t> the c -Hector at the ort elme such goob are of
fered for entry, thai they are of the growth or pro
duction of Cinada, without ths consular certificate
now required.
flee.? Aad be it farther eaecfd, Thai for every
entry ?f go^ds at aay cu?tom-booso oo tbe northern,
northeast ero. and northweetern frontiers of tbe Unit
ed btatee a foe of forty coats ehell oe charged by th?
collec or aad accounted for to tbe Govtrameai.
Sec. 4. Au J be It farther enacted. That the Secre
tary of the Treasury be awl he la hereby anthoriaed
in all crnee where ports mty bo opened wfc*ln tbe
limits of insurrectionary States, daring tbe eiUting
rebellion to appoint special agents to perform the
functions of the ordinary officer* sabordlnate to the
Treaenry Deportment aleoch posts: Provided. That
the covtpe asatiop to bo alewed su* temporary offi
cer* shall not exceed that rUd to perms cent offlcere
it the same position during the year efgbteoa he?
dred and fifty-trio*, aor exceed tbe uumpsnmflsa or
dioarlly slwrcd t> soc official agents.
Approved, Jtfly 14.188J.
Ptrauo? No. 140.
AX ACT In relation tothosia tUiwiftepi seeiitofleee
to Coo{r?< by single districts.
: Be U ecacted by tho Senate aad Tloaooof Kepro
eoutatieeeuf tbe United State* of A aerfea ia <Vf?
gresa assembled. Tbat ta ed> State entitled la the ,
aagtawdany aoccaedlnitCongrvmto mnra than one
representative. thj netx to whl?b aacb State as or
may babtrmftrf entitled shall o. alerted by district*
cosapoaad Wee twrtmy.nisUft tin? ibar is
the ?tn..?r4< Mfra?uiT? to whjCh-faU auif
may be entitled Id the C a gram for Whlb said elec
tion Hb bt aa oaadWfalct electing aorethaaew
ajiiunul
nuabor of tha Hooaa of B?p
?bfcfcthaMataiaaottUadfc, ato*
trtM R!"Ti JT'iLU**
U? a? u????w
-m ?rt? rtt??in.
?
iJ' AS (*?*>?-ML] ':, :dT
'w ????.?? ! i j hi i,.m
Bolt iiiililtTtoHnm.j TInww ?f ? i? im
Utivia or b. UnltBd ftMH of ' lain la OaMM
nbll?ta(W^M|lMHr?
rnaCm^Ku>k1MwriliiM^o?
tuaia. > " .
. from loot Mr. ?<? U?ck* W?n. Imq w,
J~nj LI Ml, Bnubrilto. Itelt ??% Tall*?, l.|?v
?rat*,Mjwii r_..m I.?mi,uaiWi
Fo>m rnalm.hOracMaQ.liMa^W^
?f lru>, lalvHCdaf Ik* imnl aOMkM Mi
? Ihimillk - -
'root u?irt on, Otof, to M.i.l ftniil, l.ilrn,
rraa UgJca la ? MkTlUo. .
rros Mann. fU Kno. Iodiuu, u4 felMtUM,
Jllooto, to ?o*..o.. lJUaoU.
From ?nr fuiut. (?uuburfk PouOao.Jrt?a^at
'luzfict, to Olvkitargte.
From Watcrluo Cltj to iogolt.
- -n Bnaeu, vta ileptoa uJ Mfflward, to laao
yrosMttUMntTUUvMitaal Washb?r*,to
From SlMlbjTtXU. via Holland,
?MW.
From Wiltoa to W?id.
From Fraak'ort, ?ta Kratonla, to Imam City.
From loot* to Mutm.
From UfcUlvvllla to Waytaad.
Fr? Milco, rim Barriaa taut, BarTvia Spring*,
Cm Clair*, tfpaiCoao, aa* "Mo* to laiai Jo?*pb.
MVi.
From Deo Moinaa, F#U t* TWl?aatba.
Ontario ejotjr.
From i tcuar City, fto Tarrvhoote, Dvotor com* ,
tj, to bgWrillo, H-jriaon ccanty, )Ow?L
From FarryvOIo, rU Bnkla'a Stora aod BUmm'a
to Grnooo.
From tbo old dapot of tha Noctk KUaaori BnSroad
Jom pan j, la First *traet,*alnt Lonia, via tbo mil rood
track, through block* two bnndrod and thirty fear
tad two haadrod and thirtj-thraa. aod aim) '
?iroot, a4 tbo railroad baa baao looatod by t
ernawnt of *bo IJoltad Btataa, taoora throng
two hundred aad twaaty-eev?a, to Front or Lavaa
<trnat, aod aloag aaid track laM on odd <th< to ?ho
I -*???. roapactiraly, of tba Paotfc aad Iroa I
l FalUtoo U Pleasant villa.
From Barklayviilo to Uampatead.
?*W HAVrMOBl.
From Union, via WakHlald, North Wakeftfi,
Wotihoroagb.Owlyaa,ilaripra Oatra, aad fam
Fall*, to Freedom. *i
From Qraanlleid, via Hemfnjtoa. to Antrim.
rcr.OUW. to ISapyvlll*. Prnmtf Iran la.
From CoUl IFatar to How ~
From Bkoniogdalet-. ??n<t?Un.
Cherry Tailor, *.? *'oet An-'onr aad laid 1
k^toSfpy
r to stow on
ronesTLTju
. City.
Fnia Fioo Grove, ria ifialaaibwf, to SchaylkUl
Haven.
From Kaaton. via Martia'a Craek,
Monnt Bethel, toDilTa Ferry.
aenvillr.
From Moscow, via Mete's Corners, DaleevflU, aad
*rom Oemrevilla, na Bovard's BCOU, to
date.
i.um Warfnrdabnrg, vie Mount Airy, Mmm >C%
an t Che??y Oro?a to Bloody Knn.
From Br*kar?ille, ria B ~rlj? atom aid Urrrl^ .
t) Epbrata, Laacaster coanty.
TXB4CST.
From Chalaey to WHUaawtown.
From Pwirnt via Bartiagtoa aad Laperto.to Fort
boiato.
- From Cache Crttk. via Poocha Paae.to CnaQoa,
Fram Colorado City to KaMollrilto.
fn.m Diablo, rm Haorfaoo ta Triaidad, on tbo
Frou* Cannon City, via tb? Ar<>aaaaa Bomto I
Pa**, to Camp Crittaodaa, la Ctab Tarritary.
From Walla-Walla to Wort Oatvillo.
From Vaaeanvor City to W?lia-Walla.
From Fort Madiaon. via Maekattro '
CoTrlaod.
Approvad, Jaly 14, 1MSL
P. o. HTT.drbth & BBC.
?S Mai
SAM'l on SON & CO.
Fairbanks*
STANDARD SCALES,
1 mptidtotmr ?kawohori..-.

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