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The Wheeling daily register. [volume] (Wheeling, W. Va.) 1864-1878, December 23, 1864, Image 1

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Wheeling register.
fRtDAl M0RN1N0, DEC. ?l. 1*84.
T*lf|*?pW? Ummmamrr.
)k)ld closed. at the regular Wrd yes
lav at *2, Slta2.SU*- At the night
ltnMag? it closed at **]?.
"jh* Birald'n army of the James cor
^udent says that General Lee wm
Hmled la#t Saturday aud is uuftt for
dnty * ,
The Lib***'* correapoj udt-nt ? i.?ui
the rebel Ceugre<w has passed, lu secret
^iou, a resolutiou to arm the slaves,
nJ that they are being quietly collected
id ramp* of instruction. Large numbers
, uegroeahave lately stampeded into the
Federal lines
porter's flee* encountered a severe gale
utf C?l>e Hatteras aud one of the mon
itors came very near foundering. The
ritw-clads were to take in coal at Beau
Iu the rebel Senate, a few days ago,
y, Foote made a very bitter attack up
0UJeff Davis, charging him with respon
jibihty for all of the recent disasters
nfhiih have befallen the Confederacy.
Ed. McCook had a fight, with a
portion of the rebel General Lyon's com
jj^ntl at Hopkinsville, Ky., on the 16th
iUd defeated them capturing their ar
The situation at Savauuah remains un
changed. Sherman is turning his atten
tion to tlie outworks of the city. The
Herald has an account of the march
through Georgia. No serious opposition
*a.s encountered, and no heavy battle
was fought during the entire march.
Kilpatrick was not killed as was report
ed neither was he wounded at any time.
The government purchasing agents at
Memphis have secured large quanti
ties of cotton.
On the 21st, Thomas' headquarters
,eie at Columbia, Tenn. Hood has suc
lc*M iu crossing Duck river. It is es
fjnMUsd that Hood's loss in his entire ex
ertion will reach twenty thousand,
deserters and prisoners are still coming
into our lines, and the enemy still cou
tiuiu'9 his flight.
Gen. Ed. McCook overtook the rebel
General Lyon at Ashbyville, Kentucky,
and routed him, killing a number of men
and capturing one picce of artillery.
The schooner Maderia laden with one
hundred and five bales of cotton was
w^tured ou the 8th: also the Britisii
vhooner Sorts with seventy-eight bales
gf cotton. They were endeavoring to
ran the blockade
The Post Master General has ordered
all mail matter for Sherman's army to be
leut by way of New York
A tax of two dollars per gallon is to I*
levied on whisky from January 1st.
The Remains of Mr Dayton, late Miuis
ler to France, were embalmed, and will
I* sent home
A collision occurred on the Cheshire
load, iu Massachusetts, on \\ ednesda}
light: Several persons were killed.
The snow was from eight to ten inch?JB
deep in Albany yesterday.
Virc Admiral Farrngul.
Immediately after the passage ot the
ill creating the office of Vice Admiral
iud its approval by the President, Mr.
Lincoln scut to tbo Seuate the nomina
te ol FARBiOur for the uew office and
rank The nomination was con tinned at
udcc without the formality of referring
?t to a committee This is a high tribute
l?ihe intrepidity and skill displayed by
the brave Admiral
Hoi -e ?Mr Elliot offered a resolotioui
laqnwtiiig tL.it the Secretary of War be
jimtrd to communicate the report of
Otutral Canby, concerning the purchaso
to the United States of tiie products of
States declared to be in insurr ection.
IWt not being a quorum present the
Houie was calelcl to obtain one. (Hie
* than a quorum answered to their
Mr Stevens said that it teemed unkind
?Hfcr a holiday of two weeks from to-day
iid heeu voted, that membeis should;
no* absent themselves !
. ^ Farnesworth remarked that the
House yesterday refund to concur in the
?ai{gt?tiou that* there should be no busi
transacted to-day, and yet some
-embers had gone home, thus prevent
*? the transaction of business It was
JQtsequently ascertained that some of
?^members had retired, thus leaving
House with six less than a quorum.
A' 1 3o the House adjourned till Jauua
WaakiagtOB luma.
|V\shinuf<xn, Dec. 22 ?The Navy De
foment has received information of
^capture of the schooner Modena, in
*R3?ppi sound, ou the 8th The Mo
loaded with 105 bales of cot
j1- Admiral Stnbling, commanding
. x Guli blockading squadron, reports
i? West the capture, on the 16th,
' British schooner "Sorts," with 78
jw* ?t cotton, and the schooner "Peep
Av The Sorts was captured while
W'oruig to run the blockade from An
* rt"ident has recognized Henry
naor? ^ {^e conguj 0f the Swiss
??n at Chicago, for the States
.viv ?an- W isconsin, Iowa, Maine and
genj pan of Illinois
ltto? ? cretary of the Navy, to-day
the House chief engin
w J* rtport on the dock yard and iron
(0?i?a ? ^l eat Britain and Fiance, ac
tkattK drawings. It appears
s^ips ?* Grea* Britain,
then. Gilding, nnmWw twenty. Of
*??*itnU Ufe heayy *rou vessels and two
*ad easet* 'n iron, besides one iron
t?**?oden cupola.
J*ttna?ter General orders Post
er si rect all niail matter intend
York*"'9 anny to l>e sent ^ way
? A severe
He J, "as ^ten prevailing all day.
tW p??an?* " ehster. from City
*?' reports nothing new as
Wet 8 at the front. Everything is
The Situation at the Front
Defeat of the Rebel Gen. Lyon.
ThMBM* Hea^Ntrlen Hear (oliiaa
bla? Hm4 scran Dock Hirer.
[Press Dispatch]
Cincinnati, Dec. 22 ? The Commer
cial's Nashville dispatch, dated 21st, says
Thomas' headquarters are near Columbia.
H<K>d is acrossDuck river. His loss since
coming into the State is estimated at
20,000. His force is now oeficvc.l to be
about 12,000 infantry and (3,0ou cavalry.
Ths woods are full of deserters. The
roads are bad.
Thi lilaatiw ia Front U ?changed ?
The Rebels Still Flyi-g.
[Prew Dispatch.]
Louisville, Dec 22 ? The Journal's
Nashville special of the 21st says the sit
uation in front is unchanged. Our army
is confident of final success, and is still
pressing forward. The rebels ure coiu
}>letely pauic-stricken at the un looked
or defeat. They are still seeking safety
in flight. Prisoners continue to arrive in
squaas, some wounded, otliers sick, and
all dispirited.
Rebel Deserter* i? bout ftaihrille?llood
L*?ei Mont of hi? Artillery.
[Press Dispatch.)
Nashville, Dec. 22. ? There is no offi
cial report from tbe army. At last ac
counts General Thomas was at Columbia.
A portion of the rebel force had crossed
the river and was proceeding southward.
The entire country about Nashville is
filled with deserters from the rebel array,
many of whom are constantly coming in
voluntarily or otherwise. The report
that Hood had crossed Duck river with
sixty-two pieces of artillery is untrue.
His artillery was mostly lost between
Franklin and the battle before Nashville,
and the number of pieces left him on his
retreat must have been few. Hood's
army is represented by deserters and
prisoners as in a deplorable condition,
and their utter extermination is proba
The weather has been very cold since
last night River seventeen feet and
Rebel Papers on the Situation.
Rebel Congress on Negroes.
flfirral Lee Reported Wounded? Por
ter'n Expedition? Shrrmnn turns his
Attention to the Reduction of Out*
[Press Dispatch.]
New York, Dec. 22.? The Herald's cor
respondent in front of Richmond says it
is reported that Gen. Lee was wounded
in front of Petersburg, last Saturday, aud
will be unable for duty tor some time.
The Richmond Examiner of the 9th
notices the fact that large numbers of
negroes have recently stampeded to
wards the Yankee lines. The Examiner
also says that the Yaukees have been in
Wytheville, and in other parts of South
western Va , destroying three locomo
tives, and doing other damage
The Savannah Republican of the 18th
says, on Saturday and Sunday artillery
tiring was kept up actively on both sides,
with more or less skirmishing. No change
in the aspect of atfairs. ~ Everything
goes on well, and ^11 are in the best of
The Charleston Morcury of the f?th
says Sherman appears to have abandon
ed a direct attack on Savannah, and
seems to be turning his attention to the
reduction of outworks. It regrets the
fall of McAllister
The Tribune's army correspondent,
giving extracts from recent rebel papers,
says Uie Senate last Saturday went into
secret session, aud a stormy time was had.
The question of at once arming negroes
was brought up and is believed to have
passed by an almost unanimous vote. ?
For several days past every able-bodied
negro has been quietly hurried oil to
camps of instruction.
The Tribune's Shenandoah correspond
ent says a couple of poor, starved, naked
rebel soldiers came into our lines on the
12th, saying flesh and blood could not
stand the treatment they received. They
say Early has two divisions at Njw Mar
ket, amounting in all to not over 5,000,
and no cavalry
The Times' correspondent with Por
ter's expedition, writes from on board the
Santiago, at Beaufort, N. C., Dec. 15th:
A severe gale was encountered off Cape
Hatteras, in which the little monitor Ma
hapoe had a narrow escape. She was be
ing towedlby the Santiago and sprung a
leaK, but tne storm abated. The water
not only rushed in at the top of the tur
ret but worked 4ts way through the hull
The iron-clads would take in coal at
Foreign New*.
Halifax, Dec. 22. ? The Africa, with
seven days later news, arrived last night,
daring the thick snow storm News un
Breadstulfc tirmer provisions declining;
Consols firm Money American
stocks inactive- United States f>2us 42ia
Latest, via Queenstoicn.
Liverpool. Dec JO ? Cotton closes un
changed. There is no immediate pros
pect of a reduction of the Bank of Eng
land rates to 6 percent. The demand for
disconut is rathei more active The Con
federate loai* in depressed by news of
Sherman's proxies*
The English Home Secretary has
awarded all the money reward in the case
of Mnller, to the cabman, Matthews
The remains of Mr. Dayton were em
balmed and sent to Havre for shipment
to New York. The obsequies took place
on the 6th inst., and were attended by a
representative of the Emperor, the French
Foreign Minister, j?nd the whole diplo
matic corps. A detachment of troops
were also in attendance, and escorted
the remains as a guard of honor.
iGea. Lfoa Defeated nad Hoaltd at
AMbyrille a ad Hopkia?Till*.
Washington, Dec. 22 ? The govern
ment has received a dispatch from Gen. j
Thomas, dated Nashville 21st, announc
ing that Gen. McCook overtook the rebel
Gen. Lyon on the 17th at Abbyville, in
McLean County, Ky., and after a sharp
battle defeated and rooted him, killing a
E >umber of men and capturing one peice
f artillery. Gen. Thomas announces
that a portion of Lyon's rebel toree^
were attacked, defeated and routed a'T
Hopkinsville on the 18th.
J Philadelphia, Deo. 22. ? The I ?' 3.
Supply steamer Bermuda, arrived to-day
torn the Gulf Squadron.
The March through Georgia
/# ' , 11 'f
Wheeler Defeated at Macon.
The Capture* aad Dfvanaiira-Tkrfc
Rebel Brigade* aader Phillip* De
[Press Dispatch |
New York, Dec 22? The Herald has
details of Sherman's grand march through
Georgia His army moved 300 miles <ie
vasting forty-two counties, capturing
prisoners, 1,000 negroes, 15,000 horses
and 30 peices of artillery. He lost not a
guu, and our entire casualties were only
about 500 prisoners from straggling, ana
300 or 400 killed or woundea, including
the loss at Fort McAllister. Kilpatrick
defeated Wheeler in a skirmish near Ma
con, and he would have taken the city
had Sherman desired. The rebel resis
tance at Oconee bridge caused but a few
hours delay. At Griswoldville, where the
rebels are reported as having ropuls*'d us,
one of our brigades, Gen. Wolcott's of the
15th corps, defeated three rebel brigades
under Gen.. Phillips. We losiug 37 men
and the rebels nearly 400. The rebel
militia stood fifteen minutes, though the
battle lasted an hour. Our forces con
stantly following up the flying foe.
There was not a serious battle during
the whole inarch. Our cavalry was not
at any time repulsed, nor was Kilpatrick
hurt. He had several small fights, but still
wears the same hat which he started from
Atlanta with.
Hardee'* Position at Mnratiuah.
[From the Ckavlojton Jfcrrury, Dec. 13. |
Sherman has been pressing steadily to
wards Savannah. Our troops had fallen
back to the junction of the Georgia Cen
tral and Charleston aud Savannah rail
road, about three miles from the city. At thin
important point, which command* both road*,
General Hardee took hi s stand,
It was confidently reported yesterday,
and we think correctly, that Sherman's
forces were in Hardee's front, and that,
a demand for the surrender of the city having
been refused , heavy figh tiny ensued, and was
going on yesterday. Ot the result, how
ever, if any, no news whatever has
reached ns. We may heai something to
The community of Savannah seem firm
aud quiet. For the present the trains
will cease to run through between the
two cities.
General Gartrell states that for several
days he observed frequent signals be
tween the federal* forces toward Port
Royal and Sherman's forces in the direc
tion of Sister's Ferry, on tho Savannah
The impression of scouts was that
Shcrinau was crossing a corps at the
ferry, and would co-operate with Fos
ter's forces in opening the way to Port
J Royal.
Nfim from Nnrnnunh- ShrruiHu ia
Harder'* Front? Demand for the
Surrender ofthcfCity Refused? Heavy
Fighting Going on? No Result*
[From the Richmond Diapatch Dec. 1?.]
It was confidently reported yesterday,
the 16th, and we think correctly, that
Sherman's forces were in Hardee's front,
and that a demaud for the surrender of
the city having been refused, heavy fight
ing ensued, and was going on yesterday,
the 16th. Of the result, however, if any,
no news has reached us. We may have
something to-day. For the present the
trains will cease to run through between
the two cities.
Railroads Controlled and .Managed by
]From the Augusta Register. Dec 14 j
It was stated iu this city yesterday
that the federals have possession of Sa
vannah, Albany and Gulf Railroad It
is also said that they captured a passen
ger train on the same. Among the per
sons taken was R B Cuyler, Esq., Pres
ident of the road
It is also reported that the Yankees
hare possession of the Charleston and Sa
vannah Railroad bridge over the Savannah
Rebel Review of the Sherman-Hood
Campaign? E verrthiug >?> Favor of
the Confederacy.
[From the Richmond Examiner Dee. 17 )
The strange shifting of the theatre of
war from North Georgia, each of the two
opposing armies advancing through the
country which was lately within its ene
my's lines, until they appear almost sim
ultaneously. the one before Nashville
and the otlier before Savanuah, entirely
abandoning the whole vast region be
tween, may be very fiue as a strategic
spectacle; but one cannot easily perceiv e
how it makes any considerable progress
towards finishing the war If there be
any advantage, however, resulting either
to the one aide or to the other, it seems, for
so far, to be in our favor. Sherman has.
indeed, marched, almost unopposed,
through a thiuly settled portion of Geor
gia; has burned several villages, and plun
dered many plantations, ana has success
fully established his communications
with the sea; at a point which enables
him, if so disposed, to lay siege to Savan
nah. Iu the course of this movement it
is also true that he has. according to the
u<?ual Yankee policy, left many families
homeless and iu distress, but he has made
uo friends to his cause; and those whom
he found friends, or else indifterout, he
leaves bitter and vindictive enemies ?
For the puipose of "developing the
Union ?entiment," and freeing the "loy
al people" from the tyrannical pres
sure of the Confederate government ?
which was at first said to be the ob
ject of invading our oonntry ? for this
purposes Shermau might as well have
gone by sea to the mouth of Offee* hee;
whereby he would have saved mucn fatgue
and straggliug The sole gain, and this
must have been through some blunder
on our part, is the possession of Fort Mc
Allister, at the mouth of the Ogeechcc,
which, although it does by no means in
volve the capture of Savannah, yet gives
the enemy certain advantages and facil
ities for the investment of that place ?
Even should Savannah fall, that would
be nothing like an equivalent for what
Bherman abandoned when he left Ten
nessee and Kent nek v open to the advance
of a powerful Confederate army. For,
while he has been plunging through the
swamps of Georgia, looking for- the way
to the sea, the Confederate general has
established himself in strong force in the
bleaeant and plentiful country of Middle
Tennessee^ gained a victory, shut up .the
federal force in Nashville, and, we hope,
before this time forced the evacuation of
poth Murfreesboro and of Chattanooga,
^hereby effect ttaZfr regaining the greater
part of one Confederate State, which
?oet the enemy so much blood and treaa
|ire to overrun ? not conquer ? two years
ago, and placing himself on the bolder
to use to the new ??*??? $ ^
ficent opport nnrtJf ^p^tkm like
w,U m iDiliUU dnU
libfriti"?'Ty,; "Ve ^en, confidence
SSntafei? si:
ri^ciM of "l kimU within reach for the
uiiea would simng up under hi^twa*
and the Confederate frontier wonm w?
rectified 011 the Ohio. As it is,
take it as a very fair measure <**??**?
if Middle aud West Tennessee be thor
SSTSi of Vankee
the two rivers, the Cumberland and 1 en
commanded bjr^ Coflgd Naalivil)e d
Chattanooga railroad >w Wght onto
ouv control. It is evident ^^e7l2^al
io "T;^
uahtn?of Sherman and Hood, is with the
Confederacy. It is true
been enabled, as Shennan haa-neither
have Confederates ever been nnicl
clined ? to spread woe and desolation,
hunger and nakedness through a hostile
country and among a non-combatant por
illation of women, old men
children. There, we .dmMte \miltee
E&t?iS3E "'ving a& tt* of
rouse witliin them whatever manly U el
inir may be left, and encourage them to
strike tor the redemption of their nativ e
land. Every bold aud geuerous heait
among them will leap up at the sight oi
the foutliern Cross upon our bauuer;
while in Georgia ruin and mourning
and famine, tears and humiliation
^ outrages are the memories now
ami henceforth associated with the felon
tl lft ?is* too annul definitely to strike a
balance between the two extremities of
the campaign; because neither is at an
end vet In the present aspect of the
affair, however, the confederacy *??* thft
advantage, both military, moral, ternto
n^l and political- But after all, whatev
cr may be done or suffered, at ^a^hMlle
or ?t Savannah, we do not see that it
can be important and decisive enough to
exercise much influence on the result of
the stniggle. The destruction of the
Virginia salt works by Burbridge's raid
ing partv would probably injure our
cause as much as the capture of Savan
UaYet in Soutbwe* Virginia aud East
Tennessee, there is no movement ot very ,
vital consequence. Bnrbndge, havii g
done more or less damage, wilf doubtless
have another uncomfortable role through |
the frozen mountains in ordei to enable (
hiintoeacui'e and the alnggiaht.de of,
fcrterdl and confederate aims mil ow^j- 1
late to and fro as usual iu those long \ al
leys between the Cumberland and the
Alleghany. As for Richmond, which I
Grant says he holds by the throat tha
citizeus of Richmond have really almost
forgottou that there is such a man and
3 an armv still grubbing and fum
bling about us. Of all the generals wh4 |
have now, or whoever had, command of |
the federal armies, Grant is the man who
can use the largest means and resoui? t-s
to doThe^.allest work. He has burn
more powder and wasted more blood, and
uttered more fearful threats than any
one else; and has less to show for it. He j
resembles those high stepping horses de
scribed in jockey langhage as being aU
actbui and no go;" and his niightyliost,
though not very successful in assault oi
flank movement, can at least eat w it
ureat eclat a Thanksgiving dinner, and
then wait for a Christmas one; being an
army that "judicious, drinks, and gieatl>
daring, dines." j
Iu tact, the war is making no progress
either one way or the other, neat Rich
mond, the contrary forces aie here so
equally balanced as to produce a state
o/ repose the war in this place neithci
revolves round the two foci of an ellips,
as in the Southwest: nor oscillates, asm
iu the vallevs of East Teuuessee and \ ir
cinia, but stands stock still, as G?nt
were waiting for some miracle to destroy
Richmond, lSce the cities ofltie Plain, oi
Jericho beyond Jordan
Footc, in the Rebel Senate, Charge*
Disaster* on Jef. Davit.
New York. Dec 22.? Mr. Foote in the
rebel Senate, in the course of some re
marks, said: "Fort McAllister has fallen,
Savannah is about to fall, the fate of
Charleston seems to be deferred a few
days later, Hood's army has already mot
with a grand disaster at Franklin, and in
my judgment is fatally compromised ?
The President's interference is the cause
of all these dire calamities It was the
{ cause of the resnlt of the unfortunate
battle of Murfreesboro, and the still more
disastrous one at Missionary Ridge ?
Should Hood's airny he destroyed, an ;
eveut which I fear is but too probable, i
mid Sherman come round to this vicinity j
in ships, which I do not doubt he now <
intends what will be the fate of Ru h
? lunud ?"
Theiotton Trade.
?Cairo, Dec. 22 ?The steamer Heurv
Ames, from New Orleans 14, has arrived.
Cotton unchauged, with little inquiry.
The steamer Mobile City, from Mem
phis, brings 380 bales of cotton.
The Memphis Bnlletin says the recent
orders respecting the cotton trade had a
reviving effect on basinets in that city
and that the cotton trade will be prose
cuted energetically. The Government
purchasing agent there has had $200,000
placed to his credit Five hundred bales
Lave already arrived by steamers from
below, and targe amounts are awaiting
shipment. Large quantities are also
waiting beyond our lines, waiting the
issue of necessary orders to bring it to
? m ?
The Baaw Alora ia New l'erk.
Albany, Dec. 22 ? The snow storm
which set in yesterday continued the
greater part of the night and day. The
$now is from eight to ten inches deep on
a level. To-day a strong wind has pre
vailed. Trains on the Central, Boston,
Hudson, Harlem, Northern and Susque
hanna roads are from two to six hours
behind- No accidents are reported from
Wrmm Cailfwaia.
San Fkanctsjco, Dm. 22, ? There have
been uo arrivals or departures of cou.se- j
quence to-day.
General market* are dutl.
Overland mail advices from New York
to the 19th of November are received, lx?
iug several days behind the steamer.
The late storm has tieeu succeeded by
clear cold weather, accompanied by a
gale, which did considerable damage to
coasting crafts.
Bailr?a4 Accident.
Boston, Dec. '22. ? A. collision to& place
on the Cheshire railroad last night about
three miles above Keene. A passenger
traru was run into by a wood train, and
it is reported that several passengers in
the real- cars were injured, and some kill
ed The persons killed were a French
man and his wife, named Hourte, residing
in Keeue, and a hov named O'Brien,
living in Walpole. The storm prevented
the tollowiug traiu from seeing the sig
nals made tor it to stop.
FrM Haruia.
New Yoke, Dec. 22 ? The steamer Co
lumbia brings Ha vauna dates of the 17th.
The- steamer Alexander, now called the
Mary, had been seized at Nassau for a vi
olation of neutrality laws, beiug an
armed vessel, but she has most probably
been released.
President Lincoln's message was ci iti
cised unfavorably by the Diario
New Ok leans, Dec. 14 ?Col. Florrey
and Capt. Gorrey, who escaped from
CauipGroce, Texas, have arrived here.
They present a most wretched appear
ance, and their sufferings have been in
? ?i
Hopkinsville, Ky., Dec. 22. ? Gen Kd
McC'ook struck a part of the rebel Gen.
Lvon's command here, at daylight on the
irith, and defeated them, capturing their
artillery. Ho is pursuing tliein.
Buffalo, Dec. 22. ? The weather is
cloudy. Thermometer 13 deg. below ze
ro. Five inches of snow has fallen
Mprfch by Rev. I.ymnu Trmunii.
A few days ago au elegant silk flag
was presented to the North Wheeling
Hospital by the ladies of this city. Iu
reply to the presentation speech, Rev.
Lyman* Truman, late Chaplain of the 1st
West Virginia Cavalry, spoke as follows:
Rkspected SlK:? Be assured it gives
me much real pleasure thus to receive at
the hands of the chosen and honored rep
resentative of the loyal ladies of the eity
of Wheeling, this appropriate token of
their philanthropy, this beautiful emblem
of our nation's glory. It needed not this
additional testimony, on their part, to in
sure our admiration and gratitude, but as
this is a special otfering tor a specific pur
pose, in the name of the offlcors and in
mates of the General Hospital in this city,
I have tho honor to tender to the fair do
nors our warmest acknowledgments.
The noble sentiment so delicately con
veyed in the appropriation of our nation
al colors to the receptacle of disabled
soldiers, is at once worthy of its origin
and fully appreciated by the recipients.
As surely as the wayworn Israelite drank
refreshment from tho rock smitten in the
wildcrnoss, or tho Grecian warrior smiled
defiance from behind the ;egis of Minerva,
shall this practical assurance of woman's
sympathy bring consolation to the couch
of suffering. Our nation's tlag is ihe ral
lying point of patriotism ? revered by
every true American ? respected every
where, on laud and sea It streams out
o'er the van of our conquering columns,
bullet-riveu, weatherbeaten and sprin
kled with blood, Strong arms nave
reared it hard by the beleaguered city of
Richmond. It hath circumvented the
area of rebellion, and daring hearts have
borne it through the centre; and at this
good hour human slavery is retiring from
American soil by the light of its stars
But this particular dag in not destined lor
the front. Its mission is one of mercy;
its place the dome of your hospital; there
it shall wave a mute, but eloqent, expoai
tor of our nation's power to protect and
cherish her brave defenders Doubtless
wo do all regret ? yea deeply regret? the
existing necessity for such extensive
sanitary and medical ariangements?
such wondrous columns of receipts and
expenditures to heal the bleaches war
hath made ? such numerous calls for be
nevolent exeition as have exercised the
minds, and hearts, and hands of tho pa
triotic and humane for a period of nearly
four years ? but war is cruel and de
structive. Especially is the war in which
we are now engaged terribly cruel.
Battle-fields and hospitals have been
giadually multiplying, and the nuiubei
of sick and wounded soldiers gradually
increasing, until even within the quiet
limits of this city, apparently remote
from the immediate fields of sanguinary
conflict, hundreds of disabled soldiers
court repose on hospital bed*? some to
rejoice in speedy restoration to health
and vigor, some to die and fill a soldier's
grave Over these heroic men, the vol
untary victims of disease and wounds,
shall this flag unroll its beauties to the
morning sun, a standing souvenir of wo
man's unfaltering devotion to every good
and holy cause.
It is meet that woman, the chief of suf
ferers. should seek to modify the suffer
ings of others If war brings privations,
dangers and misery to man, to woman
more Heavily as this calamity hath
fallen on our governmental, commercial,
agricultural and educational interests,
jit hath fallen yet more heavily on the
quiet sanctuaries of our homes When
a nation drink* from the ? cup
of commingled woes, it is ever woman's
fate to drain the bitter dregs When the
demon of war is out on his path tthe is
doomed to glean in the harvest-field of
death I have no frieudseip for the man
who entertains no sympathy for woman.
I respect her unobtrusive goodness ? I
reverence her unyielding integrity? I
love her constellated virtues Though
doomed to suffer, she ia superior to her
doom, ever true to the noble impulses of
her nature, whether a Savior suffers for
mankind, or mankind suffer for their fol
lies, she lingers by the cross and by the
touch of pain; she hastens to the sepul
chre and to the bow of promise '
Hor offering on the present occasion
challenges our admiration afresh and de
mands a memento. But what shall I say
of our loyal women in this the hour of
dur nation's trial ? What tribtfte can I
offer to their patriotic exertions; their
patient heroism; their voluntary sacrifi
ces; their cheerful submission: their un
wavering faith; their tireless devotion;
as these several virtues have been p rec
ti call v demonstrated daring the progress
of this war. How deeply have the female
relatives of our soldiers participated in
all the calamities, privations ana sorrows
connected with this great national con*
tfcit. HaVe you not witnessed this at the
parting boor, when the husband leaves
his cosy home; leaves his wife and ehil
dren to do as best they can till 1m return* ?
ifever. How her lip quivers with ill con
cealed emotion that trill look out through
an assumed smile of cheerful acquies
cence. He ^oes to light for his country;
she is a soldier's wife and stays behind
to weeu, and pray, and hope? How
slowly drag the weary hours of absence,
each day freighted with a cargo similar
to that of the day before, apprehension,
surprise and loneliness; the carea and
perplexities they have hitherto borne to
gether, she bears alone; but ah ' that ab
sent ear*; outweighs them all. How often
doe* her heart sicken over hope deferred,
and how are all her sorrows augmented,
if perchance, the grim wolf of want
howls an answer when her children ask
for bread. Should that husband fall in
battle ? however glorious to die thus?
the missile of death stops not there, but
wounds the patient watchers at home ?
There is more of temporal glory, and less
of mortal anguish around the patriot
slain in battle, than awaiu the stricken
widow when she breaks the sad iutelli
?nce to her orphaned chihlreu: lew
ir Pa in dead' Ah! yes there is gloom
and grief amid the pride and pomp of
war. It cannot be otherwise. For every
soldier's grave there is a little WTeath of
broken hearts' This is no funny sketch,
but a faint picture of life at the soldier's
But the glory of womanhood shines
the brightest in the darkest honr. Even
as gold is purified by fire, so woiuau coui
eth from out the furnace of affliction ?
an angel of mercy? and now behold her
as a labourer. I doubt if woman's labor
is every where fully appreciated. This
may be owing in part to its peculiar mo
uotony, and partly to domestic seelusioti.
But her united labors for the benefit of
our suffering soldiers may l?e seen afar
off, even as the pyramids of Egypt. Sor
row worketh out its own antidote in wo
man's heart, and useful employment puts
her fears to flight. Relief comes to her
wounded spirit through the medium of
the consolation she marks out for others.
She has learned tlia true secret of success
in any and in every enterprise,' concen
trated energies By this our armiesshall
conquer this accursed rebellion. By this
our loyal sisters have shorn the demon of
war ot more than half his native terrors.
If you would form correct conceptions of
female industry during this war, you
must recognize them in the aggregate. ?
The Zoophyte begins at the bottom of
the sea, and gradually uprears his
cellular pyramid, unheeded by the
denizeus of the earth, until his
walls are brought in contact with the
vessels keel? then men wonder how such
little things could have accomplished
such mighty ends. Thus it is with wo
man, noiselessly, steadily, ploasantly she
labors on, and on, until finally, men
wonder at the results. She hath
sheltered our winter encampments with
mountains of clothing She hath dotted
our sea of national troubles with islands
of com forts, and poured increasing
streams of delicacies in the wake of our
armies. She hath forestalled the king
of tenors in more than thrice ten thou
sand victims, and spread the mantle of
mercy around the hoiTors of war. Let
this serve as an index to her good works;
wait patiently, and you may 'examine^
them at your leisure, for they will be on
exhibition iu heavens picture gallery on
the great day of final adjustment. If
good cometh never from evil, it frequeut
ly follows dose in the rear. As fountains
parched with long continued drought
are sometimes fed by devastating storms!
even then the storm of war now passing
over oui land, indenting the turf with
hoof and wheel, and crimsoning our riv.
ulets with the blood of patriots and
traitors, has uncovered fountains of
christian benevolence in the moral desert
and streams in the wilderness. Behold'
those fouutaius iu the Christiau Com
mission, Sanitary Commission, and Sol
diers Aid Society. Ah yes, these are
blessed fountains If the fainting pil^
giuu on desert waste, ready to perish
tram burning thirst, should suddenly be
hold clear sparkling streamlets within
lm ready reach, his gratitude could not
exceed the gratitude of our sufteriug
soldiers whose tents have been washed
by the health-promoting streams from
these oiitgUHhing fountains of christian
Go stand bv these life giving pools, and
witness their healing virtues on the sick
ami uiained, ami remember it is woman
that stirreth the waters' Know for thy
self how industriously she labors in
gathering up contributions to heave in
Would you seu woman as a mother, go
to the hospital wards, and you will hnd
her little foot-prints by the sufferer's
couch female nurses proffer at once
an alleviation to apprehended illness
Man s will may be good enough, but he is
usually such a great big bungling thing
compared with woman. No heart is so
warm with sympathy as heritor the un
fortunate, no words are so gentle to
sooth the impatient, no hand is so liuht
to dress an obstinate wound, no smile is
so geuial to kindle the sunlight of life
uo other eyes are so beautified with tears
I to gild the passingfcloud and point to
| rest beyond
Let me say in conclusion, the dag you
have given us emblems the embodiment
of universal freedom No where else on
the green earth is man so completely ?
man as beneath its ample folds When
?the refugtefrom foreign oppression lands
I on our shores, be casts his shackles in the
j sea, and walks forth a man, among men,
Xo ecclesiastical dictator shall trammel
his conscience, no titled tyrant strangle
lus wituous assertions, no hereditary ex
ecution crucify his natural affections
; no self-coustituted tribunals determine
, his fate Guided by the Star Spangled
Banner, the revered Washington won out
independence Our fathers have main
tained its honor unsullied Our con
quering armies planted it on the halls of
the Montezuma* Savage tribes have
rendered obeisance. We have seen it
ilraped for our honored dead, and borne
triumphantly "onward by the loved that
are living, and I confidently trust ere
manv months have passed, the free
winds of heaven shall sing distinctly o'er
its stripes and stars, the damming dirge
of rebellion, and the hvmn of its own
A Peep in* ike ON Capital PrllM
Riaimrai *f ?? ON Grailmu wba
was BaMei aid Arrtnti While ai
Waahii|laa la Viait Hia Sai Wka
Wu ia the innT<
Mr. Bcnnet C. Fowltr, of Fairhaven,
Connecticut, who baa just been released
from the Old Capitol Priaon at Waabing
ton, called at this office yesterday and
made a brief atatement of hia caae aa fol
lows: bast fall he left hia home to travel
for the benefit of hia health, which waa
very poor, and to ascertain in regard to
hia eon, who waa serving in the Union
army. On hia arrival at Washington for
that purpose' he put up at the Mitchell
House That night, after he had retired
to hia room, three men, not in uniform,
broke into hia room, and declaring that
they were United States detectives, ore.
tended to arrest him. The first question
they Mtkmi him vm "How .
have J^ul" He told them t]
of hifl money, ami they]
hnndreJf aud thirty odd l
the meu theu ieft, and the I
without any explmtion,
warrant of any kind, or
charges, took him to the
priaoD. at Waahiagton, and
a cell. Mr. Fowler'# baj ?
robbed, and not even a
him. Days and weeks
Fowler's health. already
cJiued rapidly. Tbe room swa
loathsome vermin, which
abound in every thread of the
old blankets that were, given
bed. The food he spoke of aal
rihle. Breakfast consisted of [
muddy slush called coffee, bat
even to throw in the gutter, twl
little cakee of hard tack.
piece of still-fed pork, tl
oftentimes fall to pieeee
weight when takeu up with
Dinner was composed of soniet
called liean-soup, with, once
dish of vegetable soup and a
hardly the site of three
was often a piece of b(
sometimes a piece of hard taek
got* crawling in it. Neither
nor epoon, was ever allowed,
of the prisouers looked out of
dow, tney were told to put tl
back or they wonld be ftred
Thursday, through the infli
friends ami a member of C<
Fowler was released Au offlci
the prison with an nnconditioi
from Assistant Secretary ~
questions were asked of him
oath of allegiance tendered, ik
ov returned which had been
he is entirely ignorant of anj
agaiust him, or any reasonal
had been arrested. He never
reason given. He conies fVoin
with shattered health; "for,"
most with the simnlioiy of
hood, "that horrible, horrible
almost killed me." 8uch wei
ventures of an old man, going I
tal of the lTnited States to mm
tiou of his sou in the Union at
Hot Id was not allowed to lie
prisoners, hut the Washington
and papers of that stamp, tl
well with the condition of
were allowed to circulate
Fowler stated that Colonel
superintendent, seemed cout
kindly disposed, and he believe
condition of the prison must
the fault of some one else, a*
Colonel Wood a most generous i
Beautiful and Attn
? AT?
Of All Denomination*! j
And everything iu tbe First Ciaee B
lb* esUblisliioeut has Ihmju foaadw
good of the community, <?ud uot for
of making money. GEO W.
r;lTY TO BD?
And til other Books suitable for
Christmas, is at
dec#) lw W P. McKZLl
Comer Market A (J
brought from Baltimore Is Backets
the pint quart or gallon at tbe
decl33w DAVID
max cfactvubs or
Copper, Tin and Sheet IroJ
OF all the improved faciUtien, w|
m prepared now thM erer to AH all
sbt article or work hi thn abort ]
Tallies and Conductors mmU to
boat wor k cone in a sabotaatial and
manner. We art now paring nartkna
tion to tbis branch of tbe into and cal
toe satisfaction In ererr nH
sale Dealers we can ofltr tndn
not bo found elsewbore. Onr ? ?
complete, and the assortment Is foJl at
We keep a stork of tbe
patterns of Conl and T
time*. G, 1
sep? No 179 Market
(8nir>? er to Frsba A 1
N Market Street; keepn 1
and manufactures to?
his line of bneineee.

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