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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, November 20, 1878, Image 1

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ABBE V ILLE PRESS - & BANNER||
BY HUGH WILSON AND W. C. BENET. ABBEVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 18*8. NO. 24. VOLUME
The Water Mill."
Listen to the water mill,
A.11 'be livtlotig day?
B'ow the cliek.'rg of the wheel
WearB the hours away.
Languidly the autumn wind
Stirs the greenwood leaves;
From the field the reapers siug,
Binding up the sheaves ;
And a memory o'er my mind
- As a spell is cast?
The mill will never grind
With the water that is past.
Take the lesson to yourself,
Golden years are fleeting by ;
Yonth is passing, too.
Strive to m^ke the moat of life,
Lose no happy day ;
Tim? will never bring yon back
Chances 6wept away.
Leave no tender word unsaid,
Love while love shall last?
The mill will uevcr grind
? With the wuiir that i? past.
Work while yet the daylight shines,
Man of thought and will;
Never does tho streamlet glide
Useless by the mill;
Wait not till to-morrow's sun
Beams upon yonr way.
All that you cm> call yonr i:
Lies in Ibii'?to-d?.y. !
Power, Intellect Rtid health
May not always last?
The mill cannot grind
With water that is past.
? J). C. M'Cullum. j
The Guard Above the Heart. |
" I believe I have giveL nil tbo orders,
lima, just as yon wished. The little 1
ibrary is already urrariRed with the last J
little bracket and stutne in place ; the i
lining-room and kitchen with china, silver,
linen and superb old-fashioned
sideboard, iust as yon directed, have
e very t hi Dp in place. And yonr room?
how I wish yon could go and see itr-is
beautiful There can be no greater
harmony than the blending blue-and- i
gold furnishings of that room."
"You are very good, Arthur."
11 Thanks, Alma ; but not half so good
as yon in loving me so tenderly and i
loyally. But I was bothered about one
thing, sweet."
" What was it ?" ,
" Your writing-desk. It is such a :
gem. 1 don't believe you can ever write j
anything but poetry at it. I could not ;
get a place in tho library for it to Buit j
me. This light wbb too sharp, and that j
light too dull. T fancied it needed a j
soft, mellow light, so I set it in your
room, and will leave yon to arrange a
'plaoe for it. I flatter myself that everythipg
else will please you."
" The pictures I"
" Thoy are all hung. I can hardly j
tell you now where each one is. THe :
Beatrice Cenci I hung over the library J
door wJbich enters to your room."
"Why, what made you give it such a ;
poor place aB that?"
" For just one little reason of my own. j
Her great, sad, suffering, patient eyes ,
are duplicates of your own. So I have
hung it there as a sign to me that the !
door beneath it opens to a place wherein :
the goddess of my life prtsides; also
that when the door is .hut, your face
shall still look down upon me, and fol- j
low me with mournful and guRrdful
tenderness."
'Thnnffh vnnr love and fancv. Arthur.
make my eyes to day as luminous as i
Psyche's, perhaps to-morrow those that i
love me most may forget or wish to for
get that 1 ever existed; for who can de-;
termine now whether Payohe, tho very
idol of all poets, was a reality or a !
' dream."
'But to morrow you will become all;
the readity my life shall ever know or
wish, for to-morrow, when the priest >
has had his service and the witnesses i
have written their names, and your ;
dainty finger has a new ring upon it, I
shall set you down in the pretty goldand-blae
room where Beatrice keeps i
guard. Then you shall dismiss or retain
the historical sentinel as you please, i
for you shaH fill all my to-morrows with
your own sweet self."
He took both her slender white hands
in parting, and said:
" Remember, we are to be promptly j
at the church at four. Good-bv, sweet, .
till then."
Her eyes filled with tears, and she !
clung to him tenderly as if she would
not have him go; but she only said:
" Well, Arthur, let Beatrice stay
where she is, and whenever you look at ;
her think of me, if you will."
This last so low that he did not hear.
But he went out busy and happy with
thoughts of his wedding day.
Alma stood still until the door closed j
Denind him, tben she clasped her Hands i
and cried:
"Who am I? What am 1? that I
should deceive such a man."
When Arthur went on the morrow
where the merry guests were assembled
for the wedding, the white-robed bride ;
was gone ; but in her room was found
a note for Arthur Leroy, which read : 1
"Arthur, forgive me. I have not I
meant to deceive you. How it has all
come about I hardly know any better
than yourself. But'true it is that when
you read this I shall be tha wife of
another. Farewell, and may your noble
heart find forget fnlnefs of Alma."
Five years after, Arthur Leroy was
standing watching the silent, dark-eyed,
picturesque group which sat on the gray
steps of the Trinita di Monte in Rome.
While he stood and looked, a tall, graceful
woman dressed in mourning came
down tho street and stood beside him.
She glanced hurriedly at the same
group whioh his own eyes were scruti -
piling.
irthur was pursuing his artistic
Btudies at Rome, and was searching for
(. a model. The woman beside him was
upon a similar mission. She, however, \
>1 seemed to find none amonc the eroiiD to
i suit ber, ami she started to go. As she j
tamed, tbeir glnnoes met. Arthnr and
! Alma were face to face. Her eyes were
i sadder than ever, and her garb was
weeds of mourning.
I "Arthur!" she exclaimed, in surprise,
holding out her white, slender
hand.
> The blood receded from his face and j
Ieft.it white as marble. The old life and j
the old pain surged back. He took the j
the hand she extended, and said in a :
oold, cruel voice:
"Mrs. Rnesel, I am glad to meet you
7 here. In search of a model, too ?"
"Yes,"' she said in a voice which had
* perceptible quiver ; " but I have found |
' none to suit my purpose. I am going I
now to the Piazzi di 8pagna. Won't \
you. join me, and tell me how you are !
and how you have been ?"
He walked beside her a? she started j
off, saying :
" Thanhs. As to how I am now?well; |
how I have been?I have forgotten."
She felt the little thrust; but it was j
- easy for ber woman's wit tc parry it by ,
savintr with her old nnive.fji of mnnnfir : i
H Well, yon see the influence of your j
H taste has had its influent on me. I |
Hl have turned artist myself."
F " Ton did not have to tnrn artist; yon
^.vrere always one by nature." .
K Bhe saw clearly enough that the fcteel .
Hwau still in this man's soul. She had
^ placed it there, and she resolved to
^ riufk it out at onee.
gS"Bnt yon never told me I was an
" I never knew till"?
" Nor did I know it myself," said bIn
interrupting him, "till Mr. Ru6sell
denth two yeais ago, when I waB le:
almost without means or resources (
anv kind."
She paused; but the announcement c
the death of the man who had robbe
Arthur Leroy of his bride drew no con
ment from his set lips. She had Ion
ago taught him to endure surprises i
silence.
" Then I came here to study; to lean
if I can, the dream-toil of an artist
life."
" In which calling you have my be;
wishes for your success, and my service
always at your command," he said, wit
unfeignedsincerity.
"Your good wishes, Arthur, are grat<
ful to me, and I shall be only too glad t
avail myself of your valuable suggef
tions, if?if 1 may only know that I ar
forgiven."
"You are forgiven. But I do nc
forget. Everything which I put int
your room is there vet untouched. Fror
that day to this hour the doors hav
been locked; the loug curtains at th
windows are drawn down, the blinds ar
closed, and a deep shadow rests upo:
all within. So the doors, and windows
and curtains are closed about the memc
ry in my heart. The shadow restei
there also a long time. But to morrow
it will be lifted. The Beatrice I brough
with me. I put it above my door her
in Borne as an emblem of the guar
which you had taught me to set upo:
my heart. At last I have found on
pair of eyes more luminous among th
shadows than are those of Beatrice o
Psyche. On to-morrow the pictur
above my door and the guard above m;
heart will be taken down and the ligh
of the new eyes will enter in."
She was in doubt as to his meaning
Was he purposely obscure? Was h
talking of the old love ? She took i
for granted.
"God bless yon, Arthur," she said
" I do not deserve as much as yon ac
cord ?"
<i n n _ .11 i i- t il.
".cor me oiu loves uanv, iui 111
grand and beautiful Alma "?
She started as he called her name. H
had not done so before. She laid he
hand upon his arm, and said in a Ion
tender voice, as her eves filled with tears
" Arthur 1"
'* Wait a moment, please," he resumed
" for the sake of Alma which was, he
little room, which my love made for hei
shall never be opened while I live. Sh
cast the shadow upon it; I shall neve
lift it. To-morrow I shall be marriei
to Miss Bruce. She is an qrtist too.
The hand upon his arm trembled, am
the queenly woman at his side grei
deadly pale, and swayed slightly lot
ward as they walked. He drew the han<
more securely through his arm and add
ed: "Will you pause at the di Spagna
or shall I see you to your hotel ?"
" We will go on, if you please. Thank
for your kindness."
Then, after a pause, she said: "Yoi
have been frank and just, Arthur. Th
tenderest are the cruelest. I don't kno^
how it is, but we have both proved it
May God forgive us both, and bless voi
always."
Fife years have rolled the dusty wheel
over that sad day when Arthur and Almi
met and parted in Rome.
He is with his wife in Scotland. Sin
has beoome famous an.I rich, and is bad
at her old home. Often when the day
are fair, a tall, queenly woman is drivei
slowly through a certain street, am
from her open phaeton looks up curious
ly, reverently, tenderly to the window
of a house which have not been opene<
for ten years. Tne blinds are covere<
with dost. The curtains, and all th
pretty blue-aud-gold furnishings ar
crumbling under the immovable shadow
within. JRot the old love is only i
memory now, covered with years. Th<
rainbow-tinted aspirations which weri
sot within it once have given place t<
the solid colors of a calm, smooth lifi
without.?Potter 8 American Monthly
Words of Wisdom.
Necessity never made a good bargain
Man lives only to shiver and perspire
Men's judgments sway on that sid
fortune leans.
*r ?1,~
IXJLttUj UiO wuiiu^ w nvumi rruvr ?*.
yet afriud to strike.
Misery leads to despair, aggrandize
ment to presumption.
Give full measure, when you measure
and weigh with a just balance. Expem
not but according to the measure of you
goods.
The slanderer injures three persons a
once ; he of whom he speaks ill, him t
whom he says it, and mo?t of all himsel
in saying it.
Imitation is always unhappy, for a]
which is counterfeit displeases by th
very things which charm us when the;
are original.
Great souls are not those who hav
fewer passions and more virtues thai
the common, but those only who hav
greater designs.
The desire of talking about ourselves
and of putting our faults in the light w
wish them to be seen, forms a great par
of our sincerity.
The same pride which makes us blam
faults from which we believe ourselve
free, canses us to despise the good quali
ties we have not.
Happiness is iD the taste, and notm;
the things themselves; we are happy ii
possessing what we like, not from pog
sessing what others like.
80 scanty is our present alltwance 0
happiness, that in many situations lif
could scarcely be supported if hope wer
not allowed to relieve the present hou
by pleasure borrowed from the future
Poisonous Clothing.
It is not long since several cases c
arsenical poisoning were traced to th
wearing of scarlet aud blue stocking*
Next came a case in which the mischit
was traced to a highly colored hat lining
More recently English and German pa
pers have called attention to dange rou
gloves. In the London Times a write
describes the poisonous effect of a pai
of the fashionable " bronze green " sil
gloves when worn by a member of hi
family. A German medical journal r<
porta a case of serious poisoning by
pair of navy-bine kidn. Dress goods r
woolen, siik and cotton have been fouu
to contain arsenic in dangerous qunt
tities; so also gentlemnn'sumlerclothing
socks, hat lining and the liningf; of bool
and shoes. Professor Nichlos, of th
Masschusetts InBtitude of Technology
reports the examination of a lady's dres
which contained eight grains of arseni
Tr? Ti-aw XT V Iq4*tilt
w liiC oijuaio jlu jlj., iuwii
the death of a child was attributed r
arsenic sucked from a vail, which ha
been thrown over the child's crib to kee
off flies. "At tbis rate," says th
Scientific American, " it will soon bt
oome necessary to test for arsenic al
goods purchased before venturing twear
them ; or else the label?'warranto
to contain no poisonous dye'?will hav
to be adopted by all honest makers. Evi
dently something phould be done to pn
a stop to the rapidly increasing evil. 1
the obnoxious tints cannot be secure
safely as well as cheaply, then the
onght to be prohibited, and anothc
process of dyeing made imperative. On
young chemists will find a fruitful flel
for the exercise of their inventive powei
in the production of the needed dyes.
?New York Tribune.
r
A Time for Hnrry.
| Only a day or two ago, a pair of ner
? ! vou8 young people stepped hurriedl;
| into the office of Justice Trulock. Th
" young man was faultlessly dressed in
pair of brown overalls, a " boiled shirt,
an old straw hat and broadcloth coat am
d huge boots that hadn't seen blackini
l" since three days before the Ohristiai
8 era, and he carried a wagon whip in hi
n hand. The young lady was a little mor
i 1.1 1.1- -it," 1 U.,l t...
I emuurttltuy tttliicu, uut uui luilOb na
J? ; also rather ill-assorted and bore indica
8 | tions of great haste in its arrangement
t j As they entered the office the younj
3t j woman looked out of the window am
:8 i back at the justice aDd out of the win
k ; dow again. The young man slamme<
j the door shut with a bang like a Rod
i man gun, felt for the key and not find
? i ing it backed up agaiuBt the door, brace*
}" | his feet firmly on the floor and said in i
n j hoarse whisper:
j "All right, j edge, fire away I I go
j to be home before dark, and I've go
0 | seventeen miles to drive, an' powerfu
a j bad roads; hain't a minute to spare
6 I Shoot her off! "
6 ' " Well, but see here," began the jus
6 1 tioe, "I don't?"
D j " Hang it all, 6quire!" said the younj
'? j man, shuffling his feet in nervous anx
? i iety. "Don't go for to asking ques
d j tions ; just bang away, it's all right, 1
* j tell you; go ahead, squire !"
The young woman flattened her nosi
? i against the window, and transferred i
d large clean spot to the dingy glass and i
Q ; very dirty one of corresponding size t<
6 ' the end of her nose as she tried to lool
6 ! two blocks down the street and arounc
r j the corner.
e ! "Oh 8am," she whispered, wringing
y j her hands, " tell him to hurry t "
lt | " Gaul dang it! " whimpered the ex
j cited young man, lifting his feet in rapit
' j alternation, as though the floor was hot
.? j "that's what I'm trying to do. Say
i squire," he added, pleadingly, "rusl
, j along, won't ye? Shove her ahead
?| squire ; talk it right off jest as Bhort an
nniek as the law'll let ve ; jrive 'em th(
' gad, squire, an' let 'em go. Say
e 1 squire ? "
The amazed justice looked from oni
6 I to the other of the young people ii
* j speechless wonder. " Why, certainly,'
\ j he said, " if you'll only oollect yoursel
; and tell me?"
, " Squire !" exclaimed the young fel
' low, with solemn earnestness, "I'll tel
5 ye everything, every blamed thing, ]
? j swan to Jude I will, as soon as it's ove:
6 | with, if yo'll only stave ahead and finisl
11 the business fust. I'll tell ye the hul
? ! thing from the very start, can't I, El
, viry ? " And the girl turned from tin
' window and kicked him and blushed a
^ j him. "She means yes, squire," sail
I j the yonng man, fairly dancing with ex
i citement; " Go ahead with the papers
i squire. Drive on, squire, land o' Go
'' I shen, squire, what air ye waitin' fur
1 Why"?
The justice interrupted him, anc
1 made one more effort to ascertain what
* ' these excited clients wanted.
?: "Well," he said, "let us make i
i Btart, anyhow. What"?
' j The yonng woman stopped tying knoto
1 in her bonnet strings, (she was makiug
at low calculation, about sixteen knots j
! minute), and looked around, and th<
young fellow shouted :
' " Them's the licks, squire ! Keej
. her agoin' now right at that gait, 'ar
g we'll git through like one o'clock. G<
ahead, jedge I "
" What," asked the justice, at th<
first opportunity, " what is your name ?'
^ Blank disappointment settled dowi
i . over two faces like a summer cloud,
j i "Je-roozalum, jedge!" shonted th<
| young fellow, while the young womai
burst into a fit of hysterical weeping
_ > " It's enough to drive a fellow crazy
What d'ye want to stop an' talk gossip
; fur when you see I'm in sonh an all-firet
I hurry! Why squire?Jee-roozlum! "
! And he jumped clear in the middle o:
' the room as a heavy tread on the stain
; terminated in a tremendous kick agains
' the door.
rne next msiani an eiaerjy man. wnc
never bad a taste of anti-fat in his life
i. i who was abont tbree feet broad at the
| shoulders, who was wheezing so terrific
g ally that he conldn't spea", and carriet
a walking stick that looked like the fienc
f death, walked into the room a stej
6 or two and halted, gazing at Jnstio<
Trulock, the girl and the yonng man ii
i- i tnrn, as if undecided which of the thre<
to immolate first, while tbe justice gazcc
(| upon the singular tableaux with unutter
3 able feelings. Finally the old man
j with a tei rifle snort of defiance, made i
step toward the young man, who eludec
^ him by dodging nimbly bthind tn<
0 ; justice's desk; then the old party cap
j tured the weeping girl, tucked her arn
iuside his own and tramped wrathfullj
. I down the stairs and bo out of sight,
11 The young man followed slowly, aftei
6 , peeping out of the window, with infinite
y i caution, to see that the old man was no!
lying in ambush at the foot of the stairs
e I *nd as he passed out at the door hi
u turned a mournful glance on the jus
e tice, and said pathetically :
j '' See what ye've did. jedge ; dad slan
>, the thunderin' luck, see what ye'v<
e been an* done with your gol twistec
t prevaricashin. But I'll bet you a yok<
, of red steers I'll marry that gat yit, i
e I've got to git up at one o'clock in th<
B mornin' to do it. Dog gone it, jedge"!
But he was down the stairs and out o
hearing, and it seemed to Justice Tru
' lock that the office felt quiet and a littli
P lonesome when they had all gone away
Q ?Burlington Hawkeye.
, Cincinnati Breakfast Table Diet.
e Curd is alluded to as " offal from thi
0 dairy," but it is an offal allusion,
r '[ " Why should the spirit of mortal b
?. ] proud ? " We can tell you : he has go
trusted for a new suit of clothes.
Most women have need to whispe:
.."lead j ' not into temptation" whei
* 1 they seo another with a new bonnet.
, ; Serpont skin Bhoes for ladies are thi
,f ! latest Paris novelty. Thus it is tha
r- | they get even for the way the ?naki
[i : treated Eve.
is The proverb "a short horse is sooi
r curried," must not be construed as ap
r j plying to mules. The shortest are thi
k most careless with their feet.
8 ' Appearances cannot alwayB be reliei
: on. A young man may seem to wear i
A * fine gold watch-chain, girls, but afte
i all it may be plated, and pinned into hi
d | vest pocket.
! It is said that the left foot of a left
' handed man is always longer than hi
8 ! right one, but when the old man reache
6 | after Adolphus from the top step hi
I -i -t- ai i
i always senus me ngnc iooi, :mu in mos
8 j cases it is long enough.
. ! "Eiucate the nose," says some write
q i on physical culture. A great many an
(] j sufficiently educated now to turn up n
p ! people who are their betters.
e ! The people of Ceylon bake and ea
i- j bees. If we were going to indulge ii
1 : this kind of provender, we should wan
i) : to know that the baker understood hi
tl i business, for if a bee should revive afte
e I he had been swallowed !
it j This world may be only a oatUartii
ff I pill, that some sun in the soId* 'ysten
d ! mav, in future ages, take a notion t
y swallow, and yet this fact does not at a]
sr alleviate the pangs caused by the know]
ir edge that we have a number of seventy
d five-cent aocounts on our books, to co!
s leot each one of which will cost thre
" dollars'worth of shoe-leather,?Whee<
inff Leader,
A BOTTOMLESS BOU.
J
i Thrilling Adventure of n Iloraeman In
' j Illinois Hwnmp?The Deepest ({nniml
6 : In the World.
* | Some few evenings ago a St. Lot
, | Post reporter made the acqnaintance,
3 i the Lindell hotel, of .Tames Laffon, w]
% related to him a cnrious incident. I
a says that a few days since, having occ
8 sion to make a visit to Cairo npon bui
9 ness, he mounted a good, strong lion
8 and started upon a journey throngh t'
bottom lands of Illinois. NothiDg
" conseqence happened until within abo
11 forty-two miles of Cairo ; there, in
-1 swamp overgrown with jungles of blao
" berries and shrubbery common to su<
spots, he espied a flock of birds, a few
which he determined to carry into Oai
j as specimens of his skill in shootin
i The birdB, however, were shy, and, tl
UliJLlUUO B/JUl LCLU&U do r ex tug nn wj
. ardor of the pursuit, he penetrated f?
r ther into the Bwamp. Presently he car
? upon a spot very much more open thi
1 the rest, no shrupbery of any size gre
upon it, but a kind of coarse grass, i;
terspersed with clumps of bulrushe
covered the entire surface. No soon
had the horse's feet touched the s<
than he sank immediately above his f
locks. Floundering out of what tl
Z rider supposed to be only a mud hoi
the animal leai vd forward with consi
erable force, and this time sank almo
9 to his knees. His rider touched tl
1 beaBt with the whip to hurry him out i
1 | the bad place. The horse raised hit
3 self by main force from the mire ai
[ leaped forward again, apparently i
anxious as his rider to get out of tl
bog. This time, however, he sank a
most to his girth, and the most powe
ful efforts on his part could not result
: extrioating his feet from the mad. Tl
more he struggled the further he san
? and in a few minutes ceased altogeth
to make any effort to release himse
1 but remained perfectly quiet, tremblii
in every joint. Mr. Laffon now begf
to feel considerable alarm; he w
3 obliged to extend his both legs out pa
allel with the body of the horse to ke<
them from sinking in the bog. Q
3 mind instantly reverted to all the tal
) J of quagmires and quicksands that 1
. | had ever read, and he began to suspe
1 I he had struck something of the kii
himself. The situation was lookii
r gloomy ; he must do something; so 1
i sDoke to his horse again, to induce hi
1 to make one more effort, but the po
r beast was beyond the power of helpii
j himself. Already a part of his boc
I i was in the black, jelly-like mass of mu
' : which everywhere surrounded hir
^ ! And Mr. Laffon discovered, to his he
;! ror, that he was slowly, bnt surely, ge
i ting nearer in a level with the groun
He felt certain now that unless.he
came he must surely disappear with h
" horse in this lonely bog and his fate fc
' ever remain a mystery. Determined n
. to give way to despair, he glanced on
J more anxiously around, and this tin
II noticed no more than two or three yari
distant the branches of a tolerably larj
tree, which, with roots still partially
the firm ground beyond, had falli
across the bog. Its wide-spreadir
boughs had prevented its sinking in
the mire, and he now felt that to reai
that tree was the only hope of salvatio
He could not reach it from the positio
and he dared not leap lest tho addi
impetus should only send him deeper i
to the bog, without enabling him to g
hold of the branches. An idea seizi
him. He took the bridle from the hor
and a hitching strap which he carrii
with him, bound them tightly togeth
with some twine he found in his pockt
and, forming a sort of noose, threw L
impromptu lasso toward a stout dei
branch which projected from the fall<
J tree. His flrBt trial failed, also the se
: ond and third, but the lourtn succeeae
1 ond he had only to rnnke the attempt
draw himself to the tree. He was nc
standing upon the back of his doom;
horse, which had sunk several inch
further, and with head raised was loo
ing with terror-stricken eyes back t
ward his master, every once in a whi
uttering pitiful cries. With a last fe
ender pats Mr. Laffon said farewell
his horse, and leaped from his back
far out as possible. He sank sever
feet, but keeping firm hold of the lin
he began to draw himself out hand ov
hand, and after hard struggling final
succeeded in reaching the tree, in
which he quickly drew himself, ai
crept carefully across its trunk to ter
firma, thankful for his miraculous e
cape from a horrib'n death. His fir
thought now was to go /or help and t
to rescue his horse. For this purpo
he started off on i'^ot for the neare
cabin. After walking several milea 1
encountered a couple of farmers, ai
quickly procuring other aid, and pr
viding themselves with ropes, they a
companied Mr. Laffon back to the bo
Several hours had elapsed before ]
reached the treacherous spot again, ai
? not a Bign of his unfortunate liorse i
3 mained. The poor beast disappeared
" the black ooze, and only the lack
scant verdure on that particular sp
1 marked the place where he had met
j living death.
j Cannibal Caves In Sonth Africa.
3 We left Thaba-Bosigo early one mor
. ing, writes a traveler in South Afric
f and passing along the Beria height
. reached the deserted mission-station
3 Oana. Having obtained some nativ
as guides, we again set off for the cam
bal cavern, which was about two mil
distant. Upon our arrival at the mou
tain above the cavern, we left our hors
in charge of a native, and descended
9 steep and rugged foot-path, or rathe
I should say, a hand-aud-footpath, f
5 the hands had quite as much to do
t traveling it as the feet; and by dint
holding on to tufts of grass, projectii
r rocks, eto., and by slipping, sliding ai
j scrambling, we at length arrived npon
grassy ledge, in the face of the cli
where we could stand without the n
. cessity of holding on. On turning
the right of thiB ledge, the scene openi
out in all its grandeur ; and certainly,
all my life and wanderings, I never b
1 held a more savage-looking piace. T1
cavern is formed by the overhangii
3 cliff, and its entrance, a long, rngge
natural arch, extends along the whc
1 face of the cave, which is in leng
i about one hundred and thirty yards, ai
r in breadth about one hundred yard
s The roof of the place, which is lofty ai
arched, is blackened with the smoke ai
nsvnt nt HiO Amo r\( 011X70000 whll
nuvt ua tuu utvo vi . w- ?
s inhabited it. Its floor, strewn with tl
3 remains of what they had left ther
B consisted of heaps of human bones pil
t np together, or scattered at random
the cavern ; and thcnco down the slopii
face of the rock as far as the eye con
reach, the clefts and small level spo
were white with the bones and skulls
human beings. Skulls, especially, we
very numeroufi, and consisted chiefly
* those of children and young persoc
11 These remains told too true a tale r?f ?
' purpose for which they had been use
8 for they were cut and hacked to piec
r with what appeared to have been bin
axes or sharpened stones ; the marro
bones were split into small pieces, t
) rounded j oints alone bein g left unbroke
a Only a few of these bones were charr
o by fire, showing that the prevailing tat
11 had been for boilod rather than 1
I- roasted meat.
Their mode of living was
I- send out hunting parties, who oc
e oealed themselves among the rooks a
J- bashes, and lay in ambush near roa<
J the purpose of surprising -women an
i children, travelers, boys in search c
nn I lost cattle, etc. But they were not coe
irfl | tent with hunting and preying upo:
. | their enemies, but preyed much upo:
u? each other also; for many of their cap
^ tures were made from amongst the pec
!|0 pie of their own tribe ; and, even wors
ie than this, in time of scarcity their ow
ia" wives and children became the victim
51* of this horrible practice. If a wif
Je> proved lazy or quarrelsome she wa
speedily disposed of, or a crying bab;
?* would be in a like way silenced, and an;
nt member of the community showini
a signs of sickness or of bodily infirmity
1 i ?i. t_ _ _ii j i:
~ j W0U1Q not oe anuwou w imgei ur ian uj
3k in condition. Such were tho practice
of of these people ; and although it is noi
r0 commonly reported that they had fo
8* many years given up this mode of life,!
saw that the custom has not been alto
116 gether abandoned, for amongst th
ir" numerous bones were a few that appear
ae ed very recent. They were, apparently
m those of a tall bony individual, with i
,w skull as hard as bronze. In the joint
Q" of these bones the marrow and fatt;
?? substances were still evident, showing
but too plainly, that many months hat
J1 not elapsed since he met his fate.
There are still old cannibals in exist
36 ence. On the day that we visited th
?? cavern I was introduced to one of them
d" who is now living not very far from hi
8t former dwelling-place. He is a man o
about sixty years of age. in forme
01 days, when he was a young man, dwell
n: ing in the cavern, he captured, durinj
1 one of his hunting expeditions, thr?
M young women, and from these he select
\6 ed the best-looking as a partner for lif<
?the other two weat to stock the larder
This union, notwithstanding the strangi
111 oircum stances attending it, proved to b<
?e a happy one, the lady soon reconcilinj
? herself to her new mode of life, an<
settling down in the cavern, where !
* was shown the corner which she and he
** husband formerly occupied. Her son
ln a fine strapping youth, brought us somi
M milk on the day of my visit.
r* At one of these caverns we met witl
?P an old savage, who told us he had for
18 merly assisted in cooking thirty persons
08 He seemed, like the "Last Minstrel,'
greatly to regret
j " That old timeB wore changed,
Old manners gone ;*
and that
ie "The bimots of this iron time
m Has called his harmless life a crime."
or j
jS Sequoia Trees ia California.
7 The trees in most of the small north
' ern groups have been counted. Thoa
' of the Calaveras n amber twelve or thir
teen hundred ; in the Tuolumne an<
j,* Merced groups there is less than om
* hundred ; in the well-known Mariposi
grove, about six hundred ; and in thi
North King's River grove, less thai
' I half as many ; but the Frenso group
the largest congregation of the north
occupies an area of three or four squari
j miles.
The average stature attained by thi
? big tree under favorable conditions ii
perhaps about 275 feet, with a diamete:
" | of twenty feet. Few full-grown speci
? mens fall much short of this, whili
,v many are twenty-five feet in diamete
' and 'nearly 300 feet high. Fortunati
' trees, so situated as to have escaped th<
i destructive action of fire, are occa
" sionally found measuring thirty feet ii
i diameter, and very rarely one that ii
^ much larger.
" Yet so exquisitely harmonious an
, even the very mightiest of these mou
archs in all their proportions and cir
. cumstances, there never is anything
' overgrown or huge-looking about them
Lj not to say monstrous; and the first ex
a clamation on coming upon a group fo
' the first time is ufiually, "See wha
j beautiful trees 1" Their real godliki
grandeur in the meantime is invisible
but to the luving eye it will bo mani
', feBted sooner or later, stealing slowly oi
the senses like the grandeur of Niagara
or of some lofty Tosemite dome. Evei
* the mere arithmetical greatness is neve
jg guessed by the inexperienced as long ai
)W the trea is comprehended from a littli
^ distance in one harmonious view. When
however, we approach so near that onb
,al the lower portion of the trunk is seen
and walk round and round the widi
I bulging base,then we begin to wonder a
I their vastness.and seek a measaring rod
^ Sequoias bulge considerably at the
1(j base, yet not more than is required foi
ra beauty and safety ; and the only reasoi
fhof J-hio hnlnririfr in on ftffpn rAmnrlrAi
g. ? ? ? -
,8j. as excessive is because so small a secfcioi
of the shaft is seen at once. The rea
taper of the trunk, beheld as a unit, i
perfectly charming in its exquisite fine
je ness, and the appreciative eye ranges tb
j j massive columnB, from the swelling mus
0_ cular instep to the lofty summit dissolv
* ing in a crown of verdure, rejoicing ii
' the unrivaled display of giant grandeu
?* and giant loveliness.
i About a hundred feet or more of tb
trunk is usually branchless, but it
" massive simplicity is relieved by th<
f fluting bark furrows, and loose tufts am
t rosettes of slender sprays that wav
lightly on the breeze and cast flecks o
shade, seeming to have been pinned 01
here and there for the sake of beaut;
alone.
The young trees wear slender, simpl
n- branches all the way down to the ground
put on with strict regularity, sharply ae
piring at top, horizontal about half-wa;
of down, and drooping in handsome curve
es at the base. By the time the sapling i
ii- five or six hundred years old, this spirj
es feathery, juvenile habit merges into th
n- firm rounded dome form of middle age
ea which in turn takes on the eccentri
1 a picturesqueness of old age. No othe
>r, tree in the Sierra forests has foliage s
or densely massed, or presents outlines s
in firmly drawn and so constantly subordi
of nato to a special type. A knotty, angn
Jg lar ungovernable-looking branch eigh
id or ten feet thiok may often beseen push
a ing out abruptly from the trunk, as i
ff. sure to throw the outline curves int
e- confusion, but as soon as the genera
to outline is approached it stops short, ant
9(1 dissolves in spreading, cnshionv bosse
in of law-abiding sprays, just as if ever
>e- tree were growiug underneath some hug
invisible bell-glass, against whose cnrve
3g every branoh i& pressed and molded
d, yet somehow indulging so many sma]
?le departures that there is still an uppem
th ance of perfect freedom.
^d The foliage of the saplings is dav'
Is bluisb-green in color, while the oldep
id trees frequently ripen to a warm yellow
id tint like the libocedrus. The bark i
ly rich cinnamon brown, purplish in younq
he er trees, and in shady portions of th
e, old, while all the ground is covered wit]
ed brown burs and leaves, forming colo
in masses of extraordinary richness, not t
a? mention the flowers and underbrush thn
Id brighten and bloom in their season.ts
John Muir, in Harper's Magazine.
Of !
re The curious, unshiplike shape of th
of Chinese junks iB accounted for by
is. tradition which records that, some cen
he turies ago, a deputation of Kwangtun
id, shipbuilders sought audience of th
?B reigning emperor to exhibit models c
nt foreign vessels, and to solioit permissio:
TXT_ f/\ AUAK 4 V*o nofitra TKn
n tu uiioi vuo UCIUAVU vj yjv Jkuu vujpciui
he enraged at tlieir audacity, kicked oflf hi
in. shoe, telling them to return to CJanto
ed and adopt that as their model; and th
ite 8hoe form of vessel prevails in Ohina tor
this day.
to "Is this air-tight?" inquired amai
in- in a hardware store, as he examined
nd stove. "No, sir," replied the clerk
is, " air never geta tight," He lost a cm
for tomer.
a PRINCELY ALLOWANCES.
if
h The Salorlei Allowed to Ibe Fotentnte* <
Europe.
n In this country, (flays a Philadelphi
i. paper) where the Executive is conside:
h ed to bo " parsing rich " on a salary (
0 $50,000 a year, with the White House ?
q a general and the Soldiers' Home &3
b summer residence, there may be son:
e natural curiosity regarding the pecun
8 ary allowance paid to foreign potantatei
y It is to be remembered, however, tbi
y the majority of these rulers also posset
qj inherited property, real and persona
, of considerable value, and that the n
j spective rulers are also allowed magnif
a cent palaces, chateaux and rural res
v dences, repaired and furnished out (
r public revenue. Taking most of on
1 figures from " Frederick Morton's Yes
i- Book," a very reliable work, revise
e after offioial returns, and now in its fl;
- teenth year, we shall proceed with th
, potentates:
a EMPEBOR, KINO, PBRSEDENT.
8 Francis Joseph, emperor of Austri
P and king of Hungary, born in Angus1
! 1830, has a civil list (as his salary i
1 generally called) of $4 650,000 a year.
Leopold II., king of Belgium, borni
" April, 1885, has a civil list of 8660,000
0 year.
' Christian IX., king of Denmark, bor
0 in April, 1818. has a civil list of 500,00
* rigsdalers, or 8*227,775. His oldest so
r has an annual allowance of 838.883.
Marshal MacMahon, president of th
* French republic, has an annual salary c
0 ?120.000. with an extra 860.000 for hous<
keeping expenses. President Thiers ha
B the same salary, with $77,560 for house
* keeping.
9 Napoleon III., had the largest civ
3 lint in the world. It amounted to $5,
\ 000,000 a year, in addition to whioh h
1 received the income of the crown dc
1 mains, amounting to 82,400,000, and th
r free possession of a number of palacet
' parks, forests and mansions, kept at th
9 expense of the state. His total incom
reached the sum of $7,800,000. Nevei
1 theless the debts of the imperial civ;
list were stated in 1867 to amount t
;, 816 000,000.
William L, born in March, 1797, re
ceives no salary as German emperoi
His annual salary an king of Prussia i
$3,079,760. Most of the expenditure c
the royal family and the court is de
frayed out of the sovereign's immens
private property.
Ludwig It., king of Bavaria, born ij
August. 1845, has a oivil list of 81,878,
* 365. Karl I., king of Wnrtembnrg
0 born in Maroh, 1823, has a civil list c
* $391,685, with an additional annup
1 grant of 81,357,355 for the other mem
8 bers of the royal lamily. Albert I,
1 king of Saxonv, born April, 1828, has
9 civil list of $635,000. with an additions
1 $127,650 a year for the princess am
? pHncesses. This little grunt may b
? justifiable, as in 1830 the reigning mon
9 arch surrendered his domains to becom
the property of the state.
9 j SOME GRAND DUKES.
r I The grand duke of Bad^n has a oivi
. I list of $374,655 for himself and the mem
I* - f # !_ mu- l j.'i
0 uers 01 uiH jauuiy. jluo liureuiiar
r landed property of this dynasty, value*
a at $20,830,000, has been mude over t
3 the state. The grand duke of Mecklen
. bnrg-Schwerin, who claims to be th
1 only European sovereign of Slavoni
s origin, pretends that he can trace hi
descent to Genserio, king of the Van
a dais, who conquered Spain in the flftl
. i century, and c '-ng over to Africa tool
. i Carthage in 436 B. C. In his full titl
? j he styles himself " PriDce of the Van
' j dais." He has no civil list, but is absc
. lute owner of oue-flfth of the whole are
r of the liliputian duchy which h
t governs. The grand duko of Hesse
q son-in-law of Queen Victoria, has a civi
list of ?828,710 for the support of him
. self or his near relations, and his littl
i court at Darmstadt
,t The civil list of the grand duke c
i Oldenburg is 8125,000; of Brunswick
r 8250,000; of Saxe Weimar, 8210,000
3 of Saxe-Weiningen, 890,000 ; of Anhall
3 81^5,000; of Saxe-CJoburg-Gotha, 8110,
000; of Saxp-A.ltenburg, 8107 250 ; c
j Waldeck, 8183,674 ; of Lippe, 850.000
of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen. 8110,
a 000 ; of Sohaumburg-Lippe. 8125,000.
t The grand dukes of Mccklenburg
. Strelitz, Reuss - Schleiz, and Reusi
? Greiz, absolutely own most of the Btate
r which they govern.
J NOTED SOVEREIGNS.
Victoria, queen of England, born i
I May, 1819, has a civil list ef 81,925,00(
8 with 8300,000 more from the dnchy (
Lancaster. Thus her annual income i
g 82,225.000 a year. To her children an
to the Duke of Edinburgh is a furtbe
] sum of 8880,000. making a total of 83
~ 105 000 to British royalty.
r George I., king of Greece, born i
December, 1845, has a civil list of 8260
000 a year. Humbnrt, of Italy, born i
1844, has not accepted the large civ
5 I list ($3,250,000) granted to his lai
j | father. Wdliam III., king of th
n ! Netherlands, boro in February, 1811
( has a salary of $250,000, with an add
tion of ball as much more for membei
of the royal family. He and the king <
^ Wnrtemburg are believed to be th
richest sovereigns in Europe. Tb
I whole grants to Lonis I. of Portuga
' born in 1828, and his family amount 1
' ?660,000.
^ Alexander II., of Russia, born i
g April, 1818, possesses the revenue froi
, tb? immense crown domains equal t
' 810 000,000 a year. AWoneo X'l., <
Spain, born in November. 1857.bas
p oivil list of 32.000,000. CMcar II., (
Sweden, born January. 1829, has a civ
list of $.338,330 from Sweden, and 894
0 445 from Norway. He also has an anni
ity of 883 330, voted many years ago 1
] Oarl XLY. (Bernadotte), and his bui
j ceBsors on the throne of Sweden; tb
tocai ib $4io,mo.
[f OTHER SALARIES.
0 The president of the Swiss republi*
il who has only a single year term, r<
1 ceives $3,000 per annum. Nevorthelesi
s Switzerland is well governed.
y There is no knowing what is tt
e salary or income of Abdul Hamid, sn
b tan of Turkey, born September, 184!
, The civil list of Abdul Aziz, who wt
II almost his immediate predecessor, varie
' from $4,557,580 in 1868 to 85,351,020 i
1875, but it has been calculated on goo
k authority that in the latter years of h
it reign, which closed in May, 1876, Abdi
v Aziz spent $22,500,000 a year. It is n<
h near that amount just now.
[- Lord Lytton receives $12 >,000 a yei
o salary and $60,000 for "allowances,"!
li viceroy of India. The duke of Mar
v borough gets $100,000 as lord lieutenai
o of Ireland. The earl of Dufferin ha
t $50,000 as viceroy of Canada.
? .?
In an acconntof a tonr in the north <
e England, by George Colman, the younj
a er, in 1775, occnrs the following pa;
i- sage : "In the adjacent village of Kirl
g leatham there was at this time an ind
e vidual residing in a neat, oomfortabl
>f cottage, -who excited much interest i
n the visitors at the ball. His looks wei
-, venerable and his bearing above tbi
is usual among the lowly inhabitants of
n hamlet. How he had acquired this a
e of superiority it is difficult to say, f<
o his origin must have been humble. H
eightieth summer had nearly passe
away, and only two or three years pn
q vionsly he had learned to read, that I
a might gratify a parent's pride by rea<
; ing his son's first voyage round tt
i- world 1 He was the father of Captai
Cook,"
A Few Odes to Aalnmm Fj
Jf The man who can look at all the wondrous,
vast machinery of a universe and
I Bee the seasons come and go in regular
' succession and not have the poetry of
I his nature stirred up to its most depthy i
" depths would be a phenomenon. The cc
truth is that we have more poets than
the world is aware of, and were it not for M
j that great impassable barrier, the waste y
basket, some new poet would burst upon
I an astonished and defenseless world at .
almost every tick of grandfather's clock, ?
, Editors are a jealous set of literary lr
? thunder-pumps, for they know very well
r" that if all the genius in this country was P1
J" allowed to get into print at will, that the ^
j great discriminating public would soon D
learn how they were being defrauded in tl
* the obsourity from whioh they were
^ hoisted by some mysterious mistake of di
tne fates. Tiiat s me reason iom 01 01
" poetry is not printed. hi
For ourselves, we have none of that a
sort of meanness that would keep down pi
panting genius lest it rise above and bea
vond us, and we are determined that as jg
fc, long as our good right arm does not fail ft
iB us, and we are re-elected by a diecrimi- ^
nating publio to edit a newspaper, the jB
n season poets shall have a ohanoe?by the ^
a Great Grand Master of poetry, so they
shall 1
n The odes to autumn are coming in r:
0 rapidly. There are too many of them
n to print in full, but we give a verse or ^
so from each, merely for the purpose of e
encouraging the writers and pointing
>f out defects. We have elected ourself
5- poetic direotor, and?but we begin,
d Here is the first one from " Doitus
>- " Time when oomea the falling of leaves !
Time when oomea the lowing of beevea 1 re
il Time when oomea the mending of eayea 1 Sf
Fading, ever fading antumn." p]
'e It will at once be perceived that w
"Doitus" is a poet of no mean order.
e A poet who can take falling leaves, the ta
, lowing beeves and broken eaves, and Q]
e bake them into a poetical pancake, and tii
e pour over it th? syrup of flowing rhythm a,j
.. | is possessed of genius. We have no Vf
il I harsh criticism of "Doitus." tb
0 The next comes ali tue way irom
Michigan in a blue envelope with the .
superscription written diagonally, and
t sealed with flour paste. It says, " By .
a Josie-phlne," and the first four lines
< "essfollows: u,
! " Ootober glows on every cheek?
e . Ootober sbines in every eye,
While up and down the hill and dale
Her crimson banners are let fly." th
By Josephine, we have heard of peo"
pie with bad eyes, but imagine all pc
] Miohigan with Octobers in their eyes, or
\ and crimson banners let fly up and down wi
all the hills ana dales. Josie, turn your to
talent to washing dishes. m
? We have space for only one more, so fri
1 we give "Pearl Dallas" a ohance. fo
J, Sweet Pearly steps forth and thusly m
0 warbles :
"Jennie and I, in the snmmer time soft, m
' i In the gladsome month of June, , Q1
8 ! Played together by the brookside fl
When the merry singing feathered songsters
were in tune. ni
j J " Bnt times have changed since then; m
Now comes the lingering fall, nT
l* | And Jennie's married another fellow,
y And we don't roam the woods at all." f0
A At some length Pearl proceeds to 0f
0 speak of the "dainty red-bug," and at
l" works in much "flowing-water" and to
6 "sweetening flowerets," but life is too fa
0 short to take in all its excellencies. The vr
8 rhythm, which is flexible enoagh to gp
make a seven and a fourteen syllable st
? line rhyme together, and not make a rc
k man who is reading it stop to catch his st
6 breath between bases, is its strong point, tii
l* Other contributions must go over till we 8p
h can reach them, but we assure every bi
a i anxious poet on our honor as an editor fa
e j that at least part of every poem sent
:? shall be inserted. Whenever our col- ai
ll umns are too orowded, we can always fe
l" find room in the wa^te basket.?Oincin- i
0 naii Breakfast Table. ~
' ? ti
? Russian Soldiers Returning Home.
A St. Petersburg letter, describing tr
"! the return of a regiment of Russian T
soldiers from the campaign against fr
. Turkey, says : The Russian peasant is fr
' an undemonstrative fellow. He pos- te
j sesses tbo qnality of self-control in a/w
r. I very high degree. Those who were w
J. | looking at the soldiers surveyed them fr
a j as calinly ns if they had not been the in
I heroes of that winter passage of the Bal- cl
j kans. It was only by the wet eyes and
i eager, strained look of attention on the
n faoes that their pride in these victorious
), soldiers and sorrow for those " that m
)f were not here were exhibited. As for *
is the soldiers themselves, they were very ct
d quiet; but as they marched by their cc
sr ranks were broken, and women and ?r
children were mixed up with the rows 111
of bayonets. Here I saw an old woman ar
n who had found her son. She was hold- ?.r
ing on to hiB coat-sleeve and orying
n very quietly. Tlien came a young girl w<
il who had to run to keep up with the j"
& long-legged soldier beside her. She ?
ie was crying, too, and he was winking ~
), hard and looking straight ahead of him.
i- There were many little children, all
:s eager, most of tbem in tears, bat no ?
>f one excited nor talkincr. As they passed .
" t- *1 L D(
16 lOIOU^Q 1116 |(UW au uiui'-ri aiicui^/wwu w
ie put these intruder* out of the ranks : P
1, but the czurovitch forbade it, so the
o mothers and sisters and wives kept their P.r
places, and marched the three miles j
n with the soldiers through the mud, re- ?;
cn ceiving fresii installments by the way, s'j &
o that at last there was qnitc a crowd of ,?
)f families. As they passed down the ?c
a street flowers began to rain upon them.
Each of the commanders was crowned
il by the grand duchesses, and almost
every bayonet had wreaths or bouquets
i- upon it. Sobs mingled with hurrahs
a wnich swelled forth, for many poor fel3
lows had been buried in the trench ce
ie nameless, and it was only by seeing Vi
their places filled by others that their of
families knew they had gone on their ca
last, long journey. It was the same all of
I' along the line of march. Showers of to
2" cigarettes and flowers and shouts of joy, bf
?' until the regiment disappeared. wl
fo
ie ? /o
j," j Animal Remains in Queer Places. ^
ft!
is j A bat has been found in limestone, ^
i(J j opossums iD slate; guinea pigs, rabbits,
u i rats and beavers in limestone; the sloth, Cf
d ! one fourteen feet long, iu South Ameri- gi
is I ca, and in limestone caves; bears, dogs, ja
ll ! foxes and wolves in diluvial soils and
it | caves; hyenas and tigers in limestone
j caves aud marl; the teeth of horses, ef
ir j elephants, rhinoceroses, hyeuas, bears, ^
is I wolves, tigers, etc., are found in masses
1- j in diluvial soils; oxen in peat bogs and ^
it! marl pits; one six feet high and nine ]
d I feet long was found in the isle of Man, /p
I in marl, covered with sand, then peat ^
! and then the vegetable soil; rhinoceroses ar
i are found in every part of Europe and 8t
)f in the Arctic circie; the hippopotamus ^
j- is found in England, France and Ger3
many. Elephants, and animals much ^
i- larger than elephants (called mammoths)
1 I l l""!" in Knrnno Ampricn "
i" 11U V O UULU 1UIIUU
le and Siberia; one, found near Abingdon, gj
n now at Oxford, England, is sixteen feet
e high, and its bones are mixed up with
it those of other large animals; another
a was found in Siberia in the ice, quite a
ir perfect in its flesh, skin, hair and eyes, n<
>r with a long mace and tail of stiff black 1,
iB bristles; others have been found In tc
id Hudson's bay. The gigantic mastodon tl
0- is found in North America and Siberia, tl
ie The gigantic tapir, twelve feet high and li
1- eighteen feet long, has been found in v>
ie different parti <ji Europe. Whales are tl
in found in Essex, in London clay and Bath sf
limestone. I
' ' : " ' 'V
tltaf, WARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD
Farui, Garden and Orchard Note*.
Soot is a powerful utimulant.
Olay soils are best suited to beans.
Ualadium diudb must oe kepi ary anu
>ol,.and secure from frost.
Only the flowers of saffron are useful,
id they are gathered when in full
00m.
Olub-root in cabbage is caused by the,
ing of an insect. A preventive is the*
ee use of lime and phosphate manures.
Mr. Elbert S. Carman recommends
rotecting trees from mice during win>r
by means of lath tied on with twine,
ry bark has been successfully used for
ie same purpose,
As a manure for Dutch bulbs, wellJcayed
sandy cow manure is the best;
at where this is not conveniently at
and, well decomposed surface soil from
forest growth will answer a good purDse.
Frequent, perfect and regular milking
a very efficient means of promoting
ie flow of milk and preventing obange
i its quality, for, so long as a large flow
maintained, so long will it maintain
s earlier characteristics.
Damaged straw may be profitably
sea as a mulch at tbe rate of one ton to
ie and one-half tons to the acre, and
ill increase the yield. It is also highly
jneflcial when used over top-dressings
stable manure to preserve and absorb
oisture.
To plant peach stones, dig a hole in
ie giound (say six or eight inches),
ant as soon as the pulp is off; let them
main in the ground all winter. In the
ring take them up, crack the stones,
-L AiLa ftiaw
clllb tilt? JilCttk* iUO won J bMJk vuwj
ill grow five feet.
For some sorts of vegetables, as letce,
cress, radishes and others, the
liinese system of keeping the soil coo*
moualy wet is the best that can be
lopted. It produces a crispness in iie
getables tbat is obtained only when
ere has been no oheck in the growth.
Dahlias, gladioli, tuberoses .
her plants that require winter protec)u
for their roots in oellars, should be
ken up at once on their leaves getting
jured Dy the first white frosts. Dalits
may be put away at once, b^t
adioli and tuberoses should be pretty
5ll dried before storing away, or they
ey may rot.
Care should be used in securing good
>tting earth for plants, without insects
worms. A little tobacco or lime
iter will compel angle wormscome
the surface, when they can be reoved.
If the ball of earth is slipped
ora the pot the angle worms will be
und on the outside and -can be rejved
by hand.
Young and quickly-fed animals have
ore water and fat in their flesb, whilst
der and well-fed animals have flesh of
firmer touch and fuller flavor and ^re
aher in nitrogen. The former may be
ore delicate, the latter will be more
ltritious.
As soon as currants have cast their
liage, the young shoots may be taken
f and cut into lengths of say six inches,
id planted in rows, merely allowing the
p bud of each to show above the surce
of the soil. Tread them firmly, and
hen freezing weather approaches,
>rinkle over a slight covering of long,
rawy manure. They will mostly form
>ots before winter, and be prepared to
art strong next spring. Some planters
9 cuttings in bundles and bury until
>ring, when they are set out in rows,
it tho former plan gives better satisction.
In regard to the crossing of planta
id frnits Vick's Magazine says : "The
rtilization by the pollen of the flower
I'ects the seed, and not the fle^h, as a
meral rale. Many ourious facts have
sen published showing, however, that
ie character of the flesh is sometimes
tanged by cross-fertilization. The conary,
however, is the general rule,
wo cherry trees may be growing side
j side, or two strawberry plants; the
uit of eaoh will retain its trueoharacr,
but if the seed of either is sown,
Lien the plants or trees bear fruit, it
ill be found to differ from the fruit
om which the seeds were taken, showg
that the seed and not the fruit was
tanged by cross-fertilization."
Chrlatmaa Gllt?>
A very pretty present is a toilet set,
ade of silver or plain cardboard, and
ronght in worsted. A hairpin
ishion, hair receiver and match safe
impriae the set, and are neat, pretty
id useful. A piece of cardboard five
chcs square, sewed together in a roll,
id staffed with curled hair, with ends
ocheted, some pretty design on one
de, worked with the same shade of
srated that is at the ends, and sus
>nded by a cord, with balls of worsted
' match, is for hairpins. A straight
ip of cardboard, five inches wide and
re in length, with a crocheted bag at
e bottom, the npper end out either
>inted or sqnare, a crocheted edge
ound it, and trimmed with cord and
ills, hnng on the other side of the
irror frame, is for the combings of the
iir. The match safe is made of very
etty design, trimmed in the same
pie. Little mats to match, for the top
the burean, on which to set a lamp or
ass of water, make a very tasty finish
a chamber, and every young lady or
msewife wonld vainesnch a gift, made
r loving hands and nimble fingers for
ve's sake.?Farmer's Wife.
An Attempt lo Make it Bain.
Says the American Monthly: "A
% * 1- n
intit)man wno resiaen oeur ou^uiuu,
*, has aspired to a new science?that
controlling the clouds in order to
use it to rain at will. With the view
attaining this end he built a " a rain
wer," whic'u novel structure is said to
> thirty feet in diameter at the base,
tiich size it retains to the height of
rty feet. To this height it contains
ur fines, each seven feet in diameter,
tie number of flues is then reduced to
io, which run up twenty feet higher,
e top of the structure reaching an
titude of sixty feet. The whole conirn
was erected at a coat of about
1,000. The method of causing rain to
11 is as follows : The flues are filled
ith dry pine wood, which is set on fire,
id which is kept up until the desired
feet is uroduced on the elements. His
ieory is, that tbe great heat produoed
the air above the "tower" will cause
ie cloudB to concentrate over it, when
enry of rain will fall in that vicinity,
ho originator of this novel idea is said
be a firm believer in the practicability
id utility of hi* invention, notwithanding
the fact" that after repeated
ials, during which he consumed hun eds
of cords of wood, his tower failed
produce the desired effect on the unropitious
heavens, he having been a
reat sufferer from drought during the
itire spring and summer.
Astronomers tells us that if there was
telegraphic wire from the earth to the
in Andromeda it would take
250,000 years for a dispatch from here
> reach its destination. And suppose
ie rate was forty cents, and you sent
ie message to be paid at the end of tho
ne, how like all eternity the interest
ould pile up on the other fellow by
ie time the boy handed him the meskge.
Figure it up some of you.?
Taxukeyf^ ^
In H arrest Time. 1
I met my love whan 'neath the eredng lw^^? 3
rm_ ? - - - frt *nA fpft. vhiH IBuflflwo^H
1UC uuiu in?;?u w ?w? ? ??r
The wind moaned softly, when the reaper** The
echoes of the deep glen wtraH!
Inharvesttime ' J
And brighter than the golden sheaves, her hair "5 'ji
Strayed downward o'er a neck 00 purely fafc'-i^j^g|j
That e'en the snow-white lily well might hkj^^ JK
Its bending head beneath the streamlet's ;1
In harvest time. 1
The thrilling of the songsters nowwaa hnahed g
'Neath minBbine bright the rot* no
And day was ended, far beyond the Ml < . Si
The re*per'? song grew fainter ana tm
In harvest time. ' -' JmiB^I
"Twas then my love no spoken; tad
I reaped lore's golden harvest In the glen. " ;5j
The nightingale wailed forth her low, tnrrt^jaBB
strain, .1
Singing joy's triumph in a glad refrain? ' 4
In harvest Use. .
And now the antnmn of onr lives, inrtead, .
Approaches?ispring and summer all havaledffSj -J
Tho' still of love's bright setting son the gleam i |
la glorious *.? that which first Jit onr dream?
In harvest time. J
Item* of IstemL
Springs of freeh water j
Oysters have a language of thefe'j^t^MB
Cork trees bear an edible acorn re? ^ j
sembling our chestnut. ; |
The man who ia going down in fl
world is the ooal miner.
Dr. Carver's rifle brought him in a^B^
inoome of $60,000 last year. ^
Bad-flttiDg shoes make coma ott^ Jig
horse's feet, the same ae on people. . -j
Be careful how vou indorse drafta -- )
especially the'draught of a chimnay.' ,/i
^-ffanythiug will reduce a ftill-gr
fat man it is a well-directed bank fail- !||
We hare seen many a poor hone oral
in a driving rein and not a wet hair o? ';^ ^
Milk ia nutritious, but the dhap wfc6;Jj .
drinks a half gallon of it must feel,0Mft^>;:-;'f
pletely oowtd down. ''
Some one ought to invent a -1
machine to collect rente, mena
and repair family breaches. :'gaEBBi
" I declare, it beats awl," as d
maker said the first time he naed
ing machine.? Rome Sentinel ~
Joint debate-^The one held
the heads of the house on whethjBf^p^ v,piece
of stove-pipe will fit that. *
x Tired^natare'e sweet restorer? " .?
- Don't amount to much, > .*
If yoa happen to bank wtth a snowr, ,\X
Part 61 the edge of the cone of
Vesuvius has given way, and Proi. Pal- .
mieri is having a sort of retaining wall :"^ ' ]
A man who was in the habit of t*IkO'-j ;
ing to himself, being askfd by his wife
why J^ dfdj^, rei^k^ toat he Kxaifc^
TTr TTrriTTTf-11 mill n mmi III .... (?|
Mr. John M. Tramwell, of Lafayette,
Ga., has made pair of sleeve* Si
buttons, each bntton smaller than a r.'
dime, and containing 100 pfeoes of
One archivist of Antwerp has disoovered
a bill of Bale of September 1st, ; j
1647, for twenty-two: bottles of petroleum,
at that early date imported into^^
Of 3,484 doctors whose deaths have
been announced in the London Lancet -%
during the last ten years, the ages of 2,684
were given ; average age at death,
66 6 years.
"That parrot of mine is a wonderful r ;
bird," said Hmithers; "hecries 'stop
thief!' so naturally that every time I
hear it I always stop. What are joaJ^g $
laughing at, any way ?" r
" How are the stairs!" said the lady '
' - ** ' t . Il??t a*aim T
co me iiuuBo ?(joui, uui ^ j
hope." "-Steep, madam, I should say
not. It's the easiest staircase I ever' -Q
saw in my life. Why, it's so easy that
when you re going up you'd swear joi ^
were going down."
A letter from abroad says : To the
visitor from America there is a marvelIons
eiposition, pf tas'e and indastiy in
gardening, ornamenta^'and^ ^
about Paris. The least bit of a yafzkjs r
tnrned into a shaded retreat. There"*TSij
are no barren back yards.
In describing a dinner at the sultan's .' 7
palace, Mr. Drew Gay writes : "And tx
now oomes the critical moment foryoa
if you are present at this feast as a
stranger. You will have placed your ? J
meat on your plate, and be carefully * ;
cutting it up, when suddenly a more.
than ordinarily juicy morsel will be ^
pushed into your mouth by a pair of very
greasy fingers. You must not re-*sent
this. It is a token of loving kind' " ;
ness, a sign tnar, you are respected, esteemed,
beloved. Eat it; von are ft ^
favored mortal."
y
Btfah as a Philanthropist. ^ ;"/>
The other day, when a man dropped )
in on Bijah and wiped the tears from his V'v*
eyes, and said that his family was" in ./V*J
rags, hungry and sick, the old janitor's z?jj\
heart swelled np and he replied :
" Go down to mv farm and help ymur? . 'j-:
self?take half the crops?take all of - ^
them."
14 It's too good?too good 1" sighed
the weeping man. .;
"No, it ain't," continued Bijah, "I-:
put in them crops on purpose for the :poor
of Detroit, said yon hire ft wagon
and go down th'ire anil draw off enough *
to last your family all winter." :*%
The citizen broke down and sobbed
like a child, and Bijah blew his nose
with great violence and said to himself: .
" UThof'o fhfl nan nf hnincr haM-headed
and big-footed if yon oan't put a prj- ' <*
nnder a fellow human being in distress?"
The man was gone abont an honr, and ~
he returned without any tears in his V
eyes. On the contrary, his face was J
red, his eyes flashed, and he stood before
Bijah and yelled: ?. ^
"I'm a good mind to rub your ears ^
agin yer shoulders!"
"Great cider-mills! but what has. o-curred
now I" gasped the old man. >
" You sent me down to the farmI"
"I did, and told you to draw off all
the crops."
" And I've drawed 'em and here they
are?" '
The man unrolled a paper and ex- .!
hibited a shriveled old beet, two cabbage
leaves, three or four faded string
beans, and a potato about the size of a ?- buckeye."
u Yon told me to hire a wagon andw ^ *
draw 'em off I" he went on, throwing the
i nn v.? flnnr. " I hired one.
UiU UCUU vu vuw MW,..
and this is the load 1 you have cost me \
fifty cents, and I'm a good mind to ]ick
you t yon are an old chimpanzee nnder
the fence?an old garter-snake in a frogpond?a
hyena in a !"
At this point he got so mad that he v"
hit Bijah on the chin with the beet and *'
rushed out doors. The old man stood
like one in a trance, and it was fully
three minntes before he oould gapp out:
1 'If gratitude exists in the human heart
then I'm willing to be called a dodo I"? ' Detroit
Free. J*ress,
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