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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, June 04, 1879, Image 2

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Tiie Press and Banner, j
_ v
Wednesday, June 4, 1879. [
Abbeville icacaers insmnu*. ,
The Executive Committee of the f,
Teachers' Institute held a meeting {
last Saturday and drew up a pro- {l
gramme of proceedings f?>r that body (
when it meets in Convention at Alt- v
beville Court House on the .".1st July j
and 1st August. From the order of j
business which we print below, our
readers will see that a rare treat is in ei
store for tl:e me in be rs of the In>ti- j,
tute and for the public who are cor- v
dially invited to attend. The speak- (,
ers selected for the occasion are all (_<
practical teachers, or well known (j
friends of education, and the subjects' ?
to be discussed are all of vital interest, u
The address of the President, the!.,
Rev. Dr. C?rier, we are sure will be 'H
distinguished by the learning, elo-jjj
quence and earnestness which nm-i
formly characterize the public speech- fM
e3of the President of Kr.-kine College.
Prof. Morton is well-known as an au-;|,
thorily on (iraded Schools, and our' p,.
]>eoj)le may expect from him a mostjt|
interesting and practical address. e)
Major Hughs. Thompson, State Su- t|
perintendent of Education, will also
be present to address the Institute,}
and he will bring to bear, on wliat-j
ever subject he may choose to speak U
011, all his experience as a successful j 1<
teacher, and as State Superintendent,> (?'
which, joined to his ability as a public
speaker, will enable him to deliver to Sc
the teachers and the public an address >'
worthy of himself, his audience and [[
liissubject. In addition to these three; o!
addresses, short papers will be read by j*
other teachers, and when' \ve mention j,
the names of Rev. I)r. Bonner, Prof, jai
Hood and others, we have said enough ' J"
to satisfy the public that admirable, ft
essays and discussions may be expect- P
- i:
CU. ? i ,,
The Institute includes in its mem-j si
bers teachers and friends of education,:
both male and female, and it is the j ir
desire of the promoters that all friends
of education, and especially school,'tj
trustees in this county, should identi-|d
fy themselves with the Institute. A
most cordial invitation is given to the' P
public generally and particularly to tl
school trustees to attend the meetings '
of the Institute.
Abbeville has always had a high.1'
reputation for hospitality, and when (>i
the Institute holds its convention, the: tl
membersof the Institute who attend!",
will havean opportunity to prove that v
hospitality. The members will he;'s
entertained during the sessions of the1"
convention at the houses of our citi- r<
zens. ; ^
The following is the programme ^
drawn up by the Executive Committee.
Order of Business * j j>
The Institute will meet at 10 o'clock. '
Business nicotine for consideration and radoption
of part of the Constitution, and for j
enrollment ot members. | J'
introductory address bv the President, Rev.1 '
W. M. Grlcr, I). !>., Erskine College. 11!
Recess till 2 p. m. J
Address by Prof. A. I". Morton of Greenville j
on Graded School System. Followed bydis-1"1
eussion. t n
Paper on Normal School System, by Rev. ,T. j o
1. Bonner, D. J>.. l>ue West Female College, j f,
Followed by discussion. T
Address by Maj. Hu<*hS. Thompson, State; ;.
Superintendent of Education. j /
Paper on Mixed Schools by S. J. Graham, bi
High School, Abbeville. Followed by discus- n
Biol). i v,
Paper oil the FublicSclioblSystem of South
Carolina by Prof. Wm. Hood, LrskineCollege.! J".
Followed by discussion. Itc
Paper on School Management.?Methods of! e>
Instruction and Discipline, by Miss M. Bright! p
Greenwood Female Academy. Followed by ' fi
discussion. j %,
Paper on Teacher's Salaries, by Mr. W. C. 01
Benet. Followed by discussion. joi
Senator M. C. Butler Interviewed. 1 tl
We publish in our columns this! t]
morning a report of an interview heldin
by a correspondent of the Xttr York i ^
Herald and Gen. M. C. Butler, iu!ai
which our senator expresses his opin- !
ion on many interesting topics and does \
so in his characteristic plain-speaking j v:
way. Our renders will find much tojjj'
interest and instruct them in the "in-L.j
terview" and we thiuk they will agree j sc
cordially with Gen. Butler in his Jj1
views. We especially commend the j s;
honest manliuessshown !?y lien. Iiut-jti
ler in his remark on the so-called
' backing-down" of the* Democratic j d:
party. Having done all that it could i "
properly do to carry its point, lie
thinks that the Democratic party can w
honorably pass the appropriation bills J
dissevered from the repealing sections tl
which the President has thrice veto- j^
ed. We agree with him entirely;a]
when he says "that the discussion is j I
not a matter of much immediate prac-J tx]
tical consequence to us of the South." j a
We only regret that all the Senators 0
and Representatives who are in Washiugton
to give voice for "us of the <1
'' " J ;-1 ? - i -- * n?..Mnr n I
oouiu' u1u 1ru su la|ihm
in Congress many weeks ago, and ji;
tnereby choke oft" the needless and j I
wearisome, and endless discussions on j j,
the appropriation bills which have: u
been instrumental in accomplishing
only one thing, and that a tiling great- j i,
ly to be deplored?the stirring up of j a
ill-feeling and sectional hatred. j
Gen. Butler's opinions on the negro I v
exodus are in accord with those of our ?
people and with those expressed by ;
ourselves in the Press and JIanncr.lw
He uttered a wise saying when hej^
said, u\Vp have too much cheap negro |sj
labor in the South," and we commend j v
his remarks to the reflection of our r'
readers. "We differ from him, liowev- L
cr, when he speaks of the gradual!0
distribution of the negroes throughout
the North as a disposition of them j ti
which would settle the much vexedj ^
race question in this country. \Vi'ia,
can see only harm in prospect for;
Loth the whites and the blacks by anv \t:
- i u
thing like general diffusion of the j p
negro race throughout the country.!^
"Without at this time discussing the *
question further, we refer our readers c
" to Gen. Butler's reported observa-1 *
tions. I {
Thf rommenoompnt exorcises of Adsrer I c
Colleee and the Wn I liana female < ojiege win i ?
be held (luring the last week In June. The!,
Mudents of the colleges are making diligent '
preparation in order to make the exercises as j
interesting and Instructive as |K>ssihlo. Col. f
John I*. Thomas, of the CarolinaMilltary In-1?
Hi lute. Charlotte, North Carolina, and IYcsl- <
dent Carlisle, of Woffnrd College. Spartan-1^
burr, Sooth Carolina, will deliver the add res- j>
ses for Adger College. Kx-Governor l'orry j t
has consented to address the Literary society j
of the Walhalla Female College.?Keowee Oni-1 >
Mr. John A. Waters informed lis on Satnr(lay
that while rabhits have also been seen I
on his place, five of them having appeared f
there within the past lew weeks: all ot the j
pink-eye style. How they* pot Into this
conn try is what no fellow has found out as
yet.?Clutter Reporter. #
Bkst Book kok Evkryropy.?The new il- \
Just rated edition of Webster's Pietinnnry, f
containing three thousand engraving*. is the
b,-xt book for everybody that the press ha? produced
In the present century, and should be ^
r""arded as indispensable to the well-rcpnla- t
ted home, reading-room, library, and place 1
of business.- Uoldm Era. . I
The Circuit Court. !
The June term of the Court of CJon-j
ral .Sessions for Abbeville County-,
k'a.s opened 011 Monday morning at 1
ho usual hour bv the Clerk of the!
'ourt. Owing to the unavoidable ub-{ 4
L-nce of the presiding judge, Judge]
Jdrieh, the court was adjounled!
nthwitii until Tuesday morning.I
nexpectedlily to every one, a special I
raiti brought Judge A Id rich to thej
ourl House at noon, and on his arri-i
- . ,1
at Hit- l otirt was again called aim me (
udge took liis M*at 011 the bench. Ii 1<
lonordelivered the customary charge' "
?(lie grand jury, in which he ad vert- j,,
i >vith great feeling and propriety j b
> the looses sustained by the Abbe-j a
ilie Jiar since la>t he visited this i,
>\vn. lie complimented Abbeville!
iuintv tin its general appearance t.f (L,'
irift and comfort, on its improve-js\
icuts consequent on the pas.-uge e?fj
le tStock li'iw, and on the laudableitr
ml remarkable diminution in crimes!
ud oI!l.*nees in thjs County. We pub-j
sh his charge in another column. ja
Judge Aldrieh is one of the 1 c,
7 Hum judges whose record on thejs<
en eh both before the' war and since!11
is re-elevation needs no encomium 11-'
om us. Whenever lie presides on!?1
io circuit, lit* does so wilh dignity audi j-(
llicieucy and earns the thanks ofiu
le liar and the public. *. ?
^ ? |
Charge to the Grand Jury. q
Tho <Jrand Jury being in their scats
is Honor Judge Aldrich spoke as fol- j,,
i\vs ; I Ii
cnilnncn of (lie Grand Jury/: ! [l
It allbi'ds mo great pleasure to meet j >*'
itli the people oi" Abbeville after an nb-'i!/
Mice of so many years. 1 congratulatej'';
ou <tn tho eoudition of your county, and j s|
list that y?>n arfon tl^e road to prosneri-!11
and good government. The pleasure ^
meeting you however on tins occasion [
somewhat saddened hv the rcvollec-'''
on that so many of your good men , c'(
nve passed away since I have been Iw
iiomryou. The great and good Ward- \v
;\v has gone to his final account, Tho
r-ntle Perrin, distinguished for hisabil- S1
y and nobleness of character, has apwired
at another liar. Wo cherish their
leinorv and hold up their character and i1:
ves as shining lights, in whoso lead wo s<
lion Id be proud to follow. As true citi- ti
ns we should profit by the examples sj
toy have set. I t is painful that so many u
ien of that character are passing away. p;
oon nojio of tlietn will be left. But I ?
m proud to say that the young men of;
ie State are coming up, with common-j
able pride and a laudable ambition!
i sustain tiic character of their dis- n
nguished ancestors. They show ev-i'1
ry disposition to work and to emulate j".1
iosc who have in former times shed a]*'
istre on the fair fame of .South Caroli-lg1
We have entered upon a now dNppnsa- j !-r
on. Tho people of South Carolina have) ^
icon so long borne down by the gov- i
rninent itself, that since a new order of:'1
liingshas been inaugurated, we feel as if; p
great load had been lifted from ntir;?'
lionlders, and that we can now workii,!
;ith renewed hope. The prospect nowjsl
that wo may hereafter be again what! P
e once were. Tho future for us is bright'ei
nd encourages us to hope that we mavi"
3store old .South Carolina to what shei t
ras in her pastgreatness. I atn pleas- j h
1 to note that our young men show j Jj
y their energy and ability that they are "
pial to the task of redeeming the: J-'
tato. j t
The law imposes upon von the dutv of'
onvi?ltill<r In I liiu ....Ki t x-i/.st
iw that may come to your notice. I j ^
ave been much pleased in my recent! lf
aveln through the State, anil especially I '
; it true as to the upper part of South'"
arolina, to observe evidence of prosper- : * <
v and a noticeable diminution of crime. l<
his is particularly tree along the line of (,(
io (Jreenville and Columbia railroad.;01
!1 along the line of this railroad new |11
igns of iifc with many of the appear- j ^
nces of it 3 comforts are to be seen. The!
bseneo of your old fences is noticeable,!
nd has furnished and will furnish many j,
pportnnities heretofore unknown to you ; t[
>r improving 3'onr farms and dwellings, i t('
nd as a consequenceyour incrosiscd pros- >
erity will follow. J am pleased to learn j
tat "many of the former opponents of|s,
le law are now its strongest supporters, j
'he law seems to bo of such universal j
imelit to the farming interests that it j
eeds only to be known to secure the fa- 0(
or of all. T onlv flint. ntlinv i?nin.
os have not acted as wisely in tlii.s mat!J\
Fifty years ago Mr. Calhoun remonstra-1 (|,
>d against tlie old law as being the great- w
it unnecessary expense to which our'j,
lantcrs were subjected. He contended
rnt if the money then expended for the! w
Id fashioned worm fence had been laid ^
nt in improving our lands, opening I
hool houses anu improving our dwolligs,
there would be no way of estimating I
le good results which would follow, j g<
he experience of other counties witli i1"
ic fence law has been most 'satisfactory j "l
i every respect, and I have no doubt 011 c<
s beneficial results in Abbeville. You : as
ill have betterand cheaper beef, mutton i H
id pork under the new law. j at
I woulil call your^uttcntifxn to the oath j P<
hich, you have just taken. The secrets! b:
the ^ rand jury room must be ke|>t in- hi
iolable. If your deliberations should ;S<
ecoine known tot lie public it is evident jc<
tat some >nember of the grand jury has hi
iolated his oath. I enjoin you to ob-'oi
;rveand regard the strict requirements | b<
I* the law in this particular. If youri
L'iiberatious should become known, the
tate will often find it diilicult to obtain ',,
.,>.1 :..IU i .i._ i..
IV tivcui v< ( ill JUI liimiV'ii, iliiu UIU I'lHlS UJ i ^
istiee may thereby !>e defeated. Menj
ill not willingly incur t!ie odiutn a:u?|si.
anger that would attach to giving int'or-i'vj
laiion to a grand jury which would re-j ((]
L'U 1 its secrets.
You have under j*our charge the whole' ^
onotny ol' the county?the oiliccs of the! S(
horill', theClcrl;, the J'lvbateJudjie, thei^j
reasurer, the County Commissioners,^
le Auditor?in fact you are expected 1 a,
> give an oversight into the official eon- \
net of every olliecr, who is elected orj'
ppointed to perform any public duty, j
nder the existing state of alTairs J : w
ould especially cull your attention to j j-(
le supervision of the conduct of the Tri-!
I Justices of the county. They are gen- j
rally not men of education, and as alsj
(usequenee they art not men of suili-!',,
ient legal intelligence to perform their j n
uties as correctly as their importance ,.(
emands. As an instance of this fact 1
ould mention that a Trial Justice in .(.(
lorry not long since granted a divorce, j
II looking fivnr tli/> u-m'lr .if Mm Triil
ustices see that they givo the court no
nnecessary trouble and the county is not "
title ted in unnecessary expense. * ! "
The Public Puddings dcniand your at-;a
mtion. 1 do not advocate extravagance 1'
ut it is due to the taste-and character of| 1'
people, tiiat their oilicers provide such (l
Lructures as will not be a reproach to w
letn. It is particularly enjoined upon !!
ott to yeo that such buildings are kept in i 'J
ood order. The court room should be 11
rovided with comfortable seats, and it
liouid in every respect conform to the ^
unmon. requirements of the purposes'
>r which it is used. The Jail .should re- 11
siveyour attention, and that building!81
Iiould be made comfortable. Those j"
;ho are confined within its walls awaiting !'
ial arc not there for pnnishment, iint -!l
re such of our unfortunate citizens who , !J
ro charged with crime, and because!1.'
f their inability to give bond for;
icir appearance before this court, r
re deprived of their liberty l?y {
to State. It is therefore, the ?
uty of the State to sec that the place of (N
ie?r conlineirient is made as comfortable ?'
sthe nature of the case will allow,
lam very jjad to see by tiie return of '
lie Sheriff that your county is ill an un-J
suaily healthy moral condition, lie re- *!
iorts only six prisoners in jail?live from
ibbeville county and one from Anderson
ounty, Only one ease of murder is on \r'
our docket. This speaks well for yon.':,
>n the last circuit in wiiich I held court I i
ried thirteen capita! eases. This was in
Cewberrv, Spartanburg, Laurens and JJ
Jnion counties. j
If you want instruction at any time, j v
m any subject, you will come into court i I'
ml receive such instruction from the So- ^
icitor or from the Court. j ,
The business hours of the court will lie w
rom 10 A. M. to 1 P. M. and from ' > 1'. M. j
ill sundown, and you will govern your-:
;elves accordingly. We will work at 0
light if it should bo absolutely necessa- '
Owing to the interruption of the court t'
his morning, in consequence of a mis- a
)?r?* tl??? \ 1 A II
ial.s and invself, the court w ill stand ad- ll
ourned until to-morrow morning at 10
>'clock when it is hoped that the grand j'
ury will have work fur the court. i '
Col. it. T. Wnrdhnv, of Abbeville, was hi
own si day or two this week on business. It d
;ave us great leisure once npraln to fee! Iiis j]
lartn Kras|>. look <>11 his handsome face and ^
lear his hearty jokes.?Xncberijj Xcus.
Tlie agents for conunerclal fertilizers in An- p
lerson nave done a bin business this year? ?.
ligsest probably that has ever been done? '
laving sold about two thousand tons of the
irecious stull*.?rwn IntvUljmci-r. j g
V Talk with Senator But'
n Issue to Suit the Democrats?
trente (?r?mi(I of the Presidenl
the Use of Troops?The Duty of
Present Hour -- Passage of the
probation Hills Recommended
>Vjrro Exodus a Jilcssiinj to the Soi
l.tttvc In the .Ycrr York J/rrahl.
Wash i xirroN, May 2(?.?Senator 1
r, 01 South Carolina, in con versa
lis afternoon with your correspond
xprt;.-se<l iiis opinion on llie true po
f the lleinoerats as to the appropria
iils and tlio maintenance of the arm;
very deeid*d way. lie said:
"1 cannot say what Congress will
til J think that alter .Mr. i I ayes has
>ed the legislative hill, which he v.il
i; 1 >' this week, the i'em.ieralic tnajo
uiri; t t>> pass tiui political I'm In res ;
parate measure, let him veto that,
len pass the appropriation bills, (i
iul simple, and pjo home, and we on
i do this within the next two weeks.'
Tin; kxtua si:ssto>\
Correspondent: What have you to
Lion I tins extra session?
senator Jiiiuer: J was 1101 m ine eo
ils of those who brought about thee:
?ssion, and therefore can only eon
ire, but it is easy to sec one or two
His at last why it was brought ub<
irst, it was very i 111 j>orJant to the Dei
rats to organize the House; second,
democratic majority, according to
toting iij) of the election returns,
uoouilbrtably small, with the Califoi
lecli'/ii intervening before the next i
lar session ; third, the greenback
mil appeared to be a very unceri
nantily in a contest between the
reat parties. Now suppose Califoi
louhi go Republican ami ;uld lour v<
) that side, and suppose the Kepublii
:i:l coquetted with enough greenbucl
lliave give 11 them a majority, you i
ive the Uopublicans would have ory
:< d the House. That would have ii
iid lor tiie Democratic party, so tha
ippose one of the important eonsidt
onsin bringing about the extra ses>
as to secure the organization of
Louse. This was a fair move on the
lieal chess hoard, if J am right in
Hijecture, when taken in c.msidcral
'it'll other important political measi
hich the Democrats wanted to get
ire the country in time for a full disc
on before the Presidential election.
The Republicans fell into the trap,
ave, unwisely, I think, committed tin
Ives to the doctrine of bayonet e
ons. If the people of the North
and that we can. Now I do not see 1
le course which I suggest, namelvuss
the appropriations pure and sin
-would be a backdown.
VI lillllvNA.MJ'.S.
Xo representative or senator?ccrtai
:> Southern representative or senate
a* a right to go further for tiie redi
f grievances, the repeal of what he <
ders obnoxious laws, the correctioi
ovcrnnicntal evils, than the Const
on and laws authorize. When ha t
? further he (jots npon the coniine
evolution, and one step more will ]
ipitaie him into the open fields of n
ition. Now I don't think the Sont
repared for that. 1 don't think any ]
I' the country is, and, consequently
?a representative of the South, s
top short of the confines, and votes
lies to carry on all branches of the ^
it.incnt. If I am obnoxious totlio ta
f "bucking down" 1 shall bear it as I
may. No honorable miii! or set of l
owever,?none but a blackguard---'
Hint an honorable antagonist v
backing down" when he has done
laf ho properly can to carry his jhj
lie'icmocrats in Congress have d
us. Mr. J laves has exercised his <
aimonui [ireru^ii 11 \ u wiui ins vci1
bother properly or improperly is
10 question?;uid liow tlx; people 11
oeide. The discussion is not a matte
itii'Ii immediate practical conseque
> lis in the .South. We ul' course w
? sec the government brought back
institutional methods, but tiie dcci?
r the question one way or the other i
ot atfect our elections in tho next. c
Correspondent: It has l>een snggo
l some Democratic quarters to eontii
ie appropriations by joint rcsoluliot
pass the civil appropriation bill and
ie army bill (all by default?
Senator Uutler.* Yes, I have ho
>iiio such suggestion, but I am not ]
;ired to say how far it will prevail.
0 not see thai we have anything to a
v such a course. Wo shall bo confn
1 1)3' tho same difficulty next Deceinl
id, in my judgment, the more ma
id wiser course would be to pass
ipropriation bills now. The Radii
> not want us to pass them, and it is
ays sale to do just what your one
>es not want you to do. liesides tl
ic issue is now squarely joined ant
ill lose none of iis vitality by hav
ic appropriations passed.
Mr. Hayes in liis last veto message
>ne further than any man has ever
re ventured in this country. (Ven. (Jr
practiced"' his theory, but lie no
>111 iniiled to writing so bold a doetr
; to the use of troops iis has Mr. lla>
" the American people are prepared
ci'pt his doctrine they will have the
irtmiitv in the next elections.
ittle ground will^beat the North, i
?nee 1 have thought it best that
nth should allow the Northern met
>nduct the tight in Congress, except
ive^he Southern view presented in <
two temperate speeches in each ho
y Southern men.
Correspondent: What do you think
le advisability of withholding appro]
ions from the army?
Soiiator Butler: 1 can see no good i
>n lor doing that. In the lirst place i
filing upon uie army sins that beh
i others, and besides, I believe a stu
!g army is it necessary adjunct of
ranch of the government. It has b
? regarded l>v the ablest men in tlic i
nee tin; foundation of the governim
t'e have always had a standing art
id why dispense with it now? It i
ngular l'aet tliat the best friends
my has had in the past were Mr. (
i?un and Mr. Poinsett, as secretary
ar, irom South '.'ornlina, and Mr.
rsou Davis, as secretary of war, fi
lissihsippi. if gentlemen of thcirpo]
il faith and peculiar views of the e
itutional powemof the CJeneral Gove
lent eoul I sustain a standing army, ]
lote its ofiicicncy and acknowledge a
>ssity for itsexistenee, there isnoi m
ason for our becoming alarmed bv
The existence of a ?ti;rding army tl
ot menace the liberties of this conn
t is tlie abuse of executive power
mbitious partisans, who care more
arty success than for tne liberties of
eoplp, that threatens us. You mi
is bund the present army to-morrow
ithholding supplies for it, and a
inn at the head of the government wo
uproviso a l'oree to carry out his belli
' lie meant mischief.
Correspondent: Then you would
ithhold supplies?
Senator Butler: Xo, sir. I do not
eve we have any more right to withl
applies from tho army than from
avy or any other branch of the govt
lent, and it is not good policy or fj;
ul^meiu to <io so. Lctthearmv be 1<
1 its legitimate and proper sphere, an
should be used to influence election
ominatc over civil power in time
eace punish the man who perverts
i\v a:i(,l n<>t the army, which xim
beys the orders of its superiors. It'
unnot get at the right man this time
lust try again, arraign him belbre
ar of public opinion and the people
every apt to render a proper vei*(
'here* is a strong undei'Minvnt of (
ETvatistn running through tlic masse
lie American people, South and No
nd we should do nothing harsh or ej
onslitutional to shock or frighten
lenient, but should try and read
lirough the avenues of reason and ai
tent. The people are tired of fool
ess on both sides, and they wantstra
'.rwani, practical statesmanship. 'J
rant to bo let alone, to pursue t
eaccful business avocations in their <
ray, and the man or party who div
iscni from such paths will suffer
Correspondent: What arc your vi
f the late financial legislation in
louse ?
Senator Butler: You have asked in
>11 you uiy views of the negro exo<
nd we had better nroeeed to that.
ny judgement the, best thin;/ Omit/rcas
'o with the finances ix to let them at
is to this movement oi' the negroes I
ieve it!i:i<l its origin in Washington,
- largely inspired by Republican po
Correspondent: Do you think the r
us will be as disastrous to the Sou 11
iits I teen prophesied, ami as sonio of
louthwestern people seein to fear ?
Senator Iiutler: I do not think so.
xodus is and will be a blessing to
outh if it continues long enough to t
?4?rth two or threu.hundred thousand
roes, and the negroes themselves wil
j .j,,' benefited by the change. T trust that
' t/1 ; hundred thousand may leave South Car
Jlina. Their places would soon be su
' plied with white labor, while in Miss:
I1H- sippi and Louisiana, in the alluvial ni
, larial regions, the places of those w
| have "left or who may leave will be su
| plied by negroes from the hilly or hcalt
Ex-! icr localities, and their places in turn \y
t on I be supplied i?y white settlers. We lia
.. j too much cheap negro labor in the SoUl
'ne It is demoralizing to the intelligent Wh
Ap> lftb'or, and mjc cannot prosper and ii
? ?wi vouMKr tn.?n ?!.;*? o
jtjl(mH' J I *- l>i,v" *1'*' a
perfluous cheap labor is transferred
III 11. i {ic'lds where it would be vitalized by eo
tact with the more vigorous white labor
' tlio North. Our people depend too mu
lion ! UP?" negro labor. It is perhaps the lu
, labor for cotton crops, and Cor that ve
jjcx! j reason is hurtful to the South.
y in ! Too much cotton has been and is t
curse of tlie South. We want a popul
do, tion ami labor that can cultivate sow
ve- | (hingelse, diversify our industries; soiu
1 do' body who will ^row at the same tii
rit.v | fruit or vegetables or hops, or raise li
;\s a.'iniinals, or erect factories and neat cc
and | tages and fences. This negro labor* as \
iure; have it, counot and will not do. 1 agr
gilt j with a certain leading sunator who sji
" i that cheap labor is not good for any con
| try. You can hire a given amount
t muscle iu the Soulli as cheaply as in ;
most any part of the world, hut we wa
muscle that has intelligence enonsth to r
; rout iUsclf, skilled ami educated muse!
. rta | llenee I say this exodus will benefit t
| South by relieving it of this cheap, in I
1 esj" j rior labor and replacing it with betti
"ul* ] It will benefit the negro beeauso he w
j command belter wages where labor
^scarcer. and he will be driven out of 1
10 ' plodding habits bv the more active lab
^j ol" the white man, or starve. His com
miajtjon will be altogether improved by i
ro-tj" inoval from the vicious influences of 1
? . own race where his own-race predon
tain nat0S- The Soutn may suffer tempora
ineonvcnieiiee, but in the end It will b?
'" a jri-fijjt blessing, ami for the. reasons a
r>tes signed, I should encourage the negroes
ans ; rather than dissuade them.
)cr. cal'sks of com1m.a1nt.
;an-j Correspondent: What in your jud
eon i ment arc the real and just causes of coi
t I plaint which the negroes have in t
ra- Southern States ?
iion Senator Hutler: The worst enemies
the the nejiro at the South are not the lai
po- owners, but a certain class of shopkeepe
my (of course 1 do not include in this eatefi
iion ry many country merchants, who a
ires very honorable lair de.aling men,) w
be- sell to the negro bad whiskey and tolm
his- co and cheap goods at the most exorl
taut rates, and at the end of the agricu
liral season their entire year's earnin
, are gone to tliese men. Kight out of t
antl of tlie negroes will pay any price for goo
cui-,if t|,,,y can biiv them on credit. T
I shopkeeper generally estimates what ea
can j negro will make and has his accou
"jlt shaped to absorb it. These are ev
| which time and the negro only can corn
'l)le bat lladieal emisaries seize upon indivi
lial in stances of unfair dealing to play u
on tlio credulity of the negroes and ma
n]v them believe thai it is the landlord w
r--- I has wronged them.
ressI coi.o.MZiNti tiik nkouoks,
:ollf Correspondent: What do you think
i4 | the proposition that has been made
u,l~ j colonize the. negroes upon some of t
cs.;government lands in the Territories?
s 01 Senator JJutier : I scarcely think it
i11'0" wise, and yet I would be quite wiiling
JVV" seethe experiment tried. If reservatio
h is fould be set aside in the Territories
Arizona or New Mexico, where the ji
' groes could gradually settle and acqui
.mil ive simple title to the land, perhaps th
ul'" might do well, but 1 should not ha
>"v" much conlidenee in its success,
unt Correspondent: What would be yoi
best suggestion, then, of the course best calc
m>,J latcd to benefit the bhwks?
w ill Senator 1 >utier : It would be mnehbe
l'lj{ ter for the negro if the race could be gra
,a'* ually distributed tiirougjiout the Nort
in1, where he would have the fostering en
OIU-' and protection of Jiis Republican frien
:on" j of that section and the sustaining pow
0 land inllueuceaf the more thrifty, intel
no''Jlent and energetic Caucasian. Such
iu,st j disposition of them would, I think, s<
r ?n tie the much vexed race question in tl
ncc' | country.
ant Correspondent: I)o you believe tl
negro could stand the climate ol' t
j North?
lV>" ] Senator Butler : Most assuredly. Tl
'on-, ngeraes stand the Northern climate qui
as well as does the white man of t
s. South, and on the other hand the Nort
. ' ....... L.?..ti?, u..Mtt,,,.., ,.
>t('(I 1 " ",1V- ""Mlilflll *
[lU0 mate as well as the negro perhaps in tl
l or! miasinafic regions, and can do ;ts nun
! labor under the Southern sun as a lien
jean. It is not as hot in the .South as it
arfj I in Kansus or M inesota. The heated tor
)r(i. is longer, but not so intense or fatal
j lurilior north, and with proper Iiygien
!.t:n and sanitary precautions we do not ha'
lit- as sieknessasat the North* Up<
|(1J. the whole a gradual interchange and e
n|,! changeof population between thes:ietio
tjjP would exorcise a salutary and benolici
.a]H inllucncc Upon the country.
my T':c Pfesbytcrinns nnd Paueiiit,'.
lilft AVtrs and Courier.
t The rjucKfIon which shook to itscontrotl
nig most powerful Presbyterian Church 111 Atia
Ut.and caused the resignation of its past"
lias been decided by tlic Southern Goner
Assembly, tLie highest tribunal of the eliuri
lias It inul been iletenuined by the Synod
lie- Georgia that the decision of the i'resbyte
. of Atlanta in tl:c ease of J)cacon illoek I
mil jtversed. because the proceedings were irre
vor ular and because the decision was not si
ino taineii by the evidence, and in the Gener
Assembly the l'resbytery of Atlanta nsl;<
i j* for definite instructions upon the foilovvii
'IP- J* 1 rst. Arc the dellvcrmiecs of 1Si5.">i 1803 at
['lie 1*77, on the subject of worldly nmuscinenl
tnd i lo be accepted and enl'oreed as law by judici
the i l'roccss?
, i Second. Arc all the oU'cnces named in the
1 * | to be so dealt with, or are exceptions to I
i? made?
line Third. Are the deliverances of all o
use church courts of the same nature and aulht
I l.v, so far as the bounds of these respceti
courts extend?
The Committee to whom these were refcrri
0r made a report, answering tiie tirst In the nc
. jative, on the ground thallhc deliverances r
,ri" I ferrcd to "do not" require judicial proseeutii
j "expressly, and could not requite it, withn
"Oa- 1 "violatiiiK tlie spirit of our law that, "no
f ;s I "of these deliverances Were maUe by the .A
' j "senibiy in a strictly Judicial capacity, l>
" | "wi re all deliverances in Ihtni, and, therefot
tul- j "can be considered as only didactic, adviso
the i "and monitory," and that, tlio Assembly h
ecu ! no power to issue orders to institute procei
ml cxcepi- iivciiruin; ic? me provisions in u
*llook of l>isclpline, and ail these provlsio
*"1,1 imply that the court of remote jurisdictIon
?y,| dealing with a particular court of origin
s a] jurisdiction, and not with such courts in
the cral. The Jurisdictions, therefore, upon t
.1 _ j sessions to exercise discipline in the matt
i- of worldly aniuseinents are to be understoi
only as utterances of the solemn testimoi
J of- ! of these Assemblies against a great and gro1
otn i ing evil in the church. The power to ult
liti- (such a testimony will not tie disputed, sin
i It, is so expressly given to the Assembly
the torm of government, and this testimoi
'r,,~ tiiis Assembly does hereby solemnly and i
>ro- fectionately reiterate. In thusdcbniug t
l..j. meaning arid interest of Use action of form
iifli Assemblies, this Assembly does not mean
1 the slightest decree, to interfere with t
'power of discipline in any of its forms, whi
is given to tho courts below by tlie conslil
tion of thechurch,or to intimate that disi
pline, in its sternest form, may not be nce<
lflRS! sary, in some cu^es, in order to arrest t
Lry. | evils in questions. The occasion, the mix
l>v | tiie degree and Utc kind of discipline must
lo'r I left, to the courts <it original jurisdiction, t
(I,,.; der the cheeks end restraints of the constli
j lion. All that Is designed is to deny the po
*?'" ! er of the Assembly to make law for t
bv j Church in the matter of "otlences," or togi
bail j to .its deliverances In these the force of ju
lU|cl!eia! decisions.
. ) The second question, the report says, noc
no answer beyond tiie answer given Ho t
tirst. In answer to the third question, the
not port savs:
"The natnreandauthority of all our cliur
i,n- courts are the same, so far ns the bounds
T these respective courts extend, subject,
lout course, to thfc provisions for review and c<
tlie t.rol of the lower courts by the higher. T
rn- power of the whole is in every part, but. i
ood power of the whole Is the power of every pi
.... . 1'ne perplexity about the nature of the deli
eranei-s in question luusarisen from con Tout
l(> 11 ling two senses In which tlx; word discipline
s oi j used in our constitution. Oneistlint of 'J
> of I dicial process,' the other is that of inspect!
n|0 | remonstrance. Inquest, rebuke and prlvji
. ' admonition. Tiie one is strictly Judicial a
!i"y I forensic : the other is that general oversig
we | of the Hock, whie.li belongs to the ofllcers
\vc the1 Church. iis charged by tlit: Holy (ih<
tiiu with tin; duty of watching for kouIs, Then
cannot be administered at nil except by
.. . court of the Church; the other, whl!?j It is
l]CI' function of that charity M'hich nil the inei
:on- hers of the Church arc hound to possess n
s of cherish for each other. Is yet th? special n
rlli, ollielal fu netu n of the rulers, to be eXiTc'.J
with authority towards those who are co;
, milted to there care.
lliat "In the judgment of this Assembly gri
li it | harm is done by the i-iftjom of Identifying
jilt-1 popular speceh, the two forms of disciplli
ish-! or,rather, by forgetting that there Is soi
.' . . other disclpli'ie than that of judicial proec
Hint i Muny sin erring sheep might be restored lr
ley place of safety within the fold by kind a
licir tender, yet IIrm and faithful efforts,
,wu jirivaje, who might l>e driven farther aw
Iiy the Immediate resort In discipline in
' sterner and more terrifying forms. The <1
* 1"-' tincllon here asserted is recognized in I
Word of <iod, and in our constitution,
substance at least, In the directions given
the conduct of church members In the ease
ews Personal and private Injuries. If scandal c
the im removed or prevented in such eases mi
cK'eetuaiiy, often I lines, by faithful dealing
o to privnle with offenders, than by Judicial pi
i' cess, it d?>es not appear why similar good
Is* suits may not follow from like dealing in t
J'1 ] matter of worldly amusements."
edit The report was adopted, and thus Is settl
(,uc a difference which has caused ifiueh dispu
i?/ tlon and nngry controversy. both In seen I
7 mid reliiriotisjournnls. hue regard must
a."1' had for the rulings and admonitions of I
liti- Church, but the Church is required to nhsfi
from harsh and tyrannical action lowai
xo- j members who may indulge In dancing n
therttregoinir, yet without overt sin. It shot
4i miner reson 10 uie lar more cincaciouN men
t'10, oils Hi' "Inspection, Irupiesl, remonstrance,
I "buJic ami private admonition.''
t ] iC. ***'
j Don't be fooled into a neglect of corn, o
alto | fm inerx of Marlon, plant lamely of li and e
no- tivatc carefully. A full co.tncrib inukcthgl
1 be j tlic heart. Yea, verily.?Ulur.
p- Will the Upward Movement C'outinne 1
,s" [Xeio and Courier.]
|:l" In the Now York Financial and Comj
nicrcial Chronicle of hist week appears a Me
j'" I communication from Mr. W. L. Brown, tc
.,7! of Liverpool, on the high price of cotton ^
'.'jnow ruling, the causes for its advance, ^
I and the prospects for its continuance. u
. ' lie takes the ground that the present rise ci
!lu j is due t<$ circumstances similar to tho^c y
n" i which governed in 1S(>8, viz: to spinners
ll" j becoming excited over tho relatively !,\
101 strong position of the staple, and the ab- m
in~ normally low price of tho same, and ir
, j rushinir into market, huyinir un sunnlios
%' '1 largely in excess of tlieir requirements, j
and working the sumo oil' on lull lime, ;}i
- the ell'ect of all which being, then ;is no w 11
to unduly force up the price of the staple. 1:
lie; claims that the reason for the eoutinlie!
nance of the present rise is that "spin- J
la- no is are hoodwinked by brokers into
ic- purchasing at one time more than is sufie
tieientJbra .veek's consumption," under Ir
!>e the alarm catikod by a del'uiency in the
vcivisilile supply, and he contends that
>t- nothing will stop the stimulation of pri,vo
i ecs but iJe adoption of short time, or an
ee j indexible resolve on the part of spinners *5
lid i not lo I?o so hoodwinked \>y brokers as;?|.
n-i above mentioned, hut to lay in only, i**
of j week by week, just what supplies may ar
il- be needed to cover their contracts. 01
nt Tlie Chronicle,, commenting on Mr. ^
1 i-. Krown's letter, thinks that he has partly p)
le. I touched upon the true reason for the ad- al
no viiiiru in coiloii, uur uoun ziiit iiiuiit nu
I'o right in charging it upon the brokers'. It }t]
>r. eontcuds that the present scare of the f'j!
ill s-piuncrs was. under the existing cireum- in
is stances, inevitable. 1l aays: "The visiiis
bio supply, already reduced to very low tl;
or figures, was decreasing weekly, and the
li- period of small receipts was approaching ,n
e- whila Knlish spinners did not hold two ti
lis weeks'consumption. Such facts neecs- h<
li- sattly produced groat sensitiveness, audi'*'
py it only required u little increased buying K'f
3 a at Liverpool and a few storms here to set!
us- prices in motion, with nothing to stop b<
to them until spiuuers should decrease con-!111
sumption or accumulate enough slock toj^1
make them feel safe in any probabloeon- w
tingoncy. This is history now." w
S" This is ("lie reason given by the Finan
.u" cial Chronicle as the true one for the 11
present cotton excitement. Discussing:?,
. the state of the market, and, whether or j
1 not this condition of affairs will he like- j w
[!.. | ly to continue, it says that no one canlci
;l's forecast the future, and the point for cv-jjj]
orv cautious man to consider is whether !*a
l.lc the conditions are not possible for a turn j w
" backwards. It then proceeds toon inner-j b
ate the conditions likely to bring about jej
this turn in the tide of prices. First, the
stock in the hands of the spinnersjias to
bo estimated, and this is regarded as a
,. vital point, since now that spinners have
j t begun to buy excitedly, they arc not like
ly to stop uutM they get on hand a good
'' surplus. Figures show that on the 1st of
April there were held by spinners in
I1* Croat ]5ritiun 1'24,000 bales against HI,000
, on 1st of March, and since then they
have added about f)0,0:)0 bales additional,
P" making their stock in the middle of May
i about 17.),00o bales, with a weekly c;msumption
of about 55,000. Continental
spinners have materially strengthened I
tueir postions since tney oegau nuying
of on the lst,of March, anil if tiioy should
to deem it prudent so to do, the}' might
lie rcadih' cease purchasing largely during
the next two months, and confine thciu5s
selves to purchases, from week to week,
to of only such supplies as are barely neeesns
sary to keep them going. They might
of buy fifteen thousand bales less than conic
sumption during that period, instead of
re fifteen thousand bales more, as they have
oy been doing for several weeks past,
ve Next there is danger that the visible
supply may unduly influence sellers innr
to relying upon still higher prices. This)
u- is not all to be considered, for the invisi-j
Ide as well as the visible must be estima-j
H- ted in order to arrive at the actual supply.
t|- At present the visible supply is about 80h,
OU0 bales less than it was on the lirst of
ire April, whe n it was about 400,000 bales less
ds than at the same time the preceding year,
cr But during that time spinudrs* stocks
li- have proportionately increased, and the
a supply, visible and invisible, is really ou t
ly about 240,000 bales less than, it' was
lis one year ago, instead of being 480,000
bales, as stated. And further it is realie
soned that stock in the hands of spinners
he is of more weight against the market
than stock at pdit-*, for it enables spinners
lie to hold oil' from buying at' any moment
ite they see lit to do.
lie A nother fact considered as bearing mail
terially upon the probable future ol'^prili
ccs of cotton is the profitableness of manlie
ufacturc. It is sliown by figures!ha; prit-li
ccs for goods have not advane< d relativero
ly with those of the raw* material, and
is that, indeed, there has been a decline* hi
m the price of manufactured goods and n
as yarn* hi nee last your, ilie tendency oil"
lie iliesuconditions would naturally bo toj"1
re make spinners consume as little ami buy 1
u: as .sparingly as possible. lb
x- This is an analysis of the points made i p
us by the Financial Chronicle to show how;
ul it is possible that the present high price
of cotton may decline, and it therefore
reasons that it would be wise in planters j
to sell to Liverpool buyers at the ruling
prices for fall delivery ull the cotton they n
arc, sure of being able, to deliver at that
,ie ti>ite. These prices would be profitable,
and while the upward movement may
continue, still prices may a's.? fill, since
' li at this early date, nothing definite can be
<>i told regarding the conditions of the crop
f>" in the future. >
o- 6 -c??
,s; Stewart's Unircrsltv.
ill ' ,
fd The fact has just been discovered that
the late A. T. Stewart left provision for
. the development of a tfrcat pbilantbropic ?,
's enterprise in the shape of a university so j
:,i munificently endowed that it will furnish |
the highest education at an extremely low |
m price. It was as ii preliminary step to
1,0 this enterprise that Mr. Stewart Durchasl!r
ed the Warden City estate, on Long Island
a- itself about as large as Manhattan Island,
ve and all thc*extensive improvements are
designed only to be the surroundings of
" a great collegiate system. The' inagnificent
cathedral, in whose crypt the moral
chant's bones were expected to rest, is, of
"t course, to be the architectural monument
"vl_ of Gannon City ana around it will be h
ut grouped the episcopal residence, the male ti
re, college, female college and divinity 1,1
ry school. The two main college buildings
,,s will bo on a vast scale, each with a front- ?
li^' age of 275 feet, and containing three hun- ti
i tired private and singlo bed rooms for u
is students, which together with dormito- v
al ries, will accommodate live hundred stu- "j
i'1" dents within each buildihg. The endow- n
^ j ment is so generous that Judge Hilton, k
ixl I who is working to curry out Mr. Stewart's <
?y I ideas has decided that the en tire expenses 'J
kV* of a student, male or female, for board, tj
washing, attendance and tuition, shall y
i? not exceed ?S0() per collegiate year of forny
j ty weeks, while, boside this, there will be j
11 f-; offered every year as many free scholar,lC
I ships as possible. The institutions, al!
though endowed by the estate of an Kpisi.~
nnniiun fnmilv wfll hn nrm-soptnrinn in
rh | character, and the intention is to make [,
the instruction they furnish of tho high- li
^1*1 est character. The first brick in the ''
j',y' male college was laid yesterday morning, '[
le, and the contradftequlros the building to #l
be he under roof by next January, and tin- u
ished and ready f'of occupancy the foliow?
ing September, tho other buildings to be c
lu* completed a year later. The develop- "
ve tnent of this great scheme will bo watch- j
[li* ed with interest. t.i
ds ? r
A Northern Man's Opinion of the South' Jera
People. b
of The nrticlegiven below, says the Ail-en C\)u~ s
of vier Journal, is an extract from a Northern pa- r
hi- )>cr which was handed us yesterday by our
lie friend Col. Oanes Ashley with a request that ,j
lie we should read It ; we give It with the same y
trt request to our readers, many of whom will re- j,
v- member Mr. Lewis, thebuggy man. lie came n
id- South a strong Republican, but when lie saw -r
Is whut Southern Republicanism was, he could a
lu- not as an honest man and a gentleman, con- ).
on tlnue Ills connection with that party. ?
ite Mr. Lewis Is a gentleman In the full accepnd
tation of the term,and his opinion will have ..
lit weight wherever lie Is known. _
. ..I II . ...... I.........I?...?.l I.. L
Ol lie >??> iiiivi ?ivnvu uj u iiui iiivtii jjninv.* ; ?
jst, man, who lurued out. to be a newspnpo" re- i.
ue porter, ami *o unintentionally his views have ?
a reached the public through the Watchman 1'
a Montpchrr 17, J:
11- Apropos of the howling of radical organs,,
rid ! and especially of the Watchman, wo publish,'
nd I the substnuctj of an Interview between one of; J.
ed I the A iv/ii* anil l'atrlol reporters and a gentle- i I
isi-1 man by the name or Lewis, who Is selling ear-!
l riages in tills vicinity, from Cincinnati, Ohio, j,
at and who lias resided for the past four years in .,
in Aiken S. L'., and has traveled quite extensive-11
tie, iy through that part of (lie South. lie says
ue the talk of shooting negroes, bloody shirt,
an. and shotgun leagues is uli gammon ; that lie ?
i a ' never sawany signs of It, and believes til? peomi
I pie of South Carolina to be more firmly loyal .
In to the Union than nlile-tent h's of the radical
ay party at the north ; that tiioDeniocralic party
Its | comprises all the respeetibiuty and honesty of
lis- the better classes at the south ; and the rndliie
I cats arc the very lowest of natives and car potior
baggers. Mr. Lewis says he always voted the ; j
fori republican ticket through thick and thin tin-1 (|
of til he went south, hut his experience cotivinc-' ^
an ed him the Democracy was the party for the I f,
:iro country,and he has alllliatcd with that party jr
In! ever since. He says any ifflin who will'go jn
ro- South ami attempt to alii the people to repair j ,
re- the injury done by the war, either by working i m
he at a tradeor cultivating the land, will be re-'
celved with open arms by the best classes. [ v
led and lie rather sat down upon "Mun's idea that!,,
la- | lie would be insulted,by telling him, in neon- u
Inr I vermilion, tluit he, ."Mini," knew nothing i
be i about the South or Its people fuom n fljinn
lie | trip to Richmond and some of the larger cil-j
In les.and that the people of the south were
rds I more disposed to be friendly and aid an honnd
' est northern mechanic or farmer than were
11ci j such men as the ll'atc/inian editor to extend
th- equal rights to men of the south. Hut they "
re- did not want carpet-baggers and insurrection ,
c.vultcrs to come among them, and If they
w.-nt the better class would not associate with
Hum, Mr. Lewis says he has heard-more 1
h ! talk about thepolltlcal aspect of the south In
ul- i the few months he has been at the north than
ad I he did In u four year's residence hi South Carl ?
jolina. ?
- - ? . ....
otton in Conjunction With Other j
Crops. ,
Southern Planter And Fanner.
I will say, directly, that cotton at present!
rices docs not pay, and misstatement should
iid ns to ask, why it docs not pay? Jslabor
10 high ? I think not. Men can be hired at! t
irty cents per-day and hoard themselves: j ^
omen and hoj's at thirty cents, and even j j
iwcr. Is the price of cotton too low? Yes, j r
iu price of cotton is too low. Well, why isiy
ittohsolow? Hocnuse we raise too much.';
'by do we raise too much? Because we nn-J j
. rtake to buy too much of such things as we 1 j
involves should raise, and in everything wc. v
iiy we must pay the freight and all other jc
neessary, and many unnecessary expenses of- ,
aiisporiation. of course, all this calls for j,
iore eotton. The cotton farmer does not',
link ot raising a dollar except as he sells cot* j (|
m to do it. Ills pork and flour come from j v
le West; his clothes and tools from the East, c
e does not keep Ills money Ions enough to j y
now where that conies from; but he may be! v
ireof one thing, that is his poverty conies j v
om too much cotton. Tills will he the ease j ^
itil we raise all food consumed on the farm j v
; man or beast. ! j
W'e should raise all our seed oats, rye and I,
Ish potatoes. It would be far cheaper, and
ir own seed will do just as good as any. This ?
. ar I have paid i'l't tor seed roots, but hope
jver to doso In the future. f
If we raise all our own provisions, we will t c
it need so much easii to cultivate a crop. t
early all farm hands spend four-fifths of L,
ieir warnings for provisions; this the farmer i,
lotild sell to them. We should he able lojj
II as cheap as the merchant who has freight. j
iu an cny expenses in |mv, i>?> ...,
ir hands we save freight and all time con- J
lined in making bargains with wholesale
lycrs?leaving us to make cotton as n suruscrop,
which is easy of transportation and
ways brings casii, except when mortgaged.
There is not a single farmer within my
nowledgc, who has made any money when
} had to pay nil money to his hands; but
ic merchant who sold provisions to those]
Uid* made the money. c
r^ast year's crop is estimated at five million)
iree hundred thousand hales. While we are
Jeving at the low price of cotton, let us re- '
ember Unit we have made one million hales I
ueh. Su? h a large crop drives all coinpetloii
in buying out, each buyer knowing that
j can get all the cotton lie may want at his
ivn figures. A short crop would make each
nver hurry to get lils share before it was all
>ld. The average farmer, tinder our present (
,'stem of all cotton and no provisions, will /
j more likely to lose what little mbney he
lay have than make any. Our best farmers J
c not. making any money now, because *
ley have to sell their cotton In competition
itli those who raise cotton to buy everything )
Hit which they use. <
It is not necessary or advisable t<< quit rals-1*
ig cotton. Weliave all tho necessary uten-11
Is for Its cultivation; besides, it is a crop J
lat must be raised somewhere, and the Sout h t
the plaee for it. There is no crop in the h
orld to take Its place that would admit such ,
owding of tlie market every year. Let caeii
irmer rai?c his own provisions rather a little
ver than under.aiul there will be no need for] <
new crop to take the placo of cot ton. Sheep 11
ill help us to bring down tho-numbnr ofn
iiIrs and bring us money too; but our tinan- ,
al salvation will come only through a boun- 1
ful provision crop. 1
A-Tcmperiuicc Song:.
Ilel urn my muse, no 1 miser stray: !
O, coine again, and with ine stay.
I ask thee not, for .Shakspeare's fame,
Poor Burns's wfl I dure not claim.
With Byron, great. I would not vie, *
Nor yet, as Moore, arise so high,
Wilh Young or Milton, deep, sublime, (
The lofty heights, I cannot climb. :
Hut since 'Trlncc Alcoliol,'' so vile,
Would rohour land of ev'ry smile,
Some humble thought, U, now make!
known, (
This! ruthless monarch to dethrone.
ITIs scathing touch T ne'er have felt:
Hut oft my heart has seemed to melt, j
When scenes of sorrow, deep, untold, !
Before mine eyes, lie did unfold. <
Were I the half I've seen to tell,
My story far too long 'twould swell.
Enough, enough, for me to say, i
Where should bp Joy, is sad dismay.
'TIs not In crumbling liuls alone,
This tyrant rears his wicked throne :
To marble halls lie linos his way,
Aye, Kingly mansions own his sway.
lie's not conllned to rank or age, |
To rich or poor, to fool or sage.
The fair-haired child, and hoary?irc,
Alike oft feel his deadly tire.
Of reason, fame aim lovely truth,
lit; robs our noblest, brightest youth,
fle's met In car, he's met in street,
In Mcuatc hall he tlnds a seat. 1
Of blood-shed scenes, Alas! too rife, I
He's oft the source, tile head, the life.
Alt! worst of ail, the grave divine, I
Has some times bowed before his shrine.
Then friends of temperance, one and all, i
To you 1 make my earnest call.
Go tortli, go forth, as ne'er before;
Your banner Rijsc. from shore to shore.
n,,,. ?.? mnsl iissiill. 1
Ere all mankind before him quail. j <
0, friend* of temperance. rise en niiis*, i (
'1 iiu "Liquor LiiW"' be sure to puss.
?<^yy ? : {
Increasing Fortilily.
1'mirie Fanner. 11
A well known Kngllsh agricultural writer, j <
jorc I hitri u decade a no, wrote as follows *j><
Fertility lias boon increased hy tlieoporatlon ,
f new processes, mid of new implements, liy ,
ip Importation ami mnnufaetuieof new nm
ures, by the cultivation of now plants, ami
y the malntciunce of *a large stock of lm- i
loved animals.'' It is the key-note to site- |
;esful agriculture everywhere. The farmer (
ho buys the best Implements for working!
10 soil, ulways having in view simplicity ofj 1
instruction ami consequent economy in j <
>st; who Increases the fertility of the soil hy <
reen fallows ; who makes yrass the basis for j |
not her crop; who breeds his animals up j
nd gives them tin; sustaining power toward,
nprovetnent by liberal feeding from birth j
nwnrds; who conducts his operations from <
iiu-lnef^standpoint; this one is the sucecs I
11 husbandman. Work does not drive liini;; (
u drives tjis work. j,
It is nonsense to talk about a soli growing!,
Kir in llu? course of live or ten years' crop- J
Ing, unless the Individual Iris snamefully <
ilsinamigeil it. In fact so far as the virgin |
lisof the West and South are concerned, i
eterloration Is due more to mismanagement
r to cropping to special crops yearafter yeiu,!
ian any iJilnjr else. Tile man who plows a j'
lay M>lf when wet so alters Its ineelianient I |
iructure that sometimes it will take years to rj
ring back to 1 s normal state, often, In fact, I
can never be done. Sandy lands do not)
ike or run together, and from tills and no]'
thor reason is it that these soils are so well! I
ilanted to recuperation. Yet these soils are |
ir less rich than the more tenacious clays or j
roii|r loams, These latter if ploughed when
l a friable condition, will remain intact or
early so mechanically. It. is simply non nse
to talk about the degeneration of the
lil, The earth is a great reservoir of fertill\
China, the garden of the earth, has been
l<.i? HiAiijiiiult! ?<?! flMir? /mfiVi I
,11 I I > iHCU I'll 4.,.. .
iehl of England. through improved cultiva- j
on, has been advanced within tlitf Ijist forty I
ears t,vvo hundred (old. In tlie Hast, through |
niiroved systems of cultivation, careful ro-l
ition and the application of manure, a great j
dvancti lias been made in the average yield |
f crops. The same may be said of t he South
ithln ihc last five years. Soalso in the West!
amy farmers may be found who have kept!
>e fertility of their farms Intact from decade j
> decade. Yet, as a rule, the lands of the
rest are constantly decreasing in their averse
yield. This is natural enough to all new
mntrles. The processes are crude and the
lone.v crops few. It Is, however, a wise poliy,
as soon as possible, to so diversify the
rops that a proper rotation may be secured,
his, with plenty ?if grass and live stock to
it It, will not only keep up the fertility of
le soil, hut make it better and better year by
ear, rather than wcyse.
s it Rig-lit for Presbyterians to Visit I
the Theatre I
Is it right for Presbyterians to go to the
lieatre? Judge Drake thinks not; and yesjrday
In the General Assembly Saratoga
o brought forward a resolution condemning
tie playhouse. After tabling an amendment
eelarlng tlie opera to be equally undeserving
f Presbyterian patronage, the General As-1
snibly referred the.Iudge's resolutiou to the
ppropriute committee.
It would he'.Interesting to know the prelse
grounds on which the General Assembly
lakes this discrimination bet ween the tliea
re and the opera. Are ine morals 01 inej
'resbvterlnn laity of so peculiar a texture
lint they would lie polluted by "Hamlet."
The Rivals," "Rosedale," or "The Shaueli-I
nun," while a representation of "La Travia-1
iv" or "Don Giovanni" is as dew to them ;rivng
them a lustier growth and a Iresher
loom ?
There are very bad books for sale In the i
lores and on the stalls. To be consistent,
udge Drake should Introduce a resolution
irbidding Presbyterians to read. There arej
lsreputablo hotels In all our large cities.
Vhy does not Judge Drake ask the Assein-1
ly to make the staying over night at a hotel!
11 offence against Presbyterian discipline?
'here is a great variety of plays as of books, i
nd as widen difference between respecta-l
le and disreputable theatres as between repectableand
disreputable hotels.
As a matter of fact, a great many Preshyte- j
ians go to see plays at theatres, take their I
hlldren with tliem, and think no harm as
h?y take none. Does.Tudgo Drake propose
r> excommunicate these Prefbyterlans? if
lot, his resolution, even if the General Asenibly
adopts It is not likely to keep them I
I'om theatrical Indulgence.
One thing is certain ; All the well-reputed j
ilayhotiscs of New York and Brooklyn tilling
the past I wo months have not done ai
ithe of harm to public morals, religion,
r rresnyieruwusin umi. mi* m-vu uiiui uni
ipuu all thrt-e by the remarkable spectacle [
list withdrawn from the boards of the Brook*!
yn rresbytery.
So long as Talmngc is allowed to perform
very Sunday In a Presbyterian pulpit, the
pssa I'reshytorian General Assembly has to
ay about legitimate week-day drama the,1
letter.?I\ew York Sun.
Arrest of Corbiii.
CiiAKi.KSTON, May, St.?Kx-United States
Jistrlct. Attorney Corbln. was held to bail toay
at the instance of the attorney-general of
he State in a civil suit pending against, him !
i>r the recovery of fcU.iNHi. Jn 1ST.) the State'
eta'ned (torbin to prosecute a claim against i
phosphate mining company for phosphate j
nyalty duo the Slate. A Judgment for S2S,[10
was recovered and f'orbin paid into the |
itatc treasury SSKi, retaining the balance,'
I'hleh he claimed as counsel fees, (,'orbinj
ave satisfactory bond to answer the suit and i
bide the process of tiie court.
127,5(JS Ems.
Greenville Advertiser.
The rrcsx aud Hann^r of 21st nit contained!
?' r.r.i! nf 1-1.^,11 n<r mnfli<r r m lit In. !
Ide pages, and over *>2,(ft) oh Its outside, mak- j
r>n n total of l27,5t>S oh both Miles.si <|iianMty ;
f rending matter not ?;l ven by any other )>a- j
er in the South tlmt we know of.
Af.r, manner of repairing done by T. C!
eal, at prices to suit the times. * j
Lngusta to Spartanburg via Green- '
AuguHi Chronlc'c and. Sentinel.
Our renders have not failed to read the noice,
niven. in another column, by Mr. W. T.
Vlielt-ss, namely, that until June l"ith,,prox.(
10 will receive sealed proposals fort lie mason' | j
y work on the piers ami abutment* for the . J
Augusta and Greenwood Had road bridge over ]
in! SnvanilAh river ? . Witltitn'a f-ilunill 'I'liiul
s a siirnidcaut and cheering announcement. | ,
t is tlic outcome of'pa lien t, quiet', earnest
york; It means that the Greenwood division ;
if the Augusta and- Knoxvllle Railroad is, y
iruetlcal'y nil accomplished fact. After the [
llscusslon, touching tlie practicability of the .
tmlertakiug. had ripened into an affirmative! i
leclslon, very little was wild, but a great deal I i
ras done. The Chronicle took occasion, a |
ouple of months ago. to direct the attention | <
>f our people to the extension of the Green- j
rood division to Spartanburg, at which point i *
re would lind opened up to us a new route to IJ
he \Vfst. The eharaeter of the country that] J
rould be traversed by the proposed extension 4
s so well knrtwn to our people that it need 'J
lot be described, An available, inexpensive '
out makes the distance between Greenwood 11
lid Spartanburg about sixty miles. " ' P
It is believed that our South Carolina Ix
riemls atonic the eonteinplated line will give j'
ihcerful and prompt assistance. 'J'hey look |1
o Augusta for a zealous co-operation. What- *1
ver we may find ourselves able to do will 1
loeils be doneas individuals. We risk noth- j'
ng in saying that having been convinced as J
o the desirability of the extension and hav-i
m: been shown how necessity funds may be'1
aised with comparative ease, our citizens 11
vill not hesitate to lend their aid to a work1,'
vhlch appears to be full of promise of good j'
oall concerned. It would be well for our f
iouth Carolina friends to ascertain approxi-!'
uatcly the cost of the work and liow much I
hey are willing to contribute in al l of It, 11
rVltli this information in hand our citizens'
vould be able to decide to wha* extent they I
:ould give encouragement to the enterprise, j J
In Act to Protect the Lands and Crops 1,
of the Citizens or Abbeville, Union, 1
Newberry and Laurens Counties ;i
from Trespass by Stock.
Jif it Enacted by the Senate and House 11
)f Representatives of the State of South!'
Jarolina, now met and sitting in General 1
\ssembly, and by the authority of the j
Suction 1. That in the Counties of Abjcville,
Union, Newberry and Laurens it!
iliall not be lawful for the owner or manlier
of any horse, mule, ass, genet, swine, |
diecp, goat or neat cattle of any descrip-1
ion to permit the said animals, or any of
:hem, to run at large beyond tbeiiuiits of
:hcir own land.
Sec. 2. That in said Counties, whenever
any of the said stock shall lie found
upon the lands of any other person than
Lhe owner, the owner of sueh stock shall
be liable for all damages sustained, to be
i-ecovered by action of debt in any Court
jf competent jurisdiction, and tlio stock;
causing the damage shall be held liable j
tor tho same in preference to all other!
liens, claims or incumbrances against the j
Sec. 3. Any person who shall maliciously,
unlawfully or negligently permit
any of said stock to go upon the lands of
Dtlior parlies shall bo deemed guilty of a |
misdemeanor,and, upon conviclioif there- >
of in a competent Court, shall bo lined!
in a sum not exceeding thirty dollars or I
imprisoned for not more than* thirty days,
in the discretion of the Court.
Sec. 4. That the County Commissionr*r?
nf ?nlrt (vr?l xr sir a
directed to erect n lawful fence on the I
limits of said Counties to protect the lands i
pf said Counties from all incursions of
stock or cattle from adjacent Counties, ;
and l'or that purpose enter the lands of!
uny person in said Counties and erect I
fences thereon without being guilty ofj
uny trespass whatever : and the said Com- ;
missioners shall have power to construct I
fences across any public or private road j
and erect gates on all roads; and the Conn- i
ty Commissioners are hereby authorized#
and empowered to make such arrange-1
ments with the owners of property con- j
tiguons on either side of said County lines j
us may accomplish the object of protect- i
ing the Counties from the incursions ofj
cattle and stock.
Skc. 5. That any person who shall j
willfully and unlawfully leave open any j
of the aforesaid gates or do any willful'
lamago to the gates or fences erected for j
the purpose aforesaid shall bo deemed]
S'.iilty of a misdemeanor, and, on con vie- j
tion in any Court of competent jnrisdie- j
Lion, shall be tinftl in a sum not exceed- j
ing twenty (20) dollars or imprisoned not
more than twenty (20) days.
Skc. 6. Any person other than the I
owner or their agents moving or destroy- j
..< ...... 5,In,I tr\
uij^ iii?#y j/wi iiwu wi uii y ivjivj unvii'ivvi iw j
unclose animals of nnv kind.shall be j
loomed guilty of a misdemeanor, an.l,
upon conviction thereof, shall bepunish- i
ud by a tine or imprisonment, or both, at
the discretion of the Court.
Skc. 7. That it shall be a misdemeanor
lor any person willfully to walk, ride,
drive or allow his team to travel outside j
:>f the road on the cultivated lands of pti-1
vate parties, and upon conviction thereof;
shall be fined not less than five nor more!
than twenty dollars or be imprisoned
not less than live nor more than twen- i
.v days : Provided, That in
ase any person charged with this demeanor
be brought before or reported to
i Trial Justice, he may discharge, him<olf
from an \' further proceedings therein
f?y paying such lino within the above
limits "as the Trial .J ustice may impose,
Skc. 8. That the County Commissioners
of said Counties, respectively, shall
lie authorized and instructed to levy and
collect a tax upon the property of said
I'ounty to defray the-expenses of erecting
and maintaining said fences, said tax- j
2s to be collected at the same time and in
the same manner as the State and Count}-1
taxes are levied and collected.
Skc. 9. This Act to take ell'eet immediately
and the fences roqi^red to bo completed
by the fourth (4thj day of March
Skc. 10. That all' Acts and parts of:
\cts inconsistent with this Act be, and '
[-Ut? Kline arv nrririrv , i trj/t-au-w.
Approved Doccnibcr 14 1878.
1 ri? G?tfUIM2?
TYT? f' T'-f o'fT &
r*V 1 ?L. <-j* C?S c&!?j4a?< JJC? *i- Jalfl t?/
Celebrated American
THE rountcn:;ncc is pale nnd leadencolored,
with occasional flushes, or
a circumscribed s;:;ot on 011c or liotlt |
checks; the eyes income dull; the pupils
dilate; an a/.lire semicircle runs
along the Ipwer eye-lid; the nose is irritated,
swells, and sometimes bleeds;
a swelling of the upper lip; occasional
headache, with humming or throbbing
of the ears; an unusual secretion of
saliva; slimy cr furred tongue; breath
very foul, particularly iit the morning;
appetite variable, sometimes voracious,
with a gnawing sensation of the stomach,
at others, entirely gone; fleeting
pains in the stomach; occasional j
nausea and vomiting; violent pains
throughout ti:c abdomen; It) we Is irregular.
at times costive; stools slimy; ,
not unfrequently tinged with blood:
belly swollen and hard; urirte turbid:
respiration occasionally difficult, and
accompanied by hiccough; cough
sometimes dry and convulsive; uneasy
and disturbed sleep, with grinding of
the teeth ; temper variable, but generally
irritable, &c.
Whenever the above ?ymptoms
are found to exist,
will certainly effect a cure.
it dof.s not contain mercl"ry
in any form; it is an innocent prepnrn
lion, not capable of doing the s//^;'Uesl
injury to the most tender infant.
The genuine IMcL ant's V::r
mifuce bears the signatures of C. McLane
and Fleming I'.ros. on the!
wrapper. ;u:
DE. C. IioLA3?T3'3
arc not recommended a< p. remedy " fur si! j
the ills that fiesh is heir to," but in afVectioiis '
of the lirer, and in all l<ili<?ns Complaints.
Dyspepsia ami Sick Headache, or diseases of
that character, they stand without a rival.
No better cathartic can be used preparatory j
to, or after taking (Jnisiinc.
As a simple purgative they are unequaled. ,
The genuine are never sugar coated.
Each box has a red wax sea! on the iid with j
the impression f>R. McLaxe's Liver I'd.i s.
Kach wrapper bears the signatures of C.
McLanf. and M.RMINr. liuos.
In.sist upon having the genuine Dr. C. Mr.
I.ane's I.ivt.r I'ii.l.s. prepared l>y Fleming
J!ros., of Pittsburgh. Pa., the market heing 1
full of imitations of the name JIcLdiff.
spelled differently but baine pronunciation,
'fv/j.-rr- ? v.yvrv " ? '*"
His Own Story of
Wonclerful Marches
17 XOITINd and perllou? voyngeir'on tbo
Vj ?resit LijOaiorial lakes nrut down tlieCon;o
Hiver to tiio'Meu, and of Desperate encouners
with cataracts and Cannibals. With a
listory of the recent explorations of Lieut,
'nnicron and others, by Alexander Hyde, A.
>1/ Author of "Agriculture," "the l-'rozeu
iono and Us Explorers," &c., IieauUfuliy and
irofusely Illustrated.
This book Is a record of daring deeds, heroic:
trilogies, and perseverance and endurance in
he lace of appalling hardships and dilllculles.
It is the cheapest, and by far the best,]
Hiinplete history of .Mr. Stanley's inconiparihie
exploits published, and the only genulie,
an then tic, arid creditiililc history of his j
ecent expedition published at a low price;
vhikj for thelarge class of Intelligent renders
vho have no time to spend In studying the
Iry and uninteresting details of geographical
llscovories uud theories with which the Afrl:>wi
explorers delight to pad ont their two-volitne
narratives, It;wlll prove to be the most
atixfaclm-y one that can be obtained at any
>rice. . ..
it gives In a clear, connected concise, and
/cry Interesting style, a full and authentic
ecord of the great traveler s explorations and
ulventurex in Africa, from the tlino he start:d
on Ills lirst expedition, until, with the halfstarved
surviving companlonsof hlstoilsand
buffers, ho emerged from his Journey
;hrough(the MystcrlousCannibal Lands ond
its Wonderful descent of the Coniro. luto the
civilization of the Went Coast.
It is unnecessary to say anything laudatory
>f Mr. Stanley or the great work lie has accomplished
by his exploratious in Africa,
riie press throughout the civilized world has
innounccd his spiendid successes and sounded
forth Ills fume and distinguished scholars
r>f Europe and America have honored him bv
uppreciativo testimonials to the value and
magnitude of his work. '"He fa," nald tho lamented
Dr. I'etermun, "the Klsmarck of African
Explorations, who has, l>y his untiring
energies, setat rest the theories of a thousand
rears. Ills work is unparalleled in the whole
lilstory of discovery In tho world." Of bis
experience* on the Congo, Stanley says:
Our days of dattle and our days of hunger
may he forgotten as years of peace and rest
may roll over our heads, but our months of
toll and wild energy In the cataracts, never;
for each day of that period has its own terrible
tale of narrow escapcs. of severo injuries,
of despair and death. \V't? lived as though we
were iu a rock tunnel, subjectut Intervals to
the thundering crash of passing trains."
.Some publishers have hired people to write
the history of Stanley's travels. How much
more Interesting must the story be, if told in
his own words',as iu this book.
The book also contains, in a condsnsedform
Lieut. Cameron's story of his three years'
wanderings in Africa. Although heand Stanley
both crossed the continent their routes
were widely different, and Cameron's narrative
Is a charming and picturesque record ol
travels with strange companions though n
new and hitherto unknown region teeming
with strange races of people; and for many
renders It will be more enlertnlnllig than
Stanley's recital of his bolder and more san?
gtilnary exploits. After rcachingtho luterioi
(where he mot Livingstone's dead body on Its
way home) Cameron marched westward with
Arab chiefs as far as they ever penetrated,
and then Joined a Portuguese slav^-hunting
caravan which escorted him to Bthe: and he
finally reached the Atlantic, in desperate
straits, about the time Stauley was starting
down the Congo.
This volume in a literary point of view,
as well as in real value, i!: vastly superior
to any other books 011 the same subjects.
It has also more engravings, and niorr
reading matter in proportion to the price; dc
not be deceived by books set up in extralarge
type so as to make as many pages as possible.
ken for nuiklng it n book which will elvt
good satisfaction to buyers, Written chiefly
i>.v the explorers themselves.it is authentic
and thrliiingly interest!lit;.
Stanley In Africa is printed on good paper,
In distinct type of medium size,and substantially
and elegantly hound, making a Ir.rge,
iiandsome octavo volume of over live hundred
puues, containing more reading matter
than other Stanley books with more pages
but larger type. It has a good map, sixty-two
spirited full page engravings and numerous
smaller Illustrations, presenting a vivid panorama
of thee.xeiting scenes,described in the
it is sold only by subucriptiou at the following
prices: \
Hound in lie.it ICnytLih Cloth?Xf.w Style, IClega>>t.
$ .'.")?; Jsiitlurr?Librury Style,'ioM: Lztra
Half Morocco, )H.OO.
Agent for Abbeville County.
rpHE attention of*the Indies particularly
I is culled to the tact that we now have in
store, one of the largest .hocks of Indies floods
i.v,.r brought to tins market. Having been
s(.lt.ei.ed with tlie greatest pains by .Mis. Jiadjjrtu
in person and wall every facility for buy*
at tile closest figures, we teel confident
t'hat wo can now otter Inducements equal to
uiv inarKel. Uive us u iuu?>aiid price our
e?I,kindles HATS AND BONNETS we have
ii inrmense >loeU with alf tlic lewe&l styles
of TU!M-n1J-n'us- ANV HliliJONs.
Ladles from 5c to fwca.vard
Whiteant' cotored LACK i'lES 8c to$1.25.
SILK Tilv'111 g'eat variety, A)c to SI.50.
UUKTON LACE SCAltl'S in gjeat variety,
TOKCHOX LACK od to a yard,
DliESS lu u11 tiJe new pattorns 10c
to 75c a yard. ' ,
BLACK CASIIMEKES l?c to 75c a yard.
IILACK ALP.UfcVs lSo to_(i'tc a yard. or
tfJw/\.rV5 4W
^ lOnRED AND LINEN LAWNS In beautiful
l'lii.x IV. 1) LAWNS 10c to 15c a yard.
AVIIITK LAWNS 10<: to 40c n yard.
FR ; ;>'< "It MUSLINS JOc to.iOc a yard.
WHITE PIQUES 7e to l'iea yard.
White Lace Striped PIQUES lu new patterns.
Ladles HOSE ?c to 7.'c
A beautiful assortment of Misses and chll
droits HOSE Mc to ;tt'c.
WORSTED K KIN (IKS 10c to 20c.
11A Mill"It' ? KDOIXOS k: t??7.">.
I .allies, MUses and childrcns' SHOES manufactured
expressly for us and for sale at lowest
Samples sent on application. Orders solic*
TJEYOND a doubt wo linve the largest and
D best selected assortment of
vre have ever handled. We also direel
special attention to our gentleman's tine
shoes. Wcare prepared to satisfy the most
fastidious and Invite ihe inspection of oui
stock by parties desiring handsome and ser
vieeable Spring Suits. Also largo line of Hats
botii felt and straw and Ready-Mado Cloth
ing at
Marshall P. DeBrulsl
Attorney at Law,/
AfilSKVILLE C. II. s. C.
Having several years experience nsnllquoi
;lealer, and beingfamiliar with all thebrandj
besides having a practical knowledge of wlm
Is choice, lie is fully able to supply all win
ivish a pure ?rt icle either as a beverage or fo
medicinal purposes, of anything they desiri
in liis line of goods, which consist of thi
following: ,
Rye Whiskey, Port Wine.
Bourbon Whiskey, Madeira Wine,
niasii.) . Malaga Wine,
CrystallizedCorn, Catawba Wine.
N. K. Rum, Betippernong Wine,
Centennial Uum, (.Mart-!- Wine,
ykl Crow Whiskey, Lincoln County Wlis'i
Scotch and Irish Whiskey, fine linpotrci
Gin, Champagne, French Urandv.
Tiie above goods wlil be sold Inquantitle
o suit purchasers, at prices from two totei
dollars a gallon.
Parties desiring Christmas supplies will di
woll to give me a call.
Buggies and Harness,
I n.WK received a car lond of the eel
cbratifi MILlU'FiN WAGONS?all size,
?and SPUING WAGONS of various sizes
Also, Single and Double IJUGGIKS, Wagor
and Buirgy HARNESS, all of which will bi
sold at the LOW F.ST PRICKS.
Baker & Confectioner,
ON Main Street, next door to J. Knrz'i
Hoot and Slioc Store.
Fruit, Croud, Cukes and Candies tob* 1ih<
r.t nil times, fresh and sweet. tilVK MK A
CAW, and treated riplit.
J'AHTY-CAK KH furnished to order.
Fob .*>, 1S7P.
j\. IIAPPY Combination of pain Relieving
Strengthening and Curative Agents, with
March 1, 1S70.
rTAI.K-INTKRF.ST in theVleveinnd Cotton
II Mill. Desirable property in u healthy
locality. For prlco and description a-liircss,
K. C,. HAMSAl'K,
Cleveland Mills, Cleveland Co., N. ('..
May ^1,1NT?. St. * o
' Successor to
| Greenville, ST. C.
- (
A Large StocK of
Uil'iiwiK valtwiofa ',,fT
, n'sralna. <j Jt
nnsiMTDV nnnnnr
buumni ruuuuc
' :t ?' " * . '
| Lowest Prices.,
n j'{ /* '/* 'r C>i*lk f \
; Orders will receive prompt attention and
j be tilled at
j On day of arrival.
Send for Prices
J. A. Goodwin
. /
: 1 - ?/ ' "
'Mr. George 0. Alien,
;! N
requests hi* frlondsto give htm a call. .
> Jan. 8,1870, :Jm.
Columbia, S- C.
List of Prices2
Hollers. 10 mcheB diameter <85 00
1 " 1 2 " 4. 00
2 " / li " " 50 00
3 " 10 ' " 60 00
3 " 12 70 00
3 " U " " #0 00
AbovepricoKcomplcto with Frnmi- Wltboa
J'nune, 310 lean on euch 11111
i HORIZONTAL?3 Rolle* Mill
for Steam or Water Power,
Send Your Orders for
Cane Mills
Syrup Ketiles
D. B. SMITH, Agent.
; ' -V
A .'1 TT-. ir Af Til
;avau luurseii ui it;
! Preserve
t *
; Xewspapers ana Music.
' Slate, County ani Baiiroafl Qicers
A. nd
^ Snpplied with Blank Books
tr? a/?a 4- a owtr D
luuuc bv aujf x aticu
' i i LL families have OLD BOOKS PERIODICA.
| which tlicy desire to transmit to their poater;
lty. Then
' ! Which will preserve them and will mako
. i them look almost as well us new.
, j Old Hooks,<?e.t should not only be rebound,
but the current literature of the prcflbl day
{I should be put in a durable form for fV^erva,
| Hon as well.
"! This can Ik> done in the shortest posslblo
j time, with the best material, In the most
i handsome and durable stylo, and at a price
. ! which cannot be duplicated anywhere, by
11 Station Kit, Book Binder and Blank
Book Maxvfacttjhkr,
No. 1>> Main strekt,
L; Feb. 20, 1*79.
Inswi ?ATH I
If UA BiiJUEj 2
Asrrro.vn hand home 8hrttl?
SEWIXO MACHINE, in srooti repair,
j Makes a lock stitch aiui can be used with
cither hand or foot, having a table with *
cover. Price SHURj Cash. Apply at this ottlco
I March 3,1879,tt
[ April GO, 1871), tf
; * AS IT MAY Happen.", a Story of
J\ American LHu ami Chnracur. py
I Fib. 10, 1871', l(

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