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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, January 14, 1880, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026853/1880-01-14/ed-1/seq-2/

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Ilow a II hale wus Caught '?|couj
Charhsfon Harbor after an All- iiku
Day L ight, for Life?Fifty Fctt' con]
lAtny and I if teen, Feet Thick?tro
The Death at Sunset* ; the
iXcwsnrnl (,'ouricr, Jan.S.] j tittN
Several flays a<ro the almost nprecf i "JK
dented presence of a whale in Charles- j
ton Harbor was announced. IIow In*['"'ltu
came hither, to a place so remote from J l'ie
his usual haunts, and so isolated from I actr*
his friends and relations uuist forever,
remain a mystery. Whether driven; *
here by stress of weather, seeking mis- verJ
authropic seclusion from his kind or on ),Kl1
on rtv-tilnrimr pvneditiou will ntver he
"" "I"' e> ?r
kuowu, but bis presence was a huge, lacr
black verity. !a"1'
Several timid and ineffectual attempts w',e
had been made to effect his capture or;su"'
destruction, but all were futile, until a |6X1,1
regular hunt was organized yesterday, j * w
Mr. Armstrong Hall, engineer, ami i ^)a
Capt. Smith of the tug Royal Arch, | ^uo
leading it. The attacking force origi- j Jaen'
nally consisted of two of Messrs. Bangs! ^
it Dolby's row boats, each manned by j ^ai
three oarsmen, an experienced and trust- i e.nnl
worthy coxswain, aud a man in the ' r.'?e
bow of each armed with a harpoon.! ^ree
r Other boats with their crews joined in i1,1*-"
the chase, however, wheu the whale was'a^?
seen near Fort Sumter at about 0:45 a. j 'loa
m. lie had been firt-t met and struck iovei
on the bar, however, by the boats above j thrt
mentioned at about 8 o'clock, a harpoon I Krei
and line being made fast in his body | a')0
near the tail. Pursuit was continued, \ mos
one of the boats towing aft?r the whale1 w'1'
by the line and the other being rowed aut^
to within a short distance of Jiim as he ?PP
would rise to blow, and the harpoons was
being launched at him whenever a fa- w,ia
vorable opportunity offered. e(*?
During the chase he had been work- *he
ng his way to laud ward, aud soon got ^ro1
in the shoal water near Fort Jo[iustou, w^s
on James Island. In his struggles be i P'f;
became entangled in the stout line at? |
tached to the harpoon, aud wound him-1 ^it'
self in it so that it held firmly. He re- j,jjIT]
mained in the shoal water during the j skit
morning, the line having beeu cut to As*
save the boat during a "flurry," and in lslro
the afternoon,at about half-past 1 o'clock1
an attempt was made to secure him.; ti?a;
" a. 7> u L
i^our steam tugs?Jiorgan, iu? o^.,
lie, the Wade HampUffi, a,nd the Krfyal: 9-v<
^4rt7i?were present, besides probably j !1U(]
fifty or sixty row boats, and a fewsmall,
sailing craft. \and
The news of the capture had spread | ed a
rapidly, ana quite a crowd, including aj ne'.
number of ladies, gathered on the Bat- i
tery and watched the struggle that en- i n'
sued. The line was taken aboard and J ter i
made fast to one of the tugs, which at-' tire<
tempted to coax the fish toward the city. are
But the steamer proved to be too uu-.^'S1?
handy for the delicate maaipulation i^w
required, and finally snapped, a piece of. the j
/?nnoilprablp length beins left attached 1 wbi
to the whale, worn en traine. Then j neri
ensued a series of exciting manoeuvres. ? ^
TLe tugs woukl approach hiiu in turn | a
&s opportunity offered, and those aboard j getj]
would drive lances and harpoons at jthe
Lim with more or less effect, or attempt ja,ld
to throw great running nooses over the !
flukes of his tail as they were thrustj je|j
above the surface in the creature's strug-1 his
glee. He indulged in a series of thejwlii
most extraordioary gymuastic perform- j aiJd
ances, turning complete somersaults,1^^
and occasionally standing on his head j,e^t
apparently for several moments, with a ba
from two to six feet of his tail projecting pacl
above the water. wat
Meantime many of the small boats
were -dodging about him, and missiles; 8tee
were hurled at him whenever a fair j h
cbanoe was offered. Time aud again'tirn
"barbed harpoons, and the long keen
.of )?ni?ps wp.pm nlunped into hi* aI1(^
sides -and back, and tiuie and again did'^""
they fail to hold, being drawn back by I stru
tbe lines by their owners. He was slow-1 (Ga
ly but surely scuffling and turning hira- j 'au<
self through the mud, which was seen j
upon his head several times, across the!
Ashley River toward White Point Gar-; ttr.
den, the centre of an ever varyiug circle! T
of all sorts of craft, armed with ail sorts je(*1
of weapons. In his progress he ran Arc
uoder the bow of the schooner Minne- ^at,|
Jiaha, where earnest efforts were made to shu
lasso him, a compliment which he re- tbe
turned by standing on his head and j just
thrashing her with his tail until sbei^1
shook from stem to stern. He struck! triu
several blows upon her jibbooin, which | nul:
was damaged somewhat, the rigging j was
thereabout being badly torn. He would i*
lash the water with the flukes of his)^
tail, making reports like the discharge I (;a{)
of a musket, throwing the briny fluid | give
iuto the air in great masses, and drench-1 as h
ing all in his neighbohood. He came I
to the surface frequently to blow, which j
he did with a noise resembling that|jP,u!
made by the blowing out of steam from thic
an engine, seuding a fouutain from each! fret,
of his nostrils. j "
At one time he got beneath the bow I W(af
of one of the tugs, and lifted it clear off
Via n'otor onrl a Htrnkfi nf his tilil > nnd
wrenched off one of the cabin doors that) be t
stood open. It is impossible to describe;
and almost impossible to imagiue, the j
tremendous force of one of these strokes. ^
The great volumes of water that rose' era!
after each, showing the immense strength | "oo
that was put forth in them. !
Two of the tugs ran over him, and | t|,|a
the profiler of the Wade Hampton thoi
gave him several blows, the effects of I It
which were seen upon his bleeding back |
as he next rose. The line had also "re
evidently chafed him considerably, the 15,L"iJ
skin near the tail being jlereeptibly rawj
from it. It apjieared about this time as |
if he was nlmost exhausted. He would ;
now and then cease his struggles!
entirely, and lie placidly upon the wa- 3's
ter with almost his entire body exposed,
as if resting. Observers could almost ?>>
imagine that they could see him pant,!
ami hi* Hiwirfs c?mft in nnifk supo,(*Kion I in i
and seemed to have a ring of distress or i {V??r
despair in them. His motions, too, were;
slower and more lauguid, as it"he were, in i
about to relinquish the unequal struggle, | cer
and die.
All this time (lie two boats that had' s
originated the chase had steadily follow-j ?<']
ed him up, the men in the bows driving u<>
their long lances iutc his body near
where their experience taught them was! ? ii
a vital point j sju
Suddenly there was a cheer. One of,
the tugs rather involuntarily had gotten i <;xi
so close on him that the remainder of I "r(
the line baugiug to him was secured by j"
a boat hook, aud quickly spliced*o au-j >}
other line on board. About half an j J. '
hour of playing him followed, when the i ins
line, which had been stranded gradually , *el
agaiu parted. Haifa dozen efforts were
made to throw a noose over his tail
from the deck of the Wade Hampton, 11*
from which place such trifles as a rifle s
bullet or so and two or three balls from 'Ijj
a large revolver vere fired into him \vi
without perceptible effect. One or two "j]
of the efforts to throw the noose over j Vm
l: It"
Xllill wrre vciy ucui ijr bumiioiui, iuii uc jMt
seemed to dodge beneath ihe water as ii' 'y.
iell about hirxi.
Another cheer announced another ()f7
apparent success. A lance thrust fromj kh
oue of the Bangs & Dolby boats had ur'i
evidently struck him deeply, and thej j!?
men iu her yelled exultantly as they | ''i
rapidly backed away. The blood pour-;
ed out aud dyed the water around, and| Y<
in a few seconds a gigantic plume ofj 1,1
iwasnu > irwaawitt mmmam i a?ammmmat
ison spray arose as he came up toblow J
lie lifted his side from the water and
ck another gigantic blow, the blood 5
Id be seen pouring forth in a stream
that from a small hose. He lay j _
iparativelv quiet, and another and.
mjer line was passed about him from K*
Morgan. With this he was played
another half hour, during which t>
?the small boats kept steadily stt ik-; S
him whenever he appeared. ilejC
by this time changed his course |fl
ewhat, turning toward the centre of|11
harbor, ami crossing the stream]111
?s3 the bows of the bark Framed si
L'h lie narrowly missed striking,
lie confusion ol' boats ami liues was n'
r great; tugs, bat tea ux and row:,r
Ls being gathered around the fish,;w
ruately advancing and backiug amid ol
laos ot'yells, oaths, cries of warning ,*'
orders, theconfusiou beingincreased Ir:
n the object of all atteutioti would ! .
lenly begiu to lash the water or! j
:ute some fancy movement, causing (1
ild scattering of craft ou all sides. ^
.t some one was not drowned or t]
eked iu the head is a subject of
2ial wonder.
Lt last, when just alongside the Wade ^
nj/ton, the whale, who had lines ^
ugh about him almost for a ship's c;
ing, seemed suddenly to decide sn ti
himself by one mighty effort. Iou j,
md almost the water for many feet p
ut him became a mass of seething, tl
ving foam. He turned over and c<
r, fairly churned the sea with his tail h
;w first bis ugly head and then the ti
it black ruotier iooKing nuKes ian
ve the surface, and beut himself al- n
t double, straightening out again I
1 terrific violence. When the spray n
foam were gone aud men had an b
ortunity to look, the Morgan's line f<
found slack and broken. The (
ile had freed himself aud disappearHis
track was rapidly followed,
struggle having by this time been e
ught to a point opposite the Southern
irve?, which were packed with peo- < 0
he game appeared once or twice at
1 intervals, and was finally conic up
h by the pursuers, now greatly
linished in numbers, ou the eastern o
; of Cooper River near the shore, t:
liu the chase became hot, one or two j,
ikes being given, and the Morgan j'c
ning over the whale agaiu. About |.
; time, however, he rau so close in ! 1
t the tugs were afraid to follow ainij^
ni idly at a distance. Only about |-?
?n row boats now engaged in tiie tl
it. the others having retired from f,
.mong the few wuich btill followed j
jg that laid hands upon by the flews
: Courier deputation. The fish turu- n
^nd went down Hog Islaud Chan- ?
the oarsmen pulling steadily andlcl
?rily after him. s<
*Lk of sport! What sport is com- 0
ible with the rush through the waifter
such huge game as this, when
i muscles forget their weariness and i
endowed with fresh life at every Sl
t of the great head, and every splash cl
icmonster's body ? Giveaway! Give cj
y with a will! and with oars going, s)
gunwales parting the smooth water jj
ch seemed to rush by, and every
and sinew tense and firm, the
se followed, no one knowing fatigue n
lopping to measuredistancesinsuch C
int. At last the boats huddle to-'d
ler, and spread again in a circle, as! i(
fish is caught up with. A moment jc|
he appears, and in that moment aj
f boat shoots by his side, aud a mau j n
tie bow, cool aud steady, aud with a Sl
beratiou that looks cruel, pluuges
lance into the mountain of flesh,
le the oars are backed with a rush
surge, and the craft glides away,
in and again this is repeated, the
? mnviutr in acoutiuuul semicircle,
imiug the great fish in.and forming
irrier, which he could hurst like 3
k threaa if he knew it, to the deep
er where his safety and rest lies. "
vly he works out, tacking this way 0
that, and getting the merciless jv
1 upou almost every appearance. |*
!e was evidently weakening this'j,
e. His pluuges beneath the water t]
e shorter aud shorter In duration, u
he seemed to gasp for breathi as he a
le up. At last a barefooted salor in n
ot the two first boats, the man who a
ick the first blow iu the morning, c
rrison, of North Carolina,) drove his "
;e home. The boat backed away, "
there was no need for it. An inert '
;k mass lay upon tne surface, mov- ?
gently with the motion of the wa- i.
Dead at last! n
heu the boats rushed in and cluster- n
iround the dead giant. The Royal si
h came up, and from her deck some '
tired a rifle ball into the whale's n
k. There was something like a !
dder, a feeble serpentine motion of n
body and then stillness. Tbis was w
at sunset, ofFShem Creek, ou the J*
V, .>-rt /tUaAH o /iliiiot* o men
Slll'l L-, UUU tUCCl Ullti VtJVV,* uiu^v,
whistle of the tug joining in the p
n phal chorus. Lines were quickly tl
i fust about the great body, ami it
i towed to Sullivan's Island, where
ill remain a part of to-day.
ist at the death the Poconxiix of the w
ry Company's line came by, and p
t. (Jauuou came close alongside to n
s his passengers a view of the game, a
e had gone out of his course during
morning to show them the hunt,
he fish is a"Right whale." As well "
ould be estimated last night his tl
:th is from forty to fifty feet, and the
kness of his body from ten to fifteen
. His weight, of course, could not
.scertaiued, but his captors estimate
: he will yield from S60U to $600 s
th of oil. o
'lien examined after death the body t<
sides of the monster were found to ^
hickly seamed and scarred in every .
ctiou with the marks of lances, harus
and hooks showing that the fl
iters had aimed well. e;
lie hunt was the topic of most geu- c
iuterest in the city yesterday after- j,
n, being an unprecedented event |h
i. The Ferry Company will run an
ursiou boat to ^helsland utlOo'clock e
morning for the accommodation of s
?e who wish to see the whale. p
will also be exhibited to-day, be- s
iiing between 1 and 2 o'clock, at 8l
giiail's Marine Kailway, wnere a u
til admission lee will be charged. |*
pointiucnts to West l'oliil and Annap-! j,
oils. n
WASHINGTON, I). Dec. 2!, 1ST!), si
the Editor of The Jti,{iLit'~r, I .
IK; Since I came to Washington, over ft i *
ntli ago. I have received letteislroiuyoung 11<
u in most of tticconuliett of ihcThirdCon- j
ssioual District asking ine what prospect w
ire was to secure a cmletshlp at West Point >>
Annapolis? That I might not be in error '
lite reply I would give. 1 wrote to the su- s
intendents of these two academics asking! w
in certain questions. 1 received in an-!
i-rto them the two following letters which 111
ill tie obliged to you if you will publish i
the Ucgistcr for lite information of all con- j
ncd: I st
I Copy. ]
Annapolis, Ma, December if),
ir: I beg to acknowledge the receipt of
lr letter of the I St h Instant, and In reply , o
inform you thatCadet Midshipman HornLadd
Killebrown, of Columbia, is the pres-1 *
: representative of the Third Congressional ! "
;triot of South Carolina, and that his term I ei
I expire in June, Issl*. provided he should j
tin; Interim pass all his examinations ; j
mid he resign.die or he dismissed, a vaeanwill
ovcurat date if sueli casuality. Iiu- <-*'
diately ui??n his passing his !inal|>S
xiiiaiinn In .Hint'. 1S82. vou can nominal)' f
Kiniidate to succeed him. The selection j [j
this candidate need not, however, So liy
npetitive examination, unless you think (
?r??|?er to make it so.
iio age is perscribed by law, between tour11
(II) and eighteen (IS) years, and dates v
in the day the candidate report* for exam- 1T
ition. 1 am, sir, very truly, your obedient
vnnt, '
(Signed) GKoKfiB I!. Uai.cu,
Rear Admiral, Superintendent.
[rv)/v/.] m
Wi.st Point, X. Y., Deceiriber lt?. |'
n:: The Superintendent instructs me to' f(
"orm you that the present cadet from the
ird Instrictof South Carolina is John
liiltaker; that the class to widen he belongs
I graduate in l-SSl; that, a competitive exination
should take place one year in adluwl/.n
. mi.l Hint. t h?? I a.
!( ?! (II (.iuiu "i
lit <if ti^o dates from the il:iy of admission) I
o the academy. 1 am, sir, very respectful- |''
yourobediant servant, I
"(Sisrned i Frank J. Michler, !s
JM. I .ieutenuntStii Cavalry, Adjutant. ' jj
"hese letters show that I will have control i
the cadet to succeed W'hlttaker should he,
idunte In 1**1, An examination will be ; j
tered some time next summer.
'he cadetship at Annapolis will he under, s
'controlof the Congressman of the 17th
enclose you n circular, from which you
aht extract enough to'adviso these young
upetltors what wlii he expected of them. v
mr publication of the above will gratify q
tm aud your obedient servant, j ,
1). W yATT Ai ken. | li
?he Press and Banner,
Wednesday, Jan. 14, 1880.
en. Kennedy for Lieutenant (ioveruor.
Repeatedly during the last month ot
,vo we havo seen in the papers of oui
late the name of* (Jeneral Kennedy ol
amden brought forward in nomination
>r the lieutenant governorship. This is
nomination we most heartily endorse,
id in doing so we know wo reflect the
mtiment of our people and the people
f the up-country. We might, indeed,
id with good authority, include the
?w-conntry, too. We know no tuan who
ould be more acceptable to the people
r the whole State than John 1). Kcnnev.
The people will support him not.beuiscof
his war record, brilliant though
tat was, even though it docs disngtiisli
him among the many noted solid's
whom .South Carolina produced for
le civil war. Their support will not be
used on an}' claim that may be advanced
.... .1 Ivmilc
Kit UU ^WlllUliliu^ uv ktiv
F tho people" ? although that claim
ould bo well founded. They will suport
him because they have implicit condcneo
in hi in,?anil that is more than
in be said of some others of those disuguished
soldiers. They will support
im bccausc they know that in tho camnign
of 18S0 tliere will be groat need foi
io ability, and power of organizing and
introlling which (Jen. Kennedy lias oxibited
as Chairman of the Stato Kxecuve
Kershaw County must make up hei
lind to do without Gen. Kennedy in tlx
<egislature. lie has been as one of hoi
sprcsentatives a faithful servant to her
ut she must sacrifice her county interest;
>r the good of South Caroltna, and Soutl
arolina demands that John D. Kenttc
y's name shall bo placed on tho Stat<
ickotas her nominee for Lieutenant Gov
Ion. Manlgault for Adjutant and Inspector
,\ow tnat wo aro uihcukkiiik mnuiim
ions for the State ticket, wo shall agait
ndorsens wo did last week tlie nomina
ion of Gon. A. M. Manigault for the Ad
utantand Inspector Generalship. Tin
tcorgctown Times and Comet, spoke mos
ighly In his praise when it ^nominatec
i^in, and tho Press and Banner canno
lay behind. Search South Carolini
irough, a fitter man cannot be found t<
11 that high office than A. M. Manigault
te is emphatically a soldior and a gentle
lan. Most men need a uniform to show
IF their soldierly qualities, but the plaii
lothes of a civilian cannot conceal th<
oldicr in Gen. Manigault. Ono need:
nly to see him, to know that by nutun
t?d by practice too, by his bravery, In
;grity, and modesty, he is fitted to rnprc
slit and to nourish the martial spirit am
liivalrv of South Carolina. Tho Mexi
10 and tho Confedorato wars proved hli
;er ling qualities as a soldier; his wholi
fo bdore and since tho civil war, in af
ucnce, in adversity, in the dark days o
ictiealism has shown him tho true Soutl
arolina gentleman. Tho poet Chance
escribed his perfect knight as one wh<
>ved "trotho and honour, fredom anc
artesie." lie was painting just such i
lairasGen. Manigault whoso likeness i:
2cn in the following lines:
'And of his port as meek as Is a mayde,
'He never yet no vlllanic nesuyde
'In all liln life, unto ho manner wight,
'Ho wild a Very^perfect gen til knight.'
Cheap Advertising.
TTndcr tho abovo heading tho Unioi
\mes of last week has this to say:
"Judging from the prices offered us foi
lsertiiitf certain advertisements, wo ar<
ot a little surprised at weeing tlioso ad
ertisoments appear in a number of tlx
apers of this Suite. As one out of >
umber of offers we have received with
1 tho past three months, we instanc<
bat of a Northern firm proposing to giv(
s eight dollars for publishing a 4J incl
dvcrtisement one year with a local everj
lonth and to send'the paper free to tin
clvertiser for that time. One-lifth of i
i>lumn, one year, with local and pape:
irown in, for ?3 ! monstrous .' Ten col
mns of advertising for one year for $400
>o wo work for our own citizens at thai
rice? Not by a jug full. If we did, no
country paper in the State could stand ii
>ng. We have no right to say how oui
eighbor shall conduct his business, anj
lore than ho has to dictate to us how wc
hall conduct oure. If lie thinks the
patent" outside is best for him we havt
ot the shadow of a right to say anything
gainst his adopting it?that's his busiess
alone, and hss nothing at all to dr
,-ith ours. Hut when our neighbor does
nything that has a tendency to interfere
ith the business of all the other papers
/ encouraging ruinous reductions in tin
rice for transient advertisements, wt
iink?we haven right to complain."
We ha%-e had tho same experience witli
lorthcrn advertisers, and our readers
ill bear us out in the assertion thatcomaratively
few objectionable ortvertise'
lout#, howover, appeared in tho Picsi
nd Banner. As a rule the papers thai
se "pateni oui.siues puunsu iewor u
10 cheap humbug advertisements thar
icy did before adopting the plan.
Maine Under Martial Law.
General Chamberlain now rules in th<
tate of Maine, tho land of IJlaino. Ir
tlier words, Maine is now under what is
3 all intents and purposes martial law
rovernor Ciarcelon still holds out auc
olds office, and republicans, democrats
isiotiists and greenbackers aro all al
ach other's throats. Garcelon is a demo
rat: he and his are aecusod of bribery
itimidation, fraud and corruption; o
avlng counted-in democrats and count'
d-out republicansof having dono, ir
hort, just tho very things which tho re
ublicans did here and elsewhere in th<
outh when they required to count-Ir
Dine democratic States as republican
laybe the Maine democracj' have ncithei
lean hands nor puro hearts. Maybe tin
illany tho republicans taught them the>
ave executed, and perhaps bettered theii
istructions. Wo can't tell. Hut tin
trange spcctaclo is to-day beheld ii
fainc. of IJlaine and his friends hayhif
> fight against the electioneering agencies
rhich they constructed for republics;
urposcs only and only for Southern
tates. It is dangerous to invent tools o
iekedness, and useless to hope to have
jonopoly of their use. They are 'liket
angerous dart, which, shot, redounds to
:rike the shooter's heart.'
TYaste Ureal li.
"Can it he true that tho South Carolinr
uprcme Court Keports are to be printed
iorth? Tho Republicans never though
f doing that, and certainly tho Demo
rats will not do South Carolina printer;
lat injustice. Wo are not interested. 7
> only the principle involved that w<
>nsidfr. Kach class of workingmen it
outh Carolina needs all tho work it cai
ct. If the mother refuses to nourish bei
liild what can she expect from it?"?
'ohnnbia Yeoman.
This talk of patronizing homo industry,
hen It refuses to work at as low rales as
lore distant enterprise, is all wastt
roath. Those having in charge the prinngof
the Supremo Court Reports owe il
> the tax payers to have the work done
s low as possible. Whether il is dono in
'olutnbia or Massachusetts makes no diligence
to tiie public.
' ' ? * - 1
AUvertist'iiH m* hvhwiii^ iwiii u
k 4l\o nvnifntinti nf nrf>w?iif. fron
yvnv;? uiv ?
acts, wo will not insert advertisement?
i tho local reading matter at any price
Jnder no conditions will we in future rletroy
the interest of our local coin in ns bj
lling them with advertisements.
Wo take the above froth the Anderxoi\
nfvlliffcvccrt and are pleased to noty tht
land which that paper has taken. Souk
f our exchanges have so far tilled theii
:>cal column* with advertisements thai
ce have ceased to read them with inter
st. I.ife is too short tu read such still'
ifty-two times a year.
I 'J he Tax Act.
j It.seems that the Tax Act is full of er-1
'jrorsaiul irregularities. The Charlcston\
| News and Courier and the Augnsta\\
j Chroniclc and Sentinel .seem to think the i
j irregularities of no eonsoquetioe, but thef
'| plain provisions of the Constitution have!
j not been complied with in the passage ofL
; tho Supply Bill. The facta of the else, j
" and the arguments of the liegialcr, anp In I
our opinion, enough to convince arty on- :
i prejudiced mind that taxes cannot bo
lawfully collected under tho present tax 1
act. While wo ayrco with the lirrfinter i
in its belief that the act is not of binding!
i force, we do not agree with that paper in ;
i j charging the blunders to tho fact of a,
short session, and the consequent rush of]1
1 business just before adjournment. We;
j presume that nine out of ten of the mem-1
j hers had not given the matter a thought, j
land never would have done so, even if)
'they had remained in Columbia until!
I next Spring. Our own notion is, that tho
j Legislature should be assembled to rem!
edy tho defect! and that the members
should see that their constituents dp., not
i j sutler for their inattention to the logisla
tioii which thoy were cnactlng, by roturn-1
ing and correcting their error without j
cost to the State. As the law now stands, j
i if it does nothing more, it will certainly i
create dissatisfaction, and encourage &j
: ] disregard for the provisions of the Con !
stitutiou of tho State.
! ? ? *
I The Stock Law in Greenville.
The Orecnvillr. Xcv.s thinks the stock
law may not work to the advantage of
the farmer, in that an "imaginary line"
" has been made a lawful fence for the Air j
5 Line Kail Road in keeping stock off their j
f track. No Kuits can hereafter be brought,
. forscrub stock killed by tho trains of:
* that Road. This, in our opinion, Is well. I
II We believe that a man who allows his'
stock to throw a train oil* tho track of any J
' Railroad should he indicted, and held re-l
sponsible to tho company and passengers|
for damages. What difference does it I
rnako to the passenger or tho Railroad j
. 'company, whether tho obstruction be a|
! - * - - - 1 !t - 1.1
i log (>I woou, oru ruiuuvuii run, ut <iu uivi |
bull ? The damages ju'C nil the sauio. |
r --
TIic G. & A. K. R.
We take great pleasure in presenting]
to our readers doiteral Bradley's dignified
answer to some of tl.o charges' as to
cruelty txvthc Convicts at work on this
VoXfl. It is n plain rfnd honest statement ]
which lias tho impress of truth upon it, |
and must carry conviction to every fair-j
minded reader. Theroaro always two J
sides to every subject, even as to the,j
treatment of convicts by these patriotic
and public spirited citizens who have
{ undertaken an enterprise which will result
only in good, and we think itaOoutJ
timo to cca.se abusing those engaged in
so good a work. ;
"Senior" ftin] "Junior."
Wo should like to know whom the Neiv- j
berry News considers as its senior editor, j
The firm name is Bonbam it Siinkins,
and yet in their editorials that paper re-j
lers to Mr. Simkins as the Senior Editor, j
Our understanding is, that the first name I
in the firm is the "Senior" without any i
reference whatever to the respective ages I
of the parties. For instance if Mr. Sim- j
kins were to retire from the firm and tho j
oldest man in Newberry wore to take his:
place, Mr, Uonham would bo tho '"Senior"
The Air Line Railroad.
T If we arc to form an opinion from the;
t press along its course, wo would say that!
tho Air Line Railroad is the best Road in j
r the South, and its officers tho most t-fll-j
; cient and obliging officers to bo fonndj
anywhere. It is a great Road and wc bo-1
' lievo it deserves all tho praise which has
. been bestowed upon it. Wo hope its of)
fleers will not fail to look after the Green-1
} villo and Columbia Railroad wheil itj
r comes to salo.
> -o o
! Sew Law Firm.
Cothran, Perrin it Cothrnn publish
their business card in to-day's pnper. It
t is needless to add that it is Mr. Thomas
t P. Cothrau's name which has been join"
od to that of the old firm. Wo congrati
ulato our young friwnd on his promo,
tion, and wish him and his copartners
; great success. Cothran, Perrin tfc Coth>
xan will be a strong firm in the Jaw.
i Captnring a Whale.
5 In another column wo give interesting
I particulars of tho capture of a whale hist
) week in Charleston harbor.
A Notable Banquet.
yen beny Xcuii
Abbeville nasalways ncen noteu as a ccn-i
. tie of culture, Intelligence and refinement. |
And as a means of fostering this spirit, the!
' gentlemen,a yearor twoago, formed a literary i
t, society, which has acquired a reputation
. through the erudition, ability and knowl'
eilgeof ltsnicnihere. Thlsclubmei'tsmonth-1
, ly. at the residence of some one of Its members.
There arc In It a number of unfortu-i
nates3, unmarried mostly, who are not housekeepers:
hence they cannot Invite the club!
to their houses. There united, however, and
on the .list of December, gave an entertainment
to the Club and a number of invited
5 guests, which was decidedly the most recherche
atli'.ir that wo have attended In a!
long while. We had the honor and pleasure
3 of being present. The menu was all that the
most epicurean taste could suggest, the ar
rangeinent* perfect, and tho atralr was pre- j
1 sided over by Mr. W. llenet, the President j
of the "Homeless.'' Fifteen regular, toasts i
? wcro given and responded to. We wish we
could reproduce some of tho speeches, l'hev
were excellent. The toast to the citlron fo)*
dlery was responded to by Judge J. F. Lyon,
whocallei' on the Junior of the ilVti? to re"
ply. And t lint oft he Press was responded to
f oy Mr. Hugh Wilson of tliePrens and Banner,
who called up our Hen lor to assist h I tn. Judge
Mcf'owan led on In response to the toast to
l the Club, and very beautiful and touching
were his remarks. This occasion will long be
" a green spot In our memory. The abandon of
i perfect friendship and good fellowship; the
etiiiuette cf (he most retined society; the wit j
1 of the brilinnt, anil converse of the learned,
all marked the Intercourse or I lie evening.
' We express ourselves as deeply Impressed by I
f tho evidences of the good accomplished byj
. | the l,lterary Society, Long may It continue t
1 and flourish, ns a green bay tree, and may oth-1
r\ er:< of a like nature grow up In neighboring
r towns.
' Tne fiuKRXvrw.K Tkaokdt.?'The Green-1
, rili'r Xrtvx of Friday contains the following]
particulars or the recent shooting affair In I
r that city: "It was announcod yeglenlny |
. morning that one of the sonsof Olive C. Jioss
and n Miss Paintcrwould bo married last night;
i The lather said If they did he would kill his
son. and prepared for the occasion with a I
'shooting-iron. Tho marriage look place. I
f Hons heard of II, and It whs reported to the
brother of the newlv-marrled man that the'
1 father had opened his trunk, and was cutting |
i Ills clothes to pieces. Accordingly, tho sin- j
tfle Koss, and a young Mr. Knight, repaired to
I old 15oss'r. to scenttef matters? went upstairs, i
and wero followed by the fulher, whogathcred 1
his son by the arm and tired away, the hall I
enler'ngjustoverand above the left breast,,
land passed round the fourth rlh, and Is lodg-|
.led somewhere under the left shoulder blade,
[; thus preventing an entrance Into tho lungs, |
'' wnieh no doubt would have beeu immediate- j
tjly fatal. Dis. Ilerry and (Jlazenor attended, j
. examined and dressed the wound, (lid Ross j
J Is on .'hoseout. The affair took place on the)
.! factory hill in this city about !) o'clock last
?Skating costumes are the gowns in which j
ij there Is tiie great out call for novelty in Hng-I
'land just now. The wraps worn are either |
. ulsters or cloth jRokets, with hoods lined with
gay handkerchiefs, and beneath them Is a
jersvy of red silk, with velvet sleeves and
II skirt", and ruffles of yellow lace; or a poppy- I
'colored silk skirt, with furtrim'med mantles j
! | and with a tunic of black c.asinere lined with
! red. or something ciiually gorgeous. A red |
j velvet nintr trimmed with yellow lace anil]
'! gold braid and a black brocade inuir lined
ti wllli red and trimmed with a spray of red
! berries completes t hesc two costumes,
' i A father never thinks liisten year-old son is I
i; sironser ilian a horse until lie employes him |
; to turn the Krlndstone to sharpen an ohl axe '
' | thut is about as sharp at one end as at the!
I other. The ol'J man hears on until the lad's
I eyes han'-i out anil his trousers buckle tiles
| oil", and just before lie hursts a hlood vessel!
his father eneonrauos hltn with the remark: |
I "Does?it? turn?hard ?" Thousands ??f hoys j
! have run awav from homeand heroine pirates
s | and Greenbackers In order to escape a second |
! slejje at the grindstone.?Xorrislowti Herald, j
' ]
i TniF.i.Y f'AfrioN.?fiirls, beware of tlieman |
' i who talks love to you and so claims a r In lit to :
j caresses and familiar freedom, yet never asks ;
' you to marry him. A lover who never means
1 to be a husband is a mean man. He pretends i
i not to believe in eniregcments and dors noi l
'I bind himself in any way, but expects from i
; yon all a lover's privileges. You cive him
,' everything, nnd he tri ves you?what he has
'! often Riven, and is even now RivlnRfo others I
t, WllO IX'lieVC t)iIII SIS TllDIIMIiy MS ynii CIO,
Von nci'il not licprmllsli, bo inodost.roflniMl,
pun- mill delicate. Mnki- rmlcnrss. course-.
[ nrss ami personal liberties impossible in j
I your presence; make men bettor by being bet- 1
| tor yourselves. |
ttoport of General I'. If. Bradley.
To Ihe Chairman and Hoard of Directors of the et
Stoulh Carolina Penitentiary :
Wknti.kmen?On the titli of this ntonth I ronei
veil u noie from General T. J. Lipscomb,
Superintendent, Ac., to appear before your
body juiU show cause why such action should
not be!tftkcn In the premises as the ease, may
demand, in order tnat your Honorable body
may folly uuilerRlaiiti t.he position and relation
of ail tlie parlies concerned; I will say _
life*, words bv way Of explanation. ;1$hcu -??
t^e wo/k wnBllMt ctntnenced on the Gwi'eii?
wood and Augusta Kallroad, Mr. l'.inrele.
who was then.in power lure Informed olir
Hoard that it would boneeemary to have t.n'
Penitentiary represented on the work, and If
we would si rid a man down he would Instruct
him In Ills duties; if we did not, ho .
would send an olilcer ol' the Penitentiary to 1
represent that institution and sec that more
work was not exacted of the convicts than ll'
I he eon t racts a I lowed. We sent I.. W. Lyon, 1
who received his instructions from Mr. !'? mcle,
and represented the Slate on our wor*
lor a short time; ai'ler his resignation, .1. J" '
i'ahili wtisappoinledaml iluiy commissioned "
by the state. Jt was made his duty to see }''
that tlie fMnte sutt?-red no detriment lu the J1'
person ?;f Iter' convicts. He claims, to f
bc.'and loflll intents and purpose Is, supeiln- jf
teiident of this portion of the convict labor y1
of south Carolina. It i.s the duty of the com- { *'
pnny.nerlnprhronch their Hnfirct of Directorp,
to sec that the convicts havesuitablenuiirters.
uonilortuhlcclothliig, wholesome food, inedida
I trchl inont, &c. The charges made by ic
( vncRil Lipscomb and Dr. Trezevant are nl- ,vr
most Identical. I will proceed to answer *
tlicni both together,and, Ilrst, as to the con* J"!
<lltion o!' the camp, altbo^h no particular 0
fault If found with the bulTdlnss, It might
readily be Inferred that they consider them ct
iosutifcient for the purposes of health.
Dr. Ti' tv.eva-nt Is correct us to tliu si - o of the
buildings, or nearly so, I would Just state 1,1
here our present buildings, although on the
plan of all the others, are Inferior to uny of
them in strength. The present enmp was 01
Improvised hastily, the one wo left being v
near the riven It was thought th'j location
might have conic-thing to do with our sick-. ,
ne*s and we were,In a hurry to getaway from J?
it. The building's wo now occupy are per- J1
fcct.ly dry and believed to be warm enough K
lor the sen.Honof Ihc year. They will coui- .
pare favorably with any I have ever seen in }'
the State of Oeorgla or elsewhere. It might {
also be inferred from remarksof both General
Lipscomb and J)r. Trezevant about finding "
Rick In chains that they considered It an un- *
necessary act of eruulty, I would remark '
tipon that point that we nave lost, three con- .
vlcts by escape under similar circumstances. j|
There in also complaint umde about straw to ;
He on. I would answ r to that charge that .
their bedsarc tilled frequently with straw; i
they soon cut it up Into fine particles and .
kick ltoli'on tlie |/rot\nd*. when It. Issweptup :
every morning and burned. At tlic .time 1
Ceneml Lipscomb and Dr. Trezevant were }
thero there wasn load of straw brought for
beds, but had got wetnnd was not lit for UHe In .
consequence. Hut. Mr. Chairman, the con*
Vlcts arc reported as having no change of
clothing or coverltig of any kind. In reply
I would say i.nnt, every convict, nau a ptxia blanket
lust. Winter, and each one of lltcni c
has been supplied \yltli a' hew one recently.
As to clothing In the goods he sent lis five f
weeks before : In addition to that, every one :
of litem hud an old suit and some of them
more. I don't, suppose l)r. Trezevant had
left tin hour when I arrived In camp with
unolh^i new ntlt for each convict. We are
also charged with having no shoeS; that
charge is partly true; they have some old
Mioesthat they can wear'ami do occasionally 1
winr them. On the<Mt?v"eilVtt of tins month r J
was there, and perhaps half of ttoem had no
shoes. Jiut, MivQlmirman, it Is almost the
universal custom ror negroes in that section f
of the country to go without shoes in the "
Summer season. Ok tnedny that Dr. Trrzevaut
was thf re I ro?lp from my bQuso to thecamp,u
distance of ovrt* thirty miles; on the
way 1 passed three companies n't work on the
t public road, perhaps a hundred men In nil, '
, and must <rt them negroes. I examined them
i carefully and did uot,see.a pair of shoes on
'any ofthetn. A few rftiVs before that. In
(coming from Angtisti!, I saw' what Is called
the Comity chain gang. l.wcnty-elght lirnuta- .
| ber, working oil the public rtwul iu Kichlund
County, and there was not a shoe oil a Klnglo
one of them.
, But we are reported as not giving t.heni tlio
proper nourishment. For six weeks or two .
months in the Summer, during thu excessive
heat ami drought in lliat section, we could get '
no vet'Otahlex. except tho common field peas;- 1
since the ruins commenced iliey have been J
' ceiling green peas and cabbage in abundance. '
T:ioy have been getting regularly five pounds 1
! of good bacon per week, or Its equlveiant in ]'
molasses and whaL bread they could use. 1
I think I can safely.say that three-fourths of
the time since tjie work commenced they !
Iiave had what peas and other vegetables
Iliey could eatr Dr. Trezevant. say* > "After
careful Investigation of our cooking arrange- y
nicnts lie sdw no mentis of boiling food." Now,
Mr. Chalnnan, right aroand tlie cooking establishment,
in full view, there are two large j
boilers. One holding forty gallons and the
other twenty gallons, and these are used regularly
every; day. Their report also charges 1
that the oonviets are covered with vermin,
ileus and lice. Now, Mr. Chairman, I do not
iireiend to sav there are none of them
there, hut I do say 1 hitve hem oftcner in their I,
quartets tliau any living man, except those 11
who feisty there n 1 the time anil attcid to the j1
work, and have neverseen one yet. I seriously j!
doubt whether General Lips-comb or Dr. Treze-11
vant saw either a louse or a flea. It seems to 1
me that a man who could not see a forty-gallon |
boiler would stand a poor chance of seeing so,
small an insect In the hasty examination he!1
made whilst there. But we are charged with i ]
keeping the camp in generally filthy condition.!'
Now, Mr. Chairman, I venture the assertion I!
you can't gather three bushels of chips, straw 1
or trash in,side of the enclosure. Tills statement
will he substantiated by other testimony. |
It Is true the, men on the sick list are dirty, i ]
Most of them have some affection of the bowels,, j
and are on the night ubs frequently. These:;
tubs are emptied every morning, and as often]
through the day as 'practicable.
The men that are lying up and are allowed to '1
go about lhu yu'il will lie and wallow in1'
the dirt. I have many a time ordered them up 1*
and sent them Into their quarters. It is a most >'
dlflicult matter to keep them clean or get them )1
to Utko any care of themselves or clothing, i J
even when they can't sit up and co about the '
yard. They are too careless and Indifferent to
keep the common house flies otr of their own '
persons. It Is almost Impossible to get tnem to ]
perform any act of kindness or service for one an [
other. In the case of the one In the hospital as J
reported without, a shirt, Dr. Meriwether says J
he was present when Dr. Tn-zevflut was there, 1
that hisshlrt was lying at his head, th;it he 1
(Meriwether) asked him what he pulled his J
shirt off for , (the convict) answer- d he was too {
warm. 1
liut, Mr. Chairman, we are charged with not 1
giving them the necessary medical treatment,
and that our medical man. Dr. Trezevant calls!him,
mistook a ca*e of dropsy for one of syph I-1{
lis. Dr. Maxwell is the medical man and can if
answer for himself, when we moved to the 1
camp on the river and Dr. McKle took charge, !j
I told CabiH to follow his directions to the letter,
and anything be wanted, either in shape of '
medicine or nourishment, to send ton firm in
Augusta thai Iliad made arrangements with f
and vet itlorthetn.Ialsodirecied him not toput c
i'man on Hie work until Dr. Mckie reportod r
'ilt" *'? <*?\?*/I lit i? Tlu? iln^lnr ttivu (hnua nrrlnrv '
were obeyed, except in one or Iwo instances, | [
Call ill says on one occasion three were reported j1
lit for service tlmt tie did not send out for three Is
or four days. In a conversation with Dr. Ale-1
Kie, I asked hiin if lie thought the medicine c
liad tieen properly (riven according to the in* 1
stnictions; he(MeKie) told me he did; that 1
he thought Johnson had followed his directions
well. 1 then aid to him: "Doctor, I am "
distressed about thin thing,if (here Is anything
in tne world I c in do to stop or prevent it, let
me know It." lie replied thai.he thought they
did not have quite sulliciont breathing room
la t heir quarters, thru It required so many cubic
feet ofuir fora man to breathe In and be healthy ,
I asked him if that rule would apply in a build- J
ing like the one occupied by the convicts. He !
said the open condition of thd house would!
make a difference. Alter Dr. McKie left tlie[
service of the company, D . Meriwether took
charge, and whatever medicine ho called for!
has been furnisned. We have not only bought I
medicine, but luxuries. V* e have bought lemons
by the box, sugar by the barrel and vln- j
egar, these tilings tiicy are now using dally,
with the hope that the treatment will euro the
In this connection, I am glad to he able to report
that all of them that are able to go to work
are Improving rapidly. Home very grave
charges have been brought ngnlnst Captain
?..'ah111 for cruelty, Ac. I will leave that part of
the defense to Captain Cahlll himself. I can
only say that I have witnessed nothing of the
kind. After my conversation with Dr. MoKie, i n
at Colonel Tilinan's, I becamo|80 distressed L
abouMho matter that I called a meeting of the ; ^
Hoard for the cxjiress purpose of making aj
thorough examination of the camp and* con*
. l-.fw l.-v/.rft 111 tier U'lin nvfi-linnlrul. Wn hint 1
all of the convicts brought from the work, anil i
each one ofthem separately examined byaCom- ^
mittce ofthree dociorn, to wit, L>rs. Maxwell,
Lluek halter ahd Meriwether. They fouud. according
to their Judgment, apd report a large J
number of syphilis canes, scurvy and other \
chronic diseases of long standlnsr, and that in
their opinion very much of the trouble wan
owing to the condition these men were in when
we pot them. Very shortly after we got the
last seventy-live I was In camp and noticed a
good many I then pointed out unlit for service.
Amongst them were ten or twelve boys, some
ot them under fourteen years of age. One of
them had fits every few hours, and wan an Idiot
besides. Another with hands so badly burned I
thai he could not hoiil a tool to work with. I
Three that were sent from the Edgetild Koad as
unlit for service and mmhle to work. It is reported
that Mr. Twiggs says that he has time
and again remonstrated with us about the treatment
we were giving the convicts. I can only
say. and Mr. Twiggs can't gainsay or deny it in
my presence, that lie never made any report to
me, nor to any one in or about our camp, that
I van hear of. Mr. Twiggs has a motive for
such statements. That is well understood in
our camp. 1 had heard be.ore that he said lie i
worked ID- hands on the Louisville Koad, from |
Wd of May, and did not have a single enseofsick- [
iiess amongst thoin. Mr . Whcless told 111c that,
very day, and perhaps the very hour, that
General Lipscomb and the Hon. A. 1\ Butler I
wore in vlugusta, 011 tholr way to Inspect our;
camp, and before the conversation between Mr.
? mill hi.vmvi niinvniivu, inr. unm, iiic
nsMls^ml engineer on the Georgia, end of the
line, ciinic in and reported a ureal deal of sickness
hi one of their eiuups?tfiat out of forty at
that, place nineteen of them were siek. Twiggs
Is the engineer on the road, and haw very little
to do wiln the work. 'Ihe road is beinj; graded '
by Grant's convicts. JIu put-s none on the '
woik but the very best material, men enured
to that kind of loll, and when one takes slek he
Is sent U> the plantation and another pu'. in his ,
pla e. For Information on that point 1 would
respect fully refer you to the report of Ctilonel
A lMon, made to the Georgia Legislature, out of (
the llrst hundred convicts we got , we lost, huti
one In six months. and he died of consump-N
tIon, never worked a day or went out of the
house, i'erliaps not half of >i ilo/.<!ii out of t hat
entire number liave died. ;ur. cnuirmnn, ineso11
contradictory reports aao very unpleasant to I
me, they nre repugnant to iny very nut lire, but, 11
in JiiMicc to myself and the company I represent,
I ain compelled to make tliem.
in tlie matter of Dr. McKle, I called at hint J
Iiou.seon Thursday, tlie lllli Instant. I read!
hl?n the reports of General Lipscomb ami Dr. A
Trezevant to your body, and called tils alien-1
lion particularly to that part of their report |
where they quote lilm as saying, 1 In left tlie 11
service oi our company because his directions,
Ac., were not carried out." lie replied that lie! I
report, was highly colored and uncalled for, and j
that lie knew but.one man that could do justice
to it. This statement was made in the pros- J 7
enco of Joseph Aierjwetlier, Esq., who went >
with nio and heard it all. Our Hoard has, time j 1
and again, hy resolutions and otherwise, liirtiid I
the overworking and abuse of the convicts by1
the superintendent, and overseers, and at our P
last, meeting, on the iiitli of August passed a
resolution forbidding their rising before day or -s
going out before sun-up, and allowing them;
three hours at. noon. It Is also reported t hut:
solue of the l?irectors have resigned, and, ai- S
I hough the report does not say so, 1 suppose II'
<s intended to imply our bad management. iJut> C
^wo Uhcctors liavo resigned?J. 11, Chile* aud
II. Jennings?both nearly a year ago, their
asons were private und need not be wi-ntion1
Respectfully submitted,
P. H. Biudle?.
The Public Schools.
\ules and < Regulation/* for the
Better Conducting of the Public
School System in Al>bevillc County
during tilt Year 1880. *
1st. The public schools for white pupils and
lored pupils respectively shall not. be nearer
an four miles. Pruvidtn1, that where there
e already established separate schools for
ales and females, In such ease or cases the
hool Trustees may continue the same as pub
schools. I'rovidcd farther, that where there
e school-houses nearer to each other than
ur miles which In the Judcmerit of theTruses
would suoserve the public good if used as iblic
schools, In Mich case or cases the 'Piuses
mny place the schools nearer each otherj
hii four miles, after consultation with and i 1
lining consent of the County Hoard of Exami- ,
N. B. It is recommended by the County
nard tluU the Trustees should place the public
hools not nenrer than two rniles.to the bound y
line of the respeetl ve School Districts: Ho
i to prevent as much as po.-slble the transferice
of pupils from oue School District to anher.
2nd. The pay of teachers In public schools ac>rdiug
to grade of cortlHoate shall be for
First (trade? Forty dollars per mouth.
S-'rrmd Grade?Twenty-eight dollars per
'J'hird Grade? Sixteen dollars per month.
If. B. The above rains must bo neither Inreused
nor dlmihisherf. 11
3rd. The public schools shall open on the first
londay in February liOSO.
4th. The public schools shall be continued at
wst three months: bnt It shall be the duty of 1
jo Trustees to keep the schools open as much i
mger as possible.
5.h. The minimum average number of pupils
i actual attendance that shall entitle a teacher .
r> draw full pay shall be?for the rural dlsrlct?,
Fifteen?for Incorporate townes and viliges,
Twenty. incases where the number falls
hort of the minimum, the Trustees shall pay a
rr eaptta share Of the full pay,
N. H. The attention of Trustees and Teachers
s called to Uie fact tliut the legal scholastic age
h clx-to-sixteen years.
flfh. Pupils transferred from one School DIsrlct
to another shall be paid for by the school
und.otitic District from which they were transerred,
ver capita according to the number of
iiiplls in the school they attend. Such trans -r
can only be made with consent of the Trusees.
"th. Each teacher shall he required to enter
nto a contract signed by himself and all or a
nnjority of the Trustees nth Is School District,)
,nd no pay certificates shall be approved unless j
uch contract shall lmve beeu m^de.
8th. The School Trustees of the respective I
'chool Districts shall hold a meeting of their
Joard at tenet, five days before the opening of
i:elr schools,at which they shall place anddeslg
la'e the schools i^nd elect the teachers.
Bj order of the County Board of fc;xamlners.
d. Crawford,
1i. w. whitk,
. .. W. C. B^trf. jjj,
' : ?? ? .1
Dont Go West, Young Man.
in Official Report from a Committee
of Pendleton Grange Showing that
the Members of that Body Raise
more Remunerative Crops than tho
Farmers of Texas or Arkansas.
[Xcu>s nml Courier.]
PKNnr.ktok, AxDEKSOJf County, January
At u ineetlnj; of Pendleton fJranjte, held
December 'Si, 1871), a report, which explains
itself, was submitted by a committee appointed
some months previous. The result*
exhibited In the report were considered of so
much Importance as to Induce the Grange to
idopt u resolution to request the publication
jf the report In the Xcw* and Courier.
I herewith send you the report condensed,
with the request of the Grange that you publish
It In such manner as will best advance
the Interests of South (,'arollnn.
We trust that the facts and results exhibited
In the report will meet the eyes of those
who are ready to desert the homes of their
youth to sock a precarious and uncertain 11 vin;f
In far distant, lands, and will help them to
realize the (act that mountains are only beautifully
blue when beheld from a distance.
Respectfully, It. W. SIMPSON,
W. M. I'endleton Grange.
To the II'. .If. awl Members of PendletoA Grmtue:
The committee appointed some months ago
lo visit the farms of the members, and by
llrect Inquiry ascertain the average number
Df'ncres In the farms; th? kind of crops usually
raised, their relative value and profitableness,
Ac., submit the following report:
We only visited some fifteen farms. taking I
them us we came to them; had wc bad the I
time wc would have visited the farms of each |
me of the members, but from our general
Itnowledge of the fartnH -not- visited we arc |
satisfied tbcj" would have sustained the general
resnlm arrived at.
Jn nrrlvlnc at the results hereinafter set |
rortli we. In every ease, averaged the Individual
results for a period of five years, and '
'roni these Individual resillts we struck n
rcneral average of all the farms visited. Wc
Ind the average number of ucres to the farm
fo lie 4X0, l.'W acres being In,cultivation, le?vng
HVl acres to the farm untllled, nnre- |
nnncratlve and dead, so far its profits are
oneerncd. H'hut >mnk, with two-thirds of 1
Is capital locked up In Its vaults unused,
ivould ever declare a dividend ? As we have
>ur living out of the lands we now cultivate,
he proceeds of our untllled lands, were they
n cultivation also, would be a clear profit.
Let lis, then, cease to cry hard times, and decole
ourselves patiently to the efforts to solve
he problem of how we can best brine these
anus under cultivation ourselves, or cause
;hem to be cnltl vated. It is true our situnlonforthc
past twelve or fifteen year* has
irevented us from doing manv things that
kb knew ought to have been done, but the
lino has come when wc cannot be much
oncer excused lor such gross mismanage- I
nent,. i
There Is no general rule In renting lands,
some land-owners receive one-third of all the
Tops raised, others receive one-third of some
)f the crops and one-fourth of the others. It .
s generally conceded that It Is more profit
ihlo to hire hands for wages than to rent. ,
IVaces average !>!( tier month, with rations. I
'or number one hands.
There Jsagreut dlviTslty of opinion as to
crtilizcni: nome prefer one kind, some nn)ther.
All are agreed, however, tlmt the 1
nullify of the fertilizers has deteriorated, and
liuny of the host farmers nay ihat, after careully
calculating refill 1 Ik, they are compelled
n a man nor to abandon the use of them and
ulopt some other substitute.
Hurley, rice, sorglinm, tobneco and hay are I
:ultlvated profitably, but only to a limited
!Xtont. Potatoes and turnips are raised by
ill, but only for home consumption.
Peaches, pears, plums, apples and grapes
ire abundantly raised, but only for ligme use.
The principal crops raised are com, wheat, J
iatsand cotton.and of these we submit the
ollowlng results obtained:
Largest average crop per acre?Wheat, lflU
>ushp|s; oats, 37 bushels; corn on bottoms, fii)
nishels; cofn, upland, 31> bushels; cotton, l,7ti0 ,
lounds seed.
Average crop for five years?W#i oat,
msliels; oats, ID bushels; corn on bottoms, 2i
mshels; corn, uplands, 14 bushels; cotton 807
A vernpe profits per acre?Wheat, ?."> 20; oats,
6 80; corn on bottoms, $18 10; corn, upland,
7 07; cotton, $12 25.
Taking the United States Agricultural re- |
>ort as our guide, which will be accepted by
i!l fair minded men as the bestknown source
rom which to obtain data to make an approximate
estimate of the yield of the Suites,
u*e submit some comparative results with
re.ias and Arkansas.
Average Average Amount
bushels prlco ' per acre,
per acre, per bushel.
rexa.i 1:1 81 08 $11 04 i
Arkansas 14 86 12 01 i
a'iii, n:/ i rji in no i
rexn* 31 58 817 08 ,
Vrkansaa 31 22 t) 07 .
iVlth us 10 82 15 58 }
coit>\ i
rexas 25 50 12.50 1
\rkansas...... 43 24 11 32
With UH. 27 78 21 06
Averaging upland and bottoms.
rcxas 553 lbs. 03V< 818 43
iVitli us 807 lbs. 03J3 2U 00
itest of S. C... -1B7 lbs. 02){ 15 57
From tlie above It will bo seen that farming
,vlth us Is certainly flattering In Its results.
A'e make 82 per acre more with wheat than
,hc renowned Slate of Texas, und 84 per acre
nore than Arkansas, the most fertllo of all
,he West.
We make with oats 82 40 less than Texas,
)utS8 00 more than Arkansas.
With corn we make 88 50 per acre more than
rexns and 810 75 more thnn Arkansas, In av:raglngt
he corn with us we averaged the upand
and bottoms togelher.
With cotton we make 88 50 per ncre more
ban Texas and $11 ?> more than the nvcrago
or tho rest of South Carolina.
Farmers, with such an exhibit, if yon nre
jot prospering do not blumo jour vocation
lr the fertility of your soil. With such results
aken In connection with our renowned cllTiate,
our cold and sparkling water, our Inlustrk's
and moral people, one suould be con.en
ted If nothing more.
ltespectfully submitted,
XotRi?It was uniformly answered by every
hrmer In the <!range t hat they had never lost ;
v hog or a pig by theft,
Conflict and Conquest.
?otitnge. brother, do not stumble,
Though the path be dark as night;
["here's a star to guide the humble?
Trust in God and do the right.
jet the road be rough and dreary.
And Its end far out of sight,
foot It bravelv, strong or weary.
1 rust ill vjuu imu uu mi' i if^ni.
'crish policy anil cunning.
Perish Jill that fears the licitt,
Vhether losing, whether winning.
Trust In Oml anil do the right.
'rust no party, sort or faction ;
Trust no leader In the fight; /
!itt In every word and action, '
Trust in God and do tlic right.
'rusl no lovely form of passion:
Friends may look like angels bright;
'rust, no custom,school or fashion.
Trust in Got] and do tho right.
Inipic rule nnil safest guiding, .
(nward peace ami inward might,
tar upon our path abiding, -j
Trust in (iod and do the right.
? t
ome will hate thee, some will love thee; 8
Some will Hatter. soliK' will slight;
case from man, and look above ilieo,
Trust mi (joii sud do tlio rrght.
L add en 6t Bates' Grand Introduction
Sals continued antil Nor. x, 1880. Only sale of
the kind ever successfully earned out in America.
8,000 auperb instruments at factory rate* for
Introduction and Advertisement. New
plan of selling: Ho Agtsti I He Oiaalitieni! Isitn*
nistl (Hurt ftoa Tictory ti WTchiJin, MUdl*
Bts'i pwiM uwi. Atat'mtiitsul. OilrlniiMH
jlUlagestMipUs. PIANOS, 7 oct. *i?5, 7^ oct.
SiJSi Square Grands, $317. ORGANS, 9 ?tnp?,
{<7; 13 stops, $7' ; 13 stops, Mirror Top Case, $86.
New, handsome, durable. 6 rears guarantee. 15
days test trial. Purchasers choice from ten leading
makert and 300 different styles. Join this
gigantic club of j,oo? purchasers and secure
an instrument at wholesale rates. Special
terms to Music Teachers, Churches, and Pastors.
Address for Introduction Sale circulars,
' MIDDEN & BATES. Savannah, Ga.
ais.u * v111Li iv-ixii
THE countcnance is pale and leadencolored,
with occasional flushes, or
a circumscribed spot on one or both
cheeks; the eyes otcome dull; the pupils
dilate; an azure semicircle runs
along the lower eye-lid; the nose is irritated,
swells, and sometimes bleeds;
2 swelling of the upper lip; occasional
headache, with humming or throbbing
of the ears; an unusual secretion of
saliva; slimy or furred tongue; breath
very foul, particularly in the morning;
appetite variable, sometimes voracious,
with a gnawing sensation of the stomach.
at others, entirely gone; fleeting
pains in the stomach; occasional
nausea and vomiting; violent pains
throughout the abdomen; bowels irregular,
at times costive; stools slimy;
not unfrequcntly tinged with blood;
belly swollen and hard; urine turbid;
respiration occasionally difficult, and
accompanied by hiccough; cough
sonjetimes dry and convulsive; uneasy
and disturbed sleep, with grinding of
the teeth ; temper variable, but generally
irritable, &c.
Whenever the above symptoms
are found to exist,
will certainly effcct a cure.
rvrvc** fcirvr rnwTiiM \fr?PPi>Y
I A WbU i*Vi W*' !???*? KlUi>WV??*
in any form; it is an innoceat prepara
tion, not capable ?f doing the slighted
injury to the most tender infant.
The genuine 1)r. McLane's Vf.rmifugk
bears the signatures of C. McLane
and Fleming Bkos. on the
wrapper. :o:
ire not recommended as a remedy "for all
the ills that ik'sh is heir to," but in affections
of the liver, and in all bilious Complaint*,
Dyspepsia and Sick Headache, or diseases of
:lut character, they stand without a rival.
No better cathartic can be nscd preparatory
to, or after taking (v?uinine.
As a simple purgative they arc unequaled.
The genuine are never sugar coated.
Each box has a red wax seal on the lid with
:hc impression Dr. Mi Lane's Liver Piu s.
Kach wrapper bears the signatures of C.
McI.ase and Fleming Bros.
Insist upon having the genuine Dr. C. Mo
I.a.ne's Liver Pn.i.s. prepared by Fleming
tiros., of Pittsburgh. Pa., the market being
full of imitations of the name McLime*
spelled Mflertntly but same pronunciation.
County of Abbeville.
Wardlaw & Edward?,
Ocirge Itlchey as Administrator.
Complaint for wile of land to pay debt.
I WILL SELL on salcdny In Fcnrunry next
at public outcry within the lepnl Iiiuiih
'or payment of dcbtH, the following described
renl ewtate:
AH that lot or parcel of land containing
tiorc or less, with a blacksmith shop thereon
bounded by W. H. II rooks, Mrs. S. K. Cheatnam
and others.
Sold as the property of John Harnett, debased.
TERMS?CASH, Purchaser to pny for papers.
J. Pro. A. C.
.January 5,1S79.
State of South Carolina,
County of Abbeville.
[11 the matter of the Estate of C. II. Uuffln,
Notice of Settlement.
NOTICE Is hereby given that a settlement
of the estate, both real and personal, ol
'J. B. OuMin, deceased, will be made In this
'ourt oil ednesday the 21st January Instant.
J. Pro. A. C.
Jon 7,IS*), tf
State of South Carolina,
County of Abbeville.
In re estate of John Harrett, deceased.
Petition for Settlement and Discharge.
Xt OTICE Is hereby clven that George Rlchej
1>- ns Administrator of the estate of John
Barrett, deceased, .lias tiled his petition In
LhlB Court praying for the appointment of n
ilny tor settling the snld estate, and discharge
Ing him from his trust:
It Is ordered, That Thursday tiioSth <lny o!
February next, be tlxed for the settlement,
md discharge a? prayed for. and that all per?ons
having claims against thesald estate will
present them to the Administrator, or tile the
?ame In this Court on or before t^e day ol
J. Pro. A. C.
Probate Court, Dec 30th 187!).
MR, TKMPLETON" has just returned from
the NORTHERN MARKETS where ho hut
purchased a nice
comprising all lines.
F.afliV ]\vm Ms 191-2 flfints
Liuuigu JJ1UUU UUUUUj iu i u uuuw,
Call early and get something choice in
Sept. 17, 1.S7U, tf
Hayk nil extensive sihck 01 ijalujv
CLOAKS, which they arc ottering at reined
prices. Persons in want of a garment,
if this kind would do well to supply themelves
at once.
White Brothers,
Nov 19,157D, If
For Division. S
WE will sell at public outcry at Abbeville
Court House, on Saleday In January
next, all that tract of land situated in Abbeville
couufcy. 011 waters of Turkey Creek, con- Ie
talnlng . , ' r
>v . . ,
more or less, bounded by kinds of C. L. Smith ce
Alexander ARiiew, Johnston and others. fri
Sale innde for the purpose of division,
TERMS made known on day of sale. in
Charles Smith,
D. C. Hart.
Dec. 17,1-STfl, tf
Sale of the Fair House.
THK undersigned will sell at public outcry, T
I K I . 1-. . . I I I I . . f '..II Kf 1I.U.IA I *. , ..
A HI' auucvuic \,uun uwurt,?'ii nucuaj iu
January next, the house aud lot known as
situated ou Malu street In the town of Abbe-i er
vlllc adjoining lots of C. V. Hammond and
Mr*. I). F. Jones. Sold for payment of debts
held hy them aud for others.
Terms half-cash, balance on twelve months _
credit, with bond and mortgage.
Purchaser to pay for papers ?|
This property may bo treated for at private
sale, till d?y of sale. rr
Dec. 17, lh.u, tl
: j
State of South Carolina, g
County of Abbeville, u.
Ex Parte?J. F. Donnald, Petitioner.
Petition for Settlement and Discharge.
NOTICE is hereby given that J. F. Donnald,
Executor, of Wro. Donnald. deceased, ~
has applied to this Court for a discharge from r
his trust. ?
It is ordered, That Tuesday the 20th ol January,
1S?U. be tlxed as the day lor the settlement
of the estate of the cald deceased, aud
discharge of the Exccutor.
Judge Probate A. C.
December 16, 1070. tf.
TO ol
AU vl
Delta James F. Mabry, Dec'fi. *
i l
ALL persons Indebted to the Estate 6r Dr.
.TAMES F. MABRY, deceased, either
by note or account are requested to come forward
and pay the same at an early day to the ir
undersigned or tomy agent Dr. J. W. KEL- l
LER. Those neglecting teheed this notice
will And their notes and accounts In the
hands of an Attorney for colloctlon, as fur- f
tber indulgence will not be given. X
Oct. 1,1870. tf T
McD0NALD & ,C0'S,;
(1ALL nnd see how they sell good*, nnd you ,
j will forget Ills dull times. and think cot- I
ton high, money flush, and good* cheap. t
Here you can buy all you wish nt bottom
flcurcs. Wc keep a full stock bought nt a
headquarter* for cash and we will sell a* j>
cheap ?s any one. Jf you want good goods at i p
close prices, give us a call aud we promise to
please you.
McDonald. & Co.
Oct 22,1S79, tf
AND NOW HAS as good a STOCK of all
kind* of goods us ever came to Abbeville
His stock now being complete In all of Its de- partiuents,
he takes the liberty of asking r
every one to come and lnspcct his GOODS I
and be convinced where . V
UllO 1 MIIUM1L3 ]
The largest aiul best selected r lock of (
nt prices that can't be beaten in the State.
Boots & Shoes
j PRICES. Entire satisfaction guaranteed.
Sept. 10. 1879, tf j
Carpentry. .
' T c
1 HE undersigned hereby gives notice that c
he Is prepared to do all kinds of
| He nlso repairs
A full supply of GIN MATERIAL always on
hand, runners ure requested to bring their
Gins up early In the season to allow time to
have them properly prepared.
Also agent for the
Taylor Cotton Gin,
! The Brooks Cotton Press,
' And all kinds of RUBBER and LEATHER
; ' D. B. SMITH,
Merry Christmas.
BEAUTIFUL Dress Goods from 12c to 25c,
Black Cashmeres all prices and very
| cheap, Pluln and Silver Card Board, Zephyr
Worsted all colors, Silk and Lace Scarfs, Pretty
Jewelry, Tuck Combs, Kid Gloves, Ladies'
Undervcsts, Corsets. Fancy Hosu, Dress Rut[tons,
Trimming Silks, and other desirable
goods Just received in great bargains at the
Emporium of Fashions.
Dec. 17, 1679, tf
Ladies and Misses
I7l*R SKTTS, vcrv chcap at the
Dec. IT, ISTO.tf
A FULL line of Crockery-ware, Glassware, /
Knives and Forks. Spoons, ,*c.. at reasonable
prices. Look through our stock. I
AROMATIC Cod Liver Oil with Hydrophosphates.
Pare Cinl Liver Oil with Phos- .
pliate of Llnie, Pectoral Wine for Coughs.
Colds, Asthma and Bronchitis, Compound;;
11 Pepslnefor i>yspepsinand Indigestion, Syrup , j
11 of Sarsa purl! 1ft with Iodlile of Potash.
Ladles' (Howard) Shoe Pressing.
Poultry Powders for the euro of Chicken dls- 1
eases, Animal Carbolic Soap. ^
Edwin Parker- t
Sept. 21, l?Tt>, tf t
Thmsm CIL,
1 White L?ad, in I & 2 n> cans,
Chrome Green 1 ft cans.
Chrome Yellow 1 ft cans,
Venetian I Jed 1 ft cans.
Turkey I'm her I ft cans,
Kaw Cniber I ft cans.
l'rop 1 thick I ft cans.
Prussian Pine U Ulh cans,
Vandyke Itrown I ft cans,
Venetian Red, dry,
Spanish Rrown. dry,
Chrome Green, dry, at
Edwin Parker's ' i
i Sept., m. 1ST!?. I *
\\ RIGHT'S Cliorkorbory Paste.
Wright's Charcoal Paste.
Franjilpanno Tooth Powder.
West India Tooth Wash.
Poueinc Soap, Sand Soap. _
Hand snpolio Soap. I
Juinper Tar and (i lyecrl no Soap. J
Edwin Parked. |
I Sept, 17,1670, tf
of South Carolina,
Abbeville County.
i re Estate of Nathan Culhoun, deceased.
Petition for Settlement, &c.
TOTICE Ik hereby given that Robert C. CalH
hour. Executor of Nathan Cnlhoun.deused,
litis applied to thin Court for discharge
i?rn his ti u.it.
It In ordered, thnt Tuesday the 27th ot Jnniry,
1XN), be Jixed as the day tor the settleent
of the said estate and dischurxe of the j
Probate Judge.
Rec 23,1ST!), tf
Complaint for Relief* ^
?wls W. Ferrin, as Administrator of Estate
of T. C. Perrln, dee'd,
J. E. Perrlo, and others.
IT order of Court the creditors of the estate 9
' of Thomas C. Perrin, deceased. are re*
llred on or before the 23d day of JANUARY
;xt, to present and, prpye their demand*
[ulnstsnld extute before me at my office at
bbevllle C. H., 8. C. On tlmt day a roferioe
will be held under and In obcdlenoe to
Id order.
December 2?. 1870. i5t
Cfunty of Abbeville,
i the matter of the estate of T. B. Scott, deceased.
JOTICE 1* hereby given that 8. R. M or rah,
l Executor of the last Will and Testament
T. B. Hcott, deceased, hns applied to this
wrt fora discharge from bis trust.
It Is ordered that Monday the 28th of Jan* ia
iry 1880. be fixed as the day for the settle* jl
cut of the mid estate and discharge of the --.I
xecator. |
Judge of Probate. JI
December 22,1870.
State of South Carolina u
County of Abbeville,
F. M. Pope ts. Robert Hackett.
Foreclosure of Mortgage. .
MIR covenants of the mortgage In this case gfl
1 being broken, I hereby declare the mort
lire foreclosed: and by virtue of the power |
r sale therein contained, will fell at Abbe
llle Court House, on Saleda* in February,
. D. 1880, tbe premises described in tbe said fl
tortgage. 1
lighty-Seven . and One-Half |l
Acres, J
lore or less. bounded by the land* ofThoa. J
. Moore, Newton Williams and others. J
Dec. 29th 1879, tf I
E respectfully announce to oor frirndt
r T that we are now receiving ? line a?- F
>rtment of 1
t the McILWAlNE CORXEIl. Will be pre- , J
ared to furnish goods on liberal terms to
rompt paying parties.
ftUAELES & CO. 1
Dec 31,1?79, tf :
t\ ' ' . I ; m ' S
I Mfivir of
'o be found In the county It now offered for
'""white brothers. 1
Ms! CMs! Laity's Gloats! 1
"1ALL and ?ee them. Murrains offered at
Nov 28,1870, tf ,
iobertson, Taylor & Co.
w. williams & c0.
Cotton Factors, Wholesale Grocers,
-AND- >
1 and 3 Hayne Street, fl
Will give ull buxlneu their most careful ]
Consignments or Uotton solicited.
July ii, 1?1U, tim ,
Theo. Markwalter, j
3road Street, near Lower Market,
Augusta, Ga.
^ EEPS on hand and fnrnlshe* to order
Monuments, Tombstones
nd Marble Work In general. A large selecIon
ready for lettering and delivery at short
lollce. Several hundred* of now designs lr>
he most modern styles Monument furnlahetl
lumper than ever before in this market and
>f the best workmanship, similar to that of
lie Confederate Soldiers' Monument recently
reeted by me In this city.
March 26, 1871)
Christmas Primers Boo ks
&c. &c.,
Uncle Tom Series, 5 eenu,
Father's Series, 5 cents,
Little Pet, 5 cents, j
Golden Series, 5 cents,
Familiar .Series, 10 eents, 1
Cinderella Series. 10 cento, *
My In destructible Primer.25 cents, ;
Aunt Lucia's Series, 25 cents, .
My Primer, SO cents,
The Child's Favorite Series.
Stories for Little Jack Tar, SO cent*, J
Stories and Plctores tar Little ones, 50 cte, J
Our Pet LamDs. 50 cents,
Little Snow Ball Albums. 60 cants,
Stories for Little Troupe?The House, 50ct*
Pictures for Blue Eyes.
A Young Rorer. 50 cents,
Sand ford and Merton, 65 cents,
ChlldsOwn Magazine,50 cents.
Happy Homes In Picture Ltnd, 50 cents, I
Sec-?Saw Margery Daw. 30 ce its.
Little Lottie's Picture Gallery, accents,
Robin Red Breast, 30 cents, \
Jennie Wren, 30 cents,
Wee Willie Winkle, 30 cents,
My YounprSoldier, 50 cents.
The new Tea Things, 50 cents,
Our Romeo, 00 cents.
The children* Treasury, 50coots,
The favorite nurncry Series,)
Walk through child land f 25 cents,
Little Snow Flukes, 40 cents;
Duff a Down Dllly. 30 cents,
Dick and I, 25 cents,
Old Mold and Bach**Voir', 10 cents,
The merry game of OM Maid, 25 oents,
The Powdron Series, (12) 15 cent*,
A. 8, CVt'nrclii and Mock*. 5 to2> cents, !
Vnses, Toilet sets and Album*,
Writ tag Desks, ?1,W to 51,75.
Work Tlox, $1,50,
December 2, 1878
IT In a singular fact, bat ?ach Is the cane. I
do not collect enoujrh money to feed my ? ^
Umlly and horse. Conseqnentiy I nm under "
Hie necessity to stop mv country practice and
ell my horse, and decline to see those who
ire disposed to settle their accounts, with the
iromlscof pitying "In a kew l>h>s."
This must slop. I will work for those who
?rlll pny me, but hue and collect whiit I can
h)in those whodo not pny up. This refers ?!?(>
i x. l'oprin'. nnfps. Kettle before tho
lrstof December.
Nov. 12,1S79. tf
Another Lot
A Pros (foods, Trimminc Sllk>, Button*.
Illllncry Ac., Ina/I the latest styks received
Ills week, at the
Octob i r '.'J. 1K1>
3apkr and ^Envelopes, nt reduced j
. prices. w*(
Edwia Parker.
Oct. 1,18".9, tf

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