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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, April 16, 1884, Image 1

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A hero came from battle, where the slain
Lay piled in bloody heaps upon the plain;
And all the people sang the hero's praise,
And crowned hitn.with the victor's honored
A simple child fought hard against a sin,
And won a mighty victory within;
No one rehearsed his praise, or sung his
But Heaven's recording augel wrote his
?C. -V. Sheldon.
It was before the I'nion and Central
Pacific railroads were thought of. In
the days when a journey by stage from
Virginia City, New. to Sacramento was
an event?days when two stages, sometimcs.three,
six horses each, left the citv
<5n Mt. Davidson. loaded with silver
bricks, "Wells. Fn ; > & Co.'s express
boxes filled with dust and coin, the
United State- mail, and twelve or fourteen
passengers to each stage. What a
journey it was!
Across Carson Valley, rich in its shades
of umber and bronze; up the eastern
slope of the Sierras, forever green and
L snow-crowned; lir>t through gently ascending
valleys, fragrant with pine and
cedar, melodious with dancing cataracts,
ana running golden water in the sluiceboxes;
then perilous winding grades
higher up, with misty spaces below and
gigantic boulders above ?anight of dizzy
ascents in such a theatre of snowy pinnacles,
domes and turrets, none can believe
but those who see?still on in the dawn
of the morning where the g-andeur of
the snow summits were ki sed then
blushed in matchless crimsoi; down
grades that whirled around spurs and
shelving mountains in wondrous circuits;
a hearty breakfast on Tahoe trout, and
on again down the Kureka side of the
Sierras, past the witchery of its scenery
to sunny Sacramento Valley?three clays!
Shake out blanket and robe; stretch
the limbs in blissful luxury; all in all, it
was worth a lifetime.
It was a cold, bleak night in early December.
The Virginia coach was late*
into Carson City. The horses were dripping
and smoking as they drew up before
the hotel; the wheels were clogged all
out of any resemblance to their identity
with snow and mud?a combination
early Californians will find no difficulty
in remembering. The passenger list was
small?twj gentlemen, who had grum[Oj'd
from the minute they took their
ts because the stage was not a hotel:
vJCJ lady for Placervilie, and the writer,.
rolled up in double blankets. Under the
seats were seven leather sacks with red
seals on, each sack containing a silver
DriCK, weigumg more man a i>uw 1 urn
car-conductor could possibly lift. Wells j
& Fargo's boxes and the mail filled up
the front boot, and numerous boxes and
bagga e weighed down the back boot.
Nik. Supper over, fresh horses ready, and
"Curley Jim," a well-known, historic
character and stage-driver, in a huge
blanket overcoat, was already on his seat,
gathering into his big gloved fingers, in i
miraculous fashion, the lines of the
restive team. Muffled tp the crown of
his head sat the express messenger, on
the driver's left.
"All aboard!"'
"HoJd on a minute, Curley," shouted
the agent running flown the hotel steps
and climbing up the wheel, apparently ;
to whisper in Curlcy Jim's ear, if that
appendage could be found.
What was conveyed into that ear by ]
the agent, no one ever knew, but the |
whole town heard the driver's volcanic
reply, viz:
At the same time his whip was slammed j
heavily down upon tho top of the coach, j
and the reins twisted in a twinkling across '
the brake-handle, and above the wind
and sleet he was heard to shout to the
^ stableman, who was holding the leading j
' train:
"Hold that near leader thar! and chock
up old Fremont, or he'll kick that trace
into Jericho!"
Then he descended from his seat and
Slammed ilie cioor uacs, as a umu ui a
womau emerged from the crowd on the ;
steps and made her way to the couch,
with a bundle in her arms. In a brusque,
but still kindly tone, Curley Jim called
"Passengers inside, make room for a
woman anu child."
The ,4woman," not much more than a
child in physique, was helped into the
back seat beside the writer, and a small
parcel, called "the baby," handed in very |
- gently by the rough-voiced driver, saying, j
I at the same time-:
B "Get yourself fixed warm, ma'am; wrap
B that blanket round verfeet; it'll be old j
JLWpiTi Willi I'vi'/iv MV VI^ ^uv
first grade. - Are ye all right now!"
A plaintive voice, almost drowned in
the screeching of the wind, answered:
"Yes, sir?thank you for your good- ,
"Oh, never mind my goodness," re- j
torted Curley, "so you're all right.'1
Slam went the door, and. in a remarkably
short time the same voice was heard
from the driver's seat, shouting within
its peculiar emphasis as the whip snapped
ever the team:
"All set! Let'em go! Hit up Old
Virginnv, there; she needs knocking
down. Hi, there, you Piute dandy!"
and, with a ?ronn of pa5n, the wheels
crashed through the snow, and we rolled
out of Carson into one of the most disagreeable
nights ever known on the
Eastein slo]>e.
Until near midnight we rode steadily
but slowly 011 through the rain, wind
and sleet, up the winding, slippery grades
into the everlasting snows; through forests
of cedar bending their limbs to the
very ground : under sheets and plumes of
snow and sparkling icicles; the wind rollicked
mad with bitter acuteness, and the
constant anxietv and svmpathv for wcarv
? 1 :ul uu ?,r
B norscs ninuc lue infill uumuit; nuunt.H
companying fear ami apprehension.
B The male passengers inside alternately
B ^rganed, snored ami growled, only varyB
ing these moods by striking a match now
B and then to consult a watch or a small
B bottle. The most silent passenger was
M the little woman with the baby?id one
B would have dreamed of a baby keeping
stiii live long hours in a stage-coach,
even with a bottle of sootliing-syrup at
IBS its command.
We had changed horses three limes
H and crossed one divide.
H "Halloa! hold on! Robbers, by thunI
H Curley Jim's voice sounded high above
I the storm,the coach stopped with a jerk,
M the windows in each door were suddenly
u- IT/.iirv rirtf'5 fOVf-rcd
I:\jv* vriuu, i.??j .
the inside passengers.
It was the work of a minute, and no
one spoke. Ik-hind each rifle stood a
masked man ?the one on the writer's
side spoke quickly, in a well-bred voice
and manner:
"Keep your seats, ladies and gentlemen:
you will not Ik- molested; all we
want is the express; tiie first one who resists
will he shot instantly.'1
The announcement was cooler than the
night; but every passenger knew the
virtue of obedience. Outside, Curlcy
Jim was making (not Konie), but the
Sierras, '-howl" with his characteristic
denunciitions of ''footpads," as he sat
on the box v.ith "a rifle to his nose,"
he termed it. The villains, who wen;
holding the horses and detaching them
from the stage, and the fellows who wei
breaking open tin- boxes, laughed loudly
at the driver's remarks, and endeavored
to provoke his good humor by telliirr
him "he was only a passenger now." and
that "his friends all knew he was a goo !
Si fellow/' :iikI >o loriu.
B The guard of the "inside passengers"
H seemed to be the loader of the expediH
tion, as he crave directions to all the rest;
gfl he frequently attempted conversation
fl with the occupants on the back seat,and,
H seeming to be polit-.\ at least in his ad
dress, we volunteered the inquiry:
H k 'Do you like this business of robbing
D "Quite to the contrary," ho replied. "I
detest it; I was not intended by nature
M or education for a robber; out whenever
I get into a bad business I endeavor to
make it as reputable as possible; for that
H reason 1 never rob a traveler, nor allow
H one to be robbed by my assistants, es
pecially a lady. By the way, ladies, are
BB you warm? This is a bitter night?how
IS are jour feet!"
"Comfortable?'' we replied, amused at
the solicitude of a man holding :i cocked
rifle across our throat.
"Jlave you a baby there nindam?" he
went on. addressing the silent lit11?womau
from Carson.
The voice und simple "Yes" sounded |
like u wail from a distant canon.
"Poor child!" said the robber, in aj
tenderly human accent. "Can you man j
age to keep it warm.'*'
"No," broke from the woman, in a j
i tone that surprised us all more than the j
j ritles had when thrust in our faces.
"It must be wrapped warm, then,"
I said our gallant highwayman, when the
i tearful voice responded:
"It will never be warm again!"
"Heavens!" said the man, "is it
j dead?"
"Ves," was the chilling response; "it
died this afternoon, and I am taking it ;
; to my mother in Sacramento, where it j
i can be properly buried." and a great sob |
1 was heard by every one in the coach.
"And you have carried that cold bo.lv
! in your arms ail night ?" inquired the
robber, in surprise and sympathy.
, "I have," w as the faint reply, freighted
j with a tremor of fear.
I "Poor womanhe uttered, in a gen- '<
; tier tone. "Why did you start with k in !
| that way without a coffin t Where is I
! your husband ?"
| "My husband?my?he forsook me be- j
fore it was born?I don't know where lie
"Cussed scoundrel!" said the man. |
"Amen!" responded one of the men on j ,
the middle seat. I
! "I was destitute, and baby starved to j:
death. I could not buy a coffin; I only
wish to reach my mother," pleaded the
' choking voice, and silently one sympa- .
thetic hand stole into hers as the robber
called out: i
"I say. Curley, did you know you had 1
a dead child inside ?" 1
"Yes," roared back honestCurley, "and i
the deuce take you if you lay a hand on i
it!" j]
"Bully for you!" tne mnn shouted!
t.Al?Knpc Pnrlnv Uilf ivn 1
C aiu I WWUViOj VMtlVJj VMW " v
arc men." <
'Oh, don't make the driver any trou- 1
ble, sir," cried out the terrified little woman;
"it is through his kindness alone 1
1 am permitted to t;ike my dead child <
home." 1
"Make him trouble ? Not a bit
of it." said he. thrusting one hand '
\ into his breast pocket, and pulling
out a brandy llask, saying in good, round, *
manly generosity of tone: "Here, Curley,
' take a drink; you're a trump."
"All right, pass it up!" And after a
significant sound of smacking lips on the j
box, the llask was handed back. i j
"Now," said our robber gentleman to |
the shivering little woman, "you must j
have a mouthful of this to keep you 1
wnrm vnn niixt hplmlf chilled. I know." .
Then, in the most polished manner, said:
"Perhaps some of vein have .1 cup or a 1
glass; please take this Husk and pour it I
out for her."
Half a dozen hands were ready, a glass .
was produced and the suffering woman |
eagerly swallowed the contents, saying:
"Oh, I thank you so much.''
"How old is?or was your baby,
madam?" was the next question. I
"Just six weeks, sir," was the reply, j
We heard a peculiar whistle from our <
guard, and another masked man came '
quickly to his side.
"Empty one of those express boxes, 1
and bring it here at once." The order
was almost instantly obeyed, and the 1
man whom we no longer felt a secret I
dread of, turned to the poor little mother, i
with almost a reverential demeanor, say- j
inc: "I think we can irive the babv a j '
I O - % . . - ,
temporary coffin, if you arc willing, and
my man here will hold the box, while | (
you lay the body in it as well as you j j
can: the driver will find a uood place for ^
it in the boot; don't you think it will be 1 t
the best plan?" <
"Yes, sir, I'm quite willing."
"The passengers offered every possible s
aid. and the box was laid across the writer's
lap, and the masked assistant took
up the little bundle and bestowed it very
carefully in its iron-bound casket, j ,
"Woolly mufflers and cashmere handker- ^
chiefs were forthcoming to wrap the stiff
little form, and as the cover was about !
to be shut down, the man at the window
interrupted, saying:
" Wait a minute?let the mother kiss
her child if she wants to."
Of course she wanted to.
Her own white face went down for an j .
instant to the mite of a visage in the .
',AV !%??> l'H'i'n.r Vint* 1* u is /I f AVPI1
UUA, lUCll IU) i(Vi auwvuwivuivi ^ ? x>? , .
the face, the cover was shut down, and 1 j
the box tightly strapped. j
"Now take it to Curley Jim; and I . i
say, Curley," calling out as the box was j j
handed up, "it's to go through to Sacra- j
raento, no matter who tries to interfere." ; ,
" You bet, it'll go through." was the j
pointed"reply, as it was deposited on the ^
floor of the boot.
"My poor woman," said the humane J
stage robber, "have you any money?"
" No, but I shall be with my mother |
day after to-morrow," she replied.
Without relaxing his hold upon the |
rifle that had been horizontally familiar J
with the writer during the entire scene, '
this law-breaking man, spoke up, with a
generous ring in his voice, saying: !
"Well, you must not do without food
until that time, and some accident may '
rxr\ va<wI nlimcn 'im^nf cr?mr?
inniv.. v.... IU^ ... ?
| honestly-made money from my pocket?
; I would not insult you with stolen cash."
1 With this every passenger's purse was
: pulled out. th<; two ladies managing ns j
they usually do, to get theirs out first, .
and as the two i^old twenties dropped !
I from the robber's hand into that of the j
| grateful little woman, a generous addi- j
tion was made by her fellew-passengers
| with sympathetic words, to make its reception
j As her choking ''Thank you, thank
| you," was returned, the knight of the rille
spoke again:
i ''Bravo, ladies and gentlemen; it was '
j providential that we stopped this coach?
I we do not take so much credit to our- j
, selves, but it looks as if we were the me- j
ilium of a higher power to do good when
it was most needed: see to it, gentlemen, 1
this ladv and her dead child yo through
to Sacramento unmolested, ami you might ,
remember at the same time, a robber, socalled,
is not a brute of necessity. If
your villain of a husband was in this vicinity,
madam, I'd pay my respects to him ]
before daylight."
"Good on your head; we'd lend you a
hand," responded one of the growling
At this point in the proceedings the j
chief was informed '"Everything was O.
i K."
"Ail right," he responded; "put the I
i boxes back in their places, hitch the !
horses on. and if you have any good cigars !
among you. give (,'urley half a dozen, j
Keep the rifles sighted oneverythinguntil j
the coach turns the road yonder." Then >
to tlie passengers: "Good-night, all. ;
1'crimps you'll have to give evidence i
against me. but that's apart of tlio bill of I
fare; we are prepared for such emergen- j
cies. Go ahead. Curley, old fellow; take I
r.,?? /* vmtrQolf v
"Same fo you," shouted Curley, as his !
foot scraped on tin; brake-handle; "Whoa, j
there! hung that nil leader! Git up! !
Take off your rifles; there ain't fight i
enough in us now t<> knock dnwn a
Washoe squaw.''
Snap went the whip; the windows j
were both banged together iu a twink- j
ling, and the sleet-eovered barrel of a i
Henry rifle shot past the writer's window
like a flash.
At the station in the morning excitement
ran high over the robberv, as told bv
' - -
driver, messenger mm
hastily taking breakfast. .lust as we
were about to start again, the express
agent stood braced against a snow-bank
talking toCurlev Jim about five minutes;
the new driver for the next route, into
Sacramento, was the since eeleorated
Hank Monk, and while he was shifting
the mail-sacks, boxe; and bricks about.
Curley shouted out, suddenly:
i "Hank, that's the box!?the one with
the strap 'round it. Knock hot spots
out of any one who dares to interfere
' with it!"
' You bet your bottom dollar!" was
the terse response from a mouth crammed
i with tobacco.
As the stage neared Sacramento the
passengers were made acquainted with the
fact that it woulddropthe "little woman
j from Carson" at her mother's door before
[ entering the main street. The appear
ance of a coach and six in a narrow
street on the outskirts of the capital citj I
was an event: the whole population ol I
the street gathered at the windows and j
ou the doorsteps; they were still more i
amazed to see the huge form of Hank !
.Monk descend from the driver's seat; and ,
curiosity reached the highest point of existence
in the human nature of the street j
when he pulled out from Ac boot a familiar.
green-colored, iron-bound box be- I
lougiun td Wells, Fargo & Co.'s express
Holding the clumsy box, as it never
was held before, he opened the door ol I
he coach, for the sorrowful little passen j
ger, while all the rest gave her a word of j
parting cheer and kindness, then socom I
mon in California, even among rogues !
and strangers.
The door of the prettv cottage, cov
ered with roses ami woodbines, wn9 sud- '
clfiilv thrown open, and a silver-haired ,
lady opened her arms, into which we saw
our alllieted passenger safely housed; the
express box was laid down upon the j
door-sill, the driver shook hands with !
the mother, and in a second was back to ;
his seat, snapping his whip over a team
of blacks, famous in those days as the
' Pioneer Team," the near leader pricking
up his shiny ears at the name of
' Sutter."
* * * +
Three years aft<y, while studying the !
' bill of fare" at dinner in the Lick house, j
San Francisco, a family entered and took
seats at the same tnble. Suddenly the ;
gentleman, apparently husband and fathei j
of a very stylish trio of girls, gave an or- j
der to the waiter. The voice was familiar; ;
I looked up, to see a very elegantly-at- !
tired man of about forty-five years of age, j
whose face was familiar as one of Cali- j
fornia's leading citizens. The voice
struck a memory that would not locate
itself until the long, formal meal wa9 |
nearly over; then a remark, made in the I
lower tones of the voice, started to life 1
the memory of that night on the mountains,
when the coach was stopped and
Wells. Fargo & Co's. express robbed of a 1
heavy treasure.
The knight of the rifle was recognined.
J'on thousand dollars1 reward had been
Jllereci lor tne apprenension 01 uuy ui ,
the gang."
Ilere was the leader, a man of position, i
Honored in social and commercial circles, .
.lining sumptuously with his vwry attractive
daughters. i
For the humanity witnessed that night i
le will never be betrayed; the memory of j
hat little green box and its contents ob- ]
>cures all the rest. i
Popular Superstitious. I
The Rev. Minot J. Savage lectured in
Boston on "Popular Superstitions." The J
ecturer referred to the almost universal '
jelief existing, in all classes of society, !
u some sort of superstition. The vicims
are more than half ashamed of them,
>ecause they do not more than half beieve
in them, yet so strange if. the fas;iuation"
that when they arc* alone they
ire mastered by these same superstitions. '
The speaker then referred to some of the '
popular superstitions of the present day,
such, for instance, as wearing red yarn
iround the neck to prevent nose bleed, '
carrying a horse chestnut in the pocket
o prevent rheumatism, the fear of ladies ,
;o walk under a ladder, the sticking of a
jackkuife in the head of the bed to prevent (
ramps and the reluctance of some peo- '
)!e to enter and depart from a house by
liferent doors. The superstition that
Friday is art unlucky day on which to .
jegin anything was met by the speaker ]
jy the assertion that Friday had proved |
:o be a lucky day in tne msiorv 01 xne |
vorid. It was on Friday that Columbus I
.ailed in search of a new world, and it J
vas on Friday that he discovered Araeri;a.
It was on that day that the city of
St. Auguttine was founded, and also the
lay that the compact was signed which '
inally led to the constitution of thiscoun- , '
ry. It was on Friday that the battle of *
Saratoga was fought; that Arnold's
reason was discovered; that Yorktown s
iurrendered; that the motion was made j
vhereby the American colonies were
leclarcd free, and it was the '
lay on which "Washington was (
join. The superstition that it was
mlucky to dream bad dreams three :
lights in succession was one in which
he lecturer believed, for it showed that
lie victim had been eating late at night,
ind had otherwise neglected to take 1
>roper care of himself. The superstition
egarding the number thirteen was ridimled,
as was also that regarding getting
he iirst sight at the new moon over the j "
eft shoulder. The idea or superstition j J
liat a child's hair or linger nails should 1
>e cut during the increase of the moon j
.vas made light of, the speaker querying
vhat possible interest the moon?situated
lundreds of thousands of miles from the (
:arth?could have in such small matters. J
1'he upsetting of a saltcellar, a dog
tarking out of a window, wearng
garments wrong side out and adorn- :
ng walls with horse shoes were referred
:o, and the significance given to them by |
superstitious people and the suspicion regarding
sneezing prevalent in olden times "
I welt upon, the act of sneezing being ;
+/\ UikiliA ronnlvo nf tin Jittr*mnt
;f au evil spirit to enter the soul. Star
worship, carried on extensively at the
present clay, was alluded to. and regard- j
ng superstitions in general, the speaker |
irgued that the victims cannot give a
latioual account of any they possess,
unl they cannot be defended. People
ire governed much more by their feelings
than by their logic and their reason.
Peeling is a tremendous test, and reason
is often powerless, and yet no one
is safe where reason does not 1
hold him in check and guide him.' The '
speaker argued that these superstitious i
feelings are inherited; they are like j
weeds that grow up in the best cultivated
gardens. The instinct of imitation is '
enormous; hats, etc., are worn iu spite
of comfort and convenience, simply be- 1
cause other people wear them; people go 1
to certain churches and watering-places '
because oruers uo. ine lecturer argueu i
that the larger part of the superstitions ''
of the day are but remnants of pagan re- '
ligious ceremonies, and that the English
language is full of fossils of superstitious '
beliefs of olden days.
Origin or the Name Oregon. J
The late Archbishop Blanchet con
trihuted the following interesting papei
to the Orcyoiiinn. It will !?: observed
that the archbishop speaks of himself in j
the third person: "Jon ith ui Carver, an
English captain in the wars by which
Canada came into possession of Great |
Britain, after the peace, left Boston Jum
0. 17(50, crossed the continent to the
Pacific, and returned October, 1708. In
relating his travels, which were published
in 177-1 and republished in 1778.
he is the first who makes use of the word
Oregon. The origin oi that word has
never been discovered in the country. I
The first Catholic missionaries?Fathei I
Demcrs, now bishop of Vancouvci I
Island, and Father Blanchet, now bishop I
of Oregon City?arrived in Oregon in j
1838. They traveled through it for '
many years, from south to north, from
west to east,visiting and teaching the numerous
tribes of Oregon, Washington
territory, and the British possessions.
But in all their various excursions \
among the Indians they never succeeded j
in finding the origin of the word Ore--]
gon. Now it appears that what could not j
be found in Oregon has been discovered !
by Archbishop Blanchet in Bolivia when j
he visited that country, Chili, and Peru, j
in IOJ*) uim IO?M. i xiu wum vic^uu, nt
liis oninion, most undoubtedly had its
roots in the Spanish work oreja (car), and
came from the qualifying word orejon
(big ear). For it is probable that the:
Spaniards, who first, discovered and
visited the country, when they saw the i
Indians with big ears, enlarged !
by the load of ornaments, were naturally :
inclined to call them orejon (big ears), j
The nickname lirst given to the Indians i
became also the name of the country/)
This explains how Captain Carver got it i
and first made use of it. Hut the travel- '
crs, perhaps Carver himself, not knowing '
the Spanish language, nor the peculiar j
pronunciation of the j in Spanish, foi |
facilty sake, would have written it and ;
pronounccd it Oregon, instead of Orejon,
in changing j to g. Such, in all proba- I
bility, must be the origin of the word
Oregon. It comes from the Spanish word
Ore jou. ?Port hind Oregon inn.
Nashville, Tenn., has eighteen colored
school teachers, a larger number than any
other city in the United States.
n.'A ..I,.- j.. ...**&&?&&&
Thf I'.yos of Puta(oc?>
A correspondent of the Country Gen(h
iiiuii writes: A potato lias three crops
in itself?an early, u middle and a late
one. The cluster of eyes at. one end will
ripen one to two weeks earlier than the
central eyes. The two or three eyes immediately
surrounding the root end
should in all cases be discarded in growing
for home use or for market. They
produce mostly small potatoes, and if
large they are watery and soft. Mv
usual method is lo si-! one man to cut otr
the root end, and another to cut off the
"eye end," thus forming three heaps.
The root end heap goes to the hogs. My
great trouble is to get them cut close.
All the waste tlcsh goes into heaps for
cattle or hog feed.
n S\v<-ct Herb*.
A well regulated garden cannot be considered
complete unless it contains a selection
uf some of the principal varieties
of sweet, aromatic herbs for soups and
1 .!! aT llmm c?ro ronllr
uuirr t;ruiv>. hkiu
indispensable, ami almo-t all herbs arc
serviceable in various culinary operations.
In most gardens the herbs arc found to
occupy some out of the way situation,
smothered with weeds and gross, and it
is very fortunate if a variety or so can be j
found when wanted for use. Although
herbs in general can be grown iu almost
any soil or exposure, they should not be j
placed under trees or in shaded situations. !
They love a moderately enriched, deep
soil. Along the sunny side of the garden
fence is as good a situation as any. A
little patch of a few plants of the principal
kinds will furnish an abundance of
fresh herbs for an ordinary sized family,
its well as a supply for use in a dry state.
To secure them in the greatest perfection
lor tlif latter purpose rney snouiu ue. cut i
nn a dry day, just.before they commence I
lo bloom, tied into small lmnchcs nnd j
hung ii]) into (he shade to dry. When j
ilry rub as tiue as practicable and pack in j
jars or bottles, corked as tightly as possi-1
ble to exclude the air.?American Garden, j
Fowls tltiM JECavo Green Stuff. !
It must not be forgotten that ourpoul- j
try need some sort of green food at all j
seasons of the veer.
In winter we can give them cabbages j
ar chopped turnips and onions from time |
to time; short, late-dried hay (or rowen) ]
is very good for a change; corn stalk,
leaves, chopped fine, they will eat with !
In early spring time, when the ground
tirst softens from the l'rost, pasture sods 1
thrown into.their pens will be ravenously j
,'aten by them; and as soon as the new j
jrass starts (unless they can have free ,
xccess to the iields or lawn) they should
be supplied with this excellent succulent;
laily. For the young chickens nothing j
is so beneficial and so grateful as a run
jpon the newly grown grass; and next
to this indulgence they should have an
iinple supply oi cut ur pulled grass every
linf nf onnror> .Tnrlr "Frftsf. hnnrs ;
sway "this sort of truck" is out of the
jucstion. Some careful poultry keepers
sprout oats in boxes of earth, and allow
L-hoice birds to pluck the tender blades.
The common Swedish turnip and the
:arrot arc excellent for winter green
poultry feed, and probably the most
ivailable and the cheapest vegetables
hat can be procured. If the fowls do '
lot '"tackle kindly" to them when offered ;
n a raw state, cook and mash, aud mix
ivith bran and meal .?American Poultry
Forms* of Tree*.
It should be borne in mind that fruit \
:rees arc not planted for ornament, and
hat all beauty in the tree must be
iccondary to an abundance of good fruit.
Vn attempt to shape all the trees of an
nlil'ft muct- nonocctirilv f'lil Thn '
'inverted umbrella" and "open urn
shape" recommended for apple trees
:anuot be had in practice. It is a mis- i
aken notion to suppose that .fruit on
such trees get more light than ou those i
;onical in shape. More surfacc is exposed ;
o sunlight on a conical tree than on a |
lat-topped or hollow topped specimen. ,
Perhaps the majority of varieties connot
jo made to assume the obconical or in- ,
rerted umbrella form, or at least they do j
jot retain it when old. Strive to make |
he trees in an orchard as nearly symmetrical
in shape as possible, but do not j
mdertake, however, to make a tree as- !
sume a form contrary to its habit or
jrowth. The person who prunes all trees
ifter one model must make a botch of his
>rchard. Having decided upon the
might at which the top is to be started ;
?and even this may vary in different ;
.'arieties?the important points are: 1. |
Secure an opeuuig at the base of the head j
argt enough to admit comfortably a i
nan and a basket. 2. Keep the top j
noderately and evenly thinned of small '
imbs. 5). Do not run limbs up long and ;
sleudcr, with uo side branches. 4. if in
i windy region prune heaviest on the
side opposite the prevailing winds. In
nost oases I have seen ill results follow j
he cutting out of the center of the ;
:rees. 3Iore light and air are usually
leeded on the lower branches than on
he interior ones. It is not necessary to
ead a treatise on pruning before one can
1 1 I.. MM... '
irune an orcnam property. mi: must
.uccesfcful apple growers I have known j
ire those who started the top moderately
ligli, let the tree take its natural form? :
niless in exceptional cases of an ill-formed
:ree?and who thinned out the branches |
jveuly each year. This simplifies the j
>roeess and renders it more useful.?
American Cultivator.
The Care of .11 ilk anil Croaiu.
At the second annual meeting of the j
ler.sey Cattle Breeders of the State of
Indiana, Sylvester Johnson,of Irvington,
read a paper on the care of milk auil i
jream for the largest returns in butter, j
quality and quantify considered. The j
paper abounds in practical suggestions
md facts which are here presented in !
. ondcnsed.form.
The milk of the cow contains casein or i
cheesy matter, lactose or milk sugar, and
several salts, all dissolved in water in
which float globules of butter. The
proportion of butter varies in different
cows and under different circumstances.
Butter is a complex oil, consisting of
fatty acids combined with glycerine.
The larger part of the group of acids is
margarine, which is the most stable element
111 butter. The Ayrshire and Jcr- J
sey cows furnish butter with a large per ;
cent, of the margarine, consequently it |
is more solid at the same temperature ,
than the butter of other breeds. If
cows be fed on oil-cake the quantity of'
batter wMl be increased, but the niargu- j
rine being diminished the product lacks'
solidity and richness of taste. Starch
and sugar are elements of food required
for butter of ,the standard composition.
Even with food rich in starch and sugar
the butter may be tainted by food of
peculiar odor, such as turnips, weeds, j
etc. Soon after the milk is drawn from
the cow it is sensitive to odors. Cows I
must be fed on clean food rich in starch j
and sugar or pasture grass free from noxious
weeds and kept in clean vessels with |
no impure surroundings, to make butter
of best quality.
In the case of milk, if the object is to j
?ecure all the globules of butter that are i
suspended, two means are adopted?
churning the whole milk, as is done in
some dairies in Pennsylvania and Ne,w i
York when the churning is done by other I
than hand power, and churning the j
cream, which is the more usual mode.
The proper depth of milk in pans when
set for cream is a matter of importance.
The milk under ordinary circumstances
requires twenty-four hours for all the
butter globules to reach the surface when
the milk is six inches deep. This has
been adopted generally as the maximum
depth of dairy pans. Lately it lias been
laitned that pans twelve or fifteen incho>
deep, with a period of thirty-six hours
for the cream to rise, give a larger return
of butter. This is probably true, if the
milk can be kept perfectly sweet, but
tiic first step in the direction of souring
arrests the rising of the cream. But
what is gained in the quantity of butter
will be lost, in quality. It is a wellestablished
fact that the finest butter i^
made from the first cream that rises, and
many of the leading butter dairies of
T.urope divide the cream into two skimmings
for first and second grades of but
tsr. In the same way the Scotch method
of heating the milk before setting it for
cream increases the yield from the churn,
- -
I but casein thus acquired greatly Impairs j
the kecking quality of the butrer. It is
well to remember tlmt no method of
treating the milk nor of churning can in
the least increase the quantity of butter i
contained in il. All tliat these can do
is to obtain, as nearly as possible, all the i
butter in the milk. To this end largd j
pans from four to six inches deep will, i
under favorable circumstances, bring j
nearly all the butter to the surface in
thirty hours. If an extra tine quality of j
butter is desired it will be well to skim
at eighteen hours, and again at twelve j
hours later for a lower grade of butter.
A temperature not lower than iifty-flvo
nor higher than sixty-five degrees should '
be uniformly maintained in the dairyroom,
from the time the milk is set for
cream until the butter is taken to market.
This is best accomplished by a stream of
spring water passing through a shallow
tank, over which the pans are set in such
a way that the water passes under them.
After the cream is skimmed from the 1
milk it saould be kept in-a deep vessel, !
exposing but a small surface to the air. i
If spring water is not convenient, the ;
best substitute for it is a good well and j
pump worked by a wind engine.
-i f ? i 1 i.i u-. ?ii I
J nc Ulliry-IlOUSU SUUUIU uk n un suaucu I
to break the intensity of the summer lieal. j
Good ventilation should be secured
through ventilators, covered with fine
wire gauze to cxclude insects. Nothing
but sweet milk and butter should be
koj)t in the dairy-room.
The best churn is that which most per- I
fectly agitates the cream with the least I
expense of power, and which can be most i
readily kept clean. Half an hour is re- j
garded as the least time of churning in j
which good butter can be obtained. The j
general practice in best dairies is to suffer I
the cream to begin to thicken before j
churning. If the temperature has been !
kept about sixty degrees, and the cream |
vessel well cleaned, this condition will |
be reached in about three days from the
milking. If the cream shows acidity before
that it should be churned at once.
Sour cream should never be kept unchurned.
The temperature of cream at
the commencement of churning should
not be above sixty degrees, as it will rise
four or five degrees by the agitation of
churning. When begun it should not be
suspended until finished. The butter
ought to be washed with pure cold water
and worked with a wooden ladle until
the water runs from it perfectly clear.
It is next to be salted. In the dairies in
which the celebrated Philadelphia butter
is made, an ounce cf line salt to three
pounds of butter is the rule.
Household IlinlM and Itccipes.
Arrow-root gives a certain richness to
sauces which renders less butter necessary
than if flour is used for thickening.
Ivory may be restored to its former
whiteness by cleaning in burnt pumicestone
and water, and then placing it
under glasses in the sun's rays.
An old-fashioned pudding sauce that J
can be made in an instant is simply milk j
sweetened and flavored with grated nut- i
meg. This is really palatable with cornstarch
If the bread of which you arc to mako
stuffing is squoozed dry after it has
soaked in hot water it will be much
richer. It will not be so likely to bo
soggy, but will be light. For veal or for
lamb the stuffing should be seasoned
highly; a little onion and parsley with ;
the pepper and salt arc decidedly appe j
A dish which is liked by. the hungry j
and the hearty is made in this way: Take
some thin slices of cold boiled potatoes 1
which you have chopped line and seasoned
well. Heat also cold boiled cab- i
bago chopped tine. When these are all
hot placc a layer of meat in a warm vege- j
table dish, then a layer of the potato, |
then of the beef, then of the cabbage, j
and so on until the dish is full. I)o this '
as speedily as possiMe so as to send it j
hot to the table.
Hominy fritters help make variety for t
the breakfast table. Boil the hominy
the day before, then take two teacups of j
it, and stic a small cup of sweet milk
and a little salt with if, and one cfrg,
four-tablesoonfuls of flour, with half a j
teapoonful of baking powder. Have ;
your frying-pan ready with the fat hot
in it; drop thi> bittcr in by spoonfuls,
and fry a delicate brown. The flavor is
better if half butter and half lard is |
used rather than all lard.
A delicate and delicious dish is made j
by boiling one-quarter of a pound of rice j
in one pint and a half of milk; to tms j
add two ounces of sweet almonds j
blanched, with two ounces of white ;
sugar. Boil until the rice is tender. Do 1
not stir the rice, but shake the kettle in :
which it boils. When done serve it in j
cups which you have first wet with cold I
water. Leave a space 011 the top of each |
cup so you may put a spoonful of jolly j
with cream poured around it, or whipped j
cream and powdered sugar, or a meringue
made of the white of an egg and of su- |
gar, or a chocolate frosting like that for I
cake. This simple dish admits of great j
variety in its decoration, or in the sauce 1
with which it is served.
Steel tubes are found to retain twice as
much magnetism us steel rods, and are
therefore better for permanent magnets.
The sawdust and refuse of the sawrniil
is now made to yield fourteen gallons of
turpentine, three o: four gallons of resin
and a quantity of tar per cord.
French silk manufacturers are reported 1
to be very hujicful us to the capabilities of j
a big spider lately discovered in Africa, i
which weaves a yellow web of great 1
strength and elasticity.
Papei wash-basins, buckets, and simi- I
lar articles for domestic purposes are !
generally made of straw pulp, and after '
they arc rough made into the desired j
shape they are suuejctcu to nyurauuu j
pressure in strong molds where they ac- ,
quire the finished fonn.
The annual rainfall in this country, according
to the Weather tj'rjnal, is lowest |
in Xow .Mexico (thirteen inches) and C'al- I
ifornia (eighteen inches), and highest in 1
Oregon (forty-nine) and Alabama (ttfty- j
six). The annual rainfall in the British ;
Islands among the mountains is forty-one
inches; on the plains, twenty-five inches;
forty-five inches ot rain lulls on rue west i
side of England, twenty-seven on the east j
A solution has been attempted by 31. ]
i\ de Gasparin of the remarkable sunsets I
which have excited the wonder of the
world. For many reasons he discards
the hypothesis that they were due to the
action of falling stars, nnd considers that
the luminous effects were produced by
tin! light of the sun falling on an atmosphere
charged with particles of matter,
in a state of minute subdivision, at a
great height above the earth, the exact i
nature and origin of which dust had not
yet, however, been determined.
Dr. Murray Gibbcs reports, in the
London Medicil Journ<if, thirty-seven
cases of diphtheria claimed to have been
cured by saturating the atmosphere of the
room in which the patient, was placcd '
with the vapor of eucalyptus globules. '
The atmosphere must be constantly
loaded with steam, and the vapor of the 1
eucalyptus is obtained by pouring water j
on the dried leaves. To assist nature in j
throwing oft the membrane Dr. Gibbcs
used a solution of steel and glycerine,
with which he brushed the tlnoat when
the membrane is loose enough to como
away easily
A Loudon Gambling Hon.
In full seasons millions of dollars were ,
rtff/,.. fnrnrwl in ?n? f f f?wl?o
celebrated gambling club in London. ]
The uet profits of the season were $750,- j
000, and yet the weekly expenses aver- !
a*;cd $5,000. The; fitting tip of the house ;
cost nearly $250,000. Crock ford's was !
ostensibly organized as a club, ami the |
committee elected the members, but any [
one who had a fortune to lose could eas- j
ily obtain admission. The duke of Wei- j
lington was an original irtcmber, but was !
never known to enter the hazard room. !
For ten years be lore Crock ford's was
started there was very high play at Wa- j
tier's (the principal frequenters of which ]
were hopelessly ruined), at Brookes's and !
also at White's, where the late Lord Granville
was the great player. He is said
to have been nearly a million to the bud
at the end of his career, although at one
time he had won $550,000. Lord Granville
once lost $115,000 at hazard at aj
single sitting of seven hours, and $50,000 |
at one night's whist. [
A liill was reported favorably to establish ?>
national forest reservation on the head
waters of the Missouri.... Hi lis were introduced
making nil appropriation to pay tho
expenses of a commission to explore Alaska,
and to allow drawbacks on imported materials
used in the manufacture of tobacco,
snuff and cigars exported Mr. Piatt spoke
in favor of his bill to organize
the patent otllco into a department.
Mr. Hall, from the committee on appropriations,
reported the naval appropriation bill
with sundry- amendments The bill introduced
by Mr. Edmunds and reported favoraably
from the committee on naval affairs, for
the relief of the Jeannette survivors, was
passed. It provides for the compensation of
the survivors for losses incurred by them on
the expedition. The names and
amounts aro as follows: George W.
Melville, chief engineer, $1,000; John
W. Danenhower, lieutenaut, $1,000; Raymond
L. Newoomb, naturalist, $f>00; John
Cole, acting boatswain, $000; \V. F. C. Nin(lemian,
seaman, $000; and the remaining
survivors $W0 each. The bill further provides
for the payment to tho widow, child or
other legal representative of each deceased
member of tho expedition any arrears of pay
due the deceased member and one year's additional
pay. n\c
I'l.- l.ni :?
X UU um iu IIIUI L'IISC LU*5 C111U1C11LJ vrt i.uc
general land office, giving the commissioners
a salary of $5,000, and "nis assistant 8:5,000,
and increasing the clerical force, was passed
....Mr. Morrill's bill providing for the improvement
of the coinage was passed.... The
Bluir educational bill was further discussed.
A bill to provide for the creation of a silk
culture bureau was introduced by Mr.
Call?Mr. McPherson introduced a bill to
amend the patent laws....The Blair educational
bill was discussed without action. Mr.
Pendleton opposed it on coastitutional
grounds. Mr. Williams spoke in favor of
the bill.
"A joint resolution was introduced by Mr.
Finerty tendering the thanks of Congress to
Minister Sargent.... Bills were introduced for
the construction of a merchant ship of new
design; to equalize the taxation of domestic
and foreign lasurance companies; appropriating
$400,000, for the relief of sufferers by
the Mississippi floods and authorizing the appointment
or a Missouri river commission
The Trade Dollar bill was further
The House passed the bill providing for the
retirement ot tho trade dollars and their
recoinage into silver dollars, after striking
out tho fourth section, which provided that
the trade dollars recoined into standard silver
dollars should be deducted from tho
amount of bullion required to bo coined by
the remonetization act. The vote on the passage
of the bill was 19S to 46, and that
on tho rejection of the fourth section was 131
to}118 The committee on commerce re
ported tiio 0111 providing ior uie inspection ui |
live stock and nog products intended for ex- j
port, and prohibiting the importation of
adulterated food and liquors.. ..An adverse
report was presented on the bill providing for
a commission on the alcoholic liquor traffic....
The bill authorizing the secretary of the
treasury to invest the lawful money deposited
in the treasury in t-ust by the national banking
associations for the retirement of their
circulating notes was reported favorably....
The committee appointed to investigate the j
charges made by Representative Keifer
against General H. V. Boynton, the correspondent,
submitted a report, accompanied by
this resolution-: "That the charges against
H. V. Boynton are not sustained by the evidence,
and that there is no ground for any
action by the House." The resolution was
laid ovA- for future action.
Consideration of the Indian appropriation
bill was entered upon. The bill calls for $5,- j
347,653, as against $5,MO,<>55 for the current
year. Mr. Throckmorton offered an amendment
abolishing tho five Indian inspectors,
nnrl providing that their places shall be taken
by army officers detailed for tho duty.... A
message was received from the President recommending
an appropriation of $100,000 for j
the protection of the levees of tho lower Mis- j
A joint resolution was passed authorizing !
the secretary of war to loan flags and bunting j
to the mayor of Richmond, Va., to be used at j
a fair to be held in that city in aid of a homo i
tor disabled Confederate soldiers. Mr. j
Throckmorton's motion to amend the Indian
appropriation bill, so as to abolish the five :
Indian inspectors and have their duties per
formed by army officers, was carried 1)1 to 07. i
rKOMlJNKJNT t'liUl'Lli.
P. T. Barncm is going abroad in OctoberNeat.
Dow, the temperance reformer, is
eighty years old.
General Diaz will probably be the next !
president of the Mexican republic.
The Earl of Buckingham, aged ninety
years, is the oldest peer of tho British realm. |
Colonel 11. G. Ingersoll is said to have j
lost something like $100,000 in Now Mexico j
mines. i
Henry Ward Beecher is going to "rough !
it" iu the Rocky mountains during July and j
William A. Clarke, president of the i
bank of Rhode Island, is the oldest bank officer
in the United States.
Postmaster Cougeshall, of New Bedford,
Mass., has completed a half century of
service as postmaster in that town.
The bullet that killed General Warren at |
the battle of Bunker Hill is in the possession j
of William H. Montague, of Boston.
Ex-Senator Simon Cameron recently !
reached home after a long sojourn in the |
South. His health is much improved. j
The Duko of Westminister, whose wealth !
is estimated at $200,000,000, averages two per |
cent, interest on the whole sum yearly.
Roscoe Conkling has brought suit against j
the Commercial Manufacturing company, of ;
New York, tor ?iu,wu ior legai services aiu-- .
ing 1882 and 1883.
Emperor William's eyesight in failing
rapidly, and it is feared that he may become
blind, more especially as he objects to any
mode of treatment.
King Hcmbert, of Italy, seldom partakes
of food at the family table. He suffers much
from dyspepsia, and has the little that he eats j
?and be eats only to live?specially prepared |
and served in his private room.
The queen of Tahiti, whose mysterious and ]
hurried journey through thiscountry amonth !
or so ago attracted considerable attention, is |
now iii Paris, but intends to leave there shortly
in order to spend considerable time in Germany.
It is related that Representatives George
D. Wise, of Virginia, and Townshend, of
Illinois, and Senator Gorman, of Maryland,
were oneo pases in Congress, along with tho
actor Stuart ltobsou; and CJorman was afterward
president of the National Baseball dub.
Sir Arthur Wellesley I'eel, speaker of
the British house of commons, although called
'young man" in' political circles, has passed
his iifty-fourth birthday. Greenville was the
youngest sj>eaker of the house of commons,
having brer, but twenty-nine when he assumed
tho chair.
William M. Gwin, better known as
"Duke" Gwin. who was United States Senator
from California for a couple of terms in
the last generation, is a well-preserved octogenarian
living quietly at Washington. Ho
has not entered the Senate chamber since his
term expired in 1SG1.
A Scnato Hill to i:i(al)lia!i Fire station*
to llaivc Worm*.
A bill has been introduced in the Unite!
States Senate by Mr. Call, of Florida, to provide
for the creation of a silk culture bureau.
It provides that such a bureau shall be estab- j
lished as one of the bureaus of tho agricultural j
department, and shall embrace in its organi- i
zation five silk culture stations, to bo estab- |
lished as follows: One for the .-"crth Atlantic
States in Pennsylvania; one iwt Vie South
Atlantic States in Florida; one ft*. \he Gulf
States in Alabama; one for the \Vestorn I
States in Iowa; and one for the Pacific Ctates
in California.
The object of the establishment of the
bureau and the several silk-culture stations
it declares to 1? experimentally to raise silk- |
worms, study their nature and the means of
improving their productive ounlities, investigate
the diseases to which tlicy are subject,
cultivate, and, bv all means deemed proper,
encourage the cultivation of plants adapted for
the feeding of silk-worms, and to bxjierimeut
in the reeling of silk, with a view to ascertaining
the best appliances and methods for conducting
the various operation-: of preparing
raw silk. It provides for the appropriation
of $150,(MX) for carrying out the object of the
Er, Mahdj, t he False Prophet, has eighteen
Florida farmers are importing German
Georgia pine is being shipped to South
Chickens are now hatched in Germany by
Iuki.and's "population is r>,Iimi.ikmi?
umi less man in imi,
It has I icon liguredout that Jay Gould's income
is a day.
Tiik beet root sugar manufacture is lie in,'
overdono in (terinany.
Tiik New York market is extensively supplied
with foreign eggs.
A I'lTTSlil'liir eheniist lias discovered the
lost art of making black glass.
( Ink hundred and lifty thousand pounds of
Imttorine uro made in Chicago daily.
I'ahis has 70.01 ill houses. which represent a
capital of about -inn,hoii.iiihi.
Aiiham Fisiikk, ninety-six, was married to
a girl of sixteen at Knox, Ind., the other
A SKWixc?-MAfiliXK has recently been in
troduced which is worked by cloek jniwer; no
necessity for the use of tlia hands or feet.
k'a.vxy (,'aiitkh. formerly tile b. lie of 15oston.
is now Mrs. Ronalds, of London, where
she is quite conspicuous in society, uud created
a sensation lately at a charitable fair by appearing
in a headdress of intertwined American
and Baitish flags, while the skirl of her
costume was fringed with a set of tiny co,iking
Eastern and Middle State
Six men wore instantly killed by an explosion
in the nitro-glyoerine house of tho Renauno
Chemical works at Thompson's Point,
N. J. The building was toni to pieces, and
the men killed wero frightfully mangled.
Their names are as follows: Lamott Duj>ont,
vice-president of the company; W. N. Hill,
superintendent of the works; Edward Norcross,
compounder of nitro-glycerino: George
Norton, an employe, and A. S. Ackerson, a
visiting chemist from St. Louis.
Ida MonniLL, daughter of a well-known
citizen of Zanestown, Fenn., had for the past
year and a half been afllanced to Henry
Shelly, a farm laborer. The parents of the
young lady objected to their daughter's intimacy
with Shelly, but notwithstanding their
opjiosition tho two went off a few days ago
and got married, going to Shelly's home after
the ceremony, A few hours after the marriage
the two brothers of the bride went to
Shelly's house, an altercation ensued, and re11'Aivt
/Itwtn-n TV?n f? T*1 ?-r TL'illVll fY?1
lowed resulted in tho killing of the two
brothers and the wounding of Shelly, Who
was taken into custody.
A great many disasters took place along
the Atlantic coast during the heavy gale of a
few days ago. From various points camo reports
of vessels being wrecked, accompanied
in some instances by loss of life. The schooner
Riverdale went ashore near tho Delaware
Breakwater, and the captain and four men
were drowned. Several vessels were also
wrecked on tho Hudson, and two or three
lives lost. The gale was the most furious recorded
in a long time.
Philadelphia has just had a national cat
show, with $1,500 given in prizes to the
finest felines.
A two-year-old boy at Johnstown, Penn.,
was thrown down and fatally pecked by a
game-cock which the child was teasing.
Seven women have just graduated as doctors
from tho Now York Medical College and
Hospital for Women.
Since tho August gale, seven months ago,
eighteen fishing vessels have been lost from
Gloucester. Mass., with all their crews, which,
together with the men lost overboard and in
dories, makes the record 249 men lost, leaving
behind, as near as can lie ascertained, sixty five
widows and l.'U fatherless children. This
is a record heretofore unparalleled in the history
of the business of Gloucester.
Mrs. Ottendorfer, wife of the proprietor
of tho'New York Staatz Zeitumj, the leading
German newspaper of the country, founded
by her lirst husband, died a few days ago.
Sne was a woman of remarkable business
abilities and very charitable. During her
lifetime she spent over $100,000 in founding
charitable institutions in New York, and only
recently received a special decoration in honor
of her benevolence from tho Empress of
Austria. Until a few years ago sho was the
business manager of the Stautz Zeitung.
The Republican ticket was successful in the
Rhodo Island State election, the candidates
for governor and minor officers being the
present incumbents. Tho legislature will
stand: Senate?twenty-seven Republicans,
nine Democrats. House?fifty-seven Republicans,
fifteen Democrats; a Republican loss
of one in the senate and a Republican gain of
four in the house.
Mrs. Galle and daughter died at Loyalhanna,
Penn., of trichinosis, and the father
and another daughter were not expected to
Seven Austro-Polanders looking for work,
while walking on a railroad track near Scranton,
Penn., were struck by a backing engine.
Four were killed, 0110 was fatally injured, one
lost an arm and one escapsd unhurt.
George Jones (colored) was hanged at
Pittsburg, Penn., for tho murder of another
colored man named Foster, in 1882. Jones
was only eighteen when the crime was committed.
South and West.
After quiet had been restored in Cincinnati
an examination into the number of casualties
disclosed that about fifty men had been
lrillo/1 nnrl 1/ifl ivniinrior] Tho rlonrl moltuloH
one militiaman?Captain Desmond?and ono
policeman. One Columbus militiaman i
was also fatally wounded by the accidental
discharge of a comrade's rifle.
So great was the rush at Portsmouth, Ohio. I
for Cincinnati papers containing accounts of I
the riot that 011 one day when the express
train with the papers aboard arrived, almost
a riot ensued, and the polices had to be called I
on. One news stand was torn to pieces, a boy I
had his skull ftiishcd and many persons were I
A late Cincinnati dispatch says that four j
additional deaths had occurred at the lios- I
pital. The exact number of dead and
wounded will probably never be ascertained
on account of many of the wounded being I
carried away by their friends. But the number
of those killed outright or dying at the I
hospital uj) to lato reports is forty-one, as
shown bv the records of the city undertakers
nnd the hospitals and such information from
those taken home as could be had. The number
of wounded compiled from the samo
source is i~0. and there were probably half as
manv more wounded not reported. The
specfal committee of fifteen decided to raise
by subscription $100,000 to bo used to jiay
2,(KXl extra police. This sum isaloanto the
city until the sum expended may be raised by
proper appropriation and be returned. Th:s
would enablo the military to be withdrawn.
Two negroes were lynched?one in York
county, S. C., for assaulting a white man's
daughter, and the other in Gaston countyN.
C., for murdering another man.
General Agcf.I'.o, with twenty armed
men, secretly left Key West, Fla., at midnight
and embarked on a schooner destined,
it is believed, for Cuba 011 a filibustering expedition.
The revenue cutter Dix started in
pursuit of the party.
* ? - ?i-; -1. ...i?* a..a4.a,I ni:\/
AT Uilicujju ru^u uiiuut nu.-? tjumvu i*c
within six and a halt' cents of tho lowest ilgure
over quoted in that city.
Abol'T thirteen lives were lost by tho burning
of the steamer Rebecca Everingliam, on
the Chattahoochee river, near Florence, Ala.
The fire brok.t out at 4 a. si., and tho steamer
was immediately headed for shore. Before
the shore could be reached tho steamer was
completely wrapped in (lames.
Thk largest aud most influential meeting of
cotton manufacturer ever held in the South,
has just taken pluco at Atlanta. A large
number of mills were represented bv delegates,
and a resolution was passed to \ urta.il
the production of yarn and cloth for the
present. Stops were also taken to form a
Southern manufacturem' association.
Secretary Freuxohcysen received a
telegram from Mr. Sargent, our minister to
Germany, expressing his gratitude for tho
complimentary action of tho President and
Senate, but declining the Russian mission and
resigning that at Berlin because of his health,
and other reasons to bo explained by letter.
Thk naval appropriation bill, as it comes
from the Senate committee, cal Is for appropriations
amounting to $20,780,07ii. The estimntcs
submitted to Congress called for
655,500, and the bill, as it came over to the
Senate from the House, provides for appropriations
aggregating $14.;!#?,000. The Senate
committee added $0,451,030 to the bill.
Thk French and American claims commission
hold its final meeting. A iinal settlement
of all the claims before the commission
was made. Tho total number of cases against
the United States was 7:20, aggregating $17,581,000.
Two hundml and sixteen claims
were allowed, and oil these an award of $025,560,
without interest, was made to be paid to
France within twelve months from date.
Amount of coinage at the various United
States mints during March: K7.KK gold
pieces, worth $1,473,331.50; 'J,002.040 silver
pieces, worth $2.'5.'J0.!M3.50; 1,014,810 minor
coins, worth $2!>,5:24.4S; total coinage, 4,00},8SN
pieces, worth ?S,W5.000.4X.
TJi-nixn Mnr.-h the national debt was re
duced ?i4,!i.'3l?,:W4.
Payments made from the United States
treasury for carrying on the government
machinery amounted during March to ?!), l'JV
A kkw days a<jo General Grant appeared
on tho floor of the House, and was the recipient
of much attention from the members.
Ho had not yet recovered from tho effects of
his recent painful fall in New York. Representative
Randall said: "Mr. Speaker, weare
honored to-day bv having as a visitor 011 this
floor General Grant. As an American I need
not introduce liiin to you. I move the House
take a recess of fifteen minutes t.>
give members an opportunity to pay
their respects to our visitor." Mr.
Cnrlisle put the motion and ii was carried
unanimously. General l J rant then ros
painfullv to his feet and assisted 011 either
side by Messrs. Carlisle and Handall. hobbled
laboriously down th** middle aisle to liio area
IH'fore the Speaker's desk, whore, leaning
upon his crutches, lie shook hands with the
Representatives as they passed before him.
Mr. Carlisle made I ho presentations. Nearly
every memoer ?us ....
RKSOr.rTIONS I it' condolence In the queen
and duchess of AII any. mi the death of their
soil and husband, were adopted in the British
(iKXKUAi. iuUDoN made an advance from
Khartoum. and in a battle with the rebel
forces was defeated. The rebels pursued the
Egyptians for two ir?il?>s after the battle. The
scene of confusion presented by the retreating
troops wa^ lean ul to behold. The Kgyptiau
regulars and the iioshi -Uazoiiics
kept fhouling nut. that their generals
had betrayed them. The
wounded received no attention for 111"
Ion if space of seven hours. The troops had
Im'cii 'clamoring for three weeks before to
meet, the enemy. In the early part of the
encounter the Kgvpfiaiw were successful, and
the enemy were actually in full retreat, when
their cavalry made a dashing charge. 1'espite
the reverse th<- inhabitants still remain
staunch friends to fieneral (iordon. Two
black iia.-has were shot for .treachery, which
caused the defeat of (leneral fiordou's troops.
(iKXKUA I. -M !!.!.<IT. ( (HHIlKUKlillK tllO ITeilCH
troops at Toni|uin. reports that lie lias been
entirely sueeesslul. ami that tin* troups will
will soon return to I'raiiee. About li.Oth)
troops, with tin- native auxiliaries, willbosuflieient
to remain in Tonquin.
(tEXKRAl. CJ uah am, with his troops, 1ms
sailed from Suakim to Niu?z. The British
troops Lad hardly left when Osinnn Dignm reappeared
near Tuinanieb with about I ,000 Col
General Gordon resolved to abandon a
policy of conciliation toward the natives of
the Soudan and adopt more vigorous meas
ures. The Egyptian soldiers who had been detailed
to give a safe conduct to parties leaving
Khartoum and proceeding to Egypt received wi
orders to return to the beleagurea citadel without
delay. Armed steamers at Khartoum j
daily engaged the rebels, who lost heavily. ?'
Prince Arthur's body was taken to Eng i
land on the royal yacht Osborne. j of
Edmund Yates, a prominent English j cc
journalist and editor of the London World, I cc
has l)ecn sentenced to four months' imprison- | .
ment for libeling the Earl of Lonsdale.. The 1111
judgment has been respited pending an ap- * ru
peal upon a point of law. he
A kire in London destroyed about a dozen
business houses, mostly publishing and bookbinding
John and George Stephenson were exccuted
at Regina, British America, for the te
murder of an old man named John McCarthy, m
A Hong Kong dispatch says that the French
will probably invade China from the northern
coast of Tonquin,and will hold Canton in sup- '
port of their claim for indemnity.
It is proposed in Canada to notify farmers b<
of weather forecast by means of discs on all ti<
railroad stations and locomotive engines. cj
Five men were instantly killed and others g,
| injured by a blasting accident at Port Arthur,
I a
j. Mark Twain is dramatizing his story, t2
| "The Prince and the Pauper."
I Miss Ellen- Terry, who is Henry "W
Irvine's leading support, is said to get Sl,OCfO ai
! a week. ' *
Sims Reeves, the English tenor, proposes
i to make an American tour, as a close to his w
| artistic career. sc
j Peck, the author of the "Bad Boy'' stories,
receives a percentage from the receipts of the ^
drama of tnat name. w
The opera company engaged by Townsend g
Percy for tho Spanish Fort,"New Orleans,will
play there twenty weeks. a<
Ristori's repertory for America consists of
Medea, Lady Macbeth, Marie Antoinette, ss
Elizabeth and Marie Stuart. tc
YVillC. Cowper and Lucian G. Chaffin, ,
of the Buffalo Express, have jointly written
a play on the "Fedora"' order.
Critics of Florence, where Anna Dons, a ^
Danish singer, recently made her debut in w
opera, find in her another Christine Nilsson a]
Miss Jennie Young is winning in London. tc
much kindly appreciation of her concert-lectures,
especially those on "Burns" and "Longfellow."
Allison and George Rignold have taken
the International theatre, London, and will
make a specialty of American plays and
players. F
J'.dwi.v uooth s now nome in uoscon wi i
not be finished until late in the spring, and
as the actor spends his summers at Newport ^
he will not occupy it until fall. .
Mlle. Nevada, the prima donna, achieved
a brilliant success on making her debut at the P1
Theatre des Italiens in Paris recently. The "W
audience was large and distinguished. m
Joachim, the violinist, will direct the per tb
formances of some of the more important ^
works of Johann Sebastian Bach at the unveiling
of Bach's statue at Eisenach in June.
"Gasparone," the last production of Carl
Millocker, composer of "The Beggar Stifc
dent," having made a decided hit in Berlin, th
has been secured for production in this coun- 4,
try by Manager Duff of New York. a,
The country managers have called so persistently
for a company playing M. H. Gil- si<
lett's farce named "The Professor" that the T1
Madison Square management have detormin- vr,
ed to put it upon the road again next season, wi
with the author in the-principal part, as be- fo
fore. m
There are reports of wonderful excitement ' se
in California over the Mapleson opera. Four
thousand people, it is said, were turned away la
from the doors when Gerster sang in "Faust," th
and the clamor for admission was so great 80
that seats were arranged on the stage in the
a destructive'tornado.
Fatal Effect* of a TcrrificSlonn South
nml Watt. Y
Another tornado has swept wun aearadealiug
force through several States South
and West. At Oakville, Ind., out of thirty
nouses all but three were destroyed. _ Four 0
persons were killed. James Sanders, two
miles west of Oakville, was also killed. Fifty
persoas were wounded. The path of the storm
was about a quarter of a mile wide,aild everything
in its track was destroyed. D
Near Huntsville, Ala., the house of a family CI
named White was blown away. Mrs. "White
I Jmd her mother-in-law were killed. A baby i
was canned several miles and deposited in at
the woods, where it was found the next morn- nj
ing alive. A man named Glover had both ,
shoulders broken, and other persons sustained *
injuries more or less serious. th
"S'car Chattanooga, Tenn., two members of nj
Colonel Tattums family were killed, and several
other lives were also reported lost.
Near Joysville, Ohio, twelve bams were fr
destroyed, four horses were killed, and three w
I persons were badly hurt. At Mechaniesville,
\ Ohio, many trees were blown down and sev- ^
| eral buildings were unroofed and upturned, ai
! The storm came from the Northwest.
From Urbana, Ohio, it is reported that the jj
! storm did the greatest damage in the vicinity
! of Mutual and Bowlersville, the track being *
| a third of a mile wide. The destruction of 01
i timber was heavy. Largo trees were torn "J
from the ground by the roots. No lives were ?
reported lost.
At Columbus. S. C., the heavy iron roof of J*
. the western whig of the State house was **:
j blown off, and other damage to property in
! and near the city was done. The hurricane Y
1 wrecked a largo brick depot of the South
i fVmlinn railroad at Camden. S. C'.. and Mc
, Dowell's store and several other buildings in I'01
j that town. |
Much damage was done to property anj . J1"
i several } arsons were injured by a furious I ""
j storm in Pittsburg, Penn,, and vk-inity. |
j Petrolia, Penu., suffered heavily. At Home- ' nl
j stead, Penn., a frame house in course of eree- j 550
j tion was demolished, and six men who were | w
! at work on the building were injured, one of j w
i them seriously. A carpenter's shop adjoining w
! was cnished by the falling timbers, and five 01
; men who were in the shop narrowly escapad.
! A house was also wrecked, but nobody was [ n
hurt. The damage amounts to several tuou- '"J
sand dollars. ?
Incidents During the Kcccut Storm in ijlj
Ill' , j
An Atlanta (Ga.) dispatch gives incidents
of the recent tcrrific tornado in that region, ui
In Stewurt county tho throe-story frame th
mansion of Mrs. (Jrace Miller was lifted !3
in tho air, the sills upon which it
rested were blown away, and the ro
house was dropped almost ex- ^
! actly into its old position, where it now
| stands, with its foundation sills gone. At ai
.fudge Wimberly's the toniado strucK a pine rj
forest, and for live miles in a straight line |x
j left a clearing thirty feet wide. w
In Carroll county the storm first struck
Lowell, where it blew awav the house of Mr. ^
Kllis Smith, in which two families lived. Two h,
persons were killed, u mother aud child. a(
flie woman's dead body was blown 150 tv
yards, and one of her arias was twisted
oir. The chilil was blown against a tree
and mashed to jell v. The use of cyclone
pits has greatly lessened tho dangers to
life. Thirty persons took refuge in Doctor
Knox's, and an equal number in that of
Mr. Dailey, until 2 o'clock in the morning.
They listened to the roaring of tho wind and f
thunder, and at intervals fell upon their knees
in prayer. A short lull following, at alwiut 2
n'clock'they opened the pit and found a starlit
sky above them, and not a trace of the danger
there wlueli iiu>i piaycu sui-u im.ui uv,u... j'i'he
loss to live stock in Carroll county is not '
less than $100,000, while the clean sweep of
residences, fences, etc., involves a loss which
$;oo,<X)o cannot replace.
The storm skipped about 100 miles without
doing much damage, when it struck the
Echols' settlement in Milton comity. Hail- bi
i stones as big as saucers fell with such force as
to cut off large limbs of trees. Some of the "
, stones were five inches square. At William <l'
' Cireen's seventeen pereons crowded into a small w
cellar and did not ventiyv out until next day. I g
In llall county two women and seven clul- "
divn were sitting by the lirejplace. The frame
of the building was lifted up and carrieil a*
away, leaving the family sitting in amaze- w
mint. A scantling lifteeil feet long was driven pj
into the ground to one-third its length. At s|;
the Main place the roof of a house was lifted (j
, oil'and set ii|k>11 the top of u pine tree, where t(j
it balanced and still stands. 'j']
In the vieinitv of Townville, S. seven p
! persons were killed. ji;
A IScdut (con of I onrlt en .^lillionw in <!
.Tlarrh. hi
The national debt statement just issued j'1
shows the decrease of the public debt during w
the month of March to be $14,:Sfcv'fcM. X
Decrease of debt since J line Ml', l(]
CjwIi in tliii tri-asury -Nw^T-V-l I T
(.Vild certificates outstanding... . ,
Silver certificates outstanding? I lMds.liil
(Vrtiticatesof de|iosit outstanding 1.V1I.?,(XM y
Kefundiny certificates outstanding...
Lt*?al tenders outstanding 34??,lj*l,01(j c
I'Vaetiunal currency not including 1,1
amount estimated as lost or
i!t strove! j!l
The jiayiiu'iits iikuIo from the treasury by M
warrants (hiring the month of March, IS'vl, }.]
i were as follows: *|,
Civil and miscellaneous 7,; {t>
! War 'A'll.vr.; 1
l.:??;i,|ss .i>| st1
interior, Indians til Jv
i Jnurior, jKMisions .. . I .' iv
Total 1,1
Thi? above tines nnt inelude payments made
! 111 account of the interest or principal of the
! public debt of the United States. 1'
I ????- - "
I The report is gaining ground in Tenuesse. j?
I that her late defaulting treasurer. Marshall
T. folk, is nut dead, hut is living in Texas. **
j II is said, that the eotlln in which his body is -5,"
! su|)|K>sed to have been buried was in reality .V
empty, and was used merely as a blind.
Hexry Rose, a negro weighing 200 pounds ' .
is hanged at Osceola, Ark., for tho murder . ?
another colored man, a prominent member #
his race.
Forest fires have destroyed a largo number ;'V
houses, barns and outbuildings in five
mnties of South Carolina and six or seven
mnties of >orth Carolina. Vast forests havo
so been l?een swept away, many plantations :>jj
lined and hundreds of famUies rendered '? 2
jmeless. '-f-i ""S
The Senate postofflce committee voted to . jS
port favorably the bill to provide for a pos- ;?
.1 telegraph system, and the House commit-. 1-J2
e agreed to report unfavorably on tho same ri
The Indian appropriation bill has been _ 'ijj
issed by the House.
Governor Murray, of Utah, appeared _ ,
ziure uiu oprmger cuiiiiiuiiuu kjl iu>nu(ar
on, ordered by the House, and denied the
mrges of irregularities while he was United ;
fates marshal in Kentucky. He charged B
is accusers with being men of bad character. .
id in the pay of the Mormons. :
After a thorough discussion the British ;M
ibinet decided against the proposition to es- "
iblish a protectorate over Egypt. E
Prince Leopold's funeral took place is ' -*9 -I
r'indsor castle in presence of Queen Victoria /JM
id the other members of the royal family./ ||
second funeral service, celebrated later,
as attended only by the queen, her dead *
?n's wife and the dean of Windsor.
The steamship Daniel Steinmann, from *
ntwerp, struck on a rock off Sambro Light
hile entering the harbor of Halifax, N. 8. >j,3 4
lie knocked a hole in her bottom and sank ' ''II
- v rd
;once. Of 130 passengers and crew only
ine were saved, comprising the captain, flvo ?
ilors-and three passengers. The ship is a g
>tal loss and only her topmasts were visible '
Hungary's supreme tribunal has confirmed'.
ie acquittal of all the Jows who were chained I
ith murdering Esther Solomossy. It was
leged that they killed her to obtain her blood
i mix with Passover bread. 3
uneral Nervlccn of the Quecn'v . ^19
Youngest Son at Wind*or. ,
The landing of the body of the duke of \
Ibany at Portsmouth, England, was afc?
nded with much pomp and ceremony. The '
ince of Wales, the Crown-Prince Frederick
rilliam, of Prussia, Prince Waldeck-Pyr- ' '
ont, father of the duchess; Prince Christian;
ie duke of Cambridge, and the marquis of
arne escorted the body to Windsor,
here it was received at the station by tho '
leon and tho Princesses Christian and Bea- The
body was borne to "VVindoor castle from
e railway station upon a gun carriage awn
by eight horses. The prince of Wales '
id others were on foot. I
The dean of Windsor awaited the proeesm
at the entrance to the memorial chapel > - >J8| I
le cnapei was arapeu in oiacx, renevea oy *" '3B
reaths of flowers. Conspicuous aniong these ' % SH
as one from ex-Empress Eugenie. The Sea- ?~$m
rth Highlanders placed the coffin in the -^><bW
iddle of the chapel. After a short religious -tfg I
nice, the royal personages withdrew. I
A second funeral service was celebrated
ter. No one was present except the queen,
e duchess of Albany and the dean of Wind- v^ja
fresk o? an Ocean Stjamhipoff
Halifax, N. S, I
nly Nine Out of One Hundred and - \JjjB
Thirty Reported cased. j
During a dense fog the Belgian steamer
aniel Steinmann, from Antwerp for Halifax
id New York, struck the rocks off Sambro -.]
[and, north of Halifax harbor, at 10 o'clock
, night, and sank in deep water. There were .
nety-six passengers and thirty-four men in .. -.isa
iccrew. Of these the captain, Ave sailors and
iree passengers were saved. Seventyndx
issengers were bound to New York
Sambro island is three and a half miles . . 'I
om Sambro village, near the scene of the JgSfl
reck of the ill-fated Atlantic, eleven yean
jo. There is a lighthouse on the island All . 'VjSsi
ound are rocks and shoals. .? /4a
The Daniel Steinmann left Antwerp on ' $?
arch 20, under the command of Captain
an Schoonhoven. She carried a
irgo of telegraph wire and general "
erchandi?e. Her crew numbered
iirty-six men, all told. She carried in the - J8X
eerage ninety-four passengers, all Germans. >
renty of whom were to land at Halifax ana jfsB'
le rest in New York. She was also to land
K) tons of freight at Halifax. The steamer Vis
as reported at St. Catharines point, near
ntwerp, two days after leaving. The next
ling heard of her was when the light keeper :'jm
1 Sambro island heard her whistle as she
as going down. A few rockets were seen ,
om the shore.but a storm prevented anyone
om going to her rescue.
Seven souls came ashore somehow in the ' ' '
ght, and were safely landed through the ,
xf. They reported that some of the crew x'ja?
ere clinging to the rigging, part of which
as above water. During the night the
eather continued too rough to permit any
le to go to the assistance of the men on the
reck, although it was only 200 yards away, ,
it at daylight a fisherman named Gilkie -M
unched a flatboat and brought off Captain
an Schoonhoven and a boy who had Been
cured iu the rigging by the captaia These
ro were the only ones left in tne rigging. k , J?jg|
The survivors all remained temporarily on \
imbro island, twenty miles from Halifax. <
lie weather had been so rough and the fog so
lick that no one could pass either to or from *
imbro island to the main shore. It was not J
itil afternoon that word was received here . J.
iat a disaster had occurred, and then it came ffl
r signal from the island, the only means of -' ?
imniunication in rough weather." "
The Daniel Steinmann belonged to Stein
ann & Ludwig, the managing owners of tho
'hito Cross line. She was 'J77 feet long,
lirty-four feet beam, and twenty-five feet
x>p.* She was built of iron, had two decks
?.i rti'A U'nc hrirrnntillA
gged. She was called a twenty-day boat ,> 'tween
Antwerp und New York She was . v
ortli about $100,000 and was fully insured.
lie was bringing nearly 2,000 tons of freight
i New York. She was litted to cairy several /> *
indred steerage passengers, but her cabin
commodations were limited to fifteen or ^
i.unin^ of a Soitiorn Sta amer/ . j
W.tb Lo:S of Life, .o|J
'cp'e Aroused fnm Sleep to Meet
D ath by Fire or Water. ?
The steamer Rebecca Everingham was
umedonthe Chattahoochee river, at Fitz- " "v'?i
'raid's plantation, a few miles above Florice,
Ala.. at an early hour and many lives
ere lost. About 4o'clock, a. m., the eniileer
mi watch rang an alarm signal to the
ilot. who called to the officers on watch arid
iked if he must go to the shore
lien lie was at once ordered to do so. The
lot signalled the engineer to work for the
tore, but got no response. He then headed jle
boat for the Georgia side, and themomen...
clui lir?l ivin-ioil hpr nlniost to the banks.
lie pilot on watch ordered his young son,
rank Lapham, a youth sixteen years old, to
unp overtxx'ird with a line and swim ashore
id make t lie boat fast to a free. The boy sprang
ito the river, struck for the shore, reached ft
ifely ami tied the lx>at up. In the meantime
ie fire alarm was runs '?>' Pilot George I>apim.
ami the passengers aroused from their
im'|> to timl tin- boat in flames. All was eonisjuii
and disorder, but the officers of the boat
i-iv heroic iu the performance of their duty.
early all of them were wounded or burnt.
lie 'fames wrapped the boat in their fiery emaee
and seemed to lick it up.
Those known to be lost are as follows: W.
, Kennedy, Spring Hill, Ala., deputy sheriff
' Barbour county; Mrs. Avart. Cuthbert, ??
a.: Miss Simpson, Fort Gaines, Ga.; J. B.
ates, Bainbridge: two white men, whose
lines were unknown: Julia Adams, colored,
latnliermaid: Dolph Thomas, colored, firean:
Handal Singer and Aaz Stevens.colored,
>cl; hands; Bob Griffin, colored, stevedore,
nl a colored woman and child, name uniiowti.
Captain < . B. Whiteside was
vereiv burned on the face, head and hands.
D." Williams, of Lagrange, Ga.. was
lought to be fatally burned. J. T. Carey,
isistant engineer, was painfully burned.
There werv bales of cotton aboard the
earner, -Hi of which were taken on at
afaula. She was made fast to the shore by
in hawsers. which were finally burnt. She J*
maine<l tied to the bank about forty-five
inutes, when her moorings burned and
e wreck floated out in the stream,
ifted about one hundred vanls, caviled
and sunk. The fire "broke out
nong the cotton just aft midship. It * -J
not known how it originated. When the
at neaivd the shore a lady sprang overfill
and lodged in a treetop, from winch
e subsequently fell, and was rescued by
lot Lapham. This brave offlccr saved the
'ea of two others, and assisted Captain
'hitesides ashore.

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