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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, October 14, 1885, Image 1

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An Extraordinary Lynching in
North Carolina.
Three Men and a Woman Strung
Up Together,
The town of Fittsboro, N. C., was the
Other night the scene of a terrible occur" j
rence. At 1 o'clock a. m. .1 band of a hundred
disguised inen inarched up to the jail and
" rt^manded the keys of the jailer. They made
threats when he refused to accede, and finally
forced him to deliver the keys and show
them to the cells in which four negroes j
bharged with being the murderers of the
Gunter and Finch families, were confined, j
This done, they took out the four persons I
wanted?Jerry Finch, his wife Harriot Fin-li,
Lee Tyson and John Fattishall. The prisoners
were in an agony of fear. They had for 1
^ weeks dreaded lynching, and now their time !
L had come. The lynchers were inexorable and 1
marched the prisoners to a place about a mile j
from Pittsboro, near a crossing on a public
roaa. men an lour were Hanged to one tree.
The prisoners made no confessions.
W This was the horrible sequel to the murder
I of the Gunter family in December, 18S3, and '
I of the Finch family in July last. Tho first '
f murder took place near Moncuro 011 Sunday, !
> D?rember 24, ISSo. Mrs. Olive Gunter, j
aged eighty-nine, and Mis* Jane Gun- j
ter, aged sixty-four, were brutally '
murdered, and a granddaughter of Mrs.
Olive Gunter, aged eight years, was mor- |
tally wounded. Near them lived Dexter |
Gunter. Mrs. Olive Gnnter's son, Miss Jane {
Gunter s brother, and th? father of the girl, j
On the night of the 4th of July last a triple 1
murder, in manner and method starting!}* [
like the former, was committed within six ]
miles of the same spot. In a thickly uttled !
neighborhood lived Mr. Edwin Finch, an old I
bachelor, seventy-nine years of age, I
with a maiden sister, asred eitrhtv- I
one. With them lived a negro boy of se'v- I
enteen, bound to Finch, who slept in
the room to bo within ca>y call. Half a
mile distant was the house of Mr. White, well ,
to do and the accepted heir of Finch. Ho had
in his room some of the money was in a
bureau, which he kept locked. Near by lived !
the negro Jerry Finch, with his wife, sister :
and child. Jerry was acquainted with all
that happened at Finch's* His sister
milked cows there on Saturday night
Jerry Finch and a negro named J>ee Tyson,
who had a bad reputation, were in Pittsboro,
where they remained until midnight, when
they left for home. They said at the investigation
that rain overlook thein and they
sought shelter, and that tliey reached home
before day and went to bed. They wore new
On Sunday morning Jerry's sister left the
house to go to the Finchs'. She noticed the
door ajar and called the boy. Getting no
answer she called Mr. White, telling him she
feared something was wrong at the house.
White and a little boy enme over. The boy
ran into the house, but rushed out exclaiming:
"They are a'l dead!"
White called a neighbor and with others
went into the hou e. They found that Finch
had been stabbed in the throa*. and knocked
on the head with an axe. Miss Finch had
been similarly butchere l, w.iil* on the floor
lay the negro boy, with his held nearly severed
frorj^h^ bo'ly by cuts from an axe and
his skull crushed in in a most barbarous manner.
The teeth were knocked out The floor
was covered with blood. Tlie top of th? bureau
had been knockel off and the drawers
knocked out with the axe. Tho contents
were thrown on the flo^r. The axe nnd knife
had boon thrown into on? of the drawers.
The deed had evidently been recontly committed.
The Ixxly of Miss Finch was warm until
"noon. An examination revealed th? fact
that two men with new shoos, whose footsteps
agreed with those of Jerry Lynch and
Lee Tyson, had crossed a plowed field and
come to tho house, then had returned. Jerry
Finch and Lee Tyson were arretted. Suspicion
pointed to three other negroes.
People linked the murder with that of the
Gunters. beinz marvelous'y similar in character.
Detectives were sent lor from Richmond,
Vn. Tho peop'e wore nearly wild with
rage. There were frcjuent and plain throats
of lynching. The detectives nrrivedattbe
conclusion that they would unearth both
murders at once. They found
that a negro named John Pattishall
was concerned in the Hunter murder, and
^ search was undo for him. He was captured
at Raleigh. It was found that he went to
Moncure jus*, before tho Gunter murder, and
that immediately thereafter he left for parts
unknown. Later he roappeared just before
the Finch murder, and the day
afier that! [occurrence disappeared again
and turned up in another county fifteen miles
away. He toll the people there ot the murder.
The jury met from time to timo, but
hesitated to render a verdict, fearing.that
- lynching would follow a decision against tho
prisoners. The feeling of the negroes against
the prisoners ran as high as that of the
white people. On the night of August
26 disguise I |>crsoiis arrested tt'e
wife and sister of Jerry Finch and swung
them to a tree, attempting to extort information
as to the murder. Each woman was
hung twice. Both pers'sted in declaring that
tbey know nothing about tlio murder. So
matters progressed until September, when
tha coroner's jury rendered the following
"The jurors for a verdict do siv that F^lward
Finch, Sailie Finch and Ephraim Ellington
came to their deaths on tho night of
July 4 last, from blows on the head, inflicted
by an axe in the hands of Jerry Finch, Harriet
Finch, Lee Tyson and somo other party
or carties to the iurv un mown."
Lee Tyson's wile,"Harriet, was thereupon
placed in ja:l. The court was to have met in
a fortnight
Tho lynching was not unexpec ted,nevertheless
it created a profound sensation.
The Yield in the 1 nited Statrw Each
mated at l,97J!,tt3e,000 Bushel*.
The corn crop in the United States having
passed tho critical stage, and whatever of
danger menaced the cereal from frost being
now ended, owing to the maturity of the
grain, the Farmer's Review of Chicago, has
called in reports from its 1,400 correspondents,
giving the area and probable yield in
every county in the ten leading corn-producing
States, and has compiled from these the
the following estimates of the approximate
yield of the crop of 1885 as compared with
that of 1884:
1884. lSf-5.
State. Bushels. Bushels.
Ohio 8o,:XW,000 131,500,000
Indiana 104,757,0.10 125,708,000
Illinois. .. 244,544,<J00 2#4,23!J,0C0
iowa U52,t>i>0,CHH) 200, 805,000
Missouri 107,850,000 IW,360,003
Kansas lt>S,500,000 188,720,(Kt0
Nebraska 122,100,000 137,302.0:10
Mitinesata 23,030,900 21,148,000
Wisconsin 25,200.000 21,200,000
Michigan 20,022,000 30,185,000
Total 1,251,500,000 1,486,2SH.OOO
Excess over last year 184,040,000
On the basis that the States and Territories
outside the ten named will produce as much
corn as they did last year, or 543,400,000
boshels, and this would seem assured from a i
study of the reports, it will give a total crop I
of 1,0?J,630,000 bushels.
Barntm and his circus contemplate a visit
to Europe in 1887.
There are only eleven theatres in tho en- I
tire State of Virginia.
Mrs. Langtry is wearing the boy's clothc*
of a tramp on tho English stage.
Madame Durand, the American soprano, j
will sing at tho Teatro Real, Madrid, during |
this winter.
Few men are more generally and respect !
fully noticed by the public on tho streets o! ,
Boston than the venerable comedian, William
David Oakley, of "Tho Diamond Broker' |
company, is one of tho oldest actors in the
profession. He tirst appearod upon tho stage!
In 1830.
Tnp Vii>nnfv r-on?f>rnit,orv awarded tho '
first violin prize to a ten-year-old lad, j
Frederick Kreisslcr, the son of a physician
of that city.
A RECENT count of 296 companies at work
amusing the American public, shows 201
dramatic, 2H variety, ^4 musical, 1I minstrel!
and 12 circus.
Mr. John S. Ci.arke, has mndo a plav or
the subject of "Nicholas Nickleby," whicl
has just be?n brought forward at the Strand
theatfe, London.
Antedilu%*ian music is exhibited by ar
imaginative Parisian. Stones of different
sizes are suspended on strings, making a
range of two octaves.
Sir Arthur Sullivan, the composer, con-'
ducted the orchestra the other night at a gain
performance of "The Mikado" at the Fifth
Avenue theatre, New York.
Flotow, tho composer of "Martha," left
behind him a comic opera entitled " Widow I
Grapin." It has just been played at Pesth,
and is said to Ik? very melodious It may j
Ejssibly 1 o heard at other European theatres
?fore long.
Two American girls are to make their
debut next season under tho care of Mile.
Nevada?Nellie Everest, of Philadelphia, and
Miss Johnston, of Washington. Both have
been studying for years in Italy, and are said
to be gifted with good voices.
Mme. Christine Nilsson has finally determined
to settle in England und is sumptu
ously decorating a house in Kensington court,
though at one time she strongly meditated
making her residence in this country when
she retired from the stage.
Herr Rubinstein announces for the com
ing winter in Vienna a series of seven con
certs, in which he will execute pieces from
the piano repertory of all ages ana countries.
Tl?e performance will include pieces composed
for the earliest spinets, clavecins and key
boards. The concerts are to be repeated In
Berlin, Tuns and London
Ffislrrii nnd TTIIddlo state*.
Mrs. Mack Latiirop, the wife of a farmer
near Stoughton, Mass., white trying to protoct
a friend from tho attack of a yoke of
oxen belonging to her husband, was herselJ
disembowleu by tho angry beasts.
Mrs. Fader, of Goutdvilto, Fetin., was
stung by bees in her garden, aDd died in fortyfive
The British yacht Genesta has added a
third trophy to her victories in this country,
winning tho Cape May International Challenge
cup in an ocean race which lasted nearly
two days, and resulted in an easy victor}' for
the cutter.
The Grant national monumont fund up to
recent date had reached
General Edward F. Jonf.s was nonnnat?
. k,. v.??. v/.fb
u\i iur Iifim.,iiiiuirr;u>uii"i yjj \,u\ * v. *?. ,
Democratic State committee in place of Mr. I
Flower, clecliuetl.
The Massachusetts Greenbackers at their
State convention in Boston nominated a full
ticket, headed by James Sumner for governor.
Soutli and Wont,
A fire in Chicago destroyed many million
feet of lumber, causing an "estimated loss of
The most important new enterprise reported
in the youth for a long time is that
for the erection of immenso works in Virginia
at a cost of '00 to manufacture
steel, composite brass, etc.. tho annual capacity
to be 100,00 ) tons. The purchase of 1*,000
acres of magnificent coal and iron land
has already been made.
A neighbor's bulldog kill the four-yearold
child of Mrs. Parsons at Goes Station,
Ohio, and was eating its flesh when discovered.
The brute had to bo killed before
it would leave the child's lxdy.
Two men and a woman, residents of Tombstone,
Arizona, were ambushed by Apaches,
the men killed and the woman carried off into
During an altercation between two physicians
in Saybrook, 111., Dr. Georgo Barton
struck Dr. Harvey L. Harris, whereupon the
latter drew a revolver and shot his opponent
Jidge George W. Ward, editor of the
Abingdon (Va.) Examiner, was shot by William
White, Independant candidate for the
State senate. A relative of White and another
man also fired upon Ward, who received
nine wounds, and was reported in a
critical condition. Tho trouble grew out of
an article in Judge Ward's paper.
Jake Flowers, a drunken colored man,
tried to assault three co'ored women near
SummervilJe. S. C., and after failing in each
attempt burned down their dwellings. One
of the women was caught by Flowers while
fleeing from hewbuniing building and fatally
injured. * Flowers was shot dead by a constable
The President has appointed the following
United States attorneys: Daniel 0. Finch,
of Iowa, for tho southern district of Iowa,
and Fabius H. Busbee, of North Carolina,
for the eastern district of North Carolina.
Seven agents for the Indians in various
sections were appointed the other day by the
President, as follows: W. L. Powell, of Virginia;
John V. Summers, of Missouri: Mark
W. Stevens, of Michigan: Charles Hill, of
Nebraska; Moses Veal, of Kansas; Henry K.
Williamson, of Mississippi; Fletcher I. Cowart,
of Alabama
Postmasters appointed by the President:
B. J. Sheridan, at Paula, itan.; Robert F.
Chilton, at Santa Anna, Cal.: Edward Van
De Casteele. at De Pere, Wis.; Harry S,
Parker, at Farmington. N. H.; F. H. Spiuney,
Medford. Mass.; Burritt B. Breed, at Lisbon,
Dakota; Fidelia Kiigore, at Longview, Texas;
L. K. Da vis, at Athons, Ala; Milton H.
Westbrcok, at Lyons, Iowa; James B. Blacle
well, at Marietta, Ga.; John Shearman, at
Monroe City, Mo.; Thomas A. Gary, at Galveston.
Texas; E. E. Waggoner, at Shelbyville,
111.; John A. Collins, at Washington,
Mo.; E. P. Matthews, at Bowling Green, Mo.;
John Flynn, at Duluth, Minn.
There weret31*? patents issuo.1 for the week
ending on the 2!ith, tho largest number ever
issued in one week in the history of tho
patent office.
Additional appointments by tho President:
Edward A. Stevenson, of Boise City,
Idaho, to ho governor of the lerritory of
Idaho; William B. Webb, of Hillings, Montana,
to be secretary ot tho territory of
Montana; James T. Healey, assistant
treasurer at Chicago. Presidential postmasters:
Walter W. McGrew at Eureka,
Kan.: John C. Friend, Rawlins, Wyoming;
Isaiah Garrett, Monroe, l^a.; Arthur D.
Glover, Olympia, Washington Territory;
James Blair, Grand Rapids, Mich.
British capitalists propose to build a ship
railway across tho narrow isthmus which
connects Nova Scotia with New Brunswick
to carry vessels from the Bay of Fuudy to
Cumbjrlaud strait.
The pope has agreed to mediate between
Germany and Spain with regard to the dispute
over the Caroline islands.
Many vessels have been wreckod at Falsa
Point, n port on the bay of Bengal, India, by
a cyclone.
The feeling in Russia regarding the Roumelian
question, it is telegraphed from llusiia,
is "hourly growing more warlike," and the
sympathy of tho masses is said to be strongly
for the Bulgarians and against the Turks.
One of Queen Victoria's sons?the Duke of
Edinburg? wanted to pay the hop pickers on
his estates in Kent twelve pence a basket for
picking hops, tho *sual price being eighteen
penco: ou11no wois-piMwro *><-" ?>j
demonstrative that the duke became frightened
and yielded to their demands.
Four. Indians have just lieon sentenced to
death at Battleford, Manitoba, for murder,
and numerous others have received terms of
imprisonment varying from two to fourteen
years for arson and robbery.
Captaix Hatkiei.d, with his command,
overtook and hail a fight with a band of about
sixty hostile Indians in the Cananca mountains,
Mexico, killing several and capturing
Two Cuban leaders have just been killc l
b\- the Spanish troops in Cuba.
Laiiue trac s of lan I are said to have be<m
recently purchased by the Mormons in
Tin: Turkish losses in the ten days' fighting
at Dwakova were two hundred men. The
Albanians 1< st 1,00!) kdled.
Ax area of 2,5')!) miles in India has been
devastated by heavy floods. Many lives have
been lost and a great amount of property destroyed.
Ix a recent light with tho Hovas, in
Madagascar, the French were repulsed, with
Thomas Iamsdev, a wealthy Canadian
farmer and stock raiser, was gored to doath
by a bull which he was driviug to an exhibition
at Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Luxurious Boston 'Moiiim*' Frequented
by the High and Low*
The Boston Globe has published a livecolumn
article giving some startling disclosures
of the subject of the use of
opium in Boston that will awaken
the city to tho senso of its hidden
danger from tho pernicious habit.
The article is the experience of reporters.
They give the addresses of a number of resorts
outside the usual Chinese dens where
money has l?een lavished to tit thoin up in a
most luxuriant manner for thi3 purpose.
Those places aro in the most fashionable
thoroughfares, and have been flourishing unsuspected
for months under tho very shadow
of the Massachusetts State house. The persons
who patronize these gilded dens come in
carriages, and aro recognized as belonging to
the best circles of society.
The following is a digest of what was seen
by a reporter and his guide in ono of these
establishments: As the visitors enteml they
were greeted by a well-dressed man of middle
age. witn light hair and complexion, who
shook hands with both an 1 asked them if th<>v
wished to smoke. The room is a large
square one, richly furnished. On tbo bed,
over which was thrown a rug. were si -eping
two beautiful girls. They were both past
consciousness. In one corner was the form
of a talented young law student, who is re- I
taiucd by one of the leading lawyers in l'etnberton
Square. By his siilo slept a theitrical
man anil his wife, whose faces are wellknown
in popular comedy. A wealthy young
man, wlio-o father is a prominent theatrical
manager, was among the frequenters of the
joint. In numerous other places well-known
men were found who hart l?een followed from
their place of business, the club or the theatro
to these haunts. The Globe has in its possession
a list of names of the patrons of these
resorts, the publication of which would create
a consternation in society. All classes
arc more or less implicated in ihe habit. Several
well-known frequenters of the dens occupying
high social positions have left the city
to es-ajw exposure, being informed that the
police have their names down for witnesses.
Sickening Scones nl ?hc Clanging of a
Wile Murderer.
Patrick Hartnett, the Cincinnati wife murderer,
was hango I at the Ohio jieaitentiary,
Columbus, at 1 :'S> the other morning, lie was
pronounced dea l one-half minute after the
drop fell. The fall requite 1 in almost total decapitation.
tli" hea 1 hanging to the body only
by a small ^rip of skin at tlio lmck of the
neck, 'i he scene was a most sickening one,
and it was Willi great dirticulty that the exo- i
cutioners roujd summon courage to cut tha j
body down.
Ilarin.'tt killed his wife on January 31,
1S8J. in Mount Auburn, a suburb of Cincin!
nati. Early on tbe morning of the deed
j when she aro e he ordered her back to
' bed and charge I her with unfaithj
fulness, which she denied. He procured
an ax, made his wife get on her knees, say
her prayers and kiss the floor, an I then
! struck her t.vo blows with the ax, one crush-1
I ing h?r skull. Policemen found Hartnett |
dancing a jig nnd playing a jewsharp around j
| the body, and had some trouble in arresting
I Jimi. " J
Lust Monthly Statement of the
National I)eht.
The Cash in the Treasury and the
Coinage of the Mints.
j The apparent (locroase in tho public debt ;
i for September is f 12.7.VT,flfVj. This amount j
I is reduced, however, by payment? of about !
j $7,500,010 due on account of interest on '
I bonds. Following is a recapitulation of the |
[ lass statement issued:
Bonds at I '4 per cent $i">0,000,000,00
Bonds nt ) per cent 7-J7,73i>,4")0 (K)
Bonds ut :i per cent 1!?4, 100,500 00
]{efunding certificates at 4 per
cent ... 227,000 00
Navy pension fund at .'i per
cent 14,000,000 00
Pacific Hail road bonds at 0
per cent G (,<>33,512 00
Principal S* 1,200,777,4!J2 00
Interest 12,214,788 8."
Total $1,272,iW2,2>0 8:!
Debt on whHi interest has
consod since maturity:
Principal S-J.S; 1,^85 2fi
Interest 221,332 30
Total $4,0.12,717 50
Old demand and legal tender
notes $346,7o8,8S0 00
f'artiHpntfw of denosifc 23.185.000 00
Gold certificates 118, t37,-7!?0 00
.Silver certificates 113,050,716 0)
Fractional currency, less $8,375,I
estimated as lust or
destroyed .. 6,061,162 8S
Princ ipal ?5!:8>679,554 88
Principal $1,853,32.$,402 14
Interest 12,436,121 13
Total $1,805,704,523 27
Less cash items available for
reduction of the debt $210,027,074 70
Less reserve held for redemption
of United States notes,
$100,000,000 340,027,074 70
Total debt, loss available
cash items $1,521,837,448 57
Net cash in the Treasury.... 03,'.103,100 30
Debt loss cash in the Treasury
Oct. 1, 1885 $1,400,034,3 i2 27
Debt less cash in the Treasury
Sept. 1, 18S5 1,473,092,307 52
Docrease of debt during tho
month as shown by this
statement 12,757,965 25
Available for reduction of the
Gold held for gold certificates
actually outstanding $118,137,700 00
Silver held for silvrr certificates
actually outstanding. 93,056,710 00
United States notes held lor
certificates of deposit actually
outstanding 23,180,000 00
Cash held for matured debt
and interest unpaid 5,945,000 71
Fractional currency 2,50199
Total available for reduction
of debt $240,927,074 70
Held for redemption of United
States notes, acts of
January 14,1875, and July
12, 1*82 $100,000,000 00
Unavailable for
reduction of
debt: Fractional
coin $23,041,893 79
Minor coin.... 7%,852 20- 21,438,740 05
Certificates hold as cash.... 54,007,230 00
Net cash bulance on hand... 63,903,106 30
Total rash in the treasury as
shown by the treasurer's
general account 483,936,157 95
T* *? ;
i\eueil'l8 ul me i iiuvvi owu'3 iui ?;v|nrur
#84 1885
Customs $17,662,632 $ 17,52l", 204
Internal revenue.. 9,930,832 10,440,101
Miscellaneous 1,6-9,653 2,003,66)
Totals $29,229,119 $29,171,020
Ordinary $13,040,934 $9,403,290
Pensions 1.352,212 3,800,110
Interest 2,7S0,714 2,749,010
Totals $17,173,912 $16,013,054
The following is a statement of the coinage
executed at the mints during September:
Denomination. Pieces. Value.
Double eagles o9,503 $ V90,060 CO
liaRles 5 50 00
Half Katies 220,001 1,1:50,005 00
Three dollars 4 12 0J
Quarter eagles 4 10 0J
Dollars Ill 111 00
Total gold 205,62$ $1,920,248 00
Standard doUlars 2,500,050 $2,500,050 00
Half dollars 50 25 0.1
Qtnarter dollars 50 12 50
ta: en r: tit
J'lIUUS Iiu 'f
Total silver 2,500,200 500.<;! '. 5")
Five cents 150 7 50
Three cents 150 4 50
One cent 150 1 5l>
Total minor 450 13 50
Total coinage 2,700,2^6 $4,420,354 UC
The owner of the British yacht, Genesta,
refused $20,000 for the craft, but offered to
sell her in Nev York for $.10,03a
The famous collection of orchids belonging ;
to the late Mi's. Morgan was sold at auction
the other day in New York. Nearly 400 of
the 2,000 plants were sold on the first day,
and brought about $r,0iK), sixty-five of them
bringing over $25 each. The highest prico
paid for a single plant was $750.
The Massachusetts Republicans, at their
State convention in Springfield, renominated
Governor Robinson, the remainder of tho j
ticket being: Oliver Ames, for lieutenantgovernor;
Henry B. Pierce, for secretary of
state; A. W. Beard, for state treasurer and
receiver general; Charles 1L Ladd, renomi- I
nated for auditor; Edgar L. Sherman, for '
attorney-general. The platform demands |
the suspension of the silver dollar and the ex- ,
tension of the principles of the civil service.
In a fire which destroyed ono of tho buildings
of the insane asylum at Warm Springs,
Montana, three inmates?two men and a
woman?were burned to death.
The President has decided that the offices |
of weigher and gtiager in the customs service
cannot be filled without an examination under
the civil service commission. This decision
practically disposes of the case of Sterling,
who was recently appointed weigher in the
New York custom house, and then suspended
by order of the President, pending an investigation
into the manner of his appointment.
Tiik President has refused to accept the
resignation of Pr. J. B. Hamilton, surgeongenera!
of the marine hospital service, declaring
the beat interests of the service would be
served by retaining its chief.
A fire in Iquique, Peru, has destroyed
the most important portion of thetown, very
fow business houses escaping. The estimated
nccrregato losses roach ?'2,000,000.
Ex-U a kitxor Franklin J. Mosf.s, o[
South Carolina,charged with obtaining money
mder fa Is > proteases from prominent citizens
)f Huston, has been sentence 1 to three years'
impris inment.
Mr. William I'aoe, tho painter, ?nd
formerly prosi lent of tho American Academy
j if Oosigu, dio.l the otlnr day at his home
: near Tott'iiville, N. Y., aged soventy-llvo
1 years.
! Bishop Ci.awson, a prominent Mormon
! 3f Salt Lake City, has boon found guilty of
I polygamy tinder the provisions of tho United
' Statos law forbidding a plurality of wives,
j and has been sentom.-oi to imprisonment.
I Other Mormons similarly found guilty, escaped
punishment by pledging obodieir.-e to
the law.
Four men were caught between coal cars
at Cleveland, Ohio. Andrew Devir was instantly
killed, Patrick McMannon fatally inI
jured, and James Guilty and Owen Gallaj
gher seriously but not mortally injured.
I Senator Logan delivered a eulogy on
General Grant at services hold in Wnshing!
ton a few days sinee in commemoration of
I the dead commander.
Fi'rtiier appointments of postmasters by
I the President; Richard J. Ashby at Charlesj
ton, W. Vo.; James Helaney at Saint Peter,
i Minn.
| John S. "Wise, Republican candidate for
1 governor of Virginia, had an altercation in a
train between Washington nnd Alexandria
with ex-Congressman John Ambler Smith,
Tho trouble ended In Wise's striking Smith
in the face, drawing blood.
A leading Paris papir says that Russia
has decided to recognize the union of Bulgaria
and Rouinelia; that Germany has offered
110opposition to the union, and that
Austria mikes tho compensation o; Fervia
, and Greece a condition of her asseut.
Terrible Disaster During Nilsson's c
Welcome Home. T
Many People Killed and Injured in a; c
Sudden Panic.
No event In many years has so profoundly ^ ^
agitated Stockholm, Sweden, tho "Veuico of i
tho North," as tho calamity following Mine, j
Nilsson's recent enthusiastic reception by her
countrymen there. Since the occurrence ^
Mine. Nilsson has been so completely prostrated
that she has felt obliged to cancel many
engagements. King 0.<car, who has taken a T
very deep interest in tho matter, has been
active in extending sympathy and relief to T
tho afflicted families. An account of the terrible
affair is as follows: '
Owing probably to the fact that Mme.
Nilsson had recently bought a handsome C
hou-e in I/ondon and announced her intention
of making her home in England permanently
hereafter, tho great singer's visit to
the lieantiful capital of her native land
was regarded as a farewell one, and the popular
excitemont attending her arrival was
intense. Crcrtvds of her enthusiastic countrymen
welcomed lier at tho railway station
mid attended ber carriage to tho Grand
hotel. Sin gave thre) concerts, doMsrliting g(
the populace after each performance by sing- .
ing home ballads in front of tho hotjl. As D
early as 7 in the evening people were stream- c;
ing toward tho broad cpiay opposite tho u
Grand hotel from even the most distant part
of tho twelvo islands upon which Stockholm
is built When Mme. Nilsson arrived, .
shortly after 9 o'clock, it is estimated that J3
the donso mass of people closely packing j li
tlin Miinif And th? wiili* street of Uharles I
XII. lor some distanco on either sido num- I n
berod not less than forty thousand persons, v
Deafening cheers groeted the diva's arrival.
Unable to reach tho principal door of tho i r<
hotel, she with some dillicutty managed to | li
gain admittance at a sido entrance, and I
presently was bowing to probably tho largest j _
and most excited audience she has ever J
looked upon. After she sung two songs tho i 8(
crowd began to disperse homeward. | k
The first m nement of tin living mass b
caused a lirightful crash, which was horribly _
intensified by tho pressure of a number of j *
fresh arrivals on tne outskirts of the crowd, i 1
A rascally gang of roughs helped still further
to precipitate the calamity by trying to I tl
work their way through the confused and
chaotic multitude. With a rush like tho flow i
of a mighty river, the excited mass j
of jwople directed itsolf toward soma ^
newly-built houses on tho site of the old it
Mindre theatre. The pavement in front of yi
the house had been torn up and the ground ^
was strewed with building stone, lime and
Sand. Just before this uneven place was .
reached the stone pavement ended at an ab- 11
nipt descent in the grade of the street Hero g
those in advance of tho crowd halted an instant,
but, pressed forward by the thousands _
behind, they stumbled and fell. p
The crowd, swarming on with tho entire
absence of reason or control characteristic b
of such a crowd in an emergency, men,
women and children wero instantly piled one ?
upon another in one great crushed, bleeding,
shrieking and undistinguisliable mass of hii- j "
inanity. Tho horror of the scene ! L>
was increased by the demoniac i ci
yells of the roughs, who took n
"advantage of the moment to attack and plunder
people right and left. To add to the con- ,
fusion the only lamp that illuminated that 11
part of tho street was turned out by a street j Ci
boy, who had saved himself by climbing tho
post. Many others saved themselves by | ft
breaking tho windows and entering the new i .
houses, though they were severely cut by the
uroxcii eias3. ?
When the police Anally forced a passage e'
nail removed the dead and injured it was t(
found that eighteen persons had been killed a]
in the mad rush. Most oi' these wjro women.
Many people are believe I to havo been
seriously injured oirly in the panic
by ? b>ing tianpled under the tf
foet* of a horse whic'i, with a
light wagon at his heels, toro through the u
crow 1. Others were pushed trom thy quay
into the Norr-Strom outlet of the Malaren ^
into th3 Saltsjoti and drowned. A prom- j si
i-i-nt fiti*.?n wa? sipar.it! I from h:s two , ai
111 ;"ifc ?.*?. o.n i'u ail t'n o'.h m* tiv.dv.i j
year* ol.l; he aiU'nvard fou.id their
dei I b*liei trample I alm nt bjyond recognition.
Heap? of t >rn clothing, hats, umbrel- ^
las, shoe< ami m msols were taken to tho po- tl
lic.? station A hatle?s woman, excite lly j]
searching l or her child, broke into loud cries r'
on sejing the row of cor^sej, an 1 it w.is found
that she h id su I lenly gone mad. The police,
numb-ring 'i H. were utterly pnverfevi to h
prevent tii) a ;oM;:i; or g jvern tin crowd. h
Frcnrli Canadlano Itewlstlng Com- j
ItiilHory t act-inatloii. j '
The smallpox epidemic that lias been rag- i
ing in Montreal with great virulence for some C
time has resulted in a riot, caused by tlio op- P
position of tho French Canadians to conipul- tl
sory vaccination. Particulars of tho trouble
arc given in the following dispatch from 1!
Montreal was the scene of a violent riot j
this evening, as the result of the movement 0
for compulsory vaccination. The French n
Canadians have shown strong opposition to ei
compulsory vaccination since the start, and n
trouble has been feared. Tho English were determined,
however, that no more delay 11
would be allowed, and decided at once to 0
carry compulsory measures into force, c,
A branch ollice was started in tho east end a
and orders were given to-day to begin the
thorough vaccination of all'persons in tho
French Canadian quarter. At an early hour ^
this morning tho ollice was openeil A crowd n
at once began to assemble, and the budding Jj
was soon surrounded. Several French Canadian
citizens addressed tho gathering, which
was becoming more and more riotous, and 8
advised pacific measures. A squad of police C
was called out, and toward the afternoon the p
mob dispersed, threatening, however, to re- c
turn in the evening. They kept their word, j ,
At 7 o'clock to-night the building was sur- D
rounded by a noisy, threatening crowd of
French Canadians, who began operations by g
storming tho health ollice, smashing all the t
windows and creating a general havoc. i.
The mob next went to the residence of ,
Dr. Laberge, of tho medical health 11
ollice, stoned it and shouted defiance, h
On inarched the mob, gathering in fi
numbers as it went, its objective point baing a
the city hall. Tho authorities had by this j .
time got wind of the mob's intentions, and i c
tho lire bells sounded a general alarm, calling i F
tho wholo police force from tho various j
stations to tho central station at the city I t
lia'l. The mob arrived, however, before the |
police had mustered, mid took possession of
tlio streets around the ball. Showers of ?
stones were rained upon tho building and ii
many windows were shattered. d
In tho niidstof the din aery was raised, "To B
the newspaper oflice!" and in a few minutes
the crowd, now numbering several thousand, r
had formed into lino anil were on the way. f
Tho mob marched down the pi incipal streets, | i:
singing and shouting, and made for tho oftice i a
of the Atorniny llerald, a largo live-story '
building, oil Victoria square. Their number | .
was considerably increased on the way, and 1
surrounded the newspaper olltce, several 0
thousand strong. The building, which occu- t
pies a prominent position, was brilliantly };
lighted up. and formed a good mark for tho _
rioters. The windows were soon smashed,
and the rioters took full vengeance upon tho 8
paper, which has boon the most activo and
plain spoken alnjut the French Canadians. 1:
For over half an hour the mob had it all c
their own way, the police remaining inac- ,
tive in the station while the work of destruc- J
tion was going on. While engaged at tho 1
newspaper oflice, tho rioters gave expression
to various throats, and Slid that they | t
would show the Knglish whether it was ! ?
they or tho French who would rule the i .
city. The Kngiisii were roundly abused, and | *
a number ol violent scenes occurred. When j
the polico did arrive on the scene, the mob n
n.rnin mul inn rr*lioil li*l *Lr f ! 1 r? ii 1 r**)i f lift i
streets to tho cast end, wheiv they hold a ;
mass meeting, and, aflqr several iiillamma- j
torv speeches, pruoeedod to the h >mes of sov- i ^
oral of the doctors and stoned thein. The i t
crowd was dis|?ersed after a number of po- I j
liceineu lriil been In-a ten. Tim military was 1
called out next day, ami quiot w:is restored, j ^
Tknnyson is about to publish another vol- c
utile of poems. j
Patti's spare moments are Iieing devoted ?
to the writing of her memoirs.
Alt. members of the family of the czar of ^
T.ussia speak tho Kn^lish language. ^
Gexkhal Jon Shemiy. the Confederate
raider, is now a dairyman in Missouri.
rir>vn?i , ? .il't VI t A v I_ flm stulir Liiftfivni'
of the commanders of tho Army of the Poto- ^
map. f
I)r. Hierme Hetsok, an eminent occulist,
says that tho common electric light pro- e
duces color blindness. ,
KltuPl', the < ermati gunnnker, is at pres- j t
cut chiefly manufacturing guns for China, |
Turkey. Japan and Kgypt.
Pp.i:sidi:.\t Cleveland's stableman says
tlio President does not caro inucli for horses. ?
In. taking oxcivise ho much prefers to walk. ! 1
Mkissonier, tho great French painter, is I
tho oltlest artist in Paris, having been born in j t
I*'!?. He is as sensitive a-* a woman in regard
to his ago. I i
Stanley is fitting apartments in London I
where ho will open out tho great store of Af- j ,
rican curiosities and Oriental fabrics which j
he has packed away. j t
Dr. Geor?e B. Elliott, the specialist, i I
whoso microscopical investigations revealed :
the true nature of General Grant's disease, ]
aid who pronounced it cancer and incura- (
ble, is not more than twenty-seven years of
age. |
General Sherman positively declined to i 1
be president of tho St. Louis Grant Monti- i 1
meut associat ion, or to have anything to do |
with it. "Grant," he said, explaining, "was | i
worthy of every monument that can bo raised j
to his memory, but 1 think that the one over i
his grave should be finished before others are
begun." i
Ite eyes Uiat loik with lovo on thee, v'
That brighten w !. hy smile, r;
!r mutely bitl theo hope again, j a.
If thou art sad awhile; ! jfl
he eyes that, when no words are breathed, n
Gazo fondly into thine? ftl
h, cherish them, ero they grow dim; f?
Tliey may not always shine? S(
ho faithful hearts around theo,
That glow with lovo and youth, 1
hat time and rare ne'er yet have seared,
Nor rnvishe 1 of their truth,
he hearts whose beatings we have heard,
When throbbing near our own? pj
lh! cherish them. Those beatings hushed, rr
Earth's dearest tonos are gone ! ai
he days when thoro are hearts and eyes r(
That throb and Dent for thee; P
he few fleet hours when life doth seem
Bright as a summer sea;
ho thrilling moments when to speak J.
The full heart's joy is vain?
ill! cherish them. Once gone, alas!
They ne'er return again.
"If I only had a piano!" si
Even as the wish rose, almost uncon- tf
ciouslv, to her lips, Essie Trowbridge si
lushed a deep crimson tint, and her shy tl
yes looked out half frightened irom fi
ndcr her long lashes.
"A piano!" ir
The death of sarcasm in John Trow- A
ridge's voice justified the shrinking of d
is little daughter-in-law. t(
"A piano! Wouldn't youlikcadia- A1
lond ncckliicc or a carriage with four h
orses? A piano! This is one of the ti
isults of a plain farmer marrying a fine t<
'*1 was not a line lndy when Ilarrv h
larried me, only a haid working district v:
;hool tcacher," said Essie, "and lie wa? cl
ind and good, and never sneered at me li
ecausc I loved music and pictures, and a
" ' * 1 - T 1 J _
-anti?nil tne omer pleasures i uuu uc- i e*
5re my father died!" c<
"Well, there, there?don't cry," said T
ic old man, hastily. "I did not mean to T?
urt your feelings. Ilarry was?h
"But there the father choked, too; for 01
as not Harry his only child, the very pi
lol of his old heart, lying in the church- w
ard, and the six months' widow sob- sc
in# beside him? fc
She rose softly from her seat, andcrossig
to where her father-in-law sat, said, ai
ently: w
"I will not try you again by extrava- ai
ant desires. I know how good you arc ta
) me, and I will try to learn to bo a
etter farmer's girl!" tl
"You arc a very good girl, a very good w
irl," was the reply, ''and it is only nnt- bi
ral you should hanker for what you've fc
een brought up to having. But pianos tl
Dst hundreds of dollars, and I have tl:
one to spare, Essie. I can't get round cl
ic farm as Harry did, and I have bad gi
im to lean upon so long that things go ci
rooked enough without him." w
Essie sighed, caressing the snowy hair, 01
er shy. brown eyes full of trouble. She
new that the farm was suffering for the w
mster hand nnd eyes, lying folded for- p<
rer, and she longed to be of some use tl
) the father she hud promised to love ft
ad comfort. )>'
But she was only twenty, city bred it
nd reared iu luxury. Just one year she ei
lught a district school after her father
ied a bankrupt. Then Harry Trow- fa
rid^e, the handsome, tender farmer, cs
'ho met her in the country houses where m
ic ' boarclcd-rouncl,'' told her his love 01
nd won the sweet, pure heart's afTec- P1
Only a few mouths after the wedding, w
hen Essie was conquering one by one w
ic difficulties of farm housekeeping,
larry fell from a hay-wagou and was ti
itallv injured. P'
In the few hours of life granted him, f"
is one desire was to keep his father and hi
:s young wife together, to love and w
omfort each other. Ul
"You will give Essie a homo when I
m pone,'' he begged* when his father si
ent over him.
"While I have a rjof to cover me," tr
ras the answer. tl
"You will not leave my father utterly c'
hildless?" lie whispered, wheu Jessie C1
ut her cheek to his to hide the tears P1
hat would fall. h
"I will never leave him while my love
i any comfort," she answered. "
And in the first days of mourning these
tvo were an unutterable comfort to each S
ther. lint as time wore on they found 01
lany rough places in this life contract,
ach felt so solemnly binding. John
Wvlirirlflw lmd a nrofound contempt
3r all womankind could not fill his f
wn rough ideal. A woman who could ,r
hurn, milk, cook, carc for poultry, keep ai
house shiuing, wash and iron, and keep 01
1 perfect, robust health withal, was a "
roinan after his own heart. A starving 81
liml, a hungry soul, were problems he ai
ad never realized as existing. k
]t fretted him when Essie, bravely n'
(riving to do the work so new in her ^
xpericnce, would faint at her post. It
oused his roujjh sarcasms when the day sr
loscd upon duties unperformed, when
read was heavy and cooking imperfect, o;
And Essie, hoping against hope to w
row stronger, made herself miserable in 0
be supposition that she was a useless ^
urden where she so earnestly desired to n:
e a comfort and blessing. She stifled
er own cravinsr for the books and renements
that had been second nature-, S1
nd yet slie could not fill the place they
ad occupied by interest in chickens,
igs and cows. "
It added to her perplexities to know
hat the farm had not paid its expenses P
i the last year. Spring was still Bome
t'eeks away, and provisions were grow- ^
ng scarce, while ready money was 11
iwindling down to a pile alarmingly
mall. She felt like a thief when baking J'
iroved uneatable, or a dinner was "
1 1 t_ .12 4 A
poiieu, ann yet such uishsiuis hwuuuu
n spite of her conscientious eflorts to f'
vert them. .
It had been a dreary day when her un- 11
ortunate wish broke from her lips, and ^
. sudden craving for the music that had
icon her life's delight took possession of
ler. Her penitence for the words was J1
cry humble, and she put away the de- j '(
ire with many another longing.
Hut John Trowbridge had ft kind j ^
leart under the hard crust gathered I .v
ivcr it in years of toil, poorly paid. The I "
onging of the shy brown eyes haunted i n
"I b'pose it is like telling the birds not ' l1
0 sing to shut her up here," he thought, j
'But t'? give her n piano. How in , 0
he world?"
Then a sudden thought almost took 1
iway his breath. He got up from his
:ha>r, and, kissing Kssic, went to the
1 t\r\r In think if. nvnr. Tim voiinL'
vidow, warned that it was nearly tea- "
ime by the clock, ?pcd to the kitchen, i n
md did not know when her father-in- ' "
aw put on his overcoat and h-.t nnd d
vent down to the village. s
He eaine back with some great pro- tl
ect in every line of his rugged, sun- I
>rowned face. I1
Tea was a success. The toast was i t
lelicatcly browned, nnd the ham done j t'
o a turn. When the meal was over, the j p
>ld man said: 1
"Essie, do you remember the cross j s
rou told me your father gave you for a j C
)irthday gift?" i
"My diamond cro=s!" |I
"Veu would not like to part with it? j "
Jerhaps it is your only reminder of your j s
atherf" j 11
"1 have many other gifts. Nothing a
io valuable as that. The gentleman j v
vho took charge of my father's affairs i k
old me I could keep all his gifts to j li
nc." ] f!
iifrtnM nnf lilrn fn rrivp I V
I UII >UII "imiu uv/w tii?w *.W I
110 the cross to sell. Essie? Our money y
s getting very short?" j L
A kiss, tender nnd quick, stopped \ n
he words that came so hesitatingly. j o
"You sire gladly welcome to it,father! i t
[ wonder I did not think of it before." I a
Bo the dainty bauble lay in the fanner's ! n
lorny pnlm, nnd while Essie clcared the a
ea table John Trowbridge went once n
nore to the village. d
Dr. Heynolds, the only physician there, u
Barry's fast friend for years, was in his a
jftice when the farmer entered. (
' Thereit is," said the visitor, triumph- p
intly. "You are sure it is worth the e
noney?" f
"Perfectly sure. And Mrs. Trowbridge 4
wisher me to invest the sum I obtain in "
i pitino." I
"IJIess you, no! that's my part of it. ?
Jt'ou sue, the ;>oor little soul tries to do &
cr best, but she ain't fit for her hard
fc. If there was any other home for
rr I'd send her away, though I'd
ithcr miss the sunlight. She's as dainty
i a butterfly, and yet she has no fine
idy ways, cither. But she bankers for ,
piano, and she shall havo one. Ernest,"
ad the old man's eyes filled. "Her own
ither gave her that gimcrack, and I've
ien her kiss that often, but when 1
iked her to give that to me, because I
ceded money, she put it in my hand
ith a kiss, and told mo I was gladly
'eicome. She's a good girl, if she ain't
luch of a hand at work."
"She is not very strong," and Ernest
eynolds stifled a sigh as he spoke,
hen, with a quick change of voice, he
ided: "I am going to the city to-mor)\v.
I will sell the cross and buy the
But when the farmer was gone Ernest
eynolds took strange liberties with tho
swel he held in charge. He slipped a
bbon through its ring and hung it over
is own heart.
The next day he had it valued by a
jweler, and bought a piano with the
im named, but the cross rested still on
is heart, as tho bill for the sweet-toned
istrumcnt was paid.
It would be a vain task to describe Ego's
pleasure when the piano was brought
) the sitting-room. She cricd and
niled at the same time, and her earnest
lanks brought the moisture to the old
irmer's eyes.
But the pressure of poverty was comlg
closer and closer upon the farm, i
ere after acre was sold to meet actual
aily needs, and the wolf drew very close
) the door of John Trowbridge's house,
fith stern pride he hid his wants from i
is neighbors, but Essie knew of privaons
and self-denials that wrung her own
:nder heart.
Like a burst of sunlight there came to
or two offers. One to'be organist at the
illage church, and another to take a
iass of music scholars in the seminary,
ve miles from the village. Twice a week
carriage would be scot for her and the
ilaries were more than double the injmc
from the farm. Neither John
rowbridge nor Essie knew that Dr.
eynolds by quiet, unsuspected influence
ad brought about this happy result. No
le knew that he had driven the princinl
of the seminary over on an evening
hen Essie was pouring out her whole
>ul in music, and held him spell-bound
>r two hours on the farm-house porch.
But they did know that a strong
med Irish girl could be paid to do the
ork of the house out of Essie's income,
id that a'trustworthy man was found to
lr/4 f hn form wnrlr nn ftharns.
John Trowbridge began to realize that
lere were women of some value in the
orld who possessed but a small share of
>no and muscle for actual hard work,
>r sch^ars came nil the way from L?,
ic market town seven miles away, to
ic farmhouse. Concerts wore given for
laritable purposes, and Essie was eniged
at goodly sums to play. Strangers
imc to the village church to hear the
ondrous voice and playing of the young
ganist. i
And while tho comforts of the farm
ere multiplied by Essie's generous exjnditure,
while the rooms gradually lost
ieir bare, dismal look by additions of
irniture 'and ornaments, while flowers
lossomed on barren spaces and the farm
self was more fully stocked, Essie was
rer the same.
Tho same respcctful love for Harry's
.ther, the same gentle shy woman, modit
as a violet. Yet not the same as the
onths sped by and the sorrow of widfvhood
lost something of its keenest
John Trowbridge wondered a little,
hea the piano had filled its recess for a
hole year, why Earnest Reynolds was so
uch interested in an old man's rheumasm.
He had always been nn attentive
hysician and had never neglected the
ither of his dear friend Harry Trowridgc,
but of late he lingered long
henever he called and often dropped in
a professionally.
E3sic learned to know his step and her
ly eyes would brighten when she heard
. Harry had told her of many noble j
aits in the doctor's charantcr, and in i
le village she had heard of his gentle i
ttarities, his conscicntions discharge of
rery duty,his ennobling influence where
iin and the shadow of death crossed ]
is daily path. i
Ever shyly distrustful of herself, she ]
id not dream of winning the love of
lio horn nf hr?r husband's bovliood. this
enerous friend of the afflicted, this hon- j
red member of a noble profession.
Sho bad given her first love, true and
arm, to Harry. But the daisies had /
lossomcd twice over Harry's grave and
ic gentle heart was touched by other i
ifluences. Juno roses -were blooming
id Harry had been dead two years when i
ne evening Essie sat at her piano, with
cr fingers calling forth a melody full of i
vcetness. It was neither glad nor sad, \
id not so loud but that John Trow- j
ridge could hear the voice of Dr. Keyolds.
as that gentleman spoke in deep,
cartfelt tones. 1
When he had heard all the old man j
"Go to Essie, Ernest, and tell her the j
nc wish of my heart will lie granted if, j
hen I die, I leave hcriu the happiness (
f such love as you bring to her. It has ,
een my great sorrow that her short ,
inrried life tied her to an old man who j
as so poor a companion for her. I be- J
eve Harry himself would bid you God (
iced." ,
And Essie, when the love plea was
hispered, the message delivered, bent ]
cr head to hide the happy tears. I
"You will let me love yon the doctor ]
leaded. "You can love inc?". j
Only the little hand nestled closcr in j
is own for answer. But after a little f
inc the sweet, clear voicc asked:
"You will let me keep my promise to i ,
Farrv. Ernest? I could not desert j ,
itbernow." i
"I only ask to help you in your cnrc
>r him. Mv home shall bo his. And
' he will sell the farm he will have an
icomc that will take away all sense of
cpendence, while wo can still give him '
>ve." I
"It seems so strange to think you love
ic!" Essie said, after they had talked i
''Little one, I loved you before Harry ,
on you, but I starved my heart for
ours. I)o you know what I have
orn there, Essie, for many a long
1011th. See?"
And while he loosed the ribbon and
ut the diamond cross into her hand,she (
earned for the tirst time tho true story
f the purchase of that article of furni- '
ure, called at tho farm Essie's piano.? (
i'cio York Nciox. ,
Mrs. Brown on Fast Young Men. | '
What is my opinion of fast young i ,
ion? It isn't as good as it might be, | (
ii/i ctiii it. iu liKttnr than tho subject i ,
lerits. I sat at my window the other j (
ay. and I noticed four or tivc "bloods" i .
tanding in front of a saloon from which ]
hey had just emerged wiping their lips. ! .
knew they were all society men, and | |
ircscntly I saw a pretty young lady of ,
heir "set'' coming down the street ' |
oward them. Now, thought F, if that j (
irl bad the proper nerve she would pass ,
hose fellows by as she would any other I ]
e* of loafers whose character was as j
:ood as theirs, but whose social position \
?v nccident of birth was less elevated,
wagered with myself that she would '
lot do it; and I won the wager. She '
poke to I hem ns sweetly and as womanly <
s if every man in the lot was as pure and <
s eood as she was. If they had bccD <
i-oinen, instead of men, and she had f
;nown them, how quickly she would ;
lave cut them from the list of her ac- f
uaintances, and how haughtily she 1
?'ould have snubbed them I These fast j J
oung men spend an evening in a gam- <
ling den, associate with disreputable ?
icn, swear like a mad teamster, and so ?
n down a long list of fashionable cccen- , t
ricitics, and yet they have the gall to j
pply for places of trust in the confidence :
nd respcct of decent women and men, |
nd the startling part of it is, they are s
cccpted as tit associates for mothers, . [
laughters, sons, husbands, fathers. They ,!
nay say jthey are not bad at heart, but | l
re merely "sowing their wild oats.", I
'onccucd; but in the name of all that Is j I
;ood and respectable, why are they not j i
xcluded from homes until the so-called , i
lecessary "wild oats'' period is past? j.
'Wild oats" is a very contagious kind of j
, vegetable, and the seed must be spread I
jroadcast to grow up into a crop of ,
uined homes, dishonored lives, and de-; ,
truction! ?Merchant- Traciler. * i |
[Tlakln? a Homo for a Blf Family?
War on Hobbcr Been?Baby Kctv
and Bco Food.
A tortuous path, overhung with crooked
old trees, lends from the Germantown
lane to the Wissahickon bee farm, one of
the largest in this State. It is in a picturesque
and historical locality. Near
by is the buiial place of several monks,
who long ago tenanted an adjoining
monastery, since merged into a farm
house. The Wissahickon bee farm has
120 hives, with about 25,000 beesineach
hive, placed on terraces und watched
over by hundreds of sunflowers.
"You are in luck's way," said Arthur
Todd, the proprietor. "One of my colonies
is swarming. It is unusual and undesirable
at this season. The weather
has been so mild that the bees have mistaken
it for spring."
A c'oud of bees was rising in the air.
It hovered about a hickory tree and disappeared
among its topmost branches.
Forty thousand bees had loyally followed
their queen and alighted with her. The
apiarist proceeded to capture them,
which he did by using a "smoker" and a
wood box. lie climbed the tree without
rtAT7/>ri?c* and fVio inanofn
handfula without being stung.
"Now these fellows want to start
housekeeping on their own account,'' he
said, "and I must furnish them a home
or they will run away. Scientific beekeeping
has rendered this easy of accomplishment.
The hives are all of one size,
bo that frames can be put together with
A hive was rapidly constructed and the
master of the bees scooped them up with
both hands, placed them on the tops of
the frames, which form artificial combs,
and the bees at once went in and the
cover was put on. Then he took the
box and emptied its noisy contents in
front of the hive. Each bee of the vast
throng immediately turned its head
toward its future home and moved on.
"Now just listen to their hum," said
Mr. Todd. "It's a different hum to their
ordinary one. They aro starting a fresh
colony, and the hum is a song of rejoicing.
By and by the hum wili be sub
dued. That will bo a contented hum.
Yes, bees express their feelings. Those
with vicious tempers will hum about like
a buzz-saw. The cyprian is one of that
class. He is a good worker, but he's
such an almighty stinger that bee-keepcrs
won't have much to do with him.
The Italian bee has a low,sweet hum. indicating
docility. He won't attack you
unless he is provoked. Then he dashes
about like a moth after a light, aud bis
hum says plainly 'I'm mad.'"
Bees are instinctively industrious,
which accounts for their hatred of
thieves. Their laws are unwritten but
severe. Illustrative of this: Several
robber bees had entered a hive and began
stealing honey. Sounds of wrath
were immediately heard within. Soon
afterward a crowd of bees came outside,
where they ferociously assaulted each
other. The war lasted two hours. At
dusk over a hundred bees were lying in
front of the hive with their legs up.
The bees were bringing out their slain
foes and throwing them out irreverently.
A pretty apecimcn of a stately Syrian
queen bee was pointed out. Its mother
was bom in the Holy Land. It is two
months old and may live three years. It
has a golden shield on the thorax and a
Bmall mark like a black half moon. It
is swift on the wing, flies a long distance
in scarch of flower petals and is strong
and activc. The race is numerous near
Jerusalem. Monks residing there believe
that Syrian bees have descended from
the first bees given to man. A queen
ranges in valuo from $20 to $100, the
price being governed by purity of breed.
The introduction of the queen bee into
a colony is an important item in bee
farming. She is put in a separate cell,
with provisions. The bees eat their way
into her cell and escort her thence to
their combs, where she wanders about,
always with innumerable courtiers in her
train. If she entered a cell without
this introduction she probably would bo
The baby bee is hardy from the time
tie leaves ftis ccn ana is strong enouga
to fly. He is not allowed that liberty,
however, until he is domesticated. The
big bees teach him how baby bees ought
to behave when at home. He nurses the
grubs and serves the young queens with
food. When he is perfect ho goes out
with his elders in quest of honey, and
soon develops into an elder himself.
The principal sources of food are the
maple, poplar, and ''jolly smoker' trees,
which abound in the neighborhood of
the farm. There are clover fields not
far away whoso crops are fertilized by
the bumble and honey bees who visit
them. Mr. Todd has seven or eight
icres of buckwhcat, representing the
winter supplies for the bses.
"There is one matter connected with
bee farming," said Mr. Todd, "that has
not been ventilated much as yet. The
bee laws are imperfect, indeed they are
in a chaotic state. They arc not sufficiently
defined to protect bee farmers
against people who are so ignorant as to
suppose bees will molest cattle and destroy
crops. A case is now in the courts
in which a bee-keeper named Freeborn
is being sued by a farmer for $.100 damaged
Viit hnoc anvirminrr nn thfi
*6^? UWMU www ?
clover fields of the plaintiff and preventing
his shoep from grazing. A. bee*
keepers' union is the outcome of this action.
The stings of bees are used by
homoeopathic doctors in the form of a
medicine callcd "apis," as a remedy for
rheumatism, diarrhoea and several other
Bees are methodical in their habits?
sometimes almost human. As night
draws on they return to their hives and
the majority retire at a respectable hour.
Some old fogies linger about the stoop,
is though snilling the evening breeze. A
few young scapegraces hang about the
sunflowers, possibly making love to
them, humming to them in low, musical
tones. When all have gone to rest there
is peculiar mingling of bee harmonies
xmong the hives. Millions of bees join
in the refrain. The bees arc aboard
ivith the first streak of day.?Philadelphia
The Cobra's Poison.
The cfTcct of the poison of the cobra
dc capello havo been studied by Herr
GSnczda.' The poison was obtained in
India by causing the snakes to bite into
snails or mussels wrapped in gutta-percha
jnd filled with water. The watery solution
thus obtained was reduced by evaporation.
The poison belongs to the class
>f propeptons. Different vertebrates
susceptible to the poison died when the
1 c ?'?w\nnfnrJ fn fliroo mcr
.H'BU Wl 111L* jiUJDim amuuuiwi iv vutvv
per kilogramme animal. The time when
death followed a full dose of the poison
was very various. Rabbits died after
half an hour, pickerels after an hour,
frogs luter, then cats, and lastly pigeons.
Strong doses hastened death. Dilutions
?nd the introduction of artificial respiration
delayed death. The poison affected
the nerves, especially the central nervous
iystcm, and had hardly any affect on the
Peculiarities of Pike's Peak.
The sensation at the 1'eak is of being
in a vacuum, says a letter from Colorado
:o the New Orleans Picayune. You look
at your neighbor and 6ee him in an ethirealizcd
sort of way. You seem and he
seems to be distinctly different from
yourself in less exalted regions. The
itmosphere is like a crystal, and you are
:he centre of it. I defy anybody to tell
i lie on top of Pike's Teak. I believe
:he lonesome, solemn placp, where for
ill the worid you can scarcely get air
nough to breathe, to be a very palace of
Tiie .Eolian llarp.
An /Eolian harp is an instrument so
imple in construction that any boy, unskilled
in the use of tools, can make one.
Stretch in parallel lines, over a box of
hin deal, catgut or wire strings. The
jox is to hnve sounding holes cut in the
:op. The strings being tuned in unison,
me instrument is placed in a current of
air. and harmony is produced.?Scientific
In six years it will be a century since
aid Philip Gintnr stumbled over a piec?
of anthracite coal. List year ;]0,000,000
tons were mined ia Pennsylvania.
The Temperance Tide.
Roll on, temperance tide,
Let thy soundings be deep, let thy teachings
lw wide,
Out of thnt ocean that circles our earth,
Boundless and mighty, thy movings had
UII til.
Sweep o'er the fons of pollntion and wrong,
For the cleansing of body, salvation of soul,
For the help of tne weak and the joy of the
For a pathway of peaco let thy clear crystal
Roll 011, temperance tide,
For the waters of life in thy billows abide,
Over the low sandg of dry, barren need,
Dvor the rough rocks of hardness and greed,
For the raising of life that in darkness has
For the healing of nation from plague spot
and stain.
For the helping of heart, for the saving of
From the hand of the Lord let thy full flooding
?Aurilla Furber, in Union Signal
A Hack. Drag.
An Enclish paper once published a
picturc of the wagon of the Bt'Je drawn
one way by twelve horses and the other
way by eight,and our temperance wagon
can show the same phenomenon.
It would be amusing, if it were not so
sad, to see excellent Christian papers and
wise secular papers and celebrated
preachers announcing with the confidence
of inspired oracles that prohibition
of the liquor traffic is impossible. They
must gather this verdict from their inner
consciousness, for they advance no facts
or rational ground for it. The same idea
prevailed not more than a hundred years
ago concerning the conversion of the
heathen to Christ, and consequently no
efforts were made to evangelize them.
The present century might be called the
worker of impossibilities; and to any
common intelligence that sees the immense
advances already made by the
temperance reformation, the possibility
of enshrining it In the law of the land
must appear evident. Not only is such
I a chance possible, but, judging from
many accomplishments of the work it
States and counties, highly probable,
nay, even we might say, certain. But
just here comes in a point which is very
unfairly, we think, taken for granted by
the opponents of prohibition. Man;
point to eases, however rare, where in.
toxicating liquors are to somo extent
smuggled in and secretly sold in prohi.
bition states, and they triumphantly exclaim,
"Prohibition does not prohibit."
Just in the same way and with the same
degree of truthfulness might it be stated
that the revenue laws arc useless, for
there are always somo successful smugglers;
or that laws against robbery or
murder arc useless, for there are always
thefts and murders. Would celebrated
preachers or eminent religious journals
nrv Hnwri thfl laws aarainsf.
bagiuiv/iv v.j ? ? _c ?
those offenses? To put the sale of intoxicating
drinks as a beverage on the
same footing with laws against crimes
which the liquor-traffic breeds is all that
Prohibitionists want and mean to have;
and when all the states and the national
government are on this basis, it will not
be so easy to frustrate the laws as it now
is to some extent in the present prohibition
States. Men and women who decry
the prohibition movement, take heed
what you dol Your responsibility in
flouting it is very heavy. But that conduct
can only help the barroom a little
longer to destroy the peace and prosperity
of families, and iuc bodies and souls
of men and women.? New York Witness.
For Five Year*.
A young woman, with a weary look
on her worn face, stood before
the crowds at the central station
hearings the other morning. In her
arms, was a babe, with death on
Jts face. In the dock stood a bleareyed,
swollen-faced man, shaking with
the nervous twitching resulting from a
prolonged debauch. A lawyer represented
the wife and mother and told
the court there was no desire to proso.
cute the drunkard if he would reform.
"Their child is dying," he said, "'and
its mother will forgive her husband if
ho will take the pledge and go home to
helo nurse their little one in its last mo
ments." The man gave the name of
William McCloskey, and expressed his
willingness to swear off.
"For how long?" asked the magistrate..
"Three months," nervously answered
the prisoner. Then as the magistrate
shook his head, the prisoner pleadingly
added, "Six months."
"Make it forever," interposed the attorney,
"or wc will prosecute. It wil^
be better for all if he never takes another
McCloskey looked frightened. Even
then his throat was parching for liquor,
and he seemed to be debating between his
thirst and honor and a wife's affection.
For a few moments the court room was
still as the crowd watched the struggle
going on in the drunkard's mind.
At last five years was agreed upon,
and the man staggered to the stand, and
taking the Bible in a trembling haud,
took the oath and shambled away.?
Philadelphia Times.
Wlint die 1.1 jiior Ilu?inc*s la. ^
It is a business which every merchant
and business man hales and detests.
It is a business which is the standing
dread of every mother.
It is a business which is the constant
fear of every father.
It is a business which is the terror of
every wife.
It is a businej-s which makes ninety
n( tlip hi initios; of the criminal
It is a business which makes ninety
per cent, of the pauperism l'or which the
tax-payer has to pay.
It is a business which keeps employed
an army of policemen in the cities.
It is a business which puts out the fire
on the hearth, and condemns wives to
hunger and rags.
It is the business which fosters vice
for profit, and educates iu wickedness
for gain.
Drunkenness sows the seed of other
vires. It is the dictiouary of vice, for it
includes every vice.
Drunkennes means peculation, theft,
arson, forgery, murder?for it leads to
all these crimes.
Temperance Notes.
A home for inebriate women is to be
established this year by the British
Women's Temperance association.
r**1 x' TT 1*>r??e1a + nrn ViflQ
1 lie ?>CW JltllU|J3UIIU ilgiiiuiiuiv ?
passed a law prohibiting the sale of obscene
and impure literature. This was
largely secured l>y the influence of Miss
I.ucv J. Holmes, national superintendent
of that line of reform, and the
hearty co-operation of the W. C. T. U.
The legislature hns also passed an act
prohibiting the sale of cigarcttc3 or
tobacco in any of its forms, to any
minor under sixteen years of age, after
being forbidden by a parent or guirdiau.
These, with the scientific temperance
instruction law. are fit environments
for the children of tho
Granite State.
Some Important Change* In the B?*
vlaed Bible.
In Genesis, ii. we come to a matter
of far greater importance, n mely,
the rendering of the name of God in
?ujIH, mon TInrf> In V?TiQ
4, we find in the text Lord in capitals,
with the marginal note Jehovah. Now
upon this point there was a great
division of opinion among the revisers,
of which the version bears
clear indications. For some of the
Company regarding Jehovah as the
personal name of the Deity,, wished
to retain it uniformly in all places;
while others considered that the substitution
for it of Loud had the , .
authority of New Testament usage,
and, as a minor point in its favor, referred
to the fact that the right pro?n?nioHrtn
nf th? wnrrl }<? n. matter of
uncertainty. Finally, it was decided
that Lord should be retained, but
that the usage of the Authorized
Version in occasionally rendering
Jehovah (see Exod. vi. 3, Ps. IxxxiiL
18. isai. xii. 2, xxvi. 4) should be enlarged.
Thus we now find Jehovah
in Gen. xiv. 22, xxi. 33, xxii. 14, etc,,
and this will at least serve to remind
an attentive reader of the very
frequent use of this name, so pregnant
with meaning, in the original language.
Another very important matter is
the rendering of the Hebrew word
Sheol, which signifies the abode or . :
place of the dead, like the word "hell"
in the Apostles' Creed. In the Authorized
Version it was translated
sometimes grace, sometimes pit, and
sometimes hell; but the latter word is
now misleading, because it has acquired
the meaning of the place of tor-'
ment. This rendering, therefore, now
disappears, except in Jsal, xjv., wnere
the sense cannot be misunderstood;
but elsewhere, in the poetical books,
Uheol is generally placed in the text,
and grave in the margin ; while in the
historical books Sheol is put into the ?
margin, and pit or grave into the text.
While evidently anxious to preserve
the majestic rhythm of the Authorized
Version, and careful to use no modern
or slipshod words, tbe revisers have
earnestly labored to make their version
substantially correct, and the changes
they have made are therefore numerous.
To enumerate these would be
impossible.?The Dean of Canterbury, in
the Quiver.
The Sabliath?Selection*.
I do wish that all tired people did
but know the infinite rest there is in fencing
off J-he six days from the seventh,
in anchoring th?j business-ships of
our daily life as the Saturday draws j
to its close, leaving them to ride peacefully
upon the flow or the ebb until
Monday morning come9 again.?Anna
The setting apart of one day in seven
as a dav of rest and religious worship
is by divine appointment, and la the
long run no man, no body of men, can
tight against this arrangement with
impunity. In his own time, and by "
his own methods, God will vindicate
himself, and make men feel that, hate
and disobey him as Ihey may, he still
holds the reins of government iii his
own hands.?The Stiir.
There is no better safeguard for the
Sabbath than for each Christian father
to spend it rightly in the company of
his children. One of the noblest wo- >:'men
of England says of it: "Sunday \
is a day of many memories of my dear
father. It seems to me especially his.
Perhaps the seeing most of him on
that day made me first love Sunday; J
but I always much enjoyed going to M
church."?Exchange. J
In two ways the Sunday newspaper
is in keen hostility to the worship of
God in Christian sanctuaries. Beyond
dispute, it keeps vast numbers of both
sexes from church-going by a counterattraction.
It turns the scale adversely
with multitudes who hesitate. It takes .
up agreeably the unoccupied hours. It
furnishes excuses ta a wavering connA/vluntlni*
| nuiniiwi IUI UV.^lM'b|Ug VIIV uvvv-uw
preparation, effort or trouble. It is
easier than church-going, costs less,
is not finished when the church bell
rings. To pretend that this Is only a
fair competition Between two kinds of
mortal production?a aermori^aad the
contents of the paper?will noilfo^^l
The public worship of Almighty God, j
including prayer, praise, confession, o#^ r
sin and the reading of his revelation, j
is a far higher and holier function /
than preaching. And in preaching i
itself there is a warrant quite apart j
from any question of fancy or taste.
Indirectly the newspaper hurts the
sacred ordinance' by perverting the?
mind to alien moods and unfitting it
for a hearty and sincere religious act
By the more engrossing columns the j
thoughts are sent off to affairo esseutially
worldly or secular?the markets, J
prices, speculations, politics, accidents, ^
vices, villainies, often with a prominent I
exhibition of gross details. Every rule
of devotion and every psychological
Jaw teaches that in order to take a due
advantage from the sanctuary ttyfc' "
worshiper shoulri be attuned to its d<?sign,
in harmony with its atmosphere*.
It is noteasy to conceive of anyinstrfc- ?,
mentality more exactly suited to kill j
that advantage, to deaden religious irw- j
pressions, to dissipate devotion, to /
nullify the gracious purpose for, 'whid.
the Lord's Day was made, than the
multifarious matter which in recent
years has been scattered through ou/:
streets every Sunday morning. This ,
could be shown by a list of the contents
of a Sunday paper lying before
us. Are those? and they are not few
anywhere?who, from a sense of duty
both to God and their kind, refuse tg
buy or touch this merchandise in any
way the worse for refusing? What
do they lose? Between a thousand
men who get public news on Sunday
and a thousand who get it on Monday.
what Is tho difference? On "which
side is the loss? on which the gain??
Bishop F. D. Huntington, D. 1)., in
Congregationalist. __
Anson, of Chicago, leads tho leaguo in two (
base bits. '
The directors of the Boston league club say
this season has been a good one financially for
N' ew Yobk is the only league club that has
won tho series from tho Cnicago team this
The Eastern New England league is finishing
with more vim than new organizations
usually display after a hard campaign.
New Yokk won 12 out of the 16 games I
with Providence. Now York made 90 runs, J
l."?T hits and 103 errors to Providence's 41 I
runs, US hits and 113 errors.
There is every indication at present that n
New England league will lie formed for 1SS0
of eight clubs taken from tho following cities:
Kail Rivor, Worcester, Brocktou, Boston,
Lowell, Haverhill, Mass.; Manchester, Concord,
N. H.; Portland, Me.; Pawtucket.
R. L
At the beginning of the summer there were
nearly a dozen different leagues and associations
in the field, who were represented by
between yeventv and eighty clubs. Or (l?at
| number the Western leaguo has gone to
! pieces; the Kastern leaguo has onlv four of
I |.,o ??,i
| 113 Ul Cl?n? W<UIM IV Ui?t ?/i kxj VI lt? III
is in a very shaky condition; the Southern
loague has tinishe<l its championship seas'ni,
but several of the clubs were obliged t > succumb,
for the want of proper local patronage,
before i In season was complete 1, Nearly all
| the other leagues ami associations have siufcre
l bv the loss of one or more Hubs before
the championship schedule was finished.
The championship records up to recent data
| were us toilows:
Hon. Loat. I Won. Lost,.
\ New York. 81 23 Boston 41 63
I Chicago.........S3 21 | St. Louis 31 66
Philadelphia.....1*) 53 I Buffalo 3S
: Providence. 49 63 | Detroit 34 iC
j St. I.Otlis TS 30 I Athletic 51 66
Pittsburz 65 52 Brooklyn 50 5T
C'incinnul 63 46 | Baltimore 33 66
Louisville 51 63 | Metropolitan.. 41 63
Bridgeport 9 14 | Norfolk S3 43
Jersey City 9 27 | Trenton 13
| i^iifH-i'r 'W :e?1 Virginia 69 Ui
| National 70 25 | Waterbury 6 <
i Newark,,.......3T 481 Wilmington i 31

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