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The Abbeville press and banner. [volume] (Abbeville, S.C.) 1869-1924, August 11, 1886, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026853/1886-08-11/ed-1/seq-4/

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,V." iThe
Press and Banner.'
AlIUliVIIiLE, S.C. j
^vednesday, Aug. 11, 1886.
The S*:j1o Tivkot.
TitP ItehlOCrSHIC I oiivi-m mil muni ..-.--v...-,
hloil in Columbia last wi.ok put out tlie fol ]
lowing .-tamlard beam .-of the pariy, to bcj
voted Jurat tliuapproaohinj; uieelion :
.1. ]'. uh ii.v!:: son, of Clarendon.
/.irii/rii'iitt (}i>r< rwir.
\V. I- .M.xn.t.iN, ui' Ureenviilc.
A'. < )'( toi\'l nf Slain.
W. I.i.itnci:,"ot Kershaw.
I 'i'i iii fit!.
\V. K. Stonkv, of lJerkelcy.
.V/oriHjt Orncr"!.
JosKi'H II. K A i; M:, oi sun iter.
? Si'air Treasurer.
I. S. r.AMisKKti, of IStiriiwcll.
Ai'juUi'it and Tiixjirc.'-rr.
A. .M.'.M ASKIAfl.T, of <;o.'i?-to\vn.
S'-ip- riittnulcnt of Ktlvallutt,
.). II. liii'i; of Abh.-ville.
As far as wo have loarni-d, tlio work of no
Convention was ever more satisfactory to the
people, Speaking lor ourself the Press ami
' Jiamur is abundantly satisfied with all that
was done.
Atjleasta port Ion* of the people Of Ablic-j
villo county sui* extremely grati'lul !>t the
nomination of the lion. James II. Kicc* for
? 1 to uliicc of suae Superintendent of Education.
"The stone w hich the builders re.looted
is become I ho hc-:;d of the corner." Tlie
neighborhood which has received least of the
benefits of the public school-, has furnished
tiic State with aSuperiiitendent of Kdneation.
We are pleased that Mr. Uichardson was!
elcejcd Governor, and we have no objection
to any member of the ticket.
))r. lI?w(l!or!i is tor Deoiionsy.
We learn that I'r. Hawthorn in his speech
at Trov hist Saturday favored doing away
with the otiiee of County Auditor, as an economic
measure. We think the otlice of Auditor
a necessity, but Hr. Hawthorn, if elected
to the Legislature, could ellcct a much greater
mving to the county by changing mc iaw mi
reference lo the taking of bonds from persons
lodged in jail underchargeof trifling offences.
As the law now stands ti:c Clerk is required
to litkca good bond from these petty offenders,
and this requirement cosls the County from
a thousand to fifteen hundred dollars a year,
which could bo saved if the law authorized
lite Clerk to take straw bond. lJeccntly in
Oconee a man was charged with stealing corn J
jrom Hie field. It- co.-l that county ,S !'>. " 0 to f
food tlie indicted man while waiting his trial, j
If itiie Clerk had taken the criminal's own
bond the county would have been saved that
expense, and the man would have been at
bonic profitable work, if he hud run oir, the
county would have been savedabi.ut fifty dollars
additional expense in trying hint. I.et
the Clerk take strew bond. If the man runs
off. ,which he Is not likely to do, he will be
jk worth as much to us in Georgia, as in the Columbia
Shnl! tilt* of I'ctiliuu Kt-inaiu
Tn another column may be found letters
Jrom the various candidates. From these
letters it will be seen that the Constitutional
ri^ht of petition will not likely be
denied to tlie people of Abbeville county.
General Hemphill, cau(lid ;te for ti:e Senate,
is outspoken, mid of course the Senate. Ire in
courtesy, if from no higher motive, will re
gard tiis wisiios, una our ngm 01 I'cwwou w.n
not be denied by the Senate.
Tho candidates for tho House ??f Iteprosent
atives arc not less outspoken. White we have
not asked, ami while we do not .rare parlieu-1
larly as to the individual opinions of any can- j
ttidalcon the subject of Prohibition, vet wet
do rare for the preservation of those rights!
whiels no sclf-respccting people should sur-!
I render. The candidate's own peculiar views;
of Prohibition or Anii-i'rohibiilon is a mat-j
terof exceeding smu'.l concern to us. V.'hat j
we want to I;now is, whether tie will, if elect-1
d, deny us the right of petition. There is aj1
principle In this wi.icii interests every citizen , (
?no tnaiter whether he favors Prohibition or
Xiiri'ir.i J^oujxe. i
Mr. George M. Smith, of Mncnolhi, came <
very near having a serious accident at 1'uek
eii's Feiry last Thursday, lie was drivinir a i
pairof mules to a btiguy, and when on the 1
itat, midway of th;*?i iver, th" mules began to j
back. andcontitiii'Ml tho backward movement .
until tlic buirgy and mutes were nil in the i'iv-j.
or. Fortunately for Mr. smith lie Ind gotten j|
out of the buggy into the i!:> t. lie cannot,
swim ami eouse:|ui niiy eould do nothing fur |
tiie relief of his animals and to wive his .
bmwy. The lerryman promptly jumped ,
into the river and eat the harness from tl?-' j j
n; ales. The mules were still hold by tho hii-l i
dies, and kept beside the tint until "t reached |
1 lie bank, but the mule belonging to Mr. A.j(
"W.Smith Was >o much overcome that hei|
could not rise from tli<- mud>ly banlc.nnd sank j;
down and was drowned. The bui'gy was res- j ]
cued fro in tho river. Mr. Smith's valice which i
w:i? lilled with his "other clothes," floated1;
down the river for two miles, when it lodged j;
mrainst. something, where i! was found by ah
Jaithfui colored limn wlio returned it to Mr. j,
t-rniili. The mora! of this story is, if you areji
driving a foot mute to a lum^y. unhitch it;:
from the vehicle when you so to cross a river. i
In a Hut. _ t
Ill M. Keaton, Mowini; inaehin."? mront fit this |
vla-'te, was closed upon yesterday l>y parlies , i
interested from Anderson.?AObcri'.lc Mu-ixcn- ' j
ycr. ! (
Mr. Kenton's place of business was closed J
K.s--. because of l?is failure to psiy rent, anil not;
1>y interested parties in Anderson. The r**nl.*'
has been saiislltd aiul the l'ia?'js now openid!]
? ?? -l!Ki;ri,AK
trains itro no%v ran <>n tlso S:iv?n? I
iirih Valley bailroud. thoiivh there is umi-.-Ii <
work yet to do at various j-iac-s. The people;
?>f Atidcisoll iiito eeh ln'ate III;- comple-j '
Hon of the road lo-moi row i.y a srroat demon- j;
T:ik work on the row Kpiscopal church at,
"VVtlllnatc.il is protf|VS-!Tj lllielv. It wliibeuj,
j idee church when fiiiMmd, ami fjuite an orna.:
I meat to the town of Wiilin Moil.
f< Tiiky havehad a protracted inc. :iu?' durIiik
last win-k at thv \Varivnton I'ivs1?> t'-riau ;
ehureli with some aeeessions to the memberI
Mil Uiiukut Wkstpikm* was at the Sioek j1
I fallow yesterday. I f?* was one of the hand*
t Komest men on the ground-.
I Ma. I. ('. IIask::i.i. esnne home yesterday.
j lie has been away f>>r a w<-k, during which;'
j tune he has been ijiiite .sic!;.
J Mt.-js Is.\ \<s, of <; recti wood. who was on a
I visit to Miss Wiiiton 1 "aills of Abbeville,
I went honrj yesterday.
[ Mit. AxiiMns. Tistkv WMit t<> Ninety-si \-'
5 on "\l(i!nl:iv to he hjvmuI at t!i - fjtoi'Ii Hi'tiV
I ywiterUny."
Mil. J. Anon: (\\T.iu?rx, wo h'jirii, con.
tcinyhitcs going to 1 with Mr. S. .J.j
AnTirn: TINsich. l-'ruif.
watorniolons and liot sua?'hint.- wore loo much
for hiii).
Mi:. .1. AnfiF.it ('.w.'torx, \v<- leniti, con*
t-inp'iUc.s going t?? Jlouisiatui with Mr. s. J.
ZviuliT. j
Ar.ukvii.i.k and Troy played a sruiin; of
b;i-c hu.'i yesterday. Alihoviiie won 11; jmsiic.
Miss Kannii: Martin i>oil to Mot'ormick
on a visit !'> lior brother msd other relatives. ;
Mil 1'aviii M. Waroi.\\v, of I,III'- M<>uu*;
i.lit), is in iiii extremely critical condition. j
Tiikki: will 1)0 a hix in-vtinx :?t j
Antreville u. M' I-YiJay, t:.? l .:ii i:><i>I.
M'SPf't ill' r.holi! !'irfy 11..1111; i u,i.-. ;a. |
j;i'.!ir. A !>i/j"b l'i>r :i i-i'Uiili.? ??lI ?.
Mi:, f>. .1. /.r.i'il.i if. ant! iii< si.<l?-i- WNr,
returned I'rotu Louisiana !:i-~t Friday.
Miss I.i/.zik Mausii m.i. w!!l u?> to <Jr<cu-'
\ iiie to-day. l'leasant lri[> to her.
Miss Isaacs, of < !ieciiwi?;il, is mi ;; vis.it :i<
Miss Wiuhui i\ui<.-, of Abbeville.
An infant ><m of Mr. John J-ivans, of i.ebsuui!!.
died last Saturd:)y.
" I'.--m.iv.tmi r-nntoittll'.aiCS a visit
It-.) friondp at Verilcry.
Mi:s. IiKi: lias rcfurnC'l from a vi-it torola-!
tivi's i;i t!;<- c.itiisly.
Mam>:k J!o!.i.i i I'siW.m;!'.-; Las fivcr.
Majiik I.awson is in (Irti-nw<??<!.
i < .'i uitiiUT i.i c:owUal ui>L 1!J:> week.
tX .
As AM.rvillr, August 7. 1 v'J, to 1" J;<>i
fcCii'.'vJi. btli.
'?*_ jio;a? m?I. - jie.^. jcagfg
I'irc i)o|)iir(iurat.
J'tlifnr IVr?v /Jnni'-r:
i,a*t Wi-i'U Mr. While, represent ins tli>
: . !.I >i:i<'iiiiio Works. iiKinutaeturors of
?;!? 'is ;i?i- ? :uiil lire d? )>:iri 11 ic :I supplies jri n-!
orally, ai-piari d before the Town Council oflAbbeville
iinil displayed til'' merit!-of hisj
koo<!s, endeavoring to prevail i:]><>>i the t **?im- j
it to make mi investment in a lirecimim*|
with a depart nient thoroughly equipped for J
ollcctive service. The <>::! lay of t lie people'sj
money being quite largo the Council deter-1!
mined to submit the question to the citizens j
or the town, at j? meeting to be hold on the
I "J t!i of Aimusl.aml this opportunity is taken j
to call their intention to this tact and set;
their Imsy minds to tliinkinir.
it i-; trite tiiat our town lias enjoyed a <1e- j
1:htfi11 immunity from the devouring olo-1
i:io:it for .several years; the last., I believe, he- j
ing t!; full drcs lire w Inch destroyed the 1 ;?- ;
Iter shop in IS*:!, at which the devotees of Ihe I
german distinguished themselves i?y lighting j
lire in spike tail coats, hut liit is the imox- ;
pectei) that always happens." and it behooves
us t" look well into this matter both as a pre- :
cautionary measure and as a business investment.
In cum* of lire it is useless to argue the
In iietlts of :t well equipped lira department.!
i iiev are apparent. < Mir habit has heretofore :!
been .iust after a lire to discus-! this question i
very warmly, lending to the investment of a <!
IV w hundred dollars in a hook and ladder j!
company, or possibly a two wheel pardon j1
squirt gun which lias never been known to!]
quirt. What is proposed now is to buy a I
ti.-si-ciass iip'isc anu morongii equipments
which will cost. > !,:!!!!). This ineiildc< 11ic!'
Manstiohl N<?.'J Knglne, lonO feet of rubber '
hose and two chain jumpers or hose reels.
In order to run an engine of course water I
is ;i prerequisite and licit can be obtained I?v j''
digging two large cisterns in the public square
at a cost i:ot exceeding Si'iO, making the whole;
outlay ot thisamount there will be re- j ]
quired in cash ;2V for the cistern and S!M> on j '
the engine, etc. After a trial of one year, if '
we do not like the engine it will he taken J
-tick, the company retaining the ?:>Ki as rant''
or it. If. however, we determine that it;
suits, we add 520" to the >>i'( making530N as a !'
cash payment upon the outfit. and for thej'
liiilar.ee, >-,siti, t!ie company requires fourj'
bonds of t.he town payable in o'lc, two, three 1
and four years respectively, witii interest!'
from end of first year at six per cent.
As a precautionary measure the benefits are 1
too apparent. The object of this article is t?? | *
direct the attention of t he people ot this town '
to the importance of the movement as a busi-; j
ne.-s enterprise. Not computing the vast H
amount of i?roperty that it may and doubt-1'
less will save ti> the property holders in Abbe- ]
viI ?? in ea^-e of tire, the item of reduction of
insurance is a very important one. 1 have ' 1
obtained through the eourtesy of the tire in- '
surttr.eeagents ot' this place, the following in-.;
The total amount of insurance carried byj?
the business places ot town, not inchuling at'
all the dwellings, is slTft.atiO. Insurance com- '
panics make a dilferciuv of from a quarter of:
one per cent, to one ami a half per cent, in J
premiums upon property insured in a town!
with lire department and water supply, audi j
oil property insured in one without, and upon ]
a careful statement and estimate of this re- '
duel ion, with the help of the above gentle*-!
men, I have computed that it will amount to j
i'.t least per annum.
There will thus ho saved to the properly 1
holders of our town this sum of money an-! '
mmlly. The investment is and there is j
thus a clear prolit on the investment of 14!
per cent., besides iiie incalculable r ilvnntngcs
that may result in immediate protection to ,
life niul property. Our town i< tilled with '
puMie spirited and r.ble bodied men who
would take deiiifht. in or.Miii/.iiijrand thoroughly
ei)nipping a lire department that]'
wouiil be a great protection and an ornament.'
to our town. T. 1'. CO'PIUtAX.
Rules for {he Primary I>c!ion. j"
Tube held Siiiuvthty. Auyust 21st.
fOSSTI ri'TICX? A UTtf'I.F. V.
All candidates of the Democratic parly for
county oll'.ces, lor (he State BjloUo. and for!
the House o: itepresent'i lives i:i lue State :
Legislatureshaii be nominated by primary I
election, which shall bo aelda-,such time as:
shall l?c ordered uy this club.
Siw.Tios '1. At such primary elections no
one shall be allowed to vote excej't Mich as
have been lsemoerats to Konit k|;uiiMu;; for atj
lea<-t two months preceding said primary elce-I
linn, ami who are twenty-one years of age or
win be twenty-one years ot aire at the. ensu- j
tng general election, and no vote by proxy'
sli.ili be allowed ia the County C^ub orp.'lma- I
ry elections. j
sk? tion a-No i crsou ,>hall b? voted for at
such primary election as a democrat ic camlidate
(Or nomimiti n unless be has publicly;
pledged himself to abide the result of sueii
pri ary e'ettion ami support the nomini.es
of tiio Democratic party.
Suction I. At sii':!i primary (Section those
who iccvlve a majority of all the votes cast fir
tl??- respective ofliees shall be declared to be
the nominees of the democratic party for,1
such otiieos.
!Sj'.('Tjox 5. The mannjrers of tlio primary)'
election at each local club precinct and their j1
uierit siiall be appointed ia such manner as.
ni,ty be determined by the respective local
L'iui.'s. :
MiCiiosd. Imiiiedinto'y before opening the'1
polls at said pri i ary ohetion the mnt:ng?Ts{|
in-i tiieir clerks siiall sivrn the following writ- '
ten pledge and li:>Ii toi waid the same to this , >
it S i?t> with their returns of said pri many eke-I1
lion, to wit; "i do solemnly i>ied:;e my sa- ]
"cred hoi.or t hat 1 vviil faithfully perform all j
"Hie duties incident to my position as inaiiu ?;i
r or clerk of the primary e eelioii to the
' be.?t of my ability."
sti t io.\ 7. Managers of primary elections i.
-hall keep a, cornet j oil list o: t!ie voters!,
it s tid election, and return tlie same, attested I
L?y them, with the election returns.
StxuoN S. At the i rim .ry elections the '
polls siiall open at line o'clock A. >1., audi,
hull close at. six o'clock 1'. M., when t he manitrers
shall count the votes, ami they sliail' j
lorward the reti'ins to the C'juuty Club at its
next meeting after said election.
SKii'io.% y The County Club shit'l therrup-ij
jn canvass the returns of the i-riniary eiec-.:
ion,hear and decide all protests and contests, 11
?nd deciaie the result of said piim.uy eiec- .
oc.l i io;n i?'. in in?;ru j*;niu iiwi ?v
nomination for any of Dieollhvs lo In' ISUctl
it sueii ea*ction, twice as in.my candidates as
here jsrc vacancies to bt! filled shall be selected
iroiu tho.-e havi),;: ttic highest number of
/ott-s, luu lucking a mnjoriry. to he .voted for i
iL tin >iiiu primary election to la- held atsueh
lime as t he I Anility C ub shalI designate, and .
'? ou ti!i suck vacancies are Illicit. I
The following resolutions or rulosgoverning
:he election were adopted, at the las', meet- i
ing oflhe (Vnirat ub, and the newspapers i
if the county weie requested to pubii.-k i
Lheiu: !
lU-solvc.l, 1. Tlml l!ic primary flection fori
;hc noieinees of the I'cmoeratic party |-?r all !
!l?e cilices It:he liiied a' the general election
in November next, shall he held on Saturday!
Il;e -Is! day of Aunu?t at the various
places at which tin: local c'u -s have !:een ae- !
i-a-tomcd to meet. |
1.'. j'hal ll?ei? .\i.sshall heopened at '.'o'clock i
in, and kept open unt.il t# o'clock pin, of the'
same day. Thai said election shall l?eeon-|
ilucud by three m:uaiger.> to ho selected l?y i
Iheeiuos. !
:j. 1 hat each voter before easting his vote!
i'hall he ivijuired to state thai lie lias liotj
voted at >ald pi imary '.lection, and shall plve ;
hi?, name in lull anU tin: name of his ciiibj
lo w inch he belongs. The managers must!
keep a full list containing tiie names of all |
pcr.-oiis voting and the names of the cltlb.s to j
which they belong. The boxobshull be open- 1
id at I liu ph'.ec of the ele-tion ami the ballots
shali be counied immediately alter the e!us- j
log of the pells in the presence of till or a maion
.'y ol'the manager.-. The b.nliots shall bo'
rurelu ly preserved ami replaced in the box!
when the counting is finished. ?
i. 'J hat on I iie Monti ly f <1 owing said pri- :
maiy electio.i the i'?*>ull of said election at:
L-aeil I> i.sililii HI- I juiiH il Ml ;i iul'ciii:^ j
ol the ciuh to h?r hi-itl oil thai ii.iv.
'ih-.it >in.- tnatiauc- s shall report iiinler |
their signatures nut uiiiniii rof hall'its < <-*t ii>r ;
i- eh f:?ml ?I;?I>r?s;ii?t icport shall he j-c?!ot:l- i
I anit-il t-y the poll 1 ->t anil a!i ilus ballots!1
esivi. These
reports shall he nggivuntcil l>y the 1
connty clu1', i:<i 1 !i'' < ;??: ' ? vin:j t lie !
highest mini'"-!-of voles, provhlnl it is a ma- 1
ioritv o! the who'i vote ca.-i, shall he <i elatvil
the nominee of I i:e Democrat le p-irly of Abbeville
county to. the oiJ'.ei: l">r which he was i
voted fur.
lioolvo.l, Tii.it in case any v >te is dial-;
loniM'il in .-. .id primary election the managers |
of I h?: local ciiiii shall not count the Vot , hut i
.shall writ* l.n? name of the voier ami the:
c:*.u-<-of !-"a'iei".:'v' upon tl chad; u| tbetk-ket ,
without openiM? it. i<inl shall forward liio |
mule to tills r;nn, which shall, tn-fore opening ;
!t. !< ci-.lt; whcllltil il shall l-e cot.nli-.j or l;Ot. |
t'\:-r. T. eai!<!i.ia!t! for ('.unity ]
A'.i'iilor, ha< I ??-i; > ;!! ij'iile sic!; lor
iu'imii liir-e t.nt.!-hi-: !< r lie was'
unable to > to .\n:--ty-:Si.\ .v.-.>ter?U y.
tiikv haw h:n| a protracted iii. <-t'.ns ilurill!!
Hi* l.i.-; ucili at liu WaiTuiitou 1'rt-shylc-i
li.oi chulcli With soiiio a.-t'vs ions to tllcj
\;.. -?x : l-\ riM-ru . I (l-.-.-riu-ooil nt'liM*
iuvhll'-mi a \i-ii to .Jutl^>: Lyon's .'
lainilv, rcii:r::i<i a !' ?" t!ay< ;;
Mi:. !!) . ('A'.iini :: an>l Air. iMcAlisli-r :
or Motiifiy, tv? re !il 11 il* Nimly-Hx stuck !'
\ i.slay. !1
'I'llr. <,r*>jis i'i I Si* in i.fli'? ? ] <>| .\M'or-'!
ini.-iv n . u:! ! to !>c as i.iii- ns tiio lain! .
can lu.uif.
< *.\ 5> I: i V\-M. i! Sdliol i . II l-iskrll,
tin''.t"sv*'.!. is a! IjuiiK* ii'iiii tin; * liai (,'ii-1
Ml;s I.ki; Viai"<-t i'.i n.v.l It >i.i a >**- it t > it:lai:i
tlio tuinitr.v.
.Mi;. M;:-'. ! ;??s; arc to I .aureus , j
nil a Vifit to III il his. i!
y-\i. l: \i:N\vi.J.L't taulla-r (.Ii.wlc ton n
li i:. to v. u. 1t
Sijocclu's froiii IE on. W. II. I'nrkc
lion. E. U. <;rny?iou, I>r. (>. 1
Wntltlrll, Ilcv. X. Yotui &:?<'?])
Xiiiioc Master ?f OroiHonivs-'
IMeasaiit and IM-oiitnble J>ny.
Leaving Abbeville on Saturday morning
!a-t week in company with .Mr. .I0I111 T. Lyo
wo soon overlook Hon. \V. II. Parker anil M
Lewis V.\ Parker, while in front of them w
mother bnssiy in which were lion. Ktlis (
lirnydcui, ami Mr. John M. M-ibry, nil goit
l?>ii pic-nieat Alewine's Mill i>n llig IIo::sk
I'rcek. We went by way of Fair's bridgai
found I he roads exceedingly rough, while 11
bridge across Little 1*4ver was almost impst
si bio, and almost in a dumcerous conditio
l'hc approaches to the bridge are bad, in
lonie ot the planks at the far end were loo
and dangerous to the feet of animiils. I!
[ ;.iwi? ur Hip bail roads along this route \
i-miie back by way of the Hook anil Duo Wo
i'lio crops along the road as wo went toll
I'io-nie wore anything than good, while tl
mips along the road by way of Due We
were some bel lor, I hough not quite as good
liiey are sometimes.
Arriving at the grounds for the plc-nic
ibor.t half past ten o'clock, we spent hn
hour or so with friends and aorjuaintaim
Many of the people were standing in kno
under I lie shade of the oaks of the beautif
rrovo above Alewino's Mill, and near t!
Jwcllhig house, wliilo a great number of I
.lies and gentlemen continued to arrive, cv(
tft -!* t lie speaking had eommeneed.
Capt. 1*. W. It. Nance was master of ccrcm
lies, and his cordial, honest and sincere w;
jf welcoming and receiving audi and all or i
ivas even more agreeable, and tended more
make us at peace with all mandind, tin
*oiiId tiic mnstgiacious net of a lirst class ca
liilale for high olliee. In this agreeable wot
lie was most ellioiently aideii by Mr. Win. I
Mewine, who made each and all of us fe
is if wo were his special and honored guest,
nimlu r of whom, before leaving, were Invlti
10 bis house, where they joined him in eatii
iiimc of the choicest watermelons ever grow
11 Abbeville county. Mr. Aiewino is a thrif
iiid progressive tarnier. who makes farmii
pay, and who knows how to givoa neighbor
esil hearty welcome to his hospitable doc
11 is farm is one of the most valuable in A hi;
rille county, for a part of which lie paid Sij,
in acre.
Mr. Ale wine's Mill is the centre of one
?...^( ..?.l mod i.vrwrnroim roll mill ill ties
\hbeville county, as evidenced l?y lite lilt
price of land, which obtains in that section,
.Mr. Jlasil Callahain one of the oldest ai
ino.-t honored citizens of tlint communit
was prevent at the meeting, and had a pic;
lint word for all with whom ho met.
The presence of Mr. V. l'ruitt, his wife, ar
their beautiful daughter, added much to tl
pleasure of our trip to Alewlnc's Mill.
Mr. It. S. (?illoway, reporter for the i
7rr, was among the prominent citizens of I)i
West, who were present.
Mr..1.12.Todd was another of Due Wesi
prominent citizens who were on the groun
Mr. James Magill, n good soldier of Llie 1U
S. C V., was there, too.
The candidates for County Commission
weie oilurcd an opportunity to sneak. Caj
1. X. ICing said he was ready to speak, but
nlhcrcandidates for the s;une o!tico wuii
not speak, lie would decline the olfer.
The neighbors of that locality lnd hroug!
dinners, and tlie party from Abbeville e
joyed a good picnic fe ist with them.
To (.'apt. Nance and Mr. Alewine this 1
porter is especially indebted for aceoinm
dations for taking notes of the speeches; ai
jus; her-: we would say that if anybody
misrepresented it is our lault. llut wc ha
done our best to give a fair showing to eac
The Welcome by ('ii!>t. .Vance.
At about eleven o'clock the people were I
vlted to assemble around the speaker's star
and to occupy the seats which hud been pi
pared for them. Capt. Xante then said :
My Friends: Nothing can be more pleasn
than tor citizens t i assemble together in g;x
ly fellowship, under majestic oaks like tho
in whoso delightful shade they may disci
in a Iricndty way all those questions whl
most readily aceord with our respective last
and inclinations. Wo liave with us somecn
uidalcs, to oil of whom wc extend a hear
a nr.,1 wo tinv,? no doubt thai; til
will gain the ;;ood will of our people, while I
teresting aiisi instructing ihcin oil <|iicstio
i?f stati; fioverr.ni'.'iit mill political ?-o?
We have witli lis soinc good ??! ! ladies, wl
il tlicy do not take much interest in poliii
may interest anil instruct each other by d
diving hi their own good way, the tr<>ul*l
ami pleasures incident to household mailt
anil domestic economy. We have Willi
some hcaulilul young ladies anil some oft
worthiest young gentlemen the country i
funis. If tlwy arc not much Interested in ai
i)f these mutters, they may, at their own swi
pleasure, interest and make each other iiapi
i>.v improving the present opportunity to d
lmi.-s t!; ; all-ini|ior!ant subject of mania:
vviiicii sooner or later makes so many of
vie:i>n.s to Cupid's dart-.
It is now inv pleasure to introduce to y<
lip-J Ion. \V. II. l'arkcr, who is so well and
lavorabiy known to you all. and, who l.cen.i
his a!!ainmc:its a< a lawyer, as we.l a< lor ii
iliiliiy as"a laiihlul and outspoken Ueprese
[alive, Is well known to tlic people of ti
w hole .State.
KpoCi'Jj of JJou. V.'. II. Parker.
Lii'H' s mi I I>'c)'ow Ci!iz-)i':; I presume tli
nost of you know that 1 am not In a tund
lion lo discuss one of tiie suhji eis so pieisni
y referred to by our respected Chairman, bi
[ n:u happy to say that I have here with n
i representat ive to whom that mailer may I
1 i'lc^alcd,and who will doubtless do his Jul
ji>. tit'soccason.
1 am here as a candidate for the House i
Represent a! ives. six years ago you and ot
?rs were pleased lo elect me to that positio
mil during each successive term the sun
i:>:ioi* has been entrusted to mo. In aceej'
ng from your hands this bigli trust 1 ha\
jecn actuated by a deep sense of my oblig
ion to discharge faithfully every duty, at
o work for the advancement of all the i
erects of tlie people of Abbeville count;
I KC p'.'OJile Jll'C COICll Upon il'iiim IU nil l.k,
dllces, and upon you devolves tlio duly i
Ie'ermiuing who shall lill them.
it may be well loaslv your attention to v
ions matters of ].cK::-*!i;lion, but liiuro osp
iaily lo matters til' general convcrsatio
Chain large portion < !' our people are d
>res?e;l financially, is not to bo denied. !
ar as I have been able to ascertain tlie pre
!iit. depression among tlio farmers Is one <
iiosu periodical uveitis which come to a
i>cople, in all the callings of life. There It;
ni'ii a great <lc;>ression in mauufneturir
iivles, ami the present depression in tl
'armiiiv interests may h.-partly on accoiti.t i
li.it depression. I believe one-tiiinl of tl
vorliing "!i shot t tinii'lii'cause oi Hie lack i
iiillswcro, a year or two am), closed (low
>r l!ie domain) for and because of II
lepres.-ion in the prn- of maunlaclnrt
tuM'l.-. The cry goes up Ihrou^hout the c.ui
irylhat tin- accuiuulalt d prolils of lorim
rears are being consumed in the losses of t
lay. The price of your staple, cotton, is in:
erially aliccled by the prosperity of 111-* ma
il'iie: urina interests. The same is trueof lai
. ( is. They have their dull seasons win
nothing is being done in their line, and so <
Merchants, All trades and professions ha>
heir seasons of depression and discount^
nont. Kadi in turn sutlers from causes whii
ire no! incident togeneial Legislation. .Mu<
'osnplnini has been recently nia.le ahoi
ugh and extravagant taxation. I do not ssi
hat (axes are not burdensome, but in m
u'.l^ment our Stale taxes are not ex Ira v
caul, and the depression of I lie farming into
sis has not been caused by unwise or :idven
egi..|aiion. Taxes are burdensome, but th
airden is incident to all governments and I
ill pe iple. It Is the price we pay for the | i'i
eel ion af 1 i l? liberty and property. It ai
ioe:: well said tiint two ttiiuus are incvit
ill'. deal Il it III I taXeS -I lie Oil c i Heidi-Ill lu iiiu
ality, tiir oilier to organized society.
tin: isatk oj- taxation now and tiiex,
[ haveheard il nssertoil, lli-it our taxes .n
low as lii'.'ii ;is tiny were in liadieal times,
mi show hv a comparison of lisrinvs that iii
< no: s'?. Tlic Stair iiml county taxi's, cxcli
five of sc'iooi and special taxes levied IVj:
IWS to present time arc as to I lows:
I <ti> ii" l'H/, in i I Is.
T'.j itiiiIs.
l""n-7l T. i'j " mills.
I i:s mills.
isT.v.r. Imil's.
|n:c.-T7 10 mills.
I'i addition, school taxes wore levied I
:choo! di. iriets accordisi;r lo the dictation
I lie numerical maj<>:iiy o| 11?? colnrcd ell
'. lis. In .\til?evi licSchonI liistrict we paid \
iuli as "i in'Iis certaiuiy, ami 1 think as hi*:
' iir s inllN. My la\i > in som.' years were :
11 -*!i as Ia to " i mills. I'lidcr ! 'ciiiocraliu a
iiiai -U'.ilioii we paid :
i vj mills.
i 7 mils.
1-7!; ?ji ii!, mills.
I I s! mills.
l-i-L'-vi 7:1, mills
iv-:; .v in ill-.
l': I ' "> s; mills.
t*v i Mi s:, mills.
to which is to ln> adileil two mills weliool ta
1 a aiMMioii we ni;i<! Iieur in liliinl Uial !'
is-e->:n<'iit of prnpei'iy, panicuiarly real e
:ate was at a nmeli lii;:her rate during Ka-lic
rule I!kiii at present, and llien no levy \\i
ni:i(I'* I<> |vty i !! ss111 tm Hi'- piimiiT u<-i
kfl:? -!? luiw iuklci! M'Voml mills Lo ll
ni:: tanks which is iwin is vaimoi
In 111Jm comity \v lmv?r iki special la>:<'< sui
n? county (it-lii, ii* is ino ?%? . Willi a l?u>
iiiniiicr ni' I!n>< < :111s'i'iioii'.'li we sc?>:u I
>? |::>% in; l>iiilaxo, ilu-y an? na!
iitu-li !? .< Hi;.ii l!i.-y wuro in Tl??? p:i>l, in.
,vi'l:i!')>v iarc lioiicsily cxpcntlcil. \\
;uu btUU" uiulviV.aud oui" ywu tuuditiuli 1
L tnc mailer of taxes by comparing t!io tf
I which wo pay, with the taxes which li
bo-u paid in other Slates. I lintl the rati
follows, as assessed In 1 >"8"i:
Maine 15 mills
I- Connecticut 153-10 mills
New York 211-5 mills
Alabama 1P.4 mills
Mississippi 15* mills
Arkansas 52 mills
Ohio If. 7-10 mills
Illinois :il mills
r* Iowa US 0-10 mi lis
I. .South Carolina 11 1-5 mills
The later years for other States I have
before me, but presume they liave not
" tcrially di tiered.
[.>f Compare our taxes with those here pi
' It will b.e seen that we pay less in South t
' Una than iu almost any oilier State. Ilea
V in ml lid that our property is not asscssei
its real value, comparatively, we have I
j|^ of which to complain. Taking the valu
. i our real estate as settled by our Hoard
1U Initialization, it is much below the actual
s_ uo or selling price. So of pcrsonai propi
n" There Is groat difficulty In reaching inttci
ui the personal property. It is not visible,
St! therefore much of it escapes any taxatio
"... ail, while it is true that much of such p
erty is assessed at an exceedingly low fif
I believe the average value of mules In
county I'or taxation, is $40. I take it that
actual value of our mules is much grc
Kt than that. Forty dollors will buy onl
is! vcry poor mule. Our cows are assessed at
" | same proportionate low rate. 1 bel
| tho average assessed value Is from $7.01
ISiflOO white the sellinir orice ranees 1
,s Sio.Oi) to $50.00?or at least that is what
'{S have to nay for them when we buy their
d'l Abbeville, and so of nil other v'slble pers
property. IIow much money, notes and
;l. or assets escape taxation cannot be as
;u taineil. It will tlius lie secu tlmt while
may pny a rate percent. of taxation that
0. really appear burdensome, we must not
lv fret that our property is assessed at a vn
lt*s tlon much less than it is really wort!
k", taxed al full value, the mill rate woult
,n much less?but the amount realized woul
n. the same.
ei K1)"
As a distinguished speaker [Tillman] sa
few days ago at Abbeville, the burden of
alion cannot be materially lifted, for t
1st. It lakes in round numbers to pa,\
JJ public -lebt S3i
>r 2nd. It tools last year to run public
l(JI schools 4;
01 3rd. It took, last year to support our
charitable and penal Institutions $13
j?[ Fixed charges S!K
;h These are fixed charges from which the
no escape, except by paying the public <
id bs* abolishing the public schools, and by
y, ingaway with our penitentiary and asyli
is- Is there any man in Abbeville willin
disregard the demands of these instituti<
id The welfare of society demands their e
jo once, and it devolves upon us to suj'
them. Appreciating the great expense
i- dent to the enre of our lunatics, the Leg
.ic ture attempted to reduce this outlay, as li
possible, by enacting a law compelling t
t's patients, who were able and could pa;
d. part, to Help in the expense of their ma
*11 nance. It was, therefore, enacted tlia
lunatic should be received in the usj
or without an otllclal statement as to the I
't. lie's ability to pay or n?M, and also a law
as luting the admission and discharge of
Id sons idiotic, epileptic, or mentally infirm
not violent or dangerous.
it The expense of maintaining the ns>
'i- cannot bp definitely Muted in advance. '
amount Is more or I ess, according to the r
*c- bcr of lunatics that are maintained at p:
expense. For several years past, large t
1(i luive luren expended iti buildings and pe
Is nent Improvements rendered necessarj
ve increased number of patients.
, On account of Hie hue and cry which
"1. up from various parts of tlie State tw
e- three years ago against the eniployniei
eooviets on railroads, a law was enacted
bidding their employment outside of the
111 ilent'ary except under restrictions, whicl
limited the demand for their labor. The;
S(?. now principally engaged In (arming an
,ss work lug on the Columbia canal. A s
'"h number are leased to phosphate coin|>s
and on railroads. hc>idcs those engage
" the stocking and shoe factories within
t.v ua!ls. Instead of being, as for some yea
<?> paying institution, ills now supported a
il!* expense.
ns 'i'hc Mate saw proper to go largclj'
'J - running this year ami has sull-red eiiorn
ly, as other farmers have on river hot!
[ have sera it stated that on the Seegers |
s tation all but three acres out of one thou
in cultivation were destroyed by the tl<
rs (>n anot her SOU out of Jilti acres, and on a t
l,s plantation a large part also but the numli
acres not remembered.
The Shite, In undertaking to farm, sufTc
>>' I badly as you do. Yet this loss has result
'c'j the Stale from taking the convicts from
M' liuilding of railroads. I think if the con
were pul to building railroads and to wor
>*' on our public highways that a much h
l,s and more profitable disposition wonh
( made of their labor. But such has not
j the policy of our Legislature.
se witEi:i: a mo shake ok or it monky c
Out of 37ti2.0W levied for State purposes
He year about s|li(i,it'i(J In round numbers goi
the payment of interest, on the public*
besides amount appropriated for penal
charitable institutions, and S7o,0ao for
; State House. Then is it not nnreasonab
a! expect any great reduction In the tax l<
i- 1 believe that we are running this gov
it- j ment on almost the lowest ba?is possible.
hi ' There ate, however, certain mutters
ic might he lopped otf. The nppropriatic
m' j?7*>,n0ll tor the Slate House Is something
iv I'side of I lie annual expense of mnitilai
I the government. It was an cxtruordii
r?f' levy, l>nt. no man who has ever sat there.
Ii- i i.s familiar with the condition ot the built
n, I would s ty that this appropriation was
iOj necessary. If we Intend to preserve from
it-jthal magnificent buikiim; which cost. 1
re {than a million dollars, we must nppropi
a- i Hie amount necessary ".o put a roof ou it
id finish at least the outside work,
i(! Much in former years lias been spoil
" the Columbia canal hut, I am gla<l lo
the Abbeville delegation has always 1
il" almost, unanimous in its opposition
?* that outlay. I have never voted for the nji
" priation.
Voice?Tell us what the canal has cost
v> | I am not able to say accurately. We up
s*! printed last year in cash and the li
i of 'iOO to convicts and their expens
" i have not calculated how much the expen
,s' clothing, feeding and guarding them
' | While 1 do not think the work on the c:
"it a good investment, it lias the approva
some of our best business men. For insta
Mr. I 'rank Arnold, of this comity, who is
!' knowledscd to be a good b-isiness man,
" , proves tlio completion of the canal, l'u
",'jmy mind, it doesn't work that way.
have too many line water powers which
i not developed, and which are favorably l<
|,r! cd to Railroads, to encourage us to the ;
?"i outlay necessary for the Columbia canal.
Il*?any one of your large streams in the I
'|*|inont belt arc to be found water po1
lV*j which are still undeveloped, and, which
i vastly superior lo the Columbia canal, c
. if finished, and at small outlay could bu
0 | velopcd to much greater advantage and b
j up more factories that will ever be sicca or
;jj | Columbia canal.
lit FI1EK Tl'ITtOX.
[y Voice?Tell us your views of the Unlvcr
1 and what you think of free tuition ?
j I am in favor of maiiitaining the Ins
su tion. 1 am not opposed liowcver to th
js <iuir inent of a reasonable tuition fee. I
i,', Island by the pint form of the Farmer's <
1 ' f rw.H . I |l..?
I,, r VCIIi II >11 illlU l lit liUUIIl.T I>1 inn.iniK.
(S!lii>n, In el'arglmr n reasonable tuition ft*
j those who hit able to pay. Anybody wli
' able to pay, .should be willing to pay, bi
"jam not willing to deny education to jinyl
hocaiw he is unable to pay, and, upon pri
, showing of unnbilily to pay, I would edit
! beneficiaries free of tuition.
1111 Voice?Arc ymi \vl11111 tr to soon rate tlio
j versit.v from tin: Agricultural Oepnrlinen
Thi1 proposition i<iseparate the institut
has my free anil full aeeord. They need
be joined. 1't? receive benellts from I he I
scrip appropriated by Ihei'nitcd States (
eminent weareobllged lo have an allien
al eollejre, ihotnili ii may not be separate
I distinct from the classical and lilerary
,v; lege. I have no objection 10 the Kuril'
,",i movement to have a separate ajrrieult
j. eollesre. tint i! may be well enough for yoi
(< understand that the establishment of slid
I, institution will Increase the rite of taxa
(S 0:1 your properly. If you indlcaieyour (It
J. to have an agricultural college. and I
el't'lcd to the Mouse, I am perfectly wil
I to vote the appropriation, but with' the
11 lift uiiitcrslainling that you will not. til
! me I ii* the increased taxes iu Is " or
j whi:*!i will follow, as the necessary eo
i ipieiiee of currying out such desire on \
; i'='ri.
v | COl.l.KCK.
ii-' \ (ii.'o?i ou.un r. wo appropriate Mr me
s- leife I lie money which now ?ous to the e-.u
;11 I c?TJ:iin!y think so,r.ntl in my juduem
is it would be :i much better investment, bi
it, cannot assure you Iti;i! Ili<> appropriatioi
m j tin1 ciiiKil be rill. oil'. Mttiiy, who w<
i othorisc oppose ii, t liiuk tlie statu lias ^
i It hi tsiraiiii sit.-nl too nmcli money, not i?>
' s i.-li it. I learn from tin* newspapers Hi
j takes an aimal appropriation of .- Jil.uiKi t;>
1 >? i ii 11 n- A'.rrifiiliural l-ollci;e of.Mississ
id ! and, t'rom th<-same source. that Ilio insl
:< ; tioii cost. i.ii m)?tln> plant. That ami
lujwasun invosimi'iit.of money raised by t;
y j lion on lie; people. I do not know wholh
"d would sell for more or less llian it lias
'c the Slate of Mississippi. To construct
u ueccsiarv builUiugs and other li-quireim
ixes for a successful instltut Ion In South Carolina (
lave will require a largo sum. i
as Tliero arc facts for your consideration, j
I am pprfectly willing to carry out your i
wishes in the matter, but I have thought It <
well to lot you know that an agricultural col- :
lege will cost money. If you desire to incur
the expense, I will vote for the appropria- <
The Democratic State Convention in Col* i
. II IllUIil nil* JU.11 iiiiinui-11 i in num. mut uini; i
lias ina'le a most excellent selection ot oitt-h
not The gentleman who has been nominat-1
ma- for governor?Jolin Peter Richardson?lias i
been the financial agent of the State for several
years. By this executive ability, hifi
financial integrity, and his liberal ednea- :
tion he Is admirably fitted to carry 011 the
J " Government for the next two years, or longer,
aro- ], t|1(, pe0p|c desire his services.
i n? Dr. Mauldln, of Greenville, has been notniIttin
nated for Lieutenant Governor. He has been
' : ^ a successful merchant at?d business man and
? "L Is a representative of what is called the prov-ii
Pi wive element. I think ho will prove a
good selection.
1, ^1 All the other nominees I am well acquaintnn
1 with except Col. Hamherg, whoeomes with
nit a reputation for business capacity and
run integrity, and I congratulate the Convention
011 the work so well done. We will have lu
tl'lx 1,110 "cIcl 118t,ron= ^latc ticket.
a t cr
.. tt Voice?How do you stand on the citndel ?
the I Voted against the appropriation for the
ieve Citadel when rc-oncned,and until Inst year,
l to I object to the clothing and boarding of the
rom beneficiaries, but would consent to free tuiwc
Hon for them. I voted last year for the np1
at proposition (somewhat reduced) because I
onal was convinced it would be made, and saw 110
otii- use In opposing it simply to put myself 011 the
jeer- record. The vote was over 2 to 1 for it.
we 1 will take great pleasure In answering any
tnav other question.
f,?T. In the past I have desired to serve you with
ilna- the best of my ability, and If I am elected
,, if again I will endeavor to do so In the future.
d be Kpcccli of Hon. E. O. Grnydon.
At the conclusion of Mr. Parker's speech,
J FT- Capt. Nauec said:
"The next speaker, whom It Is my pleasure
Introduce to you, is the Hon. IS. G. Graydon.
Id a For two years ho has, with much ability and
tax- entire faithfulness, represented Abbeville
hree county In the State Legislature. He Is a worthy
candidate for re-election, and will now be
on heard
)1.000 Ladies and Gentlemen: I feel to-day In very
much the tlx of the Georgia politician who
"0.000 couldn't make a start, but it is my duty to say
something. I will, therefore, tell you sonielO.OflO
I thing of the work of the government for the
last "ten years. It lias been said that we arc
II 000 now paying higher taxes under Democratic
re is rule than we paid under Radical rule. It is
jebt not true that our taxes arc higher than under
tlo- Republican rule. The difference is, that imams.
tlor Democratic rule we pav to 10 mills,
g to while under Radical rule we paid H2 mills,
uns? Under Radical rule our property whs assessed
xlKt- much higher than it is under Democratic
port ruIe- ^*ow assessment is comparatively
Inet- low?the average assessment in the whole
risla- -State is low. There are a few matters that dcir
as wand taxation, and which, under the present
hose state of a Hairs, cannot be avoided. Kxcept
y in the schools, the interest on the public debt is
inte- our largest item of expense. The Democratic
t no government found a large bonded debt?much
ium which was fraudulent. The State, howevuna
tr> acknowledged the validity of a bonded
leg. debt to the amount of about S,*>.;">00,000, but the
per- Legislature declared certain other bonds to be
; and fraudulent, but not willing to do any citizen a
wrong, that body authorized the holders
htm of the bonds tainted with fraud, to go Into the
That Courts, and disprove the allocation of fraud,
mm- Under tills proceeding about $1,000,000 was
ublJc added to the bona fide Indebtedness of the
turns State. 1 believe there are now not many
rma- bonds yel outstanding which have not been
r [yy adjudicated. So there is hut little chance of
much increase of the debt of the State from
this cause.
0 or As f:,r as I am Informed the only appropriait
of tions complained of are I lie appropriations of
1 for- SIT,.7)0 t" t he South Carolina College,
pen- *' to the t 'itadcl,
l has! Ui.U'Ki or j-i'J.O^il to the Military,
v are I ?l".':o> for artificial limbs,
i.1 in! Si'i.O'.O to i lie Columbia Canal.
in;,III liven with all these approprialions lopped
vtiles 0'l> there would be no perceptible dlUcrcuce
,1 |n ! in our taxes.
rs'hait1ie anukvilt'k delegation couldn't
t ail I MAKE A KII'l'I-K.
into ' I nm '"rt>c I-0 KaJ' that f have notseen tlio realous-!
MA or necessity lor reorganizing the Citadel
ouis. Academy. If I had been in the legislature at
plan-."'? time I would have voted against it. IJut
< ,>i<t now the sentiment of the State seems to be to
i .... i? ,i,?f
lO'JS. Ik U[|' J "I'I ? .. ~ - v.. a
Ijlrd < member of the Abbeville delegation were
icrof' went there to kill it, they could not even make
ja ripple iu ttiatdirectiou.
1 lie ! In my humble ludgment the appropriation
viets to the Estate University will be kept up. That
king' appropriation will be made from year to year,
etter. 1 am in favor of the law. and I am also in fa1
be. vor of charging a reasonable tuition fee in the
been : University, but I am in favor of having one
! or two bcnetleiary students from cach county
; who shall have free tuition. I don't think it
!0KS* .Jtwt to the denominational colleges for tlie
la?t I" H'"t t'P an Institution of learning,where
_>s j(( free tuition is ottered to all who may come,
j'ebt | whether they are able to pay or not.
le to! I think there is no necessity for tlie milltasvy
? ry companies of the State, and I see no good I
ern-! reason for continuing that appropriation. I
J have seen no good result from the military
that companies. I am opposed to any appropriain
of; tlon in support of the military.
nary t appropriation forartiliclal limbs forso!,;,nu
j diets who fought In the late war seems to mo I
! to bo just. A majority of them have made!
"<>1 application lor tlie benefits to which they j
loss xvcrecntltlcd under tlie law. Iain heartily In
}e favor of continuing that appropriation until |
riate .,j| 0{- ou). soldiers, who are entitled to it, shall
ana iiave received their part.
Si|V j The Columbia Canal has received much atijeen
ton I ion from tlio people, and very active optu!
position exists ngalnst thai expenditure. As
pro-: Uaiker has j ist said, tlie Abbeville deleI
gallon has been solid against it. We took
0 iliat stand becauso we thought it a useless expro
! pen d I to re of the public money. Last year
tbor Hie Legislature appropriated for that institu0>
I lion S!.5,000 in money, and the services and
seof maintenance of 200 to 230 convicts. It lias
js : been estimated that the cost of cach convict
una! twenty tents a day. We lose by that act
1 of '!lc profits arising from tlie services ol that
nec number of convicts, which would amount to
i ac- lrn|[l S12fi.0o to cl'iO.O.) a year from each one of
ai,.! those convicts, if employed at railroad buildt
; lug or other prolllablo work. Tlie work on >
\ye tne Lanai na? necn koiuk oh ioi- nun .
arf.' and so far as I have boon able to inform mv-j
waNi??!r' * s0? nw reasonable hope to llnish the
roat | work in less than four years from ibis lime,
On il,ul 'be Canal would be of no value when llu|
Isbcd. The Saluda factory silo lias six buniver.s
died horse power already developed. Tills
nru factory was burnt a few years ago, and the
veil ! owners oiler to {jive it rent, free for filty years
,10. j to anybody who will rebuild il.
ulld 1 Th e Abbeville delegation voted against the j
i the exemption of factories from taxation, beeausc '
, the exemption was unjust to the farming inj
terests of the country.
j The only hope which I soo for a material re-1
tilu- duetion In the taxes which we now pay, Is in j
re- i the prospect of refunding our bonded debt at;
w i 11 a lower rate of inleresi than we now pay. j
L'on-1 ^ 0 'merest at the rate of six per cent, in
ven- ''"""'J numbers, on a $ti.ooo,0'rU debt. If these'
()|\ bonds which fall due in 1.SSS and 1.SS!>. and in I
0 js I'^'i can lie refunded at something like four
lt j per cent. Interest, we will lower Ibt; appropri-'
,(?iv ation for interest on thedebt in a sum ranging
somewhere between il:}0,0oU and SUO.OOU undue
j I am In favor of an Agricultural College, but |
[*?!_ I am not in favor of an agricultural depart-j
1 .> j ment in the South Carolina College. A prac- j
loiis ' tieal Agricultural College ennnot be success-1
not '"".v established in an institution where Hie
and elassies are taught. A soparate Agricultural.
'Jov- College ought to be established, if the people '
.? iia-siro it. Such an institution would enatde
I 111! - , - mi(j
many young in? i? to go 'o college, who cannot
atlbrd to go to .1 classical college. The aver, j
icr's ex pense of fining to an Agricultural l'ol-j
ur.i'l I'Wi nfler iluo credit has been given for the
n 1 actual labor performed by the student, in ni
j, similar ilist11111 Ion ia Mississippi, Is stated to '
lion 1 about >t>T> to n year. A student can't go
sin- '" "ic t'olumbia College, oven with free tuiain
lion, lor less than about.sl7.1.U!i. An Ayi-ieuljj,,lural
I 'oilege, pure and simple, puts an i-dtioailisT
lion in reach of many who could nut other-i
:i m,. wise recci ve I lie Itch ell Is of a collegiate 11-1 in- j
l^s [in-- If such an iusiitution is established in:
use- South t'iiruiina, it will cost something extra.1
.'our ' eo>t money, and it is fur you to say'
whether the Legislature .shall levy the tieccs-'
j.sary tax on your property to support the promi-:
nosed institution. I am willing to abide your
j pleasure in the matter.
, is roxrt.r.sioN*.
col- > 11
ial ? ' In conclusion, my friends, after statins my
cnl, posit inn tin tin; various matters referred l<>, I j
lit I would say that I am a candidate for re-elee1
far ti"ii to a seal in the Legislature to which you
tiild cieclcd hie t w?? years asio. While I was in I lie
:011c | Legislature I had the honor of being appoint- J
lin-'ctia member of an iuiportanl committee. 1
it it j have served you faithfully to t he best of my 1
up- ability, i hope that you may send me back,!1
ippi but I shall not complain, bo the result as it
I i 111- may.
ixs'l- Nj>eecli of Dr. <i. II. Wcddell.
L'r " < apt. Xancc then said :
^tho "According to the programme of arrange*
:uts mculs' 1 will uow iutroducu to you uu honor
3d citizen who comcs for the first time, before se<
Hie people for a place of iionor. Ho lias go
ichleveu high attainments In his profession, I
mil his long and useful career lias been adorn- wi
?d by a noble life. Those who know hi in best fm
?re most earnest in bis support. Dr. G. II. bo
Wad dell will now give his opinions of the 1
questions before the people." th
Fcllo-t>-CUiz"ns: I come from the srclu- w>
sion of the farm nnd cares and vicissitudes|or
[>f the practitioner of medicine a candidate j
for the legislature. Unace,ustomccito making T)
public political harangues and not fully post-|
r>u in nip uciau 01 ngures bhu lacis ms m;
friends who have preceded me, they having (
been members of the lost legislature. But I f
will present In a brief general way a sketch of
the administration of public affairs In this J"
Slate for the past sixteen years. The first sevcn
years of that period was characterized toy {n
misrule and plunder by the Hepubliean ad- J1"
ministration, and cost the tax-payers over SI,TOO,Q00
a year amounting in the aggregate to
over SI 1,000,1)00. Theasgregate savings to the 11,1
tax-payers of South Carolina under the administration
of the Democratic parly amounts I
to two and a half millions. Tills is a yearly w
saving as compared with that of the Republicans
of.about 30>0,000 a year; a showing that lu
is and ouirbt to be satisfactory to every tax- of
payer. Hut we?the Democratic party?cannotafford
to stop at this. In oidcr to merit
the plaudits of "well-done" from an Intelllgent
and appreciative people the work of ar
economy and reform must go on. If there be
useless offices let them go. If there be salaries
disproportionate to the labor required cut ar
them down to Just limits. If there be laws '
that impcli a conflict with the true interest hl
end real progress of the people let them be re- ,
pealed or amendPd. But at this point I warn ?1
you not to expect too much from Legislation. til
Legislation, no matter how wise and just, will n,
not feed and cloth the people. It is not bread
and meat,. In order to utilize the Advantages 111
arising from good Legislation we must help p<
ourselves jts the first element of success, and r0
as a sure means of realizing tbe benefits of
wise and proper legislation. Thoee who do
not help themselves, who do not put their
shoulder to the wheel of life, cannot, need not, jj;
expect any com fort or substantial benefit from ^
Legislation. As an expression of personal jj
opinion in some of the topics of the day I will tj,
stale that I am in favor of a tuition fee in the j1(
South Carolina College; a separation of the Sr
Agricultural Deparlment from the University fu
and Its'Independence as provided for by the aj
Land Grant, Act. and abolition of the subsidy
to the canal root, and branch.
Voice?What have you to say about the nJ
Citadel? aJ
I have nothing to say in behalf of the Cita- S,
del, but I am not at present prepared to make ?
an alignment against. ,E
Voice?How do yon stand on Prohibition.
Without any hesltailor I reply that I am in cl
favor of Prohibition and will vote for any law t<;
that will accomplish it. ni
I thank the audience for their kind attcn- SI
Hon and respectfully solicit the suffrages of tl
the voters present In my behalf.
Speech of Rev. J. X. Young. gj
Capt Nance then said: " bi
"It is scarcely necessary for me to Introduce ^
the next speaker. He Is one of our oldest and
most useful cillzens whose face and name is n
familiar to all of us, and the record of whose ol
life is known to every cillzcn of Abbeville at
county. No man is more beloved or more sr
honored. IDs character is beautiful, and Ills
life is worthy of all emulation. For ability
iind fitness to'rep resent. us in the Legislature
none can exceed Uev. J. N. Young:
llev. J. N. Young said : <m
Mr. Chairman: I do not. feel nt liberty to In
deelinea respectful invitation tom^keknown
my views upon any public question. From ^
the fact however, that I have not given much
attention to theso matters recently, It ciinnol
be expected that I have any matured thought dl
toolt'er. I have great hesitancy In offering m
opinions on some of the questions which have been
discussed, not iliat I object to making
known any opinion which I may hold, but
from the fact that I have not sufficiently informed
myself lo enable me to come to such y
ddfinlte conclusions as I might arrive at under
different circumstances. I was surprised
a few days ago to see myself announeeu in
the newspapers as a candidate for the l.eglsla- ~
ture. it was an honor which was not expected,
but it Is one which I appreciate, and will
not lightly throw aside. The manifestation of X
eonfiuenc *, by neighbors and friends, is gratifying,
even though I should not be elected.
This is not the llrst time that I have been before
the people. A few years ago some kind
friends induced me lo go before the primary. ?
In the judgment of my fellow-citizens at that
time, they thought others were more suited to
serve them, and I remained at home. I was C
not dissatisfied. I did not consider myself '
slighted. I have never offered myself volun- P
larily for any public position, but at the sidle- (l
itatl'in of a few friends I was before the people ?
on a former occasion, and in like manner I }'
am agalu before you. 11
For forty years 1 have lived in this community.
For torty years I have been dolngsomethlng
li?r the Improvement and education of J'
the youth of the country. I have worked all 'J
my life until recently, i nowthink that I am A
entitled to a IItt le rest, and repose, if a life of .
labor entitles one to a rest at the end. A prln- 0
; ciple of my life has been usefulness. J have
always endeavored to fie useful, and have always
tried to respond in the full measure of n
I my duty whenever called upon. I have al-|U
ways regarded myself at the will of l'rovi- ei
deuce and the will of the people,
I am satisfied, fellow-citizens, thatyourown
prosperity depends largely upon yourselves.
That desirable result must come more from rr
vourown Individual exertion than from auy 1
law which can be enacted by the Legislature
I wonfd therefore warn you RKUillSt expecting
too much from the law-making power. No
human instrumentality can prevent the flood n
that caiTles destruction with It, but by dill-1
gence, forethought, aud a careful observance i t
of those rules of Industry and economy, we: I
ought to provide for the evils which result ?
from Its coining. We ought to place our-j ft
selves In position to withstand an oeeasional; 0
loss, if need be. Ah a rule men expect too;,.,
much from the Government, but as a matter i'(1
of fact, established by experience, the Gov- ..
eminent should touch the citizen as lightly as
possible. It Is true that we need protection to
lifi. lih.Ttv nnil nronnrtv. but bevoiul this. I
the Government ought not lo ro. 'flic citizen ' nshould
be allowed the privilege of working iK
out his own l'orture. He should not expect ti
any mnteriui aid l'rom the Government. All
lie should ask or expect 1* protection. Even t!
if the State had tiie resources, it would not he
we ll for the citizens if the Government conferred
wealth. Class legislation is injurious to
all classes and conditions of men. it does
the favurol class no real good, while It Is a
positive Injustice to others. The Government i f
should bear lightly on the citizen, aud its burdens
should not be hard to bear.
Matters of public policy must he met us they r
come np. Each and every question needs our J ?
sober judgment and wisest action. Whileit is j pi
very important to rnalce our taxation as light si
as possible, yet it Is unwise (o plegc ourselves 11?
unreservedly to vote against every appropria- > t,v
tlon. It occurs io me Unit lite judgment (A \
the Legislator is calle<l into action in each in- ( O
dividual ease, and that, ho should vote upon
the merits of the claims of each individual I
case. ,)(
Jf I were asked my opinion of tlie Unlversl-j J1
ly of Ihe State. I am free lo say that 1 think a j vi
reasonable tuition fee should be required. 1111
am not prepared to say bow much. I amita
not prepared at present to say that I am in;
favor of abolishing the appropriation lo that |
institution. 1 am inclined to think, judgingi
from the lights before me, tlmt the agrknliu-, 01
nil leaturc of the University is virtually at.
failure, unless its design be to secure the ap-'l"
> - 1 <- i. l>i
propnuuoii iioui ihi; ui-uurai uuK-iumi ni. n (
ils object is really to elevate the agricultural I"
intercuts of tLie Suite, it has failed utterly. I i'!
suppose there are very few men who would
claim that it had accomplished anything. 1.
doubt if any agricultural college or depart-j
ntent can be so conducted as to reilucc farm j
iug to an art or a science. To conduct an ag-'B.
rieultural college, on apian of possible suc-|
cess, the institution inusflie piepared to lllus-; _
trato its teachings in theory by practical work ; JJ
in ugi (culture. I question very much the mil-.
ity of such a college, even if it Were practical * ;,
lor as to establish it. I
Agricultural science, without practical dem- sc.
on.?tration, is the mere teachiugnf agriculture 1 '(.j.
iiy theory. An agricultural college to have t0
the least iiope of success, should demonstrate j ?(
its theory in practice, and tosup|>ort such an , ,itl
institution, it would lie necessary to have a!
large endowment fund, orelse a free recourse i
to the pockets of the tax-payer. .Such an in-(m
stitution to lie of value to the country inust'cd
have the mains of putting their theories to en
practical tests, that we may be informed what; tli
will succeed and what will fail. That Is the all
object of scientific agriculture. Very often i
liiniU-fiirming" men write without expert-1
ciiee, and the result is, iliat actual loss occurs
to those who follow tiie suggestions of Mich .
writers. Willi the lights before me I am not:
sure thai it would be safe to incur tlie expense |
of an agricultural college. White this Is true,
I fvel deeply impressed with the importance J,
Ill ? ? ? ' "VI
(iml it. I.ct us study tit homo. and by iuti'lli-i ,
?ei?l judgment, untiring Industry ami n pr<?p-! Ier
economy, try Id overcome tlie dittlcullies l
which we may meet i 11 our way. .^o muni as J'
we ilo this we will realize an up war. I tendon-' I,
rv in our own private a flairs, anil the world.111
will seem brighter ami happier to us. No lejr- V'
{station can ever hrinff thrill to an idle and/''I
profligate eontinnniry. < >ne of the evils of ihc
day. in many eases, follies from tha fact that J'!'
lnei! are not willing to lalmr. Without labor '
no legislation ean inn Ice us prosperous. lint ,
with labor, well directed, wo ean be well oil co
ami prosperous. We havengood?oil, healthy i
climate, ami fruitful seasons, but we must not
dart out at the U ^iniiiuy of the year with m
the idea that everything will be favorable. It A.
is searerlv to In; expected that we may not an
iiave some misfortune or drawback during pr
the year. Those who do not calculate for some th
misfortune, aru too ofteil in debt for an |
amount which they are scarcely able to pay
at the close ol the seusou. Every mail aliiuld [ .
? nt least two good chances to pay before he
In debt.
f these suggcstibnR are adopted eve^ry man
11 enjov plenty and have the smiles of lilrt
Tilly, who will be able to partake of the rich .
unty which comes from the farm.
n conclusion, fellow-citizens, I would say
at to me, it is a matter of little importance *
iethcr honored by a seat In the Legislature
not. Wherever I can be useful there I plant
y colors. ' "
lie Concluding: Remarks of Captain
["apt. Xancc then said:
nils closes the speaking by candidate for
e Legislature. Ail who arc present have j
en heard nnd I know that I voice the sentf- entof
this audlenec when I say that we
ivc listened to them witli pleasure and profWe
thank tliein for tlielr presence with (is
-day, and we thank them for their admirile
speeches whlcb have interested us so
School Commissioner Hodges was afterird
introduced. He made some remarks retlng
to his office, and the discharge of hi*
Hclal duty. Having published the facts as
ey appeared from the official records, the
esa and Banner needs no defencc. Mr. Cowi's
economical administration, and the long
rm of his schools, arc a sufficient answer to
ty thing that was said of him. .
The day was indeed a pleasant one, and all
id a mofit enjoyable time. At about three
clock in the afternoon we took leave of
iose who were still on the ground. The T&embrance
of our first vlsttto this place, and
le pleasure of meeting so many of the good
:opieof that neighborhood, well repaid n?
r tlio long Journey over even a rough road.
We ask attention to the card of Mr. W. K, a
lake, in which he gives his reasons for not
invoking the county. It is to tie hoped that
r. Blake may lose no votes because of his
jvotion to his family. Mr. llliike Is an able.
most and fearless Lesislalor who is outiokcn
nnd clear in his convictions. Don't
II to vote Tor him because he lias not been ."ifa
>le to attend the public meetings.
Mr. W. E. Harmork has been confined to
is bed. and therefore has not. been able to
tend any of the political meetings. He is a >
>od man nnd worthy in every respect, he
iouUI not be forgotten on Saturday, the 21st
islant, because ot his sickness.
Major Zeigi.eii has a pond full of the
lolcest corp. In length they range from two
i twenty-six inches. He has some fine speci- b ;
icns which he intended to take to NlnetyIx
yesterday, but was disappointed in get- r>.
ng the necessary arrungemenls.
J)k. s. g. Thomson has been absent for two
three weeks nt Asheville, Waynesville and
partunburg. He was quite sick at Spartaniirc
in the hou?e of his sister, Mrs. James A,
owle. He came home last Saturday.
Dr. w. e. Link wnc in town last Monday
i^ht. He is much rejoiced at the completion
r tlie Savinnah Valley Railroad, and will
:tend the great railroad meeting in Ander>n
We have another case of fevef In "town. Bo
arned In time. Draw the water out of yoar * ell,
and clean your premises.
Mits. Neuffer is going away next Friday.
lie has been on a visit for several weeks to
sr son Dr.NenlTer.
Miss Uisi.i.E Gikard is going to Pendleton J
Hlny. >*'
Mrs. S. M. W. Smith is going to Atlauta to~
iy. ' /
For Sale or to Rent.
1 EVERAL Second Hand Steam Engines,
I from Five to Ten Ilorse. Terms ess.v.
Apply to J. M. MATTHEWS,
August 10,1SS6. It Ninety-Six, S. C. 'l
Masfpr'ss SqIA
rnncis A. Connor against Henry II. Owens?
}Y virtue of an order of snip made In tho5
above slated eaie, I will offer for sale at
ubHc outcry at Abbeville C. H.. SC., on Saleay
in .September. within the lejial hours
f sale, the following described property, b'.iatc
in said .Stale and county, to wit: All
nat HOUSE AND LOT now owned and ocupied
by tho said Henry II. Owens, contuin
lore or less, in the village of Cokesbury,.
outided by landsof the lotof A.M. E. church,
.lex. Shaw and Joel Townsend.
Also, that tract or parcel of land in Cokesury
Ninety Acres,
lore or less, and bounded by landsof Mrs. 5L?
. Gary, Alex. Ellis, Joel Townsend and oltors.
TE'lMS OF SAT,E?Cash. Purchaser to pay
le Master for papers.
J. C. KLUGH, Master.
August 10,1S.S6, 4t
Master's Sale.
. Iv. Beacbura, Agent, against it A. Richey3Y
virtue of an order of sale made in the
* above stated ease, I will offer for sale atublicoutcry
at Abbeville C. H.. S. C., on Salo
iay in September, I8--0. wtthin the legal hours
f sale, the following described property, situle
in said State and County, to wit: All that
act or parcel of land, near the town of Abbellle,
on Pendleton ltoad, conutiui jg
Two Hundred and Fifty Acres*
lore or less, bounded br Pendleton Road,,
rancis Lomax and K. E. Hill, Dr. J. L. Marn.
T. A. Coupler and others.
TKKMS OF SALE?Cash. Purchaser to pay
ic Master for papers.
Auzitst 10,1S.V'C. 4t Alas lor.
Master's Sale.
.J. Salinas & Son, nzalnst Jesse C. Ellis.?
?Y virtue of an order of sale made in tho
' above stated case, I will offer for sale ut
iblic outcry at Abbeville C. H., S. C., on
ileday in September, 18SU, within the legal
iurs ol' sale, the following described proper ,
situate in said State and County, to wits
tie Hrick Store with the lot on
Which the Store is liuiit,
?tng the North half of the Phoenix Building
i the Town of Hodges, bounded by store of
olKTtsiHi, Taylor <.V Co., by lnnds of G. M.
odges, by the public square and the Abbelle
road. Also one l"t in the Town of
odges, with a building thereon, said lot conining
One Acre,
ore or less.
TEKMS OF SALE?One third cash, balance
twelve months with interest, secured by
>ml of the purchaser and a inortsjnge of tb?
remises. Purchaser to day the Master for
Huts iind recording. J. C. kLUUii,
llgUSt l!?, lSS(i. 4t Master.
Sheriff's Sale.
K. rcncbarn, Agent, ngninst J. W. Jsicliols,
>Y virtue of an Execution to me dl'
reeled, in the above stated ease, I will sell
the highest bidder, at Public Auction,
Itlilti the legal hours of sale, at Abbeville
mrt House, on Monday the sixth day of
pteinber A. D. lWi, all the right, title anil
torc-t of J, W. Nichols in the following d??
ribed propel ty, to wit: All t hat tract or parI
of Land, situate, lying and being in the
wn of Abbeville, County of Abbeville,
>nth Carolina, and known as the Lee Place,
id containing
oxrc ACHE,
ore or less,ami thebuildinuolliereon. boundby
lands nf \V. A. Lee, It. M. llaildon, N ina
Street, et al. Levied on and tobe sold as
e properi v of J. \v. Nichols, to satisfy the
- _iv.vli
J. ! '. C. 1 Ifl'liK.
Sheriff Abbeville County.
August 7, IN>'C, it.
Sheriff's Sale.
It. Tarrant against James Glllain.--Exccution.
>Y virtue of an Execution to nio <11)
reeled, in tin* above staled ease,! w iil sell
the highest bidder,at I'ublie Auction, willitlie
legal hours of .sale, at Abbeville Court
iiuso, on .Monday the sixth day of Septemb* r
D. lN.s;?. all tlie right, title and interest, of
mes Gillain. deceased, in the following doribeil
property, to wit: All that truet oi j>asI
of I.aiul, situate, lying and being in the
innty ?f Alibeville, South Carolina, and
lo.vn as the l.oii^ JJuttom lilantaiiou, and
n taming
ore or less, and hounded by lands of \V,
Sanders, M. 1$. I.ipsoonib, Hie Saluda River
id others. Levied on and to be sold us tlio
operty of James Gllhun. deceased, lo satisfy
e aforesaid Execution and costs.
J. F. C. Dl'l'RE,
Auguit 7, ISSti. Sheriff A. C.

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